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Induction motors are the ac motors which are employed as the prime movers in most of the industries. Such motors are widely used in industrial applications from small workshops tolarge industries. These motors are employed in applications such as centrifugal pumps,conveyers, compressors crushers, and drilling machines etc.
an induction motor consists of a stationary member called stator and arotating member called rotor. The AC induction motor comprises two electromagnetic parts: • • • Stationary part called the stator Rotating part called the rotor The stator and the rotor are each made up ofan electric circuit, usually made of insulated copper, to carrycurrent
But in our design it suffices to calculate the core loss and copper loss only. In addition to the above the designer must have the details regarding design equations based onwhich the design procedure is initiated. In order to get the above design details the designer needs the customer specifications Rated out put power. The main dimensions of the stator. shaft extension details etc. information regarding the various choice of variousparameters. connection of statorwinding. temperature rise and efficiency. information regarding the availability of different materials and the limiting valuesof various performance parameters such as iron and copper losses. 3. working conditions. type of rotor winding. . frequency. usually made from laminated silicon steel. no load current. 1. to carry magnetic flux Introduction to Design The main purpose of designing an induction motor is to obtain the complete physical dimensions of all the parts of the machine as mentioned below to satisfy the customer specifications.• A magnetic circuit. rated voltage. Performance characteristics. Design details of rotor and its windings 4. number of phases. 2 Details of stator windings. speed. powerfactor. The following design details are required.
4 pole motor (phases here are labelled U. 4. V.Typical winding pattern for a 3 phase. Note the interleaving of the pole windings and the resulting quadruple field. 2.4 HP 1400 rpm 50Hz 4 pole 440V(rated) . 3. Features: 1. 5. W). 0.
Insulating Paper : to insulate slots 3. hence each slot is 720/24 = 30o (electrical angle) apart from one another.WORKING PRINCIPLE: In a 4 pole machine. For this project. Total no. The schematic of winding is like- a 1-6 7-12 13-18 19-24 a’ b’ b 5-10 11-16 17-22 23-4 c’ c 9-14 15-20 21-2 3-8 1. Flexible Wire 5. weight of the wire = 1 pound and 8 ounce. Thinner wire is easier to insert. Burnish . Ampere Tube: 4. 1 full cycle of supply causes 2/P = 2/4 = ½ revolution. gauge of the wire = 32 turn per slot = 175 2. Therefore full revolution 2 supply cycle or 720o electrical rotation is needed. new gauge and turns are inserted in between the slots. Cotton Tape 6. of slots = 24. Wire : The wires separated from the stator are weighed and are replaced by new wires of the same weight. Additionally.
As our coil was not wound perfectly we faced problem when placing coils on slots. After that we give burnish over coils. 4. As the wire was insulated we had to uncover the insulation.75A (Line current) Power=42W (per phase) Block rotor test: Voltage=210V (Line Voltage) Current=1. It would be better if it’s efficiency is 90%. last of all after doing all these things we had to tight coils by winding cotton. As the efficiency was 80% so there might be some errors of winding coils. For this reason our coil was not good enough. So we carefully did this. Because our wire was very thin. when motor starts . Most important problem was we could not find forma by which we could make coil of motor.From our motor experiment we have seen that it’s efficiency is 80%.4A (Line current) Power=210W (per phase) Discussion: 1. 5. 7. When making coil we faced many problems. We worked hard to place coils.7. After placing all coils on slots. We faced little problem when uncovering insulation. Which is good but not so good. 2. IL =0. String No-Load Test of Motor: Voltage. Ampire’s tube gives insulation over wire. Then copper loss would be reduced. VL = 380 V (Line Voltage) Current. For safety of any electric shock we used ampire’s tube over joining point of wire. As the steps of working are related to each other we had to proceed our working carefully. 6. As a result we had to wind coil by another means. As our coils are flexible. we had to join coil to coil connection. 3.
Burnish helps to strengthen coils. So we give burnish.to run as result of magnetic field coils will displaced. .