Project on Fixed Broadband Access Network as implemented in BSNL From: 17-09-2012 To: 29-09-2012

Topics 1. Overview of Data Communication 2. Overview of Broadband - Definition of BB - Technologies available - BB Services 3. DSL Technologies - Different types of DSL Technologies - Why ADSL? - Modulation Tech used 4. Overview of NIB-II Project 5. Components of BB Access network - P2.2 BB Access Network Elements - P3 Multiplay BB Access Network Elements 6. Equipment at Customer Premises - Types of Modems - CPE Kit - CPE Configuration 7. Broadband Equipment Demo No. of Sessions 1 1 By D.Baishya D.S.Sandhu

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D.S.Sandhu

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D.S.Sandhu

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D.S.Sandhu

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D.S.Sandhu

Broadband is perceived as a tool for improving the life of the people by providing affordable & equitable access to information and knowledge and contributing for making them eco-friendly. For individuals, broadband has direct impact on their day to day life style & behavior. For the state, it enormously contributes towards trade and generation of employment. Governments find it as a powerful tool to manage municipal services, provide improved governance, increase participation of common masses in e-democracy, and effectively monitor implementation of projects. A- Present status of Broadband 1.2 Broadband Policy, 2004 had fixed the target of 9 million broadband connections by the end of year 2007 and 20 million connections by the end of year 2010 in the country (refer table 1.1).

1.3 The broadband connections at the end of March, 2005 stood at 0.18 million and in five years it grew to 8.75 million at the end of March 2010. Figure 1.1 shows the growth of broadband connections during last five quarters. Apart from dial-up connections, there are about 1.7 million internet connections having speed less than 256 kbps.

Majority of DSL technologies available on ground are able to support maximum download speed upto 2 Mbps.4 Many broadband technologies such as Cable Modem. it is still way behind the target set by the Government.2 provides the breakup of broadband provided using various technologies. Any further up-gradation to support higher Internet speed would require up-gradation of network. It is evident from figure 1. xDSL etc. It is unlikely to achieve this target by end of 2010. only. if copper loop length is less than 3 Km from the exchange. Figure 1. Provisioning of Broadband using DSL technology is predominant in India as the connection to the subscriber’s premises can be easily provided using the existing copper wire connected to subscriber’s premises. .2 that 86% of total broadband connections are using DSL technology.From the above figure it is clear that though the broadband connection base rose steadily. 1. have evolved and being used by existing subscriber as connection as a medium for communication. As such it can cater to only low bandwidth needs of subscribers accessing Internet.

1.5 Presently apart from Internet Service Providers (ISPs). This clearly indicates that majority of the connections are provided by 4-5 service providers though there are 104 service providers providing broadband. This indicates that despite of having license for provisioning of broadband services. As wireless broadband is yet to be launched in a big way and expected to take some time.3). . 1. Cellular Mobile Service Providers (CMSPs) and Basic Service Operators (BSOs) are also permitted to provide broadband access under the existing licensing framework. There are 104 service providers who are providing broadband at present.8. 4.5 million subscribers and 59. the expected broadband from wireline itself is expected to be 50 million by 2012 and 100 million by 2014. The expected growth of broadband using wireline technologies will be 44.6 million subscribers respectively (Table 4. majority of service providers are unable to penetrate into the market and market is still dominated by few players only. Out of this 95% market 70% market is occupied by the state owned companies BSNL and MTNL. However contribution of wireless broadband technologies by the year end 2012 and 2014 is expected to be 26. The only common thing in these top 4-5 service providers is that they have their own nationwide network.2).6 million and 94. top ten service providers have occupied more than 95% of market. However. Unified Access Service Licensees (UASLs). More than 89% market share belongs to 5 service providers only (Refer figure 1.2 million for 2012 and 2014 respectively.

Audio on Demand. fulfilled the demand of customer.High speed unlimited Internet for a fixed charge on the same line on which your telephone works . Video on Demand. entertainment services and Broadband services (BBS). on a countrywide basis spanning 198 cities. high speed Internet.e. successful field trial of Broadband Service in Kolkata has introduced. first time in India.redefining the quality of leased lines). The introduction of Wireless in Local Loop (WLL) service. The Broadband service will be available on DSL technology (on the same copper cable that is used for connecting telephone). Centrex (the virtual EPABX . The optical fiber link would make it easy to provide value-added Internet. Webfone (Internet Telephony . MLLN (Managed Leased Line Network . With this new trends BSNL has made effort to provide different kind of services to it ’s customer. and DataOne SOHO. Additional value added services include audio conferencing (family reunion package). Any person who is having a telephone connection can go for a broadband connection. multi-protocol. video on demand. Videoconferencing and voice telephony through a single telephone line. In terms of infrastructure for broadband services NIB-II had put India at par with more advanced nations. DIAS (Direct Internet Access Service . multi-gigabit. Initially the broadband package includes the following services on telephone line:      Telephone Satellite TV channels Internet Video on Demand (VoD) Audio on Demand (AoD)  Video conferencing In this regard BSNL has commissioned of a world class. convergent IP infrastructure through National Internet Backbone–II (NIB-II) that will provide convergent services through the same backbone and broadband access network. a bouquet of services like Television. Overview The services are to be provided on the existing copper/optic fiber access network without affecting the existing voice services to the customers. In the same series. Broadband service is a kind of service in which one can get multiple telecom services through a single copper cable pair on which the telephone line is working.buy Webfone card and make international calls at very cheap rate) etc. broadcast digital TV.talk endless within the group for a fixed charge). AMS (Answering Machine Service without buying an Answering Machine).no dialup required). The NIB-II project can be divided into three layers of network namely: 1] Access Network . The new era in Telecommunications has started with the Introduction of Convergent Services i. In the present scenario there is a demand of large bandwidth and its optimum utilization in lower cost. DataOne enterprise service and managed LAN service for commercial users are the main features of broadband services (BBS).BSNL Broadband A trend of changes in telecommunication technology is very fast.telephone can be used simultaneously and Internet is always ON . school curriculum on 3D interactive learning mode and personal website for domestic users. The services that would be supported includes always-on broadband access to the Internet for residential and business customers.

2] Convergence Network 3] Core Network In this short duration project it is not possible to cover all the network layers therefore this project will cover the broadband access network layer only as given below. LDAP at Pune Provisioning and configuration management at NOC at Bangalore & Pune (DR NOC) Components Of Broad Band Access Network under NIB-II P3     Internet Protocol Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexers (IPDSLAM) RPR (Resilient Packer Ring) LAN Switches OCLAN (Other City LAN) BNG (Broadband Network Gateway) .2       Digital Subscriber Line Access Multiplexers (DSLAMs) Gigabit and Fast Ethernet Aggregation Switches (LAN Switches) Broad Band Remote Access Server (BBRAS) SSSS/SSSC (Subscriber Service Selection System/ Center) Servers for AAA. Components Of Broad Band Access Network under NIB-II P2.

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