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Method Statement

FOR

Static Pile Load Test


(Compression Test,Tension Test and Lateral Test)

PREPARED BY

METHOD STATEMENT FOR COMPRESSION, TENSILE AND LATERAL PILE LOAD TEST

PROJECT INFORMATION
Owner Client Main Contractor Contractor Location : : : : : .. .. . . .

TEST PILE INFORMATION


Pile No. 385 Pile Type
Pile Tip Pile Top Design Load

Pile No. 368 40 x 40 Driven 4.2 m. 0.0 m. 15 tons 30 tons Axial Tension Test 367, 369

Pile No. 416 40 x 40 Driven 4.2 m. 0.0 m. 7 tons 14 tons Lateral Test 432, 417, 385

40 x 40 Driven 4.2 m. 0.0 m. 65 tons 130 tons Axial Compression Test 367, 368, 416, 417

Maximum Test Load (200 % of design Load) Test Type


Anchor Piles Testing Standard

ASTM D1143-81 ASTM D3689-90 ASTM D3966-90 (Reapproved 1994) (Reapproved 1995) (Reapproved 1995)

1.0 TESTING APPARATUS


1.1 Reaction Beam The steel girders will be laid across the test pile with system set up similar to that shown in Appendix A. Hydraulic Jacks Axial Compressive Test Axial Tension Test Lateral Test

1.2

: : :

One hydraulic jack (1x400) ton capacity will be provided on top of the pile head as loading apparatus. One hydraulic jack (1x165) ton capacity will be provided on top of the pile head as loading apparatus. One hydraulic jack (1x59) ton capacity will be provided on the side of the pile head as loading apparatus.

1.3

Ball Bearing To provide non-eccentric load to the pile head, a ball bearing shall be inserted in between the reaction beam and the hydraulic jack. Dial gauges Four dial gauges (Mitutoyo brand) will be provided to monitor the pile movements by mounting between the pile head and reference beams. The micrometer has a range of 0-50 mm and an accuracy of 0.01 mm. Reference Beam Two reference beams (channel 125x65x5 mm) will be cross-connected and laid on support, firmly embedded in ground with one end fixed and the other end freed. Leveling instrument Relative movements of the test pile head, reference beam and anchor pile will be checked by a Shokisha precise leveling instrument with an accuracy of 0.01 mm. Readings will be made on ruler scale fixed on the reading points (1 point at pile head, 2 points at reference beams and 1 point at each anchor pile).

1.4

1.5

1.6

2.0 TEST PROCEDURE


2.1 Compression Pile Load Test

The test shall conform to the modified ASTM D 1143-81(Reapproved 1994) item 5.0 Standard Loading Procedure with load sequence in percentage of design load. Three cycles of test will be performed. Cycle 1 (maximum to 100% of the design load) A. B. The load will be added gradually by increasing from initial 0 to 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% of the design load. When each load increment will be achieved, the next load increment will be added only when the settlement rate will be less than 0.25 mm per hour or after 2 hours, whichever shall occur first. At each load increment, load, settlement and time will be recorded at 1, 2, 4, 8, 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, 240 minutes and every 2 hours with an accuracy of at least 0.01 mm. The maximum load will be kept constant for at least 24 hours and then reduced to 75%, 50%, 25% and 0% of the design load, respectively. Each load will be maintained until the rate of settlement would not be greater than 0.25 mm per hour or after two hours, whichever shall occur first. At "0" load, rebound movement will be recorded at 1, 2, 4, 8, 15, 30, 40, 60 minutes and every hour thereafter until a constant settlement will be reached.

C. D.

E.

Cycle 2 (QUICK TEST, maximum to 200% of the design load) 3

A. B.

The load will be added gradually by increasing from initial 0 to 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%, 125%, 150%, 175% and 200% of the design load. When each load increment will be achieved, the next load increment will be added every after 5 minutes..

C. At each load increment, load, settlement and time will be recorded at 1 and 5 minutes with an accuracy of at least 0.01 mm. D. The load will then be reduced to 175%, 150%, 125%, 100%, 75%, 50%, 25% and 0% of the design load, respectively E. At "0" load, rebound movement will be recorded at 1, 2, 4, 8, 15, 30, 40, 60 minutes and every hour thereafter until a no further settlement will be experienced. F. The test pile will be considered failure when a rapid progressive movement of the pile in the direction of loading under a constant load or physical failure of the test pile is observed or a settlement of more than 15% of the diagonal dimension of the pile, which is equivalent to 90 mm.
2.2 Tension Pile Load Test

The test shall conform to the ASTM D 3689-90 (Reapproved 1995) Standard Test Method for Individual Piles Under Static Axial Tensile Load. with load sequence as explain below. The test will be conducted until the pile exhibit signs of failure. Cycle 1 (maximum to 100% of the design load) A. B. The load will be added gradually by increasing from initial 0 to 25%, 50%, 75%, and 100% of the design load. When each load increment will be achieved, the next load increment will be added only when the settlement rate will be less than 0.25 mm per hour or after 2 hours, whichever shall occur first. At each load increment, load, settlement and time will be recorded at 1, 2, 4, 8, 15, 30, 60, 90, 120, 240 minutes and every 2 hours with an accuracy of at least 0.01 mm. The maximum load will be kept constant for at least 24 hours and then reduced to 75%, 50%, 25% and 0% of the design load, respectively. Each load will be maintained until the rate of settlement would not be greater than 0.25 mm per hour or after two hours, whichever shall occur first. At "0" load, rebound movement will be recorded at 1, 2, 4, 8, 15, 30, 40, 60 minutes and every hour thereafter until a constant settlement will be reached.

C. D.

E.

Cycle 2 (QUICK TEST, maximum to 200% of the design load) A. B. The load will be added gradually by increasing from initial 0 to 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%, 125%, 150%, 175% and 200% of the design load. When each load increment will be achieved, the next load increment will be added every after 5 minutes..

G. At each load increment, load, settlement and time will be recorded at 1 and 5 minutes with an accuracy of at least 0.01 mm. H. The load will then be reduced to 175%, 150%, 125%, 100%, 75%, 50%, 25% and 0% of the design load, respectively I.At "0" load, rebound movement will be recorded at 1, 2, 4, 8, 15, 30, 40, 60 minutes and every hour thereafter until a no further settlement will be experienced. J. The test pile will be considered failure when a rapid progressive movement of the pile in the direction of loading under a constant load or physical failure of the test pile is observed or a settlement of more than
4

15% of the diagonal dimension of the pile, which is equivalent to 90 mm.


2.3 Lateral Pile Load Test

The test shall conform to the ASTM D 3966-90 Standard Test Method for Individual Piles Under Lateral Load. with load sequence as explain below. The test will be conducted until the pile exhibit signs of failure. A. The load will be added gradually by increasing from initial 0 to 25%, 50%, 75%, 100%, 125%, 150%, 170%, 180%, 190% and 200% of the design load. B. When each load increment will be achieved, the next load increment will be added after each load duration shown in Table 3. C. At each load increment, load and time will be recorded at 1, 5, 10 minutes with an accuracy of at least 0.01 mm. D. The test pile will be considered failure when a rapid progressive movement of the pile in the direction of loading under a constant load or physical failure of the test pile is observed. During the load test, records including plots of load vs. time and load vs. settlement will be maintained progressively.

3.0 RESULTS OF TEST


The test results will then be reported in the form of: x x x x x Time, load, pile head movements, settlements and reference beam movements. Load-settlement curve. Time-settlement curve. Time-load curve. Report and recommendations on the ultimate pile capacity.

ESTIMATION OF ULTIMATE LOAD FROM PILE LOAD TEST BY DAVISSON METHOD

Fc'= 400 ksc. Pile Dia.= 0.46 m. Q= 270 Tons L= 12.8 m. A= 0.16 sq.m. Ec= 29,427 Mpa Ec= 3.00E+06 Tons/sq.m. Settle-1= 7.02 mm. Settle-1= 2.81 inch Settle-2= 0.50 inch Settle-2= 1.27 mm. Settle-3= 0.14 inch Settle-3= 0.35 mm. Total Settle= 3.44 inch Davidson Offset Line Limit= 3.44 inch Davidson Offset Line Limit= 8.75 mm.

APPENDIX A TABLES, FIGURES & DESIGN CALCULATIONS

Table 1 Schedule of Loading

K a e n g K h o i 2 P o w e r P la n t (C o m p r e s s i o n T e s t i n g ) P il e N o . 385
Design Load = 65 Tons FS = 2 Test Load = 130 Tons Hydraulic Jack No./s 905 CYCLE 1: Date 3-Jul Maximum to 100% of the design load. Start Time 09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 13:00 13:00 14:00 15:00 Interval (hours) 1 1 1 1 24 1 1 2 Load (Tons) 16.3 32.5 48.8 65.0 48.8 32.5 16.3 0.0 Pressure (Bars) 18.0 34.0 50.1 66.1 56.0 39.9 23.8 0.0 Remarks (%) 25% 50% 75% 100% 75% 50% 25% 0%

4-Jul

CYCLE 2: Date 4-Jul

QUICK TEST; Maximum to 200% of the design load. Start Time 17:00 17:05 17:10 17:15 17:20 17:25 17:30 17:35 17:40 17:45 17:50 17:55 18:00 18:05 18:10 18:15 Interval (min) 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 120 Load (Tons) 16.3 32.5 48.8 65.0 81.3 97.5 113.8 130.0 113.8 97.5 81.3 65.0 48.8 32.5 16.3 0.0 Pressure (Bars) 18.0 34.0 50.1 66.1 82.1 98.1 114.1 130.2 120.4 104.3 88.2 72.1 56.0 39.9 23.8 0.0 Remarks (%) 25% 50% 75% 100% 125% 150% 175% 200% 175% 150% 125% 100% 75% 50% 25% 0%

Table 2 Schedule of Loading

K a e n g K h o i 2 P o w e r P l a n t (T e n s io n T e s t in g ) P il e N o . 368
Design Load = 15 Tons FS = 2 Test Load = 30 Tons Hydraulic Jack No./s 912 CYCLE 1: Date 6-Jul Maximum to 100% of the design load. Start Time 09:00 10:00 11:00 12:00 12:00 12:00 13:00 13:00 Interval (hours) 1 1 1 24 1 1 1 2 Load (Tons) 3.8 7.5 11.3 15.0 11.3 7.5 3.8 0.0 Pressure (Bars) 18.3 31.8 45.3 58.8 71.9 58.3 44.7 0.0 Remarks (%) 25% 50% 75% 100% 75% 50% 25% 0%

7-Jul

CYCLE 2: Date 7-Jul

QUICK TEST; Maximum to 200% of the design load. Start Time 15:00 15:05 15:10 15:15 15:20 15:25 15:30 15:35 15:40 15:45 15:50 15:55 16:00 16:05 16:10 16:15 Interval (min) 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 5 120 Load (Tons) 3.8 7.5 11.3 15.0 18.8 22.5 26.3 30.0 26.3 22.5 18.8 15.0 11.3 7.5 3.8 0.0 Pressure (Bars) 18.3 31.8 45.3 58.8 72.3 85.9 99.4 112.9 126.4 112.8 99.2 85.6 71.9 58.3 44.7 0.0 Remarks (%) 25% 50% 75% 100% 125% 150% 175% 200% 175% 150% 125% 100% 75% 50% 25% 0%

Table 3 Schedule of Loading

K a e n g K h o i 2 P o w e r P l a n t (L a t e r a l T e s t i n g ) P il e N o . 416
Design Load = 7 Tons FS = 2 Test Load = 14 Tons Hydraulic Jack No./s 8 CYCLE 1: Date 10-Jul Maximum to 100% of the design load. Start Time 09:00 09:10 09:20 09:35 09:55 10:15 10:35 10:55 11:15 11:35 12:35 12:45 12:55 13:05 Interval min 10 10 15 20 20 20 20 20 20 60 10 10 10 Load (Tons) 1.8 3.5 5.3 7.0 8.8 10.5 11.9 12.6 13.3 14.0 10.5 7.0 3.5 0.0 Pressure (Bars) 36.2 51.9 67.6 83.2 98.9 114.5 127.1 133.3 139.6 145.8 118.0 86.0 54.1 0.0 Remarks (%) 25% 50% 75% 100% 125% 150% 170% 180% 190% 200% 150% 100% 50% 0%

ASTM
1032/217 Phaholyothin 18/1 Road, Bangkok 10900 : (662)+ 272-2474!5 : (662)+ 272-2475

ASTM Testing Co., Ltd.

CALIBRATION OF ONE HYDRAULIC JACK FOR STATIC PILE LOAD TESTING

Kaeng Khoi 2 Power Plant (Compression Testing)

LOADING
Gage Rdg. TOTAL (X) in bars (Y) 905

UNLOADING UNLOADING (Tons)


TOTAL (X)

Gage Rdg.

LOADING (Tons) 0.0 49.5 100.5 150.5 199.5 250.0 302.0 352.0 403.5 456.5 485.0 450 400 350 300 250 200 150 143.5 193.5 244.0 295.0 345.5 395.5 448.0 100 93.5 50 43.5 0 0

in bars (Y)

905

0.0 43.5 93.5 143.5 193.5 244.0 295.0 345.5 395.5 448.0

50

49.5

100

100.5

150

150.5

200

199.5

250

250.0

300

302.0

350

352.0

400

403.5

450

456.5

480

485.0

Calibrated

Regression Output :
2.00762866 1.18920934 0.99994275 10 8 0.98578527

Regression Output :
Constant Std Err of Y Est R Squared No. of Observations Degrees of Freedom X Coefficient(s)
7.72212362 0.74816827 0.99997388 9 7 0.99023655

Constant

Std Err of Y Est

R Squared

No. of Observations

Degrees of Freedom

X Coefficient(s)

LOADING (Y) = 0.9858 * X + 2.0076

UNLOADING (Y) = 0.9902 * X + 7.7221

ASTM
437-441 Kampangpeth III Road, behind Jatujak Park, Bangkok 10900 THAILAND : (662)+ 272-5966~7, 272-4565, 272-5973, 272-4582 : (662)+ 272-4583

ASTM Testing Co., Ltd.

CALIBRATION OF ONE HYDRAULIC JACK FOR STATIC PILE LOAD TESTING

Kaeng Khoi 2 Power Plant(Tension Testing)

LOADING
Gage Rdg. TOTAL (X) in bars (Y) 912

UNLOADING UNLOADING (Tons)


TOTAL (X)

Gage Rdg.

LOADING (Tons) 0.0 27.0 53.5 82.0 109.0 138.0 165.0 500 400 300 73.0 101.0 130.0 200 46.0 100 20.0 0 0

in bars (Y)

912

0.0 20.0 46.0 73.0 101.0 130.0

100

27.0

200

53.5

300

82.0

400

109.0

500

138.0

600

165.0

Calibrated

Regression Output :
4.72899540 2.27054121 0.99988216 6 4 3.60596349

Regression Output :
Constant Std Err of Y Est R Squared No. of Observations Degrees of Freedom X Coefficient(s)
31.03357124 3.92681306 0.99953740 5 3 3.63468147

Constant

Std Err of Y Est

R Squared

No. of Observations

Degrees of Freedom

X Coefficient(s)

LOADING (Y) = 3.6060 * X + 4.7290

UNLOADING (Y) = 3.6347 * X + 31.0336

ASTM
437-441 Kampangpeth III Road, behind Jatujak Park, Bangkok 10900 THAILAND : (662)+ 272-5966~7, 272-4565, 272-5973, 272-4582 : (662)+ 272-4583

ASTM Testing Co., Ltd.

CALIBRATION OF ONE HYDRAULIC JACK FOR STATIC PILE LOAD TESTING

Kaeng Khoi 2 Power Plant(Lateral Testing)

LOADING
Gage Rdg. TOTAL (X) in bars (Y) 8

UNLOADING UNLOADING (Tons)


TOTAL (X)

Gage Rdg.

LOADING (Tons) 0.0 3.0 9.0 15.0 20.0 25.5 31.0 37.0 42.0 48.0 54.0 59.0 400 450 500 350 300 250 200 150 14.5 19.0 25.0 30.0 35.5 41.0 47.0 53.0 100 9.0 50 3.0 0 0

in bars (Y)

0.0 3.0 9.0 14.5 19.0 25.0 30.0 35.5 41.0 47.0 53.0

50

3.0

100

9.0

150

15.0

200

20.0

250

25.5

300

31.0

350

37.0

400

42.0

450

48.0

500

54.0

550

59.0

Calibrated

Regression Output :
20.57458863 2.76858801 0.99974914 11 9 8.94812089

Regression Output :
Constant Std Err of Y Est R Squared No. of Observations Degrees of Freedom X Coefficient(s)
22.09718515 4.16489690 0.99932717 10 8 9.13006552

Constant

Std Err of Y Est

R Squared

No. of Observations

Degrees of Freedom

X Coefficient(s)

LOADING (Y) = 8.9481 * X + 20.5746

UNLOADING (Y) = 9.1301 * X + 22.0972

367

368

Main Beam 385

416

417

Main Beam

Hydraulic Jack

Figure 1 Compression Test

KHAENG KHOI 2 Power Plant Project

ASTM TESTING CO., LTD.

Hydraulic Jack

Reaction Beam 367 368 369

Hydraulic Jack

367

368

369

Figure 2 Tension Test

KHAENG KHOI 2 Power Plant Project

ASTM TESTING CO., LTD.

385

416

417

432

Hydraulic Jack

1.0 m. 416 417

Figure 3 Lateral Test

KHAENG KHOI 2 Power Plant Project

ASTM TESTING CO., LTD.

APPENDIX B SAMPLE PRESENTATION OF RESULTS

Infratech ASTM CO., LTD.

APPENDIX C EQUIPMENT DETAILS

Infratech ASTM CO., LTD.

APPENDIX D COMPANY REFERENCE PROJECTS