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RESULTS OF THE LABOUR COST SURVEY 2004 and 2008

No:231 December 30, 2009The purpose of the labour cost surveys is to give information on total labour cost of employment 10:00to the employer and shares of these cost items within total labour cost, to meet the demands on labour cost data and to produce estimations in accordance with international standards and country conditions. Therefore, it is aimed to conduct labour cost surveys in four yearly intervals simultaneously with European Union countries. The first labour cost survey was carried out by Turkish Statistical Institute in 2005 with the reference year of 2004. The second application of the four yearly surveys was realized in 2009 with the reference year of 2008. Labour Cost Survey 2004 was implemented covering the C-K sections of the European Union Economic Activity Classification (NACE Rev.1.1) in 19 036 establishments selected by sampling method. Labour Cost Survey 2008 was carried out by extending the economic activity coverage to the C-K and M-O sections of the same classification in 24 572 establishments selected by sampling method. Persons employed as wage and salary earners are covered in the labour cost surveys.

Wage payments have the greatest share within labour cost with 75,4% in 2008.
Monthly average labour cost is estimated as 1 388 TRY for the reference year 2004 and 1 833 TRY for the reference year 2008. As the components of labour cost is listed as wage payments, other payments to employees (irregular payments like bonuses and premiums which are not paid in each month, in kind payments and payments made to employee’s saving schemes), social security payments and other labour cost payments, it is observed that the greatest share within labour cost attributes to wage payments. This share is estimated as 69,4% in 2004 and 75,4% in 2008. As the survey results are explored by economic activity, it is seen that the share of other payments to employees is generally decreased. This ratio is estimated as 13% in 2004 and 6,3% in 2008. The share of social security payments within labour cost is realized as 16,9% in 2004 and 17,6% in 2008. The proportion of other labour cost payments is observed as 0,6% in both reference years.

Labour cost components

www.turkstat.gov.t r

69,4

13,0 16,9 0,6

wage payments

2004

other payments to employees
75,4 6,3 17,6 0,6

social security payments other labour cost payments

2008

0%

50%

100%

Necatibey Cad. No: 114 06100-ANKARA Phone: 0312 410 04 10 Fax: 0312 425 33 87 E-mail: info@tuik.gov.tr TRT Teletext: 590. Page SMS: 3737HKGE

6 936 1 264 1 277 1 597 activities 4. voluntary social security payments.9 6.tr TRT Teletext: 590. The proportion of irregular payments within earnings is estimated as 10.9% in 2004 and 2008 respectively. www.6 42. The greatest share within social security payments pertained to the statutory payments with 82. it is seen that the shares of irregular payments and in kind payments within earnings are generally decreased. The compulsory payments have the greatest share within social security payments.1% and 1.0 1 949 3 156 3 031 4 264 (J) Financial intermediation (K) Real estate.0 43.2 2 214 .2 43.7 4. repair of motor vehicles.5% in 2008.1 630 (M) Education 5.0 964 1 383 1 388 1 833 Total 2.2 40.2 36.gov. renting and business 4. social and personal service activities 41. Payments made for days worked constitute the 75.2 2 288 .2 9.7 44. Page SMS: 3737HKGE .6 630 981 849 1 254 (H) Hotels and restaurants 9. This sector is followed by electricity. motorcycles and 43.5 41.6 43. gas and water supply 43.7 782 1 154 1 129 1 576 (D) Manufacturing 3.1 919 (N) Health and social work (O) Other community. Necatibey Cad. While the lowest monthly average labour cost is in hotels and restaurants economic activity in 2004 with 849 TRY. N and O activities are not covered in 2004 application. storage and 8.9 42.0 39.0 41. statutory social security payments.5 40.9 42.3 2.0 1 993 .1 42. The share of in kind payments is realized as 5.6 4.1.9% in 2008.3% of earnings in 2004 and 2008 respectively.tr The highest share pertained to the payments made for days worked within components of earnings.3% in 2004 and 16.4 686 844 920 1 055 (F) Construction (G) Wholesale and retail trade. The lowest monthly average labour cost pertained to the construction sector with 1 055 TRY in 2008.1 669 Not: Total figures are not comparable since M.5% in 2008. The lowest labour cost pertained to the construction sector with 1 055 TRY in 2008.turkstat.9 42.4 1.0 100.7 1.4% and 83.4 984 1 466 1 585 2 222 (C) Mining and quarrying 47.9 5. As the survey results are explored by economic activity.0 41.1 42.The highest labour cost is observed in the economic activity of financial intermediation.2% in 2004 and 80. severance and termination payments and other social security payments.3 100.5% in 2004 and as 5.1) 42. As the monthly average labour cost is investigated by economic activity of the establishment. No: 114 06100-ANKARA Phone: 0312 410 04 10 Fax: 0312 425 33 87 E-mail: info@tuik.0 15.0 38. Actual weekly working hours and monthly average labour cost by economic activity of establishment The Monthly Actual weekly distribution average gross Monthly average working hours of employees wage labour cost 2004 2008 2004 2008 2004 2008 2004 2008 (%) (hour) (TRY) Economic activity (NACE Rev.3 41. gas and water supply sector 2 116 TRY in 2004 and 3 593 TRY in 2008. the highest labour cost is observed in financial intermediation economic activity in both 2004 and 2008 with the figures 3 031 TRY and 4 264 TRY respectively.gov. This sector is followed by hotels and restaurants sector with 1 254 TRY in 2008.4 1 278 1 857 1 762 2 558 (I) Transport. The share of severance and termination payments is estimated as 15.2 40. this sector is followed by construction sector with 920 TRY in the same year.0 13.0 826 1 316 1 146 1 725 personal and household goods 3.3 7. The components of social security payments are.0 1 514 2 506 2 116 3 593 (E) Electricity.