Section A Question No.

1 (a) (i) Explanation Pure metal : Substance X Alloy (ii) : Substance Y Mark 1 1 Σ Mark

- Pure metal has atoms of the same size / same type which is orderly arranged . -Alloy has foreign atoms

1 1 1

(iii)

Substance Y. The foreign atoms disrupt the orderly arrangement of the metal atoms and reduce the layers of metal atoms from sliding over each other.

1

(b) (i)

Polymers are large molecules made up of identical repeating units called monomers which are joined together by covalent bonds.

1

H
(ii)

H C Cl
1

H

C

Name of monomer: chloroethene To make drain pipes/ artificial leather/water-proof clothes/shoes /bags //as insulator for electric wiring

1

(iii)

1

10

1

0 x 1023 = 1.5 x 1020 1 1 1 (iii) (b) (i) Universal indicator // pH paper // pH meter.5 x 10-4 mol Number of H+ = 0. The particles move faster X : electron Electron // X W and X Has different number of neutrons but same number of protons // has different nucleon number but same proton number Y : nucleus Mark 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1+1 Σ Mark (c) (d) (i) (ii) (e) (i) (ii) 10 Question No.0025 mol 1 2 .00025 x 6. 3 (a) (i) Solution I // I (ii) Explanation Mark 1 Σ Mark Number of mole = 25 x 0.Question No.1 1000 = 0. Number of mole of NaOH = 25 x 0.00025 // 2. 2(a) (i) (ii) (b) Explanation Melting Molecule The heat energy absorbed by the particles is used to overcome the forces of attraction between the naphthalene molecules / particles.00025 1000 = 0.01 = 0.

1 mol of NaOH react with 1 mol of HCl 0. Correct label. Hydrochloric acid / HCl// Solution I Sodium hydroxide / NaOH solution 2 10 3 .0025 mol of NaOH react with 0.0025 mol of HCl// No.0025 x 1000 0.(ii) HCl + NaOH  NaCl + H2O From the equation. of mole of HCl = 0.0025 mol Volume of HCl = 0.1 = 25 cm 3 1 1 1 (iii) Correct diagram of apparatus set-up.

not accepted) Chlorine gas .The concentration of chloride ions/Cl.Question No.is higher . The glowing wooden splinter will rekindles // Gas will light up the glowing wooden splinter. 4 (a) (b) (c) (i) (ii) Explanation Electrical to chemical energy Na+. H+. OHOxygen Insert/Place/Put/Bring the glowing wooden splinter into the test tube. Cl-.Chloride ions / Cl. (If others test of gas given.is selectively discharged 2Cl. Cl2 + 2e Platinum Mark 1 1 1 1 1 Σ Mark (d) (i) (ii) (iii) (e) 1 1 1 1 1 10 4 .

Smooth line with 6 points transferred correctly (ii) The size of alkane molecules increases. Liquid Correct structural formulae Correct names of the two isomers H H C H H C H H C H H C H H 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 (iii) (b) 1 Butane / n-Butane 1 5 . The forces of attraction between alkane molecules becomes stronger.Question No. 2. X axis with number of carbon atom per molecule as label. Suitable and consistent scale 3. 5(a) (i) Boiling points / oC Explanation Mark Σ Mark Number of carbon atoms per molecule 1. More energy is needed to overcome the stronger forces of attraction between molecules. Y axis with boiling point as label and OC as unit .

805 6 . Cooking oil has no free moving ions / is a covalent compound / contain molecular only green to brown Oxidation reaction is a reaction where iron (II) ions release one electron to become iron (III) ions.2 = 0.H H H H C H C H C H H C H 1 Mark 10 Σ Mark H 1 2-methylpropane Question No. 6 (a) Explanation Chlorine water / Acidified Potassium Manganate (VII) solution / Acidified Potassium dichromate (VI) solution.8 g//0. of mole of CuSO4 = 25 × 0. Zinc sulphate Zn + CuSO4  ZnSO4 + Cu 1 1 1 (b) (c) (i) (ii) 1 (iii) 1 1 1 1 (d) (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) (v) +2 to 0 No. // Oxidation is loss of electrons.005 x 161=0. Sodium hydroxide solution / potassium hexacyanoferat (II) solution / potassium thiocyanide solution.005 1000 1 10 1 mass of ZnSO4=0.

2 It involves heating It involves Similarity heating The reaction is The reaction is between a gas between a gas and a solid and a solid Metal oxide is Metal is formed formed Metal is reacted Metal oxide is Difference with oxygen gas reacted with hydrogen gas The mass of the The mass of the solid increases solid decreases Mark 1 1 2 ∑Mark 2 1 1 1 5 (b)(i) 1 1 1 Dilute hydrochloric acid // or any dilute acid Zinc // or any reactive metal 1 1 Max.1 Diagram 7. 7 (a) (i) .for the complete combustion of magnesium (ii) Diagram 7.Section B Question Explanation No. 1 (ii) 7 .4 2HCl + Zn  ZnCl2 + H2 Precaution Dry hydrogen gas is passed through the combustion tube for a few minutes / throughout the Explanation A mixture of hydrogen and air can cause an explosion when lighted.To allow the oxygen / air to enter the crucible .

6 2 Total marks 20 Question Explanation Mark ∑Mark 8 . The heating. To prevent the water formed during the reaction from flowing towards the hot porcelain dish. 2 1 To ensure the oxygen from the air does not oxidise the hot copper to copper(II) oxide. cooling and weighing processes are repeated until a constant mass is obtained. During cooling. the flow of hydrogen is continued. To ensure that all of the copper(II) oxide has been reduced into copper. The combustion tube must be slanted slightly towards the tiny hole. 1 1 2 2 2 Max.(iii) (iv) experiment to remove all the air in the tube.

005 mol = 1. K2CrO4 5 1000 = 0. CrO42. Pb2+ = number of moles of lead(II) nitrate. CrO42= number of moles of potassium chromate(VI).005 mol = 1. The ionic equation for the reaction is: Pb2+ + CrO42PbCrO4 1 2 (iii) • .0 x Number of moles of chromate(VI) ions.0 x 1 1 1 4 1 1 (ii) 1 mol of chromate(VI) ions. Pb(NO3)2 5 1000 = 0.reacted completely with 1 mol of lead(II) ions. Pb2+.The height of precipitate formed increases 9 .No 8 (a) (i) (ii) Lead(II) chloride // Silver chloride // Mercury chloride Chemicals needed: Lead(II) nitrate and sodium chloride // any suitable answer Name of reaction: precipitation reaction // double decomposition reaction 1 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 4 3 (b) Black powder X: Copper(II) oxide Blue solution Y: Copper(II) chloride Cation: Copper(II) ion // Cu2+ Anion: Chloride ion // Cl- (c)(i) Number of moles of lead(II) ions.

colourless to yellow . chromate(VI) ions are in excess -To ensure the height of precipitate represents the amount of precipitate formed . • .The height of precipitate formed becomes constant when all Pb2+ have reacted completely.Presence of chromate(VI) ions give the yellow colour to the solution // Chromate(VI) ions in the first 5 test tubes are all reacted // In the last 3 test tubes.for the first 4 test tubes because as the volume of potassium chromate(VI) increases. more lead(II) chromate(VI) is formed .because diameter of the test tubes are the same Total marks 1 1 1 1 6 1 1 20 • 10 .

8.2 donates 2 valence electrons to achieve the 11 .Section C Question No 9 (a) Explanation Compound formed between X and Y (i) Types of chemical bonds Ionic bond is formed because X atom donates electrons and Y atom receives electrons to achieve stable electron arrangement // X is metal and Y is non-metal High because a lot of energy needed to overcome the strong electrostatic forces between ions Molecule formed between Z and Y Covalent bond is formed because Z and Y atoms share the electrons to achieve stable electron arrangement // Y and Z are nonmetal Low because less energy is needed to overcome the weak forces of attraction between molecules Mark ∑Mark 2 (ii) Boiling point and melting point 2 4 (b) 1 1 Correct electron arrangement of 2 ions Correct charges and nuclei are shown 2+ XX XX X X X X 2X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X X XX X X XX X X X2+ Y21 - X atom with an electron arrangement of 2.

2. 6.are attracted to each other by a strong electrostatic force. 3. An ionic compound XY is formed 1 1 1 1 6 1. Switch is turned on and observation is recorded.ion is formed // Y + 2eY2The oppositely-charged ions.8. P: naphthalene // any suitable answer Q: lead(II) bromide // any suitable answer 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 12 . The switch is turned on again and observation is recorded. Q lights up the bulb in molten state only. Observations: P does not light up the bulb in both solid and molten states.8. X2+ and Y2. 4. X2+ ion is formed // X X2+ + 2eY atom with an electron arrangement of 2. 2. 2.- (c) stable octet electron arrangement. 7. Two carbon electrodes are dipped in the solid P and connected to the batteries.6 accept 2 electrons to achieve the stable octet electron arrangement. 5. A crucible is filled with solid P until it is half full. The solid P is then heated until it melts completely. Steps 1 to 5 are repeated using solid Q to replace solid P. Y2.

125 kJ g (Correct answer and unit) Diagram 10.1 Increase A and B / reactants have higher energy content than its products / (C and D) Released Diagram 10.Question No.2 Decrease R and S / products have higher energy content than its reactants / (P and Q) Absorbed -1 Mark 1 1 Σ Mark 1 1 4 (b) Temperatur e Total Energy content 2 2 Heat 2 6 (c) Plotted graph 13 . CH4 = 12 + 4 = 16 16 g of methane releases 898 kJ heat Thus 1 g of methane releases = 898 x 1 /16 kJ g-1 = 56. 10 (a) Explanation CH4 + 2O2  CO2 + 2H2O RMM of methane.

all 4 points/values transferred correctly 3. 5. Number of hydrogen atoms per molecule / mole increases from methanol to butanol.1. straight line graph 4. 4. More covalent bonds are formed in the products. 1 1 1 1 1 1 6 Total marks END OF MARKING SCHEME 20 14 . butan-1-ol Heat of combustion increases because : 1. propanol. Number of carbon atom per molecule / mole increases from methanol to butanol. Consistent scale Heat of combustion of alcohols (kJ mol-1) 1 1 1 1 4 Number of carbon atoms Heat of combustion increases from methanol → ethanol → propanol → butan-1-ol// methanol. More heat is given out. correct axis and labelled 2. ethanol. 3. 2. More carbon dioxide / CO2 and water / H2O molecule are formed.

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