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Standard for Construction and Acceptance of Oil and Natural Gas Pipeline Project SY 0401 - 98

Compiler: Chine Oil/Gas Pipeline Bureau Project Construction Corporation Approving authority: National Petroleum and Chemistry Industrial Bureau

Petroleum Industry Publishing Firm
1999 Bei Jing

China Petroleum Standardization Committee (CPSC)

Catalogue
1. General Principles 2. Pile handover, Pile move, construction site cleaning, measure and line layout and construction pavement building 2.1 General regulations 2.2 Pile handover, Pile move 2.3 Construction site cleaning 2.4 Measure and line layout 2.5 Construction pavement building 3.Pipeline Ditch 3.1 Size of Pipeline Ditch 3.2 Ditch digging 3.3 Pipeline ditch acceptance 4. Main construction materials, pipeline accessories, equipment and inspection 4.1 General regulations 4.2 Material and equipment inspection and repair 5. Material storage and steel pipe loading, unloading, transportation, and pipe laying 5.1 Material storage 5.2 Steel pipe loading and unloading 5.3 Vehicle transportation for the Steel pipe 5.4 Pipe laying 6. Pipeline anticorrosion and insulation project 7. Pipeline welding and acceptance 7.1 General regulations 7.2 Pipe paring and welding 7.3 Welding seam inspection and acceptance 8. Pipeline laying and backfill 8.1 Pipeline laying 8.2 Pipeline ditch backfill 9. Oil/gas pipeline pigging,pressure test, and gas pipeline drying 9.1 General regulations 9.2 Pigging 9.3 Hydraulic pressure test 9.4 Air pressure test 9.5 Inter-station pressure test 9.6 Inter-station pigging 9.7 Pipeline drying 10 Pipeline crossing/spanning over projects

and underground pipeline/cables 10.1 Pipeline crossing/spanning over projects 10.2 Crossing over other pipeline and cables 11. Pipeline’s accessorial projects 11.1 Installation of block valve chambers and valves 11.2 Cathodic protection project 11.3 Mileage Pile, turning point Pile, mark Pile and anchor Pile 11.4 Pipeline protection structures 12. Project completion and acceptance Standard wording description Attachment “Standard for Construction and Acceptance of Oil and Natural Gas Pipeline Project” Clause explanation

1. General Principles
1.0.1 This standard is stipulated for the purpose to improve the construction standard of oil/gas transmission pipeline projects, ensure the quality of pipeline construction, and lower the construction cost. 1.0.2 This standard is applicable for the construction and acceptance of land oil/natural gas transmission pipeline projects including new, rebuilding and expanding projects. This standard is not applicable for the technical pipeline inside the oil/gas stations, oil/gas filed gathering transmission pipeline, city gas transmission/distribution pipeline, the oil/gas pipeline inside industrial enterprises, rebuild and major repair for the oil/gas pipeline which has been put into application. 1.0.3 Pipeline project construction can mainly divided into: measure and line layout, construction site cleaning and construction pavement building, pipeline ditch digging, material and equipment inspection, material storage and steel pipe transportation, pipeline anti-corruption and insulation, assembly and welding, pipeline laying and backfill, pressure test, pipeline cleaning and drying, block valve installation, pipeline crossing/spanning over project, and subordinate projects. 1.0.4 Before construction, it is necessary to carry out construction drawing joint checkup, design explanation, and on site Pile handover, and keep good recording. Compile construction organization design, properly arrange the construction according to the status of workload, project period, nature conditions along the pipeline, etc. 1.0.5 Construction units shall erect quality assurance system, compile workable quality plan and examination schedule, ensure project’s quality. 1.0.6 Enterprise undertaking the construction of oil/gas pipe line project must obtain the credential for oil project construction enterprises issued by state or industrial authority, the contracted projects must within the stipulated scope of the credential. 1.0.7 H.S.E., culture relic protection and other relevant requirements for the oil/gas pipeline project shall be in accord with relevant state and local regulations. 1.0.8 Besides this standard, the construction and acceptance for oil/gas pipeline project shall be in accord with state’s relevant compulsory standards (specifications).

2. Pile handover, Pile move, construction site cleaning, measure and line layout and construction pavement building
2.1 General regulations 2.1.1 After design unit and construction unit has finished control (turning point) Pile handover on site, the construction unit shall carry out measuring and line layout, move the Piles to the edge of construction site,

mileage. In mountainous area. Fig. the guidance method can be used. and drain the water accumulative area. or wood.2 Plain area Pile move method Note: α is the equidistance for parallel moving 2. 2. Pile move 2.2. move to the side for assembly and welding.4. At the section crossing or spanning over the river. rich groundwater area. the construction unit shall take necessary measure to protect the control (turning point) Piles. which might affect the construction or machine passing.1 Carry out the work of measure and line layout according to designed control (turning point) Piles or their auxiliary Piles. elevation and turning angle. The transect layout for general section construction site is as Table 2.2. if there is any loss.2 In the construction site. Set 100m-Piles on the pipeline’s axis line (or ditch digging side line) and construction site boundary line. the width of construction site can be less. 2. i. set 4 guidance Piles around the control (turning point) Pile. recover it promptly. any lost Piles shall be re-measured and made up.3 Construction site cleaning 2.2 Pipeline measure and line layout shall lay out the pipeline’s axis line (or ditch digging side line) and construction site boundary line. 2.2. The Piles after parallel moving are called auxiliary Piles. be careful to protect the soil layer. 2. the area the pipeline ditch is deeper than 5 m.3.2. Pile move shall use parallel moving method (see Fig. if Pile move is difficult.3. clean the rocks.3 When clean and level up the construction site. minimize or prevent water and soil loss. After handover. the width of construction site generally shall be 20 m.2). 2.3. grass. the cross point of their two diagonals is the position of the control (turning point) Pile. . move the control (turning point) Piles to their original places. 2. about 1 m inside the construction site boundary line.1 If without relevant prescription.then clean the construction site and build the construction pavement. must not willfully change the lines or positions. the width of construction site can be greater according to actual necessity. railway.2. If it needs to alter the lines or positions. The turning point Piles shall be moved to the direction of the angular bisector. 2.1. 2.4 Measure and line layout 2. level up the gutters or ridges. In mountainous area for non-mechanical construction and in manual rock drilling area. then tie the rope or spill the white lime between the Piles. it must be approved by design representative in written.4. both sides shall check the Pile number.4.2 Pile handover. road. 2.1 When the design representative is handing over the control (turning point) Piles to the construction unit. or pipe car turning place. trench. be careful to protect the construction mark Piles.e.2 After ditch backfill.2 In plain area.

it is necessary to take proper protective measures.1..4 For the pipeline at mountainous section or undulated landform section.5. its horizontal turning angle shall be decided by relevant parameters then lay the curve line on the ground. For flexible laying section or cold bend pipeline section. and anticorrosive layer. at each 2 km shall set a car meeting place. 2.2m deeper than at earth-work section. and smoothly connect to highway.5.3 When the pavement is built in the areas of marsh.2 The gradient of ditch side slope shall be decided by earth type. take necessary measures to reinforce the roadbed.5 Construction pavement building 2. cables. mechanical property and the depth of ditch. the changing boundary of pipeline diameter. the ditch depth at slope section shall be measured on lower side of the cross-section of the ditch. 3.Pipeline Ditch 3. the ditch depth at stone-work section shall be 0. curvature radius and other parameters marked on construction map or pipeline construction measure result sheet.4.1 Size of Pipeline Ditch 3. the biggest ditch gradient can be decided from table . have enough carrying capacity. and the two sides of pipeline valve chamber. paddy field. etc. For the pipeline section using prefabricated elbow or bend. pipeline wall thickness. 3.4 When the pavement is passing through underground pipeline.2. 2. 2. the position of mark setting shall be on the side of pipeline assembly and welding.4.5 Mark Piles shall be set on the two sides of river.2 Construction site transect layout 2. its vertical angle grade change point shall be laid the line according to grade change point position. Within 5m of ditch depth (without support).1 The depth of pipeline ditch shall be in accordance with design. 2. cables. lay the curve line according to curvature radius and angle. material. make decision to see whether it is needed to build a temporary culvert or to reinforce the original culvert according to actual situation. The width of the pavement shall be greater than 4 m.2 When the pavement is passing through riverlet or trench. road. angle. 2.3 If pipeline’s horizontal turning angle is big. the carrying capacity of the culvert shall be above 10 t.4. within 1 m of construction site boundary line. underground pipeline. it is necessary to add some Piles. optical fibers where the pipeline is crossing or spanning over. 2. the width at curve section and car meeting section shall be greater than 10 m. the turning radius at curve section shall be greater than 18 m.5.1. Fig.5. railway.1 Construction pavement shall be flat.4. trench. or desert. can ensure the safe running of construction vehicles and equipment. trench or other underground facilities.

supported or with steps.1.4 Width of ditch bottom shall be decided by pipeline’s outer diameter. clay soil Old loess Soft soil (through well point water) Hard rock With top weight With moving top weight 1:1. see Table 3.1.50 1:0.1.25 1:1.1. 3.25 1:0 1:1.4 . its side slope may be gentler.67 1:0.4) Of which: B –— ditch bottom width (m).00 1:0.00 1:0 1:1. pipeline assembling/welding technique and engineering geology elements.50 1:0.1.4.33 1:0 3.4): B = Dm + K …………….75 1:0.75 1:0. (3. Biggest side slope gradient Earth type Without top weight Sand soil with intermediate density Gravel soil with intermediate density (filling material is sand soil) Plastic light loam Gravel soil with intermediate density (filling material is clay soil) Plastic clayey soil.50 1:1.3 For the ditch deeper than 5m..1.00 1:0.67 1:0.33 1:0.75 1:0.3. for the ditch less than 5m deep. etc.1. K –— overmeasure for ditch bottom (m). digging method. Dm –— Steel pipeline’s total outer diameter (including anticorrosive layer and insulation layer) (m).25 1:1.67 1:0.2. its bottom width shall be decided by following formula (3.10 1:1. take the value from Table 3.00 1:0.

3.7 0. 0. or semi-automatic welding. For inside ditch elbow. For the facilities being dug out shall be properly protected. it is necessary to explain the distribution situation of underground facilities to relevant construction workers. cold bend pipeline ditch Rock Blasting ditch Semi-auto welding ditch welding ditch K value Ditch depth within 3m Ditch depth in 3-5m 0.1 1.4 Blasting digging shall be finished before pipeline laying.9 0. 3.2 During digging.2. its bottom width shall be decided by actual engineering geology condition. it must be approved by relevant authority before start digging.9 1.1 1.2 Ditch digging 3. bend and joint welding. the excavated soil/stones shall be piled beside the ditch on the opposite side of welding. 3. the excavated surface layer soil and underlayer soil shall be separately piled.3 Pipeline ditch acceptance . For the important facilities that might be damaged by blasting.5 For the ditch deeper than 5m. if the calculated ditch bottom width is smaller than the scoop. the overmeasure shall be the scope 1m exceeding both sides of working point. When use a machine to dig the ditch.2.1 Before digging the ditch.5m far from ditch side.0 2.9 1. For the digging within 3m to underground facility shall be manual. Blasting operation shall be carried out by qualified work team.2.2.2 0. or to dig under the authority’s supervision if necessary. 2.6 2. only after taking necessary safety measures the blasting can be started. 3. 3.0 0.5 0.1.5 If there is any underground culture relic found during digging.5 1. and ditch bend joint Conditions Soil With water ditch Without water Rock Blasting ditch Elbow. For important underground facilities.5 1. 3. the actual ditch bottom width shall be the same as the scoop.6 1.0 Note: 1. the site must be properly protected before reporting to relevant authority.Outside ditch welding Inside ditch manual arc welding Soil ditch With water Without water Inside ditch Inside elbow.3 If digging in cropped area. the people in charge must inform relevant authority or person.8 1. Necessary safety protection measures and regulations shall be established including safety distance without threatening the safety of nearby residents and passersby or damaging the on-ground and underground facilities. 3.7… 0.2.0 1.

etc. 4. cold bends.1 The tolerance for ditch central line.3. specification and types must accord with design requirement. material certificate and instruction. Table 3.3. and grade change point displacement shall be in accord with the specification of Table 3. Main construction materials. After acceptance. If there is any unqualified place. their quality must accord with relevant state or industrial standards.1. and no stones under the ditch bottom.3. flexible laying pipeline sections shall accord with the prescription in Table 4. .3. equipment materials. ditch bottom width. the work handover procedure must be handled timely.3. 4. pipeline accessories. 3.1. 4. not good to use spiral welding seam structure.1 Construction materials. curve line pipeline section shall be smoothly bended. and shall ensure the radius of designed curvature. pipeline accessories.3. certificate of quality guarantee.1 Ditch Tolerance Item Ditch central line displacement Ditch bottom elevation Ditch bottom width Grade change point displacement Tolerance (mm) <100 + 50 -100 ±100 <100 3. 3. Materials. accessories. it must be fixed up straight away. The body of elbows or bends shall not have T or O welding seam. straight seam or double straight seam structure.3 For stone section ditch. The elbows or bends must be made and inspected in accordance with relevant standards and design requirements. there must be no loose stones on ditch walls.3 Elbows.4 After finishing ditch digging.3.1 General regulations 4. and equipment shall have the certificate of conformity. the acceptance procedure must be handled timely. equipment and inspection 4.3.1.1. Ditch inspection must be recorded properly. the elbows or bends are better to use seamless. ditch bottom elevation.2 Straight line pipeline section shall be straight.2 Pipeline accessories must not be made with cast iron.1.

length not exceeding 10 mm. and other harmful flaws on pipes before use them: 1. crack.0% No repeat corrugation. 4. mechanical Other regulations Can be cut into small angles.9mm D≤323. Pipeline’s bending section must be cut off. 4.0% Note: D is pipeline’s outer diameter. Keep the end with 2 m of straight pipe. scar. Slight concave points not on focal point of stress with the depth not exceeding 2% of rating diameter. and re-process a end bevel. pipeline accessories and equipment used in the construction shall be inspected.9mm ≥30D ≥40D ≥1000D No repeat corrugation. crack. damage.3 Fix up or eliminate any bending.Type Elbow Curvature radius R ≥ 5D Appearance and main sizes No repeat corrugation. when the ovality≤ 2. Flexible pipeline laying section mechanical Design must accord with requirment damage. crack. Cold bend D≤323. If the degree of pipe’s deformity or flatting has exceeded the relevant standard. ovality≤ 1% mechanical damage. this section of pipe shall be cut off. if not available. concave. Grind off any scars or interlayers on pipeline’s end. It is strictly prohibited to use laminating method for welding. No cracks. folds and other flaws whose deep has exceeded the lower limit of deviation are allowed. it needs to double-check it. .2. any unqualified ones must not be used. certificates of quality and certificates of material compositions for all materials.0%. 4. If there are any concave points at welding place. the wall thickness reducing rate shall be ≤9. the ovality≤ 2. wall thickness.2. this pipe must be discarded.1 The certificates of conformity. but they must not affect the joint welding. 5. 3. 2. ovality according to the pipe manufacturing standard. skin. but the length of short arc shall be larger than 51 mm. skin.2 Material and equipment inspection and repair 4.2. if there is any suspicion on their quality (or performance). cut off this section of pipe. might not be repaired.0% and R = 5 D. 4. flatting. skin. scars. the ovality≤ 2.2 Check the deviations of steel pipe’s outer diameter.

shall go through random covering or painting test before use according to relevant technical standard or design requirement. and test the hydraulic pressure. re-test the new samples with the doubled number of previous samples. the test pressure shall be 1. the pressure hold time shall be 5 min. and fix materials.2. base glue. and can meet the size for pig passing. and pipe laying . its insulation impedance shall be greater than 2 MΩ. wall thickness. other requirements shall accord with the Table 4. 5. if the test is unqualified.1 times of maximum work pressure. Material storage and steel pipe loading. curvature radius. Use 500V ohmmeter to measure the insulation test.6 Carry out hydraulic pressure test before installing insulation joint and insulation flange.5 times of designed pressure. and material quality and type.1. transportation. etc. Table 4. The vertical welding seam on steel pipeline’s fire bending elbow or bend shall be located on the 45℃ position of their inner arc.2. shall be marked at each end of elbows and bends. hold 2 min Standard No sand hole No crack Complete No leak point by electric spark test Smooth Exact No leaking No leaking 4.2. hold 5 min 1.2. whose requirements shall be in accord with Table 4.9% of pipeline’s rating diameter.7 Before installing pipeline block valve.4 For any defects on welding seams. this batch of products must not be put into application. 4. 4. they shall be repaired according to the pipeline manufacturing standard.4. 4.7 Block valve inspection and test stipulation Item Appearance inspection Content of inspection and test Case Sand hole Crack Auxiliary equipment Anticorrosive layer for underground valve Opening and closing inspection Hydraulic pressure Case strength test Valve Opening and closing Opening/closing indicator 1. chemical and welding characters of pipeline.7. if the test still failed. The deformity rate at any bending parts shall not exceed 4.5 The material quality of elbows and bends shall be compatible with the physical.8 Various anticorrosive materials.2.2. no any leaking is allowed. and carry out insulation test. valve’s opening and closing inspection. outer diameter. unloading. Clean away the remained water after test.3 of this standard. The parameters of pipeline’s bending angle.5 times of maximum work pressure. including prime paint.2. carry out appearance inspection.

2. If directly hook on the ends.1 Material storage 5. if the weather is hot. heat shrink sleeve.1.2 Use pole-type sling for twin pipe lifting.2. must not damage the pipe by forking or clamping. etc. deforming. loading and unloading. etc. For the purpose to ensure the stability of pile.2.4 Store the valves with their original package. accessories. polythene.2 Glass cloth.5 Pitch is better to be stored on concrete ground. with about 1%-2% gradient and drain.1.3 Steel pipes or anticorrosive steel pipes shall be piled up by layers in same direction. surrounded by fence.2. accessories. it is necessary to inspect periodically to prevent rusting.1. 5. 5. plastic cloth. coal tar enamel.2.5 During the course of vehicle running. in which the epoxy powder and welding material shall be stored at ventilative place. with gentle operation. Steel pipe. use some wedges to hold the pipes on the bottom layer firmly. the height of piling shall not exceeding 3 m.. welding material. 5. inner (outer) swathing band. the operation shall be in accord with relevant railway industry regulations. 5. or hit or knock other objects. valve.4 When loading or unloading pipes at electrical controlled platform of railway station. 5. take necessary measure to keep off water. and be approved by the administration department of railway station. any part of any construction equipment and tools shall keep a safety distance from overhead power lines. no power lines are hung above the ground.1. aging and performance reducing. epoxy powder.2 Steel pipe loading and unloading 5. 5. erect a sun shed to keep off heat. without deformity or damaging anticorrosive layer.1 Storage for steel pipes. During storage. shall be stored in the storehouse. with firm. pitch. Be careful to protect the pipe ends and anticorrosive layer.5. Steel pipes or anticorrosive steel pipes of different specifications and quality shall be placed separately. can be stored at open air place. put two tiers of sleepers or sand bags under the bottom layer. painting materials. lifting.. 5. Storehouse consisting of flammable or explosive products shall be equipped with fire fighting device according to relevant regulation.3 Pipe grabber can only allowed to grab the bare pipes shorter than 12 m. Put some soft mats between two layers. the distance between pipes and ground shall be bigger than 50 mm. valves. must not incur any break or scar on them. . coal tar enamel. the safety distance is . the operation shall be gently to avoid knocking and dropping.1. the ground for storing shall be flat without stones and water.1 Use special sling to load or unload the pipes. and other equipment and materials shall accord with products’ instructions. the relative humidity for long term welding rod storage shall not exceed 60%. 5. 5. A pavement for car and carne passing shall be built to the storage place.

1 Steel pipe transportation shall accord with the relevant regulations of traffic department.4.4. 5.3. sand bags or straw bags under the pipes.1 Pipes shall be laid in accordance to the position.5 When laying the pipes.6 220 >6.4. each pipe shall have a pipe support underneath. 5. When transporting for the pipes in plain areas. and put as near as possible to the pipeline.4.2. the pile height shall not exceed 2 m. measure the perimeter and diameter of the pipe ends to ensure matching with each other. 5.3.5 m.4. Put rubber boards or other soft mats on the contact points between pipes and between pipes and other objects. If it is not handy to take earth. and transact the handover procedure.1 110 >5.01(n . the pile height shall not exceed 2. 5. the construction unit shall inspect the pipes one by one. must not mix the pipes of different anticorrosive degree and wall thickness together.4-0.4 Lay (build) pipe supports before laying pipes into ditch. 5. check the pipes’ anticorrosive degree and wall thickness. the height may be various according to the landform.50) +5 (M) 5.5 1-35 >3 60 >5.3. 5.4 Pipe laying 5. put two tiers of earth. The length for the pipes protruding out the back of vehicle shall not exceed 4 m.2 Place for piling the pipes shall be flat without stones and water and other hard roots or stems to damage the anticorrosive layer.5 The safety distance between construction equipment or tools and overhead power lines Power line voltage (KV) Safety distance <1 >1. the degree of closing between pipes shall be proper.3 The position of pipe piling shall keep far away from overhead power lines. 5. The pipe support may be built by earth. Before laying.3 Take necessary measure to protect the pipes’ anticorrosive layer when transporting for the anticorrosive pipes.7 330 >7. Cover the tying ropes with sleeves or other soft sleeves. one end to another shall . when transporting for the pipes in mountainous areas. pipe type and anticorrosive layer stipulated on the blueprint.2.3. If necessary. it can be replaced by sacks filled with soft material. Table 5.stipulated as Table 5.4 When anticorrosive pipes have arrived at construction site. and tamp it. The height of pipe support at plain area shall be 0. 5.4 m. Distance between piles shall not be farther than 500 m.2 Before loading anticorrosive pipes.5.8 n >0.3 Vehicle transportation for the Steel pipe 5. for mountainous area.

6. elbows and cold bends as well as on site repairs shall be operated by the prescriptions of design and relevant standards. so as easy to clean the inner wall and end bevel of pipe and easy for lifting. polythene cold adhesive tape. Table 5. with two ends staggered.4.6 If laying and assembling the pipes outside the ditch.4.4. shall be used by the instructions of their manufacturers.4.6.2) A —— safety distance (m) (take value from Table 5.7 When laying the pipes inside the ditch. if it needs to lift the pipes two by two or more.1 Anticorrosion and insulation for steel pipes.0. 5.0. this value is stipulated in Table 5.6) In which: S ——distance from pipe support center (assembly pipe center) to ditch center (pipeline center) Dm—— steel pipe structural outer diameter (m) K —— ditch bottom overmeasure (m) (take the value from Table 3. the coating of anticorrosive layer shall be firm on the pipe.1.4. 6.2 Surface of anticorrosive layer shall be smooth. flat.6 The safety distance A between pipe edge and ditch edge Soil type A (m) Dry hard soil ≥1. crossing pipeline sections and cathodic protection test line welding points shall be inspected by the QC personnel before going to next process. no paint missing. folding. the pipe edge shall have a safety distance to ditch edge.6): K S≥Dm +—— + α + A 2 α= h —— i (5.be staggered about 1 diameter far.1. and hot melting repair stick. anticorrosive repairs shall use the matchable materials to anticorrosive layer.6) 5. 6. dripping. or other flaws.4. bicomponent epoxy powder repair liquid. . the repair materials including polythene heat shrink sleeve (tape). Pipeline anticorrosion and insulation project 6.0 Wet soft soil ≥1.5 The distance from pipe support center (assembly pipe center) to ditch center (pipeline center) is calculated by following formula (5. necessary protective measures shall be taken to prevent damaging the anticorrosion layer. 2 neighbouring pipes shall have about 100mm of distance.4) α —— horizontal projection distance of ditch side slope (m) h —— ditch depth (m) i —— side slope gradient (take value from Table 3.0. Pipelayer shall lift the pipes one by one when start to lay the pipes.4.3 The anticorrosive status on pipeline anchor supports. bubbles and needle holes.

constitute detailed welding process instruction according to the design requirement. relative humidity is exceeding 90%.3 – 3. the wind speed exceeding 2.1 General regulations 7. protected by covering heat shrink sleeve or other protective measures.2. when in covered welding rod manual welding.2 Equal wall thickness butt welding joint design shall accord with Fig. 4. 3.3 Before starting welding.1.5 Under any of following environmental conditions.1.2. automatic welding.2.2. unequal wall thickness butt welding joint design . when in cored welding rod self protecting welding.2. applicable for field working condition. Covering of heat shrink sleeve shall be smooth and no breaks and leaks.2 Equal wall thickness butt welding joint design Fig.4 Anticorrosive layer at the sections in where the pipeline is going in/out the ground shall be 100 mm higher than ground. 7. constitute welding regulation.4. and connect well with test line surface.1. 2. Then base on the qualified welding technique.4 Welders shall have relevant certificates for welding. 7.4 Pipe pairing shall accord with Table 7. 6.2 Pipe paring and welding 7.1 Butt welding end bevel design shall accord with Fig.2 m/s. 7. 7. Fig. unequal wall thickness butt welding joint design Fig. The evaluation for welding technique shall accord with the relevant stipulation in “Steel Pipe Welding and Acceptance” SY/T 4103.2. Pipeline welding and acceptance 7.2.1.3 -1 ~ Fig.2. 7. when in gas shielded welding. semi-automatic welding.2.3 – 3 Unequal inner/outer diameter.3 – 2 Equal inner diameter. 7.2. or combination of any above methods. 7.The anticorrosive material used on cathodic protection test line welding point shall be matchable to anticorrosive layer.2.2. environment temperature lower than that stipulated in relevant welding regulation. 7. 7.2 Welding equipment shall have the performance required by the welding design. 7.2.1. with good working status and safety feature. 7.3 – 1 Equal outer diameter.1. the wind speed exceeding 11 m/s.0.2.1 Pipeline welding methods include manual welding. 7. 7. 7. it is not allowed to start welding if no necessary protective measure is taken: 1.1 End bevel design Fig. 7. Welders’ qualification test shall meet the relevant regulation in SY/T4103. unequal wall thickness butt welding joint design Fig. 7. raining or snowing. 7. the wind speed exceeding 8 m/s. 7. with which review the welding technique.3 Unequal wall thickness butt welding joint design shall accord with Fig.2.

no jumping when turning Greater than 0.5 mm Greater than 51 mm Less or equal to 3”. oil and or paint on pipe mouth Grinding within 10 mm on the end to eliminate the level drop. evenly located around the perimeter.2. the drying time be 0. and use them before others after re-drying them.8 m when welding in the ditch Short arc length of mall angle elbow after cutting Pipe butting deviation Twin pipe rotation welding platform Manual welding work space Semi-automatic welding work space 7. or rust.6 mm. 2.5 m (to pipe wall). if it occurs that the welding rod cover has become red. Only take the rods when using.5 Welding material shall meet the following requirements: 1. and not less than 0.5 ~ 1 h.6 During welding. the cellulose welding rod may not have to be dried.5 Not less than pipe’s outer diameter. then stored in 100 ~ 150 ℃ temperature after drying. rust. but the reserve time shall not exceed 4 h.4 m (to pipe wall) Greater than 0. mildew. If the packaging is good. and make the surface smooth Staggered distance bigger or equal to 100 mm Staggered mouths less or equal to 1. 4. grease.4 Pipe paring regulation Serial No.2. and not less than 0.2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Inspection item Inner-pipe cleaning Pipe mouth cleaning (within 10 mm) and mouth trimming Spiral welding seam or straight welding seam level drop grinding Space length of spiral welding seam or straight seam on two mouths. Staggered mouths requirement and correction Requirement No any wastes No damage. and not moistened. two sides greater than 0. During the course of welding. 7. is burning or is seriously arc bias,this rod must been changed immediately. 3.5 m Greater or equal to 0. No more than 2 times for re-drying. welding weld shall not have rust and bending. the purity and dryness of protective gas shall meet the welding technical regulation. constant temperature period is 1 ~ 2 h.Table 7. Welding rod shall not have break. no slanting cut is allowed (bending jointing is prohibited) Twin pipe is aligned. some can use hammering Short piece length of steel pipe Length of straight pipe between two neighbouring flexible pipes of opposite directions Length of straight pipe between two neighbouring bends of opposite directions Greater than pipe diameter. The spare rods of that day shall be reclaimed. welding flux shall not be degenerative. Drying the welding rods of low hydrogen type before welding,the drying temperature shall be 350 ~ 400 ℃. and put them into the welding rod heat preservation tube. following regulation shall be followed to protect the pipe and anticorrosive layer: . Drying temperature for cellulose welding rod shall be 80 ~ 100 ℃.

welding speed. 2. reheat it if the interlayer temperature is lower than prescribed. be careful to control the interlayer temperature. 3. the finished root welding shall be divided into several evenly distributed sections. shall meet the stipulation of welding technical regulation. 7. 2. 7. For epoxy power anticorrosive pipe. The diameter of welding rods used. Carry out preweld warm-up with the temperature stipulated by welding technical regulation.9 Pipe welding shall meet following requirements: 1. . and rod sending method.2. The interlayer temperature during welding shall not be lower than its warm-up temperature. 2. but shall not be above 50 ℃ higher than it. 2. After finishing root welding. if there is. When start welding. 7.8 Preweld warm-up shall meet the following requirements: 1. use infrared thermoscope or other gauge to measure the temperature. clean the dregs and droppings on the surface.2.2.2. on the surface. current. Downward welding shall accord with the stipulation of “Pipeline downward welding technical regulation” SY/T 4071. don’t arc strike on the pipe wall other than on end bevel. 7. During welding. the welder shall carefully check whether there is any crack. remove the air holes and dregs etc. before welding.7 Using of line-up clamp shall meet the following requirements: 1.When using internal line-up clamp. check the dregs carefully.2.11 Welding seams that need after-heat or heat treatment shall be handled according to the prescription of welding technical regulation. remove if before welding again. shall be staggered above 20 mm. 4. Width of warm-up is during 50 mm of both sides of welding seam. with good back form. The temperature when finishing warm-up shall be higher than stipulated temperature. to prevent the pipe from being burned by flying sparks.8 m width over the pipe on two sides of welding seam. be careful to prevent water entering for the pipes in ditch. voltage. When finishing each cover of welding. When using external line-up clamp,only detach it after the root welding is 50% finished. 7. etc. cover the pipe mouth tightly to prevent the entering of exterior things.12 Every day before finishing work. 6. Sand the welding point slightly. 3.1. and clean the powder from grinding wheel also. welding polarity. take the material requiring higher warm-up temperature as the standard. 7. root welding shall melt thoroughly. 5. the welding points on neighbouring two layers shall not overlap each other. 4.10 After finishing seam welding.2. wrap a round of protective band with 0. Connect the earthing line of welding machine to the pipe firmly. If welding two kinds of materials with different warm-up temperature requirement. 3. to prevent that the earthing line may product electric arc with the pipe wall causing the burning on pipe. detach and move the line-up clamp after finishing root welding。 Keep the pipe stable when moving the line-up clamp.

3 Welding seam inspection and acceptance 7.4 MPa.1 Inspect the appearance of welding seam firstly. 7. Clause 6. The qualified classes shall meet the following regulations: 1.6 mm. 7.4 MPa.5 Any one of following proportions can be selected for gas pipeline flaw detection: 1. 2.3. take 5% of all finished welding points carried out by each welder or each flow work welding group in one day to carry through radial flaw detection rechecking.3.7.3. carry through radial flaw detection rechecking for all finished welding points carried out by each welder or each flow work welding group in one day. After 100% ultrasonic flaw detection. The proportion of random inspection for all finished welding points carried out by each welder or each flow work welding group in one day shall meet following prescription: Class 1 area 10% . the qualified class is Class Ⅲ. Chapter 9. 2. Without carry through ultrasonic flaw detection. and for Class 3 and Class 4 areas is ClassⅡ.13 Welding point mark is composed by welder code or flow work welding group code and their finished welding point quantity. Without carry through ultrasonic flaw detection.2.3 As necessity. Level drop:0 – 1.4. if no problem. The appearance inspection shall meet the prescription of SY/T 4103 – 1995. and make welding record as well. the proportion of rechecking shall meet the following prescription: Class 1 area 5% Class 2 area 10% Class 3 area 15% Class 4 area 20% 2.3. only carry through radial flaw detection random inspection.2 For radial and sonar ultrasonic flaw detection. If oil pipeline design pressure is less than or equal to 6. the qualified class for Class 1 and Class 2 areas is Class Ⅲ. if the design pressure is greater than 4 MPa. The cover size of welding seam shall meet following specifications: 1.4 Any one of following proportions can be selected for oil pipeline flaw detection: 1. 2. The proportion is 15% of all finished welding points carried out by each welder or each flow work welding group in one day 7. 7. Width: the width of end bevel’s upper mouth + (2 – 4) mm. followed by flaw detection. only carry through radial flaw detection random inspection. it can be written on the surface of anticorrosive layer 1 m to the welding point on downstream side (the direction of oil/gas flowing). if the design pressure is greater than 6. If oil pipeline design pressure is less than or equal to 4 MPa. the qualified class is Class Ⅱ. the welding seam flaw detection acceptance standard can also select the prescription in SY/T 4103 – 1995. the welding seam acceptance standard shall adopt “Oil/Natural Gas Steel Pipeline Butt Welding Seam Radial Photography and Quality Classification” SY 4056 standard and “Oil/Natural Gas Steel Pipeline Butt Welding Seam Ultrasonic Flaw Detection and Quality Classification” SY 4065 standard. Not exceeding 3 mm at local part. After 100% ultrasonic flaw detection. the qualified class is Class Ⅱ. 7.3. and the length not bigger than 50 mm..

stones. To use nylon lifting rope or rubber roller basket for lifting is preferable.3.7 During radial flaw detection rechecking and random inspection. For the pipes of Class X60 or above.8 For the welding points on the pipeline that crossing/spanning over river. after re-welding. 7. cables or optical fibers. reservoir. 7.1 Pipeline laying 8. highway. it is better to use pipelayer. 8. clean out all fallen down soil. they shall carry through penetration test according to “Normal Pressure Steel Welded Tank and Pipeline Penetration Test Technical Standard”. if the diameter of the pipeline is smaller than 500mm.3. flaw detection and fix-up. shall carry through 100% radial flaw test. and for the end connection points after pressure test. it is necessary to double-check the ditch depth.6 For radial flaw detection rechecking and random inspection. For the ditch at stone section or desert section.3. the continuous pipeline length laid outside the ditch shall not exceed 8 km.3.2 Before laying the pipeline into ditch. Chapter 10. 7. then carry through radial flaw detection one by one for the rest of these welding points.1 After finishing welding. if the welding point number per day can not achieve the prescribed proportion.Class 2 area Class 3 area Class 4 area 15% 40% 75% 7. if there is still more unqualified one. the welding points on the connection of steep pipe and elbow. it is strictly prohibited to use bulldozer or crow bar or other non-lifting tools. 7.5m. it is necessary to check with doubled number the other finished welding points carried out by this welder or this welding group in this day or on this test section. if there is one welding point that is not qualified.1. 8. The number of pipelayers is better for 3 sets. For a work (machine unit) section. the pipeline shall be laid into ditch and filled back as soon as possible.1.3. Pipeline laying and backfill 8. it is strictly prohibited to use steel rope directly for lifting. and crossing underground pipeline. and to test straight away after finishing welding by the prescribed proportion. water or ice/snow. the ditch bottom shall be filled with 200mm thick fine soil firstly. their inspection work shall be limited within the stipulated scope of their relevant grade.9 Eliminating and re-welding of defective welding points shall meet the prescription of SY/T 4103 – 1995.1. it can be alternative to set each kilometer to be a test section. 2 sets .10 The flaw detection personnel shall acquire the qualification certificate according to the regulation of relevant authority. SY/T 0443. the maximum granule diameter shall not exceed 10mm.3 To lay the pipeline into ditch. The height of lifting rope shall be around 1. railway. evenly carry through rechecking and random inspection. 8.

3 Before backfill. The voltage for detection shall be in accord with design or relevant standards.4 Before laying the pipeline.1. 8. No one is allowed to stay in the ditch section under pipe laying operation. the maximum granule diameter of the fine soil shall not exceed 10mm. if there is water in the ditch. The pipeline shall be properly laid on the central line position. firstly put the fine soil around the pipeline.5 On the pipeline end that for next time construction.2. 8. The distance of 2 hanging points shall be in accord with the specification in Table 8. proper protective methods shall be applied to avoid pipe roll into ditch. put some wooden boards or straw bags on the walls where are protruding to avoid damaging pipeline’s anticorrosive layer. if necessary. If the water level in the ditch is high. the deviation to the central line shall be less than 250mm. 8. then backfill the original soil/stones.2 Pipeline ditch backfill 8. the soil for surface cultivation shall be laid on the top. electric spark leak detector shall be used to detect the pipeline’ anticorrosive layer.2. 8. then backfill the soil. the backfill shall be carried out layer by layer.5 Before laying the pipeline. 8. whose width shall be the same as the top .6 Before laying the pipeline. the operation shall be directed by an appointed person.6 Backfill soil shall be 0. the test lead wire for cathodic protection shall be welded properly and led out to the ground.1. 8.4 For the ditch at stone or desert section. The maximum hanging height from ditch bottom to the pipeline shall be less than 250mm. or preserve the place without backfill it.is better.2.2.5m higher than ground surface. Backfill the fine soil to the height 300mm above the pipeline.1. if there are any breaks or needle points. they must be fixed up immediately. backfill work must be carried out within 10 days.3. leave over 30mm without backfill.2 For the ditch at cropped area. Table 8. and the maximum hanging length shall be less than 15m. be careful not to touch the ditch walls.1 After pipeline has been laid into the ditch.2. 8. Before backfill.3-0.2. use some sand bags to press down the pipeline to the bottom. 8.3 Pipe laying hanging point distance Steel pipe Rating Diameter (m) Maximum Distance (m) 6 9 12 13 15 16 17 18 19 21 2 23 24 25 26 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 600 650 700 800 900 1000 8. but stones’ maximum diameter shall not exceed 250mm.1.1. the water shall be cleaned out then backfill the soil immediately. and can not be drained completely.

pipeline will also carry through inter-station pressure test and inter-station pigging as well as gas pipeline drying before put into production. drain the water or put sand bags on ditch top. pressure test and drying.2. shall be recovered to their original state.2.2. dike’s top width shall be 1-2 m. etc. For the pipeline on class 1 or class 2 area. and shall have a regular form. and take full consideration of the safety of construction workers. without needing pressure test again.3 After sectional pressure test is passed. If condition allows. 9. Oil/gas pipeline pigging,pressure test.1. or expressway. shall carry out the construction in accordance with the design.1 Oil/gas pipeline shall carry out sectional pigging and pressure test after backfill. If it is specially required by the design. 2. side slope gradient shall be: clay 1: (1-1.1.5 Before pipeline pigging. and gas pipeline drying 9. 8. etc. 9. use clean water to be the medium for pressure test firstly.2.1. 8. 8. compile a construction scenario. gutter. field ridge. railway. such as to tamp the soil. The pipeline block valves or other equipment which have been pressure tested may not carry through pressure test with pipeline again. discharge the pressure before fix up the leaking. and other ground facilities. shall recover it by required design. sand soil 1: (1. 9. 3.10 After backfill. necessary measures shall be taken to prevent soil washing and pipeline floating.7 Damaged flood wall. set up necessary safety protection measure. shall carry through separated pigging and pressure test.5-2).1.6 Selection of medium for the pressure test shall meet following prescription: 1. the end connection welding seams only need 100% radial flaw detection. followed by pressure test again. grade 2 highway or above.2 Pipeline sections that are crossing (spanning) over the large or middle sized river. 9. for the ditch that might later on suffer from flooding or water soaking.5). air can be used as the medium for pressure test.8 For recovering of the land feature which has special requirement. pavement.9 For earth dike pipe laying.width of ditch.1 General regulations 9. 9.1. nearby residents and facilities.2 Pigging . 9. If there is not a special design. For the pipeline on class 3 or class 4 area. clean water shall be used as the medium for pressure test. 8.4 If there is any leaking during pressure test.1. 9. caused by construction.

9. Do best to avoid opening the vent at the top part of the pipeline.25 times of design pressure 4 1.9.4 Before pigging. 9.8% of pipeline’s inner diameter.4 times of design pressure 4 1. 9. it shall be necessary to work out the hydrostatic pressure at low point by this section’s vertical section chart.9 time of the pipeline’s lowest yield strength。 The pressure value measured at the highest point shall be served as the standard.5 The maximum pressure for pigging shall not exceed the pipeline’s design pressure. 9.3. use batching sphere to prevent the air deposit in the pipeline.3 When filling the pipeline with water. make sure that the block valve within the pigging section shall be in full open status.3.3.1 Use spherical pig to clean the pipeline before sectional pressure test for at least two times.1 times of design pressure 4 Design pressure 24 Design pressure 24 Design pressure 24 Design pressure 24 1% test pressure value.2.3. 9. The batching sphere can be taken out after pressure test. pressure hold time and allowable pressure drop when the oil/gas pipeline is carrying out sectional pressure test shall accords with Table 9. 9. 9.4.6 Spherical pig shall be suitable for the curvature radius of pipeline’s bends.1 Hydraulic pressure test shall be in accordance with the stipulation of “Liquid Petroleum Pipeline Pressure Test” GB/T 16805. Table 9.4 The values of hydraulic test pressure. 9. the elevation difference shall not exceed 30 m.4 The values for hydraulic test pressure. the value of this hoop stress shall not be greater than 0. the overmeasure of pig shall be 5% .1 times of design pressure 4 1.3.2 The length for sectional hydraulic pressure test shall not exceed 35 km.5 times of design pressure 4 1% test pressure value. pressure hold time and allowable pressure drop Classification Oil pipeline Class 1 area gas pipeline Class 2 area gas pipeline Class 3 area gas pipeline Class 4 area gas pipeline Pressure value (MPa) Hold time (h) Pressure value (MPa) Hold time (h) Pressure value (MPa) Hold time (h) Pressure value (MPa) Hold time (h) Pressure value (MPa) Hold time (h) Strength test 1.2.2 Set up temporary pig receiving and sending device for sectional pigging.2.3 After water filling.2. 9. the pig receiving device shall set at higher elevation position.2. the pressure value measured at the lowest point is the sum of test pressure and hydrostatic pressure.3.25 times of design pressure 4 1. and work out the hoop stress at the low point. no residents and buildings within 50 m scope. and Allowable pressure drop (MPa) . and Tightness test 1. if the elevation difference has exceeded 30 m.3 Hydraulic pressure test 9.2.

4.5-2 times of maximum tested pressure.6 time of test pressure values. measure scope is 1.5 degree.4 Air pressure test 9.3. make sure that the pipeline’s hoop stress is not exceeding 20% of the rating minimum yield stress. installed at the two ends of the tested pipeline respectively.4 Pressure rising speed shall be steady and smooth without too fast. not exceeding 1 MPa/h.4. and the inspectors shall keep above 6 m away from the pipeline.7 Clean out the water deposited in the pipeline after pressure test is passed.5 Before adopting hydraulic pressure test for the overhead gas pipeline. and hold for 30 minutes. The pressure value and hold time for sectional air pressure test of oil/gas pipeline shall meet the prescription of Table 9.4. 9. its minimum scale shall be equal to or less than 1℃. and reinforce it if necessary. and other devices can only be used after passing the press test. the dial’s diameter not less than 150 mm. its precision shall not be less than 1.3.2 not more than 0. during the period that the pipeline’s hoop stress is starting to rise from 50% of the rating minimum yield stress to the highest test pressure. There are at least two pieces of pressure gauges for pressure test. otherwise it is necessary to take freeze protection method.4.3 Valves and pipeline.6 Pressure value and hold time for air pressure test .4. 9.5 When the inspectors are in leak checking. followed by tightness test. 9.6 Pressure test shall be carried out in the temperature above 5℃. 9.not more than 0.1 9. then drop to design pressure. 9. The measure of pressure hold time is started when the pressures at two ends are in balance.2 Pressure gauge for pressure test shall be inspected and calibrated. meanwhile inspect whether there is any abnormal instance. Stop the rising respectively when the pressure is arriving at 0. to prevent pipeline and its supporting structure from deforming. 9.3 and 0. Set 1 thermometer at each end of the tested pipeline and avoid exposing to direct sunshine. minimum scale can display 0.6 Sequence for air pressure test is to pass the strength test firstly. 9.3. The test area is the scope within 50 m of distance to the test equipment and tested pipeline. On-site hole opening and welding shall meet the stipulations of relevant pressure vessel manufacture and installation standards. not other personnel are allowed to stay in the test area except the test inspectors.4.05 MPa. 9. then continue to rise the pressure if everything is normal.4.4.1 Sectional pipeline for air pressure test shall not be longer than 18 km. it is important to work out the strength of pipeline and its supporting structure.6: Table 9. and in the period of validity.

5.6 time of test pressure values to inspect whether there is any abnormal instance. 9. pigging bends. The pig shall be usable for pigging T junctions and pigging bends. and take proper measure to prevent pressure misleading. and use the pig that specified by the design. The petrol inspectors shall keep communications with headquarters.5.5 Before starting inter-station test.6. then continue to rise the pressure if everything is normal.1 Inter-station pigging shall use station pig receiving and sending device. 9.1 times of design pressure 4 Design pressure 24 Design pressure 24 9. 9.6. it is better to use gas as the test medium. the air inlet is better to be positioned at the vent pipe of pig sending barrel or at other proper places.25 times of design pressure 4 1. block valves.3 Inter-station test pressure value is the design pressure value. and end connection welding seams.5.1 MPa. pigging T junctions.2 Inter-station pressure test for oil pipeline is better to use water as the test medium. crossing (spanning) pipeline sections. the pipelines passing in/out the stations.3 Inter-station pigging is better to use compressed air. hydraulic pressure test is considered qualified if the pressure drop is not greater than 1% of test pressure and is less than 0.5. 9.6 Inter-station pigging 9. The block valves in the pipeline shall keep in full open status. crossing/spanning pipeline section and pipe end connections have all been finished. etc. it is important to isolate away the other pipelines that are irrelative to the tested pipeline. Stop the rising respectively when the pressure is arriving at 0. Air pressure test is considered qualified if there is not any rupture or leaking on the pipeline. block valves.Classification Oil pipeline Class 1 area gas pipeline Class 2 area gas pipeline Pressure value (MPa) Hold time (h) Pressure value (MPa) Hold time (h) Pressure value (MPa) Hold time (h) Strength test 1. the hold time is 4 h. instrument connections. pig receiving/sending device and temporary drainages have all been installed.5.1 Before starting inter-station pressure test. The important locations for inspection are pig receiving and sending device.7 Strength test is considered qualified if there is not any rupture or leaking on the pipeline.4. insulation joints (flanges). Tightness test is considered qualified if the pressure drop is not greater than 1% of test pressure.2 Isolate away the other pipelines that are irrelative to the tested pipeline to prevent the entering of wastes. make sure that the works for pipeline. for gas pipeline.5 Inter-station pressure test 9.4 Pressure rising speed shall be steady and slow.6. . 9. 9. 9.3 and 0. 9.1 times of design pressure 4 1.25 times of design pressure 4 Tightness test 1.

2.6.2 For the pipeline using case pipes for crossing. 9. After welding.7 Pipeline drying 9.1 Construction and acceptance for pipeline crossing/spanning over projects shall respectively accord with “Construction and Acceptance Specifications for Oil/gas Pipeline Crossing Over Project” SY/T4079 and “Construction and Acceptance Specifications for Oil/gas Pipeline Spanning over Project” SY 4047. storage and application. before the transmission pipeline being put into the case pipe.1.1 Pipeline crossing/spanning over projects 10. and have someone to follow the pig moving during pigging. the sacrificial anode strap shall be welded according to the design. 9.7.5 Inter-station pigging shall use the pig equipped with tracker. The insulation support must not connect with sacrificial anode strap. 10. use the pig to clean the water deposited in the pipeline for several times. 9. close the pipeline of this section.9. the position of insulating mat shall be correct.7.1. clean again after injecting the hygroscopic agent. After leak detection for anticorrosive layer has been finished and all are up to the requirement. 10.6. test again after 2 hours. the transmission pipe can be put into the case pipe.3 Before the transmission pipeline has been put into the case pipe.7.4 Keep proper management of hygroscopic agent during the course of transportation. it is necessary to carry out hidden construction inspection.1.7. the dirt inside the case pipe shall be cleaned out. test whether the pipeline’s electric potential has met the requirement of protection potential. then use 500V ohmmeter to test the insulation impedance between transmission pipeline and case pipe.1 Pipeline shall be dried before putting into production. if the result of second test is still qualified. the pig follower shall keep communications with the headquarters.3 Measure the air dew point in the pipeline at pig receiving end. seal two ends of the .2 Before drying. The pipeline’s insulation support shall be installed firmly.7. then use dry air to blow away the volatile of hygroscopic agent until the air’s dew point in the pipeline is 5 ℃ lower than the lowest environmental temperature under transmission condition. must not be freely drained to pollute the environment. the impedance shall be larger than 2MΏ. The waste liquid of hygroscopic agent shall be disposed according to the relevant environmental protection regulation. 10 Pipeline crossing/spanning over projects and underground pipeline/cables 10. if it meets the prescription of Clause 9. and take necessary safety measure to prevent fire and personnel poisoning. After all tests are qualified. not allowed to pollute the environment or be pushed to next station. 9.4 Dirt that having been cleaned out shall be put one row for one station. 9.

1.7 After finishing construction. their vertical clear distance shall not less than 0. if their vertical distance is less than 0. recover the landform and clean the construction site properly.3 m. 11. the pipeline on its two sides within 10 m shall be well anticorrosive and insulated.1 Under general situation. when the pipeline is crossing over other pipeline.5 The gaps left by the pipeline passing through the walls or foundation of the valve chamber shall be stopped up tightly according to the design requirement. 11.6 The space around the underground pipeline and valve shall be backfilled with fine soil and tamped.2. On the cross point. the pipeline shall cross other underground pipeline or cables from underneath. 10. give them proper protection without damaging these facilities.3 Valves shall be installed and inspected by the instruction of manual or manufacturer.4 The underground pipeline and valve in the valve chamber shall carry through electric spark leak test before backfill. 11. The crossing work shall be carried out by construction design.2 Cathodic protection project 11. 11.2 Crossing over other pipeline and cables 10.1 Installation of block valve chambers and valves 11.1.3 If for the condition’s sake. when crossing over underground communication cables or power cables. 10.2 Constitute a lifting installation scenario before block valve installation. their clear distance must not less than 50mm.case pipe according to relevant design requirement.1. a solid insulating spacer must be used within these two pipelines.1 Civil construction for block valve chamber shall accord with the relevant stipulations of state’s building project construction and acceptance specification. properly arrange the cross work of valve chamber civil construction and valve installation.2 When oil/gas pipeline is crossing over other underground pipeline.2.3 m. and by the regulations of the authority for these pipeline and cables.1 Construction and acceptance for pipeline’s cathodic protection project shall accord with the prescription of “Standard for Construction and Acceptance of Long Distance Transmission Pipeline Cathodic Protection Project” .1. 11.1. to make sure that the anticorrosive layer and insulative layer is up to the standard. and handle vertical arrangement according to the design requirement. but in any circumstance.1. Pipeline’s accessorial projects 11. 10.2. their vertical clear distance shall not less than 0. 11. 11. 11.5 m.2.

11.2. use ground leak detector to test the pipeline’s anticorrosive layer . and sand fixation.3 Setting up. 11. the line connection is correct. bolts’ specification meets the design requirement. their surface shall be smooth without breaking sides or corners. the port of test pile shall open/close very flexible with good tightness. After welding. The concrete shall be properly maintained. turning point Pile. 11. the strength of concrete shall accord with design. mark Pile and anchor Pile 11.1 Inspect the Mileage Pile. shall accord with design requirement and state’s relevant project construction specification. grind off the edges and burrs. water flooded road. mark content and mark format of mileage Pile.2 The size. the welding points shall be strong without false joint. specification and material of the anchor Pile prefabricated parts shall accord with design requirement.4.3.3 Mileage Pile. Painting shall be smooth and even. Project completion and acceptance 12.2.0. 11. Be careful not to damage the pipeline’s base material. The positions and depth of burying shall accord with design. and finished before the coming of rain (flood) season.2 Test piles can only be installed after inspection.3.4 Test the natural potential before the cathodic protection being put into operation.2 During inspection and acceptance.2 Pipeline protection structures shall be built immediately after the pipeline has been laid into ditch. the rust cleaning degree shall be up to Grade St3 stipulated in “Rust Grade and Rust Cleaning Grade for Steel Products Before Paint Coating” GB/T 8923. mark Pile before acceptance. and the label plate is firm..0. 12. the allowable size difference is ±10mm. clean out the dregs and rust on the surface. Inform the design personnel quickly if the natural potential is abnormal.4 Pipeline protection structures 11. after operation.2. 11. Firstly start to build at the place where may affect the safety of construction. 11.1 When the project is finished.3 The connecting line between test line and pipeline shall use braze welding or heat melting welding. use print form characters. 12. The test record shall be complete. turning point Pile and mark Pile shall accord with the stipulation of “Trunk Pipeline Mark Setting Technical Regulation” SY/T 6064.3. 11. etc. The concrete can only be poured after the anchor Pile and the pipeline anticorrosive layer within 2 m area having passed electric spark leak test. water (soil) retention wall.4.11. pipe culvert. test the protection potential and protection current.1 Pipeline protection structures for bank protection revetment. and keep it protective when backfilling. fortress or ridge. turning point Pile. the proprietor (supervision) unit shall organize the design and construction units together to inspect the pipeline construction project before acceptance according to this standard and design data. Laying of test line shall leave certain excess.

separate crossing (spanning) project completion map. Project quality evaluation report. Valve pressure test report.0. . 16. Construction contact paper. 15. railway and highway project acceptance report. 2. 5. 12. Ground leak detection for underground pipeline anticorrosive layer report. and equipment (blueprint) instructions. Anticorrosive and insulation project inspection report. 4. The acceptable standard is that there are not more than 5 leaking points within continuous 10 km pipeline length. 12.0. Pipeline hidden project report. 12. Pipeline depth detection report.at random. After-heat and heat treatment report. the construction unit shall provide following completion map and key technical data: 1. 13. 6. Factory’s certificates of quality and certificates of conformity for the materials. 19. Pipeline pressure test report. 20. 11. Crossing (spanning) over river. “3 Piles” burying statistic table. 3. Cathodic protection device acceptance report. For the unacceptable points that have been found out. Pipeline pigging report. Pipeline protection structures completion report. Pipeline welding record. Design modification and material replacement documents. the length of random inspection shall be 20% total pipeline length. 9. Pipeline laying completion map. Flaw detection report. 10. 14. Gas pipeline drying report. pipes and equipment provided.3 During inspection and acceptance.4 During acceptance. 7. the number of random inspection is not less than 1 point for each kilometer. use depthometer to test the pipeline’s depth at random. 8. detect out the scope of insufficient pipeline depth detailedly. and take necessary measure for recovery. 17. 18.

3. The word to express very strict. have to do so under normal situations: Positive word is “shall” or “can”. To express alternative or can do so under certain condition. 2. The word to express a slight degree of optional. to do like this first of all if condition allows: Positive word is “should” or “could”. .Standard wording description For the purpose to give different treatment for different instance when carrying out this Standard. the word is “may” or “might”. following wordings in this Standard shall have different degrees of strictness: 1. negative word is “shall not” or “can not”. The word to express strict. no other selections but to do so: Positive word is “must”. negative word is “should not” or “could not”. negative word is “must not”.

widely asked for the advices of the construction personnel from all areas. We apologize for any errors or insufficient places in this revision. etc. Name change. Lang Fang. 2. China Oil/Gas Pipeline Bureau Project Construction Corporation Jan.. If you have found any problems in this standard. He Bei Province). so they are compiled in one standard. 1998 . such as flaw detection. scientifically control the whole course of construction. it specifies the medium of transmission and represents the industry’s feature. So the previous “Standard for Construction and Acceptance of Long Distance Transmission Pipeline Project” SYJ 4001 – 90 is not more suitable for current situation. we will review your opinions for the reference of next revision. Main content of modification is as below: 1. “Standard for Construction and Acceptance of Long Distance Transmission Pipeline Project” is replaced by “Standard for Construction and Acceptance of Oil/Gas Pipeline Project”. revision of this Standard has become necessary and important. please inform us (post code: 065000. gas pipeline drying. they are described separately.46 Jin Guang Dao Rd. pipeline pressure test. make effort to joint track with international advanced construction stands and specifications. and consider to lower the projects’ cost. oil/gas pipeline construction has made great development. and also consulted and quoted many standards and specifications from at home and abroad. evaluate the reasons and operability of the Standard.Attachment Standard for Construction and Acceptance of Oil and Natural Gas Pipeline Project Clause explanation Revision explanation In recent years. the requirement on design is also higher than before. The are many general characters among oil pipeline and gas pipeline. so as to ensure the projects’ quality and safety. the word “long distance” is replaced by “oil/gas ”. For their different requirements on construction.. new technology and new measures have been widely used in practice. This revision has absorbed the experience accumulated in recent years of pipeline construction. address: No.

Pile move 2. Material storage and steel pipe loading. unloading. Main construction materials. equipment and inspection 4.4 Measure and line layout 2. pipeline accessories.3 Construction site cleaning 2. and pipe laying 5.7 Pipeline drying .1 General regulations 4. transportation.4 Air pressure test 9.4 Pipe laying 6.2 Pigging 9.5 Inter-station pressure test 9.6 Inter-station pigging 9. Pipeline laying and backfill 8. Pile move.2 Pile handover. Pile handover.2 Pipeline ditch backfill 9.3 Welding seam inspection and acceptance 8.2 Ditch digging 3.1 Material storage 5.1 General regulations 9.3 Pipeline ditch acceptance 4. and gas pipeline drying 9. General Principles 2.3 Vehicle transportation for the Steel pipe 5. construction site cleaning.2 Steel pipe loading and unloading 5.1 Size of Pipeline Ditch 3.2 Material and equipment inspection and repair 5. Pipeline welding and acceptance 7.1 General regulations 7.1 General regulations 2.3 Hydraulic pressure test 9. Pipeline anticorrosion and insulation project 7. Oil/gas pipeline pigging,pressure test. measure and line layout and construction pavement building 2.5 Construction pavement building 3.Pipeline Ditch 3.China Petroleum Standardization Committee (CPSC) Catalogue 1.2 Pipe paring and welding 7.1 Pipeline laying 8.

4 Pipeline protection structures 12.1 Installation of block valve chambers and valves 11.10 Pipeline crossing/spanning over projects and underground pipeline/cables 10.2 Crossing over other pipeline and cables 11.1 Pipeline crossing/spanning over projects 10. Pipeline’s accessorial projects 11.2 Cathodic protection project 11. mark Pile and anchor Pile 11. turning point Pile. Project completion and acceptance .3 Mileage Pile.

compile the construction design according to the project’s content. rebuild and major repair for the oil/gas pipeline which has been put into application.. city gas transmission/distribution pipeline. assembly and welding. 1.7 H. so to establish this standard is to solve the problem of to joint track to international standards. so they are not included in this standard. etc. 1. Because there are many general characters among petroleum and natural gas transmission pipelines on their construction and acceptance. measure and line layout and construction pavement building . they can refer to this standard. pressure test. liquid).0. if not other special standards for them. so it’s necessary to acquire the design’s detailed content and learn the design’s requirements by joint checkup.2 This clause is to describe the application scope of this standard.3 It describes the main content of pipeline project. Oil/gas pipeline project denotes petroleum/natural gas transmission trunk line and branch line projects. They must not contract the projects that have exceeded their technical degree and limited work scope. 2. their construction requirements have not much difference from oil/gas transmission pipeline. and set up detailed regulations under this standard to direct the work. Pile move. It requires the construction units to erect quality assurance system. because they are much difference with oil/gas pipeline. General Principles 1.0. But this standard is not applicable for the technical pipeline inside the oil/gas stations. anhydrous ammonia.E.1. 1. many specifications will refer to their corresponding standards. The transmission pipelines for hydrocarbon (gas. the construction units shall have their relevant qualification and technical degree as well as their work scope.0. Before construction. 1. pipeline crossing/spanning over project. so they are compiled in one standard. Pile handover. 1. the oil/gas pipeline inside industrial enterprises. high-pressure water transmission steel pipeline for oil/gas fields. culture relic protection and other relevant requirements shall accord with relevant state or local rules and regulations.1 This clause is to describe the purpose of constituting this standard. The design documents are the base of construction.04 This clause is to specify the technical and managerial requirements. they have separate construction and acceptance standards. So except this standard. 1. alcohols. The quality plan is the document that to make special quality measures and activity sequence for a specified construction project. In which for pipeline anti-corruption and insulation. pipeline project has joined the tracks to international conventions in this field step by step.0.S. construction site cleaning. oil/gas filed gathering transmission pipeline. In recent years.05 Basic requirements for quality assurance.06 By state’s construction regulations. liquids. to ensure the best construction work.

4.1 By checking of the Pile number. elevation and turning angle.3 Construction site cleaning 2. It is necessary that after ditch backfill. so as to precisely control the pipeline’s position. measure and line layout and construction pavement building shall be finished according to the prescribed work sequence.1 If the design is not reasonable. 2. the width of construction site might not be limited.2.2. Pile move.4 Measure and line layout 2. because the piled soil may bury the auxiliary Piles.1 For economical and practical purpose.2 For the purpose to strictly control the pipeline’s axis line (or digging line) and boundary. but the diameter of pipeline will have not much requirement on the site’s width.4. Pile move 2. The auxiliary Piles may not be set on the side piling the soil.2 Cleaning of construction site will provide favorable condition for the work of measuring. set 100m-Piles then tie the rope or spill the white lime between the Piles.3 . and pipeline control Piles must be laid.2. so they need to be moved in parallel before construction.1. or to find out the original Piles by guiding. 2. so it needs to increase the Piles and lay the lines according to their parameters. design unit and construction unit have to hand over the work on site.2 Control Piles are the results of survey and design.4.1. that will be difficult for later work.4.2. move the control Piles to their original places.2 Pile handover. to avoid the possible miPiles. only consider the vehicle passing under favorable weather. they are the benchmark of other Piles.1 The width of construction site is stipulated by actual situation. 2. 2. so it is stipulated that the width of construction site is 20 m. 2.5.3. construction pavement does not consider the foundation and drainage requirements. and ensure that the pipe . The works of Pile handover.5 To add mark Piles is for the convenience to find the positions of some special points and for comparing inspection.4 Turning point and grade change point are the key control positions in pipeline construction.2 Because the design control Piles are within the ditch excavation scope. In mountainous area for non-mechanical construction. 2. 2. 2.3.5 Construction pavement building 2.1 Pipeline layout shall be surveyed by the design unit. and making up of lost Piles. the line must not be willfully changed except after the approval of design unit. Mechanical flow process will need wider construction site. 2.1 General regulations 2. but it can be increased for special land sections.4. construction site cleaning. mileage. line laying and machine/tool entering. 2.

at stone-work section. So it is stipulated that within 3m to the facility.1 Any underground facilities shall be properly protected.5. K = 2.4 To stipulate necessary blasting safety regulations. it is very easy to damage the underground facilities. 3. because pipeline will expand with hot and contract with cold. 3. At elbow or bend section.2.4 Ditch bottom width has been modified a little. there may be many vehicles passing through. 2. 3. the ditch depth shall be 0. such as cable and optical fiber. and pipe car.2. so the side slope gradient shall be decided by traveling load consideration. so it is necessary to take proper protective measures when the pipeline construction machines and vehicles are passing through these pavements. In actual situation. the position of elbow or bend may have some degree of changing. This data is in accord with “Oil Transmission Pipeline Engineering Design Specification” GB 50263-94. tractor.1.5. that may cause serious accident. at flaw section. 3. the construction organization has the responsibility to protect the underground culture relic from damage.2 Ditch digging 3. 3.4 Many underground facilities and structures have not the design to allow the passing of heavy construction machines and vehicles.2. the excavated soil shall be piled on one side of the ditch.2m deeper than at earth-work section. 2. .5. only by increase the K value. it is defined that the carrying capacity of the culvert is 10 t. because it must be necessary to carry out radial flaw detection in ditch. pipelayer.1 Ditch depth at slope section shall be measured on lower side of the ditch. the excavation shall be carried out manually.2 By pipe layer.1. such can ensure the covering depth of ditch. 2. such as bulldozer. can the affection be eliminated.3 Pavement shall be built in the area of marsh according to the condition of roadbed..2 For to preserve ground for construction.3 For to protect surface layer of cropped soil. 3. excavator. When carry out welding in the ditch. K = 1. etc. 3.Pipeline Ditch 3.layer can have 20 km/h speed on this pavement.5.1.2.2.0. When use machine for excavation.1 Size of Pipeline Ditch 3.2 It stipulates the gradient of ditch side slope. this depth is for fine soil backfill on the bottom. K = 1.6 by semi-automatic welding regulations. 3.5 According to culture relic protection regulation.

pipeline accessories. Pipeline block valve standards: GB/T 12234 Common Valves Flange and Butt Welding Connection Steel Gate Valves GB/T 12237 Common Valves Flange and Butt Welding Connection Steel Ball Valves SY/T 4102 Inspection and Installation Specification for the Valves 4. their quality must accord with relevant state or industrial standards.1 Construction materials. pipeline accessories. 4.3. etc. Anticorrosive steel material standards: SY/T 0315 Steel Pipeline Epoxy Powder Sintered Fused Exterior Coating Technical Standard SY/T 0379 Underground Steel Pipe Coal Tar Enamel Exterior Anticorrosive Layer Standard SY/T 0407 Pre-painting Steel Surface Pre-treatment Specification . the pipeline ditch tolerance values have been stipulated. specification and types must accord with design requirement.1 This clause has consulted the relevant specifications on oil/gas filed gathering transmission line. the purpose is to ensure the digging quality.1 Oil/Natural Gas Industry Transmission Steel Pipe Delivery Technical Issues. equipment materials.3. material certificate and instruction. Steel pipe standards: GB/T 9711. The relevant standards are as below: 1. Pipeline accessories standards: GB/T 13401 Steel Plate Butt Welding Pipes GB/T 13402 Large Diameter Carbon Steel Pipe Flanges SY/T 0510 Steel Butt Welding Pipes SY/T 0516 Insulation Flange Design Technical Regulation SY/T 5257 Steel Bends 3. and equipment shall have the certificate of conformity.1.3 Ditch acceptance 3. accessories.1 General regulations 4. to avoid the problems which might occur during pipe laying. Main construction materials. equipment and inspection 4. 3.3.4 Reinforce the handover work for ditch inspection. Low Alloy Steel Welding Wires for Gas Protection Electric Arc Welding 5. Part 1: Grade A steel pipes GB/T 8163 Seamless Pipes for Liquid Transmission API Spec 5L Pipeline Specification 2. Welding material standards: GB/T 5117 Carbon Steel Welding Rods GB/T 5118 Low Alloy Steel Welding Rods GB/T 5293 Welding Flux for Carbon Steel Submerged Arc Welding GB/T 8110 Carbon Steel. Materials. certificate of quality guarantee.

1 and Table 4. 4.8. the regulation of ASME B31. Flexible laying: GB 50253 – 1994.SY/T 0414 Steel Pipe Polythene Glue Tape Anticorrosive Technical Standard SY/T 0415 Underground Steel Pipe Hard Polyurethane Foam Plastic Anticorrosive/Insulation Layer Technical standard SY/T 0420 Underground Steel Pipe Petroleum Pitch Anticorrosive Layer Technical Standard SY/T 0447 Underground Steel Pipe Epoxy Coal Pitch Anticorrosive Layer Technical Standard SY/T 4013 Underground Steel Pipe Polythene Anticorrosive Layer Technical Standard 4.7 Pressure test accords with “Valve Test and Installation Specification” SY/T 4102 – 95.4 and “Gas Transmission and Distribution Pipeline System” ASME B 31. this clause has regulated that the pipeline’s accessories will not use cast iron and spiral pipe as the materials. 4.1.3 – 1.3. and Clause 4.6 Insulation joint hydraulic pressure test is decided by valve pressure test. and pipeline’s safety.2 Material and equipment inspection and repair 4.1 Inspection for quality and technical data is for the purpose to control the quality of materials.2.2 – 2. Clause 5. Clause 4.12 3. in which the tightness pressure is 1.5) (5.6).2.3.3.1 times of work pressure. 4. Table 10. Cold bends: GB 50253 – 1994. accessories and equipment.3. pigging. “Petroleum. which is decided by pipeline pressure test.5.1. not good to use spiral welding seam structure.2.2. The body of elbows or bends shall not have T or O welding seam. 4.4 and Table 4. Clause 4.1.2. Elbows: GB 50251 – 1994.4. 4. accessories and equipment whose quality (performance) may have important affection to the whole project. The elbows or bends must be made and inspected in accordance with relevant standards and design requirements.13.8 has been adopted.5. to confirm the pressure and hold time.3 For the treatment of defective steel pipes.4. 2.5 Regulations for elbows and bends have referred “Steel Bends” SY/T 5257.1.2 Please refer to “Gas Transmission Pipeline Project Design Specification” GB 50251 – 1994 (5. Clause 4.1.2 Check the steel pipes’ deviations and appearance to ensure the steel pipes’ quality. 4. they must be re-checked if there is any suspicion on them.2. The serious defections will affect the welding. insulation inspection is decided by “Petroleum Construction Project Quality Inspection Evaluation Standard – Long Distance Pipeline Project” SY 4029 – 93. Anhydrous Ammonia and Alcohol Liquid Pipeline Transmission System” ASME B 31.2. Pipeline accessories must not be made with cast iron.4) and “Oil Transmission Pipeline Project Design Specification” GB 50253 – 1994 (5. so they must be cut off.1. for those key materials.3.4.1. the elbows or bends are better to use seamless.2.3. .3 This clause mainly uses following standards: 1.2. 4. straight seam or double straight seam structure.

5. 5.1 Material storage 5. Material storage and steel pipe loading. transportation. because it can minimize the repair and improve the quality. if anyone is found unacceptable in covering or painting test. 5. polythene. heat shrink sleeve. . Keep ventilative and dry for the storehouse containing special materials. 5.. 0.8 For various anticorrosive materials. inner (outer) swathing band. epoxy powder. not easy to damage the anticorrosive layer. tunnels. and it is required to keep them in the storehouse.4 Because above the electrical controlled railway there are power lines. 5.3. 5. Sacks to be served as pipe support have the advantages of stable. if the weather is hot.5 Requirement for storage of pitch: set concrete ground and fence. mountainous areas and slopes.1 This clause is the safety regulation for the steel pipe vehicles when passing through the bridges. sand/stone and rain going into the valves. if it is because some technical problem on anticorrosive processing flow.3.3 Vehicle transportation for the Steel pipe 5.1. shall be properly stored to keep away from rain. plastic cloth. and they are light and easy to move. 1995. so as to avoid that the pitch may melt and mix up with dirt.3 To take necessary measure to protect the pipes’ anticorrosive layer when transporting for the anticorrosive pipes is very significant.5 This clause accords with “Safety Engineer Manual” publised by Si Chuan People’s Publishing House. the operation of loading and unloading shall be in accord with relevant railway industry regulations.4 Prevent earth.4 Pipe laying 5. and pollute the environment. which is different from general railways. replace the anticorrosive material. 5.4.2. and be on guard of fire.2. etc. so it needs to use pole-type sling for lifting.2. welding material.1.2. soft and durable.2 Because the length of twin pipe is longer (16 – 24 m). store them with their original packages.2 Steel pipe loading and unloading 5. so for the safety sake. and be approved by the administration department of railway station.2 All glass cloth.4 The height of pipe support for the pipe laying outside the ditch will vary by the landforms.4 m of height is to ensure the necessity of welding. 5.1. if it is because of the material itself. and pipe laying 5.4. unloading. coal tar enamel. etc. adjust and improve the technique before starting test again. erect a sun shed to keep off heat. it is necessary to analyse the cause of failure. 5.

as well as to take off the hook.5 Constituted according to SY/T 4103.3 According to the regulation of GB 50251 – 1994. . and usually they are applied by 2 types of different anticorrosive materials. and more important it is for safety sack. 5 In accordance with “Pipeline Welding and Relevant Equipment” API Std 1104 (4. which are the key quality control points. 5.8 m.4.1 – 7.0. it will not affect the quality. anticorrosion and flaw detection. 7.2) and ASME B 31. The given formula is to confirm the position of pipe laying.7 When laying the pipes inside the ditch.1 – 7.5 m. which will not be easy for the works of welding. Attachment H 7.1 General regulations 7.3 The anticorrosive status on pipeline anchor supports. 7.0 m (moist soft soil is 1. 2 neighbouring pipes shall have about 100mm of distance. and it is necessary to add heat shrink sleeves on them. because the pipe might be easy to roll into the ditch. 6 Basically in accordance with SYJ 0401. because it may knock each other when in lifting. so only after these places have been inspected and approved qualified.2. Pipeline anticorrosion and insulation project 6. the purpose is to avoid pipe end knocking. and is more suitable for large-diameter pipeline construction in mountainous area.4. For detailed regulation see SY/T 4103.4 Anticorrosive layers at the sections in where the pipeline is going in/out the ground are easy to be damaged.4 3 Level drop grinding on the spiral seam and straight seam of pipe’s end can make the welding seam smooth that will eliminate the source of cracking.5 Pipe layer may not lift the pipe more than 1 piece at one time. The original standard is too small. Pipeline welding and acceptance 7.1. in this revision. and thus may damage their anticorrosive layer.6 In original standard.2.0. so they shall be treated properly. The length of short piece is modified to be bigger than pipeline diameter. and for easy to clean the inside and the bevel of pipes.5.1. 4 In accordance with “Standard for Construction and Acceptance of Long Distance Transmission Pipeline Project” SYJ 4001. crossing pipeline sections and cathodic protection test line welding points are weak links.2. 6. with two ends staggered. the edges of the excavating machine may exceed the ditch sides for about 0. 5.8.2.4. Sometimes pipe welding work is ahead of ditch digging work. this distance has been modified to 1. the distance between pipe wall to ditch edge shall be larger than 0. the next process can be started. 6.4 The base standards for Table 7.2 Pipeline pairing and welding 7.5 m).

8 (841. 7.1 The appearance inspection for this clause is in accordance with SY/T 4103. economic development area. 7.3. and each of them can contain maximum households. so it adopts the API Std 1104 and SY/T 4103 standards. just replaced by pen marking.12 Basically in accordance with SY/T 4071 and the relevant construction technical requirements in recent years. 7. 10 In accordance with ASME B 31.14. commercial area. 3.1) . 8 In accordance with GB 50251 – 1994 (4.8 For to ensure the quality of important welding points. Class 4 area: the sections contains the buildings of 4 or more storeys (not including basements). 7.3.2.5 Define the proportions of flaw detection according to GB 50251. 7. so it is not proper to be steel-printed. including city suburb area. 1. 7.3. casually divide it into several sections with length 2 km for each.14.232) (a). each separated house or building will be counted as a household.3 This clause is served as the standard to be selected.233) and B 31. the length of short arc is bigger or equal to 51 mm.7 In accordance with GB 50251 – 1994 (4. 2.2.1) . 7. but these two standards have not the welding seam classification regulation for the oil/gas pipeline. and other densely populated areas not yet up to the Class 4 standard. The method for gas pipeline area class classification see GB 50251 – 1994. Class 1 area: the sections with household number is 15 or less. 7. it is required to give 100% flaw detection for .3. industrial area.8 (841. Clause 4.4. and can be found out without damaging the anticorrosive layer. the cover size of welding seam is basing on SY/T 4103.3. These marks can maintain for a certain period. In the populated rural area. and write it on anticorrosive layer.3.2.3.3.2. 7.5.2.3. where the residents are wide and dense. as following: Within 200 m along the pipeline’s center line.7.6 This clause is to ensure the quality of re-check and random inspection.7 This clause is for the regulation of doubled-number inspection.13 Because the strength of steel material is high. Class 2 area: the sections with household number is above 15 and under 100. 4. the butting deviation is less or equal to 3℃. traffic is busy and underground facilities are many.3 Welding seam inspection and acceptance 7.4 Define the proportions of flaw detection according to GB 50253. Class 3 area: the sections with household number is 100 or above. 7. and integrating the pipeline’s construction characters.2 This clause has adopted the standards of SY 4056 and SY 4065.3. they will be divided into 4 classes according to the household number in each section. 9 In accordance with ASME B 31.

8. 9. land feature recovering and earth dike constructing. But in recent years.2 Regulation of separated pigging and pressure test for pipeline sections that are crossing (spanning) over other objects. 8.1 This clause is to protect the pipeline’s anticorrosive layer and avoid affecting the work and living activities of nearby residents. Adding the regulation that penetration test is necessary for the re-welding of X60 or above steel material.3. By experience.1.1. or use a tractor to pull the pipes transversely.1 Pipeline laying 8. Please refer to ASME B 31.8. backfill at stone section.9 Re-welding of defective welding points. pipe floating preventing.1 This clause regulates the sectional pigging and pressure test. The requirement for fine soil is added.1.1. pipeline block valves and other equipment that they don’t need repeated pressure test. Oil/gas pipeline pigging,pressure test. 8.1. 9. for some pipeline projects with higher quality requirement. Pipeline laying and backfill 8. etc.2 There is not much variance comparing with original standards.them. The welded pipes outside the ditch shall be laid into the ditch as soon as possible.3 Regulation for the end connection welding seams.1. and matches with the design specification. 9.5 It gives the regulation for the safety of construction workers.5 The stipulated pipeline’s maximum hanging height and long is to prevent that after backfill. nearby residents and facilities during . the pipeline might suffer from high bending stress. they are carried out just by the project’s condition. 7. they have special requirements on inter-station pressure test.2 Pipeline ditch backfill This clause mainly gives stipulations on backfill. Inter-station pressure test and inter-station pigging have not been included in the design specification.1 General regulations 9. 8. 9.1.1. the maximum granule diameter 10mm will basically have not affection on anticorrosive layer. and gas pipeline drying 9. 8.6 Measures for preventing pipe rolling include: put safety cross arms on the top of ditch. inter-station pigging and as gas pipeline drying.

which is 15 km longer than previous 20 km. 9.2 – 9.6 In according with GB 50251 and GB 50253.3.3. 9.8 is consulted. The allowable pressure drop is in accordance with previous standard.4. 9. but also can minimize the work of pipe end connection and the wastage of water. It is reasonable to consider that the strength pressure test is acceptable if there is no rupture and leaking on the pipeline.1 This clause is the regulation in accordance with GB 50253. the ratio of success in pressure test is higher. because its pressure hold time is short.3 Air discharging by hole opening in the past is replaced by adding batching sphere at present.4 The conventional regulations to ensure the precision and safety of pressure test.4.2 Because the hydraulic pressure test has the regulation of “Liquid Petroleum Pipeline Pressure Test” GB/T 16805. this is because the construction quality has been improved in recent years.9.4. so it can be 3 km longer than before. ASME B 31. so it is mainly for checking the pressure drop.2 The mediums for the inter-station pressure test are recommended for oil and gas transmission .6 The pressure value and hold time is in accordance with GB 50251. 9. the purpose is to ensure the quality of pigging.2 Pigging 9. such can also reduce the pipeline’s end connections. so this chapter has fewer regulations on operation and equipment. it regulates the use of medium for pressure test. it is mainly for checking the pipeline’s status.2.6 These 6 regulations are made by reviewing the pigging experience. 9. But the time for tightness test is longer. 9. When the pipeline’s height difference exceeds 30 m.2.3. 9. GB 50253. 9. which is 3 km longer than gathering pipeline’s specification.1. 9.1.5. and the strength test pressure is lower comparing with previous specification.5. GB 50253.1 It is recommended that the sectional pipeline for air pressure test is not more than 18 km.4 Air pressure test 9.4. Select high place for pig receiving end is to avoid back filling of drainage. and can improve the project’s economic benefit as well.pipeline pigging and pressure testing.5 Inter-station pressure test 9. work out the hoop stress at the lowest point. this regulation can ensure to avoid overpressure. 9. The length for sectional hydraulic pressure test shall not exceed 35 km. so longer pressure test section not only can improve the work efficiency. 9. plus the ratio of success in recent years is improved.4.7 The acceptance standard for the pressure test is completely consulting the specification of natural gas gathering transmission pipeline. so it can minimize the hole opening on pipeline. it is because the gas pipeline can be classified by areas.4 The values of hydraulic test pressure and pressure hold time are all in accordance with GB 50251.

5.3 Inter-station pressure test is for the purpose to further inspect the tightness of whole pipeline.7. those two specifications must also be carried out. it will make the sacrificial anode strap invalid. Inter-station gas pressure test does not need to test the pressure drop.3 The regulation to ensure the quality of drying. gas pipeline will not be dangerous to use air for pressure test. including pipeline pressurization requirement. For oil pipeline.1. such can also reduce the work of pipeline cleaning and drying after water pressure test.7. the insulation impedance is regulated on 2MΏ. 9. so the test pressure is only the design pressure. then use dry air to blow the pipeline.4 The regulation for the work content during the course of pressure test. 10 Pipeline crossing/spanning over projects and underground pipeline/cables 10. poisonous and flammable.2 – 9. use the hygroscopic agent to absorb the residual water. so air is recommended to be the medium for gas pipeline inter-station pressure test.6. 9. so relevant install and inspection requirements are added.5.7 Pipeline drying 9. . the design is more frequent that to install the sacrificial anode strap onto the transmission pipeline in the case pipe.1 Pipeline crossing/spanning over projects 10. only needs to keep watch and hold the pressure for only 4 h.5 To prevent the other pipeline sections to be affected by pressure misleading. 9. When carry out this standard. The common hygroscopic agent is methanol. This clause has consulted the technical requirements of insulation flange. 10.7.pipelines respectively.5. 9. Because inter-station distance is long. so it needs to use the pig equipped with a tracker. After sectional pressure test. use oil pump for water pressure test.1.1 SY/T4079 and SY 4047 has stipulated special requirements for pipeline crossing/spanning over project.3 If the insulation between pipeline and case pipe is not good.1. Use the pig to clean the water deposited in the pipeline. By considering it is practicable and can reduce the cost.1 The regulation in accordance with GB 50251. 9. and the hold time is 4 h only.4 It regulates the safety issues of using.7. 9.2 In recent years. Inter-station pigging This chapter only gives general regulation. 10. shall be properly stored. 9.

11.3 Mileage Pile.0.4 Only after test one can know whether the cathodic protection is normal of not.4 The anticorrosive work for the underground pipeline and valve in the valve chamber is key point of quality control. so this clause regulates that the welding of test wire shall use braze welding or heat melting welding.2 Crossing over other pipeline and cables 10. it needs the design personnel to solve the problem if the natural potential is abnormal. 11. . 12.1 After the valve chamber is built. the distance specification is in accordance with ASME B31. Of which.1 – 10.2. or for multi-room valve chamber to prevent the cross-running of oil or gas when leaking occurs.5 The gaps going through the walls shall be stopped up tightly to prevent in-running of exterior ground water.0.2. mark Pile and anchor Pile This part is newly supplemented. the result of ground leaking detection for anticorrosive layer will conclude the final result of anticorrosive project. the heavy and bulky valve might not be easy to be moved into the chamber. pipe supports and the setting of Piles.3 This 3 clauses are newly added. 11. 12.2 Upon the completion of pipeline laying. turning point Pile.1 Installation of block valve chambers and valves 11. the completion inspection is mainly on ground checking. the purpose is to better protect other underground pipelines and communication/power cables.8 and GB 50251.4 Pipeline protection structures Pipeline protection structures are very important for pipeline’s safety. Because of exterior current disturbance.1.3 Pipeline’s laying depth is important to the pipeline’s safe operation.10.1.3 For the purpose not to damage the pipeline’s material. 11. at the same time to protect the oil/gas pipelines also. 11.2 Cathodic protection project 11. Project completion and acceptance 12. 11. so it needs to abide by the state’s construction and acceptance standard for pipeline construction projects.2. it is the regulation for making of pipe Piles.2. so it needs to arrange the cross work properly. 11.1. make careful inspection for it before backfill. Pipeline’s accessorial projects 11. the result of depth inspection will conclude the pipeline’s final laying result and safety degree. the door has to be taken down then.

.0.4 It lists the main technical data that shall be provided for the project acceptance. it needs to be supplemented according to the requirement. for the technical data that has not included the special requirement of design unit or proprietor.12.