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Dylan Butcher MAE 240 8/14/12 ZNE House After spending a year actually paying for my electric bills, and

utilities, it became apparent that moving to a zero-net-energy house was a necessity. After searching the market and finding houses that were not satisfactory, and most likely designed by University of Arizona graduates, I decided to simply design my own ZNE house. My house is located on an acre of land in Phoenix, AZ. It is 2400 sq. ft, and is powered using solar energy. After installing 137 solar panels across my roof, I needed to install an additional 1128 panels on my property, which ended up accounting for 0.50579 acres of my 1 acre lot. My house is a 3 bedroom, 2 bath home, with an open floor plan. There is a 16x20 ft kitchen with and island, a 10x16 ft laundry room with a washer and dryer, an open living room and dining area, and a supply closet with an electric water heater. The entire house is kept cool by a 4 ton central air conditioner. The master bedroom is 16x20ft, with a walk in closet, and a 6x12 ft master bath. The other two bedrooms are 20x10 ft, and share a 6x10 ft bathroom. In the living room, I had to account for the power usage of a central light, a television, an entertainment center, and an Xbox 360, along with the heat loss through two windows each with an area of 2.973 m 2 . The two guest bedrooms had another two lights using energy, along with an Xbox 360 in each room, and heat loss through three total windows, each with an area of 1.858 m 2 . In the master bedroom, I had power from a light in the room and one in the closet, a television, and heat loss through a window with an area of 2.973 m 2 . The bathrooms each had power from a vanity light and shower light, a fan, and heat loss through a window with an area of 0.3303 m 2 . For my dining room, I had power from a chandelier. In the kitchen, there was heat loss through a window with an area of 1.858 m 2 , and power usage from a fridge, an electric range, a dishwasher, a microwave, a blender, a toaster, and lighting. In the laundry room, there was power usage from a light, the washer, the dryer, and a clothes iron. In my supply closet, the power was used by the water heater. In addition to this, there was power from a few hallway lights, a vacuum, a few phone chargers, and a laptop charger. After calculating everything inside the house that used power, in addition to the air conditioner, I found the total power usage to be 49922.6 W. However, this value did not factor in the heat loss of my house, which I maintained at a temperature of 78 °F or 25.56 °C . First, I found the heat loss based on the hottest day, which I used to be 118 °F or 47.78 °C . For my windows, the total heat lost was -117.3991 W. On a cold day with a temperature of 34 °F or 1.11 °C , the total heat loss through windows was 129.18 W. Next, I accounted for the heat lost through my wall, which were made of drywall, insulation, and brick. I found on a hot day, that the heat lost was -697.2952 W, and on a cold day, the heat lost was 767.2735 W. Finally, I found the heat lost through my front door, which was -60.73 W on a hot day, and 66.828 W on a cold day. Summing up these values, I found the total heat loss on a hot day for my house to be -875.4243 W, which was my Qin , and

I was pleased with how my zero net energy house turned out.2815 W.1%. Applying the energy balance equation I was able to calculate Win on a hot day to be 50798.0243 W. Based on the size of my house. Overall. Given the amount of panels and the area of each panel.40425 ft 2 . which was my Qout . Based on this value.Butcher 2 on a cold day to be 963. The values obtained can be found in the appendix. along with citations to the sources where I found my equations.45069 acres. which did not seem too substantial. and 1128 panels on a cold day. I was able to find that for each panel with an area of 17. Knowing I was using 250 W solar panels with an efficiency of 16. . I was able to calculate that on a hot day I needed to have 1126 panels next to my house. providing 5514.25 W. in order have a zero net energy house. which when added to my house would be a total of 0. and 50885. and power consumption of my house.25 W. The size of the solar panels ended up factoring for half of my acre. I was able to find that the panels would take up 0. I was able to fit 137 panels on my roof.8815 W on a cold day.50579 acres of my 1 acre lot. I was able to yield 40.

Butcher 3 Appendix Item 40” Samsung UN40EH5300F GE Energy Star Refrigerator Model # PSDW3YGXSS GE Front load washer Model # GFWH2400LWW GE dishwasher Model # PDWT505VBB GE Electric Dryer Model # GFDN240ELWW Lithonia Lighting Model # FM72 ACLR LP M4 Xbox 360 LG Electric Range Model # LRE3012ST Dining table chandelier Model # ESS8115-3 Hampton bay bathroom lights Model # HB207735 Kitchen Island lights Model # 20964A Hampton bay tracking light Model # EC736WH Lithonia ceiling light Model # 11983 BNP Front porch lights Model # P549431STR Hampton Bay Number of Items 4 1 1 1 1 4 3 1 1 2 Energy usage per item 33 W 1800 W 2400 W 1092 W 5280 W 72 W 135 W 12000 W 300 W 100 W Total Energy usage 132 W 1800 W 2400 W 1092 W 5280 W 288 W 405 W 12000 W 300 W 200 W 1 6 2 2 5 120 W 75 W 55 W 18 W 13 W 120 W 450 W 110 W 36 W 65 W .

828 W Hot: -697.18 W Hot: -60.6 W 1 1 1 1 1 2 3 1 1 975 W 1600 W 600 W 1500 W 780 W 45 W 5W 85 W 1000 W 975 W 1600 W 600 W 1500 W 780 W 90 W 15 W 85 W 1000 W 1 4500 W 4500 W 1 ton 5 2 3 3517 W 14068 W Total for windows Hot: -117.73 W Cold: 66.Butcher 4 Sconce Model # DMQ8411PM Whisper Sense Bathroom fan Model # FV08VQC5 GE Microwave Model # PSA2201RSS GE 4 Slice toaster Model # 169211 GE Blender Model # 169202 GE Iron Model # 169233 Dyson vacuum Model # 20498-01 Shower lighting Model # LK5LMW iPhone Charger MacBook Pro Charger Samsung Home Entertainment system Model # HT-E6500W/ZA Marathon 85 Gal Electric Water Heater Model # MR85245 Air Conditioning 4 ton Window 60in x 48 in Model # Sierra SLD GRID 5040 Bathroom Window 32in x 16in Model # PV-HOP Window 96in x 48in Model # Sierra 2VSLD GRID 8040 Front door 36in x 80 in Owens Cornering 2 15.8 W 31.2952 W 1 2000 ft 2 .3991 W Cold: 129.

56=5.3991W Cold Day ( TO = 34°F ): hL = 129.26 Þ u = R-1 = 0.Wout .5597W Cold Day ( TO = 34°F ): hL = (1.9)+0.858 m 2 Hot Day ( TO = 118°F ): hL = (1.56° C .0785m2 )(0.8581 m 2 and u-factor of 1.973m2 )(0.471)(25.56° C .56° C .858m2 )(0.Awindows .4968W Cold Day ( TO = 34°F ): hL = (2.11° C ) = 20.89 ft 2 = 165.56° C .2+0.Butcher 5 Foamular F-250 insulation with R value 5.28)(25.11° C) = 12.TO ) For windows Low-E windows.11° C) = 66.56° C .1901 Cold: 767. drywall Total without heat loss Total on a hot day Total on a cold day Equations Heat Loss: hL = Au(TI .4243 W Total Heat loss on a Cold Day = 963.78° C) = -18.28)(25.78° C ) = -11.56° C .47.6 W 50798.471 Hot Day ( TO = 118°F ): hL = (1.78° C) = -697.73W Cold Day ( TO = 34°F ): hL = (1.0785m2 )(0.2612W 3 windows with area of 2.858m2 )(0.56° C .28)(25.47.28 5 windows with area of 1.11° C ) = 767.1.1.2815 W Total Energy: DE = Qin .3303m2 )(0.3532W Total Heat loss through windows Hot Day ( TO = 118°F ): hL = -117.471)(25.1.203.Qout + Win .20 ft 2 = 1776.1.78° C ) = -2.47.28)(25.05499W Cold Day ( TO = 34°F ): hL = (0.8815 W Awalls = Ph .56° C .2952W Cold Day ( TO = 34°F ): hL = (2165. dry wall.828W Total Heat loss on a Hot Day = -875.18W For walls (with insulation. and brick exterior) R= 5(.858m2 )(1.2735W For front door with area of 1. with u-factor of 0.47.1.0243 W 50885.0785m2 Hot Day ( TO = 118°F ): hL = (165.11 ft 2 .858m2 )(1. retaining 90%.3303m2 )(0.78° C) = -60.28)(25.Adoor = (200 ft )(10 ft ) .1901)(25.2735 W 49922.56° C .7199W 2 windows with area of 0.3303 m 2 Hot Day ( TO = 118°F ): hL = (0.11° C) = 2.47.28)(25.973m2 )(0.1901)(25. brick.973 m 2 Hot Day ( TO = 118°F ): hL = (2.56° C .

2815 + 49922.0551 Acre Area of panels off home = (1128 panels)(17. for a wattage of 5514. number of panels needed is 45283.5514.8815W 250 W Solar Panel with efficiency of 16.50579 Acre of my 1 Acre lot.25 = = 1125.25W On a cold day.1% yields 40.40425 ft 2 Areahouse 2400 ft 2 # of Panels on the roof of my house is = = 137.0243 .25 = = 1127.Wout Þ Win = 875.25 W.6315W 50885. I can fit 137 panels on my roof.Wout Þ 0 = Qin .40425 ft 2 per panel)=19631.Qout + Win .40425 ft 2 Based on this.Qout + Win .0243W For a Cold Day DE = Qin .8815 .994 ft 2 = 0.Butcher 6 For a Hot Day DE = Qin . number of panels needed is 45371.6 = 50885. On a hot day.7743W 50798.Wout Þ Win = 963.Wout Þ 0 = 0 .897 Area panel 17.4243 + 49922.06 panels =1126 panels 40. .6 = 50798.5514.25 panels =1128 panels 40.Qout + Win .25W Area of house = 2400 ft 2 =0.25 W per panel Area of Panel is 17.0 + Win .45069 Acres My house and the solar panels take up 0.

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