Karen Fearon

Liverpool University

Chris White
Cambridge University

With Practical Action



 


Project Aim Background and motivation Current lantern Existing products New Technology Summary and future work Questions

Social  Assess the success of the Glowstar Project  Provide recommendations on improvements to the project Technical  Assess the suitability of new technology  Produce a prototype incorporating new technology options

http://www.nasa.gov/vision/earth/lookingatearth/NIGHTLIGHTS.html


Kerosene Lanterns Torches (dry cell batteries) High running cost
◦ Up to 30% of household income


 

Poor light output Pollutants – poor air quality Fire risk

http://www.lutw.org


   


Brighter, better quality light Easier to read/study, helps education No smoke – improved health Reduced fire risk – safer Extends day Improved business activities Aids household chores


Solar Home Systems Local mini grid Lanterns / lights
◦ Solar ◦ Disposable batteries ◦ ‘Mains’ Charged
− Generators − Energy Kiosk − Grid connection – another location

www.ez2c.de/ml/solar_land_area


Designed for developing world ◦ 1999 – 2003 DFID funded project High spec, robust, reliable Low Sales Volumes
◦ Sales volumes below expectation (10’s of thousands)
− High Price − Distribution method − Performance



High Quality and high performance Robust Good design Simple to use Too Expensive for target market Battery life often too short Big and heavy


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Price in range 3000 – 5000Ksh ($40-$70) Light Duration of 6 hours (and longer battery life) Phone Charging Simple operation and maintenance


Through a network of authorised agents Available in urban centres but limited access in rural areas Education of benefits required
Wider distribution, small local agents Piggyback mobile phone distribution Micro finance Service hire model


 

Batteries
◦ Lead Acid – Glowstar ◦ NiMH ◦ Li-ion

Solar PV Modules Lamp
◦ LEDs

LED
Mechanically Robust
Very compact

Compact Fluorescent
Brittle (glass tube)
CFL sized

Directional Light
Life – 50,000 – 100,000 hrs Efficacy up to ~100lm/W Low hazardous content

Non directional light
Life – 10,000 hrs Efficacy up to ~60 lm/W Contains mercury

Dimmable

Dimmable (flicker?)

Directionality
 Options for flexible design  Diffuse light more difficult

Efficacy
 Smaller and lighter products

Life
 Longer lamp life

Environment
 Reduced hazard to environment

Develop next generation lantern Investigate LED drive and battery charge control Design new lantern and build prototype

Glowstar Lantern Product Specifications Model Lamp
Battery Operating Temp Runing time (from full charge) Aux Output Dimension Weight

Glowstar GS5 5W
4.4Ahr -10'C - +45'C 5.5 hours H: 420mm D: 135mm 2.4kg

Glowstar GS7 7W
7.2Ahr -10'C - +45'C 8 hours Yes H: 420mm D: 135mm 3.3kg

5W (25W GLS) 7W (40 W GLS)
Lamp life

6 hours 5.5 hours
10,000 hours

10 hours 8 hours
10,000 hours

www.osram.com

02 Oct 09

Cree announces commercial availability of XLamp XP-G LED The latest small-footprint, cool-white LED from Cree has an output of up to 367 lm when driven at 1A, and an efficacy of up to 132 lm/W at 350 mA.
The XP-G LED, currently available in cool-white, can produce up to 367 lumens when driven at 1A, at a typical efficacy of 111 lm/W. The highest-performing bin also has a standard minimum flux at 350 mA of 139 lm.

http://www.ledsmagazine.com/news/6/10/5

LEDs Cool White: Neutral White: Warm White:

5000 – 10000K 4000 – 5000K 2500 – 4000K

Incandescent bulbs: ~2500K

Compact Fluorescents Cool White: 6000 – 7000K Warm White: 2500 – 3000K

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Luminosity_function

http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/uk/7172662.stm

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