You are on page 1of 13

3/23/2013

Biodiversity Biodiversity Conservation


The Philippine Setting genetic diversity species diversity ecosystem diversity

3 levels of biodiversity

1. Genetic diversity

2. Species diversity

3. Ecosystem diversity

In the Philippines: Of the 1096 vertebrate animals, 177 of 556 birds, 58 of the 63 amphibians, 111 of 203 mammals and 168 of 254 reptiles are endemic to the country Of the 13,500 plant species, from 3,800 to 6000 are endemic

Biodiversity hotspots
A relatively small area with a great concentration of endemic species and many endangered and threatened species

Terrestrial biodiversity hot spots

Equator

At least 2000 fish species are found in the Philippines

About 488 coral species in 78 genera (out of a world count of 500) occur in the Philippine seas

3/23/2013

Some endemic land snails of the Philippines Some endemic wild flowers of the Philippines

Photo: U.Schmidt, 2007

Photo: U.Schmidt, 2005

Obba rota

Calocochlia roissyana
http://www.ibid-shells.com/shell-details.php?id=3913

Helicostyla rufogaster

http://www.elrincondelmalacologo.com/Web%20fotos%20continentales%202/Helicarionidae.htm

Medinilla magnifica

Paphiopedilum adductum

Rafflesia manillana

Ryssota otaheitana
http://www.firama.com/landsnails2/2544/index.asp

Trochomorpha sibuyanica

Some endemic vertebrates of the Philippines

Why is the Philippines rich in biodiversity?

Batrachostomus septimus (Philippine frogmouth)

Haplonycteris fischeri (Small fruitbat)

Bubalus mindorensis (Philippine tamaraw)

Tarsius syrichta (Philippine tarsier)

Pithecophaga jefferyi (Philippine eagle) Crocodylus mindorensis (Philippine crocodile)


From Heaney and Regalado, Vanishing Treasures

3/23/2013

SE Asia Reconstructions 50-0 Ma

50

Robert Hall 1995

48

46

45

44

3/23/2013

43

42

41

40

39

38

3/23/2013

37

36

34

33

32

31

3/23/2013

30

29

24

23

22

21

3/23/2013

20

19

18

17

16

15

3/23/2013

14

13

12

11

10

3/23/2013

3/23/2013

Philippine Island Aggregate Complex (PIAC)


Islands of the Philippines during the last ice age (~10,000 years ago)

Conservation
protection, preservation, management, or restoration of wildlife and of natural resources such as forests, soil, and water

10

3/23/2013

Rainforestation
Production Plantation areas Agrosystem areas Restoration/Protection Landslide-prone areas Critical watersheds Habitat restoration Buffer zone River stabilization Urban Enhancement Eco Park Roadside beautification Arboretums

11

3/23/2013

Posa M.R.C., Diesmos A.C., Sodhi N.S. & Brooks T.M. 2008. Hope for threatened tropical biodiversity: lessons from the Philippines. BioScience 58:231-240.

Posa M.R.C., Diesmos A.C., Sodhi N.S. & Brooks T.M. 2008. Hope for threatened tropical biodiversity: lessons from the Philippines. BioScience 58:231-240.

Posa M.R.C., Diesmos A.C., Sodhi N.S. & Brooks T.M. 2008. Hope for threatened tropical biodiversity: lessons from the Philippines. BioScience 58:231-240.

Posa M.R.C., Diesmos A.C., Sodhi N.S. & Brooks T.M. 2008. Hope for threatened tropical biodiversity: lessons from the Philippines. BioScience 58:231-240.

12

3/23/2013

END

13