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a bordo de embarcao de sobrevivncia BOARDING SURVIVAL CRAFT

BOARDING SURVIVAL CRAFT Do not leave the preparation of survival craft until the last possible moment, otherwise important items could be left behind or critical mistakes made in the rush to leave the sinking vessel. No Master will wish to give the order to abandon ship until he has to, especially in rough water. If he has delayed this difficult decision, at least he can be reassured that his survival craft are fully prepared and ready for instant lowering. The ships portable emergency radio should be regularly demonstrated on drills, so that everyone is familiar with its operation, including the rigging of aerials and earth wires. Since 1991, vessels have been equipped with a float free Epirb, at least two radar transponders for survival craft use and three VHF handsets. Crew members should be acquainted with their stowage positions, so that they can be quickly transferred to survival craft. Other location aldis lamp would also be useful. The latter could double as a searchlight an item which is now going to be fitted to all new lifeboats.

GLOSSARY

To leave Deixar Otherwise Caso contrrio Rush Pressa To sink Afundar To wish Desejar

So that Rigging Aerial

A fim de que Montagem Antena

Earth wire Fio terra Parachute flare Para-quedas luminoso

Rough Turbulento
Weather Tempo / clima To delay Retardar At least

Transponder
Handset

Transponder

Monofone Familiarizado

Acquainted Location Float

Pelo menos

Localizao

To reassure Tranquilizar

Flutuao

Drill

Exerccio

Torch Tocha Lamp Farolete

Match the words with the meaning 1. Otherwise ( ) installed 19 2. Rush ( 18 ) powerful light 3. Sinking ( ) portable morse signal light 17 4. Rough ( 16 ) pyrotechnic used to attract attention 5. To delay ( ) place where something is located 15 6. At least ( 14 ) be familiar with 7. To reassure ( 13 ) portable battery-powered radio 8. To lower ( ) one that permits connection with the ground 12 9. To rig (6 ) at any rate 10. Aerial ( ) equipment that, while floating, transmits signals 11 11. float free Epirb (9 ) fit with the necessary elements 12. Earth wire (3 ) going down below the surface of the water 13. Handset (2 ) hurry 14. To be acquainted with (1 ) if not 15. Stowage position (7 ) to take away the doubts of 16. Flare (5 ) leave until later 17. Aldis lamp (4 ) stormy 18. Searchlight (8 ) to bring down 19. Fitted ( 10 ) antenna

Fill in the blanks with words from the text 1. Do not leave the preparation of____________craft survival until the last possible moment. 2. Important items could be left behind or critical mistakes made in the sinking rush to leave the__________vessel. abandon 3. No Master will wish to give the order to________________ship until he rough has to, especially in____________weather. 4. If he has delayed this difficult decision, at least he can be reassured that his survival______are fully prepared and ready for instant lowering. craft emergency 5. The ships portable_______________radio should be regularly deomnstrated on drills. aerials earth 6. Everyone must be familiar with the rigging of_______and_______wires. 7. Since 1991, vessels have been equipped with transponders a_________free________at least two radar____________for survival float Epirb craft use and three VHF_____________. handsets stowage 8. Crew members should be acquainted with their________position. 9. Other location aids, such as the ships rocket aldis flares parachute__________torches and ________lamp would also be useful. searchlight 10. The latter could double as a__________an item which is now going to lifeboats be fitted to all new____________.

Comprehension questions

1. Why shouldnt you leave the preparation of survival craft until the last possible moment? Because important items could be left behind os mistakes made in the rush to leave the sinking vessel. 2. What can a Master be assured of if he has delayed giving the order to abandon ship? That his survival craft are fully prepared and ready for instant lowering. 3. What should be demonstrated on drills? The ships portable emergency radio.

4. What have vessels been equipped with since 1991? A float free Epirb, two radar transponders for survival craft use and three VHF hansets.

Comprehension questions

5. What should crew members be acquainted with? Their stowage positions.

6. Why should crew members be acquainted wothj the stowage positions of the metioned items? So that they can be quickly transferred to survival craft.

7. What other location aids would also be useful? The ships rocket parachute flares, torches and aldis lamp.

8. What could the aldis lamp double as? A searchlight.

Test your knowledge. Check the right answer

1. Preparation of survival craft should not be left until the______possible moment. a) First b) Last 2. Important items could be left behind or critical mistakes made in the rush___________the sinking vessel . a) To board b) To leave 3. No Master will wish to give the order to abandon ship, especially in________weather. a) Calm b) Rough 4. A survival craft should be fully prepared and ready for_____lowering. a) Slow b) Instant

Test your knowledge. Check the right answer

5. Everyone should be_______with the operation of the ships portable emergency radio. a) Unfamiliar b) Familiar 6. The crew should also know how to_______aerials and earth wires. a) Rig b) Operate 3. Since 1991 vessels have been equipped with________. a) A searchlight, a TV set, two walkie-talkies and a notebook b) A floar float free Epirb, two radar transponders and three VHF handsets 4. Other useful location aids that a survival craft might carry are: a) Rocket parachute flares, torches and aldis lamp b) Lighthouses, funnels and fireworks

Practise pronouncing the words

1. Survival 2. Critical 3. Mistake 4. Abandon 5. Aerial 6. Rough 7. Delay 8. Instant 9. Portable 10.Emergency 11.Stowage

12.Demonstrate 13.Lifeboat 14.Reassure 15.Transfer 16.Equip 17.Hanset 18.Searchlight 19.Regularly 20.Familiar 21.Acquaint 22.Parachute

Ask questions on the text. Use your imagination to begin and finish the questions

1. No Master will wish to give the order to abndon ship. What order will no Master wish to give? 2. The ships portable emergency radio should be demonstrated on drills. What should be demonstrated on drills? 3. Vessels have been equipped with a float free Epirb since 1991. What have vessels been equipped with since 1991? 4. Crew members should be acquainted with the stowage position of the float free Epirb. What should crew members be acquainted with? 5. The aldis lamp could double as a serchlight. What could the aldis lamp double as?