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D-6: GLASS FIBER REINFORCED PLASTIC PIPES, SECTION: D-6 D.6.1 GLASS FIBER REINFORCED PLASTIC PIPES

D.6.1.1 Scope This specification covers requirements for materials, dimensions, classification, testing for pressure and non-pressure pipes made from glass fibre reinforced thermosetting resin with or without on aggregate filler. Specification also covers supplying, lowering, laying, joining and testing Glass-fibre Reinforced Plastic (GRP) pipes at work site used for the conveyance of industrial wastewater of highly acidic and corrosive nature. D.6.1.2 Applicable Codes a) National Standards The manufacturing, testing, supplying, joining and testing at work site of GRP pipes shall comply with all currently applicable statues, regulations, standards and codes. In particular, the following standards unless otherwise specified here in, shall be referred. In all cases, the latest revision of the codes shall be referred to. If requirements of this specification conflicts with the requirements of the codes and standards, this specification shall govern. (i) I.S. 14402 : 1996 Glass fiber reinforced plastics (GRP) pipes, joints and fittings for use for Sewerage, Industrial waste & Water (other than potable)- specification (ii) I.S. 12709 : 1989 Specification for glass fibre reinforced plastics (GRP) pipes for use for water supply and sewerage. (iii) I.S. 6746 : 1972 Unsaturated, polyester resin systems for low pressure fibre reinforced plastics. (iv) I.S. 11273 : 1985 Woven roving fabrics of ‘E’ glass fibre. (v) I.S. 11320 : 1985 Glass fibre roving for the reinforcement of polyester and of epoxide resin systems. (vi) I.S. 11551 : 1986

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Glass fibre chopped strand mat for the reinforcement of polyester resin systems. b) International Codes Wherever for certain specific requirements the information given in above mentioned IS codes is found to be inadequate, following international codes shall be referred to. However, in case of any discrepancy, decision of Owner / Engineer shall be final and implemented by the Contractor. (i) ASTM D 2412 : W Standard test method for determination of external loading characteristics of plastic pipe by parallel plate loading.’’ (ii) ASTM D 3262 : Standard specification for reinforced plastic mortar sewer pipe. (iii) ASTM D 3517 : Standard specification for glass fibre reinforced thermosetting resin pressure pipe. (iv) ASTM D 3618 : Test for chemical resistance of reinforced thermosetting resin pipe in a deflected condition. (v) ASTM D 3839 : Standard practice for underground installation of flexible thermosetting resin pipe and reinforced plastic mortar pipe. (vi) ASTM D 4161: Standard specification for “Fibre glass” (glass-fiber – reinforced thermosetting resin) pipe joints using flexible elastomeric seals. (vii) ASTM D 477 : Standard specification for elastomeric seals (Gaskets) for joining plastic pipe. (viii) ASNI/AWWA C 950-88 AWWA standard for fiber glass pressure pipe. D.6.1.3 Design and Pressure Rating (a) Design reinforced

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Design of GRP Pipes shall be in accordance with relevant clauses of IS 14402 and ASTM D 3262. The materials sued shall be in accordance with the relevant clauses of IS : 6746, IS 14402, IS : 11320 and IS : 11551 and ASTM D 3262. Other material such as aggregates like graded silica sand, filters, additives and colouring may be used as per specific requirements. (b) Pressure Rating GRP pipes used will be having pressure rating as follows : Pressure class (PN) 3 6 9 12 15 (1 Kpa = 0.102 metres of Water column) Working pressure rating (Pw) (Kpa) 300 600 900 1200 1500

Note : The working pressure rating may be changed for use at fluid temperature greater than 43.5 deg. C in accordance with the manufacturer’s recommendation. D.6.1.4 Manufacturing (a) General The method of manufacturing of GRP pipes shall be such that the form and the dimensions of the finished pipes are accurate within the limits specified in relevant Clauses of IS : 14402 and ASTM 3262. The surfaces and edges of the pipes shall be well defined and true and shall have squareness of pipe ends as specified in IS : 14402 and ASTM D 3262. The GRP pipes and joints shall be systematically checked for any manufacturing defects by experienced supervisors so as to maintain a high standard of quality. Each pipe should have permanent ISI mark. Owner/Engineer shall at all reasonable times have free access to the place where the pipes and joints are manufactured for the purpose of examining and testing the pipes and joints and of witnessing the test and manufacturing.

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Owner/Engineer may reject any or all pipes of that lot. crazing. ridges foreign inclusion.6.1. cracks. gauges and other surface irregularities that will affect the integrity of the joints. For this. The minimum initial ring stiffness for withstanding above load conditions with maximum 5% of long term deflection shall be appropriately determined by manufacturer for actual execution. (b) Dimensions Pipes shall be designated by nominal standard diameters.5 Structural Properties (a) Specific initial ring stiffness Each pipe length shall have sufficient strength to withstand the Class AA loading in addition to the over burden of back fill load upto the depth mentioned in data Sheet – A above the crown of pipe. joints etc. minimum wall thickness. sufficient notice before testing of the pipes shall be given to Owner/ Engineer. Joint sealing surfaces shall be free of dents. (c) Workmanship and Finish The inside surface of each pipe shall not have any visible defects such as bulges.6. The decision of Owner/Engineer shall be final and binding on Contractor and not subject to any arbitration or appeal. D.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 4 of 117 All tests specified either in this specification or in the relevant clauses of Indian Standards or International Standards shall be performed by Supplier/ Contractor at his own cost and in presence of Owner / Engineer if desired. D. dents. ASTM 3262 and ASTM D 3517. (c) Hoop Tensile Strength The pipes shall meet or exceed the minimum hoop tensile strength as per relevant clauses of IS: 14402. The nominal diameters.1.3 mm and above to the extent that it does not detrimentally affect the performance of the interior surface of the pipe wall. The stiffness class and minimum wall thickness required are specified in Data Sheet-A. ASTM D 4262 and ASTM D 3517. (b) Beam Strength The pipe shall meet or exceed the minimum longitudinal tensile / compressive strength as per relevant clauses of IS: 14402. ASTM D 3262 and ASTM D 3517. pin holes and bubbles of 1. If the test is found unsatisfactory. The relevant requirements are specified in Data Sheet– A. shall be within the tolerance limits specified in IS: 14402. length of barrel.6 Hydraulic Properties (a) Soundness Signature of Bidder .

The site test pressure as required is also tabulated in Data Sheet–A. The conformity of a lot to the requirements of this specification shall be ascertained on the basis of tests on pipes selected from it.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 5 of 117 Each length of pipe including specials shall withstand without leakage of cracking the internal hydrostatic proof pressures as per relevant clauses of IS: 14402. Unless otherwise agreed upon between the purchaser and the supplier one lot shall consist of maximum of 100 m of each pressure class. The scale of sampling shall be as per following table.7 Sampling and Inspection In any consignment all the pipes of same class and size and manufactured under similar conditions of production shall be grouped together to constitute a lot. ‘r’ being the integral part of N/n where ‘N’ is the lot size and ‘n’ is the sample size. if the sample pipes taken from the lot meets the requirements of all the tests.6 Sample Size Permissible (No. of Pipes) (n) 2 3 (N) Upto 50 51 to 100 Each pipe shall be checked for dimensions. SCALE OF SAMPLING AND PERMISSIBLE NUMBER OF DEFECTIVES No. stiffness class and size of pipe produce. D. every ‘r’ the pipe be selected till the requisite number is obtained. soundness. all the pipes in the lot may be arranged in a serial order and starting from any pipe. otherwise not.8 (No. of pipes in The lot For Requirements under Clause 1.5 & 1. ASTM D 3517. Pipes shall be selected at random.1. workmanship finish and deviation from straight. (a) Testing of pipe at factory Signature of Bidder . In order to ensure randomness. Testing GRP pipes manufactured by the above process shall be subjected to the following tests. The hydrostatic test pressures are tabulated n Data Sheet–A. The lot shall be declared as conforming to the requirements of this specification.6. of Pipes) number of defectives (n) 8 13 0 1 Sample size for tests under Clause 1.

If a pipe sample from a lot fails to met the required stiffness. wall thickness. ASTM D 2412. If they both pass. they will then be accepted. the lot will be accepted. shall be placed in a hydrostatic pressure test machine which seals the ends and exert no end loads. blisters. ASTM D 2412 and ASTM D 3517. (f) Beam Strength Test The manufacturer shall test the pipe for longitudinal tensile strength as per the relevant clauses in IS : 14407. expelling all air and an internal water pressure shall be applied at a uniform rate not to exceed 300 Kpa/S until the test pressure of two times the pressure class is reached.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 6 of 117 After selecting pipe specimens randomly from the lot as per clause no. The pipe shall show no visual signs of weeping leakage or fracture of the structural wall. If they fail Pipes will be tested on an individual basis and only pipes which pass will be accepted. (d) Tests for Specific Initial Ring Stiffness (SIRS) Pipe ring samples shall be taken as per 4. capacity. including de-laminations. pinholes. Pipes not in compliance will be rejected. Rejected pipes may be repaired and retested.6. including reinforcement sleeves. cracks. The pipe shall be as uniform as commercially practicable in colour. Any pipes failing to pass this test will be rejected. The pipe shall be filled with water. (b) Critical dimensions All pipes will be measured for compliance with critical dimensions as specified in relevant clauses of IS : 14407. or affixed coupling shall be tested with the pipe. degree or extent. pits. foreign inclusions and resin-starved areas that due to their nature. (e) Hydrostatic Soundness Test The manufacturer shall hydrostatically test pipes by hydrostatic proof test in accordance with the relevant Clause of IS : 14407 and ASTM D-3517. ASTM D 3262 and ASTM D 3517 after allowing for the specified tolerances. The procedure should be as follows : Each length of pipe. sqareness and length.2 from each diameter manufactured and tested for SIRS as per relevant clauses of IS : 14407. if any. ASTM D 3262 and ASTM D Signature of Bidder . a further two samples shall be tested from that lot.7 above they shall be tested at factory for following tests. bubbles. detrimentally affect the strength and serviceability of the pipe. density and other physical properties. if they pass. This pressure shall be maintained for one minute. The dimensions shall include diameter. 1. (c) Visual Acceptance Generally the pipe shall be free from all defects. Integral bells.

If the results comply with requirement. all pipes will then be acceptable. The sample size shall be selected as per clause no.7 above.8 Marking Both ends of each length of pipe and fitting shall be marked at least in letters not less than 12 mm in height and of bold type style in a colour and type that remains legible under normal handling and installation procedures. (g) Hoop Tensile Strength The manufacturer shall test the pipe for hoop tensile strength as per relevant clauses in IS : 14407. if required. For waste water characteristics the relevant reports / documents available with owner shall be referred. the manufacturer need only conduct the re-qualification test as described in the relevant clauses of IS : 12709. If may sample should fail to meet the requisite value specified in the IS/ASTM codes. ASTM D 3262 and ASTM D 3517. (i) Test Certificate for Chemical resistance of GRP Pipes in a deflected Condition The manufacturer / supplier / contractor shall produce a test certificate for chemical resistance of GRP pipes in a deflected condition that when installed within 5% deflection the pipes will last over 60 years under highly acidic and corrosive condition and stand guarantee for the same. When a hydrostatic design basis has already been established for a nominally similar pipe using the same manufacturing process. However. Every sample piece should meet or exceed the hoop tensile strength specified in IS : ASTM codes. ASTM D 3517.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 7 of 117 3517. if these five samples fail then all pipes from that lot will be rejected unless individually proven acceptable.1.6. 1. be acceptable for use at a lower working pressure as per the criteria stated in the specification. if these five samples fail then all pipes from that lot will be rejected unless individually proven acceptable. (h) Long Term Hydrostatic Strain Test The pressure as classes as given in relevant clause shall be based on long term hydrostatic design pressure data obtained as per relevant clauses of IS : 14407. However. For those products where no previous long term hydrostatic testing has been performed on similar products the full type testing shall be carried out to define design pressure classes based on extrapolated strengths at 50 years. The marking shall include the following : (a) Internal diameter Signature of Bidder . five (5) further samples should betaken and tested. Rejected pipes will. all pipes will then be acceptable. IF the results comply with requirement. If any sample fails to meet the requisite value five (5) further samples shall be taken and tested.7 above. D. The sample size shall be selected as per clause 1. ASTM D 3262. however.

When storing on ground the ground shall be flattened and made free of potential damaging debris. transporting. flat timber supports at maximum 6 metre spacing with chocks shall be used. Care must be taken to avoid exposure of the pipe to welder’s sparks. cutting-torch flames or other heat / flame / electrical sources which could ignite the pipe material. All pipes shall be choked to prevent rolling.9 Handling The manufacturer / Supplier (M/S) shall be responsible for safe delivery of pipes and fittings as per order place and as per the schedule.1.6.0% o9f diameter for stiffness class SN 1250. Steel cables or chains shall not be allowed for strapping without adequate padding. No pipes shall be in contact with other pipes while transportation. Broadly following instructions/ procedures shall be followed.1. loading/unloading.12 Storing Pipes may be stored on ground or on flat timbers.6. If the contractor for works is other than manufacturer / supplier. then M/s shall submit a complete manual of instruction/ guide. storing. and testing. Pipes larger than 1400 mm diameter shall not be stacked. The permissible deflection shall be as per clause 1.5% of diameter for stiffness class SN 2500 2.11 Transportation All pipe sections shall be supported on flat timbers spaced on a maximum of 4 meters centres with a maximum overhand of 2 metres in trucks. D.0% of diameter for stiffness class SN 5000 1.1. The stacks shall be stable against wind or other horizontal forces. the original shipping dunnage shall be used. at all stages. against fire hazard.15.5% of diameter for stiffness class SN 10000 D./ procedure for handling of pipe before installation.6. Signature of Bidder . D. Maximum stack height will be approximately 2 meters.6. D.10 Fire Safety GRP pipes manufactured using petrochemicals and are inflammable. If it is necessary to stack pipes. Hence manufacturer/supplier/contractor (m/s/c) shall take utmost precaution while handling. 2. etc.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 8 of 117 (b) (c) (d) (e) Class of pipe (pressure and stiffness) Date of manufacture Name of manufacturer or his registered trade mark or both Nominal thickness All pipes and fittings shall have ISI mark. installing. stacking pipes shall limit the deflection as follows: 3. If it is available. Maximum stack height allowable shall be approximately 2 metres.1. Pipes shall be strapped to the vehicle over the support points using pliable straps or ropes.

a thin film of lubricant shall be applied to the rubber gasket. the pipe shall be repaired or replaced as directed by Owner / Engineer before installation. Non-utilised stack of pipes shall not be handled a single bundle.1. Then using a clean cloth. Ropes shall not pass through the section of pipe. D. (c) Lubricate Gaskets Uniform pressure shall be applied to push each loop of the rubber gasket into the gasket groove. Non-utilised pipes shall be handled separately. particularly at pipe ends.1. There should be a minimum of one loop for each 450 mm of gasket ring circumference. one at a time. Pipes shall be handled or lifted with pliable straps. Partially used buckets shall be prevented from contamination of the lubricant. specification for Elastomeric Seals (gasket) for joining plastic pipes. lifting and lowering Adequate control shall be ensured during unloading and lifting of pipes with guide ropes attached to pipes or packages. slings or ropes. crack or fracture occurs.6. leaving two to four uniform loops of rubber extending out of the groove. If any time during handling or installation of pipe. The pipes shall not be dropped to avoid impact or bump. The gaskets shall also be protected from exposure to greases and oils which are petroleum derivatives and from solvents and other deleterious substances.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 9 of 117 Rubber ring gasket shall be shipped separately from the couplings and shall be stored in the shade in their original packaging and shall not be exposed to sunlight except during utilisation. Spreader bars shall be sued when multiple locations are necessary.14 Jointing Pipes Pipe sections shall be jointed utilising double bell couplings and shall be assembled as indicated in the following paragraphs and as per the relevant clauses of ASTM D 3517.6.13 Unloading. D. Gasket lubricant shall be carefully stored to prevent damage to the container. such as gouge. any damage. (a) Clean Coupling Double bell coupling grooves and rubber gasket ring shall be thoroughly cleaned to make sure no dirt or oil is present. Normal amount of lubricant consumed per joint shall be as follows : Signature of Bidder . STM D 4161. Steel cables or ropes shall not be used for lifting and transportation of pipe. The gasket used for jointing purpose shall be as per ASTM F 447. (b) Install Gaskets The gasket shall be inserted into the grooves. end to end.

1100 . Using a clean cloth.20 Kg 0. The second clamp is to be fixed on the pipe to be connected in the correct position relative to the alignment stripe on the spigot end so as also to act as a stopper. 1500 . (d) Clean and Lubricate Spigots - 0.25 Kg 0. grease. (i) Angular Deflection Maximum angular deflection (turn) at each coupling joint shall not exceed the amounts given below. Come-along jack might need protective plank in order not to rub against the pipe. 1300 .Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 10 of 117 600 . Signature of Bidder .1400 mm dia.35 Kg Pipe spigots shall be thoroughly cleaned to remove any dirt. (h) Join Pipes Come – along jacks shall be loosened and the timbers removed before retightening the jacks for entering the coupling onto the previously connected pipe. Clamp contact with the pipe shall be padded or otherwise protected to prevent damage to the pipe and have high friction resistance with the pipe surface. 900 . (g) Join Coupling Come along jacks shall be installed to connect the pipe clamps and two 10 cm x 10 cm timbers or similar (large diameters may require a bulkhead) are placed between the pipe previously connected and the coupling. Correct position of the edge of the coupling to the alignment stripe home line shall be checked.800 mm dia. a thin film of lubricant shall be applied to the spigots from the end of the pipe to the black positioning stripe. 1800 mm dia.30 Kg 0.1000 mm dia. the new pipe shall be entered into the coupling until it rests against the second pipe clamp. Care shall be taken in the alignment of the coupling. etc. (f) Pipe Placement The pipe to be connected shall be placed on the bed with sufficient distance from the previously joined pipe to allow lowering the coupling into position.1 Kg 0. (e) Fixing of Clamps The first clamp is fixed anywhere on first pipe or left in position from previous joint. Also the pipes should be joined in straight alignment and thereafter deflected angularly if necessary.15 Kg 0. While these are held in position.1600 mm dia. grit.1200 mm dia.

when positioned into the trench. Nom.0 2. The finished bed shall be plane. the compacted bed shall be slightly loosened at the invert location to a depth 25 to 50 mm so the pipe. Offset (mm) Section Lengths 3m 6 m 12 m 157 314 628 131 262 523 105 209 419 79 157 314 65 131 262 52 105 209 Nom.00 Nom. Radius of Curvature (m) Section Length 3m 6m 12 m 57 115 229 69 137 275 86 172 344 115 229 458 138 275 550 172 344 688 D.5 1.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 11 of 117 Nominal Angular Deflection at Double Bell Coupling Joint Pipe diameter (mm) 300 to 600 700 to 800 900 to 1000 1100 to 1300 1400 to 1600 1800 to 2400 (j) Layup Joints The manufacturer / tenderer shall provide full details of the layup joints and polymer resin which will be used for connection of pipes to manholes. Prior to pipe placement.1.0 1. This depth varies with pipe diameter but shall be a minimum of 150 mm thick layer of granular material not greater than 10 mm in size.5 2.15 Pipe Bedding and Backfilling (a) Pipe Bedding The pipe bedding zone starts from the bottom of trench to the invert level of pipe. The minimum depth shall be 1/4th the diameter (minimum 150 mm) and shall provide uniform and continuous support for the pipe.25 1. the contractor is required to execute the joint very precisely so as to have straight alignment of pipe inverts. will seat well into the bed. crushed stone and gravels). However. (k) Joining pipes with different wall thickness When two pipes of same diameter but of different wall thickness are required to be joined at site. The bedding shall be compacted to a minimum 90% Standard Proctor Density (70% of maximum relative density for crushed rock. The bed shall be over excavated at each coupling (joint) location to ensure that the pipe will have continuous support. Pipe bedding material shall be sand or gravel as per the requirements of the backfill materials and the same as that utilized for select material in the remainder of the pipe zone.6. Angular deflection (Degrees) 3. The pipe shall not rest on the coupling for support. Signature of Bidder .

Proper backfilling shall be done in 150 mm to 300 mm lifts. A board or other blunt toll may be used to push and compact the backfill under the pipe. the pipes shall have no bulges. This shall be composed of gravel or clean sand. During backfilling.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 12 of 117 it shall be assured that the coupling area is properly bedded and backfilled after the joint assembly is completed. Gravel) backfill is accomplished most easily when the material is at or near its optimum moisture content. Signature of Bidder . all compaction shall be done first near the trench sides and proceed towards the centre. Installed pipes shall have initial deflection less than the values to be given by the tenderer depending on the type of soil to encountered with. The proper compaction shall be attained to ensure that the pipe will have adequate side support. When backfilling reaches pipe spring line (half of diameter). Proper selection. Most coarse grained soils are acceptable. Sieve analysis shall be carried out at selected sections to ensure that between two adjacent soils D85 finer is grater than 0. The selection of backfill material would require the approval of the Engineer-incharge. 19 mm For 1800 mm to 2400 mm dia. flat areas. Compatibility of the backfill material and the native soil shall be checked. However. depending on backfill material and compaction method. clayey sand. Compaction of sandy (Vs. (b) Backfilling Pipe Backfilling shall be done immediately after joining pipes. Maximum size of grain for the backfill material shall be : Upto 1600 mm dia. Between each lift. (c) Pipe Zone Backfill Pipe zone for backfilling shall be defined as the zone from the bed upto 300 mm above the pipe crown. free of debris and organic materials and rocks and soil clumps grater than 2 times the maximum gravel size. Where native soil is shown in the pipe zone the soil shall be granular. it shall be made certain that the granular material flows completely under the pipe to provide full support.2 D15 coarser where D85 percentile size of finer soil and D15 is the 15 percentile size of coarser soil. placement and compaction of pipe zone backfill shall be ensured to control the vertical deflection. 25 mm Backfill shall not be onto the pipe from the top of the trench. silty sand. silty gravel and clayey gravel shall not be used unless proposed to be used in conjunction with gravel or clean sand. or other abrupt changes of curvature. Proper completion of this step is a very important phase of backfilling the pipe.

the normal bedding shall be placed on top of any foundations. D. All lifts with a specified density must be properly compacted.6. the maximum allowable pipe section length between flexible joints shall be 6 meters.1.18 Flooded Trench When the ground water table is above the trench bottom. D. 2) Increase the trench width The specific requirement for standard and alternate installation are given in Data Sheet A.1. 1) Use a higher stiffness pipe to permit a standard installation.6. or by over excavation and replacement with a foundation and bedding of processed gravel. and native soil characteristics places the installation required in the alternate category. The engineer-in-charge may elect. the water level shall be lowered to at least the trench bottom (preferably about 200 mm below) prior to preparation of the pipe bed. loose. Additionally. An unstable trench bottom shall be stabilised before laying pipe.1. following options are available. or a foundation must be constructed to minimise differential settlement of the trench bottom. D. but shall be a minimum of 150 mm. Specification of an appropriate procedure shall require the approval of Engineer-in-charge. depending upon the severity of the unstable soil. special installation methods shall be adopted at no extra cost to achieve proper pipe support. If the pipe is empty in a flooded trench.17 Unstable Trench Bottom Where the trench bottom has soft.900 kg/cu. cover depth. D.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 13 of 117 Initial vertical ovalization shall not exceed 3% of diameter. Care must be taken to avoid excessive compactive effort above the pipe crown. This measurement shall be determined when backfilling reaches pipe crown.6. the trench bottom shall be regarded as unstable. Foundations and bedding materials shall be selected to avoid migration of one into the other that could cause loss of pipe bottom. or more) will be normally sufficient to prevent pipe flotation.1. the material in this area shall not be left loose. a minimum cover of one pipe diameter of dense soil (1. If the water level can not be maintained below the top of the bedding. and impervious to infiltration or migration of the unstable soil. to require special foundations by stabilisation of the bottom material. however. The depth of the stone or gravel material used for foundation will depend upon the severity of the trench bottom soil conditions.m.16 Alternate Installations When the combination of pipe stiffness.19 Dewatering the Trench The following cautions shall be taken when dewatering Signature of Bidder . or highly expansive soils. suitably grades. to avoid bulges or flat areas.6.

a value more than 2% indicates the installation intended has not been achieved and shall be improved for future pipes (i.0 2 Stiff Medium 16-30 3. (b) Alternative – 2 Use sheeting which will last the life of the pipeline.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 14 of 117 - Avoid pumping long distances through the backfill materials or native soils.0 3 Medium Loose 6-15 2.5 4 Soft Very Loose 3-5 2.e. D. (The sheeting may be cut off 300 mm above top of pipe and the upper sections extracted. and leave the sheeting permanently in position. Signature of Bidder . Native Soil Classification & Allowable Initial Deflection Soil Group Cohesive Granular Blow Count Allowable initial installed deflection of % Diameter 1 Hard & Very Stiff Very Dense & Dense 30 3. is so desired). leaving the native trench sides fully exposed at pipe level. coarser grained pipe zone backfill materials. While initial deflection in Table above area acceptable for pipe performance. Do not turn off the dewatering system until sufficient cover depth has been reached to prevent pipe flotation.6. increased pipe zone backfill compaction. the following requirements must be met : (a) Alternative – 1 Install the shoring to a depth of 300 mm above the top of the pipe. The temporary sheeting (if used) shall be completely removed.1.0 Checking to insure that the above initial requirements MUST be done for each pipe immediately after completion of installation (typical within 24 hours after reaching maximum cover). which could cause loss of support to previously installed pipes due to removal of material or migration of soil. or wider trench etc. Following procedure shall be adopted for checking the initial diametrical deflection for installed pipes : Complete backfilling shall be done to require grade. In case where shoring or sheeting are necessary and can not be avoided.20 Use of Temporary Trench Shoring If at all possible the use of trench shoring or sheeting at pipe level should be avoided.

– Installed Vertical I. D. + Horizontal I. This will ensure early detection and correction of inadequate installation methods and keep to a minimum the number of inadequately installed pipes. Actual ID x 100 Compare deflections to acceptable values as defined in Clause 8. 2 OR I. ensuring it is not contaminated with the native soil. Re-compact haunch backfill. (a) For Pipe Deflected upto 8% of Diameter : Excavate to near the pipe invert / haunch depth. Inspect the pipe for damages. Clause 8. D. (1) + I. D. Deflection checks shall be done when the first installed pipes have been backfilled to grade and continued periodically throughout the entire project. Damaged pipe should be repaired or replaced as directed by the Owner / Engineer.4 Correcting Over Deflected Pipe.1 shall be reinstalled so the initial deflection is less than those values. Signature of Bidder .1. Laying shall not get too far ahead before verifying the installation quality. D. Actual I. D. = Vertical I. Pipes installed with initial deflections exceeding the values in Clause 8. Actual I. = Correcting Overdeflected Pipe Pipes installed with initial diametrical deflections exceeding the values in Clause 1. D. The vertical deflection shall be calculated as follows :% deflection = Actual I. D. The pipes’ vertical diameter shall be measured and recorded. (2) 2 Actual D.1.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 15 of 117 The dewatering system (if used) shall be turned off. as follows.21 I. D. Note : For small diameter pipes. may be verified or determined by measuring the diameters of a pipe laying loose (no pipes stacked above) on a reasonable plane surface. D.22 shall be corrected to ensure the long term performance of the pipe.6. for limitations applicable to this work shall be followed. a VEROC delfectometer or similar device may be pulled through the pipes to measure the vertical diameter. Excavation just above and at the sides of the pipe should be done utilizing hand tools to avoid impacting the pipe with heavy equipment.

1. Water for testing of pipeline shall be arranged by Contractor. Maximum lift height is variable with nominal pipe stiffness as shown below : Signature of Bidder .Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 16 of 117 Re-backfill the pipe zone in lifts with the appropriate material. D.6. specific limitations in the installation procedures shall be observed. All equipment for testing at work site shall be supplied and erected by Contractor. compacting each layer ad required by the cover depth to limit the pipe deflection.1. (b) For Pipe Deflected Greater than 8% Pipe Diameter Pipes over 8% deflections shall be replaced completely.5 M above the top of the highest pipe in the stretch.6.The concrete surround must be placed stages allowing sufficient time layers for the cement to set (no longer exert buoyant forces). D. No attempt to jack or wedge the installed over-deflected pipe into a round condition shall be made to avoid damage to the pipe. Backfill to grade and check the pipe deflections to verify they have not exceeded the values in Clause 8.1. Installation should never exceed testing by more than 1 Km. Damage during testing shall be contractor’s responsibility and shall be rectified by him to the full satisfaction of Owner / Engineer. The heading of water shall be retained for 1. The testing of manholes for water tightness shall be carried out by complete filing of the manhole with water and the loss of water shall not exceed 2. It shall be done regularly as installation proceeds.22 Field Hydro Testing for Water Tightness Completed pipeline inclusive of manholes shall be hydrostatically tested for water tightness prior to acceptance and service.0 hour. IF required by Owner / Engineers.23 Concrete Encasement When encasement of pipes in concrete has been specified to carry unusual loads. If any leakage is detected it shall be repaired and retested for no leak. Water used for the test shall be removed form the pipes and not released to the excavated trenches.0 lit / hr / m height of manhole. After the joints have thoroughly set and have been checked by Owner / Engineer and before backfilling the trenches the entire section of laid pipeline shall be tested for water tightness by filling in pipes with water to the level of 1. the contractor shall dewater the excavated pit / trench and keep id dry during the period of testing.

lowering.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 17 of 117 SN 1250 & SN 2500 SN 5000 SN 10000 D.6. testing as specified and as directed and the extra excavation required for bedding of pipes and fittings / couplings etc.Not more than 450 mm or D/3 whichever is larger . a) Flexible steel coupling with anyone of – i) Epoxy or PVC – coated steel mantle ii) Stainless steel mantle. equipment and tools for making joints. In special cases as per the manufacturer / supplier’s instructions the following types of joints may be allowed by Owner / Engineer.Not more than 300 mm or D/4 whichever is larger . or Signature of Bidder .24 12.0 m Maximum depth of cover m 12 (8) Joints The GRP pipes shall be joined by utilizing Double Bell Couplings. lubricants.Not more than 600 mm or D/2 whichever is larger All GRP pipes shall be measured according to the work actually done and no allowance will be made for any waste in cutting to the exact length required.1.2 m wc 12 kPa = 122. laying and jointing of GRP pipes and fittings shall be deemed to include cost of joining material such as couplings.4 m wc As per Clause 1. 248 : 30 mm : : : : : : PN 6 Bar 6 kPa = 61. The rate for providing. The measurement for pipes shall be in running meters nearest to a centimeter of length along the centre line of pipe as actually laid at work site. gaskets.24 Measurement . DATA SHEET – A (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6) Pressure Class required Working pressure rating Hydrostatic test pressure Site test pressure Length of barrel or each pipe length Stiffness class and depth of cover Stiffness Class D (7) Minimum wall thickness stiffness KPA.

5. (11)Bedding and backfilling for pipes: As per Clause 1.The connection will be made with all jointing materials etc. D.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 18 of 117 iii) b) c) Hot dip galvanised steel mantle Mechanical steel couplings and/or Lay-up joints (9) Width of trench (Bt) from the invert level of pipe upto ground level above the top of pipe.6.6.16. Width of trench shall be as per drawing given in tender document. The payment will be made on item completed as stated above. Signature of Bidder .5 CONNECTION WITH EXISTING TRUNKS D. GRP pipes with Existing manhole near Ambedkar Bridge East side near pumping station.1 It will be necessary to give connections of the new 2000 mm dia. complete.

industrial Waste and water other than portable water conforming to IS 14402-1966 Each consignment of GRP pipes shall be inspected. and to width on each side of the pipe of not less than five times the diameter of pipe. 2902. When during excavation the material encountered is soft. Joints and Fittings for use for sewerage. The sides of the trench shall be as nearly vertical as possible. width and length as directed by the Engineer. shaped to the requirements and thoroughly compacted to provide adequate support for the pipe. excavation shall be taken down to atleast 200 mm below the bottom level of the pipe with prior permission of the Engineer and all rock/boulders in this area be removed and the space filled with approved earth. spongy or other unstable soil. 2903. free from stone or fragmented material. The pipes shall be placed in shallow excavation of the natural ground or in open trenches cut in existing embankments. structure or culverts shall be avoided as far as possible. tested. if necessary. industrial Waste and water other than portable water conforming to IS 14402-1966 of the type. EXCAVATION FOR PIPE The foundation bed for laying of pipes shall be excavated true to the lines and grades shown on the drawings or as directed by the Engineer. taken down to levels as shown on the drawings.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 19 of 117 Specification for installing Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastics (GRP) pipes 2901. The excavation shall then be backfilled with approved granular material which shall be properly shaped and thoroughly compacted up to the specified level. MATERIALS All materials used in the manufacturing and laying of pipes shall conform to Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastics (GRP) pipes. Joints and Fittings for use for sewerage. The pipe shall be placed where the ground for the foundation is reasonably firm. and approved by the Engineer either at the place of manufacture or at the site before their incorporation in the works. In case of high embankments where the height of fill is more than three times the external diameter of the pipe. Installation of pipes under existing Drain. and unless other special construction methods are called for on the drawings or in special provisions. Where trenching is involved. Where bed-rock or boulder strata are encountered. diameter and length required at the locations shown on the drawings or as ordered by the Engineer and in accordance with the requirements of these Specifications. its width on either side of the pipe shall be a minimum of 150 mm or one-fourth of the diameter of the pipe whichever is more and shall not be more than one-third the diameter of the pipe. Signature of Bidder . the embankment shall first be built to an elevation above the top of the pipe equal to the external diameter of the pipe. such unsuitable material shall be removed to such depth. after which a trench shall be excavated and the pipe shall be laid. SCOPE This work shall consist of furnishing and installing Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastics (GRP) pipes.

The bedding material shall be well graded sand or another granular material passing 5. the collars shall conform to IS 14402-1966 and having the same strength as the pipes to be jointed.6 mm sieve suitably compacted/rammed. the recess at the end of the pipe shall be filled with suitable approved compound. shall conform to the specified levels and grade. they form a uniform gradient with a smooth uniform invert. The arrangement for lifting. Jointing and Gluing space shall conform to various standards laid in Indian standard as well as British standards according to the diameter of the pipe For jointing pipe lines under light hydraulic pressure. 2905. The arrangement may be got approved by the Engineer. loading and unloading concrete pipes from factory/yard and at site shall be such that the pipes do not suffer any undue structural strain. any damage due to fall or impact. Signature of Bidder . In the former case. Where two or more pipes are to be laid adjacent to each other. The compacted thickness of the bedding layer shall be as shown on the drawings and in no case shall it be less than 75 mm. It may be with tripod-pulley arrangement or simply by manual labour in a manner that the pipe is placed in the proper position without damage. the belled end shall face upstream. JOINTING The pipes shall be jointed either by collar joint or socket spigot joint. they shall be separated by a distance equal to at least half the diameter of the pipe subject to a minimum of 450 mm. 2904. the pipe shall be evenly bedded on a continuous layer of well compacted approved granular material. LAYING OF PIPE No pipe shall be laid in position until the foundation has been approved by the Engineer. The pipes shall be fitted and matched so that when laid in work. and shall be as specified here: First Class bedding: Under first class bedding. shaped concentrically to fit the lower part of the pipe exterior for atleast ten per cent of its overall height or as otherwise shown on the drawings. the arrangement for lowering the pipe in the bed shall be got approved by the Engineer.The ring shall be thoroughly compressed by jacking or by any other suitable method. BEDDING FOR PIPE The bedding surface shall provide a firm foundation of uniform density throughout the length of the pipe.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 20 of 117 Trenches shall be kept free from water until the pipes are installed and the joints have hardened. The laying of pipes on the prepared foundation shall start from the outlet and proceed towards the inlet and be completed to the specified lines and grades. In case of use of pipes with bell-mouth. Similarly. Pipes shall be so jointed that the ring of one pipe shall set into the recess of the next pipe. 2906. Any pipe found defective or damaged during laying shall be removed at the cost of the Contractor.

shall be measured as provided for under the respective Sections. Signature of Bidder . tamped or vibrated in layers not exceeding 300 mm. the joint shall be kept covered and damp for at least four days. Approved pneumatic or light mechanical tamping equipment can be used. OPENING TO TRAFFIC No traffic shall be permitted to cross the pipe line unless height of filling above the top of the pipe line is at least 1200 mm. Filling of the trench shall be carried out simultaneously on both sides of the pipe in such a manner that unequal pressures do not occur. large roots. storing. 2909. a loose fill of a depth equal to external diameter of the pipe shall be placed over the pipe before further layers are added and compacted. Selected granular material for pipe bedding shall be measured as laid in cubic meters. 2910. and lumps and shall be approved by the Engineer. free from boulders. RATE The Contract unit rate for the installing Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastics (GRP) pipes shall include the cost of pipes including loading. The backfill soil shall be clean. concrete and masonry shall be paid for separately. In case of high embankment. Ancillary works such as excavation including dewatering & backfilling. MEASUREMENTS FOR PAYMENT Glass Fiber Reinforced Plastics (GRP) pipes shall be measured along their centre between the inlet and outlet ends in linear meters.. After finishing. particular care being taken to thoroughly consolidate the materials under the haunches of the pipe. excessive amounts of sods or other vegetable matter. hauling. MANHOLES AND OTHER ANCILLARY WORKS Manholes and other ancillary works shall be constructed in accordance with the details shown on the drawings or as directed by the Engineer. handling. BACKFILLING Trenches shall be backfilled immediately after the pipes have been laid and the jointing material has set. as provided under the respective Clauses. Backfilling up to 300 mm above the top of the pipe shall be carefully done with approved graded gravelly material and the soil thoroughly rammed. laying in position and jointing complete and all incidental costs to complete the work as per these Specifications. 2908. 2907. after filling the trench up to the top of the pipe in the above said manner. 2911. Ancillary works like Construction of manholes etc. unloading.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 21 of 117 All joints shall be made with care so that their interior surface is smooth and consistent with the interior surface of the pipes.

The effluent standards are given in Annexure-A. The joints of pipes and manholes shall be made leak proof using resins and fibers . The wall thickness will be as per the drawing attached.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 22 of 117 Detailed Technical Specifications for FRP Manholes The FRP Manholes Shall be constructed. Proper base to receive the prefabricated manhole shall be prepared by the contractor as the instructions given in the sheet. tested and installed as per the Standards/method mentioned in the attached sheets and drawings. Contractor has to give guarantee for that. Required Concrete work shall be done on top of manhole to fix the manhole seat and cover and match with existing ground level/road level.The resin and fiber shall be sustainable to industrial effluent. Manhole shall be able to withstand the load of heavy trucks as they are to be laid below the road having heavy traffic. Signature of Bidder .

1. The depth to which the excavation is to be carried out shall be as shown on the drawings.3 Dewatering and protection: Normally. placing the foundations. the limits of excavation shall be set out true to lines. unless the type of material encountered is such as to require changes. in accordance with the requirements of these Specifications and the lines and dimensions shown on the drawings or as indicated by the Engineer. seepage. stagnant water of river sabarmati the Contractor shall take adequate Signature of Bidder . Scope Excavation for pipe laying shall consist of the removal of material for the laying pipe and Manholes & other similar structures. the same shall be carried out in accordance with Clause 302 and all precautions indicated therein observed. draining and pumping. backfilling and clearing up the site and the disposal of all surplus material.3. Where water is met with in excavation due to stream flow.3 Construction Operations 304. Where blasting is likely to endanger adjoining foundations or other structures.1. 304.3.2. the removal of all logs. necessary precautions such as controlled blasting.2. The work shall include construction of the necessary cofferdams and cribs and their subsequent removal. necessary for laying pipes. 304. bracing.1 Setting out: After the site has been cleared according to Clause 201. providing rubber mat cover to prevent flying of debris etc. springs. strutting and planking or cut slopes to a safer angle or both with due regard to the safety of personnel and works and to the satisfaction of the Engineer.Excavation: Excavation shall be taken to the width of the lowest step of the footing and the sides shall be left plumb where the nature of soil allows it. shoring. rain or other reasons. Propping shall be undertaken when any foundation or stressed zone from an adjoining structure is within a line of 1 vertical to 2 horizontal from the bottom of the excavation. the Contractor at his own expense shall put up necessary shoring. in which case the depth shall be as ordered by the Engineer. stumps. open foundations shall be laid dry. Where the nature of soil or the depth of the trench and season of the year do not permit vertical sides. curves and slopes to Clause 301. all necessary sheeting.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 23 of 117 304. trimming bottoms of excavations. Classification of Excavation 301.2. All materials involved in excavation shall be classified in accordance with Clause 304.3. EXCAVATION FOR LAYING PIPES 304.3. 304. shall be taken to prevent any damage. Where blasting is to be resorted to. grubs and other deleterious matter and obstructions.

however. depression of water level by well-point system. inside the enclosed area. Before pipe is laid. the flow shall be stopped or reduced as far as possible at the time of placing the concrete. If it is determined beforehand that the foundations cannot be laid dry or the situation is found that the percolation is too heavy for keeping the foundation dry.Preparation of foundation: The bottom of the foundation shall be levelled both longitudinally and transversely or stepped as directed by the Engineer. Signature of Bidder . pumping. the foundation concrete shall be laid under water by tremie pipe only. Ordinary filling shall not be used for the purpose to bring the foundation to level.. unless it is done from a suitable sump separated from the concrete work by a watertight wall or other similar means. 304. not relieve the Contractor of the responsibility for the adequacy of dewatering and protection arrangements and for the quality and safety of the works. The Contractor shall take all precautions in diverting channels and in discharging the drained water as not to cause damage to the works. the surface shall be slightly watered and rammed. constructing diversion channels. No pumping shall be permitted during the placing of concrete or for any period of at least 24 hours thereafter. In case of flowing water or artesian springs. Approval of the Engineer shall. the extra depth shall be made up with concrete or masonry of the foundation at the cost of the Contractor as per Clause 2104. In the event of excavation having been made deeper than that shown on the drawings or as otherwise ordered by the Engineer. cement grouting or other approved methods may be used to prevent or reduce seepage and to protect the excavation area. cofferdams and other necessary works to keep the foundation trenches dry when so required and to protect the green concrete/masonry against damage by erosion or sudden rising of water level. crops or any other property. Where cofferdams are required. drainage channels.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 24 of 117 measures such as bailing.1.3. The methods to be adopted in this regard and other details thereof shall be left to the choice of the Contractor but subject to approval of the Engineer. At the discretion of the Contractor. be safely designed and constructed and be made as watertight as is necessary for facilitating construction to be carried out inside them. these shall be carried to adequate depths and heights. bunds. Pumping from the interior of any foundation enclosure shall be done in such a manner as to preclude the possibility of the movement of water through any fresh concrete. The interior dimensions of the cofferdams shall be such as to give sufficient clearance for the construction and inspection and to permit installation of pumping equipments etc.4.

3. 304. 304.4. construction of necessary cofferdams. The compaction shall be done with the help of suitable equipment such as mechanical tamper. for placing the foundations including trimming of bottoms of excavations. Disposal of surplus excavated materials: Clause 301. including pumping is included in the above rates and will not be paid separately.5. Foundation sealing. 304. removal of all logs. grubs and other deleterious matter and obstructions. The Contractor shall take adequate protective measures to see that the excavation operations do not affect or damage adjoining structures. foundation sealing.3. m. so as to achieve a density not less than the field density before excavation. villages and all frequented places. Public safety: Near towns. guidance may be taken from IS : 3764. limited to the dimensions shown on the drawings or as directed by the Engineer. (iv) Signature of Bidder . Backfilling: Backfilling shall be done with approved material after concrete or masonry is fully set and carried out in such a way as not to cause undue thrust on any part of the structure. sheeting.. For safety precautions.3.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 25 of 117 304. dewatering. The Contract unit rate for the items of excavation for structures shall be payment in full for carrying out the required operations including full compensation for : (i) (ii) (iii) setting out. plate vibrator etc. rammer.8.Measurements for Payment Excavation for laying of pipes and manhole shall be measured in cu. for each class of material encountered. trenches and foundation pits shall be securely fenced. dewatering including pumping as no separate provision for it is made in the Contract. shoring. provided with proper caution signs and marked with red lights at night to avoid accidents.3.6.5. 304. shoring and bracing and their subsequent removal.5 Rates 304. cribs. 304. shuttering and planking shall be deemed as convenience for the Contractor in executing the work and shall not be measured and paid for separately. stumps. cutting of slopes.3.1. after necessary watering.11 shall apply. Slips and slip-outs: If there are any slips or slip-outs in the excavation.7. Excavation over increased width. All space between foundation masonry or concrete and the sides of excavation shall be refilled to the original surface in layers not exceeding 150 mm compacted thickness. these shall be removed by the Contractor at his own cost.

tools.2. clearing up the site and disposal of all surplus material within all lifts and leads up to 2000 m or as otherwise specified. Deleted. materials. safety measures. and incidentals necessary on account of the additional haul or transportation involved beyond the initial lead of 2000 m.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 26 of 117 (v) (vi) backfilling.5. equipment. Signature of Bidder . tools. diversion of traffic and incidentals necessary to complete the work to Specification. 304. The Contract unit rate for transporting material from the excavation for structures shall be full compensation for all labour. equipment. and all labour.

hard rock but minimum 3 m in such rock 1102. impact/entanglement of floating bodies and any other special requirements of project are also equally important criteria for selection of the piling system. Borings should be carried upto sufficient depths so as to ascertain the nature of strata around the pile shaft and below the pile tip. At least one bore–hole for every foundation of the bridge shall be executed. 1102.3. gravel or soil for direct evaluation of strength and compressibility characteristics.5 times estimated length of pile in soil but not less than 15 m beyond the probable length of pile 2) 15 times diameter of pile in weak/jointed rock but minimum 15 m in such rock 3) 4 times diameter of pile in sound.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 27 of 117 1101. it is necessary to determine the uniaxial compressive strength of the rock and its quality. DESCRIPTION 1101. For details of geotechnical sub–surface explorations reference may be made to Section 2400. The construction of pile foundations requires a careful choice of the piling system depending upon sub–soil conditions and loading characteristics and type of structure. This work shall consist of construction of all types of piles for structures in accordance with the details shown on the drawings and conforming to the requirements of these specifications. 1102.2. The complete sub–surface investigation of strata in which pile foundations are proposed shall be carried out in advance and by in–situ pile tests. The investigation shall be adequate for the purpose of selection of appropriate piling system and for estimating design capacities for different diameters and length of piles.2. Signature of Bidder . depth of boring shall not be less than: 1) 1.3. Though these tests are of specialised nature they are most appropriate for difficult/uncertain sub–strata especially for important projects. 1101. The sub–surface investigation shall define adequately stratification of sub-strata including the nature and type of strata. SUB–SURFACE INVESTIGATION 1102. including details of the equipment shall be submitted by the Contractor and got approved from the Engineer. 1102. The work shall be done as per IS : 2911 except as modified herein.4.1.1. 1101. However. The permissible limits of total and differential settlements. Pressure meter tests may be used in the case of rock. unsupported length of pile under scour. its variation and extent and specific properties of the same. The method of installing the piles. For piles socketed into rocks.

Special types of cement. TYPE OF PILES The piles may be of reinforced concrete. Where piles are exposed to action of harmful chemicals or severe conditions of exposure due to presence of sulphate.5 for cast-in-situ piles and 0. Suitable and approved admixtures may be used in concrete mix where necessary. MATERIALS 1104. 1104. The piles may be of solid or hollow sections or steel cased piles filled with concrete. The slump should not exceed 200 mm in any case. Grades of concrete for precast reinforced and prestressed concrete piles shall not be less than M 25 and M 35 respectively. steel or timber. Concrete in Piles Grade of concrete to be used in cast-in-situ piles shall not be less than M 20 and the cement content shall not be less than 400 kg per cubic meter of concrete. “H” or “I” Section. it may be preferable to opt for higher grades of concrete restricting water cement ratio to 0. structural concrete. chloride etc. The basic materials shall conform to the specifications for materials given in Section 1000. octagonal. The minimum slump of concrete for driven cast-in-situ piles shall be 100 mm to 150 mm to 200 mm and that of bored cast-in-situ piles 150 mm to 200 mm.45 for precast piles. Concrete piles may be driven cast-in-situ or precast or bored cast-in-situ or precast piles driven into performed bores.1. 1103. Maximum water cement ratio shall be 0. likely to affect durability.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 28 of 117 The investigation shall also include location of ground water table and other parameters including results of chemical tests showing sulphate and chloride content and any other deleterious chemical content in soil and/or ground water. hexagonal.45.2. square. Concrete mix should have homogeneous mixture with required workability for the system of piling adopted. prestressed concrete. The specifications for steel reinforcement. such as sulphate resistant cement may be used where considered appropriate. prestressed concrete and structural steel to be used in pile foundations shall be as given in the relevant sections. Signature of Bidder . The shape of piles may be circular. 1104.

1106. The supports shall be vertically one above the other. D. 1106.27 D.1. Piles shall be cast with a driving point and for hard driving.6. where special equipments for handling and installation are available to the satisfaction of the Engineer. PRECAST CONCRETE PILES 1106.1. TEST PILES 1105. However.6. if they are to be incorporated in the completed structure. If the piles are put down temporarily during handling.1. Spaces shall be left round the piles to enable them to be lifted without difficulty. Storing and Handling D.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 29 of 117 1105. They shall be placed on timber supports which are level and spaced so as to avoid bending.6. Test piles which are not to be incorporated in the completed structure shall be removed to at least 600 mm below the proposed soffit level of pile cap and the remaining hole shall be backfilled with earth or other suitable material. Test piles that are to become a part of the completed structure shall be installed with the same type of equipment that is proposed to be used for piling in the actual structure.1. the corners shall be chamfered at least 25 mm unless otherwise specified on the drawings. shall be shod with a metal shoe approved by the Engineer. Test piles which are shown on the drawings or specified in the contract or installed by the Contractor on his own to determine the lengths of piles to be furnished shall conform to the requirements for piling as indicated in these specifications.25 D. General Precast concrete piles shall be of the size and shape as shown in the approved drawings. The order of stacking shall be Signature of Bidder .28 Piles shall be stored at least 300 mm above firm level ground which is not liable to unequal subsidence or settlement under the weight of the stack of piles. they shall be placed on trestles or blocks located at the same points.2 Stacking. they shall be supported at the same points as those provided for lifting purposes. longer length could be permitted. piles are not damaged or cracked. The length of pile shall not normally exceed 25 metres. The piles shall be load tested in accordance with provisions laid down in this section.1.26 Care shall be taken that all stages of transporting.1. lifting and handling.6. During transport and stacking of piles. If a square section is employed.

the number of layers shall not exceed three. The added bars have to be held accurately and rigidly in position during welding. Driving shall not be resumed until: (i) The strength of the concrete in the extension is at least equal to the specified characteristic strength of concrete in pile. Signature of Bidder . the minimum periods counted from the time of casting shall be allowed for as indicated in Table 1100-1. The reinforcement at the head of pile will need to be exposed for full anchorage length or 600 mm whichever is greater and the new bars over-lapped for this distance. Prestressed piles shall not be lifted or handled until fully stressed. the extension of the pile shall be formed to the same cross–sectional profile and with concrete of at least the same strength as that specified for the original pile. Unless otherwise specified.3. In case more than one extension is permitted by the Engineer. The concrete at the top of the original pile shall be cut down to expose not less than 200 mm of the bars to avoid spalling of the concrete by heat. Before the operation of handling and driving the piles. Lengthening of Piles Where a pile is to have another length cast on it during driving. Separate stacks shall be provided for different lengths of piles. Where piles are stacked in layers. the longitudinal reinforcement shall preferably be joined by full penetration butt welding. the joint may be made by lapping. Whenever curing is needed during storage. For detailed precautions with regard to curing operations specifications for structural concrete given in Section 1700 shall apply. arrangements shall be made to enable the piles to be watered. Where facilities on site are insufficient to make proper butt welding practicable. and (ii) The approval of the Engineer has been obtained. TABLE 1100-1 TIME FOR CURING PRECAST PILES Type of cement Minimum periods from time of casting used in casting Strike side– End of wet Lift from the pile shutters curing (days) casting bed (hours) (days) Ordinary Portland 24 7 10 Rapid hardening Portland 12 7 7 Drive (days) 28 10 1106.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 30 of 117 such that the older piles can be withdrawn without disturbing newer piles. The stirrup spacing shall in no case be greater than 150 mm. Not more than one extension shall be permitted. only approved mechanical couples shall be used.

2 and 7.7.1. Pile shall be provided with suitable shoe for protecting the point of the pile during driving in hard ground. 1107. Piles which are found to have risen due to ground heave or as a result of driving adjacent piles. Risen Piles Level reading should be taken on each pile after driving and again after all the piles are driven. of IS : 2911(Part I Section 3) in this connection.7.6.6.1.3 of IS : 2911 (Part I. Removal of Surplus Length Any length of pile surplus to that required for incorporation in the structure shall be cut off neatly and removed. 1106. Piles shall not be driven in less than 28 days after casting or unless their strength at the time of driving is at least that specified for 28 days. 1106. Prestressed Concrete Piles D. Piles shall not be moved from casting bed until the concrete has hardened sufficiently. Manufacture The pile should be cast in one continuous operation from end to end of each pile.1.29 Additional specifications for precast prestressed concrete piles shall conform to those contained in clause 8 of IS : 2911 (Part I Section 3). When stripping prestressed concrete piles. During the process of cutting off. it shall be ensured that projecting reinforcement to be anchored into the pile cap and the prestressing strands/wires are not damaged. 1106. shall be re-driven to the original depth or resistance unless redriving tests on adjacent piles have shown this to be unnecessary.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 31 of 117 1106. Manufacture of precast concrete piles shall conform to the guidelines contained in clause Nos.5. CAST-IN-SITU CONCRETE PILES Cast-in-situ concrete piles may be either installed by making a bore into the ground by removal of material or by driving a metal casing with a shoe at the tip and Signature of Bidder . 7. Section 3). Reference may also be made to clause 7. shock release of tendons shall be avoided.4. 7.

Certain specific requirements of cast-in-situ driven piles shall be as per Clauses 1110 and 1111. Cast-in-situ concrete piles may be cast in metal shells which may remain permanently in place. Where the casing is withdrawn from cohesive soils for the formation of cast-insitu pile. Any liner or bore-hole which is improperly located or shows partial collapse that would affect the load carrying capacity of the pile. concrete should be placed in a clean dry hole. a tube or tremie pipe as appropriate shall be used to place concrete in all piles. if any. The displacement or distortion of reinforcement during concreting and also while extracting the tube shall be avoided. the concreting should be done with necessary precautions to minimise the softening of the soil by excess water. The two types of piles are termed as “bored piles” and “driven piles” respectively. Care shall be taken during concreting to prevent as far as possible the segregation of the ingredients. The placing of concrete shall be a continuous process from the toe level to the top of the pile. To prevent segregation. However. plain or reinforced. other types of cast-in-situ concrete piles. cased or uncased. the casing of cast-in-situ piles shall not be allowed to be withdrawn. the top 3 m of the pile shall be compacted using internal vibrators. shall be rejected or repaired as directed by the Engineer at the cost of the Contractor. The concrete should invariably be poured through a tremie with a funnel so that the flow is directed and concrete can be deposited in the hole without segregation. these shall be free from cracks or other damage before being installed. Where mud flow conditions exist. Cast-in-situ concrete driven piles shall be installed using a properly designed detachable shoe at the bottom of the casing. shall be self-compacting and shall not get mixed with soil. If the concrete is placed inside precast concrete tubes or consists of precast sections. or other extraneous matter. Special care shall be taken in silty clays and other soils with the tendency to squeeze into the newly deposited concrete and cause necking. has been withdrawn. The concrete shall be properly graded. Signature of Bidder . excess water. Sufficient head of green concrete shall be maintained to prevent inflow of soil or water into the concrete. Where concrete is placed in dry and there is casing present.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 32 of 117 displacing the material laterally. The metal casing shall be of sufficient thickness and strength to hold its original form and show no harmful distortion after it and adjacent casings have been driven and the driving core. Wherever practicable. may be used if in the opinion of the Engineer the soil conditions permit their use and if their design and the methods of placing are satisfactory.

In cases in which the side soil can fall into the hole.0 m length of top of bore shall invariably be provided with casing to ensure against loose soil falling into the bore. or a suitable steel casing. Before concreting under water. Prior to the lowering of the reinforcement cage into the pile shaft. Cover to reinforcing steel shall be maintained by suitable spacers. Signature of Bidder . Materials inside the casing shall removed progressively by air lift. concreting should not be taken up when the specific gravity of bottom slurry is more than 1. A minimum of 2. The drilling mud should be maintained at 1.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 33 of 117 To ensure compaction by hydraulic static heads. it is necessary to stabilise the side of the bore hole with drilling mud. For bored cast-in-situ piles. or in the cases of piles built in water or in cases where significant length of piles could be exposed due to scour. The joint of the casing shall be made as tight as possible to minimise inflow of water or leakage of slurry during concreting.2. Bored cast-in-situ piles in soils which are stable. The water level in the casing should generally be maintained at the natural ground water level for the same reasons. the bottom of the casting shall be kept enough in advance of the boring tool to prevent the entry of soil into the casing. Boring shall be carried out using rotary or percussion type equipment. Concreting under water for cast-in-situ concrete piles may be done either with the use of tremie method or by the use of an approved method specially designed to permit under water placement of concrete. thus preventing the formation of cavities and settlements in the adjoining ground. the diameter of the bore-holes shall be not more than the inside diameter of the liner. The casing may be left in position permanently specially in cases where the aggressive action of the ground water is to be avoided. rate of placing concrete in the pile shaft shall not be less than 6 m (length of pile) per hour. the shaft shall be cleaned of all loose materials. may often be installed with only a small casing length at the top. the bottom of the hole shall be cleaned of drilling mud and all soft or loose material very carefully. The diameter of the finished pile shall not be less than that specified and a continuous record shall be kept by the Engineer as to the volume of concrete placed in relation to the length cast. Unless otherwise approved by the Engineer. casting/liner shall be driven open ended with a pile driving hammer capable of achieving penetration of the liner to the length shown on the drawing or as approved by the Engineer. grab or percussion equipment or other approved means. In case a hole is bored with use of drilling mud. Where bored cast-in-situ piles are used in soils liable to flow.5 m above the ground water level.

The pipe should be concreted wholly by tremie and the method of deposition should not be changed part way up the pile to prevent the laitance from being entrapped within the pipe. Also. The tremie pipe should always penetrate well into the concrete with an adequate margin of safety against accidental withdrawal if the pipe is surged to discharge the concrete. The concrete should be coherent. a leveling course of M 15 nominal mix concrete 100 mm thick shall be provided. (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g) The minimum embedment of cast-in-situ concrete piles into pile cap shall be 150 mm. for bored holes. The clear cover between the bottom reinforcement in pile cap from the top of the pile shall be not less than 25 mm. lowering of reinforcement cage and concreting of pile for full height must be accomplished in one continuous operation without any stoppage. The tremie pipe will have to be large enough with due regard to the size of aggregate. Defective piles shall be removed or left in place as judged convenient without affecting the performance of adjacent piles or pile cap. The first charge of concrete should be placed with a sliding plug pushed down the tube ahead of it to prevent mixing of water and concrete. Additional piles shall be provided to replace the defective piles. larger diameter tremie pipes may be necessary.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 34 of 117 General requirements and precautions for concrete under water are as follows: (a) The concreting of a pile must be completed in one continuous operation. cleaning of the bore. The reinforcement in the pile shall be exposed for full anchorage length to permit it to be adequately bonded into the pile cap. Signature of Bidder . rich in cement with high slump and restricted water cement ratio. the finishing of the bore. All tremie tubes should be scrupulously cleared after use. Any defective concrete at the head of the completed pile shall be cut away and made good with new concrete. For 20 mm aggregate the tremie pipe should be of diameter not less than 150 mm and for large aggregate. Exposing such length shall be done carefully to avoid damaging the rest of the pile. In cases where the pipe cap is to be laid on ground.

Treated timber piles will be inspected by the Engineer after treatment. The sections shall be of identical cross-section. Timber Piles The Engineer shall stamp each pile on the butt with a stamp which shall make an impression that is readily legible.8 of these specifications. the steel plates conform to specification given in Section 1000. Not less than 2 separate steel straps shall be placed within 300 mm of the tip of each pile. STEEL PILES Steel piles shall be “H” or “I” sections as shown on the drawings and shall be of structural steel conforming to the specifications given in Section 1000. width and average thicknesses are at least equal to those of the rolled sections.8 of these specifications. Treated timber piles shall be driven within 6 months after treatment. Not less than 2 separate steel straps shall be placed within 600 mm of the butt of each pile after the pile is square cut. Pile splices shall be made with full penetration butt welds over the whole cross-section. steel piling consisting of structural steel plates welded together may be substituted for the rolled sections specified. Care shall be taken to properly align the sections connected so that the axis of the pile will be straight. 1109. The number of welded connections in the length of pile shall be as few as possible. The length of the steel pile may be built up in sections either before or during driving operations. At the option of the Contractor. Steel piles shall be protected by suitable anti-corrosive painting as specified on the drawing. Signature of Bidder . The connections shall be made by butt-welding the entire cross-section in accordance with the provisions in Clause 1904. Untreated timber piles and treated timber piles shall be of approved quality. Pile splices shall develop at least the yield strength of pile. and the welding conforms to Clause 1904. Untreated timber may be used as test piles. provided that the depth. Each pile shall be supplied preferably in one piece without splices. Timber piles shall be furnished with tip protection and shall be protected by the use of steel straps as hereinafter specified. Tip protection shall be suitable for use on timber piling of the size to be driven. the flanges are welded to the web with continuous fillet welds on either side of the web.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 35 of 117 1108. Piles shall be stored above the ground using protective packing to minimise damage to surface coating. Details of tip protection shall be furnished to the Engineer for review and approval before driving piles.

1111. The boiler or air compressor shall be equipped with an accurate pressure gauge at all times. Splicing of timber piles shall not be permitted except by written permission of the Engineer. air or diesel hammers shall be removed from the work. The force of the hammer shall be directed centrally and axially during driving. will be obtained. provided they penetrate to the prescribed depth or attain the designed resistance without being damaged.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 36 of 117 Additional intermediate steel straps shall be placed at not more than 3 metres centre measured along the length of the pile. No pile shall be driven unless inspected and approved by the Engineer. The helmet shall provide uniform bearing across the top of the pile and shall hold the pile centrally under the hammer. unless rock has been reached. so as not to damage the pile. The minimum weight of the hammer shall be 2. 1110. The valve mechanism and other parts of steam. Timber piles which are to be capped shall be separately cut off so that true bearing is obtained on every pile. Piles shall be installed from firm ground or from temporary supports or from fixed platform. diesel hammer or single-acting steam or compressed air hammer. The weight or power of the hammer should be sufficient to ensure a penetration of at least 5 mm per blow. Forces producing undue bending or torsional stresses in piles shall not be applied during driving.Driving Equipment Piles or their casings may be driven with any type of drop hammer. During driving the top of pile shall be protected by a suitable helmet of substantial steel construction. stream flow or hammer drop. Inefficient steam.5t. Stream or air hammers shall be furnished along with boiler or air compressor of capacity at least equal to that specified by the manufacturer of the hammers. DRIVING 1111. Signature of Bidder . General Procedure Details of the equipment and the method proposed for driving the piles shall be submitted with the tender for scrutiny and approval of the Engineer. It is always preferable to employ the heaviest hammer practicable and to limit the stroke. The arrangement shall provide sufficient rigidity to ensure accuracy of pile driving under all conditions of tide. Piles shall be driven from a fixed frame of sufficient rigidity to ensure accuracy of driving within specified tolerances. In the case of precast concrete piles the mass of the hammer shall be not less than 30 times the mass of 300 mm length of pile. Piles inaccurately cut off shall be replaced. air or diesel hammers shall be maintained in first class condition so that the length of stroke and number of blows per minute for which the hammer is designed.1.

5 mm will not be permitted. the head shall be cut off and driving continued. nominal refusal shall not be considered to have been achieved unless the Engineer is satisfied that the total number of blows. Nominal refusal shall be taken as equivalent to 25 mm total penetration for the final 20 blows using a hammer of driving energy as specified and shall be used as the criterion for acceptance for piles founded on rock. The Engineer’s decision in these matters shall be final. If any pile is damaged in any way during driving.e. Where hard drilling is encountered because of dense strata or obstructions located above the predetermined pile tip level. as a result of such cutting off the head. it shall be repaired or replaced as directed by the Engineer. resistance to further driving increases after driving is stopped). (Delays of an hour or less may lead to significant “set-up” in piles i. The cost of cutting off shall be borne by the Contractor and where. the Contractor. Severe driving which results in an average set per blow less than 0. without any deliberate stops. the pile is too short. the hole filled and the pile re-driven at no extra cost. The pile shall be withdrawn. A shorter stroke may be necessary when is danger of damaging the pile. This may require preboring and/or jetting as indicated in these specifications with the full approval of the Engineer. If the indications are that a pile will finish outside the specified tolerances. Piles shall not be bent or sprung into position but shall be effectively guided and held on-line during the initial stages of driving. the head of a pile is damaged to the extent that further driving is not possible. Signature of Bidder . as the average driving resistance specified for nominal refusal. Attempts to correct any tendency for the pile to run off-line by the application of significant horizontal restraint will not be permitted. If during driving. Piles should be driven to the minimum acceptable penetration shown on the drawings. supply and splice on sufficient length of pile to restore the pile to its correct length. Piles shall be driven to nominal refusal or the required ultimate dynamic capacity nominated on the drawings or until the top of the pile is at the level required and specified on the drawing whichever gives the lowest toe elevation. at his own cost.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 37 of 117 The stroke of a single acting or drop hammer shall be limited to 1. Shortly after the commencement of driving and at regular intervals throughout the driving operation. at no extra cost. indicates that further driving will not advance the pile through dense strata or obstructions. driving operations on that pile will cease. shall. To avoid the possibility of premature “set-up” pile driving shall be continuous in the later stages.2 m unless otherwise permitted by the Engineer. checks shall be made to ensure that the pile frame does not exert any undue lateral force on the pile due to restraint within the helmet.

Preboring and Jetting Driving of the piles may be assisted by preboring holes or by the use of jets or both subject to the approval of the Engineer.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 38 of 117 The pile shall be driven as accurately as possible to the vertical or to specified batter. The diameter of the hole shall not be greater than the diagonal dimension of the pile less 100 mm. Signature of Bidder . consideration shall be given to the possibility of doing harm to a pile recently formed by driving the tube nearby before the concrete has sufficiently set.1. in case of very soft soil. it will be necessary to enforce penetration of all the piles to a level below the bottom of the zone which shows such pockets. However. These may be used essentially to achieve the minimum penetration shown on the drawings where such penetration is not reached under normal conditions of driving indicated in Clause 1111. If there is a major variation between the depth at which adjacent foundation piles in a group meet refusal. No pile shall be bored or driven within 3 m of a newly cast pile until at least 24 hours after completion of its installation. before driving is continued. If the boring shows that the soil contains pockets of highly compressive material below the level of the shorter pile. Any deviation from the proper alignment shall be noted and promptly reported to the Engineer. In case of stiff clay also. driving a number of friction piles in a group shall proceed outward from the centre as otherwise it will be difficult to drive the inner piles to the same depth as the others. 1111. Driving piles in loose sand tends to compact the sand which in turn increases the skin friction. so that the soil is restrained from flowing out during driving operations. Straining the pile into position can damage it and the driving equipment should be adjusted as much as possible to follow the position of the pile. Therefore. such a pile shall. The danger of doing harm is greater in compact soils than loose soils. Unless otherwise specified. When employing a tube which is subsequently withdrawn for the formation of cast-in-situ pile. Any sudden change in the rate of penetration which cannot be ascribed to the nature of the ground shall be noted and its cause ascertained. at the discretion of the Engineer. Care shall be taken not to damage the pile by over-driving. the driving for a group of piles shall proceed outward from the centre. If the deviation is to such an extent that the resulting eccentricity cannot be taken care of by strengthening the pile cap or pile ties. the driving may proceed from outside to inside. be replaced or supplemented by an additional pile. the permissible positional deviation for piles shall be limited to those indicated in Clause 1116. if possible.2. a boring shall be made nearby to ascertain the cause of this difference.

The maximum depth of jetting shall be such that the specified set (or less) is obtained when the toe of the pile is at founding level. large quantities of water are used. the stability of the soil or the safety of any adjoining buildings. it may be necessary to make provision for collection of water when it comes to the ground surface. The load test on a concrete pile may not be carried out earlier than 28 days from the time of casting of the pile. PILE TESTS 1113. General The bearing capacity of a single pile may be determined from test loading a pile. Preboring shall be as approved by the Engineer and shall not extent below one metre above the founding level and the pile shall be driven to at least one metre below the prebored hole. To ensure that the pile is properly supported laterally in the hole. Jetting shall be stopped before completing the driving which shall always be finished by ordinary methods.1. Jetting shall be stopped if there is any tendency for the pile tips to be drawn towards the pile already driven owing to the disturbance to the ground. any space remaining around the pile at the ground level after driving is finished shall be backfilled with approved granular material.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 39 of 117 The maximum depth of the preboring shall be such that the specified set (or less) is obtained when the toe of the pile is at founding level. for jetting. 1112. Details of the arrangement for jetting shall be got approved from the Engineer in advance.75 m diameter and above 1 in 5 for smaller diameter cast-in-situ piles 1 in 4 for precast driven piles 1113. If. at least two jets shall be attached to the pile symmetrically when this type of technique is used. RAKER (INCLINED) PILES The maximum rake to be permitted in piles shall not exceed the following: i) ii) iii) 1 in 8 for larger diameter cast-in-situ piles viz 0. Jetting shall cease as directed by the Engineer and shall not proceed below one metre above the founding level and the pile shall be driven at least one metre below the pre-bored hole. so that the stability of the piling plant is not endangered by the softening of the ground. To avoid very hard driving and vibration in materials such as sand. When water jetting is used. jetting of piles by means of water may be carried out only by express permission of the Engineer and in such a manner as not to impair the bearing capacity of the piles already in place. The volume and pressure of water at the outlet nozzles shall be sufficient to freely erode material adjacent to the toe of the pile. Signature of Bidder .

PILE CAP Pile Caps shall be of reinforced concrete. while the routine load tests shall not be less than 2 percent of the total number of piles in the structure nor less than 2 in number.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 40 of 117 There shall be two categories of test on piles. while pneumatic tools for chipping shall not be used before seven days after pile casting. the initial load tests shall not be less than 2 in number. both initial and routine tests may be suitably increased for important structures or cases with large variation in the sub-surface strata. The above stipulations hold good for both vertical as well as lateral load tests on pile foundations. a levelling course of minimum 100 mm thickness of M 15 nominal mix concrete shall be provided. Initial tests should be carried out on test piles which are not be incorporated in the work. A minimum offset of 150 mm shall be provided beyond the outer faces of the outer most piles in the group. If the pile cap is in contact with earth at the bottom. initial tests and routine tests. or when provided in the contract. The methodology of carrying out load tests and of arriving at safe load on piles shall conform to IS : 2911 (Part IV). The attachment of the pile head to the cap shall be adequate for the transmission of loads and forces. A portion of pile top may be stripped of concrete and the reinforcement anchored into the cap. Routine tests shall be carried out as a check on working piles. type of superstructure and uncertainties of founding strata. In case of any doubt of workmanship or load carrying capacity of working piles not subjected to routine tests. or when ordered by the Engineer. Such tests may include “Integrity Testing” of concrete in the installed pile and utilisation of “Pile Driving Analyser” which gives an indication of pile capacity in end bearing and side friction. span length. The number of initial and routine tests on piles shall be as determined by the Engineer depending upon the number of foundations. The top of pile after stripping shall project at least 150 mm into the pile cap. load tests on working piles may be supplemented by non-destructive testing. However. Signature of Bidder . In any case. namely. 1114. Manual chipping may be permitted after three days of pile casting. The bottom of the pile cap shall be laid preferably as low as possible taking account of the water level prevalent at the time of casting. A layer of surface reinforcement may be provided with a cover of 25 mm to retain the integrity of concrete below the main cap reinforcement which is to be laid 25 mm above the pile top. Concreting of the pile cap shall be carried out in dry conditions.

2. 1115. Signature of Bidder .Before commencement of pouring of concrete.1.1. voids in concrete shall be avoided and sufficient head of concrete is to be maintained to prevent inflow of soil or water into the concrete. equipment and accessories for pile driving and recording of data. Bored Cast-in-situ Piles 1115. IMPORTANT CONSIDERATIONS.1.The pile shoes which may be of either cast iron conical type or mild steel flat type shall have double reams for proper seating of the removable casing tube inside the space between the reams.1. Concrete in piles shall be cast upto a minimum height of 600 mm above the designed top level of pile. 1115.1. The drilling mud such as bentonite suspension shall be maintained at a level sufficiently above the surrounding ground water level to ensure the stability of the strata which is being penetrated throughout the boring process until the pile has been concreted. It is also necessary to take precautions during concreting to minimise the softening of the soil by excess water. Further adequate control during withdrawal of the casing tube is essential so as to maintain sufficient head of concrete inside the casing tube at all stages of withdrawal.2.2. which shall be stripped off at the time of construction of pile cap.2. While concreting uncased piles.1. This will ensure good concrete at the cut-off level.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 41 of 117 The top of concrete in a pile shall be brought above cut-off level to permit removal of all laitance and weak concrete before pile cap is laid.2. 1115. 1115.1. 1115.5.3.Specialist literature and the guidelines from the pile construction industry shall be consulted regarding the method of installation.1.4. Driven Cast-in-Situ Piles 1115. Uncased cast-in-situ piles shall not be allowed where mudflow conditions exist.During installation of piles the final “set”of penetration of pile per blow of hammer shall be checked taking an average of last 10 blows. 1115. INSPECTION/PRECAUTIONS FOR DIFFERENT TYPES OF PILES 1115. it shall be ensured that there is no ingress of water in the casing tube from the bottom. 1115.

Tremie of 150 mm to 200 mm diameter shall be used for concreting. after completion of boring and prior to concreting after placing of reinforcement cage.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 42 of 117 111. Where bentonite suspension is used to maintain the stability of the bore-hole. The bores shall be washed by bentonite flushing to ensure clean bottom at two stages viz.4. and shall be withdrawn slowly ensuring adequate height of concrete outside the tremie pipe at all stages of withdrawal. it is essential that the properties of the material be carefully controlled at stages of mixing.05 g/cc The marsh cone viscosity between 30 and 40 The pH value between 9.3. Flushing of bentonite shall be done continuously with fresh bentonite slurry till the consistency of inflowing and out-flowing slurry is similar. The tremie shall be water-tight throughout its length and have a hopper attached at its head by a water-tight connection.5.2. It is usual to limit: i) ii) iii) iv) v) The density of bentonite suspension to 1. The tremie pipe shall be large enough in relation to the size of aggregates. 1115. For 20 mm aggregate the tremie pipe shall be of diameter not less than 150 mm and for larger size aggregate tremie pipe of larger diameter is required. 1115.2. supply to the bore-hole and immediately before concrete is placed.2. Other recommendations for tremie concreting are: (i) (ii) (iii) The sides of the bore-hole have to be stable throughout. Signature of Bidder .5 and 12 The silt content less than 1 per cent The liquid limit of bentonite not less than 400 per cent These aspects shall act as controlling factors for preventing contamination of bentonite slurry for clay and silt. The tremie should have uniform and smooth cross-section inside.5.

8. 1115. The tremie pipe shall always be kept full of concrete and shall penetrate well into the concrete in the bore-hole with adequate margin of safety against accidental withdrawal if the pipe is surged to discharge the concrete. 1116.2.2. 1115. For large diameter piles. Permissible Tolerances for Pile (i) Precast Concrete Piles: (a) (b) (c) (d) (ii) Variation in cross-sectional dimensions Variation in length Surface irregularities measured with 3 m straight edge Bow for length in mm : 5 mm : 25 mm : 5mm : Pile Length in mm 1000 Driven Piles (a) (b) (c) (d) Variation in cross-sectional dimensions Variation from vertical or specified rake Variation in the final position of the head in plan Variation of level of top of piles : +50 mm. TOLERANCES 1116.6.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 43 of 117 (iv) (v) The tremie pipe shall be lowered to the bottom of the bore-hole. 1115. -10 mm : 1 in 50 : 75mm :  25 mm (iii) Bored Piles (a) (b) (c) Variation in cross-sectional dimensions Variation from vertical or specified rake Variation in the final position of the head in plan : + 50 mm. use of retarding plasticiser in concrete is desirable. For this purpose.Where possible. -10 mm : 1 in 50 : 50 mm Signature of Bidder . conduit pipes with easily removable plugs at the bottom end should be placed in the bore alongwith reinforcement cage before concreting.1.7. For very long or large diameter piles.2. allowing water or drilling mud to rise inside it before pouring concrete. it may be essential to conduct non-destructive pile integrity tests to evaluate integrity of the pile. it may be desirable to grout the base of pile with cement slurry under suitable pressure after concrete in the pile attains the desired strength.

For installation of the pile. Variation in dimensions Misplacement from specified position in plan Surface irregularities measured with 3 m straight edge Variation of levels at the top : +50 mm. timber or steel piles of specified cross-section. No distinction shall be made for penetration through hard strata or rock and socketing into rock. steel and cast-in-situ driven piles. 1118. timber.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 44 of 117 (d) Variation of level of top of piles :  25 mm 1116. MEASUREMENTS FOR PAYMENT For supply of precast concrete. limited to that shown on drawings or ordered by the Engineer. the measurement shall be by weight in tonnes that remains in the finished structure complete in place. -10 mm : 15mm : 5mm : 25 mm TESTS AND STANDARDS OF ACCEPTANCE The materials shall be tested in accordance with these Specifications and shall meet the prescribed criteria. the measurement shall be in metres of the length of piles ordered in writing by the Engineer measured from the head to the butt of the shoe or the tapered point. For the pile cap. Routine and Initial Pile Load Tests shall not be measured for payment. the quality of concrete shall be measured in cubic metres as per Section 1700. Reinforcement in cast-in-situ driven and bored concrete piles shall be measured for payment as per Section 1600. Permissible Tolerances for Pile Caps (a) (b) (c) (d) 1117.2. The work shall conform to these Specifications and shall meet the prescribed standards of acceptance. For cast-in-situ driven and bored concrete piles of specified cross-section. For steel liners/casing shown on the drawings to be permanently left in place. While reinforcement in pile cap shall be measured in tonnes as per Section 1600. i. the measurement shall be the length in metres of the accepted pile that remains in the finished structure complete in place.e. Reinforcement in precast concrete piles shall not be measured for payment. Signature of Bidder . by driving in the case of precast concrete. and by boring in the case of cast-in-situ bored piles the measurement shall be the length in metres that remains in the finished structure complete in place. limited to that shown on drawings or ordered by the Engineer.

all as per Section 1700.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 45 of 117 1119. formwork and staging including placing in position. cutting off pile heads. RATE The contract unit for supplying precast concrete. The contract unit rate for cast-in-situ driven and bored piles shall include the cost of concrete and all other items as per Section 1700. driving or making bores for cast-in-situ driven and bored concrete piles. tools and equipment. fabrication and placing the steel liner to the required depth as shown on the drawings and as ordered by the Engineer. materials. The contract unit rate for reinforcement in cast-in-situ driven and bored piles shall be as per Section 1600. Providing temporary liner/casing and its withdrawal and placing reinforcement in position shall also be deemed to be included in the rate for installation of piles and no additional payment shall be made for the same. timber or steel piles shall include cost of all labour. tools and equipment. The contract unit shall also include costs of all labour. materials. precast concrete and steel piles. The contract unit for installation of piles shall include full compensation for furnishing all labour. equipments and all other incidentals involved in conducting routine and initial pile load tests including installation of piles for initial load tests. tools. The contract unit rate for concrete in pile cap shall cover all costs of labour. sampling and testing and supervision. delivery to site unloading and stacking it at the place indicated by the Engineer. and where required its loading. Signature of Bidder . materials. and other work involved in making or fabricating the pile complete as shown on the drawing. Reinforcement in the pile cap shall be paid for separately as per Section 1600. The contract unit rate for permanent steel liners shall include cost of all labour. plant and equipment. materials. transport. all complete in place to the specified penetration of piles. and incidentals for doing all the works involved in driving timber. The cost of reinforcement as per Section 1600 in precast concrete piles shall be deemed to be included in the quoted rate for supply of piles.

as directed by the Engineer. PROTECTION OF REINFORCEMENT Uncoated reinforcing steel shall be protected from rusting or chloride contamination. Reinforcements shall be stored on block. 1604. shall be protected within one week after initial placing of concrete with a brush coat of neat cement mixed with water to a consistency of thick paint. mechanical wire brushing. grease. Portions of uncoated reinforcing steel and dowels projecting from concrete. etc. This may be ensured either by using reinforcement fresh from the factory or thoroughly cleaning all reinforcement to remove rust using any suitable method such as sand blasting. If the coating on the bars is damaged during transportation or handling and cannot be repaired. loose mill scale. Reinforcing steel shall conform to the dimensions and shapes given in the approved Bar Bending Schedules. This coating shall be removed by lightly tapping with a hammer or other tool not more than one week before placing of the adjacent pour of concrete. Reinforcements may be either mild steel/medium tensile steel or high strength deformed bars. DESCRIPTION This work shall consist of furnishing and placing coated or uncoated mild steel or high strength deformed reinforcement bars (untensioned) of the shape and dimensions shown on the drawings and conforming to these Specifications or as approved by the Engineer. mortar. GENERAL Steel for reinforcement shall meet with the requirements of Section 1000 . Signature of Bidder . They may be uncoated or coated with epoxy or with approved protective coatings. racks or platforms and above the ground in a clean and dry condition and shall be suitably marked to facilitate inspection and identification. Bars shall be bent cold to the specified shape and dimensions or as directed by the Engineer using a proper bar bender. BENDING OF REINFORCEMENT Bar bending schedule shall be furnished by the Contractor and got approved by the Engineer before start of work. Reinforcements shall be free from rust. 1602. operated by hand or power to obtain the correct radii of bends and shape.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 46 of 117 1601. Coated reinforcing steel shall be protected against damage to the coating. 1603.. the same shall be rejected. oil or paints.

The bars. Bars bent during transport or handling shall be straightened before being used on work and shall not be heated to facilitate straightening. The reinforcement shall be placed strictly in accordance with the drawings and shall be assembled in position only when the structure is otherwise ready for placing of concrete. Reinforcement bars shall be placed accurately in position as shown on the drawings. The minimum diameter of spacer bars shall be 12 mm or equal to maximum size of main reinforcement or maximum size of coarse aggregate. conforming to IS : 280 to make the skeleton of the reinforcement rigid such that the reinforcement does not get displaced during placing of concrete. The diameter of binding wire shall not be less than 1mm. industrially produced polymer cover blocks of thickness equal to the specified cover shall be placed between the bars and formwork subject to satisfactory evidence that the polymer composition is not harmful to concrete and reinforcement. Prolonged time gap between assembling of reinforcements and casting of concrete. Horizontal reinforcement shall not be allowed to sag between supports. provided they have the same strength and specification as those of the member. which may result in rust formation on the surface. or any other operation. whichever is greater. crossing one another shall be tied together at every intersection with binding wire (annealed). the vertical reinforcement shall be kept in position by means of timber templates with slots cut in them accurately. shall not be permitted. Bars shall be kept in position usually by the following methods: b) c) (i) In case of beam and slab construction. (ii) In case of dowels for columns and walls.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 47 of 117 Bars shall not be bent or straightened in a manner that will damage the parent material or the coating. or with cover blocks tied to the reinforcement. Timber templates shall be removed after the concreting has progressed upto a level just below their location. (iii) Layers of reinforcements shall be separated by spacer bars at approximately one metre intervals. a) PLACING OF REINFORCEMENT The reinforcement cage should generally be fabricated in the yard at ground level and then shifted and placed in position. Signature of Bidder . Cover blocks made of concrete may be permitted by the Engineer. 1605.

1606. broken stone. except where shown on the drawing. not less than 1 mm diameter and twisted tight in such a manner as to maintain minimum clear cover to the reinforcement from the concrete surface. 1606. Signature of Bidder . will be permitted without approval of the Engineer. Supports shall be installed in a manner such that planes of weakness are not created in hardened concrete. The lengths of the splice shall be as indicated on drawing or as approved by the Engineer. Lapping All reinforcement shall be furnished in full lengths as indicated on the drawing. supporting wires etc. Lapped splices shall be staggered or located at points.. as devices for positioning reinforcement shall not be permitted. Reference shall be made to Section 1000 for other requirements. Welding 1606. brick. whichever is greater.1. The coated reinforcing steel shall be held in place by use of plastic or plastic coated binding wires especially manufactured for the purpose. If this is not feasible. overlapping bars shall not touch each other. Where practicable. metal pipe. and shall be kept apart by 25 mm or 1  times the maximum size of coarse aggregate. BAR SPLICES e) 1606. metal hangers.1.2. blocks. Placing and fixing of reinforcement shall be inspected and approved by the Engineer before concrete is deposited. spacers. Weld shall develop an ultimate strength equal to or great than that of the bars connected. along the span where stresses are low. mortar or wooden blocks etc. Use of pebbles. metal chairs. No splicing of bars.2. (v) d) Bars coated with epoxy or any other approved protective coating shall be placed on supports that do not damage the coating. overlapping bars shall be bound with annealed steel binding wire. or other subsidiary reinforcement shall be provided to fix the reinforcements firmly in its correct position.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 48 of 117 (iv) Necessary stays.Splicing by welding of reinforcement will be permitted only if detailed on the drawing or approved by the Engineer.

choice of electrode. For vertical bars single bevel or double bevel joints may be used. The method of welding shall conform to IS : 2751 and IS : 9417 and to any supplemental specifications to the satisfaction of the Engineer. operators. Oxyacetylene welding shall not be permissible. equipment. Generally. shop welding in controlled conditions is to be preferred. grease. Welded joints shall be located well away from bends and not less than twice the bar diameter away from a bend.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 49 of 117 1606. for which necessary chemical analysis has been secured ad the carbon equivalent (CE) calculated from the chemical composition using the formula: CE = C + Mn + Cr+Mg+V + Ni + Cu 6 5 15 is 0. welding of deformed bars conforming to IS : 1786 shall in general be prohibited. paint and other foreign matter before carrying out welding. be permitted when the facilities. rust. Suitable means shall be provided for holding the bars securely in position during welding.2. 1606. Single-V or Double-V butt joints may generally be used. should be strictly observed.3. however. It must be ensured that no voids are left in welding. where feasible.. Precautions on over heating. Only Signature of Bidder .4 or less. consumables. All welders and welding operators to be employed shall have to be qualified by tests prescribed in IS : 2751. selection of correct current in arc welding etc. Any other process may be used subject to the Engineer and necessary additional requirements to ensure satisfactory joint performance. Welding may be carried out by metal arc welding process. previous surface shall be cleaned properly. process. Welding may be permitted in case of bars other than S 240 grade including special welding grade of S 415 grade bars conforming to IS : 1786. Inspection of welds shall conform to IS : 822 and destructive or non-destructive testing may be undertaken when deemed necessary. All bars shall be butt welded except for smaller diameter bars (diameter of less than 20 mm) which may be lap welded. Bars shall be cleaned of all loose scale. Joints with weld defects detected by visual inspection or dimensional check inspection shall not be accepted. welding procedure are adequate to produce and maintain uniform quality at par with that attainable in shop welding to the satisfaction of the Engineer. Joint welding procedures which are to be employed shall invariably be established by a procedure specification. While welding may be permitted for mild steel reinforcing bars conforming to IS : 432. Site welding where necessary shall. When welding is done in 2 or 3 stages.2.2.

1606. Additional tests.5. 1608. electrodes used for welding shall conform to IS : 814. Signature of Bidder .3.2. overlaps.S. if required. spacer bars. they shall develop at least 125 per cent of the characteristic strength of the reinforcement bar. From the length so measured. No welding shall be done on coated bars. the weight of reinforcement shall be calculated in tonnes on the basis of IS : 1732. 1606. hangers and annealed steel wire or other methods for binding and placing shall not be measured and cost of these items shall be deemed to be included in the rates for reinforcement. Welded joints shall preferably be located at points where steel will not be subject to more than 75 per cent of the maximum permissible stresses and welds so staggered that at any on section. chairs. 1607.4. MEASUREMENTS FOR PAYMENT Reinforcement shall be measured in length including hooks. In case such devices are permitted by the Engineer. Specimens shall be taken from the site and the number and frequency of tests shall be as directed by the Engineer. if any. TESTING AND ACCEPTANCE The material shall be tested in accordance with relevant IS specifications and necessary test certificates shall be furnished. welded joints. couplings. Mechanical Coupling of Bars Bars may be jointed with approved patented mechanical devices as indicated on the drawing or as approved by the Engineer e. excluding overlaps.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 50 of 117 competent and experienced welders shall be employed on the work with the approval of the Engineer. The fabrication. separately for different diameters as actually used in work. furnishing and placing of reinforcement shall be in accordance with these specifications and shall be checked and accepted by the Engineer. stays. Wastage. will be got carried out by the Contractor at his own cost. by special grade steel sleeves swagged on to bars in end to end contact or by screwed couplers.g. Welded pieces of reinforcement shall be tested. M. not more than 20 per cent of the bars are welded. 1606.2.

binding and fixing in position as shown on the drawings as per these specifications and as directed by the Engineer. tools and plant. bending. sampling. storing. equipment. The rate shall also cover sampling. supplies. incidentals. placing. royalty. transporting. transportation and expertise required to carry out the work. fabricating.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 51 of 117 1609. including all labour. RATE The contract unit rate for coated/uncoated reinforcement shall cover the cost of material. testing and supervision required for the work. Signature of Bidder . labour. The unit rate for coated reinforcement shall be deemed to also include cost of all material. testing and supervision.

where the characteristic strength is defined as the strength of concrete below which not more than 5 per cent of the test results are expected to fall. 1703. MATERIALS All materials shall conform to Section 1000 of these Specifications.1.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 52 of 117 1701. as shown on the drawings or as directed by the Engineer. in MPa 15 20 25 30 35 40 45 50 55 D.30 M 35 M 15 M 20 M 25 M 30 M 40 M 45 M 50 M 55 1703. 1702. Grade Designation Specified characteristic Compressive strength of 150 mm cubes at 28 days. DESCRIPTION The work shall consist of furnishing and placing structural concrete and incidental construction in accordance with these specifications and in conformity with the lines. The lowest grades of concrete in bridges and corresponding minimum cement contents and water-cement ratios shall be maintained as indicated in Tables 17002 and 1700-3.1.2. The grades of concrete shall be designated by the characteristic strength as given in Table 1700-1. TABLE 1700-1.6. grades and dimensions. GRADES OF CONCRETE 1703. Signature of Bidder .

40 a) PCC members b) RCC members c) PSC members (kg/cu. water cement ratio Exposure conditions Normal 0.) 360 400 400 (B) MINIMUM STRENGTH OF CONCRETE Member a) PCC members b) RCC members c) PSC members TABLE 1700-3. cement content for all exposure conditions Max.45 0.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 53 of 117 1700-2.m.45 0.45 0. Conditions of Exposure Moderate M 25 M 35 M 35 Severe M 30 M 40 M 40 FOR BRIDGES OTHER THAN THOSE MENTIONED IN TABLE 1700-2 AND FOR CULVERTS AND OTHER INCIDENTAL CONSTRUCTION (A) MINIMUM CEMENT CONTENT AND MAXIMUM WATER CEMENT RATIO Structural Member Min.45 0.40 Signature of Bidder .40 Severe 0. water cement ratio Exposure conditions Normal 0. cement content (kg/cu. FOR BRIDGES WITH PRESTRESSED CONCRETE OR THOSE WITH INDIVIDUAL SPAN LENGTHS MORE THAN 30 M OR THOSE THAT ARE BUILT WITH INNOVATIVE DESIGN/CONSTRUCTION (A) MINIMUM CEMENT CONTENT AND MAXIMUM WATER CEMENT RATIO Structural Member Min.m.40 0.50 0.45 Severe 0.) Exposure conditions a) PCC members b) RCC members Normal 250 310 Severe 310 400 Max.

including admixtures to be used. only “Design Mix” shall be used.e. the proportions of materials. “Nominal Mix” may be permitted only for minor bridges and culverts or other incidental construction where strength requirements are upto M 20 only. alternate wetting and drying combined with freezing and buried in soil having corrosive effect.4. For all items of concrete. For 40 mm and larger size aggregates. in which event the higher grade concrete shall meet the specifications applicable thereto without additional compensation.3. 1704.m. “Nominal Mix” may also be permitted for non-structural concrete or for screed below open foundations. PROPORTIONING OF CONCRETE Prior to the start of construction. except where “Nominal Mix” concrete is permitted as per drawing or by the Engineer. For underwater concreting.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 54 of 117 (B) MINIMUM STRENGTH OF CONCRETE Member a) PCC members b) RCC members Conditions of Exposure Moderate M 15 M 20 Severe M 20 M 25 Notes Applicable to Tables 1700-2 and 1700-3 (i) The minimum cement content is based on 20 mm aggregate (nominal max. the Contractor shall design the mix in case of “Design Mix Concrete” or propose nominal mix in case of “Nominal Mix Concrete”. size). the Engineer may permit the use of higher grade concrete than that specified on the drawing. of concrete. 1703. Water-reducing admixtures (including plasticisers or super-plasticsers) may be Signature of Bidder . Moderate conditions of exposure shall mean other that those mentioned in (iii) above. Severe conditions of exposure shall mean alternate wetting and drying due to sea spray. Concrete used in any component or structure shall be specified by designation along with prescribed method of design of mix i. 1703. “Design Mix” or “Nominal Mix”. (ii) (iii) (iv) The cement content shall be low as possible but not less than the quantities specified above. and submit to the Engineer for approval. the cement content shall be increased by 10 per cent. In no case shall it exceed 540 kg/cu. it may be reduced suitably but the reduction shall not be more than 10 per cent. If the Contractor so elects.

footings. walls with thickness greater than 300 mm RCC and PSC structures with highly congested reinforcements e. walls with thickness less than 300 mm Underwater concreting through tremie e. e.2. solid columns. box girders. SLUMP(mm) 25 25 40 – 50 2 3 50 – 75 4 75 – 125 5 100 – 200 Signature of Bidder . box culverts well curb. well steining RCC structures with fair degree of congestion of reinforcement.g. e. TABLE 1700-4. subject to the approval of the Engineer.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 55 of 117 used at the Contractor’s option.1. cast-in-situ piling 1704. abutments. pier and abutment caps. Target mean strength The target mean strength of specimen shall exceed the specified characteristic compressive strength by at least the ‘current margin’. unless specifically permitted by the Engineer. Every attempt shall be made to obtain uniform consistency. TYPE 1 (a) Structures with exposed inclined surface requiring low slump concrete to allow proper compaction (b) plain cement concrete RCC structures with widely spaced reinforcements. The slump of concrete shall be checked as per IS : 516. piers. bottom plug.g. The optimum consistency for various types of structure shall be as indicated in Table 1700-4. Other types of admixtures shall be prohibited. Requirements of Consistency The mix shall have the consistency which will allow proper placement and consolidation in the required position.g deck slab girders. Requirements for Designed Mixes 1704.g. 1704. or as directed by the Engineer.1.2.

over a period exceeding 5 days. if a full fledged concrete laboratory has been established well before the start of construction. for all grades to the Engineer’s satisfaction prior to commencement of concreting. but not exceeding 6 months. the concrete plant and means of transport employed to make the trial mixes shall be similar to that proposed to be used in the works. Trial mixes The Contractor shall give notice to enable the Engineer to be present at the making of trial mixes and preliminary testing of the cubes. the Engineer may permit the initial trial mixes to be prepared at the site laboratory of the Contractor.64 times the standard deviation of samples test results taken from at least 40 separate batches of concrete of nominally similar proportions produced at site by the same plant under similar supervision. 1704. The Contractor shall prepare trial mixes.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 56 of 117 (i) The current margin for a concrete mix shall be determined by the Contractor and shall be taken as 1. the current margin for the initial design mix shall be taken as given in Table 1700-5: TABLE 1700–5. The initial trial mixes shall generally be carried out in an established laboratory approved by the Engineer. using samples of approved materials typical of those he proposes to use in the works. Signature of Bidder . (ii) Where there is insufficient data to satisfy the above. Concrete Grade M 15 M 20 M 25 M 30 M 35 M 40 M 45 M 50 M 55 Current Margin (MPa) 10 10 11 12 12 12 13 13 14 Target Mean Strength (MPa) 25 30 36 42 47 52 58 63 69 The initial current margin given in the Table 1700-5 shall be used till sufficient data is available to determine the current margin as per sub-clause (i) above.2.2. In exceptional cases. Sampling and testing procedures shall be in accordance with these specifications. In all cases complete testing of materials forming the constituents of proposed Design Mix shall have been carried out prior to making trial mixes. When the site laboratory is utilised for preparing initial mix design. to his entire satisfaction.

b) Change of Current Margin When required by the Engineer. Requirements of Nominal Mix Concrete Requirements for nominal mix concrete unless otherwise specified. Fir each mix. PROPORTIONS FOR NOMINAL MIX CONCRETE Concrete Grade Total Quantity of dry aggregate by mass per 50 kg of cement to be taken as the sum of individual masses of fine and coarse aggregates (kg) Proportion of fine to Coarse aggregate (by mass) Signature of Bidder . 1704. transported and tested in accordance with these specifications. cured. before substantial changes are made in the material or in the proportions of the materials to be used. stored. c) Additional Trial Mixes During production. The average strength of the nine cubes at 28 days shall exceed the specified characteristic strength by the current margin minus 3. if required by the Engineer.1.3. The recalculated value shall be adopted as directed by the Engineer.2. the Contractor shall recalculate the current margin in accordance with Clause 1704.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 57 of 117 Test cubes shall be taken from trial mixes as follows. TABLE 1700-6. Three cubes from each set of six shall be tested at an age of 28 days and three at an earlier age approved by the Engineer. in order to minimise the variability of strength and to maintain the target mean strength. set of six cubes shall be made from each of three consecutive batches. and it shall become the current margin for concrete produced subsequently.5 MPa. Control of strength of design mixes a) Adjustment to Mix Proportions Adjustments to mix proportions arrived at in the trial mixes shall be made subject to the Engineer’s approval. The cubes shall be made. except when adjustments to the mix proportions are carried out in accordance with sub-clause (a) above.2. Such adjustments shall not be taken to imply any change in the current margin. the Contractor shall carry out trial mixes and tests. 1704. shall be as detailed in Table 1700-6.3.

(ii) d) Statement giving the proposed mix proportions for nominal mix concrete.5.5 and lower limit of 1:1.5 and lower limit of 1:1. structures located near sea coast) Other reinforced concrete construction : : : 0.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 58 of 117 M 15 M 20 350 250 Generally 1:2.25 Generally 1:2.2 per cent 0.g. Signature of Bidder . Suitability of Proposed Mix Proportions The Contractor shall submit the following information for the Engineer’s approval: a) b) c) Nature and source of each material Quantities of each material per cubic meter of fully compacted concrete Either of the following: (i) appropriate existing data as evidence of satisfactory previous performance for the target mean strength. full details of tests on trial mixes.1 per cent 0. subject to upper limit 1:1. Additional requirements shall also consist of the following overall limits of deleterious substances in concrete: a) b) 1704. The total chloride content of all constituents of concrete as a percentage of mass of cement in mix shall be limited to values given below: Prestressed Concrete Reinforced concrete exposed to chlorides in service (e.4.25 1704. subject to upper limit 1:1. Additional Requirements Concrete shall meet with any other requirements as specified on the drawing or as directed by the Engineer.3 percent The total sulphuric anhydride (SO3) content of all constituents of concrete as a percentage of mass of cement in the mix shall be limited to 4 per cent. current margin. consistency and water/cement ratio and any other additional requirement(s) as specified.

hollow abutments. pier/abutment caps. wearing coat.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 59 of 117 Any change in the source of material or in the mix proportions shall be subject to the Engineer’s prior approval. slabs. piers and piles kerb. 1705. As the selection of an appropriate concrete admixture is an integral part of the mix design. Components i) RCC well curb ii) RCC/PCC well steining Maximum Nominal Size of Coarse Aggregate (mm) 20 40 40 20 20 As specified by Engineer iii) Well cap or Pile Cap Solid type piers and abutments iv) RCC work in girders. the manufacturers shall recommend the use of any one of his products only after obtaining complete knowledge of all the actual constituents of concrete as well as methodologies of manufacture. SIZE OF COARSE AGGREGATE The size (maximum nominal) of coarse aggregates for concrete to be used in various components shall be given as Table 1700-7. ADMIXTURES Use of admixtures such as superplasticisers for concrete may be made with the approval of the Engineer. v) PSC work vi) Any other item Maximum nominal size of aggregates shall also be restricted to the smaller of the following values: a) b) 10 mm less than the minimum lateral clear distance between main reinforcements 10 mm less than the minimum clear cover to the reinforcements Signature of Bidder . 1706. TABLE 1700-7. approach slab. transportation and compaction of concrete proposed to be used in the project.

31 Measurement of Cement  3 per cent of the quantity of cement in each batch  3 per cent of the quantity of water in each batch Measurement of Water Measurement of Aggregate  3 per cent of the quantity of aggregate in each batch Measurement of Admixture  5 per cent of the quantity of admixture in each batch b) For Concrete Transportation : i) Concrete dumpers ii) Powered hoists iii) Chutes iv) Buckets handled by cranes v) Transit truck mixer vi) Concrete pump vii) Concrete distributor booms viii) Belt conveyor ix) Cranes with skips depending upon actual requirement minimum 2 tonnes capacity minimum 0.concrete batching and mixing plant fully automatic with minimum capacity of 15 cu. equipment for production.6. Its accuracy shall be checked over the range in use. EQUIPMENT Unless specified otherwise. per hour.batch type concrete mixer diesel or electric operated. All measuring devices of the equipment shall be maintained in a clean and serviceable condition. when set up at each site and thereafter periodically as directed by the Engineer.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 60 of 117 The proportions of the various individual size of aggregates shall be so adjusted that the grading produces densest mix and the grading curve corresponds to the maximum nominal size adopted for the concrete mix. with a minimum size of 200 litres. m.1. The accuracy of the measuring devices shall fall within the following limits: D. automatic water measuring system and internal weigher (hydraulic/pneumatic type) ii) For overall bridge length of 200 meters or more . 1707. transportation and compaction of concrete shall be as under: a) For Production of Concrete: i) For overall bridge length of less than 200 meters .5 tonne capacity Signature of Bidder .

Signature of Bidder . Slope of the chute shall be so adjusted that the concrete flows without the use of excessive quantity of water and without any segregation of its ingredients. the plant shall be of such size and design as to ensure practically continuous flow. the first batch of concrete from the mixer shall contain only two thirds of the normal quantity of coarse aggregate. MIXING CONCRETE Concrete shall be mixed either in a concrete mixer or in a batching and mixing plant. The mixer or the plant shall be at an approved location considering the properties of the mixes and the transportation arrangements available with the Contractor. Unless otherwise agreed to by the Engineer. as per these specifications. segregation or loss of its constituent materials takes place. so that no contamination. Mixing shall be continued till materials are uniformly distributed and a uniform colour of the entire mass is obtained. The chute shall be thoroughly flushed with water before and after each working period and the water used for this purpose shall be discharged outside the formwork.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 61 of 117 x) Tremies size 25 mm to 70 mm minimum 500 watts full width of carriageway (upto two lanes) c) For Compaction of Concrete: i) Internal vibrators ii) Form vibrators iii) Screed vibrators 1708. PLACING AND COMPACTION OF CONCRETE The method of transporting and placing concrete shall be approved by the Engineer. Hand mixing shall not be permitted. The mixer or the plant shall be approved by the Engineer. When concrete is conveyed by chute. Concrete shall not be freely dropped into placed from a height exceeding 1. Concrete shall be transported and placed as near as practicable to its final position.5 metres. In no case shall mixing be done for less than 2 minutes. 1709. and each individual particle of the coarse aggregate shows complete coating of mortar containing its proportionate amount of cement. TRANPORTION. Mixing plant shall be thoroughly cleaned before changing from one type of cement to another. Mixes which have been out of use for more than 30 minutes shall be thoroughly cleaned before putting in a new batch. The delivery end of the chute shall be as close as possible to the point of deposit.

It shall be compacted in its final position within 30 minutes of its discharge from the mixer. When vibrators are used.. Except where otherwise agreed to by the Engineer. If concreting is not started within 24 hours of the approval being given. When external vibrators are used. Concreting then shall proceed continuously over the area between the construction joints. embedded fixtures and into corners of the formwork to produce a dense homogeneous void-free mass having the required surface finish. Over vibration shall be avoided to minimise the risk of forming a weak surface layer. concrete shall be deposited in horizontal layers to a compacted depth of not more than 450 mm when internal vibrators are used and not exceeding 300 mm in all other cases. It may be necessary to add retarding admixtures to concrete if trials show that the periods indicated above are unacceptable. Signature of Bidder . No concrete shall be placed in any part of the structure until the approval of the Engineer has been obtained. dust. Concrete when deposited shall have a temperature of not less than 5 degrees Celsius. the design of formwork and disposition of vibrator shall be such as to ensure efficient compaction and to avoid surface blemishes. In all such matters. shall be avoided. it shall have to be obtained again from the Engineer. contact with reinforcement and all inserts like ducts etc. operating continuously. snow or ice immediately before placing of concrete. the Engineer’s decision shall be final.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 62 of 117 All formwork and reinforcement contained in it shall be cleaned and made free from standing water. Vibrations shall not be applied through reinforcement and where vibrators of immersion type are used. unless carried in properly designed agitators. Concrete shall be thoroughly compacted by vibration or other means during placing and worked around the reinforcement. when this time shall be within 1 hour of the addition of cement to the mix and within 30 minutes of its discharge from the agitator. vibration shall be done continuously during the placing of each batch of concrete until the expulsion of air has practically ceased and in a manner that does not promote segregation. tendons or duct formers. The internal vibrators shall be inserted in an orderly manner and the distance between insertions should be about one and a half times the radius of the area visibly affected by vibration. Fresh concrete shall not be placed against concrete which has been in position for more than 30 minutes unless a proper construction joint is formed. and not more than 40 degrees Celsius. Additional vibrators in serviceable condition shall be kept at site so that they can be used in the event of breakdowns.

except with express approval of the Engineer. Concrete shall not be placed in water having a temperature below 5 degrees Celsius. the methods. Location. or until 24 hours thereafter. Coffer dams or forms shall be sufficiently tight to ensure still water conditions. IS: 2506. Signature of Bidder . The temperature of the concrete. The concrete production and placement equipment should be sufficient to enable the underwater concrete to be completed uninterrupted within the stipulated time. great care shall be exercised not to disturb the concrete as far as possible while it is being deposited. nor more than 40 degrees Celsius. Coffer dams or forms in still water shall be sufficiently tight to prevent loss of mortar through the joints in the walls. materials and proportions of mix to be used shall be got approved from the Engineer before any work is started. and in any case to reduce the flow of water to less than 3 metres per minute through the space into which concrete is to be deposited. preparation of surface and concreting of construction joints shall conform to the additional specifications given in Appendix 1700/1. Concrete shall contain 10 per cent more cement than that required for the same mix placed in the dry. 1710. The joint shall be provided in a direction perpendicular to the member axis. Pumping shall not be done while concrete is being placed. IS: 2514 and IS: 4656. All under water concreting shall be carried out by tremie method only. 1711. CONCRETING UNDER WATER When it is necessary to deposit concrete under water. equipment. The number and spacing of the tremies should be worked out to ensure proper concreting. The tremie concreting when started should continue without interruption for the full height of the member being concreted. if practicable. shall not be less than 16 degrees Celsius. when deposited. CONSTRUCTION JOINTS Construction joints shall be avoided as far as possible and in no case the locations of such joints shall be changed or increased from those shown on the drawings. Necessary stand-by equipment should be available for emergency situation.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 63 of 117 Mechanical vibrators used comply with IS: 2502. using tremie of appropriate diameter. To minimise the formation of laitance.

A separate lifting device shall be provided for each tremie pipe with its hopper at the upper end. as at the beginning. In general. ADVERSE WEATHER CONDITIONS 1712. it will force the plug (and along with it any water in the pipe) down the pipe and out of the bottom end. Preferably. the tremie shall be raised above the concrete surface and unless sealed by a check valve. When necessary.2.1. the temperature of aggregates or water shall not exceed 65 degrees Celsius. No frozen material or materials containing ice shall be used. before refilling for depositing further concrete. 1712. precautions shall be taken to ensure that at the time of placing. At all times after placing of concrete is started and until all the required quantity has been placed. If the charge in the tremie is lost while depositing. It is recommended that concrete exposed to freezing weather shall have entrained air and the water content of the mix shall not exceed 30 litres per 50 kg of cement. Aggregates shall not be heated directly by gas or on sheet metal over fire. it shall be replugged at the top end. The tremie pipe shall not be less than 200 mm in diameter and shall be large enough to allow a free flow of concrete and strong enough to withstand the external pressure of the water in which it is suspended. so that when the concrete is forced down from the hopper to the pipe. the upper end of the pipe shall be plugged with a wadding of gunny sacking or other approved material before delivering the concrete to the tremie pipe through the hopper. Hot Weather Conditions Signature of Bidder . thus establishing a continuous stream of concrete. but it shall not be emptied so that water is not allowed to enter above the concrete in the pipe. 1712. This will cause the concrete to build up from instead of flowing out over the surface and thus avoid formation of layers of laitance. Unless the lower end of the pipe is equipped with an approved automatic check value. Stock-piled aggregate may be heated by the use of dry heat or steam. Cold Weather Concreting Where concrete is to be deposited at or near freezing temperature. It will be necessary to raise slowly the tremie in order to allow a uniform flow of concrete. even if a partial vacuum develops inside the pipe. flanged steel pipe of adequate strength for the job shall be used.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 64 of 117 The top section of the tremie shall have a hopper large enough to hold one full batch of the mix or the entire contents of the transporting bucket as the case may be. concrete ingredients shall be heated before mixing but cement shall not be heated artificially other than by the heat transmitted to it from other ingredients of the concrete. the lower end of the tremie pipe shall be kept below the surface of the plastic concrete. All concrete damaged by frost shall be removed. it has a temperature of not less than 5 degrees Celsius and that the temperature of the concrete shall be maintained above 4 degrees Celsius until it has thoroughly hardened. Salt or other chemicals shall not be used for the prevention of freezing.

as approved by the Engineer. 1713. cooling formwork by sprinkling water. Water Curing Signature of Bidder . Under no circumstances shall the mixing operation be considered complete until all ice in the mixing drum has melted. with high cement content. precautions shall be taken so that the temperature of wet concrete does not exceed 40 degrees Celsius while placing. using cold water.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 65 of 117 When depositing concrete in very hot weather.1. 1713. starting curing before concrete dries out and restricting concreting as far as possible to early mornings and late evenings. The Contractor will be required to state his methodology for the Engineer’s approval when temperatures of concrete are likely to exceed 40 degrees Celsius during the work. accelerated curing methods may be applied. it will be considered a part of the water in design mix. PROTECTION AND CURING Concreting operations shall not commence until adequate arrangements for concrete curing have been made by the Contractor. Curing and protection of concrete shall start immediately after compaction of the concrete to protect it from: a) b) c) d) e) f) Premature drying out particularly by solar radiation and wind High internal thermal gradients Leaching out by rain and flowing water Rapid cooling during the first few days after placing Low temperature or frost Vibration and impact which may disrupt the concrete and interfere with its bond to the reinforcement Where members are of considerable size and length. reducing the time between mixing and placing to the minimum. When ice is used to cool mixing water. This shall be achieved by stacking aggregate under the shade and keeping them moist.

3. The application of steam shall not be directly on the concrete and the ambient air temperature shall increase at a rate not exceeding 5 degrees Celsius per hour until a maximum temperature of 60 degrees Celsius to 70 degrees Celsius is reached. Where retarders are used. it shall be ensured that it is done in a suitable enclosure to contain the live stream in order to minimise moisture and heat losses. The initial application of the steam shall be after about four hours of placement of concrete to allow the initial set of the concrete to take place. Sea water shall not come into contact with concrete members unless it has attained adequate strength. The concrete shall not be exposed to temperatures below freezing for at least six days after curing.2. When steam curing is discontinued. Sea water shall not be used for curing. The steam shall be at 100 per cent relative humidity to prevent loss of moisture and to provide excess moisture for proper hydration of the cement. has been reached. Steam Curing Where steam curing is adopted. canvas. 1713. the waiting period before application of the steam shall be increased to about six hours. Curing Compounds Curing compounds shall only be permitted in special circumstances and will require specific approval of the Engineer.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 66 of 117 Water for curing shall be as specified in Section 1000. Exposed surfaces of concrete shall be kept continuously in a damp or wet condition by ponding or by covering with a layer of sacks. The maximum temperature shall be maintained until the concrete has reached the desired strength. Curing compounds shall not be used on any Signature of Bidder . 1713. Hessian or similar materials and shall be kept constantly wet for a period of not less than 14 days from the date of placing of concrete. the ambient air temperature shall not drop at a rate exceeding 5 degrees Celsius per hour until a temperature of about 10 degrees Celsius above the temperature of the air to which the concrete will be exposed.

broken edges or corners. shall be cut inside the concrete member to a depth of at least 50 mm below the surface of the concrete and the resulting holes filled with cement mortar. all cavities produced by the removal of form ties other holes and depressions. the same shall be rectified as directed by the Engineer. All fins caused by form joints. TOLERANCES b) Tolerances for dimensions/shape of various components shall be as indicated in these specifications or shown on the drawings or as directed by the Engineer. Placement in more than two coats may be required to prevent streaking. and carefully pointed and rendered true with mortar of cement and fine aggregate mixed in the proportions used in the grade of concrete that is being finished and of as dry a consistency as is possible to use. Expansion joint filler shall be left exposed for its full length with clean and true edges. Surfaces which have been pointed shall be kept moist for a period of twenty four hours. shall be thoroughly cleaned. FINISHING Immediately after the removal of forms. the concrete work shall be examined by the Engineer before any defects are made good. cured and no curing compound will be permitted in locations where concrete surface are required to be bonded together. a) The work that has sagged or contains honeycombing to an extent detrimental to structural safety or architectural appearance shall be rejected. if any. All construction and expansion joints in the completed work shall be left carefully tooled and free from any mortar and concrete. All concrete cured by this method shall receive two applications of the curing compound. The second application shall be made after the first application has set. saturated with water.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 67 of 117 surface which requires further finishing to be applied. Signature of Bidder . Surface defect of a minor nature may be accepted. All construction joints shall be moist. If the surface is dry. On acceptance of such work by the Engineer. Special pre-packaged proprietary mortars shall be used where appropriate or where specified in the drawing. Immediately on removal of forms. honeycomb sports. 1715. Considerable pressure shall be applied in filling and pointing to ensure thorough filling in all voids. Curing compounds shall be continuously agitated during use. 1714. The first coat shall be applied immediately after acceptance of concrete finish. exposed bars or bolts. and other defects. the concrete shall be saturated with water and curing compound applied as soon as the surface film of water disappears.

Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 68 of 117 1716. cured and tested at the age of 28 days for compressive strength in accordance with IS: 516. Concrete for making 3 test cubes shall be taken from a batch of concrete at point of delivery into construction. The test strength of the sample shall be the average of the strength of 3 cubes. Additional cubes may be required for various purposes such as to determine the strength of concrete at 7 days or for any other purpose. The individual variation should not be more that + 15 per cent of the average.2. 1716.1. The delimitation of lots shall be determined by the following: (i) No individual lot shall more than 30 cu. 1716.2. 1716.2. Signature of Bidder . in volume (ii) At least one cube forming an item of the sampling representing the lot shall be taken from concrete of the same grade and mix proportions cast on any day. TESTS AND STANDARDS OF ACCEPTANCE 1716. A random sampling procedure to ensure that each of the concrete batches forming the lot under acceptance inspection has equal chance of being chosen for taking cubes shall be adopted. Test specimen and sample strength: Three test specimens shall be made from each sample for testing at 28 days.2. 1716.1.2. Sampling and testing 1.4. 150 mm cubes shall be made. according to procedure laid down in IS : 1199.3. 2. Concrete shall conform to the surface finish and tolerance as prescribed in these specifications for respective components. The 28-day test strength result for each cube shall form an item of the sample. 3. Concrete under acceptance shall be notionally divided into lots for the purpose of sampling. before commencement of work. Frequency: The minimum frequency of sampling of concrete of each grade shall be in accordance with Table 1700-8.2.m. Random sampling and lot by lot of acceptance inspection shall be made for the 28 days cube strength of concrete. (iii) Different grades of mixes of concrete shall be divided into separate lots (iv) Concrete of a lot shall be used in the same identifiable component of the bridge 1716.

3. m3 1–5 6 – 15 16 – 30 31 – 50 51 – and above No. Signature of Bidder . Quality of concrete in work. 1716. the concrete complies with the specified compressive strength: a) The mean strength determined from any group of four consecutive samples should exceed the specified characteristic compressive strength. b) Strength of any sample is not less than the specified characteristic compressive strength minus 3 MPa. 1716. the mean of any four consecutive samples shall not be less than the specified value and any individual sample result shall not be less than 97. The quantity of concrete represented by the test results include the batches from which the first and last samples were taken.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 69 of 117 TABLE 1700-8. Acceptance criteria Compressive Strength When both the following conditions are met. of samples 1 2 3 4 4 plus one additional sample for each additional 50 m3 or part thereof ________________________________________________________________________ At least one sample shall be taken from each shift of work.2.5.5 per cent of the specified value. Density of Fresh Concrete Where minimum density of fresh concrete is specified. Chloride and Sulphate Content The total chloride and sulphuric anhydride (SO3) content of all the constituents of concrete as a percentage of mass of cement in the mix shall not exceed the values given in this section of the specifications. together with all intervening batches.

MEASUREMENTS FOR PAYMENT Structural concrete shall be measured in cubic meters. Any additional work required by the Engineer for such acceptance shall be carried out by the Contractor at his cost. The water penetration in the broken core is to be measured with a scale and the depth of penetration assessed in mm (max. 1718.4. 1717. In reinforced or prestressed concrete. tools. the specimen is taken out and split in the middle by compression applied on two round bars on opposite sides above and below. permissible limit 25 mm). Permeability Test The concrete should pass the following test if it is properly compacted and is not considered permeable. transporting and placing in Signature of Bidder . The Engineer may accept the concrete as substandard work. the volume occupied by reinforcement or prestressing cables and sheathing shall not be deducted.6. (i) (ii) Prepare a cylindrical test specimen 150 mm diameter and 160 mm high After 28 days of curing. the mean of any four consecutive samples shall not be less than the specified value and any individual sample result shall not be less than 97. (iii) (iv) (v) 1716. At first a pressure of one bar is applied for 48 hours. The slab shall be measured as running continuously through and the beam as the portion below the slab. the effect of such deficiency on the structure shall be investigated by the Contractor as directed by the Engineer. plant and equipment required for mixing. If the concrete is not able to meet any of the standards of acceptance as prescribed. labour. After the passage of the above period. the test specimen is fitted in a machine such that the specimen can be placed in water under pressure up to 7 bars. followed by 3 bars for 24 hours and 7 bars for next 24 hours.5. the Contractor shall remove the rejected concrete forthwith. In case the concrete is not found to be acceptable after investigation. 1716.5 per cent of the specified value. Density of Hardened Concrete Where minimum density of hardened concrete is specified.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 70 of 117 1716. RATE The contract unit rate for structural concrete shall cover costs of all materials. A typical machine is shown in Appendix 1700/11.

including all incidental expenses. For deficiency in compressive strength of concrete when accepted by the Engineer. Unless mentioned separately as an item in the Contract.X 100 Design Strength Signature of Bidder . finishing and curing as per this section or as directed by the Engineer. sampling and testing. the reduction in rate may be applied as under: Design Strength – Observed Strength Per cent reduction = ----------------------------------------------------------. vibrating and compaction. as decided by the Engineer. Where concrete is found to be acceptable as sub-standard work. the Contractor shall pay a discount over contract unit rate. fixing and removing formwork required for concrete work as per Section 1500. quality assurance and supervision. the contract unit rate for concrete shall also include the cost of providing.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 71 of 117 position.

Special requirements are given below: Mild steel for bolts and nuts shall conform to IS : 226 but have a minimum tensile strength of 44 kg/sq. and shall be straightened in the mill before shipment. 1902.e. and minimum percentage elongation of 14. GENERAL General requirements relating to the supply of material shall conform to the specifications of IS : 1387. rust. They shall also be free from loose mill scale. flaws. bolted connection of structural joints using high tensile friction grip bolts shall comply with requirements of IS : 4000. for the purpose of which the supplier shall be the Contractor and the purchaser shall be the Engineer. Cast iron shall be used in any portion of the bridge structure. fabricating. It shall have a smooth and uniform finish. except where it is subject to direct compression. The acceptance of any material on inspection at the mill i. foundry or fabricating plant where material for the work is manufactured. High strength friction grip bolts shall be permitted for use only on satisfactory evidence of performance to the requirements (not covered by these specifications) specified by the Engineer or included in the special provisions. laps. the yield stress shall be determined and shall not be less than 50 per cent of the minimum tensile strength. steel forgings. shall not be a bar to its subsequent rejection. 1903. if found defective. All materials shall conform to Section 1000.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 72 of 117 1901.1. Finished rolled material shall be free from cracks. pits or other defects affecting its strength and durability. For cast steel. cast iron and other incidental metal construction of the kind. blisters. size and quantity in conformity with the drawings and these specifications or as desired by the Engineer. injurious seams. DESCRIPTION This work shall include furnishing. mills. Signature of Bidder . mm. rolling. rivet steel. transporting. erecting and painting structural steel. Unless specified otherwise. MATERIALS 1903. high tensile steel rivet conforming to IS : 1149 shall be used for members of high tensile steel conforming to IS : 961 and shall not be used for mild steel members. ragged and imperfect edges and other defects. mm. cast steel. High tensile steel for bolts and nuts shall conform to IS : 961 but with a minimum tensile strength of 58 kg/sq. Unless specified otherwise.

screw & nuts product grade A & B Technical supply conditions for threaded steel fastener (Part 1 to 18) Hexagon fit bolts High tensile friction grip bolts High strength structural nuts Hexagon bolts for steel structure Signature of Bidder . washers and rivets shall comply with the following or relevant IS Standards as appropriate: IS : 1929 IS : 2155 IS : 1363 IS : 1364 IS : 1367 IS : 3640 IS : 3757 IS : 6623 IS : 6639 Hot forged steel rivets for hot closing (12-36 mm dia) Cold forged steel rivets for hot closing (6-16 mm dia) Hexagon head bolts. blooms. 1903. nuts.2. or malleable cast iron.2. as appropriate: IS : 1030 IS : 1875 IS : 2004 IS : 2644 IS : 4367 Carbon Steel Castings for General Engineering purposes Carbon Steel Billets.2. Castings and Forgings: Steel castings and forgings shall comply with the requirements of the following Indian Standards. slabs. mm. Parallel barrel drift shall have a tensile strength not less than 55 kg/sq. Materials for castings and forgings. fasteners and welding consumables shall be as under: 1903.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 73 of 117 Plain washers shall be of steel. bars for forgings Carbon Steel Forgings for General Engineering purposes High Tensile Steel Casings Alloy & tool steel forgings for general industrial use 1093. with elongation of not less than 20 per cent measured on a gauge length of 4 So (So = cross section area).2.1. Tapered or other specially shaped washers shall be of steel. screw and nuts product grade C Hexagon head bolts. Fasteners: Bolts.

Welding consumables Welding consumables shall comply with the following Indian Standards as appropriate: IS : 814 (Part 1) IS : 814 (Part 2) IS : 1278 IS : 1395 IS : 3613 IS : 7280 IS : 6419 IS : 6560 Covered Electrodes for Metal Arc Welding of structural steel for welding other than sheet For welding sheets Filler rods and wires for gas welding Low and medium alloy Steel covered electrodes for manual Metal Arc Welding Acceptance Tests for wire flux combinations for sub-merged arc welding of structural steel Bare wire electrodes for gas shield arc welding of structural steel Welding rods and bare electrodes for gas shielded arc welding of structural steel Molybdenum and chromium-molybdenum low alloy steel welding rods and bare electrodes for gas shielded arc welding Signature of Bidder .Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 74 of 117 IS : 5624 IS : 7002 IS : 5369 IS : 5370 IS : 5372 IS : 5374 IS : 6610 IS : 6649 Foundation bolts Prevailing torque type steel hexagon lock nuts Plain washers and lock washers – general requirements Plain washers with outside dia = 3 X inside dia Taper washers for channel (ISMC) Taper Washers for I beams (ISMB) Heavy washers for steel structures Hardened and tempered washers for high strength structural bolts and nuts 1903.2.3.

alkyd resin. copper. c) Vinyl d) Chlorinated rubber e) Bituminous f) Epoxy g) Polyurethane h) Zinc rich Unless otherwise specified. chromium. nickel and phosphorous. The type of paints which can be used shall be as follows: a) Ordinary i. These are low-alloyed steels containing a total of 1 per cent – 2 per cent alloys. Signature of Bidder .3. 1093. paints based on drying oils.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 75 of 117 1903. modified alkyd resin. in particular. paints shall conform to he relevant IS specifications. corrosion resistant steel can be used. thoroughly mixed) Drying time Consistency Dry thickness and rate of consumption. Paints All material for paints and enamels shall conform to the requirements specified on the drawings or other special provisions laid down by the Engineer. phenolic varnish epoxy b) Chemical Resistant-one pack type (ready for use) and two pack type (mixed before use). The paints which have been tested for the following qualities as per specifications given in the relevant IS codes only shall be used: Weight test (weight for 10 litre of paint.3 In aggressive environment.e.

The Contractor shall submit his programme of work to the Engineer for his approval at least 15 days before the commencement of fabrication. where specially required. This programme shall include the proposed system of identification and erection marks together with complete details of fabrication and welding procedures.7. Hammering shall not be permitted. size and extent of all welds shall be clearly shown on the shop drawings. The Contractor shall prepare shop drawings for fabricating any member and obtain approval of the Engineer before the start of work. shall be sheared. They shall also be free from twist. Pressure applied for straightening or flattening shall be such as would not injure the materials. Complete information regarding the location. These drawings shall distinguish between shop and field welds.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 76 of 117 1904. serial number. General FABRICATION All work shall be in accordance with the drawings and as per these specifications with care being taken that all parts of an assembly fit accurately together. 1904. Preparation of Edges and Ends All structural steel parts. If necessary. jigs and other appliances used for ensuring the accuracy of the work shall be of mild steel. All structural steel members and parts shall have straight edges and blunt surfaces. All measurements shall be made by means of steel tape or other device properly calibrated. these shall be inspected and passed by the Engineer before they are used in then finished structure. cropped. 1904. these shall be bushed with hard steel. Unless specifically required under the contract. Templates.2. where required. if required. corresponding parts need not be interchangeable. Where bridge materials have been used as templates for drilling. All members shall carry mark number and item number and. type.1. sawn or flame cut and ground accurately to the required dimension and shape. they shall be straightened or flattened by pressure unless they are required to be of curvilinear forms. Signature of Bidder . but the parts shall be match marked as required under Clause 1904. Adjacent surfaces or edges shall be in close contact or at uniform distance throughout.

The material is removed from edge to the extent of 2mm or minimum necessary. If ends of stiffeners are required to be fitted. Where machining for edge preparation in butt joint is specified. Outside edges of plate and section which are prone to corrosion shall be smoothed by grinding or filing. Thickness of plate is less than 40 mm for machine flame cutting for materials conforming to IS : 226 and IS : 2062. The requirement of hardness of hardness below 350 HV 30 of flame cut edges should be specified by the Engineer. so that the hardness is less than 350 HV 30. Signature of Bidder .25 mm. which are for secondary use such as stiffeners and gussets. machining. The hardness of cut edge does not exceed 350 HV30. so that the maximum gap over 60 per cent of the contact area does not exceed 0. cropping. Edge is suitably heat treated by approved method to the satisfaction of the Engineer and shown that cracks had not developed by dye penetrant or magnetic particle test. Where flame cutting or shearing is used. at least one of the following requirements shall be satisfied. The edge is incorporated in weld. In the case of high tensile steel at least 6 mm of the material from the flame cut edge shall be removed by machining. the ends shall be machined after the members have been fabricated. they shall be ground. sawing. machine flame cutting.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 77 of 117 End/edge planing and cutting shall be done by any one of the following prescribed methods or left as rolled: a) b) c) Shearing. a) b) c) d) e) f) The cut edge is not subject to applied stress. Hand flame cutting with subsequent grinding to a smooth edge. Sheared edges of plate not more than 16 mm thick with subsequent grinding to smooth profile. the flame cut edges shall be ground or machined over and above the requirement (a) to (f). Wherever specified by the Engineer.

Preparation of Holes 1904.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 78 of 117 Longitudinal edges of all plates and cover plates in plate girders and built-up members shall be machined except in the following cases: a) b) c) d) e) Rolled edges of single universal plates or flats may not be machined. Signature of Bidder . IS : 8500 shall either be sub-drilled or sub-punched to a diameter of 3 mm less than the required size and then reamed to the required size. sawn. The ends of plates and sections forming the main components of plate girders or of built-up member shall be machined. The reaming of material more than one thickness shall be done after assembly. floor plate. Drilling and punching: Holes for rivets. Where ends of stiffeners are required to be fitted. sawn or hand flame cut and ground. 25 mm or less thick. Edges of universal plates or flats of the same nominal width used in tiers may be left unmachined. All holes shall be drilled except for secondary members such as. Members which do not carry the main load can be punched subject to the thickness of member not exceeding 12 mm for material conforming to IS : 226. Other edges and ends of mild steel parts may be sheared and any burrs at edges shall be removed.0 mm for more than or equal to 25 mm. machine flame cut. machine flame cut. or hand flame cut and ground. The ends of lacing bar shall be rounded unless otherwise required . hand rails etc. Machine flame cutting instead of machining is acceptable for edges of single plates in compression and for edges of single plates.3.1.3. if so authorised by the Engineer. Holes through more than one thickness of material or when any of the main material thickness exceeds 20 mm for steel conforming to IS : 961. 1904. All edges of splice and gusset plates 12mm thick and over shall be machined and those less than 12 mm thick may be sheared and ground. black bolts. sheared and ground. The diameter of holes shall be 1. high strength bolts and countersunk bolts/rivets (excluding close tolerance and turn fitted bolts) shall be either punched or drilled. they shall be machined.5 mm larger for bolts/rivets less than 25 mm dia and 2. in tension. Covers to single flange plates may be left unmachined. Edges of single shaped plates over 25 mm thick not capable of being machined by ordinary method may be machine flame cut and the end surface ground.

3.5 29. unless they have been drilled through steel bushed jigs. be firmly connected together by clamps or tacking bolts. Signature of Bidder . the plates and sections may be drilled separately from jigs and templates. all similar spans shall be erected complete. Alternatively.0 35. they shall.5 17. Size of holes : The sizes of holes in millimetres are given in Table 1900-1 below: TABLE 1900-1 : DIAMETER OF HOLES FOR RIVETS Nominal dia of Rivets (mm) 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 27 30 33 Dia of Holes (mm) 13.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 79 of 117 Where several plates or sections form a compound member. one span in ten or any number less than ten of each type shall be erected from pieces selected at random by the Engineer and should there be any failure of the pieces to fit. 1904.15 mm to 0. shall be drilled out in place 3 mm all round after assembling. provided that methods are adopted to ensure strict interchangeability.0 1904.5 23. Close tolerance bolts and barrel bolts: Holes for close tolerance and turn fitted bolts.0 mm.3. 1904.4. In such cases.5 15.0 32. In the event of spans being proved completely interchangeable. Block drilling: Where the number of plates to be riveted exceeds three or the total thickness is 90 mm or more. In case of repetition of spans.3.5 19. All burrs shall be removed. the erection of every span shall not be insisted upon.3.5 25. where practicable. the rivet holes. and in case of repetition work. In such cases. except where close tolerance or turned bolts are used. the work shall be thoroughly bolted together . and the holes be drilled through the group in one operation.2. Jigs and templates shall be checked at least once after every 25 operations. The diameter of the holes shall be equal to the nominal diameter of the bolt shank minus 0. all corresponding parts shall carry the same mark so that sorting of the materials at site is facilitated.5 21.

after being heated and before being inserted in the hole shall Signature of Bidder . Projection after counter-sinking shall be ground off wherever necessary. the diameters of holes shall be 1.6 mm and not more than 3. the tolerance shall be minus tolerance.6 mm larger than those of bolts and for more than three plies in grip. 1904.3. Rivet and Riveting The diameter of rivets shown on the drawings shall be the size before heating. unless otherwise specified by the Engineer. When counter-sunk head is required. When countersunk heads are required. 1904. Holes for high strength friction grip bolts: All holes shall be drilled after removal of burrs.2 mm larger than those in bolts. Rivets. the diameters of hole in outer plies shall be as above and dia of holes in inner plies shall be not be less than 1. Rivets shall be heated uniformly to a “light cherry red” colour between 650 degrees Celsius to 700 degrees Celsius for hydraulic riveting and “orange colour” for pneumatic riveting of mild steel rivets and shall be red hot from head to the point when inserted and shall be upset in its entire length so as to fill the hole as completely as possible when hot.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 80 of 117 The members to be connected with close tolerance or turn fitted bolts shall be firmly held together by service bolts or clamped and drilled through all thicknesses in one operation and subsequently reamed to required size within specified limit of accuracy as specified in IS : 919 tolerance grade H8. Each rivet shall be of sufficient length to form a head of the standard dimensions as given in IS handbook on Steel Sections.6. The included angle of the head shall be as follows: a) b) For plates over 14 mm thickness For plates upto and including 14 mm thickness 90 degrees 120 degrees The tolerance on the diameter of rivets shall be in accordance with IS : 1148 and IS : 1149 for mild steel rivets and high tensile steel rivets respectively and unless otherwise specified.5. It shall be free from burrs on the underside of the head.4. the head shall fill the counter-sunk hole. 1904. Part I. the heads shall fill the countersunk. The holes not drilled through all thicknesses at one operation shall be drilled smaller size and reamed after assembly. Where the number of plies in the grip does not exceed three. Removal of burrs: The work shall be taken apart after drilling and all burrs left by drilling and the sharp edges of all rivet holes completely removed. Rivets shall be driven when hot so as to fill the hole as completely as possible and shall be of sufficient length to form a head of standard dimension.3.

5.3. the head shall be sheared off and the rivet punched out so as not to injure the adjacent metal and. Recupping or recaulking shall not be permitted. off.1. they shall be drilled out. Faces of heads and nuts bearing on steelwork shall be machined. 1904.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 81 of 117 be made free from scale by striking the hot rivet on a hard surface. Any rivet whose point is heated more than prescribed. including those adjacent to the rivet heads.2. preferably by direct acting riveters. heads and nuts do not receive any further treatment except cutting of screw threads. if necessary. any projecting metal shall be chipped or ground Before riveting is commenced. dirt. 1904. The riveting shall be done by hydraulic or pneumatic machine unless otherwise specified by the Engineer. The length of the barrel shall be such that it bears fully on all the parts connected. lose scale. Nuts and Washers 1904. Close tolerance bolts: Close tolerance bolts shall be faced under the head and turned on the shank. shall not be driven. the rivets shall be machine driven. In removing rivets. Drifts of a larger size than the nominal diameter of the hole shall not be used. Where flush surface is required. Bolts. Drifts shall only be used for drawing the work into position and shall not be used to such an extent as to distort the holes. The driving pressure shall be maintained on the rivets for a short time after the upsetting is completed. when struck sharply on the head by a quarter pound rivet testing hammer. shall be free from scale. Assembled riveted joint surfaces. The threaded portion of each bolt shall project through the nut by at least one thread. Turned barrel bolts: The diameter of the screwed portion of turned barrel bolts shall be 1. Driven rivets. The parts not completely riveted in the shop shall be secured by bolts to prevent damage during transport and handling. all work shall be properly bolted up so that the various sections and plates are in close contact throughout. Wherever possible. They shall be true to shape and size and shall have the standard dimensions as shown on the drawings. The diameter of the bolts as given on the drawing shall be the nominal diameter of the barrel.5. Signature of Bidder . shall be free from movement and vibrations. burrs. 1904. shall be removed and replaced. All loose or burnt rivets with cracked or badly formed defective heads or with heads which are unduly eccentric with the shanks.5. High tensile steel rivets shall be heated upto 110 degrees Celsius.5 mm smaller than the diameter of the barrel unless otherwise specified by the Engineer. other foreign materials and defects that prevent solid seating of parts. Black bolts (black all over): Black bolts are forged bolts in which the shanks.5.

such as protruding heads of bolts or rivets.5. studs may also be welded on the steel work in the position required. Washers: In all cases where the full bearing area of the bolt is to be developed.5. both in initial Signature of Bidder . of (Fasteners) of IRC : 24. The Engineer shall observe the installation and tightening of bolts to ensure that correct tightening procedure is used and shall determine that all bolts are tightening. Tightening bolts: Bolted connection joints with black bolts and high strength bolts shall be inspected for compliance of codal requirements. Where the heads or nuts bears on timber.3. High strength friction bolts and bolted connections: The general requirement shall be as per relevant IS specifications mentioned in clause 5. the holes in one of the parts being tapped to take the thread of the stud. 1904.5.5 mm larger than the barrel and a thickness of not less than 6 mm so that the nut when screwed up. The washer shall have a hole diameter not less than 1. Studs: Ordinary studs may be used for holding parts together. will not bear on the shoulder of the bolt. 1904.5.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 82 of 117 1904.5. square washers having a length of each side not less than three times the diameter of bolts or round washers having a diameter of 3  times the diameter of bolts and with a thickness not less than one quarter of diameter shall be provided. Service bolts: Service bolts shall have the same clearance as black bolts and where it is required that there should be no movement prior to final riveting. bolted connections of structural joints using high tensile friction grip bolts shall comply with requirements in IS : 4000. the bolt shall be provided with a steel washer under the nut of sufficient thickness to avoid any threaded portion of the bolt being within the thickness of the parts bolted together and to prevent the nut when screwed up. For close tolerance or turned barrel bolts.8. 1904. Regardless of tightening method used.4.6. steel washers whose faces give a true bearing shall be provided under the nut. Taper washers with correct angle of taper shall be provided under all heads and nuts bearing on bevelled surfaces. Unless otherwise specified by the Engineer.5. 1904. sufficient drifts or close tolerance bolts shall be used to locate the work. Counter-sunk studs may be used for making connections where the surfaces are required to be clear of all obstruction.7. from bearing on the bolt. Spring washers may be used under nuts to prevent slackening of the nuts when excessive vibrations occur. tightening of bolts in a should commence at the most rigidly fixed or stiffest point and progress towards the free edges.

The resulting clearance between the pin and the hole shall not be less than 0.2. If no nut or bolt head is turned by this application. Where the ends are threaded. straight at right angles to the axis of the member and parallel with each other. Tightness of 10 per cent bolts. connection can be accepted as properly tightened. the boring shall be done after the members have been riveted or welded. to protect the thread when being drawn to place.1. if necessary.125 mm.9. selected at random in each connection shall be checked by applying inspection torque. Pin holes: Pin holes shall be bored true to gauge. In built-up members. 1904.5 mm and not more than 1. Shop Erection and Match Marking Before being dispatched. where necessary. Both ends of the drift for a length equal to 1  times the diameter of the parallel portion of the bar shall be turned down with a taper to a diameter at the end equal to one-half that of parallel portion. but if any nut or head has turned all bolts shall be checked and.6. 1904.6. but not less than two bolts. The tolerance in the length of tension members from outside to outside of pin holes and of compression members from inside to inside of pin holes shall be one millimetre. smooth.Pins and Pin Holes 1904. 1904. The diameter of the parallel barrel shall be equal to the nominal diameter of the hole subject to a tolerance of +0 mm and –0.0 mm.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 83 of 117 snuggling and in final tightening. Pins more than 175 mm in length or diameter shall be forged and annealed. unless otherwise required.7. The specified diameter of the pin hole shall be its minimum diameter. Pins: The pins shall be parallel throughout and shall have a smooth surface free from flaws.5. 1904 . re-tightened. They shall be of sufficient length to ensure that all parts connected thereby shall have a full bearing on them.6. The tightness of bolts in connection shall be checked by inspection wrench. which can be torque wrench. For this purpose. sufficient number of parallel drifts and service bolts Signature of Bidder . the steel work shall be temporarily erected in the fabrication shop for inspection by the Engineer either wholly or in such portion as the Engineer may require so that he may be satisfied both in respect of the alignment and fit of all connections. Drifts: The barrel shall be drawn or machined to the required diameter for a length of not less than one diameter over the combined thickness of the metal through which the drifts have to pass. power wrench or calibrated wrench. they shall be turned to a smaller diameter at the ends for the thread and shall be provided with a pilot nut.

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tightly screwed up shall be employed. All parts shall fit accurately and be in accordance with drawing and specifications. The steel work shall be temporarily assembled at place of fabrication. Assembly shall be of full truss or girder, unless progressive truss or girder assembly, full chord assembly, progressive chord assembly or special complete structure assembly is specified by the Engineer. The field connections of main members of trusses, arches, continuous beams, spans, bends, plate girders and rigid frame assembled, aligned, accuracy of holes and camber shall be checked by Engineer and then only reaming of sub-size holes to specified size shall be taken up. After the work has been passed by the Engineer and before it is dismantled, each part shall be carefully marked for re-erection with distinguishing marks and stamped with durable markings. Drawings showing these markings correctly shall be supplied to the Engineer. Unloading, handling and storage of steel work as per these specifications shall be the responsibility of the Contractor. The cost of repairs or of rejected material, its removal and the cost of transporting replacement material to the site shall be borne by the Contractor. Where close tolerance or turned barrel bolts are used for those cases where interchangeability is not insisted upon, each span shall be erected and members of each span marked distinctly. 1904.8. Welding 1904.8.1. All welding shall be done with the prior approval of the Engineer and the workmanship shall conform to the specifications of IS : 823 or other relevant Indian Standards as appropriate. When material thickness is 20 mm or more, special precautions like preheating shall be taken as laid down in IS : 823. Surfaces and edges to be welded shall be smooth, uniform and free from fins, tears, cracks and other discontinuities. Surface shall also be free from loose or thick scale, slag rust, moisture, oil and other foreign materials. Surfaces within 50 mm of any weld location shall be free from any paint or other material that may prevent proper welding or cause objectionable fumes during welding. The general welding procedures including particulars of the preparation of fusion faces for metal arc welding shall be carried out in accordance with IS : 9595.

Signature of Bidder

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The welding procedures for shop and site welds including edge preparation of fusion faces shall be submitted in writing in accordance with Clause 22 of IS : 9595 for the approval of the Engineer before commencing fabrication and shall also be as per details shown on the drawings. Any deviation from above has to approved by Engineer. Preparation of edges shall, wherever practicable, be done by machine methods. Machine flame cut edges shall be substantially as smooth and regular as those produced by edge planing and shall be left free of slag. Manual flame cutting shall be permitted by the Engineer only where machine cutting is not practicable. Electrodes to be used for metal arc welding shall comply with relevant IS specifications mentioned in IRC : 24. Procedure test shall be carried out as per IS : 8613 to find out suitable wire-flux combination for welded joint. Assembly of parts for welding shall be in accordance with provisions of IS : 9595. The welded temporary attachment should be avoided as far as possible, otherwise the method of making any temporary attachment shall be approved by the Engineer. Any scars from temporary attachment shall be removed by cutting, chipping and surface shall be finished smooth by grinding to the satisfaction of the Engineer. Welding shall not be done when the air temperature is less than 10 degrees Celsius. Welding shall not be done when the surfaces are moist, during periods of strong winds or in snowy weather unless the work and the welding operators are adequately protected. 1904.8.2. For welding of any particular type of joint, welders shall qualify to the satisfaction of the Engineer in accordance with appropriate welders qualification as prescribed in any of the Indian Standards IS : 817, IS : 1966, IS : 1393, IS :7307 (part I), IS : 7310 (Part I) and IS : 7318 (part I) as relevant. 1904.8.3.In assembling and joining parts of a structure or of built-up members, the procedure and sequence of welding shall be such as to avoid distortion and minimise shrinkage stress. All requirements regarding pre-heating of parent material and interpass temperature shall be in accordance with provision of IS : 9595. 1904.8.4. Peening of weld shall be carried out wherever specified by the Engineer: a) b) If specified, peening may be employed to be effective on each weld layer except first. The peening should be carried out after weld has cooled by light blows from a power hammer using a round nose tool. Care shall be taken to

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prevent scaling or flaking of weld and base metal from over peening. 1904.8.5. Where the Engineer has specified the butt welds are to be ground flush, the loss of parent metal shall not be greater than that allowed for minor surface defects. The ends of butt joints shall be welded so as to provide full throat thickness. This may be done by use of extension pieces, cross runs or other means approved by the Engineer. Extension pieces shall be removed after the joint has cooled and the ends of the weld shall be finished smooth and flush with the faces of the abutting parts. The joints and welds listed below are prohibited type, which do not perform well under cyclic loading. a) b) c) d) e) f) Butt joints not welded throughout their cross-section Groove welds made from one side only without any backing grip Intermitted groove welds Intermittent fillet welds Bevel-grooves and J-grooves in butt joints for other than horizontal position. Plug and slot welds

1904.8.6. The run-on and run-off plate extension shall be used providing full throat thickness at the end of butt welded joints. These plates shall comply with the following requirements. (i) One pair of “run-on” and one pair of “run-off” plates from same thickness and profile as the parent metal shall be attached to start and finish of all butt welds preferably by clamps. When “run-on” and run-off” plates shall be removed by flame cutting, it should be cut at more than 3 mm from parent metal and remaining metal shall be removed by grinding or by any other method approved by the Engineer.

(ii)

1904.8.7. Welding of stud shear connectors: The stud shear connectors shall be welded in accordance with the manufacturer’s instructions including preheating. The stud and the surface to which studs are welded shall be free from scale, moisture, rust and other foreign material. The stud base shall not be painted, galvanised or cadmium plated prior to welding. Welding shall not be carried out when temperature is below 10 degrees Celsius or surface is wet or during periods of strong winds unless the work and the welder is adequately protected.

Signature of Bidder

Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 87 of 117 The welds shall be visually free from cracks and shall be capable of developing at least the nominal ultimate strength of studs. all parts of an assembly shall fit together accurately within tolerances specified in Table 1900-2. Signature of Bidder . Tolerances Tolerances in dimensions of components of fabricated structural steel work shall be specified on the drawings and shall be subject to the approval of the Engineer before fabrication. 1904. The procedural trial for welding the stud shall be carried out when specified by the Engineer.9.25 mm for surfaces that can be inscribed within a square of side 0. shall be machined within a deviation of 0. A machined bearing surface. where specified by the Engineer.5 m. Unless specified.

Straightness a) Deviation from columns i) In elevation straightness  1 mm + 0 mm .005 d to a maximum of 2 mm where d is built-up members in a length equal to depth of the member the depth of the member 7.005 b to a minimum of 2 mm where b is the top flanges of plate girders and at width of the member bearings b) at other places 0. Depth Deviation in the depths of solid web and open web girders 4. FABRICATION TOLERANCES A. Deviation from squareness of fixed base D/500. column axis to the point under consideration Signature of Bidder . where L is nominal length of the web of columns and box girders diagonal 9. Deviation of centre line of web from centre 3 mm line of flanges in built-up members at contact surfaces 6. where D is the distance from the plate (not machined) to axis of column.5 mm  3 mm + 0 mm .2 mm  2 mm  3. Deviation from flatness of plate of webs of 0.2 mm of L/3000 subject to a maximum of 15 mm where L is length of member + 5 mm .0 mm ii) In plan L/1000 subject to a maximum of 10 mm 5. at supports.015 b to a maximum of 4 mm where b is width of the member 8. at 0. Width a) Width of built-up girders b)Deviation in the width of members required to be inserted in other members 3.3 mm + 3 mm .Tilt of flange of plate girders a) At splices and stiffeners. Deviation from squareness of flange to L/1000. Length a) Member with both ends finished for contact bearing b) Individual components of members with end plate connection c) Other members (i) Upto and including 12 M (ii) Over 12 M 2.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 88 of 117 TABLE 1900-2. INDIVIDUAL COMPONENTS 1.

tackles to be used and temporary working loads as per Codal provisions. showing a method and procedure of erection. Deviation from squareness of machined ends to axes of beams or girder 12. composed of steel. Ends of members abutting at joints through cleats or end plates. ERECTION 1905. dimensions and elevations properly finished and will establish the lines and the elevation required for setting steel. Deviation from squareness of machined ends to axes of columns 11. A detailed scheme must be prepared showing stage-wise activities. constructed to correct lines. and do all work required to complete the construction included in the contract in accordance with the drawings and the specifications and to the entire satisfaction of the Engineer. where D is as defined in 9 above D/1000. with complete drawings and working phase-wise instructions. tools. 1905. If the sub-structure and the superstructure are built under separate contracts.5 mm 1905.1. remove the temporary construction. This should be based on detailed stagewise calculation and take into account specifications and capacity of erection equipment machinery. the department will provide the substructure. permissible deviation from squareness of ends on the base plate D/1000.2. General The provisions of this item shall apply to erection of steel bridge superstructures or main members of bridge superstructures. which span between supports. where D is as defined in 9 above 1/600 of depth of member subject to a maximum of 1. Organisation and Equipment The Contractor shall submit erection plans prepared by the fabricator.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 89 of 117 This dimension shall be measured parallel to the longitudinal axis of the column at points where the outer surfaces of the column sections make contact with the base plate 10. Signature of Bidder . compatible with the details of fabrication. The Contractor shall erect the structural steel.

ropes. hydrology. A reduction in the quantities of service bolts. temperature and climatic conditions and available working space. Signature of Bidder . economy and rapidity. tools. etc. washers and drifts for use in the erection of work shall be supplied at 60 per cent (45 per cent bolts and 15 per cent drifts) of the number of field rivets per span in each size (this includes wastage). rainfall. Non-destructive tests of joints as per designer’s directives are to be carried out.g. clamps. etc. fixtures. Precision non-destructive testing instruments available in the market should be used for noting various important parameters of the structures frequently and systematic record is to be kept. Unless otherwise provided in the contract. soil and sub-soil conditions in the river bed and banks. Prior to actual commencement of erection all equipment. flood timings and intensity. tackles. etc. erection plant and other materials necessary to carry out the work complete in all respects. be specified by the Engineer if more than one span of each type is ordered.. The scheme should indicate precisely the type of temporary fasteners to be used as also the minimum percentage of permanent fasteners to be fitted during the stage erection. bolts. launching truss as also the structure under erection and unusual observation reviewed. machinery. maximum mechanisation is to be adopted. required to complete erection at site with an allowance for wastage. ordinary platters. drainages. The Contractor shall supply all rivets. welders’ qualifications and skill are to be checked as per standard norms. maximum water depth.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 90 of 117 The scheme should be based on site conditions e. washers. distress. looseness of fittings are to be noted. Service bolts and nuts. etc. Safety requirements should conform to IS : 7205. spacer supports. tools. Erection work should start with complete resources mobilised as per latest approved drawings and after a thorough survey of foundations and other related structural work. may however. washers required. of 12 ½ per cent of the net number of field rivets. Frequent visual inspection is essential in vulnerable areas to detect displacements. The working drawings should give clearly the temporary jigs. For welded structures. or a minimum of five number of each item. etc. bolts. etc. Deflection and vibratory tests shall be conducted in respect of supporting structures. need to be tested to ensure their efficient working.. etc. IS : 7223 and IS : 7269 as applicable and should be a consideration of safety. In case of work of magnitude. the contractor shall supply and erect all necessary falsework and staging and shall supply all labour.

The steelwork should be erected. The structure shall be set out to the required lines and levels. Fabricated materials are to be stored with erection marks visible. During the progress of work. who shall be adequately experienced in steel erection and acceptable to the Engineer. 1905. Handling and Storing of Materials Suitable area for storage of structures and components shall be located near the site of work. The approval of the Engineer shall not relieve the Contractor of his responsibility for the safety of his method or equipment or from carrying out the work fully in accordance with the drawing and specifications. whether fabricated or not shall be subject to the approval of the Engineer. Methods of storage and handling steel. access tracks. adjusted and completed in the required position to the specified line and levels with sufficient drifts and bolts. the Contractor shall obtain necessary approval of the Engineer as to the method adopted for erection. bent or damaged steel shall be rejected. Signature of Bidder . Packing materials are to available to maintain this condition. derricks. The access road should be free from water logging during the working period and the storage area should be on levelled and firm ground.g. Excessively rusted. Organised “Quality Surveillance” checks need to be exercised frequently. This should be pre-assembled in a suitable yard/platform and its matching with members of the adjacent module checked by trial assembly before erection. The store should be provided with adequate handling equipments e. Before starting work.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 91 of 117 The structure should be divided into erectable modules as per the scheme. winch of capacity as required. etc. chain pulley blocks. The stocks and masses are to be carefully preserved.3. Stacking area should be planned and have racks. such as not to come contract with earth surface or water and should be accessible to handling equipment. road mobile crane. Small fitting hand tools are to be kept in containers in covered stores. stands sleeper.. gantries. the Contractor shall have a competent Engineer or foreman in charge of the work. Storage should be planned to suit erection work sequence and avoid damage or distortion. and properly lighted. the number and character of tools and plants.

Assembling Steel The parts shall be accurately assembled as shown on the drawings and match marks shall be followed. The paint shall be stored under cover in air-tight containers. Hammering which will injure or distort the members shall not be done. The material shall be carefully handled so that no parts will be bent. Following the straightening of a bend or buckle the surface shall be carefully investigated for evidence of fracture. The truss spans shall be erected on blocking. 1905. It shall be kept free from dirt and other foreign matter and shall be protected as far as possible from corrosion and distortion. angles and other shapes shall be done by methods not likely to produce fracture or any injury. nuts. washers. IS : 7293 and IS : 7969 dealing with handling of materials and equipments for safe working should be followed. Safety nuts and bolts as directed are to be used while working. Approval of the plans. followed by as slow cooling as possible.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 92 of 117 All materials. The electrodes shall be stored specificationwise and shall be kept in dry warm condition in properly designed racks. when the heating shall not be to a temperature higher than that producing a dark “cherry red” colour. The bolts. shall submit plans for approval to the Engineer. Formwork The formwork shall be properly designed. Rivets in splices of butt joints of compression members and rivets in railings shall not be driven until the span has been swung. Straightening Bent Material The straightening of plates.4. including raw steel or fabricated material shall be stored specification-wise and size-wise above the ground upon platforms. and other fasteners shall be stored on racks above the ground with protective oil coating in gunny bags. Signature of Bidder . 1905. The Contractor shall be held responsible for loss or damage to any material paid for by the Department while in his care or for any damage to such material resulting from his work. however. shall not relieve the Contractor of his responsibility. Sharp kinks and bends may be the cause for rejection of material. The blocking shall be left in place until the tendon chord splices are fully riveted and all other truss connections pinned and bolted. so placed as to give the proper camber. Bearing surface or surfaces to be in permanent contact shall be cleaned. substantially built and maintained for all anticipated loads. skids or other supports.5. The Contractor. broken or otherwise damaged. before the members are assembled. 1905.6. if required. The metal shall not be heated unless permitted by the Engineer for special cases. consumables.

burrs. 1905. Any work found defective is liable to be rejected .7.7. The correction of minor misfits involving harmless amounts of reaming.2. bolted and pin connection shall conform to the requirements of Clause 1904 as appropriate. All fasteners shall have a washer under nut or bolt head whichever is turned in tightening. The correction shall be made in the presence of the Engineer. Girder dimensions and camber shall not be finally checked until all welding and heating operations are completed and the member has cooled to a uniform temperature. other foreign materials and defects that would prevent solid seating of parts. The service bolts are to be fully tightened up as soon as the joint is assembled. 1905. equipment and work of erection shall be subject to the inspection of the Engineer who shall be provided with all facilities including labour and tools required at all reasonable times. welding. plane normal to bolt axis. The slope of surface of bolted parts in contact with bolt head and nut shall not exceed 1 in 20. otherwise suitable tapered washer shall be used. Any connection to be riveted or bolted shall be secured in close contact with service bolts or with a sufficient number of permanent bolts before the rivets are driven or before the connections are finally bolted.1. However. cutting and chipping will be considered a legitimate part of erection. nuts. Signature of Bidder .Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 93 of 117 All joint surface for bolted connections including bolts. Field Inspection 1905. The field riveting. Joints shall normally be made by filling not less than 50 per cent of holes with service bolts and barrel drifts in the ratio 4:1. Connections to be made by close tolerance or barrel bolts shall be completed as soon as practicable after assembly.7. camber and elevation before welding is commenced. General All materials. Any connection to be site welded shall be securely held in position by approved methods to ensure accurate alignment. washers shall be free from scale. dirt. any error in the shop fabrication or deformation resulting from handling and transportation which prevents proper assembling and fitting up of parts by moderate use of drifts or by a moderate amount of reaming and slight chipping or cutting shall be reported immediately to the Engineer and his approval of the method of correction obtained. The stage inspection shall be carried out for all operations so as to ensure the correctness of fabrication and good quality. No protective treatment shall be applied to the work until the appropriate inspection and testing has been carried out.

shall be cut out and replaced. welding consumables. Testing of material: Structural steel shall be tested for mechanical and chemical properties as per various IS codes as may be applicable and shall conform to requirements specified in IS : 226. machining or ultrasonic testing shall be used to determine depth of imperfection. Laminations in plates shall be carried out by ultra-sonic testing or any other specified methods. grinding.3. Significant edge laminations found shall be reported to the Engineer for his decision. Rolling and cutting tolerance shall be as per IS : 1852.7. steel forging. The firmness of joint shall be checked by 0.4. rivet shall be free from movement and vibration. casting and stainless steel shall be tested for mechanical and chemical properties in the appropriate IS Code. Steel work shall be inspected for surface defects and exposed edge laminations during fabrication and blast cleaning. The thickness tolerance check measurements for the plate and rolled sections shall be taken at not less than 15 mm from edge. Rivets and riveted connection shall be inspected and tested for compliance of codal requirements. Chipping. which shall not go inside under the rivet head by more than 3 mm. All loose rivets and rivets with cracks. Signature of Bidder . etc.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 94 of 117 1905. When struck sharply on head with rivet testing hammer. IS : 977.2 mm filler gauge. IS : 8500 and IS : 961. bolts. Bolted connections: Bolts and bolted connection joints with high strength friction grip bolts shall be inspected and tested according to IS : 4000. Driven rivets shall be checked with rivet testing hammer. Rivets. There shall not be any gap between members to be riveted. 1905. badly formed or deficient heads or with heads which are eccentric with shanks. The alignment of plates at all bolted splice joints and welded butt joints shall be checked for compliance with codal requirements. washers.7. IS : 11587. IS : 2062. nuts.

The method of inspection shall be in accordance with IS : 822 and extent of inspection and testing shall be in accordance with the relevant standards or in the absence of such a standard. porosity. Non-Destructive Testing of Welds weld: One or more of the following methods may be applied for inspection or testing of (i) Visual Inspection: All welds shall be visually inspected. 1905. Hardness testing shall be carried out on six specimens. Adequate means of identification either by identification mark or other record shall be provided to enable each weld to be traced to the welder(s) by whom it was carried out. as agreed with the Engineer. b) Through fusion exists between weld and base metal and between adjacent layers of weld metal. Procedure tests The Destructive and Non-Destructive test of weld shall be carried out according to IS : 7307 (Part I). Suitable magnifying glass may be used for visual inspection. A weld shall be acceptable by visual inspection if it shows that: a) The weld has no cracks.5. All facilities necessary for stage inspection during welding and on completion shall be provided to the Engineer or their inspecting Authority by manufacturer. welded connection and testing shall be in compliance with codal requirements. Welding and welding consumables: Welding procedure. where the hardness criteria given in the code are adopted. crack in the weld or in the HAZ (Heat Affected Zone) etc.7. Signature of Bidder . which should cover all defects of weld such as size. c) Weld profiles are in accordance with requisite clauses of IS : 9595 or as agreed with the Engineer. All metal arc welding shall be in compliance with IS : 9595 provisions.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 95 of 117 Testing of flame cut and sheared edges is to be done.

except for the ends of intermittent fillet welds outside their effective length. lack of fusion. f) The fillet weld in any single continuous weld shall be permitted to under run the nominal fillet weld size specified by 1. etc. Acceptance Criteria: The weld shall be unacceptable if radiographic or magnetic particle testing shows any of the type of discontinuities indicated in the code. g) The piping porosity in fillet welds shall not exceed one in each 100 mm of weld length and the maximum diameter shall not exceed 2. For all other groove welds.4 mm. Radiographic test shall be carried out for detection of internal flaws in the weld such as crack.8 mm deep when the weld is parallel to the primary stress in the part that is undercut.5 mm in any 25 mm length of weld and shall not exceed 19 mm in any 300 mm length of weld. the piping porosity shall not exceed one in 100 mm of length and the maximum diameter shall not exceed 2. piping porosity inclusion. undercut shall not be more than 0. e) When weld is transverse to the primary stress.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 96 of 117 d) The weld shall be of full cross section.4 mm. h) The full penetration groove weld in butt joints transverse to the direction of computed tensile stress shall have no piping porosity. incomplete penetration. On the web-to-flange weld on girders.25 mm deep in the part that is undercut and shall not be more than 0. no under run is permitted at the ends for a length equal to twice the width of the flange. This test may be carried out as per IS : 1182 and IS : 4853. except for fillet welds connecting stiffeners to web where the sum of diameters of piping porosity shall not exceed 9. Magnetic particle test shall be carried out for detection of crack and other discontinuity in the weld according to IS : 5334. Signature of Bidder . (ii) Magnetic Particle and Radiographic Inspection: Welds that are subject to radiographic or magnetic particle testing in addition to visual inspection shall have no crack.6 mm without correction provided that undersize portion of the weld does not exceed 10 per cent of the length of the weld.

in addition to visual inspection. Acceptance criteria shall be as per IS : 4260 or any other relevant IS Specification and as agreed to by the Engineer. lack of fusion. in case of (b) or (c). Testing of Welding for Cast Steel: The testing of weld for cast steel shall be carried out as may be agreed to by the Engineer. (iv) The particular length of welds in webs to be tested shall be agreed with the Engineer. as may be agreed to by the Engineer. a) b) c) d) All transverse butt welds in tension flange 10 per cent of the length of longitudinal and transverse butt welds in tension flanges. tests: Stud Shear Connectors: Stud shear connectors shall be subjected to the following a) The fixing of studs after being welded in position shall be tested by striking the side of the head of the stud with a 2 kg hammer to the satisfaction of the Engineer.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 97 of 117 (iii) Ultrasonic Inspection: The Ultrasonic testing in addition to visual inspection shall be carried out for detection of internal flaws in the weld such as cracks. bearing stiffeners or bearing diaphragms adjacent to welds. plates in box girder construction adjacent to corner welds or other details shall be ultrasonically tested after fabrication. flange plates adjacent to web/flange welds. Liquid Penetration Inspection: The liquid penetrant test shall be carried out for detection of surface defect in the weld. Signature of Bidder . All transverse butt welds in webs adjacent to tension flanges as specified by the Engineer. piping porosity inclusion. lamellar tearing or other defect found shall be recorded and reported to Engineer for his decision. 5 per cent of the length of longitudinal and transverse butt welds in compression flanges. plates at cruciform welds. Any lamination. The non-destructive testing of following welds be carried out using one of the method or methods described at (ii). Where specified by the Engineer. as per IS : 3658. incomplete penetration etc. (iii) and (iv) above.

erection. component/members on completion of fabrication and before any subsequent operation such as surface preparation.7. For plate. For webs of plate and box girder. For cross girders and frames. The studs whose welds have failed the tests given in (a) and (b) shall be replaced. Inspection requirement: The fabricated member/component made out of rolled and built-up section shall be checked for compliance of the tolerances given in Table 1900-2. out-of-plane deviation shall be checked at right angle to the surface over the full area of plate. During checking. on completion of site joint. The stud weld shall not show any sign of crack or lack of fusion. During inspection. the component/member shall not have any load or external restraint. transportation. Inspection Stages: The inspection to be carried out for compliance of tolerances shall include but not be limited to the following stages: a) For completed parts. Inspection of member/components for compliance with tolerances. the inspection requirement shall be placed in such a manner that local surface irregularities do not influence the results. longitudinal compression flange stiffeners in box girders and orthotropic decks and all web stiffeners at site joints. b) c) Signature of Bidder .6. painting. and the check for deviations shall be made over the full length. The relative cross-girder or cross frame deviation shall be checked over the middle third of length of the cross girder or frame between each pair of webs and for cantilever at the end of member.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 98 of 117 b) The selected stud head stroked with 6 kg hammer shall be capable of lateral displacement of approximately 0. 1905. The web of rolled beam or channel section shall be checked for out-of-plane deviation in longitudinal direction equal to the depth of the section.25 the height of the stud from its original position. cantilevers in orthotropic decks and other parts in which deviations have apparently increased on completion of site assembly.

1. on checking member/component for the deviations in respect of out-ofplane or out-of-straightness at right angles to the plate surface. abrasion resistance. and any other instances.1. Types of paints (i) Ordinary Paints PAINTING These include paints based on drying oils. Coatings shall be applied only to dry surfaces and the coated surfaces shall not be exposed to rain or frost before they are dry.1. b) Finishing Coats These are applied over the primary coat and should have the properties of durability. These paints shall be used for steel structures in atmospheres which are not too aggressive. Oil based paints can be used for steel structures in cases where the surface preparation cannot be ideal. corrosion inhibition and imperviousness to water and air. the maximum deviation shall be measured and recorded. aesthetic appearance and smooth finish. General Unless otherwise specified. The recorded measurements shall be submitted to the Engineer who will determine whether the component/member may be accepted without rectification. Ordinary painting can generally be sub-divided into two groups: a) Primary Coats This shall be applied immediately after the surface preparation and should have the properties of adhesion. Alkyd resin paints for the protection of steel structures are based partly on natural oils and partly on synthetic resins. 1906. modified alkyd resin. labour and materials necessary. all metal work shall be given approved shop coats as well as field coats of painting.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 99 of 117 Where. 1906. etc. with rectification or rejected. alkyd resin. The coatings shall be applied to all surfaces excluding shear connectors and inner surfaces of fully sealed hollow sections. Signature of Bidder . scaffolding. Care shall be taken during coating of adjacent surfaces to build up primer on the shear connectors. exceed tolerance. The item of work shall include preparation of metal surfaces. 1906. phenolic varnish epoxy. application of protective covering and drying of the paint coatings and supply of all tools.

They are mechanically strong and resistant to chemicals. this should be applied in greater thickness (upto several millimetres) and may be suitable for some situations. The main fields of applications shall be in aggressive environments. Because of the high price of polyurethane paint. They can be repainted without difficulty. (v) Bituminous Paints As a paint vehicle.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 100 of 117 (ii) Chemical Resistant Paints The more highly corrosion resistant paints can be divided into two main groups: a) b) One pack paint (ready for use) Two pack paints (mixed before use) The two pack paints shall be mixed together immediately before use since they are workable thereafter only for a restricted period of time and dry up as a result of a reaction between their components and yield hard tough films with resistance to abrasion. However. greatly influence their protective power. (iv) Chlorinated Rubber Paints These paints also have good chemical resistance. however. In general. Signature of Bidder .. Certain types of vinyl resin paints yield thick. (vii) Polyurethane Paints The chemical and mechanical behavior of polyurethane paint resembles those of epoxy paint very much. A disadvantage of epoxy resin paints is that it can rapidly become dull when exposed to strong sunlight. bituminous paints do not withstand effectively detrimental effects of oil. chlorinated rubber paints do not have a high gloss. a combination of the two viz. These disadvantages do not. (vi) Epoxy Paints These resin paints have good adherence to a well prepared sub-strata. A significant advantage of bitumen paints is their impermeability to ingress of water. polyurethane paint retains its gloss for a longer period. but because of the low price. relatively soft and rubber like coatings with good chemical resistance. (iii) Vinyl Paints These are based on polyvinyl resins such as polyvinyl-chloride (PVC) and polyvinyl-acetate. bituminous is inferior. However. polyurethane and epoxy paints may sometimes be used. etc.

the whole of the steel work shall be given the second cover coat after final passing and after touching up the primer and cover coats. 1906.2. if damaged in transit. All machined surfaces are to be well coated with a mixture of white lead conforming to IS : 34 and Mutton Tallow conforming to IS : 887.1. 1906. brush. are to be thoroughly cleaned and dipped into boiling linseed oil conforming to IS : 77. washers etc.1. all painting and protective coating work shall be done in accordance with IS : 1477 (Part 1). Signature of Bidder .3.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 101 of 117 (viii) Zinc Rich Paints Instead of introducing an inhibitive pigment into paint. Unless otherwise specified. metallic zinc can be used and such paints can provide cathodic protection to steel. 1906. All rivets. nuts. Choice of painting system The choice of suitable painting system is dependent on factors such as: Available application methods viz. roller or spray Durability in a specific environment Availability of skilled manpower Cost/benefit etc.1.. Surfaces which are inaccessible for cleaning and painting after fabrication shall be painted as specified before being assembled for riveting. bolts. For site paintings.4. Quality of Paint:The paints which have been tested for the following qualities as per the specifications given in the relevant IS codes should only be used: Weight Test (weight per 10 litre of paint thoroughly mixed) Drying time Flexibility and Adhesion Consistency Dry thickness and rate of consumption 1906.1. It is therefore necessary to consult various manufacturers of paint and ascertain the above aspects while deciding on the appropriate choice of painting system.5.

primary coat shall be applies while the metal is still warm. Surface Preparation Steel surface to be painted either at the fabricating shop or at the site of work shall be prepared in a thorough manner with a view to ensuring complete removal of mill scale by one of the following processes as agreed to between the fabricator and the Engineer: a) b) c) Dry or wet grit/Sand blasting Pickling which should be restricted to single plates. Surfaces shall be maintained dry and free from dirt and oil.3. All coats shall be compatible with each other. Total 5 coats = 200 micron Signature of Bidder . 1906. the surface shall receive one coat of primer within 4 hours of abrasive blast cleaning. The undercoat and finishing coat shall preferably be from the same manufacturer. Particular care shall be taken with the priming and painting of edges. the undercoat shall be compatible with the metal concerned.2. Primer shall be applied to the blast cleaned surface before any deterioration of the surface is visible. Typical guidelines for epoxy based paints and the conventional painting system for bridge girders as given below may be complied with: a) Epoxy Based Painting i) Surface preparation: Remove oil/grease by use of petroleum hydrocarbon solution (IS : 1745) and Grit blasting to near white metal surface. All slag from welds shall be removed before painting. In any case. welds and rivets. Successive coats of paints shall be of different shades or colours and each shall be allowed to dry thoroughly before the next is applied. Metal coatings shall be regarded as priming coatings. Work out of doors in frosty or humid weather shall be avoided. Coatings Prime coat to be used shall conform to the specification of primers approved by the Engineer. ii) Paint system: 2 coats of epoxy zinc phosphate primer = 60 micron. corners. bars and sections Flame cleaning Primary coat shall be applied as soon as practicable after cleaning and in case of flame cleaning. When metal coatings are used.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 102 of 117 1906.

After the steel work is erected at site. One coat shall be applied paint before the fabricated steel work leaves the shop. One coat shall be applied before the fabricated steel work leaves the shop.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 103 of 117 b) Conventional Painting System for areas where corrosion is not severe Priming Coat: One heavy coat or ready mixed paint. Painting in the Shop All fabricated steel shall be painted in the shops after inspection and acceptance with at least one priming coat. the second coat shall be given after touching up the primer and the cover coats if damaged in transit. Signature of Bidder . or One coat of ready mixed zinc chrome primer conforming to IS : 104 followed by one coat of ready mixed red oxide zinc chrome primer conforming to IS : 2074. unless the exposed surfaces are subsequently to be cleaned at site or are metal coated. After the steel work is erected at site.4. Finishing Coats: Two cover coats of red oxide paint conforming to IS : 123 or any other approved paint shall be applied over the primer coat. the second coat shall be given after touching up the primer and the cover coats if damaged in transit. red lead primer conforming to IS : 102. No primer shall be applied to galvanised surfaces. (c) Conventional Painting System for areas where corrosion is severe Priming Coat: Two coats of ready mixed red lead primer conforming to IS : 102 or One coat of ready mixed zinc chrome primer conforming to IS : 104 followed by one coat of zinc chromate conforming oxide primer to IS : 2074. 1906. or Two coats of zinc chromates red oxide primer conforming to IS : 2074. Finishing Coats: Two coats of aluminium paints conforming to IS : 2339 shall be applied over the primer coat.

Signature of Bidder . Specified protective treatment shall be completed after erection. Where steel has received a metal coating in the shop. Area hard to gain access to for painting and areas shaded for spray application shall be coated first by brushing. shall be brought together while the paint is still wet. Painting at Site Surfaces which will be inaccessible after site assembly shall receive the full specified protective treatment before assembly.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 104 of 117 Shop contact surfaces. if specifically required to be painted. Methods of Application The methods of application of all paint coatings shall be in accordance with the manufacturer’s written recommendation and shall be as approved by the Engineer. Paint shall be completely dried before loading and transporting to site. Damaged or deteriorated paint surfaces shall be first made good with the same type of coat as the shop coat. No paint shall be applied within 50 mm of designed location of field welds. the steel shall not be painted or metal coated within a suitable distance from any edges to be welded if the specified paint or metal coating would be harmful to welders or is expected to impair the quality of site welds. Where surfaces are to be welded.5. bolts and site rivets. 1906. Exposed machined surfaces shall be adequately protected. Surface not in contact but inaccessible after shop assembly shall receive the fully specified protective treatment before assembly. this coating shall be completed on site so as to be continuous over any welds. Surfaces which will be in contact after site assembly shall receive a coat of paint (in addition to any shop priming) and shall be brought together white the paint is still wet. taking care to work into all corners and crevices.6. 1906. Oil based red lead primers must be applied by brush only. Field contact surfaces and surfaces to be in contact with cement shall be painted with primer only. Spray painting may be permitted provided it will not cause inconvenience to the public and is appropriate to the type of structure being coated.

Where the Engineer so directs. Approximate life to first maintenance is also indicated and can be used as a guide. Guideline of Specifications for Protective Coating System in Different Environments Since the seriousness of the problem of corrosion depends upon atmospheric condition and vary enormously. lumps or other blemishes shall not be accepted. there is no single protective system or method of application that is suitable for every situation. 1906. the coating shall be removed by abrasive blast cleaning and replaced at the Contractor’s expense. Wrinkled or blistered coatings or coatings with pinholes. for various types of coatings in various environmental conditions which should be complied with. intermediate and finishing coats shall all be applied so as to provide smooth coatings of uniform thickness. broad recommendations are given in Table 1900-3. However.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 105 of 117 The primer. Signature of Bidder . as a guide. sags.7.

where maintenance thickness : 130 – 150 m could easily be carried out at regular intervals Blast clean the surface.g near the coast. 1 undercoat micaceous work exposed to ordinary polluted iron oxide pigmented drying oil type inland environments where appearance paint. years life to first maintenance in polluted inland environment Total dry film thickness = 170 m Blast clean the surface.g. salt sprays. longer life in mild conditions and could 1 finishing coat alkyd type. inland polluted. Total dry film be used in less mild situation e. Pickle. 2 coats drying oil type primer. 2 coats of metallic Suitable for structures in reasonably lead pigmented chlorinated rubber primer. Will provide upto 5 pigmented phenolic modified drying oil. Blast clean the surface. 1 appearance is of some importance and under coat alkyd type paint. 2 not very important provides longer life under coats micaceous iron oxide (MXO) in mild condition.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 106 of 117 i) ii) iii) iv) v) vi) vii) TABLE 1900-3: RECOMMEDATIONS FOR TYPES OF PROTECTIVE COATINGS System Environment Wire brush to remove all loose rust and Suitable for mild conditions where scale. undercoat alkyd type paint. 1 finishing where regular maintenance is intended. hot dip galvanised. aggressive conditions e. 1 coat of sprayed zinc/aluminum followed by suitable sealer Total thickness = 150 m Provides a longer life than (vii) because of thicker zinc coating Expected to provide long term protection approx 15–20 years in aggressive atmosphere viii) ix) Signature of Bidder . Total dry film thickness : 165 – 190 is not of primary importance. m Blast clean the surface. coat alkyd type. Total thickness = 140 m Grit blast. 2 coats drying oil type primer. Also for aggressive interior rubber. Total Suitable for steel work in reasonably mild conditions Life of 15-20 years thickness : 85 m before first maintenance could be expected in many situations Grit blast. this would provide a drying primer. Total dry film thickness : 200 m suitable situations such as industrial areas. (Zinc). 1 undercoat of high build chlorinated Will provide long-term protection than rubber. 2 coats of drying Suitable for general structural steel type oil primer. Coal tar epoxy. 1 finishing coat of chlorinated (iv) in non-coastal situations. 2 coats of quick Compared to (I). Total dry film thickness = This system may deteriorate to a marked extent if it is exposed to 150 m moderate aggressive atmospheric conditions for lengthy period Wire brush to remove all loose rust and Similar to (I) but where appearance is scale. hot dip galvanised (Zinc). 350 – 450 m Suitable for sea water splash zones or for conditions of occurrence of frequent thickness.

painting of structural steel work shall be in accordance with these specifications and shall be checked and accepted by the Engineer. shall be got carried out by the Contractor at his own cost. erecting. cm. MEASUREMENTS FOR PAYMENT The measurements of this item shall be in tonnes based on the net weight of metal in the fabricated structure computed on the basis of nominal weight of materials. TESTS AND STANDARDS OF ACCEPTANCE The materials shall be tested in accordance with relevant IS specifications and necessary test certificates shall be furnished. Additional tests. furnishing. cm. Cast Iron : 7.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 107 of 117 1907. if required. Weight of weld fillets and the weight of protective coatings shall not be included. The weight of rolled and cast steel and cast iron shall be determined from the dimensions shown on the drawings on the following basis: Rolled or cast steel : 7.21 x 10-3 kg/cu. Weight of rivet heads shall be computed by taking the weight of 100 snap heads as given in Table 1900-4. Weight of structural sections shall be nominal weight Weight of castings shall be computed from the dimensions shown on the drawings with an addition of 5 per cent for files and over-runs. The fabrication. Signature of Bidder . This percentage may be taken as 3 per cent or modified by mutual agreement. allowance for snap heads may be taken as a flat percentage of the total weight.84 x 10-3 kg/cu. 1908. When specially agreed upon.

the weight shall be calculated for exact cut sizes of members used in the structure. painting. inspection.0 20. tests and complete final erection as shown on the drawings and as specified in these Specifications. temporary erection.1 8. 1909. No additions shall be made for the weight of protective coating or weld fillets.5 27.5 15.45 6. When specially agreed upon. Where computed weight forms the basis for payment.2 The Contractor shall supply detailed calculation sheets for the weight of the metal in the fabricated structure. connections. RATE The contract unit rate for the completed structural steel work shall include the cost of all materials. deductions being made for all cuts. Additions shall be made for the rivet heads as mentioned above. Signature of Bidder .1 10. plant and equipment required for fabrication.1 3. except for rivet holes. labour.3 2.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 108 of 117 TABLE 1900 –4: WEIGHT OF RIVET HEADS Dia of Rivet as manufactured mm 12 14 16 18 20 22 24 27 30 33 Weight of 100 snap heads kg 1. oiling.4 4. tools. according to specifications included in special provisions of the Contract. the basis for payment may be the bridge weight complete.

suitable measures shall be planned and executed for protection of completed work. 2502. 2502. bank protection. 2502. In such cases the construction of guide bund shall be started from abutment towards upstream. This work shall consist of construction of embankment of guide bund and provision of pitching/rivetment on slopes.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 109 of 117 2501. Every effort shall be made to complete the work of the guide bund in one working season. guide walls. The construction of embankment for guide bund shall conform to provisions of Section 300 of these Specifications. filter underneath pitching and turfing. Guide bunds for bridges across submontane rivers shall call for supplemental specifications.. The alignment and layout of guide bund shall be as indicated on the drawing or as approved by the Engineer. No borrow pits should be dug on the river side of the guide bunds.1. toe protection. Guide bunds shall generally be made of locally available materials from the river bed preferably cohesionless materials. flooring and approach embankment protection as required for ensuring safety of the bridge structure and its approaches against damage by flood/flowing water. 2502. Construction of various components shall conform to IRC : 89 and these specifications or as directed by the Engineer. DESCRIPTION River training and protection work shall include construction of guide bunds. earthwork should be completed within 80 per cent of working season and about 70 per cent working season shall be available for laying apron laying apron and pitching.2. etc. The provisions given hereunder are applicable only to guide bunds for bridges across alluvial rivers. as indicated on the drawing in accordance with these specifications or as approved by the Engineer. apron. Construction of apron and pitching of the guide bunds shall generally conform to clause 2503 and 2504 of these Specifications. curtain walls etc. The borrow pits should be sufficiently away from the location of the launching apron. Sufficient length of pit along the guide bund shall be ready within one to two months of commencement of work so that the placing of stones in the apron and in the slope pitching can be commenced.4. As a guideline. Where there is any doubt about completion of the whole guide bund within one working season. shall be as per these specifications. curtain walls. toe protection. apron.3. Pitching. Trial pits shall be taken in borrow holes to examine suitability of soil for construction and also to decide the types of earth moving machinery to be arranged. Construction of guide bund shall be taken in hand alongwith the construction of the bridge. GUIDE BUND 2502. No portion of guide bund should be left below HFL before the onset of Signature of Bidder .

Sufficient labour and appropriate earth moving machinery and trained staff shall be deployed in construction. 2503. The Contractor shall furnish his planning for approval of the Engineer regarding transport of stones from the quarries to the site of work taking into account the quantities of stone required to be transported every day. Laying Boulder Apron The size of stone conform to clause 5. or closed by a properly designed closing dyke or closure bund taking up construction of guide bund. cement concrete blocks of equivalent weight shall be used. The size of stone shall be as large as possible. etc. The grade of concrete shall be M15 nominal mix. of IRC : 89. Cement concrete blocks will be preferred. Where the required size stones are not economically available. Cement concrete blocks shall be preferred where practicable. available ferry or boats and labour available for loading and unloading and for laying within the time frame for construction of guide bund. Where the alignment of guide bund or the approach embankment crosses a branch channel of the river. Reserve stones shall be stacked far away from the main channel of the river.3. durable and fairly regular in shape.2. Where the required size of boulders are not available economically. The specific gravity of stones shall be as high as possible and it Signature of Bidder . 2503. deployed. cement concrete blocks in M15 grade conforming to Section 1700 or stones in wire crates in combination may be used in place of isolated stones of equivalent weight. Adequate reserve of stones should be maintained for major works as decided by the Engineer. wherever practicable. Bottom of apron pit shall be as low as permitted by sub-soil water/lowest water level. APRON 2503. (This holds good for pitching on the slopes and flooring also).7. In no case any fragment shall weigh less than 40 kg. Angular stones fit into each other better and have good interlocking characteristics.2.5. 2502.1. The stones used in apron shall be sound. the branch channel may be either diverted to the main channel of the river with the help of spurs. Stone subject to marked deterioration by water or weather shall not be used.6. Quarry stones are preferable to round boulders as the latter roll off easily. hard. General This work shall consist of laying boulders directly or in wire crates on the bed of rivers for protection against scour. etc.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 110 of 117 monsoon.. 2502. train/truck.

Each piece shall be bent at the middle around one of the spikes and the weaving commenced from one corner.6 metre. wire crates can be made smaller subject to the approval of the Engineer. To ensure regular and orderly disposition of the full intended quantity of stone in the apron. Where these have to be deposited and there is a chance of overturning. The wire is to be cut to lengths about three times the length of the net required. Laying Wire Crates and Mattresses in the Apron Wire crates shall be made from hot dipped galvanized mild steel wire of diameter not less than 4 mm in annealed condition having tensile strength of 300-450 MPa conforming to IS : 280. Within these walls. Sides of large crates shall be securely stayed at intervals not more than 1. A double twist shall be given at each intersection. This twisting shall be carefully done by means of a strong iron bar. The surface on which the apron is to be laid shall be levelled and prepared for the length and width as shown on the drawings. template cross walls in dry masonry shall be built about a metre thick and to the full height of the specified thickness of the apron at intervals of 30 metres all along the length and width of the apron. the ground level may be raised upto low water level by dumping earth and the apron laid thereon.5 metre x 1. shall not be larger than 7. The other two sides shall be made separately and shall be secured to the bottom and the ends Signature of Bidder . The beam must be a little longer than the width of netting required.5 metre compartments by cross netting. In case the surface on which apron is to be laid below the low water level.65. nor smaller than 2 metres x 1 metre x 0.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 111 of 117 shall not be less than 2. The bottom and two ends of the crate or mattress shall be made at one time. The galvanizing coating shall be heavy coating for soft condition conforming to IS : 4826. The quantity of stone required in the apron shall be re-worked out by taking the toe of pitching at higher level. five and half turns being given to the bar at each splice. The mesh of the crate shall not be more than 150 mm. Wire crates built in-situ.3 metre.50 metres to prevent bulging. the stones then shall be hand packed. 2403. For deep or inaccessible situations. The netting shall be made by fixing a row of spikes on a beam at a spacing equal to the mesh.3.5 metres x 3 metres x 0. the crate shall be divided into 1.25 metre in size. Wire crates for shallow or accessible situations shall be 3 metre x 1.

1. cement concrete blocks or stones in wire crates over a layer of granular material called filter. cement concrete blocks in M15 grade conforming to Section 1700 or stones in wire crates may be used in place of isolated stones of equivalent weight. the rear slopes. For laying of wire crates in aprons of bridges. gravel.1. Round boulders shall not be allowed. In such cases. The stones subject to marked deterioration by water or weather shall not be accepted. Wherever possible. No stone. may be protected against ordinary wave splashing by 0. Cement concrete blocks will be preferred wherever practicable. the crates can be laid at site. The top shall be made separately and shall be fixed in the same manner as the sides after the crates or mattress have been filled. 2504.2. be used. Quarry stone should be used. Where the crates are to be laid in deep water and have to be dumped and then joined together. To prevent escape of the embankment material through the voids of Signature of Bidder .3. The thickness and the shape of stone pitching shall be shown on the drawing. 2504. The size and weight of stone shall conform to clause 5.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 112 of 117 by twisting adjacent wires together. The stone shall be sound. two situations arises: i) ii) 2504. boulders.2. Where depth of water is low or dry bed is available. While river side slopes are given this protection against river action. weighing less than 40 kg shall. training works and road embankments with stone. however. crates shall be placed in position before filling with boulders. Pitching: The pitching shall be provided as indicated in the drawings. Use of geosynthetics has been dealt with in Section 700. hard. Filter media: The material for the filter shall consist of sand. PITCHING/REVETMENT ON SLOPES 2504.5.2.1 of IRC : 89. The sizes of spalls shall be a minimum of 25 mm and shall be suitable to fill the voids in the pitching. stone or coarse sand. durable and fairly regular in shape. The crates shall be filled by carefully hand-packing the boulders as tightly as possible and not by merely throwing in stones or boulders.3–0. not subjected to direct attack of the river.6 metre thick cover of clayey or silty earth and turfed. Where the required size stones are not economically available.2 Pitching/Filter media 2504. Description This work shall consist of covering the slopes of guide bunds.

one or more layers of graded materials. Signature of Bidder . thickness of each shall be 150 mm 2. 4.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 113 of 117 the stone pitching/cement concrete blocks as well as to allow free movement of water without creating any uplift head on the pitching. resistant to surface erosion. etc. if a layer of material is used as bedding for pitching. it shall be well graded and its D 85 size shall be at least twice the maximum void size in pitching. <5 4< < 20 < 25 Filter design may not be required if embankment consists of CH or Ch soils with liquid limit greater than 30. the same requirement as above shall be followed for each layer. D 15 means the size of that sieve which allows 15 per cent by weight of the filter material to pass through it and similar is the meaning of D 50 and D 85. Where filter is provided in two layers. The thickness of filter is generally of the order of 200 mm to 300 mm. The fine filter shall be considered as base material for selection of coarser filter. the filter may be provided in one or more layers satisfying the following criteria: D 15 (Filter) D 85 (Base) D 15 (Filter) D 15 (Base) D 50 (Filter) D 50 (Base) Notes : 1. The gradation of the filter material shall satisfy the following requirements: Provision of a suitably designed filter is necessary under the slope pitching to prevent the escape of underlaying embankment material through the voids of stone pitching/cement concrete blocks when subjected to the attack of flowing water and wave action. commonly known as a filter medium. In the foregoing. In order to achieve this requirement. shall be provided underneath the pitching. If more than one filter layer is required. The filter shall be compacted to a firm condition. In this case. 3.

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2504.3

Construction Operations

Before laying the pitching, the sides of banks shall be trimmed to the required slope and profiles put up by means of lines and pegs at intervals of 3 metres to ensure regular straight work and a uniform slope throughout. Depressions shall be filled and thoroughly compacted. The filter granular material shall be laid over the prepared base and suitably compacted to the thickness specified on the drawings. The lowest course of pitching shall be started from the toe wall and built up in courses upwards. The toe wall shall be in dry rubble masonry (uncoursed) conforming to Clause 1405.3, in case of dry rubble pitching and shall be in nominal mix cement concrete (M15) conforming to Clause 1704.3 in case of cement concrete block pitching. The stone pitching shall commence in a trench below the toe of the slope. Stone shall be placed by derrick or by hand to the required length, thickness and depth conforming to the drawings. Stones shall be set normal to the slope, and placed so that the largest dimension is perpendicular to the face of the slope, unless such dimension is greater than the specified thickness of pitching. The largest stones shall be placed in he bottom courses and for use as headers for subsequent courses. In hand placed pitching, the stone of flat stratified nature should be placed with the principle bedding plane normal to the slope. The pattern of laying shall be such that the joints are broken and voids are minimum by packing with spalls, wherever necessary, and the top surface is as smooth as possible. When full depth of pitching can be formed with a single stone, the stones shall be laid breaking joints and all interstices between adjacent stones shall be filled in with spalls of the proper size and wedged in with hammers to ensured tight packing. When two or more layers of stones must be laid to obtain the design thickness of pitching, dry masonry shall be used and stones shall be well bonded. To ensure regular and orderly disposition of the full intended quantity of stone as shown, template cross walls in dry masonry shall be built about a metre wide and to the full height of the specified thickness at suitable intervals and all along the length and width of the pitching. Within these walls the stones shall be hand packed as specified. 2404. Toe Protection In conformity with clause 5.3.7. of IRC : 89, a toe wall shall be provided at the junction of slope pitching and launching apron of a guide bund so as to protect the slope pitching from falling even when the apron is not laid at low water level. The toe wall shall be in dry rubble masonry (uncoursed) conforming to Clause 1405.3 in case of dry

Signature of Bidder

Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 115 of 117

rubble pitching or pitching/revetment with stones in wire crates and in nominal mix cement concrete (M15) conforming to Clause 1704.3 in case cement concrete blocks have been used in pitching. For protection of toes of bank slopes terminating either in short aprons at bed levels or anchored in flooring/rocky bed, the provisions of clause 8.2.2. of IRC : 89 may be complied with. The relevant specifications of the protective works for individual components will be followed. 2505. RUBBLE STONE/CEMENT CONCRETE BLOCK FLOORING OVER CEMENT CONCRETE BEDDING 2505.1. This work shall consist of construction rubble stone/c.c. block flooring laid over a cement (M15) bedding. The floor protection will comprise rigid flooring stated above with curtain walls and flexible apron. 2505.2. Construction Operations Excavations for laying the bedding and floor protection works shall be carried out as per specifications under proper supervision. Before laying the foundation and protection walls, the excavated trenches shall be thoroughly inspected by the Engineer-in Charge to ensure that: a) b) c) There are no loose pockets and unfilled depressions left in the trench. The soil at the founding level is properly compacted to the true lines and level so as to have an even bedding. All concrete and other elements are laid in dry bed.

Cement concrete nominal mix (grade M 15) of 300 mm thickness shall then be laid in accordance with provisions given in Section 1700 except that the surface of the concrete shall not be given a smooth finish. The paving work shall be embedded in green concrete. Flooring shall consist of 150 mm thick flat stone/cement concrete blocks (Nominal mix Grade M 15 conforming to Section 1700). It shall be bedded on a layer of cement mortar (1:3) prepared to Clause 1304. Spalls shall be used to fill in the voids. The joints shall then be filled with cement mortar and finished neat. The stone shall break joints and the joints shall not exceed 20 mm in thickness. Spacing of joints may be 20 m or so. The top of flooring shall be kept to 300 mm below the lowest bed level. 2506. DRY RUBBLE FLOORING

This work shall consist of construction dry rubble flooring at cross drainage works for relatively less important works. The base for the flooring shall be prepared to the specified levels and slopes and

Signature of Bidder

Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 116 of 117

compacted suitably with hand rammers or other means to have an even bedding. The thickness of flooring shall be made with one stone only. The stones shall then be laid closely on the prepared base in one or more layers as specified and the bond used shall be as specified by the Engineer. 2507. CURTAIN WALL AND FLEXIBLE APRON 2507.1. Curtain Wall The rigid flooring shall be enclosed by curtain walls (tied to the wing walls) with a minimum depth below floor level of 2 m on upstream side and 2.5 m on downstream side. The curtain wall will be in cement concrete M 15/stone masonry in cement mortar 1 : 3. The rigid flooring shall be continued over the top width of curtain wall. 2507.2. Flexible Apron Flexible apron 1 m thick comprising loose stone boulders (weighing not less than 40 kg) shall be provided beyond curtain walls for a minimum distance of 3 m on upstream side and 6 m on downstream side. The work of floor protection shall be simultaneously completed alongwith the work on bridge foundations. 2508. TESTS AND STANDARDS OF ACCEPTANCE

The materials shall be tested in accordance with these Specifications and shall meet the prescribed criteria. The work shall conform to these Specifications and shall meet the prescribed standards of acceptance. 2509. MEASUREMENTS FOR PPAYMENT

The protection works shall be measured as set forth below. If directed by the Engineer for measurement, the materials may have to be stacked at site before laying and nothing extra will be paid to the Contractor for this stacking. The earth work in construction of embankment for guide bund shall be measured in cubic metres unless otherwise specified. The boulders/cement concrete blocks and wire crates in apron shall be measured in cubic metres. The filter and stone pitching shall be measured separately in cubic metres unless otherwise specified. Rubble stone/cement concrete blocks, flooring and cement concrete bedding shall

Signature of Bidder

Signature of Bidder . supervision and all incidentals necessary for completing the work according to these specifications. The contract unit rate for one cubic metre of filter or stone/cement concrete block pitching on slopes shall include the cost of preparing the bases. equipment. all labour. Excavation more than 150 mm shall be measured in cubic metres as given in Clause 304. Excavation upto an average depth of 150 mm shall also be deemed to be included in the rate as dressing of the bed. compacting. The contract unit rate for one cubic metre of finished work of apron shall include the cost of all material. labour. Preparation of base for laying the flooring shall be deemed incidental to the work. labour and tools and plant for completing the work as per these specifications. 2510. laying and compacting the filter and stone pitching of dry rubble/cement concrete block rivetment for embankment slopes to the specified thickness. putting to the profiles. The contract unit rate for rubble stone/cement concrete block flooring shall include the cost of all material. Excavation beyond this depth shall be paid for separately unless other specified. For laying apron. tools. tools and plant for completing the work according to above specifications. RATE The contract unit rate for the construction of embankment for guide bund shall cover the cost of all materials including transportation.Sabarmati River front development Corporation Page 117 of 117 be measured in cubic metres for each class of material. curves. lines. laying. sampling and testing. excavation upto an average depth of 150 mm shall be deemed to be included in the main item and shall not be measured separately unless otherwise specified. slopes and levels and all labour and materials as well as tools and plant required for the work.