You are on page 1of 14

2011 PERTANDINGAN KEMAHIRAN MALAYSIA

(ELEKTRONIK)

SOALAN
PERINGKAT AKHIR
NAMA: ______________________________________ NO. KP: ______________________________________

JABATAN PEMBANGUNAN KEMAHIRAN KEMENTERIAN SUMBER MANUSIA

Project: Measurement Time Limit: 2 hours

1.0 1.1

REQUIREMENTS

In this project, you are required to carry out the measurements and required adjustments of a given circuit a basic Waveform Generator. In order to carry out the required tasks, you may need to refer to the following documentations: Circuit Schematic Diagram PCB Layout Diagram Component List

1.2

1.3 1.4
2.0

Unless otherwise stated, all waveforms and voltages are measured with reference to ground (0V). All waveforms recorded must include its amplitude and time scales.
BACKGROUND INFORMATION

The board consists of several basic circuits which connected together produces PWM waveforms. The test pins TP11 and TP12 show the PWM outputs. P3 header output provides the product of the two waveforms.

3.0

CIRCUIT DESCRIPTION

3.1 3.2 3.3

The overall circuit diagram in shown Figure 1. The DC Power supply can be varied up to 60V by adjusting the VR1. The waveform generated by the sine wave generator is inverted by the IC U7A and appears at the output OUT1/1 (TP8). The frequency of the waveform can be adjusted by changing the variable resistor, VR4. The variable resistor, VR5, is used to vary its amplitude and VR6 for adjusting the offset level. The frequency and the amplitude of the square wave output at TP2 can be varied by adjusting VR3 and VR4 respectively. The frequency and the amplitude of the triangle waveform can be varied by adjusting VR7 and VR9 respectively. TEST EQUIPMENT REQUIRMENTS Dual DC Power Supply Digital Oscilloscope Desktop link to Oscilloscope Assortment of connecting cables 1 set 1 set 1 set 1 set

3.4 3.5

4.0

5.0 INSTRUCTIONS TO THE COMPETITOR Carry out the required adjustments and measurements. All measurements and results SHOULD be measured using the oscilloscope. The results must be saved in the mass storage media provided. All files should be saved inside a desktop folder named PKM_MEASUREMENT. 5.1 Check and connect the +12V DC power supply to the circuit. 5.2 Adjust VR1 so that the DC voltage output at TP1 = +30V. Measure and save the waveform under a filename Q5_2. 5.3 Adjust VR2 so that the DC voltage output at pin 3 of the P2 header = -12V. Measure and save the waveform under a filename Q5_3.
P2 Pin 1 Pin 2

Pin 3

5.4 Adjust VR3 and VR4 to ensure a square wave at TP2, having the following properties: Frequency = 100Hz Ttotal = t1 + t2 t1 = 60% of Ttotal t2 = 40% of Ttotal Measure and save the waveform under a filename Q5_4. 5.5 Adjust the variable resistors VR3, VR4, VR5 and VR6 to get a smooth sine wave of 100Hz and 5Vp-p. Measure and save the waveform at TP4 under a filename Q5_5. 5.6 Adjust the VR7 and VR8 so that the waveform at TP5 is 1 KHz and having 50% duty cycle (duration t1 = t2). Measure and save the waveform at TP5 under a filename Q5_6. 5.7 Adjust VR9 to get 1 kHz, 6Vp-p waveform at TP7. Measure and save the waveform under a filename Q5_7.

5.8 Measure the output waveform at test point TP8. Save the waveform under a filename Q5_8. 5.9 Measure the output waveforms at test point TP9 (channel 1) and test point TP10 (channel-2). Save the waveform under a filename Q5_9. 5.10 Measure the output waveforms at TP11 (channel 1) and TP12 (channel-2 ). Save the waveform under a filename Q5_10. 5.11 Observe the output waveform at pin 1 of the header P3, by using pin 2 as the reference point. Save the waveform under a filename Q5_11. P3
Pin 1

Pin 2 (ref)

SCHEMATIC DIAGRAM: FIGURE 1

Schematic: DC Power Supply


TP1 L1 220mH R1 0R1/1W R2 0R1/1W 8 5 7 4 GND U1 DRVC VCC -VIN IPK SWC SWE GND TCAP MC34063U 6 1 2 3 C2 222 GND Q1 TIP122 R4 1K GND D1 UF4007 VR1 50K VCC1 C3 100uF/100V

R3 1K

GND GND GND +12V P2 1 2 3 -VCC Header 3

DC +12V INPUT
P1 2 1 Header 2 GND +12V C1 100uF/25V GND VR2 5K R7 1K GND R5 0R1/1W 8 5 7 4 U2 DRVC VCC -VIN IPK SWC SWE GND TCAP MC34063U GND 6 1 2 3 C4 472 Q2 TIP122 R6 1K D2 UF4002 -VCC C5 100uF/50V GND

L2 120mH

GND

TP13 +12V 1 C17 100uF/25V C18 104 2 GND GND


7

U3 IN

LM7805CT OUT GND 3 C19 104

VCC C20 100uF/25V

TP14

Schematic: Sine Wave Output

TP3

+12V VR6 100K +12V R17 10K -VCC U5A TL082ACJG R15 1 10K +12V

TP4 R24 10K +12V U5B TL082ACJG 7 OUT1 SINE WAVE TP8 U7A TL082ACJG 1 OUT1/1 +12V C13 104 -VCC 8

R8 +12V VR3 4K7 5K R9 4K7 +12V

1 2 3 4 5 6 7

U4 SIN ADJ NC SIN OUT NC TRI. OUT SIN ADJ (DUTY VADJ) TIMING V+ SQU. OUT FM BIAS FM SWEEP XR8038 R11 0R1
R10 +12V

14 13 12 11 -VCC 10 9 8 TP2 R12 15K

2 3 C10 474 R13 240K -VCC GND 4

6 5 4

+12V C9 104 -VCC -VCC

-VCC SQUARE +12V WAVE

-VCC R14 10K

VR5 R16 100K 4K7

8 GND

R23 10K

2 3 GND 4

-VCC

-VCC

VR4 50K R10 51K

R11

Schematic: Triangle output


+12V C12 104 +12V U6B TL084CN 7 TP5 SQUARE WAVE VR7 2 3 11 100K R18 100K GND 11 1 4 +12V 4 U6A TL084CN 1 VR9 100K R20 10K -VCC TP6 R19 10K TRIANGLE WAVE 9 10 R21 4K7 3 R22 10K 1K +12V 4 TP7 U6C TL084CN 8 OUT2

GND

6 5 2

+12V C11 104 -VCC

-VCC

-VCC GND

VR8

100K

11 -VCC

Schematic: PWM Output

VCC +12V 4 U8A LM324AN 1 R27 470R CMP1 R25 10K Q4 9013 ,., GND VCC R28 470R CMP2 U8B LM324AN 7 R26 10K +12V C15 104 GND GND Q3 9013 +12V C116 104 GND ., CMP2 ,. ; CMP1

TP9

VCC U9 TLP250 R29 330R ,,

+12V

OUT1 2 3 +12V C14 104 -VCC 1

TP11

11

-VCC OUT2

+12V OUT1/1 4 6 5 2

TP10 VCC R30 330R GND +12V

P3 1 2 Header 2

OUTPUT

U9 TLP250

11

'

TP12

-VCC

GND

10

PCB COMPONENT LAYOUT

11

PCB LAYOUT

12

Pertandingan Kemahiran Malaysia (PKM)

PARTS LIST

Item 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

Parts name
DC-to-DC Converter Control Circuit Three-Terminal Medium Current Positive Voltage Regulator Precision Waveform Generator JFET-Input Operational Amplifier JFET-Input Operational Amplifier Transistor Inverter For Air Conditionor IGBT Gate Drive Power Mos Fet Gate Drive Quad Low-Power Operational Amplifier

Parts value(Model) MC34063U MC78M05BT XR8038 TL082ACJG TL084CN TLP250 LM324AN UF4007 UF4002 222 472 474 104 100uF/25V 100uF/100V 100uF/100V 100uF/25V 0R1/1W 1K, 0.25W, 1% 4K7, 0.25W, 1% 51K, 0.25W, 1% 0R1, 0.25W,0.5%

Qty 2 1 1 2 1 2 1 1 1 1 1 1 10 1 1 1 1 1 4 4 1 1 U1,U2 U3 U4 U5,U7 U6

Reference number

U9,U10 U8 D1 D2 C2 C4 C10 C9, C11, C12,C13,C14,C15, C16,C18, C19 C1 C3 C5 C17.C20 R1,R2,R5 R3, R4, R6, R7 R8, R9,R16.R21 R11 R10

Diode Diode Capacitor for Ceramic Capacitor for Ceramic Capacitor for Ceramic Capacitor for Ceramic Capacitor for Electric Capacitor for Electric Capacitor for Electric Capacitor for Ceramic Resistor Resistor Resistor Resistor Resistor

13

Pertandingan Kemahiran Malaysia (PKM)

23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33

Resistor Resistor Resistor Resistor Resistor Resistor Potentiometer Potentiometer Potentiometer Potentiometer Potentiometer

15K, 0.25W, 1% 240K, 0.25W, 1% 10K, 0.25W, 1% 100K, 0.25W, 1% 330, 0.25W, 1% 470, 0.25W, 1% 50K 5K 5K 50K 100K

1 1 10 1 2 2 1 1 1 1 5

R12 R13 R14,R15,R17,R19, R20,R22,R23,R24,R25, R26 R18 R29,R30 R27,R28 VR1 VR2 VR3 VR4 VR5,VR6, VR7, VR8 ,VR9 TP1, TP2, TP3, TP4, TP5, TP6, TP7, TP8, TP9, TP10, TP11, TP12, TP13, TP14,

34

Test Point Pin

LC-2-G

16

35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42

Inductor Inductor DIP Socket DIP Socket Connector Connector Transistor Transistor

220mH 120mH RIC-DIP-8 RIC-DIP-14 Header 2 PIN Header 3 PIN TIP122 9013

1 1 6 3 2 1 1 2

L1 L2 U1, U2,U5,U7,U9,10 U4,U6,U8 P1, P3 P2 Q1,Q2 Q3,Q4

14