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Synopsis on

A Fair Fare System
Is submitted in partial fulfilments of the requirement of the Degree B.E (Electronics & Telecommunication Engineering)

By ANAND SIVASUBRAMANIAN SURAJ R IYER PRITAM V KADAM JAGDISH SOGAM

Under the guidance of Mrs. GAURI GORBAL

Department of Electronics and Telecommunications Engineering
Shivajirao S. Jondhale College of Engineering Dombivali (E)

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JONDHLE COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING DOMBIVALI (E) CERTIFICATE This is to certify that the following students have submitted the synopsis of the project entitled “A Fair Fare System” in partial fulfilment for BE (Electronics & Telecommunication) degree semester VII during the academic year 2011-12 as prescribed by University of Mumbai. ANAND SIVASUBRAMANIAN SURAJ R IYER PRITAM V KADAM JAGDISH SOGAM PROJECT GUIDE EXTERNAL EXAMINAR EXAMINAR INTERNAL HEAD OF DEPARTMENT PRINCIPAL 2 .Samarth Samaj’s SHIVAJIRAO S.

Top to bottom everyone looks for the place to earn extra money.ABSTRACT As we all know that there is cheating & corruption all around. The drivers get away with their devious plan because the current meter calculates fare based on the rotation of the vehicle. 3 . easy money. in other words. Hate to admit this but auto rickshaw meter tampering in India is quite common. Finally the burden comes on the shoulder of the middle class public. This system can be easily tampered with. And big amount they pay extra as fare.

5 6 8 10 12 13 16 17 4 .INDEX Serial No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Title INTRODUCTION LITERATURE SURVEY PROBLEM STATEMENT PROPOSED WORK EXPECTED RESULTS WORK PLAN CONCLUSION REFERENCES Page. No.

INTRODUCTION An auto rickshaw/Taxi is a vehicle for hire and it is one of the chief modes of transportation in India. A large number of people use these vehicles for their daily transportation and every time they pay extra amount as fare because there is no check on the reading of meter available. Hence it is necessary that we should have something that can cross check the reading of the meter and guide us the right fare amount. This daily problem of the public encouraged us to work in this area and we came with an idea of FAIR FARE SYSTEM for social benefit of all. 5 .

Meters were soon relocated inside the taxi. this sign is called a "banderita" (little flag). in which a little flag was turned to wind up the mechanism. and the Daimler Victoria—the world's first meter-equipped (and gasoline-powered) taxicab—was built by Gottlieb Daimler in 1897. In Argentina. The flag would be hidden at the start of a trip and moved to the visible position at the end. a carryover term from the days of mechanical taximeters. doing away with the once-familiar ticking sound of the meter's timing mechanism.LITERATURE SURVEY A Typical Meter used in autos and taxis A taximeter is a mechanical or electronic device installed in taxicabs and auto rickshaws that calculates passenger fares based on a combination of distance travelled and waiting time. above the driver's side front wheel. It is the shortened form of the word "taxicab" that gives the "taximeter" its name. The modern taximeter was invented by German Wilhel Bruhn in 1891. In some locations. 6 . Taximeters were originally mechanical and mounted outside the cab. and in the 1980s electronic meters were introduced. taxicabs display a small illuminated sign indicating if they are free (available).

Technically.Tampering of the meter The meter box of taxis and autos originally comprise of a 68-toothed wheel which is later replaced with a 56-toothed one (inset). Locals are agitated with the issue since they claim that the union hasn’t taken up this matter and has only raised issues concerning with livelihood and hardships of the auto men. which indirectly raises the rate on the meter box. 7 . the 68-teeth wheel takes more time to circle than the 56-teeth wheel.

PROBLEM STATEMENT Existing System The calculation of fare amount is calculated on the basis of number of wheel rotations of the vehicle. 8 . auto drivers do not install the costlier versions and stick to the ancient mechanical technology which can be tampered. Increases corruption and malpractices in society. Drawbacks of the Existing System     Tampering of the current system is very easy Passengers are forced to pay extra. Though Untamperable Electronic Meters are available in the market. they are very costly and so. If the driver has tampered the meter. the passengers are forced to pay the extra money unknowingly. There is no such system available which can check whether the calculation shown by the meter is correct or not. Creates burden on the pocket of the public. the fare amount shown will be high but as no crosschecking is done.

Now passenger can cross check the fare amount between mobile reading and the meter reading. If there is difference. 9 . then one can easily point out that there is tampering with the meter. This data can be received on the mobile of passenger after pairing their mobile with the Bluetooth device of the meter with the help of the meter ID printed on the meter The software in the mobile will calculate the fare amount on the basis of the data received by the meter. The passenger will pay as per the mobile reading only.PROPOSED SYSTEM Our proposed system will have a circuit inbuilt in the existing meter and will send the count of wheel rotation on Bluetooth frequency with the help of Bluetooth modem.

Performing various basic tests to test the PCBs. Developing a Block Diagram. Mounting and soldering the components. Developing Flow Chart and Data Flow Diagram for Mobile Side Software. Testing circuits in Lab and finalizing. Understanding the need and usability in industry and society. Designing Circuits of individual blocks. Testing and Debugging the program. Writing the software program. Developing the PCB on PC and getting it printed from the market. Developing a Flowchart for the entire process. Documentation 10 . Finally running the system and. Compiling .PROPOSED WORK The following will be the development steps so as to achieve the working prototype model of the above proposed system:               Defining the problem.

4. Embedded C-Keil compiler 2. 3.Hardware and Software Requirements Hardware Requirements:1. J2ME Based Mobile MIDlet programming 3. Bluetooth Programming JSR 82 11 . 2. 89C52 Microcontroller 16x2 Liquid Crystal Display Bluetooth Modem IR Receiver & Transmitter Software Requirements:1.

The Software in the Mobile Phone calculates the fare according to the data received and the passenger can cross check with the reading on the meter. It is then sent to the Bluetooth enabled mobile phone.EXPECTED RESULTS 1. 12 . 2. The actual rotation of the wheel is counted by our system. 3.

WORK PLAN We divide the proposed system into the following sub modules: 13 .

The block diagram of our proposed system is as follows:- 14 .

Algorithm of the proposed system 15 .

This will give the complete knowledge of designing microcontroller based system and developing embedded software We will also learn the software development strategies and various programming techniques for Mobile based applications APPLICATIONS The proposed system can be installed and used for public transport services like auto rickshaws and taxis LIMITATIONS & ENHANCEMENTS As every system in this world has some limitations. FARE chart can be integrated 16 . The following enhancements can be done:   Automatic complaint launching for tampered meter can be introduced. here are some listed for our proposed system:   The passenger must have Bluetooth enabled handset The passenger must have the software installed on his handset There is always scope for future enhancements in our system as Research &Development is an infinite process.CONCLUSION By realization of the above proposed system one can learn many aspects of a digital electronic circuit.

com Software Books & websites   Brian W. Page:342.beyondlogic. Jain . Prentice-Hall.org www.236.keil. page:183-193. Page:342.com www. the C programming language. edition 2002. The 8051 Microcontroller Architecture. Janice Gillispie Mazidi.417.com www. Op-Amp & Linear Integrated Circuits. Prentice-hall.Prentice-Hall. Pont. ISBN 1-59059-479-7 F. Programming & Applications.electronic-circuits-diagrams. Tata McGraw-hill. Newnes.com www.417. 8051 Microcontroller & Embedded Systems. Digital Electronics. Tata Mc-Graw-hill www.com www. Other Books & Websites     www. Embedded C.243 Dogan Ibrahim.com 17 . P. Louis Nashelsky. 1st Edition 1988. Dennis M. Electronics Device & circuit Theory. Ayala.circuitstoday.com www. Edition 1999. Boylestad. 10th Edition. page:57-87.455 R. page:29-16 Kenneth J. Beginning J2ME: From Novice to Professional.electronicsforu.wekipedia.discovercickets. Programming & Customizing the 8051 Microcontroller.circuitlake.com Electronics Books & Websites     Ramakant A. 4th Edition. 3rd Edition 2005.455 Robert L. Gayakwad.com www. page:157-167 Muhammad Ali Mazidi. Ritchie. addition Wesley. ISBN 0-13-110370-9 SING LI & JONATHAN KNUDSEN. Prentice-Hall. West Publishing Company.217 www.hobbyprojects.REFERENCES Embedded Books & Websites       Myke Predko.alldatasheets. Kernighan. page:131-197 Michael J. Microcontroller Projects in C for the 8051. Prentice-hall.