Basketball is a popular sport.

There are five players on each team and each team tries to get the
basketball in each other's nets. You play this game with a basketball which is a sphere colored college teams, high school, middle and even some elementary school teams. The main thing is to get the ball into the opposing team's hoop by dribbling and shooting with your hands. Basketball is a popular sport. There are five players on each team and each team tries to get the basketball in each other's nets. You play this game with a basketball which is a sphere colored orange with black stripes. Basketball is most common in the USA. There are professional teams, college teams, high school, middle and even some elementary school teams. The main thing is to get the ball into the opposing team's hoop by dribbling and shooting with your hands.

When was basketball started? James Naismith published 13 rules for the new game. He divided his class of 18 into 2
teams of 9 players each and set about to teach them the basics of his new game of Basketball. The object of the game was to throw the tennis ball, into the fruit baskets nailed to the lower railing of the gym balcony. Every time a point was scored, the game was halted so the janitor could bring out a ladder and retrieve the ball. Later, the bottoms of the fruit baskets were removed. The first public basketball games were in Springfield, MA, on December 21, 1891.

In 1946-47 season 11 teams formed the BAA or the basketball association of America. This is the first league formed. In the 1948-49 seasons the national basketball league was formed. A year later the NBA was formed.

The First 13 Rules of Basketball

1. The ball may be thrown in any direction with one or with both hands. 2. The ball may be batted in any direction with one or both hands (never with the fist). 3. A player can't run with the ball. The player must throw it from the spot on which he catches it, allowance to be made for a man who catches the ball when running at a good speed. 4. The ball must be held in or between the hands; the arms or body must not be used for holding it. 5. No shouldering, holding, pushing, tripping, or striking in any way the person of an opponent shall be allowed; the first infringement of this rule by any player shall count as a foul, the second shall disqualify him until the next goal is made, or, if there was evident intent to injure the person, for the whole of the game, no substitute allowed. 6. A foul is striking at the ball with the fist, violation of Rules 3, 4, and such as described in Rule 5. 7. If either side makes three consecutive fouls, it shall count a goal for the opponents (consecutive means without the opponents in the mean time making a foul).

The side making the most baskets in that time shall be declared the winner. 13. in bounds. be continued until another goal is made.      Over and back/back-court-violation (When player with the ball steps behind the halfcourt line after crossing it). The referee shall be judge of the ball and shall decide when the ball is in play. 10. it shall count as a goal. they have 24 seconds (35 in college) to make a basket. Kicked-Ball-violation (when a player on defense kicks the ball).8. the referee shall throw it straight into the field. with five minutes' rest between. What are the violations in Basketball?  Traveling violation (when player takes more than two steps after dribbling in FIBA you can't even take one step. The time shall be two 15-minute halves. and the opponent moves the basket. 11. the umpire shall call a foul on that side. A goal shall be made when the ball is thrown or batted from the grounds into the basket and stays there. Five second violation (A player has five seconds to inbound the ball before the ref blows the whistle). If the ball rests on the edges. If any side persists in delaying the game. in some countries you can take three). Double-dribbling violation (A player cannot stop dribbling and then start back). if he holds it longer. the game may. When the ball goes out of bounds.  24 second shot-clock violation (NBA)/35 second shot-clock violation (NCAA) (Players on offense has 24 seconds set on their shot-clock which is mostly set above the backboard. . and keep account of the goals with any other duties that are usually performed by a referee. in the NBA you can take two. He shall have power to disqualify men according to Rule 5. 9. if the ball hits the rim and the team on offense rebounds (gets) the ball they will have a new 24 seconds). if the clock expires without the ball being shot first it's a violation. it shall go to the opponent. The thrower-in is allowed five seconds. In case of a dispute. In case of a draw. providing those defending the goal do not touch or disturb the goal. 12. it shall be thrown into the court of play by the person first touching it. Eight second violation (NBA)/Ten second violation (high school/college) (A player has eight seconds to bring the ball to the other side of the court to the basket they're trying to score on when going on offense. by agreement of the captains. He shall decide when a goal has been made. In high school and college it's 10 seconds instead of 8).  Three-in-the-key violation (player's cannot stay in the paint area under the rim for 3 seconds unless they are guarding someone). The referee shall be judge of the men and shall note the fouls and notify the referee when three consecutive fouls have been made. and shall keep the time. to which side it belongs.

Tracy McGrady. Mike Bibby Shooting Guard     Usually taller than the point guard. J. Should be a good passer and a very good dribbler. Michael Jordan. Often these players are the best shooters from longer distances. usually better shooters (hence the name). and the shooter. Positions in basketball Point Guard  Generally the shortest and fastest players in the team. Cannot be selfish.  Point Guards are usually the shortest players. who gets dunks and layups for most of the points. Able to use both hands evenly. They are often the best at dribbling and therefore they are often called upon to bring the ball up the court on offense while the rest of the players get into their positions. They bring it up and down the court and call the plays. They are essentially the quarterback of basketball. Sets up the offense. Allen Iverson is the score-first point guard. They have the ball in their hands the most out of any position. They are often the leader on the floor. often takes tough and contested shots.    They aren't always the smallest. There are two distinctly different point guards: those who are score-first. The job of the shooting guard is to get open and find a shot or find another open player to keep the ball moving.  Examples of a point guard: Allen Iverson. The back-up ball handler.J. They have excellent dribbling and usually play point and on the wings. who love to hit jump shots. The scorer. while Steve Nash is the pass-first point guard. Redick is the shooter.Note.  Example of a shooting guard: Kobe Bryant. Usually one of three types of shooting guards: The cutter and slasher. who can score in so many ways. Steve Nash. and J. pass-second and those who are pass-first and score-second. Examples of each: Kobe is a scorer. Ronnie Brewer is a slasher. Chris Paul. Redick . Back-to-basket (Player cannot be in the post with a player guarding him with his/her back turned for five seconds). Michael Jordan was a guard and he was 6 feet 6 inches tall and he played the point guard position sometimes Point guards are usually the ones that handle the ball. calling out plays.J. They are also expected to be very fast and need to be able to dribble well. and controlling the tempo of the game.

     The center stays around the paint. Kevin Garnett Center (Centre)  Usually the tallest and slowest players on the team. They are post players and are usually taller than the guards. these players are often very versatile. Player positions can also be referred to by numbers: the point guard is the 1. Example of a power forward: Tim Duncan. which is the colored part of the floor around the basket. Their primary jobs are to get rebounds and score points when close the basket. . the shooting guard is the 2 guard. A hard driver and a good passer. A good runner. starts low with small forward.    Forwards fight under the net to get open for an easy lay up. Larry Bird Power Forward  The next biggest player. and is usually interchangeable with power forward. They traditionally do not stray out and shoot long shots but play near the painted area and by the basket. the power forward is the 4 and the center is the 5. The center has to be able to move around and help move the ball and occasionally shoot.Small Forward  Vary in mold. Taller than shooting guards but not as big as power forwards. Should be a solid rebounder.   Very much like shooting guard. Usually larger players (hence the name). Some centers are very dominant at scoring from in close while many others only score a handful of points per game. The center is the biggest or strongest player.  Forwards are some of smallest players on the team. Example of a small forward: LeBron James. Usually plays around the wing or corner and usually drives along the baseline. Should be a solid rebounder and a good inside shooter. usually starts lower on court. Carmelo Anthony. etc. trying for short-range shots and layups. They are rarely expected to dribble the ball much nor shoot from more than 15 feet away. Example of a center: Shaquille O'Neal. For the most part they are very helpful on defense. and can either shoot well from long range or get near the basket and get rebounds. The best players at blocking shots on defense are often centers. the small forward is the 3. Recently in the NBA many power forwards have emerged and can shoot three pointers very well. Good power forwards are also very good at rebounding.

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