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Form 5: Chapter 13 (Linear Law

)
SPM Practice
Fully-Worked Solutions
Paper 1
1 y = px 2 + qx
y
= px + q
x

y = mx 2

3 (a)

For the point (2, 6), x = 2 and
∴ 6 = p(2) + q … 1

y
= 6.
x

For the point (10, 2), x =10 and
∴ 2 = p(10) + q … 2

log10 y = log10 mx 2
log10 y = log10 m + log10 x 2
log10 y = log10 m + 2 log10 x
log10 y = 2 log10 x + log10 m

y
= 2.
x

Gradient

(b)

2 – 1 : –4 = 8p ⇒ p = – 1
2

冢 冣

1
For 1 : 6 = – (2) + q ⇒ q = 7
2

(i) Y-intercept = –1
log10 m = –1
m =10–1
1
m=
10
(ii)

2

y = 7x 2 – x 3
y
=7–x
x2
The straight line passes through the point (2, h).
y
Thus, x = 2 and 2 = h.
x
y
=7–x
x2
h=7–2
h=5

4

Gradient = 2
k – (–1)
=2
2–0
k+1=4
k=3

y = –3x 3 + 4
y
4
= –3 + 3
x3
x
y
1
–3
3 = 4
x
x3
(Y = 4X + c)

冢 冣

The straight line passes through the point (k, 3).
y
Thus, x = k and 2 = 3.
x
y
=7–x
x2
3=7–k
k=4

By comparison, Y =

45

Y-intercept

Divide throughout by x 3.
Rearrange

1
y
and X = 3 .
x
x3

k) ⬅ x.5 1 x(20 – x) 2 1 y 2 = 10x – x 2 2 2 1 y = 10 – x 2 x y2 = 冢 Point (6. k = 10 – 6 (a) y2 : x 冣 0 = 10 – y2 x q 2x log10 y = log10 q – log10 2x log10 y = log10 q – x log10 2 log10 y = –x log10 2 + log10 q (b) Y-intercept = log10 q –3 = log10 q q = 10–3 1 q= 1000 =7 冢 q 2x log10 y = log10 1 (6) 2 Point (h. y= 冣 1 h 2 1 h = 10 2 h = 20 46 . 0) ⬅ x.

5 0.4 1.1 0.20 58.8 0.6 0.4 0. as shown below: 1.42 1.62 0.83 5.121 0.452 0.07 1.12 2.32 1.741 1.114 → x y ↑ 4 6 8 10 12 5.36 p = 2.2 O Linear (b) x 2 4 6 (i) log10 p = Y-intercept log10 p = 0.175 k = 1.00 → x2 1 4 9 16 25 ↑ log10 y 0.4 4 0.2 Non-linear log10 y = log10 a + x 2 log10 b log10 y = (log10 b) x 2 + log10 a (i) Y-intercept = 0.04133 = 1.63 298.7 0.9 2.3 1. Graph of log10 y against x2 log10 y 2 The graph of log10 y against x is a straightline graph.5 1.08 log10 a = 0.12 16 – 1 0.74 – 0.7 1.6 1.77 2.8 2.2 0.2 0.64 26.29 (ii) log10 k = gradient 2.42 log10 y 0.76 2.246 0.08 a = antilog 0.0 2.Paper 2 1 (a) 2 (a) x 1 2 3 4 5 y 1.36 (b) y = ab x2 0.2 0.7 log10 k = 4 log10 k = 0.42 log10 k = 10 – 6 0.47 y = pk x log10 y = log10 p + x log10 k log10 y = (log10 k) x + log10 p The graph of log10 y against x 2 is as shown below.08 a = 1.04133 b = antilog 0.18 11.4 0.95 132.51 13.1 (ii) Gradient = 47 8 10 12 .08 O 5 10 15 20 x2 25 0.62 log10 b = 15 = 0.71 1.8 15 0.0 0.6 0.12 – 1.1 Graph of log10 y against x log10 y 1.0 0.

0 12.3 16.5 1.0 3.5 23.3 q=2 Gradient = 48 .0 xy 17.90 2. 4 (a) Graph of xy against x 2 xy p = Y-intercept q p =5 q p =5 2 p = 10 y = qx + x 1 3 5 7 y 5 20 80 318 → x+1 2 4 6 8 10 12 ↑ log10 y 0.0 10 10 0.30 1.5 3 20 2.7 8.0 x 2 q = Gradient 55 – 5 q= 25 – 0 q=2 The graph of xy against x 2 is as shown below.7 12 – 2 log10 q = 0.70 55 50 9 11 1270 5050 45 40 The graph of log10 y against (x + 1) is as shown below.1 h = 1.50 3.9 10.5 50 3.0 6.0 30 3.3 (a) → ↑ p qx p xy = qx 2 + q (ii) x 2. The actual value of y is given by: xyactual = 37 4(yactual) = 37 yactual = 9.1 29.5 4.5 3.5 5 0.7 – 0.25 y = hq x +1 log10 y = log10 h + (x + 1) log10 q log10 y = (x + 1) log10 q + log10 h Gradient Y-intercept Y-intercept = 0. Incorrect log10 y Correct 35 Graph of log10 y against (x + 1) 4.0 25 2.1 log10 h = 0.4 39.0 y 7.5 55.0 7.0 15 1.3 25.4 9.5 5.0 4.70 1.1 11.1 O 25 O (b) 5 10 15 20 25 (x + 1) 2 4 6 8 10 12 x2 (b) (i) From the graph.6 45.9.10 3.26 3.0 20.3 9. the value of y which is incorrectly recorded is 9.

0 7.55 = 0.0 3.24 4.5 3.1 x 3 4 k (b) y = 5hx 2 + x h k y = 5hx + h x 5 6 7 O Divided throughout by x. From the graph.0 0.67 0.66 3. (b) (i) 5h = Gradient 4.2 y x 3.5 (a) 6 (a) → ↑ x 2 3 4 5 6 7 y 7.4 1.80 0.0 x 6–2=4 Graph of log10 y against x 0. x = 6.0 k =3 0.00 4.0 11.41 0.0 4.44 = 0.5 2.0 4.082 log10 d = 0.1 49 8 x .0 0.5 8–3=5 0.85 0.7 (ii) k = Y-intercept h 3 y = bd 2x log10 y = log10 (bd 2x ) log10 y = log10 b + log10 d 2x log10 y = log10 b + 2x log10 d log10 y = (2 log10 d) x + log10 b log10 b = Y-intercept log10 b = 0.28 8.5 = 1.3 b = 2.15 (iii) 2 log10 d = Gradient 0. y = 3.77 4. from the graph.96 – 0.1. log10 y = 0.85.0 21.50 3.4 x y = 3.7 7 (i) When y = 7.5 3.8 4.6 2.0 33.5 0.7 3.41 = 5 (iii) When x = 1.5 – 3.3 16.4 1.4 1.96 – 0.05 (ii) 1 2 4 5 6 6.2 27.9 0.19 log10 y 0.0 4.96 log10 y 5.5 6.5 1 1.6 2 O 0.5 0.6.25 h = 0.72 6.05 k = 0.42 0.0 0.0 y 2.55 0.041 d = 1.50 4.92 0.2 0.55 = 8–3 0.35 9.5 8.54 4.74 → ↑ y Graph of x against x y x 1.5 5h = 6–2 5h = 0.3 1.5 – 3.6 y = 5.