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By Javiera Fernandez

**Description of the wheel
**

• The wheel has a radius of 5 meters. The center of the wheel is 8 meters from the ground and 12 meters from the wall. The wheel spins 0.6284 meters per second. It takes 50 seconds for a full spin (the wheel has a 31.42 meters circumference). People get on the ride at the lowest point, 3 meters away from the ground. I will be depicting the distance from the ground.

The Wheel

Characteristics

• The size: Radius: 5 meters Diameter: 10 meters • Location of center: 8 meters to the ground 12 meters to the wall

More Characteristics

• Rotation Speed 0.6284 meters per second 50 seconds per spin • Where do people get on the Ferris wheel At the point closer to the ground (minimum value) • How many spins Everyone gets 3 spins

The rules

• Sine function: Y=5 sin pi/25 (x-12.5) +8

• Cosine function: Y= -5 cos pi/25x +8

**Validating the rules
**

• I will validate the rules by checking a point that we already know should be there: (25,13)

Sine function Y= 5 sin pi/25 (x-12.5)+8 Y= 5 sin pi/25 (25-12.5)+8 Y= 13 Cosine function Y= -5 cos pi/25 x+8 Y= -5 cos pi/25 (25)+8 Y= 13

So now we know that both our rules work

The Graph

The Graph

Max: 13 (diameter + the distance from the end of the wheel to the ground) Min: 3 (the distance from the end of the wheel to the ground)

The Graph

L.O.O.= Max+Min/2 = 8 Period= Total length of one spin

The Graph

Total length of the graph= the total amount of time the ride lasts = 50 x 3 = 150 seconds

**My work(validating the graph)
**

• We are going to validate the graph by using the formula to find a point and then locate it on the graph: What is the y value when x is 37.5 • Sine function: Y=5 sin pi/25 (x-12.5) +8 Y= 5 sin pi/25 (37.5-12.5) + 8 Y= 8

**My work(validating the graph)
**

• We can see that in the graph we have the point (37.5,8)

(37.5,8)

Problem #2 (Part 2)

By Javiera Fernandez

The Problem

40 cm

**The information we are given
**

• Cycle begins at the bottom of the cylinder, goes to the top of the cylinder and then returns to the bottom to complete the cycle • The piston does 20 cycles every second • The cylinder is 40 cm tall

**What we are looking for
**

• • • • The rule for the situation Define the variables Graph of the situation (label axes) Solution to the problems: How far from the bottom of the cylinder will the piston be at 3.08 seconds? - Find two different times at which the piston is 20 cm from the bottom of the cylinder

Table of Values

**Table of values explanation
**

• I got the table of value by knowing that there is 20 movements to the min, max and min in one second. I multiplied 20 by 3 to have the time divided exactly to the points where the function reaches a max or min. So we know have the amount of time by sixtieth of a second. Every 3/60 of a second represent a full cycle. I divided the time between each min and max to know where the point would be in the l.o.o.

**My work (the variables)
**

• A= Amplitude *Max-Min/2 40-0/2 = 20 • Period: The length of one full cycle = 3/60 of a second • B= 2pi/period 2pi/(3/60) = 125.66 • H: The distance from the y axis to where the cos, sin, -cos or –sin start. In this case I will use – cos (umbrella) and it starts right at the y axis. H=0 • K= l.o.o. As we can see in the table of values: L.o.o. = 20 *Max + Min/2 40+0/2 = 20 K= 20

**My work(The equation)
**

• From the variables stated in the prior slide we can form our equation Y=-a cos b(x-h)+k Y= -20 cos 125.66 x + 20

**My work (Validating rule)
**

• To make sure our rule is right we are going to test a value we already know and see if the rule gives us the right answer: (1.5/60, 40) Y= -20 cos 125.66 x + 20 Y= -20 cos 125.66 (1.5/60) + 20 Y= 40 So we now know that our rule is fine

My work (The graph)

/60

/60

/60

/60

/60

/60

/60

**My work(validating the graph)
**

• We are going to validate the graph by revising to see that we have the right max, min, l.o.o. and period

Max: 40

l.o.o.: 20 Period: 3/60 seconds

/60 /60 /60 /60 /60 /60 /60

Min: 0

**Solutions to the problems
**

• How far from the bottom of the cylinder will the piston be at 3.08 seconds? Y= -20 cos 125.66 x + 20 Y= -20 cos 125.66 (3.08) + 20 Y= -20 cos 387.0328 + 20 Y= -20 x -.81567 + 20 Y= 16.31 + 20 Y= 36.31 centimetres from the ground

**Solutions to the problems
**

• Find two different times at which the piston is 20 cm from the bottom of the cylinder Here we can refer back to our table of values

**Solutions to the problems (continued)
**

• We can see in the table of values that it is at 20 centimeters from the ground at .75/60 and 2.25/60 Just to make sure this answer is right we are going to check it using our formula

.75/60 Y= -20 cos 125.66 x + 20 Y= -20 cos 125.66 (.75/60)+20 Y= 20 2.25/60 Y= -20 cos 125.66 x + 20 Y= -20 cos 125.66 (2.25/60)+20 Y= 20

Conclusion

• How far from the bottom of the cylinder will the piston be at 3.08 seconds? 36.31 centimetres from the ground • Find two different times at which the piston is 20 cm from the bottom of the cylinder When y= .75/60 and 2.25/60

This is the powerpoint I made as my optional blogpost. I made my own ferris wheel and solved problem #2.

This is the powerpoint I made as my optional blogpost. I made my own ferris wheel and solved problem #2.

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