Voltage Changes in Hand-Held Dipoles (“Dowsing Rods”) Resulting From Variable Electromagnetic Radiation

By

John S. Janks

June 7, 2012

Copyright 2012 © John Janks

All Rights Reserved

1

If there is no potential. As currents in a dipole antenna are dependant upon wavelength and antenna size. serious effort has gone into quantifying their behavior. the connection to the voltmeter was shifted from the tip of the dipole. a buried metallic can) the dipole rods move. response to electromagnetic energy. Over the last few years. In the last two years. • Current levels are variable if the position of the voltmeter is moved along the length of the dipole. changing electromagnetic energy. Copyright 2012 © John Janks All Rights Reserved 2 . The experimenter remained stationary and recorded a series of voltage changes as he faced west.. It is perhaps only with the last. the ability to stop them from functioning by simply connecting the two isolated rods by a conducting material. and a likely parasitic capacitor is established. to its middle. and at the point where it bends. However. once a potential-generating source is included (e. • Dipoles will move if the source of the electromagnetic energy changes while the experimenter remains stationary. it has been noted that “dowsing rods” bear many of the same characteristics as dipole antennas.ABSTRACT “Dowsing Rods” have been the subject of speculation for centuries. currents measured in the body change. The following points summarize the research findings: • Electromagnetic energy generates a direct current in two hand-held dipoles. Some of these characteristics include size and shape (the “rabbit ears” that sat on TVs for decades were dipoles).g. south and east with all the aircraft landing west-to-east. few decades that any serious physical measurements were made that describe their behavior. and the characteristics of the direct current generated by electromagnetic radiation as it occurs in the human body. The research presented here delves deeper into the relationship among hand-held dipoles (“dowsing rods”). hand-held dipoles make no movement and current measurements on the human body are at background levels. A study site chosen near the west-to-east landing strip of a major airport provided changing electromagnetic radiation by the aircraft.

Image at right is a photograph of a user locating a buried object using L-shaped rods. Copyright 2012 © John Janks All Rights Reserved 3 . tripwires and landmines. etc. It is a straightforward extension of Ott’s dipoles to the hand-held dowsing rods. although the original (and still) goal of our work is to find cost-effective answers to IEDs. we used landing aircraft transponders the source of electromagnetic energy. the voltage recorded. Those wishing to review the experiments and judge for themselves can read several papers on the subject.3. the same “Ideomotor Effect” was again used to explain rod movement.4 EXPERIMENTAL DESIGN Caveats This set of experiments used simple tools to gather data and make observations. beginning his introduction to dipoles in a series of three papers entitled. The comparison between dipoles and dowsing rods needed significant testing before even the basic claims could be made. The comparison of hand-held dipoles to the old “rabbit ears” seen on so many TVs decades ago can be seen in Figure 1.2 Importantly to our work. Whether the charge is distributed uniformly depends both upon the length of the rod and the wavelength of the electromagnetic field. Left as image is a diagram of current flow variations may occur because numerous frequencies. He made his finding understandable to the average nonPhD electromagnetic physicist. Dipoles The data published today originated from the ideas of one of the top world experts on dipoles today. Ott’s circuit made use of a “parasitic capacitor” through which current flowed. landing speeds. he demonstrated that the dipole rod does not necessarily have to have a uniform distribution along it. “Dipoles for Dummies (Parts I-III)”. that affect through theof two L-shaped rods of a dipole antenna. Henry Ott. Dr. That there was a direct relationship between passing aircraft and dipole movement has been established for years1. without quantitative data.PURPOSE OF THIS PAPER This paper is a summary of the quantification data acquired through hand-held dipoles (“dowsing rods”) on a Sperry DM-350A Voltmeter as nearby landing aircraft supplied electromagnetic energy from their transponders. First. Some Figure 1. However.

we believe that we are measuring the voltage created by the parasitic capacitor generated in our bodies because of the electromagnetic radiation. the second highest reading. 3 and 4). Satellite view of the a two E-W running landing accurately. 4  . Voltmeter attached to dipole rod with copper wire. Note only value in the set (3) changed sign. 0. Photo showing voltmeter attached via copper wire near the bend in the dipole rod. Third. Satellite image view of Houston Intercontinental Airport showing E-W landing strips (cyan lines). the measurements were at background levels. The positions were moved to observe changes in voltage. #4. a few Aircraft are commonly a few hundred feet from rooftops.Second. We estimate that this is probably the area of the parasitic capacitor. The dipole rod in the user’s right hand is pointing towards the buried can. This set of tools was first tested on a buried can to determine if there is any change in voltage with and without the presence of a nearby buried quart metal can (Figure 5). In the right image. Solid yellow line at lower represents 2225 meter. Figure 6. and red star show Copyright 2012 © John Janks AllYellow Rights Reserved Figure 5.126 mV and about two orders of magnitude greater than the right hand’s value. however. It’s voltage was 0. Right image shows the changes when quart metal can is buriedstrips. This experiment demonstrated basic tools can be sensitive enough to create rod movement. Left. The rod in the user’s left hand. and next to it. Highest value was study area is one indicated by theleft star. Where no object was buried. Experimental Location: The site is on the public right-of-way on the north side of Turrkey Creek. Triangles estimate relative currents. Figure 3. One point (#3) was negative. voltage was tested at yellow points and too low to measure the study area location. This is likely in part because the voltmeter was attached to different sections of the dipole rod (Figures 2. not the radiation itself. had the highest value.004 mV. TX. Figure 6. The at meters to the user’s left. point 8 (0. the current measured during the aircraft landing procedure did not produce a continuous line or even a common distribution. Details of copper wire from voltmeter attached to middle “M” position on rod. Figure 4. a quart metal can was bured a few meters away.126 mV). Houston. Figure 2.

The only time the faced during data collection. Facing west. The letters seen in the following figures correspond as follows: • • • • T= tip of the rod M= middle of the rod B= bend in the rod E. respectively. 10 and 11 the show the ranges.Experimental Design The experiment was designed so that the experimenter would remain stationary and face west. RESULTS Figure Although same Figures10 9. We are assuming from this that the source of the electromagnetic radiation is likely the plane’s transponder. voltmeter ever measured any bar at lower left is 130 m. Directions experimenter value was when the mid sections sitting. The aircraft are on landing approach just a few hundreds meters to the south (Figure 8). “tt” means readings were taken from the tip of the dipole. Pink were connected (“mm”). current above background was when an aircraft was landing. S = direction the experimenter is facing. south and east as aircraft landed a few hundred meters away always from west to east. The he changes the direction hehighest is Figure 7. current voltage patterns as the experimenter faced west. Copyright 2012 © John Janks All Rights Reserved 5 ... more of the data south and east. The black background on each graph represents negative Figure 8 . the outer rod moves more than the inner one). assigned how the voltmeter wires were attached to the longer as seen from the experimental site. “bt” means one rod was connected at the bend and the other at the tip of the dipole. Thus. arm of the dipole. Thus. One goal was to see if a direct current was generated by passing aircraft in a voltmeter attached to two hand-held dipoles (Figure 7). the experimenter can see how rod movement behaves as Figure 9. when facing south. Generalized W-E landing pattern points were in plot the negative values.g. W. but voltage changes varied considerably. Each line was area. Rod movements occurred as they had previously (e.

cluttered. User facing due proportional to its size. but there were notable changes in the charge at each point. as an experimenter remained stationary and a source of electromagnetic energy changed position was confirmed. The stars on left and circles on right are points potential was created by burying a quart can a few meters to the user’s left.As the user faced west. to see if a direct current was generated. image With nothing to create a potential. values taken when the experimenter faced south and west were usually higher than when he faced east. Copyright 2012 © John Janks All Rights Reserved • • • • • 6 . and one even had a sign change. taken over the past few years that have gone unexplained: • Dipoles/dowsing rods point towards each other when they are either above (tripwires) or below (power lines) linear objects. Naturally-occurring electromagnetic fields are the likely energy source. However. Most measurements that included the bend “b” were usually the most negative. but no precise mechanism had been documented. The first step was to determine if a human being holding metal rods could act as parasitic Figure 12. there is no reaction. Left illustrates how currents change and straight “b” capacitors (Figure 5). Surface rod movement patterns mimic the shape of the buried object. Right image compares “b” with when “t” a forward and the measuring points read noThe higher than background. the rod farthest away move.5 The rod farthest from the target moves the most. Establishing the relationship between dowsing rod/dipole antenna should add to the seriousness of the physical evidence. and tripwires. it has already been established that dipoles moved when aircraft passed nearby. When the experimenter faced south.1 Until recently. Below are a few of the physical observations. the voltages all appeared to move from negative to positive voltages. If dowsing rod/dipoles are connected by a conductive wire. and are Figure 11. positions in all three directions. the voltmeter connected to the middle of the rods recorded the most positive values. east. The purpose of our research has always been to have this methodology tested in locating buried objects such as landmines. Figure 12 is a collection of “mb” values (left side) and “bt” and “bb” (right) regardless of the position of the experimenter. The method can detect objects buried innegative. although generally. There is little consistent correlation of the data curves. No measurable source that would make the rods move has ever been identified. DISCUSSION One of our goals. Most trend upwards. IEDs. wet (other than “tt”) are soil covered by surface trash. not only did where aircraft was directly opposite experimenter. Most of the readings Water cannot be detected. few data gathering reports have been published to provide answers to the question of why dowsing rods (“dipole antenna”) moved. the with rods “m” pointed combination. this is where the parasitic capacitor was located. Presumably. As stated earlier.

Adding more metal to the end of the rod makes it more effective. middle (“m”) or tip (“t”). where the voltmeter is attached to the dipole causes large changes (relative) in the polarity and current level. Why these currents distribute themselves in this manner is unknown. For example. Copyright 2012 © John Janks All Rights Reserved 7 . Ott also noted that currents are not always evenly distributed along the dipole antenna. 3. In Figure 8. The only observation set that had some consistency is when the user faced south and recorded measurements as the aircraft passed from his right to his left. Both are “L-shaped” metal rods that respond to electromagnetic energy (think of the old “rabbit ears” that were on every TV decades ago).After reviewing the science behind dipole antennas. It is noteworthy that while the currents in the voltmeter change as described as seen in Figures 9 through 11. most measurements except for the rod tips (“tt”) remained negative.” A partial list of these common characteristics is: 1. such as “mb” and “bt” from all three directions are shown in Figure 12. Neither needs to be grounded. Those measurements taken from the rod tips are about equally positive and negative. the movement of the rods moved as have been documented previously.6 How the current is distributed depends upon the length of the dipole antenna and wavelength of the electromagnetic energy. Except for one short run (“tb”) the voltages started in the negative and increased into the positive. “dowsing rods. the experimenter is sitting towards the west and opposite the incoming aircraft. This study makes it clear that although the data correlations are not smooth. but the variance from zero is the smallest. Conversely. and remain there over the course of the measurement. the most negative readings came from the user facing to the east. Those taken from the bend in the rods (“bb”) or one at a bend and the other at the middle (“mb”) are the most negative. Only the measurements from the middle of the rods are almost all positive. A single rod will work because the dipole system will establish its own second rod. although those measurements including the bend in the dipole rod typically had some of the lowest negative values. 2. Direct Current Measurements in Hand-held Dipoles The experimenter remained stationary as described above. and allowed the aircraft to provide a moving source of electromagnetic energy. it became obvious that they bore many similarities to what have been traditionally called. Isolating individual combinations. The experiments here sought to determine if measurable current differences in hand held dipoles occur when the voltmeter is connected to the bend (“b”). The left side of Figure 12 indicates that the most positive patterns were found when the experimenter faced west or south. the rod farthest from the aircraft moved the most. When the user faced due east. 4. Measurements from the bend in the dipole rod (“bt” or “bb”) displayed no recognizable pattern.

In the study. This study adds further evidence that the “mysterious dowsing rods” behaves the way they do when locating underground objects. “Dipoles for Dummies. 1-10. the amount of hard data piling up against the “Ideomotor Effect” is reaching a tipping point.” Scribd. W. pp.scribd. 2000. Copyright 2012 © John Janks All Rights Reserved 8 . 2009. REFERENCES 1. Although many still believe that “dowsing rods” are a creation of the subconscious mind.. 2011..hottconsultants. “Low Technology Method to Locate Landmines. 4. J. 2 & 3. Borderlands Science. 2. “How to Stop Landmines from Killing Soldiers Now. 3.. Edinburgh. www. 18 p.. Parts 1.com.” Scribd. J. 2010. These electromagnetic field changes created a direct current and a parasitic capacitor in the hand-held rods. J.” Henry Ott Consultants. 10 p. 5.com/doc/65351175/Low-Technology-forDetecting-Landmines-IEDs-and-Tripwires. but rather depends on the wavelength of the signal and the length of the rod. south or west. wires.” 4th SEAS DTC Technical Conf. S. 1-11. The direct current voltage and polarity depended on whether the user was facing east. Ott. “Dowsing Rods: Empirical Evidence and Applications for Charting the Subsurface. W. IED.hottconsultants. http://www. commercial aircraft landing westto-east generated dipole rod movement as the aircraft passed.. “Understanding and Finding The Invisible Antennas in Your Design..CONCLUSIONS This paper shows that hand-held dipoles (“dowsing rods”) respond to a potential created by a change in the electromagnetic field. Janks. Janks. J. vol.. Our findings support this conclusion. Ott. pp. H. 2011. or above ground trip wires because they are in reality dipoles responding to natural electromagnetic fields. Janks. and Tripwires. 60.com. H.. pp. http://www.. 6.S. It has been noted that dipole currents are not necessarily uniform along the length of the L-shaped dipole rod. Hendry.com/doc/66873198/How-to-Stop-Landmines-and-IEDs-FromKilling-Soldiers-Now. 2002. J.scribd. S.” www.1-12. “Surface Waves: What Are They? Why Are They Interesting?.

He is a U. He can be reached at: pearorchardtx@earthlink.net Copyright 2012 © John Janks All Rights Reserved 9 . His specialty is analytical methods in chemistry and geoscience. He has written over 30 papers and abstracts. gas and chemical industries. IL and an MS from the University of Illinois at Chicago. both in geology. Navy Vietnam Veteran. He has worked for 30 years in the oil. Janks has a BA from Monmouth College. Monmouth.ABOUT THE AUTHOR John S. S.

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