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INFOSYS NEAR TEST PATTERN: ENGLISH
Number of Questions: 36 Time: 35 Minutes Directions for Questions 1-10. Answer the questions that follow the passage based on the information given in the passage

Passage 1
Archaeology as a profession faces two major problems. First, it is the poorest of the poor. Only paltry sums are available for excavating and even less is available for publishing the results and preserving the sites once excavated. Yet archaeologists deal with priceless objects every day. Second, there is the problem of illegal excavation, resulting in museum-quality pieces being sold to the highest bidder. I would like to make an outrageous suggestion that would at one stroke provide funds for archaeology and reduce the amount of illegal digging. I would propose that scientific archeological expeditions and governmental authorities sell excavated artifacts on the open market. Such sales would provide substantial funds for the excavation and preservation of archaeological sites and the publication of results. At the same time, they would break the illegal excavator’s grip on the market, thereby decreasing the inducement to engage in illegal activities. You might object that professionals excavate to acquire knowledge, not money. Moreover, ancient artifacts are part of our global cultural heritage, which should be available for all to appreciate, not sold to the highest bidder. I agree. Sell nothing that has unique artistic merit or scientific value. But, you might reply everything that comes out of the ground has scientific value. Here we part company. Theoretically, you may be correct in claiming that every artifact has potential scientific value. Practically, you are wrong. I refer to the thousands of pottery vessels and ancient lamps that are essentially duplicates of one another. In one small excavation in Cyprus, archaeologists recently uncovered 2,000 virtually indistinguishable small jugs in a single courtyard, Even precious royal seal impressions known as l’melekh handles have been found in abundance—more than 4,000 examples so far. The basements of museums are simply not large enough to store the artifacts that are likely to be discovered in the future. There is not enough money even to catalogue the finds; as a result, they cannot be found again and become as inaccessible as if they had never been discovered. Indeed, with the help of a computer, sold artifacts could be more accessible than are the pieces stored in bulging museum basements. Prior to sale, each could be photographed and the list of the purchasers could be maintained on the computer. A purchaser could even be required to agree to return the piece if it should become needed for scientific purposes. It would be unrealistic to suggest that illegal digging would stop if artifacts were sold on the open market. But the demand for the clandestine product would be substantially reduced. Who would want an unmarked pot when another was available whose provenance was known, and that was dated stratigraphically by the professional archaeologist who excavated it? 1. The primary purpose of the passage is to propose (A) an alternative to museum display of artifacts (B) a way to curb illegal digging while benefiting the archaeological profession (C) a way to distinguish artifacts with scientific value from those that have no such value (D) the governmental regulation of archaeological sites (E) a new system for cataloguing duplicate artifacts

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particularly on the island of Cyprus. 3. light was created not once but twice. (B) Such artifacts seldom have scientific value. (C) Artifacts that are not uniquely valuable. The second time was hundreds of millions of years later. (B) Artifacts that are very similar to each other present cataloguing difficulties to archaeologists. which cooled off into darkness after a few million years. although more rare. Nobody knows exactly when the first stars formed. (D) Museums are well supplied with examples of such artifacts. The author’s argument concerning the effect of the official sale of duplicate artifacts on illegal excavation is based on which of the following assumptions? (A) Prospective purchasers would prefer to buy authenticated artifacts. 4. or how they organised Gradient/Infy pattern 1 . (E) Money gained from selling authenticated artifacts could be used to investigate and prosecute illegal excavators. The author mentions the excavation in Cyprus to emphasize which of the following points? (A) Ancient lamps and pottery vessels are less valuable. and therefore could be sold. and ignited to become the first stars. but also the ignorance of astronomers about that period. fireball. Passage 2 In the modern scientific story. (C) Artifacts discovered in one excavation often become separated from each other. when the cold material condensed into dense suggests under the influence of gravity. expanding. are available in large quantities. The first time was in the Big Bang.Gradient 2. (B) Space that could be better used for display is taken up for storage. Sir Martin Rees. (C) Computers could be used to trace sold artifacts. The author implies that all of the following statements about duplicate artifacts are true EXCEPT: (A) A market for such artifacts already exists. (D) Cyprus is the most important location for unearthing large quantities of salable artifacts. (D) Illegal excavators would be forced to sell only duplicate artifacts. (E) Illegal sales of duplicate artifacts are wide-spread. (B) The price of illegally excavated artifacts would rise. Which of the following is mentioned in the passage as a disadvantage of storing artifacts in museum basements? (A) Museum officials rarely allow scholars access to such artifacts. (E) Such artifacts’ often remain uncatalogued and thus cannot be located once they are put in storage. than royal seal impressions. The name describes not only the poorly lit conditions. (C) There is likely to be a continuing supply of such artifacts. (D) Such artifacts are often damaged by variations in temperature and humidity. when the universe began its existence as a glowing. (E) Such artifacts frequently exceed in quality those already catalogued in museum collections. 5. Britain's royal astronomer named the long interval between these two enlightenments the cosmic 'Dark Age'.

which are mysterious. when James Gunn and Bruce Peterson spelled out the technique for using quasars as backlighting beacons to observe the fog's ultraviolet shadow. The main problem that plagued previous efforts to study the Dark Age was not the lack of suitable telescopes. Gradient/Infy pattern 1 .or even whether stars were the first luminous objects. but rather the lack of suitable things at which to point them. d. 6.Gradient themselves into galaxies . and oneseventh of its current size. a period about which astronomers know very little. at the distances required for the study of Dark Age. even quasars are extremely rare and faint. Three of them appeared to be similar to ordinary. The new work by Dr Becker's team analysed the light from all four quasars. so at that moment the fog lifted and the universe became the well-lit place it is today. Now two independent groups of astronomers. Quasars may have preceded them. 7. bright spots found at the centres of some galaxies. However. Astronomers find it difficult to study the Dark Age because a. the period when the universe became cold after the Big Bang. the fourth and most distant. unlike any other quasar ever seen. Because the ultraviolet shadow is visible only in the most distant of the four quasars. and the other by George Djorgovski of the Caltech. one led by Robert Becker of the University of California. All the new quasars are terribly faint. b. and can therefore collect the most light. Davis. c. because they are so bright and compact that they can be seen across vast stretches of space. the energy source that powers a quasars is unknown. the Dark Age refers to a. These are the world's largest. Seeing this fog had been the goal of would-be Dark Age astronomers since 1965. the time that the universe took to heat up after the Big Bang. their best chance is to study quasars. Recently some members of Dr Becker's team announced their discovery of the four most distant quasars known. For this reason. b. less distant quasars. although it is suspected to be the intense gravity of a giant black hole. the medieval period when cultural activity seemed to have come to an end. the associated events took place aeons ago. protons and electrons). and hydrogen gas is opaque to ultraviolet. claim to have peered far enough into space with their telescopes (and therefore backwards enough in time) to observe the closing days of the Dark age. if astronomers are to have any hope of unravelling them they must study objects that are at least 13 billion light years away. The energy source that powers a quasar is unknown. The best prospects are quasars. suitable telescopes are few. Because these events took place over 13 billion years ago. The fog prolonged the period of darkness until the heat from the first stars and quasars had the chance to ionise the hydrogen (breaking into its constituent parts. a challenge that both teams overcame by peering at them through one of the twin Keck telescopes in Hawaii. the end of the Dark Age is called the 'Epoch of Re-ionisation'. Dr Becker's team concluded that the fog had dissipated completely by the time the universe was about 900 million years old. showed unmistakable signs of being shrouded in a fog because new-born stars and quasars emit mainly ultraviolet light. d. which are faint objects to begin with. However. c. In the passage. Ionised hydrogen is transparent to ultraviolet radiation.

behest B 17. the excess spending was possible due to increased ………… a.set off c. concerning c. the Bangladeshis ……………… while chasing the gargantuan figure of 300. a. described c. Directions for the questions 10-19: In each of the sentences below. a. a.strain of d.faltered D 11.Gradient 8. in throwing c. b.sharif 14. four different ways of completing the sentences have been indicated. The fog of hydrogen gas seen through the telescopes a. a. parts of the sentences are left blank beneath each sentence.the existing brands a. Musharraf……14……himself president for five more years…15…. was lifted after heat from starts and quasars ionised it.. There was a ………………………. grandiose………crack c. b. headquarters d. c. celebrated ….. appear to be shrouded in a fog of hydrogen gas. a.won c. depend upon d. quasars. decreed b. by their consumerism……lending B 12. contentious d. dose of b. is transparent to hydrogen radiation from stars and quasars in all states. 10. Americans have been living …………. eerie……….consumerism d..purchases b. d. malicious c. overthrowing b.of the army …17……. The Bakshi murder case was reminiscent of the ………… Desai case. on the edge………. The four most distant quasars discovered recently a. insanity in the family. a. is broken into constituent elements when stars and quasars are formed. it was brought to light in both the cases that there was a ………. appear to be similar to other ordinary. deathly………cracked d. bribed A 15.for years. respected b. Choose the set of words for each blank that best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole. decried d.. is material which eventually became stars and quasars. pregnant……….. beyond their means……. co-brand B 13. celebrated……. have been sought to be discovered by Dark Age astronomers since 1965.. 9.. balm b. throwing d.silence in the Bangladeshi dressing room at Melbourne when for the third time in a month. plain……….rejoiced b. helm c. Marketers who wish to extend their brand down the line to attract the middle class segments should ensure that the new variants do not ………. could only be seen with the help of large telescopes. pretentious B 18..of who came to power in the elections. a.store of C Choose the correct alternative to fill the blanks from the corresponding Question number. thinking C 16. cannibalize b. quiet………. eclipse c. d.. outthrowing A Gradient/Infy pattern 1 . ferocious b. by the wayside………. c.too are the reforms and the amendments to the constitutions introduced by Musharraf after ……18……. irrespective d.. and also insists on staying at the …16…..

workers’ . Consumer and producer prices. Like Auden. on a mission to make differences C b. led to a wave of d.. and to………. As with Auden. Olive Ann Beech's business mind was behind Beech Aviatin from the 1930's. James Merrill's language d. farm. As is Auden's. and conversational . needs d. Olive Ann Beech's business mind was Gradient/Infy pattern 1 .given to complex aynatactic flights as well as to prosaic free-verse strolls. on a mission to make a difference c. middle-class. when she and her husband founded the company. ……………took a vicious turn as well armed rebels massacred government forces a. b. until its sale in 1980. as have interest rates c. Like Auden. Like Auden. Select the apt sentence from the options provided that rephrases the sentence correctly 24. Like Auden's . paradox.to bring us together. In India. irony. tries b. of a mission to make a difference A 23. The six-years old battle against Maoist insurgents d. it keeps us apart a. a. have been rising 26. wishes A 20.. the language of James Merrill b.Gradient 19. As interest rates are rising. Consumer and producer prices have been rising. a. suppress d. the language of James Merrill 25. the challenges are to raise ………… incomes to reduce poverty. The six-year old battle for Maoist insurgents c. privatize c. The six-year old battle against Maoist insurgents D Direction for questions 24-33: The underlined part of the following sentences may have an error. liberalize b.inefficient enterprises a. lead to a wave of 22. a. The planet’s biggest rock star is……. James Merrill's language c. arch. intends c. James Merrill's language e. The troubled economy…………violent crime a. Similar to rising interest rates. while it ………. A native of Kansas who had a bank account at age seven and was paying the family bills at age eleven. consumer and producer prices have been rising. so have consumer and producer prices d. Similar to rising interest rates. like interest rates do e.in all communication technologies. paradox. a missionary with a difference d. waved off a trigger of c. consumer and producer prices have been rising. led to wave of b. irony. The six-year old battle against Maoist insurgent b. rural. a. as interest rates. restructure B 21. the language of James Merrill is chatty. The telephone symbolizes that awkward………. Consumer and producer prices have been rising.

the life span of the new orbiting observatories is expected to be ten to twenty years. Like Haydn. the life span of the new orbiting observatories is expected to be b. similar to that of artificial vision. it is expected. but the solution has proved easier e. Like Haydn. Schubert wrote a great deal for the stage. e. that is similar to artificial vision. the life span of the new orbiting observatories. As Haydn did. c. who could at least console himself with the knowledge that he had created enduring reforms within his won country. d. e. Schubert also e. In Japan elderly people are treated with far greater respect than most Western countries. a. Unlike Woodrow Wilson. Someday computers may be able to "see" forms. Schubert also c. similar to that of artificial vision but one that has proved easier to solve Gradient/Infy pattern 1 . The domestic reform projects to Tsar Alexander all came Tsar Alexander saw his projects for domestic reform all come 31. that is similar to artificial vision but one that has proved easier to solve c. a. As has Haydn. Unlike earlier satellites that last a year or two before failing. will be c. d.Gradient b. c. the new orbiting observatories are expected to have a life span of 30. As did Haydn. the expectation is for the new orbiting observatories to have a life span of e. a. a. Schubert also 29. The projects for domestic reform of Tsar Alexander all came Tsar Alexander's projects for domestic reform all came The projects of Tsar Alexander for domestic reform were all seen to come. similar to that of artificial vision but is has proved easier to solve d. the projects for domestic reform of Tsar Alexander all came to nothing. a. it is expected that the life span of the new orbiting observatories would be d. but the solution has proved easier. e. a problem of perception that is similar to artificial visions. but the solution has proved easier b. Schubert b. Like Haydn. most Western countries most Western countries do most Western countries are they do in most Western countries they are in most Western countries 28. Schubert d. b. d. It was the business mind of Olive Ann Beech that was Olive Ann Beech was the one whose business mind was Olive Ann Beech was the business mind the business mind of Olive Ann Beech was 27. c. b. but he is remembered principally for his camber and concert-hall music. just as they now can be made to recognize voices.

34. 36. d. funding for summer jobs is limited. we are unable to offer you a position in our local government office for the summer. the United States must keep its resource consumption at present levels for many years to come. Rajan’s brother did not wore a helmet and was injured in the accident d. sales declines of up to fifty percent but predicted that the industry as a whole would maintain a volume of sales fairly close to last year's e.S. Consequently. declines up to fifty percent of sales but predicted that the industry as a whole will have maintained a volume of sales fairly close to last year's. Rajan was always careful and wore his helmet without fail. if true. up to fifty percent in declining sales but predicted that the industry as a whole will have maintain a volume of sale fairly close to last year. (E) The United States has been conserving resources for several years. we are forced to reject many highly qualified applicants. The argument above depends on which of the following assumptions? (A) Per capita resource consumption in the United States is at an all-time high. b. Unfortunately. declines in sales of up to fifty percent but predicted that the industry as a whole would have maintained a volume of sales fairly close to last year. Which of the following. 35. One analyst of the liquor industry estimated that this year a few liquor stores have experience declining sales of up to fifty percent but predicted that the industry as a whole will maintain a volume of sales fairly close to last year. and it is impossible for us to offer jobs to all those who want them. (C) The United States uses more resources than any other country. Just as his brother who did not wear his helmet and was injured in the accident c. In similarity to his brother who did not wear his helmet and was injured in the accident Directions for Questions 34-36: Read the Paragraphs below and answer the questions that follow The earth’s resources are being depleted much too fast. (D) Other countries have agreed to hold their resource consumption at present levels. (C) Other countries need economic development more than the United States does. a. a. Dear Applicant: Thank you for your application. Like his brother who did not wear his helmet and was injured in the accident b. would most strengthen the argument above? (A) New resource deposits are constantly being discovered.Gradient 32. To correct this. resource consumption will significantly retard world resource depletion. Gradient/Infy pattern 1 . (E) Curbing U. Like his brother who did no wear his helmet and was injured in the accident. (B) The United States wastes resources. 33. As you know. c. declining sales of up to fifty percent but predicted that the industry as a whole will maintain a volume of sales fairly close to last year. Unlike his brother who did not wear his helmet and was injured in the accident e. (D) The United States imports most of the resources it uses. (B) The United States consumes one-third of all resources used in the world.

Gradient/Infy pattern 1 . (C) Very little funding was available for summer jobs in the government office.Gradient Which of the following can be inferred from the letter? (A) The number of applicants for summer jobs in the government office exceeded the number of summer jobs available. (E) Most of those who applied for summer jobs were considered qualified for the available positions. (B) The applicant who received the letter was considered highly qualified. (D) The application of the person who received the letter was considered carefully before being rejected.