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A GUIDELINE TO WRITE MINI-PAPER/RESEARCH PAPER

INTRODUCTION
State the research question you are trying to answer State why the question is important State the issues involved State why we should be concerned with resolving whatever issues are involved State how answering the question will help us State the implications and consequences of dealing with or resolving the issues involved

REVIEW OF THE LITERATURE


Identify who has tried to answer the question before by doing the following: Summarize how each of the sources presents and deals with the subject Explain how each source presents and deals with its findings or results Explain the relevancy of each source to your research question State what you learned from each of your sources State in what way(s) each source contributes to answering your research question

DISCUSSION
State your answer to your research question State how and elaborate on how, explain how, illustrate how each of the sources you previously reviewed help you answer your research question State what questions about your topic you still have that your sources may not have answered

CONCLUSIONS*
State the conclusions regarding your topic you have reached from having surveyed, interpreted, evaluated the literature Indicate how each of the sources have contributed to your conclusions (and clearly, accurately, correctly document those sources within your text) State the implications of your conclusions State what might be the possible consequences of your conclusions State the social significance these implications and consequences might have

DOCUMENTATION*
On a separate page, include a section labeled References which provides the full publication information for all the sources you used in your paper You should have a MINIMUM of three (3) sources for your paper Not meeting this minimum requirement of three (3) sources will lead to a lower evaluation of your paper for each missing source Use APA format for documenting your sources

*Not required for the mini-paper

Instructions

Introduce the subject. Start with a broad scope and narrow to define the paper's specific topic. For example, an essay about the importance of taking Vitamin C supplements may start with a few sentences about how the body uses vitamins and minerals in general, then mention the effects of Vitamin C in particular.

Create a thesis. The thesis should be a comprehensive statement that clearly states the writer's position on the given subject. Simple qualitative words can help formulate a thesis: The subject is good because... The subject is bad because... People who support the subject are right because... People who support the subject are wrong because... A thesis in the Vitamin C example may state that taking Vitamin C supplements is essential to a person's health, or it may state that Vitamin C supplements are ineffective and should not be taken.

Augment the thesis by introducing three supporting points. These supporting points will correspond with the three main body paragraphs that follow the introduction. If the writer's thesis is that Vitamin C supplements are good for one's health, his complete thesis sentence may look like this: "Because Vitamin C boosts the immune system [point #1], promotes healthy bone growth [point #2], and because the modern American diet does not include enough naturally occurring Vitamin C [point #3], supplements containing Vitamin C should be a regular part of our daily diet." This will be the final sentence of the introduction, which gives the reader a convenient "road map" for the rest of the paper.

Write the supporting paragraphs. These paragraphs correspond to the supporting points introduced in the thesis statement and should come in the same order. Each body paragraph should contain evidence from research to lend credibility to your argument.

The third point should be the strongest support for the thesis, to leave a lasting impression in the reader's mind. If you realize one supporting point is weaker or stronger than you originally thought, don't worry. Just reorder the paragraphs and make sure to make the same changes in order to the thesis statement.

Write the concluding paragraph. The conclusion should restate the thesis and summarize supporting points without being repetitive. Rather, rephrase these elements in a concise and compelling manner. Be sure not to introduce new information in the conclusion.

Free Expression in the Age of the Internet: Social and Legal Boundaries

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