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CATALOG

C-CF- 0 2 0 7

AHEAD OF THE FLOW

Copper Fittings

Business-to-Business Solutions
Look to NIBCO for technology leadership.
The velocity with which e-business evolves
demands that new products and services be continuously developed and
introduced to keep our customers at
the center of our business efforts.
NIBCO provides an entire suite of
business-to-business solutions that is
changing the way we interact with customers.

NIBCOpartner.comsm is an exclusive set of secure web applications that allow quick access to customer-specific information and online order processing. This self-service approach gives you 24/7
access to your order status putting you in total control of your business.
Real time information includes:
Online order entry
Viewable invoices & reports
Inventory availability

Current price checks


Order status
Online library of price sheets, catalogs & submittals

Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) makes it possible to trade business documents at the speed of
light. This technology cuts the cost of each transaction by eliminating the manual labor and paperwork involved in traditional order taking. This amounts to cost-savings, increased accuracy and
better use of resources.
With EDI, you can trade:
Purchase orders
PO Acknowledgements
Invoices

Product activity data


Advanced ship notices
Remittance advice

Vendor Managed Inventory (VMI), a sophisticated service for automated inventory management,
reduces your overhead by transferring inventory management, order entry and forecasting to
NIBCO. This is an on-going, interactive partnership with NIBCO.
Through automation, VMI brings results:
Improves customer service
Optimum inventory efficiencies
Better forecasting

Cuts transaction costs


Peace of mind
Relief from day-to-day management

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH:1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.336.4226 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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Table of Contents

Specifications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4
Wrot & Cast Pressure Fittings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5-21
Cast Copper Alloy Flared Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22-24
Copper Insert Fittings for Polybutylene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25-26
Wrot & Cast DWV Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27-37
Engineering Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38-81
Installation Instructions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82-85
Frequently-Asked Questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86
Warranty . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87
Numerical Index. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

The manufacturing plants at


Stuarts Draft, VA, Nacogdoches, TX
and Reynosa, Mexico manufacture
products under a Quality
Management System conforming
to the current revision of ISO-9001
International Standards

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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Revision 3/29/04

Specifications
All of the advantages found in copper as a metal have been capitalized to the utmost in the manufacture of NIBCO Fittings. Because
of the accuracy of construction and design, copper plumbing is more efficient and less expensive.
NIBCO manufactures nine general types of fittings: Wrot Pressure; Cast Pressure; Wrot Drainage; Cast Drainage; Flanges; Flared
Tube; Threaded Bronze; Insert Fittings for PEX; Barbed Insert Fittings for Polybutylene. Each has its particular place and use and each
offers its own advantages when used for the proper service requirement.
ALLOY AND FINISH NIBCO Fittings are made from highest quality raw materials available Cast Fittings are made from Copper
Alloy C84400 which consists of 81% Copper, 7% Lead, 3% Tin, and 9% Zinc per ASTM Specification B584. Wrot Copper Fittings are
made from commercially pure copper mill products per ASTM Specifications B75 Alloy C12200.
NIBCO fittings are produced to meet requirements of applicable standards wherever practicable.
NIBCO brand wrot and cast fittings are manufactured in the U.S.A. and Mexico. The manufacturing plants at Stuarts Draft, VA,
Nacogdoches, TX and Reynosa, Mexico are registered to ISO 9002 quality standards.
Following is suggested phrasing to be incorporated in your specifications or bills of material for
Copper Tube Fittings.
WROT SOLDER JOINT FITTINGS Wrot Solder Joint Fittings shall be produced to one of the following specifications:
1. Material and workmanship shall be in accordance with ASME/ANSI B16.22; Wrought Copper and Copper Alloy Solder Joint
Pressure Fittings.
2. The dimensional, material and workmanship shall
meet the requirements of MSS SP-104; Wrought
Copper Solder Joint Pressure Fittings.
3. The dimensional, material and workmanship of
5"12" copper fittings shall meet the requirements
of MSS SP-109 Welded Fabricated Copper Solder
Joint Pressure Fittings.
4. Certified to ANSI/NSF 61.
CAST COPPER ALLOY SOLDER JOINT FITTINGS
Cast Copper Alloy Solder Joint Fittings shall be in
accordance with ANSI Std. B16.18.
WROT DRAINAGE FITTINGS Wrot Drainage
Fittings shall be in accordance with ASME/ANSI Std.
B16.29.
CAST COPPER ALLOY SOLDER JOINT DRAINAGE
FITTINGS Cast Copper Alloy Solder Joint Drainage
Fittings shall be in accordance with ASME Std.
B16.23.
CAST COPPER ALLOY FLARED TUBE FITTINGS Cast
Copper Alloy Flared Tube Fittings shall be in accordance with ASME/ANSI Std. B16.26.
CAST COPPER ALLOY FLANGES AND FLANGED
FITTINGS
CLASS 150 Cast Copper Alloy Flanges and
Flanged Fittings shall meet the requirements
of MSS SP-106 and/or the workmanship and

dimensions of Federal Specifications WW-F-406 or


ASME Std. B16.24.
CLASS 125 Material, workmanship and
dimensions of flanges shall be in accordance with
MSS SP-106.
CAST BRONZE THREADED FITTINGS
Cast Bronze Threaded Fittings shall be in accordance
with ANSI/ASME B16.15.
POLYBUTYLENE COPPER INSERT TYPE VALVES AND
FITTINGS Wrot Copper Insert Fittings shall be
manufactured per the following specifications:
MSS SP-103 or ASTM F1380.
NIBCO Copper Tube Fittings are all produced to above
Standards. To simplify, write your specifications to
read: Copper Tube Fittings to be in accordance with
specifications as outlined in NIBCO Catalog c-cf-0602.
WROT COPPER MEDICAL MEDICAL GAS SYSTEM
COMPONENTS Wrot copper fittings that are to be
installed in medical gas applications shall be prepared
in accordance with NFPA 99, Health Care Facilities
Gas and Vacuum Systems and the Compressed
Gas Association, Pamphlet G4.1. Packaging shall
be adequately protective and include labeling that
identifies the preparer and states that the product
has been cleaned and bagged for oxygen or med gas
service.
For technical information and dimensions refer to the
engineering section contained in this catalog.

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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Wrot and Cast Pressure Fittings


600 Series Wrot
700 Series Cast

Adapters. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6-8
Air Chambers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Bulkhead Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Bushings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
Caps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9
Couplings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9-11
Crosses. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
Elbows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11-15
Fitting Reducers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
Flanges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15-16
Plugs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Return Bends . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Straps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
Tees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16-20
Traps. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
Unions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Venturi . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
Ys. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21

The manufacturing plants at


Stuarts Draft, VA, Nacogdoches, TX
and Reynosa, Mexico manufacture
products under a Quality
Management System conforming
to the current revision of ISO-9001
International Standards

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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ADAPTERS

603
Adapter C x F Wrot
NOM. SIZE

1/8
1/8 x 1/4
1/4
1/4 x 3/8
3/8
3/8 x 1/2
3/8 x 1/4
1/2
1/2 x 3/4
1/2 x 3/8
1/2 x 1/4
5/8 x 3/4
5/8 x 1/2
3/4
3/4 x 1
3/4 x 1/2
1
1 x 1 1/4
1 x 3/4
1 x 1/2
1 1/4
1 1/4 x 1 1/2
1 1/4 x 1
1 1/2
1 1/2 x 2
2
2 x 1 1/2
2 1/2
3

703
Adapter C x F Cast

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.03
0.03
0.03
0.05
0.04
0.09
0.03
0.09
0.14
0.04
0.05
0.12
0.11
0.15
0.21
0.10
0.24
0.28
0.19
0.24
0.33
0.40
0.27
0.44
0.50
0.63
0.74
1.13
1.94

13/32
1/ 2
5/ 8
21/32
11/ 16
29/ 32
9/ 16
27/ 32

1
17/ 32
1/ 2
29/ 32
3/ 4
29/ 32

11/8
5/ 8
31/ 32
17/32
25/ 32
5/ 8
13/32
11/4
31/32
11/8
11/32
13/32
13/16

NOM. SIZE

1/4 x 1/2
1/2 x 1
3/4 x 1 1/4
3/4 x 3/8
1 x 1 1/2
1 1/4 x 1
1 1/4 x 3/4
1 1/2 x 2
1 1/2 x 1
1 1/2 x 1 1/4
2 x 1 1/4
2 1/2
3
4

703-2
Fitting Adapter Ftg x F Cast

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.13
0.30
0.55
0.17
0.68
0.27
0.29
0.78
0.37
0.47
0.76
1.62
2.34
4.05

27 32

/
1
11/8
3/ 4
13/ 32
31/ 32
3/ 4
11/32
25/ 32
11/4
27/ 32
13 / 8
11/2
19/16

NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

1/2 x 1/4
3/4 x 1/2
1 x 3/4
1 x 1/2
2 1/2
3

0.11
0.12
0.38
0.15
1.65
2.47

17/32
19/16
131/32
17/16
215/16
31/4

703-5 Special
Drop Adapter C x F Cast
NOM. SIZE

603-2
Fitting Adapter Ftg x F Wrot
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

1/4
3/8
1/2
1/2 x 3/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2

0.03
0.06
0.09
0.05
0.13
0.27
0.31
0.43
0.61

13/32
13/16
17/16
11/4
111/16
21/32
21/8
25/16
217/32

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.16
0.24

3 4
31 32

1/2
3/4

/
/

703-5B
Drop Adapter C x F Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.15

3 4

1/2

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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ADAPTERS continued

604
Adapter C x M Wrot
NOM. SIZE

1/8 x 1/4
1/4
3/8
3/8 x 3/4
3/8 x 1/2
1/2
1/2 x 1
1/2 x 3/4
1/2 x 3/8
1/2 x 1/4
5/8 x 3/4
5/8 x 1/2
3/4
3/4 x 1
3/4 x 1/2
1
1 x 1 1/2
1 x 1 1/4
1 x 3/4
1 x 1/2
1 1/4
1 1/4 x 1 1/2
1 1/4 x 1
1 1/2
1 1/2 x 2
1 1/2 x 1 1/4
1 1/2 x 1
2
2 x 1 1/2
2 1/2
3

704
Adapter C x M Cast

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.03
0.03
0.04
0.15
0.09
0.07
0.25
0.15
0.05
0.07
0.16
0.08
0.14
0.26
0.10
0.21
0.54
0.38
0.18
0.18
0.35
0.51
0.27
0.44
0.81
0.38
0.37
0.81
0.64
1.48
1.69

7 16
23 32
15 32

/
/
/
15/16
1
5/ 8
11/2
13/ 16
19/ 32
5/ 8
11/8
3/ 4
13/ 16
17/16
27/ 32
31/ 32
29/32
11/2
29/ 32
31/32
15/ 16
119/32
15/32
31/ 32
11/8
13/16
13/32
13/32
11/8
121/32

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

NOM. SIZE

3/4 x 1 1/2
3/4 x 1 1/4
3/4 x 3/8
1x2
1 x 1 1/2
1 1/4 x 2
1 1/4 x 3/4
1 1/2 x 2
2 x 2 1/2
2 x 1 1/2
2 x 1 1/4
2 1/2
2 1/2 x 2
3
4
5
6

704-H
Hose Adapter C x Hose Cast

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.60
0.38
0.19
1.15
0.64
0.88
0.30
0.77
1.57
0.71
1.08
1.48
1.83
1.96
3.66
8.60
10.73

117/32
17/32
13/ 16

29/ 32
19/32
31/ 32
11 / 8
115/32
11 / 8

121/32
111/16
11/2
111/16
25/8
2

NOM. SIZE

1/2
1 2 5 8

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.09

9/32

3 4

NOTE: Fits / ," / " and / " Garden Hose.

604-2
Fitting Adapter Ftg x M Wrot
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

1/8
3/8
1/2
1/2 x 3/4
1/2 x 3/8
3/4
1

0.02
0.04
0.09
0.16
0.04
0.17
0.25

11/8
11/4
115/32
113/16
111/32
115/16
21/4

704-F
Flush Adapter C x M Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.03
0.03

9 16
19 32

/
/

704-2
Fitting Adapter Ftg x M Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

3/4 x 1
3/4 x 1/2
1 x 3/4
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3

0.27
0.12
0.24
0.43
0.54
0.89
1.55
2.21

131/32
123/32
115/16
227/32
213/32
23/4
33/8
323/32

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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ADAPTERS continued

704-2-H
Hose Adapter Ftg x Hose Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.16

15/8

3/4 F x 1/2 H
1

Revision 2/6/07

750
Bulkhead Fitting C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4
1
1 1/2
2

NOTE: Fits /2," /8" and /4" Garden Hose.

AIR CHAMBERS

BUSHINGS

BULKHEAD
FITTINGS

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

DIM. B
INCHES

0.48
0.77
1.30
2.87
3.82

11/4
19/32
11/2
11/2
21/32

1
11/4
15/8
23/8
25/8

619
Air Chamber Ftg. Wrot
NOM. SIZE

1/2 x 6
1/2 x 12
1/2 x 14
3/4 x 12

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

DIM. L
INCHES

0.21
0.41
0.78
0.40

1
1
11/8
1

6
12
14
12

618
Flush Bushing Ftg x C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

0.01
0.01
0.02
0.04
0.03
0.22
0.08
0.11
0.12
0.22
0.17
0.22
0.66

1/16

1/4 x 1/8
3/8 x 1/4
1/2 x 3/8
1/2 x 1/4
5/8 x 1/2
3/4 x 5/8
3/4 x 1/2
3/4 x 3/8
1 x 3/4
1 x 1/2
1 1/4 x 1
1 1/2 x 1 1/4
2 x 1 1/2

1/16
3/32
1/4
1/16
3/16
3/32
7/16
1/8
15/32
3/32
5/32
1/8

750-3
Bulkhead Fitting C x F Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4
1

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

DIM. B
INCHES

0.48
0.79
1.43

115/16
21/16
215/32

1
11/4
15/8

618-3
Flush Bushing Ftg x F Wrot
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

1/2 x 1/8
1/2 x 1/4

0.03
0.03

DIM. B
INCHES
9

/16
9/16

620-L
Air Chamber or Stub-Out
Ftg Wrot
As Air Chamber, just solder one joint. When used
as Stub-Out, simply pressure test system then cut
off stub-out (save piece for future use) and install
valve or fixture.
NOM. SIZE

1/2 x 6
1/2 x 8
1/2 x 10
1/2 x 12
3/4 x 12

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. L
INCHES

0.14
0.19
0.24
0.28
0.46

6
8
10
12
12

750-4
Bulkhead Fitting C x M Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

DIM. B
INCHES

0.40
0.79

131/32
25/32

1
11/4

718-3
Flush Bushing Ftg x F Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

3/4 x 3/8
1 x 1/2
1 1/4 x 3/4
1 1/2 x 1

0.06
0.13
0.18
0.25

131/32
31/32
11/32
15/32

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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COUPLINGS

CAPS

NOM. SIZE

600
Reducing Coupling C x C Wrot

617
Tube Cap C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
4

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.07
0.10
0.16
0.27
0.50
0.78
1.66

DIM. N
INCHES
1

/32
3
/32
3/32
3/32
1/8
1/8
5/32
3/32
1/8
5/32
7/32
7/32
1/4

717
Tube Cap C Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. N
INCHES

5.48
9.07

7/16

5
6

17/32

717-D
Drain Cap Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.06

21/32

NOM. SIZE

1/8 x 3/16 O.D.


5/16 O.D. x 1/8
1/4 x 5/16 O.D.
1/4 x 1/8
3/8 x 1/4
3/8 x 5/16 O.D.
3/8 x 1/8
1/2 x 3/8
1/2 x 1/4
1/2 x 1/8
5/8 x 1/2
5/8 x 3/8
5/8 x 1/4
3/4 x 5/8
3/4 x 1/2
3/4 x 3/8
3/4 x 1/4
1 x 3/4
1 x 5/8
1 x 1/2
1 x 3/8
1 1/4 x 1
1 1/4 x 3/4
1 1/4 x 5/8
1 1/4 x 1/2
1 1/2 x 1 1/4
1 1/2 x 1
1 1/2 x 3/4
1 1/2 x 1/2
2 x 1 1/2
2 x 1 1/4
2x1
2 x 3/4
2 x 1/2
2 1/2 x 2
2 1/2 x 1 1/2
2 1/2 x 1 1/4
2 1/2 x 1

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.01
0.01
0.03
0.02
0.03
0.05
0.04
0.03
0.07
0.06
0.06
0.05
0.11
0.09
0.10
0.10
0.16
0.18
0.18
0.14
0.23
0.22
0.20
0.19
0.41
0.35
0.37
0.34
0.35
0.59
0.65
0.65
0.73

5/32
3/16
3/16
3/16
3/16
1/4
1/4
3/16
1/4
11/32
3/16
11/32
13/32

3 x 2 1/2
3x2
3 x 1 1/2
3 1/2 x 3
4 x 3 1/2
4x3
4 x 2 1/2
4x2
5x4
5x3
5 x 2 1/2
5x2
6x5
6x4
6x3
6 x 2 1/2
6x2
8x6
8x4
8x3
8 x 2 1/2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.98
1.06
0.92
1.52
2.12
1.92
1.77
1.92
3.50
3.18
3.50
3.09
5.70
5.24
5.04
5.13
4.89
13.06
12.22
11.79
12.64

1/2
15/16

11/32
1/2
19/32
27/32
1
11/4
331/32
115/32
13/16
21/32
11/8
11/2
2
21/4
21/2
119/32
219/32
33/32
33/8

3/16
9/32
3/8
11/32
11/32
3/8
11/32
13/32
5/16
17/32
5/8
7/16
5/16
9/16
3/8
1/2
9/16
11/16
7/16
17/32
23/32
9/16
11/16
13/16
29/32

Continues

600-RS
Coupling with Rolled Tube Stop
C x C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

1/8 O.D.
3/16 O.D.
1/8
5/16 O.D.
1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
7/8
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.03
0.04
0.06
0.09
0.11
0.16
0.23
0.41
0.65
0.93
1.45
1.93

1/16
3/32
1/16
3/32
1/16
3/32
3/32
3/32
3/32
3/32
3/32
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
5/32
7/32

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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F L O W

Revision 2/7/07

COUPLINGS continued

600-DS
Coupling with Dimpled Tube Stop
C x C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

3/16 O.D.
1/8
5/16 O.D.
1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
7/8
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.03
0.04
0.06
0.09
0.11
0.16
0.23
0.41
0.65
0.93
1.45
1.93
3.53
5.63
14.12

3/32
1/16
3/32
1/16
3/32
3/32
3/32
3/32
3/32
3/32
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
5/32

601
Coupling without Stop
C x C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8

701-D
Drain Coupling C x C Cast

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.01
0.01
0.03
0.04
0.06
0.11
0.16
0.23
0.41
0.64
0.86
1.40
1.84
3.50
5.60
13.68

11/16
27/32

1
111/32
119/32
129/32
21/16
25/16
213/16
215/16
35/16
313/16
45/16
55/16
63/16
83/32

7/32
7/32
7/32
15/32

NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.08
0.14
0.22

1/4

1/2
3/4
1

1/4
1/ 4

702
Eccentric Coupling C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

3/4 x 1/2
1 x 3/4
1 1/4 x 1
1 1/4 x 3/4

0.10
0.18
0.25
0.24

17/32
1/4
1/4
9/32

701
Reducing Coupling C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

3 x 1 1/4
3x1

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

1.35
1.64

23/32
27/32

724-5-A
Hy-Set Hanger Coupling
C Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4
1

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

DIM. D
INCHES

0.05
0.09
0.13

15/8
15/8
15/8

23/32
27/32

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

10

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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F L O W

COUPLINGS continued

Revision 2/7/07

CROSSES

ELBOWS

606
45 Elbow C x C Wrot

736
Cross-Over Coupling
C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

0.27
0.60

DIM. A
INCHES

17/16
129/32

735
Cross C x C x C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

3/8
1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.09
0.15
0.30
0.54
0.78
1.05
2.00
2.96

3/8
7/16
9/16
23/32
7/8

1
11/4
11/2

NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

DIM. D
INCHES

1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
7/8
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
4
5
6
8

0.01
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.09
0.10
0.20
0.16
0.25
0.35
0.65
1.07
1.58
3.35
11.05
16.95
23.00

1/4
9/32

1/4
9/32

3/16

3/16

9/32
15/32

9/32
15/32

11/32

11/32

11/16

11/16

3/8
17/32

3/8
17/32

19/32

19/32

25/32

25/32

29/32

29/32

11/8

11/8
17/16
19/16
2
29/32

17/16
19/16
2
29/32

606-2
45 Fitting Elbow Ftg x C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

DIM. C
INCHES

0.02
0.04
0.08
0.10
0.16
0.25
0.35
0.65
1.07
1.55

9/16

1/4
7/32

1/4
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3

3/4

11/8
11/16
17/32
119/32
125/32
23/16
23/16
219/32

13/32
5/16
15/32
17/32
19/32
25/32
29/32
15/32

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

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AHEAD

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F L O W

Revision 2/7/07

ELBOWS continued

706-2
45 Fitting Elbow Ftg x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

DIM. C
INCHES

4.31

311/32

15/16

607
90 Elbow Close Rough
C x C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
1/2 x 3/8
3/4
3/4 x 5/8
3/4 x 1/2
1
1 x 3/4
1 1/4
1 1/4 x 1
1 1/2
1 1/2 x 1 1/4
2
2 x 1 1/2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

DIM. D
INCHES

0.01
0.02
0.03
0.04
0.04
0.10
0.12
0.10
0.21
0.16
0.31
0.31
0.46
0.35
0.84
0.58
1.41
2.07
2.94
4.23
7.74
10.95
29.50

13/32

13/32

9/32

9/32

1/2

1/2

3/8
9/16

3/8
21/32

17/32

17/32

29/32

7/8

17/32
23/32

3/4
23/32

23/32

5/8

11/32
15/8
17/32
15/32
11/2
17/16
127/32
23/32
23/8
225/32
27/8
37/16
423/32

11/32
115/32
17/32
13/32
11/2
11/4
127/32
23/32
23/8
225/32
27/8
37/16
423/32

707
90 Elbow Close Rough
C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

1 1/4 x 1
1 1/4 x 3/4
1 1/4 x 1/2
1 1/2 x 1
1 1/2 x 3/4
1 1/2 x 1/2
2 x 1 1/4
2x1
2 x 3/4
2 1/2 x 2
3 x 2 1/2
3x2
4x3

607-LT
90 Elbow Long Radius
C x C Wrot

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

DIM. D
INCHES

0.42
0.34
0.28
0.54
0.42
0.40
0.86
0.78
0.69
2.16
2.26
2.68
5.18

15/8
9/16
15/32
11/16
19/32
5/8
7/8
3/4
5/8
13/16
111/16
13/8
129/32

115/32
13/16
27/32
1
31/32
29/32
11/4
11/4
11/4
19/32
11/2
19/16
215/32

607-I
90 Elbow
Intermediate Radius C x C
Wrot
NOM. SIZE

1/2
5/8
3/4
1

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

DIM. D
INCHES

0.06
0.09
0.14
0.24

19/32

19/32

7/8
13/16

7/8
3/16

11/16

11/16

NOM. SIZE

3/16 O.D.
1/8
5/16 O.D.
1/4
1/4 x 1/8
3/8
1/2
1/2 x 3/8
1/2 x 1/4
5/8
5/8 x 1/2
3/4
3/4 x 5/8
3/4 x 1/2
7/8
1
1 x 3/4
1 x 5/8
1 1/4
1 1/4 x 1
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
4

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

DIM. D
INCHES

0.01
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.01
0.04
0.08
0.06
0.03
0.10
0.09
0.16
0.13
0.10
0.28
0.28
0.20
0.15
0.42
0.33
0.66
1.23
1.96
2.93
5.95

13/32

13/32

13/32

13/32

9/16

9/16
17/32

17/32
19/32
23/32

1/2
23/32

7/8
13/16

7/8
13/16

25/32

21/32

13/32

13/32
11/16
11/8
13/32
11/16
119/32
17/16
11/8
13/32
17/8
11/2
21/4
215/16
311/16
41/32
51/4

11/16
11/8
11/4
11/8
119/32
17/16
11/4
113/32
17/8
125/32
21/4
215/16
311/16
41/32
51/4

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

12

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 2/8/07

ELBOWS continued

607-2
90 Fitting Elbow Close Rough
Ftg x C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

DIM. C
INCHES

1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
4

0.02
0.03
0.04
0.07
0.10
0.20
0.33
0.46
0.84
1.39
2.10
4.00

3/4
15/16

3/8

31/32

3/8

17/32
111/32
13/4
21/8
213/32
227/32
315/32
313/16
43/4

17/32

1/2

17/32
27/32

11/32
17/32
11/2
129/32
23/32
225/32

1/2
5/8
3/4
1

NOM. SIZE

1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
1/2 x 3/8
1/2 x 1/4
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
1 1/2 x 1 1/4
2
2 1/2
3

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

DIM. C
INCHES

0.01
0.02
0.05
0.08
0.06
0.03
0.10
0.16
0.31
0.43
0.66
0.50
1.27
2.16
3.10

13/32

1/2

11/8

3/4

11/8
19/16
15/16
11/4
125/32
115/16
21/2
229/32
213/32
33/8
411/32
57/32
53/4

7/8

13/32
13/16
5/8
13/32
11/8
121/32
17/8
21/4
23/32
231/32
311/16
41/32

607-2-2-LT
90 Fitting Elbow Long Radius
Ftg x Ftg Wrot
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.02
0.04
0.08
0.10
0.16
0.31
0.43
0.65
1.25

27/32

1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2

11/8
119/32
111/16
115/16
21/2
229/32
37/16
411/32

707-2-4
90 Fitting Elbow
Ftg x M Cast

607-2-I
90 Fitting Elbow
Intermediate Radius
Ftg x C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

607-2-LT
90 Fitting Elbow Long Radius
Ftg x C Wrot

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

DIM. C
INCHES

0.06
0.09
0.14
0.24

15/32
19/16
15/8
21/32

19/32
7/8
13/16

11/16

607-2-2
90 Fitting Elbow Close Rough
Ftg x Ftg Wrot
NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
3

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.04
0.12
0.20
0.33
0.46
0.82
2.12

11/16
115/32
123/32
21/8
213/32
227/32
37/8

NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

DIM. E
INCHES

0.12

7/8

25/32

1/2

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

13

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AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 2/8/07

ELBOWS continued

707-3
90 Elbow C x F Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/4
3/8
3/8 x 1/2
1/2
1/2 x 3/4
1/2 x 3/8
1/2 x 1/4
3/4
3/4 x 1
3/4 x 1/2
1
1 x 3/4
1 x 1/2
1 1/4
1 1/4 x 3/4
1 1/2
2

707-3-5-A
90 Hy-Set Elbow C x F Cast

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

DIM. E
INCHES

0.06
0.09
0.13
0.12
0.18
0.09
0.10
0.18
0.35
0.20
0.43
0.35
0.26
0.67
0.47
0.89
1.46

13/32
7/16

9/16
11/16

9/16

13/16

7/16

13/16

11/16

15/16

1/2

13/16

3/8

23/32

21/32

15/16

13/16

11/8
15/16

9/16
25/32
11/16
9/16

1
9/16
11/8
13/8

11/4
13/16
11/8
11/2
111/16
15/8
115/16

NOM. SIZE

1/2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

DIM. E
INCHES

0.21

9/16

7/8

707-4-6
90 Union Elbow C x M Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

DIM. E
INCHES

0.21
0.30
0.49
0.72
1.16

13/32
11/32
15/16
123/32
13/4

13/16
11/2
113/16
15/8
127/32

3/8
1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4

707-3-6
90 Union Elbow C x F Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4
1

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

DIM. E
INCHES

0.31
0.49
0.79

11/8
17/16
17/8

7/8

1
11/4

707-5
90 Drop Elbow C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

DIM. C
INCHES

0.13
0.24

13/32

7/16

17/32

9/16

1/2
3/4

707-4
90 Elbow C x M Cast

707-3-5
90 Drop Elbow C x F Cast
NOM.
SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

3/8
3/8 x 1/2
1/2
1/2 x 3/8
3/4
3/4 x 1/2
1

14

0.12
0.18
0.15
0.17
0.28
0.24
0.49

DIM. A
INCHES

DIM. C DIM. E
INCHES INCHES

11/32

7/16

11/16

11/32

9/16

13/16

13/32

9/16

3/8

1/2

7/8
13/16

17/32

21/32

15/16

17/32

9/16

15/16

5/8

25/32

11/4

NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

DIM. E
INCHES

3/8
1/2
1/2 x 3/4
1/2 x 3/8
3/4
3/4 x 1
3/4 x 1/2
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2

0.08
0.12
0.18
0.10
0.21
0.33
0.18
0.43
0.58
0.81
1.38

5/16

7/8

7/16

15/32
15/32
15/16
111/32
113/32
17/32
15/8
111/16
131/32
29/32

9/16
5/16
9/16
21/32
7/16
23/32
7/8

1
11/4

707-5-A
90 Hy-Set Elbow C x C Cast
NOM.
SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

1/2
3/4

0.13
0.21

DIM. A DIM. C DIM. D


INCHES INCHES INCHES
31/32
15/16

7/16

15/32

9/16

9/16

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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Revision 2/8/07

FITTING REDUCERS

ELBOWS continued

NOM. SIZE

707-6
90 Union Elbow C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

DIM. C
INCHES

0.17
0.24
0.39
0.64
1.07

31/32

5/16

3/8
1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4

7/16

117/32

9/16

121/32

23/32

119/32

23/32

708
90 Flanged Sink Elbow
C x F Cast
NOM.
SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

1/2

0.20

DIM. A DIM. C DIM. F


INCHES INCHES INCHES
7/8

9/16

13/4

764
90 Double Elbow
C x C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

1 x 3/4 x 3/4

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

DIM. D
INCHES

0.33

3/4

21/32

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

600-2
Fitting Reducer Ftg x C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

1/4 x 1/8
3/8 x 1/4
3/8 x 1/8
1/2 x 3/8
1/2 x 1/4
5/8 x 1/2
5/8 x 3/8
5/8 x 1/4
3/4 x 5/8
3/4 x 1/2
3/4 x 3/8
3/4 x 1/4
1 x 3/4
1 x 5/8
1 x 1/2
1 x 3/8
1 1/4 x 1
1 1/4 x 3/4
1 1/4 x 1/2
1 1/2 x 1 1/4
1 1/2 x 1
1 1/2 x 3/4
1 1/2 x 1/2
2 x 1 1/2
2 x 1 1/4
2x1
2 x 3/4
2 x 1/2
2 1/2 x 2
2 1/2 x 1 1/2
2 1/2 x 1 1/4
2 1/2 x 1
3 x 2 1/2
3x2
3 x 1 1/2
3 x 1 1/4
3 1/2 x 3

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.03
0.02
0.04
0.04
0.03
0.06
0.06
0.05
0.05
0.10
0.09
0.09
0.08
0.15
0.16
0.13
0.23
0.21
0.20
0.16
0.40
0.34
0.35
0.35
0.34
0.65
0.65
0.60
0.78
1.03
0.99
0.81
1.29
1.48

15/32
19/32
25/32
11/16
25/32
7/8
31/32

11/32
31/32
11/8
11/8
13/32
17/32
13/8
11/4
19/32
15/16
11/2
13/8
113/32
15/8
17/8
119/32
131/32
23/32
127/32
127/32
131/32
131/32
23/8
27/32
29/32
21/4
29/16
219/32
31/4
211/32
Continues

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

2.09
2.00
1.56
1.76
3.30
2.97
3.30
2.88
5.56
5.09
4.67
4.47
4.51
12.33
10.35
11.10
10.63
11.41
10.86

25/8
31/32
31/32
313/32
39/16
41/16
411/32
411/16
43/16
49/16
51/16
511/32
519/32
515/32
515/16
67/16
615/16
73/16
77/16

4 x 3 1/2
4x3
4 x 2 1/2
4x2
5x4
5x3
5 x 2 1/2
5x2
6x5
6x4
6x3
6 x 2 1/2
6x2
8x6
8x5
8x4
8x3
8 x 2 1/2
8x2

FLANGES
CLASS 125

741
Companion Flange C Cast
NOM.
APPROX. DIM. B DIM. F DIM. G DIM. W
SIZE NET WT./LBS. INCHES INCHES INCHES INCHES

1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
4
5
6

0.55
0.71
1.26
1.42
1.82
2.76
4.29
5.26
7.60
9.04
12.68

1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8

31/2
37/8
41/4
45/8
5
6
7
71/2
9
10
11

3/16
3/16
1/4
1/4
5/16
3/8
3/8
7/16
7/16
7/16
1/2

23/8
23/4
31/8
31/2
37/8
43/4
51/2
6
71/2
81/2
91/2

NOTE: Dim. B = Tube Stop to Flange Face

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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15

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AHEAD

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F L O W

FLANGES
CLASS 150

Revision 2/8/07

STRAPS

PLUGS

623
Copper Hanger Strap

616
Fitted Plug Ftg - Wrot
NOM. SIZE

NOM.
APPROX. DIM. B DIM. F DIM. G DIM. W
SIZE NET WT./LBS. INCHES INCHES INCHES INCHES

3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
4
5
6

1.15
1.59
1.91
2.59
4.10
6.22
8.03
11.85
15.69
20.32

1/8

37/8
41/4
45/8
5
6
7
71/2
9
10
11

1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8
1/8

11/32
3/8
13/32
7/16
1/2
9/16
5/8
11/16
3/4
13/16

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.016
0.02
0.24

1 16
3 32
1 8

3/8
1/2
3/4

771
Companion Flange C Cast
23/4
31/8
31/2
37/8
43/4
51/2
6
71/2
81/2
91/2

NOTE: Dim. B = Tube Stop to Flange Face

638
Return Bend C x C Wrot
APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. E
INCHES

DIM. J
INCHES

0.02
0.04
0.08
0.13
0.26
0.44
0.70
1.04
1.92

21/32

1
11/2
11/2
2
21/2
3
4
41/2
51/2

21/32

11/32
11/2
119/32
23/32
23/4
35/32
329/32

775
Threaded Companion Flange
F Cast
2
2 1/2
3
4

4.31
6.30
7.13
10.20

1
13/16
15/16

6
7
71/2
9

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.03
0.03
0.04

TEES

705
Baseboard Tee C x F x C Cast

DIM. E DIM. F DIM. W


INCHES INCHES INCHES

11/8

1.93

624
Tube Strap
NOM. SIZE

1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

3/4" Wide x 25 Ft. Roll

/
/
/

RETURN BENDS

NOM. SIZE

NOM.
SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

SIZE

NOM. SIZE

43/4
51/2
6
71/2

739
Return Bend Closed
C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

3/4

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. E
INCHES

DIM. J
INCHES

0.29

15/32

15/16

1/2 x 1/8 x 3/4


1/2 x 1/8 x 1/2
3/4 x 1/8 x 1
3/4 x 1/8 x 3/4
1 x 1/8 x 1
1 1/4 x 1/8 x 1 1/4

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
C
D
E

0.15
0.11
0.29
0.19
0.32
0.51

7/16

9/16

11/16

7/16

7/16

5/8

3/4

9/16
13/16

9/16
23/32

9/16
23/32

7/8

7/8

11/16
3/4
15/16

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

16

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

www.nibco.com
AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 2/8/07

TEES continued

705-D
Vent Elbow C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4
1

611
Tee C x C x C Wrot

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
C
D
S

0.10
0.20
0.31

7/16

7/16

25/32

9/16

9/16

29/32

23/32

23/32

11/32

710-3
Tee F x F x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4
3/4 x 3/4 x 1/2
3/4 x 1/2 x 3/4
3/4 x 1/2 x 1/2

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
C
E
S

0.20
0.37
0.31
0.29
0.27

9/16

7/8

7/8

11/16

1
31/32
1
31/32

1
31/32
15/16
7/8

11/16
11/16
11/16

710-3-4
Tee M x F x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

3/4
3/4 x 3/4 x 1/2

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
C
E
S

0.34
0.33

11/16
11/16

111/32
17/32

1
31/32

NOM. SIZE

NOTE: Tee sizes are read Run x Run x Outlet.

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
C
F
G

3/16 O.D.
1/8
1/8 x 1/8 x 1/4
1/8 x 1/8 x 3/16 O.D.
1/8 x 3/16 O.D. x 1/8
5/16 O.D.
5/16 O.D. x 5/16 O.D. x 1/4
5/16 O.D. x 5/16 O.D. x 1/8
5/16 O.D. x 1/8 x 5/16 O.D.
5/16 O.D. x 1/8 x 1/8
1/4
1/4 x 1/4 x 1/2
1/4 x 1/4 x 3/8
1/4 x 1/4 x 5/16 O.D.
1/4 x 1/4 x 1/8
1/4 x 1/4 x 3/16 O.D.
1/4 x 5/16 O.D. x 1/4
1/4 x 1/8 x 1/4
1/4 x 1/8 x 1/8
3/8
3/8 x 3/8 x 1/2
3/8 x 3/8 x 1/4
3/8 x 3/8 x 5/16 O.D.
3/8 x 3/8 x 1/8
3/8 x 1/4 x 3/8
3/8 x 1/4 x 1/4
3/8 x 1/4 x 1/8
3/8 x 1/8 x 3/8
3/8 x 1/8 x 1/8
1/2
1/2 x 1/2 x 1
1/2 x 1/2 x 3/4
1/2 x 1/2 x 5/8
1/2 x 1/2 x 3/8
1/2 x 1/2 x 1/4
1/2 x 3/8 x 1/2
1/2 x 3/8 x 3/8
1/2 x 3/8 x 1/4
1/2 x 1/4 x 3/8

0.01
0.02
0.02
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.06
0.04
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.02
0.04
0.07
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.04
0.06
0.29
0.12
0.11
0.07
0.06
0.07
0.06
0.06
0.06

7/32

7/32

7/32

1/4

1/4

7/32

13/32

13/32

1/4

1/4

1/4
5/16

1/4

11/32

7/32

3/8

3/8

5/16

3/8

3/8

3/8

3/8

1/4
13/32

3/8

13/32

3/8

13/32

5/16
19/32

5/16
19/32

17/32

17/32

5/16

5/16

5/16

5/16

5/16
13/32

5/16

5/16

7/16

5/16

3/8

1/4

5/16

13/32

1/4

5/16

13/32

11/32

11/32

3/8
11/32

17/32

17/32

11/32

11/32

3/8
15/32

11/32

11/32

11/32

11/32

11/32

11/32

11/32

17/32

11/32

11/32

17/32

15/32

11/32

17/32

11/32

19/32

9/16
11/32

11/32

19/32

19/32

11/32

11/32

11/32

1
17/32
5/8
5/16
5/16
7/16
5/16
5/16
5/16

1
17/32
5/8
5/16
5/16
17/32
17/32
17/32
5/8

21/32

5/16
13/32
1/4
3/8
11/32

11/32
7/16
13/32
9/16

NOM. SIZE

5/8
5/8 x 5/8 x 3/4
5/8 x 5/8 x 1/2
5/8 x 5/8 x 3/8
5/8 x 5/8 x 1/4
5/8 x 1/2 x 5/8
5/8 x 1/2 x 1/2
5/8 x 3/8 x 5/8
5/8 x 3/8 x 3/8
3/4
3/4 x 3/4 x 1
3/4 x 3/4 x 5/8
3/4 x 3/4 x 1/2
3/4 x 3/4 x 3/8
3/4 x 3/4 x 1/4
3/4 x 3/4 x 1/8
3/4 x 5/8 x 3/4
3/4 x 5/8 x 5/8
3/4 x 1/2 x 3/4
3/4 x 1/2 x 1/2
3/4 x 1/2 x 3/8
3/4 x 3/8 x 3/4
3/4 x 3/8 x 1/2
3/4 x 3/8 x 3/8
7/8
1
1 x 1 x 1 1/2
1 x 1 x 1 1/4
1 x 1 x 3/4
1 x 1 x 5/8
1 x 1 x 1/2
1 x 1 x 3/8
1 x 1 x 1/4
1 x 3/4 x 1
1 x 3/4 x 3/4
1 x 3/4 x 1/2

3/8
13/32

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
C
F
G

0.12 7/16 7/16 7/16


0.15 23/32 23/32 1/2
0.11 7/16 7/16 13/32
0.09 7/16 7/16 5/8
0.09 7/16 7/16 3/4
0.10 7/16 5/8 7/16
0.09 7/16 19/32 13/32
0.10 7/16 3/4 7/16
0.09 7/16 3/4 5/8
0.15 1/2 1/2 1/2
0.22 23/32 23/32 1/2
0.16 17/32 17/32 11/16
0.12 7/16 7/16 17/32
0.12 7/16 7/16 21/32
0.12 13/32 13/32 23/32
0.12 7/16 7/16 13/16
0.15 17/32 11/16 1/2
0.15 17/32 23/32 11/16
0.15 17/32 25/32 1/2
0.12 13/32 19/32 1/2
0.12 7/16 21/32 21/32
0.15 17/32 17/32 1/2
0.12 7/16 23/32 17/32
0.12 7/16 23/32 21/32
0.31 23/32 23/32 23/32
0.30 11/16 11/16 21/32
0.60 111/32 111/32 31/32
0.42
1
1 29/32
9
9
0.27 /16 /16 21/32
0.26 9/16 9/16 7/8
0.23 15/32 15/32 23/32
0.23 15/32 15/32 29/32
0.23 15/32 15/32 1
0.29 11/16 7/8 21/32
0.26 9/16 23/32 3/4
0.22 15/32 21/32 23/32
Continues

17/32
9/16

Continues

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

17

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AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 2/8/07

TEES continued

NOTE: Tee sizes are read Run x Run x Outlet.

611
Tee C x C x C Wrot continued
NOM. SIZE

1 x 1/2 x 1
1 x 1/2 x 3/4
1 x 1/2 x 1/2
1 1/4
1 1/4 x 1 1/4 x 2
1 1/4 x 1 1/4 x 1 1/2
1 1/4 x 1 1/4 x 1
1 1/4 x 1 1/4 x 3/4
1 1/4 x 1 1/4 x 1/2
1 1/4 x 1 1/4 x 3/8
1 1/4 x 1 x 1 1/4
1 1/4 x 1 x 1
1 1/4 x 1 x 3/4
1 1/4 x 1 x 1/2
1 1/4 x 3/4 x 1 1/4
1 1/4 x 3/4 x 1
1 1/4 x 3/4 x 3/4
1 1/4 x 3/4 x 1/2
1 1/4 x 1/2 x 1 1/4
1 1/2
1 1/2 x 1 1/2 x 2
1 1/2 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/4
1 1/2 x 1 1/2 x 1
1 1/2 x 1 1/2 x 3/4
1 1/2 x 1 1/2 x 1/2
1 1/2 x 1 1/4 x 1 1/2
1 1/2 x 1 1/4 x 1 1/4
1 1/2 x 1 1/4 x 1
1 1/2 x 1 1/4 x 3/4
1 1/2 x 1 1/4 x 1/2
1 1/2 x 1 x 1 1/2
1 1/2 x 1 x 1 1/4
1 1/2 x 1 x 1
1 1/2 x 1 x 3/4
1 1/2 x 1 x 1/2
1 1/2 x 3/4 x 1 1/2
1 1/2 x 3/4 x 1 1/4
1 1/2 x 3/4 x 1
1 1/2 x 3/4 x 3/4
1 1/2 x 3/4 x 1/2
1 1/2 x 1/2 x 1 1/2

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
C
F
G

0.29
0.27
0.22
0.43
1.13
0.60
0.45
0.37
0.30
0.34
0.43
0.47
0.35
0.30
0.42
0.45
0.37
0.30
0.41
0.61
1.11
0.62
0.55
0.45
0.40
0.62
0.62
0.51
0.49
0.41
0.59
0.63
0.54
0.44
0.39
0.62
0.58
0.54
0.47
0.39
0.62

11/16

21/32

9/16

13/16

15/32

25/32

3/4
23/32

13/16

3/16

13/16

130/32

130/32

13/32
3
1 /16 29/32
25/32 25/32 29/32
21/32 21/32
3/4

13/16

1/2
23/32

1/2
23/32

25/32

5/8

29/32

29/32
1
1 /32 13/16
25/32
7/8
29/32
21/32 25/32
7/8
13/16

1/2
13/16

11/8

13/16
1
1 /32 29/32
21/32 15/16
7/8
1/2
3/4
29/32
25/32

13/16

13/16

31/32

17/32
31/32
25
1 /32 125/32
29/32 29/32
11/16 11/16
11/16 11/16
1/2
1/2
1
1 /32 13/16
31/32 13/32
25/32
1
11/16 13/16
1/2
25/32
1
1 /32 111/32
29/32 11/8
25/32 11/16
11/16 31/32
1/2
25/32
1
1 /32 17/16
29/32 111/32
25/32 11/4
11/16 13/32
1/2
29/32
1
1 /32 113/32

29/32

13/32
11/16
7/8
11/32
11/32
29/32
31/32
11/32
11/32
11/32
29/32
11/16
11/32
15/16
11/32
11/16
11/16
11/32
29/32
31/32
31/32

NOM. SIZE

2
2 x 2 x 2 1/2
2 x 2 x 1 1/2
2 x 2 x 1 1/4
2x2x1
2 x 2 x 3/4
2 x 2 x 1/2
2 x 1 1/2 x 2
2 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/2
2 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/4
2 x 1 1/2 x 3/4
2 x 1 1/2 x 1/2
2 x 1 1/4 x 2
2 x 1 1/4 x 1 1/2
2 x 1 1/4 x 1 1/4
2 x 1 1/4 x 1
2 x 1 1/4 x 3/4
2x1x2
2x1x1
2 x 3/4 x 2
2 x 1/2 x 2
2 1/2
2 1/2 x 2 1/2 x 2
2 1/2 x 2 1/2 x 1 1/2
2 1/2 x 2 1/2 x 1 1/4
2 1/2 x 2 1/2 x 1
2 1/2 x 2 1/2 x 3/4
2 1/2 x 2 1/2 x 1/2
2 1/2 x 2 x 2 1/2
2 1/2 x 2 x 2
2 1/2 x 2 x 1 1/2
2 1/2 x 2 x 1 1/4
2 1/2 x 2 x 1
2 1/2 x 2 x 3/4
2 1/2 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/2
2 1/2 x 1 1/4 x 2 1/2
2 1/2 x 1 x 2 1/2
2 1/2 x 3/4 x 2 1/2
2 1/2 x 1/2 x 2 1/2

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
C
F
G

1.30
2.34
1.17
1.12
0.90
0.88
1.17
1.16
1.15
1.15
0.83
1.12
1.58
1.16
1.19
0.90
0.85
1.11
0.89
1.15
1.15
2.40
1.97
1.53
1.72
1.34
1.34
1.34
1.99
1.95
1.57
1.57
1.40
1.35
1.76
2.40
2.04
2.00
2.46

19/32 19/32 11/32


2
2 121/32
11/4 11/4 123/32
9/32
9/32 17/8
27/32 27/32 11/4
19/32 19/32 11/4
11/4 11/4 21/4
19/32 17/8 111/32
11/4 13/4 123/32
7/32 13/4 111/32
21/32 15/16 17/32
11/4 125/32 21/4
19/32 115/32 19/32
11/4 131/32 123/32
15/16 111/32 111/32
27/32 19/32 111/32
21/32
1 18/27
11/8 125/32 11/4
27/32 19/32 111/32
19/32 23/16 11/4
19/32 23/8 11/4
15/8 15/8 15/8
15/16 15/16 121/32
13/32 13/32 121/32
13/32 13/32 127/32
25/32 25/32 111/16
25/32 25/32 113/16
25/32 25/32 21/8
121/32 23/32 121/32
111/32 15/8 123/32
13/32 213/32 121/32
13/32 119/32 127/32
25/32 19/32 13/4
25/32 19/32 127/32
13/32 113/32 13/8
121/32 27/16 121/32
121/32 223/32 121/32
121/32 211/16 121/32
11/2 27/32 11/2

NOM. SIZE

3
3 x 3 x 2 1/2
3x3x2
3 x 3 x 1 1/2
3 x 3 x 1 1/4
3x3x1
3 x 3 x 3/4
3 x 3 x 1/2
3 x 2 1/2 x 3
3 x 2 1/2 x 2 1/2
3 x 2 1/2 x 2
3x2x3
3 x 2 x 2 1/2
3x2x2
3 x 1 1/2 x 3
3 x 1 1/4 x 3
3x1x3
3 x 3/4 x 3
3 1/2
4
4x4x3
4 x 4 x 2 1/2
4x4x2
4 x 4 x 1 1/2
4 x 4 x 1 1/4
4x4x1
4 x 4 x 3/4
4x3x4
4x3x3
4 x 3 x 2 1/2
4x3x2
4 x 2 1/2 x 4
4x2x4

3.15
3.55
3.19
3.08
3.10
2.12
2.39
1.82
3.08
3.12
2.28
3.62
3.56
3.22
3.13
3.63
3.20
3.55
5.20
8.12
6.70
6.65
5.82
3.94
4.04
3.72
3.70
7.05
5.03
5.04
5.87
7.19
7.08

17/8 17/8 21/32


129/32 129/32 23/8
115/32 115/32 131/32
115/32 115/32 29/32
115/32 115/32 27/16
27/32 27/32 131/32
27/32 27/32 23/16
27/32 27/32 23/8
17/8 23/8 131/32
129/32 211/32 25/32
115/32 127/32 131/32
129/32 217/32 115/16
129/32 29/16 25/16
115/32 131/32 131/32
129/32 225/32 23/32
129/32 225/32 115/16
131/32 219/32 23/16
131/32 229/32 23/16
217/32 217/32 217/32
213/32 213/32 217/32
21/32 21/32 221/32
21/32 21/32 35/32
115/32 115/32 27/16
111/32 111/32 217/32
111/32 111/32 229/32
1
1 29/16
1
1 211/16
25
7
2 /32 3 /32 217/32
21/32 215/32 215/32
21/32 215/32 229/32
115/32 131/32 27/16
225/32 315/32 227/32
225/32 319/32 227/32
Continued on next page.

Continues

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

Continues

18

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
C
F
G

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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TEES continued
611-HE
Heat Exchanger Tee
C x C x C Wrot
Tube slips entirely through fitting on small end
of run. Sizes same as listed under 611 where tee
has one or more reductions on one end of run.

611
Tee C x C x C Wrot continued
NOM. SIZE

611-2
Fitting Tee C x Ftg x C Wrot

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
C
F
G

5
8.29 227/32 227/32 313/32
5x5x4
7.09 27/32 29/32 33/16
5x5x3
5.91 125/32 125/32 33/16
5 x 5 x 2 1/2
5.90 15/16 15/16 33/16
5x5x2
5.29 11/16 11/16 33/16
5 x 5 x 1 1/2
4.87 11/32 11/32 33/16
5 x 5 x 1 1/4
4.50 11/16 11/16 33/16
5x5x1
4.20 9/16 9/16 33/16
5x4x5
8.53 227/32 429/32 313/32
5x4x4
8.17 21/4 417/32 33/8
5x2x5
9.47 23/4 51/16 31/2
6
13.50 39/32 39/32 41/32
6x6x5
11.67 225/32 225/32 41/32
6x6x4
10.17 29/32 29/32 311/16
6x6x3
8.92 125/32 125/32 311/16
6 x 6 x 2 1/2
8.11 117/32 117/32 33/4
6x6x2
7.78 19/32 19/32 311/16
6 x 6 x 1 1/2
6.86
1
1 311/16
6 x 6 x 1 1/4
6.66 29/32 29/32 311/16
6x6x1
7.19 9/16 9/16 311/16
6 x 6 x 3/4
7.18 9/16 9/16 49/16
6 x 6 x 1/2
7.17 9/16 9/16 411/16
6x4x6
16.60 33/16 51/8 41/8
6 x 4 x 1 1/2
9.62 15/16 215/16 33/4
8
36.81 41/16 41/16 51/32
8x8x6
27.86 31/16 31/16 51/8
8x8x5
24.90 225/32 225/32 415/16
8x8x4
22.26 21/16 21/16 43/4
8x8x3
20.01 19/16 19/16 43/4
8 x 8 x 2 1/2
19.02 15/16 15/16 43/4
8x8x2
18.01 11/16 11/16 43/4
NOTE: Tee sizes are read Run x Run x Outlet.

NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
B
C
F

0.07 11/32
0.15 115/32

3/8
1/2

7/16
17/32

711
Tee C x C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

1 1/4 x 1/2 x 1
1 1/4 x 1/2 x 1/2
1 1/2 x 1/2 x 1 1/4
2x2x3
2 x 1 x 1 1/2
2 x 3/4 x 3/4
2 1/2 x 2 1/2 x 3
2 1/2 x 1 1/2 x 2
2 1/2 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/2
2 1/2 x 1/2 x 2 1/2
3x3x4
3 x 2 1/2 x 1 1/2
3 x 2 x 1 1/2
4x4x6
4x2x2

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
C
F
G

0.48
0.50
0.70
3.11
1.23
0.84
2.98
2.02
1.76
2.46
6.96
2.53
2.62
16.47
4.64

3/4
9/16

3/4

7/8

31/32

7/8

5/8

1
1
121/32 121/32 15/16
1 11/4 11/4
21/32
7/8
11/4
3
3
1 /4 1 /4 117/32
11/4 115/32 11/2
13/32 113/32 13/8
11/2 27/32 11/2
211/32 211/32 123/32
1 13/32 13/4
1 11/4 13/4
7
3 /32 37/32 29/32
11/4 13/4 21/4

711-5
Drop Tee C x C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/2

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

0.16

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
A
C
3/8

7/16

711-A
Supply and Return Tee
C x C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

1/2

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

0.17

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
C
J
13/16

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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Revision 2/8/07

TRAPS

TEES continued

712
Tee C x C x F Cast
NOM. SIZE

3/8
1/2
3/4
1
1 1/2
2
1/2 x 1/2 x 1/4
1/2 x 1/2 x 3/8
1/2 x 1/2 x 3/4
3/4 x 3/4 x 3/8
3/4 x 3/4 x 1/2
1 1/4 x 1 1/4 x 1/2
1 1/4 x 1 1/4 x 3/4
1 1/4 x 1 1/4 x 1
1 x 1 x 1/2
1 x 1 x 3/4
1 1/2 x 1 1/2 x 1/2
1 1/2 x 1 1/2 x 3/4
1 1/2 x 1 1/2 x 1
2 x 2 x 1/2
2 x 2 x 3/4
2x2x1
1/4
1 1/4
3/8 x 3/8 x 1/4
3/4 x 1/2 x 3/4
3/4 x 3/4 x 1

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
E
F
G

0.11
0.14
0.33
0.54
1.08
1.74
0.16
0.15
0.23
0.23
0.24
0.49
0.55
0.66
0.34
0.42
0.62
0.70
0.79
0.97
1.10
1.23
0.08
0.76
0.12
0.28
0.40

11/16

7/16

7/16

13/16

7/16

7/16

1
11/4
15/8
17/8
13/16
13/16
15/16
7/8
57/64
11/4
15/16
17/16
11/8
13/16
13/8
17/16
11/2
15/8
111/16
13/4
13/16
17/16
11/16
1
11/8

21/32

21/32

7/8

7/8

11/8 11/8
13/8 13/8
1/2
1/2
1/2
1/2
11/16 11/16
1/2
1/2
17/32 17/32
9/16
9/16
11/16 11/16
7/8
7/8
9/16
9/16
11/16 11/16
9/16
9/16
11/16 11/16
13/16 13/16
17/32 17/32
11/16 11/16
13/16 13/16
9/32
9/32
1
1
7/16
7/16
21/32 11/16
7/8
7/8

713
Tee C x C x M Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

0.15
0.29

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
E
F

13/32
19/32

7/16
9/16

714
Tee C x F x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/2
1/2 x 3/4 x 1/2
3/4
3/4 x 1/2 x 3/4
1
1 x 3/4 x 1
1 x 1/2 x 1
1 1/4
1 1/4 x 3/4 x 1 1/4
1 1/4 x 1/2 x 1 1/4
1 1/2
1 1/2 x 3/4 x 1 1/2
2
2 x 3/4 x 2
2 x 1/2 x 2

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
C
E
S

0.18
0.27
0.31
0.26
0.52
0.43
0.42
0.70
0.62
0.56
1.00
0.88
1.72
1.57
1.58

7/16

9/16

7/8

7/16
9/16

9/16
11/16

9/16
23/32

9/16
13/16

23/32

23/32

3/4

3/4

13/16
1
15/16
11/4
13/16
11/8
113/32
17/32
13/16
19/16
113/16
17/8
2
2

7/8

7/8

7/8

7/8

7/8

1
1
11/4
11/4
11/4

11/8
1
13/8
11/4
11/4

698
Suction Line P-Trap
C x C Wrot
A major application of this fitting is on the
suction line of a refregeration compressor.
The line is looped, by use of the Suction Line
P-Trap, to the floor prior to being run vertically
upwards to prevent the drainage of oil back to the
compressor during shut down periods. Additional
P-Traps are used for each 20' or riser pipe. this
prevents high velocity build-up as the oil or liquid
begins to return to the compressor during this
shut down period.
NOM. SIZE

1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2

APPROX.
DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
C
D
J
K

0.36
0.45
0.58
0.92
1.16
2.32
3.93

53/8
53/8
53/8
51/4
53/8
75/8
8

3
3
6
27/8 3
6
23/4 3
6
221/32 3
6
27/8 33/4 61/8
35/8 5
9
35/8 6 97/16

712-5
Drop Tee C x C x F Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4

20

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
A
C
E

0.25
0.38

3/8
1/2

9/16
21/32

7/8

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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UNIONS

VENTURI

733-2
Fitting Union Ftg x C Cast

633-W
Union C x C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
3/4
1

NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.10
0.15
0.22
0.31
0.33
0.54

5/8
11/16

1/2
3/4
1

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.23
0.35
0.55

19/32
15/8
127/32

7/16
13/32
3/8
1/2

621
Venturi Insert Wrot
Converts any tee into a special purpose venturi or
scoop tee
APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4

0.01
0.02
0.03
0.04

Ys
733-3
Fitting Union C x F Cast
NOM. SIZE

733
Union C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.10
0.15
0.22
0.31
0.31
0.54
0.76
1.04
1.77
3.25
4.75

11/16
7/16

1/4
3/8
1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.14
0.19
0.26
0.37
0.61
0.98
1.21
1.90

15/32
13/32
11/8
15/16
17/16
119/32
113/16
25/32

13/32

748
90 Y C x C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

DIM. B
INCHES

0.11
0.25
0.61

7/32

7/16

7/16
1/2

5/8
13/16

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

DIM. B
INCHES

0.15
0.30
0.55
0.81
1.14
2.17

13/32
117/32
113/16
21/4
25/8
35/16

7/8

1/2
3/4
1

21/32
3/8
1/2
1/2
23/32
1/2

1
15/32

733-4
Union C x M Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/4
3/8
1/2
1/2 x 3/4
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.13
0.20
0.28
0.35
0.43
0.68
0.95
1.35
2.17
4.13

11/2
15/8
111/16
21/16
129/32
21/8
25/32
213/32
225/32
313/32

749
45 Y C x C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2

17/32
115/32
17/8
21/8
23/4

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

21

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Revision 2/7/07

Cast Copper Alloy Flared Fittings


100 Series Heavy Flared
500 Series Flared

Adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Couplings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Elbows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Nuts . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

23
23
23
24
24

The manufacturing plants at


Stuarts Draft, VA, Nacogdoches, TX
and Reynosa, Mexico manufacture
products under a Quality
Management System conforming
to the current revision of ISO-9001
International Standards

22

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

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F L O W

ADAPTERS

Revision 2/8/07

ELBOWS

COUPLINGS

104
Heavy Flared Adapter
FL x M Cast
NOM. SIZE

3/4
1

507
Flared 90 Elbow FL x FL Cast

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. L
INCHES

0.60
1.24

21/2
31/4

NOM. SIZE

3/4
1

DIM. B
INCHES

0.54
0.77
1.60
5.39

15/8
131/32
29/16
37/8

1/2
3/4
1
2

101
Heavy Flared Coupling
FL x FL Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. L
INCHES

0.98
1.70

313/16
55/16

503
Flared Adapter FL x F Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4
1
1 1/2
2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.36
0.48
1.03
1.99
3.22

17/8
21/32
23/4
37/32
39/16

507-3
Flared 90 Elbow FL x F Cast
NOM. SIZE

501
Flared Coupling FL x FL Cast
NOM. SIZE

504
Flared Adapter FL x M Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4
1
1 1/2
2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.29
0.58
0.88
1.89
2.95

132/32
211/16
33/16
33/4
415/16

1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.45
0.60
1.24
2.18
2.65
4.03

23/8
21/2
31/4
31/2
323/32
41/4

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

DIM. E
INCHES

0.49
0.69
1.43

15/8
115/16
29/16

11/2
15/8
21/4

1/2
3/4
1

507-4
Flared 90 Elbow FL x M Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

DIM. E
INCHES

0.34
0.55
1.34
2.80

111/16
131/32
23/32
35/16

113/32
119/32
2
21/2

1/2
3/4
1
1 1/2

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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NUTS

500
Tube Nut Cast
NOM. SIZE

3/4
1

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

DIM. L
INCHES

0.20
0.31

11/16
13/8

11/2
17/8

TEES

511
Flared Tee FL x FL x FL Cast
NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4
1

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
B
D
K

0.67
1.09
2.08

15/8 15/8 15/8


2
2
2
25/8 25/8 25/8

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

24

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

Revision 2/8/07

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Revision 2/6/07

Copper Insert Fittings for Polybutylene

Couplings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Crimp Rings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Elbows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Faucet Connectors. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

26
26
26
26
26

The manufacturing plants at


Stuarts Draft, VA, Nacogdoches, TX
and Reynosa, Mexico manufacture
products under a Quality
Management System conforming
to the current revision of ISO-9001
International Standards

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

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Revision 2/8/07

COUPLINGS

FAUCET
CONNECTORS

PB600
Coupling Barb x Barb

PB607-FA
90 Elbow Faucet Connector
Barb x Swivel FIPS

NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

1/2
3/4

0.04
0.06

ELBOWS

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

1/2 without nut & washer

0.04

TEES

PB607
90 Elbow Barb x Barb
NOM. SIZE

NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

1/2
3/4

0.04
0.06

FAUCET
CONNECTORS

PB611
Tee Barb x Barb x Barb
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

1/2
1/2 x 1/2 x 3/4
3/4
3/4 x 3/4 x 1/2
3/4 x 1/2 x 3/4
3/4 x 1/2 x 1/2

0.05
0.10
0.10
0.08
0.10
0.08

CRIMP RINGS
PB600-FA
Straight Faucet Connector
Barb x Swivel FIPS
NOM. SIZE

1/2 without nut & washer

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

0.03

PB198
Crimp Ring Copper
NOM. SIZE

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

26

1/2
3/4

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

0.01
0.02

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

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Revision 2/9/07

Wrot and Cast DWV Fittings

Adapters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28-30
Bushings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Cleanouts. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30
Closet Flanges. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Couplings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31
Elbows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32-33
Plugs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33
Tees . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34
Test Caps & Tees. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34-35
T-Ys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Ys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35
Traps . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36-37
Return Bends. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37

The manufacturing plants at


Stuarts Draft, VA, Nacogdoches, TX
and Reynosa, Mexico manufacture
products under a Quality
Management System conforming
to the current revision of ISO-9001
International Standards

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

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Revision 2/8/07

ADAPTERS SLIP JOINT

ADAPTERS
SOIL PIPE

801-2-7
DWV Fitting Trap Adapter
Ftg x SJ Cast

805
DWV Soil Pipe Adapter
C x Spigot Cast

NOM. SIZE

903-7
DWV Trap Adapter
F x SJ Wrot

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.25

119/32

1 1/4 x 1 1/4 O.D.

901-2-7
DWV Fitting Trap Adapter
Ftg x SJ Wrot
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.29
0.24

17/16

1 1/2 x 1 1/2 O.D.


1 1/2 x 1 1/4 O.D.

17/16

NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.32
0.42
0.43

17/16
17/16
119/32

1 1/4 x 1 1/4 O.D.


1 1/2 x 1 1/2 O.D.
1 1/2 x 1 1/4 O.D.

904-7
DWV Trap Adapter
M x SJ Wrot
NOM. SIZE

1 1/4 x 1 1/4 O.D.


1 1/2 x 1 1/2 O.D.
1 1/2 x 1 1/4 O.D.

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.41
0.51
0.49

13/4
125/32
129/32

Joins copper tube to cast iron soil pipes.


NOM. SIZE

1 1/4 x 2
2x4
3
3x4
4

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.93
2.52
1.56
2.78
2.23

39/32
37/8
23/4
313/16
3

905
DWV Soil Pipe Adapter
C x Spigot Wrot
Joins copper tube to cast iron soil pipes.
NOM. SIZE

1 1/2 x 2
2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.60
0.44

37/16
29/16

901-7
DWV Trap Adapter
C x SJ Wrot
NOM. SIZE

1 1/4 x 1 1/4 O.D.


1 1/2 x 1 1/2 O.D.
1 1/2 x 1 1/4 O.D.

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.21
0.27
0.24

21/32
3/4
7/8

805-N
DWV No Hub Soil Pipe Adapter
C x No Hub Cast
NOM. SIZE

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

28

1 1/2 x 2
2
3
4

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.42
0.40
0.75
1.23

17/32
13/16
13/16
17/32

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Revision 2/8/07

ADAPTERS
SPECIAL LEAD

ADAPTERS THREADED continued

801-T
DWV Trap Adapter
C x O.D. Tube Cast

802-F
DWV Threaded Piece
C x M Cast

NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

0.21
0.22
0.20

1/8
7/32

1 1/4 x 1 1/4 O.D.


1 1/2 x 1 1/2 O.D.
1 1/2 x 1 1/4 O.D.

9/32

ADAPTERS
THREADED

1 1/4
1 1/4 x 1 1/2
1 1/2
2
3

Makes slip joint connection when soldered to the


end of tube and slip joint nut and washer added.
NOM. SIZE

1 1/4
1 1/2
2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.05
0.05
0.05

3/8
3/8

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

DIM. C
INCHES

0.23
0.41
0.25
0.33
0.92

15/16

7/16

1
1
11/16
11/2

1/2
7/16

NOM. SIZE

3
4

NOM. SIZE

1 1/2
2
3

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.39
0.56
1.44

115/32
119/32
27/32

3/8

903-2
DWV Fitting Adapter
Ftg x F Wrot

803
DWV Adapter
C x F Cast

802
DWV Adapter
C x M Cast
NOM. SIZE

803-2
DWV Fitting Adapter
Ftg x F Cast

NOM. SIZE
APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

1.45
2.31

113/32
117/32

1 1/4

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.19

117/32

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.34
0.55
0.31
0.43
0.52
1.35
2.59

13/64
15/16
27/32
7/8
15/16
125/32
21/32

7/16
3/4

804
DWV Adapter
C x M Cast
903
DWV Adapter
C x F Wrot
802-C
DWV Flush Adapter
C x M Cast
NOM. SIZE

1 1/4
1 1/2
2

NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

DIM. C
INCHES

0.16
0.20
0.23

15/16

7/16

15/16

9/16

11/16

5/8

1 1/4
1 1/2
2

NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.19
0.25
0.41

27/32
29/32

1 1/2
1 1/2 x 2
1 1/2 x 1 1/4
2
2 x 1 1/2
3
4

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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Revision 2/8/07

ADAPTERS
THREADED continued

BUSHINGS

CLEANOUTS

904
DWV Adapter
C x M Wrot

801-2
DWV External Bushing
Ftg x C Cast

816
DWV Fitting Cleanout
Ftg x Cleanout w/Plug Cast

NOM. SIZE

1 1/4
1 1/4 x 1 1/2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.30
0.37

13/32
13/16

804-T
DWV Trap Adapter
O.D. Tube x M Cast
NOM. SIZE

1 1/4 O.D. x 1 1/2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.44

19/32

NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.61
0.60
1.12
1.16

111/32
15/16
121/32
13/4

3x2
3 x 1 1/2
4x3
4x2

901-2
DWV External Bushing
Ftg x C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.13
0.19
0.19

1
17/32
13/8

1 1/2 x 1 1/4
2 x 1 1/2
2 x 1 1/4

804-2
DWV Fitting Adapter
Ftg x M Cast
NOM. SIZE

1 1/2
2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.50
0.71

115/16
21/32

NOM. SIZE

1 1/4
1 1/2
2
3
4

2 x 1 1/2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

DIM. C
INCHES

0.37

13/16

1/8

0.49
0.60
0.87
2.37
3.99

25/32
21/4
23/8
39/32
35/8

NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

1 1/4 x 3/4
1 1/2 x 1
2 x 1 1/2
3 x 2 1/2
4x3

0.20
0.29
0.42
0.96
2.25

15/32
11/16
17/32
113/16
21/8

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

30

DIM. B
INCHES

816-S
DWV Flush Fitting Cleanout
Ftg x Cleanout w/Plug Cast

901-2-F
DWV Fitting Flush Bushing
Ftg x C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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CLOSET FLANGES

COUPLINGS

801
DWV Coupling
C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

851-C
DWV Closet Flange
C Cast

851
DWV Closet Flange
C Cast
NOM. SIZE

4
4x3

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

1.45
2.18

3x2
3 x 1 1/2
4x3
4x2

NOM. SIZE

4x3

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

1.31

11/16

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.70
0.68
0.98
1.34

11/16

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. A
INCHES

0.07
0.09
0.13
0.14
0.19
0.45
0.57

3/32

15/16
9/32
11/4

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
C
F
W
1/2

67/8

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
B
F
W
5/8
11
1 /16

7
7

6
6

901
DWV Coupling
C x C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

1 1/4
1 1/2
1 1/2 x 1 1/4
2
2 x 1 1/2
3
4

3/32
5/16
3/32
15/32
3/32
1/8

951
DWV Closet Flange
C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

4x3

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

0.84

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
F
W

111/16 63/4

901-RP
DWV Repair Coupling (No Stop)
C x C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

1 1/2
2
3
4

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.09
0.14
0.42
0.57

113/32
117/32
129/32
213/32

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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ELBOWS

806
DWV 45 Elbow
C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

906-2
DWV 45 Fitting Elbow
Ftg x C Wrot
APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

2.47

117/32

906
DWV 45 Elbow
C x C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

0.13
0.21
0.38
0.78

1/2
9/16

1 1/4
1 1/2
2
3

13/16

13/16

806-2
DWV 45 Fitting Elbow
Ftg x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

DIM. C
INCHES

2.81

219/32

117/32

NOM. SIZE

1 1/4
1 1/2
2
3

907-LT
DWV 90 Long Radius Elbow
C x C Wrot

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

DIM. C
INCHES

0.13
0.21
0.39
0.84

13/16
11/4
15/8
17/8

1/2
9/16

1 1/2 x 1 1/4
2 x 1 1/2
3
4

1 1/4
1 1/2
2
3

0.41
0.62

25/16
23/4

1 1/2
2

807-2
DWV 90 Fitting Elbow
Ftg x C Cast

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

DIM. D
INCHES

0.43
0.71
2.30
3.92

11/4

13/16

111/16
27/8
325/32

17/16
27/8
325/32

NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

DIM. C
INCHES

3.84

413/16

325/32

907-2
DWV 90 Fitting Elbow
Ftg x C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

DIM. D
INCHES

0.18
0.32
0.58
1.20

13/16
17/16
115/16
211/16

13/16
17/16
115/16
211/16

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

DIM. C
INCHES

0.19
0.33
0.59
1.21

17/8
23/16
211/16
311/16

13/16
17/16
17/8
211/16

1 1/4
1 1/2
2
3

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

32

DIM. C
INCHES

13/8

907
DWV 90 Elbow
C x C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

13/16

807
DWV 90 Elbow
C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

NOM. SIZE

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

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ELBOWS continued

807-3
DWV 90 Elbow
C x F Cast
NOM. SIZE

1 1/2
2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

DIM. E
INCHES

0.72
1.15

113/32
17/8

21/8
211/16

960
DWV 60 Elbow
C x C Wrot

837
DWV 90 Double Elbow
C x C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

1 1/2
2
2 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/2

0.77
1.31
0.97

NOM. SIZE

DIM. C
INCHES

DIM. G
INCHES

113/32
17/8
15/8

113/32
17/8
11/2

1 1/2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

DIM. E
INCHES

0.66

113/32

23/32

808
DWV 221/2 Elbow
C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

NOM. SIZE

3x3x2

2.55

15/8

11/8
17/8

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

DIM. E
INCHES

2.43

27/8

19/32

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.08
0.12
0.19
0.21
0.34

23/32

3x3x2
DIM. C
INCHES

0.22
0.28
0.48
0.99

3/16

PLUGS

1/4
11/32
17/32

NOM. SIZE

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
C
C1
D

27/8

13/16

818 A.S.A.
DWV Plug
M Cast

807-9
DWV 90 Elbow w/Side Inlet
C x C x C Cast
APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

0.24
0.44
0.95

1 1/2
2
3

NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

1 1/4
1 1/2
2
3

DIM. C
INCHES

861-LH
DWV 90 Elbow
w/Low Heel Inlet
C x C x C Cast

807-4
DWV 90 Elbow
C x M Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

809
DWV 111/4 Elbow
C x C Cast

27/8
NOM. SIZE

1 1/2
2

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. C
INCHES

0.22
0.38

5/32

3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2

29/32
31/32

13/32
15/16

3/16

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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TEES

811-14
DWV Tee
C x C x F Cast

811
DWV Tee
C x C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

3
3x3x2
3 x 3 x 1 1/2
4
4x4x3
4x4x2

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

2.84
1.82
1.58
4.92
3.49
2.91

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
F
G

253/64

125/64

253/64

23/8 11/8
25/32 15/16
313/16
2
311/32 119/32
27/8 15/32

17/8
17/16
313/16
27/8
113/32

NOM. SIZE

1 1/2
2
2 x 2 x 1 1/2

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
F
G

23/16 13/16 113/32


223/32 11/16 17/8
27/16 7/8 17/16

0.88
1.57
1.17

NOM. SIZE

1 1/4
1 1/2
1 1/2 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/4
2
2 x 2 x 1 1/2
2 x 2 x 1 1/4
2 x 1 1/2 x 2
2 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/2

NOM. SIZE

1 1/4

11/8 13/16 11/8


113/32 29/32 113/32
25/32 15/16 17/16
127/32 11/8 17/8
15/8 15/16 13/8
11/2 13/16 11/8
127/32 125/32 113/16
15/8 11/4 13/8

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

2 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/2

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS. C

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
D
L
M

1.73 23/8 33/16 321/32

3 32

0.73 125/32 11/2 15/32

917-B
Test Caps Copper
C Wrot
NOM. SIZE

1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
3
4

835
DWV Double Tee
C x C x C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

34

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
B
E
G

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
C
F
G

0.32
0.49
1.58
0.78
0.73
0.51
0.80
0.73

NOM. SIZE

TEST CAPS

811-15
DWV Tee
C x F x F Cast
911
DWV Tee
C x C x C Wrot

835-B
DWV Double LT Tee
C x C x C x C Cast

1 1/4
1 1/2
1 1/2 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/4 x 1 1/4
2
2 x 2 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/2
2 x 2 x 1 1/4 x 1 1/4
2 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/2
3 x3 x2 x2
3 x 3 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/2

APPROX. DIMENSIONS
NET WT.
INCHES
LBS.
C
F
G

0.65
0.85
0.72
1.38
0.99
0.93
0.94
2.36
1.51

15/32 3/4
113/32 13/16
19/32 3/4
17/8 11/16
121/32 7/8
117/32 25/32
121/32 25/32
23/8 11/8
25/32 31/32

15/32
113/16
15/32
17/8
17/16
15/32
17/16
17/8
115/32

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. B
INCHES

0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.01
0.02
0.03
0.05

3/ 16
3/ 16
1/8
1/4
1/4
1/4
1/4
5/ 16

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TEST TEES

Revision 2/8/07

Ys continued

814
DWV Test Tee
C x C x Cleanout w/Plug Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT./LBS.

DIM. E
INCHES

DIM. F
INCHES

1.00
1.35
3.78

21/16
211/32
37/16

11/8
13/8
115/16

1 1/2
2
3

T-Ys
810
DWV 45 Y
C x C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

812
DWV Long Turn T-Y
C x C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE
1 1/4

1 1/2
2
2 x 2 x 1 1/2
3
3x3x2

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
D
J

0.93
0.87
1.84
1.07
3.49
2.78

227/32
35/16
41/4
35/8
67/16
47/8

127/32
21/8
23/4
23/8
41/32
35/16

23/4
35/32
41/16
37/32
61/32
45/32

K
13 32

/
7/16
1/2
7/32
3/4
3/32

1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 x 2 x 1 1/2
2 x 2 x 1 1/4
2 x 1 1/2 x 2
2 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/2
3
3x3x2
3 x 3 x 1 1/2
4
4x4x3
4x4x2

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

0.60
0.94
1.26
1.15
1.01
1.16
0.84
3.19
2.02
1.69
5.55
3.96
2.90

2
25/16
27/8
211/16
29/16
217/32
25/32
41/64
317/32
31/4
515/32
411/16
47/32

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
D
K

2
25/16
27/8
29/16
211/32
25/8
25/32
41/64
35/16
215/16
515/32
41/2
313/16

3 8

/
1/2
17/32
3/16
1/16
17/32
5/16
45/64
1/8

11/16
5/16

3/16

3/8

834
DWV 45 Double Y
C x C x C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

2
2 x 2 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/2
3
3 x 3 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/2

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

1.90
1.26
4.20
2.09

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
D
K

27/8
211/16
413/32
31/4

27/8 17/32
29/16 3/16
413/32 25/32
215/16

5/16

836
DWV Double Long Turn T-Y
C x C x C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

1 1/2
2
2 x 2 x 1 1/2 x 1 1/2
2 x 2 x 1 1/4 x 1 1/4

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
D
J

1.25
0.87
1.96
2.67

35/16
35/16
35/8
311/16

21/8
21/8
23/8
23/8

35/32
35/32
37/32
37/32

K
7 32

/
7/16
7/32
7/32

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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TRAPS

890
3 x 5 DWV Drum Trap
w/Bottom Inlet
C x F x Cleanout w/Plug Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
B
C
E

1.97

39/32 11/2 23/8

1 1/2

891
3 x 6 DWV Swivel Drum Trap
C x C x Cleanout w/Plug Cast
NOM. SIZE

1 1/2

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

2.90

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
B
C
F
21 32

6 /

1 2

1/

3/

880
DWV P-Trap w/Cleanout
C x SJ x Cleanout w/Plug Cast
NOM. SIZE

1 1/2
2

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

1.80
2.66

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
A
E
J

NOM. SIZE

1 1/2

1 1/4
1 1/2
2
3

1.50

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
A
E
J

113/32 27/32 21/2 317/32

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

1.21
1.53
2.26
5.74

15/32
113/32
17/8
27/8

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
C
J

117/32 21/4 39/32


115/32 21/2 317/32
113/32 3 43/32
115/16 4 521/32

NOM. SIZE

1 1/4
1 1/2
2
3

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

1.09
1.45
2.11
5.17

NOM. SIZE

1 1/2
2

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

1.86
2.64

1 8

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
E
J
5 32

5 8

K
7 16

1/ 3/ 2/ 3/
115/32 313/32 31/8 329/32

892-3
DWV P-Trap w/Union Joint
F x SJ Cast
NOM. SIZE

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

2.89

NOM. SIZE

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
A
C
J

5 32

9 32

1/
113/32
17/8
27/8

17 32

1 4

1 1/2

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

1.88

1 / 2/ 3/
115/32 21/2 317/32
113/32 3 43/32
115/16 4 321/32

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.

36

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
A
E
J

113/32 313/32 31/8 329/32

892-A
DWV P-Trap w/Union Joint
F x SJ x Cleanout w/Plug Cast

885
DWV P-Trap
C x C Cast

113/32 27/32 21/2 317/32


17/8 27/16 3 43/16

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

DWV P-Trap w/Union Joint


C x SJ Cast

884
DWV P-Trap w/Cleanout
C x C x Cleanout w/Plug Cast
NOM. SIZE

7 8

892

881
DWV P-Trap
C x SJ Cast

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

A
15

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
E
J
7

K
17

1 /16 2 /32 2 /2 3 /32

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TRAPS cont.

RETURN BENDS

875-S
DWV Trap Upturn
M x S Cast
NOM. SIZE

1 1/2

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

1.20

Revision 2/8/07

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
B
E
J

141/64 19/64

878
DWV Return Bend w/Cleanout
C x C x Cleanout w/Plug Cast
NOM. SIZE

1 1/4
1 1/2
2
3

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

0.81
0.98
1.40
3.34

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
C
J

117/32 21/4
115/32 21/2
113/32 3
115/16 4

879
DWV Return Bend
C x C Cast
NOM. SIZE

1 1/4
1 1/2
1 1/2 x 1 1/2 O.D.
2
2 x 1 1/2 O.D.
2 x 1 1/2
3

APPROX.
NET WT.
LBS.

0.76
0.90
1.00
1.25
1.23
1.37
2.77

DIMENSIONS
INCHES
J
L

117/32 21/4

115/32 21/2

115/32 21/2

113/32 3

117/32 3 119/32
117/32 3 119/32
115/16 4

Consult price sheet for Made to Order items and


for minimum order quantities.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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Revision 2/6/07

Engineering Data
Brazing Alloy

Engineering Data continued


Solder Joint Fittings

Consumption . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

Brazing Fittings
Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46
Friction Loss Allowances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Installation Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83-84
Tolerances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46

Copper Tube Fittings


Brazing Information. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Fitting Terms and Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Plumbing System Failures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40
Rated Internal Working Pressures . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43-44
Solder and Flux Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42
Solder Joint Specification. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41
Tolerances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60
Types of Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

Copper Water Tube


Comparative Data with Iron Pipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51
Dimensional Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47-50
Expansion and Contraction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52
Internal Working Pressures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54
Selection of Tube Sizes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Tolerances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47-50
Types, Standards, Applications, Tempers and Lengths . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81
Water Flow and Friction Loss . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55-80

Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Friction Loss Allowances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Installation Techniques . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Tolerances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

45
53
82
45

Specifications
Tolerances
Fittings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41, 45-46
Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47-50
Valves
Friction Loss Allowances . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53
Working Pressures
Joints . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43-44
Tubing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47-50, 54

Installation Instructions
The Fine Art of Soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
The Fine Art of Brazing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83-84
Polybutylene Installation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85

Frequently Asked Questions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86


Joints
Abbreviations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39
Brazing. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83-84
Soldering . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82
Types . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39

Numerical Index
Numerical Index . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88

Solder and Flux


Ratings. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43
Requirements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42

The manufacturing plants at


Stuarts Draft, VA, Nacogdoches, TX
and Reynosa, Mexico manufacture
products under a Quality
Management System conforming
to the current revision of ISO-9001
International Standards

38

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
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Copper
Tube Fittings
TYPES OF JOINTS
Flared Joint The principle of the flared joint was first developed
for copper tube plumbing in 1928 by NIBCO. The flared type joint is
wholly a mechanical means of joining copper tubes. The tube nut is
placed over the end of the copper tube to be joined; the tube end
then is flared out at an approximate 45 degree angle by a flaring tool.
The flared end is then drawn up by the tube nut so the inside surface
is tightly secured against the ball seat of the fitting. This joint can
be readily dismantled at any time and is, in effect, a type of union
connection. Its use is generally restricted to soft (annealed) copper
tubes since hard drawn tubes would be subject to splitting when
flared (if the ends were not previously annealed). The flared ends
of NIBCO Flared Fittings are produced to the requirements of ASME
B16.26, Cast Copper Alloy Fittings for Flared Copper Tube.
Solder Joint NIBCO pioneered the development of
the solder joint and its application to the field of copper tube
piping. Today the solder joint is widely adopted, as evidenced by
the majority of cities and states that have written codes to include
copper tube and solder joints as desirable for general plumbing,
water lines, vent, stack, waste and drain lines, as well as other uses
in industry. Testing has shown that often the solder joint has greater
strength than the tubes being joined, depending upon the soldering
alloy selected. While the method of preparing a solder joint is an
exacting art to insure a full strength joint, it can be readily mastered
by skilled tradesmen. It is for this reason to insure the public of
the protection afforded by properly prepared joints that NIBCO
products are marketed through the reputable sources of supply to the
piping trades. Important procedures for preparing a solder joint are
graphically illustrated in this catalog on page 95.
Brazed Joint This type of joint has long been used wherever and
whenever critical situations have been encountered in copper piping.
The joint itself is completed much in the same manner as the solder
joint; however, considerably more heat and several refinements of
technique require separate procedures that are described further in
this catalog on pages 96-97.

Flanges To adapt copper tube to equipment having flanged


connections, or to add copper tube to flanged pipe installations or
other purposes, NIBCO provides flanges. The flanges are produced in
two standard types widely used in this field where copper tube can
serve Class 150, comply with ASME B16.24, Cast Copper Alloy
Pipe Flanges and Flanged Fittings Class 150, 300, 400, 600, 900, 1500
and 2500; and Class 125, which conform to MSS SP 106, Cast
Copper Alloy Flanges and Flanged Fittings Class 125, 150 and 300.
Barbed Insert Fittings for Polybutylene (PB) NIBCO offers
a complete line of copper barbed insert fittings for joining PB tube.
The insert fittings are produced to the requirements of ASTM F 1380.
Along with the insert fittings are copper crimp rings, which, when
properly installed, provide a leak-tight mechanical joint. Transition
fittings are available for adapting to new or existing threaded or
solder joint ends.
Fitting Terms and Abbreviations
C
Ftg
F
M
Hose
Hub
Spigot
No Hub
O.D. Tube
S
SJ
FL

Female solder cup


Male solder end
Female NPT thread
Male NPT thread
Standard hose thread
Female end for soil pipe
Male end for soil pipe
Used with mechanical coupling
Actual tube outside diameter
Straight thread
Slip joint
Flared

Threaded Ends To adapt copper tube to equipment having


National Standard Pipe Taper (NPT) threads or to add copper tube to
existing iron pipe installations or other threaded connections, NIBCO
provides fittings having both external and internal NPT threads. These
threaded ends are produced to the requirements of ASME B1.20.1,
Pipe Threads, General Purpose (Inch).

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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WHAT MAKES A PLUMBING SYSTEM FAIL?


Failure in a copper plumbing system is rare, but may occur due to a variety

ABBREVIATED EMF SERIES

of reasons. The most common causes of failure are:

(Electromotive-Force Series; Common Piping Materials in Sea Water)

CATHODE (+) Passive


1. Excessive fluid velocity causes erosion-corrosion or impingement (to strike
or hit against) attack in the tube and/or fitting. For this reason, the copper
plumbing industry has establish design velocity limits for copper plumbing
systems to the following:
Hot Water > 140F (60C)
2 to 3 feet per second
(0.6 to 0.9 meters per second)
Hot Water 140F (60C)
4 to 5 feet per second
(1.2 to 1.5 meters per second)
Cold Water
5 to 8 feet per second
(1.5 to 2.4 meters per second)
2. Localized high velocities and/or turbulence. The presence of a dent, tube
ends which are not reamed or deburred before soldering, and sudden
changes in direction can all cause localized high velocity conditions.
3. Flux Corrosion is typified by pin hole leaks, generally in the bottom of
a horizontal line. Fluxes are mildly corrosive liquid or petroleum-based
pastes containing chlorides of zinc and ammonia. Unless the flux is
flushed from the system, it will lay in the bottom of the tube and remain
active. ASTM B 813, Liquid and Paste Fluxes for Soldering Applications
of Copper and Copper-Alloy Tube, limits the corrosivity of soldering
fluxes and ensures that these fluxes are flushable in cold water, which
facilitates easy removal of flux residue following installation.
4. Galvanic Corrosion may be defined as the destruction of a material by
electrochemical interaction between the environment and the material.
Generally, it is slow but persistent in character and requires the presence
of dissimilar metals. Galvanic corrosion requires the flow of an electric
current between certain areas of dissimilar metal surfaces. To complete
the electric circuit, there must be two electrodes, an anode and a cathode,
and they must be connected by an electrolyte media (water) through
which the current can pass. The amount of metal which dissolves at the
anode is proportional to the number of electrons flowing, which in turn
is dependent upon the potential and resistance of the two metals. The
use of dissimilar metals in a plumbing system may or may not create a
problem. For instance, copper and steel are perhaps the most common
dissimilar metals found together in a plumbing system. In closed systems,
such as a chilled or heating water piping, the use of dissimilar metals may
not create a serious problem; this is because there is virtually no oxygen
in the water and corrosion relations tend to be stifled. Where dissimilar
metals must be used, some codes require that they should be separated
by dielectric union or a similar type of fitting. The effectiveness depends
upon; distance between the metals on the electromotive-force series
(EMF) chart, ratio of cathode to anode area, degree of aeration, amount
of agitation, temperature, presence of dissolved salts, and other factors.

GOLD Fixtures, Faucets, Plating


PLATINUM
SILVER Brazing alloys, Silver-bearing solders
TITANIUM Condenser tubes
MONEL (67% Ni - 33% Cu) Specialty piping & equipment
CUPRO-NICKEL Condensers, Marine, Nuclear
COPPER Pressure, DWV, Gases, Air, Refrigeration, etc.
BRASS (85/15 - Red) Cast fittings, Valves
BRASS (70/30 - Yellow) Gas-cocks, Fittings, Connectors
LEAD Solder, Pipe, Sheet, Coating, Lining
TIN Solders, Coating, Lining
CAST IRON Pressure, DWV
WROUGHT IRON Pressure
MILD STEEL Fire Protection
ALUMINUM Refrigeration, Irrigation, some Solar
GALVANIZED STEEL Pressure, DWV
ZINC Coatings, Linings, some Fittings
MAGNESIUM Water Heater Anodes, Cathodic protection for pipelines

ANODE (-) Active; Sacrificial Material


5. Dezincification is a type of corrosion in which brass dissolves as an alloy
and the copper constituent redeposits from solution onto the surface of
the brass as a metal, but in the porous form. The zinc constituent may
be carried away from the brass as a soluble salt, or may be deposited in
place as an insoluble compound. Dezincification is normally associated
with brass valves where the zinc content exceeds 15%. Generally, areas of
high stress, such as valve stems and gate valve bodies, are primary targets
of attack.
6. On rare occasion problems of corrosion by aggressive water, possibly
aggravated by poor design or workmanship, do exist. Aggressive, hard
well waters that cause pitting can be identified by chemical analysis and
treated to bring their composition within acceptable limits. Typically these
hard waters are found to have high total dissolved solids (t.d.s.) including
sulfates and chlorides, a pH in the range of 7.2 to 7.8, a high content of
carbon dioxide (CO2) gas (over 10 parts per million, ppm), and the presence
of dissolved oxygen (D.O.) gas. Soft acidic waters can cause the annoying
problem of green staining of fixtures or green water. Raising the pH of
such waters to a value of about 7.2 or more usually solves the problem, but
a qualified water treatment specialist should be consulted.
7. Aggressive soil conditions can be a cause for external corrosion of copper
piping systems. Non-uniform soil characteristics, such as different soil
aeration, resistivity, or moisture properties, between adjacent sections
of tube can create galvanic corrosion cells. Soils contaminated with high
concentrations of road salts or fertilizers containing ammonia, chlorides,
and nitrogen are known to combine with water to form acids. Any metal
pipe laid in ash or cinders is subject to attack by the acid generated when
sulfur compounds combine with water to form sulfuric acid.

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

40

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
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SOLDER JOINT SPECIFICATION
1. Soldering Clearance (between the outside of the tube and the
inside diameter of the solder cup) and the Depth of the Solder
Cup (into which the tube is inserted).
Chart 1 Soldering Clearance and Solder Cup Depth
Nominal
Size
of Fitting
(Inches)

Maximum
I.D. of
Fitting
Inch (mm)

Minimum
O.D. of
Tube
Inch (mm)

1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2

0.381
0.506
0.631
0.756
0.881
1.132
1.382
1.633
2.133

(9.66)
(12.85)
(16.03)
(19.20)
(22.38)
(28.75)
(35.10)
(41.48)
(54.18)

0.374
0.499
0.622
0.749
0.872
1.123
1.373
1.623
2.123

2 1/2

2.633

(66.88) 2.623

3.133

(79.58) 3.123

(9.50)
(12.67)
(15.85)
(19.02)
(22.20)
(28.54)
(34.88)
(41.22)
(53.92)

Maximum
Clearance
for Soldering
Inch (mm)
0.007
0.007
0.009
0.007
0.009
0.008
0.008
0.010
0.010

Depth of
Solder Cup
Inch (mm)

(0.18)
(0.18)
(0.18)
(0.18)
(0.18)
(0.216)
(0.216)
(0.25)
(0.25)

0.31
0.38
0.50
0.62
0.75
0.91
0.97
1.09
1.34

(7.9)
(9.7)
(12.7)
(15.7)
(19.1)
(23.1)
(24.6)
(27.7)
(34.0)

(66.62) 0.010

(0.25)

1.47 (37.3)

(79.32) 0.010

(0.25)

1.66 (42.2)

3 1/2
4
5

3.633 (92.28) 3.623 (92.02) 0.010


4.133 (104.98) 4.123 (104.72) 0.010
5.133 (130.38) 5.123 (130.12) 0.010

(0.25)
(0.25)
(0.25)

1.91 (48.5)
2.16 (54.9)
2.66 (67.6)

6.133 (155.78) 6.123 (155.52) 0.010

(0.25)

3.09 (78.5)

The National Bureau of Standards Report BMS58, Strength of Soft-Soldered Joints in


Copper Tubing, reporting on tests conducted with 3/4-inch tubing and fitting, says When the
clearance is greater than 0.010 inch (0.25 mm), there is difficulty in filling the joint properly.

2. Depth of Solder Penetration drastically affects the breaking


load of the joint. When there is too great a soldering clearance,
there is no capillary flow to assure complete solder penetration.
As shown in the chart below, the holding power of the 3/4-inch
joint is directly proportional to the depth of solder penetration.

HOW TO BE SURE OF PROPER TOLERANCES


It is apparent that all of the scientific apparatus used to test tube
and fittings, according to the dimensions indicated in Chart 1,
would be impractical to use on the job. It is therefore essential that
you install tube and fittings manufactured by companies known to
be dedicated to the highest quality control standards. Should you
encounter a condition where there is difficulty in filling the joint
properly, NIBCO will analyze the trouble without charge. Just send
six inches of the tube, along with the fitting and our technicians will
provide you with an authoritative report.

For example: If you get only one-third penetration, you get


approximately one-third the strength needed to assure complete
satisfaction.
Chart 2 Type K 3 / 4" Tubing

Solder penetration of one-third


the cup depth breaking load,
approximately 2,100 lb. (955 kg)

Solder penetration of the entire


cup depth breaking load
approximately 7,000 lb. (3175 kg)

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
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BRAZING INFORMATION
Copper Water
Tube Size
(In Inches)
1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
A

For Estimating Purposes


Brazing A Filler Required
Inches
(mm)
0.25 B
(6.4)
0.38 B
(9.7)
0.50
(12.7)
0.62
(15.7)
1.00
(25.0)
1.60
(41.0)
2.00
(51.0)
2.60
(66.0)
4.40
(112.0)
5.90
(150.0)
7.90
(200.0)
10.50
(207.0)
13.50
(343.0)
20.50
(521.0)
28.50
(724.0)

Acetylene Consumption
C.F.H.
(C.M.H.)
15.9
(0.5)
15.9
(0.5)
24.8
(0.7)
24.8
(0.7)
24.8
(0.7)
31.6
(0.9)
31.6
(0.9)
38.7
(1.1)
60.0
(1.7)
60.0
(1.7)
70.0
(2.0)
70.0
(2.0)
88.5
(2.5)
88.5
(2.5)
88.5
(2.5)

Torch Tip
Drill Size No.
54
54
51
51
51
48
48
44
40
40
35
35
30
30
30

Oxygen Pressure (Approx.)


PSI
(kPa)
4
(27)
4
(27)
5
(34)
5
(34)
5
(34)
6
(41)
6
(41)
7
(48)
7
(48)
7
(48)
71/2
(52)
(52)
71/2
9
(62)
9
(62)
9
(62)

Acetylene Pressure (Approx.)


PSI
(kPa)
4
(27)
4
(27)
5
(34)
5
(34)
5
(34)
6
(41)
6
(41)
7
(48)
7
(48)
7
(48)
71/2
(52)
71/2
(52)
9
(62)
9
(62)
9
(62)

Approximate consumption when brazing one cup of the fitting. Actual consumption depends on workmanship.
For filler sizes shown, one pound of filler alloy provides 1,068 inches (27.13 mm) of 1/16-inch wire or 475 inches (12,065 mm) of 3/32-inch wire.

B 1 16

/ -inch (1.59 mm) diameter wire; all other is 3/32-inch (2.38 mm) diameter.

SOLDER AND FLUX REQUIREMENTS


Nom. Size Joint
(In Inches)
1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8

General Use
0.097
0.159
0.261
0.389
0.548
0.856
1.115
1.480
2.380
3.225
4.335
5.786
7.446
11.392
15.815
26.955

Solder Required, LB (kg)


Drainage Use

1.2
1.4
1.5

2.8

4.2

(0.5)
(0.6)
(0.7)
(1.3)
(1.9)

Solder requirements in this table are based on estimate of weight of solder used to prepare
100 solder joints of sizes shown.
Two (2) ounces (0.06 kg) of solder flux will be required for each pound (0.45 kg) of solder.

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

42

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Copper Tube Fittings continued


RATED INTERNAL WORKING PRESSURES OF JOINTS
MADE WITH COPPER WATER TUBE AND SOLDER TYPE FITTINGS, PSI (BAR)
Maximum Gauge Working Pressure for Standard Water Tube Sizes [Note (1)]

Joining Material
Alloy Sn50
50-50 Tin-Lead solder
[Notes (2), (3)]
Alloy Sb5
95-5 Tin-Antimony solder
[Note (4)]
Alloy E

Alloy HB
[Note (6)]

Working Temperature
F
C
100
38
150
66
200
93
250
121
100
38
150
66
200
93
250
121
100
38
150
66
200
93
250
121
100
38
150
66
200
93
250
121

Joining materials at or
above 593C
[Note (7)]

1 8

/ " though 1"


PSI BAR
200 (14)
150 (10)
100
(7)
85
(6)
1090 (9) (75)
625(10) (43)
505(11) (35)
270 (19)
710(10) (49)
475(11) (33)
375 (26)
320 (22)
1035 (9) (71)
710(10) (49)
440(11) (30)
430(11) (30)

11/4" through 2"


PSI BAR
175 (12)
125
(9)
90
(6)
75
(5)
850 (8) (59)
485(10) (34)
395(10) (27)
210 (15)
555( 10) (38)
370(10) (26)
290 (20)
250 (17)
805 (8) (56)
555(10) (38)
345(11) (24)
335(11) (23)

21/2" through 4"


PSI BAR
150
(10)
100
(7)
75
(5)
50
(3)
705 (9) (49)
405(10) (28)
325(10) (32)
175
(12)
460(10) (32)
305(10) (21)
240(11) (17)
205
(14)
670 (8) (46)
460(10) (32)
285(11) (20)
275(11) (19)

5" through 8"


PSI BAR
135
(9)
90
(6)
70
(5)
45
(3)
660 (8) (46)
375(10) (26)
305(10) (21)
165 (11)
430(10) (30)
285(11) (20)
225(11) (16)
195 (13)
625 (9) (43)
430(10) (30)
265(11) (18)
260(11) (18)

10" to 12"
PSI BAR
100
(6)
70
(5)
50
(3)
40
(3)
340
(23)
280
(19)
230
(16)
120
(8)
320
(22)
215
(15)
170
(12)
145
(9)
340
(23)
320
(22)
200
(14)
195
(13)

Saturated Steam
LB (kg)
All Sizes
15

15

15

15

Pressure-temperature ratings consistent with the materials and procedures employed.

GENERAL NOTE:
For extremely low working temperatures in the 0F to 200F range, it is recommended that a joint material melting at or above 1000F be employed [see Note (5)].
NOTES:
(1) Standard water tube sizes per ASTM B 88
(2) ASTM B 32 Alloy Grade Sn50
(3) The Safe Drinking Water Act Amendment of 1986 prohibits the use of any solder having a lead content
in excess of 0.2% in potable water systems.
(4) ASTM B 32 Alloy Grade Sb5
(5) ASTM B 32 Alloy Grade E
(6) ASTM B 32 Alloy Grade HB
(7) These joining materials are defined as brazing alloys by the American Welding Society.
(8) The solder joint exceeds the strength of Types K, L & M tube in drawn and annealed tempers.
(9) The solder joint exceeds the strength of Types L & M tube in drawn temper and Type K tube in annealed temper.
(10) The solder joint exceeds the strength of Type M tube in drawn temper and Types L & K in annealed temper.
(11) The solder joint exceeds the strength of Type L tube in annealed temper.

RATED INTERNAL WORKING PRESSURES OF JOINTS


MADE WITH FLARED FITTINGS AND COPPER WATER TUBE
Nominal Size Joint
(In Inches)
3/8, 1/2, 3/4, 1,
1 1/4, 1 1/2, 2
A

ASME B16.26

Temperature, F (C) A
100

(38)

Pressure, PSI (BAR) A


175

(12)

RATED INTERNAL WORKING PRESSURES OF


POLYBUTYLENE TUBE AND COPPER BARBED INSERT FITTINGS
Nominal Size Joint
(In Inches)
3/8, 1/2, 3/4, 1

Temperature, F (C)
73 (23)
140 (60)
180 (82)
200 (93)

Pressure, PSI (BAR)


200 (14)
160 (11)
100
(7)
80
(5)

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
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RATED INTERNAL WORKING PRESSURE1 FOR COPPER FITTINGS, PSI (BAR)


Water Temperature Range
Nominal Water
Tube Size
(In Inches)
1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8
1

-20 to 100F
(-29 to 38C)
912 (62)
779 (54)
722 (50)
631 (43)
582 (40)
494 (34)
439 (30)
408 (28)
364 (25)
336 (23)
317 (22)
304 (21)
293 (20)
269 (19)
251 (17)
270 (19)

150F
(66C)
775 (53)
662 (46)
613 (42)
537 (37)
495 (34)
420 (29)
373 (26)
347 (24)
309 (21)
285 (20)
270 (19)
258 (18)
249 (17)
229 (16)
213 (15)
230 (16)

200F
(95C)
729 (50)
623 (43)
577 (40)
505 (35)
466 (32)
395 (27)
351 (24)
327 (23)
291 (20)
269 (19)
254 (17)
243 (17)
235 (16)
215 (15)
201 (14)
216 (15)

250F
(120C)
729 (50)
623 (43)
577 (40)
505 (35)
466 (32)
395 (27)
351 (24)
327 (23)
291 (20)
269 (19)
254 (17)
243 (17)
235 (16)
215 (15)
201 (14)
216 (15)

300F
(149C)
714 (49)
610 (42)
565 (39)
495 (34)
456 (31)
387 (26)
344 (23)
320 (22)
285 (20)
263 (18)
248 (17)
238 (16)
230 (16)
211 (15)
196 (14)
212 (15)

350F
(177C)
608 (42)
519 (36)
481 (33)
421 (29)
388 (27)
330 (23)
293 (20)
272 (19)
242 (17)
224 (15)
211 (15)
202 (14)
196 (13)
179 (12)
167 (12)
180 (12)

The fitting pressure rating applies to the largest opening of the fitting.

RATED INTERNAL WORKING PRESSURES OF


CAST COPPER ALLOY FLANGES AND FLANGED FITTINGS
Pressure (PSI)
Nominal Size Joint
(In Inches)
1/2, 3/4, 1, 1 1/4,
1 1/2, 2, 2 1/2,
3, 4, 5, 6, 8
(also 10" for
Class 125)

Temperature
F (C) A
0 150 (0 66)
175 1(79)
200 1(93)
225 (107)
250 (121)
275 (135)
300 (149)
350 (177)
406 (208)

MSS SP-106

ASTM B584, UNS C83800 and UNS C84400

ASTM B62, UNS C83600 and ASTM B584, UNS C83600

A, B

Class 125
105 (7)
100 (7)
195 (7)
190 (6)
190 (6)
185 (6)
185 (6)
175 (5)
170 (5)

Class 150 B
210 (14)
205 (14)
195 (13)
190 (13)
180 (12)
175 (12)
170 (12)
150 (10)
140 1(9)

Class 150 A, C
225 (15)
220 (15)
210 (15)
205 (14)
195 (13)
190 (13)
180 (12)
165 (11)
150 (10)

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

44

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400F
(204C)
456 (31)
389 (27)
361 (25)
316 (21)
291 (20)
247 (17)
219 (15)
204 (14)
182 (13)
168 (12)
159 (11)
152 (10)
147 (10)
135 1(9)
125 1(8)
135 1(9)

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Copper
Water Tube
The mechanics of making both the solder joint and the brazing joint are comparatively similar. Complete instructions
on proper techniques of both of these joining methods are outlined in this catalog on pages 85-97.
A very important consideration in Copper Piping is the selection of the proper bonding medium. As a general rule, the working
temperature of the installation is a more important consideration than the working pressures. If the working temperature is not over
250F (121C), either 50-50%* or 95-5% solder can be used successfully. However, if the temperature exceeds 250F (121C), a low
temperature brazing alloy should be used, with a melting temperature somewhat in excess of 1000F (538C).
According to BMS report No. 58, joints made with tin or tin-alloy solders should not be subject continuously to temperatures above
250F (121C). A number of brazing alloys are available and a careful study should be made in every case to determine the proper
alloy for the particular application.
*The Safe Drinking Water Act Amendment of 1986 prohibits the use in potable water systems of any solder having a lead content in excess of 0.2%.

DIMENSIONAL DATA SOLDER JOINT FITTING ENDS


Solder Joint Fittings Tolerances
Nominal
Water Tube
Size (In Inches)
1/8
1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8
10
12

Male End (Fitting Connector)


Diameter
Min.
Max.
Inch
(mm)
Inch
(mm)
0.248
0.373
0.497
0.622
0.747
0.872
1.122
1.372
1.621
2.121
2.621
3.121
3.621
4.121
5.121
6.121
8.119
10.119
12.119

Solder Joint Fittings


Copper Alloy Pressure 1, 2

Female End (Solder Cup)


Diameter
Min.
Max.
Inch
(mm)
Inch
(mm)

Fitting End Length


Min.
Inch
(mm)

(6.30)
0.251 (6.38)
0.252 (6.40)
0.256 (6.50)
(9.47)
0.376 (9.55)
0.377 (9.58)
0.381 (9.68)
(12.62) 0.501 (12.73) 0.502 (12.75) 0.506 (12.85)
(15.80) 0.626 (15.90) 0.627 (15.93) 0.631 (16.03)
(18.97) 0.751 (19.08) 0.752 (19.10) 0.756 (19.20)
(22.15) 0.876 (22.25) 0.877 (22.28) 0.881 (22.38)
(28.50) 1.127 (28.63) 1.128 (28.65) 1.132 (28.75)
(34.85) 1.377 (34.98) 1.378 (35.00) 1.382 (35.10)
(41.17) 1.627 (41.33) 1.628 (41.35) 1.633 (41.48)
(53.87) 2.127 (54.03) 2.128 (54.05) 2.133 (54.18)
(66.57) 2.627 (66.73) 2.628 (66.75) 2.633 (66.88)
(79.27) 3.127 (79.43) 3.128 (79.45) 3.133 (79.58)
(91.97) 3.627 (92.13) 3.628 (92.15) 3.633 (92.28)
(104.67) 4.127 (104.83) 4.128 (104.85) 4.133 (104.98)
(130.07) 5.127 (130.23) 5.128 (130.25) 5.133 (130.38)
(155.47) 6.127 (155.63) 6.128 (155.65) 3.133 (79.58)
(206.22) 8.127 (206.43) 8.128 (206.45) 8.133 (206.58)
(257.02) 10.127 (257.23) 10.128 (257.25) 10.133 (257.38)
(307.82) 12.127 (308.03) 12.128 (308.05) 12.133 (308.18)

0.31
0.38
0.44
0.56
0.69
0.81
0.97
1.03
1.16
1.41
1.53
1.72
1.97
2.22
2.72
3.22
4.09
4.12
4.62

(7.9)
(9.7)
(11.2)
(14.2)
(17.5)
(20.6)
(24.6)
(26.2)
(29.5)
(35.8)
(38.9)
(43.7)
(50.0)
(56.4)
(69.1)
(81.8)
(103.9)
(104.6)
(117.3)

Solder Cup Length


Min.
Inch
(mm)
0.25
0.31
0.38
0.50
0.62
0.75
0.91
0.97
1.09
1.34
1.47
1.66
1.91
2.16
2.66
3.09
3.97
4.00
4.50

(6.4)
(7.9)
(9.7)
(12.7)
(15.7)
(19.1)
(23.1)
(24.6)
(27.7)
(34.0)
(37.3)
(42.2)
(48.5)
(54.9)
(67.6)
(78.5)
(100.8)
(101.6)
(114.3)

Solder Joint Fittings


Copper Alloy Drainage 3, 4
Fitting End Length
Min.
Inch
(mm)
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
0.56
0.62
0.69
N/A
0.81
N/A
1.06
1.31
1.62
2.12
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
(14.2)
(15.7)
(17.5)
N/A
(20.6)
N/A
(26.9)
(33.3)
(41.1)
(53.8)
N/A
N/A

Solder Cup Length


Min.
Inch
(mm)
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
0.50
0.56
0.62
N/A
0.75
N/A
1.00
1.25
1.50
2.00
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
(12.7)
(14.2)
(15.7)
N/A
(19.1)
N/A
(25.4)
(31.8)
(38.1)
(50.8)
N/A
N/A

As shown Standard ASME B16.18


As shown Standard ASME B16.22
3 As shown Standard ASME B16.23
4 As shown Standard ASME B16.29
2

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
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DIMENSIONAL DATA BRAZING FITTING ENDS


Male End (Fitting Connector) Diameter

Min.

Female End (Brazing Cup) Diameter

Max.

Min.

Fitting End
Length
Min.

Max.

Nominal
Water Tube
Size (In Inches)

Inch

(mm)

Inch

(mm)

Inch

(mm)

Inch

(mm)

Inch

(mm)

Inch

(mm)

1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8
10
12

0.373
0.497
0.622
0.747
0.872
1.122
1.372
1.621
2.121
2.621
3.121
3.621
4.121
5.121
6.121
8.119
10.119
12.119

(9.47)
(12.62)
(15.80)
(18.97)
(22.15)
(28.50)
(34.85)
(41.17)
(53.87)
(66.57)
(79.27)
(91.97)
(104.67)
(130.07)
(155.47)
(206.22)
(257.02)
(307.82)

0.376
0.501
0.626
0.751
0.876
1.127
1.377
1.627
2.127
2.627
3.127
3.627
4.127
5.127
6.127
8.127
10.127
12.127

(9.55)
(12.73)
(15.90)
(19.08)
(22.25)
(28.63)
(34.98)
(41.33)
(54.03)
(66.73)
(79.43)
(92.13)
(104.83)
(130.23)
(155.63)
(206.43)
(257.23)
(308.03)

0.377
0.502
0.627
0.752
0.877
1.128
1.378
1.628
2.128
2.628
3.128
3.628
4.128
5.128
6.128
8.128
10.128
12.128

(9.58)
(12.75)
(15.93)
(19.10)
(22.28)
(28.65)
(35.00)
(41.35)
(54.05)
(66.75)
(79.45)
(92.15)
(104.85)
(130.25)
(155.65)
(206.45)
(257.25)
(308.05)

0.381
0.506
0.631
0.756
0.881
1.132
1.382
1.633
2.133
2.633
3.133
3.633
4.133
5.133
3.133
8.133
10.133
12.133

(9.68)
(12.85)
(16.03)
(19.20)
(22.38)
(28.75)
(35.10)
(41.48)
(54.18)
(66.88)
(79.58)
(92.28)
(104.98)
(130.38)
(79.58)
(206.58)
(257.38)
(308.18)

0.23
0.26
0.28
N/A
0.31
0.34
0.37
0.40
0.47
0.53
0.59
0.65
0.72
0.81
0.94
1.28
N/A
N/A

(5.8)
(6.6)
(7.1)
N/A
(7.9)
(8.6)
(9.4)
(10.2)
(11.9)
(13.5)
(15.0)
(16.5)
(18.3)
(20.6)
(23.9)
(32.5)
N/A
N/A

0.17
0.20
0.22
N/A
0.25
0.28
0.31
0.34
0.40
0.47
0.53
0.59
0.64
0.73
0.83
1.17
N/A
N/A

(4.3)
(5.1)
(5.6)
N/A
(6.4)
(7.1)
(7.9)
(8.6)
(10.2)
(11.9)
(13.5)
(15.0)
(16.3)
(18.5)
(21.1)
(29.7)
N/A
N/A

In accordance with MS SP-73

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

46

Solder Cup
Length
Min.

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Copper Water Tube continued


DIMENSIONAL DATA COPPER WATER TUBE TYPE K
TYPE K

Tolerances
(Hard Drawn Only)
Tubing OD

Outside
Diameter

Nominal
Water Tube
Size (In Inches)

Inch

1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8
10
12

0.375
0.500
0.625
0.750
0.875
1.125
1.375
1.625
2.125
2.625
3.125
3.625
4.125
5.125
6.125
8.125
10.125
12.125

(mm)

Inch

Min.
(mm)

Inch

Hard Drawn
Nominal Wall
Thickness

Max.
(mm)

(9.53)
0.373 (9.47)
0.376 (9.55)
(12.70) 0.497 (12.62) 0.501 (12.73)
(15.88) 0.622 (15.80) 0.626 (15.90)
(19.05) 0.747 (18.97) 0.751 (19.08)
(22.23) 0.872 (22.15) 0.876 (22.25)
(28.58) 1.122 (28.50) 1.127 (28.63)
(34.93) 1.372 (34.85) 1.377 (34.98)
(41.28) 1.621 (41.17) 1.627 (41.33)
(53.98) 2.121 (53.87) 2.127 (54.03)
(66.68) 2.621 (66.57) 2.627 (66.73)
(79.38) 3.121 (79.27) 3.127 (79.43)
(92.08) 3.621 (91.97) 3.627 (92.13)
(104.78) 4.121 (104.67) 4.127 (104.83)
(130.18) 5.121 (130.07) 5.127 (130.23)
(155.58) 6.121 (155.47) 6.127 (155.63)
(206.38) 8.119 (206.22) 8.127 (206.43)
(257.18) 10.119 (257.02) 10.127 (257.23)
(307.98) 12.119 (307.82) 12.127 (308.03)

Hard Drawn: 20-ft. (6.1m) Straight Lengths


Soft Annealed: 20-ft. (6.1m) Straight Lengths, or 40-ft. (12.2m) and
60-ft. (18.3m) Length Coils (to and including size 1 1/2)
Usage:
For underground service and general purpose plumbing and
heating installations under severe conditions.

Weight
Per Foot

Bursting
Pressure A

Soft Annealed

Safe Working
Pressure B

Bursting
Pressure A

Safe Working
Pressure C

Inch

(mm)

Lb

(kg)

psi

(bars)

psi

(bars)

psi

(bars)

psi

(bars)

0.035
0.049
0.049
0.049
0.065
0.065
0.065
0.072
0.083
0.095
0.109
0.120
0.134
0.160
0.192
0.271
0.338
0.405

(0.89)
(1.24)
(1.24)
(1.24)
(1.65)
(1.65)
(1.65)
(1.83)
(2.11)
(2.41)
(2.77)
(3.05)
(3.40)
(4.06)
(4.88)
(6.88)
(8.59)
(10.29)

0.145
0.269
0.344
0.418
0.641
0.839
1.040
1.360
2.060
2.930
4.000
5.120
6.510
9.670
13.900
25.900
40.300
57.800

(0.07)
(0.12)
(0.16)
(0.19)
(0.29)
(0.38)
(0.47)
(0.62)
(0.93)
(1.33)
(1.81)
(2.32)
(2.95)
(4.39)
(6.30)
(11.75)
(18.28)
(26.22)

N/A
N/A
9840
N/A
9300
7200
5525
5000
3915
3575
3450
N/A
3415
3585
3425
3635
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
(678)
N/A
(641)
(496)
(381)
(345)
(270)
(246)
(238)
N/A
(235)
(247)
(236)
(251)
N/A
N/A

1612
1675
1337
1104
1278
982
797
742
652
597
578
549
540
517
520
553
553
555

(111)
(115)
(92)
(76)
(88)
(68)
(55)
(51)
(45)
(41)
(40)
(38)
(37)
(36)
(36)
(38)
(38)
(38)

N/A
N/A
4535
N/A
4200
3415
2800
2600
2235
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
(313)
N/A
(290)
(235)
(193)
(179)
(154)
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

913
960
758
626
724
557
452
420
370
338
328
311
306
293
295
314
314
314

(63)
(66)
(52)
(43)
(50)
(38)
(31)
(29)
(26)
(23)
(23)
(21)
(21)
(20)
(20)
(22)
(22)
(22)

Note: Information and data contained in these charts, as taken from ASTM Specifications B 88.
Rated internal pressure for copper water tube based on the strength of the tube alone and
applicable to systems using suitable mechanical joints.
A

Based on actual laboratory test data provided by Copper Development Association, Inc.
Based upon 150F (65.6C) with an allowable stress of 9500 psi (668 kPa).
C
Based upon 150F (65.6C) with an allowable stress of 5100 psi (359 kPa).
B

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
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DIMENSIONAL DATA COPPER WATER TUBE TYPE L


TYPE L

Hard Drawn: 20-ft. (6.1m) Straight Lengths


Soft Annealed: 20-ft. (6.1m) Straight Lengths, or 40-ft. (12.2m) and
60-ft. (18.3m) Length Coils (to and including size 1 1/2)
Usage:

Tolerances
(Hard Drawn Only)
Tubing OD

Outside
Diameter

Nominal
Water Tube
Size (In Inches)

Inch

1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8
10
12

0.375
0.500
0.625
0.750
0.875
1.125
1.375
1.625
2.125
2.625
3.125
3.625
4.125
5.125
6.125
8.125
10.125
12.125

(mm)

Inch

Min.
(mm)

Inch

Hard Drawn
Nominal Wall
Thickness

Max.
(mm)

(9.53)
0.373 (9.47)
0.376 (9.55)
(12.70) 0.497 (12.62) 0.501 (12.73)
(15.88) 0.622 (15.80) 0.626 (15.90)
(19.05) 0.747 (18.97) 0.751 (19.08)
(22.23) 0.872 (22.15) 0.876 (22.25)
(28.58) 1.122 (28.50) 1.127 (28.63)
(34.93) 1.372 (34.85) 1.377 (34.98)
(41.28) 1.621 (41.17) 1.627 (41.33)
(53.98) 2.121 (53.87) 2.127 (54.03)
(66.68) 2.621 (66.57) 2.627 (66.73)
(79.38) 3.121 (79.27) 3.127 (79.43)
(92.08) 3.621 (91.97) 3.627 (92.13)
(104.78) 4.121 (104.67) 4.127 (104.83)
(130.18) 5.121 (130.07) 5.127 (130.23)
(155.58) 6.121 (155.47) 6.127 (155.63)
(206.38) 8.119 (206.22) 8.127 (206.43)
(257.18) 10.119 (257.02) 10.127 (257.23)
(307.98) 12.119 (307.82) 12.127 (308.03)

For general purpose plumbing and heating conditions.

Weight
Per Foot

Bursting
Pressure A

Soft Annealed

Safe Working
Pressure B

Bursting
Pressure A

Inch

(mm)

Lb

(kg)

psi

(bars)

psi

(bars)

psi

(bars)

psi

(bars)

0.030
0.035
0.040
0.042
0.045
0.050
0.055
0.060
0.070
0.080
0.090
0.100
0.110
0.125
0.140
0.200
0.250
0.280

(0.76)
(0.89)
(1.02)
(1.07)
(1.14)
(1.27)
(1.40)
(1.52)
(1.78)
(2.03)
(2.29)
(2.54)
(2.79)
(3.18)
(3.56)
(5.08)
(6.35)
(7.11)

0.126
0.198
0.285
0.362
0.455
0.655
0.884
1.140
1.750
2.480
3.330
4.290
5.380
7.610
10.200
19.290
30.100
40.400

(0.06)
(0.09)
(0.13)
(0.16)
(0.21)
(0.30)
(0.40)
(0.52)
(0.79)
(1.12)
(1.51)
(1.95)
(2.44)
(3.45)
(4.63)
(8.75)
(13.65)
(18.33)

N/A
N/A
7765
N/A
5900
5115
4550
4100
3365
3215
2865
N/A
2865
2985
2690
2650
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
(535)
N/A
(407)
(353)
(314)
(283)
(232)
(222)
(198)
N/A
(198)
(206)
(185)
(183)
N/A
N/A

1367
1168
1082
947
873
741
658
613
545
504
476
455
440
404
376
406
407
380

(94)
(81)
(75)
(65)
(60)
(51)
(45)
(42)
(38)
(35)
(33)
(31)
(30)
(28)
(26)
(28)
(28)
(26)

N/A
N/A
3885
N/A
2935
2650
2400
2200
1910
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
(268)
N/A
(202)
(183)
(165)
(152)
(132)
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A

775
662
613
537
495
420
373
347
309
285
270
258
249
229
213
230
231
215

(53)
(46)
(42)
(37)
(34)
(29)
(26)
(24)
(21)
(20)
(19)
(18)
(17)
(16)
(15)
(16)
(16)
(15)

Note: Information and data contained in these charts, as taken from ASTM Specifications B 88.
Rated internal pressure for copper water tube based on the strength of the tube alone and
applicable to systems using suitable mechanical joints.
A

Based on actual laboratory test data provided by Copper Development Association, Inc.
Based upon 150F (65.6C) with an allowable stress of 9500 psi (668 kPa).
C
Based upon 150F (65.6C) with an allowable stress of 5100 psi (359 kPa).
B

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

48

Safe Working
Pressure C

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Copper Water Tube continued


DIMENSIONAL DATA COPPER WATER TUBE TYPE M
TYPE M

Hard Drawn Only: 20-ft. (6.1m) Straight Lengths


Usage: For general purpose plumbing, heating and
drainage installations.

Tolerances
(Hard Drawn Only)
Tubing OD

Outside
Diameter

Nominal
Water Tube
Size (In Inches)

Inch

1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8
10
12

0.375
0.500
0.625
0.750
0.875
1.125
1.375
1.625
2.125
2.625
3.125
3.625
4.125
5.125
6.125
8.125
10.125
12.125

(mm)

Inch

Min.
(mm)

Inch

Max.
(mm)

(9.53)
0.373 (9.47)
0.376 (9.55)
(12.70) 0.497 (12.62) 0.501 (12.73)
(15.88) 0.622 (15.80) 0.626 (15.90)
(19.05) 0.747 (18.97) 0.751 (19.08)
(22.23) 0.872 (22.15) 0.876 (22.25)
(28.58) 1.122 (28.50) 1.127 (28.63)
(34.93) 1.372 (34.85) 1.377 (34.98)
(41.28) 1.621 (41.17) 1.627 (41.33)
(53.98) 2.121 (53.87) 2.127 (54.03)
(66.68) 2.621 (66.57) 2.627 (66.73)
(79.38) 3.121 (79.27) 3.127 (79.43)
(92.08) 3.621 (91.97) 3.627 (92.13)
(104.78) 4.121 (104.67) 4.127 (104.83)
(130.18) 5.121 (130.07) 5.127 (130.23)
(155.58) 6.121 (155.47) 6.127 (155.63)
(206.38) 8.119 (206.22) 8.127 (206.43)
(257.18) 10.119 (257.02) 10.127 (257.23)
(307.98) 12.119 (307.82) 12.127 (308.03)

Hard Drawn
Nominal Wall
Thickness

Weight
Per Foot

Bursting
Pressure A

Safe Working
Pressure B

Inch

(mm)

Lb

(kg)

psi

(bars)

psi

(bars)

N/A
0.025
0.028
N/A
0.032
0.035
0.042
0.049
0.058
0.065
0.072
0.083
0.095
0.109
0.122
0.170
0.212
0.254

N/A
(0.64)
(0.71)
N/A
(0.81)
(0.89)
(1.07)
(1.24)
(1.47)
(1.65)
(1.83)
(2.11)
(2.41)
(2.77)
(3.10)
(4.32)
(5.38)
(6.45)

N/A
0.145
0.204
N/A
0.328
0.465
0.682
0.940
1.460
2.030
2.680
3.580
4.660
6.660
8.920
16.500
25.600
36.700

N/A
(0.07)
(0.09)
N/A
(0.15)
(0.21)
(0.31)
(0.43)
(0.66)
(0.92)
(1.22)
(1.62)
(2.11)
(3.02)
(4.05)
(7.48)
(11.61)
(16.65)

N/A
N/A
6135
N/A
4717
3865
3875
3550
2935
2800
2665
N/A
2215
2490
2000
2285
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
(423)
N/A
(325)
(266)
(267)
(245)
(202)
(193)
(184)
N/A
(153)
(172)
(138)
(158)
N/A
N/A

N/A
855
741
N/A
611
506
507
497
448
411
380
378
377
349
328
344
344
345

N/A
(59)
(51)
N/A
(42)
(35)
(35)
(34)
(31)
(28)
(26)
(26)
(26)
(24)
(23)
(24)
(24)
(24)

Note: Information and data contained in these charts, as taken from ASTM Specifications B 88.
Rated internal pressure for copper water tube based on the strength of the tube alone and
applicable to systems using suitable mechanical joints.
A
B

Based on actual laboratory test data provided by Copper Development Association, Inc.
Based upon 150F (65.6C) with an allowable stress of 9500 psi (668 kPa).

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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49

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DIMENSIONAL DATA COPPER WATER TUBE TYPE DWV


TYPE DWV Hard Drawn Only: 20-ft. (6.1m) Straight Lengths
Usage: For drain, waste, vent and other non-pressure applications.

Tolerances
(Hard Drawn Only)
Tubing OD

Outside
Diameter

Nominal
Water Tube
Size (In Inches)

Inch

1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8
10
12

0.375
0.500
0.625
0.750
0.875
1.125
1.375
1.625
2.125
2.625
3.125
3.625
4.125
5.125
6.125
8.125
10.125
12.125

(mm)

Inch

Min.
(mm)

Inch

Hard Drawn
Nominal Wall
Thickness

Max.
(mm)

(9.53)
0.373 (9.47)
0.376 (9.55)
(12.70) 0.497 (12.62) 0.501 (12.73)
(15.88) 0.622 (15.80) 0.626 (15.90)
(19.05) 0.747 (18.97) 0.751 (19.08)
(22.23) 0.872 (22.15) 0.876 (22.25)
(28.58) 1.122 (28.50) 1.127 (28.63)
(34.93) 1.372 (34.85) 1.377 (34.98)
(41.28) 1.621 (41.17) 1.627 (41.33)
(53.98) 2.121 (53.87) 2.127 (54.03)
(66.68) 2.621 (66.57) 2.627 (66.73)
(79.38) 3.121 (79.27) 3.127 (79.43)
(92.08) 3.621 (91.97) 3.627 (92.13)
(104.78) 4.121 (104.67) 4.127 (104.83)
(130.18) 5.121 (130.07) 5.127 (130.23)
(155.58) 6.121 (155.47) 6.127 (155.63)
(206.38) 8.119 (206.22) 8.127 (206.43)
(257.18) 10.119 (257.02) 10.127 (257.23)
(307.98) 12.119 (307.82) 12.127 (308.03)

Weight
Per Foot

Bursting
Pressure A

Inch

(mm)

Lb

(kg)

psi

(bars)

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
0.040
0.042
0.042
N/A
0.045
N/A
0.058
0.072
0.083
0.109
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
(1.02)
(1.07)
(1.07)
N/A
(1.14)
N/A
(1.47)
(1.83)
(2.11)
N/A
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
0.650
0.809
1.070
N/A
1.690
N/A
2.870
4.430
6.100
10.600
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
(0.29)
(0.37)
(0.49)
N/A
(0.77)
N/A
(1.30)
(2.01)
(2.77)
(4.81)
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
440
326
N/A
239
N/A
225
227
223
219
N/A
N/A

N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
N/A
(30)
(22)
N/A
(16)
N/A
(16)
(16)
(15)
(15)
N/A
N/A

DWV Tube is for sanitary drainage


applications. The tubing wall is thinner than
Type M making it both lighter and less
expensive. Research indicates that DWV tube
has a service life of approximately 100 years
considerably longer than any building in
which it might be installed.
The advantages of copper systems are
augmented in DWV installations. Its light
weight makes handling and transportation
easier only 0.34 lb. (0.15 kg) for a 20 ft. (6.1
m) length of size 3. Its thinner wall allows
faster soldering.
These advantages offer an economical option
without sacrificing stability or longevity for
both contractor and the home owner. Further
information will be furnished on request from
NIBCOs Technical Services Department, at
1-888-446-4226

Note: Information and data contained in these charts, as taken from ASTM Specifications B 88.
Rated internal pressure for copper water tube based on the strength of the tube alone and
applicable to systems using suitable mechanical joints.
A

Based on actual laboratory test data provided by Copper Development Association, Inc.
Based upon 150F (65.6C) with an allowable stress of 9500 psi (668 kPa).
C
Based upon 150F (65.6C) with an allowable stress of 5100 psi (359 kPa).
B

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

50

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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Copper Water Tube continued


Under normal conditions, the physical properties of copper tubes, when produced by responsible manufacturers are perfectly adapted
for the conveyance of hot and cold water, steam, oil, gas, and air. Copper tubes will stand up under ordinary conditions, but the user
is specifically cautioned against laying underground tube in cinderfill, especially if the ground is apt to be wet. Due to the sulphur
compounds in the cinders, a condition of this kind may corrode the outside of the tubes. This may be overcome either by wrapping the
tube with canvas and asphaltum or by surrounding the tube with a bed of clean sand mixed with lime, or with limestone or broken
plaster. When conditions are doubtful, it is advisable to consult the Copper Development Association, or the tube manufacturer.
Annealed copper tubes are generally recommended for underground use. 1/2" annealed copper tubes have been frozen as many as six
times before finally bursting, eight times for 1" size, and eleven times for 2" size. Hard drawn copper tubes, however, burst during the
first freezing the same as iron pipe. (Condensed from Copper Tube Handbook.)

COMPARATIVE DATA COPPER WATER TUBE AND IRON PIPES


Nominal
Water
Tube Size
(In Inches)

A
New Pipe

3/8

Coper
Iron
Coper
Iron
Coper
Iron
Coper
Iron
Coper
Iron
Coper
Iron
Coper
Iron
Coper
Iron
Coper
Iron
Coper
Iron

1/2
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
4

B
Inside
Diameter
Inch
(mm)

C
Outside
Diameter
Inch
(mm)

.430
.493
.545
.622
.785
.824
1.025
1.049
1.265
1.380
1.505
1.610
1.985
2.067
2.465
2.469
2.945
3.068
3.905
4.026

0.500
0.675
0.625
0.840
0.875
1.050
1.125
1.315
1.375
1.660
1.625
1.900
2.125
2.375
2.625
2.875
3.125
3.5
4.125
4.5

(10.92)
(12.52)
(13.84)
(15.80)
(19.94)
(20.93)
(26.04)
(26.64)
(32.13)
(35.05)
(38.23)
(40.89)
(50.42)
(52.50)
(62.61)
(62.71)
(74.80)
(77.93)
(99.19)
(102.26)

(12.70)
(17.15)
(15.88)
(21.34)
(22.23)
(26.67)
(28.58)
(33.40)
(34.93)
(42.16)
(41.28)
(48.26)
(53.98)
(60.33)
(66.68)
(73.03)
(79.38)
(88.90)
(104.78)
(114.30)

D
Weight
Lb

(Kg)

0.198
0.567
0.285
0.850
0.455
1.130
0.655
1.678
0.884
2.270
1.140
2.720
1.750
3.650
2.480
5.790
3.330
7.58
5.380
10.79

(0.090)
(0.257)
(0.129)
(0.386)
(0.207)
(0.513)
(0.297)
(0.762)
(0.401)
(1.031)
(0.518)
(1.235)
(0.795)
(1.657)
(1.126)
(2.629)
(1.512)
(3.441)
(2.443)
(4.899)

COLUMN A: The copper tube is Type L Standard, meeting the requirements of ASTM
Specification B 88. The iron pipe is standard weight, schedule 40, bare pipe, except as
to Column I where new galvanized pipe is referred to.
COLUMN B: From manufacturers specifications. Slight variations can be noted between
specifications of different manufacturers, but these figures are representative.
COLUMN C: From manufacturers specifications with the same considerations as noted
for Column B.
COLUMN D: From manufacturers specifications.
COLUMN E: Cubic contents of 10 linear feet/3.05 linear metres of tube and have
been calculated from dimeters given in Column B, by the formula for the contents of
a cylinder.
COLUMN F: This column has been calculated from Column E and shows the number
of BTUs (kilojoules) required to heat the water content only of 10 feet (3.05 metres) of
the given tube and pipe 100F (38C). It requires 833.6 BTUs (879.5 kJ) to heat 1 gallon
(3.875 litres) of water 100F (38C).
COLUMN G: These figures are calculated from Column D and show the number of BTUs
(kJ) required to raise the temperature of 10 feet (3.05 metres) of empty tube and pipe
100F (38C). Due to difference in the specific heat of the materials, it requires 9.4 BTUs
(9.9 kJ) to raise 1 pound (0.454 kilograms) of copper 100F (38C) and 11.0 BTUs (11.6
kJ) to raise 1 pound (0.454 kilograms) of iron 100F (38C).

E
Volume
Gal/10ft. L/3.05m
0.0754
0.0992
0.1212
0.1578
0.2514
0.2770
0.4287
0.4490
0.6529
0.7770
0.9241
1.0580
1.6080
1.7430
2.4790
2.4870
3.5390
3.8400
6.2220
6.6130

(0.2854)
(0.3755)
(0.4587)
(0.5973)
(0.9515)
(1.0484)
(1.6226)
(1.6995)
(2.4712)
(2.9409)
(3.4977)
(4.0045)
(6.0863)
(6.5973)
(9.3830)
(9.4133)
(13.3951)
(14.5344)
(23.5503)
(25.0302)

BTUs to Raise 100F/38C


F
G
Water
Pipe

H
Heat Loss

I
Flow

BTU

kJ

BTU

kJ

BTU

kJ

GPM

LPM

62.89
82.66
101.20
131.60
209.60
230.10
357.30
374.30
544.30
647.70
770.40
881.60
1340.00
1453.00
2066.00
2073.00
2945.00
3201.00
5186.00
5513.00

(66.4)
(87.2)
(106.8)
(138.8)
(221.1)
(242.8)
(377.0)
(394.9)
(574.3)
(683.4)
(812.8)
(930.1)
(1413.8)
(1533.0)
(2179.7)
(2187.1)
(3107.1)
(3377.2)
(5471.5)
(5816.5)

18.61
62.37
26.70
93.50
42.67
124.30
61.38
184.58
82.91
249.70
107.16
298.10
164.50
401.50
233.00
636.90
313.20
832.70
505.72
1186.90

(19.6)
(65.8)
(28.2)
(98.6)
(45.0)
(131.1)
(64.8)
(194.7)
(87.5)
(263.4)
(113.1)
(314.5)
(173.6)
(423.6)
(245.8)
(672.0)
(330.4)
(878.5)
(533.6)
(1252.2)

No Data
No Data
0.34
5.94
0.41
7.16
0.50
8.62
0.62
10.65
0.69
11.97
0.84
14.61
1.01
17.42
1.13
20.63
1.50
26.00

No Data
No Data
(0.36)
(6.27)
(0.44)
(7.55)
(0.53)
(9.09)
(0.65)
(11.24)
(0.73)
(12.63)
(0.89)
(15.41)
(1.07)
(18.38)
(1.19)
(21.77)
(1.58)
(27.43)

1.873
2.464
3.565
4.585
9.599
9.720
19.80
18.53
35.05
38.56
56.16
58.20
119.10
113.50
214.30
182.50
347.40
326.00
747.10
673.80

(7.089)
(9.326)
(13.494)
(17.354)
(36.332)
(36.790)
(74.94)
(70.14)
(132.66)
(145.95)
(212.57)
(220.29)
(450.79)
(429.60)
(811.13)
(690.76)
(1314.91)
(1233.91)
(2827.77)
(2550.33)

COLUMN H: This column shows the heat emission from 10 feet (3.05 metres) of the given
tube and pipe placed horizontally. The column in terms of BTUs lost per hour (kilojoules
lost per hour) for each degree of difference in temperature between the pipe and the
surrounding air. The figures for iron are taken from experimental data obtained at the
Mellon Institute. Figures for copper have been calculated with reference to those for iron
on the basis of the known ratio of heat emission between the two materials.
COLUMN I: This column shows the number of gallons (litres) of water which will flow
through 100 feet (30.48 metres) of the given tube and pipe with a pressure loss of
10 pounds per square inch (70 kilopascals). Flow is based on diameters in Column B
according to Professor Dawsons formulae for NEW galvanized iron pipe and NEW
copper tube. Due to the corrosion of iron and its tendency to accumulate sediments and
other foreign matter, Prof. Dawson suggests that 15% be deducted from the figures for
iron pipe in order to arrive at a reasonable performance expectancy for such pipe in
service. Because copper resists rust and is inherently more smooth, Professor Dawson
suggests a deduction of only 5% from the figures given for copper tube.

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
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EXPANSION AND CONTRACTION


In the majority of low-pressure heating systems employing copper
tube and installed in small houses or private dwellings, provision
for expansion and contraction is relatively simple. Mains, risers,
and branches to radiators should be free or floating at one end of
the line. Holes should be large enough to permit free movement of
the tube, and care should be exercised so that pipe hangers and
supports permit unrestricted movement and do not anchor the tube.
Wrought copper tube hangers that are both practicable and neat in
appearance are available.
Unusually long runs of copper tubing should be provided with an
expansion bend or loop. By bending soft temper copper tube, a
simple form of expansion loop can be made. With the addition of
combination flared-tube to solder joint fittings, as illustrated in
Figure 1, these types of loops can be used when space or other
limitations exist. The correct proportions of such expansion loop to
meet various conditions are shown in the accompanying table.
The above chart is calculated using 10ft (3.05m) of copper tubing
as the reference point. You may use it as follows: 100ft (30.5m) of
copper tube, with a 200F (93.3C) temperature change. Reference
point .2256 inches for 10ft, (5.73mm for 3.05m), multipy by 10 for
100ft (30.5m), resulting in an answer of 2.256 inches (57.3mm) of
expansion or contraction.
NOTE: Calculations for expansion and contraction should be
based on the average coefficient of expansion of copper which is
0.0000094 per F (0.00001692 per C) between 77F and 212F
(25C and 100C). For example, the expansion for each 10ft (3.05m)
of any size of tube heated from room temperature of 70F (21.1C) to
170F (76.7C), that is, 100F (55.6C) rise, is:

FIGURE 1
a. U-Bend

b. Coiled Loop

Rise

Coefficient

100F
10ft
(55.6C) x (3.05m) x

c. Offset and
Return

12 inches
(1000mm)

0.000094 =
x (0.00001692)

0.1128 in.
(2.87mm)

RADII OF COILED EXPANSION LOOPS AND DEVELOPED LENGTHS OF EXPANSION OFFSETS


Expected Expansion
Nominal
1/2
1
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
Tube
R
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
R
L
Size
Inch (mm) Inch (mm) Inch (mm) Inch (mm) Inch (mm) Inch (mm) Inch (mm) Inch (mm) Inch (mm) Inch (mm) Inch (mm) Inch (mm) Inch (mm) Inch (mm) Inch (mm) Inch (mm)
1/4
3/8
1/2
3/4
1
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5

6
7
8
9
11
13
15
16
18
19
20
23

(152.4)
(177.8)
(203.2)
(228.6)
(279.4)
(330.2)
(381.0)
(406.4)
(457.2)
(482.6)
(508.0)
(584.2)

38
44
50
59
67
80
91
102
111
120
128
142

(965.2)
(1117.6)
(1270.0)
(1498.6)
(1701.8)
(2032.0)
(2311.4)
(2590.8)
(2819.4)
(3048.0)
(3251.2)
(3606.8)

9
10
11
13
15
18
21
23
25
27
29
32

(228.6)
(254.0)
(279.4)
(330.2)
(381.0)
(457.2)
(533.4)
(584.2)
(635.0)
(685.8)
(736.6)
(812.8)

54
63
70
83
94
113
129
144
157
169
180
201

(1371.6)
(1600.2)
(1778.0)
(2108.2)
(2387.6)
(2870.2)
(3276.6)
(3657.6)
(3987.8)
(4292.6)
(4572.0)
(5105.4)

11
12
14
16
18
22
25
28
30
33
35
39

(279.4)
(304.8)
(355.6)
(406.4)
(457.2)
(558.8)
(635.0)
(711.2)
(762.0)
(838.2)
(889.0)
(990.6)

66
77
89
101
115
138
158
176
191
206
220
245

(1676.4)
(1955.8)
(2260.6)
(2565.4)
(2921.0)
(3505.2)
(4013.2)
(4470.4)
(4851.4)
(5232.4)
(5588.0)
(6223.0)

12
14
16
19
21
25
29
32
35
38
41
45

(304.8)
(355.6)
(406.4)
(482.6)
(533.4)
(635.0)
(736.6)
(812.8)
(889.0)
(965.2)
(1041.4)
(1143.0)

77
89
99
117
133
160
183
203
222
239
255
284

(1955.8)
(2260.6)
(2514.6)
(2971.8)
(3378.2)
(4064.0)
(4648.2)
(5156.2)
(5638.8)
(6070.6)
(6477.0)
(7213.6)

14
16
18
21
24
29
33
36
40
43
45
51

(355.6)
(406.4)
(457.2)
(533.4)
(609.6)
(736.6)
(838.2)
(914.4)
(1016.0)
(1092.2)
(1143.0)
(1295.4)

86
99
111
131
149
179
205
227
248
267
285
318

(2184.4)
(2514.6)
(2819.4)
(3327.4)
(3784.6)
(4546.6)
(5207.0)
(5765.8)
(6299.2)
(6781.8)
(7239.0)
(8077.2)

15
17
19
23
26
31
36
40
43
47
50
55

(381.0)
(431.8)
(482.6)
(584.2)
(660.4)
(787.4)
(914.4)
(1016.0)
(1092.2)
(1193.8)
(1270.0)
(1397.0)

94
109
122
143
163
196
224
249
272
293
312
348

(2387.6)
(2768.6)
(3098.8)
(3632.2)
(4140.2)
(4978.4)
(5689.6)
(6324.6)
(6908.8)
(7442.2)
(7924.8)
(8839.2)

16
19
21
25
28
34
39
43
47
50
54
60

(406.4)
(482.6)
(533.4)
(635.0)
(711.2)
(863.6)
(990.6)
(1092.2)
(1193.8)
(1270.0)
(1371.6)
(1524.0)

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

52

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102
117
131
155
176
212
242
269
293
316
337
376

(2590.8)
(2971.8)
(3327.4)
(3937.0)
(4470.4)
(5384.8)
(6146.8)
(6832.6)
(7442.2)
(8026.4)
(8559.8)
(9550.4)

17
20
22
26
30
36
41
46
50
54
57
64

(431.8)
(508.0)
(558.8)
(660.4)
(762.0)
(914.4)
(1041.4)
(1168.4)
(1270.0)
(1371.6)
(1447.8)
(1625.6)

109 (2768.6)
126 (3200.4)
140 (3556.0)
166 (4216.4)
188 (4775.2)
226 (5740.4)
259 (6578.6)
288 (7315.2)
314 (7975.6)
338 (8585.2)
361 (9169.4)
402(10210.8)

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Copper Water Tube continued


SELECTION OF TUBE SIZES
The smooth interior of copper tube, and the design of both solder joint and flared-tube-type fittings, which have no shoulders projecting into
the flow of water, decrease friction loss. With the use of copper tube, no allowance is necessary for the accumulation of rust deposits in supply
and service lines. Consequently, copper tube lines are usually figured one size smaller than iron pipe for the same service. This rule does not
apply to lines from a well to a pump where the nominal diameters specified by the pump manufacturer must be adhered to strictly.
Water passing through any pipe line encounters resistance by friction. The resistance is increased by bends and turns in the line, which should
be taken into account in complex piping systems. For example, a one-inch 90 elbow will cause friction loss equivalent to that of one foot
(0.305m) of straight one-inch tube. (See below for allowance to be made for fittings and valves in equivalent lengths of tube.) Friction loss in
terms of head loss must be taken into consideration in calculating tube sizes to be used for various types of installations.
For most average-size-house installations with water pressures 40 PSI (275.8kPa) and higher, 3/4" copper tube will be ample for main supply
lines, and 1/2" copper tube can be used for risers and branches to all fixtures. The smaller 3/8" tube is adequate to supply branches, but with
pressures at 40 PSI (275.8kPa) and higher, water hammer becomes a concern when the flow is suddenly stopped.
APPROXIMATE FRICTION LOSS ALLOWANCES FOR FITTINGS AND VALVES IN FEET OF STRAIGHT TUBE
Wrought-Copper Fittings
Nominal
Tube Size
(In Inches)
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6

90
45
Tee
Tee
Elbow
Elbow
Run
Side Outlet
Feet (m) Feet (m) Feet (m) Feet (m)
0.5 (0.15) 0.5 (0.15) 0.5 (0.15) 1 (0.31)
0.5 (0.15) 0.5 (0.15) 0.5 (0.15) 1 (0.31)
0.5 (0.15) 0.5 (0.15) 0.5 (0.15) 2 (0.61)
1 (0.31) 0.5 (0.15) 0.5 (0.15) 2 (0.61)
1 (0.31) 1 (0.31) 0.5 (0.15) 3 (0.92)
2 (0.61) 1 (0.31) 0.5 (0.15) 4 (1.22)
2 (0.61) 2 (0.61) 1 (0.31) 5 (1.53)
2 (0.61) 2 (0.61) 1 (0.31) 7 (2.14)
2 (0.61) 3 (0.92) 2 (0.61) 9 (2.75)
3 (0.92) 4 (1.22)

4 (1.22)

Cast Copper Alloy Fittings and Valves


90
180
90
45
Tee
Tee
Bend
Bend
Elbow
Elbow
Run
Side Outlet
Feet (m) Feet (m) Feet (m) Feet (m) Feet (m) Feet (m)
0.5 (0.15) 0.5 (0.15) 1 (0.31) 0.5 (0.15) 0.5 (0.15) 2 (0.61)
0.5 (0.15) 1 (0.31) 1 (0.31) 0.5 (0.15) 0.5 (0.15) 2 (0.61)
1 (0.31) 1 (0.31) 2 (0.61) 1 (0.31) 0.5 (0.15) 3 (0.92)
1 (0.31) 2 (0.61) 2 (0.61) 1 (0.31) 0.5 (0.15) 3 (0.92)
2 (0.61) 2 (0.61) 4 (1.22) 2 (0.61) 0.5 (0.15) 5 (1.53)
2 (0.61) 3 (0.92) 5 (1.53) 2 (0.61) 1 (0.31) 7 (2.14)
2 (0.61) 4 (1.22) 8 (2.44) 3 (0.92) 1 (0.31) 9 (2.75)
3 (0.92) 8 (2.44) 11 (3.36) 5 (1.53) 2 (0.61) 12 (3.66)
4 (1.22) 16 (4.88) 14 (4.27) 8 (2.44) 2 (0.61) 16 (4.88)
5 (1.53) 20 (6.10) 18 (5.49) 11 (3.36) 2 (0.61) 20 (6.10)
7 (2.14) 24 (7.32) 24 (7.32) 14 (4.27) 2 (0.61) 31 (9.46)
8 (2.44) 28 (8.54) 28 (8.54) 17 (5.19) 2 (0.61) 37 (11.29)
10 (3.05) 37 (11.29) 41 (12.51) 22 (6.71) 2 (0.61) 48 (14.64)
13 (3.97) 47 (14.34) 52 (15.86) 28 (8.54) 2 (0.61) 61 (18.61)

Comp.
Globe
Gate
Stop
Valve
Valve
Feet (m) Feet (m) Feet (m)
9 (2.75)

13 (3.97)

17 (5.19)

21 (6.41)

30 (9.15)

1 (0.31)

53 (16.17) 1 (0.31)

66 (20.13) 2 (0.61)

90 (27.45) 2 (0.61)

2 (0.61)

2 (0.61)

2 (0.61)

2 (0.61)

Notes: This table is based on tests conducted at Harvard University (1948).


If the type of fitting is not known i.e., whether wrought copper or cast alloy use cast copper alloy values for design.

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
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COPPER WATER TUBE INTERNAL WORKING PRESSURES*


Nominal
Tube Size
(In Inches)
1/4
3/8
1/2
5/8
3/4
1
1 1/4
1 1/2
2
2 1/2
3
3 1/2
4
5
6
8
10
12

Service Temperature F (C)


200F (93.3C)
300F (148.9C)
S = 4800psi (331 bars)
S=4700 psi (324 bars)

100F (37.8C)
S = 6000psi (414 bars)
Type K
1210 (83.43)
1275 (87.91)
1005 (69.29)
830 (57.23)
950 (65.50)
725 (49.99)
590 (40.68)
550 (37.92)
485 (33.44)
450 (31.03)
430 (29.65)
410 (28.27)
400 (27.58)
385 (26.55)
385 (26.55)
410 (28.27)
410 (28.27)
410 (28.27)

Type L
1025 (70.67)
890 (61.37)
810 (55.85)
705 (48.61)
645 (44.47)
550 (37.92)
495 (34.13)
455 (31.37)
405 (27.92)
375 (25.86)
355 (24.48)
340 (23.44)
325 (22.41)
300 (20.69)
280 (19.31)
300 (20.69)
300 (20.69)
280 (19.31)

Type M

625 (43.09)
560 (38.61)

450 (31.03)
380 (26.20)
375 (25.86)
370 (25.51)
335 (23.10)
305 (21.03)
280 (19.31)
280 (19.31)
280 (19.31)
260 (17.93)
240 (16.55)
255 (17.58)
255 (17.58)
225 (15.51)

Type K
850 (58.61)
930 (64.12)
730 (50.33)
600 (41.37)
700 (48.27)
540 (37.23)
440 (30.34)
410 (28.27)
350 (24.13)
330 (22.75)
320 (22.06)
300 (20.69)
295 (20.34)
290 (20.00)
280 (19.31)
300 (20.69)
310 (21.37)
310 (21.37)

Type L
700 (48.27)
630 (43.44)
580 (39.99)
500 (34.48)
470 (32.41)
400 (27.58)
370 (25.51)
340 (23.44)
310 (21.37)
275 (18.96)
260 (17.93)
250 (17.24)
240 (16.55)
220 (15.17)
205 (14.13)
220 (15.17)
225 (15.51)
210 (14.48)

Type M

460 (31.72)
415 (28.61)

325 (22.41)
270 (18.62)
270 (18.62)
270 (18.62)
240 (16.55)
220 (15.17)
205 (14.13)
200 (13.79)
200 (13.79)
190 (13.10)
180 (12.41)
190 (13.10)
190 (13.10)
190 (13.10)

Type K
830 (57.23)
910 (62.74)
720 (49.64)
580 (39.99)
690 (47.58)
530 (36.54)
430 (29.65)
400 (27.58)
345 (23.79)
320 (22.06)
315 (21.72)
300 (20.69)
290 (20.00)
280 (19.31)
280 (19.31)
300 (20.69)
305 (21.03)
305 (21.03)

Type L
690 (47.58)
610 (42.06)
570 (39.30)
500 (34.48)
460 (31.72)
400 (27.58)
360 (24.82)
330 (22.75)
305 (21.03)
270 (18.62)
255 (17.58)
245 (16.89)
235 (16.20)
215 (14.82)
200 (13.79)
215 (14.82)
220 (15.17)
205 (14.13)

400F (204.4C)
S=3000 psi (207 bars)
Type K
530 (36.54)
590 (40.68)
460 (31.72)
380 (26.20)
440 (30.34)
340 (23.44)
280 (19.31)
260 (17.93)
230 (15.86)
210 (14.48)
210 (14.48)
190 (13.10)
190 (13.10)
180 (12.41)
190 (13.10)
200 (13.79)
200 (13.79)
200 (13.79)

Type L
450 (31.03)
400 (27.58)
370 (25.51)
330 (22.75)
300 (20.69)
260 (17.93)
230 (15.86)
220 (15.17)
190 (13.10)
180 (12.41)
170 (11.72)
160 (11.03)
150 (10.34)
140 (9.65)
130 (8.96)
140 (9.65)
150 (10.34)
140 (9.65)

Formulas
tm =

or
2 S tm
P=
when C is O
D - 0.8 tm
tm Minimum tube wall thickness
P Maximum rated internal
working pressure
D Outside diameter of tube
S Allowable stress in material
due to internal pressure at
operating temperature
C Allowance for threading, mechanical
strength and/or corrosion

*Rated internal pressures for Copper Water Tube based on the strength of the tube alone and
applicable to systems using suitable mechanical joints.
The values are based on the formula in the American Standard Code,
Power Piping ANSI/ASME B31.1 1992.

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

54

PD
+C
2S + 0.8P

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1/4" TYPE K COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

0.3760 inches (9.550 mm)


0.3740 inches (9.499 mm)
0.0350 inches (0.089 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 0.3750 inches (9.525 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 0.3050 inches (7.747 mm)
Flow Area
= 0.0731 sq. inches (47.14 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

0.50
1.00
1.50
2.00
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00

3.77
13.62
28.86
49.17
74.33
104.18
138.60
177.49
220.75
268.32

8.81
31.77
67.27
114.54
173.08
242.51
322.54
412.92
513.46
623.96

2.20
4.39
6.59
8.78
10.98
13.17
15.37
17.57
19.76
21.96

32
63
95
126
158
189
221
252
284
315

0.85
3.08
6.53
11.12
16.81
23.57
31.35
40.15
49.94
60.70

8.81
31.77
67.27
114.54
173.08
242.51
322.54
412.92
513.46
623.96

0.67
1.34
2.01
2.68
3.35
4.02
4.68
5.35
6.02
6.69

1/4" TYPE L COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

0.3760 inches (9.550 mm)


0.3740 inches (9.499 mm)
0.0300 inches (0.076 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 0.3750 inches (9.525 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 0.3150 inches (8.001 mm)
Flow Area
= 0.0779 sq. inches (50.28 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

0.50
1.00
1.50
2.00
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00

3.22
11.64
24.67
42.02
63.53
89.05
118.47
151.71
188.68
229.34

7.53
27.16
57.50
97.90
147.94
207.28
275.69
352.94
438.87
533.32

2.06
4.12
6.18
8.23
10.29
12.35
14.41
16.47
18.53
20.58

32
63
95
126
158
189
221
252
284
315

0.73
2.63
5.58
9.51
14.37
20.14
26.80
34.32
42.68
51.88

7.53
27.16
57.50
97.90
147.94
207.28
275.69
352.94
438.87
533.32

0.63
1.25
1.88
2.51
3.14
3.76
4.39
5.02
5.65
6.27

3/8" TYPE K COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

0.5010 inches (12.725 mm)


0.4990 inches (12.674 mm)
0.0490 inches (1.244 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 0.5000 inches (12.700 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 0.4020 inches (10.210 mm)
Flow Area
= 0.1269 sq. inches (81.89 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

1.00
1.50
2.00
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00
5.50
6.00
6.50
7.00
7.50
8.00
8.50
9.00
9.50
10.00

3.55
7.53
12.83
19.39
27.18
36.16
46.31
57.60
70.01
83.52
98.13
113.81
130.55
148.34
167.18
187.04
207.93
229.83
252.73

8.29
17.55
29.89
45.16
63.28
84.16
107.74
133.97
162.80
194.19
228.11
264.51
303.38
344.68
388.40
434.49
482.96
533.76
586.89

2.53
3.79
5.06
6.32
7.58
8.85
10.11
11.37
12.64
13.90
15.17
16.43
17.69
18.96
20.22
21.49
22.75
24.01
25.28

63
95
126
158
189
221
252
284
315
347
379
410
442
473
505
536
568
599
631

0.80
1.70
2.90
4.39
6.15
8.18
10.48
13.03
15.84
18.89
22.20
25.74
29.53
33.56
37.82
42.31
47.03
51.99
57.17

8.29
17.55
29.89
45.16
63.28
84.16
107.74
133.97
162.80
194.19
228.11
264.51
303.38
344.68
388.40
434.49
482.96
533.76
586.89

0.77
1.16
1.54
1.93
2.31
2.70
3.08
3.47
3.85
4.24
4.62
5.01
5.39
5.78
6.16
6.55
6.93
7.32
7.70

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

55

www.nibco.com
AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

3/8" TYPE L COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

0.5010 inches (12.725 mm)


0.4990 inches (12.675 mm)
0.0350 inches (0.889 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 0.5000 inches (12.700 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 0.4500 inches (10.211 mm)
Flow Area
= 0.1590 sq. inches (102.61 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

1.00
1.50
2.00
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00
5.50
6.00
6.50
7.00
7.50
8.00
8.50
9.00
9.50
10.00

2.56
5.43
9.24
13.98
19.59
26.06
33.37
41.51
50.45
60.19
70.72
82.01
94.08
106.90
120.48
134.79
149.84
165.62
182.13

5.97
12.65
21.54
32.54
45.60
60.65
77.64
96.54
117.32
139.94
164.38
190.62
218.63
248.40
279.90
313.12
348.04
384.65
422.94

2.21
3.31
4.42
5.52
6.63
7.73
8.84
9.94
11.05
12.15
13.26
14.36
15.46
16.57
17.67
18.78
19.88
20.99
22.09

63
95
126
158
189
221
252
284
315
347
379
410
442
473
505
536
568
599
631

0.58
1.23
2.09
3.16
4.43
5.90
7.55
9.39
11.41
13.62
16.00
18.55
21.28
24.18
27.25
30.49
33.90
37.47
41.20

5.97
12.65
21.54
32.54
45.60
60.65
77.64
96.54
117.32
139.94
164.38
190.62
218.63
248.40
279.90
313.12
348.04
384.65
422.94

0.67
1.01
1.35
1.68
2.02
2.36
2.69
3.03
3.37
3.70
4.04
4.38
4.71
5.05
5.39
5.72
6.06
6.40
6.73

3/8" TYPE M COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

0.5010 inches (12.725 mm)


0.4990 inches (12.675 mm)
0.0250 inches (0.635 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 0.5000 inches (12.700 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 0.4020 inches (10.211 mm)
Flow Area
= 0.1269 sq. inches (81.89 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

1.00
1.50
2.00
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00
5.50
6.00
6.50
7.00
7.50
8.00
8.50
9.00
9.50
10.00

2.05
4.35
7.41
11.20
15.70
20.89
26.75
33.27
40.44
48.25
56.68
65.74
75.41
85.69
96.57
108.04
120.11
132.76
145.99

4.79
10.14
17.26
26.09
36.55
48.61
62.23
77.39
94.04
112.17
131.76
152.79
175.25
199.10
224.35
250.98
278.97
308.32
339.01

2.02
3.03
4.03
5.04
6.05
7.06
8.07
9.08
10.09
11.09
12.10
13.11
14.12
15.13
16.14
17.15
18.16
19.16
20.17

63
95
126
158
189
221
252
284
315
347
379
410
442
473
505
536
568
599
631

0.46
0.98
1.68
2.53
3.55
4.73
6.05
7.53
9.15
10.91
12.82
14.87
17.06
19.38
21.84
24.44
27.17
30.03
33.02

4.79
10.14
17.26
26.09
36.55
48.61
62.23
77.39
94.04
112.17
131.76
152.79
175.25
199.10
224.35
250.98
278.97
308.32
339.01

0.61
0.92
1.23
1.54
1.84
2.15
2.46
2.77
3.07
3.38
3.69
4.00
4.30
4.61
4.92
5.23
5.53
5.84
6.15

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

56

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

www.nibco.com
AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

1/2" TYPE K COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

0.626 inches (15.900 mm)


0.624 inches (15.850 mm)
0.049 inches (1.245 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 0.6250 inches (15.875 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 0.527 inches (13.3858 mm)
Flow Area
= 0.2181 sq. inches (140.73 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

1.00
1.50
2.00
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00
5.50
6.00
6.50
7.00
7.50
8.00
8.50
9.00
9.50
10.00
10.50
11.00
11.50
12.00
12.50
13.00
13.50
14.00

0.95
2.02
3.44
5.19
7.28
9.69
12.40
15.43
18.75
22.37
26.28
30.48
34.97
39.73
44.78
50.10
55.69
61.56
67.69
74.10
80.76
87.69
94.88
102.34
110.05
118.01
126.23

2.22
4.70
8.00
12.10
16.95
22.54
28.86
35.88
43.61
52.01
61.10
70.85
81.26
92.32
104.03
116.38
129.36
142.97
157.20
172.05
187.51
203.58
220.26
237.54
255.41
273.89
292.95

1.47
2.21
2.94
3.68
4.41
5.15
5.88
6.62
7.35
8.09
8.83
9.56
10.30
11.03
11.77
12.50
13.24
13.97
14.71
15.44
16.18
16.91
17.65
18.39
19.12
19.86
20.59

63
95
126
158
189
221
252
284
315
347
379
410
442
473
505
536
568
599
631
662
694
725
757
789
820
852
883

0.22
0.46
0.78
1.18
1.65
2.19
2.81
3.49
4.24
5.06
5.95
6.90
7.91
8.99
10.13
11.33
12.60
13.93
15.31
16.76
18.27
19.84
21.46
23.15
24.89
26.70
28.56

2.22
4.70
8.00
12.10
16.95
22.54
28.86
35.88
43.61
52.01
61.10
70.85
81.26
92.32
104.03
116.38
129.36
142.97
157.20
172.05
187.51
203.58
220.26
237.54
255.41
273.89
292.95

0.45
0.67
0.90
1.12
1.34
1.57
1.79
2.02
2.24
2.47
2.69
2.91
3.14
3.36
3.59
3.81
4.03
4.26
4.48
4.71
4.93
5.16
5.38
5.60
5.83
6.05
6.28

1/2" TYPE L COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

0.626 inches (15.900 mm)


0.624 inches (15.850 mm)
0.049 inches (1.245 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 0.6250 inches (15.875 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 0.5450 inches (13.843 mm)
Flow Area
= 0.2333 sq. inches (150.50 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

1.00
1.50
2.00
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00
5.50
6.00
6.50
7.00
7.50
8.00
8.50
9.00
9.50
10.00
10.50
11.00
11.50
12.00
12.50
13.00
13.50
14.00

0.81
1.71
2.92
4.41
6.18
8.23
10.53
13.10
15.92
19.00
22.32
25.89
29.70
33.74
38.03
42.55
47.30
52.28
57.49
62.92
68.59
74.47
80.58
86.91
93.46
100.22
107.20

1.89
3.99
6.80
10.27
14.39
19.14
24.51
30.47
37.03
44.17
51.89
60.17
69.01
78.41
88.35
98.83
109.86
121.41
133.50
146.11
159.24
172.89
187.05
201.73
216.91
232.60
248.78

1.38
2.06
2.75
3.44
4.13
4.81
5.50
6.19
6.88
7.56
8.25
8.94
9.63
10.31
11.00
11.69
12.38
13.07
13.75
14.44
15.13
15.82
16.50
17.19
17.88
18.57
19.25

63
95
126
158
189
221
252
284
315
347
379
410
442
473
505
536
568
599
631
662
694
725
757
789
820
852
883

0.18
0.39
0.66
1.00
1.40
1.86
2.38
2.96
3.60
4.30
5.05
5.86
6.72
7.63
8.60
9.62
10.70
11.83
13.00
14.23
15.51
16.85
18.23
19.66
21.14
22.67
24.25

1.89
3.99
6.80
10.27
14.39
19.14
24.51
30.47
37.03
44.17
51.89
60.17
69.01
78.41
88.35
98.83
109.86
121.41
133.50
146.11
159.24
172.89
187.05
201.73
216.91
232.60
248.78

0.42
0.63
0.84
1.05
1.26
1.47
1.68
1.89
2.10
2.31
2.52
2.72
2.93
3.14
3.35
3.56
3.77
3.98
4.19
4.40
4.61
4.82
5.03
5.24
5.45
5.66
5.87

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

57

www.nibco.com
AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

1/2" TYPE M COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

0.626 inches (15.900 mm)


0.624 inches (15.850 mm)
0.028 inches (0.711 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 0.6250 inches (15.875 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 0.5690 inches (14.4526 mm)
Flow Area
= 0.2543 sq. inches (164.05 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

1.00
1.50
2.00
2.50
3.00
3.50
4.00
4.50
5.00
5.50
6.00
6.50
7.00
7.50
8.00
8.50
9.00
9.50
10.00
10.50
11.00
11.50
12.00
12.50
13.00
13.50
14.00

0.66
1.39
2.37
3.58
5.01
6.67
8.54
10.62
12.91
15.41
18.10
20.99
24.08
27.36
30.83
34.50
38.35
42.39
46.61
51.02
55.61
60.39
65.34
70.47
75.78
81.26
86.93

1.53
3.24
5.51
8.33
11.67
15.52
19.87
24.71
30.03
35.82
42.07
48.79
55.96
63.57
71.64
80.14
89.08
98.45
108.25
118.47
129.12
140.19
151.67
163.57
175.88
188.60
201.72

1.26
1.89
2.52
3.15
3.79
4.42
5.05
5.68
6.31
6.94
7.57
8.20
8.83
9.46
10.09
10.72
11.36
11.99
12.62
13.25
13.88
14.51
15.14
15.77
16.40
17.03
17.66

63
95
126
158
189
221
252
284
315
347
379
410
442
473
505
536
568
599
631
662
694
725
757
789
820
852
883

0.15
0.31
0.54
0.81
1.13
1.51
1.93
2.40
2.92
3.48
4.09
4.75
5.45
6.19
6.98
7.80
8.68
9.59
10.54
11.54
12.58
13.66
14.78
15.94
17.14
18.38
19.66

1.53
3.24
5.51
8.33
11.67
15.52
19.87
24.71
30.03
35.82
42.07
48.79
55.96
63.57
71.64
80.14
89.08
98.45
108.25
118.47
129.12
140.19
151.67
163.57
175.88
188.60
201.72

0.38
0.58
0.77
0.96
1.15
1.35
1.54
1.73
1.92
2.12
2.31
2.50
2.69
2.88
3.08
3.27
3.46
3.65
3.85
4.04
4.23
4.42
4.61
4.81
5.00
5.19
5.38

5/8" TYPE K COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

0.751 inches (19.075 mm)


0.749 inches (19.025 mm)
0.049 inches (1.245 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 0.7500 inches (19.050 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 0.6520 inches (16.5608 mm)
Flow Area
= 0.3339 sq. inches (215.40 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00

0.34
1.22
2.58
4.40
6.66
9.33
12.41
15.90
19.77
24.03
28.67
33.69
39.07
44.82
50.92
57.39
64.21
71.38
78.89
86.76
94.96
103.51

0.79
2.84
6.02
10.24
15.48
21.69
28.85
36.93
45.92
55.81
66.57
78.20
90.68
104.00
118.16
133.14
148.95
165.56
182.98
201.19
220.19
239.98

0.96
1.92
2.88
3.84
4.80
5.77
6.73
7.69
8.65
9.61
10.57
11.53
12.49
13.45
14.41
15.37
16.34
17.30
18.26
19.22
20.18
21.14

63
126
189
252
315
379
442
505
568
631
694
757
820
883
946
1009
1072
1136
1199
1262
1325
1388

0.08
0.28
0.58
1.00
1.51
2.11
2.81
3.60
4.47
5.44
6.49
7.62
8.84
10.14
11.52
12.98
14.52
16.15
17.85
19.63
21.48
23.41

0.79
2.84
6.02
10.24
15.48
21.69
28.85
36.93
45.92
55.81
66.57
78.20
90.68
104.00
118.16
133.14
148.95
165.56
182.98
201.19
220.19
239.98

0.29
0.59
0.88
1.17
1.46
1.76
2.05
2.34
2.64
2.93
3.22
3.51
3.81
4.10
4.39
4.69
4.98
5.27
5.56
5.86
6.15
6.44

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

58

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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5/8" TYPE L COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

0.751 inches (19.075 mm)


0.749 inches (19.025 mm)
0.042 inches (1.067 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 0.7500 inches (19.050 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 0.6660 inches (16.9164 mm)
Flow Area
= 0.3484 sq. inches (224.75 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

1.00
2.00
3.00
4.00
5.00
6.00
7.00
8.00
9.00
10.00
11.00
12.00
13.00
14.00
15.00
16.00
17.00
18.00
19.00
20.00
21.00
22.00

0.30
1.10
2.33
3.97
6.00
8.41
11.20
14.34
17.83
21.67
25.86
30.38
35.23
40.41
45.92
51.75
57.90
64.37
71.15
78.24
85.64
93.34

0.71
2.56
5.43
9.24
13.96
19.56
26.02
33.31
41.41
50.33
60.03
70.52
81.77
93.79
106.56
120.07
134.32
149.30
165.01
181.43
198.57
216.42

0.92
1.84
2.76
3.68
4.60
5.53
6.45
7.37
8.29
9.21
10.13
11.05
11.97
12.89
13.81
14.74
15.66
16.58
17.50
18.42
19.34
20.26

63
126
189
252
315
379
442
505
568
631
694
757
820
883
946
1009
1072
1136
1199
1262
1325
1388

0.07
0.25
0.53
0.90
1.36
1.90
2.53
3.24
4.03
4.90
5.85
6.87
7.97
9.14
10.39
11.71
13.10
14.56
16.09
17.70
19.37
21.11

0.71
2.56
5.43
9.24
13.96
19.56
26.02
33.31
41.41
50.33
60.03
70.52
81.77
93.79
106.56
120.07
134.32
149.30
165.01
181.43
198.57
216.42

0.28
0.56
0.84
1.12
1.40
1.68
1.96
2.25
2.53
2.81
3.09
3.37
3.65
3.93
4.21
4.49
4.77
5.05
5.33
5.61
5.89
6.18

3/4" TYPE K COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

0.876 inches (22.250 mm)


0.874 inches (22.200 mm)
0.065 inches (1.651 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 0.8750 inches (22.225 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 0.7450 inches (18.923 mm)
Flow Area
= 0.4359 sq. inches (281.24 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

2.00
4.00
6.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
14.00
16.00
18.00
20.00
22.00
24.00
26.00
28.00
30.00

0.64
2.30
4.88
8.31
12.56
17.61
23.42
30.00
37.31
45.35
54.10
63.56
73.72
84.56
96.09

1.49
5.35
11.34
19.30
29.17
40.87
54.36
69.59
86.54
105.16
125.44
147.34
170.86
195.97
222.65

1.47
2.94
4.42
5.89
7.36
8.83
10.30
11.78
13.25
14.72
16.19
17.66
19.14
20.61
22.08

126
252
379
505
631
757
883
1009
1136
1262
1388
1514
1640
1766
1893

0.14
0.52
1.10
1.88
2.84
3.98
5.30
6.79
8.44
10.26
12.24
14.38
16.68
19.13
21.74

1.49
5.35
11.34
19.30
29.17
40.87
54.36
69.59
86.54
105.16
125.44
147.34
170.86
195.97
222.65

0.45
0.90
1.35
1.79
2.24
2.69
3.14
3.59
4.04
4.49
4.94
5.38
5.83
6.28
6.73

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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3/4" TYPE L COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

0.876 inches (22.250 mm)


0.874 inches (22.200 mm)
0.045 inches (1.143 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 0.8750 inches (22.225 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 0.7850 inches (19.939 mm)
Flow Area
= 0.4840 sq. inches (312.25 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

2.00
4.00
6.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
14.00
16.00
18.00
20.00
22.00
24.00
26.00
28.00
30.00

0.4944
1.7846
3.7815
6.4425
9.7393
13.6513
18.1618
23.2573
28.9264
35.1590
41.9465
49.2811
57.1557
65.5641
74.5002

1.1517
4.1519
8.7905
14.9675
22.6169
31.6896
42.1472
53.9578
67.0944
81.5338
97.2555
114.2412
132.4747
151.9408
172.6261

1.3258
2.6516
3.9774
5.3032
6.6290
7.9548
9.2806
10.6064
11.9322
13.2580
14.5838
15.9096
17.2354
18.5613
19.8871

126.17
252.35
378.52
504.69
630.87
757.04
883.21
1009.39
1135.56
1261.73
1387.91
1514.08
1640.25
1766.43
1892.60

0.1118
0.4037
0.8554
1.4573
2.2031
3.0880
4.1083
5.2610
6.5434
7.9532
9.4886
11.1477
12.9290
14.8311
16.8525

1.1517
4.1519
8.7905
14.9675
22.6169
31.6896
42.1472
53.9578
67.0944
81.5338
97.2555
114.2412
132.4747
151.9408
172.6261

0.4041
0.8082
1.2123
1.6164
2.0205
2.4246
2.8287
3.2328
3.6369
4.0411
4.4452
4.8493
5.2534
5.6575
6.0616

3/4" TYPE M COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

0.876 inches (22.250 mm)


0.874 inches (22.200 mm)
0.032 inches (0.813 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 0.8750 inches (22.225 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 0.8110 inches (20.5994 mm)
Flow Area
= 0.5156 sq. inches (333.27 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

2.00
4.00
6.00
8.00
10.00
12.00
14.00
16.00
18.00
20.00
22.00
24.00
26.00
28.00
30.00

0.42
1.52
3.23
5.50
8.31
11.65
15.50
19.85
24.69
30.00
35.80
42.06
48.78
55.95
63.58

0.98
3.54
7.50
12.77
19.30
27.04
35.97
46.05
57.26
69.58
83.00
97.49
113.05
129.66
147.32

1.24
2.48
3.73
4.97
6.21
7.45
8.70
9.94
11.18
12.42
13.66
14.91
16.15
17.39
18.63

126
252
379
505
631
757
883
1009
1136
1262
1388
1514
1640
1766
1893

0.10
0.34
0.73
1.24
1.88
2.64
3.51
4.49
5.58
6.79
8.10
9.51
11.03
12.66
14.38

0.98
3.54
7.50
12.77
19.30
27.04
35.97
46.05
57.26
69.58
83.00
97.49
113.05
129.66
147.32

0.38
0.76
1.14
1.51
1.89
2.27
2.65
3.03
3.41
3.79
4.16
4.54
4.92
5.30
5.68

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

60

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

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AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

1" TYPE K COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

1.1265 inches (28.613 mm)


1.1235 inches (28.537 mm)
0.0650 inches (1.651 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 1.1250 inches (28.575 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 0.9850 inches (25.273 mm)
Flow Area
= 0.7776 sq. inches (501.65 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

2.50
5.00
7.50
10.00
12.50
15.00
17.50
20.00
22.50
25.00
27.50
30.00
32.50
35.00
37.50
40.00
42.50
45.00
47.50
50.00
52.50
55.00

0.24
0.85
1.80
3.07
4.65
6.51
8.66
11.09
13.80
16.77
20.01
23.51
27.27
31.28
35.54
40.05
44.81
49.81
55.06
60.55
66.27
72.24

0.55
1.98
4.19
7.14
10.78
15.11
20.10
25.73
31.99
38.88
46.37
54.47
63.17
72.45
82.31
92.75
103.76
115.33
127.47
140.15
153.39
167.18

1.03
2.06
3.09
4.13
5.16
6.19
7.22
8.25
9.28
10.32
11.35
12.38
13.41
14.44
15.47
16.50
17.54
18.57
19.60
20.63
21.66
22.69

158
315
473
631
789
946
1104
1262
1419
1577
1735
1893
2050
2208
2366
2523
2681
2839
2997
3154
3312
3470

0.05
0.19
0.41
0.70
1.05
1.47
1.96
2.51
3.12
3.79
4.53
5.32
6.17
7.08
8.04
9.06
10.14
11.27
12.46
13.70
14.99
16.34

0.55
1.98
4.19
7.14
10.78
15.11
20.10
25.73
31.99
38.88
46.37
54.47
63.17
72.45
82.31
92.75
103.76
115.33
127.47
140.15
153.39
167.18

0.31
0.63
0.94
1.26
1.57
1.89
2.20
2.52
2.83
3.14
3.46
3.77
4.09
4.40
4.72
5.03
5.34
5.66
5.97
6.29
6.60
6.92

1" TYPE L COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

1.1265 inches (28.613 mm)


1.1235 inches (28.537 mm)
0.0500 inches (1.270 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 1.1250 inches (28.575 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 1.0250 inches (26.035 mm)
Flow Area
= 0.8252 sq. inches (532.36 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

2.50
5.00
7.50
10.00
12.50
15.00
17.50
20.00
22.50
25.00
27.50
30.00
32.50
35.00
37.50
40.00
42.50
45.00
47.50
50.00
52.50
55.00

0.20
0.74
1.56
2.66
4.02
5.64
7.50
9.60
11.94
14.52
17.32
20.35
23.60
27.07
30.76
34.66
38.78
43.11
47.65
52.40
57.36
62.52

0.48
1.71
3.63
6.18
9.33
13.08
17.39
22.27
27.69
33.65
40.13
47.14
54.67
62.70
71.24
80.27
89.80
99.81
110.31
121.29
132.75
144.68

0.97
1.94
2.92
3.89
4.86
5.83
6.80
7.78
8.75
9.72
10.69
11.66
12.64
13.61
14.58
15.55
16.52
17.50
18.47
19.44
20.41
21.38

158
315
473
631
789
946
1104
1262
1419
1577
1735
1893
2050
2208
2366
2523
2681
2839
2997
3154
3312
3470

0.05
0.17
0.35
0.60
0.91
1.27
1.70
2.17
2.70
3.28
3.92
4.60
5.34
6.12
6.96
7.84
8.77
9.75
10.78
11.85
12.97
14.14

0.48
1.71
3.63
6.18
9.33
13.08
17.39
22.27
27.69
33.65
40.13
47.14
54.67
62.70
71.24
80.27
89.80
99.81
110.31
121.29
132.75
144.68

0.30
0.59
0.89
1.19
1.48
1.78
2.07
2.37
2.67
2.96
3.26
3.56
3.85
4.15
4.44
4.74
5.04
5.33
5.63
5.93
6.22
6.52

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

61

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F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

1" TYPE M COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

1.1265 inches (28.613 mm)


1.1235 inches (28.537 mm)
0.0350 inches (0.889 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 1.1250 inches (28.575 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 1.0558 inches (26.797 mm)
Flow Area
= 0.8742 sq. inches (563.98 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

2.50
5.00
7.50
10.00
12.50
15.00
17.50
20.00
22.50
25.00
27.50
30.00
32.50
35.00
37.50
40.00
42.50
45.00
47.50
50.00
52.50
55.00

0.18
0.64
1.36
2.31
3.49
4.90
6.52
8.34
10.38
12.61
15.05
17.68
20.51
23.52
26.73
30.12
33.70
37.47
41.41
45.54
49.84
54.33

0.41
1.49
3.15
5.37
8.11
11.36
15.11
19.35
24.06
29.24
34.88
40.97
47.51
54.49
61.91
69.76
78.04
86.74
95.87
105.41
115.37
125.74

0.92
1.84
2.75
3.67
4.59
5.51
6.42
7.34
8.26
9.18
10.09
11.01
11.93
12.85
13.76
14.68
15.60
16.52
17.43
18.35
19.27
20.19

158
315
473
631
789
946
1104
1262
1419
1577
1735
1893
2050
2208
2366
2523
2681
2839
2997
3154
3312
3470

0.04
0.14
0.31
0.52
0.79
1.11
1.47
1.89
2.35
2.85
3.40
4.00
4.64
5.32
6.05
6.81
7.62
8.47
9.37
10.30
11.28
12.29

0.41
1.49
3.15
5.37
8.11
11.36
15.11
19.35
24.06
29.24
34.88
40.97
47.51
54.49
61.91
69.76
78.04
86.74
95.87
105.41
115.37
125.74

0.28
0.56
0.84
1.12
1.40
1.68
1.96
2.24
2.52
2.80
3.08
3.36
3.64
3.92
4.19
4.47
4.75
5.03
5.31
5.59
5.87
6.15

1 1/4" TYPE K COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

1.3765 inches (34.963 mm)


1.3735 inches (34.887 mm)
0.0650 inches (1.651 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 1.3750 inches (34.925 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 1.2450 inches (31.623 mm)
Flow Area
= 1.2174 sq. inches (785.41 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

5.00
10.00
15.00
20.00
25.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
55.00
60.00
65.00
70.00
75.00
80.00

0.29
1.03
2.19
3.73
5.64
7.90
10.51
13.46
16.74
20.35
24.27
28.52
33.07
37.94
43.11
48.58

0.67
2.40
5.08
8.65
13.06
18.30
24.34
31.17
38.75
47.09
56.18
65.99
76.52
87.76
99.71
112.35

1.32
2.64
3.95
5.27
6.59
7.91
9.22
10.54
11.86
13.18
14.49
15.81
17.13
18.45
19.77
21.08

315
631
946
1262
1577
1893
2208
2523
2839
3154
3470
3785
4101
4416
4732
5047

0.06
0.23
0.49
0.84
1.27
1.79
2.38
3.04
3.79
4.60
5.49
6.45
7.48
8.58
9.75
10.99

0.67
2.40
5.08
8.65
13.06
18.30
24.34
31.17
38.75
47.09
56.18
65.99
76.52
87.76
99.71
112.35

0.40
0.80
1.20
1.61
2.01
2.41
2.81
3.21
3.61
4.02
4.42
4.82
5.22
5.62
6.02
6.43

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

62

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

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AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

1 1/4" TYPE L COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

1.3765 inches (34.963 mm)


1.3735 inches (34.887 mm)
0.0550 inches (1.397 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 1.375 inches (34.925 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 1.265 inches (32.131 mm)
Flow Area
= 1.2568 sq. inches (810.85 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

5.00
10.00
15.00
20.00
25.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
55.00
60.00
65.00
70.00
75.00
80.00

0.26
0.96
2.02
3.45
5.22
7.31
9.73
12.45
15.49
18.83
22.46
26.39
30.61
35.11
39.89
44.96

0.62
2.22
4.70
8.00
12.09
16.94
22.53
28.84
35.86
43.58
51.98
61.06
70.81
81.21
92.27
103.97

1.28
2.55
3.83
5.11
6.38
7.66
8.93
10.21
11.49
12.76
14.04
15.32
16.59
17.87
19.15
20.42

315
631
946
1262
1577
1893
2208
2523
2839
3154
3470
3785
4101
4416
4732
5047

0.06
0.22
0.46
0.78
1.18
1.65
2.20
2.82
3.50
4.26
5.08
5.97
6.92
7.94
9.02
10.17

0.62
2.22
4.70
8.00
12.09
16.94
22.53
28.84
35.86
43.58
51.98
61.06
70.81
81.21
92.27
103.97

0.39
0.78
1.17
1.56
1.95
2.33
2.72
3.11
3.50
3.89
4.28
4.67
5.06
5.45
5.84
6.22

1 1/4" TYPE M COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

1.3765 inches (34.963 mm)


1.3735 inches (34.887 mm)
0.0420 inches (1.067 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 1.3750 inches (34.925 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 1.2910 inches (32.7914 mm)
Flow Area
= 1.3090 sq. inches (844.52 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

5.00
10.00
15.00
20.00
25.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
55.00
60.00
65.00
70.00
75.00
80.00

0.24
0.87
1.83
3.12
4.72
6.62
8.81
11.28
14.03
17.05
20.34
23.90
27.72
31.80
36.13
40.72

0.56
2.01
4.26
7.25
10.95
15.34
20.40
26.12
32.48
39.47
47.08
55.31
64.14
73.56
83.57
94.17

1.23
2.45
3.68
4.90
6.13
7.35
8.58
9.80
11.03
12.25
13.48
14.71
15.93
17.16
18.38
19.61

315
631
946
1262
1577
1893
2208
2523
2839
3154
3470
3785
4101
4416
4732
5047

0.05
0.20
0.41
0.71
1.07
1.50
1.99
2.55
3.17
3.86
4.60
5.41
6.27
7.19
8.17
9.21

0.56
2.01
4.26
7.25
10.95
15.34
20.40
26.12
32.48
39.47
47.08
55.31
64.14
73.56
83.57
94.17

0.37
0.75
1.12
1.49
1.87
2.24
2.61
2.99
3.36
3.74
4.11
4.48
4.86
5.23
5.60
5.98

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

63

www.nibco.com
AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

1 1/2" TYPE K COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

1.6270 inches (41.326 mm)


1.6230 inches (41.224 mm)
0.0720 inches (1.829 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 1.6250 inches (41.275 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 1.4810 inches (38.227 mm)
Flow Area
= 1.7227 sq. inches (1111.39 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

5.00
10.00
15.00
20.00
25.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
55.00
60.00
65.00
70.00
75.00
80.00
85.00
90.00
95.00
100.00
105.00
110.00
115.00

0.12
0.44
0.94
1.60
2.42
3.39
4.52
5.78
7.19
8.74
10.43
12.26
14.21
16.30
18.53
20.88
23.36
25.97
28.70
31.56
34.55
37.66
40.89

0.29
1.03
2.18
3.72
5.61
7.87
10.46
13.39
16.65
20.24
24.14
28.36
32.88
37.72
42.85
48.28
54.01
60.04
66.35
72.96
79.85
87.03
94.49

0.93
1.86
2.79
3.72
4.66
5.59
6.52
7.45
8.38
9.31
10.24
11.17
12.11
13.04
13.97
14.90
15.83
16.76
17.69
18.62
19.56
20.49
21.42

315
631
946
1262
1577
1893
2208
2523
2839
3154
3470
3785
4101
4416
4732
5047
5362
5678
5993
6309
6624
6940
7255

0.03
0.10
0.21
0.36
0.55
0.77
1.02
1.31
1.63
1.98
2.36
2.77
3.22
3.69
4.19
4.72
5.28
5.87
6.49
7.14
7.82
8.52
9.25

0.29
1.03
2.18
3.72
5.61
7.87
10.46
13.39
16.65
20.24
24.14
28.36
32.88
37.72
42.85
48.28
54.01
60.04
66.35
72.96
79.85
87.03
94.49

0.28
0.57
0.85
1.14
1.42
1.70
1.99
2.27
2.55
2.84
3.12
3.41
3.69
3.97
4.26
4.54
4.83
5.11
5.39
5.68
5.96
6.24
6.53

1 1/2" TYPE L COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

1.6270 inches (41.326 mm)


1.6230 inches (41.224 mm)
0.0600 inches (1.524 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 1.6250 inches (41.275 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 1.5050 inches (37.6174 mm)
Flow Area
= 1.7789 sq. inches (1147.71 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

5.00
10.00
15.00
20.00
25.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
55.00
60.00
65.00
70.00
75.00
80.00
85.00
90.00
95.00
100.00
105.00
110.00
115.00

0.11
0.41
0.87
1.48
2.24
3.14
4.18
5.35
6.65
8.09
9.65
11.33
13.14
15.08
17.13
19.31
21.60
24.01
26.54
29.19
31.95
34.82
37.81

0.26
0.95
2.02
3.44
5.19
7.27
9.67
12.39
15.40
18.72
22.32
26.22
30.41
34.88
39.63
44.65
49.95
55.52
61.36
67.47
73.84
80.48
87.38

0.90
1.80
2.71
3.61
4.51
5.41
6.31
7.21
8.12
9.02
9.92
10.82
11.72
12.62
13.53
14.43
15.33
16.23
17.13
18.03
18.94
19.84
20.74

315
631
946
1262
1577
1893
2208
2523
2839
3154
3470
3785
4101
4416
4732
5047
5362
5678
5993
6309
6624
6940
7255

0.03
0.09
0.20
0.34
0.51
0.71
0.94
1.21
1.50
1.83
2.18
2.56
2.97
3.41
3.88
4.37
4.89
5.43
6.00
6.60
7.23
7.88
8.55

0.26
0.95
2.02
3.44
5.19
7.27
9.67
12.39
15.40
18.72
22.32
26.22
30.41
34.88
39.63
44.65
49.95
55.52
61.36
67.47
73.84
80.48
87.38

0.27
0.55
0.82
1.10
1.37
1.65
1.92
2.20
2.47
2.75
3.02
3.30
3.57
3.85
4.12
4.40
4.67
4.95
5.22
5.50
5.77
6.05
6.32

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

64

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

www.nibco.com
AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

1 1/2" TYPE M COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

1.6270 inches (41.326 mm)


1.6230 inches (41.224 mm)
0.0490 inches (1.2446 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 1.6250 inches (41.275 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 1.5270 inches (38.7858 mm)
Flow Area
= 1.8313 sq. inches (1181.50 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

5.00
10.00
15.00
20.00
25.00
30.00
35.00
40.00
45.00
50.00
55.00
60.00
65.00
70.00
75.00
80.00
85.00
90.00
95.00
100.00
105.00
110.00
115.00

0.11
0.38
0.81
1.38
2.09
2.93
3.89
4.98
6.20
7.53
8.99
10.56
12.25
14.05
15.96
17.99
20.13
22.38
24.73
27.20
29.77
32.45
35.23

0.25
0.89
1.88
3.20
4.84
6.78
9.02
11.54
14.35
17.44
20.80
24.44
28.34
32.50
36.92
41.61
46.55
51.74
57.18
62.87
68.81
74.99
81.42

0.88
1.75
2.63
3.50
4.38
5.26
6.13
7.01
7.88
8.76
9.64
10.51
11.39
12.26
13.14
14.02
14.89
15.77
16.64
17.52
18.40
19.27
20.15

315
631
946
1262
1577
1893
2208
2523
2839
3154
3470
3785
4101
4416
4732
5047
5362
5678
5993
6309
6624
6940
7255

0.02
0.09
0.18
0.31
0.47
0.66
0.88
1.13
1.40
1.70
2.03
2.39
2.77
3.18
3.61
4.07
4.55
5.06
5.59
6.15
6.73
7.34
7.97

0.25
0.89
1.88
3.20
4.84
6.78
9.02
11.54
14.35
17.44
20.80
24.44
28.34
32.50
36.92
41.61
46.55
51.74
57.18
62.87
68.81
74.99
81.42

0.27
0.53
0.80
1.07
1.33
1.60
1.87
2.14
2.40
2.67
2.94
3.20
3.47
3.74
4.00
4.27
4.54
4.81
5.07
5.34
5.61
5.87
6.14

2" TYPE K COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

2.1270 inches (54.026 mm)


2.1230 inches (53.924 mm)
0.0830 inches (2.1082 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 2.1250 inches (53.975 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 1.9590 inches (49.7586 mm)
Flow Area
= 3.0141 sq. inches (1944.58 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200

0.11
0.41
0.87
1.48
2.24
3.14
4.18
5.35
6.66
8.09
9.66
11.34
13.16
15.09
17.15
19.33
21.62
24.04
26.57
29.22

0.26
0.95
2.02
3.43
5.19
7.27
9.67
12.38
15.39
18.71
22.32
26.21
30.40
34.86
39.61
44.63
49.93
55.50
61.34
67.44

1.06
2.13
3.19
4.26
5.32
6.39
7.45
8.52
9.58
10.64
11.71
12.77
13.84
14.90
15.97
17.03
18.10
19.16
20.22
21.29

631
1262
1893
2523
3154
3785
4416
5047
5678
6309
6940
7570
8201
8832
9463
10094
10725
11356
11986
12617

0.03
0.09
0.20
0.34
0.51
0.71
0.95
1.21
1.51
1.83
2.18
2.57
2.98
3.41
3.88
4.37
4.89
5.44
6.01
6.61

0.26
0.95
2.02
3.43
5.19
7.27
9.67
12.38
15.39
18.71
22.32
26.21
30.40
34.86
39.61
44.63
49.93
55.50
61.34
67.44

0.32
0.65
0.97
1.30
1.62
1.95
2.27
2.60
2.92
3.24
3.57
3.89
4.22
4.54
4.87
5.19
5.52
5.84
6.16
6.49

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

65

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F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

2" TYPE L COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

2.1270 inches (54.026 mm)


2.1230 inches (53.924 mm)
0.0700 inches (1.778 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 2.1250 inches (53.975 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 1.9850 inches (50.419 mm)
Flow Area
= 3.0946 sq. inches (1996.54 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200

0.11
0.39
0.82
1.39
2.10
2.95
3.92
5.02
6.24
7.59
9.06
10.64
12.34
14.15
16.08
18.13
20.28
22.54
24.92
27.40

0.25
0.89
1.89
3.22
4.87
6.82
9.07
11.61
14.44
17.55
20.93
24.58
28.51
32.70
37.15
41.86
46.83
52.05
57.53
63.25

1.04
2.07
3.11
4.15
5.18
6.22
7.26
8.29
9.33
10.37
11.40
12.44
13.48
14.51
15.55
16.59
17.62
18.66
19.70
20.73

631
1262
1893
2523
3154
3785
4416
5047
5678
6309
6940
7570
8201
8832
9463
10094
10725
11356
11986
12617

0.02
0.09
0.18
0.31
0.48
0.67
0.89
1.14
1.41
1.72
2.05
2.41
2.79
3.20
3.64
4.10
4.59
5.10
5.64
6.20

0.25
0.89
1.89
3.22
4.87
6.82
9.07
11.61
14.44
17.55
20.93
24.58
28.51
32.70
37.15
41.86
46.83
52.05
57.53
63.25

0.32
0.63
0.95
1.26
1.58
1.90
2.21
2.53
2.84
3.16
3.48
3.79
4.11
4.42
4.74
5.06
5.37
5.69
6.00
6.32

2" TYPE M COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

2.1270 inches (54.026 mm)


2.1230 inches (53.924 mm)
0.0580 inches (1.4732 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 2.1250 inches (53.975 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 2.0090 inches (51.0286 mm)
Flow Area
= 3.1699 sq. inches (2045.11 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

10
20
30
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
110
120
130
140
150
160
170
180
190
200

0.10
0.36
0.77
1.31
1.98
2.78
3.70
4.74
5.89
7.16
8.54
10.03
11.64
13.35
15.17
17.10
19.13
21.26
23.50
25.84

0.23
0.84
1.78
3.04
4.59
6.43
8.55
10.95
13.62
16.55
19.74
23.19
26.89
30.84
35.04
39.48
44.17
49.09
54.26
59.66

1.01
2.02
3.04
4.05
5.06
6.07
7.08
8.10
9.11
10.12
11.13
12.15
13.16
14.17
15.18
16.19
17.21
18.22
19.23
20.24

631
1262
1893
2523
3154
3785
4416
5047
5678
6309
6940
7570
8201
8832
9463
10094
10725
11356
11986
12617

0.02
0.08
0.17
0.30
0.45
0.63
0.84
1.07
1.33
1.62
1.93
2.27
2.63
3.02
3.43
3.87
4.33
4.81
5.32
5.85

0.23
0.84
1.78
3.04
4.59
6.43
8.55
10.95
13.62
16.55
19.74
23.19
26.89
30.84
35.04
39.48
44.17
49.09
54.26
59.66

0.31
0.62
0.93
1.23
1.54
1.85
2.16
2.47
2.78
3.08
3.39
3.70
4.01
4.32
4.63
4.94
5.24
5.55
5.86
6.17

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

66

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

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AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

2 1/2" TYPE K COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

2.6270 inches (66.7258 mm)


2.6230 inches (66.6242 mm)
0.0950 inches (2.413 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 2.6250 inches (66.675 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 2.4350 inches (61.849 mm)
Flow Area
= 4.6568 sq. inches (3004.380 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320

0.14
0.51
1.09
1.86
2.81
3.94
5.24
6.71
8.34
10.14
12.10
14.21
16.48
18.91
21.48
24.21

0.33
1.19
2.52
4.30
6.49
9.10
12.10
15.49
19.26
23.41
27.92
32.79
38.03
43.62
49.55
55.84

1.38
2.76
4.13
5.51
6.89
8.27
9.65
11.02
12.40
13.78
15.16
16.53
17.91
19.29
20.67
22.05

1262
2523
3785
5047
6309
7570
8832
10094
11356
12617
13879
15141
16403
17664
18926
20188

0.03
0.12
0.25
0.42
0.64
0.89
1.18
1.52
1.89
2.29
2.74
3.21
3.73
4.28
4.86
5.48

0.33
1.19
2.52
4.30
6.49
9.10
12.10
15.49
19.26
23.41
27.92
32.79
38.03
43.62
49.55
55.84

0.42
0.84
1.26
1.68
2.10
2.52
2.94
3.36
3.78
4.20
4.62
5.04
5.46
5.88
6.30
6.72

2 1/2" TYPE L COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

2.6270 inches (66.7258 mm)


2.6230 inches (66.6242 mm)
0.0800 inches (2.032 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 2.6250 inches (66.675 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 2.4650 inches (62.611 mm)
Flow Area
= 4.7723 sq. inches (3078.87 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320

0.13
0.48
1.03
1.75
2.65
3.71
4.93
6.32
7.86
9.55
11.40
13.39
15.53
17.81
20.24
22.81

0.31
1.12
2.38
4.05
6.12
8.57
11.40
14.59
18.15
22.05
26.30
30.90
35.83
41.09
46.69
52.61

1.34
2.69
4.03
5.38
6.72
8.07
9.41
10.76
12.10
13.45
14.79
16.13
17.48
18.82
20.17
21.51

1262
2523
3785
5047
6309
7570
8832
10094
11356
12617
13879
15141
16403
17664
18926
20188

0.03
0.11
0.23
0.40
0.60
0.84
1.12
1.43
1.78
2.16
2.58
3.03
3.51
4.03
4.58
5.16

0.31
1.12
2.38
4.05
6.12
8.57
11.40
14.59
18.15
22.05
26.30
30.90
35.83
41.09
46.69
52.61

0.41
0.82
1.23
1.64
2.05
2.46
2.87
3.28
3.69
4.10
4.51
4.92
5.33
5.74
6.15
6.56

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

67

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AHEAD

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THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

2 1/2" TYPE M COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

2.6270 inches (66.7258 mm)


2.6230 inches (66.6242 mm)
0.0650 inches (1.651 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 2.6250 inches (66.675 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 2.4950 inches (63.373 mm)
Flow Area
= 4.8891 sq. inches (3154.27 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
220
240
260
280
300
320

0.13
0.46
0.97
1.65
2.50
3.50
4.65
5.96
7.41
9.01
10.75
12.62
14.64
16.80
19.09
21.51

0.29
1.06
2.24
3.82
5.77
8.08
10.75
13.76
17.11
20.79
24.80
29.13
33.78
38.75
44.02
49.60

1.31
2.62
3.94
5.25
6.56
7.87
9.19
10.50
11.81
13.12
14.44
15.75
17.06
18.37
19.69
21.00

1262
2523
3785
5047
6309
7570
8832
10094
11356
12617
13879
15141
16403
17664
18926
20188

0.03
0.10
0.22
0.37
0.56
0.79
1.05
1.35
1.68
2.04
2.43
2.86
3.31
3.80
4.32
4.87

0.29
1.06
2.24
3.82
5.77
8.08
10.75
13.76
17.11
20.79
24.80
29.13
33.78
38.75
44.02
49.60

0.40
0.80
1.20
1.60
2.00
2.40
2.80
3.20
3.60
4.00
4.40
4.80
5.20
5.60
6.00
6.40

3" TYPE K COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

3.1270 inches (79.4258 mm)


3.1230 inches (79.3242 mm)
0.1090 inches (2.7686 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 3.1250 inches (79.375 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 2.9070 inches (73.8378 mm)
Flow Area
= 6.6371 sq. inches (4282.01 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

25
50
75
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
275
300
325
350
375
400
425

0.09
0.33
0.70
1.19
1.79
2.51
3.34
4.28
5.33
6.47
7.72
9.07
10.52
12.07
13.72
15.46
17.29

0.21
0.76
1.61
2.74
4.14
5.80
7.72
9.88
12.29
14.94
17.82
20.93
24.27
27.83
31.62
35.63
39.86

1.21
2.42
3.63
4.83
6.04
7.25
8.46
9.67
10.88
12.08
13.29
14.50
15.71
16.92
18.13
19.34
20.54

1577
3154
4732
6309
7886
9463
11040
12617
14195
15772
17349
18926
20503
22080
23658
25235
26812

0.02
0.07
0.16
0.27
0.41
0.57
0.76
0.97
1.20
1.46
1.75
2.05
2.38
2.73
3.10
3.50
3.91

0.21
0.76
1.61
2.74
4.14
5.80
7.72
9.88
12.29
14.94
17.82
20.93
24.27
27.83
31.62
35.63
39.86

0.37
0.74
1.11
1.47
1.84
2.21
2.58
2.95
3.32
3.68
4.05
4.42
4.79
5.16
5.53
5.89
6.26

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

68

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

www.nibco.com
AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

3" TYPE L COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

3.1270 inches (79.4258 mm)


3.1230 inches (79.3242 mm)
0.0900 inches (2.286 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 3.1250 inches (79.375 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 2.9450 inches (74.803 mm)
Flow Area
= 6.8118 sq. inches (4394.69 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

25
50
75
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
275
300
325
350
375
400
425

0.09
0.31
0.65
1.11
1.68
2.36
3.14
4.02
5.00
6.08
7.25
8.52
9.88
11.33
12.88
14.51
16.24

0.20
0.71
1.51
2.57
3.89
5.45
7.25
9.28
11.54
14.02
16.72
19.65
22.78
26.13
29.69
33.45
37.42

1.18
2.35
3.53
4.71
5.89
7.06
8.24
9.42
10.60
11.77
12.95
14.13
15.31
16.48
17.66
18.84
20.02

1577
3154
4732
6309
7886
9463
11040
12617
14195
15772
17349
18926
20503
22080
23658
25235
26812

0.02
0.07
0.15
0.25
0.38
0.53
0.71
0.91
1.13
1.37
1.64
1.93
2.23
2.56
2.91
3.28
3.67

0.20
0.71
1.51
2.57
3.89
5.45
7.25
9.28
11.54
14.02
16.72
19.65
22.78
26.13
29.69
33.45
37.42

0.36
0.72
1.08
1.44
1.79
2.15
2.51
2.87
3.23
3.59
3.95
4.31
4.67
5.02
5.38
5.74
6.10

3" TYPE M COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

3.1270 inches (79.4258 mm)


3.1230 inches (79.3242 mm)
0.0720 inches (1.8288 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 3.1250 inches (79.375 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 2.9810 inches (75.7174 mm)
Flow Area
= 6.9793 sq. inches (4502.79 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

25
50
75
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
275
300
325
350
375
400
425

0.08
0.29
0.62
1.05
1.59
2.22
2.96
3.79
4.71
5.73
6.83
8.03
9.31
10.68
12.14
13.68
15.30

0.19
0.67
1.42
2.43
3.67
5.14
6.83
8.75
10.88
13.22
15.76
18.52
21.47
24.63
27.98
31.53
35.27

1.15
2.30
3.45
4.60
5.75
6.90
8.04
9.19
10.34
11.49
12.64
13.79
14.94
16.09
17.24
18.39
19.54

1577
3154
4732
6309
7886
9463
11040
12617
14195
15772
17349
18926
20503
22080
23658
25235
26812

0.02
0.07
0.14
0.24
0.36
0.50
0.67
0.86
1.07
1.30
1.55
1.82
2.11
2.42
2.75
3.09
3.46

0.19
0.67
1.42
2.43
3.67
5.14
6.83
8.75
10.88
13.22
15.76
18.52
21.47
24.63
27.98
31.53
35.27

0.35
0.70
1.05
1.40
1.75
2.10
2.45
2.80
3.15
3.50
3.85
4.20
4.55
4.90
5.25
5.60
5.95

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

69

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Revision 5/12/02

3 1/2" TYPE K COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

3.6270 inches (92.1258 mm)


3.6230 inches (92.0242 mm)
0.1200 inches (3.048 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 3.6250 inches (92.075 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 3.3850 inches (85.979 mm)
Flow Area
= 6.9993 sq. inches (5805.97 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

25
50
75
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
275
300
325
350
375
400
425
450
475
500
525
550
575
600

0.04
0.16
0.33
0.57
0.85
1.20
1.59
2.04
2.54
3.09
3.68
4.33
5.02
5.76
6.54
7.37
8.25
9.17
10.13
11.14
12.20
13.29
14.43
15.62

0.10
0.36
0.77
1.31
1.98
2.77
3.68
4.71
5.86
7.12
8.49
9.98
11.57
13.27
15.08
16.99
19.01
21.12
23.35
25.67
28.10
30.62
33.25
35.97

0.89
1.78
2.67
3.57
4.46
5.35
6.24
7.13
8.02
8.91
9.80
10.70
11.59
12.48
13.37
14.26
15.15
16.04
16.93
17.83
18.72
19.61
20.50
21.39

1577
3154
4732
6309
7886
9463
11040
12617
14195
15772
17349
18926
20503
22080
23658
25235
26812
28389
29966
31543
33121
34698
36275
37852

0.01
0.04
0.08
0.13
0.19
0.27
0.36
0.46
0.57
0.70
0.83
0.98
1.13
1.30
1.48
1.67
1.87
2.07
2.29
2.52
2.76
3.01
3.26
3.53

0.10
0.36
0.77
1.31
1.98
2.77
3.68
4.71
5.86
7.12
8.49
9.98
11.57
13.27
15.08
16.99
19.01
21.12
23.35
25.67
28.10
30.62
33.25
35.97

0.27
0.54
0.81
1.09
1.36
1.63
1.90
2.17
2.44
2.72
2.99
3.26
3.53
3.80
4.07
4.35
4.62
4.89
5.16
5.43
5.70
5.98
6.25
6.52

3 1/2" TYPE L COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

3.6270 inches (92.1258 mm)


3.6230 inches (92.0242 mm)
0.1000 inches (2.540 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 3.6250 inches (92.075 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 3.4250 inches (86.995 mm)
Flow Area
= 9.2132 sq. inches (5944.00 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

25
50
75
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
275
300
325
350
375
400
425
450
475
500
525
550
575
600

0.04
0.15
0.31
0.53
0.81
1.13
1.51
1.93
2.40
2.91
3.48
4.09
4.74
5.44
6.18
6.96
7.79
8.66
9.57
10.52
11.52
12.55
13.63
14.75

0.09
0.34
0.73
1.23
1.87
2.61
3.48
4.45
5.53
6.73
8.02
9.42
10.93
12.53
14.24
16.05
17.95
19.95
22.05
24.25
26.54
28.92
31.40
33.97

0.87
1.74
2.61
3.48
4.35
5.22
6.09
6.96
7.84
8.71
9.58
10.45
11.32
12.19
13.06
13.93
14.80
15.67
16.54
17.41
18.28
19.15
20.02
20.89

1577
3154
4732
6309
7886
9463
11040
12617
14195
15772
17349
18926
20503
22080
23658
25235
26812
28389
29966
31543
33121
34698
36275
37852

0.01
0.03
0.07
0.12
0.18
0.26
0.34
0.44
0.54
0.66
0.79
0.92
1.07
1.23
1.40
1.57
1.76
1.96
2.16
2.38
2.61
2.84
3.08
3.34

0.09
0.34
0.73
1.23
1.87
2.61
3.48
4.45
5.53
6.73
8.02
9.42
10.93
12.53
14.24
16.05
17.95
19.95
22.05
24.25
26.54
28.92
31.40
33.97

0.27
0.53
0.80
1.06
1.33
1.59
1.86
2.12
2.39
2.65
2.92
3.18
3.45
3.71
3.98
4.25
4.51
4.78
5.04
5.31
5.57
5.84
6.10
6.37

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

70

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

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AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

3 1/2" TYPE M COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

3.6270 inches (92.1258 mm)


3.6230 inches (92.0242 mm)
0.0830 inches (2.1082 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 3.6250 inches (92.075 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 3.4590 inches (87.8586 mm)
Flow Area
= 9.397 sq. inches (6062.59 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

25
50
75
100
125
150
175
200
225
250
275
300
325
350
375
400
425
450
475
500
525
550
575
600

0.04
0.14
0.30
0.51
0.77
1.08
1.44
1.84
2.29
2.78
3.31
3.89
4.52
5.18
5.89
6.63
7.42
8.25
9.12
10.03
10.98
11.96
12.99
14.06

0.09
0.33
0.69
1.18
1.78
2.49
3.31
4.24
5.27
6.41
7.65
8.98
10.41
11.94
13.57
15.29
17.11
19.02
21.02
23.11
25.29
27.56
29.93
32.38

0.85
1.71
2.56
3.41
4.27
5.12
5.97
6.83
7.68
8.54
9.39
10.24
11.10
11.95
12.80
13.66
14.51
15.36
16.22
17.07
17.92
18.78
19.63
20.49

1577
3154
4732
6309
7886
9463
11040
12617
14195
15772
17349
18926
20503
22080
23658
25235
26812
28389
29966
31543
33121
34698
36275
37852

0.01
0.03
0.07
0.12
0.17
0.24
0.32
0.42
0.52
0.63
0.75
0.88
1.02
1.17
1.33
1.50
1.68
1.87
2.06
2.27
2.48
2.71
2.94
3.18

0.09
0.33
0.69
1.18
1.78
2.49
3.31
4.24
5.27
6.41
7.65
8.98
10.41
11.94
13.57
15.29
17.11
19.02
21.02
23.11
25.29
27.56
29.93
32.38

0.26
0.52
0.78
1.04
1.30
1.56
1.82
2.08
2.34
2.60
2.86
3.12
3.38
3.64
3.90
4.16
4.42
4.68
4.94
5.20
5.46
5.72
5.98
6.24

4" TYPE K COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

4.1270 inches (104.8258 mm)


4.1230 inches (104.7242 mm)
0.1340 inches (3.4036 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 4.1250 inches (104.775 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 3.8570 inches (97.9678 mm)
Flow Area
= 11.6839 sq. inches (7538.01 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1000

0.08
0.30
0.63
1.08
1.64
2.29
3.05
3.91
4.86
5.90
7.04
8.27
9.60
11.01
12.51
14.10
15.77
17.53
19.38
21.31

0.19
0.69
1.47
2.50
3.77
5.29
7.03
9.00
11.19
13.60
16.23
19.06
22.10
25.35
28.80
32.45
36.30
40.35
44.60
49.04

1.37
2.75
4.12
5.49
6.86
8.24
9.61
10.98
12.36
13.73
15.10
16.48
17.85
19.22
20.59
21.97
23.34
24.71
26.09
27.46

3154
6309
9463
12617
15772
18926
22080
25235
28389
31543
34698
37852
41006
44161
47315
50469
53624
56778
59932
63087

0.02
0.07
0.14
0.24
0.37
0.52
0.69
0.88
1.10
1.34
1.59
1.87
2.17
2.49
2.83
3.19
3.57
3.97
4.38
4.82

0.19
0.69
1.47
2.50
3.77
5.29
7.03
9.00
11.19
13.60
16.23
19.06
22.10
25.35
28.80
32.45
36.30
40.35
44.60
49.04

0.42
0.84
1.26
1.67
2.09
2.51
2.93
3.35
3.77
4.18
4.60
5.02
5.44
5.86
6.28
6.70
7.11
7.53
7.95
8.37

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

71

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AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

4" TYPE L COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

4.1270 inches (104.8258 mm)


4.1230 inches (104.7242 mm)
0.1100 inches (2.794 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 4.1250 inches (104.775 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 3.9050 inches (99.187 mm)
Flow Area
= 11.9766 sq. inches (7726.80 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1000

0.08
0.28
0.60
1.02
1.54
2.16
2.87
3.68
4.57
5.56
6.63
7.79
9.04
10.37
11.78
13.27
14.85
16.51
18.25
20.07

0.18
0.65
1.38
2.35
3.55
4.98
6.62
8.48
10.54
12.81
15.28
17.95
20.81
23.87
27.12
30.56
34.18
38.00
41.99
46.17

1.34
2.68
4.02
5.36
6.70
8.04
9.38
10.72
12.05
13.39
14.73
16.07
17.41
18.75
20.09
21.43
22.77
24.11
25.45
26.79

3154
6309
9463
12617
15772
18926
22080
25235
28389
31543
34698
37852
41006
44161
47315
50469
53624
56778
59932
63087

0.02
0.06
0.14
0.23
0.35
0.49
0.65
0.83
1.03
1.26
1.50
1.76
2.04
2.34
2.66
3.00
3.36
3.73
4.13
4.54

0.18
0.65
1.38
2.35
3.55
4.98
6.62
8.48
10.54
12.81
15.28
17.95
20.81
23.87
27.12
30.56
34.18
38.00
41.99
46.17

0.41
0.82
1.22
1.63
2.04
2.45
2.86
3.27
3.67
4.08
4.49
4.90
5.31
5.72
6.12
6.53
6.94
7.35
7.76
8.17

4" TYPE M COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

4.1270 inches (104.8258 mm)


4.1230 inches (104.7242 mm)
0.0950 inches (2.413 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 4.1250 inches (104.775 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 3.9350 inches (99.949 mm)
Flow Area
= 12.1613 sq. inches (7845.87 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1000

0.08
0.27
0.58
0.98
1.48
2.08
2.77
3.54
4.41
5.36
6.39
7.51
8.71
9.99
11.35
12.79
14.31
15.91
17.58
19.33

0.17
0.63
1.33
2.27
3.42
4.80
6.38
8.17
10.15
12.34
14.72
17.29
20.05
23.00
26.13
29.44
32.93
36.61
40.46
44.49

1.32
2.64
3.96
5.28
6.60
7.91
9.23
10.55
11.87
13.19
14.51
15.83
17.15
18.47
19.79
21.11
22.42
23.74
25.06
26.38

3154
6309
9463
12617
15772
18926
22080
25235
28389
31543
34698
37852
41006
44161
47315
50469
53624
56778
59932
63087

0.02
0.06
0.13
0.22
0.34
0.47
0.63
0.80
1.00
1.21
1.45
1.70
1.97
2.26
2.57
2.89
3.24
3.60
3.98
4.37

0.17
0.63
1.33
2.27
3.42
4.80
6.38
8.17
10.15
12.34
14.72
17.29
20.05
23.00
26.13
29.44
32.93
36.61
40.46
44.49

0.40
0.80
1.21
1.61
2.01
2.41
2.81
3.22
3.62
4.02
4.42
4.82
5.23
5.63
6.03
6.43
6.83
7.24
7.64
8.04

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

72

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

www.nibco.com
AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

5" TYPE K COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

5.1270 inches (130.2258 mm)


5.1230 inches (130.1242 mm)
0.1600 inches (4.064 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 5.1250 inches (130.175 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 4.8050 inches (122.047 mm)
Flow Area
= 18.1333 sq. inches (11698.87 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1000
1050
1100
1150

0.03
0.10
0.22
0.37
0.56
0.79
1.05
1.34
1.67
2.03
2.42
2.84
3.29
3.78
4.29
4.84
5.41
6.02
6.65
7.32
8.01
8.73
9.48

0.07
0.24
0.50
0.86
1.30
1.81
2.41
3.09
3.84
4.67
5.57
6.54
7.59
8.70
9.89
11.14
12.46
13.85
15.31
16.83
18.42
20.08
21.80

0.88
1.77
2.65
3.54
4.42
5.31
6.19
7.08
7.96
8.85
9.73
10.62
11.50
12.39
13.27
14.15
15.04
15.92
16.81
17.69
18.58
19.46
20.35

3154
6309
9463
12617
15772
18926
22080
25235
28389
31543
34698
37852
41006
44161
47315
50469
53624
56778
59932
63087
66241
69395
72550

0.01
0.02
0.05
0.08
0.13
0.18
0.24
0.30
0.38
0.46
0.55
0.64
0.75
0.85
0.97
1.09
1.22
1.36
1.50
1.65
1.81
1.97
2.14

0.07
0.24
0.50
0.86
1.30
1.81
2.41
3.09
3.84
4.67
5.57
6.54
7.59
8.70
9.89
11.14
12.46
13.85
15.31
16.83
18.42
20.08
21.80

0.27
0.54
0.81
1.08
1.35
1.62
1.89
2.16
2.43
2.70
2.97
3.24
3.51
3.77
4.04
4.31
4.58
4.85
5.12
5.39
5.66
5.93
6.20

5" TYPE L COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

5.1270 inches (130.2258 mm)


5.1230 inches (130.1242 mm)
0.1250 inches (3.175 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 5.1250 inches (130.175 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 4.8750 inches (123.825 mm)
Flow Area
= 18.6655 sq. inches (12042.22 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1000
1050
1100
1150

0.03
0.10
0.20
0.35
0.52
0.73
0.98
1.25
1.55
1.89
2.25
2.65
3.07
3.52
4.00
4.51
5.05
5.61
6.20
6.82
7.46
8.13
8.83

0.06
0.22
0.47
0.80
1.21
1.69
2.25
2.88
3.58
4.35
5.19
6.10
7.07
8.11
9.21
10.38
11.61
12.91
14.27
15.69
17.17
18.71
20.32

0.86
1.72
2.58
3.44
4.30
5.16
6.02
6.88
7.73
8.59
9.45
10.31
11.17
12.03
12.89
13.75
14.61
15.47
16.33
17.19
18.05
18.91
19.77

3154
6309
9463
12617
15772
18926
22080
25235
28389
31543
34698
37852
41006
44161
47315
50469
53624
56778
59932
63087
66241
69395
72550

0.01
0.02
0.05
0.08
0.12
0.17
0.22
0.28
0.35
0.43
0.51
0.60
0.69
0.80
0.91
1.02
1.14
1.27
1.40
1.54
1.69
1.84
2.00

0.06
0.22
0.47
0.80
1.21
1.69
2.25
2.88
3.58
4.35
5.19
6.10
7.07
8.11
9.21
10.38
11.61
12.91
14.27
15.69
17.17
18.71
20.32

0.26
0.52
0.79
1.05
1.31
1.57
1.83
2.10
2.36
2.62
2.88
3.14
3.41
3.67
3.93
4.19
4.45
4.72
4.98
5.24
5.50
5.76
6.02

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

73

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AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

5" TYPE M COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

5.1270 inches (130.2258 mm)


5.1230 inches (130.1242 mm)
0.1090 inches (2.7686 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 5.1250 inches (130.175 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 4.9070 inches (124.6378 mm)
Flow Area
= 18.9113 sq. inches (12200.83 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

50
100
150
200
250
300
350
400
450
500
550
600
650
700
750
800
850
900
950
1000
1050
1100
1150

0.03
0.09
0.20
0.34
0.51
0.71
0.95
1.21
1.51
1.83
2.18
2.56
2.97
3.41
3.88
4.37
4.89
5.43
6.01
6.60
7.23
7.88
8.56

0.06
0.21
0.45
0.77
1.17
1.64
2.18
2.79
3.47
4.22
5.03
5.91
6.85
7.86
8.93
10.06
11.25
12.51
13.82
15.20
16.63
18.13
19.68

0.85
1.70
2.54
3.39
4.24
5.09
5.94
6.79
7.63
8.48
9.33
10.18
11.03
11.88
12.72
13.57
14.42
15.27
16.12
16.97
17.81
18.66
19.51

3154
6309
9463
12617
15772
18926
22080
25235
28389
31543
34698
37852
41006
44161
47315
50469
53624
56778
59932
63087
66241
69395
72550

0.01
0.02
0.04
0.08
0.11
0.16
0.21
0.27
0.34
0.41
0.49
0.58
0.67
0.77
0.88
0.99
1.11
1.23
1.36
1.49
1.64
1.78
1.94

0.06
0.21
0.45
0.77
1.17
1.64
2.18
2.79
3.47
4.22
5.03
5.91
6.85
7.86
8.93
10.06
11.25
12.51
13.82
15.20
16.63
18.13
19.68

0.26
0.52
0.78
1.03
1.29
1.55
1.81
2.07
2.33
2.59
2.84
3.10
3.36
3.62
3.88
4.14
4.40
4.65
4.91
5.17
5.43
5.69
5.95

6" TYPE K COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

6.1270 inches (155.6258 mm)


6.1230 inches (155.5242 mm)
0.1920 inches (4.8768 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 6.1250 inches (155.575 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 5.7410 inches (145.8214 mm)
Flow Area
= 25.8860 sq. inches (16700.61 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800

0.04
0.16
0.33
0.56
0.85
1.19
1.59
2.04
2.53
3.08
3.67
4.31
5.00
5.74
6.52
7.35
8.22
9.14

0.10
0.36
0.76
1.30
1.96
2.75
3.66
4.69
5.83
7.08
8.45
9.92
11.50
13.19
14.99
16.89
18.90
21.00

1.24
2.48
3.72
4.96
6.20
7.44
8.68
9.92
11.15
12.39
13.63
14.87
16.11
17.35
18.59
19.83
21.07
22.31

6309
12617
18926
25235
31543
37852
44161
50469
56778
63087
69395
75704
82013
88321
94630
100939
107247
113556

0.01
0.04
0.07
0.13
0.19
0.27
0.36
0.46
0.57
0.70
0.83
0.98
1.13
1.30
1.47
1.66
1.86
2.07

0.10
0.36
0.76
1.30
1.96
2.75
3.66
4.69
5.83
7.08
8.45
9.92
11.50
13.19
14.99
16.89
18.90
21.00

0.38
0.76
1.13
1.51
1.89
2.27
2.64
3.02
3.40
3.78
4.16
4.53
4.91
5.29
5.67
6.04
6.42
6.80

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

74

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

www.nibco.com
AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

6" TYPE L COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

6.1270 inches (155.6258 mm)


6.1230 inches (155.5242 mm)
0.1400 inches (3.556 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 6.1250 inches (155.575 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 5.8450 inches (148.463 mm)
Flow Area
= 26.8324 sq. inches (17311.17 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800

0.04
0.14
0.30
0.52
0.78
1.09
1.46
1.87
2.32
2.82
3.36
3.95
4.58
5.26
5.98
6.73
7.53
8.38

0.09
0.33
0.70
1.19
1.80
2.52
3.35
4.29
5.34
6.49
7.74
9.09
10.54
12.09
13.74
15.48
17.32
19.25

1.20
2.39
3.59
4.78
5.98
7.17
8.37
9.57
10.76
11.96
13.15
14.35
15.54
16.74
17.94
19.13
20.33
21.52

6309
12617
18926
25235
31543
37852
44161
50469
56778
63087
69395
75704
82013
88321
94630
100939
107247
113556

0.01
0.03
0.07
0.12
0.18
0.25
0.33
0.42
0.52
0.64
0.76
0.89
1.04
1.19
1.35
1.52
1.70
1.89

0.09
0.33
0.70
1.19
1.80
2.52
3.35
4.29
5.34
6.49
7.74
9.09
10.54
12.09
13.74
15.48
17.32
19.25

0.36
0.73
1.09
1.46
1.82
2.19
2.55
2.92
3.28
3.64
4.01
4.37
4.74
5.10
5.47
5.83
6.20
6.56

6" TYPE M COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

6.1270 inches (155.6258 mm)


6.1230 inches (155.5242 mm)
0.1220 inches (3.0988 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 6.1250 inches (155.575 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 5.8810 inches (149.3774 mm)
Flow Area
= 27.1639 sq. inches (17525.07 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

100
200
300
400
500
600
700
800
900
1000
1100
1200
1300
1400
1500
1600
1700
1800

0.04
0.14
0.29
0.50
0.76
1.06
1.41
1.81
2.25
2.74
3.27
3.84
4.45
5.10
5.80
6.54
7.31
8.13

0.09
0.32
0.68
1.16
1.75
2.45
3.26
4.17
5.18
6.30
7.51
8.82
10.23
11.74
13.33
15.02
16.81
18.68

1.18
2.36
3.54
4.72
5.91
7.09
8.27
9.45
10.63
11.81
12.99
14.17
15.35
16.54
17.72
18.90
20.08
21.26

6309
12617
18926
25235
31543
37852
44161
50469
56778
63087
69395
75704
82013
88321
94630
100939
107247
113556

0.01
0.03
0.07
0.11
0.17
0.24
0.32
0.41
0.51
0.62
0.74
0.87
1.01
1.15
1.31
1.48
1.65
1.84

0.09
0.32
0.68
1.16
1.75
2.45
3.26
4.17
5.18
6.30
7.51
8.82
10.23
11.74
13.33
15.02
16.81
18.68

0.36
0.72
1.08
1.44
1.80
2.16
2.52
2.88
3.24
3.60
3.96
4.32
4.68
5.04
5.40
5.76
6.12
6.48

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

75

www.nibco.com
AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

8" TYPE K COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

8.1270 inches (206.4258 mm)


8.1210 inches (206.2734 mm)
0.2710 inches (6.8834 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 8.1240 inches (206.3496 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 7.5820 inches (192.5828 mm)
Flow Area
= 45.1500 sq. inches (29128.95 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2200
2400
2600
2800
3000
3200
3400
3600
3800
4000

0.04
0.15
0.31
0.53
0.80
1.11
1.48
1.90
2.36
2.87
3.42
4.02
4.67
5.35
6.08
6.85
7.67
8.53
9.42
10.36

0.09
0.34
0.71
1.21
1.83
2.56
3.41
4.36
5.43
6.60
7.87
9.24
10.72
12.29
13.96
15.73
17.60
19.57
21.62
23.78

1.42
2.84
4.26
5.68
7.11
8.53
9.95
11.37
12.79
14.21
15.63
17.05
18.48
19.90
21.32
22.74
24.16
25.58
27.00
28.42

12617
25235
37852
50469
63087
75704
88321
100939
113556
126173
138791
151408
164025
176643
189260
201877
214495
227112
239729
252347

0.01
0.03
0.07
0.12
0.18
0.25
0.34
0.43
0.53
0.65
0.77
0.91
1.06
1.21
1.38
1.55
1.73
1.93
2.13
2.34

0.09
0.34
0.71
1.21
1.83
2.56
3.41
4.36
5.43
6.60
7.87
9.24
10.72
12.29
13.96
15.73
17.60
19.57
21.62
23.78

0.43
0.87
1.30
1.73
2.17
2.60
3.03
3.47
3.90
4.33
4.76
5.20
5.63
6.06
6.50
6.93
7.36
7.80
8.23
8.66

8" TYPE L COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

8.1270 inches (206.4258 mm)


8.1210 inches (206.2734 mm)
0.2000 inches (5.080 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 8.1240 inches (206.3496 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 7.7240 inches (196.1896 mm)
Flow Area
= 46.8570 sq. inches (30230.26 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2200
2400
2600
2800
3000
3200
3400
3600
3800
4000

0.04
0.13
0.28
0.48
0.73
1.02
1.35
1.73
2.16
2.62
3.13
3.68
4.26
4.89
5.56
6.26
7.01
7.79
8.61
9.47

0.09
0.31
0.65
1.11
1.67
2.34
3.12
3.99
4.96
6.03
7.19
8.44
9.79
11.23
12.76
14.38
16.08
17.88
19.76
21.72

1.37
2.74
4.11
5.48
6.85
8.22
9.59
10.96
12.32
13.69
15.06
16.43
17.80
19.17
20.54
21.91
23.28
24.65
26.02
27.39

12617
25235
37852
50469
63087
75704
88321
100939
113556
126173
138791
151408
164025
176643
189260
201877
214495
227112
239729
252347

0.01
0.03
0.06
0.11
0.16
0.23
0.31
0.39
0.49
0.59
0.71
0.83
0.96
1.11
1.26
1.42
1.58
1.76
1.95
2.14

0.09
0.31
0.65
1.11
1.67
2.34
3.12
3.99
4.96
6.03
7.19
8.44
9.79
11.23
12.76
14.38
16.08
17.88
19.76
21.72

0.42
0.83
1.25
1.67
2.09
2.50
2.92
3.34
3.76
4.17
4.59
5.01
5.43
5.84
6.26
6.68
7.10
7.51
7.93
8.35

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

76

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

www.nibco.com
AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

8" TYPE M COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

8.1270 inches (206.4258 mm)


8.1210 inches (206.2734 mm)
0.1700 inches (4.3180 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 8.1240 inches (206.3496 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 7.7840 inches (197.7136 mm)
Flow Area
= 47.5878 sq. inches (30701.74 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2200
2400
2600
2800
3000
3200
3400
3600
3800
4000

0.04
0.13
0.27
0.46
0.70
0.98
1.30
1.67
2.08
2.53
3.01
3.54
4.11
4.71
5.35
6.03
6.75
7.50
8.29
9.12

0.08
0.30
0.63
1.07
1.61
2.26
3.00
3.84
4.78
5.80
6.92
8.13
9.43
10.81
12.29
13.85
15.49
17.22
19.03
20.92

1.35
2.70
4.05
5.39
6.74
8.09
9.44
10.79
12.14
13.48
14.83
16.18
17.53
18.88
20.23
21.57
22.92
24.27
25.62
26.97

12617
25235
37852
50469
63087
75704
88321
100939
113556
126173
138791
151408
164025
176643
189260
201877
214495
227112
239729
252347

0.01
0.03
0.06
0.10
0.16
0.22
0.30
0.38
0.47
0.57
0.68
0.80
0.93
1.07
1.21
1.36
1.53
1.70
1.88
2.06

0.08
0.30
0.63
1.07
1.61
2.26
3.00
3.84
4.78
5.80
6.92
8.13
9.43
10.81
12.29
13.85
15.49
17.22
19.03
20.92

0.41
0.82
1.23
1.64
2.05
2.47
2.88
3.29
3.70
4.11
4.52
4.93
5.34
5.75
6.16
6.58
6.99
7.40
7.81
8.22

10" TYPE K COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

10.1270 inches (257.2258 mm)


10.1190 inches (257.0226 mm)
0.3380 inches (8.5852 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 10.1230 inches (257.1242 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 9.4470 inches (239.9538 mm)
Flow Area
= 70.0935 sq. inches (45221.52 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2200
2400
2600
2800
3000
3200
3400
3600
3800
4000
4200
4400

0.01
0.05
0.11
0.18
0.27
0.38
0.51
0.65
0.81
0.98
1.17
1.38
1.60
1.84
2.09
2.35
2.63
2.92
3.23
3.55
3.89
4.24

0.03
0.12
0.24
0.42
0.63
0.88
1.17
1.50
1.86
2.26
2.70
3.17
3.68
4.22
4.79
5.40
6.04
6.71
7.42
8.16
8.93
9.73

0.92
1.83
2.75
3.66
4.58
5.49
6.41
7.32
8.24
9.15
10.07
10.99
11.90
12.82
13.73
14.65
15.56
16.48
17.39
18.31
19.22
20.14

12617
25235
37852
50469
63087
75704
88321
100939
113556
126173
138791
151408
164025
176643
189260
201877
214495
227112
239729
252347
264964
277581

0.00
0.01
0.02
0.04
0.06
0.09
0.12
0.15
0.18
0.22
0.27
0.31
0.36
0.42
0.47
0.53
0.60
0.66
0.73
0.80
0.88
0.96

0.03
0.12
0.24
0.42
0.63
0.88
1.17
1.50
1.86
2.26
2.70
3.17
3.68
4.22
4.79
5.40
6.04
6.71
7.42
8.16
8.93
9.73

0.28
0.56
0.84
1.12
1.40
1.67
1.95
2.23
2.51
2.79
3.07
3.35
3.63
3.91
4.19
4.46
4.74
5.02
5.30
5.58
5.86
6.14

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

77

www.nibco.com
AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

10" TYPE L COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

10.1270 inches (257.2258 mm)


10.1190 inches (257.0226 mm)
0.2500 inches (6.3500 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 10.1230 inches (257.1242 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 9.6230 inches (244.4242 mm)
Flow Area
= 72.7295 sq. inches (46922.19 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2200
2400
2600
2800
3000
3200
3400
3600
3800
4000
4200
4400

0.01
0.05
0.10
0.16
0.25
0.35
0.46
0.60
0.74
0.90
1.07
1.26
1.46
1.68
1.91
2.15
2.40
2.67
2.95
3.25
3.56
3.88

0.03
0.11
0.22
0.38
0.57
0.80
1.07
1.37
1.70
2.07
2.47
2.90
3.36
3.85
4.38
4.93
5.52
6.13
6.78
7.45
8.16
8.89

0.88
1.76
2.65
3.53
4.41
5.29
6.18
7.06
7.94
8.82
9.70
10.59
11.47
12.35
13.23
14.12
15.00
15.88
16.76
17.65
18.53
19.41

12617.33
25234.67
37852.00
50469.33
63086.67
75704.00
88321.33
100938.67
113556.00
126173.33
138790.67
151408.00
164025.33
176642.67
189260.00
201877.33
214494.67
227112.00
239729.33
252346.67
264964.00
277581.33

0.00
0.01
0.02
0.04
0.06
0.08
0.11
0.13
0.17
0.20
0.24
0.29
0.33
0.38
0.43
0.49
0.54
0.60
0.67
0.73
0.80
0.88

0.03
0.11
0.22
0.38
0.57
0.80
1.07
1.37
1.70
2.07
2.47
2.90
3.36
3.85
4.38
4.93
5.52
6.13
6.78
7.45
8.16
8.89

0.27
0.54
0.81
1.08
1.34
1.61
1.88
2.15
2.42
2.69
2.96
3.23
3.50
3.76
4.03
4.30
4.57
4.84
5.11
5.38
5.65
5.92

10" TYPE M COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

10.1270 inches (257.2258 mm)


10.1190 inches (257.0226 mm)
0.2120 inches (5.3848 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 10.1230 inches (257.1242 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 9.6990 inches (247.3546 mm)
Flow Area
= 73.8829 sq. inches (47666.28 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

200
400
600
800
1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2200
2400
2600
2800
3000
3200
3400
3600
3800
4000
4200
4400

0.01
0.04
0.09
0.16
0.24
0.34
0.45
0.57
0.71
0.87
1.03
1.21
1.41
1.62
1.84
2.07
2.31
2.57
2.84
3.13
3.42
3.73

0.03
0.10
0.21
0.37
0.55
0.77
1.03
1.32
1.64
1.99
2.37
2.79
3.23
3.71
4.21
4.75
5.31
5.90
6.53
7.17
7.85
8.56

0.87
1.74
2.61
3.47
4.34
5.21
6.08
6.95
7.82
8.68
9.55
10.42
11.29
12.16
13.03
13.90
14.76
15.63
16.50
17.37
18.24
19.11

12617
25235
37852
50469
63087
75704
88321
100939
113556
126173
138791
151408
164025
176643
189260
201877
214495
227112
239729
252347
264964
277581

0.00
0.01
0.02
0.04
0.05
0.08
0.10
0.13
0.16
0.20
0.23
0.27
0.32
0.37
0.42
0.47
0.52
0.58
0.64
0.71
0.77
0.84

0.03
0.10
0.21
0.37
0.55
0.77
1.03
1.32
1.64
1.99
2.37
2.79
3.23
3.71
4.21
4.75
5.31
5.90
6.53
7.17
7.85
8.56

0.26
0.53
0.79
1.06
1.32
1.59
1.85
2.12
2.38
2.65
2.91
3.18
3.44
3.71
3.97
4.24
4.50
4.76
5.03
5.29
5.56
5.82

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

78

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

www.nibco.com
AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

12" TYPE K COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

12.1270 inches (308.0258 mm)


12.1190 inches (307.8226 mm)
0.4050 inches (10.2870 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 12.1230 inches (307.9242 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 11.3130 inches (287.3502 mm)
Flow Area
= 100.5184 sq. inches (64850.43 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2200
2400
2600
2800
3000
3200
3400
3600
3800
4000
4200
4400
4600
4800
5000
5200
5400
5600
5800
6000
6200

0.11
0.16
0.21
0.27
0.34
0.41
0.49
0.57
0.67
0.76
0.87
0.98
1.09
1.22
1.34
1.48
1.62
1.76
1.92
2.07
2.24
2.40
2.58
2.76
2.94
3.13
3.33

0.26
0.37
0.49
0.62
0.77
0.94
1.12
1.32
1.53
1.75
1.99
2.25
2.51
2.79
3.09
3.39
3.71
4.05
4.39
4.75
5.13
5.51
5.91
6.32
6.75
7.18
7.63

3.19
3.83
4.47
5.11
5.75
6.38
7.02
7.66
8.30
8.94
9.58
10.21
10.85
11.49
12.13
12.77
13.41
14.04
14.68
15.32
15.96
16.60
17.24
17.87
18.51
19.15
19.79

63087
75704
88321
100939
113556
126173
138791
151408
164025
176643
189260
201877
214495
227112
239729
252347
264964
277581
290199
302816
315433
328051
340668
353285
365903
378520
391137

0.03
0.04
0.05
0.06
0.08
0.09
0.11
0.13
0.15
0.17
0.20
0.22
0.25
0.28
0.30
0.33
0.37
0.40
0.43
0.47
0.51
0.54
0.58
0.62
0.67
0.71
0.75

0.26
0.37
0.49
0.62
0.77
0.94
1.12
1.32
1.53
1.75
1.99
2.25
2.51
2.79
3.09
3.39
3.71
4.05
4.39
4.75
5.13
5.51
5.91
6.32
6.75
7.18
7.63

0.97
1.17
1.36
1.56
1.75
1.95
2.14
2.33
2.53
2.72
2.92
3.11
3.31
3.50
3.70
3.89
4.09
4.28
4.48
4.67
4.86
5.06
5.25
5.45
5.64
5.84
6.03

12" TYPE L COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

12.1270 inches (308.0258 mm)


12.1190 inches (307.8226 mm)
0.2800 inches (7.1120 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 12.1230 inches (307.9242 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 11.5630 inches (293.7002 mm)
Flow Area
= 105.0101 sq. inches (67748.29 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2200
2400
2600
2800
3000
3200
3400
3600
3800
4000
4200
4400
4600
4800
5000
5200
5400
5600
5800
6000
6200

0.10
0.14
0.19
0.24
0.30
0.37
0.44
0.52
0.60
0.69
0.78
0.88
0.98
1.09
1.21
1.33
1.46
1.59
1.72
1.86
2.01
2.16
2.32
2.48
2.65
2.82
2.99

0.23
0.33
0.44
0.56
0.70
0.85
1.01
1.19
1.37
1.58
1.79
2.02
2.26
2.51
2.77
3.05
3.34
3.64
3.95
4.27
4.61
4.96
5.31
5.68
6.07
6.46
6.86

3.06
3.67
4.28
4.89
5.50
6.11
6.72
7.33
7.94
8.55
9.17
9.78
10.39
11.00
11.61
12.22
12.83
13.44
14.05
14.67
15.28
15.89
16.50
17.11
17.72
18.33
18.94

63087
75704
88321
100939
113556
126173
138791
151408
164025
176643
189260
201877
214495
227112
239729
252347
264964
277581
290199
302816
315433
328051
340668
353285
365903
378520
391137

0.02
0.03
0.04
0.06
0.07
0.08
0.10
0.12
0.14
0.16
0.18
0.20
0.22
0.25
0.27
0.30
0.33
0.36
0.39
0.42
0.45
0.49
0.52
0.56
0.60
0.64
0.68

0.23
0.33
0.44
0.56
0.70
0.85
1.01
1.19
1.37
1.58
1.79
2.02
2.26
2.51
2.77
3.05
3.34
3.64
3.95
4.27
4.61
4.96
5.31
5.68
6.07
6.46
6.86

0.93
1.12
1.30
1.49
1.68
1.86
2.05
2.23
2.42
2.61
2.79
2.98
3.17
3.35
3.54
3.72
3.91
4.10
4.28
4.47
4.66
4.84
5.03
5.21
5.40
5.59
5.77

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

79

www.nibco.com
AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

Revision 5/12/02

12" TYPE M COPPER TUBE WATER FLOW AND FRICTION LOSS PER 100 FEET
Maximum O.D.
Minimum O.D.
Nominal Wall Thickness
C Factor

Hazen Williams Formula

=
=
=
=

12.1270 inches (308.0258 mm)


12.1190 inches (307.8226 mm)
0.2540 inches (6.4516 mm)
150

Nominal O.D. = 12.1230 inches (307.9242 mm)


Nominal I.D. = 11.6150 inches (295.021 mm)
Flow Area
= 105.9567 sq. inches (68359.01 sq. mm)

FLOW, Q
(GPM)

Pressure Loss
(psi/100 ft)

Head Loss
(ft/100 ft)

Velocity
(ft./sec.)

FLOW, Q
(cu. cm/sec.)

Pressure Loss
(kPa/100 m)

Head Loss
(m/100 m)

Velocity
(m/sec.)

1000
1200
1400
1600
1800
2000
2200
2400
2600
2800
3000
3200
3400
3600
3800
4000
4200
4400
4600
4800
5000
5200
5400
5600
5800
6000
6200

0.10
0.14
0.19
0.24
0.30
0.36
0.43
0.51
0.59
0.67
0.76
0.86
0.96
1.07
1.18
1.30
1.42
1.55
1.68
1.82
1.97
2.11
2.27
2.43
2.59
2.76
2.93

0.23
0.32
0.43
0.55
0.68
0.83
0.99
1.16
1.35
1.54
1.75
1.98
2.21
2.46
2.71
2.98
3.27
3.56
3.87
4.18
4.51
4.85
5.20
5.56
5.93
6.32
6.71

3.03
3.63
4.24
4.84
5.45
6.06
6.66
7.27
7.87
8.48
9.08
9.69
10.30
10.90
11.51
12.11
12.72
13.32
13.93
14.53
15.14
15.75
16.35
16.96
17.56
18.17
18.77

63087
75704
88321
100939
113556
126173
138791
151408
164025
176643
189260
201877
214495
227112
239729
252347
264964
277581
290199
302816
315433
328051
340668
353285
365903
378520
391137

0.02
0.03
0.04
0.05
0.07
0.08
0.10
0.11
0.13
0.15
0.17
0.19
0.22
0.24
0.27
0.29
0.32
0.35
0.38
0.41
0.44
0.48
0.51
0.55
0.59
0.62
0.66

0.23
0.32
0.43
0.55
0.68
0.83
0.99
1.16
1.35
1.54
1.75
1.98
2.21
2.46
2.71
2.98
3.27
3.56
3.87
4.18
4.51
4.85
5.20
5.56
5.93
6.32
6.71

0.92
1.11
1.29
1.48
1.66
1.85
2.03
2.22
2.40
2.58
2.77
2.95
3.14
3.32
3.51
3.69
3.88
4.06
4.25
4.43
4.61
4.80
4.98
5.17
5.35
5.54
5.72

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.

80

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Copper Water Tube continued


COPPER TUBE TYPES, STANDARDS, APPLICATIONS, TEMPERS AND LENGTHS
Commercially Available Lengths
Nominal or Standard Sizes
Drawn

Tube Type

Color Code

Standard

Application

Type K

Green

ASTM B 88

Domestic Water Service Distribution

Straight Lengths:

1 4

/ -inch to 8-inch

10-inch

18 ft. (5.5m)

18 ft. (5.5m)

Solar

12-inch

12 ft. (3.7m)

12 ft. (3.7m)

Coils:

1 4

/ -inch to 1-inch

HVAC
Snow Melting

Blue

ASTM B 88

Annealed
20 ft. (6.1m)

Fire Protection
Fuel/Fuel Oil

Type L

20 ft. (6.1m)

Domestic Water Service Distribution

60 ft. (18.3m)
100 ft. (30.5m)

11/4-inch & 11/2-inch

60 ft. (18.3m)

2-inch

40 ft. (12.2m)

45 ft. (13.7m)

20 ft. (6.1m)
18 ft. (5.5m)

20 ft. (6.1m)
18 ft. (5.5m)

Straight Lengths:

Coils:

Fire Protection

/4-inch to 10-inch
12-inch

Solar
Fuel/Fuel Oil
Natural Gas

/4-inch to 1-inch

Liquified Petroleum (LP) Gas

Type M

Red

ASTM B 88

60 ft. (18.3m)

100 ft. (30.5m)

HVAC

11/4-inch & 11/2-inch

60 ft. (18.3m)

Snow Melting

2-inch

40 ft. (12.2m)

/ -inch to 12-inch

20 ft. (6.1m)

45 ft. (13.7m)
N/A

Straight Lengths: 11/4-inch to 8-inch

20 ft. (6.1m)

N/A

20 ft. (6.1m)

20 ft. (6.1m)1

50 ft. (15.3m)1
N/A

Domestic Water Service Distribution

Straight Lengths:

1 4

Fire Protection
Solar
Fuel/Fuel Oil
HVAC
DWV

Yellow

ASTM B 306

Snow Melting
Drain
Waste
Vent
HVAC

ACR

Blue

ASTM B 280

Solar
Air Conditioning

Straight Lengths:

1 4

/ -inch to 41/8-inch

Natural Gas

Coils:

Liquified Petroleum (LP) Gas


Medical Gas

Straight Lengths:

1 4

/ -inch to 8-inch

20 ft. (6.1m)

Natural Gas

Straight Lengths:

/8-inch to 11/8-inch

12 ft. (3.7m)

12 ft. (3.7m)1

20 ft. (6.1m)

20 ft. (6.1m)1

Refrigeration

OXY

Type K

MED

Green

ASTM B 819

/8-inch to 15/8-inch

OXY/MED
OXY/ACR

Type L

ACR/MED

Blue

Type G

Yellow

ASTM B 837

Liquified Petroleum (LP) Gas


Coils:

3 8

/ -inch to 7/8-inch

60 ft. (18.3m)1

100 ft. (30.5m)1

Available as special order only.

U.S. customary units in this document are the standard; the metric units are provided for
reference only. The values stated in each system are not exact equivalents.
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The Fine Art


of Soldering
When adjoining surfaces of copper and copper alloys meet under proper conditions of cleanliness and temperature,
solder will make a perfect adhesion. The strength of joint is equal to or even greater than the strength of tube alone.
Surface tension seals the joint. Capillary attraction draws solder into, around, and all about the joint. Its easy to learn
to make a perfect solder joint when you use NIBCO Fittings.
WITH 95-5 SOLDER AND INTERMEDIATELY CORROSIVE FLUX

82

1. Cut tube end square, ream, burr and size.

2. Use sand cloth or steel wire brush to clean tube and cup to a
bright metal finish.

3. Apply solder flux to outside of tube and inside of cup


of fitting carefully so that surfaces to be joined are completely
covered. Use flux sparingly.

4. Apply flame to the fitting to heat tube and solder cup of fitting
until solder melts when placed at joint of tube and fitting.

5. Remove flame and feed solder into the joint at one or


two points until a ring of solder appears at the end of the fitting.
The correct amount of solder is approximately equal to 11/ 2 the
diameter of the fitting 3/4" (20mm) solder for 1/2" fitting, etc.

6. Remove excess solder with a small brush or wiping cloth while


the solder is plastic.

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
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The Fine Art


of Brazing
Best results will be obtained by a skilled operator employing the step-by-step brazing technique that follows:
1. The tube should be cut to desired length with a square cut,
preferably in a square-end sawing vise. The cutting wheel of the
type specifically designed for cutting copper tube will also do a
satisfactory job. The tube should be the exact length needed, so that
the tube will enter the cup of the fitting all the way to the shoulder
of the cup. Remove all slivers and burrs left from cutting the tube, by
reaming and filing, both inside and outside.
2. To make a proper brazing joint, the clearance between the solder cup
and the tube should be approximately 0.001" to 0.010" (0.0254mm to
0.254mm). Maintaining a good fit on parts to be brazed insures:
Ease of Application Excessively wide tolerances tend to break
capillary force; and, as a result the alloy will either fail to flow
throughout the joint or may flush out of the joint.
Corrosion Resistance There is also a direct relation between the
corrosion resistance of a joint and the clearance between members.
Economy If brazing alloys are to be used economically, they,
of necessity, must be applied in the joint proper and in minimum
quantities, using merely enough alloy to fill the area between the
members.
3. The surfaces to be joined must be clean and free from oil, grease
and heavy oxides. The end of the tube need be
cleaned only for a distance slightly more
than it is to enter the
cup. Special wire
brushes designed
to clean tube ends
may be used, but
they should be
carefully used so
that an excessive
amount of metal
will not be removed
from
the tube. Fine sand
cloth or emery
cloth may also be used with the same precautions.
The
cleaning should not be done with steel wool, because of the
likelihood of leaving small slivers
of the
steel or
oil in the joint.
4. The cup of the fitting
should be cleaned by
methods similar to
those used for the
tube end, and care
should be observed
in removing residues of
cleaning medium. Attempting

a contaminated or an improperly cleaned surface will result in an


unsatisfactory joint. Brazing alloys will not flow over or bond to
oxides; and oily or greasy surfaces tend to repel fluxes, leaving bare
spots which will oxidize, resulting in voids and inclusions.
5. Flux should be applied to
the tube and solder cup
sparingly and in a fairly
thin consistency. Avoid
flux on areas not cleaned.
Particularly avoid getting
excess flux into the inside
of the tube itself. Flux has
three principal functions
to perform:
A. It prevents the
oxidation of the metal surfaces during the heating operation by
excluding oxygen.
B. It absorbs and dissolves residual oxides that are on the surface
and those oxides which may form during the heating operation.
C. It assists in the flow of the alloy by presenting a clean nascent
surface for the melted alloy to flow over. In addition, it is an
excellent temperature indicator, especially if an indicating flux is
used.
6. Immediately after fluxing, the parts to be brazed should be
assembled. If fluxed
parts are allowed to
stand, the water in
the flux will
evaporate, and dried
flux is liable to flake
off, exposing the
metal surfaces to
oxidation from the
heat. Assemble the
joint by inserting the
tube into the cup,
hard against the stop. The assembly should be firmly supported so
that it will remain in alignment during the brazing operation.

the
to braze

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7. Brazing is started by applying heat to the parts to be joined. The


preferred method is by the oxyacetylene flame. Propane and other
gases are sometimes used on smaller sizes. A slightly reducing
flame should be used, with a slight feather on the inner blue cone;
the outer portion of the flame, pale green. Heat the tube first,
beginning at about one inch from the edge of the fitting. Sweep
the flames around the tube in short strokes up and down at right
angles to the run of the tube. It is very important that the flame be in
continuous motion and should not be allowed to remain on any one
point to avoid burning through the tube. Generally, the flux may be
used as a guide as to how long to heat the tube, continuing heating
after the flux starts to bubble or work, and until the flux becomes
quiet and transparent, like clear water. The flux will pass through
four stages:
A. At 212F (100C) the water boils off.
B. At 600F (315.6C) the flux becomes white and slightly puffy and
starts to work.
C. At 800F (426.7C) it lays against the surface and has a milky
appearance.
D. At 1100F (593.3C) it is completely clear and active and has
the appearance of water.
8. Now switch the flame to the fitting
the base of the cup. Heat uniformly,
sweeping the flame from the
fitting to the tube until the flux
on the fitting becomes quiet.
Avoid excessive heating
of cast fittings.

at

9. When the flux appears liquid


and transparent
on both the tube and the fitting,
start sweeping
the flame back and forth along
the axis of the
joint to maintain heat on the parts to be joined, especially toward
the base of the cup of the fitting. The flame must be kept moving to
avoid burning the tube or the fitting.
10. Apply the brazing wire or rod at a point where the tube enters the
socket of the fitting. The temperature of
the joint should be
hot enough to melt the brazing alloy. Keep
the flame
away from the rod or wire as it is fed
into
the joint. Keep both the fitting and
the tube heated by moving the
flame back and forth from one
to the other as the alloy is
drawn into the joint. When
the proper temperature is
reached, the alloy will flow
readily into the
space between the tube outer
wall and the
fitting socket, drawn in by the
natural force of
capillary attraction. When the joint
is
filled, a
continuous fillet of brazing alloy will be visible completely around
the joint. Stop feeding as soon as the joint is filled, using table on
page 54 as a guide for the alloy consumption.

84

NOTE: For tubing one inch and larger, it


is difficult to bring the whole joint up to
heat at one time. It frequently will be
found desirable to use a double-tip torch
to maintain the proper temperature over
the larger area. A mild pre-heating of
the whole fitting is recommended. The
heating then can proceed as in steps 7,
8, 9, and 10. If difficulty is encountered
in getting the whole joint up to heat at
one time, then when the joint is nearly
up to the desired temperature the alloy
is concentrated in a limited area. At the
brazing temperature the alloy is fed into
the joint and the torch is then moved to an
adjacent area and the operation carried on
progressively all around the joint.
HORIZONTAL JOINTS When making
horizontal joints, it is preferable to
start applying the brazing alloy at
the 5 oclock position, then move
around to the 7 oclock position and
then move up the sides to the top
of the joint, making sure that the
operations overlap.
VERTICAL JOINTS On vertical
joints, it is immaterial where the
start is made. If the opening of the
cup is pointed down, care should be taken to avoid overheating the
tube, as this may cause the alloy to run down the tube. If this condition
is encountered, take the heat away and allow the alloy to set. Then
reheat the solder cup of the fitting to draw up the alloy.
After the brazing alloy has set,
remove residual flux from the
joint area as it is corrosive and
presents an unclean appearance and
condition. Hot water or steam and
a soft cloth should be used. Wrot
fittings may be chilled; however it
is advisable to allow cast fittings to
cool naturally to some extent before
applying a swab. All flux must be
removed before inspection and pressure testing.

TROUBLE SPOTS
If the alloy fails to flow or has a tendency to ball up, it indicates
oxidation on the metal surfaces, or insufficient heat on the parts
to be joined. If work starts to oxidize during heating, it indicates
too little flux, or a flux of too thin consistency. If the brazing alloy
refuses to enter the joint and tends to flow over the outside of either
member of the joint, it indicates this member is overheated, or the
other is underheated, or both. In both cases, operations should be
stopped and the joints disassembled, recleaned and fluxed.

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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Polybutylene
Tubing
FITTING SYSTEM INSERT/CRIMP TYPE MADE BY NIBCO

Making a Connection
1. Using a tube cutter, cut tubing squarely and remove burrs.

2. Slide copper crimp ring on tubing. Only copper crimp rings should be
used to ensure the highest quality connection.

3. Insert fitting into tubing, then position crimp ring squarely


over barbs. Proper alignment is important for making the
best connection.

4. Center the crimping tool jaws exactly over the ring, and bring
the tool handles together until totally closed to the stop indicator. Check
each crimp ring with the caliper gauge after completion.
If the small flats on the gauge do not fit over the crimped ring,
the ring is undercrimped. Cut out any undercrimped rings and fittings,
and completely replace.

TOOLS AND RINGS


Use tools recommended by fitting and tubing manufacturers.
All tools must make a full-circle crimp.
Check tool adjustment at least daily, and readjust as necessary.
Use crimp rings of copper as recommended by NIBCO INC.

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
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Frequently Asked
Questions
Q:
A:

Q:
A:

What is the pressure rating of a given fitting?


Fittings are rated per Table 1 of ASME B16.22. The system rated
pressure shall be the lowest of the fitting, tube or joint.

When copper fails in a system, what is the problem?


MOST COMMON:
1. Velocity fluid is moving too fast. Recommendation:
2-3 fps (0.0508-0.0762 m/s) hot water 140F, 5-8 fps (0.1270.2032 m/s) cold water. Refer to pages 68-93.
2. Turbulence burrs left on the cut tubing causes a tumbling
effect causing localized erosion and eventual failure.
3. Aggressive Waters tend to cause pitting or green staining
of fixtures. Aggressive, hard well waters that cause pitting
typically are found to have total dissolved solids including
suflates and chlorides, a pH in the range of 7.2 to 7.8, a high
content of carbon dioxide gas and the pressence of dissolved
oxygen gas. Soft acidic waters that cause green staining
typically tend to be more corrosive. Low alkalinity, low
mineralization, pH levels of 7 or lower should be avoided.
LESS COMMON:
1. Flux Corrosion using too much flux when making
joints can potentially leave residue and cause isolated
corrosion. Flux should be used sparingly and system adequately
flushed.
2. Electrolysis stray (D.C.) current; inadequate grounding for the
piping.
3. Sand or other solid particulates erosion/corrosion problems
can occur. Lower velocities must be maintained
if solids are present in flow media.
4. Galvanic Corrosion destruction of a material by
electrochemical interaction between the environment
and the material.

Q:
A:

86

Q:
A:

Q:
A.

Can dissimilar metals (i.e., copper and iron) be joined together


without use of dielectric insulators to prevent corrosion?
In most situations dissimilar metals (copper/iron/steel) can be
joined successfully without using dielectric insulators. Factors to
consider:
1. The composition of the two metals.
2. The rate of liquid flow past the two metals.
3. Chemicals in the water which could enhance or destroy
protective films.
4. The relative areas of the two metals - unless the surface area
of the less noble (steel) material is less that 5% of the more
noble (copper) material, the need for a dielectric separator is
not needed. (Failures due to galvanic corrosion are very unusual
and only occur under very strict conditions.)
5. Local code requirements.

What should the installer of copper unions know and do in order to


assure a proper leak-free installation?
The following should be done:
1. Make sure the ground-joint(mating area of unions tail and
thread pieces) are free of nicks and scratches.
2. Spray the ground-joint area with a food grade silicone spray or
apply bees wax to enhance seating.
3. Make sure alignment of line does not put lateral stress on the
ground-joint seal.
4. Make sure that excess solder (droplets) do not reach the
ground-joint area.

Copper tubing wall thickness is designated K, L or M. What


are the copper fittings applicable to?
Copper fittings wall thickness is determined by standards (ASME
B-16:22 and MSS-SP-104). These standards address minimum wall
thickness (per size) for the full range of copper fittings and are not
intended to match tubing wall thicknesses.

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
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Residential
Copper Plumbing Products
Limited Warranty
What the warranty terms mean
In this warranty Manufacturer refers to the company listed below
which manufactured the Product and any person or company that
assumes its obligations under this warranty. Homeowner means
you as the owner of the residential building in the United States in
which the Product has been installed and also means any succeeding
owner during the original warranty term. Product means the copper
water tube and/or copper or brass fittings manufactured by the
Manufacturer for the residential building market in the United States.
Each Manufacturer listed below separately and individually warrants
only Products it has manufactured and does not warrant Products of
any other company, whether or not listed below.
Date the warranty begins
The warranty begins on the date of the new home purchase,
or in the case of home additions or renovations, on the date the
installation is completed. The warranty is transferable to succeeding
Homeowners for the remainder of the original warranty term, in which
case the date the warranty begins shall continue without change.
What is covered
The Manufacturer warrants to the Homeowner for a period
of 50 years from the date the warranty begins that its properly
installed Product will be free of failure as a result of defects in
material or workmanship in manufacturing the Product.

What is not covered: Disclaimer of liability for consequential


and other damages
The Manufacturer does NOT warrant against failure:
1. of any product, parts, or systems that it has not manufactured;
2. if the Product is used for purposes other than residential
plumbing applications;
3. caused by, contributed in whole or in part by, or resulting from,
any of the following:
(a) improper installation;
(b) abuse, such as, without limitation, vandalism;
(c) natural disasters, such as, without limitation, flooding,
windstorm and lightning;
(d) attachments or modifications to the Product that the
Manufacturer did not authorize;
(e) external causes, where external, physical or chemical
qualities produce damage to the Product, such as, without
limitation, aggressive water or an unsuitable or hostile
environment; or
(f) any other cause beyond the Manufacturers control.
The Manufacturer shall NOT be liable under any circumstances for
any other direct or any indirect, incidental or consequential damages
of any kind.

What the manufacturer will do for you


As long as (1) such a failure occurs within 50 years from the date
the warranty begins and (2) the Homeowner promptly notifies the
Manufacturer of the Product of that failure by contacting it through
its 800 phone number listed below, the Manufacturer will correct that
failure by repairing or replacing the Product within a reasonable time,
without charge. This warranty is limited to the cost of repairing or
replacing the Product, including installation.

This is the only warranty


This warranty is the only warranty for the Product provided by the
Manufacturer, and is and shall be in lieu of any and all other warranties,
express or implied, including but not limited to an implied warranty of
merchantability, and of all other obligations or liabilities on the part
of the Manufacturer. None of the Manufacturers employees, and no
other person or business, is authorized to make any other warranty on
the Manufacturers behalf covering the product.

NIBCO TECHNICAL SERVICE


1-888-446-4226

This warranty gives you specific legal rights, and you may also have
other rights which vary from state to state. Some states do not allow
the exclusion or limitation of incidental or consequential damages, so
the above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you.

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TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
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Numerical Index
Figure
Number

Page

Figure
Number

Page

100 Series
Cast Heavy Flared
101 .............................. 23
104 .............................. 23
500 Series Cast Flared
500..............................
503..............................
504..............................
507..............................
507-3 ...........................
507-4 ...........................
511 ..............................

24
23
23
23
23
23
24

600 Series
Wrot Pressure
600................................ 9
600-2 .......................... 15
600-DS........................ 10
600-RS ......................... 9
601.............................. 10
603................................ 6
603-2 ............................ 6
604................................ 7
604-2 ............................ 7
606.............................. 11
606-2 .......................... 11
607.............................. 12
607-2 ........................... 13
607-2-2 ....................... 13
607-2-2-LT ................... 13
607-2-I ........................ 13
607-2-LT ...................... 13
607-I ............................ 12
607-LT ......................... 12
611 ......................... 17-19
611-2 ........................... 19
616 .............................. 16
617 ................................ 9
618 ................................ 8
618-3............................. 8
619 ............................... 8
620-L ............................ 8
621.............................. 21
623.............................. 16
624.............................. 16
633-W......................... 21
638.............................. 16
698.............................. 20

88

700 Series
Cast Pressure
701.............................. 10
701-D .......................... 10
702 ............................. 10
703................................ 6
703-2 ............................ 6
703-5 ........................... 6
703-5B ......................... 6
704................................ 7
704-2 ............................ 7
704-2-H......................... 8
704-F............................. 7
704-H ............................ 7
705.............................. 16
705-D .......................... 17
706-2 .......................... 12
707.............................. 12
707-2-4 ....................... 13
707-3 ........................... 14
707-3-5 ....................... 14
707-3-5-A .................... 14
707-3-6 ....................... 14
707-4 ........................... 14
707-4-6 ....................... 14
707-5 ........................... 14
707-5-A ....................... 14
707-6 ........................... 15
708.............................. 15
710-3........................... 17
710-3-4 ....................... 17
711 .............................. 19
711-5 ........................... 19
711-A .......................... 19
712 .............................. 20
712-5........................... 20
713 ............................. 20
714 .............................. 20
717 ................................ 9
717-D ............................ 9
718-3............................. 8
724-5-A ...................... 10
733.............................. 21
733-2 .......................... 21
733-3 .......................... 21
733-4 .......................... 21

Figure
Number

Page

735.............................. 11
736 ............................. 11
739.............................. 16
741 .............................. 15
748 ............................. 21
749 ............................. 21
750................................ 8
750-3 ............................ 8
750-4 ............................ 8
764.............................. 15
771.............................. 16
775.............................. 16
800 Series Cast DWV
801 ..............................
801-2 ...........................
801-2-7 ........................
801-T ...........................
802..............................
802-C ..........................
802-F...........................
803..............................
803-2 ..........................
804..............................
804-2 ..........................
804-T...........................
805..............................
805-N..........................
806..............................
806-2 ..........................
807..............................
807-2 ...........................
807-3 ...........................
807-4 ...........................
807-9 ...........................
808..............................
809..............................
810 ..............................
811 ..............................
811-14 .........................
811-15 .........................
812 ..............................
814 ..............................
816 ..............................
816-S ..........................
818 A.S.A....................
834..............................
835..............................
835-B ..........................
836..............................

34
33
31
32
32
32
32
32
32
32
33
33
31
31
35
35
35
35
36
36
36
36
36
38
37
37
37
38
38
33
33
36
38
37
37
38

Figure
Number

Page

837..............................
851 ..............................
851-C ...........................
861-LH .........................
875-S ..........................
878..............................
879..............................
880..............................
881..............................
884..............................
885..............................
890..............................
891..............................
892..............................
892-3...........................
892-A ..........................

36
34
34
36
40
40
40
39
39
39
39
39
39
39
39
39

900 Series Wrot DWV


901 ..............................
901-2 ...........................
901-2-7 ........................
901-2-F ........................
901-7 ...........................
901-RP .........................
903..............................
903-2 ..........................
903-7...........................
904..............................
904-7...........................
905..............................
906..............................
906-2 ..........................
907..............................
907-2 ...........................
907-LT .........................
911 ..............................
917-B ...........................
951 ..............................
960..............................

34
33
31
33
31
34
32
32
31
33
31
31
35
35
35
35
35
37
37
34
36

Copper Insert Fittings for


Polybutylene
PB198 .......................... 29
PB600 ......................... 29
PB600-FA .................... 29
PB607 ......................... 29
PB607-FA .................... 29
PB611.......................... 29

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

www.nibco.com
AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

NOTES

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

89

www.nibco.com
AHEAD

OF

THE

F L O W

NOTES

90

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH: 1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.234.0557 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

globally

connecting

you at all levels

Its a new age of business, and a new way at


NIBCO. From Elkhart,
Indiana to Lodz,
Poland, and points
beyond, our company has integrated
manufacturing, distribution, and networked communications to provide
a seamless source of
information and service, 24
hours a day, 7 days a week.
But this integration hasnt
happened overnight. Its been
part of a long-term strategic

World
Headquarters

process that has pushed us


to reconsider every aspect
of our business. The result?
Were a vertically integrated

Elkhart,
Indiana

M A N U FA C T U R I N G

DISTRIBUTION

I N T E R N AT I O N A L

Metal Valves
and Fittings

Plastic Pipe,
Valves,
and Fittings

Industrial
Plastics

Pipe Hangers
& Support
Systems

International

U.S. & International


Distribution Centers

Global Offices

Blytheville,
Arkansas

Greensboro,
Georgia

Charlestown,
Indiana

Corona,
California

Reynosa, Mexico

Los Angeles,
California

Elkhart, Indiana

Lodz, Poland

Atlanta, Georgia

Vilnilus, Lithuania

Charlestown,
Indiana

Lodz, Poland

manufacturer with the products and systems in place


to deliver low cost and high
quality. NIBCOs products are
manufactured under a Quality
Management System conforming to the current revision of ISO-9001 International

McAllen,
Texas

Nacogdoches,
Texas

Standards. We know the flow


control industry is only going

Stuarts Draft,
Virginia

Goshen,
Indiana

Franklin,
Ohio

Lebanon,
Ohio

to get more demanding, and


we are more than ready. We
will continue to lead. Thats

Denmark,
South Carolina

Franklin,
Ohio

Lebanon,
Ohio

Lodz, Poland

what NIBCO is all about.

NIBCO INC. WORLD HEADQUARTERS 1516 MIDDLEBURY ST. ELKHART, IN 46516-4740 USA PH: 1.800.234.0227
TECH SERVICES PH:1.888.446.4226 FAX: 1.888.336.4226 INTERNATIONAL OFFICE PH: +1.574.295.3327 FAX: +1.574.295.3455
www.nibco.com

F E AT U R I N G N I B C O S Y S T E M S

C-CF-0207

NIBCO PEX Piping Systems NIBCO Press System

FITTINGS
Wrot and cast copper pressure and drainage fittings Cast copper alloy flanges
Wrot and cast press fittings ABS and PVC DWV fittings Schedule 40 PVC
pressure fittings CPVC CTS fittings CPVC CTS-to-metal transition fittings
Schedule 80 PVC and CPVC systems CPVC metric piping systems CPVC
BlazeMaster fire protection fittings
BlazeMaster is a registered trademark of The Lubrizol Corporation

VALVES & ACTUATION


Pressure-rated bronze, iron and alloy-iron gate, globe and check valves Pressurerated bronze ball valves Boiler specialty valves Commercial and industrial
butterfly valves Circuit balancing valves Carbon and stainless steel ball valves
ANSI flanged steel ball valves Pneumatic and electric actuators and controls
Grooved ball and butterfly valves High performance butterfly valves UL/FM
fire protection valves MSS specification valves Bronze specialty valves Low
pressure gate, globe, check and ball valves Frostproof sillcocks Quarter--turn
supply stops Quarter-turn low pressure valves PVC ball valves CPVC CTS ball
valves Just Right recirculating valves

CHEMTROL
Thermoplastic pipe, valves and fittings in PVC, Corzan CPVC, polypropylene and PVDF Kynar Chem-Aire thermoplastic compressed air piping
systems Pneumatic and electric actuation systems
Corzan is a registered trademark of The Lubrizol Corporation Kynar is a registered trademark of Arkema Inc.

TOLCO
Pipe attachments Structural attachments Pipe rollers Threaded products
and accessories Seismic components Standard and specialty supports
TOL-Strut channel and components Markets served include commercial, industrial & fire protection

eNIBCO
EDIElectronic Data Interchange VMIVendor Managed Inventory NIBCO.
com NIBCOpartner.com

NIBCO INC.

1516 MIDDLEBURY STREET

DOMESTIC CUSTOMER SERVICE

TECHNICAL SERVICE

I N T E R N AT I O N A L O F F I C E

WORLD HEADQUARTERS

E L K H A R T, I N 4 6 5 1 6 - 4 7 4 0

PHONE:

PHONE:

PHONE: +1/574.295.3327

WEB:

USA

FA X :

w w w. n i b c o . c o m

C-CF-0207 2007, NIBCO INC.

800.234.0227

800.234.0557

FA X :

888.446.4226

888.336.4226

FA X :

+1/574.295.3455

Printed in U.S.A.