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Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club Extension:

Archaeological Watching Brief

Supplement to Data Structure Report

October 2003

Data Structure Report (Supplement) – Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club Extension

Overview

This Data Structure Report (DSR) presents the findings of an archaeological Watching Brief carried out in connection with the development of a golf course extension for Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club on 6ha of adjacent agricultural ground. The area being developed is on the southern slopes of the Kilsyth Hills, between the Colzium Burn and Garrel Burn that drain into the Kelvin River. In the southwest corner of this area there is a rocky knoll.

Project Works

Following recommendations made by Rathmell Archaeology it was agreed with the West of Scotland Archaeology Service, advisors to North Lanarkshire Council, that further work should be carried out within the archaeologically sensitive areas affected by the proposed golf course extension.

After modifications to the original design layout of the golf course extension, in line with planning guidance recommending preservation of archaeological remains in situ, it was agreed that the only area to be significantly impacted by the development was Site 4. It was agrees with West of Scotland Archaeology Service that further monitoring and recording was needed within this area.

These further works concerned the monitoring and recording of the character of the surviving Rig and Furrow System recorded as Site 4 in the DSR. This system can be described as abroad rig and furrow systems with rig breadths varied between 6m and 7m and furrow breadths varied between 1.5m and 2.5m. The site had rig standing to between 0.3m and

0.4m.

It was the intention by this work to supplement the existing record of the rig system with observation and recording of the physical remains. This work was undertaken on 1 st September 2003. All works were undertaken in accordance with agreed Written Scheme of

Investigation the Institute of Field Archaeology Standards and Policy Statements and Code

of Conduct and Historic Scotland Policy Statements.

Findings

A single day was spent monitoring the drainage and landscaping works within the area of

Site 4. It had been agreed with West of Scotland Archaeology Service that targeted monitoring of the actual work and recording of a representative sample of the rig would be sufficient to supplement the existing record.

One section of the rig was recorded during the excavation of a new field drain (Illus 1). This section recorded a typical rig and furrow cross section approximately 2m from the crest of the rig to the trough of the furrow. It was clear from the section that natural erosion of the ploughsoil had reduced the profile of the rig and furrow system (Illus 2) with the consequent accretion of sediment in the furrow.

There was evidence for a great deal of mixing of sediment due to root action and bioturbation. The main sediment, below the existing topsoil (001), was made up of orangy- brown silty clay (002). There were frequent inclusions of very dark grey-brown layers suggestive of the break up of quantities of humic material (marked D on Illus 3). There was further evidence for the extent of the rig system in the orange silt natural subsoil (003). The crest and trough of the rig was reflected in the profile of the subsoil. There was a notable peak in the subsoil beneath the crest of the rig.

Sediments were investigated and recorded to a depth of approximately 0.3m. This was

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Data Structure Report (Supplement) – Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club Extension

Report (Supplement) – Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club Extension Illus 1: Shot of new drainage slot including

Illus 1: Shot of new drainage slot including Section through Rig from south-west

drainage slot including Section through Rig from south-west Illus 2: Shot of new drainage slot including

Illus 2: Shot of new drainage slot including Section through Rig from south-east

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Data Structure Report (Supplement) – Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club Extension

Report (Supplement) – Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club Extension Illus 3: Section through rig and furrow, D

Illus 3: Section through rig and furrow, D denotes darker lenses within Context 002

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Data Structure Report (Supplement) – Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club Extension

sufficient to record and understand the nature of the rig system within Site 4 and expose unaltered subsoil.

Discussion

Examination of the section of rig recorded in Site 4 shows us nothing in the character of the archaeology that was unexpected. This field system appears to be typical of this type of archaeological landscape and similar examples can be seen all over Scotland and the North of England.

The composition of the sediments especially the high humic content supports the idea of a prolonged period of agricultural activity in the area, fact already self evident from the presence of the rig and furrow.

No artefactual material was recovered, during the investigation, from which the period of

agricultural activity could be dated. For this we must still rely on the information collected in the original DSR. It should be noted that by 1865 the Ordnance Survey showed the area as rough pasture and between this time and 1896 the bing (Site 5) that overlies the rig was formed. This information gives us a certain end date. It can be suggested form the available evidence that the last time the land was tilled was around 1800 during the period of agricultural improvement in the area with the greatest period of agricultural activity prior to

1745.

It can be said with confidence that this supplementary record has provided all remaining information about the rig and furrow system in Site 4 when combined with the original Desk Based Assessment and Landscape Survey. All useful archaeological data has been extracted from the upstanding remains of the rig and furrow system in Site 4.

Conclusion

With the agreement of West of Scotland Archaeology Service further archaeological work was carried out at Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club course extension, subsequent to the initial Desk Based Assessment and Landscape Survey.

Given that the planned development had already been modified in line with planning guidance concerning the preservation of archaeological remains in situ this further work concerned only an area of rig and furrow designated Site 4.

The aim of this work was to partially monitor the landscaping and drainage works in the area

and also to adequately record the profile of the rig and furrow. This aim was achieved during

monitoring work on 1

composed of heavily cultivated soil deposits.

st

September 2003 and showed a typical rig and furrow profile

References

Ordnance Survey

1865

County Series, Stirlingshire, 1:10560

Ordnance Survey

1896

1 st revision of County Series, Stirlingshire, 1:10560

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Data Structure Report (Supplement) – Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club Extension

Appendix 1: Record summaries

Context Summaries

No.

Interpretation

Description

001

Topsoil

Dark grey/brown silty clay. Routlets throughout.

002

Accumulation and mixing of deposits due to prolonged tillage.

Orange/brown silty clay with some dark grey/brown lenses.

003

Subsoil

Clayey silt, orange/brown. Frequent small sub-angular to sub-rounded stones.

Drawing Record

No.

Title

Scale

Date

Author

1

Section through Rig and Furrow

1:20

1/9

TR

Photographic Record

 

Film

No.

Description

From

Date

1

17

Shot of new drainage slot including Section through Rig

SW

1/9

1

18

Shot of new drainage slot including Section through Rig

SE

1/9

1

19

Shot of new drainage slot including Section through Rig

SE

1/9

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Data Structure Report (Supplement) – Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club Extension

Appendix 2: Discovery & Excavation in Scotland

LOCAL AUTHORITY:

North Lanarkshire

PROJECT TITLE/SITE NAME:

Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club Extension

PARISH:

Kilsyth

NAME OF CONTRIBUTOR:

Alan Matthews

Thomas Rees

NAME OF ORGANISATION:

Rathmell Archaeology Limited

TYPE(S) OF PROJECT:

Watching Brief

NMRS NO(S):

None

SITE/MONUMENT

Rig & Furrow system

TYPE(S):

SIGNIFICANT FINDS:+

None

NGR (2 letters, 6 figures)

NS 723 793

START DATE (this season)

1 st September 2003

END DATE (this season)

1 st September 2003

PREVIOUS WORK (incl. DES ref.)

Desk Based Assessment and Landscape Survey

PROPOSED FUTURE WORK:

None

MAIN (NARRATIVE) DESCRIPTION: (may include information from other fields)

The aim of this work was to partially monitor the landscaping and drainage works in the area and also to adequately record the profile of the rig and furrow. This aim was achieved and showed a typical rig and furrow profile composed of heavily cultivated soil deposits.

PROJECT CODE:

03008

SPONSOR OR FUNDING BODY:

Kilsyth Lennox Golf Club

ADDRESS OF MAIN CONTRIBUTOR:

8, Underwood, Kilwinning, Ayrshire KA13 7HR

E MAIL:

admin@rathmell-arch.co.uk

ARCHIVE LOCATION (intended/deposited)

Report to West of Scotland Archaeology Service and archive to National Monuments Record of Scotland.

Contact Details

Rathmell Archaeology can be contacted at its Registered Office or through the web:

Rathmell Archaeology Ltd 8, Underwood Kilwinning Ayrshire KA13 7HR

www.rathmell-arch.co.uk

t.:

01294 542848

f.:

01294 542849

m.:

07817 334907

e.:

admin@rathmell-arch.co.uk

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