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Egypt and the Egyptians

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Table of Contents Introduction Abram/Abraham and Lot Abram and Sarai in Egypt Lot Chooses Land That Reminds Him of Egypt=s Fertile Soil God Foretells Abraham of Enslavement of His Seed in Egypt Hagar Ishmael Hagar in the Wilderness of Beer-sheba Ishmael=s Sons Ishmael’s Sons (Table) The Twelve Princes of Ishmael Yahveh Tells Abraham Not to Go to Egypt Joseph in Egypt Joseph Sold to Potiphar in Egypt Joseph Cast Into Prison and Interprets Butler’s and Baker’s Dreams Joseph Interprets Pharaoh=s Dreams About Famine in the Land Joseph Stores Corn to Prepare for Famine in Egypt Jacob Sends Ten of His Sons to Egypt to Buy Corn Jacob Agrees to Let Benjamin Go to Egypt Joseph Puts His Silver Cup in Benjamin=s Sack Joseph Reveals His Identity to His Brothers Jacob and His Sons Settle in Goshen Pharaoh Tells Jacob and His Sons to Dwell in Goshen Jacob Blesses Ephraim and Manasseh Jacob Tells His Sons What Will Befall Them in the Last Days Jacob Dies in Egypt and Is Buried in Cave in the Field of Machpelah Israelites Who Came Into Egypt Early Days of Moses Moses Born and Raised in Egypt, Smites an Egyptian Flees to Midian Yahveh Appears to Moses in Burning Bush and Instructs Him to Go to Egypt
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15 15 15 16 16 17 17 18 19 19 21 21 22 22 23 25 27 28 30 32 33 35 36 38 39 41 42 43 43 45

Moses Answers Yahveh and Receives Further Instruction Pharaoh Increases Israelites= Burdens Yahveh Charges Moses and Aaron With Bringing Israelites Out of Egypt Moses and Aaron Go to Pharaoh, and Rods Become Serpents Plagues in Egypt First PlagueCWaters Turned to Blood Second PlagueCFrogs Third PlagueCLice Fourth PlagueCSwarms of Flies Fifth PlagueCMurrain Sixth PlagueCBoils and Blains Seventh PlagueCThunder, Hail, and Fire Eighth PlagueCLocusts Ninth PlagueCDarkness Tenth PlagueCSmiting of the Firstborn Passover Exodus Instructions It is a Night to Be Much Observed Unto the LORD@ Numbers Instructions Deuteronomy Instructions The Exodus from Egypt Preparation Early Remembrances of Bondage/Deliverance Sanctification of the Firstborn Feast of Unleavened Bread

46 48 49 50 51 51 52 53 53 54 54 54 56 57 57 58 58 60 60 61 61 61 62 62 62

Male Firstlings to Be Set Aside for Yahveh as a Remembrance of Smiting of Firstborn in Egypt 63 Yahveh Leads Israelites By Pillars Yahveh Protects Israelites As They Cross the Red Sea and the Egyptians Pursue Israelites Praise Yahveh in Victory Song “The Unclean and the Clean” Just Balances “But I Will Be Hallowed Among the Children of Israel ”
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63 64 65 67 67 67

The Feast of Tabernacles The Leviticus Instructions The Deuteronomy Instructions Fringes in Borders of GarmentsCNumbers 15:38B41 Entering the Promised Land Moses Delivers Commandments to Israelites “We Were Pharaoh=s Bondmen in Egypt; and the Lord Brought Us Out of Egypt . . .” “. . .[R]emember What the LORD Thy God Did Unto Pharaoh, and Unto All Egypt” “. . . the LORD Thy God, Which Brought Thee Forth Out of the Land of Egypt . . . ” “But Your Eyes Have Seen All the Great Acts of the LORD Which He Did” Stone False Prophets and Dreamers “Thou Shalt Remember That Thou Wast a Bondman in the Land of Egypt” Treatment of Bondservants “Thou Shalt Not Let Him Go Away Empty” Feast of Weeks “Therefore I Command Thee to Do This Thing” “Be Not Afraid of Them” First of the Fruit of the Land Yahveh=s

68 68 68 68 69 70 70 71 72 72 73 74 74 75 75 76 76 77

Ye Have Seen All That the LORD Did Before Your Eyes in the Land of Egypt Unto Pharaoh . . .” 77 Gershom and Eliezer Named in Remembrance of Bondage and Deliverance 79 Yahveh Promises Israelites They Will Be a Holy Nation If They Obey Him, Reminds Them of His Wonders in Egypt 79 The Ten Commandments Exodus Account Deuteronomy Account Yahveh Commands Israelites Not to Vex Strangers Because They Were Strangers in Egypt “Thou Shalt Neither Vex a Stranger” “Thou Shalt Not Oppress a Stranger” “Ye Shall Not Vex Him” “Love Ye Therefore the Stranger” The Feast of Unleavened Bread
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80 80 80 81 81 81 82 82 82

Exodus 23:15 Exodus 34:18 Yahveh Says He Will Sanctify Tabernacle By His Glory Yahveh Promises Israelites Canaan Part-Egyptian, Part-Danite Curses Camp Consequences for Disobedience to Yahveh Leviticus 26:10B46 Deuteronomy 28:15B68 Israelites Worship Golden Calf

82 82 82 83 83 84 84 85 88

Moses Breaks Stone Tablets, Destroys Golden Calf, and Israelites Not Loyal to Yahveh Die 89 Moses Entreats Yahveh for Israelites= Sin Israelites Numbered After Exodus from Egypt Numbers 1 Numbers 26 The Levites Levites Taken for the Firstborn Levites Appointed to Do Service of the Tabernacle Murmurings in the Wilderness Manna Water from the Rock Who Shall Give Us Flesh to Eat?” Would God That We Had Died . . .” 90 91 91 93 97 97 97 97 97 99 100 100

“ . . .[I]t is no Place of Seed, or of Figs, or of Vines, or of Pomegranates; Neither is There Any Water to Drink.@ 102 “And Ye Murmured In Your Tents . . .” Summary of Murmurings Edom, Moab, and Ammon Edom’s Refusal of Passage Israel to Remember Amalek=s Affront 102 103 104 104 105

Jehoshaphat Reminds Yahveh of the Transgression of Ammon, Moab, and Seir (Edom) 106 Hebron Built Seven Years Before Zoan in Egypt
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Balaam Balak Sends Balaam to Curse AThe People Come Out from Egypt@ Yahveh Commands Balaam to Bless the People Balaam=s Prophecies AAn Ammonite or Moabite Shall Not Enter Into the Congregation @

107 107 107 108 108

Yahveh Forbids Generation of Israelites Who Came Out of Egypt from Seeing Promised Land 108 Israel=s Journeys After Exodus from Egypt Israel=s Borders in the Promised Land Israelite Kings Commanded Not to Return to Egypt for Horses No Prophet Like Moses Canaanites Fear Israel After Hearing of the Wonders Yahveh Did in Egypt Joshua Yahveh Commands Joshua to Circumcise Israelites Gibeonites Deceive Joshua Lands Yet to Be Conquered Israel=s Land Allotments Israel Promises to Serve Yahveh Death of Joshua Remembrances of Egypt in Judges Gideon “I Delivered You Out of Their Hand” Jephthah “There Was No Such Deed Done Nor Seen . . .” Eli Philistines Fear AThe Gods That Smote the Egyptians@ “These Are the Gods That Smote the Egyptians . . .” “Wherefore Then Do Ye Harden Your Hearts . . .?” Israelites Demand a King Yahveh Tells Samuel to Instruct Israelites Samuel Instructs Israelites Saul
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109 110 111 111 111 111 112 112 113 114 115 116 118 119 119 120 120 121 121 122 122 122 122 122 123 123

AIt is the Lord That Advanced Moses and Aaron, and That Brought Your Fathers Up Out of the Land of Egypt” 123 Saul Tells Kenites to Depart from Amalekites David=s Military Conquests David’s Conquests Extend to Egypt David=s Kingdom Extends to Shihor of Egypt Amalekite Claims to Be an Egyptian Benaiah, One of David=s Mighty Men, Slays an Egyptian The Samuel Account The Chronicles Account Solomon Solomon Allies Himself With Egypt Solomon=s Kingdom Extends to the Border of Egypt Solomon=s Wisdom Exceeds That of Egypt Solomon and Pharaoh=s Daughter Pharaoh=s Daughter a Present for Solomon Solomon Builds House for Pharaoh=s Daughter Pharaoh=s Daughter Comes to House Solomon Built Her The Kings Account The Chronicles Account Daughter of Pharaoh Among Solomon=s Many AStrange Women@ Solomon Brings Horses From Egypt The Temple Yahveh=s Instructions to David Concerning His House The Samuel Account The Chronicles Account Building of Temple Commenced 480 Years After Exodus Solomon Dedicates the Newly Built Temple The Kings Account Yahveh=s Conditions for the Temple The Chronicles Account Priests Bring the Ark of the Covenant Solomon Blesses the Congregation of Israel
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123 124 124 124 124 125 125 125 125 125 126 126 126 126 126 126 126 127 127 127 127 127 127 129 130 131 131 134 135 135 135

Solomon Keeps the Feast Seven Days Hadad Flees to Egypt and Marries Sister of Tahpenes Jeroboam Jeroboam Flees to Egypt Jeroboam Returns from Egypt The Kings Account The Chronicles Account Jeroboam Makes Two Golden Calves Shishak Raids Jerusalem The Kings Account The Chronicles Account Syrians Think Israel Has Hired Egyptians and Others Against Them Trouble With Assyria King of Assyria Brings Foreign Peoples Into Samaria Rab-shakeh Taunts Hezekiah for Trusting in Egypt

136 137 137 137 138 138 138 138 139 139 139 140 140 140 141

The Remnant of Yahveh=s Inheritance Provoke Him from the Exodus to Manasseh =s Reign 142 Pharaoh-nechoh’s Army Kills Josiah The Kings Account The Chronicles Account Babylon Subdues Egypt Part-Egyptian Children of Judah Sheshan, of Judah, Fathers a Son By Jarha Sons of Bithiah Uzziah=s Notoriety Extends to Egypt King of Egypt Defeats Jehoahaz Ezra and Nehemiah Returned Captives Fail to Separate Themselves from Heathen Nations Nehemiah Remembers Captivity in Egypt Egypt in the Psalms APrinces Shall Come Out of Egypt@ The Generation of the Exodus AI am the LORD Thy God, Which Brought Thee Out of the Land of Egypt@
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142 142 143 144 144 144 144 144 144 145 145 145 146 146 147 149

AI Will Make Mention of Rahab and Babylon@ AThou Hast Broken Rahab in Pieces@ Israel=s Sojourn in Egypt AOur Fathers Understood Not Thy Wonders in Egypt @ AWhen Israel Went Out of Egypt@ AWho Smote the Firstborn of Egypt, Both of Man and Beast @ Yahveh=s Multiple Wonders in Egypt Egypt=s Riches Fine Linen “With Fine Linen of Egypt” “Fine Linen with Broidered Work from Egypt” Pharaoh=s Chariots Prophecies Concerning or Mentioning Egypt Reminders of Bondage in Egypt in the Prophets “ . . . [A]fter the Manner of Egypt . . .” “In the Day That I Brought Them Out of the Land of Egypt ” Jeremiah 7:21B26 Jeremiah 11:1B8 “. . . [W]hich My Covenant They Brake . . .” Jeremiah’s Prayer “I Will Not Be Enquired of By You” “Yet I Am the Lord Thy God from the Land of Egypt” “Also I Brought You Up from the Land of Egypt . . .” Israel Called “The Whole Family Which I Brought Up from the Land of Egypt ” “I Have Sent Among You the Pestilence After the Manner of Egypt ” “For I Brought Thee Up Out of the Land of Egypt” “According to the Days of Thy Coming Out of the Land of Egypt ” Israel’s Whoredoms With Egypt Jerusalem Commits AFornication with the Egyptians@ Aholah and Aholibah Israel=s Habit of Turning to Egypt Instead of Yahveh for Help
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150 150 150 151 152 153 153 153 153 154 154 154 154 154 154 155 155 156 156 156 157 160 160 161 161 162 162 163 163 163 165

“According to the Word That I Covenanted With You When Ye Came Out of Egypt” 162

Hoshea Attempts Alliance With Egypt Egypt As an Escape from the Chaldees Some of Judah Flee to Egypt to Escape Chaldees “Therefore Shall the Strength of Pharaoh Be Your Shame” “Woe to Them That Go Down to Egypt for Help” “Thou Trustest in the Staff of This Broken Reed, Egypt . . .” “And Now What Hast Thou to Do in the Way of Egypt . . .” Yahveh Not Pleased With “Them That Dwell in the Land of Egypt” Urijah Flees to Egypt Pharaoh’s Army to Be of No Help to the King of Judah Johanan and His Company Flee to Egypt Yahveh Warns Judah to Go to Babylon and Not to Flee to Egypt Johanan Refuses to Heed Jeremiah’s Warning and Goes to Egypt “For I Will Punish Them That Dwell in the Land of Egypt” “We Have Given the Hand to the Egyptians . . .” “They Call to Egypt . . .” Prophecies Concerning Egypt=s Future

165 165 165 166 167 168 168 170 170 170 171 171 172 173 175 175 176

“The Lord Shall Hiss for the Fly that is in the Uttermost Part of the Rivers of Egypt . . .” 176 AThe Burden of Egypt@ “Against Egypt, Against the Army of Pharaoh-necho . . .” “. . . [A]gainst the Philistines, Before That Pharaoh Smote Gaza” Assyrian King to ALead Away the Egyptians Prisoners@ Pharaoh=s* Demise AIt Shall Be the Basest of the Kingdoms@ “And the Sword Shall Come Upon Egypt . . .” “Son of Man, Speak Unto Pharaoh* King of Egypt, and to His Multitude . . . ” “ . . . Son of Man, Take Up a Lamentation for Pharaoh* King of Egypt . . .” “Egypt Shall Be a Desolation . . .” “. . .The Sceptre of Egypt Shall Depart Away . . .” “This Shall Be the Punishment of Egypt . . .” Report Concerning Egypt Compared to That of Tyre Punishment for the Uncircumcised
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176 178 179 180 180 181 183 184 185 187 188 188 188 189

Babylon to Be Remembered as the Place of Bondage Instead of Egypt Jeremiah 16:14B17 Jeremiah 23:5B8 Prophecies Against Ephraim and Israel AThey Shall Return to Egypt@ Ephraim Shall Return to Egypt@ “I Loved Him, and Called My Son Out of Egypt” “As By the Flood of Egypt” Amos 8:7B12 Amos 9:5B15 Ethiopia and Egypt Were Ninevah=s Strength Hope for Israel “And the Lord Shall Utterly Destroy the Tongue of the Egyptian Sea”

189 189 189 190 190 190 191 191 191 192 192 193 193

“ . . . [T]he Lord Shall Beat Off from the Channel of the River Unto the Stream of Egypt” 193 “I Gave Egypt for Thy Ransom . . .” “The Labour of Egypt . . . Shall Be Thine” New Covenant for Israel “As In the Day When She Came Up Out of the Land of Egypt” 193 194 194 195

“And I That Am the Lord Thy God from the Land of Egypt Will Yet Make Thee to Dwell in Tabernacles . . .” 195 AMy People Went Down Aforetime into Egypt to Sojourn There@ Egypt in Daniel 11 “And Shall Also Carry Captives into Egypt Their Gods . . .” “ . . .[A]nd the Land of Egypt Shall Not Escape” New Testament Angel of the Lord Tells Joseph to Flee With Mary and Jesus to Egypt Egyptians Among Those Who Heard Pentecost Tongue Alexandrians Dispute With Stephen Stephen Gives History of Israel in Egypt in Final Oration Paul Reminds Israelites of Their Forefathers= Bondage in Egypt Paul Mistaken for an Egyptian Paul Sails on Ships of Alexandria
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196 196 196 197 197 197 198 199 199 202 203 203

“And There the Centurion Found a Ship of Alexandria Sailing Into Italy” Paul Sails on Ship of Alexandria, Whose Sign Was Castor and Pollux The Purpose of Pharaoh Paul Reminds Israelites of Forefathers= Sin in the Wilderness Paul Commends Moses for Choosing Yahveh Over Egypt Reminder That Yahveh Saved Israel from Egypt Jerusalem Called ASpiritually Sodom and Egypt@ in the End Times Appendix ICNames and Places Mentioned In This Study Names Places Appendix IICThe Plagues of Exodus and Revelation Comparison Table Scriptural Comparisons Plague 1C Blood Egypt Second and Third Vials in Revelation Plague 2CFrogs Exodus Sixth Vial in Revelation Plague 3CLice Exodus Plague 4CFlies Exodus Plague 5CMurrain Exodus Plague 6CBoils Exodus First Vial in Revelation Plague 7CHail Exodus Vial 7CThunderings, Lightnings, Earthquakes, Hail Plague 8CLocusts
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203 205 205 205 206 206 206 208 208 212 217 217 218 218 218 219 219 219 220 220 220 221 221 222 222 222 222 222 223 223 224 224

Exodus Fifth Trumpet in Revelation Plague 9CDarkness Exodus Fifth Vial in Revelation Plague 10CSmiting of the Firstborn Exodus Fourth Vial in Revelation (No Equivalent in Egypt) Historical Notes from Smith=s Bible Dictionary and The Companion Bible Alexandria Aven Bithiah Egypt Goshen Memphis Migdol Mizraim Nile No, No-amon Noph On Pibeseth Pathrusim Pathros Pharoah Pharaoh=s Daughter; Pharaoh, the Daughter of Pharaoh, the Wife of River of Egypt Shishak Sihor Sin So
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224 225 226 226 227 227 227 227 229 229 230 230 230 240 240 242 242 243 246 246 246 247 247 248 248 251 251 251 252 253 254 254

Syene Tahpanhes, Tehaphnehes, Tahapanes Tahpenes Zoan Appendix IVCMaps and Images Ancient Near East in the Second Millennium B.C. Ancient Near East in the First Millennium B.C. The Exodus, Showing Egypt The World of the Greeks The Roman Empire The Spread of the Early Church Appendix 81CThe “Altar to Jehovah in the Land of Egypt” (Isa. 19.19)

254 255 255 255 257 257 258 259 260 261 262 263

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Introduction
Passages from the Bible are a best attempt to call out all mentions of Egypt, its cities, its leaders, etc. If a section title seems irrelevant to Egypt, it is not, as something Egypt-related is mentioned in the section. Due to the fact that Egypt and related words are often mentioned in passing connection with larger points, the information in this study has proven difficult to organize and could use some more work. After finishing this study, several things stand out: $ The sheer number of times Yahveh used this or a very similar phrase when communicating to Israel: AI am the LORD thy God, Which brought thee out of the land of Egypt.@ It is clearly something He didn=t want us to forget. Israel=s habitual attempts to rely on Egypt instead of Yahveh for salvation from enemies Egypt=s demise as an influential country, as prophesied in Ezekiel: Eze 29:13 Yet thus saith the Lord GOD; >At the end of forty years will I gather the Egyptians from the people whither they were scattered: Eze 29:14 And I will bring again the captivity of Egypt, and will cause them to return into the land of Pathros, into the land of their habitation; and they shall be there a base kingdom. Eze 29:15 It shall be the basest of the kingdoms; neither shall it exalt itself any more above the nations: for I will diminish them, that they shall no more rule over the nations. Eze 29:16 And it shall be no more the confidence of the house of Israel, which bringeth their iniquity to remembrance, when they shall look after them: but they shall know that I am the Lord GOD.= =@

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Abram/Abraham and Lot
Abram and Sarai in Egypt
Gen 12:8 And he removed from thence unto a mountain on the east of Beth-el, and pitched his tent, having Beth-el on the west, and Hai on the east: and there he builded an altar unto the LORD, and called upon the name of the LORD. Gen 12:9 And Abram journeyed, going on still toward the south. Gen 12:10 And there was a famine in the land: and Abram went down into Egypt to sojourn there; for the famine was grievous in the land. Gen 12:11 And it came to pass, when he was come near to enter into Egypt, that he said unto Sarai his wife, ABehold now, I know that thou art a fair woman to look upon: Gen 12:12 Therefore it shall come to pass, when the Egyptians shall see thee, that they shall say, >This is his wife:= and they will kill me, but they will save thee alive. Gen 12:13 Say, I pray thee, thou art my sister: that it may be well with me for thy sake; and my soul shall live because of thee.@ Gen 12:14 And it came to pass, that, when Abram was come into Egypt, the Egyptians beheld the woman that she was very fair. Gen 12:15 The princes also of Pharaoh saw her, and commended her before Pharaoh:
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and the woman was taken into Pharaoh=s house. Gen 12:16 And he entreated Abram well for her sake: and he had sheep, and oxen, and he asses, and menservants, and maidservants, and she asses, and camels. Gen 12:17 And the LORD plagued Pharaoh and his house with great plagues because of Sarai Abram=s wife. Gen 12:18 And Pharaoh called Abram, and said, AWhat is this that thou hast done unto me? why didst thou not tell me that she was thy wife? Gen 12:19 Why saidst thou, >She is my sister?= so I might have taken her to me to wife: now therefore behold thy wife, take her, and go thy way.@ Gen 12:20 And Pharaoh commanded his men concerning him: and they sent him away, and his wife, and all that he had.

Lot Chooses Land That Reminds Him of Egypt=s Fertile Soil
Gen 13:1 And Abram went up out of Egypt, he, and his wife, and all that he had, and Lot with him, into the south. Gen 13:2 And Abram was very rich in cattle, in silver, and in gold. Gen 13:3 And he went on his journeys from the south even to Beth-el, unto the place where his tent had been at the beginning, between Beth-el and Hai; Gen 13:4 Unto the place of the altar, which he had made there at the first: and there Abram called on the name of the LORD. Gen 13:5 And Lot also, which went with Abram, had flocks, and herds, and tents. Gen 13:6 And the land was not able to bear them, that they might dwell together: for their substance was great, so that they could not dwell together. Gen 13:7 And there was a strife between the herdmen of Abram =s cattle and the herdmen of Lot=s cattle: (and the Canaanite and the Perizzite dwelled then in the land.) Gen 13:8 And Abram said unto Lot, ALet there be no strife, I pray thee, between me and thee, and between my herdmen and thy herdmen; for we be brethren. Gen 13:9 Is not the whole land before thee? separate thyself, I pray thee, from me: if thou wilt take the left hand, then I will go to the right; or if thou depart to the right hand, then I will go to the left.@ Gen 13:10 And Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of Jordan, that it was well watered every where, before the LORD destroyed Sodom and Gomorrah, even as the garden of the LORD, like the land of Egypt, as thou comest unto Zoar. Gen 13:11 Then Lot chose him all the plain of Jordan; and Lot journeyed east: and they separated themselves the one from the other. Gen 13:12 Abram dwelled in the land of Canaan, and Lot dwelled in the cities of the plain, and pitched his tent toward Sodom.

God Foretells Abraham of Enslavement of His Seed in Egypt
Gen 15:12 And when the sun was going down, a deep sleep fell upon Abram; and, lo, an horror of great darkness fell upon him.
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Gen 15:13 And He said unto Abram, AKnow of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land that is not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred years; Gen 15:14 And also that nation, whom they shall serve, will I judge: and afterward shall they come out with great substance. Gen 15:15 And thou shalt go to thy fathers in peace; thou shalt be buried in a good old age. Gen 15:16 But in the fourth generation they shall come hither again: for the iniquity of the Amorites is not yet full.@ Gen 15:17 And it came to pass, that, when the sun went down, and it was dark, behold a smoking furnace, and a burning lamp that passed between those pieces. Gen 15:18 In the same day the LORD made a covenant with Abram, saying, AUnto thy seed have I given this land, from the river of Egypt unto the great river, the river Euphrates: Gen 15:19 The Kenites, and the Kenizzites, and the Kadmonites, Gen 15:20 And the Hittites, and the Perizzites, and the Rephaims, Gen 15:21 And the Amorites, and the Canaanites, and the Girgashites, and the Jebusites.@

Hagar
Hagar was the Eygptian mother of Ishmael, who in turn married an Egyptian and is generally regarded as the father of the Arab nations.

Ishmael
Gen 16:1 Now Sarai Abram=s wife bare him no children: and she had an handmaid, an Egyptian, whose name was Hagar. Gen 16:2 And Sarai said unto Abram, ABehold now, the LORD hath restrained me from bearing: I pray thee, go in unto my maid; it may be that I may obtain children by her. @ And Abram hearkened to the voice of Sarai. Gen 16:3 And Sarai Abram=s wife took Hagar her maid the Egyptian, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Canaan, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife. Gen 16:4 And he went in unto Hagar, and she conceived: and when she saw that she had conceived, her mistress was despised in her eyes. Gen 16:5 And Sarai said unto Abram, AMy wrong be upon thee: I have given my maid into thy bosom; and when she saw that she had conceived, I was despised in her eyes: the LORD judge between me and thee.@ Gen 16:6 But Abram said unto Sarai, ABehold, thy maid is in thy hand; do to her as it pleaseth thee.@ And when Sarai dealt hardly with her, she fled from her face. Gen 16:7 And the angel of the LORD found her by a fountain of water in the wilderness, by the fountain in the way to Shur. Gen 16:8 And He said, Hagar, Sarai=s maid, Awhence camest thou? and whither wilt thou go?@ And she said, AI flee from the face of my mistress Sarai.@ Gen 16:9 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, AReturn to thy mistress, and submit
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thyself under her hands.@ Gen 16:10 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, AI will multiply thy seed exceedingly, that it shall not be numbered for multitude.@ Gen 16:11 And the angel of the LORD said unto her, ABehold, thou art with child, and shalt bear a son, and shalt call his name Ishmael; because the LORD hath heard thy affliction. Gen 16:12 And he will be a wild man; his hand will be against every man, and every man=s hand against him; and he shall dwell in the presence of all his brethren.@ Gen 16:13 And she called the name of the LORD that spake unto her, Thou GOD seest me: for she said, AHave I also here looked after Him That seeth me?@ Gen 16:14 Wherefore the well was called Beer-lahai-roi; behold, it is between Kadesh and Bered. Gen 16:15 And Hagar bare Abram a son: and Abram called his son =s name, which Hagar bare, Ishmael. Gen 16:16 And Abram was fourscore and six years old, when Hagar bare Ishmael to Abram.

Hagar in the Wilderness of Beer-sheba
Gen 21:9 And Sarah saw the son of Hagar the Egyptian, which she had born unto Abraham, mocking. Gen 21:10 Wherefore she said unto Abraham, ACast out this bondwoman and her son: for the son of this bondwoman shall not be heir with my son, even with Isaac.@ Gen 21:11 And the thing was very grievous in Abraham =s sight because of his son. Gen 21:12 And God said unto Abraham, ALet it not be grievous in thy sight because of the lad, and because of thy bondwoman; in all that Sarah hath said unto thee, hearken unto her voice; for in Isaac shall thy seed be called. Gen 21:13 And also of the son of the bondwoman will I make a nation, because he is thy seed.@ Gen 21:14 And Abraham rose up early in the morning, and took bread, and a bottle of water, and gave it unto Hagar, putting it on her shoulder, and the child, and sent her away: and she departed, and wandered in the wilderness of Beer-sheba. Gen 21:15 And the water was spent in the bottle, and she cast the child under one of the shrubs. Gen 21:16 And she went, and sat her down over against him a good way off, as it were a bowshot: for she said, ALet me not see the death of the child.@ And she sat over against him, and lift up her voice, and wept. Gen 21:17 And God heard the voice of the lad; and the angel of God called to Hagar out of heaven, and said unto her, AWhat aileth thee, Hagar? fear not; for God hath heard the voice of the lad where he is. Gen 21:18 Arise, lift up the lad, and hold him in thine hand; for I will make him a great nation.@ Gen 21:19 And God opened her eyes, and she saw a well of water; and she went, and filled the bottle with water, and gave the lad drink. Gen 21:20 And God was with the lad; and he grew, and dwelt in the wilderness, and
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became an archer. Gen 21:21 And he dwelt in the wilderness of Paran: and his mother took him a wife out of the land of Egypt.

Ishmael=s Sons
Gen 25:8 Then Abraham gave up the ghost, and died in a good old age, an old man, and full of years; and was gathered to his people. Gen 25:9 And his sons Isaac and Ishmael buried him in the cave of Machpelah, in the field of Ephron the son of Zohar the Hittite, which is before Mamre; Gen 25:10 The field which Abraham purchased of the sons of Heth: there was Abraham buried, and Sarah his wife. Gen 25:11 And it came to pass after the death of Abraham, that God blessed his son Isaac; and Isaac dwelt by the well Lahai-roi. Gen 25:12 Now these are the generations of Ishmael, Abraham=s son, whom Hagar the Egyptian, Sarah=s handmaid, bare unto Abraham: Gen 25:13 And these are the names of the sons of Ishmael, by their names, according to their generations: the firstborn of Ishmael, Nebajoth; and Kedar, and Adbeel, and Mibsam, Gen 25:14 And Mishma, and Dumah, and Massa, Gen 25:15 Hadar, and Tema, Jetur, Naphish, and Kedemah: Gen 25:16 These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their towns, and by their castles; twelve princes according to their nations. Gen 25:17 And these are the years of the life of Ishmael, an hundred and thirty and seven years: and he gave up the ghost and died; and was gathered unto his people. Gen 25:18 And they dwelt from Havilah unto Shur, that is before Egypt, as thou goest toward Assyria: and he died in the presence of all his brethren. Ishmael’s Sons (Table)
Gen 25:16 These are the sons of Ishmael, and these are their names, by their towns, and by their castles; twelve princes according to their nations.

Ishmael=s Son* Nebajoth/Nebaioth Kedar Adbeel Mibsam Mishma Dumah

Name Meaning (from Strong=s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible) fruitfulness (5032) dusky (of the skin or the tent) (6938) disciplined of God (110) fragrant (4017) a report (4927) silence; fig. death (1746)
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Massa Hadar/Hadad Tema Jetur Naphish Kedemah

burden (4854) chamber/fierce (2316/2301) prob. of for. der. (8485) encircled (i.e. enclosed) (3195) refreshed (5305) precedence (6929)

*Names taken from Genesis 25:12B16 and I Chronicles 1:29B31. With the exception of some apparent confusion around Hadar/Hadad, the genealogies are identical in names and order.

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The Twelve Princes of Ishmael

Yahveh Tells Abraham Not to Go to Egypt
Gen 26:1 And there was a famine in the land, beside the first famine that was in the days of Abraham. And Isaac went unto Abimelech king of the Philistines unto Gerar. Gen 26:2 And the LORD appeared unto him, and said, AGo not down into Egypt; dwell in the land which I shall tell thee of: Gen 26:3 Sojourn in this land, and I will be with thee, and will bless thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I will give all these countries, and I will perform the oath which I sware unto Abraham thy father; Gen 26:4 And I will make thy seed to multiply as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy seed all these countries; and in thy seed shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; Gen 26:5 Because that Abraham obeyed My voice, and kept My charge, My commandments, My statutes, and My laws.@ Gen 26:6 And Isaac dwelt in Gerar:

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Joseph in Egypt
Joseph Sold to Potiphar in Egypt
Gen 37:12 And his brethren went to feed their father =s flock in Shechem. Gen 37:13 And Israel said unto Joseph, ADo not thy brethren feed the flock in Shechem? come, and I will send thee unto them.@ And he said to him, AHere am I.@ Gen 37:14 And he said to him, AGo, I pray thee, see whether it be well with thy brethren, and well with the flocks; and bring me word again.@ So he sent him out of the vale of Hebron, and he came to Shechem. Gen 37:15 And a certain man found him, and, behold, he was wandering in the field: and the man asked him, saying, AWhat seekest thou?@ Gen 37:16 And he said, AI seek my brethren: tell me, I pray thee, where they feed their flocks.@ Gen 37:17 And the man said, AThey are departed hence; for I heard them say, >Let us go to Dothan.= And Joseph went after his brethren, and found them in Dothan. Gen 37:18 And when they saw him afar off, even before he came near unto them, they conspired against him to slay him. Gen 37:19 And they said one to another, ABehold, this dreamer cometh. Gen 37:20 Come now therefore, and let us slay him, and cast him into some pit, and we will say, >Some evil beast hath devoured him: and we shall see what will become of his dreams.=@ Gen 37:21 And Reuben heard it, and he delivered him out of their hands; and said, ALet us not kill him.@ Gen 37:22 And Reuben said unto them, AShed no blood, but cast him into this pit that is in the wilderness, and lay no hand upon him;@ (that he might rid him out of their hands, to deliver him to his father again.) Gen 37:23 And it came to pass, when Joseph was come unto his brethren, that they stript Joseph out of his coat, his coat of many colours that was on him; Gen 37:24 And they took him, and cast him into a pit: and the pit was empty, there was no water in it. Gen 37:25 And they sat down to eat bread: and they lifted up their eyes and looked, and, behold, a company of Ishmeelites came from Gilead with their camels bearing spicery and balm and myrrh, going to carry it down to Egypt. Gen 37:26 And Judah said unto his brethren, AWhat profit is it if we slay our brother, and conceal his blood? Gen 37:27 Come, and let us sell him to the Ishmeelites, and let not our hand be upon him; for he is our brother and our flesh.@ And his brethren were content. Gen 37:28 Then there passed by Midianites merchantmen; and they drew and lifted up Joseph out of the pit, and sold Joseph to the Ishmeelites for twenty pieces of silver: and they brought Joseph into Egypt. Gen 37:29 And Reuben returned unto the pit; and, behold, Joseph was not in the pit; and he rent his clothes.
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Gen 37:30 And he returned unto his brethren, and said, AThe child is not; and I, whither shall I go?@ Gen 37:31 And they took Joseph=s coat, and killed a kid of the goats, and dipped the coat in the blood; Gen 37:32 And they sent the coat of many colours, and they brought it to their father; and said, AThis have we found: know now whether it be thy son=s coat or no.@ Gen 37:33 And he knew it, and said, AIt is my son=s coat; an evil beast hath devoured him; Joseph is without doubt rent in pieces.@ Gen 37:34 And Jacob rent his clothes, and put sackcloth upon his loins, and mourned for his son many days. Gen 37:35 And all his sons and all his daughters rose up to comfort him; but he refused to be comforted; and he said, AFor I will go down into the grave unto my son mourning.@ Thus his father wept for him. Gen 37:36 And the Midianites sold him into Egypt unto Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh=s, and captain of the guard.

Joseph Cast Into Prison and Interprets Butler’s and Baker’s Dreams
Gen 39:1 And Joseph was brought down to Egypt; and Potiphar, an officer of Pharaoh, captain of the guard, an Egyptian, bought him of the hands of the Ishmeelites, which had brought him down thither. Gen 39:2 And the LORD was with Joseph, and he was a prosperous man; and he was in the house of his master the Egyptian. Gen 39:3 And his master saw that the LORD was with him, and that the LORD made all that he did to prosper in his hand. Gen 39:4 And Joseph found grace in his sight, and he served him: and he made him overseer over his house, and all that he had he put into his hand. Gen 39:5 And it came to pass from the time that he had made him overseer in his house, and over all that he had, that the LORD blessed the Egyptian=s house for Joseph=s sake; and the blessing of the LORD was upon all that he had in the house, and in the field. Gen 39:6 And he left all that he had in Joseph =s hand; and he knew not ought he had, save the bread which he did eat. And Joseph was a goodly person, and well favoured. Gen 39:7 And it came to pass after these things, that his master=s wife cast her eyes upon Joseph; and she said, ALie with me.@ Gen 39:8 But he refused, and said unto his master =s wife, ABehold, my master wotteth not what is with me in the house, and he hath committed all that he hath to my hand; Gen 39:9 There is none greater in this house than I; neither hath he kept back any thing from me but thee, because thou art his wife: how then can I do this great wickedness, and sin against God?@ Gen 39:10 And it came to pass, as she spake to Joseph day by day, that he hearkened not unto her, to lie by her, or to be with her. Gen 39:11 And it came to pass about this time, that Joseph went into the house to do his business; and there was none of the men of the house there within. Gen 39:12 And she caught him by his garment, saying, ALie with me:@ and he left his
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garment in her hand, and fled, and got him out. Gen 39:13 And it came to pass, when she saw that he had left his garment in her hand, and was fled forth, Gen 39:14 That she called unto the men of her house, and spake unto them, saying, ASee, he hath brought in an Hebrew unto us to mock us; he came in unto me to lie with me, and I cried with a loud voice: Gen 39:15 And it came to pass, when he heard that I lifted up my voice and cried, that he left his garment with me, and fled, and got him out.@ Gen 39:16 And she laid up his garment by her, until his lord came home. Gen 39:17 And she spake unto him according to these words, saying, AThe Hebrew servant, which thou hast brought unto us, came in unto me to mock me: Gen 39:18 And it came to pass, as I lifted up my voice and cried, that he left his garment with me, and fled out. Gen 39:19 And it came to pass, when his master heard the words of his wife, which she spake unto him, saying, AAfter this manner did thy servant to me;@ that his wrath was kindled. Gen 39:20 And Joseph=s master took him, and put him into the prison, a place where the king=s prisoners were bound: and he was there in the prison. Gen 39:21 But the LORD was with Joseph, and shewed him mercy, and gave him favour in the sight of the keeper of the prison. Gen 39:22 And the keeper of the prison committed to Joseph =s hand all the prisoners that were in the prison; and whatsoever they did there, he was the doer of it. Gen 39:23 The keeper of the prison looked not to any thing that was under his hand; because the LORD was with him, and that which he did, the LORD made it to prosper. Gen 40:1 And it came to pass after these things, that the butler of the king of Egypt and his baker had offended their lord the king of Egypt. Gen 40:2 And Pharaoh was wroth against two of his officers, against the chief of the butlers, and against the chief of the bakers. Gen 40:3 And he put them in ward in the house of the captain of the guard, into the prison, the place where Joseph was bound. Gen 40:4 And the captain of the guard charged Joseph with them, and he served them: and they continued a season in ward. Gen 40:5 And they dreamed a dream both of them, each man his dream in one night, each man according to the interpretation of his dream, the butler and the baker of the king of Egypt, which were bound in the prison. Gen 40:6 And Joseph came in unto them in the morning, and looked upon them, and, behold, they were sad. Gen 40:7 And he asked Pharaoh=s officers that were with him in the ward of his lord=s house, saying, AWherefore look ye so sadly to day?@ Gen 40:8 And they said unto him, AWe have dreamed a dream, and there is no interpreter of it.@ And Joseph said unto them, ADo not interpretations belong to God? tell me them, I pray you.@ Gen 40:9 And the chief butler told his dream to Joseph, and said to him, AIn my dream, behold, a vine was before me;
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Gen 40:10 And in the vine were three branches: and it was as though it budded, and her blossoms shot forth; and the clusters thereof brought forth ripe grapes: Gen 40:11 And Pharaoh=s cup was in my hand: and I took the grapes, and pressed them into Pharaoh=s cup, and I gave the cup into Pharaoh=s hand.@ Gen 40:12 And Joseph said unto him, AThis is the interpretation of it: The three branches are three days: Gen 40:13 Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up thine head, and restore thee unto thy place: and thou shalt deliver Pharaoh =s cup into his hand, after the former manner when thou wast his butler. Gen 40:14 But think on me when it shall be well with thee, and shew kindness, I pray thee, unto me, and make mention of me unto Pharaoh, and bring me out of this house: Gen 40:15 For indeed I was stolen away out of the land of the Hebrews: and here also have I done nothing that they should put me into the dungeon. @ Gen 40:16 When the chief baker saw that the interpretation was good, he said unto Joseph, AI also was in my dream, and, behold, I had three white baskets on my head: Gen 40:17 And in the uppermost basket there was of all manner of bakemeats for Pharaoh; and the birds did eat them out of the basket upon my head.@ Gen 40:18 And Joseph answered and said, AThis is the interpretation thereof: The three baskets are three days: Gen 40:19 Yet within three days shall Pharaoh lift up thy head from off thee, and shall hang thee on a tree; and the birds shall eat thy flesh from off thee.@ Gen 40:20 And it came to pass the third day, which was Pharaoh=s birthday, that he made a feast unto all his servants: and he lifted up the head of the chief butler and of the chief baker among his servants. Gen 40:21 And he restored the chief butler unto his butlership again; and he gave the cup into Pharaoh=s hand: Gen 40:22 But he hanged the chief baker: as Joseph had interpreted to them. Gen 40:23 Yet did not the chief butler remember Joseph, but forgat him.

Joseph Interprets Pharaoh=s Dreams About Famine in the Land
Gen 41:1 And it came to pass at the end of two full years, that Pharaoh dreamed: and, behold, he stood by the river. Gen 41:2 And, behold, there came up out of the river seven well favoured kine and fatfleshed; and they fed in a meadow. Gen 41:3 And, behold, seven other kine came up after them out of the river, ill favoured and leanfleshed; and stood by the other kine upon the brink of the river. Gen 41:4 And the ill favoured and leanfleshed kine did eat up the seven well favoured and fat kine. So Pharaoh awoke. Gen 41:5 And he slept and dreamed the second time: and, behold, seven ears of corn came up upon one stalk, rank and good. Gen 41:6 And, behold, seven thin ears and blasted with the east wind sprung up after them. Gen 41:7 And the seven thin ears devoured the seven rank and full ears. And Pharaoh
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awoke, and, behold, it was a dream. Gen 41:8 And it came to pass in the morning that his spirit was troubled; and he sent and called for all the magicians of Egypt, and all the wise men thereof: and Pharaoh told them his dream; but there was none that could interpret them unto Pharaoh. Gen 41:9 Then spake the chief butler unto Pharaoh, saying, AI do remember my faults this day: Gen 41:10 Pharaoh was wroth with his servants, and put me in ward in the captain of the guard=s house, both me and the chief baker: Gen 41:11 And we dreamed a dream in one night, I and he; we dreamed each man according to the interpretation of his dream. Gen 41:12 And there was there with us a young man, an Hebrew, servant to the captain of the guard; and we told him, and he interpreted to us our dreams; to each man according to his dream he did interpret. Gen 41:13 And it came to pass, as he interpreted to us, so it was; me he restored unto mine office, and him he hanged.@ Gen 41:14 Then Pharaoh sent and called Joseph, and they brought him hastily out of the dungeon: and he shaved himself, and changed his raiment, and came in unto Pharaoh. Gen 41:15 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, AI have dreamed a dream, and there is none that can interpret it: and I have heard say of thee, that thou canst understand a dream to interpret it.@ Gen 41:16 And Joseph answered Pharaoh, saying, AIt is not in me: God shall give Pharaoh an answer of peace.@ Gen 41:17 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, AIn my dream, behold, I stood upon the bank of the river: Gen 41:18 And, behold, there came up out of the river seven kine, fatfleshed and well favoured; and they fed in a meadow: Gen 41:19 And, behold, seven other kine came up after them, poor and very ill favoured and leanfleshed, such as I never saw in all the land of Egypt for badness: Gen 41:20 And the lean and the ill favoured kine did eat up the first seven fat kine: Gen 41:21 And when they had eaten them up, it could not be known that they had eaten them; but they were still ill favoured, as at the beginning. So I awoke. Gen 41:22 And I saw in my dream, and, behold, seven ears came up in one stalk, full and good: Gen 41:23 And, behold, seven ears, withered, thin, and blasted with the east wind, sprung up after them: Gen 41:24 And the thin ears devoured the seven good ears: and I told this unto the magicians; but there was none that could declare it to me.@ Gen 41:25 And Joseph said unto Pharaoh, AThe dream of Pharaoh is one: God hath shewed Pharaoh what He is about to do.@ Gen 41:26 The seven good kine are seven years; and the seven good ears are seven years: the dream is one. Gen 41:27 And the seven thin and ill favoured kine that came up after them are seven years; and the seven empty ears blasted with the east wind shall be seven years of famine. Gen 41:28 This is the thing which I have spoken unto Pharaoh: What God is about to do
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He sheweth unto Pharaoh. Gen 41:29 Behold, there come seven years of great plenty throughout all the land of Egypt: Gen 41:30 And there shall arise after them seven years of famine; and all the plenty shall be forgotten in the land of Egypt; and the famine shall consume the land; Gen 41:31 And the plenty shall not be known in the land by reason of that famine following; for it shall be very grievous. Gen 41:32 And for that the dream was doubled unto Pharaoh twice; it is because the thing is established by God, and God will shortly bring it to pass. Gen 41:33 Now therefore let Pharaoh look out a man discreet and wise, and set him over the land of Egypt. Gen 41:34 Let Pharaoh do this, and let him appoint officers over the land, and take up the fifth part of the land of Egypt in the seven plenteous years. Gen 41:35 And let them gather all the food of those good years that come, and lay up corn under the hand of Pharaoh, and let them keep food in the cities. Gen 41:36 And that food shall be for store to the land against the seven years of famine, which shall be in the land of Egypt; that the land perish not through the famine. @ Gen 41:37 And the thing was good in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of all his servants. Gen 41:38 And Pharaoh said unto his servants, ACan we find such a one as this is, a man in whom the Spirit of God is?@ Gen 41:39 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, AForasmuch as God hath shewed thee all this, there is none so discreet and wise as thou art: Gen 41:40 Thou shalt be over my house, and according unto thy word shall all my people be ruled: only in the throne will I be greater than thou.@ Gen 41:41 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, ASee, I have set thee over all the land of Egypt.@ Gen 41:42 And Pharaoh took off his ring from his hand, and put it upon Joseph =s hand, and arrayed him in vestures of fine linen, and put a gold chain about his neck; Gen 41:43 And he made him to ride in the second chariot which he had; and they cried before him, ABow the knee:@ and he made him ruler over all the land of Egypt. Gen 41:44 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, AI am Pharaoh, and without thee shall no man lift up his hand or foot in all the land of Egypt.@ Gen 41:45 And Pharaoh called Joseph =s name Zaphnath-paaneah; and he gave him to wife Asenath the daughter of Poti-pherah priest of On. And Joseph went out over all the land of Egypt.

Joseph Stores Corn to Prepare for Famine in Egypt
Gen 41:46 And Joseph was thirty years old when he stood before Pharaoh king of Egypt. And Joseph went out from the presence of Pharaoh, and went throughout all the land of Egypt. Gen 41:47 And in the seven plenteous years the earth brought forth by handfuls. Gen 41:48 And he gathered up all the food of the seven years, which were in the land of Egypt, and laid up the food in the cities: the food of the field, which was round about every
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city, laid he up in the same. Gen 41:49 And Joseph gathered corn as the sand of the sea, very much, until he left numbering; for it was without number. Gen 41:50 And unto Joseph were born two sons before the years of famine came, which Asenath the daughter of Poti-pherah priest of On bare unto him. Gen 41:51 And Joseph called the name of the firstborn Manasseh: AFor God,@ said he, Ahath made me forget all my toil, and all my father=s house.@ Gen 41:52 And the name of the second called he Ephraim: AFor God hath caused me to be fruitful in the land of my affliction.@ Gen 41:53 And the seven years of plenteousness, that was in the land of Egypt, were ended. Gen 41:54 And the seven years of dearth began to come, according as Joseph had said: and the dearth was in all lands; but in all the land of Egypt there was bread. Gen 41:55 And when all the land of Egypt was famished, the people cried to Pharaoh for bread: and Pharaoh said unto all the Egyptians, AGo unto Joseph; what he saith to you, do.@ Gen 41:56 And the famine was over all the face of the earth: And Joseph opened all the storehouses, and sold unto the Egyptians; and the famine waxed sore in the land of Egypt. Gen 41:57 And all countries came into Egypt to Joseph for to buy corn; because that the famine was so sore in all lands.

Jacob Sends Ten of His Sons to Egypt to Buy Corn
Gen 42:1 Now when Jacob saw that there was corn in Egypt, Jacob said unto his sons, AWhy do ye look one upon another?@ Gen 42:2 And he said, ABehold, I have heard that there is corn in Egypt: get you down thither, and buy for us from thence; that we may live, and not die.@ Gen 42:3 And Joseph=s ten brethren went down to buy corn in Egypt. Gen 42:4 But Benjamin, Joseph=s brother, Jacob sent not with his brethren; for he said, ALest peradventure mischief befall him.@ Gen 42:5 And the sons of Israel came to buy corn among those that came: for the famine was in the land of Canaan. Gen 42:6 And Joseph was the governor over the land, and he it was that sold to all the people of the land: and Joseph=s brethren came, and bowed down themselves before him with their faces to the earth. Gen 42:7 And Joseph saw his brethren, and he knew them, but made himself strange unto them, and spake roughly unto them; and he said unto them, AWhence come ye?@ And they said, AFrom the land of Canaan to buy food.@ Gen 42:8 And Joseph knew his brethren, but they knew not him. Gen 42:9 And Joseph remembered the dreams which he dreamed of them, and said unto them, AYe are spies; to see the nakedness of the land ye are come.@ Gen 42:10 And they said unto him, ANay, my lord, but to buy food are thy servants come. Gen 42:11 We are all one man=s sons; we are true men, thy servants are no spies.@ Gen 42:12 And he said unto them, ANay, but to see the nakedness of the land ye are
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come.@ Gen 42:13 And they said, AThy servants are twelve brethren, the sons of one man in the land of Canaan; and, behold, the youngest is this day with our father, and one is not.@ Gen 42:14 And Joseph said unto them, That is it that I spake unto you, saying, >Ye are spies:= Gen 42:15 Hereby ye shall be proved: By the life of Pharaoh ye shall not go forth hence, except your youngest brother come hither. Gen 42:16 Send one of you, and let him fetch your brother, and ye shall be kept in prison, that your words may be proved, whether there be any truth in you: or else by the life of Pharaoh surely ye are spies.@ Gen 42:17 And he put them all together into ward three days. Gen 42:18 And Joseph said unto them the third day, AThis do, and live; for I fear God: Gen 42:19 If ye be true men, let one of your brethren be bound in the house of your prison: go ye, carry corn for the famine of your houses: Gen 42:20 But bring your youngest brother unto me; so shall your words be verified, and ye shall not die.@ And they did so. Gen 42:21 And they said one to another, AWe are verily guilty concerning our brother, in that we saw the anguish of his soul, when he besought us, and we would not hear; therefore is this distress come upon us.@ Gen 42:22 And Reuben answered them, saying, ASpake I not unto you, saying, >Do not sin against the child= and ye would not hear? therefore, behold, also his blood is required. @ Gen 42:23 And they knew not that Joseph understood them; for he spake unto them by an interpreter. Gen 42:24 And he turned himself about from them, and wept; and returned to them again, and communed with them, and took from them Simeon, and bound him before their eyes. Gen 42:25 Then Joseph commanded to fill their sacks with corn, and to restore every man=s money into his sack, and to give them provision for the way: and thus did he unto them. Gen 42:26 And they laded their asses with the corn, and departed thence. Gen 42:27 And as one of them opened his sack to give his ass provender in the inn, he espied his money; for, behold, it was in his sack=s mouth. Gen 42:28 And he said unto his brethren, AMy money is restored; and, lo, it is even in my sack:@ and their heart failed them, and they were afraid, saying one to another, AWhat is this that God hath done unto us?@ Gen 42:29 And they came unto Jacob their father unto the land of Canaan, and told him all that befell unto them; saying, Gen 42:30 AThe man, who is the lord of the land, spake roughly to us, and took us for spies of the country. Gen 42:31 And we said unto him, >We are true men; we are no spies: Gen 42:32 We be twelve brethren, sons of our father; one is not, and the youngest is this day with our father in the land of Canaan.= Gen 42:33 And the man, the lord of the country, said unto us, >Hereby shall I know that ye are true men; leave one of your brethren here with me, and take food for the famine of your
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households, and be gone: Gen 42:34 And bring your youngest brother unto me: then shall I know that ye are no spies, but that ye are true men: so will I deliver you your brother, and ye shall traffick in the land.=@ Gen 42:35 And it came to pass as they emptied their sacks, that, behold, every man =s bundle of money was in his sack: and when both they and their father saw the bundles of money, they were afraid. Gen 42:36 And Jacob their father said unto them, AMe have ye bereaved of my children: Joseph is not, and Simeon is not, and ye will take Benjamin away: all these things are against me.@ Gen 42:37 And Reuben spake unto his father, saying, ASlay my two sons, if I bring him not to thee: deliver him into my hand, and I will bring him to thee again. @ Gen 42:38 And he said, AMy son shall not go down with you; for his brother is dead, and he is left alone: if mischief befall him by the way in the which ye go, then shall ye bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.@

Jacob Agrees to Let Benjamin Go to Egypt
Gen 43:1 And the famine was sore in the land. Gen 43:2 And it came to pass, when they had eaten up the corn which they had brought out of Egypt, their father said unto them, AGo again, buy us a little food.@ Gen 43:3 And Judah spake unto him, saying, AThe man did solemnly protest unto us, saying, >Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.= Gen 43:4 If thou wilt send our brother with us, we will go down and buy thee food: Gen 43:5 But if thou wilt not send him, we will not go down: for the man said unto us, >Ye shall not see my face, except your brother be with you.=@ Gen 43:6 And Israel said, AWherefore dealt ye so ill with me, as to tell the man whether ye had yet a brother?@ Gen 43:7 And they said, AThe man asked us straitly of our state, and of our kindred, saying, >Is your father yet alive? have ye another brother?= and we told him according to the tenor of these words: could we certainly know that he would say, >Bring your brother down?=@ Gen 43:8 And Judah said unto Israel his father, ASend the lad with me, and we will arise and go; that we may live, and not die, both we, and thou, and also our little ones. Gen 43:9 I will be surety for him; of my hand shalt thou require him: if I bring him not unto thee, and set him before thee, then let me bear the blame for ever: Gen 43:10 For except we had lingered, surely now we had returned this second time.@ Gen 43:11 And their father Israel said unto them, AIf it must be so now, do this; take of the best fruits in the land in your vessels, and carry down the man a present, a little balm, and a little honey, spices, and myrrh, nuts, and almonds: Gen 43:12 And take double money in your hand; and the money that was brought again in the mouth of your sacks, carry it again in your hand; peradventure it was an oversight: Gen 43:13 Take also your brother, and arise, go again unto the man:
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Gen 43:14 And GOD ALMIGHTY give you mercy before the man, that he may send away your other brother, and Benjamin. If I be bereaved of my children, I am bereaved.@ Gen 43:15 And the men took that present, and they took double money in their hand, and Benjamin; and rose up, and went down to Egypt, and stood before Joseph. Gen 43:16 And when Joseph saw Benjamin with them, he said to the ruler of his house, ABring these men home, and slay, and make ready; for these men shall dine with me at noon.@ Gen 43:17 And the man did as Joseph bade; and the man brought the men into Joseph =s house. Gen 43:18 And the men were afraid, because they were brought into Joseph =s house; and they said, ABecause of the money that was returned in our sacks at the first time are we brought in; that he may seek occasion against us, and fall upon us, and take us for bondmen, and our asses.@ Gen 43:19 And they came near to the steward of Joseph =s house, and they communed with him at the door of the house, Gen 43:20 And said, AO sir, we came indeed down at the first time to buy food: Gen 43:21 And it came to pass, when we came to the inn, that we opened our sacks, and, behold, every man=s money was in the mouth of his sack, our money in full weight: and we have brought it again in our hand. Gen 43:22 And other money have we brought down in our hands to buy food: we cannot tell who put our money in our sacks.@ Gen 43:23 And he said, APeace be to you, fear not: your God, and the God of your father, hath given you treasure in your sacks: I had your money.@ And he brought Simeon out unto them. Gen 43:24 And the man brought the men into Joseph =s house, and gave them water, and they washed their feet; and he gave their asses provender. Gen 43:25 And they made ready the present against Joseph came at noon: for they heard that they should eat bread there. Gen 43:26 And when Joseph came home, they brought him the present which was in their hand into the house, and bowed themselves to him to the earth. Gen 43:27 And he asked them of their welfare, and said, AIs your father well, the old man of whom ye spake? Is he yet alive?@ Gen 43:28 And they answered, AThy servant our father is in good health, he is yet alive.@ And they bowed down their heads, and made obeisance. Gen 43:29 And he lifted up his eyes, and saw his brother Benjamin, his mother =s son, and said, AIs this your younger brother, of whom ye spake unto me?@ And he said, AGod be gracious unto thee, my son.@ Gen 43:30 And Joseph made haste; for his bowels did yearn upon his brother: and he sought where to weep; and he entered into his chamber, and wept there. Gen 43:31 And he washed his face, and went out, and refrained himself, and said, ASet on bread.@ Gen 43:32 And they set on for him by himself, and for them by themselves, and for the Egyptians, which did eat with him, by themselves: because the Egyptians might not eat bread with the Hebrews; for that is an abomination unto the Egyptians.
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Gen 43:33 And they sat before him, the firstborn according to his birthright, and the youngest according to his youth: and the men marvelled one at another. Gen 43:34 And he took and sent messes unto them from before him: but Benjamin=s mess was five times so much as any of theirs. And they drank, and were merry with him.

Joseph Puts His Silver Cup in Benjamin =s Sack
Gen 44:1 And he commanded the steward of his house, saying, AFill the men=s sacks with food, as much as they can carry, and put every man=s money in his sack=s mouth. Gen 44:2 And put my cup, the silver cup, in the sack=s mouth of the youngest, and his corn money.@ And he did according to the word that Joseph had spoken. Gen 44:3 As soon as the morning was light, the men were sent away, they and their asses. Gen 44:4 And when they were gone out of the city, and not yet far off, Joseph said unto his steward, AUp, follow after the men; and when thou dost overtake them, say unto them, >Wherefore have ye rewarded evil for good? Gen 44:5 Is not this it in which my lord drinketh, and whereby indeed he divineth? ye have done evil in so doing.=@ Gen 44:6 And he overtook them, and he spake unto them these same words. Gen 44:7 And they said unto him, AWherefore saith my lord these words? God forbid that thy servants should do according to this thing: Gen 44:8 Behold, the money, which we found in our sacks= mouths, we brought again unto thee out of the land of Canaan: how then should we steal out of thy lord=s house silver or gold? Gen 44:9 With whomsoever of thy servants it be found, both let him die, and we also will be my lord=s bondmen.@ Gen 44:10 And he said, ANow also let it be according unto your words: he with whom it is found shall be my servant; and ye shall be blameless.@ Gen 44:11 Then they speedily took down every man his sack to the ground, and opened every man his sack. Gen 44:12 And he searched, and began at the eldest, and left at the youngest: and the cup was found in Benjamin=s sack. Gen 44:13 Then they rent their clothes, and laded every man his ass, and returned to the city. Gen 44:14 And Judah and his brethren came to Joseph =s house; for he was yet there: and they fell before him on the ground. Gen 44:15 And Joseph said unto them, AWhat deed is this that ye have done? wot ye not that such a man as I can certainly divine?@ Gen 44:16 And Judah said, AWhat shall we say unto my lord? what shall we speak? or how shall we clear ourselves? God hath found out the iniquity of thy servants: behold, we are my lord=s servants, both we, and he also with whom the cup is found.@ Gen 44:17 And he said, AGod forbid that I should do so: but the man in whose hand the cup is found, he shall be my servant; and as for you, get you up in peace unto your father.@ Gen 44:18 Then Judah came near unto him, and said, AOh my lord, let thy servant, I pray
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thee, speak a word in my lord=s ears, and let not thine anger burn against thy servant: for thou art even as Pharaoh. Gen 44:19 My lord asked his servants, saying, >Have ye a father, or a brother?= Gen 44:20 And we said unto my lord, >We have a father, an old man, and a child of his old age, a little one; and his brother is dead, and he alone is left of his mother, and his father loveth him.= Gen 44:21 And thou saidst unto thy servants, >Bring him down unto me, that I may set mine eyes upon him.= Gen 44:22 And we said unto my lord, >The lad cannot leave his father: for if he should leave his father, his father would die.= Gen 44:23 And thou saidst unto thy servants, >Except your youngest brother come down with you, ye shall see my face no more.= Gen 44:24 And it came to pass when we came up unto thy servant my father, we told him the words of my lord. Gen 44:25 And our father said, >Go again, and buy us a little food.= Gen 44:26 And we said, >We cannot go down: if our youngest brother be with us, then will we go down: for we may not see the man=s face, except our youngest brother be with us.= Gen 44:27 And thy servant my father said unto us, >Ye know that my wife bare me two sons: Gen 44:28 And the one went out from me, and I said, >Surely he is torn in pieces;= and I saw him not since: Gen 44:29 And if ye take this also from me, and mischief befall him, ye shall bring down my gray hairs with sorrow to the grave.= Gen 44:30 Now therefore when I come to thy servant my father, and the lad be not with us; seeing that his life is bound up in the lad=s life; Gen 44:31 It shall come to pass, when he seeth that the lad is not with us, that he will die: and thy servants shall bring down the gray hairs of thy servant our father with sorrow to the grave. Gen 44:32 For thy servant became surety for the lad unto my father, saying, >If I bring him not unto thee, then I shall bear the blame to my father for ever.= Gen 44:33 Now therefore, I pray thee, let thy servant abide instead of the lad a bondman to my lord; and let the lad go up with his brethren. Gen 44:34 For how shall I go up to my father, and the lad be not with me? lest peradventure I see the evil that shall come on my father.=@

Joseph Reveals His Identity to His Brothers
Gen 45:1 Then Joseph could not refrain himself before all them that stood by him; and he cried, ACause every man to go out from me.@ And there stood no man with him, while Joseph made himself known unto his brethren. Gen 45:2 And he wept aloud: and the Egyptians and the house of Pharaoh heard. Gen 45:3 And Joseph said unto his brethren, AI am Joseph; doth my father yet live?@ And
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his brethren could not answer him; for they were troubled at his presence. Gen 45:4 And Joseph said unto his brethren, ACome near to me, I pray you.@ And they came near. And he said, AI am Joseph your brother, whom ye sold into Egypt. Gen 45:5 Now therefore be not grieved, nor angry with yourselves, that ye sold me hither: for God did send me before you to preserve life. Gen 45:6 For these two years hath the famine been in the land: and yet there are five years, in the which there shall neither be earing nor harvest. Gen 45:7 And God sent me before you to preserve you a posterity in the earth, and to save your lives by a great deliverance. Gen 45:8 So now it was not you that sent me hither, but God: and He hath made me a father to Pharaoh, and lord of all his house, and a ruler throughout all the land of Egypt. Gen 45:9 Haste ye, and go up to my father, and say unto him, >Thus saith thy son Joseph, God hath made me lord of all Egypt: come down unto me, tarry not: Gen 45:10 And thou shalt dwell in the land of Goshen, and thou shalt be near unto me, thou, and thy children, and thy children=s children, and thy flocks, and thy herds, and all that thou hast: Gen 45:11 And there will I nourish thee; for yet there are five years of famine; lest thou, and thy household, and all that thou hast, come to poverty. Gen 45:12 And, behold, your eyes see, and the eyes of my brother Benjamin, that it is my mouth that speaketh unto you. Gen 45:13 And ye shall tell my father of all my glory in Egypt, and of all that ye have seen; and ye shall haste and bring down my father hither.@ Gen 45:14 And he fell upon his brother Benjamin =s neck, and wept; and Benjamin wept upon his neck. Gen 45:15 Moreover he kissed all his brethren, and wept upon them: and after that his brethren talked with him. Gen 45:16 And the fame thereof was heard in Pharaoh =s house, saying, AJoseph=s brethren are come:@ and it pleased Pharaoh well, and his servants. Gen 45:17 And Pharaoh said unto Joseph, ASay unto thy brethren, >This do ye; lade your beasts, and go, get you unto the land of Canaan; Gen 45:18 And take your father and your households, and come unto me: and I will give you the good of the land of Egypt, and ye shall eat the fat of the land. = Gen 45:19 Now thou art commanded, this do ye; take you wagons out of the land of Egypt for your little ones, and for your wives, and bring your father, and come. Gen 45:20 Also regard not your stuff; for the good of all the land of Egypt is yours.=@ Gen 45:21 And the children of Israel did so: and Joseph gave them wagons, according to the commandment of Pharaoh, and gave them provision for the way. Gen 45:22 To all of them he gave each man changes of raiment; but to Benjamin he gave three hundred pieces of silver, and five changes of raiment. Gen 45:23 And to his father he sent after this manner; ten asses laden with the good things of Egypt, and ten she asses laden with corn and bread and meat for his father by the way. Gen 45:24 So he sent his brethren away, and they departed: and he said unto them, ASee that ye fall not out by the way.@
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Gen 45:25 And they went up out of Egypt, and came into the land of Canaan unto Jacob their father, Gen 45:26 And told him, saying, AJoseph is yet alive, and he is governor over all the land of Egypt.@ And Jacob=s heart fainted, for he believed them not. Gen 45:27 And they told him all the words of Joseph, which he had said unto them: and when he saw the wagons which Joseph had sent to carry him, the spirit of Jacob their father revived: Gen 45:28 And Israel said, AIt is enough; Joseph my son is yet alive: I will go and see him before I die.@

Jacob and His Sons Settle in Goshen
Gen 46:1 And Israel took his journey with all that he had, and came to Beer-sheba, and offered sacrifices unto the God of his father Isaac. Gen 46:2 And God spake unto Israel in the visions of the night, and said, AJacob, Jacob.@ And he said, AHere am I.@ Gen 46:3 And He said, AI am GOD, the God of thy father: fear not to go down into Egypt; for I will there make of thee a great nation: Gen 46:4 I will go down with thee into Egypt; and I will also surely bring thee up again: and Joseph shall put his hand upon thine eyes.@ Gen 46:5 And Jacob rose up from Beer-sheba: and the sons of Israel carried Jacob their father, and their little ones, and their wives, in the wagons which Pharaoh had sent to carry him. Gen 46:6 And they took their cattle, and their goods, which they had gotten in the land of Canaan, and came into Egypt, Jacob, and all his seed with him: Gen 46:7 His sons, and his sons= sons with him, his daughters, and his sons= daughters, and all his seed brought he with him into Egypt. Gen 46:8 And these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt, Jacob and his sons: Reuben, Jacob=s firstborn. Gen 46:9 And the sons of Reuben; Hanoch, and Phallu, and Hezron, and Carmi. Gen 46:10 And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar, and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman. Gen 46:11 And the sons of Levi; Gershon, Kohath, and Merari. Gen 46:12 And the sons of Judah; Er, and Onan, and Shelah, and Pharez, and Zerah: but Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. And the sons of Pharez were Hezron and Hamul. Gen 46:13 And the sons of Issachar; Tola, and Phuvah, and Job, and Shimron. Gen 46:14 And the sons of Zebulun; Sered, and Elon, and Jahleel. Gen 46:15 These be the sons of Leah, which she bare unto Jacob in Padan-aram, with his daughter Dinah: all the souls of his sons and his daughters were thirty and three. Gen 46:16 And the sons of Gad; Ziphion, and Haggi, Shuni, and Ezbon, Eri, and Arodi, and Areli. Gen 46:17 And the sons of Asher; Jimnah, and Ishuah, and Isui, and Beriah, and Serah their sister: and the sons of Beriah; Heber, and Malchiel. Gen 46:18 These are the sons of Zilpah, whom Laban gave to Leah his daughter, and
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these she bare unto Jacob, even sixteen souls. Gen 46:19 The sons of Rachel Jacob=s wife; Joseph, and Benjamin. Gen 46:20 And unto Joseph in the land of Egypt were born Manasseh and Ephraim, which Asenath the daughter of Poti-pherah priest of On bare unto him. Gen 46:21 And the sons of Benjamin were Belah, and Becher, and Ashbel, Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and Rosh, Muppim, and Huppim, and Ard. Gen 46:22 These are the sons of Rachel, which were born to Jacob: all the souls were fourteen. Gen 46:23 And the sons of Dan; Hushim. Gen 46:24 And the sons of Naphtali; Jahzeel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shillem. Gen 46:25 These are the sons of Bilhah, which Laban gave unto Rachel his daughter, and she bare these unto Jacob: all the souls were seven. Gen 46:26 All the souls that came with Jacob into Egypt, which came out of his loins, besides Jacob=s sons= wives, all the souls were threescore and six; Gen 46:27 And the sons of Joseph, which were born him in Egypt, were two souls: all the souls of the house of Jacob, which came into Egypt, were threescore and ten. Gen 46:28 And he sent Judah before him unto Joseph, to direct his face unto Goshen; and they came into the land of Goshen. Gen 46:29 And Joseph made ready his chariot, and went up to meet Israel his father, to Goshen, and presented himself unto him; and he fell on his neck, and wept on his neck a good while. Gen 46:30 And Israel said unto Joseph, ANow let me die, since I have seen thy face, because thou art yet alive.@ Gen 46:31 And Joseph said unto his brethren, and unto his father =s house, AI will go up, and shew Pharaoh, and say unto him, >My brethren, and my father=s house, which were in the land of Canaan, are come unto me; Gen 46:32 And the men are shepherds, for their trade hath been to feed cattle; and they have brought their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have.= Gen 46:33 And it shall come to pass, when Pharaoh shall call you, and shall say, >What is your occupation?= Gen 46:34 That ye shall say, >Thy servants= trade hath been about cattle from our youth even until now, both we, and also our fathers:= that ye may dwell in the land of Goshen; for every shepherd is an abomination unto the Egyptians.@

Pharaoh Tells Jacob and His Sons to Dwell in Goshen
Gen 47:1 Then Joseph came and told Pharaoh, and said, AMy father and my brethren, and their flocks, and their herds, and all that they have, are come out of the land of Canaan; and, behold, they are in the land of Goshen.@ Gen 47:2 And he took some of his brethren, even five men, and presented them unto Pharaoh. Gen 47:3 And Pharaoh said unto his brethren, AWhat is your occupation?@ And they said unto Pharaoh, >Thy servants are shepherds, both we, and also our fathers.= Gen 47:4 They said moreover unto Pharaoh, AFor to sojourn in the land are we come; for
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thy servants have no pasture for their flocks; for the famine is sore in the land of Canaan: now therefore, we pray thee, let thy servants dwell in the land of Goshen. =@ Gen 47:5 And Pharaoh spake unto Joseph, saying, AThy father and thy brethren are come unto thee: Gen 47:6 The land of Egypt is before thee; in the best of the land make thy father and brethren to dwell; in the land of Goshen let them dwell: and if thou knowest any men of activity among them, then make them rulers over my cattle.@ Gen 47:7 And Joseph brought in Jacob his father, and set him before Pharaoh: and Jacob blessed Pharaoh. Gen 47:8 And Pharaoh said unto Jacob, AHow old art thou?@ Gen 47:9 And Jacob said unto Pharaoh, AThe days of the years of my pilgrimage are an hundred and thirty years: few and evil have the days of the years of my life been, and have not attained unto the days of the years of the life of my fathers in the days of their pilgrimage.@ Gen 47:10 And Jacob blessed Pharaoh, and went out from before Pharaoh. Gen 47:11 And Joseph placed his father and his brethren, and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, in the land of Rameses, as Pharaoh had commanded. Gen 47:12 And Joseph nourished his father, and his brethren, and all his father =s household, with bread, according to their families. Gen 47:13 And there was no bread in all the land; for the famine was very sore, so that the land of Egypt and all the land of Canaan fainted by reason of the famine. Gen 47:14 And Joseph gathered up all the money that was found in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, for the corn which they bought: and Joseph brought the money into Pharaoh=s house. Gen 47:15 And when money failed in the land of Egypt, and in the land of Canaan, all the Egyptians came unto Joseph, and said, AGive us bread: for why should we die in thy presence? for the money faileth.@ Gen 47:16 And Joseph said, AGive your cattle; and I will give you for your cattle, if money fail.@ Gen 47:17 And they brought their cattle unto Joseph: and Joseph gave them bread in exchange for horses, and for the flocks, and for the cattle of the herds, and for the asses: and he fed them with bread for all their cattle for that year. Gen 47:18 When that year was ended, they came unto him the second year, and said unto him, AWe will not hide it from my lord, how that our money is spent; my lord also hath our herds of cattle; there is not ought left in the sight of my lord, but our bodies, and our lands: Gen 47:19 Wherefore shall we die before thine eyes, both we and our land? buy us and our land for bread, and we and our land will be servants unto Pharaoh: and give us seed, that we may live, and not die, that the land be not desolate.@ Gen 47:20 And Joseph bought all the land of Egypt for Pharaoh; for the Egyptians sold every man his field, because the famine prevailed over them: so the land became Pharaoh =s. Gen 47:21 And as for the people, he removed them to cities from one end of the borders of Egypt even to the other end thereof. Gen 47:22 Only the land of the priests bought he not; for the priests had a portion
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assigned them of Pharaoh, and did eat their portion which Pharaoh gave them: wherefore they sold not their lands. Gen 47:23 Then Joseph said unto the people, ABehold, I have bought you this day and your land for Pharaoh: lo, here is seed for you, and ye shall sow the land. Gen 47:24 And it shall come to pass in the increase, that ye shall give the fifth part unto Pharaoh, and four parts shall be your own, for seed of the field, and for your food, and for them of your households, and for food for your little ones.@ Gen 47:25 And they said, AThou hast saved our lives: let us find grace in the sight of my lord, and we will be Pharaoh=s servants.@ Gen 47:26 And Joseph made it a law over the land of Egypt unto this day, that Pharaoh should have the fifth part; except the land of the priests only, which became not Pharaoh=s. Gen 47:27 And Israel dwelt in the land of Egypt, in the country of Goshen; and they had possessions therein, and grew, and multiplied exceedingly. Gen 47:28 And Jacob lived in the land of Egypt seventeen years: so the whole age of Jacob was an hundred forty and seven years. Gen 47:29 And the time drew nigh that Israel must die: and he called his son Joseph, and said unto him, AIf now I have found grace in thy sight, put, I pray thee, thy hand under my thigh, and deal kindly and truly with me; bury me not, I pray thee, in Egypt: Gen 47:30 But I will lie with my fathers, and thou shalt carry me out of Egypt, and bury me in their buryingplace.@ And he said, AI will do as thou hast said.@ Gen 47:31 And he said, ASwear unto me.@ And he sware unto him. And Israel bowed himself upon the bed=s head.

Jacob Blesses Ephraim and Manasseh
Gen 48:1 And it came to pass after these things, that one told Joseph, ABehold, thy father is sick:@ and he took with him his two sons, Manasseh and Ephraim. Gen 48:2 And one told Jacob, and said, ABehold, thy son Joseph cometh unto thee:@ and Israel strengthened himself, and sat upon the bed. Gen 48:3 And Jacob said unto Joseph, AGod Almighty appeared unto me at Luz in the land of Canaan, and blessed me, Gen 48:4 And said unto me, >Behold, I will make thee fruitful, and multiply thee, and I will make of thee a multitude of people; and will give this land to thy seed after thee for an everlasting possession.= Gen 48:5 And now thy two sons, Ephraim and Manasseh, which were born unto thee in the land of Egypt before I came unto thee into Egypt, are mine; as Reuben and Simeon, they shall be mine. Gen 48:6 And thy issue, which thou begettest after them, shall be thine, and shall be called after the name of their brethren in their inheritance. Gen 48:7 And as for me, when I came from Padan, Rachel died by me in the land of Canaan in the way, when yet there was but a little way to come unto Ephrath: and I buried her there in the way of Ephrath; the same is Beth-lehem.@ Gen 48:8 And Israel beheld Joseph=s sons, and said, AWho are these?@ Gen 48:9 And Joseph said unto his father, AThey are my sons, whom God hath given me in
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this place.@ And he said, ABring them, I pray thee, unto me, and I will bless them.@ Gen 48:10 Now the eyes of Israel were dim for age, so that he could not see. And he brought them near unto him; and he kissed them, and embraced them. Gen 48:11 And Israel said unto Joseph, AI had not thought to see thy face: and, lo, God hath shewed me also thy seed.@ Gen 48:12 And Joseph brought them out from between his knees, and he bowed himself with his face to the earth. Gen 48:13 And Joseph took them both, Ephraim in his right hand toward Israel =s left hand, and Manasseh in his left hand toward Israel =s right hand, and brought them near unto him. Gen 48:14 And Israel stretched out his right hand, and laid it upon Ephraim=s head, who was the younger, and his left hand upon Manasseh=s head, guiding his hands wittingly; for Manasseh was the firstborn. Gen 48:15 And he blessed Joseph, and said, AGod, before Whom my fathers Abraham and Isaac did walk, the God Which fed me all my life long unto this day, Gen 48:16 The Angel Which redeemed me from all evil, bless the lads; and let my name be named on them, and the name of my fathers Abraham and Isaac; and let them grow into a multitude in the midst of the earth.@ Gen 48:17 And when Joseph saw that his father laid his right hand upon the head of Ephraim, it displeased him: and he held up his father =s hand, to remove it from Ephraim=s head unto Manasseh=s head. Gen 48:18 And Joseph said unto his father, ANot so, my father: for this is the firstborn; put thy right hand upon his head.@ Gen 48:19 And his father refused, and said, AI know it, my son, I know it: he also shall become a people, and he also shall be great: but truly his younger brother shall be greater than he, and his seed shall become a multitude of nations.@ Gen 48:20 And he blessed them that day, saying, AIn thee shall Israel bless, saying, >God make thee as Ephraim and as Manasseh:=@ and he set Ephraim before Manasseh. Gen 48:21 And Israel said unto Joseph, ABehold, I die: but God shall be with you, and bring you again unto the land of your fathers. Gen 48:22 Moreover I have given to thee one portion above thy brethren, which I took out of the hand of the Amorite with my sword and with my bow.@

Jacob Tells His Sons What Will Befall Them in the Last Days
Gen 49:1 And Jacob called unto his sons, and said, AGather yourselves together, that I may tell you that which shall befall you in the last days. Gen 49:2 Gather yourselves together, and hear, ye sons of Jacob; and hearken unto Israel your father. Gen 49:3 Reuben, thou art my firstborn, my might, and the beginning of my strength, the excellency of dignity, and the excellency of power: Gen 49:4 Unstable as water, thou shalt not excel; because thou wentest up to thy father =s bed; then defiledst thou it: he went up to my couch.
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Gen 49:5 Simeon and Levi are brethren; instruments of cruelty are in their habitations. Gen 49:6 O my soul, come not thou into their secret; unto their assembly, mine honour, be not thou united: for in their anger they slew a man, and in their selfwill they digged down a wall. Gen 49:7 Cursed be their anger, for it was fierce; and their wrath, for it was cruel: I will divide them in Jacob, and scatter them in Israel. Gen 49:8 Judah, thou art he whom thy brethren shall praise: thy hand shall be in the neck of thine enemies; thy father=s children shall bow down before thee. Gen 49:9 Judah is a lion=s whelp: from the prey, my son, thou art gone up: he stooped down, he couched as a lion, and as an old lion; who shall rouse him up? Gen 49:10 The sceptre shall not depart from Judah, nor a lawgiver from between his feet, until Shiloh come; and unto Him shall the gathering of the people be. Gen 49:11 Binding his foal unto the vine, and his ass=s colt unto the choice vine; he washed his garments in wine, and his clothes in the blood of grapes: Gen 49:12 His eyes shall be red with wine, and his teeth white with milk. Gen 49:13 Zebulun shall dwell at the haven of the sea; and he shall be for an haven of ships; and his border shall be unto Zidon. Gen 49:14 Issachar is a strong ass couching down between two burdens: Gen 49:15 And he saw that rest was good, and the land that it was pleasant; and bowed his shoulder to bear, and became a servant unto tribute. Gen 49:16 Dan shall judge his people, as one of the tribes of Israel. Gen 49:17 Dan shall be a serpent by the way, an adder in the path, that biteth the horse heels, so that his rider shall fall backward. Gen 49:18 I have waited for thy salvation, O LORD. Gen 49:19 Gad, a troop shall overcome him: but he shall overcome at the last. Gen 49:20 Out of Asher his bread shall be fat, and he shall yield royal dainties. Gen 49:21 Naphtali is a hind let loose: he giveth goodly words. Gen 49:22 Joseph is a fruitful bough, even a fruitful bough by a well; whose branches run over the wall: Gen 49:23 The archers have sorely grieved him, and shot at him, and hated him: Gen 49:24 But his bow abode in strength, and the arms of his hands were made strong by the hands of the mighty God of Jacob; (from thence is the Shepherd, the Stone of Israel:) Gen 49:25 Even by the GOD of thy father, who shall help thee; and by the ALMIGHTY, Who shall bless thee with blessings of heaven above, blessings of the deep that lieth under, blessings of the breasts, and of the womb: Gen 49:26 The blessings of thy father have prevailed above the blessings of my progenitors unto the utmost bound of the everlasting hills: they shall be on the head of Joseph, and on the crown of the head of him that was separate from his brethren. Gen 49:27 Benjamin shall ravin as a wolf: in the morning he shall devour the prey, and at night he shall divide the spoil.@ Gen 49:28 All these are the twelve tribes of Israel: and this is it that their father spake unto them, and blessed them; every one according to his blessing he blessed them. Gen 49:29 And he charged them, and said unto them, AI am to be gathered unto my people: bury me with my fathers in the cave that is in the field of Ephron the Hittite,
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Gen 49:30 In the cave that is in the field of Machpelah, which is before Mamre, in the land of Canaan, which Abraham bought with the field of Ephron the Hittite for a possession of a buryingplace. Gen 49:31 There they buried Abraham and Sarah his wife; there they buried Isaac and Rebekah his wife; and there I buried Leah. Gen 49:32 The purchase of the field and of the cave that is therein was from the children of Heth.@ Gen 49:33 And when Jacob had made an end of commanding his sons, he gathered up his feet into the bed, and yielded up the ghost, and was gathered unto his people.

Jacob Dies in Egypt and Is Buried in Cave in the Field of Machpelah
Gen 50:1 And Joseph fell upon his father=s face, and wept upon him, and kissed him. Gen 50:2 And Joseph commanded his servants the physicians to embalm his father: and the physicians embalmed Israel. Gen 50:3 And forty days were fulfilled for him; (for so are fulfilled the days of those which are embalmed): and the Egyptians mourned for him threescore and ten days. Gen 50:4 And when the days of his mourning were past, Joseph spake unto the house of Pharaoh, saying, AIf now I have found grace in your eyes, speak, I pray you, in the ears of Pharaoh, saying, Gen 50:5 >My father made me swear, saying, >Lo, I die: in my grave which I have digged for me in the land of Canaan, there shalt thou bury me.= Now therefore let me go up, I pray thee, and bury my father, and I will come again.=@ Gen 50:6 And Pharaoh said, AGo up, and bury thy father, according as he made thee swear.@ Gen 50:7 And Joseph went up to bury his father: and with him went up all the servants of Pharaoh, the elders of his house, and all the elders of the land of Egypt, Gen 50:8 And all the house of Joseph, and his brethren, and his father =s house: (only their little ones, and their flocks, and their herds, they left in the land of Goshen). Gen 50:9 And there went up with him both chariots and horsemen: and it was a very great company. Gen 50:10 And they came to the threshingfloor of Atad, which is beyond Jordan, and there they mourned with a great and very sore lamentation: and he made a mourning for his father seven days. Gen 50:11 And when the inhabitants of the land, the Canaanites, saw the mourning in the floor of Atad, they said, AThis is a grievous mourning to the Egyptians: wherefore the name of it was called Abel-mizraim,@ which is beyond Jordan. Gen 50:12 And his sons did unto him according as he commanded them: Gen 50:13 For his sons carried him into the land of Canaan, and buried him in the cave of the field of Machpelah, which Abraham bought with the field for a possession of a buryingplace of Ephron the Hittite, before Mamre. Gen 50:14 And Joseph returned into Egypt, he, and his brethren, and all that went up with him to bury his father, after he had buried his father.
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Gen 50:15 And when Joseph=s brethren saw that their father was dead, they said, AJoseph will peradventure hate us, and will certainly requite us all the evil which we did unto him. @ Gen 50:16 And they sent a messenger unto Joseph, saying, AThy father did command before he died, saying, Gen 50:17 >So shall ye say unto Joseph, >Forgive, I pray thee now, the trespass of thy brethren, and their sin; for they did unto thee evil:=@ and now, we pray thee, forgive the trespass of the servants of the God of thy father.@ And Joseph wept when they spake unto him. Gen 50:18 And his brethren also went and fell down before his face; and they said, ABehold, we be thy servants.@ Gen 50:19 And Joseph said unto them, AFear not: for am I in the place of God? Gen 50:20 But as for you, ye thought evil against me; but God meant it unto good, to bring to pass, as it is this day, to save much people alive. Gen 50:21 Now therefore fear ye not: I will nourish you, and your little ones. @ And he comforted them, and spake kindly unto them. Gen 50:22 And Joseph dwelt in Egypt, he, and his father =s house: and Joseph lived an hundred and ten years. Gen 50:23 And Joseph saw Ephraim=s children of the third generation: the children also of Machir the son of Manasseh were brought up upon Joseph =s knees. Gen 50:24 And Joseph said unto his brethren, AI die: and God will surely visit you, and bring you out of this land unto the land which He sware to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob. @ Gen 50:25 And Joseph took an oath of the children of Israel, saying, AGod will surely visit you, and ye shall carry up my bones from hence.@ Gen 50:26 So Joseph died, being an hundred and ten years old: and they embalmed him, and he was put in a coffin in Egypt.

Israelites Who Came Into Egypt
Exo 1:1 Now these are the names of the children of Israel, which came into Egypt; every man and his household came with Jacob. Exo 1:2 Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah, Exo 1:3 Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin, Exo 1:4 Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher. Exo 1:5 And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already. Exo 1:6 And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation. Exo 1:7 And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them. Exo 1:8 Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph. Exo 1:9 And he said unto his people, ABehold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we: Exo 1:10 Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us,
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and so get them up out of the land.@ Exo 1:11 Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens. And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses. Exo 1:12 But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel. Exo 1:13 And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour: Exo 1:14 And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour. Exo 1:15 And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah: Exo 1:16 And he said, AWhen ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon the stools; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it be a daughter, then she shall live.@ Exo 1:17 But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive. Exo 1:18 And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said unto them, AWhy have ye done this thing, and have saved the men children alive?@ Exo 1:19 And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, ABecause the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered ere the midwives come in unto them.@ Exo 1:20 Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty. Exo 1:21 And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that He made them houses. Exo 1:22 And Pharaoh charged all his people, saying, AEvery son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive.@

Early Days of Moses
Moses Born and Raised in Egypt, Smites an Egyptian Flees to Midian
Exo 2:1 And there went a man of the house of Levi, and took to wife a daughter of Levi. Exo 2:2 And the woman conceived, and bare a son: and when she saw him that he was a goodly child, she hid him three months. Exo 2:3 And when she could not longer hide him, she took for him an ark of bulrushes, and daubed it with slime and with pitch, and put the child therein; and she laid it in the flags by the river=s brink. Exo 2:4 And his sister stood afar off, to wit what would be done to him. Exo 2:5 And the daughter of Pharaoh came down to wash herself at the river; and her maidens walked along by the river=s side; and when she saw the ark among the flags, she sent her maid to fetch it. Exo 2:6 And when she had opened it, she saw the child: and, behold, the babe wept. And
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she had compassion on him, and said, AThis is one of the Hebrews= children.@ Exo 2:7 Then said his sister to Pharaoh =s daughter, AShall I go and call to thee a nurse of the Hebrew women, that she may nurse the child for thee?@ Exo 2:8 And Pharaoh=s daughter said to her, AGo.@ And the maid went and called the child=s mother. Exo 2:9 And Pharaoh=s daughter said unto her, ATake this child away, and nurse it for me, and I will give thee thy wages.@ And the woman took the child, and nursed it. Exo 2:10 And the child grew, and she brought him unto Pharaoh=s daughter, and he became her son. And she called his name Moses: and she said, ABecause I drew him out of the water.@ Exo 2:11 And it came to pass in those days, when Moses was grown, that he went out unto his brethren, and looked on their burdens: and he spied an Egyptian smiting an Hebrew, one of his brethren. Exo 2:12 And he looked this way and that way, and when he saw that there was no man, he slew the Egyptian, and hid him in the sand. Exo 2:13 And when he went out the second day, behold, two men of the Hebrews strove together: and he said to him that did the wrong, AWherefore smitest thou thy fellow?@ Exo 2:14 And he said, AWho made thee a prince and a judge over us? intendest thou to kill me, as thou killedst the Egyptian?@ And Moses feared, and said, ASurely this thing is known.@ Exo 2:15 Now when Pharaoh heard this thing, he sought to slay Moses. But Moses fled from the face of Pharaoh, and dwelt in the land of Midian: and he sat down by a well. Exo 2:16 Now the priest of Midian had seven daughters: and they came and drew water, and filled the troughs to water their father=s flock. Exo 2:17 And the shepherds came and drove them away: but Moses stood up and helped them, and watered their flock. Exo 2:18 And when they came to Reuel their father, he said, AHow is it that ye are come so soon to day?@ Exo 2:19 And they said, AAn Egyptian delivered us out of the hand of the shepherds, and also drew water enough for us, and watered the flock.@ Exo 2:20 And he said unto his daughters, AAnd where is he? why is it that ye have left the man? call him, that he may eat bread.@ Exo 2:21 And Moses was content to dwell with the man: and he gave Moses Zipporah his daughter. Exo 2:22 And she bare him a son, and he called his name Gershom: for he said, AI have been a stranger in a strange land.@ Exo 2:23 And it came to pass in process of time, that the king of Egypt died: and the children of Israel sighed by reason of the bondage, and they cried, and their cry came up unto God by reason of the bondage. Exo 2:24 And God heard their groaning, and God remembered His covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob. Exo 2:25 And God looked upon the children of Israel, and God had respect unto them.

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Yahveh Appears to Moses in Burning Bush and Instructs Him to Go to Egypt
Exo 3:1 Now Moses kept the flock of Jethro his father in law, the priest of Midian: and he led the flock to the backside of the desert, and came to the mountain of God, even to Horeb. Exo 3:2 And the Angel of the LORD appeared unto him in a flame of fire out of the midst of a bush: and he looked, and, behold, the bush burned with fire, and the bush was not consumed. Exo 3:3 And Moses said, AI will now turn aside, and see this great sight, why the bush is not burnt.@ Exo 3:4 And when the LORD saw that he turned aside to see, God called unto him out of the midst of the bush, and said, AMoses, Moses.@ And he said, AHere am I.@ Exo 3:5 And He said, ADraw not nigh hither: put off thy shoes from off thy feet, for the place whereon thou standest is holy ground.@ Exo 3:6 Moreover He said, AI am the God of thy father, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.@ And Moses hid his face; for he was afraid to look upon God. Exo 3:7 And the LORD said, AI have surely seen the affliction of My people which are in Egypt, and have heard their cry by reason of their taskmasters; for I know their sorrows; Exo 3:8 And I am come down to deliver them out of the hand of the Egyptians, and to bring them up out of that land unto a good land and a large, unto a land flowing with milk and honey; unto the place of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites. Exo 3:9 Now therefore, behold, the cry of the children of Israel is come unto Me: and I have also seen the oppression wherewith the Egyptians oppress them. Exo 3:10 Come now therefore, and I will send thee unto Pharaoh, that thou mayest bring forth my people the children of Israel out of Egypt.@ Exo 3:11 And Moses said unto God, AWho am I, that I should go unto Pharaoh, and that I should bring forth the children of Israel out of Egypt? @ Exo 3:12 And He said, ACertainly I will be with thee; and this shall be a token unto thee, that I have sent thee: When thou hast brought forth the people out of Egypt, ye shall serve God upon this mountain.@ Exo 3:13 And Moses said unto God, ABehold, when I come unto the children of Israel, and shall say unto them, >The God of your fathers hath sent me unto you;= and they shall say to me, >What is His name? what shall I say unto them?@ Exo 3:14 And God said unto Moses, AI AM THAT I AM:@ and He said, AThus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, >I AM hath sent me unto you.=@ Exo 3:15 And God said moreover unto Moses, AThus shalt thou say unto the children of Israel, >The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath sent me unto you:= this is My name for ever, and this is My memorial unto all generations. Exo 3:16 Go, and gather the elders of Israel together, and say unto them, >The LORD God of your fathers, the God of Abraham, of Isaac, and of Jacob, appeared unto me, saying, >I have surely visited you, and seen that which is done to you in Egypt:
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Exo 3:17 And I have said, I will bring you up out of the affliction of Egypt unto the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, unto a land flowing with milk and honey.= = = Exo 3:18 And they shall hearken to thy voice: and thou shalt come, thou and the elders of Israel, unto the king of Egypt, and ye shall say unto him, >The LORD God of the Hebrews hath met with us: and now let us go, we beseech thee, three days= journey into the wilderness, that we may sacrifice to the LORD our God.= Exo 3:19 And I am sure that the king of Egypt will not let you go, no, not by a mighty hand. Exo 3:20 And I will stretch out My hand, and smite Egypt with all My wonders which I will do in the midst thereof: and after that he will let you go. Exo 3:21 And I will give this people favour in the sight of the Egyptians: and it shall come to pass, that, when ye go, ye shall not go empty: Exo 3:22 But every woman shall borrow of her neighbour, and of her that sojourneth in her house, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: and ye shall put them upon your sons, and upon your daughters; and ye shall spoil the Egyptians. @

Moses Answers Yahveh and Receives Further Instruction
Exo 4:1 And Moses answered and said, ABut, behold, they will not believe me, nor hearken unto my voice: for they will say, >The LORD hath not appeared unto thee.=@ Exo 4:2 And the LORD said unto him, AWhat is that in thine hand?@ And he said, AA rod.@ Exo 4:3 And He said, ACast it on the ground.@ And he cast it on the ground, and it became a serpent; and Moses fled from before it. Exo 4:4 And the LORD said unto Moses, APut forth thine hand, and take it by the tail.@ And he put forth his hand, and caught it, and it became a rod in his hand: Exo 4:5 That they may believe that the LORD God of their fathers, the God of Abraham, the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob, hath appeared unto thee.@ Exo 4:6 And the LORD said furthermore unto him, APut now thine hand into thy bosom.@ And he put his hand into his bosom: and when he took it out, behold, his hand was leprous as snow. Exo 4:7 And He said, APut thine hand into thy bosom again.@ And he put his hand into his bosom again; and plucked it out of his bosom, and, behold, it was turned again as his other flesh. Exo 4:8 And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe thee, neither hearken to the voice of the first sign, that they will believe the voice of the latter sign. Exo 4:9 And it shall come to pass, if they will not believe also these two signs, neither hearken unto thy voice, that thou shalt take of the water of the river, and pour it upon the dry land: and the water which thou takest out of the river shall become blood upon the dry land.@ Exo 4:10 And Moses said unto the LORD, AO my Lord, I am not eloquent, neither heretofore, nor since Thou hast spoken unto Thy servant: but I am slow of speech, and of a slow tongue.@ Exo 4:11 And the LORD said unto him, AWho hath made man=s mouth? or Who maketh the
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dumb, or deaf, or the seeing, or the blind? have not I the LORD? Exo 4:12 Now therefore go, and I will be with thy mouth, and teach thee what thou shalt say.@ Exo 4:13 And he said, AO my Lord, send, I pray Thee, by the hand of Him Whom Thou wilt send.@ Exo 4:14 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against Moses, and he said, AIs not Aaron the Levite thy brother? I know that he can speak well. And also, behold, he cometh forth to meet thee: and when he seeth thee, he will be glad in his heart. Exo 4:15 And thou shalt speak unto him, and put words in his mouth: and I will be with thy mouth, and with his mouth, and will teach you what ye shall do. Exo 4:16 And he shall be thy spokesman unto the people: and he shall be, even he shall be to thee instead of a mouth, and thou shalt be to him instead of God. Exo 4:17 And thou shalt take this rod in thine hand, wherewith thou shalt do signs.@ Exo 4:18 And Moses went and returned to Jethro his father in law, and said unto him, ALet me go, I pray thee, and return unto my brethren which are in Egypt, and see whether they be yet alive.@ And Jethro said to Moses, AGo in peace.@ Exo 4:19 And the LORD said unto Moses in Midian, AGo, return into Egypt: for all the men are dead which sought thy life.@ Exo 4:20 And Moses took his wife and his sons, and set them upon an ass, and he returned to the land of Egypt: and Moses took the rod of God in his hand. Exo 4:21 And the LORD said unto Moses, AWhen thou goest to return into Egypt, see that thou do all those wonders before Pharaoh, which I have put in thine hand: but I will harden his heart, that he shall not let the people go. Exo 4:22 And thou shalt say unto Pharaoh, >Thus saith the LORD, >Israel is My son, even My firstborn: Exo 4:23 And I say unto thee, >Let My son go, that he may serve Me: and if thou refuse to let him go, behold, I will slay thy son, even thy firstborn.=@ Exo 4:24 And it came to pass by the way in the inn, that the LORD met him, and sought to kill him. Exo 4:25 Then Zipporah took a sharp stone, and cut off the foreskin of her son, and cast it at his feet, and said, ASurely a bloody husband art thou to me.@ Exo 4:26 So He let him go: then she said, AA bloody husband thou art, because of the circumcision.@ Exo 4:27 And the LORD said to Aaron, AGo into the wilderness to meet Moses.@ And he went, and met him in the mount of God, and kissed him. Exo 4:28 And Moses told Aaron all the words of the LORD Who had sent him, and all the signs which He had commanded him. Exo 4:29 And Moses and Aaron went and gathered together all the elders of the children of Israel: Exo 4:30 And Aaron spake all the words which the LORD had spoken unto Moses, and did the signs in the sight of the people. Exo 4:31 And the people believed: and when they heard that the LORD had visited the children of Israel, and that He had looked upon their affliction, then they bowed their heads and worshipped.
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Pharaoh Increases Israelites= Burdens
Exo 5:1 And afterward Moses and Aaron went in, and told Pharaoh, AThus saith the LORD God of Israel, >Let My people go, that they may hold a feast unto Me in the wilderness.=@ Exo 5:2 And Pharaoh said, AWho is the LORD, that I should obey His voice to let Israel go? I know not the LORD, neither will I let Israel go.@ Exo 5:3 And they said, AThe God of the Hebrews hath met with us: let us go, we pray thee, three days= journey into the desert, and sacrifice unto the LORD our God; lest He fall upon us with pestilence, or with the sword.@ Exo 5:4 And the king of Egypt said unto them, AWherefore do ye, Moses and Aaron, let the people from their works? get you unto your burdens.@ Exo 5:5 And Pharaoh said, ABehold, the people of the land now are many, and ye make them rest from their burdens.@ Exo 5:6 And Pharaoh commanded the same day the taskmasters of the people, and their officers, saying, Exo 5:7 AYe shall no more give the people straw to make brick, as heretofore: let them go and gather straw for themselves. Exo 5:8 And the tale of the bricks, which they did make heretofore, ye shall lay upon them; ye shall not diminish ought thereof: for they be idle; therefore they cry, saying, >Let us go and sacrifice to our God.= Exo 5:9 Let there more work be laid upon the men, that they may labour therein; and let them not regard vain words.@ Exo 5:10 And the taskmasters of the people went out, and their officers, and they spake to the people, saying, AThus saith Pharaoh, >I will not give you straw. Exo 5:11 Go ye, get you straw where ye can find it: yet not ought of your work shall be diminished.=@ Exo 5:12 So the people were scattered abroad throughout all the land of Egypt to gather stubble instead of straw. Exo 5:13 And the taskmasters hasted them, saying, AFulfil your works, your daily tasks, as when there was straw.@ Exo 5:14 And the officers of the children of Israel, which Pharaoh=s taskmasters had set over them, were beaten, and demanded, AWherefore have ye not fulfilled your task in making brick both yesterday and to day, as heretofore?@ Exo 5:15 Then the officers of the children of Israel came and cried unto Pharaoh, saying, AWherefore dealest thou thus with thy servants? Exo 5:16 There is no straw given unto thy servants, and they say to us, >Make brick:= and, behold, thy servants are beaten; but the fault is in thine own people.@ Exo 5:17 But he said, AYe are idle, ye are idle: therefore ye say, >Let us go and do sacrifice to the LORD.= Exo 5:18 Go therefore now, and work; for there shall no straw be given you, yet shall ye deliver the tale of bricks.@ Exo 5:19 And the officers of the children of Israel did see that they were in evil case, after
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it was said, AYe shall not minish ought from your bricks of your daily task.@ Exo 5:20 And they met Moses and Aaron, who stood in the way, as they came forth from Pharaoh: Exo 5:21 And they said unto them, AThe LORD look upon you, and judge; because ye have made our savour to be abhorred in the eyes of Pharaoh, and in the eyes of his servants, to put a sword in their hand to slay us.@ Exo 5:22 And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, ALORD, wherefore hast Thou so evil entreated this people? why is it that Thou hast sent me? Exo 5:23 For since I came to Pharaoh to speak in Thy name, he hath done evil to this people; neither hast Thou delivered Thy people at all.@

Yahveh Charges Moses and Aaron With Bringing Israelites Out of Egypt
Exo 6:1 Then the LORD said unto Moses, ANow shalt thou see what I will do to Pharaoh: for with a strong hand shall he let them go, and with a strong hand shall he drive them out of his land.@ Exo 6:2 And God spake unto Moses, and said unto him, AI am the LORD: Exo 6:3 And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob, by the name of GOD ALMIGHTY, but by My name YAHVEH was I not known to them. Exo 6:4 And I have also established My covenant with them, to give them the land of Canaan, the land of their pilgrimage, wherein they were strangers. Exo 6:5 And I have also heard the groaning of the children of Israel, whom the Egyptians keep in bondage; and I have remembered My covenant. Exo 6:6 Wherefore say unto the children of Israel, >I am the LORD, and I will bring you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians, and I will rid you out of their bondage, and I will redeem you with a stretched out arm, and with great judgments: Exo 6:7 And I will take you to Me for a people, and I will be to you a God: and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God, Which bringeth you out from under the burdens of the Egyptians. Exo 6:8 And I will bring you in unto the land, concerning the which I did swear to give it to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob; and I will give it you for an heritage: I am the LORD.=@ Exo 6:9 And Moses spake so unto the children of Israel: but they hearkened not unto Moses for anguish of spirit, and for cruel bondage. Exo 6:10 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Exo 6:11 AGo in, speak unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, that he let the children of Israel go out of his land.@ Exo 6:12 And Moses spake before the LORD, saying, ABehold, the children of Israel have not hearkened unto me; how then shall Pharaoh hear me, who am of uncircumcised lips?@ Exo 6:13 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, and gave them a charge unto the children of Israel, and unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt. Exo 6:14 These be the heads of their fathers= houses: The sons of Reuben the firstborn of Israel; Hanoch, and Pallu, Hezron, and Carmi: these be the families of Reuben. Exo 6:15 And the sons of Simeon; Jemuel, and Jamin, and Ohad, and Jachin, and Zohar,
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and Shaul the son of a Canaanitish woman: these are the families of Simeon. Exo 6:16 And these are the names of the sons of Levi according to their generations; Gershon, and Kohath, and Merari: and the years of the life of Levi were an hundred thirty and seven years. Exo 6:17 The sons of Gershon; Libni, and Shimi, according to their families. Exo 6:18 And the sons of Kohath; Amram, and Izhar, and Hebron, and Uzziel: and the years of the life of Kohath were an hundred thirty and three years. Exo 6:19 And the sons of Merari; Mahali and Mushi: these are the families of Levi according to their generations. Exo 6:20 And Amram took him Jochebed his father =s sister to wife; and she bare him Aaron and Moses: and the years of the life of Amram were an hundred and thirty and seven years. Exo 6:21 And the sons of Izhar; Korah, and Nepheg, and Zichri. Exo 6:22 And the sons of Uzziel; Mishael, and Elzaphan, and Zithri. Exo 6:23 And Aaron took him Elisheba, daughter of Amminadab, sister of Naashon, to wife; and she bare him Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. Exo 6:24 And the sons of Korah; Assir, and Elkanah, and Abiasaph: these are the families of the Korhites. Exo 6:25 And Eleazar Aaron=s son took him one of the daughters of Putiel to wife; and she bare him Phinehas: these are the heads of the fathers of the Levites according to their families. Exo 6:26 These are that Aaron and Moses, to whom the LORD said, ABring out the children of Israel from the land of Egypt according to their armies.@ Exo 6:27 These are they which spake to Pharaoh king of Egypt, to bring out the children of Israel from Egypt: these are that Moses and Aaron. Exo 6:28 And it came to pass on the day when the LORD spake unto Moses in the land of Egypt, Exo 6:29 That the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, AI am the LORD: speak thou unto Pharaoh king of Egypt all that I say unto thee.@ Exo 6:30 And Moses said before the LORD, ABehold, I am of uncircumcised lips, and how shall Pharaoh hearken unto me?@

Moses and Aaron Go to Pharaoh, and Rods Become Serpents
Exo 7:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, ASee, I have made thee a god to Pharaoh: and Aaron thy brother shall be thy prophet. Exo 7:2 Thou shalt speak all that I command thee: and Aaron thy brother shall speak unto Pharaoh, that he send the children of Israel out of his land. Exo 7:3 And I will harden Pharaoh=s heart, and multiply My signs and My wonders in the land of Egypt. Exo 7:4 But Pharaoh shall not hearken unto you, that I may lay My hand upon Egypt, and bring forth Mine armies, and My people the children of Israel, out of the land of Egypt by great judgments. Exo 7:5 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I stretch forth Mine hand
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upon Egypt, and bring out the children of Israel from among them. @ Exo 7:6 And Moses and Aaron did as the LORD commanded them, so did they. Exo 7:7 And Moses was fourscore years old, and Aaron fourscore and three years old, when they spake unto Pharaoh. Exo 7:8 And the LORD spake unto Moses and unto Aaron, saying, Exo 7:9 AWhen Pharaoh shall speak unto you, saying, >Shew a miracle for you:= then thou shalt say unto Aaron, >Take thy rod, and cast it before Pharaoh, and it shall become a serpent.@ Exo 7:10 And Moses and Aaron went in unto Pharaoh, and they did so as the LORD had commanded: and Aaron cast down his rod before Pharaoh, and before his servants, and it became a serpent. Exo 7:11 Then Pharaoh also called the wise men and the sorcerers: now the magicians of Egypt, they also did in like manner with their enchantments. Exo 7:12 For they cast down every man his rod, and they became serpents: but Aaron =s rod swallowed up their rods. Exo 7:13 And He hardened Pharaoh=s heart, that he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.

Plagues in Egypt
First PlagueCWaters Turned to Blood
Exo 7:14 And the LORD said unto Moses, APharaoh=s heart is hardened, he refuseth to let the people go. Exo 7:15 Get thee unto Pharaoh in the morning; lo, he goeth out unto the water; and thou shalt stand by the river=s brink against he come; and the rod which was turned to a serpent shalt thou take in thine hand. Exo 7:16 And thou shalt say unto him, >The LORD God of the Hebrews hath sent me unto thee, saying, >Let My people go, that they may serve Me in the wilderness:= and, behold, hitherto thou wouldest not hear. Exo 7:17 Thus saith the LORD, >In this thou shalt know that I am the LORD: behold, I will smite with the rod that is in mine hand upon the waters which are in the river, and they shall be turned to blood. Exo 7:18 And the fish that is in the river shall die, and the river shall stink; and the Egyptians shall lothe to drink of the water of the river.=@ Exo 7:19 And the LORD spake unto Moses, ASay unto Aaron, >Take thy rod, and stretch out thine hand upon the waters of Egypt, upon their streams, upon their rivers, and upon their ponds, and upon all their pools of water, that they may become blood; and that there may be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood, and in vessels of stone.=@ Exo 7:20 And Moses and Aaron did so, as the LORD commanded; and he lifted up the rod, and smote the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh, and in the sight of his servants; and all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood. Exo 7:21 And the fish that was in the river died; and the river stank, and the Egyptians
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could not drink of the water of the river; and there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt. Exo 7:22 And the magicians of Egypt did so with their enchantments: and Pharaoh =s heart was hardened, neither did he hearken unto them; as the LORD had said. Exo 7:23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house, neither did he set his heart to this also. Exo 7:24 And all the Egyptians digged round about the river for water to drink; for they could not drink of the water of the river. Exo 7:25 And seven days were fulfilled, after that the LORD had smitten the river.

Second PlagueCFrogs
Exo 8:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, AGo unto Pharaoh, and say unto him, >Thus saith the LORD, Let My people go, that they may serve Me.= Exo 8:2 And if thou refuse to let them go, behold, I will smite all thy borders with frogs: Exo 8:3 And the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, which shall go up and come into thine house, and into thy bedchamber, and upon thy bed, and into the house of thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thine ovens, and into thy kneadingtroughs: Exo 8:4 And the frogs shall come up both on thee, and upon thy people, and upon all thy servants.=@ Exo 8:5 And the LORD spake unto Moses, ASay unto Aaron, >Stretch forth thine hand with thy rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up upon the land of Egypt.=@ Exo 8:6 And Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt; and the frogs came up, and covered the land of Egypt. Exo 8:7 And the magicians did so with their enchantments, and brought up frogs upon the land of Egypt. Exo 8:8 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, AIntreat the LORD, that He may take away the frogs from me, and from my people; and I will let the people go, that they may do sacrifice unto the LORD.@ Exo 8:9 And Moses said unto Pharaoh, AGlory over me: when shall I intreat for thee, and for thy servants, and for thy people, to destroy the frogs from thee and thy houses, that they may remain in the river only?@ Exo 8:10 And he said, ATo morrow.@ And he said, ABe it according to thy word: that thou mayest know that there is none like unto the LORD our God. Exo 8:11 And the frogs shall depart from thee, and from thy houses, and from thy servants, and from thy people; they shall remain in the river only. @ Exo 8:12 And Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh: and Moses cried unto the LORD because of the frogs which He had brought against Pharaoh. Exo 8:13 And the LORD did according to the word of Moses; and the frogs died out of the houses, out of the villages, and out of the fields. Exo 8:14 And they gathered them together upon heaps: and the land stank. Exo 8:15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.
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Third PlagueCLice
Exo 8:16 And the LORD said unto Moses, ASay unto Aaron, >Stretch out thy rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt.=@ Exo 8:17 And they did so; for Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and smote the dust of the earth, and it became lice in man, and in beast; all the dust of the land became lice throughout all the land of Egypt. Exo 8:18 And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: so there were lice upon man, and upon beast. Exo 8:19 Then the magicians said unto Pharaoh, AThis is the finger of God:@ and Pharaoh=s heart was hardened, and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said.

Fourth PlagueCSwarms of Flies
Exo 8:20 And the LORD said unto Moses, ARise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh; lo, he cometh forth to the water; and say unto him, >Thus saith the LORD, >Let My people go, that they may serve Me. Exo 8:21 Else, if thou wilt not let My people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies upon thee, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thy houses: and the houses of the Egyptians shall be full of swarms of flies, and also the ground whereon they are. Exo 8:22 And I will sever in that day the land of Goshen, in which My people dwell, that no swarms of flies shall be there; to the end thou mayest know that I am the LORD in the midst of the earth. Exo 8:23 And I will put a division between My people and thy people: to morrow shall this sign be.=@ Exo 8:24 And the LORD did so; and there came a grievous swarm of flies into the house of Pharaoh, and into his servants= houses, and into all the land of Egypt: the land was corrupted by reason of the swarm of flies. Exo 8:25 And Pharaoh called for Moses and for Aaron, and said, AGo ye, sacrifice to your God in the land.@ Exo 8:26 And Moses said, AIt is not meet so to do; for we shall sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians to the LORD our God: lo, shall we sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes, and will they not stone us? Exo 8:27 We will go three days= journey into the wilderness, and sacrifice to the LORD our God, as He shall command us.@ Exo 8:28 And Pharaoh said, AI will let you go, that ye may sacrifice to the LORD your God in the wilderness; only ye shall not go very far away: intreat for me.@ Exo 8:29 And Moses said, ABehold, I go out from thee, and I will intreat the LORD that the swarms of flies may depart from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people, to morrow: but let not Pharaoh deal deceitfully any more in not letting the people go to sacrifice to the LORD.@
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Exo 8:30 And Moses went out from Pharaoh, and intreated the LORD. Exo 8:31 And the LORD did according to the word of Moses; and he removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people; there remained not one. Exo 8:32 And Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also, neither would he let the people go.

Fifth PlagueCMurrain
Exo 9:1 Then the LORD said unto Moses, AGo in unto Pharaoh, and tell him, >Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, >Let My people go, that they may serve Me. Exo 9:2 For if thou refuse to let them go, and wilt hold them still, Exo 9:3 Behold, the hand of the LORD is upon thy cattle which is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain. Exo 9:4 And the LORD shall sever between the cattle of Israel and the cattle of Egypt: and there shall nothing die of all that is the children=s of Israel.= =@ Exo 9:5 And the LORD appointed a set time, saying, ATo morrow the LORD shall do this thing in the land.@ Exo 9:6 And the LORD did that thing on the morrow, and all the cattle of Egypt died: but of the cattle of the children of Israel died not one. Exo 9:7 And Pharaoh sent, and, behold, there was not one of the cattle of the Israelites dead. And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he did not let the people go.

Sixth PlagueCBoils and Blains
Exo 9:8 And the LORD said unto Moses and unto Aaron, ATake to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the heaven in the sight of Pharaoh. Exo 9:9 And it shall become small dust in all the land of Egypt, and shall be a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast, throughout all the land of Egypt. @ Exo 9:10 And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses sprinkled it up toward heaven; and it became a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast. Exo 9:11 And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils; for the boil was upon the magicians, and upon all the Egyptians. Exo 9:12 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had spoken unto Moses.

Seventh PlagueCThunder, Hail, and Fire
Exo 9:13 And the LORD said unto Moses, ARise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh, and say unto him, >Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, >Let My people go, that they may serve Me. Exo 9:14 For I will at this time send all My plagues upon thine heart, and upon thy
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servants, and upon thy people; that thou mayest know that there is none like Me in all the earth. Exo 9:15 For now I will stretch out My hand, that I may smite thee and thy people with pestilence; and thou shalt be cut off from the earth. Exo 9:16 And in very deed for this cause have I raised thee up, for to shew in thee My power; and that My name may be declared throughout all the earth. Exo 9:17 As yet exaltest thou thyself against My people, that thou wilt not let them go? Exo 9:18 Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now. Exo 9:19 Send therefore now, and gather thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field; for upon every man and beast which shall be found in the field, and shall not be brought home, the hail shall come down upon them, and they shall die.= =@ Exo 9:20 He that feared the word of the LORD among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his cattle flee into the houses: Exo 9:21 And he that regarded not the word of the LORD left his servants and his cattle in the field. Exo 9:22 And the LORD said unto Moses, AStretch forth thine hand toward heaven, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt, upon man, and upon beast, and upon every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt.@ Exo 9:23 And Moses stretched forth his rod toward heaven: and the LORD sent thunder and hail, and the fire ran along upon the ground; and the LORD rained hail upon the land of Egypt. Exo 9:24 So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous, such as there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation. Exo 9:25 And the hail smote throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail smote every herb of the field, and brake every tree of the field. Exo 9:26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, was there no hail. Exo 9:27 And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron, and said unto them, AI have sinned this time: the LORD is righteous, and I and my people are wicked. Exo 9:28 Intreat the LORD (for it is enough) that there be no more mighty thunderings and hail; and I will let you go, and ye shall stay no longer.@ Exo 9:29 And Moses said unto him, AAs soon as I am gone out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands unto the LORD; and the thunder shall cease, neither shall there be any more hail; that thou mayest know how that the earth is the LORD=s. Exo 9:30 But as for thee and thy servants, I know that ye will not yet fear the LORD God.@ Exo 9:31 And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley was in the ear, and the flax was bolled. Exo 9:32 But the wheat and the rie were not smitten: for they were not grown up. Exo 9:33 And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands unto the LORD: and the thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not poured upon the earth. Exo 9:34 And when Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail and the thunders were ceased, he sinned yet more, and hardened his heart, he and his servants. Exo 9:35 And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, neither would he let the children of
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Israel go; as the LORD had spoken by Moses.

Eighth PlagueCLocusts
Exo 10:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, AGo in unto Pharaoh: for I have hardened his heart, and the heart of his servants, that I might shew these My signs before him: Exo 10:2 And that thou mayest tell in the ears of thy son, and of thy son =s son, what things I have wrought in Egypt, and My signs which I have done among them; that ye may know how that I am the LORD.@ Exo 10:3 And Moses and Aaron came in unto Pharaoh, and said unto him, AThus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, >How long wilt thou refuse to humble thyself before Me? let My people go, that they may serve Me. Exo 10:4 Else, if thou refuse to let My people go, behold, to morrow will I bring the locusts into thy coast: Exo 10:5 And they shall cover the face of the earth, that one cannot be able to see the earth: and they shall eat the residue of that which is escaped, which remaineth unto you from the hail, and shall eat every tree which groweth for you out of the field: Exo 10:6 And they shall fill thy houses, and the houses of all thy servants, and the houses of all the Egyptians; which neither thy fathers, nor thy fathers= fathers have seen, since the day that they were upon the earth unto this day.=@ And he turned himself, and went out from Pharaoh. Exo 10:7 And Pharaoh=s servants said unto him, AHow long shall this man be a snare unto us? let the men go, that they may serve the LORD their God: knowest thou not yet that Egypt is destroyed?@ Exo 10:8 And Moses and Aaron were brought again unto Pharaoh: and he said unto them, AGo, serve the LORD your God: but who are they that shall go?@ Exo 10:9 And Moses said, AWe will go with our young and with our old, with our sons and with our daughters, with our flocks and with our herds will we go; for we must hold a feast unto the LORD.@ Exo 10:10 And he said unto them, ALet the LORD be so with you, as I will let you go, and your little ones: look to it; for evil is before you. Exo 10:11 Not so: go now ye that are men, and serve the LORD; for that ye did desire.@ And they were driven out from Pharaoh=s presence. Exo 10:12 And the LORD said unto Moses, AStretch out thine hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come up upon the land of Egypt, and eat every herb of the land, even all that the hail hath left.@ Exo 10:13 And Moses stretched forth his rod over the land of Egypt, and the LORD brought an east wind upon the land all that day, and all that night; and when it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts. Exo 10:14 And the locusts went up over all the land of Egypt, and rested in all the coasts of Egypt: very grievous were they; before them there were no such locusts as they, neither after them shall be such. Exo 10:15 For they covered the face of the whole earth, so that the land was darkened; and they did eat every herb of the land, and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left:
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and there remained not any green thing in the trees, or in the herbs of the field, through all the land of Egypt. Exo 10:16 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron in haste; and he said, AI have sinned against the LORD your God, and against you. Exo 10:17 Now therefore forgive, I pray thee, my sin only this once, and intreat the LORD your God, that He may take away from me this death only.@ Exo 10:18 And he went out from Pharaoh, and intreated the LORD. Exo 10:19 And the LORD turned a mighty strong west wind, which took away the locusts, and cast them into the Red sea; there remained not one locust in all the coasts of Egypt. Exo 10:20 But the LORD hardened Pharaoh=s heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go.

Ninth PlagueCDarkness
Exo 10:21 And the LORD said unto Moses, AStretch out thine hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness which may be felt.@ Exo 10:22 And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven; and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days: Exo 10:23 They saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days: but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings. Exo 10:24 And Pharaoh called unto Moses, and said, AGo ye, serve the LORD; only let your flocks and your herds be stayed: let your little ones also go with you. @ Exo 10:25 And Moses said, AThou must give us also sacrifices and burnt offerings, that we may sacrifice unto the LORD our God. Exo 10:26 Our cattle also shall go with us; there shall not an hoof be left behind; for thereof must we take to serve the LORD our God; and we know not with what we must serve the LORD, until we come thither.@ Exo 10:27 But the LORD hardened Pharaoh=s heart, and he would not let them go. Exo 10:28 And Pharaoh said unto him, AGet thee from me, take heed to thyself, see my face no more; for in that day thou seest my face thou shalt die.@ Exo 10:29 And Moses said, AThou hast spoken well, I will see thy face again no more.@

Tenth PlagueCSmiting of the Firstborn
Exo 11:1 (And the LORD said unto Moses, AYet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether. Exo 11:2 Speak now in the ears of the people, and let every man borrow of his neighbour, and every woman of her neighbour, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold. @ Exo 11:3 And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh=s servants, and in the sight of the people.) Exo 11:4 And Moses said, AThus saith the LORD, >About midnight will I go out into the
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midst of Egypt: Exo 11:5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts. Exo 11:6 And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more. Exo 11:7 But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast: that ye may know how that the LORD doth put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.= Exo 11:8 And all these thy servants shall come down unto me, and bow down themselves unto me, saying, AGet thee out, and all the people that follow thee: and after that I will go out.@ And he went out from Pharaoh in a great anger. Exo 11:9 And the LORD said unto Moses, APharaoh shall not hearken unto you; that My wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.@ Exo 11:10 And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh: and the LORD hardened Pharaoh=s heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go out of his land.

Passover
Exodus Instructions
Exo 12:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in the land of Egypt, saying, Exo 12:2 AThis month shall be unto you the beginning of months: it shall be the first month of the year to you. Exo 12:3 Speak ye unto all the congregation of Israel, saying, >In the tenth day of this month they shall take to them every man a lamb, according to the house of their fathers, a lamb for an house: Exo 12:4 And if the household be too little for the lamb, let him and his neighbour next unto his house take it according to the number of the souls; every man according to his eating shall make your count for the lamb. Exo 12:5 Your lamb shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats: Exo 12:6 And ye shall keep it up until the fourteenth day of the same month: and the whole assembly of the congregation of Israel shall kill it in the evening. Exo 12:7 And they shall take of the blood, and strike it on the two side posts and on the upper door post of the houses, wherein they shall eat it. Exo 12:8 And they shall eat the flesh in that night, roast with fire, and unleavened bread; and with bitter herbs they shall eat it. Exo 12:9 Eat not of it raw, nor sodden at all with water, but roast with fire; his head with his legs, and with the purtenance thereof. Exo 12:10 And ye shall let nothing of it remain until the morning; and that which remaineth of it until the morning ye shall burn with fire. Exo 12:11 And thus shall ye eat it; with your loins girded, your shoes on your feet, and your staff in your hand; and ye shall eat it in haste: it is the LORD=s passover.
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Exo 12:12 For I will pass through the land of Egypt this night, and will smite all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both man and beast; and against all the gods of Egypt I will execute judgment: I am the LORD. Exo 12:13 And the blood shall be to you for a token upon the houses where ye are: and when I see the blood, I will pass over you, and the plague shall not be upon you to destroy you, when I smite the land of Egypt. Exo 12:14 And this day shall be unto you for a memorial; and ye shall keep it a feast to the LORD throughout your generations; ye shall keep it a feast by an ordinance for ever. Exo 12:15 Seven days shall ye eat unleavened bread; even the first day ye shall put away leaven out of your houses: for whosoever eateth leavened bread from the first day until the seventh day, that soul shall be cut off from Israel. Exo 12:16 And in the first day there shall be an holy convocation, and in the seventh day there shall be an holy convocation to you; no manner of work shall be done in them, save that which every man must eat, that only may be done of you. Exo 12:17 And ye shall observe the feast of unleavened bread; for in this selfsame day have I brought your armies out of the land of Egypt: therefore shall ye observe this day in your generations by an ordinance for ever. Exo 12:18 In the first month, on the fourteenth day of the month at even, ye shall eat unleavened bread, until the one and twentieth day of the month at even. Exo 12:19 Seven days shall there be no leaven found in your houses: for whosoever eateth that which is leavened, even that soul shall be cut off from the congregation of Israel, whether he be a stranger, or born in the land. Exo 12:20 Ye shall eat nothing leavened; in all your habitations shall ye eat unleavened bread.@ Exo 12:21 Then Moses called for all the elders of Israel, and said unto them, ADraw out and take you a lamb according to your families, and kill the passover. Exo 12:22 And ye shall take a bunch of hyssop, and dip it in the blood that is in the bason, and strike the lintel and the two side posts with the blood that is in the bason; and none of you shall go out at the door of his house until the morning. Exo 12:23 For the LORD will pass through to smite the Egyptians; and when He seeth the blood upon the lintel, and on the two side posts, the LORD will pass over the door, and will not suffer the destroyer to come in unto your houses to smite you. Exo 12:24 And ye shall observe this thing for an ordinance to thee and to thy sons for ever. Exo 12:25 And it shall come to pass, when ye be come to the land which the LORD will give you, according as He hath promised, that ye shall keep this service. Exo 12:26 And it shall come to pass, when your children shall say unto you, >What mean ye by this service?= Exo 12:27 That ye shall say, AIt is the sacrifice of the LORD=s passover, Who passed over the houses of the children of Israel in Egypt, when He smote the Egyptians, and delivered our houses.@ And the people bowed the head and worshipped.

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AIt is a Night to Be Much Observed Unto the LORD@ Exo 12:39 And they baked unleavened cakes of the dough which they brought forth out of Egypt, for it was not leavened; because they were thrust out of Egypt, and could not tarry, neither had they prepared for themselves any victual. Exo 12:40 Now the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was four hundred and thirty years. Exo 12:41 And it came to pass at the end of the four hundred and thirty years, even the selfsame day it came to pass, that all the hosts of the LORD went out from the land of Egypt. Exo 12:42 It is a night to be much observed unto the LORD for bringing them out from the land of Egypt: this is that night of the LORD to be observed of all the children of Israel in their generations. Exo 12:43 And the LORD said unto Moses and Aaron, AThis is the ordinance of the passover: There shall no stranger eat thereof: Exo 12:44 But every man=s servant that is bought for money, when thou hast circumcised him, then shall he eat thereof. Exo 12:45 A foreigner and an hired servant shall not eat thereof. Exo 12:46 In one house shall it be eaten; thou shalt not carry forth ought of the flesh abroad out of the house; neither shall ye break a bone thereof. Exo 12:47 All the congregation of Israel shall keep it. Exo 12:48 And when a stranger shall sojourn with thee, and will keep the passover to the LORD, let all his males be circumcised, and then let him come near and keep it; and he shall be as one that is born in the land: for no uncircumcised person shall eat thereof. Exo 12:49 One law shall be to him that is homeborn, and unto the stranger that sojourneth among you.@ Exo 12:50 Thus did all the children of Israel; as the LORD commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they. Exo 12:51 And it came to pass the selfsame day, that the LORD did bring the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt by their armies.

Numbers Instructions
Num 9:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the first month of the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying, Num 9:2 ALet the children of Israel also keep the passover at his appointed season. Num 9:3 In the fourteenth day of this month, at even, ye shall keep it in his appointed season: according to all the rites of it, and according to all the ceremonies thereof, shall ye keep it.@ Num 9:4 And Moses spake unto the children of Israel, that they should keep the passover. Num 9:5 And they kept the passover on the fourteenth day of the first month at even in the wilderness of Sinai: according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so did the children of Israel.
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Deuteronomy Instructions
Deu 16:1 Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night. Deu 16:2 Thou shalt therefore sacrifice the passover unto the LORD thy God, of the flock and the herd, in the place which the LORD shall choose to place His name there. Deu 16:3 Thou shalt eat no leavened bread with it; seven days shalt thou eat unleavened bread therewith, even the bread of affliction; for thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt in haste: that thou mayest remember the day when thou camest forth out of the land of Egypt all the days of thy life. Deu 16:4 And there shall be no leavened bread seen with thee in all thy coast seven days; neither shall there any thing of the flesh, which thou sacrificedst the first day at even, remain all night until the morning. Deu 16:5 Thou mayest not sacrifice the passover within any of thy gates, which the LORD thy God giveth thee: Deu 16:6 But at the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to place His name in, there thou shalt sacrifice the passover at even, at the going down of the sun, at the season that thou camest forth out of Egypt. Deu 16:7 And thou shalt roast and eat it in the place which the LORD thy God shall choose: and thou shalt turn in the morning, and go unto thy tents. Deu 16:8 Six days thou shalt eat unleavened bread: and on the seventh day shall be a solemn assembly to the LORD thy God: thou shalt do no work therein.

The Exodus from Egypt
*According to Exodus 12:40, the sojourning of the children of Israel, who dwelt in Egypt, was 430 years. The Companion Bible dates those years from 1921 B.C. to 1491 B.C. and notes (Exodus 12:40, note on “four hundred and thirty years”): There are two reckonings of the sojourning: one starting from the promise to Abraham, Ex. 12:40, Gal. 3:14, 17 = 430 years; the other starting from the recognition of his “seed” (Isaac), Gen. 21.12. See Acts 7.6 and Gen. 15:13 = 400 years. N. B. 450 years to Samuel; 490 to Saul. See Ap. 50. iii. and vii. 7. This dwelling in Egypt was only 215 years (see Ap. 50); and is to be distinguished from the “sojourning,” which was another 215 years. Note on “sojourning” on Exodus 12:40 says: Commenced with Gen. 12. 1. Quite a different subject from the dwelling in Egypt. See Ap. 50. iii.

Preparation
Exo 12:28 And the children of Israel went away, and did as the LORD had commanded Moses and Aaron, so did they. Exo 12:29 And it came to pass, that at midnight the LORD smote all the firstborn in the
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land of Egypt, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sat on his throne unto the firstborn of the captive that was in the dungeon; and all the firstborn of cattle. Exo 12:30 And Pharaoh rose up in the night, he, and all his servants, and all the Egyptians; and there was a great cry in Egypt; for there was not a house where there was not one dead. Exo 12:31 And he called for Moses and Aaron by night, and said, ARise up, and get you forth from among my people, both ye and the children of Israel; and go, serve the LORD, as ye have said. Exo 12:32 Also take your flocks and your herds, as ye have said, and be gone; and bless me also.@ Exo 12:33 And the Egyptians were urgent upon the people, that they might send them out of the land in haste; for they said, AWe be all dead men.@ Exo 12:34 And the people took their dough before it was leavened, their kneadingtroughs being bound up in their clothes upon their shoulders. Exo 12:35 And the children of Israel did according to the word of Moses; and they borrowed of the Egyptians jewels of silver, and jewels of gold, and raiment: Exo 12:36 And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians, so that they lent unto them such things as they required. And they spoiled the Egyptians. Exo 12:37 And the children of Israel journeyed from Rameses to Succoth, about six hundred thousand on foot that were men, beside children. Exo 12:38 And a mixed multitude went up also with them; and flocks, and herds, even very much cattle.

Early Remembrances of Bondage/Deliverance
Sanctification of the Firstborn
Exo 13:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Exo 13:2 ASanctify unto Me all the firstborn, whatsoever openeth the womb among the children of Israel, both of man and of beast: it is Mine.@ Exo 13:3 And Moses said unto the people, ARemember this day, in which ye came out from Egypt, out of the house of bondage; for by strength of hand the LORD brought you out from this place: there shall no leavened bread be eaten. Exo 13:4 This day came ye out in the month Abib.

Feast of Unleavened Bread
Exo 13:5 And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Amorites, and the Hivites, and the Jebusites, which He sware unto thy fathers to give thee, a land flowing with milk and honey, that thou shalt keep this service in this month. Exo 13:6 Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, and in the seventh day shall be a feast to the LORD.
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Exo 13:7 Unleavened bread shall be eaten seven days; and there shall no leavened bread be seen with thee, neither shall there be leaven seen with thee in all thy quarters. Exo 13:8 And thou shalt shew thy son in that day, saying, >This is done because of that which the LORD did unto me when I came forth out of Egypt.= Exo 13:9 And it shall be for a sign unto thee upon thine hand, and for a memorial between thine eyes, that the LORD=s law may be in thy mouth: for with a strong hand hath the LORD brought thee out of Egypt. Exo 13:10 Thou shalt therefore keep this ordinance in his season from year to year.

Male Firstlings to Be Set Aside for Yahveh as a Remembrance of Smiting of Firstborn in Egypt
Exo 13:11 And it shall be when the LORD shall bring thee into the land of the Canaanites, as He sware unto thee and to thy fathers, and shall give it thee, Exo 13:12 That thou shalt set apart unto the LORD all that openeth the matrix, and every firstling that cometh of a beast which thou hast; the males shall be the LORD=s. Exo 13:13 And every firstling of an ass thou shalt redeem with a lamb; and if thou wilt not redeem it, then thou shalt break his neck: and all the firstborn of man among thy children shalt thou redeem. Exo 13:14 And it shall be when thy son asketh thee in time to come, saying, >What is this?= that thou shalt say unto him, >By strength of hand the LORD brought us out from Egypt, from the house of bondage: Exo 13:15 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh would hardly let us go, that the LORD slew all the firstborn in the land of Egypt, both the firstborn of man, and the firstborn of beast: therefore I sacrifice to the LORD all that openeth the matrix, being males; but all the firstborn of my children I redeem.= Exo 13:16 And it shall be for a token upon thine hand, and for frontlets between thine eyes: for by strength of hand the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt.@ Exo 13:17 And it came to pass, when Pharaoh had let the people go, that God led them not through the way of the land of the Philistines, although that was near; for God said, ALest peradventure the people repent when they see war, and they return to Egypt: @ Exo 13:18 But God led the people about, through the way of the wilderness of the Red sea: and the children of Israel went up harnessed out of the land of Egypt. Exo 13:19 And Moses took the bones of Joseph with him: for he had straitly sworn the children of Israel, saying, AGod will surely visit you; and ye shall carry up my bones away hence with you.@

Yahveh Leads Israelites By Pillars
Exo 13:20 And they took their journey from Succoth, and encamped in Etham, in the edge of the wilderness. Exo 13:21 And the LORD went before them by day in a pillar of a cloud, to lead them the way; and by night in a pillar of fire, to give them light; to go by day and night:
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Exo 13:22 He took not away the pillar of the cloud by day, nor the pillar of fire by night, from before the people.

Yahveh Protects Israelites As They Cross the Red Sea and the Egyptians Pursue
Exo 14:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Exo 14:2 ASpeak unto the children of Israel, that they turn and encamp before Pi-hahiroth, between Migdol and the sea, over against Baal-zephon: before it shall ye encamp by the sea. Exo 14:3 For Pharaoh will say of the children of Israel, >They are entangled in the land, the wilderness hath shut them in.= Exo 14:4 And I will harden Pharaoh=s heart, that he shall follow after them; and I will be honoured upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host; that the Egyptians may know that I am the LORD.@ And they did so. Exo 14:5 And it was told the king of Egypt that the people fled: and the heart of Pharaoh and of his servants was turned against the people, and they said, AWhy have we done this, that we have let Israel go from serving us?@ Exo 14:6 And he made ready his chariot, and took his people with him: Exo 14:7 And he took six hundred chosen chariots, and all the chariots of Egypt, and captains over every one of them. Exo 14:8 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and he pursued after the children of Israel: and the children of Israel went out with an high hand. Exo 14:9 But the Egyptians pursued after them, all the horses and chariots of Pharaoh, and his horsemen, and his army, and overtook them encamping by the sea, beside Pi-hahiroth, before Baal-zephon. Exo 14:10 And when Pharaoh drew nigh, the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Egyptians marched after them; and they were sore afraid: and the children of Israel cried out unto the LORD. Exo 14:11 And they said unto Moses, ABecause there were no graves in Egypt, hast thou taken us away to die in the wilderness? wherefore hast thou dealt thus with us, to carry us forth out of Egypt? Exo 14:12 Is not this the word that we did tell thee in Egypt, saying, >Let us alone, that we may serve the Egyptians?= For it had been better for us to serve the Egyptians, than that we should die in the wilderness.@ Exo 14:13 And Moses said unto the people, AFear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the LORD, which He will shew to you to day: for the Egyptians whom ye have seen to day, ye shall see them again no more for ever. Exo 14:14 The LORD shall fight for you, and ye shall hold your peace.@ Exo 14:15 And the LORD said unto Moses, AWherefore criest thou unto Me? speak unto the children of Israel, that they go forward: Exo 14:16 But lift thou up thy rod, and stretch out thine hand over the sea, and divide it: and the children of Israel shall go on dry ground through the midst of the sea. Exo 14:17 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Egyptians, and they shall follow
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them: and I will get Me honour upon Pharaoh, and upon all his host, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen. Exo 14:18 And the Egyptians shall know that I am the LORD, when I have gotten Me honour upon Pharaoh, upon his chariots, and upon his horsemen.@ Exo 14:19 And the Angel of God, Which went before the camp of Israel, removed and went behind them; and the pillar of the cloud went from before their face, and stood behind them: Exo 14:20 And it came between the camp of the Egyptians and the camp of Israel; and it was a cloud and darkness to them, but it gave light by night to these: so that the one came not near the other all the night. Exo 14:21 And Moses stretched out his hand over the sea; and the LORD caused the sea to go back by a strong east wind all that night, and made the sea dry land, and the waters were divided. Exo 14:22 And the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon the dry ground: and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left. Exo 14:23 And the Egyptians pursued, and went in after them to the midst of the sea, even all Pharaoh=s horses, his chariots, and his horsemen. Exo 14:24 And it came to pass, that in the morning watch the LORD looked unto the host of the Egyptians through the pillar of fire and of the cloud, and troubled the host of the Egyptians, Exo 14:25 And took off their chariot wheels, that they drave them heavily: so that the Egyptians said, ALet us flee from the face of Israel; for the LORD fighteth for them against the Egyptians.@ Exo 14:26 And the LORD said unto Moses, AStretch out thine hand over the sea, that the waters may come again upon the Egyptians, upon their chariots, and upon their horsemen. @ Exo 14:27 And Moses stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned to his strength when the morning appeared; and the Egyptians fled against it; and the LORD overthrew the Egyptians in the midst of the sea. Exo 14:28 And the waters returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharaoh that came into the sea after them; there remained not so much as one of them. Exo 14:29 But the children of Israel walked upon dry land in the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall unto them on their right hand, and on their left. Exo 14:30 Thus the LORD saved Israel that day out of the hand of the Egyptians; and Israel saw the Egyptians dead upon the sea shore. Exo 14:31 And Israel saw that great work which the LORD did upon the Egyptians: and the people feared the LORD, and believed the LORD, and His servant Moses.

Israelites Praise Yahveh in Victory Song
Exo 15:1 Then sang Moses and the children of Israel this song unto the LORD, and spake, saying, AI will sing unto the LORD, for He hath triumphed gloriously: the horse and his rider hath He thrown into the sea. Exo 15:2 The LORD is my strength and song, and He is become my salvation: He is my God,
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and I will prepare Him an habitation; my father=s God, and I will exalt him. Exo 15:3 The LORD is a man of war: the LORD is His name. Exo 15:4 Pharaoh=s chariots and his host hath He cast into the sea: his chosen captains also are drowned in the Red sea. Exo 15:5 The depths have covered them: they sank into the bottom as a stone. Exo 15:6 Thy right hand, O LORD, is become glorious in power: Thy right hand, O LORD, hath dashed in pieces the enemy. Exo 15:7 And in the greatness of Thine excellency Thou hast overthrown them that rose up against Thee: Thou sentest forth Thy wrath, which consumed them as stubble. Exo 15:8 And with the blast of Thy nostrils the waters were gathered together, the floods stood upright as an heap, and the depths were congealed in the heart of the sea. Exo 15:9 The enemy said, >I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my lust shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, my hand shall destroy them. = Exo 15:10 Thou didst blow with Thy wind, the sea covered them: they sank as lead in the mighty waters. Exo 15:11 Who is like unto Thee, O LORD, among the gods? who is like Thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders? Exo 15:12 Thou stretchedst out Thy right hand, the earth swallowed them. Exo 15:13 Thou in Thy mercy hast led forth the people which Thou hast redeemed: Thou hast guided them in Thy strength unto Thy holy habitation. Exo 15:14 The people shall hear, and be afraid: sorrow shall take hold on the inhabitants of Palestina. Exo 15:15 Then the dukes of Edom shall be amazed; the mighty men of Moab, trembling shall take hold upon them; all the inhabitants of Canaan shall melt away. Exo 15:16 Fear and dread shall fall upon them; by the greatness of Thine arm they shall be as still as a stone; till Thy people pass over, O LORD, till the people pass over, which Thou hast purchased. Exo 15:17 Thou shalt bring them in, and plant them in the mountain of Thine inheritance, in the place, O LORD, which Thou hast made for Thee to dwell in, in the Sanctuary, O LORD, which Thy hands have established. Exo 15:18 The LORD shall reign for ever and ever. Exo 15:19 For the horse of Pharaoh went in with his chariots and with his horsemen into the sea, and the LORD brought again the waters of the sea upon them; but the children of Israel went on dry land in the midst of the sea.@ Exo 15:20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a timbrel in her hand; and all the women went out after her with timbrels and with dances. Exo 15:21 And Miriam answered them, ASing ye to the LORD, for He hath triumphed gloriously; the horse and his rider hath He thrown into the sea. @ Exo 15:22 So Moses brought Israel from the Red sea, and they went out into the wilderness of Shur; and they went three days in the wilderness, and found no water. Exo 15:23 And when they came to Marah, they could not drink of the waters of Marah, for they were bitter: therefore the name of it was called Marah. Exo 15:24 And the people murmured against Moses, saying, AWhat shall we drink?@ Exo 15:25 And he cried unto the LORD; and the LORD shewed him a tree, which when he
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had cast into the waters, the waters were made sweet: there He made for them a statute and an ordinance, and there He proved them, Exo 15:26 And said, AIf thou wilt diligently hearken to the voice of the LORD thy God, and wilt do that which is right in His sight, and wilt give ear to His commandments, and keep all His statutes, I will put none of these diseases upon thee, which I have brought upon the Egyptians: for I am the LORD that healeth thee.@ Exo 15:27 And they came to Elim, where were twelve wells of water, and threescore and ten palm trees: and they encamped there by the waters. “The Unclean and the Clean” Lev 11:45 For I am the LORD that bringeth you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: ye shall therefore be holy, for I am holy. Lev 11:46 This is the law of the beasts, and of the fowl, and of every living creature that moveth in the waters, and of every creature that creepeth upon the earth: Lev 11:47 To make a difference between the unclean and the clean, and between the beast that may be eaten and the beast that may not be eaten.=@

Just Balances
Lev 19:35 Ye shall do no unrighteousness in judgment, in meteyard, in weight, or in measure. Lev 19:36 Just balances, just weights, a just ephah, and a just hin, shall ye have: I am the LORD your God, Which brought you out of the land of Egypt. Lev 19:37 Therefore shall ye observe all My statutes, and all My judgments, and do them: I am the LORD.= =

“But I Will Be Hallowed Among the Children of Israel ”
Lev 22:26 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Lev 22:27 AWhen a bullock, or a sheep, or a goat, is brought forth, then it shall be seven days under the dam; and from the eighth day and thenceforth it shall be accepted for an offering made by fire unto the LORD. Lev 22:28 And whether it be cow or ewe, ye shall not kill it and her young both in one day. Lev 22:29 And when ye will offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving unto the LORD, offer it at your own will. Lev 22:30 On the same day it shall be eaten up; ye shall leave none of it until the morrow: I am the LORD. Lev 22:31 Therefore shall ye keep My commandments, and do them: I am the LORD. Lev 22:32 Neither shall ye profane My holy name; but I will be hallowed among the children of Israel: I am the LORD Which hallow you, Lev 22:33 That brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: I am the LORD.@
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The Feast of Tabernacles
The Leviticus Instructions Lev 23:39 Also in the fifteenth day of the seventh month, when ye have gathered in the fruit of the land, ye shall keep a feast unto the LORD seven days: on the first day shall be a sabbath, and on the eighth day shall be a sabbath. Lev 23:40 And ye shall take you on the first day the boughs of goodly trees, branches of palm trees, and the boughs of thick trees, and willows of the brook; and ye shall rejoice before the LORD your God seven days. Lev 23:41 And ye shall keep it a feast unto the LORD seven days in the year. It shall be a statute for ever in your generations: ye shall celebrate it in the seventh month. Lev 23:42 Ye shall dwell in booths seven days; all that are Israelites born shall dwell in booths: Lev 23:43 That your generations may know that I made the children of Israel to dwell in booths, when I brought them out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.=@ Lev 23:44 And Moses declared unto the children of Israel the feasts of the LORD. The Deuteronomy Instructions Deu 16:13 Thou shalt observe the feast of tabernacles seven days, after that thou hast gathered in thy corn and thy wine: Deu 16:14 And thou shalt rejoice in thy feast, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite, the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are within thy gates. Deu 16:15 Seven days shalt thou keep a solemn feast unto the LORD thy God in the place which the LORD shall choose: because the LORD thy God shall bless thee in all thine increase, and in all the works of thine hands, therefore thou shalt surely rejoice.

Fringes in Borders of GarmentsCNumbers 15:38B41
Num 15:38 Speak unto the children of Israel, and bid them that they make them fringes in the borders of their garments throughout their generations, and that they put upon the fringe of the borders a ribband of blue: Num 15:39 And it shall be unto you for a fringe, that ye may look upon it, and remember all the commandments of the LORD, and do them; and that ye seek not after your own heart and your own eyes, after which ye use to go a whoring: Num 15:40 That ye may remember, and do all My commandments, and be holy unto your God. Num 15:41 I am the LORD your God, which brought you out of the land of Egypt, to be your God: I am the LORD your God.@
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Entering the Promised Land
Deu 4:20 But the LORD hath taken you, and brought you forth out of the iron furnace, even out of Egypt, to be unto Him a people of inheritance, as ye are this day. Deu 4:21 Furthermore the LORD was angry with me for your sakes, and sware that I should not go over Jordan, and that I should not go in unto that good land, which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance: Deu 4:22 But I must die in this land, I must not go over Jordan: but ye shall go over, and possess that good land. Deu 4:23 Take heed unto yourselves, lest ye forget the covenant of the LORD your God, which He made with you, and make you a graven image, or the likeness of any thing, which the LORD thy God hath forbidden thee. Deu 4:24 (For the LORD thy God is a consuming fire, even a jealous GOD.) Deu 4:25 When thou shalt beget children, and children=s children, and ye shall have remained long in the land, and shall corrupt yourselves, and make a graven image, or the likeness of any thing, and shall do evil in the sight of the LORD thy God, to provoke Him to anger: Deu 4:26 I call heaven and earth to witness against you this day, that ye shall soon utterly perish from off the land whereunto ye go over Jordan to possess it; ye shall not prolong your days upon it, but shall utterly be destroyed. Deu 4:27 And the LORD shall scatter you among the nations, and ye shall be left few in number among the heathen, whither the LORD shall lead you. Deu 4:28 And there ye shall serve gods, the work of men =s hands, wood and stone, which neither see, nor hear, nor eat, nor smell. Deu 4:29 But if from thence thou shalt seek the LORD thy God, thou shalt find Him, if thou seek Him with all thy heart and with all thy soul. Deu 4:30 When thou art in tribulation, and all these things are come upon thee, even in the latter days, if thou turn to the LORD thy God, and shalt be obedient unto His voice; Deu 4:31 (For the LORD thy God is a merciful GOD;) He will not forsake thee, neither destroy thee, nor forget the covenant of thy fathers which He sware unto them. Deu 4:32 For ask now of the days that are past, which were before thee, since the day that God created man upon the earth, and ask from the one side of heaven unto the other, whether there hath been any such thing as this great thing is, or hath been heard like it? Deu 4:33 Did ever people hear the voice of God speaking out of the midst of the fire, as thou hast heard, and live? Deu 4:34 Or hath God assayed to go and take Him a nation from the midst of another nation, by temptations, by signs, and by wonders, and by war, and by a mighty hand, and by a stretched out arm, and by great terrors, according to all that the LORD your God did for you in Egypt before your eyes? Deu 4:35 Unto thee it was shewed, that thou mightest know that the LORD He is God; there is none else beside Him. Deu 4:36 Out of heaven He made thee to hear His voice, that He might instruct thee: and upon earth He shewed thee His great fire; and thou heardest His words out of the midst of the fire.
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Deu 4:37 And because He loved thy fathers, therefore He chose their seed after them, and brought thee out in His sight with His mighty power out of Egypt; Deu 4:38 To drive out nations from before thee greater and mightier than thou art, to bring thee in, to give thee their land for an inheritance, as it is this day. Deu 4:39 Know therefore this day, and consider it in thine heart, that the LORD He is God in heaven above, and upon the earth beneath: there is none else. Deu 4:40 Thou shalt keep therefore His statutes, and His commandments, which I command thee this day, that it may go well with thee, and with thy children after thee, and that thou mayest prolong thy days upon the earth, which the LORD thy God giveth thee, for ever.@

Moses Delivers Commandments to Israelites
Deu 4:41 Then Moses severed three cities on this side Jordan toward the sunrising; Deu 4:42 That the slayer might flee thither, which should kill his neighbour unawares, and hated him not in times past; and that fleeing unto one of these cities he might live: Deu 4:43 Namely, Bezer in the wilderness, in the plain country, of the Reubenites; and Ramoth in Gilead, of the Gadites; and Golan in Bashan, of the Manassites. Deu 4:44 And this is the law which Moses set before the children of Israel: Deu 4:45 These are the testimonies, and the statutes, and the judgments, which Moses spake unto the children of Israel, after they came forth out of Egypt, Deu 4:46 On this side Jordan, in the valley over against Beth-peor, in the land of Sihon king of the Amorites, who dwelt at Heshbon, whom Moses and the children of Israel smote, after they were come forth out of Egypt: Deu 4:47 And they possessed his land, and the land of Og king of Bashan, two kings of the Amorites, which were on this side Jordan toward the sunrising; Deu 4:48 From Aroer, which is by the bank of the river Arnon, even unto mount Sion, which is Hermon, Deu 4:49 And all the plain on this side Jordan eastward, even unto the sea of the plain, under the springs of Pisgah.

“We Were Pharaoh=s Bondmen in Egypt; and the Lord Brought Us Out of Egypt . . .”
Deu 6:12 Then beware lest thou forget the LORD, Which brought thee forth out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage. Deu 6:13 Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God, and serve Him, and shalt swear by His name. Deu 6:14 Ye shall not go after other gods, of the gods of the people which are round about you; Deu 6:15 (For the LORD thy God is a jealous GOD among you) lest the anger of the LORD thy God be kindled against thee, and destroy thee from off the face of the earth. Deu 6:16 Ye shall not tempt the LORD your God, as ye tempted Him in Massah. Deu 6:17 Ye shall diligently keep the commandments of the LORD your God, and His
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testimonies, and His statutes, which He hath commanded thee. Deu 6:18 And thou shalt do that which is right and good in the sight of the LORD: that it may be well with thee, and that thou mayest go in and possess the good land which the LORD sware unto thy fathers, Deu 6:19 To cast out all thine enemies from before thee, as the LORD hath spoken. Deu 6:20 And when thy son asketh thee in time to come, saying, >What mean the testimonies, and the statutes, and the judgments, which the LORD our God hath commanded you?= Deu 6:21 Then thou shalt say unto thy son, >We were Pharaoh=s bondmen in Egypt; and the LORD brought us out of Egypt with a mighty hand: Deu 6:22 And the LORD shewed signs and wonders, great and sore, upon Egypt, upon Pharaoh, and upon all his household, before our eyes: Deu 6:23 And He brought us out from thence, that He might bring us in, to give us the land which He sware unto our fathers. Deu 6:24 And the LORD commanded us to do all these statutes, to fear the LORD our God, for our good always, that he might preserve us alive, as it is at this day. Deu 6:25 And it shall be our righteousness, if we observe to do all these commandments before the LORD our God, as He hath commanded us.=

“. . .[R]emember What the LORD Thy God Did Unto Pharaoh, and Unto All Egypt”
Deu 7:7 The LORD did not set His love upon you, nor choose you, because ye were more in number than any people; for ye were the fewest of all people: Deu 7:8 But because the LORD loved you, and because He would keep the oath which He had sworn unto your fathers, hath the LORD brought you out with a mighty hand, and redeemed you out of the house of bondmen, from the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt. Deu 7:9 Know therefore that the LORD thy God, He is God, the faithful GOD, Which keepeth covenant and mercy with them that love Him and keep His commandments to a thousand generations; Deu 7:10 And repayeth them that hate Him to their face, to destroy them: He will not be slack to him that hateth Him, He will repay him to his face. Deu 7:11 Thou shalt therefore keep the commandments, and the statutes, and the judgments, which I command thee this day, to do them. Deu 7:12 Wherefore it shall come to pass, if ye hearken to these judgments, and keep, and do them, that the LORD thy God shall keep unto thee the covenant and the mercy which He sware unto thy fathers: Deu 7:13 And He will love thee, and bless thee, and multiply thee: He will also bless the fruit of thy womb, and the fruit of thy land, thy corn, and thy wine, and thine oil, the increase of thy kine, and the flocks of thy sheep, in the land which He sware unto thy fathers to give thee. Deu 7:14 Thou shalt be blessed above all people: there shall not be male or female barren among you, or among your cattle.
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Deu 7:15 And the LORD will take away from thee all sickness, and will put none of the evil diseases of Egypt, which thou knowest, upon thee; but will lay them upon all them that hate thee. Deu 7:16 And thou shalt consume all the people which the LORD thy God shall deliver thee; thine eye shall have no pity upon them: neither shalt thou serve their gods; for that will be a snare unto thee. Deu 7:17 If thou shalt say in thine heart, >These nations are more than I; how can I dispossess them?= Deu 7:18 Thou shalt not be afraid of them: but shalt well remember what the LORD thy God did unto Pharaoh, and unto all Egypt; Deu 7:19 The great temptations which thine eyes saw, and the signs, and the wonders, and the mighty hand, and the stretched out arm, whereby the LORD thy God brought thee out: so shall the LORD thy God do unto all the people of whom thou art afraid.

“. . . the LORD Thy God, Which Brought Thee Forth Out of the Land of Egypt . . .”
Deu 8:11 Beware that thou forget not the LORD thy God, in not keeping His commandments, and His judgments, and His statutes, which I command thee this day: Deu 8:12 Lest when thou hast eaten and art full, and hast built goodly houses, and dwelt therein; Deu 8:13 And when thy herds and thy flocks multiply, and thy silver and thy gold is multiplied, and all that thou hast is multiplied; Deu 8:14 Then thine heart be lifted up, and thou forget the LORD thy God, Which brought thee forth out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage; Deu 8:15 Who led thee through that great and terrible wilderness, wherein were fiery serpents, and scorpions, and drought, where there was no water; Who brought thee forth water out of the rock of flint; Deu 8:16 Who fed thee in the wilderness with manna, which thy fathers knew not, that He might humble thee, and that He might prove thee, to do thee good at thy latter end; Deu 8:17 And thou say in thine heart, >My power and the might of mine hand hath gotten me this wealth.= Deu 8:18 But thou shalt remember the LORD thy God: for it is He that giveth thee power to get wealth, that He may establish His covenant which He sware unto thy fathers, as it is this day.

“But Your Eyes Have Seen All the Great Acts of the LORD Which He Did”
Deu 11:3 And His miracles, and His acts, which He did in the midst of Egypt unto Pharaoh the king of Egypt, and unto all his land; Deu 11:4 And what He did unto the army of Egypt, unto their horses, and to their chariots; how He made the water of the Red sea to overflow them as they pursued after you, and how the LORD hath destroyed them unto this day;
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Deu 11:5 And what He did unto you in the wilderness, until ye came into this place; Deu 11:6 And what He did unto Dathan and Abiram, the sons of Eliab, the son of Reuben: how the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up, and their households, and their tents, and all the substance that was in their possession, in the midst of all Israel: Deu 11:7 But your eyes have seen all the great acts of the LORD which He did. Deu 11:8 Therefore shall ye keep all the commandments which I command you this day, that ye may be strong, and go in and possess the land, whither ye go to possess it; Deu 11:9 And that ye may prolong your days in the land, which the LORD sware unto your fathers to give unto them and to their seed, a land that floweth with milk and honey. Deu 11:10 For the land, whither thou goest in to possess it, is not as the land of Egypt, from whence ye came out, where thou sowedst thy seed, and wateredst it with thy foot, as a garden of herbs: Deu 11:11 But the land, whither ye go to possess it, is a land of hills and valleys, and drinketh water of the rain of heaven: Deu 11:12 A land which the LORD thy God careth for: the eyes of the LORD thy God are always upon it, from the beginning of the year even unto the end of the year.

Stone False Prophets and Dreamers
Deu 13:5 And that prophet, or that dreamer of dreams, shall be put to death; because he hath spoken to turn you away from the LORD your God, Which brought you out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed you out of the house of bondage, to thrust thee out of the way which the LORD thy God commanded thee to walk in. So shalt thou put the evil away from the midst of thee. Deu 13:6 If thy brother, the son of thy mother, or thy son, or thy daughter, or the wife of thy bosom, or thy friend, which is as thine own soul, entice thee secretly, saying, >Let us go and serve other gods,= which thou hast not known, thou, nor thy fathers; Deu 13:7 Namely, of the gods of the people which are round about you, nigh unto thee, or far off from thee, from the one end of the earth even unto the other end of the earth; Deu 13:8 Thou shalt not consent unto him, nor hearken unto him; neither shall thine eye pity him, neither shalt thou spare, neither shalt thou conceal him: Deu 13:9 But thou shalt surely kill him; thine hand shall be first upon him to put him to death, and afterwards the hand of all the people. Deu 13:10 And thou shalt stone him with stones, that he die; because he hath sought to thrust thee away from the LORD thy God, Which brought thee out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage. Deu 13:11 And all Israel shall hear, and fear, and shall do no more any such wickedness as this is among you.

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“Thou Shalt Remember That Thou Wast a Bondman in the Land of Egypt”
Treatment of Bondservants Lev 25:38 I am the LORD your God, Which brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, to give you the land of Canaan, and to be your God. Lev 25:39 And if thy brother that dwelleth by thee be waxen poor, and be sold unto thee; thou shalt not compel him to serve as a bondservant: Lev 25:40 But as an hired servant, and as a sojourner, he shall be with thee, and shall serve thee unto the year of jubile: Lev 25:41 And then shall he depart from thee, both he and his children with him, and shall return unto his own family, and unto the possession of his fathers shall he return. Lev 25:42 For they are My servants, which I brought forth out of the land of Egypt: they shall not be sold as bondmen. Lev 25:43 Thou shalt not rule over him with rigour; but shalt fear thy God. Lev 25:44 Both thy bondmen, and thy bondmaids, which thou shalt have, shall be of the heathen that are round about you; of them shall ye buy bondmen and bondmaids. Lev 25:45 Moreover of the children of the strangers that do sojourn among you, of them shall ye buy, and of their families that are with you, which they begat in your land: and they shall be your possession. Lev 25:46 And ye shall take them as an inheritance for your children after you, to inherit them for a possession; they shall be your bondmen for ever: but over your brethren the children of Israel, ye shall not rule one over another with rigour. Lev 25:47 And if a sojourner or stranger wax rich by thee, and thy brother that dwelleth by him wax poor, and sell himself unto the stranger or sojourner by thee, or to the stock of the stranger=s family: Lev 25:48 After that he is sold he may be redeemed again; one of his brethren may redeem him: Lev 25:49 Either his uncle, or his uncle=s son, may redeem him, or any that is nigh of kin unto him of his family may redeem him; or if he be able, he may redeem himself. Lev 25:50 And he shall reckon with him that bought him from the year that he was sold to him unto the year of jubile: and the price of his sale shall be according unto the number of years, according to the time of an hired servant shall it be with him. Lev 25:51 If there be yet many years behind, according unto them he shall give again the price of his redemption out of the money that he was bought for. Lev 25:52 And if there remain but few years unto the year of jubile, then he shall count with him, and according unto his years shall he give him again the price of his redemption. Lev 25:53 And as a yearly hired servant shall he be with him: and the other shall not rule with rigour over him in thy sight. Lev 25:54 And if he be not redeemed in these years, then he shall go out in the year of jubile, both he, and his children with him. Lev 25:55 For unto Me the children of Israel are servants; they are My servants whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.
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“Thou Shalt Not Let Him Go Away Empty” Deu 15:7 If there be among you a poor man of one of thy brethren within any of thy gates in thy land which the LORD thy God giveth thee, thou shalt not harden thine heart, nor shut thine hand from thy poor brother: Deu 15:8 But thou shalt open thine hand wide unto him, and shalt surely lend him sufficient for his need, in that which he wanteth. Deu 15:9 Beware that there be not a thought in thy wicked heart, saying, >The seventh year, the year of release, is at hand;= and thine eye be evil against thy poor brother, and thou givest him nought; and he cry unto the LORD against thee, and it be sin unto thee. Deu 15:10 Thou shalt surely give him, and thine heart shall not be grieved when thou givest unto him: because that for this thing the LORD thy God shall bless thee in all thy works, and in all that thou puttest thine hand unto. Deu 15:11 For the poor shall never cease out of the land: therefore I command thee, saying, >Thou shalt open thine hand wide unto thy brother, to thy poor, and to thy needy, in thy land.= Deu 15:12 And if thy brother, an Hebrew man, or an Hebrew woman, be sold unto thee, and serve thee six years; then in the seventh year thou shalt let him go free from thee. Deu 15:13 And when thou sendest him out free from thee, thou shalt not let him go away empty: Deu 15:14 Thou shalt furnish him liberally out of thy flock, and out of thy floor, and out of thy winepress: of that wherewith the LORD thy God hath blessed thee thou shalt give unto him. Deu 15:15 And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt, and the LORD thy God redeemed thee: therefore I command thee this thing to day. Deu 15:16 And it shall be, if he say unto thee, >I will not go away from thee;= because he loveth thee and thine house, because he is well with thee; Deu 15:17 Then thou shalt take an aul, and thrust it through his ear unto the door, and he shall be thy servant for ever. And also unto thy maidservant thou shalt do likewise. Deu 15:18 It shall not seem hard unto thee, when thou sendest him away free from thee; for he hath been worth a double hired servant to thee, in serving thee six years: and the LORD thy God shall bless thee in all that thou doest. Feast of Weeks Deu 16:9 Seven weeks shalt thou number unto thee: begin to number the seven weeks from such time as thou beginnest to put the sickle to the corn. Deu 16:10 And thou shalt keep the feast of weeks unto the LORD thy God with a tribute of a freewill offering of thine hand, which thou shalt give unto the LORD thy God, according as the LORD thy God hath blessed thee: Deu 16:11 And thou shalt rejoice before the LORD thy God, thou, and thy son, and thy daughter, and thy manservant, and thy maidservant, and the Levite that is within thy gates, and the stranger, and the fatherless, and the widow, that are among you, in the place which the LORD thy God hath chosen to place His name there.
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Deu 16:12 And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt: and thou shalt observe and do these statutes. “Therefore I Command Thee to Do This Thing” Deu 24:8 Take heed in the plague of leprosy, that thou observe diligently, and do according to all that the priests the Levites shall teach you: as I commanded them, so ye shall observe to do. Deu 24:9 Remember what the LORD thy God did unto Miriam by the way, after that ye were come forth out of Egypt. Deu 24:10 When thou dost lend thy brother any thing, thou shalt not go into his house to fetch his pledge. Deu 24:11 Thou shalt stand abroad, and the man to whom thou dost lend shall bring out the pledge abroad unto thee. Deu 24:12 And if the man be poor, thou shalt not sleep with his pledge: Deu 24:13 In any case thou shalt deliver him the pledge again when the sun goeth down, that he may sleep in his own raiment, and bless thee: and it shall be righteousness unto thee before the LORD thy God. Deu 24:14 Thou shalt not oppress an hired servant that is poor and needy, whether he be of thy brethren, or of thy strangers that are in thy land within thy gates: Deu 24:15 At his day thou shalt give him his hire, neither shall the sun go down upon it; for he is poor, and setteth his heart upon it: lest he cry against thee unto the LORD, and it be sin unto thee. Deu 24:16 The fathers shall not be put to death for the children, neither shall the children be put to death for the fathers: every man shall be put to death for his own sin. Deu 24:17 Thou shalt not pervert the judgment of the stranger, nor of the fatherless; nor take a widow=s raiment to pledge: Deu 24:18 But thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in Egypt, and the LORD thy God redeemed thee thence: therefore I command thee to do this thing. Deu 24:19 When thou cuttest down thine harvest in thy field, and hast forgot a sheaf in the field, thou shalt not go again to fetch it: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow: that the LORD thy God may bless thee in all the work of thine hands. Deu 24:20 When thou beatest thine olive tree, thou shalt not go over the boughs again: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow. Deu 24:21 When thou gatherest the grapes of thy vineyard, thou shalt not glean it afterward: it shall be for the stranger, for the fatherless, and for the widow. Deu 24:22 And thou shalt remember that thou wast a bondman in the land of Egypt: therefore I command thee to do this thing.

“Be Not Afraid of Them”
Deu 20:1 When thou goest out to battle against thine enemies, and seest horses, and chariots, and a people more than thou, be not afraid of them: for the LORD thy God is with thee, Which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.
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Deu 20:2 And it shall be, when ye are come nigh unto the battle, that the priest shall approach and speak unto the people, Deu 20:3 And shall say unto them, >Hear, O Israel, ye approach this day unto battle against your enemies: let not your hearts faint, fear not, and do not tremble, neither be ye terrified because of them; Deu 20:4 For the LORD your God is He that goeth with you, to fight for you against your enemies, to save you.=

First of the Fruit of the Land Yahveh =s
Deu 26:1 And it shall be, when thou art come in unto the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance, and possessest it, and dwellest therein; Deu 26:2 That thou shalt take of the first of all the fruit of the earth, which thou shalt bring of thy land that the LORD thy God giveth thee, and shalt put it in a basket, and shalt go unto the place which the LORD thy God shall choose to place His name there. Deu 26:3 And thou shalt go unto the priest that shall be in those days, and say unto him, >I profess this day unto the LORD thy God, that I am come unto the country which the LORD sware unto our fathers for to give us.= Deu 26:4 And the priest shall take the basket out of thine hand, and set it down before the altar of the LORD thy God. Deu 26:5 And thou shalt speak and say before the LORD thy God, >A Syrian ready to perish was my father, and he went down into Egypt, and sojourned there with a few, and became there a nation, great, mighty, and populous: Deu 26:6 And the Egyptians evil entreated us, and afflicted us, and laid upon us hard bondage: Deu 26:7 And when we cried unto the LORD God of our fathers, the LORD heard our voice, and looked on our affliction, and our labour, and our oppression: Deu 26:8 And the LORD brought us forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand, and with an outstretched arm, and with great terribleness, and with signs, and with wonders: Deu 26:9 And He hath brought us into this place, and hath given us this land, even a land that floweth with milk and honey.

AYe Have Seen All That the LORD Did Before Your Eyes in the Land of Egypt Unto Pharaoh . . .”
Deu 29:1 These are the words of the covenant, which the LORD commanded Moses to make with the children of Israel in the land of Moab, beside the covenant which He made with them in Horeb. Deu 29:2 And Moses called unto all Israel, and said unto them, AYe have seen all that the LORD did before your eyes in the land of Egypt unto Pharaoh, and unto all his servants, and unto all his land; Deu 29:3 The great temptations which thine eyes have seen, the signs, and those great miracles:
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Deu 29:4 Yet the LORD hath not given you an heart to perceive, and eyes to see, and ears to hear, unto this day. Deu 29:5 And I have led you forty years in the wilderness: your clothes are not waxen old upon you, and thy shoe is not waxen old upon thy foot. Deu 29:6 Ye have not eaten bread, neither have ye drunk wine or strong drink: that ye might know that I am the LORD your God. Deu 29:7 And when ye came unto this place, Sihon the king of Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, came out against us unto battle, and we smote them: Deu 29:8 And we took their land, and gave it for an inheritance unto the Reubenites, and to the Gadites, and to the half tribe of Manasseh. Deu 29:9 Keep therefore the words of this covenant, and do them, that ye may prosper in all that ye do. Deu 29:10 Ye stand this day all of you before the LORD your God; your captains of your tribes, your elders, and your officers, with all the men of Israel, Deu 29:11 Your little ones, your wives, and thy stranger that is in thy camp, from the hewer of thy wood unto the drawer of thy water: Deu 29:12 That thou shouldest enter into covenant with the LORD thy God, and into His oath, which the LORD thy God maketh with thee this day: Deu 29:13 That He may establish thee to day for a people unto Himself, and that He may be unto thee a God, as He hath said unto thee, and as He hath sworn unto thy fathers, to Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob. Deu 29:14 Neither with you only do I make this covenant and this oath; Deu 29:15 But with him that standeth here with us this day before the LORD our God, and also with him that is not here with us this day: Deu 29:16 (For ye know how we have dwelt in the land of Egypt; and how we came through the nations which ye passed by; Deu 29:17 And ye have seen their abominations, and their idols, wood and stone, silver and gold, which were among them:) Deu 29:18 Lest there should be among you man, or woman, or family, or tribe, whose heart turneth away this day from the LORD our God, to go and serve the gods of these nations; lest there should be among you a root that beareth gall and wormwood; Deu 29:19 And it come to pass, when he heareth the words of this curse, that he bless himself in his heart, saying, >I shall have peace, though I walk in the imagination of mine heart, to add drunkenness to thirst:= Deu 29:20 The LORD will not spare him, but then the anger of the LORD and His jealousy shall smoke against that man, and all the curses that are written in this book shall lie upon him, and the LORD shall blot out his name from under heaven. Deu 29:21 And the LORD shall separate him unto evil out of all the tribes of Israel, according to all the curses of the covenant that are written in this book of the law: Deu 29:22 So that the generation to come of your children that shall rise up after you, and the stranger that shall come from a far land, shall say, when they see the plagues of that land, and the sicknesses which the LORD hath laid upon it; Deu 29:23 And that the whole land thereof is brimstone, and salt, and burning, that it is not sown, nor beareth, nor any grass groweth therein, like the overthrow of Sodom, and
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Gomorrah, Admah, and Zeboim, which the LORD overthrew in His anger, and in His wrath: Deu 29:24 Even all nations shall say, >Wherefore hath the LORD done thus unto this land? what meaneth the heat of this great anger?= Deu 29:25 Then men shall say, >Because they have forsaken the covenant of the LORD God of their fathers, which He made with them when He brought them forth out of the land of Egypt: Deu 29:26 For they went and served other gods, and worshipped them, gods whom they knew not, and whom He had not given unto them: Deu 29:27 And the anger of the LORD was kindled against this land, to bring upon it all the curses that are written in this book: Deu 29:28 And the LORD rooted them out of their land in anger, and in wrath, and in great indignation, and cast them into another land, as it is this day.= Deu 29:29 The secret things belong unto the LORD our God: but those things which are revealed belong unto us and to our children for ever, that we may do all the words of this law.

Gershom and Eliezer Named in Remembrance of Bondage and Deliverance
Exo 18:1 When Jethro, the priest of Midian, Moses= father in law, heard of all that God had done for Moses, and for Israel His people, and that the LORD had brought Israel out of Egypt; Exo 18:2 Then Jethro, Moses= father in law, took Zipporah, Moses= wife, after he had sent her back, Exo 18:3 And her two sons; of which the name of the one was Gershom; for he said, AI have been an alien in a strange land:@ Exo 18:4 And the name of the other was Eliezer; Afor the God of my father,@ said he, Awas mine help, and delivered me from the sword of Pharaoh:@

Yahveh Promises Israelites They Will Be a Holy Nation If They Obey Him, Reminds Them of His Wonders in Egypt
Exo 19:1 In the third month, when the children of Israel were gone forth out of the land of Egypt, the same day came they into the wilderness of Sinai. Exo 19:2 For they were departed from Rephidim, and were come to the desert of Sinai, and had pitched in the wilderness; and there Israel camped before the mount. Exo 19:3 And Moses went up unto God, and the LORD called unto him out of the mountain, saying, AThus shalt thou say to the house of Jacob, and tell the children of Israel; Exo 19:4 Ye have seen what I did unto the Egyptians, and how I bare you on eagles= wings, and brought you unto Myself. Exo 19:5 Now therefore, if ye will obey My voice indeed, and keep My covenant, then ye shall be a peculiar treasure unto Me above all people: for all the earth is Mine: Exo 19:6 And ye shall be unto Me a kingdom of priests, and an holy nation. = These are the words which thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel.@
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Exo 19:7 And Moses came and called for the elders of the people, and laid before their faces all these words which the LORD commanded him. Exo 19:8 And all the people answered together, and said, AAll that the LORD hath spoken we will do.@ And Moses returned the words of the people unto the LORD.

The Ten Commandments
Exodus Account Exo 20:1 And God spake all these words, saying, Exo 20:2 AI am the LORD thy God, Which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage. Exo 20:3 Thou shalt have no other gods before Me. Exo 20:4 Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: Exo 20:5 Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous GOD, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate Me; Exo 20:6 And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love Me, and keep My commandments. Exo 20:7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh His name in vain. Exo 20:8 Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy. Exo 20:9 Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work: Exo 20:10 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates: Exo 20:11 For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it. Exo 20:12 Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee. Exo 20:13 Thou shalt not kill. Exo 20:14 Thou shalt not commit adultery. Exo 20:15 Thou shalt not steal. Exo 20:16 Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour. Exo 20:17 Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour=s house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour=s wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour=s.@ Deuteronomy Account Deu 5:1 And Moses called all Israel, and said unto them, AHear, O Israel, the statutes and judgments which I speak in your ears this day, that ye may learn them, and keep, and do
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them. Deu 5:2 The LORD our God made a covenant with us in Horeb. Deu 5:3 The LORD made not this covenant with our fathers, but with us, even us, who are all of us here alive this day. Deu 5:4 The LORD talked with you face to face in the mount out of the midst of the fire, Deu 5:5 (I stood between the LORD and you at that time, to shew you the word of the LORD: for ye were afraid by reason of the fire, and went not up into the mount;) saying, Deu 5:6 >I am the LORD thy God, Which brought thee out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage. Deu 5:7 Thou shalt have none other gods before Me. Deu 5:8 Thou shalt not make thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the waters beneath the earth: Deu 5:9 Thou shalt not bow down thyself unto them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous GOD, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate Me, Deu 5:10 And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love Me and keep My commandments. Deu 5:11 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain: for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh His name in vain. Deu 5:12 Keep the sabbath day to sanctify it, (as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee). Deu 5:13 Six days thou shalt labour, and do all thy work: Deu 5:14 But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, nor thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thine ox, nor thine ass, nor any of thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates; that thy manservant and thy maidservant may rest as well as thou. Deu 5:15 (And remember that thou wast a servant in the land of Egypt, and that the LORD thy God brought thee out thence through a mighty hand and by a stretched out arm: therefore the LORD thy God commanded thee to keep the sabbath day.)

Yahveh Commands Israelites Not to Vex Strangers Because They Were Strangers in Egypt
“Thou Shalt Neither Vex a Stranger” Exo 22:21 Thou shalt neither vex a stranger, nor oppress him: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt. “Thou Shalt Not Oppress a Stranger” Exo 23:9 Also thou shalt not oppress a stranger: for ye know the heart of a stranger, seeing ye were strangers in the land of Egypt.
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“Ye Shall Not Vex Him” Lev 19:33 And if a stranger sojourn with thee in your land, ye shall not vex him. Lev 19:34 But the stranger that dwelleth with you shall be unto you as one born among you, and thou shalt love him as thyself; for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt: I am the LORD your God. “Love Ye Therefore the Stranger” Deu 10:19 Love ye therefore the stranger: for ye were strangers in the land of Egypt. Deu 10:20 Thou shalt fear the LORD thy God; Him shalt thou serve, and to Him shalt thou cleave, and swear by His name. Deu 10:21 He is thy praise, and He is thy God, That hath done for thee these great and terrible things, which thine eyes have seen. Deu 10:22 Thy fathers went down into Egypt with threescore and ten persons; and now the LORD thy God hath made thee as the stars of heaven for multitude.

The Feast of Unleavened Bread
Exodus 23:15 Exo 23:15 Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before Me empty:) Exodus 34:18 Exo 34:18 The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, in the time of the month Abib: for in the month Abib thou camest out from Egypt.

Yahveh Says He Will Sanctify Tabernacle By His Glory
Exo 29:43 And there I will meet with the children of Israel, and the tabernacle shall be sanctified by My glory. Exo 29:44 And I will sanctify the tabernacle of the congregation, and the altar: I will sanctify also both Aaron and his sons, to minister to Me in the priest =s office. Exo 29:45 And I will dwell among the children of Israel, and will be their God. Exo 29:46 And they shall know that I am the LORD their God, That brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, that I may dwell among them: I am the LORD their God.

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Yahveh Promises Israelites Canaan
Exo 33:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, ADepart, and go up hence, thou and the people which thou hast brought up out of the land of Egypt, unto the land which I sware unto Abraham, to Isaac, and to Jacob, saying, >Unto thy seed will I give it:= Exo 33:2 And I will send an angel before thee; and I will drive out the Canaanite, the Amorite, and the Hittite, and the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite: Exo 33:3 Unto a land flowing with milk and honey: for I will not go up in the midst of thee; for thou art a stiffnecked people: lest I consume thee in the way.@

Part-Egyptian, Part-Danite Curses Camp
Lev 24:10 And the son of an Israelitish woman, whose father was an Egyptian, went out among the children of Israel: and this son of the Israelitish woman and a man of Israel strove together in the camp; Lev 24:11 And the Israelitish woman=s son blasphemed the name of the LORD, and cursed. And they brought him unto Moses: (and his mother =s name was Shelomith, the daughter of Dibri, of the tribe of Dan:) Lev 24:12 And they put him in ward, that the mind of the LORD might be shewed them. Lev 24:13 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Lev 24:14 ABring forth him that hath cursed without the camp; and let all that heard him lay their hands upon his head, and let all the congregation stone him. Lev 24:15 And thou shalt speak unto the children of Israel, saying, >Whosoever curseth his God shall bear his sin. Lev 24:16 And he that blasphemeth the name of the LORD, he shall surely be put to death, and all the congregation shall certainly stone him: as well the stranger, as he that is born in the land, when he blasphemeth the name of the LORD, shall be put to death. Lev 24:17 And he that killeth any man shall surely be put to death. Lev 24:18 And he that killeth a beast shall make it good; beast for beast. Lev 24:19 And if a man cause a blemish in his neighbour; as he hath done, so shall it be done to him; Lev 24:20 Breach for breach, eye for eye, tooth for tooth: as he hath caused a blemish in a man, so shall it be done to him again. Lev 24:21 And he that killeth a beast, he shall restore it: and he that killeth a man, he shall be put to death. Lev 24:22 Ye shall have one manner of law, as well for the stranger, as for one of your own country: for I am the LORD your God.=@ Lev 24:23 And Moses spake to the children of Israel, that they should bring forth him that had cursed out of the camp, and stone him with stones. And the children of Israel did as the LORD commanded Moses.

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Consequences for Disobedience to Yahveh
Leviticus 26:10B46 Lev 26:10 And ye shall eat old store, and bring forth the old because of the new. Lev 26:11 And I will set My tabernacle among you: and My soul shall not abhor you. Lev 26:12 And I will walk among you, and will be your God, and ye shall be My people. Lev 26:13 I am the LORD your God, which brought you forth out of the land of Egypt, that ye should not be their bondmen; and I have broken the bands of your yoke, and made you go upright. Lev 26:14 But if ye will not hearken unto Me, and will not do all these commandments; Lev 26:15 And if ye shall despise My statutes, or if your soul abhor My judgments, so that ye will not do all My commandments, but that ye break My covenant: Lev 26:16 I also will do this unto you; I will even appoint over you terror, consumption, and the burning ague, that shall consume the eyes, and cause sorrow of heart: and ye shall sow your seed in vain, for your enemies shall eat it. Lev 26:17 And I will set My face against you, and ye shall be slain before your enemies: they that hate you shall reign over you; and ye shall flee when none pursueth you. Lev 26:18 And if ye will not yet for all this hearken unto Me, then I will punish you seven times more for your sins. Lev 26:19 And I will break the pride of your power; and I will make your heaven as iron, and your earth as brass: Lev 26:20 And your strength shall be spent in vain: for your land shall not yield her increase, neither shall the trees of the land yield their fruits. Lev 26:21 And if ye walk contrary unto Me, and will not hearken unto Me; I will bring seven times more plagues upon you according to your sins. Lev 26:22 I will also send wild beasts among you, which shall rob you of your children, and destroy your cattle, and make you few in number; and your high ways shall be desolate. Lev 26:23 And if ye will not be reformed by Me by these things, but will walk contrary unto Me; Lev 26:24 Then will I also walk contrary unto you, and will punish you yet seven times for your sins. Lev 26:25 And I will bring a sword upon you, that shall avenge the quarrel of My covenant: and when ye are gathered together within your cities, I will send the pestilence among you; and ye shall be delivered into the hand of the enemy. Lev 26:26 And when I have broken the staff of your bread, ten women shall bake your bread in one oven, and they shall deliver you your bread again by weight: and ye shall eat, and not be satisfied. Lev 26:27 And if ye will not for all this hearken unto Me, but walk contrary unto Me; Lev 26:28 Then I will walk contrary unto you also in fury; and I, even I, will chastise you seven times for your sins. Lev 26:29 And ye shall eat the flesh of your sons, and the flesh of your daughters shall ye eat.
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Lev 26:30 And I will destroy your high places, and cut down your images, and cast your carcases upon the carcases of your idols, and My soul shall abhor you. Lev 26:31 And I will make your cities waste, and bring your sanctuaries unto desolation, and I will not smell the savour of your sweet odours. Lev 26:32 And I will bring the land into desolation: and your enemies which dwell therein shall be astonished at it. Lev 26:33 And I will scatter you among the heathen, and will draw out a sword after you: and your land shall be desolate, and your cities waste. Lev 26:34 Then shall the land enjoy her sabbaths, as long as it lieth desolate, and ye be in your enemies= land; even then shall the land rest, and enjoy her sabbaths. Lev 26:35 As long as it lieth desolate it shall rest; because it did not rest in your sabbaths, when ye dwelt upon it. Lev 26:36 And upon them that are left alive of you I will send a faintness into their hearts in the lands of their enemies; and the sound of a shaken leaf shall chase them; and they shall flee, as fleeing from a sword; and they shall fall when none pursueth. Lev 26:37 And they shall fall one upon another, as it were before a sword, when none pursueth: and ye shall have no power to stand before your enemies. Lev 26:38 And ye shall perish among the heathen, and the land of your enemies shall eat you up. Lev 26:39 And they that are left of you shall pine away in their iniquity in your enemies = lands; and also in the iniquities of their fathers shall they pine away with them. Lev 26:40 If they shall confess their iniquity, and the iniquity of their fathers, with their trespass which they trespassed against Me, and that also they have walked contrary unto Me; Lev 26:41 And that I also have walked contrary unto them, and have brought them into the land of their enemies; if then their uncircumcised hearts be humbled, and they then accept of the punishment of their iniquity: Lev 26:42 Then will I remember My covenant with Jacob, and also My covenant with Isaac, and also My covenant with Abraham will I remember; and I will remember the land. Lev 26:43 The land also shall be left of them, and shall enjoy her sabbaths, while she lieth desolate without them: and they shall accept of the punishment of their iniquity: because, even because they despised My judgments, and because their soul abhorred My statutes. Lev 26:44 And yet for all that, when they be in the land of their enemies, I will not cast them away, neither will I abhor them, to destroy them utterly, and to break My covenant with them: for I am the LORD their God. Lev 26:45 But I will for their sakes remember the covenant of their ancestors, whom I brought forth out of the land of Egypt in the sight of the heathen, that I might be their God: I am the LORD. Lev 26:46 These are the statutes and judgments and laws, which the LORD made between Him and the children of Israel in mount Sinai by the hand of Moses.=@ Deuteronomy 28:15B68 Deu 28:15 But it shall come to pass, if thou wilt not hearken unto the voice of the LORD
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thy God, to observe to do all His commandments and His statutes which I command thee this day; that all these curses shall come upon thee, and overtake thee: Deu 28:16 Cursed shalt thou be in the city, and cursed shalt thou be in the field. Deu 28:17 Cursed shall be thy basket and thy store. Deu 28:18 Cursed shall be the fruit of thy body, and the fruit of thy land, the increase of thy kine, and the flocks of thy sheep. Deu 28:19 Cursed shalt thou be when thou comest in, and cursed shalt thou be when thou goest out. Deu 28:20 The LORD shall send upon thee cursing, vexation, and rebuke, in all that thou settest thine hand unto for to do, until thou be destroyed, and until thou perish quickly; because of the wickedness of thy doings, whereby thou hast forsaken Me. Deu 28:21 The LORD shall make the pestilence cleave unto thee, until He have consumed thee from off the land, whither thou goest to possess it. Deu 28:22 The LORD shall smite thee with a consumption, and with a fever, and with an inflammation, and with an extreme burning, and with the sword, and with blasting, and with mildew; and they shall pursue thee until thou perish. Deu 28:23 And thy heaven that is over thy head shall be brass, and the earth that is under thee shall be iron. Deu 28:24 The LORD shall make the rain of thy land powder and dust: from heaven shall it come down upon thee, until thou be destroyed. Deu 28:25 The LORD shall cause thee to be smitten before thine enemies: thou shalt go out one way against them, and flee seven ways before them: and shalt be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth. Deu 28:26 And thy carcase shall be meat unto all fowls of the air, and unto the beasts of the earth, and no man shall fray them away. Deu 28:27 The LORD will smite thee with the botch of Egypt, and with the emerods, and with the scab, and with the itch, whereof thou canst not be healed. Deu 28:28 The LORD shall smite thee with madness, and blindness, and astonishment of heart: Deu 28:29 And thou shalt grope at noonday, as the blind gropeth in darkness, and thou shalt not prosper in thy ways: and thou shalt be only oppressed and spoiled evermore, and no man shall save thee. Deu 28:30 Thou shalt betroth a wife, and another man shall lie with her: thou shalt build an house, and thou shalt not dwell therein: thou shalt plant a vineyard, and shalt not gather the grapes thereof. Deu 28:31 Thine ox shall be slain before thine eyes, and thou shalt not eat thereof: thine ass shall be violently taken away from before thy face, and shall not be restored to thee: thy sheep shall be given unto thine enemies, and thou shalt have none to rescue them. Deu 28:32 Thy sons and thy daughters shall be given unto another people, and thine eyes shall look, and fail with longing for them all the day long: and there shall be no might in thine hand. Deu 28:33 The fruit of thy land, and all thy labours, shall a nation which thou knowest not eat up; and thou shalt be only oppressed and crushed alway: Deu 28:34 So that thou shalt be mad for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see.
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Deu 28:35 The LORD shall smite thee in the knees, and in the legs, with a sore botch that cannot be healed, from the sole of thy foot unto the top of thy head. Deu 28:36 The LORD shall bring thee, and thy king which thou shalt set over thee, unto a nation which neither thou nor thy fathers have known; and there shalt thou serve other gods, wood and stone. Deu 28:37 And thou shalt become an astonishment, a proverb, and a byword, among all nations whither the LORD shall lead thee. Deu 28:38 Thou shalt carry much seed out into the field, and shalt gather but little in; for the locust shall consume it. Deu 28:39 Thou shalt plant vineyards, and dress them, but shalt neither drink of the wine, nor gather the grapes; for the worms shall eat them. Deu 28:40 Thou shalt have olive trees throughout all thy coasts, but thou shalt not anoint thyself with the oil; for thine olive shall cast his fruit. Deu 28:41 Thou shalt beget sons and daughters, but thou shalt not enjoy them; for they shall go into captivity. Deu 28:42 All thy trees and fruit of thy land shall the locust consume. Deu 28:43 The stranger that is within thee shall get up above thee very high; and thou shalt come down very low. Deu 28:44 He shall lend to thee, and thou shalt not lend to him: he shall be the head, and thou shalt be the tail. Deu 28:45 Moreover all these curses shall come upon thee, and shall pursue thee, and overtake thee, till thou be destroyed; because thou hearkenedst not unto the voice of the LORD thy God, to keep His commandments and His statutes which He commanded thee: Deu 28:46 And they shall be upon thee for a sign and for a wonder, and upon thy seed for ever. Deu 28:47 Because thou servedst not the LORD thy God with joyfulness, and with gladness of heart, for the abundance of all things; Deu 28:48 Therefore shalt thou serve thine enemies which the LORD shall send against thee, in hunger, and in thirst, and in nakedness, and in want of all things: and He shall put a yoke of iron upon thy neck, until He have destroyed thee. Deu 28:49 The LORD shall bring a nation against thee from far, from the end of the earth, as swift as the eagle flieth; a nation whose tongue thou shalt not understand; Deu 28:50 A nation of fierce countenance, which shall not regard the person of the old, nor shew favour to the young: Deu 28:51 And he shall eat the fruit of thy cattle, and the fruit of thy land, until thou be destroyed: which also shall not leave thee either corn, wine, or oil, or the increase of thy kine, or flocks of thy sheep, until he have destroyed thee. Deu 28:52 And he shall besiege thee in all thy gates, until thy high and fenced walls come down, wherein thou trustedst, throughout all thy land: and he shall besiege thee in all thy gates throughout all thy land, which the LORD thy God hath given thee. Deu 28:53 And thou shalt eat the fruit of thine own body, the flesh of thy sons and of thy daughters, which the LORD thy God hath given thee, in the siege, and in the straitness, wherewith thine enemies shall distress thee: Deu 28:54 So that the man that is tender among you, and very delicate, his eye shall be
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evil toward his brother, and toward the wife of his bosom, and toward the remnant of his children which he shall leave: Deu 28:55 So that he will not give to any of them of the flesh of his children whom he shall eat: because he hath nothing left him in the siege, and in the straitness, wherewith thine enemies shall distress thee in all thy gates. Deu 28:56 The tender and delicate woman among you, which would not adventure to set the sole of her foot upon the ground for delicateness and tenderness, her eye shall be evil toward the husband of her bosom, and toward her son, and toward her daughter, Deu 28:57 And toward her young one that cometh out from between her feet, and toward her children which she shall bear: for she shall eat them for want of all things secretly in the siege and straitness, wherewith thine enemy shall distress thee in thy gates. Deu 28:58 If thou wilt not observe to do all the words of this law that are written in this book, that thou mayest fear this glorious and fearful name, THE LORD THY GOD; Deu 28:59 Then the LORD will make thy plagues wonderful, and the plagues of thy seed, even great plagues, and of long continuance, and sore sicknesses, and of long continuance. Deu 28:60 Moreover He will bring upon thee all the diseases of Egypt, which thou wast afraid of; and they shall cleave unto thee. Deu 28:61 Also every sickness, and every plague, which is not written in the book of this law, them will the LORD bring upon thee, until thou be destroyed. Deu 28:62 And ye shall be left few in number, whereas ye were as the stars of heaven for multitude; because thou wouldest not obey the voice of the LORD thy God. Deu 28:63 And it shall come to pass, that as the LORD rejoiced over you to do you good, and to multiply you; so the LORD will rejoice over you to destroy you, and to bring you to nought; and ye shall be plucked from off the land whither thou goest to possess it. Deu 28:64 And the LORD shall scatter thee among all people, from the one end of the earth even unto the other; and there thou shalt serve other gods, which neither thou nor thy fathers have known, even wood and stone. Deu 28:65 And among these nations shalt thou find no ease, neither shall the sole of thy foot have rest: but the LORD shall give thee there a trembling heart, and failing of eyes, and sorrow of mind: Deu 28:66 And thy life shall hang in doubt before thee; and thou shalt fear day and night, and shalt have none assurance of thy life: Deu 28:67 In the morning thou shalt say, >Would God it were even!= and at even thou shalt say, >Would God it were morning!= for the fear of thine heart wherewith thou shalt fear, and for the sight of thine eyes which thou shalt see. Deu 28:68 And the LORD shall bring thee into Egypt again with ships, by the way whereof I spake unto thee, >Thou shalt see it no more again:= and there ye shall be sold unto your enemies for bondmen and bondwomen, and no man shall buy you.@

Israelites Worship Golden Calf
Exo 32:1 And when the people saw that Moses delayed to come down out of the mount,
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the people gathered themselves together unto Aaron, and said unto him, AUp, make us gods, which shall go before us; for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.@ Exo 32:2 And Aaron said unto them, ABreak off the golden earrings, which are in the ears of your wives, of your sons, and of your daughters, and bring them unto me.@ Exo 32:3 And all the people brake off the golden earrings which were in their ears, and brought them unto Aaron. Exo 32:4 And he received them at their hand, and fashioned it with a graving tool, after he had made it a molten calf: and they said, >These be thy gods, O Israel, which brought thee up out of the land of Egypt.@ Exo 32:5 And when Aaron saw it, he built an altar before it; and Aaron made proclamation, and said, ATo morrow is a feast to the LORD.@ Exo 32:6 And they rose up early on the morrow, and offered burnt offerings, and brought peace offerings; and the people sat down to eat and to drink, and rose up to play. Exo 32:7 And the LORD said unto Moses, AGo, get thee down; for thy people, which thou broughtest out of the land of Egypt, have corrupted themselves: Exo 32:8 They have turned aside quickly out of the way which I commanded them: they have made them a molten calf, and have worshipped it, and have sacrificed thereunto, and said, >These be thy gods, O Israel, which have brought thee up out of the land of Egypt. =@ Exo 32:9 And the LORD said unto Moses, AI have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people: Exo 32:10 Now therefore let Me alone, that My wrath may wax hot against them, and that I may consume them: and I will make of thee a great nation.@ Exo 32:11 And Moses besought the LORD his God, and said, ALORD, why doth Thy wrath wax hot against Thy people, which Thou hast brought forth out of the land of Egypt with great power, and with a mighty hand? Exo 32:12 Wherefore should the Egyptians speak, and say, >For mischief did He bring them out, to slay them in the mountains, and to consume them from the face of the earth? Turn from Thy fierce wrath, and repent of this evil against Thy people. Exo 32:13 Remember Abraham, Isaac, and Israel, Thy servants, to whom Thou swarest by Thine own self, and saidst unto them, >I will multiply your seed as the stars of heaven, and all this land that I have spoken of will I give unto your seed, and they shall inherit it for ever.=@ Exo 32:14 And the LORD repented of the evil which He thought to do unto his people.

Moses Breaks Stone Tablets, Destroys Golden Calf, and Israelites Not Loyal to Yahveh Die
Exo 32:15 And Moses turned, and went down from the mount, and the two tables of the testimony were in his hand: the tables were written on both their sides; on the one side and on the other were they written. Exo 32:16 And the tables were the work of God, and the writing was the writing of God, graven upon the tables.
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Exo 32:17 And when Joshua heard the noise of the people as they shouted, he said unto Moses, AThere is a noise of war in the camp.@ Exo 32:18 And he said, AIt is not the voice of them that shout for mastery, neither is it the voice of them that cry for being overcome: but the noise of them that sing do I hear.@ Exo 32:19 And it came to pass, as soon as he came nigh unto the camp, that he saw the calf, and the dancing: and Moses= anger waxed hot, and he cast the tables out of his hands, and brake them beneath the mount. Exo 32:20 And he took the calf which they had made, and burnt it in the fire, and ground it to powder, and strawed it upon the water, and made the children of Israel drink of it. Exo 32:21 And Moses said unto Aaron, AWhat did this people unto thee, that thou hast brought so great a sin upon them?@ Exo 32:22 And Aaron said, ALet not the anger of my lord wax hot: thou knowest the people, that they are set on mischief. Exo 32:23 For they said unto me, >Make us gods, which shall go before us: for as for this Moses, the man that brought us up out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him.= Exo 32:24 And I said unto them, >Whosoever hath any gold, let them break it off.= So they gave it me: then I cast it into the fire, and there came out this calf.@ Exo 32:25 And when Moses saw that the people were naked; (for Aaron had made them naked unto their shame among their enemies:) Exo 32:26 Then Moses stood in the gate of the camp, and said, AWho is on the LORD=s side? let him come unto me.@ And all the sons of Levi gathered themselves together unto him. Exo 32:27 And he said unto them, AThus saith the LORD God of Israel, >Put every man his sword by his side, and go in and out from gate to gate throughout the camp, and slay every man his brother, and every man his companion, and every man his neighbour.=@ Exo 32:28 And the children of Levi did according to the word of Moses: and there fell of the people that day about three thousand men.

Moses Entreats Yahveh for Israelites = Sin
Exo 32:29 For Moses had said, AConsecrate yourselves to day to the LORD, even every man upon his son, and upon his brother; that he may bestow upon you a blessing this day. @ Exo 32:30 And it came to pass on the morrow, that Moses said unto the people, AYe have sinned a great sin: and now I will go up unto the LORD; peradventure I shall make an atonement for your sin.@ Exo 32:31 And Moses returned unto the LORD, and said, AOh, this people have sinned a great sin, and have made them gods of gold. Exo 32:32 Yet now, if Thou wilt forgive their sin C; and if not, blot me, I pray Thee, out of Thy book which Thou hast written.@ Exo 32:33 And the LORD said unto Moses, AWhosoever hath sinned against Me, him will I blot out of My book. Exo 32:34 Therefore now go, lead the people unto the place of which I have spoken unto
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thee: behold, Mine Angel shall go before thee: nevertheless in the day when I visit I will visit their sin upon them.@ Exo 32:35 And the LORD plagued the people, because they made the calf, which Aaron made.

Israelites Numbered After Exodus from Egypt
Numbers 1
Num 1:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses in the wilderness of Sinai, in the tabernacle of the congregation, on the first day of the second month, in the second year after they were come out of the land of Egypt, saying, Num 1:2 ATake ye the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, after their families, by the house of their fathers, with the number of their names, every male by their polls; Num 1:3 From twenty years old and upward, all that are able to go forth to war in Israel: thou and Aaron shall number them by their armies. Num 1:4 And with you there shall be a man of every tribe; every one head of the house of his fathers. Num 1:5 And these are the names of the men that shall stand with you: of the tribe of Reuben; Elizur the son of Shedeur. Num 1:6 Of Simeon; Shelumiel the son of Zuri-shaddai. Num 1:7 Of Judah; Nahshon the son of Amminadab. Num 1:8 Of Issachar; Nethaneel the son of Zuar. Num 1:9 Of Zebulun; Eliab the son of Helon. Num 1:10 Of the children of Joseph: of Ephraim; Elishama the son of Ammihud: of Manasseh; Gamaliel the son of Pedahzur. Num 1:11 Of Benjamin; Abidan the son of Gideoni. Num 1:12 Of Dan; Ahiezer the son of Ammi-shaddai. Num 1:13 Of Asher; Pagiel the son of Ocran. Num 1:14 Of Gad; Eliasaph the son of Deuel. Num 1:15 Of Naphtali; Ahira the son of Enan.@ Num 1:16 These were the renowned of the congregation, princes of the tribes of their fathers, heads of thousands in Israel. Num 1:17 And Moses and Aaron took these men which are expressed by their names: Num 1:18 And they assembled all the congregation together on the first day of the second month, and they declared their pedigrees after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, by their polls. Num 1:19 As the LORD commanded Moses, so he numbered them in the wilderness of Sinai. Num 1:20 And the children of Reuben, Israel =s eldest son, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, by their polls,
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every male from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; Num 1:21 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Reuben, were forty and six thousand and five hundred. Num 1:22 Of the children of Simeon, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, those that were numbered of them, according to the number of the names, by their polls, every male from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; Num 1:23 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Simeon, were fifty and nine thousand and three hundred. Num 1:24 Of the children of Gad, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; Num 1:25 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Gad, were forty and five thousand six hundred and fifty. Num 1:26 Of the children of Judah, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; Num 1:27 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Judah, were threescore and fourteen thousand and six hundred. Num 1:28 Of the children of Issachar, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; Num 1:29 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Issachar, were fifty and four thousand and four hundred. Num 1:30 Of the children of Zebulun, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; Num 1:31 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Zebulun, were fifty and seven thousand and four hundred. Num 1:32 Of the children of Joseph, namely, of the children of Ephraim, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; Num 1:33 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Ephraim, were forty thousand and five hundred. Num 1:34 Of the children of Manasseh, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; Num 1:35 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Manasseh, were thirty and two thousand and two hundred. Num 1:36 Of the children of Benjamin, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; Num 1:37 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Benjamin, were thirty and five thousand and four hundred.
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Num 1:38 Of the children of Dan, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; Num 1:39 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Dan, were threescore and two thousand and seven hundred. Num 1:40 Of the children of Asher, by their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; Num 1:41 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Asher, were forty and one thousand and five hundred. Num 1:42 Of the children of Naphtali, throughout their generations, after their families, by the house of their fathers, according to the number of the names, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war; Num 1:43 Those that were numbered of them, even of the tribe of Naphtali, were fifty and three thousand and four hundred. Num 1:44 These are those that were numbered, which Moses and Aaron numbered, and the princes of Israel, being twelve men: each one was for the house of his fathers. Num 1:45 So were all those that were numbered of the children of Israel, by the house of their fathers, from twenty years old and upward, all that were able to go forth to war in Israel; Num 1:46 Even all they that were numbered were six hundred thousand and three thousand and five hundred and fifty. Num 1:47 But the Levites after the tribe of their fathers were not numbered among them. Num 1:48 For the LORD had spoken unto Moses, saying, Num 1:49 AOnly thou shalt not number the tribe of Levi, neither take the sum of them among the children of Israel: Num 1:50 But thou shalt appoint the Levites over the tabernacle of testimony, and over all the vessels thereof, and over all things that belong to it: they shall bear the tabernacle, and all the vessels thereof; and they shall minister unto it, and shall encamp round about the tabernacle. Num 1:51 And when the tabernacle setteth forward, the Levites shall take it down: and when the tabernacle is to be pitched, the Levites shall set it up: and the stranger that cometh nigh shall be put to death. Num 1:52 And the children of Israel shall pitch their tents, every man by his own camp, and every man by his own standard, throughout their hosts. Num 1:53 But the Levites shall pitch round about the tabernacle of testimony, that there be no wrath upon the congregation of the children of Israel: and the Levites shall keep the charge of the tabernacle of testimony.@ Num 1:54 And the children of Israel did according to all that the LORD commanded Moses, so did they.

Numbers 26
Num 26:1 And it came to pass after the plague, that the LORD spake unto Moses and unto
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Eleazar the son of Aaron the priest, saying, Num 26:2 ATake the sum of all the congregation of the children of Israel, from twenty years old and upward, throughout their fathers= house, all that are able to go to war in Israel.@ Num 26:3 And Moses and Eleazar the priest spake with them in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho, saying, Num 26:4 ATake the sum of the people, from twenty years old and upward; as the LORD commanded Moses and the children of Israel, which went forth out of the land of Egypt.@ Num 26:5 Reuben, the eldest son of Israel: the children of Reuben; Hanoch, of whom cometh the family of the Hanochites: of Pallu, the family of the Palluites: Num 26:6 Of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites: of Carmi, the family of the Carmites. Num 26:7 These are the families of the Reubenites: and they that were numbered of them were forty and three thousand and seven hundred and thirty. Num 26:8 And the sons of Pallu; Eliab. Num 26:9 And the sons of Eliab; Nemuel, and Dathan, and Abiram. This is that Dathan and Abiram, which were famous in the congregation, who strove against Moses and against Aaron in the company of Korah, when they strove against the LORD: (Num 26:10 And the earth opened her mouth, and swallowed them up together with Korah, when that company died, what time the fire devoured two hundred and fifty men: and they became a sign.) Num 26:11 Notwithstanding the children of Korah died not. Num 26:12 The sons of Simeon after their families: of Nemuel, the family of the Nemuelites: of Jamin, the family of the Jaminites: of Jachin, the family of the Jachinites: Num 26:13 Of Zerah, the family of the Zarhites: of Shaul, the family of the Shaulites. Num 26:14 These are the families of the Simeonites, twenty and two thousand and two hundred. Num 26:15 The children of Gad after their families: of Zephon, the family of the Zephonites: of Haggi, the family of the Haggites: of Shuni, the family of the Shunites: Num 26:16 Of Ozni, the family of the Oznites: of Eri, the family of the Erites: Num 26:17 Of Arod, the family of the Arodites: of Areli, the family of the Arelites. Num 26:18 These are the families of the children of Gad according to those that were numbered of them, forty thousand and five hundred. Num 26:19 The sons of Judah were Er and Onan: and Er and Onan died in the land of Canaan. Num 26:20 And the sons of Judah after their families were; of Shelah, the family of the Shelanites: of Pharez, the family of the Pharzites: of Zerah, the family of the Zarhites. Num 26:21 And the sons of Pharez were; of Hezron, the family of the Hezronites: of Hamul, the family of the Hamulites. Num 26:22 These are the families of Judah according to those that were numbered of them, threescore and sixteen thousand and five hundred. Num 26:23 Of the sons of Issachar after their families: of Tola, the family of the Tolaites: of Pua, the family of the Punites: Num 26:24 Of Jashub, the family of the Jashubites: of Shimron, the family of the Shimronites. Num 26:25 These are the families of Issachar according to those that were numbered of
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them, threescore and four thousand and three hundred. Num 26:26 Of the sons of Zebulun after their families: of Sered, the family of the Sardites: of Elon, the family of the Elonites: of Jahleel, the family of the Jahleelites. Num 26:27 These are the families of the Zebulunites according to those that were numbered of them, threescore thousand and five hundred. Num 26:28 The sons of Joseph after their families were Manasseh and Ephraim. Num 26:29 Of the sons of Manasseh: of Machir, the family of the Machirites: and Machir begat Gilead: of Gilead come the family of the Gileadites. Num 26:30 These are the sons of Gilead: of Jeezer, the family of the Jeezerites: of Helek, the family of the Helekites: Num 26:31 And of Asriel, the family of the Asrielites: and of Shechem, the family of the Shechemites: Num 26:32 And of Shemida, the family of the Shemidaites: and of Hepher, the family of the Hepherites. Num 26:33 And Zelophehad the son of Hepher had no sons, but daughters: and the names of the daughters of Zelophehad were Mahlah, and Noah, Hoglah, Milcah, and Tirzah. Num 26:34 These are the families of Manasseh, and those that were numbered of them, fifty and two thousand and seven hundred. Num 26:35 These are the sons of Ephraim after their families: of Shuthelah, the family of the Shuthalhites: of Becher, the family of the Bachrites: of Tahan, the family of the Tahanites. Num 26:36 And these are the sons of Shuthelah: of Eran, the family of the Eranites. Num 26:37 These are the families of the sons of Ephraim according to those that were numbered of them, thirty and two thousand and five hundred. These are the sons of Joseph after their families. Num 26:38 The sons of Benjamin after their families: of Bela, the family of the Belaites: of Ashbel, the family of the Ashbelites: of Ahiram, the family of the Ahiramites: Num 26:39 Of Shupham, the family of the Shuphamites: of Hupham, the family of the Huphamites. Num 26:40 And the sons of Bela were Ard and Naaman: of Ard, the family of the Ardites: and of Naaman, the family of the Naamites. Num 26:41 These are the sons of Benjamin after their families: and they that were numbered of them were forty and five thousand and six hundred. Num 26:42 These are the sons of Dan after their families: of Shuham, the family of the Shuhamites. These are the families of Dan after their families. Num 26:43 All the families of the Shuhamites, according to those that were numbered of them, were threescore and four thousand and four hundred. Num 26:44 Of the children of Asher after their families: of Jimna, the family of the Jimnites: of Jesui, the family of the Jesuites: of Beriah, the family of the Beriites. Num 26:45 Of the sons of Beriah: of Heber, the family of the Heberites: of Malchiel, the family of the Malchielites. Num 26:46 And the name of the daughter of Asher was Sarah. Num 26:47 These are the families of the sons of Asher according to those that were numbered of them; who were fifty and three thousand and four hundred.
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Num 26:48 Of the sons of Naphtali after their families: of Jahzeel, the family of the Jahzeelites: of Guni, the family of the Gunites: Num 26:49 Of Jezer, the family of the Jezerites: of Shillem, the family of the Shillemites. Num 26:50 These are the families of Naphtali according to their families: and they that were numbered of them were forty and five thousand and four hundred. Num 26:51 These were the numbered of the children of Israel, six hundred thousand and a thousand seven hundred and thirty. Num 26:52 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Num 26:53 AUnto these the land shall be divided for an inheritance according to the number of names. Num 26:54 To many thou shalt give the more inheritance, and to few thou shalt give the less inheritance: to every one shall his inheritance be given according to those that were numbered of him. Num 26:55 Notwithstanding the land shall be divided by lot: according to the names of the tribes of their fathers they shall inherit. Num 26:56 According to the lot shall the possession thereof be divided between many and few.@ Num 26:57 And these are they that were numbered of the Levites after their families: of Gershon, the family of the Gershonites: of Kohath, the family of the Kohathites: of Merari, the family of the Merarites. Num 26:58 These are the families of the Levites: the family of the Libnites, the family of the Hebronites, the family of the Mahlites, the family of the Mushites, the family of the Korathites. And Kohath begat Amram. Num 26:59 And the name of Amram=s wife was Jochebed, the daughter of Levi, whom her mother bare to Levi in Egypt: and she bare unto Amram Aaron and Moses, and Miriam their sister. Num 26:60 And unto Aaron was born Nadab, and Abihu, Eleazar, and Ithamar. Num 26:61 And Nadab and Abihu died, when they offered strange fire before the LORD. Num 26:62 And those that were numbered of them were twenty and three thousand, all males from a month old and upward: for they were not numbered among the children of Israel, because there was no inheritance given them among the children of Israel. Num 26:63 These are they that were numbered by Moses and Eleazar the priest, who numbered the children of Israel in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho. Num 26:64 But among these there was not a man of them whom Moses and Aaron the priest numbered, when they numbered the children of Israel in the wilderness of Sinai. Num 26:65 For the LORD had said of them, AThey shall surely die in the wilderness.@ And there was not left a man of them, save Caleb the son of Jephunneh, and Joshua the son of Nun.

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The Levites
Levites Taken for the Firstborn
Num 3:11 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Num 3:12 AAnd I, behold, I have taken the Levites from among the children of Israel instead of all the firstborn that openeth the matrix among the children of Israel: therefore the Levites shall be Mine; Num 3:13 Because all the firstborn are Mine; for on the day that I smote all the firstborn in the land of Egypt I hallowed unto Me all the firstborn in Israel, both man and beast: Mine shall they be: I am the LORD.@

Levites Appointed to Do Service of the Tabernacle
Num 8:14 Thus shalt thou separate the Levites from among the children of Israel: and the Levites shall be Mine. Num 8:15 And after that shall the Levites go in to do the service of the tabernacle of the congregation: and thou shalt cleanse them, and offer them for an offering. Num 8:16 For they are wholly given unto Me from among the children of Israel; instead of such as open every womb, even instead of the firstborn of all the children of Israel, have I taken them unto Me. Num 8:17 For all the firstborn of the children of Israel are Mine, both man and beast: on the day that I smote every firstborn in the land of Egypt I sanctified them for Myself. Num 8:18 And I have taken the Levites for all the firstborn of the children of Israel. Num 8:19 And I have given the Levites as a gift to Aaron and to his sons from among the children of Israel, to do the service of the children of Israel in the tabernacle of the congregation, and to make an atonement for the children of Israel: that there be no plague among the children of Israel, when the children of Israel come nigh unto the sanctuary. @

Murmurings in the Wilderness
Manna
Exo 16:1 And they took their journey from Elim, and all the congregation of the children of Israel came unto the wilderness of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month after their departing out of the land of Egypt. Exo 16:2 And the whole congregation of the children of Israel murmured against Moses and Aaron in the wilderness: Exo 16:3 And the children of Israel said unto them, AWould to God we had died by the hand of the LORD in the land of Egypt, when we sat by the flesh pots, and when we did eat bread to the full; for ye have brought us forth into this wilderness, to kill this whole
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assembly with hunger.@ Exo 16:4 Then said the LORD unto Moses, ABehold, I will rain bread from heaven for you; and the people shall go out and gather a certain rate every day, that I may prove them, whether they will walk in My law, or no. Exo 16:5 And it shall come to pass, that on the sixth day they shall prepare that which they bring in; and it shall be twice as much as they gather daily.@ Exo 16:6 And Moses and Aaron said unto all the children of Israel, AAt even, then ye shall know that the LORD hath brought you out from the land of Egypt: Exo 16:7 And in the morning, then ye shall see the glory of the LORD; for that He heareth your murmurings against the LORD: and what are we, that ye murmur against us?@ Exo 16:8 And Moses said, AThis shall be, when the LORD shall give you in the evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to the full; for that the LORD heareth your murmurings which ye murmur against Him: and what are we? your murmurings are not against us, but against the LORD.@ Exo 16:9 And Moses spake unto Aaron, ASay unto all the congregation of the children of Israel, >Come near before the LORD: for He hath heard your murmurings.=@ Exo 16:10 And it came to pass, as Aaron spake unto the whole congregation of the children of Israel, that they looked toward the wilderness, and, behold, the glory of the LORD appeared in the cloud. Exo 16:11 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Exo 16:12 AI have heard the murmurings of the children of Israel: speak unto them, saying, >At even ye shall eat flesh, and in the morning ye shall be filled with bread; and ye shall know that I am the LORD your God.=@ Exo 16:13 And it came to pass, that at even the quails came up, and covered the camp: and in the morning the dew lay round about the host. Exo 16:14 And when the dew that lay was gone up, behold, upon the face of the wilderness there lay a small round thing, as small as the hoar frost on the ground. Exo 16:15 And when the children of Israel saw it, they said one to another, AIt is manna:@ for they wist not what it was. And Moses said unto them, AThis is the bread which the LORD hath given you to eat. Exo 16:16 This is the thing which the LORD hath commanded, Gather of it every man according to his eating, an omer for every man, according to the number of your persons; take ye every man for them which are in his tents.@ Exo 16:17 And the children of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, some less. Exo 16:18 And when they did mete it with an omer, he that gathered much had nothing over, and he that gathered little had no lack; they gathered every man according to his eating. Exo 16:19 And Moses said, ALet no man leave of it till the morning.@ Exo 16:20 Notwithstanding they hearkened not unto Moses; but some of them left of it until the morning, and it bred worms, and stank: and Moses was wroth with them. Exo 16:21 And they gathered it every morning, every man according to his eating: and when the sun waxed hot, it melted. Exo 16:22 And it came to pass, that on the sixth day they gathered twice as much bread, two omers for one man: and all the rulers of the congregation came and told Moses.
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Exo 16:23 And he said unto them, AThis is that which the LORD hath said, >To morrow is the rest of the holy sabbath unto the LORD: bake that which ye will bake to day, and seethe that ye will seethe; and that which remaineth over lay up for you to be kept until the morning.=@ Exo 16:24 And they laid it up till the morning, as Moses bade: and it did not stink, neither was there any worm therein. Exo 16:25 And Moses said, AEat that to day; for to day is a sabbath unto the LORD: to day ye shall not find it in the field. Exo 16:26 Six days ye shall gather it; but on the seventh day, which is the sabbath, in it there shall be none.@ Exo 16:27 And it came to pass, that there went out some of the people on the seventh day for to gather, and they found none. Exo 16:28 And the LORD said unto Moses, AHow long refuse ye to keep My commandments and My laws? Exo 16:29 See, for that the LORD hath given you the sabbath, therefore He giveth you on the sixth day the bread of two days; abide ye every man in his place, let no man go out of his place on the seventh day.@ Exo 16:30 So the people rested on the seventh day. Exo 16:31 And the house of Israel called the name thereof Manna: and it was like coriander seed, white; and the taste of it was like wafers made with honey. Exo 16:32 And Moses said, AThis is the thing which the LORD commandeth, Fill an omer of it to be kept for your generations; that they may see the bread wherewith I have fed you in the wilderness, when I brought you forth from the land of Egypt.@ Exo 16:33 And Moses said unto Aaron, ATake a pot, and put an omer full of manna therein, and lay it up before the LORD, to be kept for your generations.@ Exo 16:34 As the LORD commanded Moses, so Aaron laid it up before the Testimony, to be kept. Exo 16:35 And the children of Israel did eat manna forty years, until they came to a land inhabited; they did eat manna, until they came unto the borders of the land of Canaan. Exo 16:36 Now an omer is the tenth part of an ephah.

Water from the Rock
Exo 17:1 And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the wilderness of Sin, after their journeys, according to the commandment of the LORD, and pitched in Rephidim: and there was no water for the people to drink. Exo 17:2 Wherefore the people did chide with Moses, and said, AGive us water that we may drink.@ And Moses said unto them, AWhy chide ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt the LORD?@ Exo 17:3 And the people thirsted there for water; and the people murmured against Moses, and said, AWherefore is this that thou hast brought us up out of Egypt, to kill us and our children and our cattle with thirst?@ Exo 17:4 And Moses cried unto the LORD, saying, AWhat shall I do unto this people? they be almost ready to stone me.@
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Exo 17:5 And the LORD said unto Moses, AGo on before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel; and thy rod, wherewith thou smotest the river, take in thine hand, and go. Exo 17:6 Behold, I will stand before thee there upon the rock in Horeb; and thou shalt smite the rock, and there shall come water out of it, that the people may drink. @ And Moses did so in the sight of the elders of Israel. Exo 17:7 And he called the name of the place Massah, and Meribah, because of the chiding of the children of Israel, and because they tempted the LORD, saying, AIs the LORD among us, or not?@

AWho Shall Give Us Flesh to Eat?”
Num 11:4 And the mixt multitude that was among them fell a lusting: and the children of Israel also wept again, and said, AWho shall give us flesh to eat? Num 11:5 We remember the fish, which we did eat in Egypt freely; the cucumbers, and the melons, and the leeks, and the onions, and the garlick: Num 11:6 But now our soul is dried away: there is nothing at all, beside this manna, before our eyes.@ Num 11:7 And the manna was as coriander seed, and the colour thereof as the colour of bdellium. Num 11:8 And the people went about, and gathered it, and ground it in mills, or beat it in a mortar, and baked it in pans, and made cakes of it: and the taste of it was as the taste of fresh oil. Num 11:9 And when the dew fell upon the camp in the night, the manna fell upon it. Num 11:10 Then Moses heard the people weep throughout their families, every man in the door of his tent: and the anger of the LORD was kindled greatly; Moses also was displeased. Num 11:11 And Moses said unto the LORD, AWherefore hast Thou afflicted Thy servant? and wherefore have I not found favour in Thy sight, that Thou layest the burden of all this people upon me?

AWould God That We Had Died . . . ”
Num 14:1 And all the congregation lifted up their voice, and cried; and the people wept that night. Num 14:2 And all the children of Israel murmured against Moses and against Aaron: and the whole congregation said unto them, AWould God that we had died in the land of Egypt! or would God we had died in this wilderness! Num 14:3 And wherefore hath the LORD brought us unto this land, to fall by the sword, that our wives and our children should be a prey? were it not better for us to return into Egypt?@ Num 14:4 And they said one to another, ALet us make a captain, and let us return into Egypt.@
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Num 14:5 Then Moses and Aaron fell on their faces before all the assembly of the congregation of the children of Israel. Num 14:6 And Joshua the son of Nun, and Caleb the son of Jephunneh, which were of them that searched the land, rent their clothes: Num 14:7 And they spake unto all the company of the children of Israel, saying, AThe land, which we passed through to search it, is an exceeding good land. Num 14:8 If the LORD delight in us, then He will bring us into this land, and give it us; a land which floweth with milk and honey. Num 14:9 Only rebel not ye against the LORD, neither fear ye the people of the land; for they are bread for us: their defence is departed from them, and the LORD is with us: fear them not.@ Num 14:10 But all the congregation bade stone them with stones. And the glory of the LORD appeared in the tabernacle of the congregation before all the children of Israel. Num 14:11 And the LORD said unto Moses, AHow long will this people provoke Me? and how long will it be ere they believe Me, for all the signs which I have shewed among them? Num 14:12 I will smite them with the pestilence, and disinherit them, and will make of thee a greater nation and mightier than they.@ Num 14:13 And Moses said unto the LORD, AThen the Egyptians shall hear it, (for Thou broughtest up this people in Thy might from among them;) Num 14:14 And they will tell it to the inhabitants of this land: for they have heard that thou LORD art among this people, that Thou LORD art seen face to face, and that Thy cloud standeth over them, and that Thou goest before them, by day time in a pillar of a cloud, and in a pillar of fire by night. Num 14:15 Now if Thou shalt kill all this people as one man, then the nations which have heard the fame of Thee will speak, saying, Num 14:16 >Because the LORD was not able to bring this people into the land which He sware unto them, therefore He hath slain them in the wilderness. = Num 14:17 And now, I beseech Thee, let the power of my LORD be great, according as Thou hast spoken, saying, Num 14:18 >The LORD is longsuffering, and of great mercy, forgiving iniquity and transgression, and by no means clearing the guilty, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation.= Num 14:19 Pardon, I beseech Thee, the iniquity of this people according unto the greatness of Thy mercy, and as Thou hast forgiven this people, from Egypt even until now. @ Num 14:20 And the LORD said, AI have pardoned according to thy word: Num 14:21 But as truly as I live, all the earth shall be filled with the glory of the LORD. Num 14:22 Because all those men which have seen My glory, and My miracles, which I did in Egypt and in the wilderness, and have tempted Me now these ten times, and have not hearkened to My voice; Num 14:23 Surely they shall not see the land which I sware unto their fathers, neither shall any of them that provoked Me see it: Num 14:24 But My servant Caleb, because he had another spirit with him, and hath followed Me fully, him will I bring into the land whereinto he went; and his seed shall possess it.@
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“ . . .[I]t is no Place of Seed, or of Figs, or of Vines, or of Pomegranates; Neither is There Any Water to Drink.@
Num 20:1 Then came the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, into the desert of Zin in the first month: and the people abode in Kadesh; and Miriam died there, and was buried there. Num 20:2 And there was no water for the congregation: and they gathered themselves together against Moses and against Aaron. Num 20:3 And the people chode with Moses, and spake, saying, AWould God that we had died when our brethren died before the LORD! Num 20:4 And why have ye brought up the congregation of the LORD into this wilderness, that we and our cattle should die there? Num 20:5 And wherefore have ye made us to come up out of Egypt, to bring us in unto this evil place? it is no place of seed, or of figs, or of vines, or of pomegranates; neither is there any water to drink.@ Num 20:6 And Moses and Aaron went from the presence of the assembly unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and they fell upon their faces: and the glory of the LORD appeared unto them. Num 20:7 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Num 20:8 ATake the rod, and gather thou the assembly together, thou, and Aaron thy brother, and speak ye unto the rock before their eyes; and it shall give forth his water, and thou shalt bring forth to them water out of the rock: so thou shalt give the congregation and their beasts drink.@ Num 20:9 And Moses took the rod from before the LORD, as He commanded him. Num 20:10 And Moses and Aaron gathered the congregation together before the rock, and he said unto them, AHear now, ye rebels; must we fetch you water out of this rock?@ Num 20:11 And Moses lifted up his hand, and with his rod he smote the rock twice: and the water came out abundantly, and the congregation drank, and their beasts also. Num 20:12 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron, ABecause ye believed Me not, to sanctify Me in the eyes of the children of Israel, therefore ye shall not bring this congregation into the land which I have given them.@

“And Ye Murmured In Your Tents . . .”
Deu 1:26 Notwithstanding ye would not go up, but rebelled against the commandment of the LORD your God: Deu 1:27 And ye murmured in your tents, and said, >Because the LORD hated us, He hath brought us forth out of the land of Egypt, to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us. Deu 1:28 Whither shall we go up? our brethren have discouraged our heart, saying, >The people is greater and taller than we; the cities are great and walled up to heaven; and moreover we have seen the sons of the Anakims there.= =
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Deu 1:29 Then I said unto you, >Dread not, neither be afraid of them. Deu 1:30 The LORD your God which goeth before you, He shall fight for you, according to all that He did for you in Egypt before your eyes; Deu 1:31 And in the wilderness, where thou hast seen how that the LORD thy God bare thee, as a man doth bear his son, in all the way that ye went, until ye came into this place. = Deu 1:32 Yet in this thing ye did not believe the LORD your God, Deu 1:33 Who went in the way before you, to search you out a place to pitch your tents in, in fire by night, to shew you by what way ye should go, and in a cloud by day. Deu 1:34 And the LORD heard the voice of your words, and was wroth, and sware, saying, Deu 1:35 >Surely there shall not one of these men of this evil generation see that good land, which I sware to give unto your fathers, Deu 1:36 Save Caleb the son of Jephunneh; he shall see it, and to him will I give the land that he hath trodden upon, and to his children, because he hath wholly followed the LORD.=

Summary of Murmurings
Deu 9:6 Understand therefore, that the LORD thy God giveth thee not this good land to possess it for thy righteousness; for thou art a stiffnecked people. Deu 9:7 Remember, and forget not, how thou provokedst the LORD thy God to wrath in the wilderness: from the day that thou didst depart out of the land of Egypt, until ye came unto this place, ye have been rebellious against the LORD. Deu 9:8 Also in Horeb ye provoked the LORD to wrath, so that the LORD was angry with you to have destroyed you. Deu 9:9 When I was gone up into the mount to receive the tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant which the LORD made with you, then I abode in the mount forty days and forty nights, I neither did eat bread nor drink water: Deu 9:10 And the LORD delivered unto me two tables of stone written with the finger of God; and on them was written according to all the words, which the LORD spake with you in the mount out of the midst of the fire in the day of the assembly. Deu 9:11 And it came to pass at the end of forty days and forty nights, that the LORD gave me the two tables of stone, even the tables of the covenant. Deu 9:12 And the LORD said unto me, >Arise, get thee down quickly from hence; for thy people which thou hast brought forth out of Egypt have corrupted themselves; they are quickly turned aside out of the way which I commanded them; they have made them a molten image.= Deu 9:13 Furthermore the LORD spake unto me, saying, >I have seen this people, and, behold, it is a stiffnecked people: Deu 9:14 Let Me alone, that I may destroy them, and blot out their name from under heaven: and I will make of thee a nation mightier and greater than they.= Deu 9:15 So I turned and came down from the mount, and the mount burned with fire: and the two tables of the covenant were in my two hands. Deu 9:16 And I looked, and, behold, ye had sinned against the LORD your God, and had made you a molten calf: ye had turned aside quickly out of the way which the LORD had commanded you.
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Deu 9:17 And I took the two tables, and cast them out of my two hands, and brake them before your eyes. Deu 9:18 And I fell down before the LORD, as at the first, forty days and forty nights: I did neither eat bread, nor drink water, because of all your sins which ye sinned, in doing wickedly in the sight of the LORD, to provoke Him to anger. Deu 9:19 For I was afraid of the anger and hot displeasure, wherewith the LORD was wroth against you to destroy you. But the LORD hearkened unto me at that time also. Deu 9:20 And the LORD was very angry with Aaron to have destroyed him: and I prayed for Aaron also the same time. Deu 9:21 And I took your sin, the calf which ye had made, and burnt it with fire, and stamped it, and ground it very small, even until it was as small as dust: and I cast the dust thereof into the brook that descended out of the mount. Deu 9:22 (And at Taberah, and at Massah, and at Kibroth-hattaavah, ye provoked the LORD to wrath. Deu 9:23 Likewise when the LORD sent you from Kadesh-barnea, saying, >Go up and possess the land which I have given you;= then ye rebelled against the commandment of the LORD your God, and ye believed Him not, nor hearkened to His voice. Deu 9:24 Ye have been rebellious against the LORD from the day that I knew you.) Deu 9:25 Thus I fell down before the LORD forty days and forty nights, as I fell down at the first; because the LORD had said He would destroy you. Deu 9:26 I prayed therefore unto the LORD, and said, >O Lord GOD, destroy not Thy people and Thine inheritance, which Thou hast redeemed through Thy greatness, which Thou hast brought forth out of Egypt with a mighty hand. Deu 9:27 Remember Thy servants, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob; look not unto the stubbornness of this people, nor to their wickedness, nor to their sin: Deu 9:28 Lest the land whence Thou broughtest us out say, >Because the LORD was not able to bring them into the land which He promised them, and because He hated them, He hath brought them out to slay them in the wilderness.= Deu 9:29 Yet they are Thy people and Thine inheritance, which Thou broughtest out by Thy mighty power and by Thy stretched out arm.=

Edom, Moab, and Ammon
Edom’s Refusal of Passage
Num 20:13 This is the water of Meribah; because the children of Israel strove with the LORD, and He was sanctified in them. Num 20:14 And Moses sent messengers from Kadesh unto the king of Edom, AThus saith thy brother Israel, >Thou knowest all the travail that hath befallen us: Num 20:15 How our fathers went down into Egypt, and we have dwelt in Egypt a long time; and the Egyptians vexed us, and our fathers: Num 20:16 And when we cried unto the LORD, He heard our voice, and sent an Angel, and hath brought us forth out of Egypt: and, behold, we are in Kadesh, a city in the uttermost of
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thy border: Num 20:17 Let us pass, I pray thee, through thy country: we will not pass through the fields, or through the vineyards, neither will we drink of the water of the wells: we will go by the king=s high way, we will not turn to the right hand nor to the left, until we have passed thy borders.=@ Num 20:18 And Edom said unto him, AThou shalt not pass by me, lest I come out against thee with the sword.@ Num 20:19 And the children of Israel said unto him, AWe will go by the high way: and if I and my cattle drink of thy water, then I will pay for it: I will only, without doing any thing else, go through on my feet.@ Num 20:20 And he said, AThou shalt not go through.@ And Edom came out against him with much people, and with a strong hand. Num 20:21 Thus Edom refused to give Israel passage through his border: wherefore Israel turned away from him. Num 20:22 And the children of Israel, even the whole congregation, journeyed from Kadesh, and came unto mount Hor. Num 20:23 And the LORD spake unto Moses and Aaron in mount Hor, by the coast of the land of Edom, saying, Num 20:24 AAaron shall be gathered unto his people: for he shall not enter into the land which I have given unto the children of Israel, because ye rebelled against My word at the water of Meribah. Num 20:25 Take Aaron and Eleazar his son, and bring them up unto mount Hor: Num 20:26 And strip Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son: and Aaron shall be gathered unto his people, and shall die there.@ Num 20:27 And Moses did as the LORD commanded: and they went up into mount Hor in the sight of all the congregation. Num 20:28 And Moses stripped Aaron of his garments, and put them upon Eleazar his son; and Aaron died there in the top of the mount: and Moses and Eleazar came down from the mount. Num 20:29 And when all the congregation saw that Aaron was dead, they mourned for Aaron thirty days, even all the house of Israel.

Israel to Remember Amalek=s Affront
Deu 25:17 Remember what Amalek did unto thee by the way, when ye were come forth out of Egypt; Deu 25:18 How he met thee by the way, and smote the hindmost of thee, even all that were feeble behind thee, when thou wast faint and weary; and he feared not God. Deu 25:19 Therefore it shall be, when the LORD thy God hath given thee rest from all thine enemies round about, in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee for an inheritance to possess it, that thou shalt blot out the remembrance of Amalek from under heaven; thou shalt not forget it.
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Jehoshaphat Reminds Yahveh of the Transgression of Ammon, Moab, and Seir (Edom)
2Ch 20:4 And Judah gathered themselves together, to ask help of the LORD: even out of all the cities of Judah they came to seek the LORD. 2Ch 20:5 And Jehoshaphat stood in the congregation of Judah and Jerusalem, in the house of the LORD, before the new court, 2Ch 20:6 And said, AO LORD God of our fathers, art not Thou God in heaven? and rulest not Thou over all the kingdoms of the heathen? and in Thine hand is there not power and might, so that none is able to withstand Thee? 2Ch 20:7 Art not Thou our God, Who didst drive out the inhabitants of this land before Thy people Israel, and gavest it to the seed of Abraham Thy friend for ever? 2Ch 20:8 And they dwelt therein, and have built Thee a sanctuary therein for Thy name, saying, 2Ch 20:9 If, when evil cometh upon us, as the sword, judgment, or pestilence, or famine, we stand before this house, and in Thy presence, (for Thy name is in this house,) and cry unto Thee in our affliction, then Thou wilt hear and help. 2Ch 20:10 And now, behold, the children of Ammon and Moab and mount Seir, whom Thou wouldest not let Israel invade, when they came out of the land of Egypt, but they turned from them, and destroyed them not; 2Ch 20:11 Behold, I say, how they reward us, to come to cast us out of Thy possession, which Thou hast given us to inherit. 2Ch 20:12 O our God, wilt Thou not judge them? for we have no might against this great company that cometh against us; neither know we what to do: but our eyes are upon Thee.@ 2Ch 20:13 And all Judah stood before the LORD, with their little ones, their wives, and their children.

Hebron Built Seven Years Before Zoan in Egypt
Num 13:21 So they went up, and searched the land from the wilderness of Zin unto Rehob, as men come to Hamath. Num 13:22 And they ascended by the south, and came unto Hebron; where Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, were. (Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.) Num 13:23 And they came unto the brook of Eshcol, and cut down from thence a branch with one cluster of grapes, and they bare it between two upon a staff; and they brought of the pomegranates, and of the figs.

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Balaam
Balak Sends Balaam to Curse AThe People Come Out from Egypt@
Num 22:4 And Moab said unto the elders of Midian, ANow shall this company lick up all that are round about us, as the ox licketh up the grass of the field.@ And Balak the son of Zippor was king of the Moabites at that time. Num 22:5 He sent messengers therefore unto Balaam the son of Beor to Pethor, which is by the river of the land of the children of his people, to call him, saying, ABehold, there is a people come out from Egypt: behold, they cover the face of the earth, and they abide over against me: Num 22:6 Come now therefore, I pray thee, curse me this people; for they are too mighty for me: peradventure I shall prevail, that we may smite them, and that I may drive them out of the land: for I wot that he whom thou blessest is blessed, and he whom thou cursest is cursed.@ Num 22:7 And the elders of Moab and the elders of Midian departed with the rewards of divination in their hand; and they came unto Balaam, and spake unto him the words of Balak. Num 22:8 And he said unto them, ALodge here this night, and I will bring you word again, as the LORD shall speak unto me:@ and the princes of Moab abode with Balaam. Num 22:9 And God came unto Balaam, and said, AWhat men are these with thee?@ Num 22:10 And Balaam said unto God, ABalak the son of Zippor, king of Moab, hath sent unto me, saying, Num 22:11 >Behold, there is a people come out of Egypt, which covereth the face of the earth: come now, curse me them; peradventure I shall be able to overcome them, and drive them out.=@ Num 22:12 And God said unto Balaam, AThou shalt not go with them; thou shalt not curse the people: for they are blessed.@

Yahveh Commands Balaam to Bless the People
Num 23:19 GOD is not a man, that He should lie; neither the son of man, that He should repent: hath He said, and shall He not do it? or hath He spoken, and shall He not make it good? Num 23:20 Behold, I have received commandment to bless: and He hath blessed; and I cannot reverse it. Num 23:21 He hath not beheld iniquity in Jacob, neither hath He seen perverseness in Israel: the LORD his God is with him, and the shout of a king is among them. Num 23:22 GOD brought them out of Egypt; He hath as it were the strength of an unicorn. Num 23:23 Surely there is no enchantment against Jacob, neither is there any divination against Israel: according to this time it shall be said of Jacob and of Israel, >What hath GOD wrought!= Num 23:24 Behold, the people shall rise up as a great lion, and lift up himself as a young
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lion: he shall not lie down until he eat of the prey, and drink the blood of the slain.@

Balaam=s Prophecies
Num 24:5 >How goodly are thy tents, O Jacob, and thy tabernacles, O Israel! Num 24:6 As the valleys are they spread forth, as gardens by the river=s side, as the trees of lign aloes which the LORD hath planted, and as cedar trees beside the waters. Num 24:7 He shall pour the water out of his buckets, and his seed shall be in many waters, and his king shall be higher than Agag, and his kingdom shall be exalted. Num 24:8 GOD brought him forth out of Egypt; he hath as it were the strength of an unicorn: he shall eat up the nations his enemies, and shall break their bones, and pierce them through with his arrows. Num 24:9 He couched, he lay down as a lion, and as a great lion: who shall stir him up? Blessed is he that blesseth thee, and cursed is he that curseth thee.=@

AAn Ammonite or Moabite Shall Not Enter Into the Congregation @
Deu 23:3 An Ammonite or Moabite shall not enter into the congregation of the LORD; even to their tenth generation shall they not enter into the congregation of the LORD for ever: Deu 23:4 Because they met you not with bread and with water in the way, when ye came forth out of Egypt; and because they hired against thee Balaam the son of Beor of Pethor of Mesopotamia, to curse thee. Deu 23:5 Nevertheless the LORD thy God would not hearken unto Balaam; but the LORD thy God turned the curse into a blessing unto thee, because the LORD thy God loved thee. Deu 23:6 Thou shalt not seek their peace nor their prosperity all thy days for ever. Deu 23:7 Thou shalt not abhor an Edomite; for he is thy brother: thou shalt not abhor an Egyptian; because thou wast a stranger in his land. Deu 23:8 The children that are begotten of them shall enter into the congregation of the LORD in their third generation.

Yahveh Forbids Generation of Israelites Who Came Out of Egypt from Seeing Promised Land
Num 32:10 And the LORD=s anger was kindled the same time, and he sware, saying, Num 32:11 >Surely none of the men that came up out of Egypt, from twenty years old and upward, shall see the land which I sware unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob; because they have not wholly followed Me: Num 32:12 Save Caleb the son of Jephunneh the Kenezite, and Joshua the son of Nun: for they have wholly followed the LORD.= Num 32:13 And the LORD=s anger was kindled against Israel, and He made them wander in the wilderness forty years, until all the generation, that had done evil in the sight of the
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LORD, was consumed.

Israel=s Journeys After Exodus from Egypt
Num 33:1 These are the journeys of the children of Israel, which went forth out of the land of Egypt with their armies under the hand of Moses and Aaron. Num 33:2 And Moses wrote their goings out according to their journeys by the commandment of the LORD: and these are their journeys according to their goings out. Num 33:3 And they departed from Rameses in the first month, on the fifteenth day of the first month; on the morrow after the passover the children of Israel went out with an high hand in the sight of all the Egyptians. Num 33:4 For the Egyptians buried all their firstborn, which the LORD had smitten among them: upon their gods also the LORD executed judgments. Num 33:5 And the children of Israel removed from Rameses, and pitched in Succoth. Num 33:6 And they departed from Succoth, and pitched in Etham, which is in the edge of the wilderness. Num 33:7 And they removed from Etham, and turned again unto Pi-hahiroth, which is before Baal-zephon: and they pitched before Migdol. Num 33:8 And they departed from before Pi-hahiroth, and passed through the midst of the sea into the wilderness, and went three days= journey in the wilderness of Etham, and pitched in Marah. Num 33:9 And they removed from Marah, and came unto Elim: and in Elim were twelve fountains of water, and threescore and ten palm trees; and they pitched there. Num 33:10 And they removed from Elim, and encamped by the Red sea. Num 33:11 And they removed from the Red sea, and encamped in the wilderness of Sin. Num 33:12 And they took their journey out of the wilderness of Sin, and encamped in Dophkah. Num 33:13 And they departed from Dophkah, and encamped in Alush. Num 33:14 And they removed from Alush, and encamped at Rephidim, where was no water for the people to drink. Num 33:15 And they departed from Rephidim, and pitched in the wilderness of Sinai. Num 33:16 And they removed from the desert of Sinai, and pitched at Kibroth-hattaavah. Num 33:17 And they departed from Kibroth-hattaavah, and encamped at Hazeroth. Num 33:18 And they departed from Hazeroth, and pitched in Rithmah. Num 33:19 And they departed from Rithmah, and pitched at Rimmon-parez. Num 33:20 And they departed from Rimmon-parez, and pitched in Libnah. Num 33:21 And they removed from Libnah, and pitched at Rissah. Num 33:22 And they journeyed from Rissah, and pitched in Kehelathah. Num 33:23 And they went from Kehelathah, and pitched in mount Shapher. Num 33:24 And they removed from mount Shapher, and encamped in Haradah. Num 33:25 And they removed from Haradah, and pitched in Makheloth. Num 33:26 And they removed from Makheloth, and encamped at Tahath. Num 33:27 And they departed from Tahath, and pitched at Tarah.
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Num 33:28 And they removed from Tarah, and pitched in Mithcah. Num 33:29 And they went from Mithcah, and pitched in Hashmonah. Num 33:30 And they departed from Hashmonah, and encamped at Moseroth. Num 33:31 And they departed from Moseroth, and pitched in Bene-jaakan. Num 33:32 And they removed from Bene-jaakan, and encamped at Hor-hagidgad. Num 33:33 And they went from Horhagidgad, and pitched in Jotbathah. Num 33:34 And they removed from Jotbathah, and encamped at Ebronah. Num 33:35 And they departed from Ebronah, and encamped at Eziongaber. Num 33:36 And they removed from Ezion-gaber, and pitched in the wilderness of Zin, which is Kadesh. Num 33:37 And they removed from Kadesh, and pitched in mount Hor, in the edge of the land of Edom. Num 33:38 And Aaron the priest went up into mount Hor at the commandment of the LORD, and died there, in the fortieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the first day of the fifth month. Num 33:39 And Aaron was an hundred and twenty and three years old when he died in mount Hor. Num 33:40 And king Arad the Canaanite, which dwelt in the south in the land of Canaan, heard of the coming of the children of Israel. Num 33:41 And they departed from mount Hor, and pitched in Zalmonah. Num 33:42 And they departed from Zalmonah, and pitched in Punon. Num 33:43 And they departed from Punon, and pitched in Oboth. Num 33:44 And they departed from Oboth, and pitched in Ije-abarim, in the border of Moab. Num 33:45 And they departed from Iim, and pitched in Dibon-gad. Num 33:46 And they removed from Dibon-gad, and encamped in Almon-diblathaim. Num 33:47 And they removed from Almon-diblathaim, and pitched in the mountains of Abarim, before Nebo. Num 33:48 And they departed from the mountains of Abarim, and pitched in the plains of Moab by Jordan near Jericho. Num 33:49 And they pitched by Jordan, from Beth-jesimoth even unto Abel-shittim in the plains of Moab.

Israel=s Borders in the Promised Land
Num 34:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, saying, Num 34:2 ACommand the children of Israel, and say unto them, >When ye come into the land of Canaan; (this is the land that shall fall unto you for an inheritance, even the land of Canaan with the coasts thereof:) Num 34:3 Then your south quarter shall be from the wilderness of Zin along by the coast of Edom, and your south border shall be the outmost coast of the salt sea eastward: Num 34:4 And your border shall turn from the south to the ascent of Akrabbim, and pass on to Zin: and the going forth thereof shall be from the south to Kadeshbarnea, and shall go
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on to Hazar-addar, and pass on to Azmon: Num 34:5 And the border shall fetch a compass from Azmon unto the river of Egypt, and the goings out of it shall be at the sea. Num 34:6 And as for the western border, ye shall even have the great sea for a border: this shall be your west border.

Israelite Kings Commanded Not to Return to Egypt for Horses
Deu 17:15 Thou shalt in any wise set him king over thee, whom the LORD thy God shall choose: one from among thy brethren shalt thou set king over thee: thou mayest not set a stranger over thee, which is not thy brother. Deu 17:16 But he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt, to the end that he should multiply horses: forasmuch as the LORD hath said unto you, >Ye shall henceforth return no more that way.=* Deu 17:17 Neither shall he multiply wives to himself, that his heart turn not away: neither shall he greatly multiply to himself silver and gold.
*A commandment Solomon ignored in 1 Kings10:28: AAnd Solomon had horses brought out of Egypt, and linen yarn: the king=s merchants received the linen yarn at a price.@

No Prophet Like Moses
Deu 34:10 And there arose not a prophet since in Israel like unto Moses, whom the LORD knew face to face, Deu 34:11 In all the signs and the wonders, which the LORD sent him to do in the land of Egypt to Pharaoh, and to all his servants, and to all his land, Deu 34:12 And in all that mighty hand, and in all the great terror which Moses shewed in the sight of all Israel.

Canaanites Fear Israel After Hearing of the Wonders Yahveh Did in Egypt
Jos 2:1 And Joshua the son of Nun sent out of Shittim two men to spy secretly, saying, AGo view the land, even Jericho.@ And they went, and came into an harlot=s house, named Rahab, and lodged there. Jos 2:2 And it was told the king of Jericho, saying, ABehold, there came men in hither to night of the children of Israel to search out the country.@ Jos 2:3 And the king of Jericho sent unto Rahab, saying, ABring forth the men that are come to thee, which are entered into thine house: for they be come to search out all the country.@ Jos 2:4 And the woman took the two men, and hid them, and said thus, AThere came men
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unto me, but I wist not whence they were: Jos 2:5 And it came to pass about the time of shutting of the gate, when it was dark, that the men went out: whither the men went I wot not: pursue after them quickly; for ye shall overtake them.@ Jos 2:6 But she had brought them up to the roof of the house, and hid them with the stalks of flax, which she had laid in order upon the roof. Jos 2:7 And the men pursued after them the way to Jordan unto the fords: and as soon as they which pursued after them were gone out, they shut the gate. Jos 2:8 And before they were laid down, she came up unto them upon the roof; Jos 2:9 And she said unto the men, AI know that the LORD hath given you the land, and that your terror is fallen upon us, and that all the inhabitants of the land faint because of you. Jos 2:10 For we have heard how the LORD dried up the water of the Red sea for you, when ye came out of Egypt; and what ye did unto the two kings of the Amorites, that were on the other side Jordan, Sihon and Og, whom ye utterly destroyed. Jos 2:11 And as soon as we had heard these things, our hearts did melt, neither did there remain any more courage in any man, because of you: for the LORD your God, He is God in heaven above, and in earth beneath. Jos 2:12 Now therefore, I pray you, swear unto me by the LORD, since I have shewed you kindness, that ye will also shew kindness unto my father =s house, and give me a true token: Jos 2:13 And that ye will save alive my father, and my mother, and my brethren, and my sisters, and all that they have, and deliver our lives from death.@

Joshua
Yahveh Commands Joshua to Circumcise Israelites
Jos 5:1 And it came to pass, when all the kings of the Amorites, which were on the side of Jordan westward, and all the kings of the Canaanites, which were by the sea, heard that the LORD had dried up the waters of Jordan from before the children of Israel, until we were passed over, that their heart melted, neither was there spirit in them any more, because of the children of Israel. Jos 5:2 At that time the LORD said unto Joshua, AMake thee sharp knives, and circumcise again the children of Israel the second time.@ Jos 5:3 And Joshua made him sharp knives, and circumcised the children of Israel at the hill of the foreskins. Jos 5:4 And this is the cause why Joshua did circumcise: All the people that came out of Egypt, that were males, even all the men of war, died in the wilderness by the way, after they came out of Egypt. Jos 5:5 Now all the people that came out were circumcised: but all the people that were born in the wilderness by the way as they came forth out of Egypt, them they had not circumcised. Jos 5:6 For the children of Israel walked forty years in the wilderness, till all the people
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that were men of war, which came out of Egypt, were consumed, because they obeyed not the voice of the LORD: unto whom the LORD sware that He would not shew them the land, which the LORD sware unto their fathers that He would give us, a land that floweth with milk and honey. Jos 5:7 And their children, whom He raised up in their stead, them Joshua circumcised: for they were uncircumcised, because they had not circumcised them by the way. Jos 5:8 And it came to pass, when they had done circumcising all the people, that they abode in their places in the camp, till they were whole. Jos 5:9 And the LORD said unto Joshua, AThis day have I rolled away the reproach of Egypt from off you.@ Wherefore the name of the place is called Gilgal unto this day.

Gibeonites Deceive Joshua
Jos 9:1 And it came to pass, when all the kings which were on this side Jordan, in the hills, and in the valleys, and in all the coasts of the great sea over against Lebanon, the Hittite, and the Amorite, the Canaanite, the Perizzite, the Hivite, and the Jebusite, heard thereof; Jos 9:2 That they gathered themselves together, to fight with Joshua and with Israel, with one accord. Jos 9:3 And when the inhabitants of Gibeon heard what Joshua had done unto Jericho and to Ai, Jos 9:4 They did work wilily, and went and made as if they had been ambassadors, and took old sacks upon their asses, and wine bottles, old, and rent, and bound up; Jos 9:5 And old shoes and clouted upon their feet, and old garments upon them; and all the bread of their provision was dry and mouldy. Jos 9:6 And they went to Joshua unto the camp at Gilgal, and said unto him, and to the men of Israel, AWe be come from a far country: now therefore make ye a league with us.@ Jos 9:7 And the men of Israel said unto the Hivites, APeradventure ye dwell among us; and how shall we make a league with you?@ Jos 9:8 And they said unto Joshua, AWe are thy servants.@ And Joshua said unto them, AWho are ye? and from whence come ye?@ Jos 9:9 And they said unto him, AFrom a very far country thy servants are come because of the name of the LORD thy God: for we have heard the fame of Him, and all that He did in Egypt, Jos 9:10 And all that He did to the two kings of the Amorites, that were beyond Jordan, to Sihon king of Heshbon, and to Og king of Bashan, which was at Ashtaroth. Jos 9:11 Wherefore our elders and all the inhabitants of our country spake to us, saying, >Take victuals with you for the journey, and go to meet them, and say unto them, >We are your servants:= = therefore now make ye a league with us. Jos 9:12 This our bread we took hot for our provision out of our houses on the day we came forth to go unto you; but now, behold, it is dry, and it is mouldy: Jos 9:13 And these bottles of wine, which we filled, were new; and, behold, they be rent: and these our garments and our shoes are become old by reason of the very long journey. @ Jos 9:14 And the men took of their victuals, and asked not counsel at the mouth of the
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LORD. Jos 9:15 And Joshua made peace with them, and made a league with them, to let them live: and the princes of the congregation sware unto them. Jos 9:16 And it came to pass at the end of three days after they had made a league with them, that they heard that they were their neighbours, and that they dwelt among them. Jos 9:17 And the children of Israel journeyed, and came unto their cities on the third day. Now their cities were Gibeon, and Chephirah, and Beeroth, and Kirjath-jearim. Jos 9:18 And the children of Israel smote them not, because the princes of the congregation had sworn unto them by the LORD God of Israel. And all the congregation murmured against the princes. Jos 9:19 But all the princes said unto all the congregation, AWe have sworn unto them by the LORD God of Israel: now therefore we may not touch them. Jos 9:20 This we will do to them; we will even let them live, lest wrath be upon us, because of the oath which we sware unto them.@ Jos 9:21 And the princes said unto them, ALet them live; but let them be hewers of wood and drawers of water unto all the congregation;= as the princes had promised them. Jos 9:22 And Joshua called for them, and he spake unto them, saying, AWherefore have ye beguiled us, saying, AWe are very far from you; when ye dwell among us? Jos 9:23 Now therefore ye are cursed, and there shall none of you be freed from being bondmen, and hewers of wood and drawers of water for the house of my God. @ Jos 9:24 And they answered Joshua, and said, ABecause it was certainly told thy servants, how that the LORD thy God commanded His servant Moses to give you all the land, and to destroy all the inhabitants of the land from before you, therefore we were sore afraid of our lives because of you, and have done this thing. Jos 9:25 And now, behold, we are in thine hand: as it seemeth good and right unto thee to do unto us, do.@ Jos 9:26 And so did he unto them, and delivered them out of the hand of the children of Israel, that they slew them not. Jos 9:27 And Joshua made them that day hewers of wood and drawers of water for the congregation, and for the altar of the LORD, even unto this day, in the place which he should choose.

Lands Yet to Be Conquered
Jos 13:1 Now Joshua was old and stricken in years; and the LORD said unto him, AThou art old and stricken in years, and there remaineth yet very much land to be possessed. Jos 13:2 This is the land that yet remaineth: all the borders of the Philistines, and all Geshuri, Jos 13:3 From Sihor, which is before Egypt, even unto the borders of Ekron northward, which is counted to the Canaanite: five lords of the Philistines; the Gazathites, and the Ashdothites, the Eshkalonites, the Gittites, and the Ekronites; also the Avites: Jos 13:4 From the south, all the land of the Canaanites, and Mearah that is beside the Sidonians, unto Aphek, to the borders of the Amorites: Jos 13:5 And the land of the Giblites, and all Lebanon, toward the sunrising, from
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Baal-gad under mount Hermon unto the entering into Hamath.

Israel=s Land Allotments
Jos 15:1 This then was the lot of the tribe of the children of Judah by their families; even to the border of Edom the wilderness of Zin southward was the uttermost part of the south coast. Jos 15:2 And their south border was from the shore of the salt sea, from the bay that looketh southward: Jos 15:3 And it went out to the south side to Maaleh-acrabbim, and passed along to Zin, and ascended up on the south side unto Kadesh-barnea, and passed along to Hezron, and went up to Adar, and fetched a compass to Karkaa: Jos 15:4 From thence it passed toward Azmon, and went out unto the river of Egypt; and the goings out of that coast were at the sea: this shall be your south coast. Jos 15:5 And the east border was the salt sea, even unto the end of Jordan. And their border in the north quarter was from the bay of the sea at the uttermost part of Jordan: Jos 15:6 And the border went up to Beth-hogla, and passed along by the north of Beth-arabah; and the border went up to the stone of Bohan the son of Reuben: Jos 15:7 And the border went up toward Debir from the valley of Achor, and so northward, looking toward Gilgal, that is before the going up to Adummim, which is on the south side of the river: and the border passed toward the waters of En-shemesh, and the goings out thereof were at En-rogel: Jos 15:8 And the border went up by the valley of the son of Hinnom unto the south side of the Jebusite; the same is Jerusalem: and the border went up to the top of the mountain that lieth before the valley of Hinnom westward, which is at the end of the valley of the giants northward: Jos 15:9 And the border was drawn from the top of the hill unto the fountain of the water of Nephtoah, and went out to the cities of mount Ephron; and the border was drawn to Baalah, which is Kirjath-jearim: Jos 15:10 And the border compassed from Baalah westward unto mount Seir, and passed along unto the side of mount Jearim, which is Chesalon, on the north side, and went down to Beth-shemesh, and passed on to Timnah: Jos 15:11 And the border went out unto the side of Ekron northward: and the border was drawn to Shicron, and passed along to mount Baalah, and went out unto Jabneel; and the goings out of the border were at the sea. Jos 15:12 And the west border was to the great sea, and the coast thereof. This is the coast of the children of Judah round about according to their families. Jos 15:13 And unto Caleb the son of Jephunneh he gave a part among the children of Judah, according to the commandment of the LORD to Joshua, even the city of Arba the father of Anak, which city is Hebron. Jos 15:20 This is the inheritance of the tribe of the children of Judah according to their families. Jos 15:21 And the uttermost cities of the tribe of the children of Judah toward the coast of Edom southward were Kabzeel, and Eder, and Jagur,
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Jos 15:22 And Kinah, and Dimonah, and Adadah, Jos 15:23 And Kedesh, and Hazor, and Ithnan, Jos 15:24 Ziph, and Telem, and Bealoth, Jos 15:25 And Hazor, Hadattah, and Kerioth, and Hezron, which is Hazor, Jos 15:26 Amam, and Shema, and Moladah, Jos 15:27 And Hazar-gaddah, and Heshmon, and Beth-palet, Jos 15:28 And Hazar-shual, and Beer-sheba, and Bizjothjah, Jos 15:29 Baalah, and Iim, and Azem, Jos 15:30 And Eltolad, and Chesil, and Hormah, Jos 15:31 And Ziklag, and Madmannah, and Sansannah, Jos 15:32 And Lebaoth, and Shilhim, and Ain, and Rimmon: all the cities are twenty and nine, with their villages: Jos 15:33 And in the valley, Eshtaol, and Zoreah, and Ashnah, Jos 15:34 And Zanoah, and En-gannim, Tappuah, and Enam, Jos 15:35 Jarmuth, and Adullam, Socoh, and Azekah, Jos 15:36 And Sharaim, and Adithaim, and Gederah, and Gederothaim; fourteen cities with their villages: Jos 15:37 Zenan, and Hadashah, and Migdal-gad, Jos 15:38 And Dilean, and Mizpeh, and Joktheel, Jos 15:39 Lachish, and Bozkath, and Eglon, Jos 15:40 And Cabbon, and Lahmam, and Kithlish, Jos 15:41 And Gederoth, Beth-dagon, and Naamah, and Makkedah; sixteen cities with their villages: Jos 15:42 Libnah, and Ether, and Ashan, Jos 15:43 And Jiphtah, and Ashnah, and Nezib, Jos 15:44 And Keilah, and Achzib, and Mareshah; nine cities with their villages: Jos 15:45 Ekron, with her towns and her villages: Jos 15:46 From Ekron even unto the sea, all that lay near Ashdod, with their villages: Jos 15:47 Ashdod with her towns and her villages, Gaza with her towns and her villages, unto the river of Egypt, and the great sea, and the border thereof:

Israel Promises to Serve Yahveh
Jos 24:1 And Joshua gathered all the tribes of Israel to Shechem, and called for the elders of Israel, and for their heads, and for their judges, and for their officers; and they presented themselves before God. Jos 24:2 And Joshua said unto all the people, AThus saith the LORD God of Israel, >Your fathers dwelt on the other side of the flood in old time, even Terah, the father of Abraham, and the father of Nachor: and they served other gods. Jos 24:3 And I took your father Abraham from the other side of the flood, and led him throughout all the land of Canaan, and multiplied his seed, and gave him Isaac. Jos 24:4 And I gave unto Isaac Jacob and Esau: and I gave unto Esau mount Seir, to possess it; but Jacob and his children went down into Egypt. Jos 24:5 I sent Moses also and Aaron, and I plagued Egypt, according to that which I did
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among them: and afterward I brought you out. Jos 24:6 And I brought your fathers out of Egypt: and ye came unto the sea; and the Egyptians pursued after your fathers with chariots and horsemen unto the Red sea. Jos 24:7 And when they cried unto the LORD, He put darkness between you and the Egyptians, and brought the sea upon them, and covered them; and your eyes have seen what I have done in Egypt: and ye dwelt in the wilderness a long season. Jos 24:8 And I brought you into the land of the Amorites, which dwelt on the other side Jordan; and they fought with you: and I gave them into your hand, that ye might possess their land; and I destroyed them from before you. Jos 24:9 Then Balak the son of Zippor, king of Moab, arose and warred against Israel, and sent and called Balaam the son of Beor to curse you: Jos 24:10 But I would not hearken unto Balaam; therefore he blessed you still: so I delivered you out of his hand. Jos 24:11 And ye went over Jordan, and came unto Jericho: and the men of Jericho fought against you, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Canaanites, and the Hittites, and the Girgashites, the Hivites, and the Jebusites; and I delivered them into your hand. Jos 24:12 And I sent the hornet before you, which drave them out from before you, even the two kings of the Amorites; but not with thy sword, nor with thy bow. Jos 24:13 And I have given you a land for which ye did not labour, and cities which ye built not, and ye dwell in them; of the vineyards and oliveyards which ye planted not do ye eat. Jos 24:14 Now therefore fear the LORD, and serve Him in sincerity and in truth: and put away the gods which your fathers served on the other side of the flood, and in Egypt; and serve ye the LORD. Jos 24:15 And if it seem evil unto you to serve the LORD, choose you this day whom ye will serve; whether the gods which your fathers served that were on the other side of the flood, or the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell: but as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD.@ Jos 24:16 And the people answered and said, AGod forbid that we should forsake the LORD, to serve other gods; Jos 24:17 For the LORD our God, He It is that brought us up and our fathers out of the land of Egypt, from the house of bondage, and which did those great signs in our sight, and preserved us in all the way wherein we went, and among all the people through whom we passed: Jos 24:18 And the LORD drave out from before us all the people, even the Amorites which dwelt in the land: therefore will we also serve the LORD; for He is our God.@ Jos 24:19 And Joshua said unto the people, AYe cannot serve the LORD: for He is an holy God; He is a jealous GOD; He will not forgive your transgressions nor your sins. Jos 24:20 If ye forsake the LORD, and serve strange gods, then He will turn and do you hurt, and consume you, after that He hath done you good.@ Jos 24:21 And the people said unto Joshua, ANay; but we will serve the LORD.@ Jos 24:22 And Joshua said unto the people, AYe are witnesses against yourselves that ye have chosen you the LORD, to serve Him.@ And they said, AWe are witnesses.@ Jos 24:23 ANow therefore put away,@ said he, Athe strange gods which are among you, and
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incline your heart unto the LORD God of Israel.@ Jos 24:24 And the people said unto Joshua, AThe LORD our God will we serve, and His voice will we obey.@ Jos 24:25 So Joshua made a covenant with the people that day, and set them a statute and an ordinance in Shechem. Jos 24:26 And Joshua wrote these words in the Book of the Law of God, and took a great stone, and set it up there under an oak, that was by the sanctuary of the LORD. Jos 24:27 And Joshua said unto all the people, ABehold, this stone shall be a witness unto us; for it hath heard all the words of the LORD which He spake unto us: it shall be therefore a witness unto you, lest ye deny your God.@ Jos 24:28 So Joshua let the people depart, every man unto his inheritance. Jos 24:29 And it came to pass after these things, that Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the LORD, died, being an hundred and ten years old. Jos 24:30 And they buried him in the border of his inheritance in Timnath-serah, which is in mount Ephraim, on the north side of the hill of Gaash. Jos 24:31 And Israel served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that overlived Joshua, and which had known all the works of the LORD, that He had done for Israel. Jos 24:32 And the bones of Joseph, which the children of Israel brought up out of Egypt, buried they in Shechem, in a parcel of ground which Jacob bought of the sons of Hamor the father of Shechem for an hundred pieces of silver: and it became the inheritance of the children of Joseph. Jos 24:33 And Eleazar the son of Aaron died; and they buried him in a hill that pertained to Phinehas his son, which was given him in mount Ephraim.

Death of Joshua
Jdg 2:1 And an angel of the LORD came up from Gilgal to Bochim, and said, AI made you to go up out of Egypt, and have brought you unto the land which I sware unto your fathers; and I said, >I will never break my covenant with you. Jdg 2:2 And ye shall make no league with the inhabitants of this land; ye shall throw down their altars:= but ye have not obeyed My voice: why have ye done this? Jdg 2:3 Wherefore I also said, I will not drive them out from before you; but they shall be as thorns in your sides, and their gods shall be a snare unto you.=@ Jdg 2:4 And it came to pass, when the angel of the LORD spake these words unto all the children of Israel, that the people lifted up their voice, and wept. Jdg 2:5 And they called the name of that place Bochim: and they sacrificed there unto the LORD. Jdg 2:6 And when Joshua had let the people go, the children of Israel went every man unto his inheritance to possess the land. Jdg 2:7 And the people served the LORD all the days of Joshua, and all the days of the elders that outlived Joshua, who had seen all the great works of the LORD, that He did for Israel. Jdg 2:8 And Joshua the son of Nun, the servant of the LORD, died, being an hundred and
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ten years old. Jdg 2:9 And they buried him in the border of his inheritance in Timnath-heres, in the mount of Ephraim, on the north side of the hill Gaash. Jdg 2:10 And also all that generation were gathered unto their fathers: and there arose another generation after them, which knew not the LORD, nor yet the works which He had done for Israel. Jdg 2:11 And the children of Israel did evil in the sight of the LORD, and served Baalim: Jdg 2:12 And they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, Which brought them out of the land of Egypt, and followed other gods, of the gods of the people that were round about them, and bowed themselves unto them, and provoked the LORD to anger. Jdg 2:13 And they forsook the LORD, and served Baal and Ashtaroth. Jdg 2:14 And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel, and He delivered them into the hands of spoilers that spoiled them, and He sold them into the hands of their enemies round about, so that they could not any longer stand before their enemies. Jdg 2:15 Whithersoever they went out, the hand of the LORD was against them for evil, as the LORD had said, and as the LORD had sworn unto them: and they were greatly distressed. Jdg 2:16 Nevertheless the LORD raised up judges, which delivered them out of the hand of those that spoiled them. Jdg 2:17 And yet they would not hearken unto their judges, but they went a whoring after other gods, and bowed themselves unto them: they turned quickly out of the way which their fathers walked in, obeying the commandments of the LORD; but they did not so. Jdg 2:18 And when the LORD raised them up judges, then the LORD was with the judge, and delivered them out of the hand of their enemies all the days of the judge: for it repented the LORD because of their groanings by reason of them that oppressed them and vexed them. Jdg 2:19 And it came to pass, when the judge was dead, that they returned, and corrupted themselves more than their fathers, in following other gods to serve them, and to bow down unto them; they ceased not from their own doings, nor from their stubborn way. Jdg 2:20 And the anger of the LORD was hot against Israel; and He said, ABecause that this people hath transgressed My covenant which I commanded their fathers, and have not hearkened unto My voice; Jdg 2:21 I also will not henceforth drive out any from before them of the nations which Joshua left when he died: Jdg 2:22 That through them I may prove Israel, whether they will keep the way of the LORD to walk therein, as their fathers did keep it, or not.@ Jdg 2:23 Therefore the LORD left those nations, without driving them out hastily; neither delivered He them into the hand of Joshua.

Remembrances of Egypt in Judges
Gideon
Jdg 6:7 And it came to pass, when the children of Israel cried unto the LORD because of
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the Midianites, Jdg 6:8 That the LORD sent a prophet unto the children of Israel, which said unto them, AThus saith the LORD God of Israel, I brought you up from Egypt, and brought you forth out of the house of bondage; Jdg 6:9 And I delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of all that oppressed you, and drave them out from before you, and gave you their land; Jdg 6:10 And I said unto you, >I am the LORD your God; fear not the gods of the Amorites, in whose land ye dwell:= but ye have not obeyed My voice.@ Jdg 6:11 And there came an angel of the LORD, and sat under an oak which was in Ophrah, that pertained unto Joash the Abi-ezrite: and his son Gideon threshed wheat by the winepress, to hide it from the Midianites. Jdg 6:12 And the angel of the LORD appeared unto him, and said unto him, AThe LORD is with thee, thou mighty man of valour.@ Jdg 6:13 And Gideon said unto Him, AOh my Lord, if the LORD be with us, why then is all this befallen us? and where be all His miracles which our fathers told us of, saying, >Did not the LORD bring us up from Egypt?= but now the LORD hath forsaken us, and delivered us into the hands of the Midianites.@ Jdg 6:14 And the LORD looked upon him, and said, AGo in this thy might, and thou shalt save Israel from the hand of the Midianites: have not I sent thee?@ Jdg 6:15 And he said unto Him, AOh my LORD, wherewith shall I save Israel? behold, my family is poor in Manasseh, and I am the least in my father=s house.@ Jdg 6:16 And the LORD said unto him, ASurely I will be with thee, and thou shalt smite the Midianites as one man.@

“I Delivered You Out of Their Hand ”
Jdg 10:11 And the LORD said unto the children of Israel, ADid not I deliver you from the Egyptians, and from the Amorites, from the children of Ammon, and from the Philistines? Jdg 10:12 The Zidonians also, and the Amalekites, and the Maonites, did oppress you; and ye cried to Me, and I delivered you out of their hand. Jdg 10:13 Yet ye have forsaken Me, and served other gods: wherefore I will deliver you no more.@

Jephthah
Jdg 11:12 And Jephthah sent messengers unto the king of the children of Ammon, saying, AWhat hast thou to do with me, that thou art come against me to fight in my land? @ Jdg 11:13 And the king of the children of Ammon answered unto the messengers of Jephthah, ABecause Israel took away my land, when they came up out of Egypt, from Arnon even unto Jabbok, and unto Jordan: now therefore restore those lands again peaceably.@ Jdg 11:14 And Jephthah sent messengers again unto the king of the children of Ammon: Jdg 11:15 And said unto him, AThus saith Jephthah, >Israel took not away the land of Moab, nor the land of the children of Ammon:
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Jdg 11:16 But when Israel came up from Egypt, and walked through the wilderness unto the Red sea, and came to Kadesh; Jdg 11:17 Then Israel sent messengers unto the king of Edom, saying, >Let me, I pray thee, pass through thy land:= but the king of Edom would not hearken thereto. And in like manner they sent unto the king of Moab: but he would not consent: and Israel abode in Kadesh. Jdg 11:18 Then they went along through the wilderness, and compassed the land of Edom, and the land of Moab, and came by the east side of the land of Moab, and pitched on the other side of Arnon, but came not within the border of Moab: for Arnon was the border of Moab. Jdg 11:19 And Israel sent messengers unto Sihon king of the Amorites, the king of Heshbon; and Israel said unto him, >Let us pass, we pray thee, through thy land into my place.= Jdg 11:20 But Sihon trusted not Israel to pass through his coast: but Sihon gathered all his people together, and pitched in Jahaz, and fought against Israel. Jdg 11:21 And the LORD God of Israel delivered Sihon and all his people into the hand of Israel, and they smote them: so Israel possessed all the land of the Amorites, the inhabitants of that country.

“There Was No Such Deed Done Nor Seen . . . ”
Jdg 19:28 And he said unto her, AUp, and let us be going.@ But none answered. Then the man took her up upon an ass, and the man rose up, and gat him unto his place. Jdg 19:29 And when he was come into his house, he took a knife, and laid hold on his concubine, and divided her, together with her bones, into twelve pieces, and sent her into all the coasts of Israel. Jdg 19:30 And it was so, that all that saw it said, AThere was no such deed done nor seen from the day that the children of Israel came up out of the land of Egypt unto this day: consider of it, take advice, and speak your minds.@

Eli
1Sa 2:27 And there came a man of God unto Eli, and said unto him, AThus saith the LORD, >Did I plainly appear unto the house of thy father, when they were in Egypt in Pharaoh =s house? 1Sa 2:28 And did I choose him out of all the tribes of Israel to be My priest, to offer upon Mine altar, to burn incense, to wear an ephod before Me? and did I give unto the house of thy father all the offerings made by fire of the children of Israel? 1Sa 2:29 Wherefore kick ye at My sacrifice and at Mine offering, which I have commanded in My habitation; and honourest thy sons above Me, to make yourselves fat with the chiefest of all the offerings of Israel My people?=

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Philistines Fear AThe Gods That Smote the Egyptians@
“These Are the Gods That Smote the Egyptians . . . ”
1Sa 4:7 And the Philistines were afraid, for they said, AGod is come into the camp.@ And they said, AWoe unto us! for there hath not been such a thing heretofore. 1Sa 4:8 Woe unto us! who shall deliver us out of the hand of these mighty Gods? these are the Gods that smote the Egyptians with all the plagues in the wilderness. 1Sa 4:9 Be strong, and quit yourselves like men, O ye Philistines, that ye be not servants unto the Hebrews, as they have been to you: quit yourselves like men, and fight. @ 1Sa 4:10 And the Philistines fought, and Israel was smitten, and they fled every man into his tent: and there was a very great slaughter; for there fell of Israel thirty thousand footmen. 1Sa 4:11 And the ark of God was taken; and the two sons of Eli, Hophni and Phinehas, were slain.

“Wherefore Then Do Ye Harden Your Hearts . . .? ”
1Sa 6:4 Then said they, AWhat shall be the trespass offering which we shall return to him?@ They answered, AFive golden emerods, and five golden mice, according to the number of the lords of the Philistines: for one plague was on you all, and on your lords. 1Sa 6:5 Wherefore ye shall make images of your emerods, and images of your mice that mar the land; and ye shall give glory unto the God of Israel: peradventure He will lighten His hand from off you, and from off your gods, and from off your land. 1Sa 6:6 Wherefore then do ye harden your hearts, as the Egyptians and Pharaoh hardened their hearts? when He had wrought wonderfully among them, did they not let the people go, and they departed? 1Sa 6:7 Now therefore make a new cart, and take two milch kine, on which there hath come no yoke, and tie the kine to the cart, and bring their calves home from them: 1Sa 6:8 And take the ark of the LORD, and lay it upon the cart; and put the jewels of gold, which ye return Him for a trespass offering, in a coffer by the side thereof; and send it away, that it may go.

Israelites Demand a King
Yahveh Tells Samuel to Instruct Israelites
1Sa 8:7 And the LORD said unto Samuel, AHearken unto the voice of the people in all that they say unto thee: for they have not rejected thee, but they have rejected Me, that I should not reign over them. 1Sa 8:8 According to all the works which they have done since the day that I brought them up out of Egypt even unto this day, wherewith they have forsaken Me, and served
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other gods, so do they also unto thee. 1Sa 8:9 Now therefore hearken unto their voice: howbeit yet protest solemnly unto them, and shew them the manner of the king that shall reign over them.@

Samuel Instructs Israelites
1Sa 10:17 And Samuel called the people together unto the LORD to Mizpeh; 1Sa 10:18 And said unto the children of Israel, AThus saith the LORD God of Israel, >I brought up Israel out of Egypt, and delivered you out of the hand of the Egyptians, and out of the hand of all kingdoms, and of them that oppressed you: 1Sa 10:19 And ye have this day rejected your God, Who Himself saved you out of all your adversities and your tribulations; and ye have said unto him, >Nay, but set a king over us.= Now therefore present yourselves before the LORD by your tribes, and by your thousands.= =

Saul
AIt is the Lord That Advanced Moses and Aaron, and That Brought Your Fathers Up Out of the Land of Egypt”
1Sa 12:5 And he said unto them, AThe LORD is witness against you, and His anointed is witness this day, that ye have not found ought in my hand.@ And they answered, AHe is witness.@ 1Sa 12:6 And Samuel said unto the people, AIt is the LORD That advanced Moses and Aaron, and That brought your fathers up out of the land of Egypt. 1Sa 12:7 Now therefore stand still, that I may reason with you before the LORD of all the righteous acts of the LORD, which He did to you and to your fathers. 1Sa 12:8 When Jacob was come into Egypt, and your fathers cried unto the LORD, then the LORD sent Moses and Aaron, which brought forth your fathers out of Egypt, and made them dwell in this place.

Saul Tells Kenites to Depart from Amalekites
1Sa 15:1 Samuel also said unto Saul, AThe LORD sent me to anoint thee to be king over His people, over Israel: now therefore hearken thou unto the voice of the words of the LORD. 1Sa 15:2 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, >I remember that which Amalek did to Israel, how he laid wait for him in the way, when he came up from Egypt. 1Sa 15:3 Now go and smite Amalek, and utterly destroy all that they have, and spare them not; but slay both man and woman, infant and suckling, ox and sheep, camel and ass. =@ 1Sa 15:4 And Saul gathered the people together, and numbered them in Telaim, two hundred thousand footmen, and ten thousand men of Judah. 1Sa 15:5 And Saul came to a city of Amalek, and laid wait in the valley. 1Sa 15:6 And Saul said unto the Kenites, AGo, depart, get you down from among the Amalekites, lest I destroy you with them: for ye shewed kindness to all the children of
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Israel, when they came up out of Egypt.@ So the Kenites departed from among the Amalekites. 1Sa 15:7 And Saul smote the Amalekites from Havilah until thou comest to Shur, that is over against Egypt. 1Sa 15:8 And he took Agag the king of the Amalekites alive, and utterly destroyed all the people with the edge of the sword.

David=s Military Conquests
David’s Conquests Extend to Egypt
1Sa 27:8 And David and his men went up, and invaded the Geshurites, and the Gezrites, and the Amalekites: for those nations were of old the inhabitants of the land, as thou goest to Shur, even unto the land of Egypt. 1Sa 27:9 And David smote the land, and left neither man nor woman alive, and took away the sheep, and the oxen, and the asses, and the camels, and the apparel, and returned, and came to Achish.

David=s Kingdom Extends to Shihor of Egypt
1Ch 13:4 And all the congregation said that they would do so: for the thing was right in the eyes of all the people. 1Ch 13:5 So David gathered all Israel together, from Shihor of Egypt even unto the entering of Hemath, to bring the ark of God from Kirjath-jearim.

Amalekite Claims to Be an Egyptian
1Sa 30:10 But David pursued, he and four hundred men: for two hundred abode behind, which were so faint that they could not go over the brook Besor. 1Sa 30:11 And they found an Egyptian in the field, and brought him to David, and gave him bread, and he did eat; and they made him drink water; 1Sa 30:12 And they gave him a piece of a cake of figs, and two clusters of raisins: and when he had eaten, his spirit came again to him: for he had eaten no bread, nor drunk any water, three days and three nights. 1Sa 30:13 And David said unto him, ATo whom belongest thou? and whence art thou?@ And he said, AI am a young man of Egypt, servant to an Amalekite; and my master left me, because three days agone I fell sick. 1Sa 30:14 We made an invasion upon the south of the Cherethites, and upon the coast which belongeth to Judah, and upon the south of Caleb; and we burned Ziklag with fire. @ 1Sa 30:15 And David said to him, ACanst thou bring me down to this company?@ And he said, ASwear unto me by God, that thou wilt neither kill me, nor deliver me into the hands of my master, and I will bring thee down to this company.@ 1Sa 30:16 And when he had brought him down, behold, they were spread abroad upon all
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the earth, eating and drinking, and dancing, because of all the great spoil that they had taken out of the land of the Philistines, and out of the land of Judah. 1Sa 30:17 And David smote them from the twilight even unto the evening of the next day: and there escaped not a man of them, save four hundred young men, which rode upon camels, and fled. 1Sa 30:18 And David recovered all that the Amalekites had carried away: and David rescued his two wives. 1Sa 30:19 And there was nothing lacking to them, neither small nor great, neither sons nor daughters, neither spoil, nor any thing that they had taken to them: David recovered all. 1Sa 30:20 And David took all the flocks and the herds, which they drave before those other cattle, and said, AThis is David=s spoil.@

Benaiah, One of David=s Mighty Men, Slays an Egyptian
The Samuel Account 2Sa 23:20 And Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man, of Kabzeel, who had done many acts, he slew two lionlike men of Moab: he went down also and slew a lion in the midst of a pit in time of snow: 2Sa 23:21 And he slew an Egyptian, a goodly man: and the Egyptian had a spear in his hand; but he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian =s hand, and slew him with his own spear. 2Sa 23:22 These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had the name among three mighty men. The Chronicles Account 1Ch 11:22 Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, the son of a valiant man of Kabzeel, who had done many acts; he slew two lionlike men of Moab: also he went down and slew a lion in a pit in a snowy day. 1Ch 11:23 And he slew an Egyptian, a man of great stature, five cubits high; and in the Egyptian=s hand was a spear like a weaver=s beam; and he went down to him with a staff, and plucked the spear out of the Egyptian=s hand, and slew him with his own spear. 1Ch 11:24 These things did Benaiah the son of Jehoiada, and had the name among the three mighties.

Solomon
Solomon Allies Himself With Egypt
1Ki 3:1 And Solomon made affinity with Pharaoh king of Egypt, and took Pharaoh =s daughter, and brought her into the city of David, until he had made an end of building his
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own house, and the house of the LORD, and the wall of Jerusalem round about. 1Ki 3:2 Only the people sacrificed in high places, because there was no house built unto the name of the LORD, until those days.

Solomon=s Kingdom Extends to the Border of Egypt
1Ki 4:20 Judah and Israel were many, as the sand which is by the sea in multitude, eating and drinking, and making merry. 1Ki 4:21 And Solomon reigned over all kingdoms from the river unto the land of the Philistines, and unto the border of Egypt: they brought presents, and served Solomon all the days of his life.

Solomon=s Wisdom Exceeds That of Egypt
1Ki 4:29 And God gave Solomon wisdom and understanding exceeding much, and largeness of heart, even as the sand that is on the sea shore. 1Ki 4:30 And Solomon=s wisdom excelled the wisdom of all the children of the east country, and all the wisdom of Egypt.

Solomon and Pharaoh=s Daughter
Pharaoh=s Daughter a Present for Solomon 1Ki 9:16 For Pharaoh king of Egypt had gone up, and taken Gezer, and burnt it with fire, and slain the Canaanites that dwelt in the city, and given it for a present unto his daughter, Solomon=s wife. Solomon Builds House for Pharaoh=s Daughter 1Ki 7:7 Then he made a porch for the throne where he might judge, even the porch of judgment: and it was covered with cedar from one side of the floor to the other. 1Ki 7:8 And his house where he dwelt had another court within the porch, which was of the like work. Solomon made also an house for Pharaoh =s daughter, whom he had taken to wife, like unto this porch. Pharaoh=s Daughter Comes to House Solomon Built Her The Kings Account 1Ki 9:24 But Pharaoh=s daughter came up out of the city of David unto her house which Solomon had built for her: then did he build Millo. 1Ki 9:25 And three times in a year did Solomon offer burnt offerings and peace offerings upon the altar which he built unto the LORD, and he burnt incense upon the altar that was
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before the LORD. So he finished the house. The Chronicles Account 2Ch 8:11 And Solomon brought up the daughter of Pharaoh out of the city of David unto the house that he had built for her: for he said, AMy wife shall not dwell in the house of David king of Israel, because the places are holy, whereunto the ark of the LORD hath come.@ Daughter of Pharaoh Among Solomon=s Many AStrange Women@ 1Ki 11:1 But king Solomon loved many strange women, together with the daughter of Pharaoh, women of the Moabites, Ammonites, Edomites, Zidonians, and Hittites; 1Ki 11:2 Of the nations concerning which the LORD said unto the children of Israel, AYe shall not go in to them, neither shall they come in unto you: for surely they will turn away your heart after their gods:@ Solomon clave unto these in love.

Solomon Brings Horses From Egypt
1Ki 10:28 And Solomon had horses brought out of Egypt, and linen yarn: the king=s merchants received the linen yarn at a price.* 1Ki 10:29 And a chariot came up and went out of Egypt for six hundred shekels of silver, and an horse for an hundred and fifty: and so for all the kings of the Hittites, and for the kings of Syria, did they bring them out by their means.
*Deuteronomy 17:16 forbid the practice of bringing horses from Egypt: ABut he shall not multiply horses to himself, nor cause the people to return to Egypt, to the end that he should multiply horses: forasmuch as the LORD hath said unto you, >Ye shall henceforth return no more that way.=@

The Temple
Yahveh=s Instructions to David Concerning His House
The Samuel Account 2Sa 7:1 And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the LORD had given him rest round about from all his enemies; 2Sa 7:2 That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, ASee now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains.@ 2Sa 7:3 And Nathan said to the king, AGo, do all that is in thine heart; for the LORD is with thee.@ 2Sa 7:4 And it came to pass that night, that the word of the LORD came unto Nathan, saying, 2Sa 7:5 AGo and tell My servant David, >Thus saith the LORD, >Shalt thou build Me an house
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for Me to dwell in? 2Sa 7:6 Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to this day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle. 2Sa 7:7 In all the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed My people Israel, saying, >Why build ye not me an house of cedar?= = = 2Sa 7:8 Now therefore so shalt thou say unto My servant David, >Thus saith the LORD of hosts, >I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over My people, over Israel: 2Sa 7:9 And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth. 2Sa 7:10 Moreover I will appoint a place for My people Israel, and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime, 2Sa 7:11 And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over My people Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the LORD telleth thee that He will make thee an house. 2Sa 7:12 And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom. 2Sa 7:13 He shall build an house for My name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever. 2Sa 7:14 I will be his father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men: 2Sa 7:15 But My mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee. 2Sa 7:16 And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.= =@ 2Sa 7:17 According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David. 2Sa 7:18 Then went king David in, and sat before the LORD, and he said, AWho am I, O Lord GOD? and what is my house, that Thou hast brought me hitherto? 2Sa 7:19 And this was yet a small thing in Thy sight, O Lord GOD; but Thou hast spoken also of Thy servant=s house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man, O Lord GOD? 2Sa 7:20 And what can David say more unto thee? for Thou, Lord GOD, knowest Thy servant. 2Sa 7:21 For Thy word=s sake, and according to Thine own heart, hast Thou done all these great things, to make Thy servant know them. 2Sa 7:22 Wherefore Thou art great, O LORD God: for there is none like Thee, neither is there any God beside Thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears. 2Sa 7:23 And what one nation in the earth is like Thy people, even like Israel, whom God
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went to redeem for a people to Himself, and to make Him a name, and to do for you great things and terrible, for Thy land, before Thy people, which Thou redeemedst to Thee from Egypt, from the nations and their gods? 2Sa 7:24 For Thou hast confirmed to Thyself Thy people Israel to be a people unto Thee for ever: and Thou, LORD, art become their God. 2Sa 7:25 And now, O LORD God, the word that Thou hast spoken concerning Thy servant, and concerning his house, establish it for ever, and do as Thou hast said. 2Sa 7:26 And let Thy name be magnified for ever, saying, The LORD of hosts is the God over Israel: and let the house of Thy servant David be established before Thee. 2Sa 7:27 For Thou, O LORD of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to Thy servant, saying, >I will build Thee an house:= therefore hath Thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto Thee. 2Sa 7:28 And now, O Lord GOD, Thou art that God, and Thy words be true, and Thou hast promised this goodness unto Thy servant: 2Sa 7:29 Therefore now let it please Thee to bless the house of Thy servant, that it may continue for ever before Thee: for Thou, O Lord GOD, hast spoken it: and with Thy blessing let the house of Thy servant be blessed for ever. @ The Chronicles Account 1Ch 17:1 Now it came to pass, as David sat in his house, that David said to Nathan the prophet, ALo, I dwell in an house of cedars, but the ark of the covenant of the LORD remaineth under curtains.@ 1Ch 17:2 Then Nathan said unto David, ADo all that is in thine heart; for God is with thee.@ 1Ch 17:3 And it came to pass the same night, that the word of God came to Nathan, saying, 1Ch 17:4 AGo and tell David My servant, >Thus saith the LORD, >Thou shalt not build Me an house to dwell in: 1Ch 17:5 For I have not dwelt in an house since the day that I brought up Israel unto this day; but have gone from tent to tent, and from one tabernacle to another. 1Ch 17:6 Wheresoever I have walked with all Israel, spake I a word to any of the judges of Israel, whom I commanded to feed My people, saying, >Why have ye not built Me an house of cedars?= = = 1Ch 17:7 Now therefore thus shalt thou say unto my servant David, >Thus saith the LORD of hosts, I took thee from the sheepcote, even from following the sheep, that thou shouldest be ruler over My people Israel: 1Ch 17:8 And I have been with thee whithersoever thou hast walked, and have cut off all thine enemies from before thee, and have made thee a name like the name of the great men that are in the earth. 1Ch 17:9 Also I will ordain a place for My people Israel, and will plant them, and they shall dwell in their place, and shall be moved no more; neither shall the children of wickedness waste them any more, as at the beginning, 1Ch 17:10 And since the time that I commanded judges to be over My people Israel. Moreover I will subdue all thine enemies. Furthermore I tell thee that the LORD will build
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thee an house. 1Ch 17:11 And it shall come to pass, when thy days be expired that thou must go to be with thy fathers, that I will raise up thy seed after thee, which shall be of thy sons; and I will establish his kingdom. 1Ch 17:12 He shall build Me an house, and I will stablish his throne for ever. 1Ch 17:13 I will be his father, and he shall be My son: and I will not take My mercy away from him, as I took it from him that was before thee: 1Ch 17:14 But I will settle him in Mine house and in My kingdom for ever: and his throne shall be established for evermore.= =@ 1Ch 17:15 According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David. 1Ch 17:16 And David the king came and sat before the LORD, and said, AWho am I, O LORD God, and what is mine house, that Thou hast brought me hitherto? 1Ch 17:17 And yet this was a small thing in Thine eyes, O God; for Thou hast also spoken of Thy servant=s house for a great while to come, and hast regarded me according to the estate of a man of high degree, O LORD God. 1Ch 17:18 What can David speak more to Thee for the honour of Thy servant? for thou knowest Thy servant. 1Ch 17:19 O LORD, for Thy servant=s sake, and according to Thine own heart, hast Thou done all this greatness, in making known all these great things. 1Ch 17:20 O LORD, there is none like Thee, neither is there any God beside Thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears. 1Ch 17:21 And what one nation in the earth is like Thy people Israel, whom God went to redeem to be His own people, to make Thee a name of greatness and terribleness, by driving out nations from before Thy people, whom Thou hast redeemed out of Egypt? 1Ch 17:22 For Thy people Israel didst Thou make Thine own people for ever; and Thou, LORD, becamest their God. 1Ch 17:23 Therefore now, LORD, let the thing that Thou hast spoken concerning Thy servant and concerning his house be established for ever, and do as Thou hast said. 1Ch 17:24 Let it even be established, that Thy name may be magnified for ever, saying, >The LORD of hosts is the God of Israel, even a God to Israel: >and let the house of David Thy servant be established before Thee. 1Ch 17:25 For Thou, O my God, hast told Thy servant that Thou wilt build him an house: therefore Thy servant hath found in his heart to pray before Thee. 1Ch 17:26 And now, LORD, Thou art God, and hast promised this goodness unto Thy servant: 1Ch 17:27 Now therefore let it please Thee to bless the house of Thy servant, that it may be before Thee for ever: for Thou blessest, O LORD, and it shall be blessed for ever.@

Building of Temple Commenced 480 Years After Exodus
1Ki 6:1 And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon =s reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD.
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Solomon Dedicates the Newly Built Temple
The Kings Account 1Ki 8:6 And the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the LORD unto his place, into the oracle of the house, to the most holy place, even under the wings of the cherubims. 1Ki 8:7 For the cherubims spread forth their two wings over the place of the ark, and the cherubims covered the ark and the staves thereof above. 1Ki 8:8 And they drew out the staves, that the ends of the staves were seen out in the holy place before the oracle, and they were not seen without: and there they are unto this day. 1Ki 8:9 There was nothing in the ark save the two tables of stone, which Moses put there at Horeb, when the LORD made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of the land of Egypt. 1Ki 8:10 And it came to pass, when the priests were come out of the holy place, that the cloud filled the house of the LORD, 1Ki 8:11 So that the priests could not stand to minister because of the cloud: for the glory of the LORD had filled the house of the LORD. 1Ki 8:12 Then spake Solomon, AThe LORD said that He would dwell in the thick darkness. 1Ki 8:13 I have surely built Thee an house to dwell in, a settled place for Thee to abide in for ever.@ 1Ki 8:14 And the king turned his face about, and blessed all the congregation of Israel: (and all the congregation of Israel stood;) 1Ki 8:15 And he said, ABlessed be the LORD God of Israel, Which spake with His mouth unto David my father, and hath with His hand fulfilled it, saying, 1Ki 8:16 >Since the day that I brought forth My people Israel out of Egypt, I chose no city out of all the tribes of Israel to build an house, that My name might be therein; but I chose David to be over My people Israel.= 1Ki 8:17 And it was in the heart of David My father to build an house for the name of the LORD God of Israel. 1Ki 8:18 And the LORD said unto David my father, >Whereas it was in thine heart to build an house unto My name, thou didst well that it was in thine heart. 1Ki 8:19 Nevertheless thou shalt not build the house; but thy son that shall come forth out of thy loins, he shall build the house unto My name.= 1Ki 8:20 And the LORD hath performed His word that He spake, and I am risen up in the room of David My father, and sit on the throne of Israel, as the LORD promised, and have built an house for the name of the LORD God of Israel. 1Ki 8:21 And I have set there a place for the ark, wherein is the covenant of the LORD,
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which He made with our fathers, when He brought them out of the land of Egypt. @ 1Ki 8:22 And Solomon stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands toward heaven: 1Ki 8:23 And he said, ALORD God of Israel, there is no God like Thee, in heaven above, or on earth beneath, Who keepest covenant and mercy with Thy servants that walk before Thee with all their heart: 1Ki 8:24 Who hast kept with Thy servant David my father that Thou promisedst him: Thou spakest also with Thy mouth, and hast fulfilled it with Thine hand, as it is this day. 1Ki 8:25 Therefore now, LORD God of Israel, keep with Thy servant David my father that Thou promisedst him, saying, >There shall not fail thee a man in My sight to sit on the throne of Israel; so that thy children take heed to their way, that they walk before Me as thou hast walked before Me. 1Ki 8:26 And now, O God of Israel, let Thy word, I pray thee, be verified, which Thou spakest unto Thy servant David my father. 1Ki 8:27 But will God indeed dwell on the earth? behold, the heaven and heaven of heavens cannot contain Thee; how much less this house that I have builded? 1Ki 8:28 Yet have Thou respect unto the prayer of Thy servant, and to his supplication, O LORD my God, to hearken unto the cry and to the prayer, which Thy servant prayeth before thee to day: 1Ki 8:29 That Thine eyes may be open toward this house night and day, even toward the place of which Thou hast said, >My name shall be there:= that Thou mayest hearken unto the prayer which Thy servant shall make toward this place. 1Ki 8:30 And hearken Thou to the supplication of Thy servant, and of Thy people Israel, when they shall pray toward this place: and hear Thou in heaven Thy dwelling place: and when Thou hearest, forgive. 1Ki 8:31 If any man trespass against his neighbour, and an oath be laid upon him to cause him to swear, and the oath come before thine altar in this house: 1Ki 8:32 Then hear Thou in heaven, and do, and judge Thy servants, condemning the wicked, to bring his way upon his head; and justifying the righteous, to give him according to his righteousness. 1Ki 8:33 When Thy people Israel be smitten down before the enemy, because they have sinned against Thee, and shall turn again to Thee, and confess Thy name, and pray, and make supplication unto Thee in this house: 1Ki 8:34 Then hear Thou in heaven, and forgive the sin of Thy people Israel, and bring them again unto the land which Thou gavest unto their fathers. 1Ki 8:35 When heaven is shut up, and there is no rain, because they have sinned against Thee; if they pray toward this place, and confess Thy name, and turn from their sin, when Thou afflictest them: 1Ki 8:36 Then hear Thou in heaven, and forgive the sin of Thy servants, and of Thy people Israel, that Thou teach them the good way wherein they should walk, and give rain upon Thy land, which Thou hast given to Thy people for an inheritance. 1Ki 8:37 If there be in the land famine, if there be pestilence, blasting, mildew, locust, or if there be caterpiller; if their enemy besiege them in the land of their cities; whatsoever plague, whatsoever sickness there be;
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1Ki 8:38 What prayer and supplication soever be made by any man, or by all Thy people Israel, which shall know every man the plague of his own heart, and spread forth his hands toward this house: 1Ki 8:39 Then hear Thou in heaven Thy dwelling place, and forgive, and do, and give to every man according to his ways, whose heart Thou knowest; (for Thou, even Thou only, knowest the hearts of all the children of men;) 1Ki 8:40 That they may fear Thee all the days that they live in the land which Thou gavest unto our fathers. 1Ki 8:41 Moreover concerning a stranger, that is not of Thy people Israel, but cometh out of a far country for Thy name=s sake; 1Ki 8:42 (For they shall hear of Thy great name, and of Thy strong hand, and of Thy stretched out arm;) when he shall come and pray toward this house; 1Ki 8:43 Hear Thou in heaven Thy dwelling place, and do according to all that the stranger calleth to Thee for: that all people of the earth may know Thy name, to fear Thee, as do Thy people Israel; and that they may know that this house, which I have builded, is called by Thy name. 1Ki 8:44 If Thy people go out to battle against their enemy, whithersoever Thou shalt send them, and shall pray unto the LORD toward the city which Thou hast chosen, and toward the house that I have built for Thy name: 1Ki 8:45 Then hear Thou in heaven their prayer and their supplication, and maintain their cause. 1Ki 8:46 If they sin against Thee, (for there is no man that sinneth not,) and Thou be angry with them, and deliver them to the enemy, so that they carry them away captives unto the land of the enemy, far or near; 1Ki 8:47 Yet if they shall bethink themselves in the land whither they were carried captives, and repent, and make supplication unto Thee in the land of them that carried them captives, saying, >We have sinned, and have done perversely, we have committed wickedness;= 1Ki 8:48 And so return unto Thee with all their heart, and with all their soul, in the land of their enemies, which led them away captive, and pray unto Thee toward their land, which Thou gavest unto their fathers, the city which Thou hast chosen, and the house which I have built for Thy name: 1Ki 8:49 Then hear Thou their prayer and their supplication in heaven Thy dwelling place, and maintain their cause, 1Ki 8:50 And forgive Thy people that have sinned against Thee, and all their transgressions wherein they have transgressed against Thee, and give them compassion before them who carried them captive, that they may have compassion on them: 1Ki 8:51 For they be Thy people, and Thine inheritance, which Thou broughtest forth out of Egypt, from the midst of the furnace of iron: 1Ki 8:52 That Thine eyes may be open unto the supplication of Thy servant, and unto the supplication of Thy people Israel, to hearken unto them in all that they call for unto Thee. 1Ki 8:53 For Thou didst separate them from among all the people of the earth, to be Thine inheritance, as Thou spakest by the hand of Moses Thy servant, when Thou broughtest our fathers out of Egypt, O Lord GOD.=@
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1Ki 8:54 And it was so, that when Solomon had made an end of praying all this prayer and supplication unto the LORD, he arose from before the altar of the LORD, from kneeling on his knees with his hands spread up to heaven. 1Ki 8:55 And he stood, and blessed all the congregation of Israel with a loud voice, saying, 1Ki 8:56 ABlessed be the LORD, That hath given rest unto His people Israel, according to all that He promised: there hath not failed one word of all His good promise, which He promised by the hand of Moses His servant. 1Ki 8:57 The LORD our God be with us, as He was with our fathers: let Him not leave us, nor forsake us: 1Ki 8:58 That He may incline our hearts unto Him, to walk in all His ways, and to keep His commandments, and His statutes, and His judgments, which He commanded our fathers. 1Ki 8:59 And let these my words, wherewith I have made supplication before the LORD, be nigh unto the LORD our God day and night, that He maintain the cause of His servant, and the cause of His people Israel at all times, as the matter shall require: 1Ki 8:60 That all the people of the earth may know that the LORD is God, and that there is none else. 1Ki 8:61 Let your heart therefore be perfect with the LORD our God, to walk in His statutes, and to keep His commandments, as at this day.@ 1Ki 8:62 And the king, and all Israel with him, offered sacrifice before the LORD. 1Ki 8:63 And Solomon offered a sacrifice of peace offerings, which he offered unto the LORD, two and twenty thousand oxen, and an hundred and twenty thousand sheep. So the king and all the children of Israel dedicated the house of the LORD. 1Ki 8:64 The same day did the king hallow the middle of the court that was before the house of the LORD: for there he offered burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and the fat of the peace offerings: because the brasen altar that was before the LORD was too little to receive the burnt offerings, and meat offerings, and the fat of the peace offerings. 1Ki 8:65 And at that time Solomon held a feast, and all Israel with him, a great congregation, from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt, before the LORD our God, seven days and seven days, even fourteen days. 1Ki 8:66 On the eighth day he sent the people away: and they blessed the king, and went unto their tents joyful and glad of heart for all the goodness that the LORD had done for David His servant, and for Israel His people. Yahveh=s Conditions for the Temple 1Ki 9:8 And at this house, which is high, every one that passeth by it shall be astonished, and shall hiss; and they shall say, >Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and to this house?= 1Ki 9:9 And they shall answer, >Because they forsook the LORD their God, Who brought forth their fathers out of the land of Egypt, and have taken hold upon other gods, and have worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath the LORD brought upon them all this evil.=@
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1Ki 9:10 And it came to pass at the end of twenty years, when Solomon had built the two houses, the house of the LORD, and the king=s house, 1Ki 9:11 (Now Hiram the king of Tyre had furnished Solomon with cedar trees and fir trees, and with gold, according to all his desire,) that then king Solomon gave Hiram twenty cities in the land of Galilee. 1Ki 9:12 And Hiram came out from Tyre to see the cities which Solomon had given him; and they pleased him not. 1Ki 9:13 And he said, AWhat cities are these which thou hast given me, my brother?@ And he called them the land of Cabul unto this day. 1Ki 9:14 And Hiram sent to the king sixscore talents of gold. 1Ki 9:15 And this is the reason of the levy which king Solomon raised; for to build the house of the LORD, and his own house, and Millo, and the wall of Jerusalem, and Hazor, and Megiddo, and Gezer. The Chronicles Account Priests Bring the Ark of the Covenant 2Ch 5:7 And the priests brought in the ark of the covenant of the LORD unto His place, to the oracle of the house, into the most holy place, even under the wings of the cherubims: 2Ch 5:8 For the cherubims spread forth their wings over the place of the ark, and the cherubims covered the ark and the staves thereof above. 2Ch 5:9 And they drew out the staves of the ark, that the ends of the staves were seen from the ark before the oracle; but they were not seen without. And there it is unto this day. 2Ch 5:10 There was nothing in the ark save the two tables which Moses put therein at Horeb, when the LORD made a covenant with the children of Israel, when they came out of Egypt. 2Ch 5:11 And it came to pass, when the priests were come out of the holy place: (for all the priests that were present were sanctified, and did not then wait by course: Solomon Blesses the Congregation of Israel 2Ch 6:1 Then said Solomon, AThe LORD hath said that He would dwell in the thick darkness. 2Ch 6:2 But I have built an house of habitation for Thee, and a place for Thy dwelling for ever.@ 2Ch 6:3 And the king turned his face, and blessed the whole congregation of Israel: and all the congregation of Israel stood. 2Ch 6:4 And he said, ABlessed be the LORD God of Israel, Who hath with His hands fulfilled that which He spake with His mouth to my father David, saying, 2Ch 6:5 >Since the day that I brought forth My people out of the land of Egypt I chose no city among all the tribes of Israel to build an house in, that My name might be there; neither chose I any man to be a ruler over My people Israel:
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2Ch 6:6 But I have chosen Jerusalem, that My name might be there; and have chosen David to be over My people Israel.= 2Ch 6:7 Now it was in the heart of David my father to build an house for the name of the LORD God of Israel. 2Ch 6:8 But the LORD said to David my father, >Forasmuch as it was in thine heart to build an house for My name, thou didst well in that it was in thine heart: 2Ch 6:9 Notwithstanding thou shalt not build the house; but thy son which shall come forth out of thy loins, he shall build the house for My name.= 2Ch 6:10 The LORD therefore hath performed His word that He hath spoken: for I am risen up in the room of David my father, and am set on the throne of Israel, as the LORD promised, and have built the house for the name of the LORD God of Israel. 2Ch 6:11 And in it have I put the ark, wherein is the covenant of the LORD, that He made with the children of Israel.@ 2Ch 6:12 And he stood before the altar of the LORD in the presence of all the congregation of Israel, and spread forth his hands: Solomon Keeps the Feast Seven Days 2Ch 7:8 Also at the same time Solomon kept the feast seven days, and all Israel with him, a very great congregation, from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt. 2Ch 7:9 And in the eighth day they made a solemn assembly: for they kept the dedication of the altar seven days, and the feast seven days. 2Ch 7:10 And on the three and twentieth day of the seventh month he sent the people away into their tents, glad and merry in heart for the goodness that the LORD had shewed unto David, and to Solomon, and to Israel His people. 2Ch 7:11 Thus Solomon finished the house of the LORD, and the king=s house: and all that came into Solomon=s heart to make in the house of the LORD, and in his own house, he prosperously effected. 2Ch 7:12 And the LORD appeared to Solomon by night, and said unto him, AI have heard thy prayer, and have chosen this place to Myself for an house of sacrifice. 2Ch 7:13 If I shut up heaven that there be no rain, or if I command the locusts to devour the land, or if I send pestilence among My people; 2Ch 7:14 If My people, which are called by My name, shall humble themselves, and pray, and seek My face, and turn from their wicked ways; then will I hear from heaven, and will forgive their sin, and will heal their land. 2Ch 7:15 Now Mine eyes shall be open, and Mine ears attent unto the prayer that is made in this place. 2Ch 7:16 For now have I chosen and sanctified this house, that My name may be there for ever: and Mine eyes and Mine heart shall be there perpetually. 2Ch 7:17 And as for thee, if thou wilt walk before Me, as David thy father walked, and do according to all that I have commanded thee, and shalt observe My statutes and My judgments; 2Ch 7:18 Then will I stablish the throne of thy kingdom, according as I have covenanted with David thy father, saying, >There shall not fail thee a man to be ruler in Israel.=
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2Ch 7:19 But if ye turn away, and forsake My statutes and My commandments, which I have set before you, and shall go and serve other gods, and worship them; 2Ch 7:20 Then will I pluck them up by the roots out of My land which I have given them; and this house, which I have sanctified for My name, will I cast out of My sight, and will make it to be a proverb and a byword among all nations. 2Ch 7:21 And this house, which is high, shall be an astonishment to every one that passeth by it; so that he shall say, >Why hath the LORD done thus unto this land, and unto this house?= 2Ch 7:22 And it shall be answered, >Because they forsook the LORD God of their fathers, Which brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, and laid hold on other gods, and worshipped them, and served them: therefore hath He brought all this evil upon them.=@

Hadad Flees to Egypt and Marries Sister of Tahpenes
1Ki 11:15 For it came to pass, when David was in Edom, and Joab the captain of the host was gone up to bury the slain, after he had smitten every male in Edom; 1Ki 11:16 (For six months did Joab remain there with all Israel, until he had cut off every male in Edom:) 1Ki 11:17 That Hadad fled, he and certain Edomites of his father =s servants with him, to go into Egypt; Hadad being yet a little child. 1Ki 11:18 And they arose out of Midian, and came to Paran: and they took men with them out of Paran, and they came to Egypt, unto Pharaoh king of Egypt; which gave him an house, and appointed him victuals, and gave him land. 1Ki 11:19 And Hadad found great favour in the sight of Pharaoh, so that he gave him to wife the sister of his own wife, the sister of Tahpenes the queen. 1Ki 11:20 And the sister of Tahpenes bare him Genubath his son, whom Tahpenes weaned in Pharaoh=s house: and Genubath was in Pharaoh=s household among the sons of Pharaoh. 1Ki 11:21 And when Hadad heard in Egypt that David slept with his fathers, and that Joab the captain of the host was dead, Hadad said to Pharaoh, ALet me depart, that I may go to mine own country.@ 1Ki 11:22 Then Pharaoh said unto him, ABut what hast thou lacked with me, that, behold, thou seekest to go to thine own country?@ And he answered, ANothing: howbeit let me go in any wise.@

Jeroboam
Jeroboam Flees to Egypt
1Ki 11:40 Solomon sought therefore to kill Jeroboam. And Jeroboam arose, and fled into Egypt, unto Shishak king of Egypt, and was in Egypt until the death of Solomon. 1Ki 11:41 And the rest of the acts of Solomon, and all that he did, and his wisdom, are they not written in the book of the acts of Solomon?
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1Ki 11:42 And the time that Solomon reigned in Jerusalem over all Israel was forty years. 1Ki 11:43 And Solomon slept with his fathers, and was buried in the city of David his father: and Rehoboam his son reigned in his stead.

Jeroboam Returns from Egypt
The Kings Account 1Ki 12:1 And Rehoboam went to Shechem: for all Israel were come to Shechem to make him king. 1Ki 12:2 And it came to pass, when Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who was yet in Egypt, heard of it, (for he was fled from the presence of king Solomon, and Jeroboam dwelt in Egypt;) 1Ki 12:3 That they sent and called him. And Jeroboam and all the congregation of Israel came, and spake unto Rehoboam, saying, 1Ki 12:4 AThy father made our yoke grievous: now therefore make thou the grievous service of thy father, and his heavy yoke which he put upon us, lighter, and we will serve thee.@ The Chronicles Account 2Ch 10:1 And Rehoboam went to Shechem: for to Shechem were all Israel come to make him king. 2Ch 10:2 And it came to pass, when Jeroboam the son of Nebat, who was in Egypt, whither he had fled from the presence of Solomon the king, heard it, that Jeroboam returned out of Egypt. 2Ch 10:3 And they sent and called him. So Jeroboam and all Israel came and spake to Rehoboam, saying, 2Ch 10:4 AThy father made our yoke grievous: now therefore ease thou somewhat the grievous servitude of thy father, and his heavy yoke that he put upon us, and we will serve thee.@

Jeroboam Makes Two Golden Calves
1Ki 12:25 Then Jeroboam built Shechem in mount Ephraim, and dwelt therein; and went out from thence, and built Penuel. 1Ki 12:26 And Jeroboam said in his heart, ANow shall the kingdom return to the house of David: 1Ki 12:27 If this people go up to do sacrifice in the house of the LORD at Jerusalem, then shall the heart of this people turn again unto their lord, even unto Rehoboam king of Judah, and they shall kill me, and go again to Rehoboam king of Judah.@ 1Ki 12:28 Whereupon the king took counsel, and made two calves of gold, and said unto them, AIt is too much for you to go up to Jerusalem: behold thy gods, O Israel, which brought
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thee up out of the land of Egypt.@ 1Ki 12:29 And he set the one in Beth-el, and the other put he in Dan. 1Ki 12:30 And this thing became a sin: for the people went to worship before the one, even unto Dan.

Shishak Raids Jerusalem
The Kings Account
1Ki 14:25 (And it came to pass in the fifth year of king Rehoboam, that Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem: 1Ki 14:26 And he took away the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king=s house; he even took away all: and he took away all the shields of gold which Solomon had made. 1Ki 14:27 And king Rehoboam made in their stead brasen shields, and committed them unto the hands of the chief of the guard, which kept the door of the king=s house.

The Chronicles Account
2Ch 12:1 And it came to pass, when Rehoboam had established the kingdom, and had strengthened himself, he forsook the law of the LORD, and all Israel with him. 2Ch 12:2 And it came to pass, that in the fifth year of king Rehoboam Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, because they had transgressed against the LORD, 2Ch 12:3 With twelve hundred chariots, and threescore thousand horsemen: and the people were without number that came with him out of Egypt; the Lubims, the Sukkiims, and the Ethiopians. 2Ch 12:4 And he took the fenced cities which pertained to Judah, and came to Jerusalem. 2Ch 12:5 Then came Shemaiah the prophet to Rehoboam, and to the princes of Judah, that were gathered together to Jerusalem because of Shishak, and said unto them, AThus saith the LORD, >Ye have forsaken Me, and therefore have I also left you in the hand of Shishak.=@ 2Ch 12:6 Whereupon the princes of Israel and the king humbled themselves; and they said, AThe LORD is righteous.@ 2Ch 12:7 And when the LORD saw that they humbled themselves, the word of the LORD came to Shemaiah, saying, AThey have humbled themselves; therefore I will not destroy them, but I will grant them some deliverance; and My wrath shall not be poured out upon Jerusalem by the hand of Shishak. 2Ch 12:8 Nevertheless they shall be his servants; that they may know My service, and the service of the kingdoms of the countries.@ 2Ch 12:9 So Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, and took away the treasures of the house of the LORD, and the treasures of the king=s house; he took all: he carried away also the shields of gold which Solomon had made. 2Ch 12:10 Instead of which king Rehoboam made shields of brass, and committed them
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to the hands of the chief of the guard, that kept the entrance of the king =s house.

Syrians Think Israel Has Hired Egyptians and Others Against Them
2Ki 7:1 Then Elisha said, AHear ye the word of the LORD; Thus saith the LORD, >To morrow about this time shall a measure of fine flour be sold for a shekel, and two measures of barley for a shekel, in the gate of Samaria.=@ 2Ki 7:2 Then a lord on whose hand the king leaned answered the man of God, and said, ABehold, if the LORD would make windows in heaven, might this thing be?@ And he said, ABehold, thou shalt see it with thine eyes, but shalt not eat thereof.@ 2Ki 7:3 And there were four leprous men at the entering in of the gate: and they said one to another, AWhy sit we here until we die? 2Ki 7:4 If we say, >We will enter into the city,= then the famine is in the city, and we shall die there: and if we sit still here, we die also. Now therefore come, and let us fall unto the host of the Syrians: if they save us alive, we shall live; and if they kill us, we shall but die.=@ 2Ki 7:5 And they rose up in the twilight, to go unto the camp of the Syrians: and when they were come to the uttermost part of the camp of Syria, behold, there was no man there. 2Ki 7:6 For the LORD had made the host of the Syrians to hear a noise of chariots, and a noise of horses, even the noise of a great host: and they said one to another, ALo, the king of Israel hath hired against us the kings of the Hittites, and the kings of the Egyptians, to come upon us.@ 2Ki 7:7 Wherefore they arose and fled in the twilight, and left their tents, and their horses, and their asses, even the camp as it was, and fled for their life. 2Ki 7:8 And when these lepers came to the uttermost part of the camp, they went into one tent, and did eat and drink, and carried thence silver, and gold, and raiment, and went and hid it; and came again, and entered into another tent, and carried thence also, and went and hid it. 2Ki 7:9 Then they said one to another, AWe do not well: this day is a day of good tidings, and we hold our peace: if we tarry till the morning light, some mischief will come upon us: now therefore come, that we may go and tell the king =s household.@

Trouble With Assyria
King of Assyria Brings Foreign Peoples Into Samaria
2Ki 17:24 And the king of Assyria brought men from Babylon, and from Cuthah, and from Ava, and from Hamath, and from Sepharvaim, and placed them in the cities of Samaria instead of the children of Israel: and they possessed Samaria, and dwelt in the cities thereof. 2Ki 17:25 And so it was at the beginning of their dwelling there, that they feared not the LORD: therefore the LORD sent lions among them, which slew some of them.
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2Ki 17:26 Wherefore they spake to the king of Assyria, saying, AThe nations which thou hast removed, and placed in the cities of Samaria, know not the manner of the God of the land: therefore He hath sent lions among them, and, behold, they slay them, because they know not the manner of the God of the land.@ 2Ki 17:27 Then the king of Assyria commanded, saying, ACarry thither one of the priests whom ye brought from thence; and let them go and dwell there, and let him teach them the manner of the God of the land.@ 2Ki 17:28 Then one of the priests whom they had carried away from Samaria came and dwelt in Beth-el, and taught them how they should fear the LORD. 2Ki 17:29 Howbeit every nation made gods of their own, and put them in the houses of the high places which the Samaritans had made, every nation in their cities wherein they dwelt. 2Ki 17:30 And the men of Babylon made Succoth-benoth, and the men of Cuth made Nergal, and the men of Hamath made Ashima, 2Ki 17:31 And the Avites made Nibhaz and Tartak, and the Sepharvites burnt their children in fire to Adrammelech and Anammelech, the gods of Sepharvaim. 2Ki 17:32 So they feared the LORD, and made unto themselves of the lowest of them priests of the high places, which sacrificed for them in the houses of the high places. 2Ki 17:33 They feared the LORD, and served their own gods, after the manner of the nations whom they carried away from thence. 2Ki 17:34 Unto this day they do after the former manners: they fear not the LORD, neither do they after their statutes, or after their ordinances, or after the law and commandment which the LORD commanded the children of Jacob, whom He named Israel; 2Ki 17:35 With whom the LORD had made a covenant, and charged them, saying, AYe shall not fear other gods, nor bow yourselves to them, nor serve them, nor sacrifice to them: 2Ki 17:36 But the LORD, Who brought you up out of the land of Egypt with great power and a stretched out arm, Him shall ye fear, and Him shall ye worship, and to Him shall ye do sacrifice. 2Ki 17:37 And the statutes, and the ordinances, and the law, and the commandment, which He wrote for you, ye shall observe to do for evermore; and ye shall not fear other gods. 2Ki 17:38 And the covenant that I have made with you ye shall not forget; neither shall ye fear other gods. 2Ki 17:39 But the LORD your God ye shall fear; and He shall deliver you out of the hand of all your enemies.@ 2Ki 17:40 Howbeit they did not hearken, but they did after their former manner. 2Ki 17:41 So these nations feared the LORD, and served their graven images, both their children, and their children=s children: as did their fathers, so do they unto this day.

Rab-shakeh Taunts Hezekiah for Trusting in Egypt
2Ki 18:19 And Rab-shakeh said unto them, ASpeak ye now to Hezekiah, >Thus saith the great king, the king of Assyria, >What confidence is this wherein thou trustest? 2Ki 18:20 Thou sayest, (but they are but vain words,) I have counsel and strength for the
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war. Now on whom dost thou trust, that thou rebellest against me? 2Ki 18:21 Now, behold, thou trustest upon the staff of this bruised reed, even upon Egypt, on which if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so is Pharaoh king of Egypt unto all that trust on him. 2Ki 18:22 But if ye say unto me, >We trust in the LORD our God:= is not that He, Whose high places and Whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and hath said to Judah and Jerusalem, >Ye shall worship before this altar in Jerusalem?= = = 2Ki 18:23 Now therefore, I pray thee, give pledges to my lord the king of Assyria, and I will deliver thee two thousand horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon them. 2Ki 18:24 How then wilt thou turn away the face of one captain of the least of my master=s servants, and put thy trust on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen? 2Ki 18:25 Am I now come up without the LORD against this place to destroy it? The LORD said to me, >Go up against this land, and destroy it.=@

The Remnant of Yahveh=s Inheritance Provoke Him from the Exodus to Manasseh=s Reign
2Ki 21:12 Therefore thus saith the LORD God of Israel, ABehold, I am bringing such evil upon Jerusalem and Judah, that whosoever heareth of it, both his ears shall tingle. 2Ki 21:13 And I will stretch over Jerusalem the line of Samaria, and the plummet of the house of Ahab: and I will wipe Jerusalem as a man wipeth a dish, wiping it, and turning it upside down. 2Ki 21:14 And I will forsake the remnant of Mine inheritance, and deliver them into the hand of their enemies; and they shall become a prey and a spoil to all their enemies; 2Ki 21:15 Because they have done that which was evil in My sight, and have provoked Me to anger, since the day their fathers came forth out of Egypt, even unto this day. =@ 2Ki 21:16 Moreover Manasseh shed innocent blood very much, till he had filled Jerusalem from one end to another; beside his sin wherewith he made Judah to sin, in doing that which was evil in the sight of the LORD. 2Ki 21:17 Now the rest of the acts of Manasseh, and all that he did, and his sin that he sinned, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? 2Ki 21:18 And Manasseh slept with his fathers, and was buried in the garden of his own house, in the garden of Uzza: and Amon his son reigned in his stead.

Pharaoh-nechoh’s Army Kills Josiah
The Kings Account
2Ki 23:28 Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and all that he did, are they not written in the book of the chronicles of the kings of Judah? 2Ki 23:29 In his days Pharaoh-nechoh king of Egypt went up against the king of Assyria to the river Euphrates: and king Josiah went against him; and he slew him at Megiddo,
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when he had seen him. 2Ki 23:30 And his servants carried him in a chariot dead from Megiddo, and brought him to Jerusalem, and buried him in his own sepulchre. And the people of the land took Jehoahaz the son of Josiah, and anointed him, and made him king in his father=s stead. 2Ki 23:31 Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign; and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. And his mother =s name was Hamutal, the daughter of Jeremiah of Libnah. 2Ki 23:32 And he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD, according to all that his fathers had done. 2Ki 23:33 And Pharaoh-nechoh put him in bands at Riblah in the land of Hamath, that he might not reign in Jerusalem; and put the land to a tribute of an hundred talents of silver, and a talent of gold. 2Ki 23:34 And Pharaoh-nechoh made Eliakim the son of Josiah king in the room of Josiah his father, and turned his name to Jehoiakim, and took Jehoahaz away: and he came to Egypt, and died there. 2Ki 23:35 And Jehoiakim gave the silver and the gold to Pharaoh; but he taxed the land to give the money according to the commandment of Pharaoh: he exacted the silver and the gold of the people of the land, of every one according to his taxation, to give it unto Pharaoh-nechoh.

The Chronicles Account
2Ch 35:19 In the eighteenth year of the reign of Josiah was this passover kept. 2Ch 35:20 After all this, when Josiah had prepared the temple, Necho king of Egypt came up to fight against Carchemish by Euphrates: and Josiah went out against him. 2Ch 35:21 But he sent ambassadors to him, saying, AWhat have I to do with thee, thou king of Judah? I come not against thee this day, but against the house wherewith I have war: for God commanded me to make haste: forbear thee from meddling with God, Who is with me, that He destroy thee not.@ 2Ch 35:22 Nevertheless Josiah would not turn his face from him, but disguised himself, that he might fight with him, and hearkened not unto the words of Necho from the mouth of God, and came to fight in the valley of Megiddo. 2Ch 35:23 And the archers shot at king Josiah; and the king said to his servants, AHave me away; for I am sore wounded.@ 2Ch 35:24 His servants therefore took him out of that chariot, and put him in the second chariot that he had; and they brought him to Jerusalem, and he died, and was buried in one of the sepulchres of his fathers. And all Judah and Jerusalem mourned for Josiah. 2Ch 35:25 And Jeremiah lamented for Josiah: and all the singing men and the singing women spake of Josiah in their lamentations to this day, and made them an ordinance in Israel: and, behold, they are written in the lamentations. 2Ch 35:26 Now the rest of the acts of Josiah, and his goodness, according to that which was written in the law of the LORD, 2Ch 35:27 And his deeds, first and last, behold, they are written in the book of the kings
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of Israel and Judah.

Babylon Subdues Egypt
2Ki 24:6 So Jehoiakim slept with his fathers: and Jehoiachin his son reigned in his stead. 2Ki 24:7 And the king of Egypt came not again any more out of his land: for the king of Babylon had taken from the river of Egypt unto the river Euphrates all that pertained to the king of Egypt.

Part-Egyptian Children of Judah

Sheshan, of Judah, Fathers a Son By Jarha
1Ch 2:34 Now Sheshan had no sons, but daughters. And Sheshan had a servant, an Egyptian, whose name was Jarha. 1Ch 2:35 And Sheshan gave his daughter to Jarha his servant to wife; and she bare him Attai.

Sons of Bithiah
1Ch 4:17 And the sons of Ezra were, Jether, and Mered, and Epher, and Jalon: and she bare Miriam, and Shammai, and Ishbah the father of Eshtemoa. 1Ch 4:18 And his wife Jehudijah bare Jered the father of Gedor, and Heber the father of Socho, and Jekuthiel the father of Zanoah. And these are the sons of Bithiah the daughter of Pharaoh, which Mered took.

Uzziah=s Notoriety Extends to Egypt
2Ch 26:8 And the Ammonites gave gifts to Uzziah: and his name spread abroad even to the entering in of Egypt; for he strengthened himself exceedingly. 2Ch 26:9 Moreover Uzziah built towers in Jerusalem at the corner gate, and at the valley gate, and at the turning of the wall, and fortified them. 2Ch 26:10 Also he built towers in the desert, and digged many wells: for he had much cattle, both in the low country, and in the plains: husbandmen also, and vine dressers in the mountains, and in Carmel: for he loved husbandry.

King of Egypt Defeats Jehoahaz
2Ch 36:2 Jehoahaz was twenty and three years old when he began to reign, and he reigned three months in Jerusalem. 2Ch 36:3 And the king of Egypt put him down at Jerusalem, and condemned the land in
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an hundred talents of silver and a talent of gold. 2Ch 36:4 And the king of Egypt made Eliakim his brother king over Judah and Jerusalem, and turned his name to Jehoiakim. And Necho took Jehoahaz his brother, and carried him to Egypt. 2Ch 36:5 Jehoiakim was twenty and five years old when he began to reign, and he reigned eleven years in Jerusalem: and he did that which was evil in the sight of the LORD his God.

Ezra and Nehemiah
Returned Captives Fail to Separate Themselves from Heathen Nations
Ezr 9:1 Now when these things were done, the princes came to me, saying, AThe people of Israel, and the priests, and the Levites, have not separated themselves from the people of the lands, doing according to their abominations, even of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Perizzites, the Jebusites, the Ammonites, the Moabites, the Egyptians, and the Amorites. Ezr 9:2 For they have taken of their daughters for themselves, and for their sons: so that the holy seed have mingled themselves with the people of those lands: yea, the hand of the princes and rulers hath been chief in this trespass. @ Ezr 9:3 And when I heard this thing, I rent my garment and my mantle, and plucked off the hair of my head and of my beard, and sat down astonied.

Nehemiah Remembers Captivity in Egypt
Neh 9:5 Then the Levites, Jeshua, and Kadmiel, Bani, Hashabniah, Sherebiah, Hodijah, Shebaniah, and Pethahiah, said, AStand up and bless the LORD your God for ever and ever: and blessed be Thy glorious name, which is exalted above all blessing and praise. Neh 9:6 Thou, even thou, art LORD alone; Thou hast made heaven, the heaven of heavens, with all their host, the earth, and all things that are therein, the seas, and all that is therein, and Thou preservest them all; and the host of heaven worshippeth Thee. Neh 9:7 Thou art the LORD the God, Who didst choose Abram, and broughtest him forth out of Ur of the Chaldees, and gavest him the name of Abraham; Neh 9:8 And foundest his heart faithful before Thee, and madest a covenant with him to give the land of the Canaanites, the Hittites, the Amorites, and the Perizzites, and the Jebusites, and the Girgashites, to give it, I say, to his seed, and hast performed Thy words; for Thou art righteous: Neh 9:9 And didst see the affliction of our fathers in Egypt, and heardest their cry by the Red sea; Neh 9:10 And shewedst signs and wonders upon Pharaoh, and on all his servants, and on all the people of his land: for Thou knewest that they dealt proudly against them. So didst Thou get Thee a name, as it is this day. Neh 9:11 And Thou didst divide the sea before them, so that they went through the midst
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of the sea on the dry land; and their persecutors Thou threwest into the deeps, as a stone into the mighty waters. Neh 9:12 Moreover Thou leddest them in the day by a cloudy pillar; and in the night by a pillar of fire, to give them light in the way wherein they should go. Neh 9:13 Thou camest down also upon mount Sinai, and spakest with them from heaven, and gavest them right judgments, and true laws, good statutes and commandments: Neh 9:14 And madest known unto them Thy holy sabbath, and commandedst them precepts, statutes, and laws, by the hand of Moses Thy servant: Neh 9:15 And gavest them bread from heaven for their hunger, and broughtest forth water for them out of the rock for their thirst, and promisedst them that they should go in to possess the land which Thou hadst sworn to give them. Neh 9:16 But they and our fathers dealt proudly, and hardened their necks, and hearkened not to Thy commandments, Neh 9:17 And refused to obey, neither were mindful of Thy wonders that Thou didst among them; but hardened their necks, and in their rebellion appointed a captain to return to their bondage: but Thou art a GOD ready to pardon, gracious and merciful, slow to anger, and of great kindness, and forsookest them not. Neh 9:18 Yea, when they had made them a molten calf, and said, >This is thy God that brought thee up out of Egypt,= and had wrought great provocations; Neh 9:19 Yet Thou in Thy manifold mercies forsookest them not in the wilderness: the pillar of the cloud departed not from them by day, to lead them in the way; neither the pillar of fire by night, to shew them light, and the way wherein they should go. @

Egypt in the Psalms
APrinces Shall Come Out of Egypt@
Psa 68:26 Bless ye God in the congregations, even the Lord, from the fountain of Israel. Psa 68:27 There is little Benjamin with their ruler, the princes of Judah and their council, the princes of Zebulun, and the princes of Naphtali. Psa 68:28 Thy God hath commanded thy strength: strengthen, O God, that which Thou hast wrought for us. Psa 68:29 Because of Thy temple at Jerusalem shall kings bring presents unto Thee. Psa 68:30 Rebuke the company of spearmen, the multitude of the bulls, with the calves of the people, till every one submit himself with pieces of silver: scatter Thou the people that delight in war. Psa 68:31 Princes shall come out of Egypt; Ethiopia shall soon stretch out her hands unto God. Psa 68:32 Sing unto God, ye kingdoms of the earth; O sing praises unto the Lord; Selah: Psa 68:33 To Him that rideth upon the heavens of heavens, which were of old; lo, He doth send out His voice, and that a mighty voice. Psa 68:34 Ascribe ye strength unto God: His excellency is over Israel, and His strength is in the clouds.
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The Generation of the Exodus
Maschil of Asaph. Psa 78:1 Give ear, O my people, to my law: incline your ears to the words of my mouth. Psa 78:2 I will open my mouth in a parable: I will utter dark sayings of old: Psa 78:3 Which we have heard and known, and our fathers have told us. Psa 78:4 We will not hide them from their children, shewing to the generation to come the praises of the LORD, and His strength, and His wonderful works that He hath done. Psa 78:5 For He established a testimony in Jacob, and appointed a law in Israel, which He commanded our fathers, that they should make them known to their children: Psa 78:6 That the generation to come might know them, even the children which should be born; who should arise and declare them to their children: Psa 78:7 That they might set their hope in God, and not forget the works of GOD, but keep His commandments: Psa 78:8 And might not be as their fathers, a stubborn and rebellious generation; a generation that set not their heart aright, and whose spirit was not stedfast with God. Psa 78:9 The children of Ephraim, being armed, and carrying bows, turned back in the day of battle. Psa 78:10 They kept not the covenant of God, and refused to walk in His law; Psa 78:11 And forgat His works, and His wonders that He had shewed them. Psa 78:12 Marvellous things did He in the sight of their fathers, in the land of Egypt, in the field of Zoan. Psa 78:13 He divided the sea, and caused them to pass through; and He made the waters to stand as an heap. Psa 78:14 In the daytime also He led them with a cloud, and all the night with a light of fire. Psa 78:15 He clave the rocks in the wilderness, and gave them drink as out of the great depths. Psa 78:16 He brought streams also out of the rock, and caused waters to run down like rivers. Psa 78:17 And they sinned yet more against Him by provoking the MOST HIGH in the wilderness. Psa 78:18 And they tempted GOD in their heart by asking meat for their lust. Psa 78:19 Yea, they spake against God; they said, ACan GOD furnish a table in the wilderness?@ Psa 78:20 Behold, He smote the rock, that the waters gushed out, and the streams overflowed; can He give bread also? can He provide flesh for His people? @ Psa 78:21 Therefore the LORD heard this, and was wroth: so a fire was kindled against Jacob, and anger also came up against Israel; Psa 78:22 Because they believed not in God, and trusted not in His salvation: Psa 78:23 Though He had commanded the clouds from above, and opened the doors of heaven, Psa 78:24 And had rained down manna upon them to eat, and had given them of the corn
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of heaven. Psa 78:25 Man did eat angels= food: He sent them meat to the full. Psa 78:26 He caused an east wind to blow in the heaven: and by His power He brought in the south wind. Psa 78:27 He rained flesh also upon them as dust, and feathered fowls like as the sand of the sea: Psa 78:28 And He let it fall in the midst of their camp, round about their habitations. Psa 78:29 So they did eat, and were well filled: for He gave them their own desire; Psa 78:30 They were not estranged from their lust. But while their meat was yet in their mouths, Psa 78:31 The wrath of God came upon them, and slew the fattest of them, and smote down the chosen men of Israel. Psa 78:32 For all this they sinned still, and believed not for His wondrous works. Psa 78:33 Therefore their days did He consume in vanity, and their years in trouble. Psa 78:34 When He slew them, then they sought Him: and they returned and enquired early after GOD. Psa 78:35 And they remembered that God was their rock, and THE HIGH GOD their Redeemer. Psa 78:36 Nevertheless they did flatter Him with their mouth, and they lied unto Him with their tongues. Psa 78:37 For their heart was not right with Him, neither were they stedfast in His covenant. Psa 78:38 But He, being full of compassion, forgave their iniquity, and destroyed them not: yea, many a time turned He His anger away, and did not stir up all His wrath. Psa 78:39 For He remembered that they were but flesh; a wind that passeth away, and cometh not again. Psa 78:40 How oft did they provoke Him in the wilderness, and grieve Him in the desert! Psa 78:41 Yea, they turned back and tempted God, and limited the Holy One of Israel. Psa 78:42 They remembered not His hand, nor the day when He delivered them from the enemy. Psa 78:43 How He had wrought His signs in Egypt, and His wonders in the field of Zoan: Psa 78:44 And had turned their rivers into blood; and their floods, that they could not drink. Psa 78:45 He sent divers sorts of flies among them, which devoured them; and frogs, which destroyed them. Psa 78:46 He gave also their increase unto the caterpiller, and their labour unto the locust. Psa 78:47 He destroyed their vines with hail, and their sycomore trees with frost. Psa 78:48 He gave up their cattle also to the hail, and their flocks to hot thunderbolts. Psa 78:49 He cast upon them the fierceness of His anger, wrath, and indignation, and trouble, by sending evil angels among them. Psa 78:50 He made a way to His anger; He spared not their soul from death, but gave their life over to the pestilence; Psa 78:51 And smote all the firstborn in Egypt; the chief of their strength in the
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tabernacles of Ham: Psa 78:52 But made His own people to go forth like sheep, and guided them in the wilderness like a flock. Psa 78:53 And He led them on safely, so that they feared not: but the sea overwhelmed their enemies. Psa 78:54 And He brought them to the border of His sanctuary, even to this mountain, which His right hand had purchased. Psa 78:55 He cast out the heathen also before them, and divided them an inheritance by line, and made the tribes of Israel to dwell in their tents. Psa 78:56 Yet they tempted and provoked the MOST HIGH God, and kept not His testimonies: Psa 78:57 But turned back, and dealt unfaithfully like their fathers: they were turned aside like a deceitful bow.

AI am the LORD Thy God, Which Brought Thee Out of the Land of Egypt @
A Psalm of Asaph. Psa 81:1 Sing aloud unto God our strength: make a joyful noise unto the God of Jacob. Psa 81:2 Take a psalm, and bring hither the timbrel, the pleasant harp with the psaltery. Psa 81:3 Blow up the trumpet in the new moon, in the time appointed, on our solemn feast day. Psa 81:4 For this was a statute for Israel, and a law of the God of Jacob. Psa 81:5 This He ordained in Joseph for a testimony, when he went out through the land of Egypt: where I heard a language that I understood not. Psa 81:6 I removed his shoulder from the burden: his hands were delivered from the pots. Psa 81:7 Thou calledst in trouble, and I delivered thee; I answered thee in the secret place of thunder: I proved thee at the waters of Meribah. Selah. Psa 81:8 Hear, O My people, and I will testify unto thee: O Israel, if thou wilt hearken unto Me; Psa 81:9 There shall no strange god be in thee; neither shalt thou worship any strange god. Psa 81:10 I am the LORD thy God, Which brought thee out of the land of Egypt: open thy mouth wide, and I will fill it. Psa 81:11 But My people would not hearken to My voice; and Israel would none of Me. Psa 81:12 So I gave them up unto their own hearts= lust: and they walked in their own counsels. Psa 81:13 Oh that My people had hearkened unto Me, and Israel had walked in My ways! Psa 81:14 I should soon have subdued their enemies, and turned My hand against their adversaries. Psa 81:15 The haters of the LORD should have submitted themselves unto Him: but their time should have endured for ever. Psa 81:16 He should have fed them also with the finest of the wheat: and with honey out of the rock should I have satisfied thee.
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AI Will Make Mention of Rahab and Babylon@
A Psalm or Song for the sons of Korah. Psa 87:1 His foundation is in the holy mountains. Psa 87:2 The LORD loveth the gates of Zion more than all the dwellings of Jacob. Psa 87:3 Glorious things are spoken of thee, O city of God. Selah. Psa 87:4 I will make mention of Rahab* and Babylon to them that know me: behold Philistia, and Tyre, with Ethiopia; this man was born there. Psa 87:5 And of Zion it shall be said, AThis and that man was born in her: and the HIGHEST HIMSELF shall establish her.@ Psa 87:6 The LORD shall count, when He writeth up the people, that this man was born there. Selah. Psa 87:7 As well the singers as the players on instruments shall be there: all my springs are in thee. A Song or Psalm for the sons of Korah, to the chief Musician upon Mahalath Leannoth.
*The Companion Bible identifies this mention of Rahab with Egypt

AThou Hast Broken Rahab in Pieces @
Psa 89:6 For who in the heaven can be compared unto the LORD ? who among the sons of the mighty can be likened unto the LORD ? Psa 89:7 God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in reverence of all them that are about Him. Psa 89:8 O LORD God of hosts, who is a strong Lord like unto Thee? or to Thy faithfulness round about Thee? Psa 89:9 Thou rulest the raging of the sea: when the waves thereof arise, Thou stillest them. Psa 89:10 Thou hast broken Rahab* in pieces, as one that is slain; Thou hast scattered Thine enemies with Thy strong arm. Psa 89:11 The heavens are Thine, the earth also is Thine: as for the world and the fulness thereof, Thou hast founded them. Psa 89:12 The north and the south thou hast created them: Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in Thy name.
*The Companion Bible identifies this mention of Rahab with Egypt

Israel=s Sojourn in Egypt
Psa 105:23 Psa 105:24 enemies. Israel also came into Egypt; and Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham. And He increased His people greatly; and made them stronger than their
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Psa 105:25 He turned their heart to hate His people, to deal subtilly with His servants. Psa 105:26 He sent Moses His servant; and Aaron whom He had chosen. Psa 105:27 They shewed His signs among them, and wonders in the land of Ham. Psa 105:28 He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled not against His word. Psa 105:29 He turned their waters into blood, and slew their fish. Psa 105:30 Their land brought forth frogs in abundance, in the chambers of their kings. Psa 105:31 He spake, and there came divers sorts of flies, and lice in all their coasts. Psa 105:32 He gave them hail for rain, and flaming fire in their land. Psa 105:33 He smote their vines also and their fig trees; and brake the trees of their coasts. Psa 105:34 He spake, and the locusts came, and caterpillers, and that without number, Psa 105:35 And did eat up all the herbs in their land, and devoured the fruit of their ground. Psa 105:36 He smote also all the firstborn in their land, the chief of all their strength. Psa 105:37 He brought them forth also with silver and gold: and there was not one feeble person among their tribes. Psa 105:38 Egypt was glad when they departed: for the fear of them fell upon them. Psa 105:39 He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night. Psa 105:40 The people asked, and He brought quails, and satisfied them with the bread of heaven. Psa 105:41 He opened the rock, and the waters gushed out; they ran in the dry places like a river. Psa 105:42 For He remembered His holy promise, and Abraham His servant. Psa 105:43 And He brought forth His people with joy, and His chosen with gladness: Psa 105:44 And gave them the lands of the heathen: and they inherited the labour of the people; Psa 105:45 That they might observe His statutes, and keep His laws. Praise ye THE LORD.

AOur Fathers Understood Not Thy Wonders in Egypt @
Psa 106:1 Praise ye THE LORD. O give thanks unto the LORD; for He is good: for His mercy endureth for ever. Psa 106:2 Who can utter the mighty acts of the LORD? who can shew forth all His praise? Psa 106:3 Blessed are they that keep judgment, and he that doeth righteousness at all times. Psa 106:4 Remember me, O LORD, with the favour that Thou bearest unto Thy people: O visit me with Thy salvation; Psa 106:5 That I may see the good of Thy chosen, that I may rejoice in the gladness of Thy nation, that I may glory with Thine inheritance. Psa 106:6 We have sinned with our fathers, we have committed iniquity, we have done wickedly. Psa 106:7 Our fathers understood not Thy wonders in Egypt; they remembered not the multitude of Thy mercies; but provoked Him at the sea, even at the Red sea. Psa 106:8 Nevertheless He saved them for His name=s sake, that He might make His
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mighty power to be known. Psa 106:9 He rebuked the Red sea also, and it was dried up: so He led them through the depths, as through the wilderness. Psa 106:10 And He saved them from the hand of him that hated them, and redeemed them from the hand of the enemy. Psa 106:11 And the waters covered their enemies: there was not one of them left. Psa 106:12 Then believed they His words; they sang His praise. Psa 106:13 They soon forgat His works; they waited not for His counsel: Psa 106:14 But lusted exceedingly in the wilderness, and tempted God in the desert. Psa 106:15 And He gave them their request; but sent leanness into their soul. Psa 106:16 They envied Moses also in the camp, and Aaron the saint of the LORD. Psa 106:17 The earth opened and swallowed up Dathan, and covered the company of Abiram. Psa 106:18 And a fire was kindled in their company; the flame burned up the wicked. Psa 106:19 They made a calf in Horeb, and worshipped the molten image. Psa 106:20 Thus they changed their glory into the similitude of an ox that eateth grass. Psa 106:21 They forgat GOD their saviour, Which had done great things in Egypt; Psa 106:22 Wondrous works in the land of Ham, and terrible things by the Red sea. Psa 106:23 Therefore He said that He would destroy them, had not Moses His chosen stood before Him in the breach, to turn away His wrath, lest He should destroy them. Psa 106:24 Yea, they despised the pleasant land, they believed not His word: Psa 106:25 But murmured in their tents, and hearkened not unto the voice of the LORD. Psa 106:26 Therefore He lifted up His hand against them, to overthrow them in the wilderness: Psa 106:27 To overthrow their seed also among the nations, and to scatter them in the lands. Psa 106:28 They joined themselves also unto Baal-peor, and ate the sacrifices of the dead. Psa 106:29 Thus they provoked Him to anger with their inventions: and the plague brake in upon them. Psa 106:30 Then stood up Phinehas, and executed judgment: and so the plague was stayed. Psa 106:31 And that was counted unto him for righteousness unto all generations for evermore. Psa 106:32 They angered Him also at the waters of strife, so that it went ill with Moses for their sakes: Psa 106:33 Because they provoked his spirit, so that he spake unadvisedly with his lips.

AWhen Israel Went Out of Egypt@
Psa 114:1 language; Psa 114:2 Psa 114:3 When Israel went out of Egypt, the house of Jacob from a people of strange Judah was His sanctuary, and Israel His dominion. The sea saw it, and fled: Jordan was driven back.
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Psa 114:4 The mountains skipped like rams, and the little hills like lambs. Psa 114:5 What ailed thee, O thou sea, that thou fleddest? thou Jordan, that thou wast driven back? Psa 114:6 Ye mountains, that ye skipped like rams; and ye little hills, like lambs? Psa 114:7 Tremble, thou earth, at the presence of the Lord, at the presence of the God of Jacob; Psa 114:8 Which turned the rock into a standing water, the flint into a fountain of waters.

AWho Smote the Firstborn of Egypt, Both of Man and Beast@
Psa 135:6 Whatsoever the LORD pleased, that did He in heaven, and in earth, in the seas, and all deep places. Psa 135:7 He causeth the vapours to ascend from the ends of the earth; He maketh lightnings for the rain; He bringeth the wind out of His treasuries. Psa 135:8 Who smote the firstborn of Egypt, both of man and beast. Psa 135:9 Who sent tokens and wonders into the midst of thee, O Egypt, upon Pharaoh, and upon all His servants. Psa 135:10 Who smote great nations, and slew mighty kings; Psa 135:11 Sihon king of the Amorites, and Og king of Bashan, and all the kingdoms of Canaan: Psa 135:12 And gave their land for an heritage, an heritage unto Israel His people. Psa 135:13 Thy name, O LORD, endureth for ever; and Thy memorial, O LORD, throughout all generations.

Yahveh=s Multiple Wonders in Egypt
Psa 136:10 Psa 136:11 Psa 136:12 ever. Psa 136:13 ever: Psa 136:14 ever: Psa 136:15 for ever. Psa 136:16 for ever. To Him That smote Egypt in their firstborn: for His mercy endureth for ever: And brought out Israel from among them: for His mercy endureth for ever: With a strong hand, and with a stretched out arm: for His mercy endureth for To Him Which divided the Red sea into parts: for His mercy endureth for And made Israel to pass through the midst of it: for His mercy endureth for But overthrew Pharaoh and his host in the Red sea: for His mercy endureth To Him Which led His people through the wilderness: for His mercy endureth

Egypt=s Riches

Fine Linen
There are a number of references to the fine linen of Egypt. Mentioned in passing elsewhere in this study: In Genesis 41:42, Pharoah arrayed Joseph in “vestures of fine linen.” In I Kings 10:28, Solomon had “linen yarn” 153

brought out of Egypt. In Ezekiel 27:7, the prophet speaks Yahveh’s word to the king of Tyrus, saying “Fine linen with broidered work from Egypt was that which thou spreadest forth to be thy sail.”

“With Fine Linen of Egypt” Pro 7:15 Therefore came I forth to meet thee, diligently to seek thy face, and I have found thee. Pro 7:16 I have decked my bed with coverings of tapestry, with carved works, with fine linen of Egypt. Pro 7:17 I have perfumed my bed with myrrh, aloes, and cinnamon. “Fine Linen with Broidered Work from Egypt” Eze 27:1 The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying, Eze 27:2 ANow, thou son of man, take up a lamentation for Tyrus; Eze 27:3 And say unto Tyrus, >O thou that art situate at the entry of the sea, which art a merchant of the people for many isles, Thus saith the Lord GOD; >O Tyrus, thou hast said, >I am of perfect beauty.= Eze 27:4 Thy borders are in the midst of the seas, thy builders have perfected thy beauty. Eze 27:5 They have made all thy ship boards of fir trees of Senir: they have taken cedars from Lebanon to make masts for thee. Eze 27:6 Of the oaks of Bashan have they made thine oars; the company of the Ashurites have made thy benches of ivory, brought out of the isles of Chittim. Eze 27:7 Fine linen with broidered work from Egypt was that which thou spreadest forth to be thy sail; blue and purple from the isles of Elishah was that which covered thee. Eze 27:8 The inhabitants of Zidon and Arvad were thy mariners: thy wise men, O Tyrus, that were in thee, were thy pilots.

Pharaoh=s Chariots
Son 1:9 I have compared thee, O my love, to a company of horses in Pharaoh =s chariots.

Prophecies Concerning or Mentioning Egypt
Reminders of Bondage in Egypt in the Prophets
“ . . . [A]fter the Manner of Egypt . . .” Isa 10:20 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the remnant of Israel, and such as are escaped of the house of Jacob, shall no more again stay upon him that smote them; but shall stay upon the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, in truth. Isa 10:21 The remnant shall return, even the remnant of Jacob, unto the mighty God. Isa 10:22 For though Thy people Israel be as the sand of the sea, yet a remnant of them
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shall return: the consumption decreed shall overflow with righteousness. Isa 10:23 For the Lord GOD of hosts shall make a consumption, even determined, in the midst of all the land. Isa 10:24 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD of hosts, >O My people that dwellest in Zion, be not afraid of the Assyrian: he shall smite thee with a rod, and shall lift up his staff against thee, after the manner of Egypt. Isa 10:25 For yet a very little while, and the indignation shall cease, and Mine anger in their destruction. Isa 10:26 And the LORD of hosts shall stir up a scourge for him according to the slaughter of Midian at the rock of Oreb: and as His rod was upon the sea, so shall He lift it up after the manner of Egypt. Isa 10:27 And it shall come to pass in that day, that his burden shall be taken away from off thy shoulder, and his yoke from off thy neck, and the yoke shall be destroyed because of the anointing. Isa 10:28 He is come to Aiath, he is passed to Migron; at Michmash he hath laid up his carriages: Isa 10:29 They are gone over the passage: they have taken up their lodging at Geba; Ramah is afraid; Gibeah of Saul is fled. Isa 10:30 Lift up thy voice, O daughter of Gallim: cause it to be heard unto Laish, O poor Anathoth. Isa 10:31 Madmenah is removed; the inhabitants of Gebim gather themselves to flee. Isa 10:32 As yet shall he remain at Nob that day: he shall shake his hand against the mount of the daughter of Zion, the hill of Jerusalem. Isa 10:33 Behold, THE Lord, the LORD of hosts, shall lop the bough with terror: and the high ones of stature shall be hewn down, and the haughty shall be humbled. Isa 10:34 And He shall cut down the thickets of the forest with iron, and Lebanon shall fall by a mighty one. “In the Day That I Brought Them Out of the Land of Egypt” Jeremiah 7:21B26 Jer 7:21 Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; APut your burnt offerings unto your sacrifices, and eat flesh. Jer 7:22 For I spake not unto your fathers, nor commanded them in the day that I brought them out of the land of Egypt, concerning burnt offerings or sacrifices: Jer 7:23 But this thing commanded I them, saying, >Obey My voice, and I will be your God, and ye shall be My people: and walk ye in all the ways that I have commanded you, that it may be well unto you. Jer 7:24 But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear, but walked in the counsels and in the imagination of their evil heart, and went backward, and not forward. Jer 7:25 Since the day that your fathers came forth out of the land of Egypt unto this day I have even sent unto you all My servants the prophets, daily rising up early and sending them: Jer 7:26 Yet they hearkened not unto Me, nor inclined their ear, but hardened their neck:
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they did worse than their fathers. Jeremiah 11:1B8 Jer 11:1 The word that came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, Jer 11:2 AHear ye the words of this covenant, and speak unto the men of Judah, and to the inhabitants of Jerusalem; Jer 11:3 And say thou unto them, >Thus saith the LORD God of Israel; >Cursed be the man that obeyeth not the words of this covenant, Jer 11:4 Which I commanded your fathers in the day that I brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, from the iron furnace, saying, >Obey My voice, and do them, according to all which I command you: so shall ye be My people, and I will be your God: Jer 11:5 That I may perform the oath which I have sworn unto your fathers, to give them a land flowing with milk and honey, as it is this day.= =@ Then answered I, and said, ASo be it, O LORD.@ Jer 11:6 Then the LORD said unto me, AProclaim all these words in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, saying, >Hear ye the words of this covenant, and do them. Jer 11:7 For I earnestly protested unto your fathers in the day that I brought them up out of the land of Egypt, even unto this day, rising early and protesting, saying, >Obey My voice.= Jer 11:8 Yet they obeyed not, nor inclined their ear, but walked every one in the imagination of their evil heart: therefore I will bring upon them all the words of this covenant, which I commanded them to do; but they did them not.=@ “. . . [W]hich My Covenant They Brake . . .” Jer 31:31 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel, and with the house of Judah: Jer 31:32 Not according to the covenant that I made with their fathers in the day that I took them by the hand to bring them out of the land of Egypt; which My covenant they brake, although I was an husband unto them, saith the LORD: Jer 31:33 But this shall be the covenant that I will make with the house of Israel; After those days, saith the LORD, I will put My law in their inward parts, and write it in their hearts; and will be their God, and they shall be My people. Jer 31:34 And they shall teach no more every man his neighbour, and every man his brother, saying, >Know the LORD:= for they shall all know Me, from the least of them unto the greatest of them, saith the LORD: for I will forgive their iniquity, and I will remember their sin no more. Jeremiah’s Prayer Jer 32:16 Now when I had delivered the evidence of the purchase unto Baruch the son of Neriah, I prayed unto the LORD, saying, Jer 32:17 AAh Lord GOD! behold, Thou hast made the heaven and the earth by Thy great power and stretched out arm, and there is nothing too hard for Thee:
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Jer 32:18 Thou shewest lovingkindness unto thousands, and recompensest the iniquity of the fathers into the bosom of their children after them: the Great, the Mighty GOD, the LORD of hosts, is His name, Jer 32:19 Great in counsel, and mighty in work: for Thine eyes are open upon all the ways of the sons of men: to give every one according to his ways, and according to the fruit of his doings: Jer 32:20 Which hast set signs and wonders in the land of Egypt, even unto this day, and in Israel, and among other men; and hast made Thee a name, as at this day; Jer 32:21 And hast brought forth Thy people Israel out of the land of Egypt with signs, and with wonders, and with a strong hand, and with a stretched out arm, and with great terror; Jer 32:22 And hast given them this land, which Thou didst swear to their fathers to give them, a land flowing with milk and honey; Jer 32:23 And they came in, and possessed it; but they obeyed not Thy voice, neither walked in Thy law; they have done nothing of all that Thou commandedst them to do: therefore Thou hast caused all this evil to come upon them: Jer 32:24 Behold the mounts, they are come unto the city to take it; and the city is given into the hand of the Chaldeans, that fight against it, because of the sword, and of the famine, and of the pestilence: and what Thou hast spoken is come to pass; and, behold, Thou seest it. Jer 32:25 And Thou hast said unto me, O Lord GOD, >Buy Thee the field for money, and take witnesses; for the city is given into the hand of the Chaldeans.=@ “I Will Not Be Enquired of By You” Eze 20:1 And it came to pass in the seventh year, in the fifth month, the tenth day of the month, that certain of the elders of Israel came to enquire of the LORD, and sat before me. Eze 20:2 Then came the word of the LORD unto me, saying, Eze 20:3 ASon of man, speak unto the elders of Israel, and say unto them, >Thus saith the Lord GOD; >Are ye come to enquire of Me? As I live,= saith the Lord GOD, I will not be enquired of by you.= = Eze 20:4 Wilt thou judge them, son of man, wilt thou judge them? cause them to know the abominations of their fathers: Eze 20:5 And say unto them, >Thus saith the Lord GOD; >In the day when I chose Israel, and lifted up Mine hand unto the seed of the house of Jacob, and made Myself known unto them in the land of Egypt, when I lifted up Mine hand unto them, saying, >I am the LORD your God;= Eze 20:6 In the day that I lifted up Mine hand unto them, to bring them forth of the land of Egypt into a land that I had espied for them, flowing with milk and honey, which is the glory of all lands: Eze 20:7 Then said I unto them, >Cast ye away every man the abominations of his eyes, and defile not yourselves with the idols of Egypt: I am the LORD your God.= Eze 20:8 But they rebelled against Me, and would not hearken unto Me: they did not every man cast away the abominations of their eyes, neither did they forsake the idols of
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Egypt: then I said, >I will pour out My fury upon them, to accomplish My anger against them in the midst of the land of Egypt.= Eze 20:9 But I wrought for My name=s sake, that it should not be polluted before the heathen, among whom they were, in whose sight I made Myself known unto them, in bringing them forth out of the land of Egypt. Eze 20:10 Wherefore I caused them to go forth out of the land of Egypt, and brought them into the wilderness. Eze 20:11 And I gave them My statutes, and shewed them My judgments, which if a man do, he shall even live in them. Eze 20:12 Moreover also I gave them My sabbaths, to be a sign between Me and them, that they might know that I am the LORD that sanctify them. Eze 20:13 But the house of Israel rebelled against Me in the wilderness: they walked not in My statutes, and they despised My judgments, which if a man do, he shall even live in them; and My sabbaths they greatly polluted: then I said, I would pour out My fury upon them in the wilderness, to consume them. Eze 20:14 But I wrought for My name=s sake, that it should not be polluted before the heathen, in whose sight I brought them out. Eze 20:15 Yet also I lifted up My hand unto them in the wilderness, that I would not bring them into the land which I had given them, flowing with milk and honey, which is the glory of all lands; Eze 20:16 Because they despised My judgments, and walked not in My statutes, but polluted My sabbaths: for their heart went after their idols. Eze 20:17 Nevertheless Mine eye spared them from destroying them, neither did I make an end of them in the wilderness. Eze 20:18 But I said unto their children in the wilderness, >Walk ye not in the statutes of your fathers, neither observe their judgments, nor defile yourselves with their idols: Eze 20:19 I am the LORD your God; walk in My statutes, and keep My judgments, and do them; Eze 20:20 And hallow My sabbaths; and they shall be a sign between Me and you, that ye may know that I am the LORD your God.= Eze 20:21 Notwithstanding the children rebelled against Me: they walked not in My statutes, neither kept My judgments to do them, which if a man do, he shall even live in them; they polluted My sabbaths: then I said, >I would pour out My fury upon them, to accomplish My anger against them in the wilderness. Eze 20:22 Nevertheless I withdrew Mine hand, and wrought for My name =s sake, that it should not be polluted in the sight of the heathen, in whose sight I brought them forth. Eze 20:23 I lifted up Mine hand unto them also in the wilderness, that I would scatter them among the heathen, and disperse them through the countries; Eze 20:24 Because they had not executed My judgments, but had despised My statutes, and had polluted My sabbaths, and their eyes were after their fathers= idols. Eze 20:25 Wherefore I gave them also statutes that were not good, and judgments whereby they should not live; Eze 20:26 And I polluted them in their own gifts, in that they caused to pass through the fire all that openeth the womb, that I might make them desolate, to the end that they might
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know that I am the LORD.= = Eze 20:27 Therefore, son of man, speak unto the house of Israel, and say unto them, >Thus saith the Lord GOD; >Yet in this your fathers have blasphemed Me, in that they have committed a trespass against Me. Eze 20:28 For when I had brought them into the land, for the which I lifted up Mine hand to give it to them, then they saw every high hill, and all the thick trees, and they offered there their sacrifices, and there they presented the provocation of their offering: there also they made their sweet savour, and poured out there their drink offerings. Eze 20:29 Then I said unto them, >What is the high place whereunto ye go?= And the name thereof is called Bamah unto this day. Eze 20:30 Wherefore say unto the house of Israel, >Thus saith the Lord GOD; >Are ye polluted after the manner of your fathers? and commit ye whoredom after their abominations? Eze 20:31 For when ye offer your gifts, when ye make your sons to pass through the fire, ye pollute yourselves with all your idols, even unto this day: and shall I be enquired of by you, O house of Israel? As I live, saith the Lord GOD, I will not be enquired of by you. Eze 20:32 And that which cometh into your mind shall not be at all, that ye say, >We will be as the heathen, as the families of the countries, to serve wood and stone.= Eze 20:33 As I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely with a mighty hand, and with a stretched out arm, and with fury poured out, will I rule over you: Eze 20:34 And I will bring you out from the people, and will gather you out of the countries wherein ye are scattered, with a mighty hand, and with a stretched out arm, and with fury poured out. Eze 20:35 And I will bring you into the wilderness of the people, and there will I plead with you face to face. Eze 20:36 Like as I pleaded with your fathers in the wilderness of the land of Egypt, so will I plead with you, saith the Lord GOD. Eze 20:37 And I will cause you to pass under the rod, and I will bring you into the bond of the covenant: Eze 20:38 And I will purge out from among you the rebels, and them that transgress against Me: I will bring them forth out of the country where they sojourn, and they shall not enter into the land of Israel: and ye shall know that I am the LORD. Eze 20:39 As for you, O house of Israel, thus saith the Lord GOD; >Go ye, serve ye every one his idols, and hereafter also, if ye will not hearken unto Me: but pollute ye My holy name no more with your gifts, and with your idols. Eze 20:40 For in Mine holy mountain, in the mountain of the height of Israel, saith the Lord GOD, there shall all the house of Israel, all of them in the land, serve Me: there will I accept them, and there will I require your offerings, and the firstfruits of your oblations, with all your holy things. Eze 20:41 I will accept you with your sweet savour, when I bring you out from the people, and gather you out of the countries wherein ye have been scattered; and I will be sanctified in you before the heathen. Eze 20:42 And ye shall know that I am the LORD, when I shall bring you into the land of Israel, into the country for the which I lifted up Mine hand to give it to your fathers.
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Eze 20:43 And there shall ye remember your ways, and all your doings, wherein ye have been defiled; and ye shall lothe yourselves in your own sight for all your evils that ye have committed. Eze 20:44 And ye shall know that I am the LORD, when I have wrought with you for My name=s sake, not according to your wicked ways, nor according to your corrupt doings, O ye house of Israel, saith the Lord GOD.=@ Eze 20:45 Moreover the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, Eze 20:46 ASon of man, set thy face toward the south, and drop thy word toward the south, and prophesy against the forest of the south field; Eze 20:47 And say to the forest of the south, >Hear the word of the LORD; >Thus saith the Lord GOD; >Behold, I will kindle a fire in thee, and it shall devour every green tree in thee, and every dry tree: the flaming flame shall not be quenched, and all faces from the south to the north shall be burned therein. Eze 20:48 And all flesh shall see that I the LORD have kindled it: it shall not be quenched.= =@ Eze 20:49 Then said I, AAh Lord GOD! they say of me, >Doth he not speak parables?=@ “Yet I Am the Lord Thy God from the Land of Egypt” Hos 13:1 When Ephraim spake trembling, he exalted himself in Israel; but when he offended in Baal, he died. Hos 13:2 And now they sin more and more, and have made them molten images of their silver, and idols according to their own understanding, all of it the work of the craftsmen: they say of them, ALet the men that sacrifice kiss the calves. @ Hos 13:3 Therefore they shall be as the morning cloud, and as the early dew that passeth away, as the chaff that is driven with the whirlwind out of the floor, and as the smoke out of the chimney. Hos 13:4 Yet I am the LORD thy God from the land of Egypt, and thou shalt know no god but Me: for there is no saviour beside Me. Hos 13:5 I did know thee in the wilderness, in the land of great drought. Hos 13:6 According to their pasture, so were they filled; they were filled, and their heart was exalted; therefore have they forgotten Me. “Also I Brought You Up from the Land of Egypt . . .” Amo 2:9 Yet destroyed I the Amorite before them, whose height was like the height of the cedars, and he was strong as the oaks; yet I destroyed his fruit from above, and his roots from beneath. Amo 2:10 Also I brought you up from the land of Egypt, and led you forty years through the wilderness, to possess the land of the Amorite. Amo 2:11 And I raised up of your sons for prophets, and of your young men for Nazarites. Is it not even thus, O ye children of Israel? saith the LORD. Amo 2:12 But ye gave the Nazarites wine to drink; and commanded the prophets, saying, >Prophesy not.=
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Israel Called “The Whole Family Which I Brought Up from the Land of Egypt” Amo 3:1 Hear this word that the LORD hath spoken against you, O children of Israel, against the whole family which I brought up from the land of Egypt, saying, Amo 3:2 AYou only have I known of all the families of the earth: therefore I will punish you for all your iniquities. Amo 3:3 Can two walk together, except they be agreed? Amo 3:4 Will a lion roar in the forest, when he hath no prey? will a young lion cry out of his den, if he have taken nothing? Amo 3:5 Can a bird fall in a snare upon the earth, where no gin is for him? shall one take up a snare from the earth, and have taken nothing at all? Amo 3:6 Shall a trumpet be blown in the city, and the people not be afraid? shall there be evil in a city, and the LORD hath not done it? Amo 3:7 Surely the Lord GOD will do nothing, but He revealeth His secret unto His servants the prophets. Amo 3:8 The lion hath roared, who will not fear? the Lord GOD hath spoken, who can but prophesy? Amo 3:9 Publish in the palaces at Ashdod, and in the palaces in the land of Egypt, and say, AAssemble yourselves upon the mountains of Samaria, and behold the great tumults in the midst thereof, and the oppressed in the midst thereof.= Amo 3:10 For they know not to do right, saith the LORD, who store up violence and robbery in their palaces. “I Have Sent Among You the Pestilence After the Manner of Egypt” Amo 4:1 Hear this word, ye kine of Bashan, that are in the mountain of Samaria, which oppress the poor, which crush the needy, which say to their masters, >Bring, and let us drink.= Amo 4:2 The Lord GOD hath sworn by His holiness, that, lo, the days shall come upon you, that He will take you away with hooks, and your posterity with fishhooks. Amo 4:3 And ye shall go out at the breaches, every cow at that which is before her; and ye shall cast them into the palace, saith the LORD. Amo 4:4 Come to Beth-el, and transgress; at Gilgal multiply transgression; and bring your sacrifices every morning, and your tithes after three years: Amo 4:5 And offer a sacrifice of thanksgiving with leaven, and proclaim and publish the free offerings: for this liketh you, O ye children of Israel, saith the Lord GOD. Amo 4:6 And I also have given you cleanness of teeth in all your cities, and want of bread in all your places: yet have ye not returned unto Me, saith the LORD. Amo 4:7 And also I have withholden the rain from you, when there were yet three months to the harvest: and I caused it to rain upon one city, and caused it not to rain upon another city: one piece was rained upon, and the piece whereupon it rained not withered. Amo 4:8 >So two or three cities wandered unto one city, to drink water; but they were not satisfied: yet have ye not returned unto Me, saith the LORD.
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Amo 4:9 I have smitten you with blasting and mildew: when your gardens and your vineyards and your fig trees and your olive trees increased, the palmerworm devoured them: yet have ye not returned unto Me, saith the LORD. Amo 4:10 I have sent among you the pestilence after the manner of Egypt: your young men have I slain with the sword, and have taken away your horses; and I have made the stink of your camps to come up unto your nostrils: yet have ye not returned unto Me, saith the LORD. Amo 4:11 I have overthrown some of you, as God overthrew Sodom and Gomorrah, and ye were as a firebrand plucked out of the burning: yet have ye not returned unto Me, saith the LORD. Amo 4:12 Therefore thus will I do unto thee, O Israel: and because I will do this unto thee, prepare to meet thy God, O Israel. Amo 4:13 For, lo, He That formeth the mountains, and createth the wind, and declareth unto man what is his thought, That maketh the morning darkness, and treadeth upon the high places of the earth, The LORD, The God of hosts, is His name. “For I Brought Thee Up Out of the Land of Egypt” Mic 6:3 O My people, what have I done unto thee? and wherein have I wearied thee? testify against Me. Mic 6:4 For I brought thee up out of the land of Egypt, and redeemed thee out of the house of servants; and I sent before thee Moses, Aaron, and Miriam. Mic 6:5 O My people, remember now what Balak king of Moab consulted, and what Balaam the son of Beor answered him from Shittim unto Gilgal; that ye may know the righteousness of the LORD. “According to the Days of Thy Coming Out of the Land of Egypt” Mic 7:13 Notwithstanding the land shall be desolate because of them that dwell therein, for the fruit of their doings. Mic 7:14 Feed Thy people with Thy rod, the flock of Thine heritage, which dwell solitarily in the wood, in the midst of Carmel: let them feed in Bashan and Gilead, as in the days of old. Mic 7:15 According to the days of thy coming out of the land of Egypt will I shew unto him marvellous things. Mic 7:16 The nations shall see and be confounded at all their might: they shall lay their hand upon their mouth, their ears shall be deaf. “According to the Word That I Covenanted With You When Ye Came Out of Egypt” Hag 2:4 Yet now be strong, O Zerubbabel, saith the LORD; and be strong, O Joshua, son of Josedech, the high priest; and be strong, all ye people of the land, saith the LORD, and work: for I am with you, saith the LORD of hosts: Hag 2:5 According to the word that I covenanted with you when ye came out of Egypt, so
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My spirit remaineth among you: fear ye not. Hag 2:6 For thus saith the LORD of hosts; >Yet once, it is a little while, and I will shake the heavens, and the earth, and the sea, and the dry land; Hag 2:7 And I will shake all nations, and the desire of all nations shall come: and I will fill this house with glory, saith the LORD of hosts.

Israel’s Whoredoms With Egypt
Jerusalem Commits AFornication with the Egyptians@ Eze 16:20 Moreover thou hast taken thy sons and thy daughters, whom thou hast borne unto Me, and these hast thou sacrificed unto them to be devoured. Is this of thy whoredoms a small matter, Eze 16:21 That thou hast slain My children, and delivered them to cause them to pass through the fire for them? Eze 16:22 And in all thine abominations and thy whoredoms thou hast not remembered the days of thy youth, when thou wast naked and bare, and wast polluted in thy blood. Eze 16:23 And it came to pass after all thy wickedness, (woe, woe unto thee! saith the Lord GOD;) Eze 16:24 That thou hast also built unto thee an eminent place, and hast made thee an high place in every street. Eze 16:25 Thou hast built thy high place at every head of the way, and hast made thy beauty to be abhorred, and hast opened thy feet to every one that passed by, and multiplied thy whoredoms. Eze 16:26 Thou hast also committed fornication with the Egyptians thy neighbours, great of flesh; and hast increased thy whoredoms, to provoke Me to anger. Eze 16:27 Behold, therefore I have stretched out My hand over thee, and have diminished thine ordinary food, and delivered thee unto the will of them that hate thee, the daughters of the Philistines, which are ashamed of thy lewd way. Eze 16:28 Thou hast played the whore also with the Assyrians, because thou wast unsatiable; yea, thou hast played the harlot with them, and yet couldest not be satisfied. Eze 16:29 Thou hast moreover multiplied thy fornication in the land of Canaan unto Chaldea; and yet thou wast not satisfied herewith. Eze 16:30 How weak is thine heart, saith the Lord GOD, seeing thou doest all these things, the work of an imperious whorish woman; Eze 16:31 In that thou buildest thine eminent place in the head of every way, and makest thine high place in every street; and hast not been as an harlot, in that thou scornest hire; Eze 16:32 But as a wife that committeth adultery, which taketh strangers instead of her husband! Aholah and Aholibah Eze 23:1 The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying,
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Eze 23:2 ASon of man, there were two women, the daughters of one mother: Eze 23:3 And they committed whoredoms in Egypt; they committed whoredoms in their youth: there were their breasts pressed, and there they bruised the teats of their virginity. Eze 23:4 And the names of them were Aholah the elder, and Aholibah her sister: and they were mine, and they bare sons and daughters. Thus were their names; Samaria is Aholah, and Jerusalem Aholibah. Eze 23:5 And Aholah played the harlot when she was Mine; and she doted on her lovers, on the Assyrians her neighbours, Eze 23:6 Which were clothed with blue, captains and rulers, all of them desirable young men, horsemen riding upon horses. Eze 23:7 Thus she committed her whoredoms with them, with all them that were the chosen men of Assyria, and with all on whom she doted: with all their idols she defiled herself. Eze 23:8 Neither left she her whoredoms brought from Egypt: for in her youth they lay with her, and they bruised the breasts of her virginity, and poured their whoredom upon her. Eze 23:9 Wherefore I have delivered her into the hand of her lovers, into the hand of the Assyrians, upon whom she doted. Eze 23:10 These discovered her nakedness: they took her sons and her daughters, and slew her with the sword: and she became famous among women; for they had executed judgment upon her. Eze 23:11 And when her sister Aholibah saw this, she was more corrupt in her inordinate love than she, and in her whoredoms more than her sister in her whoredoms. Eze 23:12 She doted upon the Assyrians her neighbours, captains and rulers clothed most gorgeously, horsemen riding upon horses, all of them desirable young men. Eze 23:13 Then I saw that she was defiled, that they took both one way, Eze 23:14 And that she increased her whoredoms: for when she saw men pourtrayed upon the wall, the images of the Chaldeans pourtrayed with vermilion, Eze 23:15 Girded with girdles upon their loins, exceeding in dyed attire upon their heads, all of them princes to look to, after the manner of the Babylonians of Chaldea, the land of their nativity: Eze 23:16 And as soon as she saw them with her eyes, she doted upon them, and sent messengers unto them into Chaldea. Eze 23:17 And the Babylonians came to her into the bed of love, and they defiled her with their whoredom, and she was polluted with them, and her mind was alienated from them. Eze 23:18 So she discovered her whoredoms, and discovered her nakedness: then My mind was alienated from her, like as My mind was alienated from her sister. Eze 23:19 Yet she multiplied her whoredoms, in calling to remembrance the days of her youth, wherein she had played the harlot in the land of Egypt. Eze 23:20 For she doted upon their paramours, whose flesh is as the flesh of asses, and whose issue is like the issue of horses. Eze 23:21 Thus thou calledst to remembrance the lewdness of thy youth, in bruising thy teats by the Egyptians for the paps of thy youth.
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Eze 23:22 Therefore, O Aholibah, thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I will raise up thy lovers against thee, from whom thy mind is alienated, and I will bring them against thee on every side; Eze 23:23 The Babylonians, and all the Chaldeans, Pekod, and Shoa, and Koa, and all the Assyrians with them: all of them desirable young men, captains and rulers, great lords and renowned, all of them riding upon horses. Eze 23:24 And they shall come against thee with chariots, wagons, and wheels, and with an assembly of people, which shall set against thee buckler and shield and helmet round about: and I will set judgment before them, and they shall judge thee according to their judgments. Eze 23:25 And I will set My jealousy against thee, and they shall deal furiously with thee: they shall take away thy nose and thine ears; and thy remnant shall fall by the sword: they shall take thy sons and thy daughters; and thy residue shall be devoured by the fire. Eze 23:26 They shall also strip thee out of thy clothes, and take away thy fair jewels. Eze 23:27 Thus will I make thy lewdness to cease from thee, and thy whoredom brought from the land of Egypt: so that thou shalt not lift up thine eyes unto them, nor remember Egypt any more.=

Israel=s Habit of Turning to Egypt Instead of Yahveh for Help
Hoshea Attempts Alliance With Egypt 2Ki 17:4 And the king of Assyria found conspiracy in Hoshea: for he had sent messengers to So king of Egypt, and brought no present to the king of Assyria, as he had done year by year: therefore the king of Assyria shut him up, and bound him in prison. 2Ki 17:5 Then the king of Assyria came up throughout all the land, and went up to Samaria, and besieged it three years. 2Ki 17:6 In the ninth year of Hoshea the king of Assyria took Samaria, and carried Israel away into Assyria, and placed them in Halah and in Habor by the river of Gozan, and in the cities of the Medes. 2Ki 17:7 For so it was, that the children of Israel had sinned against the LORD their God, Which had brought them up out of the land of Egypt, from under the hand of Pharaoh king of Egypt, and had feared other gods, Egypt As an Escape from the Chaldees Some of Judah Flee to Egypt to Escape Chaldees 2Ki 25:25 But it came to pass in the seventh month, that Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, the son of Elishama, of the seed royal, came, and ten men with him, and smote Gedaliah, that he died, and the Jews and the Chaldees that were with him at Mizpah. 2Ki 25:26 And all the people, both small and great, and the captains of the armies, arose, and came to Egypt: for they were afraid of the Chaldees.
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“Therefore Shall the Strength of Pharaoh Be Your Shame ” Isa 30:1 AWoe to the rebellious children,@ saith the LORD, Athat take counsel, but not of Me; and that cover with a covering, but not of My spirit, that they may add sin to sin: Isa 30:2 That walk to go down into Egypt, and have not asked at My mouth; to strengthen themselves in the strength of Pharaoh, and to trust in the shadow of Egypt! Isa 30:3 Therefore shall the strength of Pharaoh be your shame, and the trust in the shadow of Egypt your confusion. Isa 30:4 For his princes were at Zoan, and his ambassadors came to Hanes. Isa 30:5 They were all ashamed of a people that could not profit them, nor be an help nor profit, but a shame, and also a reproach.@ Isa 30:6 The burden of the beasts of the south: into the land of trouble and anguish, from whence come the young and old lion, the viper and fiery flying serpent, they will carry their riches upon the shoulders of young asses, and their treasures upon the bunches of camels, to a people that shall not profit them. Isa 30:7 For the Egyptians shall help in vain, and to no purpose: therefore have I cried concerning this, ATheir strength is to sit still.@ Isa 30:8 Now go, write it before them in a table, and note it in a book, that it may be for the time to come for ever and ever: Isa 30:9 That this is a rebellious people, lying children, children that will not hear the law of the LORD: Isa 30:10 Which say to the seers, ASee not;@ and to the prophets, AProphesy not unto us right things, speak unto us smooth things, prophesy deceits: Isa 30:11 Get you out of the way, turn aside out of the path, cause the Holy One of Israel to cease from before us.@ Isa 30:12 Wherefore thus saith the Holy One of Israel, ABecause ye despise this word, and trust in oppression and perverseness, and stay thereon: Isa 30:13 Therefore this iniquity shall be to you as a breach ready to fall, swelling out in a high wall, whose breaking cometh suddenly at an instant. Isa 30:14 And He shall break it as the breaking of the potters= vessel that is broken in pieces; He shall not spare: so that there shall not be found in the bursting of it a sherd to take fire from the hearth, or to take water withal out of the pit.@ Isa 30:15 For thus saith the Lord GOD, the Holy One of Israel; AIn returning and rest shall ye be saved; in quietness and in confidence shall be your strength: and ye would not. Isa 30:16 But ye said, >No; for we will flee upon horses;= therefore shall ye flee: and, >We will ride upon the swift;= therefore shall they that pursue you be swift. Isa 30:17 One thousand shall flee at the rebuke of one; at the rebuke of five shall ye flee: till ye be left as a beacon upon the top of a mountain, and as an ensign on an hill.@ Isa 30:18 And therefore will the LORD wait, that He may be gracious unto you, and therefore will He be exalted, that He may have mercy upon you: for the LORD is a God of judgment: blessed are all they that wait for Him. Isa 30:19 For the people shall dwell in Zion at Jerusalem: thou shalt weep no more: He will be very gracious unto thee at the voice of thy cry; when He shall hear it, He will answer
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thee. Isa 30:20 And though the Lord give you the bread of adversity, and the water of affliction, yet shall not thy teachers be removed into a corner any more, but thine eyes shall see thy teachers: Isa 30:21 And thine ears shall hear a word behind thee, saying, AThis is the way, walk ye in it, when ye turn to the right hand, and when ye turn to the left. Isa 30:22 Ye shall defile also the covering of thy graven images of silver, and the ornament of thy molten images of gold: thou shalt cast them away as a menstruous cloth; thou shalt say unto it, AGet thee hence.@ Isa 30:23 Then shall He give the rain of thy seed, that thou shalt sow the ground withal; and bread of the increase of the earth, and it shall be fat and plenteous: in that day shall thy cattle feed in large pastures. Isa 30:24 The oxen likewise and the young asses that ear the ground shall eat clean provender, which hath been winnowed with the shovel and with the fan. Isa 30:25 And there shall be upon every high mountain, and upon every high hill, rivers and streams of waters in the day of the great slaughter, when the towers fall. Isa 30:26 Moreover the light of the moon shall be as the light of the sun, and the light of the sun shall be sevenfold, as the light of seven days, in the day that the LORD bindeth up the breach of His people, and healeth the stroke of their wound. Isa 30:27 Behold, the name of the LORD cometh from far, burning with His anger, and the burden thereof is heavy: His lips are full of indignation, and His tongue as a devouring fire: Isa 30:28 And His breath, as an overflowing stream, shall reach to the midst of the neck, to sift the nations with the sieve of vanity: and there shall be a bridle in the jaws of the people, causing them to err. Isa 30:29 Ye shall have a song, as in the night when a holy solemnity is kept; and gladness of heart, as when one goeth with a pipe to come into the mountain of the LORD, to the Mighty One of Israel. Isa 30:30 And the LORD shall cause His glorious voice to be heard, and shall shew the lighting down of His arm, with the indignation of His anger, and with the flame of a devouring fire, with scattering, and tempest, and hailstones. Isa 30:31 For through the voice of the LORD shall the Assyrian be beaten down, which smote with a rod. Isa 30:32 And in every place where the grounded staff shall pass, which the LORD shall lay upon him, it shall be with tabrets and harps: and in battles of shaking will He fight with it. Isa 30:33 For Tophet is ordained of old; yea, for the king it is prepared; He hath made it deep and large: the pile thereof is fire and much wood; the breath of the LORD, like a stream of brimstone, doth kindle it. “Woe to Them That Go Down to Egypt for Help” Isa 31:1 Woe to them that go down to Egypt for help; and stay on horses, and trust in chariots, because they are many; and in horsemen, because they are very strong; but they look not unto the Holy One of Israel, neither seek the LORD!
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“Thou Trustest in the Staff of This Broken Reed, Egypt . . . ” Isa 36:5 I say, sayest thou, (but they are but vain words) >I have counsel and strength for war=: now on whom dost thou trust, that thou rebellest against me? Isa 36:6 Lo, thou trustest in the staff of this broken reed, on Egypt; whereon if a man lean, it will go into his hand, and pierce it: so is Pharaoh king of Egypt to all that trust in him. Isa 36:7 But if thou say to Me, >We trust in the LORD our God:= is it not He, Whose high places and Whose altars Hezekiah hath taken away, and said to Judah and to Jerusalem, >Ye shall worship before this altar = =? Isa 36:8 Now therefore give pledges, I pray thee, to my master the king of Assyria, and I will give thee two thousand horses, if thou be able on thy part to set riders upon them. Isa 36:9 How then wilt thou turn away the face of one captain of the least of my master =s servants, and put thy trust on Egypt for chariots and for horsemen? Isa 36:10 And am I now come up without the LORD against this land to destroy it?= the LORD said unto me, >Go up against this land, and destroy it.=@ “And Now What Hast Thou to Do in the Way of Egypt . . . ” Jer 2:1 Moreover the word of the LORD came to me, saying, Jer 2:2 AGo and cry in the ears of Jerusalem, saying, >Thus saith the LORD; >I remember thee, the kindness of thy youth, the love of thine espousals, when thou wentest after Me in the wilderness, in a land that was not sown. Jer 2:3 Israel was holiness unto the LORD, and the firstfruits of his increase: all that devour him shall offend; evil shall come upon them, saith the LORD. Jer 2:4 Hear ye the word of the LORD, O house of Jacob, and all the families of the house of Israel: Jer 2:5 >Thus saith the LORD, What iniquity have your fathers found in Me, that they are gone far from Me, and have walked after vanity, and are become vain? Jer 2:6 Neither said they, >Where is the LORD That brought us up out of the land of Egypt, That led us through the wilderness, through a land of deserts and of pits, through a land of drought, and of the shadow of death, through a land that no man passed through, and where no man dwelt? Jer 2:7 And I brought you into a plentiful country, to eat the fruit thereof and the goodness thereof; but when ye entered, ye defiled My land, and made Mine heritage an abomination. Jer 2:8 The priests said not, >Where is the LORD?= and they that handle the law knew Me not: the pastors also transgressed against Me, and the prophets prophesied by Baal, and walked after things that do not profit. Jer 2:9 Wherefore I will yet plead with you, saith the LORD, and with your children=s children will I plead. Jer 2:10 For pass over the isles of Chittim, and see; and send unto Kedar, and consider diligently, and see if there be such a thing.
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Jer 2:11 Hath a nation changed their gods, which are yet no gods? but My people have changed their glory for that which doth not profit. Jer 2:12 Be astonished, O ye heavens, at this, and be horribly afraid, be ye very desolate, saith the LORD. Jer 2:13 For My people have committed two evils; they have forsaken Me the fountain of living waters, and hewed them out cisterns, broken cisterns, that can hold no water. Jer 2:14 Is Israel a servant? is he a homeborn slave? why is he spoiled? Jer 2:15 The young lions roared upon him, and yelled, and they made his land waste: his cities are burned without inhabitant. Jer 2:16 Also the children of Noph and Tahapanes have broken the crown of thy head. Jer 2:17 Hast thou not procured this unto thyself, in that thou hast forsaken the LORD thy God, when He led thee by the way? Jer 2:18 And now what hast thou to do in the way of Egypt, to drink the waters of Sihor? or what hast thou to do in the way of Assyria, to drink the waters of the river? Jer 2:19 Thine own wickedness shall correct thee, and thy backslidings shall reprove thee: know therefore and see that it is an evil thing and bitter, that thou hast forsaken the LORD thy God, and that My fear is not in thee, saith the Lord GOD of hosts. Jer 2:20 >For of old time I have broken thy yoke, and burst thy bands; and thou saidst, >I will not transgress; when upon every high hill and under every green tree thou wanderest, playing the harlot. Jer 2:21 Yet I had planted thee a noble vine, wholly a right seed: how then art thou turned into the degenerate plant of a strange vine unto Me? Jer 2:22 For though thou wash thee with nitre, and take thee much soap, yet thine iniquity is marked before Me, saith the Lord GOD. Jer 2:23 How canst thou say, >I am not polluted, I have not gone after Baalim?= see thy way in the valley, know what thou hast done: thou art a swift dromedary traversing her ways; Jer 2:24 A wild ass used to the wilderness, that snuffeth up the wind at her pleasure; in her occasion who can turn her away? all they that seek her will not weary themselves; in her month they shall find her. Jer 2:25 Withhold thy foot from being unshod, and thy throat from thirst: but thou saidst, >There is no hope: no; for I have loved strangers, and after them will I go.= Jer 2:26 As the thief is ashamed when he is found, so is the house of Israel ashamed; they, their kings, their princes, and their priests, and their prophets, Jer 2:27 Saying to a stock, >Thou art my father;= and to a stone, >Thou hast brought me forth:= for they have turned their back unto Me, and not their face: but in the time of their trouble they will say, >Arise, and save us.= Jer 2:28 But where are thy gods that thou hast made thee? let them arise, if they can save thee in the time of thy trouble: for according to the number of thy cities are thy gods, O Judah. Jer 2:29 Wherefore will ye plead with Me? ye all have transgressed against Me, saith the LORD. Jer 2:30 In vain have I smitten your children; they received no correction: your own sword hath devoured your prophets, like a destroying lion.
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Jer 2:31 O generation, see ye the word of the LORD. Have I been a wilderness unto Israel? a land of darkness? wherefore say My people, >We are lords; we will come no more unto Thee?= Jer 2:32 Can a maid forget her ornaments, or a bride her attire? yet My people have forgotten Me days without number. Jer 2:33 Why trimmest thou thy way to seek love? therefore hast thou also taught the wicked ones thy ways. Jer 2:34 Also in thy skirts is found the blood of the souls of the poor innocents: I have not found it by secret search, but upon all these. Jer 2:35 Yet thou sayest, >Because I am innocent, surely His anger shall turn from me.= Behold, I will plead with thee, because thou sayest, >I have not sinned.= Jer 2:36 Why gaddest thou about so much to change thy way? thou also shalt be ashamed of Egypt, as thou wast ashamed of Assyria. Jer 2:37 Yea, thou shalt go forth from him, and thine hands upon thine head: for the LORD hath rejected thy confidences, and thou shalt not prosper in them. Yahveh Not Pleased With “Them That Dwell in the Land of Egypt” Jer 24:8 And as the evil figs, which cannot be eaten, they are so evil; surely thus saith the LORD, So will I give Zedekiah the king of Judah, and his princes, and the residue of Jerusalem, that remain in this land, and them that dwell in the land of Egypt: Jer 24:9 And I will deliver them to be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth for their hurt, to be a reproach and a proverb, a taunt and a curse, in all places whither I shall drive them. Jer 24:10 And I will send the sword, the famine, and the pestilence, among them, till they be consumed from off the land that I gave unto them and to their fathers.=@ Urijah Flees to Egypt Jer 26:21 And when Jehoiakim the king, with all his mighty men, and all the princes, heard his words, the king sought to put him to death: but when Urijah heard it, he was afraid, and fled, and went into Egypt; Jer 26:22 And Jehoiakim the king sent men into Egypt, namely, Elnathan the son of Achbor, and certain men with him into Egypt. Jer 26:23 And they fetched forth Urijah out of Egypt, and brought him unto Jehoiakim the king; who slew him with the sword, and cast his dead body into the graves of the common people.= Jer 26:24 Nevertheless the hand of Ahikam the son of Shaphan was with Jeremiah, that they should not give him into the hand of the people to put him to death. Pharaoh’s Army to Be of No Help to the King of Judah Jer 37:4 Now Jeremiah came in and went out among the people: for they had not put him into prison.
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Jer 37:5 Then Pharaoh=s army was come forth out of Egypt: and when the Chaldeans that besieged Jerusalem heard tidings of them, they departed from Jerusalem. Jer 37:6 Then came the word of the LORD unto the prophet Jeremiah, saying, Jer 37:7 AThus saith the LORD, the God of Israel; >Thus shall ye say to the king of Judah, that sent you unto Me to enquire of Me; >Behold, Pharaoh=s army, which is come forth to help you, shall return to Egypt into their own land. Jer 37:8 And the Chaldeans shall come again, and fight against this city, and take it, and burn it with fire.= = Jer 37:9 Thus saith the LORD; >Deceive not yourselves, saying, >The Chaldeans shall surely depart from us: for they shall not depart. Jer 37:10 For though ye had smitten the whole army of the Chaldeans that fight against you, and there remained but wounded men among them, yet should they rise up every man in his tent, and burn this city with fire.= Jer 37:11 And it came to pass, that when the army of the Chaldeans was broken up from Jerusalem for fear of Pharaoh=s army, Jer 37:12 Then Jeremiah went forth out of Jerusalem to go into the land of Benjamin, to separate himself thence in the midst of the people. Johanan and His Company Flee to Egypt Jer 41:14 So all the people that Ishmael had carried away captive from Mizpah cast about and returned, and went unto Johanan the son of Kareah. Jer 41:15 But Ishmael the son of Nethaniah escaped from Johanan with eight men, and went to the Ammonites. Jer 41:16 Then took Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces that were with him, all the remnant of the people whom he had recovered from Ishmael the son of Nethaniah, from Mizpah, after that he had slain Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, even mighty men of war, and the women, and the children, and the eunuchs, whom he had brought again from Gibeon: Jer 41:17 And they departed, and dwelt in the habitation of Chimham, which is by Beth-lehem, to go to enter into Egypt, Jer 41:18 Because of the Chaldeans: for they were afraid of them, because Ishmael the son of Nethaniah had slain Gedaliah the son of Ahikam, whom the king of Babylon made governor in the land. Yahveh Warns Judah to Go to Babylon and Not to Flee to Egypt Jer 42:10 If ye will still abide in this land, then will I build you, and not pull you down, and I will plant you, and not pluck you up: for I repent Me of the evil that I have done unto you. Jer 42:11 Be not afraid of the king of Babylon, of whom ye are afraid; be not afraid of him, saith the LORD: for I am with you to save you, and to deliver you from his hand. Jer 42:12 And I will shew mercies unto you, that he may have mercy upon you, and cause you to return to your own land.
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Jer 42:13 But if ye say, >We will not dwell in this land, neither obey the voice of the LORD your God, Jer 42:14 Saying, >No; but we will go into the land of Egypt, where we shall see no war, nor hear the sound of the trumpet, nor have hunger of bread; and there will we dwell: = Jer 42:15 And now therefore hear the word of the LORD, ye remnant of Judah; >Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; If ye wholly set your faces to enter into Egypt, and go to sojourn there; Jer 42:16 Then it shall come to pass, that the sword, which ye feared, shall overtake you there in the land of Egypt, and the famine, whereof ye were afraid, shall follow close after you there in Egypt; and there ye shall die. Jer 42:17 So shall it be with all the men that set their faces to go into Egypt to sojourn there; they shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence: and none of them shall remain or escape from the evil that I will bring upon them.= Jer 42:18 For thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; >As Mine anger and My fury hath been poured forth upon the inhabitants of Jerusalem; so shall My fury be poured forth upon you, when ye shall enter into Egypt: and ye shall be an execration, and an astonishment, and a curse, and a reproach; and ye shall see this place no more. = = Jer 42:19 The LORD hath said concerning you, AO ye remnant of Judah; Go ye not into Egypt:@ know certainly that I have admonished you this day. Jer 42:20 For ye dissembled in your hearts, when ye sent Me unto the LORD your God, saying, APray for us unto the LORD our God; and according unto all that the LORD our God shall say, so declare unto us, and we will do it.= = Jer 42:21 And now I have this day declared it to you; but ye have not obeyed the voice of the LORD your God, nor any thing for the which He hath sent me unto you. Jer 42:22 Now therefore know certainly that ye shall die by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence, in the place whither ye desire to go and to sojourn. Johanan Refuses to Heed Jeremiah’s Warning and Goes to Egypt Jer 43:1 And it came to pass, that when Jeremiah had made an end of speaking unto all the people all the words of the LORD their God, for which the LORD their God had sent him to them, even all these words, Jer 43:2 Then spake Azariah the son of Hoshaiah, and Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the proud men, saying unto Jeremiah, AThou speakest falsely: the LORD our God hath not sent thee to say, >Go not into Egypt to sojourn there:= Jer 43:3 But Baruch the son of Neriah setteth thee on against us, for to deliver us into the hand of the Chaldeans, that they might put us to death, and carry us away captives into Babylon.= Jer 43:4 So Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces, and all the people, obeyed not the voice of the LORD, to dwell in the land of Judah. Jer 43:5 But Johanan the son of Kareah, and all the captains of the forces, took all the remnant of Judah, that were returned from all nations, whither they had been driven, to dwell in the land of Judah; Jer 43:6 Even men, and women, and children, and the king=s daughters, and every person
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that Nebuzar-adan the captain of the guard had left with Gedaliah the son of Ahikam the son of Shaphan, and Jeremiah the prophet, and Baruch the son of Neriah. Jer 43:7 So they came into the land of Egypt: for they obeyed not the voice of the LORD: thus came they even to Tahpanhes. Jer 43:8 Then came the word of the LORD unto Jeremiah in Tahpanhes, saying, Jer 43:9 ATake great stones in thine hand, and hide them in the clay in the brickkiln, which is at the entry of Pharaoh=s house in Tahpanhes, in the sight of the men of Judah; Jer 43:10 And say unto them, >Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; >Behold, I will send and take Nebuchadrezzar the king of Babylon, My servant, and will set his throne upon these stones that I have hid; and he shall spread his royal pavilion over them. Jer 43:11 And when he cometh, he shall smite the land of Egypt, and deliver such as are for death to death; and such as are for captivity to captivity; and such as are for the sword to the sword. Jer 43:12 And I will kindle a fire in the houses of the gods of Egypt; and he shall burn them, and carry them away captives: and he shall array himself with the land of Egypt, as a shepherd putteth on his garment; and he shall go forth from thence in peace. Jer 43:13 He shall break also the images of Beth-shemesh, that is in the land of Egypt; and the houses of the gods of the Egyptians shall he burn with fire.= =@ “For I Will Punish Them That Dwell in the Land of Egypt” Jer 44:1 The word that came to Jeremiah concerning all the Jews which dwell in the land of Egypt, which dwell at Migdol, and at Tahpanhes, and at Noph, and in the country of Pathros, saying, Jer 44:2 AThus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; >Ye have seen all the evil that I have brought upon Jerusalem, and upon all the cities of Judah; and, behold, this day they are a desolation, and no man dwelleth therein, Jer 44:3 Because of their wickedness which they have committed to provoke Me to anger, in that they went to burn incense, and to serve other gods, whom they knew not, neither they, ye, nor your fathers. Jer 44:4 Howbeit I sent unto you all My servants the prophets, rising early and sending them, saying, >Oh, do not this abominable thing that I hate.= Jer 44:5 But they hearkened not, nor inclined their ear to turn from their wickedness, to burn no incense unto other gods. Jer 44:6 Wherefore My fury and Mine anger was poured forth, and was kindled in the cities of Judah and in the streets of Jerusalem; and they are wasted and desolate, as at this day. Jer 44:7 Therefore now thus saith the LORD, the God of hosts, the God of Israel; >Wherefore commit ye this great evil against your souls, to cut off from you man and woman, child and suckling, out of Judah, to leave you none to remain; Jer 44:8 In that ye provoke Me unto wrath with the works of your hands, burning incense unto other gods in the land of Egypt, whither ye be gone to dwell, that ye might cut yourselves off, and that ye might be a curse and a reproach among all the nations of the earth?
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Jer 44:9 Have ye forgotten the wickedness of your fathers, and the wickedness of the kings of Judah, and the wickedness of their wives, and your own wickedness, and the wickedness of your wives, which they have committed in the land of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem? Jer 44:10 They are not humbled even unto this day, neither have they feared, nor walked in My law, nor in My statutes, that I set before you and before your fathers. = Jer 44:11 Therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel; >Behold, I will set My face against you for evil, and to cut off all Judah. Jer 44:12 And I will take the remnant of Judah, that have set their faces to go into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, and they shall all be consumed, and fall in the land of Egypt; they shall even be consumed by the sword and by the famine: they shall die, from the least even unto the greatest, by the sword and by the famine: and they shall be an execration, and an astonishment, and a curse, and a reproach. Jer 44:13 For I will punish them that dwell in the land of Egypt, as I have punished Jerusalem, by the sword, by the famine, and by the pestilence: Jer 44:14 So that none of the remnant of Judah, which are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall escape or remain, that they should return into the land of Judah, to the which they have a desire to return to dwell there: for none shall return but such as shall escape.@ Jer 44:15 Then all the men which knew that their wives had burned incense unto other gods, and all the women that stood by, a great multitude, even all the people that dwelt in the land of Egypt, in Pathros, answered Jeremiah, saying, Jer 44:16 AAs for the word that thou hast spoken unto us in the name of the LORD, we will not hearken unto thee. Jer 44:17 But we will certainly do whatsoever thing goeth forth out of our own mouth, to burn incense unto the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, as we have done, we, and our fathers, our kings, and our princes, in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem: for then had we plenty of victuals, and were well, and saw no evil. Jer 44:18 But since we left off to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her, we have wanted all things, and have been consumed by the sword and by the famine. Jer 44:19 And when we burned incense to the queen of heaven, and poured out drink offerings unto her, did we make her cakes to worship her, and pour out drink offerings unto her, without our men?@ Jer 44:20 Then Jeremiah said unto all the people, to the men, and to the women, and to all the people which had given him that answer, saying, Jer 44:21 AThe incense that ye burned in the cities of Judah, and in the streets of Jerusalem, ye, and your fathers, your kings, and your princes, and the people of the land, did not the LORD remember them, and came it not into His mind? Jer 44:22 So that the LORD could no longer bear, because of the evil of your doings, and because of the abominations which ye have committed; therefore is your land a desolation, and an astonishment, and a curse, without an inhabitant, as at this day. Jer 44:23 Because ye have burned incense, and because ye have sinned against the LORD, and have not obeyed the voice of the LORD, nor walked in His law, nor in His statutes, nor in
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His testimonies; therefore this evil is happened unto you, as at this day. @ Jer 44:24 Moreover Jeremiah said unto all the people, and to all the women, AHear the word of the LORD, all Judah that are in the land of Egypt: Jer 44:25 >Thus saith the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saying; >Ye and your wives have both spoken with your mouths, and fulfilled with your hand, saying, >We will surely perform our vows that we have vowed, to burn incense to the queen of heaven, and to pour out drink offerings unto her: ye will surely accomplish your vows, and surely perform your vows.= Jer 44:26 Therefore hear ye the word of the LORD, all Judah that dwell in the land of Egypt; >Behold, I have sworn by My great name, saith the LORD, that My name shall no more be named in the mouth of any man of Judah in all the land of Egypt, saying, >The Lord GOD liveth.= Jer 44:27 Behold, I will watch over them for evil, and not for good: and all the men of Judah that are in the land of Egypt shall be consumed by the sword and by the famine, until there be an end of them. Jer 44:28 Yet a small number that escape the sword shall return out of the land of Egypt into the land of Judah, and all the remnant of Judah, that are gone into the land of Egypt to sojourn there, shall know whose words shall stand, Mine, or theirs. Jer 44:29 And this shall be a sign unto you, saith the LORD, that I will punish you in this place, that ye may know that My words shall surely stand against you for evil: = Jer 44:30 Thus saith the LORD; >Behold, I will give Pharaoh-hophra king of Egypt into the hand of his enemies, and into the hand of them that seek his life; as I gave Zedekiah king of Judah into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, his enemy, and that sought his life.=@ “We Have Given the Hand to the Egyptians . . .” Lam 5:1 Remember, O LORD, what is come upon us: consider, and behold our reproach. Lam 5:2 Our inheritance is turned to strangers, our houses to aliens. Lam 5:3 We are orphans and fatherless, our mothers are as widows. Lam 5:4 We have drunken our water for money; our wood is sold unto us. Lam 5:5 Our necks are under persecution: we labour, and have no rest. Lam 5:6 We have given the hand to the Egyptians, and to the Assyrians, to be satisfied with bread. Lam 5:7 Our fathers have sinned, and are not; and we have borne their iniquities. Lam 5:8 Servants have ruled over us: there is none that doth deliver us out of their hand. Lam 5:9 We gat our bread with the peril of our lives because of the sword of the wilderness. Lam 5:10 Our skin was black like an oven because of the terrible famine. “They Call to Egypt . . .” Hos 7:10 And the pride of Israel testifieth to his face: and they do not return to the LORD their God, nor seek Him for all this.
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Hos 7:11 Ephraim also is like a silly dove without heart: they call to Egypt, they go to Assyria. Hos 7:12 When they shall go, I will spread My net upon them; I will bring them down as the fowls of the heaven; I will chastise them, as their congregation hath heard. Hos 7:13 Woe unto them! for they have fled from Me: destruction unto them! because they have transgressed against Me: though I have redeemed them, yet they have spoken lies against Me. Hos 7:14 And they have not cried unto Me with their heart, when they howled upon their beds: they assemble themselves for corn and wine, and they rebel against Me. Hos 7:15 Though I have bound and strengthened their arms, yet do they imagine mischief against Me. Hos 7:16 They return, but not to the Most High: they are like a deceitful bow: their princes shall fall by the sword for the rage of their tongue: this shall be their derision in the land of Egypt.

Prophecies Concerning Egypt=s Future
“The Lord Shall Hiss for the Fly that is in the Uttermost Part of the Rivers of Egypt . . . ” Isa 7:13 And he said, AHear ye now, O house of David; Is it a small thing for you to weary men, but will ye weary my God also? Isa 7:14 Therefore the Lord Himself shall give you a sign; Behold, a virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call His name Immanuel. Isa 7:15 Butter and honey shall he eat, that He may know to refuse the evil, and choose the good. Isa 7:16 For before the child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good, the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken of both her kings. Isa 7:17 The LORD shall bring upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon thy father =s house, days that have not come, from the day that Ephraim departed from Judah; even the king of Assyria. Isa 7:18 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall hiss for the fly that is in the uttermost part of the rivers of Egypt, and for the bee that is in the land of Assyria. Isa 7:19 And they shall come, and shall rest all of them in the desolate valleys, and in the holes of the rocks, and upon all thorns, and upon all bushes. AThe Burden of Egypt@ Isa 19:1 The burden of Egypt. Behold, the LORD rideth upon a swift cloud, and shall come into Egypt: and the idols of Egypt shall be moved at His presence, and the heart of Egypt shall melt in the midst of it. Isa 19:2 And I will set the Egyptians against the Egyptians: and they shall fight every one against his brother, and every one against his neighbour; city against city, and kingdom against kingdom.
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Isa 19:3 And the spirit of Egypt shall fail in the midst thereof; and I will destroy the counsel thereof: and they shall seek to the idols, and to the charmers, and to them that have familiar spirits, and to the wizards. Isa 19:4 And the Egyptians will I give over into the hand of a cruel lord; and a fierce king shall rule over them, saith THE Lord, the LORD of hosts. Isa 19:5 And the waters shall fail from the sea, and the river shall be wasted and dried up. Isa 19:6 And they shall turn the rivers far away; and the brooks of defence shall be emptied and dried up: the reeds and flags shall wither. Isa 19:7 The paper reeds by the brooks, by the mouth of the brooks, and every thing sown by the brooks, shall wither, be driven away, and be no more. Isa 19:8 The fishers also shall mourn, and all they that cast angle into the brooks shall lament, and they that spread nets upon the waters shall languish. Isa 19:9 Moreover they that work in fine flax, and they that weave networks, shall be confounded. Isa 19:10 And they shall be broken in the purposes thereof, all that make sluices and ponds for fish. Isa 19:11 Surely the princes of Zoan are fools, the counsel of the wise counsellors of Pharaoh is become brutish: how say ye unto Pharaoh, >I am the son of the wise, the son of ancient kings?= Isa 19:12 Where are they? where are thy wise men? and let them tell thee now, and let them know what the LORD of hosts hath purposed upon Egypt. Isa 19:13 The princes of Zoan are become fools, the princes of Noph are deceived; they have also seduced Egypt, even they that are the stay of the tribes thereof. Isa 19:14 The LORD hath mingled a perverse spirit in the midst thereof: and they have caused Egypt to err in every work thereof, as a drunken man staggereth in his vomit. Isa 19:15 Neither shall there be any work for Egypt, which the head or tail, branch or rush, may do. Isa 19:16 In that day shall Egypt be like unto women: and it shall be afraid and fear because of the shaking of the hand of the LORD of hosts, which He shaketh over it. Isa 19:17 And the land of Judah shall be a terror unto Egypt, every one that maketh mention thereof shall be afraid in himself, because of the counsel of the LORD of hosts, which He hath determined against it. Isa 19:18 In that day shall five cities in the land of Egypt speak the language of Canaan, and swear to the LORD of hosts; one shall be called, The city of destruction. Isa 19:19 In that day shall there be an altar to the LORD in the midst of the land of Egypt, and a pillar at the border thereof to the LORD. Isa 19:20 And it shall be for a sign and for a witness unto the LORD of hosts in the land of Egypt: for they shall cry unto the LORD because of the oppressors, and He shall send them a Saviour, and a great One, and He shall deliver them.* Isa 19:21 And the LORD shall be known to Egypt, and the Egyptians shall know the LORD in that day, and shall do sacrifice and oblation; yea, they shall vow a vow unto the LORD, and perform it. Isa 19:22 And the LORD shall smite Egypt: He shall smite and heal it: and they shall return
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even to the LORD, and He shall be intreated of them, and shall heal them. Isa 19:23 In that day shall there be a highway out of Egypt to Assyria, and the Assyrian shall come into Egypt, and the Egyptian into Assyria, and the Egyptians shall serve with the Assyrians. Isa 19:24 In that day shall Israel be the third with Egypt and with Assyria, even a blessing in the midst of the land: Isa 19:25 Whom the LORD of hosts shall bless, saying, >Blessed be Egypt My people, and Assyria the work of My hands, and Israel Mine inheritance.=
*See Appendix 81 of The Companion Bible (included in the “Maps and Images” section at the end of this study). E. W. Bullinger believed the prophecy of the altar to have been fulfilled in 1 B.C. Others believe Isaiah 19:19–20 refers to the Great Pyramid of Giza.

“Against Egypt, Against the Army of Pharaoh-necho . . .” Jer 46:1 The word of the LORD which came to Jeremiah the prophet against the Gentiles; Jer 46:2 Against Egypt, against the army of Pharaoh-necho king of Egypt, which was by the river Euphrates in Carchemish, which Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon smote in the fourth year of Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah. Jer 46:3 AOrder ye the buckler and shield, and draw near to battle. Jer 46:4 Harness the horses; and get up, ye horsemen, and stand forth with your helmets; furbish the spears, and put on the brigandines. Jer 46:5 Wherefore have I seen them dismayed and turned away back? and their mighty ones are beaten down, and are fled apace, and look not back: for fear was round about, saith the LORD. Jer 46:6 Let not the swift flee away, nor the mighty man escape; they shall stumble, and fall toward the north by the river Euphrates. Jer 46:7 Who is this that cometh up as a flood, whose waters are moved as the rivers? Jer 46:8 Egypt riseth up like a flood, and his waters are moved like the rivers; and he saith, >I will go up, and will cover the earth; I will destroy the city and the inhabitants thereof.= Jer 46:9 Come up, ye horses; and rage, ye chariots; and let the mighty men come forth; the Ethiopians and the Libyans, that handle the shield; and the Lydians, that handle and bend the bow. Jer 46:10 For this is the day of the Lord GOD of hosts, a day of vengeance, that He may avenge Him of His adversaries: and the sword shall devour, and it shall be satiate and made drunk with their blood: for the Lord GOD of hosts hath a sacrifice in the north country by the river Euphrates. Jer 46:11 Go up into Gilead, and take balm, O virgin, the daughter of Egypt: in vain shalt thou use many medicines; for thou shalt not be cured. Jer 46:12 The nations have heard of thy shame, and thy cry hath filled the land: for the mighty man hath stumbled against the mighty, and they are fallen both together.@ Jer 46:13 The word that the LORD spake to Jeremiah the prophet, how Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon should come and smite the land of Egypt.
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Jer 46:14 ADeclare ye in Egypt, and publish in Migdol, and publish in Noph and in Tahpanhes: say ye, >Stand fast, and prepare thee; for the sword shall devour round about thee.= Jer 46:15 Why are thy valiant men swept away? they stood not, because the LORD did drive them. Jer 46:16 He made many to fall, yea, one fell upon another: and they said, >Arise, and let us go again to our own people, and to the land of our nativity, from the oppressing sword. = Jer 46:17 They did cry there, >Pharaoh king of Egypt is but a noise; he hath passed the time appointed.= Jer 46:18 As I live, saith the King, Whose name is the LORD of hosts, ASurely as Tabor is among the mountains, and as Carmel by the sea, so shall he come. Jer 46:19 O thou daughter dwelling in Egypt, furnish thyself to go into captivity: for Noph shall be waste and desolate without an inhabitant. Jer 46:20 Egypt is like a very fair heifer, but destruction cometh; it cometh out of the north. Jer 46:21 Also her hired men are in the midst of her like fatted bullocks; for they also are turned back, and are fled away together: they did not stand, because the day of their calamity was come upon them, and the time of their visitation. Jer 46:22 The voice thereof shall go like a serpent; for they shall march with an army, and come against her with axes, as hewers of wood. Jer 46:23 They shall cut down her forest, saith the LORD, though it cannot be searched; because they are more than the grasshoppers, and are innumerable. Jer 46:24 The daughter of Egypt shall be confounded; she shall be delivered into the hand of the people of the north.@ Jer 46:25 The LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, saith; ABehold, I will punish the multitude of No, and Pharaoh, and Egypt, with their gods, and their kings; even Pharaoh, and all them that trust in him: Jer 46:26 And I will deliver them into the hand of those that seek their lives, and into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of his servants: and afterward it shall be inhabited, as in the days of old, saith the LORD. Jer 46:27 But fear not thou, O My servant Jacob, and be not dismayed, O Israel: for, behold, I will save thee from afar off, and thy seed from the land of their captivity; and Jacob shall return, and be in rest and at ease, and none shall make him afraid. Jer 46:28 Fear thou not, O Jacob My servant, saith the LORD: for I am with thee; for I will make a full end of all the nations whither I have driven thee: but I will not make a full end of thee, but correct thee in measure; yet will I not leave thee wholly unpunished. @ “. . . [A]gainst the Philistines, Before That Pharaoh Smote Gaza” Jer 47:1 The word of the LORD that came to Jeremiah the prophet against the Philistines, before that Pharaoh smote Gaza. Jer 47:2 AThus saith the LORD; >Behold, waters rise up out of the north, and shall be an overflowing flood, and shall overflow the land, and all that is therein; the city, and them that dwell therein: then the men shall cry, and all the inhabitants of the land shall howl.
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Jer 47:3 At the noise of the stamping of the hoofs of his strong horses, at the rushing of his chariots, and at the rumbling of his wheels, the fathers shall not look back to their children for feebleness of hands; Jer 47:4 Because of the day that cometh to spoil all the Philistines, and to cut off from Tyrus and Zidon every helper that remaineth: for the LORD will spoil the Philistines, the remnant of the country of Caphtor. Jer 47:5 Baldness is come upon Gaza; Ashkelon is cut off with the remnant of their valley: how long wilt thou cut thyself?@ Jer 47:6 O thou sword of the LORD, how long will it be ere thou be quiet? put up thyself into thy scabbard, rest, and be still. Jer 47:7 How can it be quiet, seeing the LORD hath given it a charge against Ashkelon, and against the sea shore? there hath He appointed it. Assyrian King to ALead Away the Egyptians Prisoners@ Isa 20:1 In the year that Tartan came unto Ashdod, (when Sargon the king of Assyria sent him,) and fought against Ashdod, and took it; Isa 20:2 At the same time spake the LORD by Isaiah the son of Amoz, saying, AGo and loose the sackcloth from off thy loins, and put off thy shoe from thy foot. @ And he did so, walking naked and barefoot. Isa 20:3 And the LORD said, ALike as My servant Isaiah hath walked naked and barefoot three years for a sign and wonder upon Egypt and upon Ethiopia; Isa 20:4 So shall the king of Assyria lead away the Egyptians prisoners, and the Ethiopians captives, young and old, naked and barefoot, even with their buttocks uncovered, to the shame of Egypt. Isa 20:5 And they shall be afraid and ashamed of Ethiopia their expectation, and of Egypt their glory. Isa 20:6 And the inhabitant of this isle shall say in that day, >Behold, such is our expectation, whither we flee for help to be delivered from the king of Assyria: and how shall we escape?= = = Pharaoh=s* Demise Eze 17:1 And the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, Eze 17:2 ASon of man, put forth a riddle, and speak a parable unto the house of Israel; Eze 17:3 And say, >Thus saith the Lord GOD; >A great eagle with great wings, longwinged, full of feathers, which had divers colours, came unto Lebanon, and took the highest branch of the cedar: Eze 17:4 He cropped off the top of his young twigs, and carried it into a land of traffick; he set it in a city of merchants. Eze 17:5 He took also of the seed of the land, and planted it in a fruitful field; he placed it by great waters, and set it as a willow tree. Eze 17:6 And it grew, and became a spreading vine of low stature, whose branches
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turned toward him, and the roots thereof were under him: so it became a vine, and brought forth branches, and shot forth sprigs. Eze 17:7 There was also another great eagle with great wings and many feathers: and, behold, this vine did bend her roots toward him, and shot forth her branches toward him, that he might water it by the furrows of her plantation. Eze 17:8 It was planted in a good soil by great waters, that it might bring forth branches, and that it might bear fruit, that it might be a goodly vine.= = Eze 17:9 Say thou, >Thus saith the Lord GOD; >Shall it prosper?= shall He not pull up the roots thereof, and cut off the fruit thereof, that it wither? it shall wither in all the leaves of her spring, even without great power or many people to pluck it up by the roots thereof. Eze 17:10 Yea, behold, being planted, shall it prosper? shall it not utterly wither, when the east wind toucheth it? it shall wither in the furrows where it grew.= =@ Eze 17:11 Moreover the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, Eze 17:12 ASay now to the rebellious house, >Know ye not what these things mean?= tell them, Behold, the king of Babylon is come to Jerusalem, and hath taken the king thereof, and the princes thereof, and led them with him to Babylon; Eze 17:13 And hath taken of the king=s seed, and made a covenant with him, and hath taken an oath of him: he hath also taken the mighty of the land: Eze 17:14 That the kingdom might be base, that it might not lift itself up, but that by keeping of his covenant it might stand. Eze 17:15 But he rebelled against him in sending his ambassadors into Egypt, that they might give him horses and much people. Shall he prosper? shall he escape that doeth such things? or shall he break the covenant, and be delivered? Eze 17:16 As I live, saith the Lord GOD, surely in the place where the king dwelleth that made him king, whose oath he despised, and whose covenant he brake, even with him in the midst of Babylon he shall die. Eze 17:17 Neither shall Pharaoh with his mighty army and great company make for him in the war, by casting up mounts, and building forts, to cut off many persons: Eze 17:18 Seeing he despised the oath by breaking the covenant, when, lo, he had given his hand, and hath done all these things, he shall not escape. Eze 17:19 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; As I live, surely Mine oath that he hath despised, and My covenant that he hath broken, even it will I recompense upon his own head. Eze 17:20 And I will spread My net upon him, and he shall be taken in My snare, and I will bring him to Babylon, and will plead with him there for his trespass that he hath trespassed against Me.
*The Companion Bible identifies the Pharaoh of Ezekiel 17 as Pharaoh-hophra.

AIt Shall Be the Basest of the Kingdoms@ Eze 29:1 In the tenth year, in the tenth month, in the twelfth day of the month, the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, Eze 29:2 ASon of man, set thy face against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and prophesy against him,
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and against all Egypt: Eze 29:3 Speak, and say, >Thus saith the Lord GOD; >Behold, I am against thee, Pharaoh king of Egypt, the great dragon that lieth in the midst of his rivers, which hath said, >My river is mine own, and I have made it for myself.= Eze 29:4 But I will put hooks in thy jaws, and I will cause the fish of thy rivers to stick unto thy scales, and I will bring thee up out of the midst of thy rivers, and all the fish of thy rivers shall stick unto thy scales. Eze 29:5 And I will leave thee thrown into the wilderness, thee and all the fish of thy rivers: thou shalt fall upon the open fields; thou shalt not be brought together, nor gathered: I have given thee for meat to the beasts of the field and to the fowls of the heaven. Eze 29:6 And all the inhabitants of Egypt shall know that I am the LORD, because they have been a staff of reed to the house of Israel. Eze 29:7 (When they took hold of thee by thy hand, thou didst break, and rend all their shoulder: and when they leaned upon thee, thou brakest, and madest all their loins to be at a stand.)= = Eze 29:8 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; >Behold, I will bring a sword upon thee, and cut off man and beast out of thee. Eze 29:9 And the land of Egypt shall be desolate and waste; and they shall know that I am the LORD: because he hath said, >The river is mine, and I have made it.= Eze 29:10 Behold, therefore I am against thee, and against thy rivers, and I will make the land of Egypt utterly waste and desolate, from the tower of Syene even unto the border of Ethiopia. Eze 29:11 No foot of man shall pass through it, nor foot of beast shall pass through it, neither shall it be inhabited forty years. Eze 29:12 And I will make the land of Egypt desolate in the midst of the countries that are desolate, and her cities among the cities that are laid waste shall be desolate forty years: and I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and will disperse them through the countries.= Eze 29:13 Yet thus saith the Lord GOD; >At the end of forty years will I gather the Egyptians from the people whither they were scattered: Eze 29:14 And I will bring again the captivity of Egypt, and will cause them to return into the land of Pathros, into the land of their habitation; and they shall be there a base kingdom. Eze 29:15 It shall be the basest of the kingdoms; neither shall it exalt itself any more above the nations: for I will diminish them, that they shall no more rule over the nations. Eze 29:16 And it shall be no more the confidence of the house of Israel, which bringeth their iniquity to remembrance, when they shall look after them: but they shall know that I am the Lord GOD.= =@ Eze 29:17 And it came to pass in the seven and twentieth year, in the first month, in the first day of the month, the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, Eze 29:18 ASon of man, Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon caused his army to serve a great service against Tyrus: every head was made bald, and every shoulder was peeled: yet had he no wages, nor his army, for Tyrus, for the service that he had served against it: Eze 29:19 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; >Behold, I will give the land of Egypt unto
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Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon; and he shall take her multitude, and take her spoil, and take her prey; and it shall be the wages for his army. Eze 29:20 I have given him the land of Egypt for his labour wherewith he served against it, because they wrought for Me, saith the Lord GOD. Eze 29:21 >In that day will I cause the horn of the house of Israel to bud forth, and I will give thee the opening of the mouth in the midst of them; and they shall know that I am the LORD.=@ “And the Sword Shall Come Upon Egypt . . .” Eze 30:1 The word of the LORD came again unto me, saying, Eze 30:2 ASon of man, prophesy and say, >Thus saith the Lord GOD; Howl ye, Woe worth the day! Eze 30:3 For the day is near, even the day of the LORD is near, a cloudy day; it shall be the time of the heathen. Eze 30:4 And the sword shall come upon Egypt, and great pain shall be in Ethiopia, when the slain shall fall in Egypt, and they shall take away her multitude, and her foundations shall be broken down. Eze 30:5 Ethiopia, and Libya, and Lydia, and all the mingled people, and Chub, and the men of the land that is in league, shall fall with them by the sword. = = Eze 30:6 Thus saith the LORD; >They also that uphold Egypt shall fall; and the pride of her power shall come down: from the tower of Syene shall they fall in it by the sword, = saith the Lord GOD. Eze 30:7 And they shall be desolate in the midst of the countries that are desolate, and her cities shall be in the midst of the cities that are wasted. Eze 30:8 And they shall know that I am the LORD, when I have set a fire in Egypt, and when all her helpers shall be destroyed. Eze 30:9 In that day shall messengers go forth from Me in ships to make the careless Ethiopians afraid, and great pain shall come upon them, as in the day of Egypt: for, lo, it cometh.= Eze 30:10 Thus saith the Lord GOD; >I will also make the multitude of Egypt to cease by the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon. Eze 30:11 He and his people with him, the terrible of the nations, shall be brought to destroy the land: and they shall draw their swords against Egypt, and fill the land with the slain. Eze 30:12 And I will make the rivers dry, and sell the land into the hand of the wicked: and I will make the land waste, and all that is therein, by the hand of strangers: I the LORD have spoken it.= Eze 30:13 Thus saith the Lord GOD; >I will also destroy the idols, and I will cause their images to cease out of Noph; and there shall be no more a prince of the land of Egypt: and I will put a fear in the land of Egypt. Eze 30:14 And I will make Pathros desolate, and will set fire in Zoan, and will execute judgments in No. Eze 30:15 And I will pour My fury upon Sin, the strength of Egypt; and I will cut off the
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multitude of No. Eze 30:16 And I will set fire in Egypt: Sin shall have great pain, and No shall be rent asunder, and Noph shall have distresses daily. Eze 30:17 The young men of Aven and of Pibeseth shall fall by the sword: and these cities shall go into captivity. Eze 30:18 At Tehaphnehes also the day shall be darkened, when I shall break there the yokes of Egypt: and the pomp of her strength shall cease in her: as for her, a cloud shall cover her, and her daughters shall go into captivity. Eze 30:19 Thus will I execute judgments in Egypt: and they shall know that I am the LORD.=@ Eze 30:20 And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the first month, in the seventh day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, Eze 30:21 ASon of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and, lo, it shall not be bound up to be healed, to put a roller to bind it, to make it strong to hold the sword. Eze 30:22 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; >Behold, I am against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and will break his arms, the strong, and that which was broken; and I will cause the sword to fall out of his hand. Eze 30:23 And I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and will disperse them through the countries. Eze 30:24 And I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, and put My sword in his hand: but I will break Pharaoh=s arms, and he shall groan before him with the groanings of a deadly wounded man. Eze 30:25 But I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, and the arms of Pharaoh shall fall down; and they shall know that I am the LORD, when I shall put My sword into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall stretch it out upon the land of Egypt. Eze 30:26 And I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and disperse them among the countries; and they shall know that I am the LORD.=@ “Son of Man, Speak Unto Pharaoh* King of Egypt, and to His Multitude . . .” Eze 31:1 And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the third month, in the first day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, Eze 31:2 ASon of man, speak unto Pharaoh king of Egypt, and to his multitude; Whom art thou like in thy greatness? Eze 31:3 Behold, the Assyrian was a cedar in Lebanon with fair branches, and with a shadowing shroud, and of an high stature; and his top was among the thick boughs. Eze 31:4 The waters made him great, the deep set him up on high with her rivers running round about his plants, and sent out her little rivers unto all the trees of the field. Eze 31:5 Therefore his height was exalted above all the trees of the field, and his boughs were multiplied, and his branches became long because of the multitude of waters, when he shot forth. Eze 31:6 All the fowls of heaven made their nests in his boughs, and under his branches did all the beasts of the field bring forth their young, and under his shadow dwelt all great nations.
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Eze 31:7 Thus was he fair in his greatness, in the length of his branches: for his root was by great waters. Eze 31:8 The cedars in the garden of God could not hide him: the fir trees were not like his boughs, and the chesnut trees were not like his branches; nor any tree in the garden of God was like unto him in his beauty. Eze 31:9 I have made him fair by the multitude of his branches: so that all the trees of Eden, that were in the garden of God, envied him. Eze 31:10 Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; >Because thou hast lifted up thyself in height, and he hath shot up his top among the thick boughs, and his heart is lifted up in his height; Eze 31:11 I have therefore delivered him into the hand of the mighty one of the heathen; he shall surely deal with him: I have driven him out for his wickedness. Eze 31:12 And strangers, the terrible of the nations, have cut him off, and have left him: upon the mountains and in all the valleys his branches are fallen, and his boughs are broken by all the rivers of the land; and all the people of the earth are gone down from his shadow, and have left him. Eze 31:13 Upon his ruin shall all the fowls of the heaven remain, and all the beasts of the field shall be upon his branches: Eze 31:14 To the end that none of all the trees by the waters exalt themselves for their height, neither shoot up their top among the thick boughs, neither their trees stand up in their height, all that drink water: for they are all delivered unto death, to the nether parts of the earth, in the midst of the children of men, with them that go down to the pit.= Eze 31:15 Thus saith the Lord GOD; >In the day when he went down to the grave I caused a mourning: I covered the deep for him, and I restrained the floods thereof, and the great waters were stayed: and I caused Lebanon to mourn for him, and all the trees of the field fainted for him. Eze 31:16 I made the nations to shake at the sound of his fall, when I cast him down to hell with them that descend into the pit: and all the trees of Eden, the choice and best of Lebanon, all that drink water, shall be comforted in the nether parts of the earth. Eze 31:17 They also went down into hell with him unto them that be slain with the sword; and they that were his arm, that dwelt under his shadow in the midst of the heathen. Eze 31:18 To whom art thou thus like in glory and in greatness among the trees of Eden? yet shalt thou be brought down with the trees of Eden unto the nether parts of the earth: thou shalt lie in the midst of the uncircumcised with them that be slain by the sword. This is Pharaoh and all his multitude, saith the Lord GOD.@
*Based on notes and datings in The Companion Bible, likely Pharaoh-hophra

“ . . . Son of Man, Take Up a Lamentation for Pharaoh* King of Egypt . . . ” Eze 32:1 And it came to pass in the twelfth year, in the twelfth month, in the first day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, Eze 32:2 ASon of man, take up a lamentation for Pharaoh king of Egypt, and say unto him, >Thou art like a young lion of the nations, and thou art as a whale in the seas: and thou
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camest forth with thy rivers, and troubledst the waters with thy feet, and fouledst their rivers.= Eze 32:3 Thus saith the Lord GOD; >I will therefore spread out My net over thee with a company of many people; and they shall bring thee up in My net. Eze 32:4 Then will I leave thee upon the land, I will cast thee forth upon the open field, and will cause all the fowls of the heaven to remain upon thee, and I will fill the beasts of the whole earth with thee. Eze 32:5 And I will lay thy flesh upon the mountains, and fill the valleys with thy height. Eze 32:6 I will also water with thy blood the land wherein thou swimmest, even to the mountains; and the rivers shall be full of thee. Eze 32:7 And when I shall put thee out, I will cover the heaven, and make the stars thereof dark; I will cover the sun with a cloud, and the moon shall not give her light. Eze 32:8 All the bright lights of heaven will I make dark over thee, and set darkness upon thy land, saith the Lord GOD. Eze 32:9 >I will also vex the hearts of many people, when I shall bring thy destruction among the nations, into the countries which thou hast not known. Eze 32:10 Yea, I will make many people amazed at thee, and their kings shall be horribly afraid for thee, when I shall brandish My sword before them; and they shall tremble at every moment, every man for his own life, in the day of thy fall.= Eze 32:11 For thus saith the Lord GOD; >The sword of the king of Babylon shall come upon thee. Eze 32:12 By the swords of the mighty will I cause thy multitude to fall, the terrible of the nations, all of them: and they shall spoil the pomp of Egypt, and all the multitude thereof shall be destroyed. Eze 32:13 I will destroy also all the beasts thereof from beside the great waters; neither shall the foot of man trouble them any more, nor the hoofs of beasts trouble them. Eze 32:14 Then will I make their waters deep, and cause their rivers to run like oil, saith the Lord GOD. Eze 32:15 When I shall make the land of Egypt desolate, and the country shall be destitute of that whereof it was full, when I shall smite all them that dwell therein, then shall they know that I am the LORD. Eze 32:16 This is the lamentation wherewith they shall lament her: the daughters of the nations shall lament her: they shall lament for her, even for Egypt, and for all her multitude,= saith the Lord GOD.=@ Eze 32:17 It came to pass also in the twelfth year, in the fifteenth day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying, Eze 32:18 ASon of man, wail for the multitude of Egypt, and cast them down, even her, and the daughters of the famous nations, unto the nether parts of the earth, with them that go down into the pit. Eze 32:19 Whom dost thou pass in beauty? go down, and be thou laid with the uncircumcised. Eze 32:20 They shall fall in the midst of them that are slain by the sword: she is delivered to the sword: draw her and all her multitudes. Eze 32:21 The strong among the mighty shall speak to him out of the midst of hell with
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them that help him: they are gone down, they lie uncircumcised, slain by the sword. Eze 32:22 Asshur is there and all her company: his graves are about him: all of them slain, fallen by the sword: Eze 32:23 Whose graves are set in the sides of the pit, and her company is round about her grave: all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which caused terror in the land of the living. Eze 32:24 There is Elam and all her multitude round about her grave, all of them slain, fallen by the sword, which are gone down uncircumcised into the nether parts of the earth, which caused their terror in the land of the living; yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit. Eze 32:25 They have set her a bed in the midst of the slain with all her multitude: her graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword: though their terror was caused in the land of the living, yet have they borne their shame with them that go down to the pit: he is put in the midst of them that be slain. Eze 32:26 There is Meshech, Tubal, and all her multitude: her graves are round about him: all of them uncircumcised, slain by the sword, though they caused their terror in the land of the living. Eze 32:27 And they shall not lie with the mighty that are fallen of the uncircumcised, which are gone down to hell with their weapons of war: and they have laid their swords under their heads, but their iniquities shall be upon their bones, though they were the terror of the mighty in the land of the living. Eze 32:28 Yea, thou shalt be broken in the midst of the uncircumcised, and shalt lie with them that are slain with the sword. Eze 32:29 There is Edom, her kings, and all her princes, which with their might are laid by them that were slain by the sword: they shall lie with the uncircumcised, and with them that go down to the pit. Eze 32:30 There be the princes of the north, all of them, and all the Zidonians, which are gone down with the slain; with their terror they are ashamed of their might; and they lie uncircumcised with them that be slain by the sword, and bear their shame with them that go down to the pit. Eze 32:31 Pharaoh shall see them, and shall be comforted over all his multitude, even Pharaoh and all his army slain by the sword, saith the Lord GOD. Eze 32:32 For I have caused My terror in the land of the living: and he shall be laid in the midst of the uncircumcised with them that are slain with the sword, even Pharaoh and all his multitude,= saith the Lord GOD.@
*Based on notes and datings in The Companion Bible, likely Pharaoh-hophra

“Egypt Shall Be a Desolation . . .” Joe 3:18 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the mountains shall drop down new wine, and the hills shall flow with milk, and all the rivers of Judah shall flow with waters, and a fountain shall come forth of the house of the LORD, and shall water the valley of Shittim.
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Joe 3:19 Egypt shall be a desolation, and Edom shall be a desolate wilderness, for the violence against the children of Judah, because they have shed innocent blood in their land. Joe 3:20 But Judah shall dwell for ever, and Jerusalem from generation to generation. Joe 3:21 For I will cleanse their blood that I have not cleansed: for the LORD dwelleth in Zion. “. . .The Sceptre of Egypt Shall Depart Away . . . ” Zec 10:6 And I will strengthen the house of Judah, and I will save the house of Joseph, and I will bring them again to place them; for I have mercy upon them: and they shall be as though I had not cast them off: for I am the LORD their God, and will hear them. Zec 10:7 And they of Ephraim shall be like a mighty man, and their heart shall rejoice as through wine: yea, their children shall see it, and be glad; their heart shall rejoice in the LORD. Zec 10:8 I will hiss for them, and gather them; for I have redeemed them: and they shall increase as they have increased. Zec 10:9 And I will sow them among the people: and they shall remember Me in far countries; and they shall live with their children, and turn again. Zec 10:10 I will bring them again also out of the land of Egypt, and gather them out of Assyria; and I will bring them into the land of Gilead and Lebanon; and place shall not be found for them. Zec 10:11 And he shall pass through the sea with affliction, and shall smite the waves in the sea, and all the deeps of the river shall dry up: and the pride of Assyria shall be brought down, and the sceptre of Egypt shall depart away. Zec 10:12 And I will strengthen them in the LORD; and they shall walk up and down in His name, saith the LORD. “This Shall Be the Punishment of Egypt . . .” Zec 14:18 And if the family of Egypt go not up, and come not, that have no rain; there shall be the plague, wherewith the LORD will smite the heathen that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles. Zec 14:19 This shall be the punishment of Egypt, and the punishment of all nations that come not up to keep the feast of tabernacles. Zec 14:20 In that day shall there be upon the bells of the horses, HOLINESS UNTO THE LORD; and the pots in the LORD=s house shall be like the bowls before the altar. Zec 14:21 Yea, every pot in Jerusalem and in Judah shall be holiness unto the LORD of hosts: and all they that sacrifice shall come and take of them, and seethe therein: and in that day there shall be no more the Canaanite in the house of the LORD of hosts.@

Report Concerning Egypt Compared to That of Tyre
Isa 23:1 The burden of Tyre. Howl, ye ships of Tarshish; for it is laid waste, so that there is no house, no entering in: from the land of Chittim it is revealed to them.
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Isa 23:2 Be still, ye inhabitants of the isle; thou whom the merchants of Zidon, that pass over the sea, have replenished. Isa 23:3 And by great waters the seed of Sihor, the harvest of the river, is her revenue; and she is a mart of nations. Isa 23:4 Be thou ashamed, O Zidon: for the sea hath spoken, even the strength of the sea, saying, AI travail not, nor bring forth children, neither do I nourish up young men, nor bring up virgins.@ Isa 23:5 As at the report concerning Egypt, so shall they be sorely pained at the report of Tyre.

Punishment for the Uncircumcised
Jer 9:25 >Behold, the days come,= saith the LORD, >that I will punish all them which are circumcised with the uncircumcised; Jer 9:26 Egypt, and Judah, and Edom, and the children of Ammon, and Moab, and all that are in the utmost corners, that dwell in the wilderness: for all these nations are uncircumcised, and all the house of Israel are uncircumcised in the heart.=@

Babylon to Be Remembered as the Place of Bondage Instead of Egypt
Jeremiah 16:14B17 Jer 16:14 ATherefore, behold, the days come,@ saith the LORD, that it shall no more be said, >The LORD liveth, That brought up the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt; Jer 16:15 But, the LORD liveth, That brought up the children of Israel from the land of the north, and from all the lands whither He had driven them: and I will bring them again into their land that I gave unto their fathers. Jer 16:16 Behold, I will send for many fishers, saith the LORD, and they shall fish them; and after will I send for many hunters, and they shall hunt them from every mountain, and from every hill, and out of the holes of the rocks. Jer 16:17 For Mine eyes are upon all their ways: they are not hid from My face, neither is their iniquity hid from Mine eyes. Jeremiah 23:5B8 Jer 23:5 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that I will raise unto David a righteous Branch, and a King shall reign and prosper, and shall execute judgment and justice in the earth. Jer 23:6 In His days Judah shall be saved, and Israel shall dwell safely: and this is His name whereby He shall be called, THE LORD OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS. Jer 23:7 Therefore, behold, the days come,@ saith the LORD, Athat they shall no more say, >The LORD liveth, Which brought up the children of Israel out of the land of Egypt; = Jer 23:8 But, >The LORD liveth, Which brought up and Which led the seed of the house of
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Israel out of the north country, and from all countries whither I had driven them; and they shall dwell in their own land.@

Prophecies Against Ephraim and Israel
AThey Shall Return to Egypt@ Hos 8:11 Because Ephraim hath made many altars to sin, altars shall be unto him to sin. Hos 8:12 I have written to him the great things of My law, but they were counted as a strange thing. Hos 8:13 They sacrifice flesh for the sacrifices of Mine offerings, and eat it; but the LORD accepteth them not; now will He remember their iniquity, and visit their sins: they shall return to Egypt.* Hos 8:14 For Israel hath forgotten his Maker, and buildeth temples; and Judah hath multiplied fenced cities: but I will send a fire upon his cities, and it shall devour the palaces thereof.
*See Deuteronomy 28:68. AReturn to Egypt@ was a general statement that meant a return to bondage and servitude.

AEphraim Shall Return to Egypt@ Hos 9:1 Rejoice not, O Israel, for joy, as other people: for thou hast gone a whoring from thy God, thou hast loved a reward upon every cornfloor. Hos 9:2 The floor and the winepress shall not feed them, and the new wine shall fail in her. Hos 9:3 They shall not dwell in the LORD=s land; but Ephraim shall return to Egypt, and they shall eat unclean things in Assyria. Hos 9:4 They shall not offer wine offerings to the LORD, neither shall they be pleasing unto Him: their sacrifices shall be unto them as the bread of mourners; all that eat thereof shall be polluted: for their bread for their soul shall not come into the house of the LORD. Hos 9:5 What will ye do in the solemn day, and in the day of the feast of the LORD? Hos 9:6 For, lo, they are gone because of destruction: Egypt shall gather them up, Memphis shall bury them: the pleasant places for their silver, nettles shall possess them: thorns shall be in their tabernacles. Hos 9:7 The days of visitation are come, the days of recompence are come; Israel shall know it: the prophet is a fool, the spiritual man is mad, for the multitude of thine iniquity, and the great hatred.
*See Deuteronomy 28:68. AReturn to Egypt@ was a general statement that meant a return to bondage and servitude.

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“I Loved Him, and Called My Son Out of Egypt” Hos 11:1 When Israel was a child, then I loved him, and called My son out of Egypt. Hos 11:2 As they called them, so they went from them: they sacrificed unto Baalim, and burned incense to graven images. Hos 11:3 I taught Ephraim also to go, taking them by their arms; but they knew not that I healed them. Hos 11:4 I drew them with cords of a man, with bands of love: and I was to them as they that take off the yoke on their jaws, and I laid meat unto them. Hos 11:5 He shall not return into the land of Egypt, but the Assyrian shall be his king, because they refused to return. Hos 11:6 And the sword shall abide on his cities, and shall consume his branches, and devour them, because of their own counsels. Hos 11:7 And My people are bent to backsliding from Me: though they called them to the Most High, none at all would exalt Him. Hos 11:8 How shall I give thee up, Ephraim? how shall I deliver thee, Israel? how shall I make thee as Admah? how shall I set thee as Zeboim? Mine heart is turned within Me, My repentings are kindled together. Hos 11:9 I will not execute the fierceness of Mine anger, I will not return to destroy Ephraim: for I am GOD, and not man; the Holy One in the midst of thee: and I will not enter into the city. Hos 11:10 They shall walk after the LORD: He shall roar like a lion: when He shall roar, then the children shall tremble from the west. Hos 11:11 They shall tremble as a bird out of Egypt, and as a dove out of the land of Assyria: and I will place them in their houses, saith the LORD. Hos 11:12 Ephraim compasseth Me about with lies, and the house of Israel with deceit: but Judah yet ruleth with GOD, and is faithful with the saints.

“As By the Flood of Egypt”
Amos 8:7B12 Amo 8:7 The LORD hath sworn by the excellency of Jacob, Surely I will never forget any of their works. Amo 8:8 Shall not the land tremble for this, and every one mourn that dwelleth therein? and it shall rise up wholly as a flood; and it shall be cast out and drowned, as by the flood of Egypt. Amo 8:9 And it shall come to pass in that day, saith the Lord GOD, that I will cause the sun to go down at noon, and I will darken the earth in the clear day: Amo 8:10 And I will turn your feasts into mourning, and all your songs into lamentation; and I will bring up sackcloth upon all loins, and baldness upon every head; and I will make it as the mourning of an only son, and the end thereof as a bitter day. Amo 8:11 Behold, the days come, saith the Lord GOD, that I will send a famine in the land, not a famine of bread, nor a thirst for water, but of hearing the words of the LORD:
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Amo 8:12 And they shall wander from sea to sea, and from the north even to the east, they shall run to and fro to seek the word of the LORD, and shall not find it. Amos 9:5B15 Amo 9:5 And the Lord GOD of hosts is He That toucheth the land, and it shall melt, and all that dwell therein shall mourn: and it shall rise up wholly like a flood; and shall be drowned, as by the flood of Egypt. Amo 9:6 It is He That buildeth His stories in the heaven, and hath founded His troop in the earth; He That calleth for the waters of the sea, and poureth them out upon the face of the earth: The LORD is His name. Amo 9:7 Are ye not as children of the Ethiopians unto me, O children of Israel? = saith the LORD. Have not I brought up Israel out of the land of Egypt? and the Philistines from Caphtor, and the Syrians from Kir?@ Amo 9:8 Behold, the eyes of the Lord GOD are upon the sinful kingdom, and AI will destroy it from off the face of the earth; saving that I will not utterly destroy the house of Jacob, saith the LORD. Amo 9:9 For, lo, I will command, and I will sift the house of Israel among all nations, like as corn is sifted in a sieve, yet shall not the least grain fall upon the earth. Amo 9:10 All the sinners of My people shall die by the sword, which say, The evil shall not overtake nor prevent us. Amo 9:11 In that day will I raise up the tabernacle of David that is fallen, and close up the breaches thereof; and I will raise up his ruins, and I will build it as in the days of old: Amo 9:12 That they may possess the remnant of Edom, and of all the heathen, which are called by My name, saith the LORD That doeth this. Amo 9:13 Behold, the days come, saith the LORD, that the plowman shall overtake the reaper, and the treader of grapes him that soweth seed; and the mountains shall drop sweet wine, and all the hills shall melt. Amo 9:14 And I will bring again the captivity of My people of Israel, and they shall build the waste cities, and inhabit them; and they shall plant vineyards, and drink the wine thereof; they shall also make gardens, and eat the fruit of them. Amo 9:15 And I will plant them upon their land, and they shall no more be pulled up out of their land which I have given them, saith the LORD thy God.

Ethiopia and Egypt Were Ninevah=s Strength
Nah 3:7 And it shall come to pass, that all they that look upon thee shall flee from thee, and say, >Nineveh is laid waste: who will bemoan her?= whence shall I seek comforters for thee? Nah 3:8 Art thou better than populous No, that was situate among the rivers, that had the waters round about it, whose rampart was the sea, and her wall was from the sea? Nah 3:9 Ethiopia and Egypt were her strength, and it was infinite; Put and Lubim were thy helpers. Nah 3:10 Yet was she carried away, she went into captivity: her young children also were
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dashed in pieces at the top of all the streets: and they cast lots for her honourable men, and all her great men were bound in chains.

Hope for Israel
“And the Lord Shall Utterly Destroy the Tongue of the Egyptian Sea” Isa 11:9 They shall not hurt nor destroy in all My holy mountain: for the earth shall be full of the knowledge of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea. Isa 11:10 And in that day there shall be a Root of Jesse, which shall stand for an ensign of the people; to It shall the Gentiles seek: and His rest shall be glorious. Isa 11:11 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall set His hand again the second time to recover the remnant of His people, which shall be left, from Assyria, and from Egypt, and from Pathros, and from Cush, and from Elam, and from Shinar, and from Hamath, and from the islands of the sea. Isa 11:12 And He shall set up an ensign for the nations, and shall assemble the outcasts of Israel, and gather together the dispersed of Judah from the four corners of the earth. Isa 11:13 The envy also of Ephraim shall depart, and the adversaries of Judah shall be cut off: Ephraim shall not envy Judah, and Judah shall not vex Ephraim. Isa 11:14 But they shall fly upon the shoulders of the Philistines toward the west; they shall spoil them of the east together: they shall lay their hand upon Edom and Moab; and the children of Ammon shall obey them. Isa 11:15 And the LORD shall utterly destroy the tongue of the Egyptian sea; and with His mighty wind shall He shake His hand over the river, and shall smite it in the seven streams, and make men go over dryshod. Isa 11:16 And there shall be an highway for the remnant of His people, which shall be left, from Assyria; like as it was to Israel in the day that he came up out of the land of Egypt. “ . . . [T]he Lord Shall Beat Off from the Channel of the River Unto the Stream of Egypt ” Isa 27:12 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall beat off from the channel of the river unto the stream of Egypt, and ye shall be gathered one by one, O ye children of Israel. Isa 27:13 And it shall come to pass in that day, that the great trumpet shall be blown, and they shall come which were ready to perish in the land of Assyria, and the outcasts in the land of Egypt, and shall worship the LORD in the holy mount at Jerusalem. “I Gave Egypt for Thy Ransom . . .” Isa 43:1 But now thus saith the LORD that created thee, O Jacob, and He That formed thee, O Israel, AFear not: for I have redeemed thee, I have called thee by thy name; thou art Mine. Isa 43:2 When thou passest through the waters, I will be with thee; and through the rivers, they shall not overflow thee: when thou walkest through the fire, thou shalt not be burned; neither shall the flame kindle upon thee.
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Isa 43:3 For I am the LORD thy God, the Holy One of Israel, thy Saviour: I gave Egypt for thy ransom, Ethiopia and Seba for thee. Isa 43:4 Since thou wast precious in My sight, thou hast been honourable, and I have loved thee: therefore will I give men for thee, and people for thy life. Isa 43:5 Fear not: for I am with thee: I will bring thy seed from the east, and gather thee from the west; “The Labour of Egypt . . . Shall Be Thine ” Isa 45:11 Thus saith the LORD, the Holy One of Israel, and his Maker, AAsk Me of things to come concerning My sons, and concerning the work of My hands command ye Me. Isa 45:12 I have made the earth, and created man upon it: I, even My hands, have stretched out the heavens, and all their host have I commanded. Isa 45:13 I have raised him up in righteousness, and I will direct all his ways: he shall build My city, and he shall let go My captives, not for price nor reward, @ saith the LORD of hosts. Isa 45:14 Thus saith the LORD, AThe labour of Egypt, and merchandise of Ethiopia and of the Sabeans, men of stature, shall come over unto thee, and they shall be thine: they shall come after thee; in chains they shall come over, and they shall fall down unto thee, they shall make supplication unto thee, saying, >Surely GOD is in thee; and there is none else, there is no God.=@ New Covenant for Israel Jer 34:12 Therefore the word of the LORD came to Jeremiah from the LORD, saying, Jer 34:13 AThus saith the LORD, the God of Israel; I made a covenant with your fathers in the day that I brought them forth out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondmen, saying, Jer 34:14 >At the end of seven years let ye go every man his brother an Hebrew, which hath been sold unto thee; and when he hath served thee six years, thou shalt let him go free from thee:= but your fathers hearkened not unto Me, neither inclined their ear. Jer 34:15 And ye were now turned, and had done right in My sight, in proclaiming liberty every man to his neighbour; and ye had made a covenant before Me in the house which is called by My name: Jer 34:16 But ye turned and polluted My name, and caused every man his servant, and every man his handmaid, whom ye had set at liberty at their pleasure, to return, and brought them into subjection, to be unto you for servants and for handmaids. = Jer 34:17 Therefore thus saith the LORD; >Ye have not hearkened unto Me, in proclaiming liberty, every one to his brother, and every man to his neighbour: behold, I proclaim a liberty for you, saith the LORD, to the sword, to the pestilence, and to the famine; and I will make you to be removed into all the kingdoms of the earth. Jer 34:18 And I will give the men that have transgressed My covenant, which have not performed the words of the covenant which they had made before Me, when they cut the calf in twain, and passed between the parts thereof, Jer 34:19 The princes of Judah, and the princes of Jerusalem, the eunuchs, and the
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priests, and all the people of the land, which passed between the parts of the calf; Jer 34:20 I will even give them into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of them that seek their life: and their dead bodies shall be for meat unto the fowls of the heaven, and to the beasts of the earth. Jer 34:21 And Zedekiah king of Judah and his princes will I give into the hand of their enemies, and into the hand of them that seek their life, and into the hand of the king of Babylon=s army, which are gone up from you. Jer 34:22 Behold, I will command, saith the LORD, and cause them to return to this city; and they shall fight against it, and take it, and burn it with fire: and I will make the cities of Judah a desolation without an inhabitant.=@ “As In the Day When She Came Up Out of the Land of Egypt” Hos 2:14 Therefore, behold, I will allure her, and bring her into the wilderness, and speak comfortably unto her. Hos 2:15 And I will give her her vineyards from thence, and the valley of Achor for a door of hope: and she shall sing there, as in the days of her youth, and as in the day when she came up out of the land of Egypt. “And I That Am the Lord Thy God from the Land of Egypt Will Yet Make Thee to Dwell in Tabernacles . . .” Hos 12:1 Ephraim feedeth on wind, and followeth after the east wind: he daily increaseth lies and desolation; and they do make a covenant with the Assyrians, and oil is carried into Egypt. Hos 12:2 The LORD hath also a controversy with Judah, and will punish Jacob according to his ways; according to his doings will He recompense him. Hos 12:3 He took his brother by the heel in the womb, and by his strength he had power with God: Hos 12:4 Yea, he had power over the Angel, and prevailed: he wept, and made supplication unto Him: He found him in Beth-el, and there He spake with us; Hos 12:5 Even the LORD God of hosts; the LORD is His memorial. Hos 12:6 Therefore turn thou to thy God: keep mercy and judgment, and wait on thy God continually. Hos 12:7 He is a merchant, the balances of deceit are in his hand: he loveth to oppress. Hos 12:8 And Ephraim said, AYet I am become rich, I have found me out substance: in all my labours they shall find none iniquity in me that were sin.@ Hos 12:9 And I that am the LORD thy God from the land of Egypt will yet make thee to dwell in tabernacles, as in the days of the solemn feast. Hos 12:10 I have also spoken by the prophets, and I have multiplied visions, and used similitudes, by the ministry of the prophets. Hos 12:11 Is there iniquity in Gilead? surely they are vanity: they sacrifice bullocks in Gilgal; yea, their altars are as heaps in the furrows of the fields. Hos 12:12 And Jacob fled into the country of Syria, and Israel served for a wife, and for a
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wife he kept sheep. Hos 12:13 And by a prophet the LORD brought Israel out of Egypt, and by a prophet was he preserved. Hos 12:14 Ephraim provoked Him to anger most bitterly: therefore shall He leave his blood upon him, and his reproach shall his LORD return unto him. AMy People Went Down Aforetime into Egypt to Sojourn There@ Isa 52:1 Awake, awake; put on thy strength, O Zion; put on thy beautiful garments, O Jerusalem, the holy city: for henceforth there shall no more come into thee the uncircumcised and the unclean. Isa 52:2 Shake thyself from the dust; arise, and sit down, O Jerusalem: loose thyself from the bands of thy neck, O captive daughter of Zion. Isa 52:3 For thus saith the LORD, AYe have sold yourselves for nought; and ye shall be redeemed without money.@ Isa 52:4 For thus saith the Lord GOD, AMy people went down aforetime into Egypt to sojourn there; and the Assyrian oppressed them without cause. Isa 52:5 Now therefore, what have I here,@ saith the LORD, Athat My people is taken away for nought? they that rule over them make them to howl,@ saith the LORD; Aand My name continually every day is blasphemed. Isa 52:6 Therefore My people shall know My name: therefore they shall know in that day that I am He That doth speak: behold, it is I.@ Isa 52:7 How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of him that bringeth good tidings, that publisheth peace; that bringeth good tidings of good, that publisheth salvation; that saith unto Zion, AThy God reigneth!@

Egypt in Daniel 11
The Akings of the south” in Daniel are widely understood to refer, historically, to the Ptolemies, or Greek rulers of Egypt. However, only passages that specifically call out Egypt are mentioned here.

“And Shall Also Carry Captives into Egypt Their Gods . . . ” Dan 11:6 And in the end of years they shall join themselves together; for the king =s daughter of the south shall come to the king of the north to make an agreement: but she shall not retain the power of the arm; neither shall he stand, nor his arm: but she shall be given up, and they that brought her, and he that begat her, and he that strengthened her in these times. Dan 11:7 But out of a branch of her roots shall one stand up in his estate, which shall come with an army, and shall enter into the fortress of the king of the north, and shall deal against them, and shall prevail: Dan 11:8 And shall also carry captives into Egypt their gods, with their princes, and with their precious vessels of silver and of gold; and he shall continue more years than the king of the north.
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Dan 11:9 So the king of the south shall come into his kingdom, and shall return into his own land. Dan 11:10 But his sons shall be stirred up, and shall assemble a multitude of great forces: and one shall certainly come, and overflow, and pass through: then shall he return, and be stirred up, even to his fortress. “ . . .[A]nd the Land of Egypt Shall Not Escape” Dan 11:40 And at the time of the end shall the king of the south push at him: and the king of the north shall come against him like a whirlwind, with chariots, and with horsemen, and with many ships; and he shall enter into the countries, and shall overflow and pass over. Dan 11:41 He shall enter also into the glorious land, and many countries shall be overthrown: but these shall escape out of his hand, even Edom, and Moab, and the chief of the children of Ammon. Dan 11:42 He shall stretch forth his hand also upon the countries: and the land of Egypt shall not escape. Dan 11:43 But he shall have power over the treasures of gold and of silver, and over all the precious things of Egypt: and the Libyans and the Ethiopians shall be at his steps. Dan 11:44 But tidings out of the east and out of the north shall trouble him: therefore he shall go forth with great fury to destroy, and utterly to make away many. Dan 11:45 And he shall plant the tabernacles of his palace between the seas in the glorious holy mountain; yet he shall come to his end, and none shall help him.

New Testament
Angel of the Lord Tells Joseph to Flee With Mary and Jesus to Egypt
Mat 2:13 And when they were departed, behold, the angel of the Lord appeareth to Joseph in a dream, saying, AArise, and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt, and be thou there until I bring thee word: for Herod will seek the young child to destroy Him.@ Mat 2:14 When he arose, he took the young child and his mother by night, and departed into Egypt: Mat 2:15 And was there until the death of Herod: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken of the Lord by the prophet, saying, AOut of Egypt have I called My Son.@ Mat 2:16 Then Herod, when he saw that he was mocked of the wise men, was exceeding wroth, and sent forth, and slew all the children that were in Bethlehem, and in all the coasts thereof, from two years old and under, according to the time which he had diligently enquired of the wise men. Mat 2:17 Then was fulfilled that which was spoken by Jeremy the prophet, saying, Mat 2:18 AIn Rama was there a voice heard, lamentation, and weeping, and great mourning, Rachel weeping for her children, and would not be comforted, because they are not.@ Mat 2:19 But when Herod was dead, behold, an angel of the LORD appeareth in a dream to
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Joseph in Egypt, Mat 2:20 Saying, AArise, and take the young Child and His mother, and go into the land of Israel: for they are dead which sought the young Child=s life.@ Mat 2:21 And he arose, and took the young Child and His mother, and came into the land of Israel. Mat 2:22 But when he heard that Archelaus did reign in Judaea in the room of his father Herod, he was afraid to go thither: notwithstanding, being warned of God in a dream, he turned aside into the parts of Galilee: Mat 2:23 And he came and dwelt in a city called Nazareth: that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the prophets, AHe shall be called a Nazarene.@

Egyptians Among Those Who Heard Pentecost Tongue
Act 2:6 Now when this was noised abroad, the multitude came together, and were confounded, because that every man heard them speak in his own language. Act 2:7 And they were all amazed and marvelled, saying one to another, ABehold, are not all these which speak Galilaeans? Act 2:8 And how hear we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were born? Act 2:9 Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judaea, and Cappadocia, in Pontus, and Asia, Act 2:10 Phrygia, and Pamphylia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cyrene, and strangers of Rome, Jews and proselytes, Act 2:11 Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our tongues the wonderful works of God.@ Act 2:12 And they were all amazed, and were in doubt, saying one to another, AWhat meaneth this?@ Act 2:13 Others mocking said, AThese men are full of new wine.@ Act 2:14 But Peter, standing up with the eleven, lifted up his voice, and said unto them, AYe men of Judaea, and all ye that dwell at Jerusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my words: Act 2:15 For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, seeing it is but the third hour of the day. Act 2:16 But this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel; Act 2:17 >And it shall come to pass in the last days,= saith God, >I will pour out of My Spirit upon all flesh: and your sons and your daughters shall prophesy, and your young men shall see visions, and your old men shall dream dreams: Act 2:18 And on My servants and on My handmaidens I will pour out in those days of My Spirit; and they shall prophesy: Act 2:19 And I will shew wonders in heaven above, and signs in the earth beneath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke: Act 2:20 The sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into blood, before that great and notable day of the LORD come: Act 2:21 And it shall come to pass, that whosoever shall call on the name of the LORD shall be saved.=
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Alexandrians Dispute With Stephen
Act 6:9 Then there arose certain of the synagogue, which is called the synagogue of the Libertines, and Cyrenians, and Alexandrians, and of them of Cilicia and of Asia, disputing with Stephen.

Stephen Gives History of Israel in Egypt in Final Oration
Act 7:1 Then said the high priest, AAre these things so?@ Act 7:2 And he said, AMen, brethren, and fathers, hearken; The God of glory appeared unto our father Abraham, when he was in Mesopotamia, before he dwelt in Charran, Act 7:3 And said unto him, >Get thee out of thy country, and from thy kindred, and come into the land which I shall shew thee.= Act 7:4 Then came he out of the land of the Chaldaeans, and dwelt in Charran: and from thence, when his father was dead, he removed him into this land, wherein ye now dwell. Act 7:5 And He gave him none inheritance in it, no, not so much as to set his foot on: yet He promised that He would give it to him for a possession, and to his seed after him, when as yet he had no child. Act 7:6 And God spake on this wise, That his seed should sojourn in a strange land; and that they should bring them into bondage, and entreat them evil four hundred years. Act 7:7 And the nation to whom they shall be in bondage will I judge, said God: and after that shall they come forth, and serve Me in this place.= Act 7:8 And He gave him the covenant of circumcision: and so Abraham begat Isaac, and circumcised him the eighth day; and Isaac begat Jacob; and Jacob begat the twelve patriarchs. Act 7:9 And the patriarchs, moved with envy, sold Joseph into Egypt: but God was with him, Act 7:10 And delivered him out of all his afflictions, and gave him favour and wisdom in the sight of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and he made him governor over Egypt and all his house. Act 7:11 Now there came a dearth over all the land of Egypt and Chanaan, and great affliction: and our fathers found no sustenance. Act 7:12 But when Jacob heard that there was corn in Egypt, he sent out our fathers first. Act 7:13 And at the second time Joseph was made known to his brethren; and Joseph =s kindred was made known unto Pharaoh. Act 7:14 Then sent Joseph, and called his father Jacob to him, and all his kindred, threescore and fifteen souls. Act 7:15 So Jacob went down into Egypt, and died, he, and our fathers, Act 7:16 And were carried over into Sychem, and laid in the sepulchre that Abraham bought for a sum of money of the sons of Emmor the father of Sychem. Act 7:17 But when the time of the promise drew nigh, which God had sworn to Abraham, the people grew and multiplied in Egypt, Act 7:18 Till another king arose, which knew not Joseph.
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Act 7:19 The same dealt subtilly with our kindred, and evil entreated our fathers, so that they cast out their young children, to the end they might not live. Act 7:20 In which time Moses was born, and was exceeding fair, and nourished up in his father=s house three months: Act 7:21 And when he was cast out, Pharaoh =s daughter took him up, and nourished him for her own son. Act 7:22 And Moses was learned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians, and was mighty in words and in deeds. Act 7:23 And when he was full forty years old, it came into his heart to visit his brethren the children of Israel. Act 7:24 And seeing one of them suffer wrong, he defended him, and avenged him that was oppressed, and smote the Egyptian: Act 7:25 For he supposed his brethren would have understood how that God by his hand would deliver them: but they understood not. Act 7:26 And the next day he shewed himself unto them as they strove, and would have set them at one again, saying, >Sirs, ye are brethren; why do ye wrong one to another?= Act 7:27 But he that did his neighbour wrong thrust him away, saying, AWho made thee a ruler and a judge over us? Act 7:28 Wilt thou kill me, as thou diddest the Egyptian yesterday?= Act 7:29 Then fled Moses at this saying, and was a stranger in the land of Madian, where he begat two sons. Act 7:30 And when forty years were expired, there appeared to him in the wilderness of mount Sina an angel of the Lord in a flame of fire in a bush. Act 7:31 When Moses saw it, he wondered at the sight: and as he drew near to behold it, the voice of the LORD came unto him, Act 7:32 Saying, >I am the God of thy fathers, the God of Abraham, and the God of Isaac, and the God of Jacob.= Then Moses trembled, and durst not behold. Act 7:33 Then said the Lord to him, >Put off thy shoes from thy feet: for the place where thou standest is holy ground. Act 7:34 I have seen, I have seen the affliction of My people which is in Egypt, and I have heard their groaning, and am come down to deliver them. And now come, I will send thee into Egypt.= Act 7:35 This Moses whom they refused, saying, >Who made thee a ruler and a judge?= the same did God send to be a ruler and a deliverer by the hand of the Angel Which appeared to him in the bush. Act 7:36 He brought them out, after that he had shewed wonders and signs in the land of Egypt, and in the Red sea, and in the wilderness forty years. Act 7:37 This is that Moses, which said unto the children of Israel, >A prophet shall the Lord your God raise up unto you of your brethren, like unto me; Him shall ye hear. = Act 7:38 This is he, that was in the church in the wilderness with the Angel Which spake to him in the mount Sina, and with our fathers: who received the lively oracles to give unto us: Act 7:39 To whom our fathers would not obey, but thrust him from them, and in their hearts turned back again into Egypt,
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Act 7:40 Saying unto Aaron, >Make us gods to go before us: for as for this Moses, which brought us out of the land of Egypt, we wot not what is become of him. = Act 7:41 And they made a calf in those days, and offered sacrifice unto the idol, and rejoiced in the works of their own hands. Act 7:42 Then God turned, and gave them up to worship the host of heaven; as it is written in the book of the prophets, >O ye house of Israel, have ye offered to Me slain beasts and sacrifices by the space of forty years in the wilderness? Act 7:43 Yea, ye took up the tabernacle of Moloch, and the star of your god Remphan, figures which ye made to worship them: and I will carry you away beyond Babylon. = Act 7:44 Our fathers had the tabernacle of witness in the wilderness, as He had appointed, speaking unto Moses, that he should make it according to the fashion that he had seen. Act 7:45 Which also our fathers that came after brought in with Jesus into the possession of the Gentiles, whom God drave out before the face of our fathers, unto the days of David; Act 7:46 Who found favour before God, and desired to find a tabernacle for the God of Jacob. Act 7:47 But Solomon built Him an house. Act 7:48 Howbeit the Most High dwelleth not in Temples made with hands; as saith the prophet, Act 7:49 >Heaven is My throne, and earth is My footstool: what house will ye build Me? saith the Lord: or what is the place of My rest? Act 7:50 Hath not My hand made all these things?= Act 7:51 Ye stiffnecked and uncircumcised in heart and ears, ye do always resist the Holy Ghost: as your fathers did, so do ye. Act 7:52 Which of the prophets have not your fathers persecuted? and they have slain them which shewed before of the coming of the Just One; of Whom ye have been now the betrayers and murderers: Act 7:53 Who have received the law by the disposition of angels, and have not kept it.@ Act 7:54 When they heard these things, they were cut to the heart, and they gnashed on him with their teeth. Act 7:55 But he, being full of the Holy Ghost, looked up stedfastly into heaven, and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing on the right hand of God, Act 7:56 And said, ABehold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of man standing on the right hand of God.@ Act 7:57 Then they cried out with a loud voice, and stopped their ears, and ran upon him with one accord, Act 7:58 And cast him out of the city, and stoned him: and the witnesses laid down their clothes at a young man=s feet, whose name was Saul. Act 7:59 And they stoned Stephen, calling upon God, and saying, ALord Jesus, receive my spirit.@ Act 7:60 And he kneeled down, and cried with a loud voice, ALord, lay not this sin to their charge.@ And when he had said this, he fell asleep.

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Paul Reminds Israelites of Their Forefathers = Bondage in Egypt
Act 13:16 Then Paul stood up, and beckoning with his hand said, AMen of Israel, and ye that fear God, give audience. Act 13:17 The God of this people of Israel chose our fathers, and exalted the people when they dwelt as strangers in the land of Egypt, and with an high arm brought He them out of it. Act 13:18 And about the time of forty years suffered He their manners in the wilderness. Act 13:19 And when He had destroyed seven nations in the land of Chanaan, He divided their land to them by lot. Act 13:20 And after that He gave unto them judges about the space of four hundred and fifty years, until Samuel the prophet. Act 13:21 And afterward they desired a king: and God gave unto them Saul the son of Cis, a man of the tribe of Benjamin, by the space of forty years. Act 13:22 And when He had removed him, He raised up unto them David to be their king; to whom also He gave testimony, and said, >I have found David the son of Jesse, a man after Mine own heart, which shall fulfil all My will.= Act 13:23 Of this man=s seed hath God according to His promise raised unto Israel a Saviour, Jesus: Act 13:24 When John had first preached before His coming the baptism of repentance to all the people of Israel. Act 13:25 And as John fulfilled his course, he said, >Whom think ye that I am? I am not he. But, behold, there cometh One after me, Whose shoes of His feet I am not worthy to loose.= Act 13:26 Men and brethren, children of the stock of Abraham, and whosoever among you feareth God, to you is the word of this salvation sent. Act 13:27 For they that dwell at Jerusalem, and their rulers, because they knew Him not, nor yet the voices of the prophets which are read every sabbath day, they have fulfilled them in condemning Him. Act 13:28 And though they found no cause of death in Him, yet desired they Pilate that He should be slain. Act 13:29 And when they had fulfilled all that was written of Him, they took Him down from the tree, and laid Him in a sepulchre. Act 13:30 But God raised Him from the dead: Act 13:31 And He was seen many days of them which came up with Him from Galilee to Jerusalem, who are His witnesses unto the people. Act 13:32 And we declare unto you glad tidings, how that the promise which was made unto the fathers, Act 13:33 God hath fulfilled the same unto us their children, in that He hath raised up Jesus again; as it is also written in the second psalm, >Thou art My Son, this day have I begotten Thee.= Act 13:34 And as concerning that He raised Him up from the dead, now no more to return to corruption, He said on this wise, >I will give you the sure mercies of David.= Act 13:35 Wherefore He saith also in another psalm, >Thou shalt not suffer thine Holy One to see corruption.=
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Act 13:36 For David, after he had served his own generation by the will of God, fell on sleep, and was laid unto his fathers, and saw corruption: Act 13:37 But He, Whom God raised again, saw no corruption. Act 13:38 Be it known unto you therefore, men and brethren, that through this Man is preached unto you the forgiveness of sins: Act 13:39 And by Him all that believe are justified from all things, from which ye could not be justified by the law of Moses. Act 13:40 Beware therefore, lest that come upon you, which is spoken of in the prophets; Act 13:41 ABehold, ye despisers, and wonder, and perish: for I work a work in your days, a work which ye shall in no wise believe, though a man declare it unto you. =@ Act 13:42 And when the Jews were gone out of the synagogue, the Gentiles besought that these words might be preached to them the next sabbath.

Paul Mistaken for an Egyptian
Act 21:37 And as Paul was to be led into the castle, he said unto the chief captain, AMay I speak unto thee?@ Who said, ACanst thou speak Greek? Act 21:38 Art not thou that Egyptian, which before these days madest an uproar, and leddest out into the wilderness four thousand men that were murderers?@ Act 21:39 But Paul said, AI am a man which am a Jew of Tarsus, a city in Cilicia, a citizen of no mean city: and, I beseech thee, suffer me to speak unto the people.@

Paul Sails on Ships of Alexandria
“And There the Centurion Found a Ship of Alexandria Sailing Into Italy ” Act 27:6 And there the centurion found a ship of Alexandria sailing into Italy; and he put us therein. Act 27:7 And when we had sailed slowly many days, and scarce were come over against Cnidus, the wind not suffering us, we sailed under Crete, over against Salmone; Act 27:8 And, hardly passing it, came unto a place which is called The fair havens; nigh whereunto was the city of Lasea. Act 27:9 Now when much time was spent, and when sailing was now dangerous, because the fast was now already past, Paul admonished them, Act 27:10 And said unto them, ASirs, I perceive that this voyage will be with hurt and much damage, not only of the lading and ship, but also of our lives.@ Act 27:11 Nevertheless the centurion believed the master and the owner of the ship, more than those things which were spoken by Paul. Act 27:12 And because the haven was not commodious to winter in, the more part advised to depart thence also, if by any means they might attain to Phenice, and there to winter; which is an haven of Crete, and lieth toward the south west and north west. Act 27:13 And when the south wind blew softly, supposing that they had obtained their purpose, loosing thence, they sailed close by Crete.
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Act 27:14 But not long after there arose against it a tempestuous wind, called Euroclydon. Act 27:15 And when the ship was caught, and could not bear up into the wind, we let her drive. Act 27:16 And running under a certain island which is called Clauda, we had much work to come by the boat: Act 27:17 Which when they had taken up, they used helps, undergirding the ship; and, fearing lest they should fall into the quicksands, strake sail, and so were driven. Act 27:18 And we being exceedingly tossed with a tempest, the next day they lightened the ship; Act 27:19 And the third day we cast out with our own hands the tackling of the ship. Act 27:20 And when neither sun nor stars in many days appeared, and no small tempest lay on us, all hope that we should be saved was then taken away. Act 27:21 But after long abstinence Paul stood forth in the midst of them, and said, ASirs, ye should have hearkened unto me, and not have loosed from Crete, and to have gained this harm and loss. Act 27:22 And now I exhort you to be of good cheer: for there shall be no loss of any man’s life among you, but of the ship. Act 27:23 For there stood by me this night the angel of God, whose I am, and whom I serve, Act 27:24 Saying, Fear not, Paul; thou must be brought before Caesar: and, lo, God hath given thee all them that sail with thee. Act 27:25 Wherefore, sirs, be of good cheer: for I believe God, that it shall be even as it was told me. Act 27:26 Howbeit we must be cast upon a certain island.@ Act 27:27 But when the fourteenth night was come, as we were driven up and down in Adria, about midnight the shipmen deemed that they drew near to some country; Act 27:28 And sounded, and found it twenty fathoms: and when they had gone a little further, they sounded again, and found it fifteen fathoms. Act 27:29 Then fearing lest we should have fallen upon rocks, they cast four anchors out of the stern, and wished for the day. Act 27:30 And as the shipmen were about to flee out of the ship, when they had let down the boat into the sea, under colour as though they would have cast anchors out of the foreship, Act 27:31 Paul said to the centurion and to the soldiers, Except these abide in the ship, ye cannot be saved. Act 27:32 Then the soldiers cut off the ropes of the boat, and let her fall off. Act 27:33 And while the day was coming on, Paul besought them all to take meat, saying, AThis day is the fourteenth day that ye have tarried and continued fasting, having taken nothing. Act 27:34 Wherefore I pray you to take some meat: for this is for your health: for there shall not an hair fall from the head of any of you.@ Act 27:35 And when he had thus spoken, he took bread, and gave thanks to God in presence of them all: and when he had broken it, he began to eat.
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Act 27:36 Then were they all of good cheer, and they also took some meat. Act 27:37 And we were in all in the ship two hundred threescore and sixteen souls. Act 27:38 And when they had eaten enough, they lightened the ship, and cast out the wheat into the sea. Act 27:39 And when it was day, they knew not the land: but they discovered a certain creek with a shore, into the which they were minded, if it were possible, to thrust in the ship. Act 27:40 And when they had taken up the anchors, they committed themselves unto the sea, and loosed the rudder bands, and hoised up the mainsail to the wind, and made toward shore. Act 27:41 And falling into a place where two seas met, they ran the ship aground; and the forepart stuck fast, and remained unmoveable, but the hinder part was broken with the violence of the waves. Paul Sails on Ship of Alexandria, Whose Sign Was Castor and Pollux Act 28:11 And after three months we departed in a ship of Alexandria, which had wintered in the isle, whose sign was Castor and Pollux.* Act 28:12 And landing at Syracuse, we tarried there three days. Act 28:13 And from thence we fetched a compass, and came to Rhegium: and after one day the south wind blew, and we came the next day to Puteoli: Act 28:14 Where we found brethren, and were desired to tarry with them seven days: and so we went toward Rome. Act 28:15 And from thence, when the brethren heard of us, they came to meet us as far as Appii forum, and The three taverns: whom when Paul saw, he thanked God, and took courage. Act 28:16 And when we came to Rome, the centurion delivered the prisoners to the captain of the guard: but Paul was suffered to dwell by himself with a soldier that kept him.
*Castor and Pollux are two bright stars in Gemini, the sign of Benjamin, Paul’s tribe.

The Purpose of Pharaoh
Rom 9:16 So then it is not of him that willeth, nor of him that runneth, but of God That sheweth mercy. Rom 9:17 For the scripture saith unto Pharaoh, AEven for this same purpose have I raised thee up, that I might shew My power in thee, and that My name might be declared throughout all the earth.@ Rom 9:18 Therefore hath He mercy on whom He will have mercy, and whom He will He hardeneth.

Paul Reminds Israelites of Forefathers= Sin in the Wilderness
Heb 3:15 While it is said, ATo day if ye will hear His voice, harden not your hearts, as in
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the provocation.@ Heb 3:16 For some, when they had heard, did provoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses. Heb 3:17 But with whom was He grieved forty years? was it not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness? Heb 3:18 And to whom sware He that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not? Heb 3:19 So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.

Paul Commends Moses for Choosing Yahveh Over Egypt
Heb 11:24 By faith Moses, when he was come to years, refused to be called the son of Pharaoh=s daughter; Heb 11:25 Choosing rather to suffer affliction with the people of God, than to enjoy the pleasures of sin for a season; Heb 11:26 Esteeming the reproach of Christ greater riches than the treasures in Egypt: for he had respect unto the recompence of the reward. Heb 11:27 By faith he forsook Egypt, not fearing the wrath of the king: for he endured, as seeing him who is invisible. Heb 11:28 Through faith he kept the passover, and the sprinkling of blood, lest he that destroyed the firstborn should touch them. Heb 11:29 By faith they passed through the Red sea as by dry land: which the Egyptians assaying to do were drowned.

Reminder That Yahveh Saved Israel from Egypt
Jud 1:5 I will therefore put you in remembrance, though ye once knew this, how that the LORD, having saved the people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed them that believed not.

Jerusalem Called ASpiritually Sodom and Egypt@ in the End Times
Rev 11:1 And there was given me a reed like unto a rod: and the angel stood, saying, ARise, and measure the Temple of God, and the altar, and them that worship therein. Rev 11:2 But the court which is without the Temple leave out, and measure it not; for it is given unto the Gentiles: and the holy city shall they tread under foot forty and two months. Rev 11:3 And I will give power unto My two witnesses, and they shall prophesy a thousand two hundred and threescore days, clothed in sackcloth. Rev 11:4 These are the two olive trees, and the two candlesticks standing before the God of the earth. Rev 11:5 And if any man will hurt them, fire proceedeth out of their mouth, and devoureth their enemies: and if any man will hurt them, he must in this manner be killed. Rev 11:6 These have power to shut heaven, that it rain not in the days of their prophecy:
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and have power over waters to turn them to blood, and to smite the earth with all plagues, as often as they will. Rev 11:7 And when they shall have finished their testimony, the beast that ascendeth out of the bottomless pit shall make war against them, and shall overcome them, and kill them. Rev 11:8 And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, where also our Lord was crucified. Rev 11:9 And they of the people and kindreds and tongues and nations shall see their dead bodies three days and an half, and shall not suffer their dead bodies to be put in graves. Rev 11:10 And they that dwell upon the earth shall rejoice over them, and make merry, and shall send gifts one to another; because these two prophets tormented them that dwelt on the earth. Rev 11:11 And after three days and an half the Spirit of life from God entered into them, and they stood upon their feet; and great fear fell upon them which saw them. Rev 11:12 And they heard a great voice from heaven saying unto them, ACome up hither.@ And they ascended up to heaven in a cloud; and their enemies beheld them. Rev 11:13 And the same hour was there a great earthquake, and the tenth part of the city fell, and in the earthquake were slain of men seven thousand: and the remnant were affrighted, and gave glory to the God of heaven. Rev 11:14 The second woe is past; and, behold, the third woe cometh quickly. Rev 11:15 And the seventh angel sounded; and there were great voices in heaven, saying, AThe kingdoms of this world are become the kingdoms of our LORD, and of His Christ; and He shall reign for ever and ever.@ Rev 11:16 And the four and twenty elders, which sat before God on their seats, fell upon their faces, and worshipped God, Rev 11:17 Saying, AWe give Thee thanks, O LORD God Almighty, Which art, and wast, and art to come; because Thou hast taken to Thee Thy great power, and hast reigned. Rev 11:18 And the nations were angry, and Thy wrath is come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, and that Thou shouldest give reward unto Thy servants the prophets, and to the saints, and them that fear Thy name, small and great; and shouldest destroy them which destroy the earth.@ Rev 11:19 And the Temple of God was opened in heaven, and there was seen in His Temple the ark of His testament: and there were lightnings, and voices, and thunderings, and an earthquake, and great hail.

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Appendix ICNames and Places Mentioned In This Study
*All definitions taken from Strong=s Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible, unless otherwise noted. When Strong=s did not provide a definition, Smith=s Bible Dictionary was consulted next. Arodi/Arodites (722) a refuge for roving Arvad (719) a refuge for roving Names Asaph (623) collector Asenath (621) of Eg. der.; Smith=s worshiper of Aaron (175) of uncert. der. Neith Abaddon (Greek 3/Hebrew 11) abstr. a perishing; Ashbel/Ashbelites (788/789) flowing concr. Hades Ashdothites (796) ravager Abdeel (5655) serving God Asher (836) happy Abiasaph (23) father of gathering (i.e. gatherer) Ashima (807) of for. or.; Smith=s goat with short Abidan (27) father of judgment (i.e. judge) hair Abihu (30) father (i.e. worshipper) of Him (i.e. God) Asriel/Asrielites (844/845) right of God Abimelech (40) father of (the) king Assir (617) prisoner Abiram (48) father of height (i.e. lofty) Avites (5757) overthrow Abraham (85) father of a multitude Azariah (5838) Yah has helped Abram (87) high father Baal (1168) a master; hence a husband, or (fig.) Achbor (5907) a mouse (as nibbling) owner (often used with another noun in Adrammelech (152) splendor of (the) king modifications of this latter sense) Agag (90) flame Babylonians (896) confusion Ahasuerus (325) of Pers. or. Balaam (1109) not (of the) people, i.e. foreigner Ahiezer (295) brother of help Balak (1111) waster Ahijah (281) brother (i.e. worshiper) of Yah Bani (1137) built Ahikam (296) brother of rising (i.e. high) Baruch (1263) blessed Ahira (299) brother of wrong Becher/Bachrites (1071/1076) a young camel Ahiram/Ahiramites (297/298) brother of height Bela/Belah/Belaites (1106/1108) a gulp; fig. (i.e. high) destruction Aholah (170) her tent (i.e. idolatrous sanctuary) Beniah (1141) Yah has built Aholibah (172) my tent (is) in her Benjamin (1144) son of (the) right hand Alexandrians (Greek 221) an Alexandrian or Beor (1160) a lamp inhabitant of Alexandria Beriah/Beriites (1283/1284) in trouble Amalek (6002) prob. of for. or.; Smith=s to lick up Bilhah (1090) timid Ammihud (5989) people of splendor Bithiah (1332) daughter (i.e. worshipper) of Yah Amminidab (5992) people of liberality Caleb (3612) a dog; hence (by euphemism) a male Ammishaddai (5996) people of (the) Almighty prostitute Ammonites (5984) tribal, i.e. inbred Canaanite (3669) humiliated Amorite/Amorites (567) a mountaineer Carmi/Carmites (3756/3757) gardener Amoz (531) strong Chaldees (3778) from an unused root of uncert. Amram (6019) high people mean. Anak (6061) a necklace (as if strangling) Chemosh (3645) the powerful Anammelech (6048) of for. or.; Smith=s kingly Chub (3552) of for. der. image Cis (Greek 2797/Hebrew 7027) a bow Aphek (663) fortress Cretes (Greek 2912) a Cretan, i.e. inhab. of Crete; Apollyon (Greek 623) a destroyer (i.e. Satan) word of uncert. der. Arabians (6163) from 6150 in the fig. sense of Cyrus (3566) Koresh (or Cyrus), the Pers. king sterility; 6150 to grow dusky at sundown Dan (1835) judge Arad (6166) fugitive Darius (1867) of Pers. or.; Smith=s lord-king Ard/Ardites (714/716) fugitive Dathan (1885) of uncert. der.; Smith=s fountain Areli/Arelites (692) heroic Arod (720) fugitive David (1732) loving Deuel (1845) known of God 208

Dibri (1704) wordy Dinah (1783) justice Dumah (1746) silence; fig. death Edomite (130) red Egyptians (4714) the same as 4692 in the sense of a limit; 4692 something hemming in, i.e. (obj.) a mound (of besiegers), (abstr.) a siege, (fig.) distress; or (subj.) a fastness Ehi (278) brotherly Ekronites (6139) eradication El-nathan (494) God (is the) giver Elamites (5962) hidden, i.e distant Eleazar (499) God (is) helper Eliab (446) God of (his) father Eliadah (450) God (is) knowing Eliakim (471) God of raising Eliasaph (460) God (is) gatherer Elishah (473) prob. of for. der.; Smith=s God for Salvation Elishama (476) God of hearing Elisheba (472) God of (the) oath Elizur (468) God of (the) rock Elkanah (511) God has obtained Elon (356) oak-grove Elonites (440) oak or other strong tree Elzaphan (469) God of treasure Emmor (Greek 1697/Hebrew 2544) ass Enan (5881) having eyes Epher (6081) gazelle Ephraim (669) double fruit Ephrathite (673) fruitfulness Er (6147) watchful Eran/Eranites (6197/6198) watchful Eri/Erites (6179/6180) watchful Eshkalonites (832) prob. from 8254 in the sense of weighing-place (i.e. mart); 8254 to suspend or poise (esp. in trade) Eshtemoa (851) from 8085 (in the sense of obedience); 8085 to hear intelligently (often with impl. of attention, obedience, etc.; caus. to tell, etc.) Ezbon (675) of uncert. der.; Smith=s working Ezra (5834) aid Gad (1410) to crowd upon, i.e. attack Galilaeans (Hebrew 1551/Greek 1057) a circle (with the art.); Galil (as a special circuit) in the North of Pal./Galilea (i.e. the heathen circle), a region of Pal. Gamaliel (1583) reward of God Gazathites (5841) strong Gedaliah (1436) Yah has become great Ishuah (3438) he will level Israel (3478) he will rule as God 209

Gedor (1446) inclosure Genubath (1592) theft Gera (1617) a grain Gershon/Gershonites (1648/1649) a refugee Giblites (1382) a mountain Gideon (1439) feller (i.e. warrior) Gideoni (1441) warlike Gilead/Gileadites (1568/1569) heap of testimony Girgashites (1622) of uncert. der. Gittites (1663) a wine-press (or vat for holding the grapes in pressing them) Guni/Gunites (1476/1477) protected Hadad (1908) prob. of for. or.; Smith=s mighty Hadad-ezer (1909) Hadad (is his) help; Hadad prob. of for. or.; Smith=s mighty Hadar (2316) chamber Hagar (1904) of uncert. (perh. for.) der.; Smith=s stranger Haggai (2292) festive Haggi/Haggites (2291) festive Hamor (2544) ass Hamul/Hamulites (2538/2539) pitied Hamutal (2537) father-in-law of dew Hanoch/Hanochites (2585/2599) initiated Hashabniah (2813) thought of Yah Heber/Heberites (2268/2277) community Hebrews (5680) prop. a region across; but used only adv. (with or without a prep.) on the opposite side (espec. of the Jordan; usually mean. the east) Hebron/Hebronites (2275/2276) seat of association Helek/Helekites (2507/2516) portion Helon (2497) strong Hepher/Hepherites (2660/2662) a pit or shame Herod (Greek 2264) heroic Heth (2845) terror Hezekiah (2396) strengthened of Yah Hezron/Hezronites (2696/2697) court-yard Hittite/Hittites (2850) terror Hodijah (1941) majesty of Yah Hoglah (2295) of uncert. der.; prob. a partridge Hosea/Hoshea (1954) deliverer Hoshaiah (1955) Yah has saved Hupham/Huppam (2349/2350) protection Huphamites (2650) a canopy Hushim (2366) hasters Isaac (3327) laughter (i.e. mockery) Isaiah (3470) Yah has saved Ishbah (3431) he will praise Ishmael/Ishmeelites (3458/3459) God will hear Issachar (3485) he will bring a reward Isui (3440) level

Ithamar (385) coast of the palm-tree Izhar (3324) oil (as producing light); fig. anointing Jachin/Jachinites (3199/3200) he (or it) will establish Jacob (3290) heel-catcher (i.e. supplanter) Jahleel/Jahleelites (3177/3178) expectant of God Jahzeel/Jahzeelites (3183/3184) God will allot Jalon (3210) lodging Jamin/Jaminites (3226/3228) the right hand or side (leg, eye) of a person or other object (as the stronger and more dexterous); locally, the south Jarha (3398) prob. of Eg. or. Jashub/Jashubites (3437/3432) he will return Jebusites (2983) trodden, i.e. threshing-place Jeezer/Jeezerites (372/373) helpless Jehoahaz (3059) Yahveh-seized Jehoiachin (3078) Yahveh will establish Jehoiada (3077) Yahveh-known Jehoiakim (3079) Yahveh will raise Jehudijah (3057) celebrated Jekuthiel (3354) obedience of God Jemuel (3223) day of God Jephthah (3316) he will open Jephunneh (3312) he will be prepared Jered (3382) a descent Jeremiah (3414) Yah will rise Jeroboam (3379) (the) people will contend Jeshua (3442) he will save Jesse (3448) extant Jesui/Jesuites (3440/3441) level Jether (3500) prop. an overhanging, i.e. (by impl.) an excess, superiority, remainder; also a small rope (as hanging tree) Jethro (3503) his excellence Jetur (3195) encircled (i.e. inclosed) Jews (Hebrew 3064/Greek 2453) celebrated Jezer/Jezerites (3339) formative Jimna/Jimnah/Jimnites (3232) prosperity (as betokened by the right hand) Job (3102) howler; or he will return Jochebed (3115) Yahveh-gloried Johanan (3110) Yahveh-favored John (Greek 2491/Hebrew 3110) Yahveh-favored Joseph (3130) let him add (or perh. simply act. part. adding) Joshua (3091) Yahveh-saved Josiah (2977) founded of Yah Judah (3063) celebrated Kabzeel (6909) God has gathered Kadmiel (6934) presence of God Naashon/Nashon (5177) enchanter Nachor (5152) snorer 210

Kadmonites (6935) ancient, i.e. aboriginal Kareah (7143) bald Kedar (6938) dusky (of the skin or tent) Kedemah (6929) precedence Kenezite/Kenizzites (7074) hunter Kenites (7017) a lance (as striking fast) Kohath/Kohathites (6955/6956) allied Korah/Korathites/Korhites (7141/7145) ice Laban (3837) white Leah (3812) weary Levi/Levites (3878/3881) attached Libni/Libnites (3845/3846) white Libya (Hebrew 6316/Greek 3033) of for. or./prob. from 3047; Libye, a region of Africa; 3047 the south (-west) wind (as bringing rain), i.e. (by extens.) the south quarter Lot (3876) a veil Lydia (Greek 3070) of for. or.; Smith=s from Lydia(?) Machir/Machirites (4353/4354) salesman Mahlah (4244) sickness Mahli/Mahlites (4249/4250) sick Malchiel/Malchielites (4439/4440) king of (i.e appointed by) God Manasseh (4519) causing to forget Maonites (4584) a residence Massa (4854) burden Medes (4074) of for. der. Merari/Merarites (4847/4848) bitter Mered (4778) rebellion Meshech (4902) prob. of for. der.; Smith=s drawing out Mibsam (4017) fragrant Midianites (4084) a contest or quarrel Milcah (4435) queen Miriam (4813) rebelliously Mishael (4332) who (is) what God (is)? Mishma (4927) a report Mizpah (4709) an observatory, espec. for military purposes Moabites (4124) from (her [the mother=s]) father Moloch (4432) Molek (i.e. king), the chief deity of the Ammonites Moses (4872) drawing out (of the water), i.e. rescued Muppim (4649) wavings Mushi/Mushites (4187/4188) sensitive Naaman/Naamites (5283/5280) pleasantness (plur. as concr.) Nadab (5070) liberal Naphish (5305) refreshed

Naphtali (5321) my wrestling Nathan (5416) given Nazarene (Greek 3480) from 3478, a Nazorean, i.e. inhab. of Nazareth; by extens. a Christian; 3478 of uncert. der.; Smith=s the branch Nazarites (5139) separate, i.e. consecrated (as prince, a Nazirite; hence (fig. from the latter) an unpruned vine (like an unshorn Nazirite) Nebajoth (5032) fruitfulness Nebat (5028) regard Nebuchadnezzar/Nebuchadrezzar (5019) of for. der.; Smith=s Nebo the mighty Necho (5224) prob. of Eg. or. Nehemiah (5166) consolation of Yah Nemuel/Nemuelites (5241/5242) day of God Nepheg (5298) a sprout Nergal (5370) of for. or. Neriah (5374) light of Yah Nethaneel (5417) given of God Nethaniah (5418) given of Yah Nibhaz (5026) of for. or.; Smith=s to bark Noah (5146) rest Nun (5126) perpetuity Ocran (5918) muddier Og (5747) round Ohad (161) unity Onan (209) strong Ozni/Oznites (244) having (quick) ears Pagiel (6295) accident of God Pallu/Palluites (6396/6384) distinguished Parthians (Greek 3934) prob. of for. or. Paul (Greek 3972) little Pedahzur (6301) a rock (i.e. God) has ransomed Pedaiah (6305) Yah has ransomed Perizzite (2340) a villager Peter (Greek 4074) a (piece of) rock (larger than 3037) Pethahiah (6611) Yah has opened Phallu (6396) distinguished Pharaoh-hophra (6548) of Eg. der. Pharaoh-necho/Pharaoh-nechoh (6549) of Eg. der. Pharez/Pharzites (6557/6558) a break (lit. or fig.) Philistines (6430) rolling, i.e. migratory Phinehas (6372) mouth of a serpent Phuvah (6312) a blast Potiphar (6318) of Eg. der.; Smith=s belonging to the sun Potipherah (6319) of Eg. der. Pua (6312) a blast Shishak (7895) of Eg. der. Shuham/Shuhamites (7748/7749) humbly Shuni/Shunites (7764/7765) quiet 211

Puah (6326) brilliancy Punites (6324) a turn Putiel (6317) contempt of God Rabshakeh (7262) chief butler Rachel (7354) a ewe [the females being the predominant element of the flock] (as a good traveller) Rahab (7343) proud Rebekah (7259) fettering (by beauty) Rehoboam (7346) a people has enlarged Rephaims (7497) a giant Reuben (7205) see ye a son Reuel (7467) friend of God Rezon (7331) prince Rosh (7220) the head (as most easily shaken), whether lit. or fig. (in many applications, of place, time, rank, etc.) Rumah (7316) height Sabeans (7614) of for. or. Samuel (8050) heard of God Sarah (8283) a mistress, i.e. female noble Sarai (8297) dominative Sargon (5623) of for. der.; Smith=s king in fact Saul (Hebrew 7586/Greek 4549) asked Senir (8149) peak Serah (8294) superfluity Sered/Sardites (5624/5625) trembling Shammai (8060) destructive Shaphan (8227) a species of rock-rabbit (from its hiding), i.e. prob. the hyrus Shaul/Shaulites (7586/7587) asked Shebaniah (7645) Yah has grown (i.e. prospered) Shechem/Shechemites (7927/7928/7930) the neck (between the shoulders) as the place of burdens; fig. the spur of a hill; or ridge Shedeur (7707) spreader of light Shelah/Shelanites (7956/8024) request Shelomith (8019) peacableness Shelumiel (8017) peace of God Shemaiah (8098) Yah has heard Shemida/Shemidaites (8061/8062) name of knowing Sherebiah (8274) Yah has brought heat Sheshan (8348) lily Shillem/Shillemites (8006/8016) requital Shilonite (7888) tranquil Shimi (8096) famous Shimron/Shimronites (8110/8117) guardianship Shiphrah (8236) brightness Shupham/Shuphamites (8197/7781) serpent-like Shuthelah/Shuthalites (7803/8364) crash of breakage

Sidonians (6722) fishery Sihon (5511) tempestuous Sihor (7883) dark, i.e. turbid Simeon/Simeonites (8095/8099) hearing Socho (7755) to entwine, i.e. shut in (for formation, protection, or restraint) Solomon (8010) peaceful Stephen (Greek 4736) a chaplet (as a badge of royalty, a prize in the public games, or a symbol of honor gen.; but more conspicuous and elaborate thant the simple fillet, 1238), lit. or fig. Sychem (Greek 4966/Hebrew 7927) ridge Syrian (761) the highland Tahan/Tahanites (8465/8470) station Tahpenes (8472) of Eg. der. Tartak (8662) of for. der. Tartan (8661) of for. der. Tema (8485) prob. of for. der.; Smith=s desert Terah (8646) of uncert. der.; Smith=s station Tirzah (8656) delightsomeness Tola/Tolaites (8439/8440) worm Tubal (8422) prob. of for. der.; Smith=s to prepare Tyrus (6865) a rock Urijah (223) flame of Yah Uzziah (5818) strength of Yah Uzziel (5816) strength of God Zanoah (2182) rejected Zaphnath-paaneah (6847) of Eg. der. Zebudah (2080) giving Zebulun/Zebulunites (2074/2075) habitation Zechariah (2148) Yah has remembered Zedekiah (6667) right of Yah Zelophehad (6765) from the same as 6764 and 259; 6764 from an unused root of unknown mean.; 259 a numeral from 258; prop. united, i.e. one; or (as an ordinal) first; Smith=s firstborn Zephon/Zephonites (6827/6831) watch-tower Zerah/Zarhites (2226/2227) a rising of light Zereda (6868) puncture Zerubbabel (2216) descended of (i.e. from) Babylon, i.e. born there Zichri (2147) memorable Zidonians (6722) fishery Zilpah (2153) fragrant dropping Ziphion (6837) watch-tower Zippor (6834) a little bird (as hopping) Zipporah (6855) bird Zithri (5644) protective Baalah (1173) a mistress Babylon (894) confusion Bamah (1117) an elevation 212

Zohar (6714) whiteness Zuar (6686) small Zurishaddai (6701) rock of (the) Almighty

Places
Abarim (5682) regions beyond Achor (5911) troubled Achzib (392) deceitful (in the sense of a winter-torrent which falls in summer) Adadah (5735) festival Adithaim (5723) double prey Adullam (5725) prob. from an unused root of uncert. mean.; Smith=s people=s justice Adummim (131) red spots Aiath (5857) a ruin (as if overturned) Ain (5871) fountain Akrabbim (6137) a scorpion; fig. a scourge or knotted whip Alexandria (Greek 221) an Alexandreian or inhab. of Alexandria Almon-diblathaim (5963) from the same as 5960 and the dual of 1690 [comp. 1015]; with the enclitic of direction; 5960 hidden; 1690 a cake of pressed figs Alush (442) of uncert. der.; Smith=s wild place Amam (538) gathering-spot Anathoth (6088) to afflict Arba (704) four Arnon (769) a brawling stream Ashdod (795) ravager Ashnah (823) old Ashtaroth (6252) increase Asia (Greek 773) of uncert. der.; Smith=s orient Assyria (804) appar. from 833 (in the sense of successful); 833 a prim. root; to be straight (used in the widest sense, espec. to be level, right, happy); fig. to go forward, be honest, prosper Ava (5755) overthrow Aven (205/206) strictly nothingness; also trouble, vanity, wickedness; spec. an idol/idolatry Azekah (5825) tilled Azem (6107) bone Azmon (6111) bone-like Baal-gad (1171) Baal of Fortune Baal-peor (1187) Baal of Peor; Peor means a gap Baal-zephon (1189) Baal of winter Bashan (1316) of uncert. der.; Smith=s soft, rich soil, or basalt soil Bealoth (1175) mistresses

Beer-sheba (884) well of an oath Beeroth (881) wells Bene-jaakan (1142) sons of Yaakan; Yaakan means tortuous Benjamin (1144) son of (the) right hand Besor (1308) cheerful Beth-arabah (1026) house of the Desert Beth-dagon (1016) house of Dagon; Dagon was a fish-god Beth-el (1008) house of God Beth-hogla (1031) house of a partridge Beth-jesimoth (1020) house of the deserts Beth-palet (1046) house of escape Beth-peor (1047) house of Peor; Peor means a gap Bezer (1221) an inaccessible spot Bizjothjah (964) contempts of Yah Bohan (932) thumb Bozkath (1218) a swell of ground Cabbon (3522) hilly Cabul (3521) sterile Canaan (3667) humiliated Caphtor (3731) Caphtor (i.e. a wreath-shaped island), the original seat of the Philistines Cappadocia (Greek 2587) of for. or. Carchemish (3751) of for. der.; Smith=s fort of Chemosh Carmel (3760) a planted field (garden, orchard, vineyard, or park); by impl. garden produce Chaldea (3778) from an unused root of uncert. mean.; Smith=s the moon Charran (Greek 5488/Hebrew 2771) parched Chephirah (3716) the village (always with the art.) Chesalon (3693) fertile Chesil (3686) prop. fat, i.e. (fig.) stupid or silly Chimham (3643) pining Chittim (3794) a Kittite or Cypriot: hence an islander in gen., i.e. the Greeks or Romans on the shores opposite Pal. Chub (3552) of for. der. Cilicia (Greek 2791) prob. of for. or.; Smith=s Cüix, son of Agenor Cush (3568) prob. of for. or. Cuth/Cuthah (3575) of for. or. Cyrene (Greek 2957) of uncert. der. Damascus (Hebrew 1834/Greek 1154) of for. or. Dan (1835) judge Dibon-gad (1769/1410) pining/to crowd upon, i.e. attack Goshen (1657) prob. of Eg. or. Gozan (1470) a quarry (as a place of cutting stones) Hadashah (2322) new 213

Dilean (1810) of uncert. der.; Smith=s place of cucumbers Dimonah (1776) pining Dophkah (1850) a knock Dothan (1886) of uncert. der.; Smith=s two wells Ebronah (5684) transitional Eder (5740) an arrangement, i.e. muster (of animals) Edom (123) red Eglon (5700) vituline Egypt (Hebrew 4714/Greek 125) the same as 4692 in the sense of a limit; 4692 something hemming in, i.e. (obj.) a mound (of besiegers), (abstr.) a siege, (fig.) distress; or (subj.) a fastness/Greek says of uncert. der. Ekron (6138) eradication Elam (5867) hidden, i.e distant Elim (362) palm-trees Eltolad (513) God (is) generator En-gannim (5876) fountain of sharpness En-shemesh (5885) fountain of the sun Enam (5879) double fountain Ephron (6085) fawn-like Eshtaol (847) intreaty Etham (864) of Eg. der.; Smith=s limit of the sea Ether (6281) abundance Ethiopia (3568) prob. of for. or.; Smith=s burnt Euphrates (Hebrew 6578/Greek 2166) rushing Ezion-gaber (6100) backbone-like of a man Gaash (1608) a quaking Galilee (Hebrew 1551/Greek 1056) a circle (with the art.); Galil (as a special circuit) in the North of Pal./Galilea (i.e. the heathen circle), a region of Pal. Gallim (1554) springs Gaza (5804) strong Gebim (1374) cisterns Gederah (1449) inclosure (espec. for flocks) Gederoth (1450) walls Gederothaim (1453) double wall Gerar (1642) a rolling country Geshuri (1651) bridge Gibeon (1391) hilly Gilead (1568) heap of testimony Gilgal (1537) a wheel; by anal. a whirlwind; also dust (as whirled) Golan (1474) captive Gomorrah (6017) a (ruined) heap Hadattah (2675) new Hai (5857) a ruin (as if overturned) Ham (2526) hot (from the tropical habitat) Hamath (2574) walled

Haradah (2732) fear, anxiety Hashmonah (2832) fertile Havilah (2341) circular Hazar-addar (2692) (the) village of Addar; Addar 146 ample Hazar-gaddah (2693) (the) village of (female) Fortune Hazar-shual (2705) village of (the) fox Hazeroth (2698) yards Hazor (2674) village Hebron (2275) association Hermon (2768) abrupt Heshmon (2829) opulent Hezron (2696) court-yard Hinnom (2011) prob. of for. orig. Hor (2023) mountain Horeb (2722) desolate Hor-hagidgad (2735) hole of the cleft Hormah (2767) devoted Iim (5864) ruins Ije-abarim (5863) ruins of the passers Israel (3478) he will rule as God Ithnan (3497) extensive Jabneel (2995) built of God Jagur (3017) a lodging Jarmuth (3412) elevation Jearim (3297) forests Jericho (3405) its month; or fragrant Jerusalem (3389) founded peaceful Joktheel (3371) veneration of God Jordan (3383) a descender Jotbathah (3193) pleasantness Judaea (Greek 2449/Hebrew 3063) celebrated Judah (3063) celebrated Kabzeel (6909) God has gathered Kadesh (6946) sanctuary Kadesh-barnea (6947) Kadesh of (the) Wilderness of Wandering; Kadesh 6946 sanctuary Karkaa (7173) ground-floor Kedesh (6943) a sanctum Kehelathah (6954) convocation Keilah (7084) citadel Kerioth (7152) buildings Kibroth-hattaavah (6914) graves of the longing Kinah (7016) a dirge (as accompanied by beating on the breasts or on instruments) Kirjath-jearim (7157) city of forests, or city of towns Mizraim (4714) the same as 4692 in the sense of a limit; 4692 something hemming in, i.e. (obj.) a mound (of besiegers), (abstr.) a siege, (fig.) distress; or (subj.) a fastness Moab (4124) from (her [the mother=s]) father 214

Kithlish (3798) wall of a man Lachish (3923) from an unused root of uncert. mean.; Smith=s obstinate Lahmam (3903) food-like Laish (3919) a lion (from his destructive blows) Lebanon (3844) (the) white mountain (from its snow) Lebaoth (3822) lionesses Libnah (3841) some sort of whitish tree, perh. the storax Libya (Hebrew 6316/Greek 3033) of for. or./prob. from 3047; Libye, a region of Africa; 3047 the south (-west) wind (as bringing rain), i.e. (by extens). the south quarter Lubim (3684) prop. fat, i.e. (fig.) stupid or silly Luz (3870) prob. from 3869 (as growing there); 3869 some kind of nut-tree, perh. the almond Lydia (3865) prob. of for. der.; Smith=s from king Lydus Maaleh-acrabbim (4610) Steep of Scorpions Madmannah (4089) a dung-hill Madmenah (4088) a dung-hill Makheloth (4722) assemblies Makkedah (4719) fold Mamre (4471) lusty Marah (4785) bitter Mareshah (4762) summit Massah (4532) a testing of men (judicial) or of God (querulous) Mearah (4632) cave Memphis (4644) of Eg. or.; Smith=s the abode of the good one Meribah (4809) quarrel Mesopotamia (763) Aram of (the) two rivers (Euphrates and Tigris) or Mesopotamia; Aram 758 the highland Michmash (4363) hidden Midian (4080) a contest or quarrel Migdal-gad (4028) tower of Fortune Migdol (4024) prob. of Eg. or.; Smith=s tower Migron (4051) precipice Millo (1037) house of (the) rampart Mithcah (4989) sweetness Mizpah (4709) an observatory, espec. for military purposes Moladah (4137) birth Moseroth (4149) correction or corrections Naamah (5279) pleasantness Nazareth (Greek 3478) of uncert. der.; Smith=s the branch

Nebo (5015) prob. of for. der.; Smith=s interpreter of the gods Nephtoah (5318) opened, i.e. a spring Nezib (5334) station No (4996) of Eg. or. Nob (5011) fruit Noph (5297) a var. of 4644; of Eg. or. Oboth (88) water-skins On (204) of Eg. der. Ophrah (6084) female fawn Oreb (6159) a raven (from its dusky hue) Padan-aram (6307) the table-land of Aram; Aram 758 the highland Pamphylia (Greek 3828) every-tribal, i.e. heterogeneous Paran (6290) ornamental Pathros (6624) of Eg. der.; Smith=s parched Penuel (6439) face of God Pharaoh (6547) of Eg. der.; Smith=s the king, from PHRA, the sun Phrygia (Greek 5435) prob. of for. or.; Smith=s parched Pibeseth (6364) of Eg. or. Pi-hahiroth (6367) mouth of the gorges Pisgah (6449) a cleft Pithom (6619) of Eg. der. Pontus (Greek 4195) a sea Punon (6325) perplexity Put (3864) a dry region Raamses/Rameses (7486) of Eg. or. Ramoth (7216) heights Red sea (5488/3220) a reed, espec. the papyrus/a sea (as breaking in noisy surf) or large body of water; spec. (with the art.) the Mediterranean; sometimes a large river, or an artificial basin; locally, the west, or (rarely) the south Rehob (7340) a width (i.e. concr.) avenue or area Rephidim (7508) ballusters Rimmon (7417) a pomegranate, the tree (from its upright growth) or the fruit (also an artificial ornament) Rimmon-parez (7428) pomegranate of the breach Rissah (7446) a ruin (as dripping to pieces) Rithmah (7575) the Spanish broom (from its pole-like stems) Rome (Greek 4514) strength Samaria (Hebrew 8111/Greek 4540) Timnah (8555) restraint Timnath-serah (8556) portion of (the) sun Tophet (8613) a smiting, i.e. (fig.) contempt Tyre/Tyrus (6865) a rock Ur (218) flame, hence (in the plur.) the East (as 215

watch-station Sansannah (5578) a bough Seba (5434) of for. or. Seir (8165) rough Senir (8149) peak Sepharvaim (5617) of for. der. Shapher (8234) beauty Sharaim (8189) double gates Sheba (7614) of for. or.; Smith=s red Shechem (7927) ridge Shema (8090) something heard, i.e. a sound, rumor, announcement; abstr. audience Shicron (7942) drunkenness Shihor (7883) dark, i.e. turbid Shilhim (7978) javelins or sprouts Shinar (8152) prob. of for. der.; Smith=s country of the two rivers Shittim (7848) the acacia tree (from its scourging thorns); word is plur. and in that form carries a connotation of the sticks of wood Shur (7793) a wall (as going about) Sihor (7883) dark, i.e. turbid Sin (5512) of uncert. der.; Smith=s mire Sinai (5514) of uncert. der. Sion (7865) peak So (5471) of for. der. Socoh (7755) to entwine, i.e. shut in (for formation, protection, or restraint) Sodom (5467) burnt (i.e. volcanic or bituminous) district Succoth (5523) booths Succoth-benoth (5524) booths of (the) daughters; brothels, i.e. idolatrous tents for impure purposes Syene (5482) of Eg. der. Taberah (8404) burning Tahath (8480) the bottom (as depressed); only adv. below (often with prep. pref. underneath), in lieu of, etc. Tahpanhes (8472) of Eg. der.; Smith=s Daphne(?) Tappuah (8599) an apple (from its fragrance), i.e. the fruit or the tree (prob. includ. others of the pome order, as the quince, the orange, etc.) Tarah (8646) of uncert. der. Tarshish (8659) a gem, perh. the topaz Tarsus (Greek 5018) a flat basket Telem (2928) oppression being the region of light) Zalmonah (6758) shadiness Zanoah (2182) rejected Zeboim (6636) gazelles Zenan (6799) sheep pasture

Zidon (6721) fishery Ziklag (6860) of uncert. der. Zin (6790) a crag Zion (6726) a monumental or guiding pillar Ziph (2128) flowing Zoan (6814) of Eg. der.; Smith=s departure Zoar (6820) little Zobah (6678) a station Zoreah (6881) a wasp (as stinging)

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Appendix IICThe Plagues of Exodus and Revelation
Comparison Table
Exodus Plague Where plague directed River, water, streams pond, pools of water Frogs came up out of the waters to plague people Lice came forth from the dust of the land Flies afflicted Egyptians only; did not swarm in land of Goshen Egyptians= cattle; Israelites= cattle unharmed Boils and blains upon man and beast; from dust falling after casting ashes of the furnace into the air; Israelites not affected Moses stretched forth his hand toward Warning to Pharaoh? Yes Person God Used Aaron Equivalent in Revelation, If Any Vials 2 and 3 Blood (Revelation 16:3B4) Vial 6 - Three unclean spirits like frogs No apparent equivalent Where Plague Directed Sea, rivers, fountains of waters Onto the river Euphrates

Plague 1 - Blood (Exodus 7:14B25) Plague 2 - Frogs (Exodus 8:1B14)

Yes

Aaron

Plague 3 - Lice (Exodus 8:15B19)

No

Aaron

No apparent equivalent

Plague 4 - Flies (Exodus 8:20B32)

Yes

Moses

No apparent equivalent

No apparent equivalent

Plague 5 Murrain (Exodus 9:1B7) Murrain was a pestilence Plague 6 - Boils (Exodus 9:8B12)

Yes

Moses

No apparent equivalent

No apparent equivalent

No

Moses and Aaron

Vial 1 - Sores (Revelation 16:2)

Onto the earth

Plague 7 - Hail (Exodus 9:13B35)

Yes

Moses

Vial 7 thunderings, lightnings, earthquakes, hail

Poured into the air

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heaven; thunder, hail, and fire plagued those who did not heed warning Plague 8 - Locusts (Exodus 10:1B20) East wind brought locusts who ate the vegetation in the field; so numerous they darkened the land Three days of darkness plagued Egyptians only; Israelites had light All firstborn of Egyptian people, beasts died Yes Moses and Aaron

(Revelation 16:17B21)

No equivalent in the vials; Trumpet 5 - Locusts (Revelation 9:1B11); smoke darkened the land

Came from smoke from the pit

Plague 9 Darkness (Exodus 10:21B29)

No

Moses

Vial 5 - Darkness (Revelation 16:10B11)

On the seat of the beast

Plague 10 Smiting of the Firstborn (Exodus 11:1B10) No equivalent in Revelation

No

Moses and Aaron

General deception of the world (?) Vial 4 - scorch men with fire

General - deception of the world (?)

Poured on the sun

Scriptural Comparisons
Plague 1C Blood Egypt Exo 7:14 And the LORD said unto Moses, APharaoh=s heart is hardened, he refuseth to let the people go. Exo 7:15 Get thee unto Pharaoh in the morning; lo, he goeth out unto the water; and thou shalt stand by the river=s brink against he come; and the rod which was turned to a serpent shalt thou take in thine hand. Exo 7:16 And thou shalt say unto him, >The LORD God of the Hebrews hath sent me unto thee, saying, >Let My people go, that they may serve Me in the wilderness:= and, behold, hitherto thou wouldest not hear. Exo 7:17 Thus saith the LORD, >In this thou shalt know that I am the LORD: behold, I will
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smite with the rod that is in mine hand upon the waters which are in the river, and they shall be turned to blood. Exo 7:18 And the fish that is in the river shall die, and the river shall stink; and the Egyptians shall lothe to drink of the water of the river.=@ Exo 7:19 And the LORD spake unto Moses, ASay unto Aaron, >Take thy rod, and stretch out thine hand upon the waters of Egypt, upon their streams, upon their rivers, and upon their ponds, and upon all their pools of water, that they may become blood; and that there may be blood throughout all the land of Egypt, both in vessels of wood, and in vessels of stone.=@ Exo 7:20 And Moses and Aaron did so, as the LORD commanded; and he lifted up the rod, and smote the waters that were in the river, in the sight of Pharaoh, and in the sight of his servants; and all the waters that were in the river were turned to blood. Exo 7:21 And the fish that was in the river died; and the river stank, and the Egyptians could not drink of the water of the river; and there was blood throughout all the land of Egypt. Exo 7:22 And the magicians of Egypt did so with their enchantments: and Pharaoh=s heart was hardened, neither did he hearken unto them; as the LORD had said. Exo 7:23 And Pharaoh turned and went into his house, neither did he set his heart to this also. Exo 7:24 And all the Egyptians digged round about the river for water to drink; for they could not drink of the water of the river. Exo 7:25 And seven days were fulfilled, after that the LORD had smitten the river. Second and Third Vials in Revelation Rev 16:3 And the second angel poured out his vial upon the sea; and it became as the blood of a dead man: and every living soul died in the sea. Rev 16:4 And the third angel poured out his vial upon the rivers and fountains of waters; and they became blood. Plague 2CFrogs Exodus Exo 8:1 And the LORD spake unto Moses, AGo unto Pharaoh, and say unto him, >Thus saith the LORD, Let My people go, that they may serve Me.= Exo 8:2 And if thou refuse to let them go, behold, I will smite all thy borders with frogs: Exo 8:3 And the river shall bring forth frogs abundantly, which shall go up and come into thine house, and into thy bedchamber, and upon thy bed, and into the house of thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thine ovens, and into thy kneadingtroughs: Exo 8:4 And the frogs shall come up both on thee, and upon thy people, and upon all thy servants.=@ Exo 8:5 And the LORD spake unto Moses, ASay unto Aaron, >Stretch forth thine hand with thy rod over the streams, over the rivers, and over the ponds, and cause frogs to come up
219 Note: The Egyptians worshiped frogs as a symbol of fertility

upon the land of Egypt.=@ Exo 8:6 And Aaron stretched out his hand over the waters of Egypt; and the frogs came up, and covered the land of Egypt. Exo 8:7 And the magicians did so with their enchantments, and brought up frogs upon the land of Egypt. Exo 8:8 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron, and said, AIntreat the LORD, that He may take away the frogs from me, and from my people; and I will let the people go, that they may do sacrifice unto the LORD.@ Exo 8:9 And Moses said unto Pharaoh, AGlory over me: when shall I intreat for thee, and for thy servants, and for thy people, to destroy the frogs from thee and thy houses, that they may remain in the river only?@ Exo 8:10 And he said, ATo morrow.@ And he said, ABe it according to thy word: that thou mayest know that there is none like unto the LORD our God. Exo 8:11 And the frogs shall depart from thee, and from thy houses, and from thy servants, and from thy people; they shall remain in the river only. @ Exo 8:12 And Moses and Aaron went out from Pharaoh: and Moses cried unto the LORD because of the frogs which He had brought against Pharaoh. Exo 8:13 And the LORD did according to the word of Moses; and the frogs died out of the houses, out of the villages, and out of the fields. Exo 8:14 And they gathered them together upon heaps: and the land stank. Sixth Vial in Revelation Rev 16:12 And the sixth angel poured out his vial upon the great river Euphrates; and the water thereof was dried up, that the way of the kings of the east might be prepared. Rev 16:13 And I saw three unclean spirits like frogs come out of the mouth of the dragon, and out of the mouth of the beast, and out of the mouth of the false prophet. Rev 16:14 For they are the spirits of devils, working miracles, which go forth unto the kings of the earth and of the whole world, to gather them to the battle of that great day of God Almighty. Plague 3CLice Exodus Exo 8:15 But when Pharaoh saw that there was respite, he hardened his heart, and hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said. Exo 8:16 And the LORD said unto Moses, ASay unto Aaron, >Stretch out thy rod, and smite the dust of the land, that it may become lice throughout all the land of Egypt. =@ Exo 8:17 And they did so; for Aaron stretched out his hand with his rod, and smote the dust of the earth, and it became lice in man, and in beast; all the dust of the land became lice throughout all the land of Egypt. Exo 8:18 And the magicians did so with their enchantments to bring forth lice, but they could not: so there were lice upon man, and upon beast.
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Exo 8:19 Then the magicians said unto Pharaoh, AThis is the finger of God:@ and Pharaoh=s heart was hardened, and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had said. Plague 4CFlies Exodus Exo 8:20 And the LORD said unto Moses, ARise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh; lo, he cometh forth to the water; and say unto him, >Thus saith the LORD, >Let My people go, that they may serve Me. Exo 8:21 Else, if thou wilt not let My people go, behold, I will send swarms of flies upon thee, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people, and into thy houses: and the houses of the Egyptians shall be full of swarms of flies, and also the ground whereon they are. Exo 8:22 And I will sever in that day the land of Goshen, in which My people dwell, that no swarms of flies shall be there; to the end thou mayest know that I am the LORD in the midst of the earth. Exo 8:23 And I will put a division between My people and thy people: to morrow shall this sign be.=@ Exo 8:24 And the LORD did so; and there came a grievous swarm of flies into the house of Pharaoh, and into his servants= houses, and into all the land of Egypt: the land was corrupted by reason of the swarm of flies. Exo 8:25 And Pharaoh called for Moses and for Aaron, and said, AGo ye, sacrifice to your God in the land.@ Exo 8:26 And Moses said, AIt is not meet so to do; for we shall sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians to the LORD our God: lo, shall we sacrifice the abomination of the Egyptians before their eyes, and will they not stone us? Exo 8:27 We will go three days= journey into the wilderness, and sacrifice to the LORD our God, as He shall command us.@ Exo 8:28 And Pharaoh said, AI will let you go, that ye may sacrifice to the LORD your God in the wilderness; only ye shall not go very far away: intreat for me.@ Exo 8:29 And Moses said, ABehold, I go out from thee, and I will intreat the LORD that the swarms of flies may depart from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people, to morrow: but let not Pharaoh deal deceitfully any more in not letting the people go to sacrifice to the LORD.@ Exo 8:30 And Moses went out from Pharaoh, and intreated the LORD. Exo 8:31 And the LORD did according to the word of Moses; and he removed the swarms of flies from Pharaoh, from his servants, and from his people; there remained not one. Exo 8:32 And Pharaoh hardened his heart at this time also, neither would he let the people go.

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Plague 5CMurrain Exodus Exo 9:1 Then the LORD said unto Moses, AGo in unto Pharaoh, and tell him, >Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, >Let My people go, that they may serve Me. Exo 9:2 For if thou refuse to let them go, and wilt hold them still, Exo 9:3 Behold, the hand of the LORD is upon thy cattle which is in the field, upon the horses, upon the asses, upon the camels, upon the oxen, and upon the sheep: there shall be a very grievous murrain. Exo 9:4 And the LORD shall sever between the cattle of Israel and the cattle of Egypt: and there shall nothing die of all that is the children=s of Israel.= =@ Exo 9:5 And the LORD appointed a set time, saying, ATo morrow the LORD shall do this thing in the land.@ Exo 9:6 And the LORD did that thing on the morrow, and all the cattle of Egypt died: but of the cattle of the children of Israel died not one. Exo 9:7 And Pharaoh sent, and, behold, there was not one of the cattle of the Israelites dead. And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, and he did not let the people go. Plague 6CBoils Exodus Exo 9:8 And the LORD said unto Moses and unto Aaron, ATake to you handfuls of ashes of the furnace, and let Moses sprinkle it toward the heaven in the sight of Pharaoh. Exo 9:9 And it shall become small dust in all the land of Egypt, and shall be a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast, throughout all the land of Egypt.@ Exo 9:10 And they took ashes of the furnace, and stood before Pharaoh; and Moses sprinkled it up toward heaven; and it became a boil breaking forth with blains upon man, and upon beast. Exo 9:11 And the magicians could not stand before Moses because of the boils; for the boil was upon the magicians, and upon all the Egyptians. Exo 9:12 And the LORD hardened the heart of Pharaoh, and he hearkened not unto them; as the LORD had spoken unto Moses. First Vial in Revelation And the first went, and poured out his vial upon the earth; and there fell a noisome and grievous sore upon the men which had the mark of the beast, and upon them which worshipped his image.
Rev 16:2

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Plague 7CHail Exodus Exo 9:13 And the LORD said unto Moses, ARise up early in the morning, and stand before Pharaoh, and say unto him, >Thus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, >Let My people go, that they may serve Me. Exo 9:14 For I will at this time send all My plagues upon thine heart, and upon thy servants, and upon thy people; that thou mayest know that there is none like Me in all the earth. Exo 9:15 For now I will stretch out My hand, that I may smite thee and thy people with pestilence; and thou shalt be cut off from the earth. Exo 9:16 And in very deed for this cause have I raised thee up, for to shew in thee My power; and that My name may be declared throughout all the earth. Exo 9:17 As yet exaltest thou thyself against My people, that thou wilt not let them go? Exo 9:18 Behold, to morrow about this time I will cause it to rain a very grievous hail, such as hath not been in Egypt since the foundation thereof even until now. Exo 9:19 Send therefore now, and gather thy cattle, and all that thou hast in the field; for upon every man and beast which shall be found in the field, and shall not be brought home, the hail shall come down upon them, and they shall die.= =@ Exo 9:20 He that feared the word of the LORD among the servants of Pharaoh made his servants and his cattle flee into the houses: Exo 9:21 And he that regarded not the word of the LORD left his servants and his cattle in the field. Exo 9:22 And the LORD said unto Moses, AStretch forth thine hand toward heaven, that there may be hail in all the land of Egypt, upon man, and upon beast, and upon every herb of the field, throughout the land of Egypt.@ Exo 9:23 And Moses stretched forth his rod toward heaven: and the LORD sent thunder and hail, and the fire ran along upon the ground; and the LORD rained hail upon the land of Egypt. Exo 9:24 So there was hail, and fire mingled with the hail, very grievous, such as there was none like it in all the land of Egypt since it became a nation. Exo 9:25 And the hail smote throughout all the land of Egypt all that was in the field, both man and beast; and the hail smote every herb of the field, and brake every tree of the field. Exo 9:26 Only in the land of Goshen, where the children of Israel were, was there no hail. Exo 9:27 And Pharaoh sent, and called for Moses and Aaron, and said unto them, AI have sinned this time: the LORD is righteous, and I and my people are wicked. Exo 9:28 Intreat the LORD (for it is enough) that there be no more mighty thunderings and hail; and I will let you go, and ye shall stay no longer.@ Exo 9:29 And Moses said unto him, AAs soon as I am gone out of the city, I will spread abroad my hands unto the LORD; and the thunder shall cease, neither shall there be any more hail; that thou mayest know how that the earth is the LORD=s. Exo 9:30 But as for thee and thy servants, I know that ye will not yet fear the LORD God.@ Exo 9:31 And the flax and the barley was smitten: for the barley was in the ear, and the
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flax was bolled. Exo 9:32 But the wheat and the rie were not smitten: for they were not grown up. Exo 9:33 And Moses went out of the city from Pharaoh, and spread abroad his hands unto the LORD: and the thunders and hail ceased, and the rain was not poured upon the earth. Exo 9:34 And when Pharaoh saw that the rain and the hail and the thunders were ceased, he sinned yet more, and hardened his heart, he and his servants. Exo 9:35 And the heart of Pharaoh was hardened, neither would he let the children of Israel go; as the LORD had spoken by Moses. Vial 7CThunderings, Lightnings, Earthquakes, Hail Rev 16:17 And the seventh angel poured out his vial into the air; and there came a great voice out of the temple of heaven, from the throne, saying, AIt is done.@ Rev 16:18 And there were voices, and thunders, and lightnings; and there was a great earthquake, such as was not since men were upon the earth, so mighty an earthquake, and so great. Rev 16:19 And the great city was divided into three parts, and the cities of the nations fell: and great Babylon came in remembrance before God, to give unto her the cup of the wine of the fierceness of His wrath. Rev 16:20 And every island fled away, and the mountains were not found. Rev 16:21 And there fell upon men a great hail out of heaven, every stone about the weight of a talent: and men blasphemed God because of the plague of the hail; for the plague thereof was exceeding great. Plague 8CLocusts Exodus Exo 10:1 And the LORD said unto Moses, AGo in unto Pharaoh: for I have hardened his heart, and the heart of his servants, that I might shew these My signs before him: Exo 10:2 And that thou mayest tell in the ears of thy son, and of thy son =s son, what things I have wrought in Egypt, and My signs which I have done among them; that ye may know how that I am the LORD.@ Exo 10:3 And Moses and Aaron came in unto Pharaoh, and said unto him, AThus saith the LORD God of the Hebrews, >How long wilt thou refuse to humble thyself before Me? let My people go, that they may serve Me. Exo 10:4 Else, if thou refuse to let My people go, behold, to morrow will I bring the locusts into thy coast: Exo 10:5 And they shall cover the face of the earth, that one cannot be able to see the earth: and they shall eat the residue of that which is escaped, which remaineth unto you from the hail, and shall eat every tree which groweth for you out of the field: Exo 10:6 And they shall fill thy houses, and the houses of all thy servants, and the houses of all the Egyptians; which neither thy fathers, nor thy fathers= fathers have seen, since the
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day that they were upon the earth unto this day.=@ And he turned himself, and went out from Pharaoh. Exo 10:7 And Pharaoh=s servants said unto him, AHow long shall this man be a snare unto us? let the men go, that they may serve the LORD their God: knowest thou not yet that Egypt is destroyed?@ Exo 10:8 And Moses and Aaron were brought again unto Pharaoh: and he said unto them, AGo, serve the LORD your God: but who are they that shall go?@ Exo 10:9 And Moses said, AWe will go with our young and with our old, with our sons and with our daughters, with our flocks and with our herds will we go; for we must hold a feast unto the LORD.@ Exo 10:10 And he said unto them, ALet the LORD be so with you, as I will let you go, and your little ones: look to it; for evil is before you. Exo 10:11 Not so: go now ye that are men, and serve the LORD; for that ye did desire.@ And they were driven out from Pharaoh=s presence. Exo 10:12 And the LORD said unto Moses, AStretch out thine hand over the land of Egypt for the locusts, that they may come up upon the land of Egypt, and eat every herb of the land, even all that the hail hath left.@ Exo 10:13 And Moses stretched forth his rod over the land of Egypt, and the LORD brought an east wind upon the land all that day, and all that night; and when it was morning, the east wind brought the locusts. Exo 10:14 And the locusts went up over all the land of Egypt, and rested in all the coasts of Egypt: very grievous were they; before them there were no such locusts as they, neither after them shall be such. Exo 10:15 For they covered the face of the whole earth, so that the land was darkened; and they did eat every herb of the land, and all the fruit of the trees which the hail had left: and there remained not any green thing in the trees, or in the herbs of the field, through all the land of Egypt. Exo 10:16 Then Pharaoh called for Moses and Aaron in haste; and he said, AI have sinned against the LORD your God, and against you. Exo 10:17 Now therefore forgive, I pray thee, my sin only this once, and intreat the LORD your God, that He may take away from me this death only.@ Exo 10:18 And he went out from Pharaoh, and intreated the LORD. Exo 10:19 And the LORD turned a mighty strong west wind, which took away the locusts, and cast them into the Red sea; there remained not one locust in all the coasts of Egypt. Exo 10:20 But the LORD hardened Pharaoh=s heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go. Fifth Trumpet in Revelation Rev 9:1 And the fifth angel sounded, and I saw a star fall from heaven unto the earth: and to him was given the key of the bottomless pit. Rev 9:2 And he opened the bottomless pit; and there arose a smoke out of the pit, as the smoke of a great furnace; and the sun and the air were darkened by reason of the smoke of the pit.
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Rev 9:3 And there came out of the smoke locusts upon the earth: and unto them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power. Rev 9:4 And it was commanded them that they should not hurt the grass of the earth, neither any green thing, neither any tree; but only those men which have not the seal of God in their foreheads. Rev 9:5 And to them it was given that they should not kill them, but that they should be tormented five months: and their torment was as the torment of a scorpion, when he striketh a man. Rev 9:6 And in those days shall men seek death, and shall not find it; and shall desire to die, and death shall flee from them. Rev 9:7 And the shapes of the locusts were like unto horses prepared unto battle; and on their heads were as it were crowns like gold, and their faces were as the faces of men. Rev 9:8 And they had hair as the hair of women, and their teeth were as the teeth of lions. Rev 9:9 And they had breastplates, as it were breastplates of iron; and the sound of their wings was as the sound of chariots of many horses running to battle. Rev 9:10 And they had tails like unto scorpions, and there were stings in their tails: and their power was to hurt men five months. Rev 9:11 And they had a king over them, which is the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in the Hebrew tongue is Abaddon, but in the Greek tongue hath his name Apollyon. Plague 9CDarkness Exodus Exo 10:21 And the LORD said unto Moses, AStretch out thine hand toward heaven, that there may be darkness over the land of Egypt, even darkness which may be felt.@ Exo 10:22 And Moses stretched forth his hand toward heaven; and there was a thick darkness in all the land of Egypt three days: Exo 10:23 They saw not one another, neither rose any from his place for three days: but all the children of Israel had light in their dwellings. Exo 10:24 And Pharaoh called unto Moses, and said, AGo ye, serve the LORD; only let your flocks and your herds be stayed: let your little ones also go with you. @ Exo 10:25 And Moses said, AThou must give us also sacrifices and burnt offerings, that we may sacrifice unto the LORD our God. Exo 10:26 Our cattle also shall go with us; there shall not an hoof be left behind; for thereof must we take to serve the LORD our God; and we know not with what we must serve the LORD, until we come thither.@ Exo 10:27 But the LORD hardened Pharaoh=s heart, and he would not let them go. Exo 10:28 And Pharaoh said unto him, AGet thee from me, take heed to thyself, see my face no more; for in that day thou seest my face thou shalt die.@ Exo 10:29 And Moses said, AThou hast spoken well, I will see thy face again no more.@

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Fifth Vial in Revelation Rev 16:10 And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast; and his kingdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues for pain, Plague 10CSmiting of the Firstborn Exodus Exo 11:1 (And the LORD said unto Moses, AYet will I bring one plague more upon Pharaoh, and upon Egypt; afterwards he will let you go hence: when he shall let you go, he shall surely thrust you out hence altogether. Exo 11:2 Speak now in the ears of the people, and let every man borrow of his neighbour, and every woman of her neighbour, jewels of silver, and jewels of gold. @ Exo 11:3 And the LORD gave the people favour in the sight of the Egyptians. Moreover the man Moses was very great in the land of Egypt, in the sight of Pharaoh=s servants, and in the sight of the people.) Exo 11:4 And Moses said, AThus saith the LORD, >About midnight will I go out into the midst of Egypt: Exo 11:5 And all the firstborn in the land of Egypt shall die, from the firstborn of Pharaoh that sitteth upon his throne, even unto the firstborn of the maidservant that is behind the mill; and all the firstborn of beasts. Exo 11:6 And there shall be a great cry throughout all the land of Egypt, such as there was none like it, nor shall be like it any more. Exo 11:7 But against any of the children of Israel shall not a dog move his tongue, against man or beast: that ye may know how that the LORD doth put a difference between the Egyptians and Israel.= Exo 11:8 And all these thy servants shall come down unto me, and bow down themselves unto me, saying, AGet thee out, and all the people that follow thee: and after that I will go out.@ And he went out from Pharaoh in a great anger. Exo 11:9 And the LORD said unto Moses, APharaoh shall not hearken unto you; that My wonders may be multiplied in the land of Egypt.@ Exo 11:10 And Moses and Aaron did all these wonders before Pharaoh: and the LORD hardened Pharaoh=s heart, so that he would not let the children of Israel go out of his land. Fourth Vial in Revelation (No Equivalent in Egypt) Rev 16:8 And the fourth angel poured out his vial upon the sun; and power was given unto him to scorch men with fire. Rev 16:9 And men were scorched with great heat, and blasphemed the name of God, Which hath power over these plagues: and they repented not to give Him glory. Rev 16:10 And the fifth angel poured out his vial upon the seat of the beast; and his kingdom was full of darkness; and they gnawed their tongues for pain, Rev 16:11 And blasphemed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, and
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repented not of their deeds.

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Historical Notes from Smith=s Bible Dictionary and The Companion Bible
Alexandria
Alexandria.C(3 Macc. iii. 1; Acts xviii. 24, vi. 9), the Hellenic, Roman, and Christian capital of Egypt, was founded by Alexander the Great B.C. 332, who himself traced the ground-plan of the city, which he designed to make the metropolis of his western empire. The work thus begun was continued after the death of Alexander by the Ptolemies. Every natural advantage contributed to its prosperity. The climate and the sight were singularly healthy. The harbours, formed by the island of Pharos and the headland Lochias, were safe and commodious, alike for commerce and for war; and the Lake Mareotis was an inland haven for the merchandise of Egypt and India. Under the despotism of the later Ptolemies the trade of Alexandria declined, but its population and wealth were enormous. After the victory of Augustus it suffered for its attachment to the cause of Antony; but its importance as one of the chief corn-ports of Rome* secured for it the general favour of the first emperors. In later times the seditious tumults for which the Alexandrians had always been notorious desolated the city, and religious feuds aggravated the popular distress. Yet even thus, though Alexandria suffered greatly from constant dissension and the weakness of the Byzantine court, the splendour of Athe great city of the West@ amazed Amron, its Arab conqueror; and, after centuries of Mohammedan misrule, it promises once again to justify the wisdom of its founder.CThe population of Alexandria was mixed from the first; and this fact formed the groundwork of the Alexandrine character. The three regions into which the city was divided ( Regio Judaeorum, Brucheium, Rhachotis) corresponded to the three chief classes of its inhabitants, Jews, Greeks, Egyptians; but in addition to these principal races, representatives of almost every nation were found there. According to Josephus, Alexander himself assigned to the Jews a place in his new city; Aand they obtained,@ he adds, Aequal privileges with the Macedonians,@ in consideration Aof their services against the Egyptians.@ Ptolemy I. imitated the policy of Alexander, and, after the capture of Jerusalem, removed a considerable number of its citizens to Alexandria. Many others followed on their own accord; and all received the full Macedonian franchise, as men of known and tried fidelity. Already on a former occasion the Jews had sought a home in the land of their bondage. More than two centuries and a half before the foundation of Alexandria, a large body of them had taken refuge in Egypt, after the murder of Gedaliah; but these, after a general apostasy, were carried captive to Babylon by Nebuchadnezzar (2 K. xxv. 26; Jer. xliv.).CThe fate of the later colony was far different. The numbers and the importance of the Egyptian Jews were rapidly increased under the Ptolemies by fresh immigrations and untiring industry. Philo estimates them in his time at little less than 1,000,000; and adds, that two of the five districts of Alexandria were called AJewish districts;@ and that many Jews lived scattered in the remaining three. Julius Caesar and Augustus confirmed to them the privileges which they had enjoyed before, and they retained them, with various interruptions, during the tumults and persecutions of later reigns. They were represented, at least for some time (from the time of Cleopatra to the reign of Claudius), by their own officer, and Augustus appointed a council (i. e. Sanhedrin) Ato superintend the affairs of the Jews@ according to their own laws. The establishment of Christianity altered the civil position of the Jews, but they maintained their relative prosperity; and when Alexandria was taken by Amrou 40,000 tributary Jews were reckoned among the marvels of the city. CFor some time the Jewish Church in Alexandria was in close dependence on that of Jerusalem. Both were subject to the civil power of the first Ptolemies, and both acknowledged the high-priest as their religious head. The persecution of
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Ptolemy Philopater (217 B.C.) occasioned the first political separation between the two bodies. From that time the Jews of Palestine attached themselves to the fortunes of Syria [ANTIOCHUS the Great]; and the same policy which alienated the Palestinian party gave unity and decision to the Jews of Alexandria. The Septuagint translation, which strengthened the barrier of language between Palestine and Egypt, and the temple at Leontopolis (161 B.C.), which subjected the Egyptian Jews to the charge of schism, widened the breach which was thus opened. But the division, though marked, was not complete. At the beginning of the Christian era the Egyptian Jews still paid the contributions to the temple-service. Jerusalem, though its name was fashioned to a Greek shape, was still the Holy City, the metropolis not of a country but of a people, and the Alexandrians had a synagogue there (Acts vi. 9). The internal administration of the Alexandrine Church was independent of the Sanhedrin at Jerusalem; but respect survived submission.CAccording to the common legend St. Mark first Apreached the Gospel in Egypt, and founded the first Church in Alexandria.@ At the beginning of the 2nd century the number of Christians at Alexandria must have been very large, and the great leaders of Gnosticism who arose from there (Basiludes, Valentinus) exhibit an exaggeration of the tendency of the Church. *The Alexandrine corn vessels (Acts xxvii. 6, xxviii. 11) were large (Acts xxvii. 37) and handsome. They generally sailed direct to Puteoli (Acts xxviii. 13); but, from stress of weather, often kept close under the Asiatic coast (Acts xxvii).

Aven
Aven.C1. The Aplain of Aven@ is mentioned by Amos (i. 5) in his denunciation of Syria, and the country to the N. of Palestine. It has not been identified with certainty. C2. In Hos. x. 8, Athe high places of Aven,@ the word is clearly an abbreviation of Beth-aven, that is Bethel (comp. iv. 15, &c.).C3. In this manner are pointed, in Ez. xxx. 17, the letters of the name which is elsewhere given as On, the sacred city of Heliopolis or On, in Egypt. [ON.]

Bithiah
Bithi=ah.CDaughter of a Pharaoh, and wife of Mered, a descendant of Judah (1 Chr. iv. 18). The Scriptures, as well as the Egyptian monuments, show that the Pharaohs intermarried with foreigners; but such alliances seem to have been contracted with royal families alone. It may be supposed that Bithiah was taken captive.

Egypt
Egypt.CA country occupying the north-eastern angle of Africa, and lying between N. lat. 311 37’ and 241 1’, and E. long. 271 13’ and 341 12’. Its limits appear always to have been very nearly the same. In Ezekiel (xxix. 10, xxx. 6) the whole country is spoken of as extending from Migdol to Syene, which indicates the same limits to the east and the south as at present.CNamesCThe common name of Eygpt in the Bible is AMizraim,@ or more fully Athe land of Mizraim.@ In form Mizraim is a dual, and accordingly it is generally joined with a plural verb. When, therefore, in Gen. x. 6, Mizraim is mentioned as a son of Ham, we must not conclude that anything more is meant than that Egypt was colonized by the descendants of Ham. The dual number doubtless indicates the natural division of the country into an upper and a lower region. The singular Mazor also occurs, and some suppose that it indicates Lower Egypt, but there is no sure ground for this assertion. The Arabic name of
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Egypt Mizr signifies Ared mud.@ Egypt is also called in the Bible Athe land of Ham@ (Ps. cv. 23, 27; comp. lxxviii. 51), a name probably referring to Ham the son of Noah; and ARahab,@ the proud or insolent: both these appear to be poetical appellations. The common ancient Egyptian name of the country is written in hieroglyphics KEM, which was perhaps pronounced Chem; the demotic form is KEMEE. This name signifies, alike in the ancient language and in Coptic, Ablack,@ and may be supposed to have been given to the land on account of the blackness of its alluvial soil. We may reasonably conjecture that Kem is the Egyptian equivalent of Ham, and also of Mazor, these two words being similar or even the same in a sense. Under the Pharaohs Egypt was divided into Upper and Lower, Athe two regions@ TA-TEE? called respectively Athe Southern Region@ TA-RES, and Athe Northern Region@ TA-MEHEET. There were different crowns for the two regions. In subsequent times this double division obtained. In the time of the Greeks and Romans Upper Egypt was divided into the Heptanomis and the Thebais, making altogether three provinces, but the division of the whole country into two was even then the most usual.CSuperficiesCEgypt has a superficies of about 9582 square miles of soil, which the Nile either does or can water and fertilize. This computation includes the river and lakes as well as sandy tracts which can be inundated; but the whole space either cultivated or fit for cultivation is no more than about 5626 square miles. Anciently 2735 square miles more may have been cultivated, and now it would be possible at once to reclaim about 1295 square miles. CNomesCFrom a remote period, Egypt was divided into Nomes HESPU, sing. HESP, each one of which had special objects of worship. There is no distinct reference to them in the Bible.CGeneral appearance, Climate, &c.CThe general appearance of the country cannot have greatly changed since the days of Moses. The Delata was always a vast level plain, although of old more perfectly watered down than now by the branches of the Nile and numerous canals, while the narrow valley of Upper Egypt must have suffered still less alteration. Anciently, however, the rushes must have been abundant; whereas now they have almost disappeared, except in the lakes. The whole country is remarkable for its extreme fertility which especially strikes the beholder when the rich green of the fields is contrasted with the utterly bare yellow mountains or the sand-strewn rocky desert on either side. The climate is equable and healthy. Rain is not very unfrequent on the northern coast, but inland very rare. Cultivation nowhere depends on it. This absence of rain is mentioned in Deut. (xi. 10, 10) as rendering artificial irrigation necessary, unlike the case of Palestine, and in Zech. (xiv. 18) as peculiar to the country. Egypt has been visited in all ages by severe pestilences, but it cannot be determined that any of those of ancient times were of the character of the modern Plague. Famines are frequent, and one in the middle ages, in the time of the Fátimee Khaleefeh El-Mustansir-billah, seems to have been even more severe than that of Joseph.CGeology.CThe fertile plain of the Delta and the valley of Upper Egypt are bounded by rocky deserts covered or strewn with sand. On either side of the plain they are low, but they overlook the valley, above which they rise so steeply as from the river to present the aspect of cliffs. The formation is limestone as far as a little above Thebes, where sandstone begins. The First Cataract, the southern limit of Egypt, is caused by granite and other primitive rocks, which rise through the sandstone and obstruct the river=s bed. An important geological change has in the course of centuries raised the country near the head of the Gulf of Suez, and depressed that on the northern side of the isthmus. Since the Christian era the head of the gulf has retired southwards. CThe Nile.CIn Egyptian the Nile bore the sacred appellation HAPEE or HAPEE-MU, Athe abyss,@ or Athe abyss of waters.@ As Egypt was divided into two regions, we find two Niles, HAPEE-RES, Athe Southern Nile,@ and HAPEE-MEHEET, Athe Northern Nile,@ the former name being given to the river in Upper Egypt and Nubia. The inundation fertilises and sustains the country, and makes the river its chief blessing. The Nile was on this account anciently worshipped. The rise begins in Egypt about the summer solstice, and the inundation commences about two months later. The greatest height is attained about or somewhat after the autumnal equinox. The inundation lasts about three
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months.CCultivation, Agriculture, &c.CThe ancient prosperity of Egypt is attested by the Bible as well as by the numerous monuments of the country. As early as the age of the Great Pyramid it must have been densely populated. The contrast of the present state of Egypt to its former prosperity is more to be ascribed to political than physical causes. Egypt is naturally an agricultural country. As far back as the days of Abraham, we find that when the produce failed in Palestine, Egypt was the natural resource. In the time of Joseph it was evidently the granary, at least during famines, of the nations around. The inundation, as taking the place of rain, has always rendered the system of agriculture peculiar; and the artificial irrigation during the time of low Nile is necessarily on the same principle. Watering with the foot (Deut. xi. 10, 11) may refer to some mode of irrigation by machine, but the monuments do not afford a representation of it. That now called the shádoof is depicted, and seems to have been the common means of artificial irrigation. There are detailed pictures of breaking up the earth, or ploughing, or sowing, harvest, threshing, and storing wheat in granaries. Vines were extensively cultivated. Of other fruit-trees, the date-palm was the most common and valuable. The gardens resembled the fields, being watered in the same manner by irrigation. On the tenure of land, much light is thrown by the history of Joseph. Before the famine each city and large village had its field (Gen. xli. 48); but Joseph gained for Pharaoh all the land, except that the priests, in exchange for food, and required for the right thus obtained a fifth of the produce, which became law (xlvii. 20B26). The evidence of the monuments, though not very explicit, seems to show that this law was ever afterwards in force under the Pharaohs. The great lakes in the north of Egypt were anciently of high importance, especially for their fisheries and the growth of the papyrus. The canals are now far less numerous than of old, and many of them are choked and comparatively useless.C

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Botany.CThe cultivable land of Egypt consists almost wholly of fields, in which are very few trees. There are no forests and few groves, except of date-palms, and in Lower Egypt a few of orange and lemon-trees. There are also sycomores, mulberry-trees, and acacias, either planted on the sides of roads or standing singly in the fields. The Theban palm grows in the Thebaïs, generally in clumps. These were all, except perhaps the mulberry tree, of old common in the country. The chief fruits are the date, grape, fig, sycomore-fig, pomegranate, banana, many kinds of melons, and the olive; and there were many others less common or important. These were also of old produced in the country. The vegetables are of many kinds and excellent, and form the chief food of the common people. The most important field-produce in ancient times was wheat; after it must be placed barley, millet, flax, and among the vegetables, lentils, peas, and beans. It is clear from the evidence of the monuments and of the ancient writers that, of old, reeds were far more common in Egypt than now. The byblus or papyrus is almost or quite unknown. Anciently it was a common and most important plant: boats were made of its stalks, and of their thin leaves the famous paper was manufactured. The lotus was anciently the favourite flower, and at feasts it took the place of the rose among the Greeks and the Arabs: it is now very rare.CZoology.COf old Egypt was far more a pastoral country than at present. The neat cattle are still excellent, but lean kine are more common among them than they seem to have been in the days of Joseph=s Pharaoh (Gen. xli. 19). Sheep and goats have always been numerous. Anciently, swine were kept, but not in great numbers; now there are none, or scarcely any. Under the Pharaohs the horses of the country were in repute among the neighboring nations, who purchased them as well as chariots out of Egypt. Asses were anciently numerous: the breed at the present time is excellent. Dogs were formerly more prized than now, for being held by most of the Muslims to be extremely unclean, they are only used to watch the houses in the villages. The camel has nowhere been found mentioned in the inscriptions of Egypt, or represented on monuments. It is probable that camels were not kept in Egypt, but only on the frontier. The deserts have always abounded in wild animals, especially of the canine and antelope kinds. Anciently the hippopotamus was found in the Egyptian Nile, and hunted. Now, this animal is rarely seen even in Lower Nubia. The elephant may have been, in the remotest historical period, an inhabitant of Egypt, and, as a land animal, have been driven further south than the hippopotamus. Bats abound in the temples and tombs. The birds in Egypt are not remarkable for beauty of plumage: in so open a country, this is natural. The Rapaces are numerous, but the most common are scavengers, as vultures and the kite. The Grallatores and Anseres abound on the islands and sandbanks of the river and in the sides of the mountains which approach or touch the stream. Among the reptiles, the
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crocodile must be especially mentioned. In the Bible it is usually called tannin or tannim, Adragon,@ a generic word of almost as wide a signification as Areptile,@ and is used as a symbol of the king of Egypt (Ez. xxix. 3B5). But Aleviathan@ appears to be the special name of that animal. Frogs are very numerous in Egypt, and their loud and constant croaking in the autumn makes it not difficult to picture the Plague of Frogs. Serpents and snakes are also common, but the more venomous have their home, like the scorpion, in the desert (comp. Deut. viii. 15). The Nile and lakes have an abundance of fish. Among the insects the locusts must be mentioned, which sometime come upon the cultivated land in a cloud. As to the lice and flies, they are still plagues of Egypt. CAncient Inhabitants.CThe old inhabitants of Egypt appear from their monuments and the testimony of ancient writers to have occupied in race a place between the Nitgritians and the Caucasians. They were in character very religious and contemplative, but given to base superstition, patriotic, respectful to women, hospitable, generally frugal, but at times luxurious, very sensual, lying, thievish, treacherous and cringing, and intensely prejudiced, through pride of race, against strangers, although kind to them. This is very much the character of the modern inhabitants, except that Mohammadanism has taken away the respect for women.CLanguage.CThe ancient Egyptian language, from the earliest period at which it was known to us, is an agglutinate monosyllabic form of speech. It is expressed by the signs which we call hieroglyphics. The character of the language is compound: it consists of elements resembling those of the Nigritian languages and the Chinese language on the one hand, and those of the Shemitic languages on the other. As early as the age of the xxvith dynasty a vulgar dialect was expressed in the demotic or enchorial writing. This dialect forms the link connecting the old language with the Coptic, which does not very greatly differ from the monumental language, except in the presence of many Greek words.CReligion.CThe basis of the religion was Nigritian fetishism, the lowest kind of nature-worship, differing in different parts of the country, and hence obviously indigenous. Upon this were engrafted, first, cosmic worship, mixed up with traces of primeval revelation, as in Babylonia; and then, a system of personifications of moral and intellectual abstractions. There were three orders of gods Cthe eight great gods, the twelve lesser, and the Osirian group. There was no prominent hero-worship, although deceased kings and other individuals often received divine honours. The great doctrines of the immortality of the soul, man=s responsibility, and future rewards and punishments, were taught. Among the rites, circumcision is the most remarkable: it is as old as the time of the ivth dynasty. The Israelites in Egypt appear during the oppression, for the most part, to have adopted the Egyptian religion (Josh. xxiv. 14, Ex. xx. 7, 8). The golden calf, or rather steer, was probably taken from the bull Apis, certainly one of the sacred bulls. Remphan and Chiun were foreign divinities adopted into the Egyptian Pantheon. Ashtoreth was worshipped at Memphis. Doubtless this worship was introduced by the Phoenician Shepherds.CLaws.CWe have no complete account on the laws of the ancient Egyptians either in their own records or in works of ancient writers. The paintings and sculptures of the monuments indicate a very high degree of personal safety, showing us that the people of all ranks commonly went unarmed, and without military protection. Capital punishment appears to have been almost restricted, in practice, to murder. Crimes of violence were more severely treated than offences against religion and morals. Popular feeling seems to have taken the duties of the judge upon itself in the case of impiety alone (Ex. viii. 26).CGovernment.CThe government was monarchical, but not of an absolute character. The sovereign was not superior to the laws, and the priests had the power to check the undue exercise of his authority. Nomes and districts were governed by officers whom the Greeks called nomarchs and toparchs. There seems to have been no hereditary aristocracy, except perhaps at the earliest period.CForeign Policy.CThe foreign policy of the Egyptians must be regarded in its relation to the admission of foreigners into Egypt and to the treatment of tributary and allied nations. In the former aspect it was characterized by an exclusiveness which sprang from a national hatred of the yellow and white races, and was
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maintained by the wisdom of preserving institutions of the country from the influence of the pirates of the Mediterranean and Indian Ocean, and the robbers of the deserts. Hence the jealous exclusion of the Greeks from the northern ports until Naucratis was opened to them, and hence too the restriction of Shemite settlers in earlier times to the land of Goshen, scarcely regarded as part of Egypt. The general policy of the Egyptians towards their eastern tributaries seems to have been marked by great moderation. The Pharaohs intermarried with them, and neither forced upon them Egyptian garrisons, except in some important positions, nor attempted those deportations that are so marked a feature of Asiatic policy. In the case of those nations which never attacked them they do not appear to have even exacted tribute. So long as their general supremacy was uncontested they would not be unwise enough to make favourable or neutral powers their enemies. Of hteir relation to the Israelites we have for the earlier part of this period no direct information. The explicit account of the later part is fully consistent with the general policy of the Pharaohs. Shishak and Zerah are the only exceptions in a series of friendly kings, and they were almost certainly of Assyrian or Babylonian extraction.CWith respect to the African nations a different policy appears to have been pursued. The Rebu (Lebu) or Lubim, to the west of Egypt, on the north coast, were reduced to subjection, and probably employed, like the Shayretana or Cherethim, as mercenaries. Ethiopia was made a purely Egyptian province, ruled by a viceroy, Athe Prince of Kesh (Cush),@ and the assimilation was so complete that Ethiopian sovereigns seem to have been received by the Egyptians as native rulers. Further south, the Negroes were subject to predatory attacks like the slave-hunts of modern times.CArmy.CThere are some notices of the Egyptian army in the O. T. They show, like the monuments, that its most important branch was the chariot force. The Pharaoh of the Exodus led 600 chosen chariots besides his whole chariot-force in pursuit of the Israelites. The warriors fighting in chariots are probably the Ahorsemen@ mentioned in relation to this event and elsewhere, for in Egyptian they are called Ahorse@ or Acavalry.@ We have no subsequent indication in the Bible of the constitution of an Egyptian army until the time of the xxiind dynasty, when we find that Shishak=s invading force was partly composed of foreigners; whether mercenaries or allies, cannot as yet be positively determined, although the monuments make it most probable that they were of the former character. The army of Necho, defeated at Carchemish, seems to have been similarly composed, although it probably contained Greek mercenaries, who soon afterwards became the most important foreign element in the Egyptian forces.C

Domestic Life.CThe sculptures and paintings of the tombs give us a very full insight into the
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domestic life of the ancient Egyptians, as may be seen in Sir G. Wilkinson =s great work. What most strikes us in their manners is the high position occupied by women, and the entire absence of the harem system of seclusion. Marriage appears to have been universal, at least with the richer class; and if polygamy were tolerated it was rarely practiced. Concubinage was allowed, the concubines taking the place of inferior wives. There were no castes, although great classes were very distinct. The occupations of the higher class were the superintendence of their fields and gardens; their diversions, the pursuit of game in the deserts, or on the river, and fishing. The tending of the cattle was left to the most despised of the lower class. The Egyptian feasts, and the dances, music, and feats that accompanied them, for the diversion of the guests, as well as the common games, were probably introduced among the Hebrews in the most luxurious days of the kingdoms of Israel and Judah. The account of the noontide dinner of Joseph (Gen. xliii. 16, 31B34) agrees with the representations of the monuments. The funeral ceremonies were far more important than any events of the Egyptian life as the tomb was regarded as the only true home.CLiterature and Art.CThe Egyptians were a very literary people, and time has preserved to us, besides the inscriptions of their tombs and temples, many papyri, of a religious or historical character, and one tale. They bear no resemblance to the books of the O. T., except such as arises from their sometimes enforcing moral truths in a manner not wholly different from that of the Book of Proverbs. The moral and religious system is, however, essentially different in its principles and their application. In science, Egyptian influence may be distinctly traced in the Pentateuch. Moses was Alearned in all the wisdom of the Egyptians@ (Acts. vii. 22), and probably derived from them the astronomical knowledge which was necessary for the calendar. The Egyptians excelled in geometry and mechanics. In medicine and surgery, high proficiency was probably of but little use to the Hebrews after the Exodus. In the arts of architecture, sculpture, and painting, the former of which was the chief, there seems to have been but a very slight influence.CMagicians.CWe find frequent reference in the Bible to the magicians of Egypt (Gen. xli. 8; Ex. vii. 11, &c.). The monuments do not recognise any such art, and we must conclude that magic was secretly practised, not because it was thought to be unlawful, but in order to give it importance.CIndustrial Arts.CThe industrial arts held an important place in the occupations of the Egyptians. The workers in fine flax and the weavers of white linen are mentioned in a manner that shows they were among the chief contributors to the riches of the country (Is. xix. 9). The fine linen of Egypt found its way to Palestine (Prov. vii. 16). Pottery was a great branch of the native manufactures, and appears to have furnished employment for the Hebrews during the bondage (Ps. lxxxi. 6, lxviii. 13; comp. Ex. i.14).CFestivals.CThe religious festivals were numerous, and some of them were, in the days of Herodotus, kept with great merry-making and license. The feast which the Israelites celebrated when Aaron had made the golden calf seems to have been very much of the same character.CManners of Modern Inhabitants.CThe manners of modern inhabitants are more similar to those of the ancient Hebrews, on account of Arab influence, than the manners of their predecessors.CCHRONOLOGY AND HISTORY.CThe subject may be divided into three main branches, technical chronology, historical chronology, and history.C1. Technical Chronology.CThat the Egyptians used various periods of time, and made astronomical observations from a remote age, is equally attested by ancient writers, and by their monuments. There appear to have been at least three years in use with the Egyptians before the Roman domination, the Vague Year, the Tropical Year, and the Sothic Year; but it is not probable that more than two of these were employed at the same time. The Vague Year contained 365 days without any additional fraction, and therefore passed through all the seasons in about 1500 years. It was both used for civil and for religious purposes. The Vague Year was divided into twelve months, each of the thirty days, with five additional days, after the twelfth. The months were assigned to three seasons, each comprising four months, called respectively the 1st, 2nd, 3rd, and 4th of those seasons. The names by which the Egyptian months are commonly known, Thoth, Paophi,
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&c., are taken from the divinities to which they were sacred. The seasons are called, according to our rendering, those of Vegetation, Manifestation, and the Waters or the Inundation: the exact meaning off their names has however been much disputed. They evidently refer to the phenomenon of the Tropical Year, and such a year we must therefore conclude the Egyptians to have had, at least in a remote period of their history. The Sothic Year was a supposed sidereal year of 365 1/4 days, commencing with the so-called heliacal rising of Sothis. The Vague Year, having no intercalation, constantly retreated through the Sothic Year, until a period of 1461 years of the former kind, and 1460 of the latter had elapsed, from one coincidence of commencements to another. The Egyptians are known to have used two great cycles, the Sothic Cycle and the Tropical Cycle. The former was a cycle of the coincidence of the Sothic and Vague Years, and therefore consisted of 1460 years of the former kind. The Tropical Cycle was a cycle of the coincidence of the Tropical and Vague Years. It has been supposed by M. Biot to have a duration of 1505 years; but the length of 1500 Vague Years is preferable. The monuments make mention of Panegyrical Months, which can only, we believe, be periods of thirty years each, and divisions of a year of the same kind.C2. Historical Chronology.CThe materials for historical chronology are the monuments and the remains of the historical work of Manetho. The remains of Manetho=s historical work consist of a list of the Egyptian dynasties and two considerable fragments, one relating to the Shepherds, the other to a tale of the Exodus. The list is only known to use in the epitome given by Africanus, preserved by Syncellus, and that given by Eusebius. These present such great differences that it is not reasonable to hope that we can restore a correct text. The series of dynasties is given as if they were successive, in which case the commencement of the first would be placed full 5000 years B.C., and the reign of the king who built the Great Pyramid 4000. The monuments do not warrant so extreme an antiquity, and the great majority of Egyptologers have therefore held that the dynasties were partly contemporary. The evidence of the monuments leads to the same conclusion. Kings who unquestionably belong to different dynasties are shown by them to be contemporary. The monuments will not, in our opinion, justify any great extension of the period assigned to the first seventeen dynasties ( B.C. 2700B1500). The last date, that of the commencement of the xviiith dynasty, cannot be changed more than a few years. The date of the beginning of the 1st dynasty, which we are disposed to place a little before B.C. 2700, is more doubtful, but a concurrence of astronomical evidence points to the twenty-eighth century. Some have supposed a much greater antiquity for the commencement of Egyptian history. Lepsius places the accession of Menes B.C. 3892, and Bunsen, two hundred years later. Their system is founded upon a passage in the chronological work of Syncellus, which assigns a duration of 3555 to the thirty dynasties. It is by no means certain that this number is given on the authority of Manetho, but apart from this, the whole statement is unmistakably not from the true Manetho.C3. HistoryCThat Egypt was colonised by the descendants of Noah in a very remote age is shown by the mention of the migration of the Philistines from Caphtor, which had taken place before the arrival of Abraham in Palestine. Before this migration could ever occur the Caphtorim and other Mizraites must have occupied Egypt for some time. A remarkable passage points to a knowledge of the date at which an ancient city of Egypt was founded. The evidence of the Egyptians as to the primeval history of their race and country is extremely indefinite. They seem to have separated mankind into two great stocks, and each of these again into two branches, for they appear to have represented themselves and the Negroes, the red and black races, as the children of the god Horus, and the Shemites and Europeans, the yellow and white races, as the children of the goddess Pesht. They seem, therefore, to have held a double origin of the species. The absence of any important traditional period is very remarkable in the fragments of Egyptian history. These commence with the divine dynasties, and pass abruptly to the human dynasties. The indications are of a sudden change of seat, and the settlement in Egypt of a civilized race, which, either wishing to be believed autochthonous, or having lost all ties that could keep up the traditions of its first
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dwelling-place, filled up the commencement of its history with materials drawn from mythology. There is no trace of the tradition of the Deluge which is found in almost every other country of the world. The priests are indeed reported to have told Solon when he spoke of one deluge that many had occurred, but the reference is more likely to have been to great floods of the Nile than to any extraordinary catastrophes. The history of the dynasties preceding the xviiith is not told by any continuous series of monuments. Except those of the ivth and xiith dynasties there are scarcely any records of the age left to the present day, and thence in a great measure arises the difficulty of determining the chronology. From the time of Menes, the first king, until the Shepherd-invasion, Egypt seems to have enjoyed perfect tranquility. During this age the Memphite line was the most powerful, and by it, under the ivth dynasty, were the most famous pyramids raised. The Shepherds were foreigners who came from the East, and, in some manner unknown to Manetho, gained the rule of Egypt. Those whose kings composed the xvth dynasty were the first and most important. They appear to have been Phoenicians. Most probably the Pharaoh of Abraham was of this line. The period of Egyptian history to which the Shepherd-invasion should be assigned is a point of dispute. It is generally placed after the xiith dynasty, for it is argued that this powerful line could not have reigned at the same time as one or more Shepherd-dynasties. We are of the opinion that this objection is not valid, and that the Shepherd-invasion was anterior to the xiith dynasty. The rule of the xiith dynasty, which was of Thebans, lasting about 160 years, was a period of prosperity to Egypt, but after its close those calamities appear to have occurred which made the Shepherds hated by the Egyptians. During the interval to the xviiith dynasty there seems to have been no native line of any importance but that of the Thebans, and more than one Shepherd dynasty exercised a severe rule over the Egyptians.CWe must here notice the history of the Israelites in Egypt with reference to the dynasty of the Pharaohs who favoured them, and that of their oppressors. According to the scheme of Biblical Chronology which we believe to be the most probable, the whole sojourn in Egypt would belong to the period before the xviiith dynasty. The Israelites would have come in and gone forth during that obscure age for the history of which we have little or no monumental evidence. This would explain the absence of any positive mention of them on the Egyptian monuments. Since the Pharaoh of Joseph must have been a powerful ruler and held Lower Egypt, there can be no question that he was, if the dates be correct, a shepherd of the xvth dynasty. The Anew king@ Awhich knew not Joseph,@ is generally thought by those who hold with us to the previous history, to have been an Egyptian, and head of the xviiith dynasty. It seems at first sight extremely probable that the king who crushed, if he did not expel the Shepherds, would be the first oppressor of the nation which they protected. If we conclude that the Exodus most probably occurred before the xviiith dynasty, we have to ascertain, if possible, whether the Pharaohs of the oppression appear to have been Egyptians or Shepherds. The change of policy is in favour of their having been Egyptians, but is by no means conclusive. If the chronology be correct we can only decide in favour of the Shepherds. During the time to which the events are assigned there were no more important lines but the Theban, and one or more of Shepherds. Manetho, according to the transcript of Aricanus, speaks of three Shepherd-dynasties, the xvth, xvith, and xviith, the last of which, according to the present text, was of Shepherds and Thebans, but this is probably incorrect, and the dynasty should rather be considered as of Shepherds alone. A passage in Isaiah (lii. 4) indicates that the oppressor was an Assyrian, and therefore not of the xvth dynasty, which, according to Manetho, in the epitomes, was of Phoenicians, and opposed to the Assyrians. Among the names of kings of this period in the Royal Turin Papyrus, are two which appear to be Assyrian, so that we may reasonably suppose that some of the foreign rulters were of that race. It is not possible at present to decide whether they were of the xvith or the xviith dynasty. The history of the xviiith, xixth, and xxth dynasties is that of the Egyptian empire. Aahmes, the head of the first of these ( B.C. cir. 1525), overthrew the power of the Shepherds, and probably expelled them. Queen Amen-nemt and
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Thothmes II. and III. are the earliest sovereigns of whom great monuments remain in the temple of El-Karnak, the chief sanctuary of Thebes. The last of these rulers was a great foreign conqueror, and reduced Ninevah, and perhaps Babylon also, to his sway. Amenoph III, his great-grandson, states on scarabaei, struck apparently to commemorate his marriage, that his northern boundary was in Mesopotamia, his southern in Kara (Choloë?) the head of the xixth dynasty, Sethee I., or Sethos, ( B.C. cir. 1340), waged great foreign wars, particularly with the Hittites of the valley of the Orontes, whose capital Ketesh, situate near Emesa, he captured. His son Rameses II. was the most illustrious of the Pharaohs. If he did not exceed all others in foreign conquests, he far outshone them in the grandeur and beauty of the temples with which he adorned Egypt and Nubia. His chief campaign was against the Hittites and a great confederacy they had formed. Menptah, the son and successor of Rameses II., is supposed by the advocates of the Rabbinical date of the Exodus to have been the Pharaoh in whose time the Israelites went out. One other king of this period must be noticed, Rameses III, of the xxth dynasty, B.C. cir. 1200, whose conquests, recorded on the walls of his great temple of Medeenet Haboo in western Thebes seem to have been not less important than those of Rameses II. Under his successors, the power of Egypt evidently declined, and towards the close of the dynasty the country seems to have fallen into anarchy, the high-priests of Amen having usurped regal power at Thebes and a Lower Egyptian dynasty, the xxist, arisen at Tanis. Probably the Egyptian princess who became Solomon=s wife was a daughter of a late king of the Tanite dynasty. The head of the xxiind dynasty, Sheshonk I., the Shishak of the Bible, restored the unity of the kingdom, and revived the credit of the Egyptian arms, B.C. cir. 990. Probably his successor, Osorkon I., is the Zerah of scripture, defeated by Asa. Egypt makes no figure in Asiatic history during the xxiiird and xxivth dynasties: under the xxvth it regained. This was an Ethiopian line, the warlike sovereigns of which strove to the utmost to repel the onward stride of Assyria. So, whom we are disposed to identify with Shebek II. or Sebichus, the second Ethiopian, rather than with Shebek I. or Sabaco, the first, made an alliance with Hoshea the last king of Israel. Tebrak or Tirhakah, the third of this house, advanced against Sennacharib in support of Hezekiah. After this, a native dynasty again occupied the throne, the xxvith, of Saïte kings. Psametek I. or Psammethicus I. ( B.C. 664), who may be regarded as the head of this dynasty, warred in Palestine, and took Ashdod, Azotus, after a siege of twenty-nine years. Neku or Necho, the son of Psammethicus, continued to war in the East, and marched along the coast of Palestine to attack the king of Assyria. At Megiddo Josiah encountered him (B.C. 608B7), notwithstanding the remonstrance of the Egyptian king, which is very illustrative of the policy of the Pharaohs in the east (2 Chr. xxv. 21), no less than is his lenient conduct after the defeat and death of the king of Judah. The army of Necho was after a short space routed at Carchemish by Nebuchadnezzar, B.C. 605B4 (Jer. xlvi. 2). The second successor of Necho, Apries, or Pharaoh-Hophra, sent his army into Palestine to the aid of Zedekiah (Jer. xxxvii. 5, 7, 11), so that the siege of Jerusalem was raised for a time, and kindly received the fugitives from the captured city. He seems to have been afterwards attacked by Nebuchadnezzar in his own country. There is, however, no certain account of a complete subjugation of Egypt by the king of Babylon. Amasis, the successor of Apries, had a long and prosperous reign, and somewhat restored the weight of Egypt in the East. But the new power of Persia was to prove even more terrible to his house than Babylon had been to the house of Psammethicus, and the son of Amasis had reigned but six months when Cambyses reduced the country to the condition of a province of his empire B.C. 525. It is not necessary here to give an outline of the subsequent history of Egypt. Its connexion with the history and literature of the Jews is discussed in the articles of the Greek kings of Egypt (PTOLEMY) and ALEXANDRIA.

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Goshen
Go=shen.CA word of uncertain etymology, the name of a part of Egypt where the Israelites dwelt for the whole period of their sojourn in that country. It is usually called Athe land of Goshen,@ but also Goshen simply. It appears to have borne another name, Athe land of Rameses@ (Gen. xlvii. 11), unless this be the name of a district of Goshen. It was between Joseph=s residence at the time and the frontier of Palestine, and apparently the extreme province towards that frontier (Gen. xlvi. 29). Gen. xlvi. 33, 34 shows that Goshen was scarcely regarded as a part of Egypt Proper, and was not peopled by EgyptiansCcharacteristics that would positively indicate a frontier-province. The next mention of Goshen confirms the previous inference that its position was between Canaan and the Delta (Gen. xlvii. 1, 5, 6, 11). Goshen was a pastoral country where some of Pharaoh =s cattle were kept. The clearest indications of the exact position of Goshen are those afforded by the narrative of the Exodus. The Israelites set out from the town of Rameses in the land of Goshen, made two days = journey to the Aedge of the wilderness,@ and in one day more reached the Red Sea. At the starting-point two routes lay before them, Athe way of the land of the Philistines . . . that [was] near,@ and Athe way of the wilderness of the Red Sea@ (Ex. xiii. 17, 18). From these indications we infer that the land of Goshen must have in part been near the eastern side of the ancient Delta, Rameses lying within the valley now called the Wádi-t-Tumeylát, about thirty miles in a direct course from the ancient western shore of the Arabian Gulf. The results of an examination of Biblical evidence are that the land of Goshen lay between the eastern part of the ancient Delta and the western border of Palestine, that it was scarcely a part of Egypt Proper, was inhabited by other foreigners besides the Israelites, and was in its geographical names rather Shemitic than Egyptian; that it was a pasture-land, especially suited to a shepherd-people, and sufficient for the Israelites, who there prospered, and were separate from the main body of the Egyptians; and lastly, that one of its towns lay near the western extremity of the Wádi-t-Tumeylát. These indications seem to us decisively to indicate the Wádi-t-Tumeylát, the valley along which anciently flowed the canal of the Red Sea. Other identifications seem to us to be utterly untenable.C2. The Aland@ or the Acountry of Goshen,@ is twice named as a district in Southern Palestine (Josh. x. 41, xi. 16), apparently between the south country and the lowlands of Judah.C3. A town of the same name is once mentioned in company with Debir, Socoh, and others, as in the mountains of Judah (Josh. xv. 51). It has not yet been identified. E. W. Bullinger=s note on AGoshen@ in AThe Companion Bible@ on Genesis 46:28: AGoshen. The land east of Memphis, suitable for grazing, called >the field of Zoan.= Zoan (or Tanis) mentioned in the Inscriptions as containing non-Egyptian inhabitants and Semites.

Memphis
Mem=phis.CA city of ancient Egypt, situated on the western bank of the Nile, in latitude 30 1 6’ N. It is mentioned by Isaiah (xix. 13), Jeremiah (ii. 16, xlvi. 14, 19), and Ezekiel (xxx. 13, 16), under the name NOPH; and by Hosea (ix. 6) under the name of MOPH in Hebrew, and MEMPHIS in our English version. Though some regard Thebes as the more ancient city, the monuments of Memphis are of higher antiquity than those of Thebes. Herodotus dates its foundation from Menes, the first really historical king of Egypt. The era of Menes is not satisfactorily determined. But, indeterminate and conjectural as the early chronology of Egypt yet is, all agree that the known history of the empire begins with Menes, who founded Memphis. The city belongs to the earliest periods of authentic history. The building of Memphis is associated by tradition with a stupendous work of art which has
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permanently changed the course of the Nile and the face of the Delta. Before the time of Menes the river emerging from the upper valley into the neck of the Delta, bent its course westward toward the hills of the Libyan desert, or at least discharged a large portion of its water through an arm in that direction. Here the generous flood whose yearly inundation gives life and fertility to Egypt, was largely absorbed in the sands of the desert, or wasted in stagnant morasses. It is even conjectured that up to the time of Menes the whole Delta was an uninhabitable marsh. The rivers of Damascus, the Barada and =Awaj, now lose themselves in the same way in the marshy lakes of the great desert plain south-east of the city. Herodotus informs us, upon the authority of the Egyptian priests of his time, that Menes Aby banking up the river at the bend which it forms about a hundred furlongs south of Memphis, laid the ancient channel dry, while he dug a new course for the stream halfway between the two lines of hills.@ From his description it appears that Memphis was created upon a marsh reclaimed by the dyke of Menes and drained by his artificial lake. The dyke of Menes began 12 miles south of Memphis, and deflected the main channel of the river about two miles to the eastward. Upon the rise of the Nile, a canal still conducted a portion of its waters westward through the old channel, thus irrigating the plain beyond the city in that direction, while an inundation was guarded against on that side by a large artificial lake or reservoir at Abousir. The skill in engineering which these works required, and which their remains still indicate, argues a high degree of material civilization, at least in the mechanic arts, in the earliest known period of Egyptian history. The city is said to have had a circumference of about 19 miles. Herodotus states, on the authority of the priests, that Menes Abuilt the temple of Hephaestus, which stands within the city, a vast edifice, well worthy of mention@ (ii. 99). The divinity whom Herodotus identifies with Haphaestus was Ptah, Athe creative power, the maker of all material things.@ The temple of Apis was one of the most noted structures of Memphis. It stood opposite the southern portico of the temple of Ptah; and Psammethicus, who built that gateway, also erected in front of the sanctuary of Apis a magnificent colonnade, supported by colossal statues or Osiride pillars, such as may still be seen at the temple of Medeenet Habou at Thebes (Herod. ii. 153). Through this colonnade the Apis was led with great pomp upon state occasions. At Memphis was the reputed burial place of Isis; it had also a temple to that Amyriad-named@ divinity. Memphis also had its Serapeium, which probably stood in the western quarter of the city. The sacred cubit and other symbols used in measuring the rise of the Nile, were deposited in the temple of Serapis. The Necropolis, adjacent to Memphis, was on a scale of grandeur corresponding with the city itself. The Acity of the pyramids@ is a title of Memphis in the hieroglyphics upon the monuments. The great field or plain of the Pyramids lies wholly upon the western bank of the Nile, and extends from Aboo-Roäsh, a little to the north-west of Cairo, to Meydoom, about 40 miles to the south, and thence in a south-westerly direction about 25 miles farther, to the pyramids of Howara and Biahmù in the Fayoura. But the principal seat of the pyramids, the Memphite Necropolis, was in a range of about 15 miles from Sakkara to Gizeh, and in the groups here remaining nearly thirty are probably tombs of the imperial sovereigns of Memphis. Memphis long held its place as a capital; and for centuries a Memphite dynasty ruled over all Egypt. Lepsius, Bunsen, and Brugsch, agree in regarding the 3rd, 4th, 6th, 7th, and 8th dynasties of the Old Empire as Memphite, reaching through a period of about a thousand years. During a portion of this period, however, the chain was broken, or there were contemporaneous dynasties in other parts of Egypt. The overthrow of Memphis was distinctly predicted by the Hebrew prophets (Is. xix. 13; Jer. xlvi. 19). The latest of these predictions was uttered nearly 600 years before Christ, and half a century before the invasion of Egypt by Cambyses (cir. B.C. 525). Herodotus informs us that Cambyses, enraged at the opposition he encountered at Memphis, committed many outrages upon the city. The city never recovered from the blow inflicted by Cambyses. The rise of Alexandria hastened its decline. The Caliph conquerors founded Fostát (Old Cairo) upon the opposite bank of the Nile, a few miles north of Memphis, and brought materials from the old city to build their new
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capital (A.D. 638). At length so complete was the ruin of Memphis that for a long time its very site was lost. Pococke could find no trace of it. Recent explorations, especially those of Messrs. Mariette and Linaut, have brought to light many of its antiquities, which have been dispersed to the museums of Europe and America.

Migdol
Mig=dol.CProper name of one or two places in the eastern frontier of Egypt, cognate to Migdol, which appears properly to signify a military watch-tower, or a shepherd=s look-out. This form occurs only in Egyptian geography, and it has therefore been suggested by Champollion to be substituted for an Egyptian name of similar sound, Meshtol or Mejtol. The ancient Egyptian form of Migdol having, however, been found, written in a manner rendering it not improbable that it was a foreign word, MAKTUR or MAKTeRU, as well as so used that it must be of similar meaning to the Hebrew Migdal, the idea of the Egyptian origin and etymology of the latter must be given up. 1. A Migdol is mentioned in the account of the Exodus (Ex. xiv. 2; Num. xxxiii 7, 8). We supposed that the position of the encampment was before or at Pi-hahiroth, behind which was Migdol, and on the other hand Baal-zephon and the sea, these places being near together. The place of the encampment and of the passage of the sea we believe to have been not far from the Persepolitan monument, which is made in Linant=s map the site of the Serapeum. 2. A Migdol is spoken of by Jeremiah and Ezekiel. The latter prophet mentions it as a boundary-town, evidently on the eastern border, corresponding to Sevena, or Syene, on the southern (xxix. 10, xxx. 6). In the prophecy of Jeremiah the Jews in Egypt are spoken of as dwelling at Migdol, Tahpanhes, and Noph, and in the country of Pathros (xliv. 1); and in that foretelling, apparently, an invasion of Egypt by Nebuchadnezzar, Migdol, Noph, and Tahpanhes are again mentioned together (xlvi. 14). It seems plain, from its being spoken of with Memphis, and from Jews dwelling there, that this Migdol was an important town, and not a mere fort, or even military settlement. After this time there is no notice of any place of this name in Egypt, excepting of Magdolus, by Hecataeus of Miletus, and in the Itinerary of Antoninus, in which Magdolo is placed twelve Roman miles to the southward of Pelusium, in the route from the Serapeum to that town. This latter place most probably represents the Migdol mentioned by Jeremiah and Ezekiel. Its position on the route to Palestine would make it both strategically important and populous, neither of which would be the case with a town in the position of the Migdol of the Pentateuch. Gesenius, however, holds that there is but one Migdol mentioned in the Bible (Lex. s. v.). Lepsius distinguishes two Migdols, and considers Magdolo to be the same as the Migdol of Jeremiah and Ezekiel. E. W. Bullinger=s note on Migdol (Exodus 14:2 in AThe Companion Bible): AThe great fortress on the >Shur= or wall, built to protect Egypt from Asia. The present geography of the Eastern Delta does not, to day, agree with the Biblical record. But its geography in the nineteenth dynasty is well known from papyri, and is in perfect accord with it, as given in Exodus.@

Mizraim
Miz=raim.CThe usual name of Egypt in the O. T., the dual of Mazor, which is less frequently employed. If the etymology of Mazor be sought in Hebrew it might signify a Amound,@ Abulwark,@ or Acitadel,@ or again Adistress;@ but no one of these meanings is apposite. We prefer, with Gesenius, to look to the Arabic. In the Kámoos, one of the meanings given to Mizr is Ared earth or mud,@ and this we believe is the true one, from its correspondence to the Egyptian name of the country, KEM,
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which signifies Ablack,@ and was given to it for the blackness of its alluvial soil. MIZRAIM first occurs in the account of the Hamites in Gen. x., where we read, AAnd the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan@ (ver. 6; comp. 1 Chr. i. 8). If the names be in an order of seniority, we can form no theory as to their settlements from their places; but if the arrangement be geographical, the placing may afford a clue to the positions of the Hamite lands. Cush would stand first as the most widely spread of the peoples, extending from Babylon to the upper Nile, the territory of Mizraim would be next to the north, embracing Egypt and its colonies on the north-west and north-east, Phut as dependent on Egypt might follow Mizraim, and Canaan as the northernmost would end the list. Egypt, the Aland of Ham,@ may have been the primitive seat of these four stocks. In the enumeration of the Mizraites, though we have tribes extending far beyond Egypt, we may suppose that they all had their first seat in Mizraim, and spread thence, as is distinctly said of the Philistines. Here the order seems to be geographical, though the name is not so clear of the Canaanites. Mizraim, therefore, like Cush, and perhaps Ham, geographically represents a centre whence colonies went forth in the remotest period of post-diluvian history. We regard the distribution of the Mizraites as showing that their colonies were but a part of the great migration that gave the Cushites command of the Indian Ocean, and which explains the affinity the Egyptian monuments show us between the pre-Hellenic Cretans and Carians (the latter no doubt the Leleges of the Greek writers) and the Philistines. In the use of the names Mazor and Mizraim for Egypt there can be no doubt that the dual indicates the two regions into which the country has always been divided by nature as well as by its inhabitants. It has been supposed that Mazor, as distinct from Mizraim, signifies Lower Egypt; but this conjecture cannot be maintained.

Nile
Nile.C1. Names of the Nile.Cthe Hebrew names of the Nile, excepting one that is of ancient Egyptian origin, all distinguish it from other rivers. They are Shâchôr, Athe black,@ a name perhaps of the same sense as Nile; Yeôr, Athe river,@ a word originally Egyptian; Athe river of Egypt;@ Athe Nachal of Egypt;@ and Athe rivers of Cush@ or AEthiopia.@ It must be observed that the word ANile@ nowhere occurs in the A. V. (a.) Shâchôr, Athe black.@ The idea of blackness conveyed by this word has, as we should expect in Hebrew, a wide sense. It seems, however, to be indicative of a very dark colour. That the Nile is meant by Shihor is evident from its mention as equivalent to Yeôr, Athe river,@ and as a great river (Is. xxiii. 3); from its being put as the western boundary of the Promised Land (Josh. xiii. 3; 1 Chr. xiii. 5), instead of Athe river of Egypt@ (Gen. xv. 18); and from its being spoken of as the great stream of Egypt, just as the Euphrates was of Assyria (Jer. ii. 18). If, out this is be no means certain, the name Nile be really indicative of the colour of the river, it must be compared with the Sanskrit Nîlah, Ablue@ especially, probably Adark blue,@ also even Ablack,@ and must be considered to be the Indo-European equivalent of Shihor. (b) Yeôr is the same as the ancient Egyptian ATUR, AUR, and the Coptic eiero or iaro. Yeôr, in the singular, is used of the Nile alone, excepting a passage in Daniel (xii. 5, 6, 7), where another river, perhaps the Tigris (comp. x. 4), is intended by it. In the plural this name is applied to the branches and canals of the Nile (Ps. lxxviii. 44; Ezek. xxix. 3, seqq., xxx. 12); but it is also used of the streams or channels, in a general sense, when no particular ones are indicated (see Is. xxxiii. 21; Job xxviii. 10). It is thus evident that this name specially designates the Nile. (c.) AThe river of Egypt@ (Gen. xv. 18). (d.) AThe Nachal of Egypt@ has generally been understood to mean Athe torrent@ or Abrook of Egypt,@ and to designate a desert stream at Rhinocorura, now El-=Areesh, on the eastern border. This name must signify the Nile, for it occurs in cases parallel to those where Shihor is employed (Num. xxxiv. 5; Josh. xv. 4, 47; 1 K. viii. 65; 2 K. xxiv. 7; Is. xxvii. 12), both designating the easternmost or Pelusiac branch of the river as the border
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of the Philistines territory, where the Egyptians equally put the border of their country towards Kanaan or Kanana (Canaan). It remains for us to decide whether the name signify the Abrook of Egypt,@ or whether Nachal be a Hebrew form of Nile. The Hebrew word nachal might have been adopted as very similar in sound to an original proper name. (e.) AThe rivers of Cush@ are alone mentioned in the extremely difficult prophecy contained in Is. xviii. From the use of the plural we must suppose them to be the confluents or tributaries of the Nile. With the ancient Egyptians the river was sacred, and had, besides its ordinary name already given, a sacred name, under which it was worshipped, HAPEE, or HAPEE-MU, Athe abyss,@ or Athe abyss of waters,@ or Athe hidden.@ Corresponding to the two regions of Egypt, the Upper Country and the Lower, the Nile was called HAPEE-RES, Athe Southern Nile,@ and HAPEE-MEHEET, Athe Northern Nile, the former name applying to the river in Nubia as well as in Upper Egypt. The god Nilus was one of the lesser divinities. 2.CDescription of the Nile.CWe cannot as yet determine the length of the Nile, although recent discoveries have narrowed the question. There is scarcely a doubt that its largest confluent is fed by the great lakes on and south of the equator. It has been traced upwards for about 2700 miles, measured by its course, not in a direct line, and its extent is probably upwards of 1000 miles more, making it longer than even the Mississippi, and the longest of rivers. To trace it downwards we must first go to equatorial Africa, the mysterious half-explored home of the negroes, where animal and vegetable life flourishes around and in the vast swamp-land that waters the chief part of the continent. Here are two great shallow lakes, one nearer to the coast than the other. From the more eastern (the Ukerewe, which is on the equator), a chief tributary of the White Nile probably takes its rise, and the more western (the Ujeejee) may feed another tributary. Captain Speke ( Journal, p. 610) concludes that Athe White River, which issues from the N=yanza at the Ripon Falls, is the true or parent Nile.@ Great, however, as is the body of water of the longer of the two chief confluents, it is the shorter (the Bahr el-Azrak, or Blue River) which brings down the alluvial soil that makes the Nile the great fertilizer of Egypt and Nubia. The Bahr el-Azrak rises in the mountains of Abyssinia. The two streams form a junction at Khartoom, now the seat of government of Soodán, or the Black Country under Egyptian rule. Further to the north another great river, the Athara, rising, like the Bahr el-Azrak, in Abyssinia, falls into the main stream, which, for the remainder of its course, does not receive one tributary more. Throughout the rest of the valley the Nile does not greatly vary, excepting that in Lower Nubia, through the fall of its level by the giving way of a barrier in ancient times, it does not inundate the valley on either hand. From time to time its course is impeded by cataracts or rapids, sometimes extending many miles, until, at the First Cataract, the boundary of Egypt, it surmounts the last obstacle. After a course of about 550 miles, at a short distance below Cairo and the Pyramids, the river parts into two great branches, which water the Delta, nearly forming its boundaries to the east and west, and flowing into the shallow Mediterranean. The great annual phenomenon of the Nile is the inundation, the failure of which produces a famine, for Egypt is virtually without rain (see Zech. xiv. 17, 18). At Khartoom the increase of the river is observed early in April, but in Egypt the first signs of rising occur about the summer solstice, and generally the regular increase does not begin until some days after, the inundation commencing about two months after the solstice. The river then pours, through canals and cuttings in the bank, which are a little higher than the rest of the soil, over the valley, which it covers with sheets of water. It attains to its greatest height about, or not long after, the autumnal equinox, and then, falling more slowly than it had risen, sinks to its lowest point at the end of nine months, there remaining stationary for a few days before it again begins to rise. The inundations are very various, and when they are but a few feet deficient or excessive cause great distress. The Nile in Egypt is always charged with alluvium, especially during the inundation; but the annual deposit, excepting under extraordinary circumstances, is very small in comparison with what would be conjectured by any one unacquainted with subjects of this nature. Inquirers have come to different results as to the rate,
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but the discrepancy does not generally exceed an inch in a century. The ordinary average increase of the soil in Egypt is about four inches and a half in a century. The cultivable soil in Egypt is wholly the deposit of the Nile, but it is obviously impossible to calculate, from its present depth, when the river first began to flow in the rocky bed now so deeply covered with the rich alluvium. In Upper Egypt the Nile is a very broad stream, flowing rapidly between high, steep mud-banks, scarped by the constant rush of the water, which from time to time washes portions away, and stratified by the regular deposit. On either side rise the bare yellow mountains, usually a few hundred feet high, rarely a thousand, looking from the river like cliffs. Frequently the mountain on either side approaches the river in a rounded promontory. Rarely both mountains confine the river in a narrow bed, rising steeply on either side from a deep rock-cut channel through which the water pours with a rapid current. In Lower Egypt the chief differences are that the view is spread out in one rich plain, only bounded on the east and west by the desert, of which the edge is low and sandy, unlike the mountains above, though essentially the same, and that the two branches of the river are narrower than the undivided stream. On either bank, during Low Nile, extend fields of corn and barley, and near the riverside stretch long groves of palm-trees. The villages rise from the level plain, standing upon mounds, often ancient sites, and surrounded by palm-groves, and yet higher dark-brown mounds mark where of old stood downs, with which often Atheir memorial is perished@ (Ps. ix. 6). The banks of the river are enlivened by the women who come down to draw water, and, like Pharaoh=s daughter, to bathe, and the herds of kine and buffaloes which are driven down to drink and wash, or to graze on the grass of the swamps, like the good kine that Pharaoh saw in his dream as Ahe stood by the river,@ which were Acoming up out of the river,@ and Afed in the marsh-grass@ (Gen. xli. 1, 2). The river itself abounds in fish, which anciently formed a chief means of sustenance to the inhabitants of the country. The Israelites in the desert looked back with regret to the fish of Egypt: AWe remember the fish, which we did eat in Egypt freely@ (Num. xi. 5). In the Thebaïs crocodiles are found, and during Low Nile they may be seen basking in the sun upon the sand-banks. The crocodile is constantly spoken of in the Bible as the emblem of Pharaoh, especially in the prophecies of Ezekiel. The great difference between the Nile of Egypt in the present day and in ancient times is caused by the failure of some of its branches, and the ceasing of some of its chief vegetable products; and the chief change in the aspect of the cultivable land, as dependent on the Nile, is the result of the ruin of the fish-pools and their conduits, and the consequent decline of the fisheries. The river was famous for its seven branches, and under the Roman dominion eleven were counted, of which, however, there were but seven principal ones. Herodotus notices that there were seven, of which he says that two, the present Damietta and Rosetta branches, were originally artificial, an he therefore speaks of Athe five mouths@ (ii. 10). Now, as for a long period past, there are no navigable and unobstructed branches but these two that Herodotus distinguishes as in origin works of man. The monuments and the narratives of ancient writers show us in the Nile of Egypt in the old times a stream bordered by red flags and reeds, the covert of abundant wild-fowl, and bearing on its waters the fragrant flowers of the various-colored lotus. Now in Egypt scarcely any reeds or water-plantsCthe famous papyrus being nearly if not quite extinct, and the lotus almost unknownCare to be seen, excepting in the marshes near the Mediterranean. Of old the great river must have shown a more fair and busy scene than now. Boats of many kinds were ever passing along it, by the painted walls of temples, and the gardens that extended around the light summer pavilions, from the pleasure-galley, with one great square sail, white or with variegated pattern, and many oars, to the little papyrus skiff, dancing on the water, and carrying the seekers of pleasure where they could shoot with arrows, or knock down with the throw-stick, the wild-fowl that abounded among the reeds, or engage in the dangerous chace of the hippopotamus or the crocodile. The Nile is constantly before us in the history of Israel in Egypt. Into it the male children were cast; in it, or rather in some canal or pool, was the ark of Moses put, and found by Pharaoh =s daughter
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when she went down to bathe. When the plagues were sent, the sacred river Ca main support of the peopleCand its waters everywhere, were turned into blood.

No, No-amon
No-a=mon (Nah. iii. 8), No (Jer. xlvi. 25; Ez. xxx, 14, 15, 16).Ca city of Egypt, Thebae (Thebes), or Diospolis Magna. The second part of the first form is the name of AMEN, the chief divinity of Thebes, mentioned or alluded to in connexion with this place in Jeremiah, ABehold, I will punish Amon in No, and Pharaoh, and Egypt, with their gods and their kings;@ and perhaps also alluded to in Ezekiel (xxx. 15). There is a difficulty as to the meaning of No. It seems most reasonable to suppose that No is a Shemitic name, and that Amon is added in Nahum ( l. c.) to distinguish Thebes from some other place bearing the same name, or on account of the connexion of Amen with that city. Jerome supposes No to be either Alexandria or Egypt itself. Champollion takes it to be Diospolis in Lower Egypt; but Gesenius (l. c.), well observes that it would not then be compared in Nahum to Ninevah. This and the evidence of the Assyrian record leave no doubt that it was Thebes. The description of No-Amon, as Asituate among the rivers, the waters round about it @ (Nah. l. c.), remarkably characterizes Thebes.

Noph
Noph.C(Is. xix. 13, Jer. ii. 16, Ez. xxx. 13, 16), MOPH (Hos. ix. 6), a city of Egypt, Memphis. These forms are contracted from the ancient Egyptian common name, MEN-NUFR, or MEN-NEFRU, Athe good abode,@ or perhaps Athe abode of the good one.@ The Hebrew forms are regarded as representing colloquial forms of the name, current with the Shemites, if not with the Egyptians also. It is probable that the epithet Agood@ refers to Osiris, whose sacred animal Apis was here worshipped. As the great upper Egyptian city is characterised in Nahum as Asituate among the rivers@ (iii. 8), so in Hosea the lower Egyptian one is distinguished by its Necropolis.

On
On.Ca town of Lower Egypt, which is mentioned in the Bible under at least two names, BETH-SHEMESH (Jer. xliii.13), corresponding to the ancient Egyptian sacred name HA-RA, Athe abode of the sun,@ and that above, corresponding to the common name AN, and perhaps also spoken of as Ir-ha-heres. The ancient Egyptian common name is written AN or AN-T, and perhaps ANU; but the essential part of the word is AN, and probably no more was pronounced. There were two towns called AN: Heliopolis, distinguished as the northern, AN-MEHEET; and Hermonthis, in Upper Egypt as the southern, AN-RES. Heliopolis was situate on the east side of the Pelusiac branch of the Nile, just below the point of the Delta, about twenty miles north-east of Memphis. It was before the Roman time the capital of the Heliopolite Nome, which was included in Lower Egypt. Now its site is above the point of the Delta, which is the junction of the Phatmetic, or Damietta branch and the Bolbitine, or Rosetta, and about ten miles to the north-east of Cairo. In the earliest times it must have been subject to the 1st dynasty so long as their sole rule lasted, which was perhaps for no more than the reigns of Menes (B.C. cir. 2717) and Athothis: it doubtless next came under the government of the Memphites, of the 3rd (B.C. cir. 2640), 4th, and 6th dynasties: it then passed into the hands of the Diospolites of the 12th dynasty, and the Shepherds of the 15th. During the long period of anarchy that followed the rule of the 12th dynasty, when Lower Egypt was subject to the Shepherd kings, Heliopolis must have been under the government of strangers. With the accession of the 18 th
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dynasty, it was probably recovered by the Egyptians, and thenceforward held by them. The chief object of worship at Heliopolis was the sun, under the forms RA, the sun simply, whence the sacred name of the place, HA-RA, Athe abode of the sun,@ and ATUM, the setting sun, or sun of the nether world. The temple of the sun, described by Strabo, is now only represented by the single beautiful obelisk, which is of red granite, 68 feet 2 inches high above the pedestal, and bears a dedication, showing that it was sculptured in or after his 30th year (cir. 2050) by Sesertesen I., first king of the 12th dynasty (B.C. cir. 2080B2045). Heliopolis was anciently famous for its learning, and Eudoxus and Plato studied under its priests: but, from the extent of the mounds, it seems to have been always a small town. The first mention of this place in the Bible is in the history of Joseph, to whom we read Pharaoh gave Ato wife Asenath the daughter of Poti-pherah, priest of On@ (Gen. xli. 45, comp. ver. 50, and xlvi. 20). According to the LXX version, On was one of the cities built for Pharaoh by the oppressed Israelites, for it mentions three Astrong cities@ instead of the two Atreasure cities@ of the Heb., adding On to Pithom and Raamses. Heliopolis lay at no great distance from the land of Goshen and from Raamses, and probably Pithom also. Isaiah has been supposed to speak of On when he prophecies that one of the five cities in Egypt that should speak the language of Canaan should be called Ir-ha-heres, which may mean the City of the Sun, whether we take Aheres@ to be a Hebrew or an Egyptian word; but the reading Aa city of destruction@ seems preferable, and we have no evidence that there was any large Jewish settlement at Heliopolis, although there may have been at one time, from its nearness to the town of Onias. Jeremiah speaks of On under the name Beth-shemesh, Athe house of the sun,@ (xliii. 13). Perhaps it was on account of the many false gods of Heliopolis, that, in Ezekiel (xxx. 17), On is written Aven, by a change in the punctuation, and so made to signify Avanity,@ and especially the vanity of idolatry. After the age of the prophets we hear no more in Scripture of Heliopolis. Local tradition, however, points it out as a place where our Lord and the Virgin came, when Joseph brought them into Egypt.

Pibeseth
Pi-bes=eth.CA town of Lower Egypt, mentioned but once in the Bible (Ez. xxx. 17). In hieroglyphics its name is written BAHEST, BAST, and HA-BAHEST. The Coptic forms are Bast, with the article Pi prefixed, Poubaste, Poubast, &c., and the Greek Βoύβαστις, Βoύβαστoς. Bubastiš was situate on the west bank of the Pelusiac or Bubastite branch of the Nile, in the Bubastite nome, about 40 miles from the central part of Memphis. Herodotus speaks of its site as having been raised by those who dug the canals for Sesostris, and afterwards by the labour of criminals under Sabacôs the Ethiopian, or rather the Ethiopian dominion. He mentions the temple of the goddess Bubastis as well worthy of description, being more beautiful than any other known to him. The temple is entirely ruined, but the name of Rameses II. of the xixth dynasty, Userken I. (Osorchon I.) of the xxiind, and Nekht-har-heb (Nectanebo I.), of the xxxth, have been found here, as well as that of the eponymous goddess BAST. There also remains of the ancient houses of the town, and Aamidst the houses on the N. W. side are the thick walls of a fort which protected the temple below @ (Notes by Sir G. Wilkinson in Rawlinson=s Herodotus, vol. ii. pp. 219, plan, and 102). Bubastis thus had a fort, besides being strong from its height. The goddess BAST, who was here the chief object of worship was the same as PESHT, the goddess of fire. Both names accompany a lion-headed figure, and the cat was sacred to them. Herodotus considers the goddess Bubastis to be the same as Artemis (ii. 137).

Pathrusim
Path=rusim. [PATHROS.]
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Pathros
Path=ros.CGent. noun PATHRUSIM, a part of Egypt, and a Mizraite tribe. That Pathros was in Egypt admits of no question: we hav to attempt to decide its position more nearly. In the list of the Mizraites, the Pathrusim occur after the Naphtuhim, and before the Casluhim; the latter being followed by the notice of the Philistines, and by the Caphtorim (Gen. x. 13, 14; 1 Chr. i. 12). Pathros is mentioned in the prophecies of Isaiah (xi. 11), Jeremiah (xliv. 1, 15), and Ezekiel (xxix. 14, xxx. 13B18). From the place of the Pathrusim in the list of the Mizraites, they might be supposed to have settled in Lower Egypt, or the more northern part of Upper Egypt. It seems, if the order be geographical, as there is reason to suppose, that it is to be inferred that the Pathrusim were seated in Lower Egypt, or not much above it, unless there be any transposition. If the original order were Pathrusim, Caphtorim, Casluhim, then the first might have settled in the highest part of Upper Egypt, and the other two below them. The occurrences in Jeremiah seem to favour the idea that Pathros was part of lower Egypt, or the whole of that region. The notice by Ezekiel of Pathros as the land of the birth of the Egyptians seems to favour the idea that it was part of or all Upper Egypt. Pathros has been connected with the Pathyrite nome, the Phaturite of Pliny ( H. N. v. 9, ‘47), in which Thebes was situate. This identification may be as old as the LXX. The discovery of the Egyptian name of the town after which the nome was called puts the inquiry on a safer basis. It is written HA-HAT-HER, AThe Abode of Hather,@ the Egyptian Venus. It may perhaps have sometimes been written P-HA-HAT-HER, in which case the P-H and T-H would have coalesced in the Hebrew form, as did T-H in Caphtor. On the evidence here brought forward, it seems reasonable to consider Pathros to be part of Upper Egypt, and to trace its name in that of the Pathyrite nome. But this is only a very conjectural identification, which future discoveries may overthrow.

Pharoah
Pha=roah.CThe common title of the native kings of Egypt in the Bible, corresponding to P-RA or PH-RA, Athe Sun,@ of the hieroglyphics. As several kings are only mentioned by the title APharoah@ in the Bible, it is important to endeavor to discriminate them. We shall therefore state what is known respecting them in order.C1. The Pharaoh of Abraham. The scripture narrative does not afford us any clear indications for the identification of the Pharaoh of Abraham. At the time at which the patriarch went into Egypt, according to Hales=s as well as Ussher=s chronology, it is generally held that the country, or at least Lower Egypt, was ruled by the Shepherd kings, of whom the first and most powerful line was the xvth dynasty, the undoubted territories of which would be first entered by one coming from the east. The date at which Abraham visited Egypt was about B.C. 2081, which would accord with the time of Salatis, the head of the xvth dynasty, according to our reckoning. C2. The Pharaoh of Joseph.CThe chief points for the identification of the line to which this Pharaoh belonged, are that he was a despotic monarch, ruling all of Egypt, who followed Egyptian customs, but did not hesitate to set them aside when he thought fit; that he seems to have desired to gain complete power over the Egyptians; and that he favoured strangers. These particulars certainly appear to lend support to the idea that he was an Egyptianized foreigner rather than an Egyptian. Baron Bunsen supposed that he was Sesertesen I., the head of the xiith dynasty, on account of the mention in a hieroglyphic inscription of a famine in that king=s reign. This identification, although receiving some support from the statement of Herodotus, that Sesotris, a name reasonably traced to Sesertesen, divided the land and raised his chief revenue from the rent paid by the holders, must be abandoned, since the calamity recorded does not approach Joseph=s famine in character, and the
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age is almost certainly too remote. If, discarding the idea that Joseph=s Pharaoh was an Egyptian, we turn to the old view that he was one of the Shepherd Kings, a view almost inevitable if we infer that he ruled during the Shepherd-period, we are struck with the fitness of all the circumstance of the Biblical narrative. It is stated by Eusebius that the Pharaoh to whom Jacob came was the Shepherd Apophis. Apophis belonged to the xvth dynasty, which was certainly of Shepherds, and the most powerful foreign line, for it seems clear that there was at least one if not two more. This dynasty, according to our view of Egyptian chronology, rules for either 284 years (Africanus), or 259 years 10 months (Josephus), from about B.C. 2080. If Hales=s chronology, which we would slightly modify, be correct, the government of Joseph fell under the dynasty, commencing about B.C. 1876, which would be during the reign of the last but one or perhaps the last king of the dynasty, was possibly in the time of Apophis, who ended the line according to Africanus. It is to be remarked that this dynasty is said to have been of Phoenicians. This king appears to have reigned from Joseph =s appointment (or, perhaps, somewhat earlier) until Jacob=s death, a period of at least 26 years, from B.C. cir. 1876 to 1850, and to have been the fifth or sixth king of the xvth dynasty. C3. The Pharaoh of the Oppression.CThe first persecutor of the Israelites may be distinguished as the Pharaoh of the Oppression, from the second, the Pharaoh of the Exodus, especially as he commenced, and probably long carried on, the persecution. The general view is that he was an Egyptian. He has been generally supposed to have been a king of the xviiith or xixth dynasty: we believe that he was of a line earlier than either. The chief points in the evidence in favor of the former opinion are the name of the city Raamses, whence it has been argued that one of the oppressors was a king Rameses, and the probable change of line. The first king of this name known was head of the xixth dynasty, or last king of the xviiith. Manetho says the Israelites left Egypt in the reign of Menptah, who was great-grandson of the first Rameses, and son and successor of the second. The view that this Pharaoh was of the beginning or middle of the xviiith dynasty seems at first sight extremely probable, especially if it were supposed that the Pharaoh of Joseph was a Shepherd king. If we assign him to the age before the xviiith dynasty, which our view of Hebrew chronology would probably oblige us to do, we have still to determine whether he were a shepherd or an Egyptian. If a Shepherd, he must have been of the xvith or the xviith dynasty. The reign of this king probably commenced a little before the birth of Moses, which we place B.C. 1732, and seems to have lasted upwards of forty years, perhaps much more.C4. The Pharaoh of the Exodus.CWhat is known of the Pharaoh of the Exodus is rather biographical than historical. It does not add much to our means of identifying the line of the oppressors excepting by the indications of race his character affords. His character finds its parallel among the Assyrians rather than the Egyptians. Respecting the time of this king we can only say that he was reigning for about a year or more before the Exodus, which we place B.C. 1652. C5. Pharaoh, father-in-law of Mered.CIn the genealogies of the tribe of Judah, mention is made of the daughter of a Pharaoh, married to an Israelite; ABithiah the daughter of Pharaoh, which Mered took@ (1 Chr. iv. 18). This marraige may tend to aid us in determining the age of the sojourn in Egypt. It is perhaps less probable that an Egyptian Pharaoh would have given his daughter in marriage to an Israelite, than that a Shepherd king would have done so, before the oppression.C6. Pharaoh, father-in-law of Hadad the Edomite.CFor the identification of this Pharaoh we have chronological indications, and the name of his wife. Unfortunately, however, the history of Egypt at this time is extremely obscure, neither the monuments nor Manetho giving us clear information as to the kings. It appears that towards the latter part of the xxth dynasty the high-priests of Amen, the god of Thebes, gained great power, and at last supplanted the Rameses family, at least in Upper Egypt. At the same time a line of Tanite kings, Manetho=s xxist dynasty, seems to have ruled in Lower Egypt. It may be reasonably supposed that the Pharaoh or Pharaohs spoken of in the Bible as ruling in the time of David and Solomon were Tanites, as Tanis was nearest to the Israelite territory. According to Africanus, the list of the xxist dynasty is as
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follows:CSmendes, 26 years; Psusennes, 46; Nephelcheres, 4; Amenothis, 9; Osochor, 6; Psinaches, 9; Psusennes, 14; but Eusebius gives the second king 41, and the last, 35 years, and his numbers make up the sum of 130 years, which Africanus and he agree in assigning to the dynasty. If we take the numbers of Eusebius, Osochor would probably be the Pharaoh to whom Hadad fled, and Psussenes II. the father-in-law of Solomon; but the numbers of Africanus would substitute Psussenes I, and probably Psinaches.C7. Pharaoh, father-in-law of Solomon.CThe mention that the queen was brought into the city of David, while Solomon =s house, and the Temple, and the city-wall, were building, shows that the marriage took place not later than the eleventh year of the king, when the Temple was finished, having been commenced in the fourth year (1 K. vi. 1, 37, 38). It appears that the marriage must have taken place between about 24 and 11 years before Shishak=s accession. It must be recollected that it seems certain that Solomon =s father-in-law was not the Pharaoh who was reigning when Hadad left Egypt. Both Pharaohs cannot yet be identified in Manetho =s list. This Pharaoh led an expedition to Palestine (1 K. ix. 16). The next kings of Egypt mentioned in the Bible are Shishak, probably Zerah, and So. The first and second of these were of the xxiind dynasty, if the identification of Zerah with Userken be accepted, and the third was doubtless one of the two Shebeks of the xxvth dynasty, which was of Ethiopians.C8. Pharaoh, the opponent of Sennacherib.CThis Pharaoh (Is. xxxvi. 6) can only be the Sethos whom Herodotus mentions as the opponent of Sennacherib, and who may be reasonably supposed to be the Zet of Manetho, the last king of his xxiiird dynasty. Tirhakah, as an Ethiopian, whether then ruling Egypt or not, is, like So, apparently not called Pharaoh.C9. Pharaoh Necho.CThe first mention in the Bible of a proper name with the title Pharaoh is in the case of Pharaoh Necho, who is also called Necho simply. His name is written Necho and Nechoh, and in hieroglyphics NEKU. This king was of the Saïte xxvith dynasty, of which Manetho makes him either the fifth ruler (Africanus) or the sixth (Eusebius). Herodotus calls him Nekôs, and assigns to him a reign of sixteen years, which is confirmed by the monuments. He seems to have been an enterprising king, as he is related to have attempted to complete the canal connecting the Red Sea to the Nile, and to have sent an expedition of Phoenicians to circumnavigate Africa, which was successfully accomplished. At the commencement of his reign ( B.C. 610) he made war against the king of Assyria, and, being encountered on his way by Josiah, defeated and slew the king of Judah at Megiddo (2 K. xxiii. 29, 30; 2 Chr. xxxv. 20B24). Necho seems to have soon returned to Egypt: perhaps he was on his way there when he deposed Jehoahaz. The army was probably posted at Carchemish, and was there defeated by Nebuchadnezzar in the fourth year of Necho (B.C. 607), that king not being, as it seems, then at its head (Jer. xlvi. 1, 2, 6, 10). This battle lead to the loss of all the Asiatic dominions of Egypt (2 K. xxiv. 7).C10. Pharaoh Hophra.CThe next king of Egypt mentioned in the Bible is Pharaoh Hophra, the second successor of Necho, from whom he was separated by the six years= reign of Psammethicus II. The name Hophra is in hieroglyphics WAH-(P)RA-HAT, and the last syllable is equally omitted by Herodotus, who writes Apries, and by Manetho, who writes Uaprhis. He came to the throne about B.C. 589, and ruled nineteen years. Herodotus makes him son of Psammethicus II., whom he calls Psammis, and great-grandson of Psammethicus I. In the Bible it is related that Zedekiah, the last king of Judah, was aided by a Pharaoh against Nebuchadnezzar, in fulfillment of a treaty, and that an army came out of Egypt, so that the Chaldeans were obliged to raise the siege of Jerusalem. The city was first besieged in the ninth year of Zedekiah, B.C. 590, and was captured in his eleventh year, B.C. 588. It was evidently continuously invested for a length of time before it was taken, so that it is most probable that Pharaoh=s expedition took place during 590 or 589. There may, therefore, be some doubt whether Psammethichus II, be not the king here spoken of; but it must be remembered that the siege may be supposed to have lasted some time before the Egyptians could have heard of it and march to relieve the city, and also that Hophra may have come to the throne as early as B.C. 590. The Egyptian army returned without effecting its purpose (Jer. xxxvii. 5 B8; Ez. xvii. 11B18; comp. 2 K. xxv. 1B4). No
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subsequent Pharaoh is mentioned in Scripture, but there are predictions doubtless referring to the misfortunes of later princes until the second Persian conquest, when the prophecy, Athere shall be no more a prince of the land of Egypt@ (Ez. xxx. 13) was fulfilled. *Josiah’s death is recorded in “The Companion Bible” at 500 B.C. E. W. Bullinger’s note on Pharaoh-Nechoh (I Kings 23:29) says, “Pharaoh-nechoh: i.e. Nechoh II, the sixth king of the twenty-sixth dynasty. His father was a tributary to Assyria, but had secured independence for Egypt.” The identities of Pharaoh-Necho agree here, but the dates during which he reigned do not. **E. W. Bullinger’s note on Jeremiah 37:5: “Pharaoh’s: i.e. Pharaoh Hophra’s. Cp. 44:30. The Apries of Herodotus, and fourth successor of Psammethicus on the throne of Egypt. He came to help Zedekiah (Ezek. 17:15-17), but was defeated by the Chaldeans, and Egypt subdued. Cp. 2 Kings 24:7. Ezek. 29:1-16, and chs. 30-33. Also Jer. 43:9-12. Cp. Encyclopaedia Brittanica, eleventh new Cambridge edition (vol. ii, p. 230).

Pharaoh=s Daughter; Pharaoh, the Daughter of
Pharaoh=s Daughter; Pharaoh, the Daughter of.CThree Egyptian princesses, daughters of the Pharaohs, are mentioned in the Bible.C1. The preserver of Moses, daughter of the Pharaoh who first oppressed the Israelites (Ex. ii. 5B10). She appears from her conduct towards Moses to have been an heiress to the throne. Artapenus, or Artabenus, a historian of uncertain date, calls this princess Merrhis, and her father, the oppressor, Palmanothes, and relates that she was married to Chenephres, who ruled in the country above Memphis. The tradition is apparently of little value. 2.CBithiah, wife of Mered an Israelite, daughter of a Pharaoh of uncertain age, probably of about the time of the Exodus (1 Chr. iv. 18).C3. A wife of Solomon, most probably daughter of a king of the xxist dynasty (1 K. iii. 1, vii. 8, ix. 24). [See PHARAOH, 7.]

Pharaoh, the Wife of
Pharaoh, the Wife of. The wife of one Pharaoh, the king who received Hadad the Edomite, is mentioned in Scripture. She is called Aqueen,@ and her name, Tahpenes, is given. Her husband was most probably of the xxist dynasty. [TAHPENES; PHARAOH, 6.] Ptolemy. [APtolemy@ was the title for the Greek kings of Egypt. The Bible does not mention them by name, but they are widely believed to be referred to in the Aking of the south@ prophecies in Daniel 11. Since they have no direct mention in the Bible, they are not treated in this study.]

River of Egypt
River of Egypt.CTwo Hebrew terms are thus rendered in the A. V. 1. Nehar mitstraim (Gen. xv. 18), Athe river of Egypt,@ that is, the Nile, and here the Pelusiac or easternmost branch. 2. Nachal mitsraim (Num. xxxiv. 5; Josh. xv. 4, 47; 1 K. viii. 65; 2 K. xxiv. 7; Is. xxvii. 12, in the last passage translated Athe stream of Egypt@). It is the common opinion that this second term designates a desert stream on the border of Egypt, still occasionally flowing in the valley called Wádi-l-=Aresh. The centre of the valley is occupied by the bed of this torrent, which only flows after rains, as is usual in the desert valleys. The stream is first mentioned as the point where the southern border of the Promised Landed touched the Mediterranean, which formed its western border (Num. xxxiv. 3B6). In the later history we find Solomon=s kingdom extending from the Aentering in of Hamath
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unto the river of Egypt@ (1 K. viii. 65), and Egypt limited in the same manner where the loss of the eastern province is mentioned (2. K. xxiv. 7). In certain parallel passages the Nile is distinctly specified instead of Athe Nachal of Egypt@ (Gen. xv. 18; comp. Josh. xiii. 2, 3). If, with the generality of critics, we think that the Nachal-Mizraim is the Wádi-l-=Aresh, we must conclude that the name Shihor is also applied to the latter, although elsewhere designating the Nile, for we have seen that Nachal-Mizraim and Shihor are used interchangeably to designate a stream on the border of the Promised Land. The word Nachal may be cited on either side. Certainly in Hebrew it is rather used for a torrent or stream than for a river; but the name Nachal-Mizraim may come from a lost dialect, and the parallel Arabic word wádee , though ordinarily used for valleys and their winter-torrents, as in the case of the Wádi-l-=Aresh itself, has been employed by the Arabs in Spain for true rivers, the Guadalquivir, &c. It may, however, be suggested, that in Nachal-Mizraim we have the ancient form of the Neel-Misr of the Arabs, and that Nachal was adopted from its similarity of sound to the original of Νεoς.

Shishak
Shishak.CKing of Egypt, the Sheshenk I. of the monuments, first sovereign of the Bubastite xxiind dynasty. Chronology.CThe reign of Shishak offers the first determined synchronisms of Egyptian and Hebrew history. The synchronism of Shishak and Solomon, and that of Shishak and Rehoboam may be nearly fixed, as shown in the article CHRONOLOGY. The first year of Shishak would about correspond to the 26th of Solomon, and the 20th to the 5th of Rehoboam. The synchronism of Zerah and Asa is more difficult to determine. It seems most probable that the war with Zerah took place early in Asa=s reign, before his 15th year, and thus also early in the reign of Usarken II. The chronological place of these synchronisms may be calculated on the Egyptian as well as the Biblical side. The evidence from the data supplied by the monuments would lead us to place the accession of Sheshenk I B.C. 980 or 983, or else seven years later than each of these dates. The Biblical date of Sheshenk=s conquest of Judah has been computed to be B.C. cir. 969, and this having taken place in his 20th year, his accession would have been B.C. cir. 988. The progress of Assyrian discovery has, however, induced some writers to propose to shorten the chronology by taking 35 years as the length of Manasseh=s reign, in which case all earlier dates would have to be lowered 20 years. the proposed reduction would place the accession of Sheshenk I. B.C. cir. 968, and this date is certainly more in accordance with those derived from the Egyptian data than the higher date, but these data are too approximative for us to lay any stress upon minute results from them. History.CThe origin of the royal line of which Sheshenk I. was the head is extremely obscure. Mr. Birch=s discovery that several of the names of the family are Shemitic has led to the supposition that it was of Assyrian or Babylonian origin. Lepsius gives a genealogy of Sheshenk I. from the tablet of Har-p-sen from Serapeum, which, if correct, decides the question. In this, Sheshenk I. is son of a chief Namuret, whose ancestors, excepting his mother, who is called Aroyal mother,@ not as Lepsius gives it, Aroyal daughter,@ are all untitled persons, and, all but the princess, bear foreign, apparently Shemitic names. But as M. de Rougé observes, this genealogy cannot be conclusively made out from the tablet, though we think it more probable than he does. Sheshenk I., on his accession, must have found the state weakened by internal strife and deprived of much of its foreign influence. In the time of the later kings of the Rameses family, two, if not three, sovereigns had a real or titular authority; but before the accession of Sheshenk it is probable that their lines had been united: certainly towards the close of the xxist dynasty a Pharaoah was powerful enough to lead an expedition into Palestine and capture Gezer (I K. ix. 16). Sheshenk took as title of his standard, AHe who attains royalty by uniting the two regions [of Egypt].@ He himself probably married the heiress
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of the Rameses family, while his son and successor Usarken appears to have taken to wife the daughter, and perhaps heiress, of the Tanite xxist dynasty. Probably it was not until late in his reign that he was able to carry on the foreign wars of the earlier king who captured Gezer. It is observable that we trace a change of dynasty in the policy that induced Sheshenk at the beginning of his reign to receive the fugitive Jeroboam (I K. xi. 40). The king of Egypt does not seem to have commenced hostilities during the powerful reign of Solomon. It was not until the division of the tribes, that, probably, at the instigation of Jeroboam, he attacked Rehoboam. The following particulars of this war are related in the Bible: AIn the fifth year of king Rehoboam, Shishak king of Egypt came up against Jerusalem, because they had transgressed against the LORD, with twelve hundred chariots, and threescore thousand horsemen: and the people [were] without number that came with him out of Egypt; the Lubim, the Sukiim, and the Cushim. And he took the fenced cities which [pertained] to Judah, and came to Jerusalem@ (2 Chr. xii. 2B4). Shishak did not pillage Jerusalem, but exacted all the treasures of his city from Rehoboam, and apparently made him tributary (5, 9B12, esp. 8). The narrative in Kings mentions only the invasion and the exaction (1 K. xiv. 25, 26). The strong cities of Rehoboam are thus enumerated in an earlier passage: AAnd Rehoboam dwelt in Jerusalem, and built cities for defence in Judah. He built even Beth-lehem, and Etam, and Tekoa, and Beth-zur, and Shoco, and Adullam, and Gath, and Mareshah, and Ziph, and Adoraim, and Lachish, and Azekah, and Zorah, and Aijalon, and Hebron, which [are] in Judah and in Benjamin fenced cities @ (2 Chr. xi. 5B10). Shishak has left a record of this expedition, sculptured on the wall of the great temple of El-Karnak. It is a list of the countries, cities, and tribes, conquered or ruled by him, or tributary to him. In this list Champollion recognised a name which he translated incorrectly, Athe kingdom of Judah,@ and was thus led to trace the names of certain cities of Palestine. The document has since been more carefully studied by Dr. Brugsch, and with less success by Dr. Blau. The Pharaohs of the Empire passed through northern Palestine to push their conquests to the Euphrates and Mesopotamia. Shishak, probably unable to attack the Assyrians, attempted the subjugation of Palestine and the tracts of Arabia which border Egypt. He seems to have succeeded in consolidating his power in Arabia, and we accordingly find Zerah in Alliance with the people of Gerar, if we may infer this from their sharing his overthrow.

Sihor
Si=hor, accurately Shi=hor, once the Shihor or Shihor of Egypt.CWhen unqualified, a name of the Nile. It is held to signify Athe black@ or Aturbid.@ There are but three occurrences of Shihor in the Bible, and but one of Shihor of Egypt, or Shihor-Mizraim. It is spoken of as one of the limits of territory which was still unconquered when Joshua was old (Josh. xiii. 2, 3). With this passage must be compared that in which Shihor-Mizraim occurs. David is related to have Agathered all Israel together from Shihor of Egypt even unto the entering of Hamath@ (I Chr. xiii. 5). There is no other evidence that the Israelites ever spread westward beyond Gaza. The stream may therefore be that of the Wádi-l=Aresh. That the stream intended by Shihor unqualified was a navigable river is evident from a passage in Isaiah, where it is said of Tyre, AAnd by great waters, the sowing of Shihor, the harvest of the river [is] here revenue (xxiii. 3). Here Shihor is either the same as, or compared with, Yeôr, generally thought to be the Nile, but in this work suggested to be the extension of the Red Sea. [RED SEA.] In Jeremiah the identity of Shihor with the Nile seems distinctly stated (ii. 18). In articles NILE and RIVER OF EGYPT it is maintained too strongly that Shihor, however qualified, is always the Nile. The later opinion of the writer is expressed here under SHIHOR OF EGYPT. The latter is, he thinks, unquestionably the Nile, the former two probably, but not certainly, the same.
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Sin
Sin.CA city of Egypt, mentioned only by Ezekiel (xxx. 15, 16). The name is Hebrew, or, at least, Shemitic, Gesenius supposes it to signify Aclay.@ It is identified in the Vulg. with Pelusium, Πηλoύ-σιov, Athe clayey or muddy@ town. The ancient Egyptian name is still to be sought for: it has been supposed that Pelusium preserves traces of it, but this is very improbable. Champollion identifies Pelusium with the Percmoun, Percmon, and Baremoun of the Copts, El-Farmà of the Arabs, which was in the time of the former a boundary-city. The site of Pelusium is as yet undetermined. It has been thought to be marked by mounds near Burg-et-Teeneh, now called El-Farmà and not Et-Teeneh. This is disputed by Captain Spratt, who supposes that the mound of Aboo-Kheeyár indicates where it stood. This is further inland, and apparently on the west of the old Pelusiac branch, as was Pelusium. It is situate between Farmà and Tel-Defenneh. The antiquity of the town of Sin may perhaps be inferred from the mention of Athe wilderness of Sin@ in the journeys of the Israelites (Ex. xvi. 1; Num. xxxiii. 11). Pelusium is mentioned by Ezekiel, in one of the prophecies relating to the invasion of Egypt by Nebuchadnezzar, as one of the cities which should then suffer calamities, with, probably, reference to their later history. The prophet speaks of Sin as ASin the stronghold of Egypt@ (ver. 15). This place it held from that time until the period of the Romans. Herodotus relates that Sennacherib advanced against Pelusium, and that near Pelusium Cambyses defeated Psamenitus. In like manner the decisive battle in which Ochus defeated the last native king, Nectanebos, NEKHT-NEBF, was fought near this city.

So
So.CASo King of Egypt@ is once mentioned in the Bible. Hoshea, the last king of Israel, evidently intending to become the vassal of Egypt, sent messengers to him and made no present, as had been the yearly custom, to the king of Assyria (2 Kings xvii. 4). So has been identified by different writers with the first and second kings of the Ethiopian XXVth dynasty, called by Manetho, Sabakôn (Shebek), and Sebichôs (Shebetek). The accession of Teharka, or Tirhakah, was perhaps B.C. 695. If we assign 24 years to the two predecessors, the commencement of the dynasty would be B.C. 719. But it is not certain that their reigns were continuous. If we adopt the earlier dates, So must correspond to Shebek, if the later, perhaps to Shebetek; but if it should be found that the reign of Tirhakah is dated too high, the former identification might still be held. From Egyptian sources we know nothing more of Shebek than that he conquered and put to death Bocchoris, the sole king of the XXIVth dynasty, as we learn from Manetho=s list, and that he continued the monumental works of the Egyptian kings. The standard inscription of Sargon in his palace at Khursabád states, according to M. Oppert, that after the capture of Samaria, Hanon king of Gaza, and Sebech sultan of Egypt, met the king of Assyria in battle at Rapih (Raphia), and were defeated. Sebech disappeared, but Hanon was captured.

Syene
Sye=ne.CProperly SEVENEH, a town of Egypt on the frontier of Cush or Ethiopia. The prophet Ezekiel speaks of the desolation of Egypt Afrom Migdol to Seveneh, even unto the border of Cush@ (xxix. 10)*, and of its people being slain Afrom Migdol to Seveneh@ (xxx. 6)**. Migdol was on the eastern border, and Seveneh is thus rightly identified with the town of Syene, which was always the last town of Egypt on the south, though at one time included in the nome Nubia. Its ancient Egyptian name is SUN. The modern town is slightly to the north of the old site.
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*The King James renders this phrase, Afrom the tower of Syene, even unto the border of Ethiopia.@ The English AMigdol@ is not mentioned by name in Ezekiel 29:10, but E. W. Bullinger equates Athe tower@ with AMigdol@ and says it should read Afrom Migdol to Syene . . . @ in AThe Companion Bible.@ **The King James renders this phrase, Afrom the tower of Syene shall they fall in it by the sword.@ The same comment applies to Ezekiel 30:6 as well.

Tahpanhes, Tehaphnehes, Tahapanes
Tah=panhes, Tehaph=nehes, Tahap=anes.C A city of Egypt, of importance in the time of the prophets Jeremiah and Ezekiel. The name is evidently early Egyptian, and closely resembles that of the Egyptian queen TAHPENES. The Coptic name of this place, Taphnas, is clearly derived from the LXX. form. Tahpanhes was evidently a town in Lower Egypt on or near the eastern border. When Johanan and the other captains went into Egypt Athey came to Tahpanhes@ (Jer. xliii. 7). The Jews in Jeremiah=s time remained here (Jeremiah xliv. 1). It was an important town, being twice mentioned by the latter prophet with Noph or Memphis (ii. 16, xlvi. 14). Here stood a house of Pharaoh-hophra before which Jeremiah hid great stones (xliii. 8B10). It is mentioned with ARamesse and all the land of Gesen@ in Jud. i. 9.* Herodotus calls this place Daphnae of Pelusium. In the Itinerary of Antoninus this town, called Dafno, is placed 16 Roman miles to the south-west of Pelusium. This position seems to agree with that of Tel-Defenneh, which Sir Garnder Wilkinson supposes to mark the site of Daphnae. Can the name be of Greek origin? No satisfactory Egyptian etymology has been suggested.

Tahpenes
Tah=penes.CA proper name of an Egyptian queen. She was the wife of the Pharaoh who received Hadad the Edomite, and who gave him her sister in marriage (1 K. xi. 18B20). In the LXX. the latter is called the elder sister of Thekemina, and in the addition to ch. xii. Shishak (Susakim) is said to have given Ano, the elder sister of Thekemenia his wife, to Jeroboam. It is obvious that this and the earlier statement are irreconcilable. There is therefore but one Tahpenes or Thekemina. No name that has any near resemblance to either Tahpenes or Thekemina has yet been found among those of this period.

Zoan
Zo=an.CAn ancient city of lower Egypt, near the eastern border. Its Shemitic name indicates a place of departure from a country. The Egyptian name HA-AWAR, or PA-AWAR, Avaris, means Athe abode@ or Ahouse@ of Agoing out@ or Adeparture.@ Zoan, or Tanis, is situate in N. lat. 311, E. Long. 311 55’, on the east bank of the canal which was formerly the Tanitic branch. Anciently a rich plain extended due east as far as Pelusium, about thirty miles distant, gradually narrowing toward the east, so that in a south-easterly direction from Tanis it was not more than half this breadth. Of old it was rich marsh-land, watered by four of the seven branches of the Nile, the Pathmitic, Mendesian, Tanitic, and Pelusiac, and swept by the cool breezes of the Mediterranean. Tanis, while Egypt was ruled by native kings, was the chief town of this territory, and an important post towards the eastern frontier. It was rebuilt by Salatis the first of the shepherd kings, the motive of Salatis was not to overawe Egypt but to keep out the Assyrians. The position of Tanis explains the case. Like the other principal cities of this tract, Pelusium, Bubastis, and Heliopolis, it lay on the east bank of the
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river, towards Syria. But Tanis, though doubtless fortified partly with the object of repelling an invader, was too far inland to be the frontier fortress. Manetho explicitly states Avaris to have been older than the time of the Shepherds; but there are reasons for questioning his accuracy in this matter. The name is more likely to be of foreign than of Egyptian origin, for Zoan distinctly indicates a place of departure of a migratory people, whereas Avaris has the simple signification Aabode of departure.@ A remarkable passage in the Book of Numbers, not hitherto explained, ANow Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt@ (xiii. 22), seems to determine the question. Hebron was already built in Abraham=s time, and the Shepherd-invasion may be dated about the same period. Whether some older village or city were succeeded by Avaris matters little: its history begins in the reign of Salatis. What Egyptian records tell us of this city may be briefly stated. Apepee, probably Apophis of the xvth dynasty, a Shepherd-king who reigned shortly before the xviiith dynasty, built a temple here to Set, the Egyptian Baal, and worshipped no other god. According to Manetho, the Shepherds, after 511 years of rule, were expelled from all Egypt and shut up in Avaris, whence they were allowed to depart by capitulation about B.C. 1500. Rameses II. embellished the great temple of Tanis, and was followed by his son Menptah. We believe that the Pharaoh of Joseph as well as the oppressors were Shepherds, the former ruling at Memphis and Zoan, the latter probably at Zoan only. Zoan is mentioned in connection with the Plagues in such a manner as to leave no doubt that it is the city spoken of in the narrative of Exodus as that where Pharaoh dwelt (Ps. lxxviii. 42, 43). After the fall of the empire, the first dynasty is the xxist, called by Manetho that of the Tanites. Its history is obscure. The xxiiird dynasty is called Tanite, and its last king is probably Sethos, the contemporary of Tirhakah, mentioned by Herodotus. At this time, Tanis once more appears in sacred history (Is. xxx. 4). As mentioned with the frontier-town Tahpanhes, Tanis is not necessarily the capital. But the same prophet perhaps more distinctly points to a Tanite line (xix. 13). The doom of Zion [Zoan?] is foretold by Ezekiel AI will set fire in Zoan@ (xxx. 14), where it occurs among the cities to be taken by Nebuchadnezzar.

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Appendix IVCMaps and Images
Ancient Near East in the Second Millennium B.C.

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Ancient Near East in the First Millennium B.C.

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The Exodus, Showing Egypt

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The World of the Greeks

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The Roman Empire

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The Spread of the Early Church

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Appendix 81CThe “Altar to Jehovah in the Land of Egypt” (Isa. 19.19)

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