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Dynaform

Fiberglass
Structural
Shapes

Design Guide

Corrosion Resistant

Fire Retardant

Low Maintenance

Light Weight

Long Service Life

High Performance Composite Solutions

UALITY

ISO
9001-2000
C

ER

TIFI

Table of Contents
Pultrusion Process . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
Resin Systems for Structural Shapes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Elevated Temperature Effects. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Chemical Resistance Guide. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Structural Shapes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

Vinyl Ester Threaded Rod . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7
Coupon Properties . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Structural Shapes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8

Pultruded Flat Sheet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9

Vinyl Ester Threaded Rods and Nuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10
Cross Sectional Tolerances. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Section Properties. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24

Wide Flange Beams. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26

I Beams. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33

Channels . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

Square Tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51

Rectangular Tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Structural Connections . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55
Stringer Design Tables . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

OSHA . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56

UBC. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57
Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58

Angles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60

I Shapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69

Wide Flange Shapes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78

Square Tubes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87

Rectangular Tube. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93

Round Tube . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94


Pultrusion Process

Pultrusion is a continuous process of raw materials, typically resin and reinforcing materials,
forming profiles of constant cross section in continuous length.
Pultrusion gets its name from the method by which the profiles are made. Raw materials
are literally pulled by what we call "the puller." "The puller" is the machine made up of pulling
pads, which grip the product, and a drive system which keeps the product moving. "The puller"
is located just before the final cut-off saw.
The process starts with the reinforcements. Typically, unidirectional glass roving is the
fiber that runs along the length of the profile. Second, the fiberglass mat is added in, which is
multidirectional reinforcement. Third is the resin, typically polyester or vinylester. The glass is
"wet-out" with the liquid resin and pulled into a heated die. Just before all the material enters the
die, surface veil may be added which enhances the final product's surface.
Now that all the reinforcements have been "wet-out" and pulled into a heated die, the curing
takes place. All the resins used in the pultrusion process have a catalyst or hardener added
when the resin is mixed. This catalyst activated at about 200F. Consequently, as the "wet-out"
reinforcement pass through the heated die, the product changes from liquid to a solid profile
with all the reinforcement laminated within.
The product exiting the die is pulled by "the puller", which upon exiting can be cut to the
desired length.

Standard Resin Systems for Structural Shapes


STANDARD POLYESTER (ISO or PN) RESIN SYSTEM
The STANDARD POLYESTER RESIN SYSTEM refers to a NON FLAME RETARDANT
isophthalic polyester resin system. This resin system is manufactured in olive green and
incorporates ultraviolet inhibitors. Polyester resins exhibit good corrosion resistance, good
electrical properties, low thermal conductivity and excellent mechanical properties.
FLAME RETARDANT POLYESTER (ISOFR or PF) RESIN SYSTEM
This resin system exhibits the same characteristics as the Standard Polyester resin system PLUS
a flame spread rating of 25 or less when tested in accordance with ASTM E-84. The FLAME
RETARDANT resin system is manufactured in gray and yellow.
FLAME RETARDANT VINYL ESTER (VEFR or VF) RESIN SYSTEM
This resin system is manufactured from vinyl ester resin which exhibits higher strength,
improved strength and stiffness retention at elevated temperatures, and improved corrosion
resistance. This system also meets a maximum flame spread rating of 25 and is produced in
beige and yellow.
ELEVATED TEMPERATURE EFFECTS
The approximate retention of mechanical properties at elevated temperatures are:

Ultimate Stress

Modulus of Elasticity

TEMPERATURE
100 F
125 F
150 F
175 F
200 F

ISO(PN)/ISOFR(PF)
85%
70%
50%
Not Recommended
Not Recommended

VEFR(VF)
90%
80%
80%
75%
50%

100 F
125 F
150 F
175 F
200 F

100%
90%
85%
Not Recommended
Not Recommended

100%
95%
90%
88%
85%

Chemical Resistance Guide - Structural Shapes


The data in this chemical resistance guide is based on field service performance, laboratory testing and extrapolated values
from our resin manufacturers' recommendation. Data shown is intended as a guide only. It is recommended that for a specific
application, testing be done in the actual chemical environment.
The following conditions will effect the suitability of a specific resin laminate:

Periodic changes in temperature
Exposure to frequent splashes and spills

Temperature spikes
Exposure to intermittent splashes and spills

Changes in chemical concentrations
Frequency of maintenance wash down

Combinations of chemicals
Load bearing or non-load bearing requirements


Exposure to vapors only

Maximum
Recommended
Chemical
Service
Environment
Temperatures, F
VEFR
ISO/ISOFR
Acetic Acid, to 10%
170
80
180
NR
Acetic Acid, to 50%
Acetic Acid, Glacial
NR
NR
Acetone
NR
NR
Aluminum Chloride
170
120
Aluminum Hydroxide
140
120
Aluminum Nitrate
140
120
Aluminum Sulfate
170
120
Ammonium Chloride
170
120
NR
Ammonium Hydroxide, 5%
140
170
120
Ammonium Nitrate, to 50%
Ammonium Nitrate, Saturated
170
NR
90
Ammonium Persulfate, to 25% 140
Ammonium Phosphate
170
120
Ammonium Sulfate
170
120
Amyl Alcohol
80
NR
Barium Carbonate
170
120
Barium Chloride
170
120
Barium Sulfate
170
120
Benzene
NR
NR
110
NR
Benzene Sulfonic Acid 50%
Benzoic Acid
170
120
Benzyl Alcohol
NR
NR
Borax
170
120
Brine (Sodium Chloride Sol.)
170
120
Bromine, Liquid or Vapor
NR
NR
Ethyl Alcohol
NR
NR
Ethylene Glycol
170
120
Fatty Acids
170
80
Ferric Chloride
170
100
Ferric Sulfate
170
110
Formaldehyde
110
NR
Fuel Oil
140
80
Gasoline, Aviation and Ethyl
140
80


Chemical
Environment
Butyl Acetate
Butyl Alcohol
Calcium Carbonate
Calcium Hydroxide
Calcium Hypochlorite
Calcium Nitrate
Calcium Sulfate
Carbon Disulfide
Carbon Monoxide Gas
Carbon Dioxide Gas
Carbon Tetrachloride
Liquid or Vapor
Chlorine, Dry Gas
Chlorine, Wet Gas
Chlorine Water
Chloroform
Chromic Acid, to 5%
Chromous Sulfate
Citric Acid
Copper Chloride
Copper Cyanide
Copper Nitrate
Crude Oil, Sour
Cyclohexane, Liquid and Vapor
Diesel Fuel
Ethyl Acetate
Phosphoric Acid, Vapor
Potassium Aluminum Sulfate
Potassium Bicarbonate
Potassium Carbonate, to 10%
Potassium Chloride
Potassium Hydroxide
Potassium Nitrate
Potassium Sulfate

Maximum
Recommended
Service
Temperatures, F
VEFR ISO/ISOFR
NR
NR
80
NR
170
120
140
120
120
NR
170
120
170
120
NR
NR
170
160
170
160
110
170
170
140
NR
110
140
170
170
170
170
170
170
140
NR
170
170
110
110
170
140
170
170

NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
NR
120
120
170
170
170
170
NR
90
NR
120
120
100
NR
120
NR
120
120

Chemical Resistance Guide - Structural Shapes


Maximum
Recommended
Chemical
Service
Environment
Temperatures, F
VEFR ISO/ISOFR
Glucose
170
100
Glycerine
170
100
Hexane
120
90
Hydraulic Fluid (Glycol Based)
140
NR
Hydraulic Fluid Skydraul
140
NR
Hydrobromic Acid
110
NR
Hydrochloric Acid, up to 15%
140
80
Hydrochloric Acid, Concentrated 110
NR
Hydrogen Bromide, Dry Gas
140
80
Hydrogen Bromine, Wet Gas
140
NR
Hydrogen Chloride, Dry Gas
170
80
Hydrogen Chloride, Wet Gas
170
80
Hydrogen Flouride, Sol or Vapor 140
NR
Hydrogen Peroxide, to 10%
110
NR
Hydrogen Sulfide, Dry Gas
140
80
Hydrogen Sulfide, Wet Gas
140
80
Isopropyl Alcohol
80
NR
JP-4
140
80
Kerosene
140
110
Lactic Acid
170
120
Lead Acetate
170
120
Linseed Oil
170
100
Lithium Chloride
170
120
Magnesium Carbonate
170
120
Magnesium Chloride
170
120
Magnesium Hydroxide
170
100
Magnesium Nitrate
170
120
Magnesium Sulfate
170
120
Mercuric Chloride
170
120
Mercury Metal
170
120
Methyl Ethyl Ketone
NR
NR
Mineral Oil
170
120
Monochlorobenzene
NR
NR
Naphtha
140
120
Nickel Chloride
170
120
Nitric Acid, to 5%
110
100
Nitric Acid, Concentrated
NR
NR
Nitric Acid, Vapor
140
100
Oleic Acid
170
120
Oxalic Acid
170
120
Paper Mill Liquor
100
100
Phenol Solution or Vapor
NR
NR
Phosphoric Acid
170
100
Phosphoric Acid, Salts thereof
170
120

Maximum
Recommended
Chemical
Service
Environment
Temperatures, F
VEFR ISO/ISOFR
Propylene Glycol
170
120
Sodium Acetate
170
120
Sodium Benzoate
140
120
Sodium Bicarbonate
140
120
Sodium Bisulfate
170
120
Sodium Bisulfite
170
120
Sodium Borate
170
120
Sodium Bromide
170
120
Sodium Carbonate, to 10%
140
70
Sodium Chloride
170
120
Sodium Cyanide
170
120
Sodium Dichromate
170
120
Sodium Diphosphate
170
120
Sodium Hydroxide, 10%
140
NR
Sodium Hypochlorite, to 5-1/4% 110
70
Sodium Monophosphate
170
120
Sodium Nitrate
170
120
Sodium Nitrite
170
120
Sodium Sulfate
170
120
Sodium Tetraborate
140
120
Sodium Thiosulfate
140
120
Soy Oil
170
100
Stearic Acid
170
120
Styrene
NR
NR
Sulfamic Acid
170
120
Sulfated Detergents
NR
120
Sulfite Liquor
160
100
Sulfur Dioxide, gas-dry
170
120
Sulfur Dioxide, gas-wet
170
70
Sulfur Trioxide, gas-wet or dry
170
NR
Sulfuric Acid, to 25%
170
80
Tartaric Acid
170
120
Tetrachloroethylene
NR
NR
Toluene
NR
NR
Trichloroethylene vapor
NR
NR
Trisodium Phosphate
170
NR
Urea, 35%
110
NR
Vinegar
170
150
Water, Distilled
180
150
Water, Tap
180
120
Zinc Chloride
170
120
Zinc Nitrate
170
120
Zinc Sulfate
170
120

Chemical Resistance Guide - Vinyl Ester Threaded Rods

SOLUTION
H2SO4 - 25 %
HCI - 20%
HNO3 - Gas
Acetic Acid - 25%
Phosphoric Acid - 100%
NaOH - 50%
Sodium Carbonate - 35%
NaCl - Saturated
Ethanol - 10%
Sodium Hypochlorate - 10%
All AIK (SO4)2
Perochloroethylene - 100%
n-Heptane - 100%
Kerosene - 100%
Toluene - 100%
H2O2 - 30%
Distilled Water

MAXIMUM RECOMMENDED TEMPERATURE


F/C
210/99
210/99
100/38
210/99
210/99
180/82
180/82
180/82
120/49
120/49
210/99
80/27
210/99
180/82
80/27
150/65
180/82

NOTE: Threads of threaded rods are cut into specially manufactured pultruded rods. Therefore,
after installation of threaded rods and fiberglass nuts in a corrosive environment, the threads are
to be sealed with a vinyl ester resin.

Coupon Properties - Structural Shapes


The values listed below are test results from coupon tests performed in accordance with the
noted ASTM Test.
MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
Tensile Stress, LW
Tensile Stress, CW
Tensile Modulus, LW
Tensile Modulus, CW
Compressive Stress, LW
Compressive Stress, CW
Compressive Modulus, LW
Compressive Modulus, CW
Flexural Stress, LW
Flexural Stress, CW
Flexural Modulus, LW
Flexural Modulus, CW
Modulus of Elasticity, E
Shear Modulus
Short Beam Shear
Punch Shear
Bearing Stress, LW
Notched Izod Impact, LW
Notched Izod Impact, CW
PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Barcol Hardness
24 Hour Water Absorption
Density
Coefficient of Thermal Expansion, LW

ASTM
D-638
D-638
D-638
D-638
D-695
D-695
D-695
D-695
D-790
D-790
D-790
D-790
Full Section
--D-2344
D-732
D-953
D-256
D-256

UNITS
psi
psi
106 psi
106 psi
psi
psi
106 psi
106 psi
psi
psi
106 psi
106 psi
106 psi
106 psi
psi
psi
psi
ft-lbs/in
ft-lbs/in

VALUE
30,000
7,000
2.5
0.8
30,000
15,000
2.5
1.0
30,000
10,000
1.8
0.8
2.8
0.450
4,500
10,000
30,000
25
4

ASTM
D-2583
D-570
D-792
D-696

UNITS
--% max
lbs/in3
10-6 in/in/C

VALUE
45
0.45
.062-.070
8

UNITS
seconds
kv/in
volts/mil
@60hz

VALUE
120
35
200
5


ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES
ASTM
Arc Resistance, LW
D-495
Dielectric Strength, LW
D-149
Dielectric Strength, PF
D-149
Dielectric Constant, PF
D-150

ISOFR and VEFR Fire Retardant Structural Profiles:

FLAMMABILITY PROPERTIES
ASTM
UNITS
VALUE
Tunnel Test
E-84
Flame Spread
25 max
Flammability
D-635
--Nonburning
LW = Lengthwise
CW = Crosswise
PF = Perpendicular to Laminate Face


Coupon Properties - Pultruded Flat Sheets


Below are the test results for typical coupon properties of ISO, ISOFR and VEFR Flat Sheet.
Properties are derived per the ASTM test method shown. Synthetic surfacing veil and ultraviolet
inhibitors are standard.

MECHANICAL PROPERTIES

ASTM

UNITS

1/8"
Tensile Stress, LW
D-638
psi
24,000
Tensile Stress, CW
D-638
psi
7,500
Tensile Modulus, LW
D-638 106 psi
2.0
6
Tensile Modulus, CW
D-638 10 psi
1.0
Compressive Stress, LW
D-695
psi
24,000
Compressive Stress, CW
D-695
psi
15,500
6
Compressive Modulus, LW
D-695 10 psi
1.8
6
Compressive Modulus, CW
D-695 10 psi
1.0
Flexural Stress, LW
D-790
psi
35,000
Flexural Stress, CW
D-790
psi
15,000
6
Flexural Modulus, LW
D-790 10 psi
1.6
6
Flexural Modulus, CW
D-790 10 psi
0.9
Perpendicular Shear Stress, LW D-3846
psi
6,000
Perpendicular Shear Stress, CW D-3846
psi
6,000
Bearing Stress, LW
D-953
psi
32,000
Notched Izod Impact, LW
D-256 ft-lbs/in
18.5
Notched Izod Impact, CW
D-256 ft-lbs/in
5

THICKNESS
ISO & ISOFR
3/16"-1/4" 3/8"-1"
1/8"
24,000
24,000
24,000
10,000
10,000
7,500
2.0
2.0
2.0
1.1
1.4
1.0
24,000
24,000
24,000
16,500
16,500
16,500
1.8
1.8
1.8
1.0
1.0
1.0
35,000
30,000
35,000
15,000
18,000
15,000
2.0
2.0
1.6
1.1
1.4
0.9
6,000
6,000
6,000
6,000
6,000
6,000
32,000
32,000
32,000
20
20
18.5
5
5
5

VEFR
3/16"-1/4"
24,000
10,000
2.0
1.1
24,000
17,500
1.8
1.0
35,000
15,000
2.0
1.1
6,000
6,000
32,000
20
5

3/8"-1"
24,000
10,000
2.0
1.4
24,000
17,500
1.8
1.0
30,000
18,000
2.0
1.4
6,000
6,000
32,000
20
5

PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
ASTM
UNITS
1/8"
3/16"-1/4" 3/8"-1"
1/8"
3/16"-1/4" 3/8"-1"
Barcol Hardness
D-2583
---40
40
40
40
40
40
24 Hour Water Absorption
D-570
% max
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
0.6
3
Density
D-792
lbs./in.
.062-.070 .062-.070 .062-.070 .062-.070 .062-.070 .062-.070
-6
Coefficient Thermal Expansion, LW D-696 10 in/in/F
8
8
8
8
8
8
ELECTRICAL PROPERTIES
Arc Resistance, LW
Dielectric Strength, LW
Dielectric Strength, PF

ASTM
D-495
D-149
D-149

UNITS
seconds
kv./in.
volts/mil.

1/8"
120
35
200

3/16"-1/4"
120
35

3/8"-1"
120
35

1/8"
120
35
200

3/16"-1/4"
120
35

3/8"-1"
120
35

FLAMMABILITY PROPERTIES FOR ISOFR & VEFR FLAT SHEET


Tunnel Test

E-84

Flame Spread 25 max.

Flammability

D-635

Nonburning

UL

94

VO

NBS Smoke Chamber



LW = Lengthwise

E-662
Smoke Density 600-700
CW = Crosswise
PF = Perpendicular to Laminate Face


Coupon Properties - Threaded Rods and Nuts


Threaded rod and nuts are manufactured using premium vinyl ester resin containing UV inhibitors.
The properties listed below are the result of the ASTM test method indicated.
PROPERTIES
Ultimate Transverse Shear
(Double Shear)
Longitudinal Compressive
Strength
Flexural Strength
Flexural Modulus
Flammability
Fire Retardant
Water Absorption 24 hr.
Immersion
Longitudinal Coefficient of
Thermal Expansion
Ultimate Thread Shear using
fiberglass nut
Ultimate Torque Strength
fiberglass nut lubricated with
SAE 10W30 motor oil
Rod Weight
Nut Weight
Nut Dimensions
Color

ASTM

UNITS

VALUE Diameter- Threads per Inch (UNC)


3/8-16
1/2-13
5/8-11
3/4-10
1-8

B-565

lb

4,200

6,800

10,000

13,400

24,000

D-695

psi

50,000

50,000

50,000

50,000

50,000

D-790
D-790
D-635
E-84

psi
106 psi

70,000
2.5

70,000
70,000
70,000
2.5
2.5
2.5
Self-extinguishing for all
Class 1 Class 1
Class 1

D-570

% max

D-696

Class 1

70,000
2.5 psi
Class 1

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

0.8

10 in/in/F

----

lb

1,200

2,400

3,600

4,000

8,200

----

ft-lb

12

18

35

75

110

----------

-6

lb/ft
.07
.08
.20
.30
.53
lb
.01
.02
.04
.06
.14
in (sq) x in (thick) .68 x.45 .86 x.56 1.06 x.69 1.24 x.82 1.63 x1.1
Gray
Gray
Gray
Gray
Gray

NOTE: Threads of threaded rods are cut into specifically manufactured pultruded rods. Therefore,
after installation of threaded rods and fiberglass nuts in a corrosive environment, the threads are to
be sealed with a vinyl ester resin.

10

Cross Sectional Tolerances

SHAPE

DIMENSION

TOLERANCE

MAXIMUM
OR MINIMUM
TOLERANCES

t = thickness

10%

0.010" minimum

b = flange width

5%

0.094" maximum

d = depth

5%

0.094" maximum

t = thickness

10%

0.010" minimum

b = flange width

5%

0.094" maximum

d = depth

5%

0.094" maximum

t = thickness

10%

0.010" minimum

b = flange width

5%

0.094" maximum

d = depth

5%

0.094" maximum

t = thickness

10%

0.040" maximum

b = width

3%

0.094" maximum
0.187" minimum

ANGLES

CHANNELS

WIDE FLANGE,
I SHAPES

FLAT SHEET

11

Cross Sectional Tolerances

SHAPE

DIMENSION

ROUND & SQUARE TUBE

OUTSIDE
DIMENSION
CONDITION

TOLERANCES

Under 1"

20%

1" and up

15 %

Under 2"

0.020"

2" and up

0.040"

Up to 3"

0.010"

t = thickness

od = outside
dimension
ROUND ROD
& SQUARE BAR
od = outside
dimension

FLATNESS
Flatness is measured in the center with the weight of the profile minimizing the deviation by
contact with a flat surface.
STRUCTURAL SHAPES
RODS, BARS, & SHEET

Allowable deviation from flat


Width

All Thicknesses

Up to 1"

0.008"

Over 1"

0.008"/inch

HOLLOW SHAPES

Allowable deviation from flat


Width

Thickness
0.125" to 0.188"

Thickness
0.189" and over

Up to 1"

0.012"

0.008"

Over 1"

0.012"/inch

0.008"/inch

12

Cross Sectional Tolerances


STRAIGHTNESS
Straightness is measured in the center with the weight of the pultrusion minimizing the deviation
by contact with a flat surface.

ANGLE, BEAM AND CHANNEL
Allowable deviation from straight

All widths
RODS AND BARS

0.050"/foot

Allowable deviation from straight

ROUND, SQUARE, AND


RECTANGULAR TUBE

Diameter/Depth

Per Foot

Up to 1"

0.020"

Over 1"

0.040"

Allowable deviation from straight


Diameter/Depth

Per Foot

Up to 2"

0.020"

Over 2"

0.030"

SHEET AND PLATE


Allowable deviation from straight

All thicknesses and widths

13

0.025"/foot

Cross Sectional Tolerances


TWIST

Twist is measured with the weight of the pultrusion minimizing the twist.
ALL PROFILES
Allowable twist
Width/Depth

Per Foot

Per Piece Max

Up to 1.499"

tan 1 x width

tan 7 x width

1.500" to 2.999"

tan 1/2 x width

tan 5 x width

3.000" and over

tan 1/3 x width

tan 3 x width

ANGULARITY
Allowable deviation from specific angle
ALL PROFILES
thickness up to 3/4"

tan 1-1/2 x width of


flange in inches

CUT LENGTHS
ALL PROFILES

Allowable deviation from specific length


Up to 20'

-0", + 1/2"

Over 20' to 50'

-0", + 1"

SQUARENESS OF ENDCUT
Allowable deviation from square
ALL PROFILES
All thicknesses

14

tan 1 x width in inches

Section Properties
WIDE FLANGE SHAPES

SECTION DIMENSIONS
d
in.
3
4
6
6
8
8
10
12

b
in.
3
4
6
6
8
8
10
12

t
in.
1/4
1/4
1/4
3/8
3/8
1/2
1/2
1/2

A
in.2
2.13
2.89
4.39
6.48
8.73
11.51
14.51
17.51

SECTION PROPERTIES
X-X
Y-Y
Wt.
S
r
S
I
I
4
3
4
lb./ft.
in.
in.
in.
in.
in.3
1.64
3.17
2.11
1.22
1.13
0.75
2.15
7.94
3.97
1.66
2.67
1.34
3.40 28.28 9.43
2.54
9.01
3.00
4.90 40.17 13.39 2.49 13.52 4.51
6.49 99.19 24.80 3.37 32.03 8.01
8.70 126.96 31.74 3.32 42.74 10.69
10.90 256.20 51.24 4.21 83.42 16.68
13.20 452.45 75.45 5.08 144.11 24.02

15

r
in.
0.73
0.96
1.43
1.44
1.92
1.93
2.40
2.87

Section Properties
I SHAPES

SECTION DIMENSIONS
d
in.
3
4
6
6
8
8
10
10
12
18
24

b
t
A
in.
in.
in.2
1-1/2
1/4
1.38
2
1/4
1.88
3
1/4
2.88
3
3/8
4.23
4
3/8
5.73
4
1/2
7.51
5
3/8
7.22
5
1/2
9.51
6
1/2
11.51
4-1/2 3/8 - 1/2 10.92
7-1/2 3/8 - 3/4 19.90

Wt.
I
lb./ft.
in.4
1.10
1.75
1.50
4.41
2.20
16.99
3.20
22.35
4.30
55.55
5.70
70.62
5.78
111.63
7.20 143.29
8.70 253.96
8.70 498.15
15.20 1877.00

16

SECTION PROPERTIES
X-X
Y-Y
S
r
S
I
3
4
in.
in.
in.
in.3
1.17
1.13
0.14
0.19
2.21
1.53
0.34
0.34
5.66
2.43
1.13
0.75
7.45
2.30
1.71
1.14
13.89 3.11
4.03
2.02
17.66 3.07
5.40
2.70
22.33 3.93
7.85
3.14
28.66 3.88 10.51 4.21
42.33 4.70 18.11 6.04
55.35 6.75
7.66
3.40
156.42 9.76 52.83 14.09

r
in.
0.32
0.43
0.63
0.64
0.84
0.85
1.04
1.05
1.26
0.84
1.64

Section Properties
CHANNELS
SECTION DIMENSIONS
d
in.
3
3
3
3-1/2
4
4
6
6
8
10

b
in.
13/16
1
1-1/2
1-3/16
1-1/8
1-3/8
1-5/8
1-11/16
2-3/16
2-3/4

td
in.
1/8
1/4
1/4
1/8
1/4
3/16
1/4
3/8
3/8
1/2

tb
in.
1/8
1/4
1/4
3/16
1/4
3/16
1/4
3/8
3/8
1/2

A
in.2
0.55
1.08
1.33
0.88
1.38
1.16
2.13
3.23
4.23
7.02

Wt.
lb./ft.
0.43
0.79
1.01
0.67
1.05
0.88
1.67
2.60
3.20
5.30

Ri
in.
3/16
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
3/16
1/4

17

Ro
in.
1/32
3/8
3/8
3/16
3/8
5/16
3/8
1/8
9/16
3/4

SECTION PROPERTIES
X-X
Y-Y
S
r
S
I
I
4
3
4
in.
in.
in. in. in.3
0.64 0.43 1.08 0.03 0.04
1.27 0.85 1.09 0.06 0.09
1.75 1.16 1.15 0.26 0.25
1.54 0.88 1.32 0.11 0.13
2.87 1.44 1.44 0.13 0.16
2.62 1.31 1.50 0.19 0.18
10.18 3.39 2.19 0.43 0.35
14.55 4.85 2.12 0.52 0.45
35.77 8.94 2.88 1.52 0.91
92.49 18.50 3.63 3.97 1.92

r
in.
0.22
0.24
0.44
0.36
0.31
0.40
0.45
0.45
0.60
0.75

Section Properties
EQUAL LEG ANGLES
SECTION DIMENSIONS
DEPTH
WALL
h
t
A
in.
in.
in.2
1
1/8
0.23
1-1/4
1/8
0.29
1-1/2
3/16
0.52
1-1/2
1/4
0.67
2
1/4
0.92
3
1/4
1.42
3
3/8
2.09
3
1/2
2.70
4
1/4
1.92
4
3/8
2.84
4
1/2
3.70
6
1/2
5.70

I
in.4
0.02
0.04
0.11
0.14
0.33
1.24
1.76
2.22
3.04
4.35
5.56
19.91

Wt.
lb./ft.
0.18
0.22
0.40
0.54
0.70
1.08
1.61
2.11
1.45
2.18
2.89
4.45

18

SECTION PROPERTIES
X-X/Y-Y
S
r
3
in.
in.
0.05
0.31
0.05
0.38
0.10
0.46
0.13
0.45
0.23
0.59
0.58
0.93
0.83
0.91
1.07
0.91
1.04
1.26
1.52
1.24
1.97
1.23
4.60
1.87

x/y
in.
0.29
0.36
0.44
0.47
0.59
0.84
0.89
0.93
1.09
1.14
1.18
1.68

Section Properties
SQUARE TUBES

b
in.
1
1
1-1/4
1-1/4
1-1/2
1-1/2
1-3/4
1-3/4
2
2
2
2-1/8
2-1/4
2-1/4
3
3
4

SECTION DIMENSIONS
t
A
in.
in.2
1/8
0.43
1/4
0.74
1/8
0.56
1/4
0.99
1/8
0.68
1/4
1.24
1/8
0.81
1/4
1.49
1/8
0.93
1/4
1.74
3/8
2.44
3/16
1.45
1/8
1.06
1/4
1.99
1/8
1.43
1/4
2.74
1/4
3.74

Wt.
lb./ft.
0.32
0.55
0.41
0.75
0.50
0.98
0.61
1.13
0.70
1.32
1.85
1.10
0.81
1.51
1.08
2.07
2.83

19

SECTION PROPERTIES
S
r
I
4
3
in.
in.
in.
0.06
0.11
0.36
0.08
0.16
0.33
0.12
0.19
0.46
0.18
0.28
0.42
0.22
0.29
0.56
0.34
0.45
0.52
0.36
0.41
0.67
0.58
0.66
0.62
0.55
0.55
0.77
0.91
0.91
0.73
1.13
1.13
0.68
0.91
0.85
0.79
0.80
0.71
0.87
1.35
1.20
0.83
1.98
1.32
1.18
3.50
2.33
1.13
8.82
4.41
1.53

Section Properties
RECTANGULAR TUBES
SECTION DIMENSIONS
d
in.
1-1/2
1-1/2
2
2
4
4-3/8
4-1/2
5

b
in.
3/4
1
1/2
1
1
1-3/8
1-3/4
2

td
in.
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8

tb
in.
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
3/16
3/16
1/8

A
in.2
0.50
0.56
0.56
0.69
1.19
1.52
1.69
1.69

Wt.
lb./ft.
0.39
0.44
0.44
0.54
0.90
1.18
1.29
1.32

I
in.4
0.13
0.16
0.22
0.33
2.04
3.60
4.52
5.20

20

SECTION PROPERTIES
X-X
Y-Y
S
r
S
I
3
4
in.
in.
in.
in.3
0.17 0.51 0.04 0.11
0.21 0.53 0.08 0.16
0.89 0.63 0.02 0.07
0.33 0.69 0.11 0.21
1.02 1.31 0.20 0.40
1.64 1.54 0.47 0.69
2.07 1.64 0.85 0.97
2.08 1.76 1.21 1.21

r
in.
0.32
0.40
0.18
0.39
0.42
0.79
0.71
0.85

Section Properties
ROUND TUBES

od
in.
1
1
1-1/8
1-1/4
1-1/4
1-1/4
1-1/2
1-1/2
1-3/4
1-3/4
1-7/8
2
3
3

SECTION DIMENSIONS
t
A
in.
in.2
3/32
0.27
1/8
0.34
1/8
0.39
3/32
0.34
1/8
0.44
1/4
0.79
1/8
0.54
1/4
0.98
1/8
0.64
1/4
1.18
3/16
0.99
1/4
1.37
1/4
2.16
1/2
3.93

Wt.
lb./ft.
0.22
0.25
0.33
0.27
0.32
0.61
0.45
0.79
0.51
0.94
0.88
1.08
1.70
2.98

21

SECTION PROPERTIES
S
r
I
4
3
in.
in.
in.
0.03
0.06
0.32
0.03
0.07
0.31
0.05
0.09
0.36
0.06
0.09
0.41
0.07
0.11
0.40
0.10
0.17
0.36
0.13
0.17
0.49
0.20
0.27
0.45
0.21
0.24
0.58
0.34
0.39
0.54
0.36
0.38
0.60
0.54
0.54
0.62
2.06
1.37
0.98
3.19
2.13
0.90

Section Properties
SQUARE BARS

SECTION DIMENSIONS
d
in.
1
1-1/4
1-1/2

b
in.
1
1-1/4
1-1/2

A
in.2
1.00
1.56
2.25

Wt.
lb./ft.
0.88
1.37
1.98

I
in.4
0.08
0.20
0.42

SECTION PROPERTIES
X-X
Y-Y
S
r
S
I
3
4
in.
in.
in.
in.3
0.17
0.29
0.08
0.17
0.33
0.36
0.20
0.33
0.56
0.43
0.42
0.56

22

r
in.
0.29
0.36
0.43

Section Properties
SOLID ROUNDS
SECTION DIMENSIONS
d
A
Wt.
in.
in.2
lb./ft.
0.2500
0.049
0.044
0.3000
0.071
0.062
0.3125
0.077
0.067
0.3500
0.096
0.083
0.3750
0.110
0.095
0.4375
0.150
0.133
0.4720
0.175
0.150
0.4800
0.181
0.160
0.5000
0.196
0.172
0.6250
0.307
0.270
0.7500
0.442
0.397
0.8125
0.518
0.460
0.8750
0.601
0.534
1.0000
0.785
0.697
1.2500
1.227
1.094
1.5000
1.766
1.571

SECTION PROPERTIES
S
r
I
in.4
in.3
in.
0.0002
0.0016
0.0625
0.0004
0.0027
0.0750
0.0005
0.0030
0.0781
0.0007
0.0042
0.0875
0.0010
0.0052
0.0938
0.0018
0.0082
0.1094
0.0024
0.0103
0.1180
0.0026
0.0109
0.1200
0.0031
0.0123
0.1250
0.0075
0.0240
0.1563
0.0156
0.0414
0.1875
0.0214
0.0527
0.2031
0.0288
0.0658
0.2188
0.0491
0.0982
0.2500
0.1198
0.1917
0.3125
0.2485
0.3313
0.3750

23

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables


TABLE NOTATION

Aw - Area of web (in2)

- Deflection (in)

E - Modulus of Elasticity (psi)


Fb - Maximum Allowable Flexural Stress
for Laterally Supported Beam (psi)

Fv - Maximum Allowable Shear Stress
for Laterally Supported Beam (psi)

G - Shear Modulus (psi)

I - Moment of Inertia (in4)

L - Span Length (in)

S - Section Modulus (in3)

V - Vertical Shear (lbs)

w - Uniform Load (lbs/in)

M - Maximum Moment (in-lb)

24

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables


TABLE NOTATION
he allowable uniform load tables were generated using the results from tests and the following
T
formulas, properties and assumptions. The deflection formula reflects that the deflection is the
result of both flexural and shear stresses.
5wL4
wL2

=
+
384EI
4AwG

V

Fv =
Aw


M

Fb =
S


E = 2.8 x 106 psi



G = 450,000 psi


Fb = 10,000 psi


Fv = 1,500 psi
Adequate lateral support is provided (full lateral support for channels).
LATERAL SUPPORT REQUIREMENTS - FRP STRUCTURAL SHAPES
MEMBER
C6" x 1/4"
C8" x 3/8"
C10" x 1/2"
I4" x 1/4"
I6" x 1/4"
I8" x 3/8"
I10" x 3/8"
I12" x 1/2"

LATERAL SUPPORT SPACING


48"
60"
60"
24"
36"
48"
60"
84"

MEMBER
W4" x 1/4"
W6" x 1/4"
W6" x 3/8"
W8" x 3/8"
W10" x 3/8"
W12" x 1/2"

Load is applied perpendicular to major axis.


Beam simply supported at both ends.
The part weight has been deducted in the following tables.

25

LATERAL SUPPORT SPACING


60"
84"
96"
108"
156"
168"

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


3 x 3 x 1/4 WIDE FLANGE BEAM
Laterally Supported
Aw = 0.625 in2
SPAN
FEET
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Ix= 3.17 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
623
467
373
311
266
218
172
139

Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 2.11 in3

Wt. = 1.64 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
----496
388
323
242
214
178
133
129
107
80
83
69
51
56
46
34
39
32
24
28
23
17

L/100
----322
194
125
85
60
43

L/360
330
161
88
53
33
22
15
11

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

4 x 4 x 1/4 WIDE FLANGE BEAM


Laterally Supported
Aw = 0.875 in2
SPAN
FEET
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13

Ix= 7.94 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
872
653
522
435
372
325
289
260
216
181
154

Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 3.97 in3

Wt. = 2.15 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
----------522
483
402
301
300
249
186
197
163
122
135
112
83
96
80
59
71
58
43
53
44
32
40
33
24
31
26
19

L/100
--------297
204
146
107
81
62
49

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

26

L/360
661
347
200
123
80
55
38
28
20
15
11

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


6 x 6 x 1/4 WIDE FLANGE BEAM
Laterally Supported
Aw = 1.375 in2

Ix= 28.28 in4

SPAN
MAXIMUM LOAD
FEET
5
821
Fv
6
684
Fv
7
585
Fv
8
512
Fv
9
454
Fv
10
409
Fv
11
371
Fv
Fv
12
340
Fv
13
313
Fv
14
291
Fv
15
271
The part weight has been deducted in

Sx = 9.43 in3

Wt. = 3.40 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/100
L/150
L/180
L/240
--------------549
----503
377
--430
358
267
--315
262
195
357
237
196
146
274
181
150
112
215
142
117
87
171
112
93
69
138
90
75
55
112
74
61
44
the above table.

L/360
554
364
250
177
129
96
73
57
44
35
28

6 x 6 x 3/8 WIDE FLANGE BEAM


Laterally Supported
Aw = 1.969 in2

Ix= 40.17 in4

SPAN
MAXIMUM LOAD
FEET
5
1176
Fv
6
980
Fv
7
839
Fv
8
733
Fv
9
651
Fv
10
586
Fv
11
532
Fv
Fv
12
487
Fv
13
449
Fv
14
417
Fv
15
389
The part weight has been deducted in

Sx = 13.39 in3

Wt. = 4.90 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/100
L/150
L/180
L/240
--------------782
----717
537
--613
510
381
--449
373
279
508
337
280
209
390
259
215
160
306
202
168
124
243
160
133
98
196
129
107
79
160
105
87
64
the above table.
27

L/360
790
520
356
252
184
138
105
81
64
51
41

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


8 x 8 x 3/8 WIDE FLANGE BEAM
Laterally Supported
Aw = 2.719 in2
SPAN
FEET
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

Ix= 99.19 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
1353
1158
1013
899
809
735
673
620
576
537
503
473
446
422
401
368
335
306
280
258

Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 24.80 in3

Wt. = 6.49 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
----------1105
----811
--815
609
751
625
467
586
488
364
465
387
288
374
311
231
305
253
188
251
208
154
209
173
128
175
145
107
148
122
90
126
104
76
108
89
65
93
76
55
80
66
48
70
57
41
61
50
35
53
43
31

L/100
--------------565
461
380
316
266
225
192
165
143
124
108
95
83

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

28

L/360
1028
735
539
404
309
240
190
152
123
100
83
69
58
48
41
35
29
25
21
18

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


8 x 8 x 1/2 WIDE FLANGE BEAM
Laterally Supported
Aw = 3.5 in2
SPAN
FEET
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

Ix= 126.96 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
1741
1491
1304
1158
1041
946
866
799
741
691
647
609
574
544
516
471
428
391
358
330

Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 31.74 in3

Wt. = 8.70 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
----------1418
----1040
--1044
781
963
801
598
751
625
466
596
495
369
479
398
296
390
324
241
321
266
197
267
221
164
224
185
137
189
156
115
161
133
97
138
113
83
119
97
71
103
84
61
89
73
52
78
63
45
68
55
39

L/100
--------------724
590
486
405
341
288
246
211
183
159
138
121
107

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.


29

L/360
1319
942
691
518
396
308
243
194
157
129
106
88
74
62
52
44
38
32
27
23

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


10 x 10 x 3/8 WIDE FLANGE BEAM
Laterally Supported
Aw = 3.469 in2
SPAN
FEET
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

Ix= 198.53 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
1725
1478
1292
1147
1032
937
858
791
734
685
641
603
569
539
511
487
464
443
425
407

Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv

Sx = 39.71 in3

Wt. = 8.74 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
----------------------1059
----829
--880
658
851
708
529
693
576
430
571
474
353
475
394
293
398
330
245
337
279
207
287
237
176
246
203
150
212
175
129
184
152
111
160
132
97
140
115
84
123
101
74
109
89
64

L/100
--------------------602
509
434
373
322
280
245
215
189
167

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

30

L/360
1635
1210
914
703
549
435
349
284
233
192
161
135
114
97
83
71
61
53
46
40

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


10 x 10 x 1/2 WIDE FLANGE BEAM
Laterally Supported
Aw = 4.50 in2
SPAN
FEET
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29

Ix= 256.20 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
1918
1677
1489
1339
1216
1114
1027
953
889
833
783
739
700
664
632
603
576
552
529
494
458
425
395

Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 51.24 in3

Wt. = 10.90 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
----------------1370
----1072
--1138
850
1100
915
684
896
745
556
738
613
457
614
510
379
515
427
318
435
361
268
371
307
228
318
263
195
274
227
167
238
196
144
207
171
125
181
149
109
160
131
96
141
115
84
125
102
74
111
90
65
99
80
57
88
72
51

L/100
------------------778
658
562
482
417
362
316
278
245
217
192
172
153
138

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.


31

L/360
1567
1183
910
711
563
452
367
301
249
208
175
148
126
108
93
80
69
60
52
46
40
35
30

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


12 x 12 x 1/2 WIDE FLANGE BEAM
Laterally Supported
Aw = 5.50 in2
SPAN
FEET
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

Ix= 452.45 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
2343
2049
1819
1636
1486
1361
1255
1165
1086
1017
957
903
854
811
772
736
703
674
646
621
597
575
555
536

Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv

Sx = 75.45 in3

Wt. = 13.20 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
----------------------------1338
----1091
--1203
899
--1001
747
1010
839
626
854
710
529
728
604
450
624
518
385
538
446
331
467
387
287
407
337
249
357
295
218
314
259
191
277
229
168
246
203
148
219
180
131
195
160
171
175
143
104
157
128
93
141
115
83

L/100
------------------------814
707
618
542
478
423
376
335
300
269
242
219

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

32

L/360
2273
1760
1383
1102
888
723
595
493
413
348
295
252
216
186
161
140
123
107
94
83
73
65
57
51

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


3 x 1-1/2 x 1/4 I BEAM
Laterally Supported
Aw = 0.625 in2
SPAN
FEET
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Ix= 1.75 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
623
467
310
215
157
120
94
76

Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 1.17 in3

Wt. = 1.10 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
511
425
319
236
196
147
126
104
78
74
61
45
46
38
28
31
25
19
21
17
13
15
12
9

L/100
--355
189
112
71
47
33
24

L/360
212
97
51
30
18
12
8
5

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

4 x 2 x 1/4 I BEAM
Laterally Supported
Aw = 0.875 in2
SPAN
FEET
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Ix= 4.41 in4

MAXIMUM
LOAD
873
Fv
654
Fv
523
Fv
407
Fb
299
Fb
228
Fb
180
Fb
145
Fb
120
Fb
100
Fb

Sx = 2.21 in3

Wt. = 1.50 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
----692
542
451
338
299
249
186
180
150
112
116
96
72
78
65
48
55
46
34
40
33
24
30
25
18
23
19
13

L/100
----449
271
175
119
84
61
46
35

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

33

L/360
461
225
123
74
47
32
22
16
11
8

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


6 x 3 x 1/4 I BEAM
Laterally Supported
Aw = 1.375 in2

Ix= 16.99 in4

SPAN
MAXIMUM LOAD
FEET
5
822
Fv
6
685
Fv
7
586
Fv
8
513
Fv
9
455
Fv
10
374
Fb
11
309
Fb
12
259
Fb
13
220
Fb
14
189
Fb
15
165
Fb
The part weight has been deducted in

Sx = 5.66 in3

Wt. = 2.20 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/100
L/150
L/180
L/240
----797
597
--607
505
378
--405
337
252
424
282
234
175
306
203
169
126
227
150
125
93
173
114
95
70
134
88
73
54
106
70
57
42
85
56
46
34
69
45
37
27
the above table.

L/360
397
251
167
116
83
61
46
35
27
21
17

6 x 3 x 3/8 I BEAM
Laterally Supported
Aw = 1.969 in2

Ix= 22.35 in4

SPAN
MAXIMUM LOAD
FEET
6
981
Fv
7
840
Fv
8
734
Fv
9
609
Fb
10
493
Fb
11
406
Fb
12
341
Fb
13
290
Fb
14
249
Fb
15
217
Fb
16
190
Fb
17
168
Fb
18
149
Fb
The part weight has been deducted in

Sx = 7.45 in3

Wt. = 3.20 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/100
L/150
L/180
L/240
--813
676
506
812
540
449
336
564
375
312
233
406
269
224
167
301
199
165
123
229
151
125
93
177
117
97
72
140
92
76
56
112
73
60
44
91
59
49
36
75
48
40
29
62
40
33
23
52
33
27
19
the above table.
34

L/360
336
223
154
110
81
61
46
36
28
22
18
14
11

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


8 x 4 x 3/8 I BEAM
Laterally Supported
Aw = 2.719 in2
SPAN
FEET
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

Ix= 55.55 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
1355
1160
1015
901
811
737
638
543
467
407
357
315
281
251
226

Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 13.89 in3

Wt. = 4.30 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
----1083
--993
744
849
707
529
622
518
387
468
389
291
359
299
223
281
234
174
224
186
138
181
150
111
147
122
90
122
101
74
101
84
61
85
70
51
72
59
43
61
50
36

L/100
--------704
542
425
338
273
224
185
154
130
111
94

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

35

L/360
720
494
351
256
192
147
114
90
72
58
48
39
33
27
23

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


8 x 4 x 1/2 I BEAM
Laterally Supported
Aw = 3.50 in2
SPAN
FEET
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

Ix= 70.62 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
1744
1494
1307
1161
1044
949
812
691
595
517
454
401
357
320
288

Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 17.66 in3

Wt. = 5.70 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
----1383
--1267
949
1082
901
674
793
660
494
596
496
370
458
381
284
358
298
222
285
237
176
230
191
142
188
156
115
155
128
95
129
107
79
109
90
66
92
76
55
78
64
47

L/100
--------897
690
541
431
348
285
236
197
166
141
121

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

36

L/360
920
631
448
327
245
187
146
115
92
75
61
50
42
35
29

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


10 x 5 x 1/2 I BEAM
Laterally Supported
Aw = 4.50 in2
SPAN
FEET
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

Ix= 143.29 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
2242
1921
1680
1492
1342
1219
1117
1030
956
841
738
653
582
521
470
425
387
353
324
298

Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 28.66 in3

Wt. = 7.20 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
----------1681
--1635
1225
1468
1222
914
1120
932
697
872
725
542
690
573
428
554
460
343
450
374
278
370
307
228
308
255
189
258
214
158
218
180
133
186
153
113
159
131
97
137
113
83
119
98
71
104
85
62
91
74
54
80
65
47

L/100
------------1038
834
679
559
466
391
331
283
243
210
183
160
140
123

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

37

L/360
1579
1118
814
607
462
359
283
226
183
150
124
103
86
73
62
53
45
39
33
28

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


10 x 5 x 3/8 I BEAM
Laterally Supported
Aw = 3.469 in2
SPAN
FEET
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

Ix= 111.63 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
1728
1481
1295
1150
1035
940
861
794
737
656
575
509
453
406
366
332
302
275
252
232

Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 22.33 in3

Wt. = 5.78 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
----------1305
--1270
951
1141
949
711
871
725
542
678
564
422
537
446
333
431
358
267
350
291
217
288
239
178
240
199
148
201
167
123
170
141
104
145
120
88
124
103
75
107
88
65
93
76
56
81
66
48
71
58
42
62
51
37

L/100
------------808
649
529
436
363
305
258
220
189
164
142
124
109
96

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

38

L/360
1225
868
632
472
359
279
220
176
143
117
96
80
67
57
48
41
35
30
26
22

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


12 x 6 x 1/2 I BEAM
Laterally Supported
Aw = 5.50 in2
SPAN
FEET
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

Ix= 253.96 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
2741
2348
2054
1824
1641
1491
1366
1260
1170
1091
1022
962
862
773
696
631
574
524
481
442
408
378
351
327
305

Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 42.33 in3

Wt. = 8.70 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
----------------1922
----1463
--1514
1134
1434
1193
893
1147
954
713
929
773
577
762
633
473
631
524
391
528
438
327
445
370
275
379
314
122
324
269
199
279
231
171
242
200
148
211
174
129
185
152
112
162
134
98
143
118
86
127
104
76
113
93
67
101
83
60
90
74
53
81
66
74

L/100
----------------1147
951
796
673
573
491
424
368
321
282
248
220
195
174
156
140
126

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

39

L/360
2354
1715
1278
972
753
592
473
382
312
258
215
180
153
130
111
96
83
72
62
55
48
42
37
32
28

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


18 x 3/8 x 4-1/2 x 1/2 I BEAM
Laterally Supported
Aw = 6.375 in2
SPAN
FEET
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25
26
27
28
29
30

Ix= 498.15 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
2382
2116
1904
1730
1585
1462
1357
1266
1186
1116
1054
998
913
828
753
688
632
581
537
497
462
430
401

Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 55.35 in3

Wt. = 8.70 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
----------------1872
----1507
----1228
--1351
1011
1349
1123
840
1132
942
704
957
796
595
815
678
506
700
581
434
604
502
374
524
436
324
458
380
283
402
333
248
354
294
218
313
260
193
279
231
171
248
206
152
222
184
136
200
165
121
180
148
109
162
134
98

L/100
----------------------910
791
691
607
536
475
422
377
338
304
274
248

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

40

L/360
1996
1565
1245
1002
816
671
557
466
394
335
286
246
213
186
162
142
125
111
98
87
78
70
62

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


24 x 3/8 x 7-1/2 x 3/4 I BEAM
Laterally Supported
Aw = 8.44 in2
SPAN
FEET
35
36
37
38
39
40
41
42
43
44
45
46
47
48
49
50
51
52
53
54
55
56
57

Ix= 1877.00 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
707
687
668
650
633
617
602
575
548
523
499
477
456
437
418
401
385
370
355
342
329
316
305

Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 156.42 in3

Wt. = 15.20 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
363
300
221
335
276
203
309
255
187
286
236
173
265
218
160
246
202
148
228
188
137
212
174
127
198
162
118
184
151
109
172
141
101
161
131
94
150
122
88
140
114
82
131
107
76
123
100
71
116
94
66
108
88
62
102
82
58
96
77
54
90
72
50
84
68
47
79
64
44

L/100
552
510
472
437
405
377
350
327
305
284
266
249
233
219
205
193
181
171
161
151
143
135
127

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

41

L/360
142
130
119
110
101
93
86
79
73
67
62
58
53
49
45
42
39
36
33
31
28
26
24

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


3 x 13/16 x 1/8 CHANNEL
Laterally Supported
Aw = 0.344 in2
SPAN
FEET
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Ix= 0.64 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
317
178
114
79
57
44
34
28

Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 0.43 in3

Wt. = 0.43 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
200
167
125
90
75
56
47
39
29
27
23
17
17
14
10
11
9
7
8
6
4
5
4
3

L/100
301
135
71
41
26
17
12
8

L/360
83
37
19
11
7
4
3
2

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

3 x 1 x 1/4 CHANNEL
Laterally Supported
Aw = 0.625 in2
SPAN
FEET
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Ix= 1.27 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
624
353
226
156
115
88
69
56

Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 0.85 in3

Wt. = 0.85 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
393
328
246
178
148
111
94
78
58
55
46
34
35
29
21
23
19
14
16
13
10
11
9
7

L/100
591
267
141
83
52
35
24
18

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

42

L/360
163
73
38
22
14
9
6
4

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


3 x 1-1/2 x 1/4 CHANNEL
Laterally Supported
Aw = 0.625 in2
SPAN
FEET
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Ix= 1.75 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
623
467
307
213
156
119
93
75

Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 1.16 in3

Wt. = 1.01 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
511
425
319
236
196
147
126
104
78
74
61
45
46
38
28
31
25
19
21
17
13
15
12
9

L/100
--355
189
112
71
47
33
24

L/360
212
97
51
30
18
12
8
5

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

3-1/2 x 1-3/16 x 1/8 x 3/16 CHANNEL


Laterally Supported
Aw = 0.406 in2
SPAN
FEET
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Ix= 1.54 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
623
467
307
213
156
119
93
75

Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 0.88 in3

Wt. = 0.67 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
511
425
319
236
196
147
126
104
78
74
61
45
46
38
28
31
25
19
21
17
13
15
12
9

L/100
--355
189
112
71
47
33
24

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

43

L/360
212
97
51
30
18
12
8
5

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


3-1/2 x 1-1/2 x 3/16 CHANNEL
MAJOR AXIS
Laterally Supported
Aw = 0.54 in2
Ix= 1.92 in4

SPAN
MAXIMUM
L/100
FEET
LOAD
3
539
Fv
--4
404
Fv
377
5
291
Fb
204
6
202
Fb
122
7
148
Fb
78
8
113
Fb
53
9
89
Fb
37
10
72
Fb
27
11
59
Fb
20
Fb
15
12
50

Sx = 1.10 in3

Wt. = 0.86 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
532
443
332
251
209
157
136
113
84
81
67
50
52
43
32
35
29
21
24
20
15
18
14
11
13
11
8
10
8
6

L/360
221
104
56
33
21
14
10
7
5
4

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

MINOR AXIS
Laterally Supported
Aw = 0.44 in2
Ix= 0.22 in4

SPAN
MAXIMUM
L/100
FEET
LOAD
3
154
Fb
115
4
86
Fb
49
5
55
Fb
25
6
38
Fb
14

Sx = 0.21 in3

Wt. = 0.86 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
77
64
47
32
27
20
16
13
10
9
7
5

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

44

L/360
31
13
6
3

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/


4 x 1-3/8 x 3/16 CHANNEL
Laterally Supported
Aw = 0.680 in2
SPAN
FEET
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Ix= 2.62 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
679
509
348
242
177
135
107
86

Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 1.31 in3

Wt. = 0.88 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
--593
445
339
282
211
184
153
115
110
91
68
70
58
44
48
39
29
33
28
21
24
20
15

L/100
--509
277
165
106
72
51
37

L/360
296
141
76
45
29
19
13
10

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

4 x 1-1/8 x 1/4 CHANNEL


Laterally Supported
Aw = 0.875 in2
SPAN
FEET
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10

Ix= 2.87 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
873
598
382
265
194
148
117
94

Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 1.44 in3

Wt. = 1.05 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
811
675
506
380
316
236
204
170
127
121
100
75
77
64
47
52
43
31
36
30
22
26
21
15

L/100
--570
307
182
116
78
55
40

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

45

L/360
337
157
84
49
31
20
14
10

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


5-1/2 x 1-1/2 x 1/4 CHANNEL
MAJOR AXIS
Laterally Supported
Aw = 1.3125 in2
Ix= 7.38 in4

SPAN
MAXIMUM
L/100
FEET
LOAD
3
1311
Fv
--4
982
Fv
--5
714
Fb
--6
495
Fb
450
7
363
Fb
291
8
278
Fb
199
9
219
Fb
141
10
177
Fb
103
11
146
Fb
78
Fb
60
12
122
Fb
47
13
104
89
Fb
37
14
78
Fb
30
15

Sx = 2.68 in3

Wt. = 1.49 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
----1118
887
739
554
493
411
308
299
249
186
194
161
120
132
109
82
93
77
58
68
56
42
51
42
31
39
32
24
31
25
18
24
20
14
19
16
11

L/360
745
368
204
123
79
54
38
27
20
15
12
9
7

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

MINOR AXIS
Laterally Supported
Aw = 0.56 in2
Ix= 0.32 in4

SPAN
MAXIMUM
L/100
FEET
LOAD
3
211
Fb
166
4
118
Fb
71
5
75
Fb
36
6
51
Fb
20

Sx = 0.29 in3

Wt. = 1.49 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
110
91
68
46
38
28
23
19
14
13
10
7

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

46

L/360
45
18
8
4

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


6 x 1-5/8 x 1/4 CHANNEL
Laterally Supported
Aw = 1.375 in2

Ix= 10.18 in4

SPAN
MAXIMUM LOAD
FEET
5
823
Fv
6
626
Fb
7
459
Fb
8
351
Fb
9
277
Fb
10
224
Fb
11
185
Fb
Fb
12
155
Fb
13
132
Fb
14
113
98
Fb
15
The part weight has been deducted in

Sx = 3.39 in3

Wt. = 1.67 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/100
L/150
L/180
L/240
--649
540
405
599
399
332
249
392
261
217
162
269
179
149
111
192
127
106
79
141
93
78
58
107
70
58
43
82
54
45
33
65
43
35
26
52
34
28
20
42
27
22
16
the above table.

L/360
269
165
107
73
52
38
28
21
17
13
10

6 x 1-11/16 x 3/8 CHANNEL


Laterally Supported
Aw = 1.969 in2
SPAN
FEET
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15

Ix= 14.55 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
1178
895
657
502
396
320
264
222
188
162
141

Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 4.85 in3

Wt. = 2.39 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
928
773
579
570
475
355
372
310
232
255
212
158
182
151
112
133
111
82
101
83
62
77
64
47
61
50
37
48
40
29
39
32
23

L/100
--857
560
384
274
202
152
118
92
74
60

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.


47

L/360
385
236
153
105
74
54
40
31
24
18
14

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


8 x 2-3/16 x 3/8 CHANNEL
Laterally Supported
Aw = 2.719 in2
SPAN
FEET
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20

Ix= 35.77 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
1627
1356
1161
927
732
592
489
410
349
300
261
229
202
180
161
145

Fv
Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 8.94 in3

Wt. = 3.20 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
----1235
1261
1050
787
845
704
527
590
491
367
426
355
265
317
264
197
241
201
149
188
156
116
148
123
91
119
98
73
97
80
59
79
65
48
66
54
40
55
45
33
46
38
27
39
32
23

L/100
------887
642
478
364
283
224
180
147
121
101
85
72
61

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

48

L/360
822
523
350
244
175
130
98
76
59
47
38
31
25
21
17
14

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


10 x 2-3/4 x 1/2 CHANNEL
Laterally Supported
Aw = 4.50 in2
SPAN
FEET
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

Ix= 92.49 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
2244
1923
1682
1494
1227
1013
850
724
623
542
476
421
375
336
302
274
249
227
208
191

Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 18.50 in3

Wt. = 5.30 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
----1802
--1654
1239
1414
1177
882
1037
864
646
781
650
486
600
499
373
470
391
292
375
311
232
303
251
187
248
205
153
205
170
126
171
141
105
144
119
88
122
101
74
104
86
63
90
74
54
78
64
46
67
55
40
59
48
34
51
42
30

L/100
--------1174
904
709
565
457
374
310
259
219
186
160
138
119
104
91
80

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

49

L/360
1199
824
586
429
322
247
193
153
123
100
82
68
56
47
40
34
29
25
21
18

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


11-1/2 x 2-3/4 x 1/2 CHANNEL
Laterally Supported
Aw = 5.25 in2
SPAN
FEET
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
23
24
25

Ix= 124.6 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
2618
2243
1962
1743
1438
1187
996
848
730
635
557
493
439
393
354
321
291
266
244
224

Fv
Fv
Fv
Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 21.67 in3

Wt. = 6.07 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
----2313
--2143
1605
1846
1537
1151
1362
1134
849
1029
857
641
795
661
494
625
519
368
499
414
309
404
335
250
331
275
204
274
227
169
229
190
141
194
160
118
164
136
100
141
116
85
121
100
73
105
86
63
91
75
54
80
65
47
70
57
41

L/100
------------940
752
609
500
415
348
294
250
215
185
161
140
123
108

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

50

L/360
1540
1068
765
563
425
327
256
204
164
134
110
91
77
64
55
46
40
34
29
25

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


3 x 1/4 SQUARE TUBE
Laterally Supported
Aw = 1.25 in2
SPAN
FEET
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Ix= 3.50 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
935
618
428
314
240
189
152
125
105

Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 2.33 in3

Wt. = 2.07 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
472
393
294
252
210
156
149
123
92
94
78
58
63
52
38
43
36
26
31
25
18
23
18
13
17
14
9

L/100
710
380
224
142
96
67
48
36
27

L/360
195
103
60
37
24
16
11
8
5

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

3-1/2 x 1/4 SQUARE TUBE


Laterally Supported
Aw = 1.5 in2
SPAN
FEET
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14

Ix= 5.73 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
1122
869
602
442
338
266
215
177
148
126
108

Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 3.27 in3

Wt. = 2.49 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
741
617
462
402
335
250
240
199
149
153
127
95
103
85
63
72
60
44
52
43
32
39
32
23
29
24
17
22
18
13
17
14
10

L/100
1113
605
361
231
156
110
80
60
45
35
28

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.


51

L/360
307
166
98
62
41
28
20
14
10
8
6

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


4 x 1/4 SQUARE TUBE
Laterally Supported
Aw = 1.75 in2

Ix= 8.82 in4

SPAN
MAXIMUM LOAD
FEET
4
1310
Fv
5
1047
Fv
6
814
Fb
7
597
Fb
8
456
Fb
9
360
Fb
10
291
Fb
11
240
Fb
12
201
Fb
13
171
Fb
14
147
Fb
15
128
Fb
The part weight has been deducted in

Sx = 4.41 in3

Wt. = 2.83 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/100
L/150
L/180
L/240
--1085
903
677
900
599
499
373
543
361
301
225
351
233
194
144
238
158
131
98
169
112
92
69
123
81
67
50
93
61
50
37
71
46
38
28
56
36
30
21
44
28
23
17
35
23
18
13
the above table.

L/360
450
248
149
95
64
45
32
24
18
13
10
8

4 x 3/8 SQUARE TUBE


Laterally Supported
Aw = 2.44 in2

Ix= 12.03 in4

SPAN
MAXIMUM LOAD
FEET
5
1459
Fv
6
1108
Fb
7
813
Fb
8
621
Fb
9
490
Fb
10
396
Fb
11
326
Fb
12
273
Fb
13
232
Fb
14
199
Fb
15
173
Fb
16
151
Fb
17
134
Fb
18
119
Fb
19
106
Fb
20
95
Fb
The part weight has been deducted in

Sx = 6.01 in3

Wt. = 4.24 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/100
L/150
L/180
L/240
1230
818
681
510
742
493
410
306
478
317
264
196
325
215
178
132
230
151
125
93
168
110
91
67
126
82
68
49
96
62
51
37
75
48
39
28
59
38
31
22
47
30
24
17
38
24
19
13
31
19
15
10
25
15
12
8
21
12
9
6
17
10
7
4
the above table.
52

L/360
338
202
129
87
60
43
31
23
17
13
10
7
5
3
2
1

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


4 x 1/8 X 2 X 1/4 RECTANGULAR TUBE
Laterally Supported
Aw = 0.44 in2
SPAN
FEET
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12

Ix= 4.38 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
262
218
187
163
145
130
118
99

Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 2.19 in3

Wt. = 1.46 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
260
217
162
162
135
101
107
89
66
73
61
45
52
43
32
38
32
23
29
24
17
22
18
13

L/100
----161
111
79
58
44
34

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

53

L/360
107
66
43
29
21
15
11
8

Beams - Allowable Uniform Load Tables (lbs/ft)


6 x 4 x 1/4 RECTANGULAR TUBE
MAJOR AXIS
Laterally Supported
Aw = 2.42 in2
SPAN
FEET
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Ix= 22.89 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
1004
1033
791
624
505
416
349
297
255
222
195

Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 7.63 in3

Wt. = 3.80 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
862
718
537
569
473
354
392
326
244
281
233
174
207
172
128
157
130
96
121
100
74
95
79
58
76
63
46
61
50
37
50
41
30

L/100
--855
591
423
313
237
184
145
116
94
77

L/360
357
235
161
115
84
63
48
37
29
23
18

The part weight has been deducted in the above table.

MINOR AXIS
Laterally Supported
Aw = 1.54 in2
SPAN
FEET
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16

Ix= 12.09 in4

MAXIMUM LOAD
638
546
477
424
381
329
276
235
202
175
154

Fv
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb
Fb

Sx = 6.05 in3

Wt. = 3.80 lbs./ft.

DEFLECTION
L/150
L/180
L/240
468
389
291
306
254
190
209
174
129
149
123
92
109
90
67
82
68
50
63
52
38
49
40
29
38
31
23
31
25
18
25
20
14

L/100
--461
316
225
166
125
96
75
60
48
39
54

L/360
193
125
85
60
43
32
24
18
14
10
8

Structural Connections
BEARING ON FRP
Bolt Allowable for Given FRP Plate Thickness (1)
BOLT DIAMETER
MATERIAL
THICKNESS
3/8"
1/2"
5/8"
3/4"
1"
1/8"
469
625
781
938
1250
1/4"
938
1250
1563
1875
2500
2344
2813
3750
3/8"
1406
1875
1/2"
1875
2500
3125
3750
5000
3/4"
2813
3750
4688
5625
7500
1"
3750
5000
6250
7500
10000
(1) BEARING on FRP plate or web controls (Factor of Safety = 3.0; Fp=10,000 psi)

The designer must confirm that no other component of connection controls.

BOLT SHEAR
Bolt Allowable for Given Bolt Diameter (2)

BOLT TYPE &
APPLICATION

3/8"
1408
2816

1/2"
2503
5007

BOLT DIAMETER
5/8"
3/4"
3912
5633
7823
11265

316SS- single shear (3)


316SS- double shear
FRP threaded rod (4)
300
600
900
1000
single shear
FRP threaded rod 600
1200
1800
2000
double shear
(2) The designer must confirm that no other component of connection controls.
(3) SHEAR of bolt controls. Fv=0.17*FU = 0.17*75,000 psi = 12,750 psi
(4) SHEAR of FRP threaded rod controls (Factor of Safety = 4.0).
Ultimate values from Dynaform Design Guide

1"
10014
20027
2050
4100

RATIO OF EDGE DISTANCE TO FASTENER DIAMETER




RANGE
RECOMMENDED
Edge Distance - cl* bolt to END 2.0-4.0 3.0
Edge Distance - cl* bolt to SIDE
1.5-3.5 2.5
Bolt Pitch - cl* to cl* 4.0-5.0 5.0
* - "cl" is centerline
55

Stringer Design Tables


Stringer Design Table - OSHA Design Criteria
3-0 Wide Stair Only

1
1
2
3
4

C8

C8

1. Slope range is 30 to 50
2. OSHA does not limit the maximum rise
3. Design is for a 1000 lb point load, L/D 180
4. C8 = C 8 x 2-3/16 x 3/8; C10 = C10 x 2-3/4 x 1/2
Horizontal Run in Feet

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

20

21

C8
C8

C8
C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C10

C10

C10

C8

C8

C8

C8

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

Vertical Rise in Feet

Notes:

C8

8
9
10
11
12
13

C8
Rise/Run combinations
without stringer size fall
outside of 30 - 50 slope
limits set by OSHA.

Stringers below double line


require lateral bracing.

14
15
16
17

Stringers below heavy black line


are longer than 20'-0". These
require a splice or pull to length.

18

56

Stringer Design Tables


Stringer Design Table - UBC Design Criteria
3-0 Wide Stair Only

1
1

C8

C8

C8

C8

Vertical Rise in Feet

3
4
6
7
8

1. Slope range is 19.5 to 41.6


2. Landings are required every 12 of rise
3. Design is for a 100 psf point load, L/D 180
4. C8 = C 8 x 2-3/16 x 3/8; C10 = C10 x 2-3/4 x 1/2
Horizontal Run in Feet

10

11

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C10

C10

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C8

C8

C8

C8

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8

C8

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C10

C10

C10

C10

C10

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C10

C10

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C10

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8

Notes:

Rise/Run combinations
without stringer size fall
outside of slope limits set by
UBC.

9
10

Stringers below heavy


black line are longer
than 20'-0".

11
12

C10

Stringers below double


line require lateral
bracing.

*Indicates that C8 stringers can be used if columns are installed at midspan of stringer. C10 will not work.

Stringer Design Table - UBC Design Criteria


4-0 Wide Stair Only

1
1
2

Vertical Rise in Feet

3
4
5
6
7
8

C8

C8

C8

C8

Notes:

1. Slope range is 19.5 to 41.6


2. Landings are required every 12 of rise
3. Design is for a 100 psf point load, L/D 180
4. C8 = C 8 x 2-3/16 x 3/8; C10 = C10 x 2-3/4 x 1/2
Horizontal Run in Feet

10

11

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

C8

11
12

13

14

15

16

17

18

19

C8

C8

C8

C10

C8

C8

C8

C8

C10

C10

C10

C8

C8

C8

C8

C10

C10

C10

C10

C8*

C8*

C8

C8

C8

C8

C10

C10

C10

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8

C8

C10

C10

C10

C10

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C10

C10

C10

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C10

C10

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C10

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8*

C8

Rise/Run combinations
without stringer size fall
outside of slope limits set by
UBC.

9
10

12

Stringers below heavy


black line are longer
than 20'-0".

Stringers below double


line require lateral
bracing.

*Indicates that C8 stringers can be used if columns are installed at midspan of stringer. C10 will not work.

57

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables

8 long - 6 x 6 x 1/2 Angle


Full section column testing was conducted on equal leg angles, I and Wide Flange Shapes and Square
Tubes. Ultimate values were generated through testing of elements with square cut ends placed between
the table and the upper, moving platen of a universal testing machine. This test procedure closely
simulates how FRP columns will generally be used in practice.
Comparison of test data versus theoretical Euler buckling capacity suggests that the "K" value as tested
is approximately 0.70, representing a fixed-pinned condition. The values in the tables represent an
FS = 3.0 for the tested condition. Should you feel, however, that your column end conditions closely
approximate a pinned-pinned condition ("rounded" column ends are somewhat difficult to achieve in
practice) we recommend you multiply the allowable values shown in the tables by the following values:

SHAPE
I, W or Angle
Square Tube

To Obtain FS = 2.0
multiply by:
0.75
0.50
58

To Obtain FS = 3.0
multiply by:
0.50
0.33

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
NOTATION















area (in2)

width of flange/leg/wall (in)

thickness of flange (in)

minimum radius gyration (in)

length (in)

effective column length factor

F a

allowable column concentric axial stress (psi)

P a

allowable column centric axial load (lbs)

8' long - 6" x 3/8" WIDE FLANGE SHAPE

ANGLE

WIDE FLANGE & I SHAPES

Maximum Allowable Stress:


b/t 8
4,862 psi
b/t = 10.7 4,194 psi
b/t = 12
3,620 psi
b/t = 16
2,758 psi

Maximum Allowable Stress:


b/t 12
10,000 psi
b/t = 13.3 8,747 psi
b/t = 16
7,208 psi
t = 1/4"
t > 1/4"
b/t = 16
6,233 psi
b/t = 20
4,920 psi

SQUARE TUBE (1/4" wall)


Maximum Allowable Stress:
b/t 10
10,000 psi
8,880 psi
b/t = 12
b/t = 16
6,595 psi

t = 1/4"
t > 1/4"

59

b/t = 21.3

4,483 psi

b/t = 24
b/t = 24
b/t = 26.7

4,167 psi
3,608 psi
2,732 psi

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


2 x 2 x 1/4 ANGLE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 0.92 in.2
r = 0.38 in.
b/t = 8
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0

Fa
(psi)
4,862
2,807
2,077
1,684
1,416
1,211
1,079
988
891
833
752
667

Pa
(lbs)
4,473
2,582
1,911
1,549
1,303
1,114
993
909
820
766
692
614

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

60

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


3 x 3 x 1/4 ANGLE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 1.42 in.2
r = 0.90 in.
b/t = 12
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5

Fa
(psi)
3,620
3,620
2,933
2,277
1,968
1,736
1,538
1,391
1,249
1,146
1,070
1,010
952
889
849
815
757
708
665

Pa
(lbs)
5,140
5,140
4,165
3,233
2,795
2,465
2,184
1,975
1,774
1,627
1,519
1,434
1,352
1,262
1,206
1,157
1,075
1,005
944

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

61

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


3 x 3 x 3/8 ANGLE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 2.09 in.2
r = 0.59 in.
b/t = 8
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5

Fa
(psi)
4,862
4,862
2,933
2,277
1,968
1,736
1,538
1,391
1,249
1,146
1,070
1,010
952
889
849
815
757
708
665

Pa
(lbs)
10,162
10,162
6,130
4,759
4,113
3,628
3,214
2,907
2,610
2,395
2,236
2,111
1,990
1,858
1,774
1,703
1,582
1,480
1,390

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

62

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


3 x 3 x 1/2 ANGLE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 2.70 in.2
r = 0.59 in.
b/t = 6
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5

Fa
(psi)
4,862
4,862
2,933
2,277
1,968
1,736
1,538
1,391
1,249
1,146
1,070
1,010
952
889
849
815
757
708
665

Pa
(lbs)
13,127
13,127
7,919
6,148
5,314
4,687
4,153
3,756
3,372
3,094
2,889
2,727
2,570
2,400
2,292
2,201
2,044
1,912
1,796

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

63

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


4 x 4 x 1/4 ANGLE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 1.92 in.2
r = 0.80 in.
b/t = 16
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0

Fa
(psi)
2,758
2,758
2,758
2,758
2,393
2,133
1,914
1,760
1,603
1,482
1,379
1,283
1,187
1,123
1,064
1,020
980
933
889
860
834
802
759
727
693
660

Pa
(lbs)
5,295
5,295
5,295
5,295
4,595
4,095
3,675
3,379
3,078
2,845
2,648
2,463
2,279
2,156
2,043
1,958
1,882
1,791
1,707
1,651
1,601
1,540
1,457
1,396
1,331
1,267

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

64

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


4 x 4 x 3/8 ANGLE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 2.84 in.2
r = 0.79 in.
b/t = 10.7
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0

Fa
(psi)
4,194
4,194
4,194
2,947
2,367
2,113
1,896
1,741
1,586
1,461
1,364
1,260
1,177
1,113
1,048
1,012
969
922
878
853
828
791
745
712
680
652

Pa
(lbs)
11,911
11,911
11,911
8,369
6,722
6,001
5,385
4,944
4,504
4,149
3,874
3,578
3,343
3,161
2,976
2,874
2,752
2,618
2,494
2,423
2,352
2,246
2,116
2,022
1,931
1,852

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

65

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


4 x 4 x 1/2 ANGLE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 3.70 in.2
r = 0.78 in.
b/t = 8
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0

Fa
(psi)
4,862
4,862
4,862
2,904
2,350
2,098
1,884
1,724
1,570
1,446
1,350
1,234
1,167
1,095
1,036
1,005
959
912
872
847
821
777
735
704

Pa
(lbs)
17,989
17,989
17,989
10,745
8,695
7,763
6,971
6,379
5,809
5,350
4,995
4,565
4,318
4,051
3,833
3,719
3,548
3,374
3,226
3,134
3,038
2,875
2,720
2,605

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

66

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


6 x 6 x 3/8 ANGLE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 4.33 in.2
r = 1.14 in.
b/t = 16
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5

Fa
(psi)
2,758
2,758
2,758
2,758
2,758
2,758
2,427
2,229
2,060
1,911
1,802
1,684
1,585
1,503
1,416
1,354
1,289
1,211
1,167

Pa
(lbs)
11,942
11,942
11,942
11,942
11,942
11,942
10,509
9,652
8,920
8,275
7,803
7,292
6,863
6,508
6,131
5,863
5,581
5,244
5,053

True
Length (ft)
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5
16.0
16.5
17.0
17.5
18.0
18.5

Fa
(psi)
1,121
1,079
1,041
1,015
988
955
922
892
872
851
833
813
782
752
729
706
680
660

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

67

Pa
(lbs)
4,854
4,672
4,508
4,395
4,278
4,135
3,992
3,862
3,776
3,685
3,607
3,520
3,386
3,256
3,157
3,057
2,944
2,858

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


6 x 6 x 1/2 ANGLE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 5.70 in.2
r = 1.19 in.
b/t = 12
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0

Fa
(psi)
3,620
3,620
3,620
3,620
3,620
2,960
2,512
2,290
2,120
1,984
1,844
1,748
1,642
1,548
1,469
1,397
1,337
1,267
1,202
1,157

Pa
(lbs)
20,634
20,634
20,634
20,634
20,634
16,872
14,318
13,053
12,084
11,309
10,511
9,964
9,359
8,824
8,373
7,963
7,621
7,222
6,851
6,595

True
Length (ft)
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5
16.0
16.5
17.0
17.5
18.0
18.5
19.0
19.5

Fa
(psi)
1,117
1,076
1,033
1,015
989
958
927
896
873
855
839
822
794
765
737
717
699
672
655

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

68

Pa
(lbs)
6,367
6,133
5,888
5,786
5,637
5,461
5,284
5,107
4,976
4,874
4,782
4,685
4,526
4,361
4,201
4,087
3,984
3,830
3,734

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


3 x 1 1/2 x 1/4 I SHAPE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 1.38 in.2
r = .32 in.
b/t = 6
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0

Fa
(psi)
10,000
8,121
5,155
3,583
2,462
1,683
1,278
1,027
843
652

Pa
(lbs)
13,800
11,207
7,114
4,945
3,398
2,323
1,764
1,417
1,163
900

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

69

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


4 x 2 x 1/4 I SHAPE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 1.88 in.2
r = 0.43 in.
b/t = 8
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0

Fa
(psi)
10,000
10,000
7,107
5,206
4,061
3,017
2,248
1,717
1,373
1,147
992
854
713
567

Pa
(lbs)
18,800
18,800
13,361
9,787
7,635
5,672
4,226
3,228
2,581
2,156
1,865
1,606
1,340
1,066

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

70

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


6 x 3 x 1/4 I SHAPE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 2.88 in.2
r = 0.63 in.
b/t = 12
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5

Fa
(psi)
10,000
10,000
10,000
7,944
6,127
5,083
4,255
3,486
2,886
2,380
1,974
1,623
1,403
1,245
1,105
1,003
908
817
717
615
520

Pa
(lbs)
28,800
28,800
28,800
22,879
17,646
14,639
12,254
10,040
8,312
6,854
5,685
4,674
4,041
3,586
3,182
2,889
2,615
2,353
2,065
1,771
1,498

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

71

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


6 x 3 x 3/8 I SHAPE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 4.23 in.2
r = 0.64 in.
b/t = 8
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5

Fa
(psi)
10,000
10,000
10,000
7,700
5,415
4,237
3,450
2,833
2,297
1,843
1,563
1,347
1,169
1,050
923
800
721
647
586
525
479

Pa
(lbs)
42,300
42,300
42,300
32,571
22,905
17,923
14,594
11,984
9,716
7,796
6,611
5,698
4,945
4,442
3,904
3,384
3,050
2,737
2,479
2,221
2,026

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

72

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


8 x 4 x 3/8 I SHAPE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 5.73 in.2 r = 0.84 in.
b/t = 10.7
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0

Fa
(psi)
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
8,370
6,182
4,917
4,157
3,558
3,063
2,598
2,232
1,888
1,667
1,461
1,311
1,176
1,085
997
888
800
741
680
630
582
535
498
467

Pa
(lbs)
57,300
57,300
57,300
57,300
47,960
35,423
28,174
23,820
20,387
17,551
14,887
12,789
10,818
9,552
8,372
7,512
6,738
6,217
5,713
5,088
4,584
4,246
3,896
3,610
3,335
3,066
2,854
2,676

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

73

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


8 x 4 x 1/2 I SHAPE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 7.51 in.2
r = 0.85 in.
b/t = 8
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0

Fa
(psi)
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
8,597
6,303
5,016
4,217
3,620
3,103
2,660
2,282
1,943
1,697
1,485
1,340
1,200
1,102
1,015
914
822
755
697
644
596
549
510
476

Pa
(lbs)
75,100
75,100
75,100
75,100
64,563
47,336
37,670
31,670
27,186
23,304
19,977
17,138
14,592
12,744
11,152
10,063
9,012
8,276
7,623
6,864
6,173
5,670
5,234
4,836
4,476
4,123
3,830
3,575

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

74

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


10 x 5 x 3/8 I SHAPE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 7.22 in.2
r = 1.04 in.
b/t = 13.3
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5

Fa
(psi)
8,747
8,747
8,747
8,747
8,747
8,747
6,814
5,520
4,711
4,097
3,620
3,186
2,833
2,470
2,188
1,918
1,714

Pa
(lbs)
63,153
63,153
63,153
63,153
63,153
63,153
49,197
39,854
34,013
29,580
26,136
23,003
20,454
17,833
15,797
13,848
12,375

True
Length (ft)
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5
16.0
16.5
17.0

Fa
(psi)
1,540
1,404
1,288
1,179
1,103
1,033
954
869
800
751
704
658
619
581
543
511
482

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

75

Pa
(lbs)
11,119
10,137
9,299
8,512
7,964
7,458
6,888
6,274
5,776
5,422
5,083
4,751
4,469
4,195
3,920
3,689
3,480

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


10 x 5 x 1/2 I SHAPE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 9.51 in.2
r = 1.05 in.
b/t = 10
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0

Fa
(psi)
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
9,163
6,917
5,605
4,765
4,157
3,666
3,227
2,880
2,517
2,232
1,963
1,739
1,564

Pa
(lbs)
95,100
95,100
95,100
95,100
95,100
87,140
65,781
53,304
45,315
39,533
34,864
30,689
27,389
23,937
21,226
18,668
16,538
14,874

True
Length (ft)
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5
16.0
16.5
17.0
17.5

Fa
(psi)
1,429
1,311
1,200
1,120
1,049
975
889
818
764
717
669
630
592
554
520
491
467

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

76

Pa
(lbs)
13,590
12,468
11,412
10,651
9,976
9,272
8,484
7,779
7,266
6,819
6,362
5,991
5,630
5,269
4,945
4,669
4,441

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


12 x 6 x 1/2 I SHAPE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 11.51 in.2 r = 1.26 in.
b/t = 12
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0

Fa
(psi)
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
9,800
7,512
6,182
5,310
4,653
4,157
3,741
3,364
3,063
2,753
2,458
2,232
2,008
1,793

Pa
(lbs)
115,100
115,100
115,100
115,100
115,100
115,100
112,798
86,348
71,155
61,118
53,556
47,847
43,059
38,720
35,255
31,687
28,292
25,690
23,112
20,637

True
Length (ft)
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5
16.0
16.5
17.0
17.5
18.0
18.5
19.0
19.5
20.0

Fa
(psi)
1,667
1,513
1,411
1,311
1,217
1,144
1,084
1,025
960
888
828
780
741
701
662
630
598
567
535
510

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

77

Pa
(lbs)
19,187
17,415
16,241
15,090
14,008
13,167
12,477
11,798
11,050
10,221
9,530
8,978
8,529
8,069
7,620
7,251
6,883
6,526
6,158
5,870

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


3 x 3 x 1/4 WIDE FLANGE SHAPE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 2.13 in.2
r = 0.73 in.
b/t = 12
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0

Fa
(psi)
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
7,271
5,915
5,046
4,318
3,667
3,105
2,647
2,208
1,907
1,597
1,412
1,274
1,145
1,048
965
883
803
719
633
547

Pa
(lbs)
21,300
21,300
21,300
21,300
15,487
12,599
10,748
9,197
7,811
6,614
5,638
4,703
4,062
3,402
3,008
3,714
2,439
2,232
2,055
1,881
1,710
1,531
1,348
1,165

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

78

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


4 x 4 x 1/4 WIDE FLANGE SHAPE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 2.89 in.2
r = 0.96 in.
b/t = 16
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5
16.0

Fa
(psi)
7,208
7,208
7,208
7,208
7,208
7,208
6,697
5,838
5,155
4,621
4,050
3,583
3,163
2,792
2,452
2,150
1,923
1,683
1,503
1,383
1,278
1,174
1,095
1,027
964
902
843
777
714
652
582
520

Pa
(lbs)
20,831
20,831
20,831
20,831
20,831
20,831
19,354
16,872
14,898
13,355
11,705
10,355
9,141
8,069
7,115
6,214
5,557
4,864
4,344
3,997
3,693
3,393
3,165
2,968
2,786
2,607
2,436
2,246
2,063
1,884
1,682
1,503

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.
79

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


6 x 6 x 1/4 WIDE FLANGE SHAPE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 4.39 in.2
r = 1.43 in.
b/t = 24
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0

Fa
(psi)
4,167
4,167
4,167
4,167
4,167
4,167
4,167
4,167
4,167
4,167
4,167
4,167
4,167
3,997
3,666
3,334
3,068
2,800
2,534
2,322

Pa
(lbs)
18,293
18,293
18,293
18,293
18,293
18,293
18,293
18,293
18,293
18,293
18,293
18,293
18,293
17,547
16,094
14,636
13,469
12,292
11,124
10,194

True
Length (ft)
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5
16.0
16.5
17.0
17.5
18.0
18.5
19.0
19.5
20.0

Fa
(psi)
2,097
1,917
1,754
1,644
1,510
1,419
1,332
1,244
1,171
1,118
1,066
1,013
954
891
834
792
756
722
687
655

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

80

Pa
(lbs)
9,206
8,416
7,700
7,217
6,629
6,229
5,847
5,461
5,141
4,908
4,680
4,447
4,188
3,911
3,661
3,477
3,319
3,170
3,016
2,875

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


6 x 6 x 3/8 WIDE FLANGE SHAPE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 6.48 in.2
r = 1.44 in.
b/t = 16
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0

Fa
(psi)
6,233
6,233
6,233
6,233
6,233
6,233
6,233
6,233
6,233
6,233
5,586
4,917
4,447
4,037
3,695
3,365
3,093
2,833
2,563
2,345

Pa
(lbs)
40,390
40,390
40,390
40,390
40,390
40,390
40,390
40,390
40,390
40,390
36,197
31,862
28,817
26,160
23,944
21,805
20,043
18,358
16,608
15,196

True
Length (ft)
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5
16.0
16.5
17.0
17.5
18.0
18.5
19.0
19.5
20.0

Fa
(psi)
2,123
1,948
1,774
1,667
1,528
1,436
1,347
1,260
1,206
1,129
1,076
1,025
969
906
845
800
765
731
696
662

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

81

Pa
(lbs)
13,757
12,623
11,496
10,802
9,901
9,305
8,729
8,165
7,815
7,316
6,972
6,642
6,279
5,871
5,476
5,184
4,957
4,737
4,510
4,290

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


8 x 8 x 3/8 WIDE FLANGE SHAPE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 8.73 in.2
r = 1.92 in.
b/t = 21.3
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0

Fa
(psi)
4,483
4,483
4,483
4,483
4,483
4,483
4,483
4,483
4,483
4,483
4,483
4,483
4,483
4,483
4,483
4,483
4,483
4,237
3,927
3,695

Pa
(lbs)
39,137
39,137
39,137
39,137
39,137
39,137
39,137
39,137
39,137
39,137
39,137
39,137
39,137
39,137
39,137
39,137
39,137
36,989
34,283
32,257

True
Length (ft)
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5
16.0
16.5
17.0
17.5
18.0
18.5
19.0
19.5
20.0

Fa
(psi)
3,450
3,213
3,038
2,833
2,627
2,442
2,297
2,129
2,003
1,843
1,744
1,667
1,563
1,477
1,413
1,348
1,283
1,220
1,169
1,129

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

82

Pa
(lbs)
30,119
28,049
26,522
24,732
22,934
21,319
20,053
18,586
17,486
16,089
15,225
14,553
13,645
12,894
12,335
11,768
11,201
10,651
10,205
9,856

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


8 x 8 x 1/2 WIDE FLANGE SHAPE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 11.51 in.2 r = 1.93 in.
b/t = 16
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0

Fa
(psi)
6,233
6,233
6,233
6,233
6,233
6,233
6,233
6,233
6,233
6,233
6,233
6,233
6,233
6,037
5,460
4,966
4,606
4,267
3,957
3,718

Pa
(lbs)
71,742
71,742
71,742
71,742
71,742
71,742
71,742
71,742
71,742
71,742
71,742
71,742
71,742
69,486
62,845
57,159
53,015
49,133
45,545
42,794

True
Length (ft)
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5
16.0
16.5
17.0
17.5
18.0
18.5
19.0
19.5
20.0

Fa
(psi)
3,475
3,240
3,058
2,860
2,653
2,470
2,321
2,158
2,023
1,868
1,757
1,679
1,580
1,491
1,425
1,360
1,296
1,231
1,179
1,137

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

83

Pa
(lbs)
39,997
37,292
35,198
32,919
30,536
28,430
26,715
24,839
23,285
21,501
20,223
19,325
18,186
17,161
16,402
15,654
14,917
14,169
13,570
13,087

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


10 x 10 x 3/8 WIDE FLANGE SHAPE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 11.06 in.2 r = 2.38 in.
b/t = 26.7
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0

Fa
(psi)
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732

Pa
(lbs)
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216

True
Length (ft)
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5
16.0
16.5
17.0
17.5
18.0
18.5
19.0
19.5
20.0

Fa
(psi)
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,732
2,621
2,476
2,349
2,232
2,093
1,993
1,868
1,773
1,709
1,640

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

84

Pa
(lbs)
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
30,216
28,988
27,385
25,980
24,686
23,149
22,043
20,660
19,609
18,902
18,138

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


10 x 10 x 1/2 WIDE FLANGE SHAPE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 14.51 in.2 r = 2.4 in.
b/t = 20
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0

Fa
(psi)
4,920
4,920
4,920
4,920
4,920
4,920
4,920
4,920
4,920
4,920
4,920
4,920
4,920
4,920
4,920
4,920
4,920
4,920
4,920
4,917

Pa
(lbs)
71,389
71,389
71,389
71,389
71,389
71,389
71,389
71,389
71,389
71,389
71,389
71,389
71,389
71,389
71,389
71,389
71,389
71,389
71,389
71,346

True
Length (ft)
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5
16.0
16.5
17.0
17.5
18.0
18.5
19.0
19.5
20.0

Fa
(psi)
4,641
4,367
4,117
3,867
3,695
3,500
3,304
3,133
2,999
2,833
2,966
2,517
2,379
2,267
2,129
2,033
1,908
1,800
1,729
1,667

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

85

Pa
(lbs)
67,341
63,365
59,738
56,110
53,614
50,785
47,941
45,460
43,515
41,107
43,037
36,522
34,519
32,894
30,892
29,499
27,685
26,118
25,088
24,188

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


12 x 12 x 1/2 WIDE FLANGE SHAPE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 17.51 in.2 r = 2.87 in.
b/t = 24
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0

Fa
(psi)
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608

Pa
(lbs)
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176

True
Length (ft)
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5
16.0
16.5
17.0
17.5
18.0
18.5
19.0
19.5
20.0

Fa
(psi)
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,608
3,516
3,349
3,200
3,078
2,954
2,813
2,673
2,552
2,429
2,333

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

86

Pa
(lbs)
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
63,176
61,565
58,641
56,032
53,896
51,725
49,256
46,804
44,686
42,532
40,851

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


2 x 2 x 1/4 SQUARE TUBE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 1.74 in.2
r = 0.73 in.
b/t = 8
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0

Fa
(psi)
10,000
10,000
10,000
9,850
8,650
7,450
6,491
5,684
5,000
4,253
3,726
3,188
2,786
2,454
2,111
1,895
1,722
1,585
1,448
1,370
1,276
1,189
1,079
957

Pa
(lbs)
17,400
17,400
17,400
17,139
15,051
12,963
11,294
9,890
8,700
7,400
6,483
5,547
4,848
4,270
3,673
3,297
2,996
2,758
2,520
2,384
2,220
2,069
1,877
1,665

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

87

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


2-1/2 x 2-1/2 x 1/4 SQUARE TUBE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 2.24 in.2
r = 0.92 in.
b/t = 10
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0

Fa
(psi)
10,000
10,000
10,000
10,000
9,900
8,816
7,842
7,078
6,351
5,733
5,192
4,675
4,146
3,673
3,246
2,904
2,629
2,358
2,087
1,923
1,825
1,641
1,533
1,445
1,387
1,320
1,239
1,163
1,077
977

Pa
(lbs)
22,400
22,400
22,400
22,400
22,176
19,748
17,566
15,855
14,226
12,842
11,630
10,472
9,287
8,228
7,271
6,505
5,889
5,282
4,675
4,308
4,088
3,676
3,434
3,237
3,107
2,957
2,775
2,605
2,412
2,188

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.
88

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


3 x 3 x 1/4 SQUARE TUBE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 2.74 in.2
r = 1.13 in.
b/t = 12
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0

Fa
(psi)
8,880
8,880
8,880
8,880
8,880
8,880
8,880
8,237
7,573
6,976
6,386
5,857
5,416
4,977
4,566
4,133
3,732
3,397

Pa
(lbs)
24,331
24,331
24,331
24,331
24,331
24,331
24,331
22,668
20,750
19,114
17,498
16,048
14,840
13,637
12,511
11,324
10,226
9,308

True
Length (ft)
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5
16.0
16.5
17.0
17.5
18.0

Fa
(psi)
3,046
2,821
2,604
2,383
2,163
2,013
1,865
1,748
1,643
1,565
1,467
1,428
1,367
1,308
1,248
1,193
1,121
1,052

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

89

Pa
(lbs)
8,346
7,730
7,135
6,529
5,927
5,516
5,110
4,790
4,502
4,288
4,020
3,913
3,746
3,584
3,420
3,269
3,072
2,882

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


3-1/2 x 1/4 SQUARE TUBE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 3.24 in.2
r = 1.53 in.
True
Length (ft)
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0

Fa
(psi)
7,575
7,575
7,575
7,575
7,575
7,575
7,575
7,575
7,575
7,333
6,595
6,304
5,866
5,483
5,109
4,753
4,313
4,034
3,697
3,400
3,083
2,896
2,689
2,516
2,325

Pa
(lbs)
24,543
24,543
24,543
24,543
24,543
24,543
24,543
24,543
24,543
23,759
21,368
20,425
19,006
17,765
16,553
15,400
13,974
13,070
11,978
11,016
9,989
9,383
8,712
8,152
7,533

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

90

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


4 x 4 x 1/4 SQUARE TUBE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 3.74 in.2
r = 1.53 in.
b/t = 16
True
Length (ft)
0.5
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0

Fa
(psi)
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,349
5,941
5,608
5,283
4,962
4,666

Pa
(lbs)
24,665
24,665
24,665
24,665
24,665
24,665
24,665
24,665
24,665
24,665
24,665
24,665
24,665
24,665
23,745
22,219
20,974
19,758
18,558
17,451

True
Length (ft)
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5
16.0
16.5
17.0
17.5
18.0
18.5
19.0
19.5
20.0

Fa
(psi)
4,306
4,025
3,738
3,493
3,233
3,000
2,836
2,672
2,511
2,350
2,225
2,052
1,948
1,850
1,767
1,687
1,631
1,558
1,484
1,441

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

91

Pa
(lbs)
16,104
15,054
13,980
13,064
12,091
11,220
10,607
9,993
9,391
8,789
8,322
7,674
7,286
6,919
6,609
6,309
6,100
5,827
5,550
5,389

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


4 x 4 x 3/8 SQUARE TUBE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 5.23 in.2
r = 1.48 in.
True
Length (ft)
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0

Fa
(psi)
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,595
6,318
5,895
5,490
5,175
4,874
4,576
4,298
3,960
3,712
3,420
3,209
2,961
2,719
2,566
2,411
2,268
2,113
1,964

Pa
(lbs)
34,492
34,492
34,492
34,492
34.492
34,492
34,492
34,492
34,492
34,492
34,492
33,043
30,831
28,713
27,065
25,491
23,932
22,479
20,711
19,414
17,887
16,783
15,486
14,220
13,420
12,610
11,862
11,051
10,272

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

92

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


6 x 4 x 1/4 RECTANGULAR TUBE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 4.68 in.2
r = 1.61 in.
True
Length (ft)
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0
9.5
10.0
10.5
11.0
11.5
12.0
12.5
13.0
13.5
14.0
14.5
15.0
15.5
16.0

Fa
(psi)
5,935
5,935
5,935
5,935
5,935
5,935
5,935
5,935
5,935
5,935
5,935
5,935
5,935
5,935
5,620
5,295
5,017
4,710
4,466
4,208
3,899
3,678
3,415
3,220
2,976
2,753
2,614
2,442
2,313
2,194
2,054

Pa
(lbs)
27,776
27,776
27,776
27,776
27,776
27,776
27,776
27,776
27,776
27,776
27,776
27,776
27,776
27,776
26,302
24,781
23,480
22,043
20,901
19,693
18,247
17,213
15,982
15,070
13,928
12,884
12,234
11,429
10,825
10,268
9,613

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.
93

Columns - Allowable Axial Load Tables


3 x 1/2 ROUND TUBE
Allowable Concentric Axial Stresses and Loads
A = 3.93 in.2
r = 0.9 in.
True
Length (ft)
1.0
1.5
2.0
2.5
3.0
3.5
4.0
4.5
5.0
5.5
6.0
6.5
7.0
7.5
8.0
8.5
9.0

Fa
(psi)
7,992
7,992
7,992
7,992
7,800
6,944
6,255
5,580
5,047
4,553
4,079
3,605
3,191
2,774
2,513
2,276
2,025

Pa
(lbs)
31,409
31,409
31,409
31,409
30,654
27,290
24,582
21,929
19,835
17,893
16,030
14,168
12,541
10,902
9,876
8,945
7,958

The effective "K" value is 0.70. See page 58 for additional information.

94

Chemical

Microelectronics

Elevated Walkways in Tank Farms


Access Platforms for Process Vessels and Tanks
Platforms Over Piping and Equipment
Chemical Loading/Unloading Platforms
Walkways, Skids and Platforms for Chemical
Storage Areas
Access Systems for Hazardous Waste Areas

Food & Beverage





Elevated Crossovers at Machinery


Support Platforms for Materials Storage
Wastewater Treatment Areas
Loading Docks

Transportation

Water & Wastewater


Filter Media Support Grids & Structures (Biofilter,
Trickling Filters, Etc.)
Tank & Equipment Access Platforms
Elevated Platforms & Walkways
Air Intake Access & Safety
Ships Ladders

Oil & Gas










Boat Landings, Splash Zone Areas


Stairways, Decking, Bridges, Catwalks
Chemical Injection Skids (Access Platforms)
Walkways over Mud Pits/Mud Tanks
Access Platforms for Metering Stations, Valve
Operations and Other Areas
Communications/Radar Platforms
Support, Protection for Subsea Components
Drilling Derrick
Ships Ladders

Loading/Unloading Platforms
Rail Washdown & Offloading Areas
Maintenance/Inspection Platforms for Bridges
Platforms for Mass Transit
At Grade Crossings
Platforms at Diesel Refueling Facilities
Elevated Platforms for Light Rail Car
Maintenance
Pit Covers in Light Rail Maintenance Facilities
Covers for Electrified Cable Ways



Elevated Walkways in Electrowinning Areas


Stairways to Chemical Storage Tanks
Walkway Supports & Stairways in Refineries
Support for Walkways Around Flotation Cells &
Flotation Cell Support
Walkways and Access Stairways to Thickeners
Piping Supports, Walkways and Stairways in
Sulfuric Acid Plants & Smelters
Walkways, Stairways and Equipment Supports in
High-sulfur Coal Prep Plants

Boat Docks, Walkways


Stairways, Decking, Bridges, Catwalks
Access Platforms, Ramps
Aquatic Facility Drainage Areas/Walkways
Mechanical Rooms
Storage Areas
Playground Structures
Golf Course Bridges and Cart Path Areas
Nature Trail Bridges, Ramps and Outlooks

Power
Platforms/Walkways Around Sumps and
Trenches
Platforms/Accesways Around Tanks & Injection
Skids
Gratings Subject to Coal Dust, Fly Ash, Bottom
Ash, Gypsom, Limestone
FGD Scrubber Environments
Intake Structures
Cooling Tower Structures and Walkways

Pulp & Paper








Metals & Mining

Recreation








Plating Line Platforms


Wastewater Neutralization Platforms and
Walkways
Corrosive Storage
Raised Access Flooring in Etching Lines
Bulk Chemical Distribution Platforms and
Walkways
Acid Waste Neutralization (AWN) Platforms and
Walkways
Cooling Tower Basins
Central Utility Building (CUB) Platforms and
Walkways

Scrubbers - Media Support, Structures


Tank Farm Walkways
Waste Treatment Walkways
Chemical Unloading Structures
Wood Yard Conveyor Systems
Liquor Storage Areas
Crossovers

Pharmaceutical
Tank & Equipment Access Platforms
Stairways & Landings
Filter Media Support Grids & Structures (Biofilter,
Trickling Filters, Etc.)
Elevated Platforms & Walkways

95

Fibergrate Products & Services


Fibergrate Molded Grating
Fibergrate molded gratings are designed to provide the ultimate in reliable performance,
even in the most demanding conditions. Fibergrate offers the widest selection in the
market with more than ten resins including Chemgrate CP-84 and more than twenty
grating configurations available in many panel sizes and surfaces.
RIGIDEX Moltruded Grating
RIGIDEX Moltruded gratings are the first fiberglass gratings to combine the corrosion
resistance of molded grating with the longer span capacity of pultruded grating, all at
the low cost of metal gratings.
Safe-T-Span Pultruded Industrial and Pedestrian Gratings
Combining corrosion resistance, long-life and low-maintenance designs, Safe-T-Span
provides unidirectional strength for industrial and pedestrian pultruded grating applications.
Dynarail Handrail
Easily assembled from durable prefabricated components or engineered to your
specifications, Dynarail handrail meets or exceeds OSHA and strict building code
requirements for safety and design.
Dynarail Safety Ladder System
Easily assembled on site, Dynarail safety ladder systems meet or exceed OSHA
requirements. Though less costly than prefabricated ladder systems, these safety ladders provide a custom fit to the supporting structure.
Dynaform Structural Shapes
Fibergrate offers a wide range of pultruded structural components for industrial use,
including bars, rods, tubes, beams, channels, leg angles and plates.
Stair Solutions
Fibergrate offers a wide range of slip-resistant products to meet your stair safety needs.
These durable products which include treads, tread covers and covered stair treads are a
long-term, cost-efficient solution for your facility.
Grating Pedestals
Uniquely designed adjustable single and quad head pedestals for square mesh molded
grating are manufactured to provide safe and economical support for elevated flooring.
Engineering and Fabrication Services
Combining engineering expertise with an understanding of fiberglass applications,
Fibergrate provides turnkey design and fabrication of fiberglass structures, including
platforms, catwalks, stairways and test racks.
Fibergrate Inc. 2003 883100-01/06-2.0
Made in the USA

Fibergrate Composite Structures Inc. believes the information contained here to be true
and accurate. Fibergrate makes no warranty, expressed or implied based on this
literature and assumes no responsibility for consequential or incidental damages in the
use of these products and systems described, including any warranty of merchantability or
fitness. Information contained here is for evaluation only.

Fibergrate Composite Structures Inc.


Phone: 800-527-4043 Fax: 972-250-1530
www.fibergrate.com Email: info@fibergrate.com