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"If we take our inspiration and guidance from the Holy Quran, the
final victory, I once again say, will be ours."
Quaid-e-Azam's speech at the University Stadium, Lahore,
on the 30th October, 1947

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8 1939

22
233,234

I am working for Muslims because I want that

when I meet Allah hereafter death He would say

Well done Mr. Jinnah.

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A, B, C, D

(Spiritual Chains)

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A, B, C, D


(Migration)

V.V.I.P

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98%

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Incest

(Rationalism) (Equality) (Freedom)


(Humanism)




What is

Enlightenment

Enlightenment?(1784)

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Enlightenment is man's emergence from his

self-imposed immaturity. Immaturity is the

inability to use one's understanding without

guidance from another. This immaturity is

self-imposed when its cause lies not in lack of

understanding, but in lack of resolve and

courage to use it without guidance from

another. Sapere Aude! [dare to know] "Have

courage to use your own understanding!"--that

is the motto of enlightenment.

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disinformation

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The

H e n r y F o r d


International Jew

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Fifth Protocol:

1st Secret:

To obtain control over public opinion, it is

first necessary to confuse it by the expression

from various sides of so many conflicting

opinions.

2nd Secret:

"The second secret consists in so increasing

and intensifying the shortcomings of the

people in their habits, passions and mode of

living that no one will be able to collect

himself in the chaos, and, consequently,

peo ple will lo se all their m ut ual

understanding. This measure will serve us also


in breeding disagreement in all parties, in

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disintegrating all those collective forces which

are still unwilling to submit to us and in

discouraging all personal initiative which can


in any way interfere with our undertaking."

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McGill University Wilfred Countwell Smith



USAID

Montreal

If confronted with the question, what kind of

country they wish Pakistan to be, Pakistani

Muslims are in fairly general accord that the

answer is "Islamic"........In the ca s e of

Pakistan, on the other hand, the whole raison

d'etre of the state is Islam: It is Islam alone

which brought it into being, and Islam alone

which hold it together.()


Conservatism

Modernism

Dynamic Orthodoxy

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Lord Cormer

England was prepared to grant eventual

political freedom to all of her colonial

possessions as soon as a generation of

intellectuals and politicians, imbued through

English education with the ideals of English

culture, were ready to take over, but under no

circumstances would the British Government

tolerate for a single moment an independent

Islamic state.

(Lord Cromer, In Modern Egypt 1908)(16)

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www.saylor.org/site/wp-content/.../What-is-Enlightenment.pdf
Retrieved on 14/02/2013



( ) Henry Ford,The international Jew, Umma Publishing House,
Commercial Area, Bahadurabad, Karachi-5, Pakistan, September 1970,
Page:86-87




( )Wilfred Cantwell Smith, Pakistan An Islmic State, Sh. Muhammad
Ashraf Publisher, Kashmiri Baza, lahore. Summer, 1951, Page:10-29


( ) Jewish Conspiracy and the Muslims World, Edited by Misbahul
Islam Farooqi, Feb 1967, Published by Misbahul Islam Farooqi, I.G 6/3
Nazimabad Karachi, Pakistan, Page:3

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1.The Republic and its territories
(1)Pakistan shall be a Federal Republic to be
known as the Islamic Republic of Pakistan,
hereinafter referred to as Pakistan....................
2.Islam to be State religion
Islam shall be the State religion of Pakistan.
[3]2A.The Objective Resolution to form part
of substantive provisions.The principles and
provisions set out in the Objectives Resolution
reproduced in the Annex are hereby made
substantive part of the Constitution and shall
have effect accordingly.

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Whereas sovereignty over the entire universe

belongs to Allah Almighty alone and the

authority which He has delegated to the State

of Pakistan, through its people for being

is a sacred trust;..............

Wherein the principles of democracy, freedom,

equality, tolerance and social justice as

exercised within the limits prescribed by Him

enunciated by Islam shall be fully observed;


Wherein the Muslims shall be enabled to order

Constituent Assembly

their lives in the individual and collective

spheres in accordance with the teachings and

requirements of Islam as set out in the Holy

Quran and the Sunnah;(2)

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Wherea se the Fo u n d er o f Pak istan,
Qua id- e-A zam Mo ham mad Ali J innah,
declared that Pakistan would be a democratic
State based on Islamic principles of social
justice(4)

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His poetry, besides being beautiful in form and

sweet in language, presents to us a picture of

the mind and heart of this great poet, and we

find how deeply he was devoted to the

follower of the Holy Prophet (peace be upon

him) - a Muslim first and a Muslim last. He

teachings of Islam. He was a true and faithful

I whole heartedly associate myself with the

celebration of this Iqbal day and pray that we

may live up to the ideals preached by our

national poet so that we may be able to give

shape to these ideals in our sovereign state of

Pakistan when established.(6)



....

was the interpreter and voice of Islam.



"Iqbal was a true follower of the Holy Prophet
(peace be upon him)" ...........

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"I would like to see the Punjab, North-West

Frontier Province, Sind and Baluchistan

amalgamated into a single State.

Self-government within the British Empire, or

without the British Empire, the formation of a

consolidated North-West Indian Muslim State

appears to me to be the final destiny of the

Muslims."(10)

I have given the best part of my life to a


careful study of Islam, its law and polity, its
culture, its history and its literature. This
constant contact with the spirit of Islam, as it
unfolds itself in time, has, I think, given me a
kind of insight into its significance as a world

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private individual experience is not surprising

fact. It is in the light of this insight, whatever

on the lips of a European. In Europe the

its value, that, while assuming that the

conception of Christianity as a monastic order,

Muslims of India are determined to remain

renouncing the world of matter and fixing its

true to the spirit of Islam, I propose not to

gaze entirely on the world of spirit, led, by a

guide you in your decisions, but to attempt the

logical process of thought, to the view

humbler task of bringing clearly to your

embodied in this proposition. The nature of the

consciousness the main principle which, in my

Prophet's religious experience, as disclosed in

opinion, s hould d ete rmine t he general

the Quran, however, is wholly different. It is

character of these decisions.......

not mere experience in the sense of a purely

Wh a t , t he n, i s t he p r o b l e m a n d it s

biological event, happening ins ide the

implications? Is religion a private affair?

experient and necessitating no reactions on its

Would you like to see Islam as a moral and

social environment. It is individual experience

political ideal, meeting the same fate in the

creative of a social order. Its immediate

world of Islam as Christianity has already met

outcome is the fundamentals of a polity with

in Europe? Is it possible to retain Islam as an

im p l i c i t l e ga l c o n c e p t s w h o s e c i v ic

ethical ideal and to reject it as a polity, in favor

significance cannot be belittled merely because

of national polities in which [the] religious

their origin is revelational.

attitude is not permitted to play any part? This

Islam does not bifurcate the unity of man into

question becomes of special importance in

an irreconcilable duality of spirit and matter. In

India, where the Muslims happen to be a

Islam God and the universe, spirit and matter,

minority. The proposition that religion is a

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collective ego to look at them. In the words of

Church and State, are organic to each other......

the Quran, "Hold fast to yourself; no one who

One lesson I have learnt from the history of

erreth can hurt you, provided you are well

Muslims. At critical moments in their history it

guided" (5:104).(14)

is Islam that has saved Muslims and not vice

versa. If today you focus your vision on Islam

and seek inspiration from the ever-vitalising

ide a emb odied in it, you will be o nly

reassembling your scattered forces, regaining

your lost integrity, and thereby saving yourself

from total destruction. One of the profoundest

verses in the Holy Quran teaches us that the

birth and rebirth of the whole of humanity is

like the birth and rebirth of a single individual.

Why cannot you who, as a people, can well

claim to be the first practical exponents of this

superb conception of humanity, live and move

and have your being as a single individual? I

do not wish to mystify anybody when I say

that things in India are not what they appear to

be. The meaning of this, however, will dawn

upon you only when you have achieved a real

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(2)http://www.pakistani.org/pakistan/constitution/

Retrieved on 14/02/2013

(4)Abdul Hafeez Khan, An Introduction to Pakistan Constitution, Radio

House, Victoria Road, Saddar, Karachi-3, 1956, Page:10

Pakistan Parliamentary Representative, Published by Oxford Book


1976
1230

(6)THE NATION'S VOICE, Towards the Popular Verdict, (Vol : IV),


Quaid-e-Azam Academy 2000, Annotated Speeches, Statements &
Interviews, (Nov 1944 - Apr 1946), Page:24. 25






ISBN: 969-416-312-9




(10)http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00is
lamlinks/txt_iqbal_1930.html.Retrieved on 14/02/2013

(14)http://www.columbia.edu/itc/mealac/pritchett/00is

lamlinks/txt_iqbal_1930.html.Retrieved on 14/02/2013

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1970
15

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1947













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My Reminiscences





"He had in his library books on Islamic


history, life of the holy Prophet and other great
men of Islam, and transltaion of the Holy
Quran. He had studied English translation of

Al-Farooq(Life of Caliph Omar)which was

written by Maulana Shibli Nomani and

translated by maulana Zafar Ali Khan. He

wanted to read the second part of this book

dealing with administration and reforms of

Caliph Omar but its English translation was

not available. In his leisure hours, the

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Quaid-e-Azam studied translation of the Holy

"We shall sit like brothers round a table and

Quran by Allama Yusuf Ali and Spirit of Islam

decide what form of government will suit us

and history of the Saracens by Syed Amir Ali.

according to our special circumstances and

It was his desire to read in English all the

conditions as a Muslim nation and in the light

religious and political literature of Islam, but

of the Holy Quran and the life of the Prophet .

he could not always find in English the books

We want a Muslim homeland wherein the

he wanted to read."

Muslims will be free to choose their own

go ve rnm e nt a nd c o nd u c t t he ir a ffa irs

according to their tradition and genius deriving

inspiration from the fundamental principles of

Islam based on the brotherhood , equality and

fraternity of man."

Spirit of Islam


and History of the Saracens

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"T he Q u a id - e - A z a m ga ve him a ve r y
sympathetic hearing and said he believed that
Islam is a perfect code of laws and provides
guidance for Muslims in every sphere of life.
He very much appreciated the useful work of
codifying the injunctions and orders of the
Ho ly Q u r a n a n d t h e

d i r e c t io ns a nd

ins tru ctions of t he Holy Pr ophet. The

Quaid-e-Azam went so far as to say if he had

been at the helm of affairs in a Muslim country

he would have lost no time in appointing a

committe of Muslim scholars to study his

writings and enforce them as far as possible in

civil and criminal courts. He even suggested

the aurthor to send copies of his books to

Heads of independent Muslim states."

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"Tell me, my boy, if you take Hazrat Omar out

of the Islamic History, what then is left of it"

"Daily Herald" of London


"No. the gulf between Hindus and Muslims is
too great ever to be bridged. How can you get
toghether with people who will not eat under
the same roof? Can you? Or let me put it this

way: Hindus want to worship the cow while

the Muslims want to eat it. Where can there be

any compromise?"

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life, are different. It is quite clear that Hindus

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and Mussalmans derive their inspiration from

different sources of history. They have

different epics, their heroes are different, and

"It is extremely difficult to appreciate why our

different episodes. Very often the hero of one

Hindu friends fail to understand the real nature

is a foe of the other, and likewise their

of Islam and Hinduism. They are not religions

victories and defeats overlap. To yoke together

in the strict sense of the word, but are, in fact,

two such nations under a single state, one as a

different and distinct social orders, and it is a

numerical minority and the other as a majority,

dream that the Hindus and Muslims can ever

must lead to growing discontent, and final

evolve a comm on nat ionality, and t his

destruction of any fabric that may be so built

misconception of one Indian nation has gone

up for the government of such a state."

far beyond the limits and is the cause of more

of ou r tr oubles a nd w ill lead Ind ia to

destruction if we fail to revise our notions in

time. The Hindus and Muslims belong to two

different religious philosophies, social

cust oms, and lite ratu res. They neither

intermarry nor interdine together, and indeed

they belong to two different civilisations

which are based mainly on conflicting ideas

and conceptions. Their aspects on life, and of

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"I think that the masses are wide awake. They


only want your guidance and your lead. Come
forward as servants of Islam, organise the

people economically, socially, educationally

and politically and I am sure that you will be a

power that will be accepted by everybody.

Western Democracy un-suited for India, first

published in "Time and Tide" Magazine on 19th Jan 1940




"Work for it, live for it and if need be die for
it, but achieve our goal we must, or else all is
lost."

"The British people must realise that Hinduism


and Islam represent two distinct and seperate
civilization and moreover, are as distinct from
one another on origin, tradition and manner of
life as are the nations of Europe. They are,
infact two different nations."

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Pakistan or Death

"Then we were told that it is against Islam!

"I appeal, therefore, to every Muslim to stand

(Laughter)

solid by our goal of Pakistan for it is a matter

Ladies and gentlemen,- I am not a learned

of life and death to us and to the future destiny

Maulana or Maulvi.Nor do I claim to be

of Muslim India. Either we achieve Pakistan or

learned in theology. But i also know a little of

we perish."

my faith and I am a humble and proud follower


of my faith.(cheers) May I know in the name

of Heavens, how is this Lahore resolution

against Islam? Why is it against Islam? But

that is an argument that has been advanced

again by a man of no less position than Mr.


Rajagopalacharya."


"I am not ashamed of saying that I am a
Muslim."

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"I wish on this auspicious day a very happy

Mr. Rajagopalacharya

Eid to all Muslims wherever they may be

throughout the world --an Eid that will usher


in, I hope, a new era of prosperity and will

mark the onward march of renaissance of

"Pakistan is not only a practicable goal but the

Islamic culture and ideals."

only goal if you want to save Islam from

complete annihilation in this country."

" Let us on this great and auspicious day take a

solemn vow for establishing our rightful place

"I am glad to see that not only Muslim men but

in the present and also in the future new order

Muslim women and children also have

of the world according to the light of Islamic

understood the Pakistan scheme. No nation

heritage."

can m ake any p ro gress witho u t the

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co-operation of its women. If Muslim women

support their men, as they did in the days of

the Prophet of Islam, we should soon realise



"It is obvious because I have spoken what was
in the hearts of millions of Muslims boldly,
served you faithfully and led you truthfully. I
can give you nothing except my service. I shall

the goal."

continue my service of the mussalmans and

"Next, you may remember that we appointed a

Islam."

committee of ladies at the Patna session. It is

of very great importance to us, because I

believe that it is absolutely essential for us to

give every opportunity to our women to

"Strengthening yourselves is, really speaking,


strengthening the borders of Pakistan, a thing

participate in our struggle of life and death.


Women can do a great deal within their homes,
even under purdah."

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Musalmans of India. The Musalmans of India

which will enable us to achieve our goal and

have great faith and hopes in you and believe

thus maintain our freedom, honour, prestige,

that you will be unconquerable soldiers of

and glory of Islam for which we are now

Islam like your unconquerable rocks and

fighting."

through you Islam in India will be able to

revive the glorious past."

"You have asked me to give you a message.


What message can I give you? We have got the
greatest message in the Quran for our guidance
and enlightenment."

"Our ideal and our fight is not to harm or

injure any other community or interest or

block the progress but to defend ourselves. We


want to live in this country an honourable life
as free men, and we stand for free Islam and
free India."




"All Muslim India's eyes are today towards
you. If you fail in duty you will shock all the

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mistake: Pakistan is not a theocracy or

anything like it....

Islam demands from us the tolerance of other

creeds and we welcome in closest association


with us all those who, of whatever creed, are
themselves willing and ready to play their part
as true and loyal citizens of Pakistan."





Quaid-e-Azam
"West Pakistan is separated from East Pakistan
by about a thousand miles of the territory of
India. The first question a student from abroad
should ask himself is how can this be? How
can there be unity of government between
areas so widely separated? I can answer this
question in one word. It is faith: faith in
Almighty God....The great majority of us are
Muslims. We follow the teachings of the
Prophet Mohammed (may peace be upon him).
We are members of the brotherhood of Islam
in which all are equal in rights, dignity and
self-respect. Consequently, we have a special
and a very deep sense of unity. But make no

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of mechanization and industrial efficiency is

today in a worse mess than ever before in

history. The adoption of Western economic


theory and practice will not help us in
achieving our goal of creating a happy and
contented people.We must work our destiny in
our own way and present to the world an
economic system based on true Islamic
concept of equality of manhood and social
justice. We will thereby be fulfilling our

"It is my belief that our salvation lies in


following the golden rules of conduct set for
us by our great lawgiver, the Prophet of Islam.
Let us lay the foundation of our democracy on
the basis of truly Islamic ideals and principles.
Our Almighty has taught us that our decisions
in the affairs of the State shall be guided by
discussions and consultations. "

mission as Muslims and giving to humanity

the message of peace which alone can save it

and sec ure the welfare, happine ss and

prosperity of mankind."



"The Western world, in spite of its advantages

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us courage and faith to fight these forces of

evil. If we take our inspiration and guidance

from the Holy Quran, the final victory, I once

again say, will be ours...Why should you also

not succeed like many others, like your own

forefathers. You have only to develop the spirit

of the "Mujahids". You are a nation whose


history is replete with people of wonderful
grit, character and heroism. Live up to your
traditions and add to it another chapter of

"It should be our aim not only to remove want


and fear of all types, but also to secure liberty,
fraternity and equality as enjoined upon us by
Islam."

glory.....All I require of you now is that

everyone of us to whom this message reaches

must vow to himself and be prepared to

sacrifice his all, if necessary, in building up


Pakistan as a bulwark of Islam and as one of
the greatest nations whose ideal is peace
within and peace without....Along with this,
keep up your morale. Do not be afraid of
death. Our religion teaches us to be always
prepared for death. We should face it bravely
to save the honor of Pakistan and Islam. There


"We have achieved our cherished goal of
freedom and have established Pakistan as an
independent, sovereign State, fifth largest in
the world. That freedom can never be attained
b y a n at io n w it h o u t su ffer in g a nd
sacrifice..........We thank Providence for giving

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is no better salvation for a Muslim than the

death of a martyr for a righteous cause.....The

tenets of Islam enjoin on every Mussalman to

give protection to his neighbours and to the


minorities regardless of caste and creed.
Do your duty and have faith in God. There is

no power on earth that can undo Pakistan. It

has come to stay. Our deeds are proving to the

world that we are in the right and I can assure


you t hat t he sympat hie s of the wo rld,
particularly of the Islamic countries, are with

you."


"It is now up to you to work, work and more

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thirteen hundred years ago? If I may pint out,

work; and we are bound to succeed. And never

you are all outsider here. Who were the

forget our motto: Unity, Discipline and

original inhabitants of Bengal-not those who

Faith".

are now living. So what is the use of saying"

we are Bengalies, or Sindhies, or Pathans, or

Punjabies." No, we are Muslims.


Islam has taught us this, and I think you will

agree with me that whatever else you may be

and whatever you are, you are Muslims. you


belong to a Nation; now you have now carved
out a territory, vast territory. It is all yours; it
does not belong to a Punjabi or a Sindhi or a
Pathan, or a Bengali, it is yours. You have got

"Now you have to stand guard over the


development and maintenance of Islamic
democracy, Islamic social justice and the
equality of manhood in your own native
soil."

your central government where several units

are represented. Therefore, if you to build up

yourself into a nation, for God's sake give up


this provincialism. Provincialism has been one
of the curses; and so is sectionalism-Shia,
Sunni, etc."


"What we want is not to talk about Bengali,
Punjabi, Sindhi, Baluchi, Pathan and so on.
They are of course units. But I ask you; have
you forgotten the lesson that was taught o us

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Muslim throughout the world should live up to

the best traditions of Islam, the faith which

came to us through the Holy Prophet (peace be

upon his soul).

Is la m c am e in t he w o rld t o e s t a b lish

democracy, peace and justice; to safeguard the

rights of oppressed. It brought to humanity the

message of equality of the rich and the poor, of

the high and the low. The Holy Prophet fought

for these ideals for the major part of his life. Is

it not, therefore, the duty of every Muslim,

wherever he may be, to do his level best to

preserve the great ideals and the glorious

traditions of Islam, to fight for the equality of

mankind, the achievement of man's legitimate

rights a nd the e sta b lishm ent of


democracy?"

"Is lam c ame in t he wo rld t o est ablish


democracy, peace and justice"
Bombay, Feb 5: You ask me to give you a
message on the occasion of the birthday of the
Holy Prophet (peace be upon him). What
message can i give you today save that every

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Pakistan, or else, Muslims and Islam is [sic]

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doomed.........Pakistan not only means freedom

and independence but Islamic Ideology which

has to be preserved, which has come to us as a

precious gift and a treasure, which, we hope,

others will share with us."

"



*Message to Muslim Students' Federation
Conference, Peshawar, Matheran 12 Jun 1945
"Only one course open to Musalmans" - "To
fight for Pakistan, to live for Pakistan"

*Karachi Sep 9, Dawn 11 Sep 1945

I ha ve o ft en ma de it clea r t ha t if t he

"Ramazan teaches us how to overcome our

Musalmans wish to live as honourable and free

desires."

people, there is only one course open to them,

"Every Musalman knows that the injunctions

to fight for Pakistan, to live for Pakistan and, if

of the Quran are not confined to religious and

necessary, to die f or the achievement of

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spiritual tenets and doctrines or rituals and

moral duties."From the Atlantic to the

ceremonies. It is a complete code regulating

Ga nges ", s a ys G ib bo n. 'T he Qu r a n is

the whole Muslim society, every department of

acknowledged as the fundamental code, not

life, collective and individually."

only of theology, but civil and criminal

jurisprudence, and the laws which regulate the

Ganges

actions and the property of mankind and



Gibbon

governed by the immutable sanctions of the

will of God.' Everyone, except those who are

ignorant, knows that the Quran is general code

of the Muslims. A religious, social, civic,

commercial, military, judicial, criminal, penal

code; it r egula tes ever ything from the

ceremonies of religion to those of daily life;

from the salvation of the soul to the health of

the body; from the rights of all to those of each

individual, from morality to crime, from

punishment here to that in the life to come, and


our Prophet has enjoined on us that every
Musalman should posses a copy of the Quran

and be his own priest.

Therefore Islam is not merely confined to the

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"Our ideal should not be Capitalistic but
Islamic."



The Only Way:
I, therefore call upon every Muslim, man and
woman, in Pakistan to fortify themselves
aga ins t t heir p r e s e nt s o r r o w s fo r the
establishment of their national State for which
they have suffered and already sacrificed so
much, and which is now for them to build up,
so that before long it can justify its position as
the Largest Islamic state in the world and
win a p ro u d p lace in the fam ily of
Nations

110

109

6 1938
17


5 1938
24

1 19388

112

8 1939

22

111

6 1938 12

5 1940 12

5 1939 10

114

113

1945 24

116

115

118

117

120

Islam with blood and money and that you have

119

rightly come forward at this critical juncture to the

Central Office

support of Muslim India and the Muslim League

All India Muslim League

which is the only authoritative and representative

(Daryaganj, Delhi)

organisation of the Muslim. I am all the more

Camp Delhi

encouraged to note your expression of sentiments

Nov,18,1945

that you wish to work for the Millat without the

My dear Sajjada Nashin Sahab,

slightest consideration for any wordly gain nor,

I am in respect of your letter of the 12th Nov 1945

Thank God, you are in need of it. Therefore work

and I thank you very much for it I need hardly say

and serve the cause which is a matter of life and

that I am most grateful to you for the powerful

death for 100 million of Muslims of India and the

support which you have been pleased to give to the

cause of Islam and the Millat.

All India Muslim League which stands for the

With regard to some of the points of which you

establishement of Pakistan and all that Islam stands

have been good enough to send me a note I have

for, and it is the duty of every Musalman at this most

fully explained to our friend Qazi Abdul Hakim

critical jucnture to help our National Organisation

Khatak who was good enough to come and see me

the Muslim League and support the official league

and he will explain to you fully the result of the

candidates and get the verdict of Muslim India for

discussion. As regards your note which raises 5

Pakistan. The eye of the world is fixed on Muslim

points may I point out to you that when the

India and the Frontier will be the spear head of

preliminary question of Pakistan being established is

Pakistan. I note that your organisation is of those

settled it will not be the Muslim League that will

whose forefathers who have served the cause of

122

121

fra me t he Constitu tio n of Pakis ta n bu t the

Inhabitants of Pakistan in which 75% will be

Musalmans and therefore you will understand that it

will be a Muslim Government and it will be for the

people of Pakistan to frame the Constitution Making

body which will be composed of overwhelming

majority of Muslims can never establish any

constitution for Pakistan other than one based on

Islamic Ideals, nor can the government of Pakistan


when come into being act contrary to Islamic Ideals
and principles.

You know that I am reaching Peshawar on the

20th to attend IN.SHA.ALLAH the Frontier

Conference and I am looking forward to meet you

personally and have the pleasure and the honour of a

talk with you.

Your Sincerely,

M.Ali.Jinnah

Sajjadha Nashin Sahib of Manki Sharif, N.W.F.P

124

123

126

125

128

127

130

129

He slept for about two hours, undisturbed. And


then he opened his eyes, saw me, and signalled
with his head and eyes for me to come near
him. He made one last attempt and whispered,
"Fati, Khuda Hafiz. ...... La Ilaha Il Allah ......
Mohammad ...... Rasul ...... Allah." His head

droppe d slightly to his right, his eyes

closed.

132

131

"You are free; you are free to go to your

temples, you are free to go to your mosques or

to any other place of worship in this State of

Pakistan. You may belong to any religion or

caste or creed that has nothing to do with the

Dawn

business of the State."

"Minorities under Islam, The Holy Prophet's Epistle to

Christian Minoroty Representative"

In any case Pakistan is not going to be a

theocratic State to be ruled by priests with a

divine mission. We have many non-Muslims

Hindus, Christians, and Parsis but they are

all Pakistanis. They will enjoy the same rights

and privileges as any other citizens and will

play their rightful part in the affairs of

Pakistan."

Theocratic State

134

133

Priests


Gentiles

You may belong to any religion or caste or creed that has

nothing to do with the business of the State."

136

135

"Mr Jinnah assured the Christian and Adharam

Associations that the rights of their respective

communities would be fully safeguarded

according to the injunctions from the highest

authority, namely Quran, that a minority must

be treated justly and fairly."

Adharam Associations

"The Hindus and other communities in

pakistan will be treated with justice and

fairplay--nay, with generosity. That is the view

"We make this solemn declaration and give

of every responsible Musalman and, what is

this solemn assurance that we will treat your

more, it is enjoined upon us by the highest

minorities not only in a manner that a civilised

authority-- the Quran and the Prophet."

Government should treat them but better

because it is an injunction in the Quran to treat

the minorities so."

138

137

"So far as we are concerned our own history,


our Prophet have given the clearest proof that
non-Muslims have been treated not only justly
and fairly but generously."

"It dates back thirteen centuries ago when our


Prophet not only by words but by deeds treated
the J ew s a nd Christ ia ns , afte r he had

conquered them, with the utmost tolerance and

Theocratic State

regard and respect for their faith and beliefs.

The whole history of Muslims, wherever they

ruled, is replete with those humane and great

principles which should be followed and

In any case Pakistan is not going to be a


theocratic State to be ruled by priests with a

practiced."

140

139

essential principle of Islam. Today, they are as

divine mission. We have many non-Muslims

applicable in actual life as they were 1,300

Hindus, Christians, and Parsis but they are

years ago. Islam and its idealism have taught

all Pakistanis. They will enjoy the same rights

us democracy. It has taught equality of man,

and privileges as any other citizens and will

justice and fairplay to everybody. We are the

play their rightful part in the affairs of

inheritors of these glorious traditions and are

Pakistan."

fully alive t o our r esp onsibilitie s and

Theocratic State

o b l ig a t io ns a s fr a m e r s o f t he f u t u r e


P r i e s t s

constitution of Pakistan. In any case Pakistan

is not going to be a theocratic State to be ruled

by priests with a divine mission. We have

many non-Muslims Hindus, Christians, and

Parsis but they are all Pakistanis. They will

enjoy the same rights and privileges as any

other citizens and will play their rightful part

in the affairs of Pakistan."

"The constitution of Pakistan has yet to be

framed by the Pakistan Constituent Assembly.

I do not know what the ultimate shape of this

constitution is going to be, but I am sure that it

will be of a democratic type, embodying the

142

141

should ask himself is how can this be? How

can there be unity of government between

areas so widely separated? I can answer this

question in one word. It is faith: faith in

Theocratic State

Almighty God....The great majority of us are

Muslims. We follow the teachings of the

Prophet Mohammed (may peace be upon him).

We are members of the brotherhood of Islam

in which all are equal in rights, dignity and

self-respect. Consequently, we have a special


and a very deep sense of unity. But make no

But make no mistake: Pakistan is not a

mistake: Pakistan is not a theocracy or

theocracy or anything like it....

anything like it....

Islam demands from us the tolerance of other


creeds and we welcome in closest association

with us all those who, of whatever creed, are

themselves willing and ready to play their part

as true and loyal citizens of Pakistan."

Quaid-e-Azam

"West Pakistan is separated from East Pakistan

by about a thousand miles of the territory of

India. The first question a student from abroad

144

143


T h e o c r a c y

T he o kr a t ia T he o c r a c y

to rule kratein

god Theos



Theocracy

Judges


Josephus Flavius

146

145




Ramses

Ancient



Theocracy



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Theocracy
Ethics

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b y a g o d o r go d s m ay b e ca lled a

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PAPACY
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I n d u l g e n c e s


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My Reminiscences: Page:52-53

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edited by Jamil-ud-Din Ahmad, 1943 Sh. Muhammad Ashraf Kashmiri
Bazar- Lahore, 3rd Edition, April 1943,Page:389-390

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Quaid-i-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah Speeches, Statements,

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149

Quaid-e-Azam, Page:48

Writings, Letter s, etc, Edited b y Muhammad Haneif Shahid,

Quaid-e-Azam, Page:87

Sang-e-Meel, Lahore, Pakistan, First Edition 1976, Page: 121

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1

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32,33 ISBN-969-415-020-5

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154

153



My




Brother

156

155


1949 23

158

157

160

159

1949 29


1949
20



1949 24

162

161

1949 12

164

163

166

165


1949 30

168

167

170

169



1949
25

1949
30

172

171



1949 24

174

173




1949 25

176

175

178

177

180

179




The Message of the Qur'an
The Road to Mecca
Sahih Al- Bukhari: The Early Years of Islam
The Principles of State and Govenment in Islam
Department of Islamic

Reconstruction

The Principles of State and Constitution Making



Govenment in Islam








This Law of Ours and Other Essays
What Do We Mean by

Islam at the Crossroads

Islamic


Leopold Weiss

182

181



Pakistan?

"

.....that they have become fully conscious of

having a separate cultural identity based on

their being Muslims; that the foremost slogan

of t he P akis t an m o vem e nt is la ila ha

ill'Allah;(6)

........

"



""

"

"
"






184

183



" "

btm1432@gmail.com

186

185

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Prof.Ziauddin Ahmed, Karachi The Oriental Academy, First Edition
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195026

78

87 1950 25


(5)Muhammad Asad, The Principles of State and Govenment in Islam,
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Mean by Pakistan? Islamic Book Trust, Kuala Lumpur 2001,Page: 71-72