Financial Statements

Purpose of the financial statements is to provide information about the financial position, financial performance and cash flows of an entity that is useful to a wide range of users in making economic decisions. The complete set of financial statements compliant with IFRS comprises 5 elements:
    

a statement of financial position as at the end of the period a statement of comprehensive income for the period a statement of changes in equity for the period a statement of cash flows for the period notes containing a summary of significant accounting policies and other

explanatory information. If some accounting policy is applied retrospectively, or some retrospective restatements or reclassifications were made, then also a statement of financial position as at the beginning of the earliest comparative period shall be presented.
IAS 1 explains the general features of financial statements, such as fair presentation and

compliance with IFRS, going concern, accrual basis of accounting, materiality and aggregation, offsetting, frequency of reporting, comparative information and consistency of presentation.

Structure and Content
IAS 1 requires identification of the financial statements and distinguishing them from other

information in the same published document. Every element of the financial statements shall contain the name of the reporting entity, the information whether the financial statements are of an individual or of a group, the date of the reporting entity and period covered, the presentation currency and the level of rounding (thousands, millions…).
IAS 1 lists the minimum content to be presented in the financial statements, except for the

statement of cash flows (subject to IAS 7). So let’s look at it in a detail. Statement of Financial Position

Before significant amendments of IAS 1. it was renamed. however. the following line items shall be presented: ASSETS EQUITY AND LIABILITIES Property. IAS 1 requires presentation of classified statement of financial position where current assets or liabilities are separated from non-current assets or liabilities. With regard to a minimum content. this statement was simply called “balance sheet”. Basically. the asset or liability is current when it is expected to be recovered or settled within 12 months after the reporting period. plant and equipment Issued capital and reserves attributable to owners of the parent Investment property Intangible assets Non-controlling interests Financial assets Financial Liabilities Investments accounted for using equity method Provisions Biological assets Inventories Trade and other receivables Trade and other payables Cash and cash equivalents .

Statement of Comprehensive Income The statement of comprehensive income has 2 basic elements:  Profit or loss for the period: here. and similar. Also. the statement of changes in equity or in the notes. As a minimum. gains or losses from subsequent measurement of available-for-sale financial assets. plant and equipment into classes. all items of income and expenses must be recognized. etc. several formats are acceptable if they fulfill all requirements outlined above. IAS 1 does NOT prescribe the precise format of the statement of financial position. Instead. such as changes in revaluation surplus. Other comprehensive income: items recognized directly to equity or reserves. the statement of comprehensive income must contain the following items:  PROFIT OR LOSS . reserves and a few others shall be included in the statement of financial position. such as disaggregation of property. certain information related to the share capital.ASSETS EQUITY AND LIABILITIES Totals of assets in accordance withIFRS 5 Non-current assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations Totals of liabilities in accordance withIFRS 5 Non-current assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations Current tax assets Current tax liabilities Deferred tax assets Deferred tax liabilities Further subclassifications of the line items shall be disclosed either directly in the statement of financial position or in the notes.

PROFIT OR LOSS Revenue Gains and losses arising from the derecognition of financial assets at amortized cost Finance costs Share of the profit or loss of associates and joint ventures accounted for using the equity method Tax expense Post-tax profit/gain or loss of operations or assets in accordance with IFRS 5 (Noncurrent assets Held for Sale and Discontinued Operations) Profit or loss OTHER COMPREHENSIVE INCOME Each component of other comprehensive income classified by nature Share of the other comprehensive income of associates and joint ventures accounted for using equity method .

disposals of investments. Profit or loss for the period. IAS 1 requires disclosure of certain items separately. IAS 1 prohibits to report any transaction or item as extraordinary items. These items are as follows: write-downs of inventories and property. litigation settlements and other reversals of provisions. The entity might choose to classify expenses recognized in profit or loss for the period by their nature or by their function. the following changes shall be disclosed separately: o   those resulting from profit or loss . the statement of changes in equity must contain the following items:  total comprehensive income for the period. Statement of Changes in Equity As a minimum. plant and equipment. showing separately amounts attributable to owners of the parent and to non-controlling interests the effect of retrospective application or restatement for each component of equity (if applicable) the reconciliation between the carrying amount at the beginning and the end of the period for each component of equity.PROFIT OR LOSS Total comprehensive income As opposed to US GAAP. their reversals. or in the notes. disposals of property. plant and equipment. Here. discontinuing operations. either in the statement of comprehensive income. as well as total comprehensive income shall be both presented in allocation:   attributable to non-controlling interests and attributable to owners of the parent. restructuring of activities and reversals of related provisions.

They should provide additional information not contained in the numbers. Notes to the Financial Statements The notes are meant to be the document accompanying numerical financial statements listed above. IAS 1 prescribes to present amount of dividends recognized as distributions and the related amount per share on the face of the statement of changes in equity or in the notes. IAS 1 sets that the notes shall contain a statement of compliance with IFRS. supporting information for the numbers presented in the financial statements and other disclosures. .o o resulting from other comprehensive income resulting from transactions with owners (contributions. distributions and changes in ownership) Also. summary of significant accounting policies applied. the basis of preparation of the financial statements and some additional information that might be relevant.

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