This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

Dr. Rania Swief

1

Magnetic Circuits

=B . a 1 where, 2 B= µ H and 3 H= NI/lc Substituting 2 &3 in 1 = µ a NI/lc R= l/ µ a where, R is the reluctance in At/Wb = NI/R

Dr. Rania Swief

2

Rania Swief 3 .Analogy Between Electrical and Magnetic Circuit Dr.

Example 1 Draw the equivalent magnetic circuit of the shown figure? 4 .

6T.Example 2 Calculate I to establish an air gap flux of 0. 5 .

Dr. Rania Swief 6 .

Rania Swief 7 .From Fig Dr.

a voltage will be generated in the coil according to Faraday’s law. Dr. Rania Swief 8 . changing the magnetic field and magnetic flux through the coil. •The induced magnetic field inside any loop of wire always acts to keep the magnetic flux in the loop constant.Magnet and Coil When a magnet is moved into a coil of wire.

rotating the coil relative to the magnet. the voltage will be generated.Faraday's Law Any change in the magnetic environment of a coil of wire will cause a voltage (emf) to be "induced" in the coil. moving the coil into or out of the magnetic field. Dr. The change could be produced by changing the magnetic field strength. moving a magnet toward or away from the coil. No matter how the change is produced. etc. Rania Swief 9 .

Lenz's Law “Opposing the original flux change” means that if the flux reduced another current will be produced to keep the flux constant and vice versa Dr. Rania Swief 10 .

It is often referred to as the B-H loop. Rania Swief 11 .Hysteresis loop A hysteresis loop shows the relationship between the induced magnetic flux density (B) and the magnetizing force (H). A ferromagnetic material that has never been previously magnetized or has been thoroughly demagnetized will follow the dashed line as H is increased. Dr.

(The value of B at point b on the hysteresis curve. m . Coercive Force . Reluctance is analogous to the resistance in an electrical circuit. a number of primary magnetic properties of a material can be determined.The amount of reverse magnetic field which must be applied to a magnetic material to make the magnetic flux return to zero. Dr. Rania Swief .A property of a material that describes the ease with which a magnetic flux is established in the component.) Permeability. Note that residual magnetism and retentivity are the same when the material has been magnetized to the saturation point.Is the opposition that a ferromagnetic material shows to the establishment of a magnetic field.A measure of the residual flux density corresponding to the saturation induction of a magnetic material. In other words.) Residual Magnetism or Residual Flux .the magnetic flux density that remains in a material when the magnetizing force is zero. However. it is a material' s ability to retain a certain amount of residual magnetic field when the magnetizing force is removed after achieving saturation. Reluctance .From the hysteresis loop. (The value of H at point c on the hysteresis curve. Retentivity . the level of residual magnetism may be lower than the retentivity value when the magnetizing force did not reach the saturation level.

This current is called eddy current.Eddy current If the source is ac. this will induces ac voltage. The energy dissipated due to eddy current are proportional to the size of the paths through the core. This type of energy is the form of heat dissipation because of the resistivity of the material . which will produce a current to flow in the core. Dr. Rania Swief 13 .

Dr. so the current paths for eddy currents are limited to small areas. This energy is called hysteresis loss. the core must be constructed from thin laminations. An insulated oxide or resin is used. Both hysteresis losses and eddy losses can be summarized in iron losses or core losses term. To reduce the energy losses. then the B-H curve will be symmetrical loop. Rania Swief 14 . The area within this loop is proportional to energy loss per cycle.If mmf is ac .

Stacking Factor Dr. Rania Swief 15 .

Fringing Effect Fringing results from flux lines appearing along the sides and edges of magnetic members separated by air 16 .

The air gap has linear magnetic properties. so the energy stored in the air gap can be given by: Dr. Rania Swief 17 .Energy Storage For a magnetic medium with no losses and constant permeability.

ampere turn as a unit. Dr. is the flux linkage which is equal to the total flux assuming no losses. Rania Swief 18 . where.where. Magnetomotive force is called “mmf” is equal NI in (At).

L= /I = N /I =N(NI/R)/I =N2 / R L is a function of the geometry and permeability. the energy storage in an inductance with linear magnetic properties. The inductance is measured by Henry.Inductance “L” The definition for the inductance is the flux linkage per current. Rania Swief 19 . Dr. So.

Self inductance It is the inductance of a coil is linked by its own flux L = N /I In a case of two coupled coils. L11 = N1 1/I1 = N1( 1+ 21) /I1 Dr. Rania Swief 20 . The inductance is calculated assuming i2 is equal to zero.

L22 = N2 2/I2 = N2( and 2+ 12) /I2 where. Mutual inductance It is the inductance of a coil is linked by a current produced from another source. Rania Swief 21 . Dr. 2 1 are the leakage fluxes.

Similarly. Rania Swief 22 .Let’s consider. Dr.

L12 and L21. K 1 In general.Let’s consider M as the geometrical mean of L12 and L21. are almost equal to M the geometrical mean Dr. Rania Swief 23 .

Energy Storage in a Coupled Coil W=½ 1 i1 + ½ 2 i2 1 = N1 1+N1 21 2= N2 2+N1 12 Substituting 1 and 2 in “ 1” . 1 Dr. Rania Swief 24 . Where.

Rania Swief 25 .Dr.

- Quiz_001d
- 2- Lecture II - Law and Ethics
- 4- Lecture IV (Tort Law).pdf
- 1- legislation, contracts & engineering ethics - Lecture 1 - October 17-2013 (1).pdf
- Control Lect1
- Midterm IET 2010
- Proofs 2
- Final Revision Part2
- Final Revision Part1
- Orthogonal Polynomials Extra Problems
- Solution 001
- Lecture 006
- Lecture 007
- Lecture 008
- Lecture 010
- Lecture 011
- IM_part-1
- DC_part_2
- DC_part_1-1
- Rotary Encoder
- Tcs230Color Sensor 1
- HMC5843Digital Compass 1
- Lecture 009
- Lecture 004

Sign up to vote on this title

UsefulNot useful- Unit 9 Magnetism
- Electric Power Notes
- Electromagnetic field
- FSG_10_Magnetic Effect of Electric Current With Sol
- McFreey.pdf
- 3842406
- Introduction to a Cdc Module
- Untitled
- Glossary of Key Terms in Eddy Current
- MT and VT Cimolai Technology
- Handbook.of.Magnetic.measurements.repost
- 115_L30.pdf
- Triz 76 Standard Solutions
- Basic_MR
- Formulas
- Newman Formula
- 3
- anschp29
- Ideal Transformer
- Aieee 2012 Key
- ATPL Inst 2.1.pdf
- 1 Vector Identities
- CrackVib
- Latching Relay Datasheet
- Resources Chapter 32 Student
- Allied Radio Data Handbook 1943
- GUIDE FOR EDDY CURRENT TESTING AS PER LEVEL 2 GUIDANCE
- Sandbanks
- Counterfort Retaining Wall
- MAGNETICS Powder Core Catalog
- Lect2

Are you sure?

This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?

We've moved you to where you read on your other device.

Get the full title to continue

Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.