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BOOKLET CODE
2012 (11) PHYSICAL SCIENCES TEST BOOKLET
Time :3:00 Hours
'
Mcrxzmurn Marks: 200
INSTRUCTIONS
1. You have opted for English as medium of Question Paper. This Test Booklet contains seventy five (20 Part6A'+25 Part 'B' + 30 Part 'C') Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs). You are required to answer a maximum of 1 5 , 2 0 and 20 questions frompart 'A' 'By and 'C' respectively. If more than required number of questions are answered, only first 15, 20 and 20 questions in Parts 'A' 'B' and 'C' respectively, will be taken up for evaluation. Answer sheet has been provided separately. Before you start filling up your particulars, please ensure that the booklet contains requisite number of pages and that these are not tom or mutilated. If it is so, you may request the Invigilator to change the booklet. Likewise, check the answer sheet also. Sheets for rough work have been appended to tht: test booklet. Write your Roll No., Name, Your address and Serial Number of this Test Booklet on the Answer sheet in the space provided on the side 1 of Answer sheet. Also put your signatures in the space identified. You must darken the appropriate circles with a pencil related to Roll Number, Subiect Code, Booklet Code and Centre Code on the OMR answer sheet. It is the on sole responsibilitv of the candidate to meticulously follow the instructions ~ i v e n the Answer Sheet, failinp which, the computer shall not be able to d e c i ~ h e rthe correct details which may ultimately result in loss, including rejection of the OMR answer sheet. Each question in Part 'A' carries 2 marks, Part 'B' 3.5 marks and Part 'C' 5 marks respectively. There will be negative marking @ 25% for each wrong answer. Below each question in Part 'A', 'B' and 'C' four alternatives or responses are given. Only one of these alternatives is the "correct" optipn to the question. You have to find, for each question, the correct or the best answer. Candidates found copvina or resorting to any unfair means are liable to be disqualified from t h s and future examinations. Candidate should not write anything anywhere except on answer sheet or sheets for rough work. After the test is over, you MUST hand over the Test Booklet and the answer sheet (OMR) to the invigilator. Use of calculator is not permitted.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8. 9.
\
Name
10.
Roll No. .......................
...........................
I have verified all the information filled in by the candidate.
..............................
Signature of the Inv~giiariir
9.1 I x 10 Kg
6.63
10 '' J sec
1.6 x 10'nC 1.38 x
C
JIK
3.0 x 1 O%i/Sec
lev
amu
G
"
A
1.097 x 10"mI 6.023 x 1 02' mole'
Po,
R
USEFUL FUNDAMENTAL CONSTANTS Mass of electron Planck's constant Charge of elect1.011 Boltzmann constant Velocity of Light 9. 1 l
x
lo" ~g
6.63 x 10 "' J sec
1.G
y
10 "'C
I.38y lOUJ/K
3.0 r 1 0' m/Scc
Rydberg conslant Avogadro number 8.854 x lo'' Fm'
4 7 1
1.097. 10' m
'
6.023 x 10'' mole'
lo' HmI 8.3 14 J K ' mole'
Molar Gas constants
+ 30
15
& f&%? i..lf ww 3% 8 I .m #cv
VTT
'C'
3
3
~ y $ .
yi?az7 $ m (20 1 ~ m 'A'++ 25 ?rm 'B' f l i ~ i 1797 ? ~ ~(h'IC'Q)& W 'A' r)l d f? 1 '13' ~ ~ 1$' 20 ri?n 37i;'i 'i" 4 & 20 P$ d ) : # 8 I / &$f&i ?? 3Lf$+F &y ~ , y(Tcr a C ~ i . ; 1jsd v 7 'ti' ~ d 1 5 , 'B' ~ 3f 20 M w 'C' i+
; ) j QEYT 3)q
20 =&F~$
$ 7
/
9.1 I
10 'I Kg
6.63 x I0
" J scc
1.6 x 10 IqC 1.38 x lo" .I/K
C
3.0 x 1 OKm/Sec
1,v
amu
G
R,
A
E"
Po
R USEFUL, FUNDAMENTAL CONSTANTS Mass of electron Planck's constant Charge of electron Boltzmann constant Velocity of Light
8.3 14 J K' mole
'
9.1 1
x
10:' Kg
6.63 x I0 I4Jsec l.6~ 10'"C
lev
amu
1.6x 1 0  1 9 ~
Rydberg conslant Avogadro number
8.854 x 10I?FmI
1.097 x 10' m
'
6.023 x lo2' mole'
4n x lo' HmI Molar Gas constants
LIST OF THE ATOMIC WEIGHTS OF THE ELEMENTS
Element Actinium Aluminium Americium Antimony Argon Arsenic Astatine Barium Berkelium Beryllium Bismuth Boron Bromine Cadmium Calcium Californium Carbon Cerium Cesium Chlorine Chromium Cobalt Copper Curium Dysprosium Einsteinium Erbium Europium Fermium Fluorine Francium Gadolinium Gallium Germanium Gold Hafnium Helium Holmium Hydrogen Indium Iodine Iridium Iron Krypton Lar~thanum Lawrencium Lead Lithium Lutetium Magnesium Manganese Mendelevium Symbol Ac Al Am Sb Ar As At Atomic Number 89 13 95 51 18 33 85 56 97 4 83 5 35 48 20 98 6 58 55 17 24 27 29 96 66 99 68 63 100 9 87 64 31 32 79 72 2 67 1 49 53 77 26 36 57 103 82 3 71 12 25 201 Atomic Weight (227) 26.98 (243) 121.75 39.948 74.92 (210) 137.34 (249) 9.012 208.98 10.81 79.909 112.40 40.08 (251) I2.Oq1 I4O.l2 132.91 35.453 52.00 58.93 63'54 (247' 162'50 (254) 167'26 151'96 (253) 19'00 (223) 157.25 69.72 72.59 196.97 178.49 4.003 164,93 1,0080 114.82 126,90 192.2 55.85 83,e0 138.91 (257) 207.19 6.939 174.97 24,312 54.94 (256) Element Mercury Molybdenum Neodymium Neon Neptunium Nickel Niobium Nitrogen Nobelium Osmium Oxygen Palladium Phosphorus Platinum Plutonium ~olonium potassium Praseodymium Promethium Protactinium Radium Radon Rhenium Rhodium Rubidium Ruthenium samarium Scandium selenium silicon silver Sodium Strontium Sulfur Tantalum Technetium Tellurium Terbium Thallium Thorium Thulium Tin Titanium Uranium Vanadium Ytterbium Yttrium Zinc Zirconium Symbol Hg Mo Nd Ne NP Ni Nb Atomic Number 80 42 60 10 93 28 41 7 102 76 8 46 15 78 94 84 19 59 61 91 88 86 75 45 37 44 [ i 2 21 34 14 47 11 38 16 73 43 52 65 81 90 59 50 22 74 92 23 54 70 39 30 40 Atomic Weight 200.59 95.94 144.24 20.183 (237) 58.71 92.91 14.007 (253) 190.2 15.9994 106.4 30.974 195.09 (242) (210) 39.102 140.91 (147) (231) (226) (222) 186.23 '102.91 85.47 101.1
'150.35
Ba
Bk Be Bi B Br Cd Ca Cf C Ce Cs CI Cr Co Cu Cm DY Es Er Eu Fm F Fr Gd Ga Ge Au Hf He Ho H In I Ir Fe Kr La Lr Pb Li Lu Mg lLl n Md
N
No 0s 0 Pd P Pt Pu Po K Pr Pm Pa Ra Rn Re Rh Rb Ru Sm Sc Se Si Ag Na Sr S Ta Tc Te Tb TI Th Tm Sn Ti W U V Xe Yb Y Zr: ZT
.
44.96 78.96 28.09 107.870 22.9898 87.62 32.064 180.95 (99) 127.60 158.92 204.37 232.04 168.93 118.69 47.90 183.85 238.03 50,94 131.30 173.04 88.91
65.37 91.22 
Rased o n mass of Cf2 at 12.000... . The ratio of these weights of those on !!ic order chemical scale (in which oxygen of natural isotopic composition was assigned a mass of 16.0000...) is 1.000055. (Values in parentheses represent the most stable k n o w n isotopes.)

A granite block of 2 m x 5 n~ x 3 n~size is cut into 5 cm thick slabs of 2 m x 5 m size. 'These slabs are laid over a 2 m wide pavement. What is the length of the pavement that chn be covered with these slabs?
.
3
*+~Ifw8?
Which is the least among the following?
ei /e
2
0.33'.~~,
0.44O.~~,
3
,+'~&m3d'm?23mT;f)?icwmT2?
What is the next number in this "see and tell" sequence? 1 (1) 312211 11 21 1211 111221
(3) 1 1 12222
(2) 1112221
(4) 1112131
A vertical pole of Isngth u stands at the centre of a horizontal regular hexagonal ground of side u . A 1upc that is fixed taut in between a vertex on the ground and the tip oi'the pole has a length
A peacock perched on the top of' a 12 m liigli tree spots a snake moving towards its hole at the base of the tree from a distance equal to thrice the height of the tree. The peacock flies towards the snake in a straight line and they both move at the same speed. At what distance from the base of the tree will the peacock catch the snake?
The cities of a country are connected by intercity roads. If a city is directly connected to an odd number of other cities, it is called an odd city. If a city is directly connected to an even number of other cities, it is called an even city. Then which of the following is impossible?
1 & m 8 / There are an even number of odd cities n f & M f3cm 81 / There are an odd number of odd cities 2. RW ; / There are an even number of even cities 3. 3m ; n f & ?$zw rn 81 4. rn ;m3) & ?$zw @W81 / There are an odd number of even cities
In the figure LABC1=n/ 2 AD=DE=EB What is the ratio of the area of triangle ADC to that of triangle CDB?
A rectangular sheet ABCD is folded in such a way that vertex A meets vertex C, thereby forming a line PQ. Assuming AB= 3 and BC=4, find PQ. Note that AP = PC and AQ = QC.
A string of diameter lmm is kept on a table in the shape of a close flat spiral i.e. a spiral with no gap between the turns. The area of the table occupied by the spiral is 1 m2. Then the length of the string is
lo.
W C T % $ ~ ~ % J ; ~ T ~ ~ % & V ~ % ~ T X % ~ W X ~
25% of 25% of a quantity is x% of the quantity where x is
11.
qz5J7 {a,)
F)'mLn d iV$ @?8 a)
G% &r%?7 $
m 81 Q'f?a0=3,
d
dhTT7
In sequence {a,) every term is equal to the sum of all its previous terms. an+, is If a. = 3, then limn,, an
In the iigure below, angle ABC = 7112. I, 11, I11 are the areas of semicircles on the sides opposite angles B, A, and C, respectively. Which of the following is always true?
What is the minimum number of days between one Friday the 1 3 ' ~ and the next Friday the 13'~?(Assume that the year is a leap year).
Suppose a person A is at the NorthEast comer of a square (see the figure below). From that point he moves along the diagonal and after covering 113'~portion of the diagonal, he goes to his left and after sometime he stops, rotates 90" clockwise and moves straight. After a few minutes he stops, rotates 180" anticlockwise. Towards which direction he is facing now?
( I u,fl~d ( 1 ) NorthEast
(2) m3r&si (2) North W esr
(:)
: : : ; ; L " : 
9,~;
.
/ ; \ \ .+
:<I$> (I?
~/f$37~
i.; i
, .
~ c !t:q. ,;
! : . A : ; :
(~4) (,;rjuih\;G'es[
C ' L I C U contains ~ I ~ ~ ~99% water. Ramesh buys 1 ii0 kg of cucumbers. After 30 days of storing, the cucumbers lose some water. They 11ow contain 98'31 walcr. What is the total weight of cucumbers now?
(A) 1837 .$id? ~T;T
~ ~
(B) 1907 $?8 ?q'
/ ~
(C) 1947 u'2%8
? +
(D) 200 $m @
~
In a museum there were old coins with their respective years engraved on them, as follows.
(A) 1837 AD
(B) 1907 AD
(C) 1947 AD
(D) 200 BC
Identify the fake coin(s)
(1) % m lcoin A
(2) i?%m/coin D
(3) 4 A a S /coins A and D
(4) A h m /coin C
A student observes the movement of four snails and plots the graphs of distance moved as a function of time as given in figures (A), (B) (C) and (D).
( y k
8
C 0
!'I
n
/
Time
n
Time
n
Time
Time
Which of the following is not correct?
(1) *(A) ( 1) Graph (A)
(2) *(B) (2) Graph (B)
(3) *(C) (3) Graph (C)
(4) *(Dl (4) Graph (Dl
Find the missing letter :
A ? U Q B
EGK
OJF
C P R V D
Consider the following equation x2 + 4y2 + 9z2 = 14x + 28y+42z + 147 where x, y and z are real numbers. Then the value of x+2y+3z is
(4)
3T;m
769
/not unique
71'licniap gi\,cn b c l o ~ v shows a meandering river following a scn;icircular path, along \vl?icIi [ \ L O villagcs arc loca(ctl at A and 13. l ' h c distance between A and B along the castwest Ji~.cctioni l l thc niap 1s 7 c m . What is the Icngth o f t h e river between A and f3 in the g ~ ~ u n d ' !
SCALE = 1:50000
'
2 1. A 2 x 2 matrix A has eigenvalues e
is
1.
l ~ / 5
and e 1 ~ / 6. The smallest value of
n
such that A" = I
20
2.
30
3.
60
4.
120
1. 8 m vm J O (x)
3.
2. 4.
e"cosx
cosx 1 cosx
X
22. The graph of the ftlinction
J'(x)
shown below is best described by
1. The Bessel fui~ctioi~ J , (x)
3.
2. C0.Y X 4.
e'cosx
1 cosx
X
23.
In a serles of five Cricket matches, one i)f'the capta~lls calls "lleads" every time when the toss is taken. 'fie probability that he will win 3 times and lose 2 times is
24.
The unit nonnal vector at the point
[2,$;.
  
1
on the surface of the ellipsoid
25.
A solid cylinder of height
H,
radius
R
and density
p , floats vertically on the surface of a
liquid of density Pi,. The cylinder will be set inlo oscillatory motion when a small i~lstalltalleous downward force is applied. The frequency of oscillatio~l is
26.
Three particles of equal mass n i are connected by two den tical massless springs of stiffness constant k as shown in the figure:
Ic
m
m
k m
k
If X, ,x, and x3denote the horizontal displacements of the masses from their respective equilibrium positions, the potential energy of the systenl is
27.
Let V , p and E denote the speed, the magnitude of the momentum, and the energy of a free particle of rest mass m . Then
1.
dE
AP
= constant
28.
A binary star system consists of two stars
S, and S, , with masses rn and 2m
respectively separated
by a distance
r . If both S, and S, individually follow circular orbits around the centre of mass with instantaneous speeds v , and v2 respectively, the speeds ratio v, / V , i
29.
Three charges are located on the circumference of a circle of radius below. The two charges
R
as shown in the figure
Q
subtend an angle
'1
90'
at the centre of the circle. The charge
g
is
symmetrically placed with respect to the chargese . If the electric field at the centre of the circle is zero, what is the magnitude of
30.
Consider a hollow charged shell of inner radius density is
a and outer radius b . The volume charge
p(r) =
k (k r
is a constant) in the region n < r <b . The magnitude of the electric
field produced at distance
1.
r
> n is
k(b
a)
I" r 2
for all
r >a
2.
k(b  a )
I,, r
 for for n < r < b and 
kb I, r 2
r >b
3,
Ii(r (1) 3
for
a < r <h and
Ell/
..I,
I<(/.


(1)
~
i f I
L',, (1
I
1
k(b  ( 1 ) for I > h l o r2 k(bcr) for 1, > I?
E l ,( 1
31.
Consider the interference of two coherent electromagnetic waves whose electric field are given by
E, = E,,C O S C O ~

and
E, = E,,C O S ( W ~+ (o)
2

vectors
where (O is the phase
of tlie resulting wave is given by difference. ?Ille inte~~eity average of
U ( ~ 'where ),
(E')
is the time
E'
. The total i~lte~lsity is
32.
Four charges (two shown
+q and two q ) are kept fixed at the four vertices of a square of side u
as
At the point
P
which is at a distance
R
from the centre (
R> > a ), the potential is proportional to
,
33.
A point charge
q
of mass
sheet which lies in the
d below a grounded infinite conducting xy plane. For what value of d will the charge remains stationary?
m
is kept at a distance

3. There is no finite value of
d
4.
,/mgr~,, / q
34.
6 * v ~ & ~ r n w a ? j T  m
34.
The wave function of a state of the hydrogen atom is given by
h e r
/
rzlm
IS
the norn~alii.edelgen lunctloil ofthe state with quantum numbers
n.1
and
m
in the usual notation. The expectation value of
L
in the state
Y is
35.
.
The energy eigenvalues of a particle in the potential V ( x ) =rnu2x2  a x are
1
2
4.
E,, = ( n + : ) h m
36.
If a particle is represented by the normalized wave function
the uncertainty
Ap
in its momentum
IS
37.
Given the usual canonical commutatioo relations, the commutator and
[ A ,B] of A =i(xPP ypX)'
B =(ypZ+ z p Y )is
38.
The entropy of a system, S , is related to the accessible phase space volume by S = k,ln T( E ,N , V ) where E, Nand Vare the energy, number of particles and volume respectively. From this one can conclude that
r
r
1. 2. 3. 4.
does not change during evolution to equilibrium oscillates during evolution to equilibrium is a maximum at equilibrium is a minimum at equilibrium
30.
Let A W be the work done in a quasistatic reversible thermody~~an~ic process. Which of the following statenients about A W is correct'?
1. 2. 3. 4.
AW AW Aw AW
is a perfect differential if the process is isotheniial is a perfect differential if the process is adiabatic is always a perfect differential cannot be a perfect differential
40.
Consider a system of three spins
S,,S, and S3each of which can take values +1 and 1.
The
energy of the system is given by
E = J[S, S2 + S2S3+ S3S , ] ,
where
J
is a positive
constant. The minimum energy and the corresponding number of spin configurations are, respectively,
1.
J
and 1
2.  3 J a n d l
3.  3 J a n d 2
4.  6 J a n d 2
4 1.
The minimum energy of a collection of 6 noninteracting electrons of spin f and mass m placed in a one dimensional infinite square well potential of width
L
is
42.
A live music broadcast consists of a radiowave of frequency 7 MHz, amplitudemodulated by a microphone output consisting of signals with a maximum frequency of 10 kHz. The spectrum of modulated output will be zero outside the frequency band
1. 7.00 MHz to 7.01 MHz 3. 6.99 MHz to 7.00 MHz 2. 6.99 MHz to 7.01 MHz 4. 6.995 MHz to 7.005 MHz
43.
In the opamp circuit shown in the figure, V, is a sinusoidal input signal of frequency 10 Hz and Vo is the output signal.
The magnitude of the gain and the phase shift, respectively, close to the values
1.
5&
and a / 2
2 . 5&
4.
and
 a/2
3.
10 andzero
10 and r
44.
The logic circuit shown in the figure below
implements the Boolean expression
i
=(
u,,'
0,
+ 2v,,, for
v,, > 0
for v, I 0
45.
A diode
D
.
1,
as shown in the circuit has an i  v relation that can be approximated by
{;r2
+ 2vD, for
vLj> 0
=
for v,, 5 0
The value of V,, in the circuit is
I.
(1+&)~
2.
8V
3.
5V
46.
The Taylor expansion of the function starts with the following tenns:
in (cosh x) ,where x is real, about the point x =O
47.
U satisfying Cj 'l' :(i'U = i witil det 0 ' constluct a unitary ~uatrixV ( V fV = V V f 1 ) wlth det J'  1 from it by
Given a : ! < 2 unitary matrix


c ~ " " one , can
1 . rn~~lt~plylng U by
e1p/
2
2. ml~lt~plvlng any single elcment of
3.
4.
U by c "' 1u 1.2 tnult~plylng s11) row or co1u.t~:of U by e multlpiylng U by elp
48.
The value of the integral equation
2
1.1
7 " z , where C i z ' 5z+6
is a closed contour defined by the
 5 = 0 , traversed
in the anticlockwise direction, is
49.
eii f ( x ) 3 i a a i r * m
d'f ( 3  2 i ) f = 0 r n i q j i ¶ % = i m d ~ i fr( ~ 0)=1 dx' Y~(x)+o m x  t m m@minmi/ f ( r ) m m ? :
1.
e2?r
2. e2n
3. e
 7n
4.  e
2 zi
49.
The function
f ( x ) obeys the differential equation d 2 f  (3  2i)f = 0 dx2 conditions f ( 0 )= 1 and f (x) +o as x + m . The value of f ( i r ) is
I. a2?r
2.
and satisfies the
e2n
3.
e 2n
4.
e 2 ni
50.
A planet of mass 171 moves in the gravitational field of the Sun (mass M ). If the semimajor are a and b respectively, the angular mornenturn of the planet and semiminor axes of the orb~t
1s:
5 1.
The Hamiltonian of a simple pendulum consisting of a mass of length C is
rn attached to a nlassless string
H
Po =
2me'
+ mgl(l  case) . If L denotes the Lagrangian, the value
52.
Which of the f o l l o w i ~ ~set g of pllasespace trajectories is obeying Ikunilton's equations of motion ?
possible for a particle
53.
7'wo bodles of equal mass ~i are connected by a massless ngld rod of len@h t lying 111 tile
A?? 
plane with the centre of the rod at the origin. If this system is rotating about the zaxis with a frequency W , its an~wlar momentum is
54.
An infinite solenoid with its axis of synlnletry along the z direction carries a steady current
I
.
The vector potential
A
at a distance
R
from the axis
I . is constant inside and varies as R outside the solenoid 2. varies as R inside and is constant outside the solenoid
3. vanes as

I R
ins~de and as
X
1

o ~ ~ t s the ~ d solelloid e
4. vanes as
R
inside and as
R
outside the solenoid
55.
('o~isider an inlinite conduct~ng sheet in the XJ' plane with a time dependent current density
K
*
ti,wllerc k ' is a constant 1.11~rector potaitinl at (I, y.2)
1
is given by
A = 'LL !K L( I ) 4c
 is i . Fl.bemagnetic field B
^
56.
When a charged particle elnits electromagnetic radiation, the electric field
.
Poynting vector
S=
llo
'

E XB at
 
a large distance Y from the emitter vary as
E 1
/"I'
and the and
1

respectively. Which of the fhllowing clioices for n and
rtr are correct'!
and
1.
/1=1 311d
/11=1
3 . t l = 1 and
n1=2
171'2 4 . rz = 2 and tn = 4
2.
/1=2
2. yo( x )= sech x
4.
( x )= sech3x
1 .
57.
The energies in the ground state and first excited state of a particle of mass rn = in a potential 2
v (x)
are
4
and  1 , respectively, (in units in which
h =I ). If
the corresponding
wavefunctions are related by
Y ,( x )=y o( x ) sinh X , then the ground state eigenfunction is
2.
4.
y o( x )= sech x yo( x ) = sech3x
v (x) =
0,  a < x < a
a,
3m.W
5 8.
The perturbation
[It=
j"(0x),
\(I,
a<x<a
otherwise
v(x)=
,
jo.
lm,
o<x<n otherwise.
I he first order cotrectionto the groundstate energy of the particle is
.
59.
Let
11) denote the normalized eigenstates corresponding to the ground and the first excited states of a onedimensional harmonic oscillator. The uncertainty h in the state
and
10)
60.
What would be thc ground state energy ot'~!i~.: : ;. . . :
.,,lian
if variational principle is used to estimate it wit11 tlie trial wnvef~inction as tlie variational parameter?
m
(x)=
A ebx2
with
b
[Hint:
m
x e
2" 2 " '
& = (2b)"
I
61.
The free energy difference between the superconducting and tlie ~iormal states of a material is given by A F = Fs  F, = a
ly/(
+It+/(
4
2
, where
I// IS
an order parameter and
a and P are
constants such that a > O in the normal and a < 0 in the superconducting state, while always. The min~mulli value of A F 1s
P >0
62.
A given quantity of gas is taken from the state A + C reversibly, by two paths, directly and A + B C as shown in the figure below.
+
A + C
During the process A during the process A 1. 205
+ B + C the workdone by the gas is 30 J, the heat absorbed is
2. 80 J
3. 220J
+ C the work done by the gas is 100 J and the heat absorbed is 150 J.
4. 280 J
If
63.
Consider a onedimensional Ising model with N spins, at very low temperatures when almost all the spins are aligned parallel to each other. There will be a few spin flips with each flip costing an energy 2 J . In a configuration with r spin flips, the energy of the system is E= NJ 2rJ and the number of configuratioii is
.V
,,;
+
c,,. ; i varies i
:m 0 to I\'. The partition hnction is
64.
A magnetic field sensor based on the Hall effect is to be fabricated by implanting As into a Si film of thickness 1 pm. The specificatiosls require a magnetic field sensitivity of 500 mV/Tesla at an excitation current of 1 nlA. The implantation dose is to be adjusted such that the average carrier density, after activation, is
65.
j
Bandpass and bandreject filters can be implemented by combining a low pass and a high pass filter in series and in parallel, respectively. If the cutoff frequencies of the low pass and high pass filters are and O f P , respectively, the condition required to implement the bandpass and bandreject filters are, respectively,
HP LP 1. o o H P< W k P and Wo <oO
2. ofp<okP and
4.
ofP>&loLP
3
l o : p
> OkP and
WtP
< cikP
u P :
>0kP and u O H P> a);P
66.
The output characteristics of a solar panel at a certain level of irradiance is shown in the figure below.
III
v
If the solar cell is to power a load of 5 R,the power drawn by the load is
1. 97 W 2. 73 W
3. 50 W
4. 45 W
67.
~ ~ & w * . $ f l f 3 9 ~ ~ & m d w r n f 3 J r 3 /
1.
3.
l0l4 cm'
and
2x10" cni'
2. 2 x 1012 ~111.~ and
4. zero and
1OI4 cm"
2x10I2 cm' and 2x10" cm'
10" ~ r n ' ~
67.
Consider the energy level diagranl shown below, which corresponds to the molecular nitrogen laser.
If the pump rate
and
[
R
is
10"'
atoms c111'
S"
and the decay routes are as shown with Zzl =20 ns
s,=1 p S , the equilibrium populations of states 2 and 1 are, respectively,
1.
3.
10'4cm' 2x10" cm'
and 2 ~ 1 0 " c n 1  ' and
2.
2~ 10"
cn~%nd
1014 cm'
2x10'
cm'
4. zero and
10"'
cm"
68.
Consider a hydrogen aton1 undergoing a
2P+lS
transition. The lifetime ts,, of the
2P
state for spontaneous emission is 1.6 ns and the enerby difference between the levels is 10.2 eV. Assuming that the refractive index of the medium n, = 1, the ratio of Einstein coefficients for stimulated and spontaneous emission
B,, ( w ) / A , (0) is given by
69.
r n R, = 1 w R, = 0.98 J: d m? w HeNe 7;)il?r n %v?l v h rJi @+d=20 M ~ w ~ . $ p ~ d w w ~ i ~ ~ n ~ = l ~ a=O r ? ~ m h r ) d d t J J : m S v p&w3ffmr&nmiwiftdz$Avp%:
I.
3.
*
3 1 J m ) B
6v=75kHz,Avp=24kHz 6v=750MHz,Avi,=2.4MHz
2.
4.
Sv =I00 kHz, Avp=lOO kHz 6v=2.4MHz,Avp=75OMHz
R, = 1
and
69.
Consider a HeNe laser cavity consisting of two mirrors of reflectivities
R2 = 0.98.
The mirrors are separated by a distance
d = 20
cm and the medium in between
has a refractive index
no = 1 and absorption coefficient = 0 . The values of the separation between the modes SVand the width A Vp of each mode of the laser cavity are :
I.
3.
6v=75kHz,,4vp=24kHz 2. 6v =I00 kHz, 4vp=100kHz 6 ~ = 7 5 0 M H z , A v , ~ = 2 . 4 M H z4. ~ v = ~ . ~ M H ~ , A v , ~ = ~ ~ o M H z
70.
F & T % I*
M GT ;?ia F *M w&%+z ?mi M M $ WV d aha~$t~~qr m (BEC) m 8! BEC J: sRi.r 8.13 &J 7 @W i ? h #
2
F/V
70.
Noninteracting bosons undergo BoseEinstcin Condensation (BEC) when trapped in a threedimensional isotropic simple harmonic potential. kor BEC to occur, the chemical potential must be equal to
71.
~
~
~
F
.E~ =
1
:
3
~
~
J
:
~
~
~
4
m
v
~
p ( c o s kxa+ cos kva + cos kza)
mpp m $ v a
~mmJiyrbi~e~7&p&&iftwmarrjt8:
71.
In a band structure calculation, the dispersion relation for electrons is found to be
E~ = ~ ( C O S kxa
+ cos kJa + cos k : a ) ,
where p is a constant and first Brillouin zone is
a
is the lattice constant. The effective mass at the boundary of the
4.
ti" 3pf12
72.
The radius of the Fermi sphere of free electrons in a monovalent metal with an fcc structure, in which the volun~e of the unit cell is a3 , is
73.
'The l~luonhas mass
105 MeV /c' and mean lifetime 2.2 ps in its rest frame. The mean distance traversed by a muon of energy 3 15 MeV / C' before decaying is approximately
74.
Consider the following particles: the proton delta resonance as follows:
p , the
neutron
n , the neutral pion no and
the
A'. When ordered in terms of decreasing lifetime, the correct arrangement is
75.
* ' : t ~ nf
&If
1. 7 MeV
p,,,) d d h m & J : & J : ~ ~ d  ~ $ :
2. 7MeV
p  ~ &( m m ~ p,,, W
in Wyioftq
crzd 3m? 3 MeV 81
3. 5 MeV
4. 5 MeV
75.
I
I
I
The single particle energy difference between the porbitals (i.e., p,,, and
114
P I , , )of the nucleus
50 Sn is 3 MeV. The energy difference between the states in its If orbital is
1. 7 MeV
2. 7MeV
3. 5 MeV
4. 5 MeV
38
TVi ~ I R o U G H WORK
Tq; ~
I R OWORK UGH
~ q+/ROUGH ;
WORK
I
AlN0113N3d BH >itlva,asn
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