Archived Information Report on State Implementation of the Gun-Free Schools Act School Year 1997-98

Final Report August 1999

Prepared under contract by: Westat Rockville, MD Contract No. EA94052001

U.S. DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION

This is some test text

Report on State Implementation of the Gun-Free Schools Act – School Year 1997-98

Beth Sinclair

Final Report August 1999

Prepared for: U.S. Department of Education Office of Elementary and Secondary Education and Planning and Evaluation Service Contract No. EA94052001 Prepared by: Westat Rockville, MD

The views expressed in this report developed under contract to the U.S. Department of Education do not necessarily reflect the policy of the Department, and no official endorsement by the Department should be inferred.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 5

Report on State Implementation of the Gun-Free Schools Act -School Year 1997-98
Introduction

T

he Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA) states that each state receiving federal funds under the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) must have a state law that requires all local educational agencies (LEAs) in the state to expel from school for at least one year any student found bringing a firearm to school. (See Appendix A for a copy of the GFSA.) State laws must also authorize the LEA chief administering officer to modify any such expulsion on a case-by-case basis. In addition, the GFSA states that it must be construed to be consistent with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). The GFSA requires states to report information about the implementation of the act annually to the Secretary of Education. In order to meet this requirement and to monitor compliance with the GFSA, the Department of Education (the Department) requires each state1 to submit an annual report that provides: • •

The number of students expelled (by type of firearm and school level), The number of expulsions that were modified on a case-by-case basis, The number of modified cases that were not for students with disabilities, and The number of expelled students who were referred to an alternative school or program.

Two additional items regarding specific LEA compliance with the GFSA were reported but are not included in this report. Data Collection and Verification

W

estat, under contract to the Department, collected the data from each state department of education. In order to ensure that the data are reported accurately, the following procedures were followed: • • As each survey was received, it was reviewed for accuracy and entered into a database. In approximately 20 cases, Westat contacted the state to obtain a correction or clarification of the submitted data. For example, the data provider was contacted if the submitted forms were not internally consistent, if the rows and/or columns did not add to the printed totals, or if the 1997-98 data represented a large change from the data reported for 1996-97. Once Westat received all of the data, all states were contacted and asked to provide final data verification by fax.

1

For the remainder of this report, the term “states” refers to all 56 jurisdictions (states and territories) covered under the Gun-Free Schools Act.

Organization of the Report

F

ollowing information on data interpretation and quality, this report is divided into three sections and summarizes the 1997-98 data submitted by the states. The first section is a brief summary of the overall findings. The second section presents a summary of the 1997-98 data in bulleted, graphic, and tabular form as well as a comparison between the 1997-98 and 1996-97 data. The tables in this section contain data notes that are critical to the correct interpretation of the data. The third section presents a page for each state. Each page contains the data submitted by the state, as well as any caveats or data notes accompanying the data. Finally, there are two appendices to the report – Appendix A contains a copy of the Gun-Free Schools Act and a copy of the 1997-98 GFSA state data collection instrument can be found in Appendix B. Data Quality and Interpretation of Findings

A

ll of the information contained in this report should be interpreted with caution. First, as noted on the summary state tables and on the individual state pages, some states attached caveats and data notes to their data that should be considered when interpreting the data. This is of particular importance when examining national totals, as they are made up of data that are not necessarily comparable from state to state in all cases. Second, some states submitted aggregate data that were not broken out by school level and/or type of weapon. The expulsions for these states are included in the overall summary totals but are not included in the figures by type of firearm or school level. This means that the total number of reported expulsions differs for each questionnaire item summarized in this report. The 1997-98 information shown in this report represents a significant improvement over the data submitted by the states for 1996-97 or 1995-96. We expect that the quality of the data submitted under the GFSA will continue to improve, and the Department will work to assist the states in their data reporting to ensure this improvement. Finally, this report is not designed to provide information to the reader regarding the rate at which students carry firearms to school. The data reported by the states concern disciplinary actions only. Summary of Findings

• •
2

Overall, 56 states reported under the GFSA for the 1997-98 school year. These states reported that they expelled a total of 3,930 students from school for bringing a firearm2 to school. However, not all states reported data for all of their districts, and some states reported total expulsions for all weapons, not just firearms. Therefore, the figures reported by some states may either over- or underestimate the actual expulsions under the GFSA. Refer to Table 1 for more detailed information regarding the over- and underestimates as well as other data caveats. Fifty-seven percent of the expulsions by school level were students in high school, 33 percent were in junior high, and 10 percent were in elementary school. These data were reported by school level in 53 states. (See Table 2) Sixty-two percent of the expulsions reported by type of firearm were for bringing a handgun to school. Seven percent of these expulsions were for

See Appendices A and B for a detailed definition of firearm.

Page 2

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

• • •

bringing a rifle or shotgun to school, and 31 percent were for some other type of firearm (such as bombs, grenades, or starter pistols). The data were reported by type of weapon by 52 states. (See Table 3) Forty-nine states reported on expulsions that were shortened to less than one year. In these states, 44 percent of expulsions were shortened to less than one year. (See Table 5) Forty-eight states reported on the disability status of students receiving shortened expulsions. In these states, 62 percent of shortened expulsions were for students who were not considered disabled. (See Table 6) In the 48 states reporting data on alternative placements, 43 percent of the expelled students in these states were referred to an alternative school or placement. (See Table 7)

Expulsions for Bringing a Firearm to School - Overview

O

verall, all 56 states provided data on the number of students expelled for bringing a firearm to school, for a total of 3,930 expulsions. California and Texas were the only states with greater than 300 expulsions, and Wyoming, American Samoa, Guam, and Northern Marianas reported that they had none during the 1997-98 school year. When viewed as the number of expulsions per 1,000 enrolled students, Delaware, Oregon, and South Dakota had the highest number of expulsions per 1,000 students. Refer to Table 1 for more detailed information on the data provided by the individual states and the appropriate data caveats.

School Level

F

ifty-three states provided data on their expulsions by school level. Almost 90 percent of all reported expulsions were reported by school level (3,499 of 3,930). Of these 3,499 expulsions, over half (1,998 or 57 percent) were students in senior high schools, 33 percent (1,162) were students in junior high, and 10 percent (339) were elementary school students. Note that the percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding (See Figure 1 and Table 2)

Figure 1 Number and percentage of students expelled, by school level, 1997-98
Junior high scho ol (1,162) 33%

Hig h s choo l (1,9 98) 57% E le m entary schoo l ( 339) 10%
Data notes: The percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding. See the detailed caveats on Table 2 for additional information regarding these data. The figures shown in this graph are based on data reported by 53 states.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 3

Type of Firearm

F

ifty-two states provided data that differentiated the type of firearm brought to school by students. Almost 90 percent of all reported expulsions were reported by type of firearm (3,507 of 3,930). Of these 3,507 expulsions, 62 percent (2,167) involved handguns, 7 percent (232) involved rifles or shotguns, and the remaining 32 percent (1,108) involved other types of firearms (such as bombs, grenades, starter pistols, and rockets). Note that the percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding. (See Figure 2 and Table 3).

Figure 2 Number and percentage of students expelled, by type of firearm, 1997-98
Hand gun (2,1 67) 61%

Rifle (232) 7%

Data notes: The percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding. See the detailed caveats on Table 3 for additional information regarding these data. The figures shown in this graph are based on data reported by 52 states.

O ther F irearm (1,108) 32%

Year to Year Changes – 1996-97 to 1997-98

A

ll but one state submitted data for both 1996-97 and 1997-98. However, in several of these states, the data are not comparable from across the two years primarily because of changes in reporting. In addition, two states, Colorado and North Carolina, revised the data they submitted for 1996-97. As a result, the total number of expulsions reported for 1996-97 differs from previously reported figures. Among the 55 states which submitted data for both years, the number of students expelled for bringing a firearm to school decreased by 31 percent from 5,724 to 3,930. (See the notes on Table 4 for further information on year-to-year comparability for individual states.) In discussions with the states, there are two major reasons for this decrease. First, many states indicated that the data reported for 1997-98 were more accurate. In six states (Colorado, Illinois, Maryland, Missouri, Ohio, and Utah), the data submitted prior to 1997-98 included all school crime incidents and/or expulsions for all weapons, rather than just firearms. These reporting irregularities resulted in an overstatement of the number of expulsions under the GFSA for 1996-97. Second, several states reported that they felt that students were getting the message that they were not to bring firearms to school and that, as a result, fewer students were expelled for this offense. See Table 4 for state-by-state information. Pay particular attention to the data caveats that provide additional information regarding changes from 199697 to 1997-98. Shortened Expulsions and Students with Disabilities

T

he GFSA allows the LEA chief administering officer to modify any expulsion for firearm violations on a case-by-case basis (for example, by shortening the expulsion to less than

Page 4

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

one year). The purpose of this provision is to allow the chief administering officer in a school district to take unique circumstances into account as well as to ensure that the IDEA and GFSA requirements are implemented consistently. In order to capture these modifications, states were asked to report the number of students who had their period of expulsion shortened, as well as the number of these cases that were not for students with disabilities. Shortened Expulsions
Figure 3 One-year expulsions vs. expulsions shortened on a case-by-case basis, 1997-98
Expulsion not shortened (1,914) 56%

F

orty-nine states reported the number of students whose expulsions were shortened to less than one year as part of the case-bycase review process. Of the 3,399 expulsions in these states, 1,485 (or 44 percent) were shortened to less than one year. Note that the percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding. (See Figure 3 and Table 5)

Expulsion shortened (1,485) 44%
Data notes: The percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding. See the detailed caveats on Table 5 for additional information regarding these data. The figures shown in this graph are based on data reported by 49 states.

Disability Status of Students with Shortened Expulsions

F

orty-eight states reported on the disability status of the students with shortened expulsions. Among these 48 states, the overall number of shortened expulsions was 1,459 (compared to 1,485 for the 49 states shown on Table 5). Of these 1,459 students, 909 (62 percent) were not considered disabled under section 602(a)(1) of IDEA. Note that the percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding. (See Figure 4 and Table 6)

Figure 4 Expulsions shortened on a case-by-case basis, students with and without disabilities, 1997-98
Students without disabilities (909) 62%

Students with disabilities (550) 38%

Data notes: The percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding. See the detailed caveats on Table 6 for additional information regarding these data. The figures shown in this graph are based on data reported by 48 states.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 5

Referrals

T

he GFSA has in place provisions that allow local officials to refer expelled students to an alternative school or program. Forty-eight states reported information for this data item, and among these states 1,433 students (43 percent) were referred for an alternative placement. Note that the percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding. (See Figure 5 and Table 7)

Figure 5 Expulsions referred to an alternative placement, 1997-98

No alternative placement (1,924) 57% Alternative placement (1,433) 43%

Data notes: The percentages may not add to 100 due to rounding. See the detailed caveats on Table 7 for additional information regarding these data. The figures shown in this graph are based on data reported by 48 states.

Page 6

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Table 1 Number of students expelled for GFSA violations per 1,000 students of the school-age population, 1997-98
Number of students expelled in 1997-98 82 17 111 57 382 76 9 29 4 153 203 3 42 86 62 30 33 72 27 5 64 46 99 45 47 179 17 11 36 5 40
32

State Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey
New Mexico

School-age population 1997 778,980 138,924 904,273 485,938 6,290,575 741,972 575,481 128,204 73,972 2,520,043 1,429,690 214,120 259,657 2,270,655 1,090,352 541,563 508,652 704,441 877,178 227,841 921,604 1,052,157 1,852,011 934,941 551,309 1,039,651 175,227 330,497 312,929 222,374 1,430,257
365,481

Expelled students per 1,000 of pop. 0.105 0.122 0.123 0.117 0.061 0.102 0.016 0.226 0.054 0.061 0.142 0.014 0.162 0.038 0.057 0.055 0.065 0.102 0.031 0.022 0.069 0.044 0.053 0.048 0.085 0.172 0.097 0.033 0.115 0.022 0.028
0.088

Data Caveats

For 1997-98, 11 districts were unable to provide information on the number of expulsions that were referred to an alternate placement. The information shown for 1997-98 under handguns is actually handguns and rifles/shotguns combined. The reported figures may include other weapons such as knives, air guns, or brass knuckles.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 7

Table 1 (cont’d) Number of students expelled for GFSA violations per 1,000 students of the school-age population, 1997-98
Number of students expelled in 1997-98 Expelled students per 1,000 of pop.

State

School-age population 1997

Data Caveats The data reported for 1997-98 represent 78 percent of all LEAs. All 5 of the largest LEAs are included. The school-age population figures are for all children aged 5 to 17. The data shown here are estimates

New York

91

3,246,349

0.028

North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina

121 1 119 17 135 193 10 85

1,354,542 124,503 2,089,975 652,211 597,996 2,125,826 171,442 701,683

0.089 0.008 0.057 0.026 0.226 0.091 0.058 0.121

South Dakota

49

147,892

0.327

Five unidentified firearms violations were not available by grade. They are included in the total by type of firearm under “other” and in the overall total but are not included in the totals by grade.

Tennessee Texas Utah

192 424 9

962,800 3,968,556 492,309

0.199 0.107 0.018 Included in the 5 reported 1997-98 incidents is a case where one student brought 2 guns (a handgun and a hunting rifle). This was counted as one incident under “handgun.” Virginia does not differentiate between handguns and rifles.

Vermont

5

111,015

0.045

Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Puerto Rico American Samoa Guam Northern Marianas Virgin Islands Total Number of states reporting:

99 190 17 66 0 1 0 0 0 2 3,930

1,191,736 1,068,473 308,237 1,011,134 100,721 852,354 13,629 31,797 7,766 26,197 51,310,092 56

0.083 0.178 0.055 0.065 0.000 0.001 0.000 0.000 0.000 0.076 0.076

Data Notes: The school-age population figures are children aged 5 to 17, including both public and private school students. For the 50 states and the District of Columbia, these figures are for 1997. For Puerto Rico and the other outlying areas, the figures shown are for 1990.

Page 8

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Table 2 Number of students expelled for GFSA violations, by school level, 1997-98
School Level State Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Elementary 4 0 21 4 31 9 2 13 0 5 12 0 4 6 6 4 3 5 3 2 2 1 Junior high 26 5 49 22 116 30 3 4 1 43 84 3 13 31 16 6 10 31 10 2 29 14 Senior high 52 12 41 31 235 37 4 12 3 105 107 0 25 49 40 20 20 36 14 1 33 31 Total 82 17 111 57 382 76 9 29 4 153 203 3 42 86 62 30 33 72 27 5 64 46 For 1997-98, 11 districts were unable to provide information on the number of expulsions that were referred to an alternate placement. The information shown for 1997-98 under handguns is actually handguns and rifles/shotguns combined. For 1997-98, the reported figures may include other weapons such as knives, air guns, or brass knuckles. Data Caveats

Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada

2 2 26 3 2 1

23 16 65 5 1 16

20 29 88 9 8 19

45 47 179 17 11 36

New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico

0 3 3

1 15 7

4 22 22

5 40 32

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 9

Table 2 (cont’d) Number of students expelled for GFSA violations, by school level, 1997-98
School Level State New York North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina Elementary 1 7 0 13 0 50 2 4 Junior high 35 43 1 36 2 41 7 32 Senior high 55 71 0 70 15 102 1 49 Total 91 121 1 119 17 193 10 85
Five unidentified firearms violations were not available by grade. They are included in the total by type of firearm under “other” and in the overall total but are not included in the totals by grade.

Data Caveats The data reported for 1997-98 represent 78 percent of all LEAs. All 5 of the largest LEAs are included. The data shown here are estimates

South Dakota

7

2

35

44

Texas Utah

33 2

136 2

255 5

424 9
Included in the 5 reported 1997-98 incidents is a case where one student brought 2 guns (a handgun and a hunting rifle). This was counted as one incident under “handgun.”

Vermont

0

2

3

5

Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Puerto Rico American Samoa Guam Northern Marianas Virgin Islands Total Number of states reporting: Percent of expulsions reported by school level: Data notes:

7 22 2 10 0 0 0 0 0 0 339

32 60 7 27 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,162 53 89%

60 108 8 29 0 1 0 0 0 2 1,998

99 190 17 66 0 1 0 0 0 2 3,499

Virginia does not differentiate between handguns and rifles.

Three states – Michigan, Oregon, and Tennessee – were unable to provide GFSA expulsions broken out by school level. NA = Not available

Page 10

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Table 3 Number of students expelled for GFSA violations, by type of firearm, 1997-98
Type of Firearm State Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Colorado Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts Handgun 69 10 65 44 260 22 7 15 4 113 140 1 20 80 53 9 15 59 10 4 56 23 Rifle 6 5 4 6 11 2 0 0 0 7 9 0 10 3 4 2 6 2 0 0 5 NA Other 7 2 42 7 111 52 2 14 0 33 54 2 12 3 5 19 12 11 17 1 3 23 Total 82 17 111 57 382 76 9 29 4 153 203 3 42 86 62 30 33 72 27 5 64 46
For 1997-98, 11 districts were unable to provide information on the number of expulsions that were referred to an alternate placement. The information shown for 1997-98 under handguns is actually handguns and rifles/shotguns combined. For 1997-98, the reported figures may include other weapons such as knives, air guns, or brass knuckles.

Data Caveats

Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York

34 32 18 12 25 4 34 16 45

NA 14 0 1 0 1 4 9 4

11 1 161 4 11 0 2 7 42

45 47 179 17 36 5 40 32 91

The data reported for 1997-98 represent 78 percent of all LEAs. All 5 of the largest LEAs are included.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 11

Table 3 (cont’d) Number of students expelled for GFSA violations, by type of firearm, 1997-98
Type of Firearm State North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina Handgun 1 73 14 54 74 7 72 Rifle 0 5 3 8 9 3 8 Other 0 41 0 73 110 0 5 Total 1 119 17 135 193 10 85
Five unidentified firearms violations were not available by grade. They are included in the total by type of firearm under “other” and in the overall total but are not included in the totals by grade.

Data Caveats

South Dakota

5

4

40

49

Texas Utah

285 8

44 1

95 0

424 9
Included in the 5 reported 1997-98 incidents is a case where one student brought 2 guns (a handgun and a hunting rifle). This was counted as one incident under “handgun.” Virginia does not differentiate between handguns and rifles.

Vermont

3

1

1

5

Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Puerto Rico American Samoa Guam Northern Marianas Virgin Islands Total Number of states reporting Percent of expulsions by type of weapon: Data Notes:

61 151 14 43 0 1 0 0 0 2 2,167

NA 24 3 4 0 0 0 0 0 0 232 52 89%

38 15 0 19 0 0 0 0 0 0 1,108

99 190 17 66 0 1 0 0 0 2 3,507

Four states – Michigan, Nebraska, North Carolina, and Tennessee – were unable to provide GFSA expulsions broken out by type of firearm. NA = Not available

Page 12

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Table 4 Total number of students expelled for GFSA violations, by state, 1996-97 to 1997-98
Year State Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California 1996-97 91 19 152 62 723 1997-98 82 17 111 57 382 # Change -9 -2 -41 -5 -341 % Change -10% -11% -27% -8% -47%
The figures reported for 1996-97 were not broken out by type of firearm. The figure shown for 1996-97 is primarily for firearms. This figure has been revised from the data originally submitted for 199697 which was for ALL weapons, not just firearms.

Data Caveats

Colorado

131

76

-55

-42%

Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho

19 7 0 202 244 0 33

9 29 4 153 203 3 42

-10 22 4 -49 -41 3 9

-53% 314% --24% -17% -27%
The large shift from 1996-97 was due primarily to better reporting. Prior to 199798, the expulsions reported under "other firearms" included expulsions for BB guns, sling shots, and other weapons. Expulsions for handguns/rifles/shotguns dropped 25% in 1998.

Illinois

250

86

-164

-66%

Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland

109 40 43 70 88 13 73

62 30 33 72 27 5 64

-47 -10 -10 2 -61 -8 -9

-43% -25% -23% 3% -69% -62% -12%
The figures reported for 1996-97 were for the number of incidents, rather than expulsions. For 1997-98, 11 districts were unable to provide information on the number of expulsions that were referred to an alternate placement. The information shown for 1997-98 under handguns is actually handguns and rifles/shotguns combined. The 1996-97 information was submitted for handguns only.

Massachusetts Michigan Minnesota Mississippi

54 92 18 11

46 99 45 47

-8 7 27 36

-15% 8% 150% 327%

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 13

Table 4 (cont’d) Total number of students expelled for GFSA violations, by state, 1996-97 to 1997-98
Year State 1996-97 1997-98 # Change % Change Data Caveats
For 1996-97, the reported figures may include other weapons such as knives, air guns, or brass knuckles. For 1997-98, this reporting problem was significantly reduced but not eliminated. The information for both 1996-97 and 199798 is for all firearms combined. It is not broken out by type of weapon.

Missouri

318

179

-139

-44%

Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico

12 20 54 15 57 71

17 11 36 5 40 32

5 -9 -18 -10 -17 -39

42% -45% -33% -67% -30% -55%
For 1996-97, 20 expulsions were reported separately for an unknown firearm. The data for 1997-98 represent 78 percent of all LEAs and 71 percent of LEAs in 199697. For both years, all 5 of the largest LEAs are included. The figure shown for 1996-97 has been revised from the figure originally submitted for 1996-97. The data shown here are estimates. The 1996-97 figures are for expulsions for use/possession of all weapons, rather than just firearms. These figures are not comparable to the figures submitted for 1997-98.

New York

128

91

-37

-29%

North Carolina North Dakota

138 1

121 1

-17 0

-12% 0%

Ohio

937

119

-818

-87

Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina

0 85 200 7 94

17 135 193 10 85

17 50 -7 3 -9

-59% -4% 43% -10%
For 1997-98, 5 unidentified firearms violations were not available by grade. They are included in the total by type of firearm under “other” and in the overall total but are not included in the totals by grade. The large increase in expulsions from previous years is due to better data. In addition, for 1997-98, over 95% of the districts responded. This is a substantial increase from previous years.

South Dakota

7

49

42

600%

Tennessee Texas Utah

98 532 80

192 424 9

94 -108 -71

96% -20% -89%
For 1996-97, some of the reported expulsions may have been for other reasons than bringing a gun to school.

Page 14

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Table 4 (cont’d) Total number of students expelled for GFSA violations, by state, 1996-97 to 1997-98
Year State 1996-97 1997-98 # Change % Change Data Caveats
Included in the 5 reported 1997-98 incidents is a case where one student brought 2 guns (a handgun and a hunting rifle). This was counted as one incident under “handgun.” Virginia does not differentiate between handguns and rifles.

Vermont

5

5

0

0%

Virginia Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Puerto Rico American Samoa Guam Northern Marianas Virgin Islands Total

92 146 27 54 0 0 -0 1 1 5,724

99 190 17 66 0 1 0 0 0 2 3,930

7 44 -10 12 0 ----1 1 -1,794 55

8% 30% -37% 22% -----100% -31

Number of states with data for both years:

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 15

Table 5 Number and percent of expulsions for GFSA violations shortened on a case-by-case basis, 1997-98
Total expulsions 82 17 111 57 382 29 4 153 203 3 42 86 62 30 33 72 27 5 64 46 Total number shortened 12 4 14 16 319 0 0 25 31 3 21 7 28 18 11 23 22 5 37 26 Overall percent shortened 15% 24% 13% 28% 84% 0% 0% 16% 15% 100% 50% 8% 45% 60% 33% 32% 81% 100% 58% 57%
For 1997-98, 11 districts were unable to provide information on the number of expulsions that were referred to an alternate placement. The information shown for 1997-98 under handguns is actually handguns and rifles/shotguns combined. For 1997-98, the reported figures may include other weapons such as knives, air guns, or brass knuckles.

State Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Louisiana Maine Maryland Massachusetts

Data Caveats

Minnesota

45

29

64%

Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York

179 17 11 36 5 40 32 91

19 9 6 0 2 15 4 32

11% 53% 55% 0% 40% 38% 13% 35%

The data reported for 1997-98 represent 78 percent of all LEAs. All 5 of the largest LEAs are included.

Page 16

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Table 5 (cont’d) Number and percent of expulsions for GFSA violations shortened on a case-by-case basis, 1997-98
Total expulsions 121 1 119 17 135 193 10 85 Total number shortened 43 0 61 6 66 148 10 19 Overall percent shortened 36% 0% 51% 35% 49% 77% 100% 22%
Five unidentified firearms violations were not available by grade. They are included in the total by type of firearm under “other” and in the overall total but are not included in the totals by grade. Included in the 5 reported 1997-98 incidents is a case where one student brought 2 guns (a handgun and a hunting rifle). This was counted as one incident under “handgun.”

State North Carolina North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina

Data Caveats
The data shown here are estimates.

South Dakota

49

43

88%

Texas

424

176

42%

Vermont

5

1

20%

Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Puerto Rico American Samoa Guam Northern Marianas Virgin Islands Total Number of states reporting: Data notes:

190 17 66 0 1 0 0 0 2 3,399

163 0 10 0 1 0 0 0 0 1,485 49

86% 0% 15% -100% ---0% 44%

The GFSA includes provisions that authorize the LEA chief administering officer to modify any GFSA expulsion on a caseby-case basis (for example by shortening the expulsion to less than one year) Seven states – Colorado, Connecticut, Michigan, Mississippi, Tennessee, Utah, and Virginia – were unable to provide information on the number of GFSA violations shortened on a case-by-case basis.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 17

Table 6 Number and percent of expulsions for GFSA violations shortened for non-disabled students on a case-by-case basis, 1997-98
Total number shortened 12 14 16 319 4 0 0 25 31 3 21 7 28 18 11 23 5 37 26 Number nondisabled shortened 8 14 12 84 3 0 0 20 19 3 17 3 21 16 7 19 2 16 21 Percentage non-disabled shortened 67% 100% 75% 26% 75% --80% 61% 100% 81% 43% 75% 89% 64% 83% 40% 43% 81%
For 1997-98, 11 districts were unable to provide information on the number of expulsions that were referred to an alternate placement. The information shown for 1997-98 under handguns is actually handguns and rifles/shotguns combined. For 1997-98, the reported figures may include other weapons such as knives, air guns, or brass knuckles.

State Alabama Arizona Arkansas California Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Maine Maryland Massachusetts

Data Caveats

Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina

29 2 19 9 0 2 15 4 32 43

29 2 19 8 0 1 14 4 20 26

100% 100% 100% 89% -50% 93% 100% 63% 60%

The data reported for 1997-98 represent 78 percent of all LEAs. All 5 of the largest LEAs are included. The data shown here are estimates.

Page 18

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Table 6 (cont’d) Number and percent of expulsions for GFSA violations shortened for non-disabled students on a case-by-case basis, 1997-98
Total number shortened 0 61 6 66 148 10 19 Number nondisabled shortened 0 42 5 49 125 5 13 Percentage non-disabled shortened -69% 83% 74% 84% 50% 68%
Five unidentified firearms violations were not available by grade. They are included in the total by type of firearm under “other” and in the overall total but are not included in the totals by grade. Included in the 5 reported 1997-98 incidents is a case where one student brought 2 guns (a handgun and a hunting rifle). This was counted as one incident under “handgun.”

State North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina

Data Caveats

South Dakota

43

19

44%

Texas

176

114

65%

Vermont

1

1

100%

Washington West Virginia Wisconsin Wyoming Puerto Rico American Samoa Guam Northern Marianas Virgin Islands Total Number of states reporting:

163 0 10 0 1 0 0 0 0 1,459

124 0 3 0 1 0 0 0 0 909 48

76% 0% 30% 0% 100% 0% -0% 0% 62%

Data Note: Eight states – Alaska, Colorado, Louisiana, Michigan, Nebraska, Tennessee, Utah, and Virginia – were unable to provide information on the number of GFSA violations that were shortened for non-disabled students.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 19

Table 7 Percentage of students expelled for GFSA violations referred to an alternate placement by state, 1997-98
State Alabama Alaska Arizona Arkansas California Connecticut Delaware District of Columbia Florida Georgia Hawaii Idaho Illinois Indiana Iowa Kansas Kentucky Maine Maryland Massachusetts Total expulsions 82 17 111 57 382 9 29 4 153 203 3 42 86 62 30 33 72 5 64 46 Referred 20 4 61 17 81 8 6 0 104 88 1 6 65 9 12 9 28 2 52 25 Percent referred 24% 24% 55% 30% 21% 89% 21% 0% 68% 43% 33% 14% 76% 15% 40% 27% 39% 40% 81% 54%
For 1997-98, 11 districts were unable to provide information on the number of expulsions that were referred to an alternate placement. The information shown for 1997-98 under handguns is actually handguns and rifles/shotguns combined. For 1997-98, the reported figures may include other weapons such as knives, air guns, or brass knuckles.

Data Caveats

Minnesota Mississippi Missouri Montana Nebraska Nevada New Hampshire New Jersey New Mexico New York North Carolina

45 47 179 17 11 36 5 40 32 91 121

13 6 13 3 10 31 1 29 5 22 17

29% 13% 7% 18% 91% 86% 20% 73% 16% 24% 14%

The data reported for 1997-98 represent 78 percent of all LEAs. All 5 of the largest LEAs are included. The data shown here are estimates.

Page 20

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Table 7 (cont’d) Percentage of students expelled for GFSA violations referred to an alternate placement by state, 1997-98
State North Dakota Ohio Oklahoma Oregon Pennsylvania Rhode Island South Carolina Total expulsions 1 119 17 135 193 10 85 Referred 0 31 5 56 41 1 27 Percent referred 0% 26% 29% 56% 21% 10% 32%
Five unidentified firearms violations were not available by grade. They are included in the total by type of firearm under “other” and in the overall total but are not included in the totals by grade.

Data Caveats

South Dakota

49

18

37%

Texas Washington West Virginia Wyoming Puerto Rico American Samoa Guam Northern Marianas Virgin Islands Total Number of states reporting:

424 190 17 0 1 0 0 0 2 3,357

333 171 0 0 0 0 0 0 2 1,433 48

79% 90% 0% -0% ---100% 43%

Data Notes: The GFSA has provisions in place that allow local officials to refer expelled students to an alternative school or program. Eight states – Colorado, Louisiana, Michigan, Tennessee, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, and Wisconsin – were unable to provide information on the number of GFSA violations that were referred to an alternate placement.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 21

Page 22

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Alabama
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 2 25 42 69 Rifles/ Shotguns 1 0 5 6 Other Firearms 1 1 5 7 Total 4 26 52 82

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 12 8 20

Percent 15% 67% 24%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 91

1997-98 82 -9 -10%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 23

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Alaska
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 0 1 9 10 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 3 2 5 Other Firearms 0 1 1 2 Total 0 5 12 17

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 4 NA 4

Percent 24%

24%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 19

1997-98 17 -2 -11%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Note: NA = not available.

Page 24

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Arizona
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 12 23 30 65 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 4 4 Other Firearms 9 26 7 42 Total 21 49 41 111

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 14 14 61

Percent 13% 100% 55%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 152

1997-98 111 -41 -27%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 25

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Arkansas
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 1 20 23 44 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 1 5 6 Other Firearms 3 1 3 7 Total 4 22 31 57

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 16 12 17

Percent 28% 75% 30%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 62

1997-98 57 -5 -8%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Page 26

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

California
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 20 71 169 260 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 11 11 Other Firearms 11 45 55 111 Total 31 116 235 382

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 319 84 81

Percent 84% 26% 21%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 723

1997-98 382 -341 -47%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: The figures reported for 1996-97 were not broken out by type of weapon.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 27

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Colorado
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 2 6 14 22 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 2 2 Other Firearms 7 24 21 52 Total 9 30 37 76

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number NA NA NA

Percent

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 131

1997-98 76 -55 -42%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: The figure shown for 199697 is primarily for firearms. This figure has been revised from the data originally submitted for 1996-97 which was for ALL weapons, not just firearms.

Note: NA = not available.

Page 28

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Connecticut
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 2 3 2 7 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 0 0 Other Firearms 0 0 2 2 Total 2 3 4 9

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 4 3 8

Percent 44% 75% 89%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 19

1997-98 9 -10 -53%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 29

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Delaware
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 7 2 6 15 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 0 0 Other Firearms 6 2 6 14 Total 13 4 12 29

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 0 0 6

Percent 0% 0% 21%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 7

1997-98 29 22 314%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Page 30

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

District of Columbia
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 0 1 3 4 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 0 0 Other Firearms 0 0 0 0 Total 0 1 3 4

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 0 0 0

Percent 0% 0% 0%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 0

1997-98 4 4 --

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 31

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Florida
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 4 32 77 113 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 1 6 7 Other Firearms 1 10 22 33 Total 5 43 105 153

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 25 20 104

Percent 16% 80% 68%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 202

1997-98 153 -49 -24%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Page 32

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Georgia
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 8 56 76 140 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 9 9 Other Firearms 4 28 22 54 Total 12 84 107 203

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 31 19 88

Percent 15% 61% 43%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 244

1997-98 203 -41 -17%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 33

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Hawaii
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 0 1 0 1 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 0 0 Other Firearms 0 2 0 2 Total 0 3 0 3

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 3 3 1

Percent 100% 100% 33%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 0

1997-98 3 3 --

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Page 34

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Idaho
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 4 5 11 20 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 10 10 Other Firearms 0 8 4 12 Total 4 13 25 42

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 21 17 6

Percent 50% 81% 14%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 33

1997-98 42 9 27%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 35

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Illinois
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 5 30 45 80 Rifles/ Shotguns 1 0 2 3 Other Firearms 0 1 2 3 Total 6 31 49 86

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 7 3 65

Percent 8% 43% 76%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 250

1997-98 86 -164 -66%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: The large shift from 199697 was due primarily to better reporting. Prior to 1997-98, the expulsions reported under "other firearms" included expulsions for BB guns, sling shots, and other weapons. Expulsions for handguns/rifles/shotguns dropped 25% in 1998.

Page 36

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Indiana
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 4 14 35 53 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 2 2 4 Other Firearms 2 0 3 5 Total 6 16 40 62

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 28 21 9

Percent 45% 75% 15%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 109

1997-98 62 -47 -43%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 37

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Iowa
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 0 2 7 9 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 2 2 Other Firearms 4 4 11 19 Total 4 6 20 30

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 18 16 12

Percent 60% 89% 40%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 40

1997-98 30 -10 -25%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Page 38

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Kansas
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 2 6 7 15 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 6 6 Other Firearms 1 4 7 12 Total 3 10 20 33

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 11 7 9

Percent 33% 64% 27%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 43

1997-98 33 -10 -23%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 39

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Kentucky
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 4 26 29 59 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 2 2 Other Firearms 1 5 5 11 Total 5 31 36 72

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 23 19 28

Percent 32% 83% 39%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 70

1997-98 72 2 3%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Page 40

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Louisiana
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 0 3 7 10 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 0 0 Other Firearms 3 7 7 17 Total 3 10 14 27

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 22 NA NA

Percent 81%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 88

1997-98 27 -61 -69%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Note: NA = not available.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 41

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Maine
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 2 1 1 4 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 0 0 Other Firearms 0 1 0 1 Total 2 2 1 5

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 5 2 2

Percent 100% 40% 40%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 13

1997-98 5 -8 -62%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Page 42

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Maryland
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 2 25 29 56 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 1 4 5 Other Firearms 0 3 0 3 Total 2 29 33 64

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 37 16 52

Percent 58% 43% 81%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 73

1997-98 64 -9 -12%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: The figures reported for 1996-97 were for the number of incidents, rather than expulsions.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 43

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Massachusetts
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 0 9 14 23 Rifles/ Shotguns NA NA NA NA Other Firearms 1 5 17 23 Total 1 14 31 46

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 26 21 25

Percent 57% 81% 54%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 54

1997-98 46 -8 -15%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: For 1997-98, 11 districts were unable to provide information on the number of expulsions that were referred to an alternate placement.

Note: NA = not available.

Page 44

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Michigan
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns NA NA NA NA Rifles/ Shotguns NA NA NA NA Other Firearms NA NA NA NA Total NA NA NA 99

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number NA NA NA

Percent

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 92

1997-98 99 7 8%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: Information for both 199697 and 1997-98 was submitted as a cummulative total only. It was not broken out by type of weapon or school level.

Note: NA = not available.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 45

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Minnesota
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 1 14 19 34 Rifles/ Shotguns NA NA NA NA Other Firearms 1 9 1 11 Total 2 23 20 45

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 29 29 13

Percent 64% 100% 29%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 18

1997-98 45 27 150%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: The information shown for 1997-98 under handguns is actually handguns and rifles/shotguns combined.

Note: NA = not available.

Page 46

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Mississippi
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 2 10 20 32 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 6 8 14 Other Firearms 0 0 1 1 Total 2 16 29 47

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 2 2 6

Percent 4% 100% 13%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 11

1997-98 47 36 327%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: The 1996-97 information was submitted for handguns only.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 47

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Missouri
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 1 1 16 18 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 0 0 Other Firearms 25 64 72 161 Total 26 65 88 179

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 19 19 13

Percent 11% 100% 7%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 318

1997-98 179 -139 -44%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: For 1996-97, the reported figures may include other weapons such as knives, air guns, or brass knuckles. For 1997-98, this reporting problem was significantly reduced but not eliminated.

Page 48

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Montana
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 3 3 6 12 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 1 1 Other Firearms 0 2 2 4 Total 3 5 9 17

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 9 8 3

Percent 53% 89% 18%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 12

1997-98 17 5 42%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 49

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Nebraska
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns NA NA NA NA Rifles/ Shotguns NA NA NA NA Other Firearms NA NA NA NA Total 2 1 8 11

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 6 NA 10

Percent 55%

91%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 20

1997-98 11 -9 -45%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: The information for both 1996-97 and 1997-98 is for all firearms combined. It is not broken out by type of weapon.

Note: NA = not available.

Page 50

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Nevada
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 1 12 12 25 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 0 0 Other Firearms 0 4 7 11 Total 1 16 19 36

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 0 0 31

Percent 0% 0% 86%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 54

1997-98 36 -18 -33%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 51

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

New Hampshire
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 0 1 3 4 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 1 1 Other Firearms 0 0 0 0 Total 0 1 4 5

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 2 1 1

Percent 40% 50% 20%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 15

1997-98 5 -10 -67%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Page 52

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

New Jersey
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 2 13 19 34 Rifles/ Shotguns 1 1 2 4 Other Firearms 0 1 1 2 Total 3 15 22 40

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 15 14 29

Percent 38% 93% 73%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 57

1997-98 40 -17 -30%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 53

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

New Mexico
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 2 5 9 16 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 9 9 Other Firearms 1 2 4 7 Total 3 7 22 32

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 4 4 5

Percent 13% 100% 16%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 71

1997-98 32 -39 -55%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: For 1996-97, 20 expulsions were reported separately for an unknown firearm.

Page 54

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

New York
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 0 17 28 45 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 1 3 4 Other Firearms 1 17 24 42 Total 1 35 55 91

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 32 20 22

Percent 35% 63% 24%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 128

1997-98 91 -37 -29%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: Data for 1997-98 represent 78 percent of all LEAs and 71 percent of LEAs in 1996-97. For both years, all 5 of the largest LEAs are included.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 55

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

North Carolina
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns NA NA NA NA Rifles/ Shotguns NA NA NA NA Other Firearms NA NA NA NA Total 7 43 71 121

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 43 26 17

Percent 36% 60% 14%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 138

1997-98 121 -17 -12%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: The figure shown for 199697 has been revised from the figure originally submitted for that year. For both 1996-97 and 1997-98, the information submitted was broken out by school level, not by type of weapon. All data shown here are estimates.

Note: NA = not available.

Page 56

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

North Dakota
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 0 1 0 1 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 0 0 Other Firearms 0 0 0 0 Total 0 1 0 1

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 0 0 0

Percent 0% 0% 0%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 1

1997-98 1 0 0%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 57

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Ohio
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 7 17 49 73 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 5 5 Other Firearms 6 19 16 41 Total 13 36 70 119

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 61 42 31

Percent 51% 69% 26%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 937

1997-98 119 -818 -87%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: The 1996-97 figures are for expulsions for use/possession of all weapons, rather than just firearms. These figures are not comparable to the figures submitted for 1997-98.

Page 58

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Oklahoma
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 0 2 12 14 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 3 3 Other Firearms 0 0 0 0 Total 0 2 15 17

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 6 5 5

Percent 35% 83% 29%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 0

1997-98 17 17 --

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 59

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Oregon
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns NA NA NA 57 Rifles/ Shotguns NA NA NA 10 Other Firearms NA NA NA 69 Total NA NA NA 136

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 78 56 76

Percent 57% 72% 56%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 85

1997-98 136 51 60%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: For both 1996-97 and 199798, the information was submitted by type of weapon by not by school level. In 1996-97 not all districts reported data under the GFSA, whereas almost all districts reported in 1997-98. Changes between 1996-97 and 1997-98 may be due to this increased level of reporting.

Note: NA = not available.

Page 60

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Pennsylvania
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 15 9 50 74 Rifles/ Shotguns 1 5 3 9 Other Firearms 34 27 49 110 Total 50 41 102 193

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 148 125 41

Percent 77% 84% 21%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 200

1997-98 193 -7 -4%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 61

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Rhode Island
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 0 7 0 7 Rifles/ Shotguns 2 0 1 3 Other Firearms 0 0 0 0 Total 2 7 1 10

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 10 5 1

Percent 100% 50% 10%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 7

1997-98 10 3 43%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Page 62

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

South Carolina
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 3 31 38 72 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 8 8 Other Firearms 1 1 3 5 Total 4 32 49 85

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 19 13 27

Percent 22% 68% 32%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 94

1997-98 85 -9 -10%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 63

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

South Dakota
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 2 1 2 5 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 4 4 Other Firearms 5 1 29 40 Total 7 2 35 49

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 43 19 18

Percent 88% 44% 37%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 7

1997-98 49 42 600%

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: For 1997-98, 5 unidentified firearms violations were not available by grade. These are reflected in the total for “other firarms and in the overall total but are not reflected in the by-grade totals. The large increase in expulsions from previous years is due to better data. In addition, for 1997-98, over 95% of the districts responded. This is a substantial increase from previous years.

Page 64

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Tennessee
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns NA NA NA NA Rifles/ Shotguns NA NA NA NA Other Firearms NA NA NA NA Total NA NA NA 192

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number NA NA NA

Percent

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 98

1997-98 192 94 96%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: For both 1996-97 and 199798, the information was submitted as an aggregate figure only. It was not broken out by type of weapon or school level.

Note: NA = not available.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 65

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Texas
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 28 98 159 285 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 44 44 Other Firearms 5 38 52 95 Total 33 136 255 424

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 176 114 333

Percent 42% 65% 79%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 532

1997-98 424 -108 -20%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Page 66

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Utah
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 2 2 4 8 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 1 1 Other Firearms 0 0 0 0 Total 2 2 5 9

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number NA NA NA

Percent

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 80

1997-98 9 -71 -89%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: For 1996-97, some of the reported expulsions may have been for other reasons than bringing a gun to school.

Note: NA = not available.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 67

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Vermont
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 0 2 1 3 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 1 1 Other Firearms 0 0 1 1 Total 0 2 3 5

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 1 1 NA

Percent 20% 100%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 5

1997-98 5 0 0%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: Included in the 5 reported 1997-98 incidents is a case where one student brought 2 guns (a handgun and a hunting rifle). This was counted as one incident under “handgun.”

Note: NA = not available.

Page 68

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Virginia
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 5 16 40 61 Rifles/ Shotguns NA NA NA NA Other Firearms 2 16 20 38 Total 7 32 60 99

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number NA NA NA

Percent

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 92

1997-98 99 7 8%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: In both 1996-97 and 199798, Virginia did not differentiate between handguns and rifles.

Note: NA = not available.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 69

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Washington
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 19 53 79 151 Rifles/ Shotguns 2 0 22 24 Other Firearms 1 7 7 15 Total 22 60 108 190

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 163 124 171

Percent 86% 76% 90%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 146

1997-98 190 44 30%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Page 70

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

West Virginia
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 2 7 5 14 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 3 3 Other Firearms 0 0 0 0 Total 2 7 8 17

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 0 0 0

Percent 0% 0% 0%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 27

1997-98 17 -10 -37%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 71

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Wisconsin
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 8 17 18 43 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 2 2 4 Other Firearms 2 8 9 19 Total 10 27 29 66

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 10 3 NA

Percent 15% 30%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 54

1997-98 66 12 22%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Page 72

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Wyoming
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 0 0 0 0 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 0 0 Other Firearms 0 0 0 0 Total 0 0 0 0

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 0 0 0

Percent 0% 0% 0%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 0

1997-98 0 0 --

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 73

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Puerto Rico
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 0 0 1 1 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 0 0 Other Firearms 0 0 0 0 Total 0 0 1 1

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 1 1 0

Percent 100% 100% 0%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 0

1997-98 1 1 --

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Page 74

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

American Samoa
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 0 0 0 0 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 0 0 Other Firearms 0 0 0 0 Total 0 0 0 0

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 0 0 0

Percent 0% 0% 0%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change --

1997-98 0 ---

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 75

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Guam
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 0 0 0 0 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 0 0 Other Firearms 0 0 0 0 Total 0 0 0 0

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 0 0 0

Percent 0% 0% 0%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 0

1997-98 0 0 --

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Page 76

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Northern Marianas
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 0 0 0 0 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 0 0 Other Firearms 0 0 0 0 Total 0 0 0 0

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 0 0 0

Percent 0% 0% 0%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 1

1997-98 0 -1 -100%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Page 77

Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA)

Virgin Islands
1997-98 Data

Question 1. Number of students expelled under state law that requires a oneyear expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. School Level Elementary Junior High Senior High Total Handguns 0 0 2 2 Rifles/ Shotguns 0 0 0 0 Other Firearms 0 0 0 0 Total 0 0 2 2

Question:
2. 3. 4. Number of shortened expulsions Number in #2 (above) that were not disabled Number of expulsions (in #1) referred to an alternative program

Number 0 0 2

Percent 0% 0% 100%

Year-to-Year Data Comparison – 1996-97 to 1997-98

1996-97 Total number of expulsions Change (1996-97 to 1997-98) Percent Change 1

1997-98 2 1 100%

5

Caveats or notes on the data collection instrument: None.

Page 78

Gun-Free Schools Act – 1997-98 Report

Appendix A – The Gun-Free Schools Act

Appendix A – The Gun-Free Schools Act

Placeholder text

Appendix A – The Gun-Free Schools Act

Public Law 103-882 – Oct. 20, 1994
“PART F – GUN POSSESSION
“Sec. 14601. GUN-FREE REQUIREMENTS “(a) SHORT TITLE. – This section may be cited as the ‘Gun-Free Schools Act of 1994’. “(b) REQUIREMENTS. – “(1) IN GENERAL. – Except as provided in paragraph (3), each State receiving Federal funds under this Act shall have in effect a State law requiring local educational agencies to expel from school for a period of not less than one year a student who is determined to have brought a weapon to a school under the jurisdiction of local educational agencies in that State, except that such State law shall allow the chief administering officer of such local educational agency to modify such expulsion requirement for a student on a case-by-case basis. “(2) CONSTRUCTION. – Nothing in this title shall be construed to prevent a State from allowing a local educational agency that has expelled a student from such a student’s regular school setting from providing educational services to such student in an alternative setting. “(3) SPECIAL RULE. – (A) Any State that has a law in effect prior to the date of enactment of the Improving America’s Schools Act of 1994 which is in conflict with the not less than one year expulsion requirement described in paragraph (1) shall have the period of time described in subparagraph (B) to comply with such requirement. “(B) The period of time shall be the period beginning on the date of enactment of the Improving America’s Schools Act and ending one year after such date. “(4) DEFINITION. – For the purpose of this section, the term ‘weapon’ means a firearm as such term is defined in section 921 of title 18, United States Code. “(c) SPECIAL RULE. – The provisions of this section shall be construed in a manner consistent with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act. “(d) REPORT TO STATE. – Each local educational agency requesting assistance from the State educational agency that is to be provided from funds made available to the State under this Act shall provide to the States, in the application requesting such assistance – “(1) an assurance that such local educational agency is in compliance with the State law required by subsection (b); and “(2) a description of the circumstances surrounding any expulsions imposed under the State law required by subsection (b), including – “(A) the name of the school concerned; “(B) the number of students expelled form such school; and “(C) the type of weapons concerned. “(e) REPORTING. – Each State shall report the information described in subsection (c) to the Secretary on an annual basis. “(f) REPORT TO CONGRESS. – Two years after the date of enactment of the Improving America’s Schools Act of 1994, the Secretary shall report to Congress if any State is not in compliance with the requirements of this title. “SEC. 14602. POLICY REGARDING CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM REFERRAL. “(a) IN GENERAL. – No funds shall be made available under this Act to any local educational agency unless such agency has a policy requiring referral to the criminal justice or juvenile delinquency system of any student who brings a firearm or weapon to school served by such agency. “(b) DEFINITIONS. – For the purpose of this section, the terms ‘firearm’ and ‘school’ have the same meaning given to such terms by section 921(a) of title 18, United States Code. “SEC. 14603. DATA AND POLICY DISSEMINATION UNDER IDEA “The Secretary shall – “(1) widely disseminate the policy of the Department in effect on the date of enactment of the Improving America’s Schools Act of 1994 with respect to disciplining children with disabilities; “(2) collect data on the incidence of children with disabilities (as such term is defined in section 602(a)(1) of the Individuals With Disabilities Education Act) engaging in life threatening behavior or bringing weapons to schools; and “(3) submit a report to Congress not later than January 31, 1995, analyzing the strengths and problems with the current approaches regarding disciplining children with disabilities.

108 STAT. 3907
Gun-Free Schools Act of 1994 20 USC 8921.

Appendix A – The Gun-Free Schools Act

Placeholder text

Appendix A – The Gun-Free Schools Act

Appendix B – GFSA Data Collection Instrument

Appendix B – GFSA Data Collection Instrument

Placeholder text

Appendix B – GFSA Data Collection Instrument

ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION ACT (ESEA), as amended by the IMPROVING AMERICA’S SCHOOLS ACT OF 1994 (IASA), TITLE XIV, PART F

FORM APPROVED OMB #1810-0602 Expiration Date: 4/30/00

GUN-FREE SCHOOLS ACT REPORT
According to the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, no persons are required to respond to a collection of information unless such collection displays a valid OMB control number. The valid OMB control number for this information collection is 1810-0602. The time required to complete this information collection is estimated to average 8 hours per response, including the time to review instructions, search existing data resources, gather the data needed, and complete and review the information collection. If you have any comments concerning the accuracy of the time estimate or suggestions for improving this form, please write to: U.S. Department of Education, Washington, DC 20202-4651. If you have comments or concerns regarding the status of your individual submission of this form, write directly to: Safe and Drug-Free Schools Program, U.S. Department of Education, 400 Maryland Avenue, S.W., Washington, DC 20202-6123.

RESPONDENT INFORMATION
State Name: Name of Agency Responding: Name and Title of Individual Completing this Report:

Mailing Address:

Telephone and Fax Number of Individual Completing this Report:

Phone: ( _ _ _ ) _ _ _ - _ _ _ _

Fax: ( _ _ _ ) _ _ _ - _ _ _ _

Form Approved: OMB No. 1810-0602: Expiration Date: 4/30/00

GUN-FREE SCHOOLS ACT REPORT INTRODUCTION The Gun-Free Schools Act (GFSA), Part F of Title XIV of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA) of 1965 requires that each State have in effect a State law requiring local educational agencies (LEAs) to expel from school for a period of not less than one year a student found to have brought a weapon to school. In addition, under the GFSA, LEAs receiving ESEA funds must adopt a policy requiring referral to the criminal justice or juvenile delinquency system of any student who brings a firearm to school. Each State’s law also must allow the chief administering officer of the LEA to modify the expulsion requirement on a case-by-case basis. The GFSA also states that nothing in the GFSA shall be construed to prevent a State from allowing a local educational agency that has expelled a student from such student’s regular school setting from providing educational services to that student in an alternative setting. The GFSA also requires States to provide annual reports to the Secretary of Education concerning implementation of the Act’s requirements. The Secretary is required to report to Congress if any State is not in compliance with the GFSA. PLEASE USE THE ATTACHED FORM TO PROVIDE INFORMATION ON IMPLEMENTATION OF THE GFSA. GENERAL DIRECTIONS FOR COMPLETING THE REPORT
1. The time period covered by this report is the 1997-98 school year. 2. Please complete this entire form. If questions are left blank, we will not be able to interpret the results and will have to follow up with a phone call. If a response to a question is “0” or “none,” be sure to enter “0” or “none.” If information is not available or not applicable, please indicate by using the following abbreviations: MD = Missing Data NA = Not Available 3. Please retain a copy of the completed form for your files so that you will have a copy on hand to refer to if we have questions about your responses. 4. Please complete the attached form and mail no later than December 1, 1998 to: Westat 1650 Research Boulevard, Room RA 1216 Rockville, MD 20850 If questions arise about completing any of the items on the attached form, please do not hesitate to contact the Safe and Drug-Free Schools Program at (202) 260-3954 for clarification.

Form Approved: OMB No. 1810-0602: Expiration Date: 4/30/00

ABBREVIATIONS AND DEFINITIONS
LEA GFSA IDEA ESEA Local educational agency Gun-Free Schools Act Individuals with Disabilities Education Act Elementary and Secondary Education Act A school classified as elementary by state and local practice and composed of any span of grades not above Grade 6. Combined elementary/junior high schools are considered junior high schools and combined elementary and secondary schools (e.g., K-12 buildings) are classified as high schools for this report. A separately organized and administered school intermediate between elementary and senior high schools, which might also be called a middle school, usually includes Grades 7, 8, and 9; Grade 7 and 8; or Grades 6, 7, and 8. Combined elementary/junior high schools are considered junior high schools for this report; junior/senior high school combinations are defined as senior high schools. A school offering the final years of school work necessary for graduation, usually including Grades 10, 11, and 12; or Grades 9, 10, 11, and 12. Combined junior and senior high schools are classified as high schools for this form; combined elementary and secondary schools (e.g., K-12 buildings) are classified as high schools. Firearms other than handguns, rifles or shotguns as defined in 18 USC 921. According to Section 921, the following are included within the definition: -- any weapon (including a starter gun) which will or is designed to or may readily be converted to expel a projectile by the action of any explosive; -- the frame or receiver of any weapon described above; -- any firearm muffler or firearm silencer; -- any destructive device, which includes: (a) any explosive, incendiary, or poison gas (1). bomb; (2). grenade, (3). rocket having a propellant charge of more than four ounces, (4). missile having an explosive or incendiary charge of more than (5). one-quarter ounce, (6). mine, or (7). similar device (b) any weapon which will, or which may be readily converted to, expel a projectile by the action of an explosive or other propellant, and which has any barrel with a bore of more than one-half inch in diameter (c) any combination or parts either designed or intended for use in converting any device into any destructive device described in the two immediately preceding examples, and from which a destructive device may be readily assembled.

Elementary school

Junior high school

Senior high school

Other firearms

Form Approved: OMB No. 1810-0602: Expiration Date: 4/30/00

FIREARMS EXPULSIONS
1. Please indicate the number of students expelled in your State under your State’s law that requires a one-year expulsion for a student who brings a firearm to school. [Do not include in your response to this question students who have brought a firearm to school but who have not been expelled, whether because of disability, an intervening court order, delays in the process, or any other reason.]
School Level Elementary School Junior High School Senior High School Total Handguns Rifles/Shotguns Other Firearms Total

2.

How many of the expulsions reported in item #1 were shortened to a term of less than one year by the chief administering officer of an LEA under the case-by-case modification provisions of Section 14601(b)(1) of the GFSA? [Do not include in your response to this question modifications under the case-by-case exception provision of Section 14601(b)(1) other than those that shorten the term of the expulsion to less than one year.]

Number of Shortened Expulsions:

3.

How many of the modifications reported in item #2 were for students who are not students with disabilities as defined in Section 602(a)(1) of the IDEA?

Number of shortened expulsions in #2, NOT disabled:
[The GFSA explicitly states that the Act must be construed in a manner consistent with the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA). Compliance with the GFSA can be achieved consistent with the IDEA as long as discipline of such students is determined on a case-by-case basis under the GFSA provision that permits modification of the expulsion requirement on a case-by-case basis. A student with a disability who brings a firearm to school may be removed from school for ten school days or less, and in accordance with State law, placed in an interim alternative educational setting that is determined by the student’s individualized education program team, for up to 45 calendar days. If the student’s parents initiate due process proceedings under the IDEA, the student must remain in that interim alternative educational setting during authorized review proceedings, unless the parents and school district can agree on a different placement. Before an expulsion can occur, the IDEA requires a determination by a group of persons knowledgeable about the student on whether the bringing of a firearm to school was a manifestation of the student’s disability. A student with a disability may be expelled only if this group of persons determines that the bringing of a firearm to school was not a manifestation of the student’s disability, and the school follows applicable IDEA procedural safeguards before the expulsion occurs.

Form Approved: OMB No. 1810-0602: Expiration Date: 4/30/00

Under IDEA, students with disabilities who are expelled in accordance with these conditions must continue to receive educational services during the expulsion period. Under Section 602 (a)(1) of the IDEA, the term “children with disabilities” is defined as: children -(i) with mental retardation, hearing impairments including deafness, speech or language impairments, visual impairments, including blindness, serious emotional disturbance, orthopedic impairments, autism, traumatic brain injury, other health impairments, or specific learning disabilities; and (ii) who, by reason thereof, need special education and related services.] 4. How many of the expulsions reported in item #1 resulted in a referral of the expelled student to an alternative school or program?

Number of expelled students in #1 referred to an alternative placement:

LEA COMPLIANCE
5. List the name and address of each LEA that has not provided an assurance that it is in compliance with the State law that requires that a student who brings a firearm to school be expelled for one year. (If all LEAs have provided the necessary assurance, please indicate “none” in response to this item.)

_________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________ (Attach a separate sheet if more space is required to list LEAs.)

Form Approved: OMB No. 1810-0602: Expiration Date: 4/30/00

6.

List the name and address of each LEA that has not provided an assurance that it is in compliance with the requirement in Section 14602 that an LEA receiving ESEA funds have in place a policy requiring referral to the criminal justice or juvenile delinquency system of any student who brings a firearm to a school. (If all LEAs have provided the necessary assurance, please indicate “none” in response to this item.)

_________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________ (Attach a separate sheet if more space is required to list LEAs.)

Form Approved: OMB No. 1810-0602: Expiration Date: 4/30/00