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One Paper Class XI Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV Unit V Unit VI Unit VII Unit VIII Unit IX Unit X Physical World & Measurement Kinematics Laws of Motion Work, Energy & Power Motion of System of particles & Rigid Body Gravitation Properties of Bulk Matter Thermodynamics Behaviour of Perfect Gases & Kinetic Theory of gases Oscillations & Waves Total Three Hours Max Marks: 70 Weightage 03 10 10 06 06 05 10 05 05 10 70
Unit I: Physical World and Measurement
Physics - scope and excitement; nature of physical laws; Physics, technology and society. Need for measurement: Units of measurement; systems of units; SI units, fundamental and derived units. Length, mass and time measurements; accuracy and precision of measuring instruments; errors in measurement; significant figures. Dimensions of physical quantities, dimensional analysis and its applications.
Unit II: Kinematics
Frame of reference, Motion in a straight line: Position-time graph, speed and velocity. Elementary concepts of differentiation and intergration for describing motion.Uniform and nonuniform motion, average speed and instantaneous velocity. Uniformly accelerated motion, velocitytime and position-time graphs. Relations for uniformly accelerated motion (graphical treatment). Scalar and vector quantities; Position and displacement vectors, general vectors and their notations; equality of vectors, multiplication of vectors by a real number; addition and subtraction of vectors. Relative velocity. Unit vector; Resolution of a vector in a plane - rectangular components. Scalar and Vector product of vectors. 84
centre of mass of a uniform rod. momentum conservation and centre of mass motion. 85 .Motion in a plane. Stress-strain relationship. laws of friction. elastic and inelastic collisions in one and two dimensions. Centre of mass of a rigid body. Unit IV: Work. Moment of a force. The universal law of gravitation. shear modulus of rigidity. Geo-stationary satellites. conservative forces: conservation of mechanical energy (kinetic and potential energies). Acceleration due to gravity and its variation with altitude and depth. potential energy of a spring. Statement of parallel and perpendicular axes theorems and their applications. lubrication. Static and kinetic friction. for simple geometrical objects (no derivation). Law of conservation of linear momentum and its applications. Notion of potential energy. Cases of uniform velocity and uniform acceleration-projectile motion. laws of conservation of angular momentum and is applications. Young’s modulus. Escape velocity. Inertia. Pascal’s law and its applications (hydraulic lift and hydraulic brakes). bulk modulus. Dynamics of uniform circular motion: Centripetal force. Unit VI: Gravitation Keplar’s laws of planetary motion. vehicle on banked road). non-conservative forces: motion in a vertical circle. Newton’s first law of motion. Equilibrium of concurrent forces. Pressure due to a fluid column. Newton’s third law of motion. work-energy theorem. radius of gyration. Equilibrium of rigid bodies. Unit III: Laws of Motion (Periods 16) Intuitive concept of force. Poisson's ratio. impulse. kinetic energy. Moment of inertia. comparison of linear and rotational motions. rigid body rotation and equations of rotational motion. Uniform circular motion. Orbital velocity of a satellite. Hooke’s law. momentum and Newton’s second law of motion. Energy and Power (Periods 16) Work done by a constant force and a variable force. elastic energy. Values of moments of inertia. examples of circular motion (vehicle on a level circular road. angular momentum. Effect of gravity on fluid pressure. (Periods 14) Gravitational potential energy and gravitational potential. rolling friction. Unit V: Motion of System of Particles and Rigid Body (Periods 18) Centre of mass of a two-particle system. Unit VII: Properties of Bulk Matter (Periods 28) Elastic behaviour. power. torque.
work done in compressing a gas. concept of pressure. degrees of freedom. to be performed by the students. Isothermal and adiabatic processes. Heat transfer-conduction. Principle of superposition of waves. application of surface tension ideas to drops. Unit X: Oscillations and Waves (Periods 28) Periodic motion . Reynold’s number. Practicals (Periods 28) The record. Cp.Viscosity. thermal expansion of solids. Heat. Stefan's law Green house effect. Transverse and longitudinal waves. forced and damped oscillations (qualitative ideas only). Wein's displacement Law. Newton’s law of cooling. Thermal expansion. Bernoulli’s theorem and its applications. Periodic functions. Beats. has to include l Record of at least 15 Experiments [with a minimum of 8 from section A and 7 from section B]. Free. convection and radiation. First law of thermodynamics. anomalous expansion of water.assumptions. terminal velocity. bubbles and capillary rise. phase. standing waves in strings and organ pipes.calorimetry. Heat. change of state . to be submitted by the students. Heat engine and refrigerator. Second law of thermodynamics: reversible and irreversible processes. law of equipartition of energy (statement only) and application to specific heat capacities of gases. energy in S. streamline and turbulent flow. work and internal energy. displacement as a function of time. specific heat capacity. oscillations of a spring–restoring force and force constant. Surface energy and surface tension. Avogadro’s number. Unit VIII: Thermodynamics (Periods 12) Thermal equilibrium and definition of temperature (zeroth law of thermodynamics).M) and its equation.latent heat capacity. liquids and gases. Qualitative ideas of Blackbody radiation . rms speed of gas molecules. fundamental mode and harmonics. speed of wave motion. simple pendulum– derivation of expression for its time period. Kinetic interpretation of temperature. Displacement relation for a progressive wave. (Periods 8) Kinetic theory of gases . thermal conductivity. 86 . Doppler effect. angle of contact. Stokes’ law. concept of mean free path. Wave motion. Simple harmonic motion (S. Kinetic and potential energies.M.H. frequency.time period. temperature. Unit IX: Behaviour of Perfect Gases and Kinetic Theory of Gases Equation of state of a perfect gas.H. resonance. at the time of their annual examination. excess of pressure accros a curved surface. critical velocity. reflection of waves. Cv .
Hence find the effective length of second's pendulum using appropriate graph. To measure diameter of a small spherical/cylindrical body using Vernier Callipers. 6. along an inclined plane. 5. To measure thickness of a given sheet using screw gauge. acting on a roller due to gravitational pull of the earth and study its relationship with the angle of inclination (θ) by plotting graph between force and sinθ. To study dissipation of energy of a simple pendulum by plotting a graph between square of amplitude and time. To study the variation in range of a Projectile with angle of projection. 2. To study the relationship betwen force of limiting friction and normal reaction and to find the co-efficient of friction between a block and a horizontal surface. To determine the mass of two different objects using a beam balance. plot L-T and L-T2 graphs. 5. 3. To find the downward force. 2. Activities 1.l Record of at least 5 Activities [with a minimum of 2 each from section A and section B]. To measure internal diameter and depth of a given beaker/calorimeter using Vernier Callipers and hence find its volume. e. 6. Report of at least two demonstration experiments.g. To find the weight of a given body using parallelogram law of vectors. 4.5 cm. 0. 8. 0. To study the conservation of energy of a ball rolling down on an inclined plane (using a double inclined plane). Using a simple pendulum. 4. To plot a graph for a given set of data. Evaluation Scheme Two experiments one from each section Practical record (experiment & activities) Record of Demonstration experiments Viva on experiments & activities 8+8 Marks 6 Marks 2 Marks 6 Marks 30 Marks l SECTION A Experiments Total Periods : 60 (Any 8 experiments out of the following to be performed by the Students) 1. To determine radius of curvature of a given spherical surface by a spherometer. To make a paper scale of given least count. 11. 7. To measure the force of limiting friction for rolling of a roller on a horizontal plane. to be performed by the students. with proper choice of scales and error bars. 3.2cm. To measure diameter of a given wire using screw gauge. 87 . 9. to be carried out by the teacher. 10. To determine mass of a given body using a metre scale by principle of moments. To determine volume of an irregular lamina using screw gauge. 7.
88 .SECTION B Experiments (Any 7 experiments out of the following to be performed by the students) 1. To find the speed of sound in air at room temperature using a resonance tube by tworesonance positions. 7. and between P and 4. 4. 3. 3. To observe and explain the effect of heating on a bi-metallic strip. 1 . To demonstrate that a centripetal force is necessary for moving a body with a uniform speed along a circle. To determine specific heat capacity of a given (i) solid (ii) liquid. 3. To note the change in level of liquid in a container on heating and interpret the observations. v To determine the surface tension of water by capillary rise method. and that the magnitude of this force increases with increase in angular speed. 5. (ii) To study the relation between the length of a given wire and tension for constant frequency using sonometer. 6. (i) To study the relation between frequency and length of a given wire under constant tension using sonometer. 4. 2. To study the factors affecting the rate of loss of heat of a liquid. Activities 1. 2. To study the effect of detergent on surface tension of water by observing capillary rise. 7. To demonstrate conservation of linear momentum. by method of mixtures. To determine the coefficient of viscosity of a given viscous liquid by measuring terminal velocity of a given spherical body. To study the relationship between the temperature of a hot body and time by plotting a cooling curve. 9. 2. To find the force constant of a helical spring by plotting a graph between load and extension. 8. To observe the decrease in presure with increase in velocity of a fluid. 5. SUGGESTED LIST OF DEMONSTRATION EXPERIMENTS CLASS XI 1. To demonstrate inter-conversion of potential and kinetic energy. To demonstrate conservation of angular momentum. To study the variation in volume with pressure for a sample of air at constant temperature by plotting graphs between P and V. To observe change of state and plot a cooling curve for molten wax. 6. To determine Young’s modulus of elasticity of the material of a given wire. To study the effect of load on depression of a suitably clamped metre scale loaded at (i) its end (ii) in the middle.
12. 11. Coulomb’s law-force between two point charges. due to superposition of waves produced by two sources of sound of slightly different frequencies To demonstrate resonance using an open pipe. To demonstrate free oscillations of different vibrating systems. To demonstrate Bernoulli's theorem with simple illustrations To demonstrate that heat capacities of equal masses of different materials are different. 8.5. superposition principle and continuous charge distribution. To demonstrate resonance with a set of coupled pendulums. 15. electric field 89 . Recommended Textbooks. Conservation of charge. 14. 9. forces between multiple charges. 10. Published by NCERT Class XII (Theory) One Paper Unit I Unit II Unit III Unit IV Unit V Unit VI Unit VII Unit VIII Unit IX Unit X Time: 3 Hours Electrostatics Current Electricity Magnetic effect of current & Magnetism Electromagnetic Induction and Alternating current Electromagnetic Waves Optics Dual Nature of Matter Atoms and Nuclei Electronic Devices Communication Systems Total Total Periods : 180 70 Marks 08 07 08 08 03 14 04 06 07 05 70 Unit I: Electrostatics (Periods 25) Electric Charges. 16. To demonstrate longitudinal and transverse waves. 7. To demonstrate the effect of angle of launch on range of a projectile. Textbook for Class XI. Physics Part-II. To study variation of volume of a gas with its pressure at constant temperature using a doctors' syringe. 13. Textbook for Class XI. 1. Electric field. To demonstrate that the moment of inertia of a rod changes with the change of position of a pair of equal weights attached to the rod. electric field lines. To demonstrate the phenomenon of beats. Published by NCERT 2. Physics Part-I. To demonstrate the direction of torque. To demonstrate the law of moments. electric dipole. electric field due to a point charge. 6.