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Very Low Head (VLH) Clic OWA 11th Annual of Water k icon toPower Turbine add pictu

re Conference October 2011

Coastal hydropower Corp.

Science and Nature in Harmony for the Responsible Development of our Water Resources

Commercialization of low-head turbine

deployment and open-flow water turbine technologies in rivers, canals and ocean current regimes
Expertise and investment capital for rapid

commercial turbine deployment

2 years of low-head turbine deployment

R&D 3 years of tidal turbine technology development patents and other related technologies



Sustainable Energy Engineering








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Very Low Head (VLH) Turbine

Development Story:

Developed in France and Canada.

Double regulated Kaplan turbine with slow

rotating 8 bladed runner

Designed for low head <5 m that was

previously commercially unfeasible

Fits into existing water control structures Eliminates high cost conventional civil works

~ 50% of typical hydro plant costs

Short development timeframe - simple design

with low impact attributes can allow projects to be done in about a year instead of typical hydro project of 3 - 6 years

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Very Low Head Turbine

Existing structure sites Head: 1.4 5.0 m 4 Sizes: 3.5, 4.0, 4.5 & 5.0 m dia. Capacity: 350 kW 500 kW / unit Flow: 10 - 30 m3/s. High w2w Efficiency : ~ 80% Lifts for floods & maintenance Interconnects to low voltage

distribution lines or off-grid


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Very Low Head Turbine

Technology Attributes:
Use PMG synchronous generator (direct-

drive variable speed)

Incorporates trash cleaning system Low Environmental Impact:
Fish Friendliness (site tested & verified in France) Silent operation Very low visual impact (below deck/ mostly submersed)

Coastal has deployment methods for

adaptation to North America

Holistic Design
Single element design includes:

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Turbine Generator Gate Trashrack & Cleaner Fish Passage (~100%) Lift System
Fits in existing gate bays with

minimal modifications

VLH Turbine

VLH Turbine Installation

After site assembly of the unit and mounting brackets simply lower into place Rotation of the VLH to its inclined working position Cranage of the 26 T VLH into its final location

Initial Operations

17 units are now deployed Over four years of full scale operation in France

VLH Turbines Installed - Europe



VLH Turbine Operation

Upstream view of the VLH in the empty inlet channel

VLH in Operation

Low Environmental Impact

Designed specifically to have low environmental impact which facilitates ease of approval and rapid development deployment

Fish-friendly Minimal footprint No flow diversion Silent operation Low visual impact Low impact on heritage and cultural values

Fish Friendliness
CFD Analysis
CFD Analysis show the VLH fulfils all criteria for fish friendliness: 1) Peripheral Speed
Acceptable: 6 to 12 m/s VLH: 4.5 to 8 m/s 2) Minimum Pressure Acceptable : 69 kPa VLH: 94 kPa 3) Maximum Pressure Variation Acceptable: <550 kPa/s VLH: 80 kPa/s 4) Max Flow Velocity Variation Acceptable: <180 m/s/m VLH: 10 m/s/m 5) Blade to Discharge Ring Gap Acceptable: <2.0 mm VLH: <2.0 mm
Pressure values on runner according to hub distance

Fish Friendliness
Full Scale Live Testing Tests have been done in France with live Eels and Salmon smolts

Recovery system

Recovery Platform

Injection Device

Eels size 0.7 up to 1.2 m Eels Injection

Recovering eels with a dipnet

Fish Friendliness
Full Scale Live Testing Latest tests performed at Frouard, France - Late 2010 Peer Reviewed Report Released - March 2011 - 200 eels were injected at 3 locations - Recaptured eels were observed for 24 to 48 hours to check for internal injuries Injection - Careful visual inspection showed superficial Point of Eels injuries in 2% of the specimens -Over 200 other fish entered the turbine from the river during the testing and were captured downstream All Survived



Survival Rate : 100%


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Market Opportunity

112 sites have been identified across Canada for VLH deployment so far
generation. Potential for low head hydro in Ontario is ~ 7,000 MW. Small projects under 1 MW have not been fully assessed specifically but are expected to add substantially to this potential.

~ 2,000 undeveloped dams in Ontario are likely suitable for power

US: DOE estimates more than 80,000 dams and water control structures in

the US, 2,400 of those presently have power generation. Unpowered dams and weirs could amount to an additional 73,000 GWh per year.


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Challenges for VLH Technology

VLH Adaptation for cold

climate operations through implementation of the VLH Cold-climate adaptation package

Regulatory Acceptance with

a modified approval process suitable to accommodate rapid VLH deployment

Fish Testing / Monitoring in

North America to prove performance with local species


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VLH Deployment in Ontario

Key Points:
Access to a new innovative technology for hydropower generation Generation at very low-head sites (<4m) previously not considered feasible Can generate 100s of MWs from existing structures across Ontario/Canada VLH technology has a very low environmental impact when deployed at

existing structures & is fish friendly Cooperation and support is required to implement the VLH in NA Need to demonstrate the VLH technology in NA to gain understanding This investment & successful implementation enables us to tap a significant new source of renewable energy in Ontario/Canada/NA
Regulatory regime for this emerging technology needs to be streamlined



The Archimedes Screw environmental impacts, opportunities, and challenges as an Emergent Hydro Techonology inby: CANADA. Date: 25 Oct 2011 Presented Tony Bouk VP Business Development

Archimedes Screw
How it works
The weight of water falling through the screw turns the screw which turns the gear box and generator and produces electricity as it turns. The diameter of the screw increases as the design flow increases. The length of the screw increases as the head or vertical drop increases.


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GreenBug Energy Inc. 1645 Hwy#3,

Delhi, ON, N4B 2W6 T: 519 582 8563

Technology Overview
Our Form of Emergent Hydro
Type of Turbine Archimedes Screw KW Size Micro (10-100 KW) Pico (1KW 10KW) (1KW powers an average home) Heads Head Levels of 1-10 Meters, very low but still very useful. Flows 200 liters/ sec 6000 liters/sec (1000 lps = 1 cubic meter/sec) Run of River water flows are not managed, naturally occurring flows are maintained. Application for use on small water control structures already in existence old mills sites, reservoirs, etc. Thousands across Canada. (10,000+)


GreenBug Energy Inc. 1645 Hwy#3,

Delhi, ON, N4B 2W6 T: 519 582 8563


The Archimedes Screw

Then Now



Invented in 200 AD --- by --- Archimedes Used to pump water up and irrigate land

Still used to pump water up Used extensively in sewage treatment plants due to robust design

GreenBug Energy Inc. 1645 Hwy#3,

Delhi, ON, N4B 2W6 T: 519 582 8563

The Archimedes Screw

To generate electricity




Have been used in Europe for about 10 years to generate electricity. None in Canada to date that we are aware of.

GreenBug Energy Inc. 1645 Hwy#3,

Delhi, ON, N4B 2W6 T: 519 582 8563

Environmental Issues
Safe Fish Passage


The screw does not affect the upstream passage of fish, however it does allow safe downstream passage

Fish can Safely Pass through the screw (down) Extensive fish passage tests in the UK have conclusively

demonstrated that the large water chambers and slow rotation of the Archimedes Screw allow fish of all sizes safe passage through the turbine. As a result, the Environment Agency in the UK has agreed that no screening is required.

Fish Pumps
In fact Archimedes screws are used as fish Pumps in the aquaculture industry to move fish.


GreenBug Energy Inc. 1645 Hwy#3,

Delhi, ON, N4B 2W6 T: 519 582 8563

Environmental Issues
Equipment related
Lower Bearing the submerged lower bearing is a water lubricated composite or wood bearing that requires no grease. Upper Gearbox contains food grade oil. concrete room above the water. Upper gearbox is within a


Protective Coating on the steel screw after application and hardening the coating is chemically inert- potable water coatings can be used but are not in Europe. Sitework minimal concrete site work is necessary to install the screw beside the existing water control structures. Existing control structures are unaffected. Equipment is Manufactured off site because the screw is manufactured off-site and then installed by crane beside existing water control structures, disturbance to stream beds and water flows is minimal during installation.
GreenBug Energy Inc. 1645 Hwy#3,
Delhi, ON, N4B 2W6 T: 519 582 8563

Environmental Issues
Water Resources


100% of water is returned to the water course essentially part of the water just travels down the screw instead of over the dam Does not increase the height of the existing water control structure Does not have to affect the water levels above or below the water control structure Existing natural flows are maintained In this run of river type of installation flows are not managed in any way. (operational range of screw down to 15% of max flow) There is no depleted reach because the screw is installed beside the existing water control structure and the water is returned at the base of the structure there is no depleted reach. Will not affect water turbidity water is pulled from top of impoundment the same as water flowing over dam. Will not affect the flood flow capacity of the existing water control GreenBug Energy structures Inc. 1645 Hwy#3, Delhi, ON, N4B 2W6
T: 519 582 8563


Opportunities Now
For the Archimedes Screw

Many sites thousands of small low head sites across Canada (10,000+ according to Hatch) An example to the left are the sites located around the GreenBug location in Delhi, Ontario.


Carbon reduction there is the opportunity to generate electricity in a distributed renewable way right where it is used and sell it to the grid using existing infrastructure and without large transmission lines

GreenBug Energy Inc. 1645 Hwy#3,

Delhi, ON, N4B 2W6 T: 519 582 8563

Existing Challenges Facing the Archimedes Screw use on small hydro sites (1kw
100kw) Approval


time and cost relative to a small systems ability to pay these are much smaller hydro developments than Canada is used to. They are similar in size and cost to the numerous solar panel installations now dotting the landscape and are meant to be replicated in the same way. Therefore, from a financial standpoint we cant spend thousands of dollars and years on uncertain approvals. But the current approval process is the same approval process for a 200,000 KW development (200 MW) Were going to need an effective approval process but one that is less costly and more timely and focused, that recognizes the inherent lower risk and intended replication of these systems. Luckily we have 10 years of European experience and research to draw on. A way forward a more adaptive management approach for small hydro within current policy which utilizes all available research, knowledge and experience to form a series of SOPs or Best practice checklists which get approved once and which if adhered to greatly reduce the approval process.

GreenBug Energy Inc. 1645 Hwy#3,

Delhi, ON, N4B 2W6 T: 519 582 8563

Small Archimedes Click to edit Master text styles Screw

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See full video tour at &

GreenBug Energy Inc. 1645 Hwy#3,

Delhi, ON, N4B 2W6 T: 519 582 8563

GreenBug Energy Inc. 1645 Hwy#3,

Delhi, ON, N4B 2W6 T: 519 582 8563

Vigor Clean Tech Inc.

Emergent Hydro and New Technologies
October 25, 2011 OWA Power of Water Conference

Dale Brubacher-Cressman President Vigor Clean Tech Inc.

The Contributors
Vigor Clean Tech: An Ontario-based renewable energy developer and solution provider. Lucid Energy: A renewable energy company producing clean, reliable, low cost electricity from gravity fed water transmission pipes.

Technology 1: GHT
Cross Axis (Vertical axis) Free flow Easily scalable

Application In-stream, or Hydro-Kinetic

Affix to permanent structure anchored to shoreline Floating support structure Potential off-grid application Scale: 10s to 100s of kWs

Technology 2: LucidPipeTM
In conduit Existing or new

Applications - Low Head Hydro

Typical target installations Existing dams Below 3M head Scale: 10s to 100s of kW

Applications - Incremental Hydro

Fish ladder attraction conduit Hydro plant bypass conduit New auxiliary power systems

Applications Existing Conduit

Industrial Effluent Emitters Water & Waste Water Utilities Water Transmission Agencies

Technology Context
Conventional Hydropower
Complex system infrastructure Deplete all pipeline pressure Require pipeline bypass

LucidPipeTM Simple, in-pipe technology Extracts marginal head pressure Requires no bypass Complete installation in a day Grid connected in a week

To generate a steady supply of reliable renewable energy at a smaller scale than is currently economically feasible To leverage existing under-utilized infrastructure (eg. low head dams) To capture lost energy in existing applications (eg. Pipelines, Spillways, Bypasses)

Seeking Partnerships
Project developers Engineering firms Customer / application opportunities

Opportunities for government funding for demonstration projects

Thank you!
Dale Brubacher-Cressman President Vigor Clean Tech Inc. Tel: (519) 279 4630 ext 104

The movable hydroelectric plant


2011 OWA Conference

Loc Ptillon, Eng. Project Director

Plan of the presentation

1. Introduction 2. Turbine types 3. The Movable Power plant
i. ii. iii. iv. v. The concept R&D Prototype Project examples Conclusion

1. Introduction of Ossberger
Ossberger is a small hydro turbine manufacturer since 1903 OSSBERGER turbine (cross-flow type) Now in collaboration with HSI and Cink for Kaplan and Pelton turbines More than 10,000 turbines installed

2. Turbine types

Ossberger up to 1.25 m of runner

Pelton up to 2,500 kW

Horizontal or inclined Kaplan up to 2.8 m runner

Vertical Kaplan up to 3 m runner

3. The movable hydroelectric plant

Application area:
Head: 18m Discharge: 1 25 m/s Runner : 1,0 2,0 m Output: up to 2000 kW with 3, 4 and 5 runner blades

3.i. The concept

Specifically designed for existing weirs/dams/canals No powerhouse, intake and tail race required Simple civil structure with two concrete walls Contributes to the evacuation capacity of the scheme Generation all year long with increased power during flood season (hydraulic jet effect) Enables fish to go downstream Enables flushing of debris above and below the turbine (logs, rocks, etc.) High efficiency unit (Turbine:91-92%,PMG: over 98%)

3.i. The concept - features

Direct coupled PM generator Circular trash rack and integrated cleaner Hydraulic cylinders on both sides of the unit HPU and Turbine control panel inside the casing

Double regulated kaplan bulb turbine

Integrated steel draft tube

3.ii. Research and Development

CFD - Intake

Finite Element Analysis

Vibration analysis

CFD Draft tube

3.ii. R&D - Hydraulic jet effect

Hydraulic jet effect VS Gross Head

1.4 1.2 Hydraulic jet effect (m) 1 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.2 0 0 1 2 3 Gross Head (m) 4 5 6

3D Simulation 2D Simulation

3.iii. Prototype

Artist impression Movable power house and fish-pass

3.iii. Prototype - workshop

- Upstream section frame where circular trash rack and rake will be installed

- Double regulated Kaplan runner - Hydraulic Power Unit and Turbine control panel installed in a pressurized section

3.iii. Prototype - installation

- Simple civil structure - Fully assembled unit

- 20 mm trash rack spacing - Capacity of the rake 2.5 tonnes

3.iv. Project examples

Gengenbach Project

H = 3.10 m Q = 20 m/s P = 550 kW

3.iv. Project examples

Gengenbach Project

3.iv. Project examples

Gengenbach project

Maintenance - All required maintenance done with bulkheads upstream and downstream - Only two generator bearings

3.iv. Project examples

Thurfeld project

H = 4.50 m Q = 20 m/s P = 800 kW

3.iv. Project examples

Thurfeld project

- Multiple unit installation possible - 25% cost reduction in some projects compared to traditional hydro - Dimensions: length=20m; Width = 5.3m; Height = 4.3m; Runner = 2m - Total weight = 145,000 kg

3.iv. Project examples

Other projects
Hausach project H = 2.40 m Q = 18 m/s P = 380 kW

Offenburg project H = 3.00 m Q = 20 m/s P = 520 kW

3.iv. Project examples

Offenburg project

Offenburg unit contributes to the evacuation capacity of the scheme - Discharge 60 m3/s in flood season: 20 m3/s in the turbine and 40 m3/s above and under the unit - During high flow season, a wave appears downstream the unit (Hydraulic jet effect)

3.v. Conclusion
- Very low head application - Low construction cost - Very high efficiency - Contributes to the evacuation capacity - Good productivity during flood season - Aquatic life and debris can pass above and under the unit

Thank you for your attention

Visit us at:

Power of Water Conference Presentation

By Laurie Arron, CEPP Program Director October 25, 2011

Presentation Overview
Community Power Renewable Energy Co-ops FIT incentives for Community Power CEPP Grants Case Study

What is Community Power?

CP means renewable energy projects developed by Ontario co-ops, non-profits, charities and residents who are not in the commercial power business (FIT definition) European experience: CP keeps economic benefits of renewable power development close to home CP fosters harmony within communities CP empowers local individuals to make a difference in fighting climate change.

Renewable Energy Co-ops

Green Energy Act created Renewable Energy Co-ops RE Co-ops are an ideal vehicle for a large group of people to own all or part of a renewable energy project RE Co-ops can be For-Profit or Not-for-Profit Democratic: one member = one vote Public offerings are not as complex as for corporations Regulated by FSCO instead of OSC Eligible for FIT community incentives and CEPP grants

FIT Incentives for Community Power

FIT incentives for Community projects:
Price Adder of up to 0.6 cents per kWh (5% bump in revenue)

50% or more community: Full Adder 25% community: 50% of Adder 10% community: 20% of Adder <10% community: No Adder Reduced FIT security payments ($5 per KW at each stage) CEPP soft cost grants of up to $200,000 ($500,000 for co-op projects over 10 MW) Commercial developers can access Price Adder by doing

a joint venture with a community group

Impact of Price Adder

Assume the following:

400 kW project / 3,100 MWh annual production $3 million total cost 50/50 joint venture with a Renewable Energy Co-op Projected returns (IRR after debt) Whole project, no price adder: 15.9% Whole project, 0.6 cent price adder: 17.7% CEPP grant goes entirely to Co-op, which has a projected IRR after debt of 17.5% (full adder, $200,000 grant, after co-op costs)

CEPP Program Overview

A grant program to support FIT renewable energy projects owned

and developed by Ontario landowners and residents Provides early stage funding for pre-NTP soft costs Maximum total CEPP grant is $200,000 per project ($500,000 for Co-op projects over 10 MW) Maximum coverage is 90% of Funded Activities Excludes payments to OPA, LDCs and other govt entities CEPP also provides grants to educate about community energy A program of the Ontario Power Authority, co-managed by Community Power Fund and Deloitte

Project Eligibility:
Projects must satisfy the following criteria: Project size: >10 kW - 10 MW (an exception exists for co-op projects >10 MW) Technologies include: wind, solar PV, biomass, biogas, landfill gas or waterpower Site: located in Ontario Financing: economically viable/future FIT contract Ownership: developed by a Community For profit projects are eligible for CEPP grants

Eligibility: Who is considered community?

Applicant must be 100% community as defined in the FIT Rules
(a) One or more individuals (b) Registered charity (d) Not-for-profit organization (d) Co-op (h) Private corporation (i) Limited partnership all shareholders / partners must be (a) (d) above; none of them can have commercial electricity generation as their primary business or employment cannot have commercial electricity generation as their primary business or employment

Joint ventures with non-community partners are permitted

Joint Venture Eligibility

A commercial developer can joint venture with a Community

The Community group applies to CEPP The CEPP grant will apply to: The Community entitys proportionate share of project costs 100% of the Community entitys own costs (e.g. legal, membership costs, raising community capital) All CEPP money must flow directly to the Community entity and be for the benefit of the Community entity only e.g. if theres a 50/50 JV, and the JV agreement says the Community entity pays 100% of engineering costs, still only 50% of engineering costs will be eligible for CEPP funding

Two Types of Grants

Grant 1 (G1): Design & Development Phase
Pre-requisites: MNR Site Release Application submission (or similar) Preliminary resource assessment Local Distribution Company (LDC) consultation RETScreen financial analysis

Grant 2 (G2): Regulatory Approvals

Pre-requisites: Feed In Tariff (FIT) Contract or placement into the FIT production line or Economic Connection Test queue MNR Site Release Approval (or similar)

Funded Activities Examples

Site investigation and control Resource assessment Preparing FIT application (not including payments to the OPA) Site planning EA work Business plan Engineering studies Project manager or Project coordinator Legal costs

Funded Activities More Examples

Obtaining water-use rights, licenses, permits Final Business Plan Connection Impact Assessment (not including payments to LDC) Supplier Agreements Construction Contracts ESA Approval (not including payments to ESA) Operating and Maintenance Agreement Co-op Offering Document / Membership agreement Co-op Sales and Marketing Plan (to find Members / Investors)

Tools and Resources

Its all online! Sign-up for newsletter Check out our resources section Read up on the Grant Program Download the relevant forms etc.

CEPP Grants Awarded

As of October 19, 2011: 121 grants for 116 projects Total capacity 87 MW Total project costs $345 million Total grant funding $6.6 million

Case Study - Latchford

Case Study - Latchford

Developed by the Water Power Group
1.4 MW FIT project using existing dams and new Very Low Head turbine technology Located in Latchford 643 km north of Toronto beside highway 11 community of 600 residents Offering investment opportunity to local residents % of revenue to the Town of Latchford, Temagami & Timiskaming First Nations for community projects Received a CEPP Grant 1 for $200,000 for legal, EA work, engineering, hydrological assessment, and project tendering

Joint venturing with a community group makes sense! Community adder and CEPP funding Increased support from local community Potential for higher returns

Laurie Arron, Program Director
phone: 416 597-2748 / 888 907-2377 ext. 115 email: