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DEFINITION OF SPEAKING: The action of conveying information or expressing one's thoughts and feelings in spoken language The activity

ty of delivering speeches or lectures

PURPOSE OF SPEAKING: 1. Ability to inform, persuade, and direct. Speaking clearly and confidently can gain the attention of an audience, providing the golden opportunity for the speaker to make the message known. Wise is the speaker who gains and then holds the attention of an audience, with well-chosen words in a well-delivered presentation, forming a message that is effective, informative, and understood.

2. Informative speaking seeks to inform. Its goal is that the listeners understand something in the same way that the speaker understands that subject. In this way, the speaker is sharing meaning and ways of understanding. Informative speaking uses facts, data, logic, evidence and other solid information and structured presentations to help the listeners understand and remember the information presented. Three types of informative speaking are: Description speeches: That describe objects or events. Exploration speeches: That clarify ideas. Demonstration speeches: That teach a process. 3. Ability to benefit derivatively. Well-developed verbal skills can increase ones negotiation skills. Self-confidence is improved. A growing sense of comfort comes from speaking in front of larger and larger audiences. A reputation for excellence in speaking skills can accrue over time, thereby imparting a certain credibility to the speaker.

4. Career enhancement. Employers have always valued the ability to speak well. It is, and always will be, an important skill, and well worth the effort in fully developing.

5. Use words as a defense. When afraid, we can attack, criticize, manipulate or otherwise try to gain psychological leverage. We can use words to deflect away criticism or obfuscate the truth. Another defensive tool is to put up a wall of silence or to withhold. It is not that any of this is wrong, these are just external expressions of a confused and frightened inner dialogue. It is what we feel we need to do in order to get by.

PURPOSE OF SPEAKING AND LISTENING: To be able to communicate effectively To develop thinking skills To extend vocabulary To help to sequence and structure thoughts To develop the ability to be a good listener and engage in purposeful dialogue To give a person the opportunity to express themselves regardless of ability and language To develop social skills-e.g. turn taking, formality of speech, conventions of speaking and listening, talk in a range of contexts To develop an enjoyment of speaking and listening To improve self esteem and confidence To develop an awareness of audience

EXERCISE: DIALOGUE 1: Mr. Lundgren : You see, I was coming out of the station and this young man just grabbed my camera and ran away! Police-officer : Okay. Can you describe your camera? Mr. Lundgren : Yes, its a CANON A380, silver. In a black bag. It was expensive, you know! Police-officer : I see. Well, can I have your name and address now, sir? Mr. Lundgren : Yes, of course. My name is Sven Lundgren. Im staying at the Radisson Hotel. Q: What is Mr. Lundgren talking to? A: A police officer at the police station.

DIALOGUE 2: Student Neighbour Student Neighbour Student : Yes, please? : Good evening, sorry to disturb you. I really like rock music, but this music is so loud that I cant work! : Oh, Im really sorry. I didnt notice it was that loud. : In fact, it is so loud that my furniture is vibrating and my dog is freaking out! : OK, Ill turn it down. Sorry again!

Q: Why does the neighbour talk to the student? A: To complain about the noise

Tom : Well, you are going to have a party on Saturday afternoon, are you? I have heard that a lot of people wont be able to come. Alan : Yes, its a pity! Tom : Have you asked Mary? Alan : Yes, I have, but she cannot come either. Tom : Oh, really! What is she doing on Saturday? Alan : She's going to visit an uncle in hospital in Brighton. Tom : Have you asked George to come? Alan : Yes, I have but he's only coming after five. Tom : Why so late? Alan : He is playing in a football match. Tom : You haven't forgotten Sue, have you? Alan : No, I haven't, but she's somewhere in Spain. Tom : Can I bring Richard? Alan : Well. Who is Richard? What does he do? Tom : He's a cousin of mine from Vienna. He teaches German at our school. Alan : Okay. Then I'll ask my sister, Diana, to come. Tom : Diana? I thought she is in Switzerland. Alan : She was, but she got back yesterday. Alan : And she could bring her friend Karin from Zurich, too. Tom : Do you know her? Alan : No, I don't, but I think Diana shared a flat with her in Zurich. The only problem is: Karin doesn't speak English. Tom : Well, you havent answered my question. Do you want my Austrian cousin Richard at the party, or not? Alan : Yes, bring him along. Then Karin from Zurich will have someone to talk to in her own language.

Q1: What is the dialogue about? A1: Planning a party Q2: What is the main reason why Tom and Alan are talking about the party? A2: They want more friends to come to the party. Q3: What is Mary doing in Brighton on the day of the party? A3: Visiting her uncle Q4: Why does Alan finally think it is a good idea to invite Toms cousin Richard? A4: Because Richard speaks German

TEXT 1: For a boy who preferred playing basketball in his youth, Dato' Lee Chong Wei has since come a long way for both badminton and Malaysia. Born in George Town, Penang, Chong Wei had developed an early love for sports - playing basketball. He eventually quit the game at the request of his mother, whom disapproved of him playing in outdoor courts amidst sweltering afternoon heats. His passion for sports never faltered during this time and he soon found a game that could satisfy both him and his mother. At the age of 11, with the encouragement of his father, Lee Chong Wei discovered badminton. A true sports talent, Chong Wei immediately picked up the game and spent hours training after school in order to excel. The trainings after school brought out the best in Chong Wei and at the age of 17, he was spotted by Misbun Sidek and drafted into the Malaysian national badminton squad. It was with training that Lee Chong Wei pushed himself to be a top notch player, undergoing gruelling daily training sessions. These sessions included rigorous fitness regimes and multiple sparring with up to three opponents on court simultaneously. Unbeatable within Malaysian territory for 3 years (2004-2006), Lee Chong Wei bagged his first 5-star event in the Danish open in 2005. His track record consists of a slew of wins including 5 Super Series titles. Numerous titles and an Olympic silver later, Lee Chong Wei is now loved as one of Malaysias most recognisable and successful athletes. His great efforts in the 2008 Olympics have resulted in him being conferred with a 'Darjah Setia Pangkuan Negeri (DSPN)', which carries the title Datuk. He is also currently the world number one singles player and is set to win the upcoming 2008 BWF Super Series Masters Finals held on home soil in December. Even with all his wins and titles, Dato' Lee Chong Wei still remains modest and humble, epitomising the ultimate Malaysian role model. "Malaysia Boleh!" QUESTION: 1. Badminton has always been Dato Lee Chong Weis favourite sport. A. True B. False C. Not stated

2. Dato Lee Chong Wei success in badminton to attributed to sheer

determination. A. True B. False C. Not stated

3. Switching to badminton enhances Dato Lee Chong Weis wealth. A. True B. False C. Not stated 4. The first paragraph suggest Dato Lee Chong Wei is A. Humble B. Obedient C. Passionate 5. In the writers view, who is responsible for Dato Lee Chong Weis success in badminton? A. Misbun Sidek B. Dato Lee Chong Wei C. Dato Lee Chong Weis parents 6. The best Malaysian role model is one who A. Arrogant B. Pretentious C. Down-to-earth 7. The following are ingredients for success in sports except A. Luck B. Vigorous training C. Inborn sport talent