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Strength of Materials - Part 1

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Chapters
Home Topics Chapter 1 : Simple Stress and Strain Chapter 2 : Principal Stresses and Strains Chapter 3 : Bending Moment and Shear Force Diagrams Chapter 3 : Part 2 Chapter 4 : Simple Bending of Beams Chapter 5 : Torsion Chapter 6 : Thin Cylinders and Spheres Chapter 7 : Columns and Struts Chapter 8 : Slope and Deflection

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Chapter 8 : Slope and Deflection

8.1 RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MOMENT, SLOPE AND DEFLECTION The curvature of a curve y = f() of radius R is given by,

8.2 MACAULAY’S METHOD OF INTEGRATION This method is suitable for beams subjected to concentrated loads and can be extended to uniformly distributed loads also. It consists of successive integration of expressions for bending moment in such a way that same constants of integration are valid for all portions of the beam even though the law of bending moment differs from portion to portion. The following procedure is adopted to apply this method: 1. Write the general expression for the bending moment covering all the loads just before the right hand support. 2. A bracket is disregarded when for a particular value of x the contents of the bracket becomes negative. 3. The bracket terms must be kept intact and not multiplied out until a numerical substitution is made for x. 4. If there is a uniformly distributed load starting anywhere and extending upto the right and then the general equation for bending moment will hold good for the entire beam. However,

3/6/13 Chapter 8 : Slope and Deflection | Strength of Materials .2. ptumech. and an equal and opposite load may be added to counteract the effect due to the additional load.loremate. 8.com/som1/node/10 2/14 .1 Concentrated Load on a Simply Supported Beam Consider a simply supported beam AB of span 1 carrying concentrated load W at C at a distance ‘a’ from left end support. the load may be extended upto the right end.Part 1 if the load does not extend upto the right end.

loremate.3/6/13 Chapter 8 : Slope and Deflection | Strength of Materials .com/som1/node/10 3/14 .Part 1 ptumech.

3/6/13 Chapter 8 : Slope and Deflection | Strength of Materials .Part 1 8.com/som1/node/10 4/14 . simply supported at the ends and carrying a uniformly distributed load of intensity w per unit length.2.2 Uniformly Distributed Load on Simply Supported Beam Consider beam AB of length 1.2.loremate. as shown in Fig. The bending moment at a section x — x is ptumech. 8.

Bending moment at adistance x from the free end is Consider a cantilever beam AB of span 1carrying uniformly distributed loadof intensity to per unit length over the whole span.3 Concentrated Load at the Free end of a Cantilever Consider a cantilever beam AB of span 1carrying concentrated load W at the free end. 8. 8.Part 1 8.loremate. as shownin Fig.2.4. The bending moment at a distance x from free end A is ptumech.3. a shown in Fig.com/som1/node/10 5/14 .3/6/13 Chapter 8 : Slope and Deflection | Strength of Materials .

com/som1/node/10 6/14 .5. The bending moment at a distance x from thefree end is.2.Part 1 8.loremate. ptumech.3/6/13 Chapter 8 : Slope and Deflection | Strength of Materials . 8. as shown in Fig.5 Cantilever Carrying a Concentrated Load not at the Free End Consider a cantilever AB of span 1 carrying a concentrated load W at a distance‘a’ from the free end A.

loremate. 15 m long is simply supported at the ends. Moment of inertia of the beam about the neutral axis is 15 x 10 m4 and E = 200 GPa.3/6/13 Chapter 8 : Slope and Deflection | Strength of Materials . A beam AB. ptumech.Part 1 Example 8.1. Calculate the deflection of the beam under the two loads. It carries two concentrated loads of 900 kN and 60 kN at 4m and lOm respectively from the left end.com/som1/node/10 7/14 .

Solution. 8. as shown in Fig. simply supported at the ends. If E = 210 GPa and I = 1 x 104m4 calculate the deflection at the centre.7 (a).7 (h). It is loaded as shown in Fig.3/6/13 Chapter 8 : Slope and Deflection | Strength of Materials . ptumech.loremate.Part 1 Example 8.2 A beam AB. is 5m long.com/som1/node/10 8/14 . 8. The udi has been extended to the end B and an equal and opposite udi is applied on the span DB.

loremate.com/som1/node/10 9/14 .Part 1 ptumech.3/6/13 Chapter 8 : Slope and Deflection | Strength of Materials .

Part 1 ptumech.loremate.com/som1/node/10 10/14 .3/6/13 Chapter 8 : Slope and Deflection | Strength of Materials .

com/som1/node/10 11/14 .Part 1 This webpage is not available ptumech.3/6/13 Chapter 8 : Slope and Deflection | Strength of Materials .loremate.

Part 1 ptumech.3/6/13 Chapter 8 : Slope and Deflection | Strength of Materials .com/som1/node/10 12/14 .loremate.

3/6/13 Chapter 8 : Slope and Deflection | Strength of Materials .Part 1 ptumech.com/som1/node/10 13/14 .loremate.

loremate.com/som1/node/10 14/14 .3/6/13 Chapter 8 : Slope and Deflection | Strength of Materials .Part 1 ptumech.