You are on page 1of 21

EEB 5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation and Control Systems y

• Process/Industrial Instrumentation and Measurements • Automation • DCS and Fieldbus
Dr. Rosdiazli Ibrahim Department of Electrical & Electronics Engineering Universiti Teknologi PETRONAS 22.03.22 Email: rosdiazli@petronas.com.my p y Tel: 05-368 7821
EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems

Topic 1.11.1- 1

Topics-Part 1:
1. Basic Concepts p of Measurement System y 2. Calibration 3. Temperature Measurements 4. Pressure Measurements 5. Flow rate Measurements 6. Level Measurements 7. Loop p drawing/connections g/

TopicsTopics-Part 2:
1. 2. 3. PLC: Features PLC programming languages: IEC1131 Sequential/batch/ continuous processes

TopicsTopics -Part 3:
1. 2. DCS Fieldbus

Assessments:
•50% - Final examination •20% - Test (10% X 2). •10 % - Assignments (5% x 2). •15% - Lab reports: Each from Part 1 & 2. 2 •5% - Quizzes
EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems

Topic 1.11.1- 2

industrial controllers such as computer-based control.3 . d t Th These include i l d a study on industrial sensors and actuators. theory and practical. Learning Outcomes that h students d are expected d to achieve hi after f successfully completing the course Process . • Be able to design and develop a control loop consisting the process instruments based on a prescribed instruments. and its improvement over the conventional DCS.& Meas. . d ti and d th the features and architecture of a Foundation Fieldbus system.The course syllabus is designed to provide students in the key and base areas of industrial automation. and batch control. t ti • Be able to develop a PLC program to perform sequential. calibration and configuration requirements and their applications. • Have knowledge and understanding of the PLC architecture and its i importance t i in automation. • Have knowledge and understanding of a DCS and its use in i process i industries. DCS and FF.11. Automation The learning outcomes related to Automation and the implementation of Programmable logic controller DCS and Foundation Fieldbus The learning outcomes related to DCS and Foundation Fieldbus use in process industries. Industrial Instr. EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Topic 1. The learning outcomes related to Industrial instruments and Measurements • Have knowledge and understanding of the various process industry instruments. concept of measurements. PLC.1. Synopsis This course cover topics related to measurements (PLTF) and d automation t ti i in th the process i industry. using mixed-mode delivery comprises of lecture-tutoriallab activities that covers the technical. requirement.

• Design and implementation of a simple control loop. V V-V. wiring. • EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Topic 1. configuration fi i of f transmitters.Learning Outcomes To achieve the following Learning Outcomes: • Have knowledge and understanding of the various process industry instruments.mA-V • • Assessment criteria: • Assessment criteria: • Applications and selections of sensors and actuators used in industries Pressure Level Temperature Flow Design and implement a simple control loop. calibration and configuration requirements of different process industry instruments and their applications. i t t based b d on a prescribed ib d requirement. selection and installation. Assessment Criteria Assessment criteria: To demonstrate student has achieved the learning outcomes • Describe the measuring principles.4 . Industrial Instrumentation & Measurement Assessment criteria: • Basic concepts of measurements • Process control terminologies • Calibration Lab experiences • Calibration. controllers.1. recorders and other peripherals.L. i t . calibration and configuration requirements and their applications.11. the concept of measurements.V-mA.F to mA.T. Assessment criteria: • Signal Conditioning P. • Design and develop a control loop using the relevant instruments to meet specifications Process . • Be able to design and develop a control loop consisting the process instruments.

and a batch control. and its importance in automation. electropneumatic l i systems. Programming sequence function charts and Grafcet. • Be able to develop a PLC program to perform a sequential.Learning Outcomes To achieve the following Learning Outcomes: • Have knowledge and understanding of the PLC architecture and its importance in automation. and logical operation. and use the appropriate instructions t write to it a program to t perform f specific ifi task t k in i particular ti l sequential process in automation/process plant. Implementation of PLCs for sequential/batch control • • EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Topic 1. • Design and implementation of PLC system in automation/proces s control. peripheral equipments. Sensors and actuators for automation • PLC architecture: CPU. and a batch process. design. counters. I/O modules. arithmetic function. • Develop. • Applications and selections of sensors and actuators used in industries • Software structure of a PLC • Programming • PLC internal architecture: Timers. Advanced instruction sets. and logical operation. counters. Automation Hardware structure of a PLC • Lab experiences • Sequential control. .11.5 . i Review PLC internal architecture: Timers. Ad anced instruction Advanced inst ction sets sets. arithmetic function. . conveyor belt systems. Assessment Criteria Assessment criteria: To demonstrate student has achieved the learning outcomes • Describe and discuss the architecture and input-output features of a PLC.1.

hit t the th control t l configurations fi ti and d its it improvement over the conventional DCS architecture. . FF Topologies Interoperability. • Have knowledge and understanding of a DCS and its use in process industries. DCS & Foundation Fieldbus MMI • DCS • Fieldbus • Explain the man-machine interface and the features of a control room. Reliability CIF Simple implementation example • • • • EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Topic 1. Describe the overall layout of a fieldbus system used in industry. Describe the structure of a DCS and its use in process plant and other industries.11. and its improvement over the conventional DCS . and the features and architecture of a Fieldbus system. • Describe the various components of a typical fieldbus architecture.1.6 . its benefits and limitations.Learning Outcomes To achieve the following Learning Outcomes: Assessment Criteria Assessment criteria: To demonstrate student has achieved the learning outcomes • Explain the structure of a DCS and its use in process industries.

C ll “Instrumentation “I t t ti for f Engineering Measurements”.7 . Pearson. O.11. D ll Ril Riley & M Mc Connell. Johnson. Wiley E. Dally. E O Doebelin. EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Topic 1.1.”Process h ” Control l Instrumentation Technology”. Doebelin “Measurement Measurement Systems Application and Design”. Mc Graw Hill.References: Curtis D.

P.1. •Design and implementation of a simple control loop Lab Part 2 (week 88 11): •PLC for sequential control – conveyor belt system. transmitter etc.L.Lab Part 1 (week 2.11.F. electropneumatic actuators.7): •Process Instrumentation for T. using single station controller. actuators •Design and implementation of PLC in automation EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Topic 1. recorder.8 .

formal reports and continuous assessments. Calibration of transmitters (T) Configuration of Controller & Recorder LOOP design & interconnection 2 weeks 3 weeks 1 week 2 weeks Conveyor belt system & PLC Electropneumatic actuators & PLC Lab Briefing & Grouping Calibration of transmitters (P L (P. L.. F) 1 week TEST 1 ASSIGNMENT 1 TEST 2 ASSIGNMENT 2 Formal Lab Report Calibration.11..Emphasize learning through the accessibility to lab-based activities using real instruments.9 .1. Configuration and Loop design EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Formal Lab Report PLC and Electropneumatic systems Topic 1.

10 .11.1. EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Topic 1. • General Measurement System A measurement assigns a specific value to a physical variable measured variables.Concepts of Measurements Basic Concepts of Measurement Systems • Obj i of Objective f measurements To establish the value or the tendency of some variable based on the value or the tendency suggested by the measurement device. variable.

1.11.11 .A Measurement System Sensor Stage Transducer Stage Signal Conditioning Process Control Stage Output Stage A general template for a measurement system EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Topic 1.

11.12 .Components for Measurements • Sensor – Sensor is a physical element that uses some natural phenomenon to sense the variable being measured – Sensor selection. and installation are particularly important. because the input to the measurement system is the information sensed by the sensor – The interpretation of all information passed through and indicated by the system depends on that which is actually sensed by the sensor EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Topic 1. . .1.p placement.

mechanical. such as electrical. optical or otherwise – Convert the sensed information into a form that can be easily yq quantified – The term “transducer” often used in reference to a packaged device.13 . . may contain a sensor.11. transducer. . and even some signal g conditioning g elements EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Topic 1.Components for Measurements Transducer – The transducer converts the sensed information into a detectable signal g form.1.

Components for Measurements • Signal Conditioning – It will take the transducer signal and modifies it to a desired form – This optional intermediate stage might be used to perform task such as • to increase the magnitude g of the signal g through g amplification • to remove some portions of the signal through some filtering g technique q • to provide mechanical/optical linkage between transducer and output stage EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Topic 1.14 .1.11.

1.15 . EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Topic 1.11. – The equipment might be a simple readout display or a marked scale or it might g contain a device that can record the signal g for later analysis.Components for Measurements • Output stage – This stage g p provides an indication of the value of the measurement.

11. – This decision results in a change in a process parameter that effects the magnitude of the sensed value EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Topic 1.1.Components for Measurements • Control stage – This stage contains a controller that interprets the measured signal and makes a decisions regarding the control of the process.16 .

T needed for implementation of automatic control.In process control … • Puts emphasis on the four (4) major control variables in process control.L. and the importance of correct measurements.17 . P. controller. in a control system.F. l • Allows investigation on the limitations of instruments for process control control. EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Topic 1. and recorders in the control loop to achieve a required control.1. • Allows the application of transmitters.11.

Signal conditioning : Digital I/Os 4-20mA Output terminal Digital output from block DCS 24VDC 24VDC DCS alve Open command Input terminal block 24VDC 24VDC Digital input to DCS To client PC EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Topic 1.11.18 .1.

Signal conditioning : Analog I/Os Input terminal block 4-20mA Signal conditioner To client PC DCS 4-20mA Pressure transmitter 0-10V 4-20mA Flow transmitter 4-20mA Temperature transmitter Output O t t terminal t i l block 4-20mA Signal conditioner To client PC DCS 4-20mA 0-10V 4-20mA Control valve 1 Control valve 2 EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Topic 1.19 .1.11.

20 . Known Past P f Performance Design Features Supplier Backup.S l i of Selection f Process P Instruments I The influential factors that determine the selection of p process instruments for process plant • • • • • • • Size or Range Operating Conditions Cost Compatibility p y Standardisation Delivery Life Expectancy p y • • • • • Certification by Government A Agencies i Maintenance Capability Confidence. Credibility End of Lecture notes on Basic Concepts of Measurements EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Topic 1.11.1.

1.11.21 .Questions? EEB5223/EAB4223 Industrial Automation & Control Systems Topic 1.