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July 2010 Issue: 03

Complacency
Dear Colleagues,
There have been a number of accidents in the industry lately which are being attributed to a very well known malady that can affect anyone at any time. It can affect the old and the young. It can affect the meek and the over confident. The person affected is usually a self-satisfied individual who does not get upset over anything. If there is a problem, he tends to accept it easily. It seems the person is happily cruising on auto-pilot. The victim is usually unaware that he is suffering from this malady. This dangerous malady is called “Complacency”. Watch out for it because complacency is a silent killer. Hope you never fall prey to this dangerous sickness. Wishing you safe voyages. – Pradeep Chawla

Human Factors – Complacency
Editorial Human Factors – Complacency Revision of STCW Did you know? Stroke Concentrated Inspection Campaigns Ship Board Concentrated QHSE Campaign  No.2 – Summary Environmental Issues Regulation Update

Someone was once asked “What is the difference between ignorance and complacency?” he responded, “I don’t know and I don’t care.” What is complacency? Dictionaries describe it as being self-satisfied, a calm sense of wellbeing and security, self-satisfaction accompanied by unawareness of actual dangers or deficiencies. In attempting to understand the cause factors of an accident, and particularly in efforts to understand the chain of events that precede an accident, one word appears frequently – complacency. What causes us to become less vigilant when we do the same job for the 10th time? Due to the repetitive nature of a lot of jobs on the ship, complacency is an ever present danger. When a person becomes complacent his alertness level for the task decreases, and consequently, so does his performance. Factors: The major contributors to complacency are: Reliable equipment: Today the equipment on board is usually so reliable that there is an excess of confidence that it will never fail. Familiar circumstances: A person becomes more relaxed when faced with circumstances he is familiar with. Expectancy: When a person hears and sees what he expects to hear and see rather than what is actually occurring.

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the rest hours for watch keeping personnel will be as follows: Officers who are assigned duty as officer in charge of a watch. however practice in this area still needs to be seen. when the original 1978-Convention was completely revised. Safety Nets: To develop positive methods of preventing complacency. expected to enter into force in 2011.[Contd. Accepting lower standards of performance: One of the early symptoms of complacency is simply a lowering of one’s standards. hand and fingers were the body parts affected in 17. The Company we work for spends a considerable time and effort to provide a safe environment for us to work in. and personnel whose duties involve designated safety. Don’t make waves. There was a need to harmonize STCW requirements on rest hours with the requirements of the Maritime Labour Convention. The Conference marked the first major revision to STCW since 1995. and the intervals between consecutive periods of rest shall not exceed 14 hours. 2006 (MLC. It should be noted that musters. it should be a strong clue that the signs of complacency are present. Physical fitness provides the endurance to protect against fatigue induced unawareness and poor decisions. drinking in moderation. It is similar to staying in shape physically. Physical fitness: Being physically fit is an excellent defense for many of life’s challenges. you cannot simply lose weight once and then begin overeating. Satisfied with the Status Quo: Things as they exist are fine. and drills prescribed by national laws and regulations and by international instruments. Training: Initial and recurrent training including human factors training is fundamental to minimizing risk and preventing complacency. maintaining proper body weight. shall be provided with a rest period of not less than 10 hours of rest in any 24-hour period and 77 hours in any 7-day period. When staff see that they are not questioned or corrected for jobs that are not well done. 2006). A clear understanding of the risks we face – the people and the environment – is essential to maintain the proper balance to prevent a lethal dose of complacency. on page 3] Did You Know­­­ ? According to the U. They cannot be allowed for more than two consecutive weeks. Such exceptions can be given for example on request. Boredom and inattention: If it is a chore to get to work day after day. and mistakes will result in injury or worse.S. Erosion of desire to remain proficient: The individual. from page 1] Symptoms of complacency: There are symptoms of complacency that we should be aware of and that should set off alarm signals. and a regular exercise program. In most cases the root cause has been poor planning or a complete disregard of basic safety rules. we have very little margin for errors. Rest hours in the amended Convention The most important unresolved issue was a revision of rest hours for watchkeeping personnel. Overriding operational conditions should be interpreted as only essential shipboard work which cannot be delayed for safety or environmental reasons or which could not reasonably have been anticipated at the commencement of the voyage. •  A party to STCW (usually the administration of the flag state) may allow exceptions from the required hours of rest provided that the rest period is not less than 70 hours in any 7-day period. Philippines from June 21-25 to adopt revisions to the International Convention and Code on Standards of Training. Bureau of Labor Statistics. Following the Manila amendments to STCW. Why would anyone be careless enough to disregard their own safety by not using proper safety gear available to them? If we find someone (including ourselves) neglecting even the smallest item of personal safety. or ratings. One of the first defenses is to keep your awareness level stimulated. kicking the smoking habit.870 injuries in the private industry. YOUR SAFETY IS IN YOUR HANDS! . Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW). [Contd. Physical fitness results from conscious lifestyle choices including: proper nutrition. The above constitutes the main regulation regarding rest hours. Neglecting personal safety: This is more stupidity than complacency. they believe that the standard is at acceptable levels. fire-fighting and lifeboat drills. Sanjeev Mathur Revision of STCW An IMO Diplomatic Conference was held in Manila. the wrist. Contributed by Capt. Rising wrist/hand/finger injuries are a cause of concern in the maritime sector as well.158. Knowing these symptoms will help us to respond accordingly. There are however some options that differ from the main regulation: •  Rest hours need not be maintained in the case of an emergency or in other overriding operational conditions. shall be conducted in a manner that minimizes the disturbance of rest periods. we must keep ourselves aware. one of which shall be at least 6 hours in length. or if we don’t feel challenged by what we do and are not motivated to meet that challenge. Professional involvement: Staying abreast of our profession is an effective method of fighting complacency and also prevents us from becoming stale and outdated. proper rest. forming part of a watch.4% of injuries involving days away from work in 2007 of the total 1. thus it is our responsibility to learn and use all the tools provided to protect us. We must recognize that once on board. tends to fall behind. The hours of rest may be divided into no more than two periods. who does not make the effort to stay updated in his profession. prevention of pollution and security duties. then look out for complacency creeping in. Why change? Don’t rock the boat.

. The stroke victim may suffer severe brain damage when people nearby fail to recognize the symptoms of a stroke. hours of rest provided for may be divided into no more than three periods (as opposed to the normal two). Without oxygen. SOLAS Chapter VII. persons on board or cargo.  Tokyo MOU will carry out a Concentrated Inspection Campaign (CIC) on harmful substances. starting on 01st September and ending on 30th November 2010.. The devastating effects of a severe stroke are often permanent because dead brain cells aren’t replaced. –  Lay the victim down with his head and shoulders slightly elevated. If he has trouble with ANY ONE of these tasks. diagnosed. Black Sea MOU will start a Concentrated Inspection Campaign (CIC) on tanker damage stability compliance as of 01st September and ending on 30th November 2010 in parallel with the Paris MOU. and die within minutes (usually 3 to 4 minutes). from page 2] •  The intervals between two periods of such exceptions shall not be less than twice the duration of the exception. Accordingly. A stroke occurs when a blood vessel that brings oxygen Blood unable to pass clot and nutrients to the brain either bursts or is clogged by a blood clot or some other mass. Recognizing a Stroke Remember the ‘3’ steps. – Contributed by Mr. T* = TALK. Vina del Mar MOU Secretariat will start a Concentrated Inspection Campaign (CIC) related to the implementation of the requirements of the IMDG Code and will be carried out from 01st September to 30 December 2010. totally. Capt. This will reduce blood pressure on the brain. Concentrated Inspection Campaigns 1. or for the purpose of giving assistance to other ships or persons in distress at sea. Blood vessel Stroke Identification: A neurologist says that if he can get to a stroke victim within 3 hours he can totally reverse the effects of a stroke. R* Ask him to RAISE BOTH ARMS.g. This serves as two purposes. It will assist in keeping the victim’s airway open and allow vomit and secretions to drain from their mouth. Amit Suri Stroke One of our colleagues. STR. if it goes to one side or the other that is also an indication of a stroke.  Paris MOU will start a Concentrated Inspection Campaign (CIC) to verify correct damage stability on oil tankers. Ask the person to SPEAK A SIMPLE SENTENCE (Coherently) (e. and the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code during the period 01st  September through 30th November 2010. the part of the body they control can’t work either. . chemical tankers and gas carriers. When nerve cells can’t work. another exception cannot be given for 14 days. 2. When a rupture or blockage occurs. 4.  If the tongue is ‘crooked’. Source – BIMCO Now doctors say a bystander can recognize a stroke by asking three simple questions: S* Ask the individual to SMILE. breathing. He said the trick was getting a stroke recognized. 2. As it is also the case in the present STCW. check and monitor the victim’s airway. As soon as practicable after the normal situation has been restored. –  Never give a suspected stroke victim anything to eat or drink. and then getting the patient medically cared for as early as possible. 3. nerve cells in the affected area of the brain can’t work properly. During these 14 days the normal minimum of 77 hours must be followed. the Master shall ensure that any seafarers who have performed work in a scheduled rest period are provided with an adequate period of rest. nothing concerning rest hours of watchkeeping personnel shall be deemed to impair the right of the Master of a ship to require a seafarer to perform any hours of work necessary for the immediate safety of the ship. –  If you are trained in CPR. seek urgent medical help. Sameer Sablok. Timely medical help has played a major role in his recuperating process. recently suffered a stroke. ‘It is sunny out today’). The intervals between consecutive periods of rest shall not exceed 14 hours and shall not extend beyond two days in any 7-day period. and circulation using your CPR and First Aid training skills. Area of brain deprived of blood Blood clot Stroke is a disease that affects the blood vessels that supply blood to the brain. one of which shall be at least six hours in length and neither of the other two periods is less than one hour in length. parts of the brain do not get the blood and oxygen they need. the Master may suspend the schedule of hours of rest and require a seafarer to perform any hours of work necessary until the normal situation has been restored. Another ‘sign’ of checking for a stroke is 1. This inspection will last for 3 months. •  When given the exception. – Encourage the victim not to move and reassure them. as defined by MARPOL Annex III. –  Further guidelines are available in Chapter 13 of the International Medical Guide for Ships. His throat may be paralyzed restricting him from the ability to swallow.[Contd. Ask the person to ‘stick’ out his tongue. So if a person has been given an exception of 7 days with a rest less than 77 hours. –  If the victim is unresponsive but breathing place him on his left side with their chin extended.

Discuss some ECM and all ship messages once a week in Engine control room which are related to Environmental issues.0 % Sulphur as per company circulars 6. regardless of flag.1% Sulphur for Aux Engines and boilers 8. would be required to exchange. Hong Kong Tel: (852) 2863 6111 Fax: (852) 2861 2419 Email: aeqa. treat or deliver to a shore reception facility all ballast water taken up outside the following areas: the Barents Sea.  Navigation officer is not familiar with vessel’s maneuvering characteristics displayed on the bridge.  Fuel oil tank remote level indicators not calibrated properly and erractic. (in E/R Log Book Supplement – MARPOL Annex VI Record Book) 3. Further amendments relate to specifications for immersion suits and anti-exposure suits.  Minimum spare parts list not available 3. SECA area entries for changing over to 1. which should help in avoiding an Environment related deficiency: 1. The operation should be conducted in accordance with the ship’s ballast water management plan. new text relating to the application of the regulation to ships constructed on or after 1 February 1992 and on or after 1 July 1998. taking into account the recommendations on ballast water exchange. The existing section 2. Proper Oil record book and incinerator entries and checking that it tallies with alarm log in ECR. Anglo Eastern Group 23/F. The colour of life-saving appliances is now specified to be “of international or vivid reddish orange. All ships.  Pressure gauges and thermometers: –  Reference pressure gauge and thermometer not available –  No record of shore calibration available 2. Ozone Depleting Substances – Record of Equipment and consumption using Ozone Depleting Potential Refrigerants.com Website: www. Environmental Issues From this quarter. 2. 248 Queen’s Road East. 7. or a comparably highly visible colour on all parts where this will assist detection at sea”. 5. – Refer to BW 14 in Ballast Water Management – Part B file onboard.  Master – Pilot information exchange checklist not being filled. 9.  Contingency anchorage and abort points were not being marked on the charts. 10. 3. ECM 2. Wanchai.2 on General requirements for lifejackets is revised and replaced. and in Regulation 15  – Arrangements for oil fuel. provided that the master has determined that it is safe to do so and takes into consideration any increased blind sectors or reduced horizontal fields of vision resulting from the operation to ensure that a proper lookout is maintained at all times. Training records of engineers for Incinerator. 6. and the northern part of the Atlantic Ocean.angloeasterngroup. PSC may pay more attention to checking items related to MARPOL Annex VI (revised). Sewage plant and Oily Water Separator.  Master’s night orders not written on daily basis. 2. 4. All engineers should be able to demonstrate starting of Oily Water Separator and Incinerator in less than 5 minutes. The commencement and termination of the operation should be recorded in the ship’s record of navigational activities.com . We have identified 10 different areas where we would like you to concentrate while carrying out your inspection and record keeping on board. Volatile Organic Compound (VOC) Management Plan (only for tankers) 5. Engine room machinery monitoring 1. NPDES record book – if vessel is going to US. so as to include a requirement for water-mist nozzles which should be tested and approved in accordance with the guidelines approved by the Organization. if the adult lifejackets provided are not designed to fit persons with a chest girth of up to 1. the Bay of Biscay and surrounding Iberian peninsula.  Advantage of using relative vectors on the radar for collision avoidance not known to all officers.hkg@angloeasterngroup. the Norwegian Sea. following amendments to SOLAS came into force: Amendments to SOLAS Chapter II-2 – Fire protection These include amendments relating to Regulation 9  – Containment of fire. Amendments to SOLAS Chapter V – Safety of navigation The amendment adds a new paragraph to Regulation 22 – Navigation bridge visibility to allow ballast water exchange at sea. 1. EU port entries for changing over to GO below 0.Ship Board Concentrated QHSE Campaign No. a sufficient number of suitable accessories are to be available on board to allow them to be secured to such persons. – Refer to Regulation Update 11 for further details. Contributed by – Sudhir Bhimani. NOx Record book – if vessel is built after 1st January 2000 4. Amendments to the International Life-Saving Appliance Code (LSA Code) The amendments include the requirement that all life saving appliances should withstand in stowage an air temperature range of –30°C to +65°C and personal lifesaving appliances should remain operational throughout an air temperature range of –15°C to +40°C. Amendments to SOLAS Chapter III – Life-saving appliances and arrangements Amendment relates to the provision of lifejackets for larger passengers and states that.  Charts and publications inventory was not kept updated with the chart corrections service provider. 01st July 2010. the Irish Sea. the North Sea. lubricating oil and other flammable oils. Norwegian Ballast Water Management Regulations apply when calling at Norwegian ports and when operating in Norwegian territorial waters after 1 July 2010.2 Summary of deficiencies noted in the campaign conducted from Apr to Jun 2010 – Navigation Regulation Update 1.750 mm.