This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
(Abridged version of SECRETS OF SUCCESS From the same author)
Concentration depends on discipline. 8. 5. To balance it. Be careful of what you do before your studies. don’t get tempted to call up your friends even for few minutes to know about their studies. DISCIPLINE 4. This may launch you in daydreaming or disturb your mind. Ask your friend “Are you a bachelor or unmarried?” Instead of saying ‘both’. STARTING THE DAY 1. blood glucose level changes. As you tend to have lunch and dinner at predictable times. 2. Under tension. he says.2 Perform your duty Whole-heartedly Thy not expect the result. This is why psychologists advise ‘smile’ as the first step to come out of tension. 3. Appears funny but neurotransmitters like Dopamine (pleasure) and Serotonin (feel good) released when you smile. it is a disturbance. keep you energetic. After completion of your night studies.!” even though he is unmarried. Even if they chat in the next room. “Bachelor. Meditation means enjoying the current experience both mentally and physically. Do you keep everything at right place? Do you fold your bed-sheets on waking up? Are you tensed up unable to manage your time? Plan your day in advance. 7. Concentrate on hair while combing. why not the latter? Do you know that the best way to enhance your concentration is to stay home most of the time? Ask your friends not to ring up after six in the evening. as the electromagnetic waves are fresh at that time. Your intentions are good but it won’t stop there. brain releases ‘cortisol’ that fumbles you. Going out with friends is a thrill. . 6.. active and enthusiastic throughout the day. go to the mirror and smile for 5 seconds. start your study every day exactly at the same time and according to a timetable. On waking up. relish the taste of the food while eating and enjoy the lesson while reading. Don’t get involved in pleasant gossip or heated arguments prior to your studies. If both are enjoyable. when you do not understand the real meaning. ‘Time controlled behaviour’ is fairly easy to start and adopt. The word meditation sounds big. Request your parents not to invite guests during your study hours. Enjoy the work Just by doing it And the result is a bonus. The chemical ‘Serotonin’ released when you smile… fights against the effects of cortisol. time management and space administration. Staying home and teaching your brother or sister is pleasurable. Early morning (called ‘Brahmasamayam’) is the best time to study.
21. When you feel that your concentration is deteriorating. 11. Keep one day per week for eating junk food. unnecessary gossiping and late night-outs. Lunch. The adrenaline that is released while the animal is slaughtered is harmful to your concentration and memory. or feeling lazier. 13. Chapattis keep you fit and light for the entire day and rice is heavy on stomach though easily digestible. and to fight it. If you are a non-vegetarian. You feel tired. dinner and have good breakfast and evening snacks. reduce oily food. perform some physical activity for ten minutes in the morning and walk ‘alone’ for ten minutes after dinner. Saturday Night Fever: Never watch movies till late-nights on Saturdays and compensate it by sleeping on Sunday afternoons.3 9. would like to take rest and watch TV. excessive daytime sleep and napping at inappropriate times is called ‘hypersomnia’. Chocolates. ice-cream and coke have saccharine. Achievers live in the company of achievers. . Add it to your chapattis. Breakfast. Reduce your lunch. Early to bed and late to wake up. Normally you require 2500 calories per day. You are not tired. getting attracted by more powerful unbeneficial deeds like excessive sleeping. It is advised the other way round. Mix Soya powder in water. Never eat the above items one hour before or while studying. Note that hundred grams chips packet. This is the best sutra for students who cannot wake up early in the morning. 16. Dinner and bed time milk along with a fruit in the ratio of 20:25:20:25:10 keeps you full of beans throughout the day. 19. 480 and 300 calories respectively. SLEEP Sleeping is the best enjoyment… after completing the job. The effect continues on Monday also. ‘Sleeping and waking up at the same time’ is one of the best disciplinary habits that enhances your concentration and reduces laziness. sleeping and eating habits. Rogues stay with rogues and idiots like the company of stupid. 10. Idly is good with 50 calories but a tea spoon of coconut chutney adds up another 50 calories. as the intestines drain more oxygen from the brain. LAZINESS AND FOOD Laziness is of two types. Mirchi bujji. 12. and mental laziness (boredom). 20. and live to eat for a day. fast foods and Pani poori have a chemical called Capsocysin. how can you watch TV? No. to avoid coming back to bed. sweets. The main reasons for unsuccessful time management are: Incapability to arrange the tasks in preferential order. 15. eat fish instead of mutton. one butter cookie and a chocolate bar gives you 450. fruit juices or buttermilk and drink twice a day. the word ‘busy’ withers away. It should be meticulously planned even for a holiday. analyse your life-style. TIME MAPPING: Once you are accustomed to time mapping. When you go there in the morning to switch alarm off. Do you eat to live or live to eat? Eat to live for six days. Evening snacks. study environment. Soya bean is a highly recommended food for students. You are bored. When you are tired. Normally people eat rice for lunch and chapattis for dinner. Soon after lunch you feel sleepy. How are you going to spend your lunch break and with whom? How much time are you going to watch TV in the evening? It is called ‘Time Management’. Divide your day into small compartments and plan your timetable at the beginning of the day. disturbing the biological clock. 17. Pav-bhazi. Don’t confuse between them. Keep a timepiece far away from your bed and a glass of water near it. and more particularly the influence of your friends on you. 18. sprinkle your face with cold water. physical laziness (fatigue). 14. Converting these negative foods into glucose requires more oxygen leading to sleepiness.
Listeners sit with chatters. READING HABITS If you develop good reading habits. close your eyes and try to think of nothing. Instead of chatting while eating for one hour at lunch break avoid the former. You are not straining your eyes with the stereo-typed letters of printing. Note down the key points like Ram–wife–kidnap–War and expand the entire Ramayana later in your own words with the help of key-noting. 25. He puts off studying difficult subjects. Suddenly.E. 27. Use diagrams and colour pens whenever necessary to reduce. called ‘keynoting’. This is called cleaning the mind-slate. Choosing your friend for lunch also matters. Stand for a few moments at your study table (or mat). ask somebody.T. go on deducting 17 from 146 till you get a single digit number. note down the points in your own simple language. 23. While studying (or listening to the lecture). It is not important how fast you complete reading. he settles down to study. 22. When you are working on maths. Brain is the only organ that does get tired by continuous exercises. A student postpones his studies feeling that there is ample time to start. 28. revision should be fast. After practicing for three to four weeks. Many give up at this stage. In the beginning. This would sharpen your mathematical. Initial reading should be slow to understand the subject. but how you retain it. Spot people. KEY NOTING ‘Key noting’ means. geographical intelligence and English vocabulary respectively. In stead of sitting idle in the barber shop or beauty parlour. present a chocolate to yourself. As the half-yearly examinations approach. While travelling in a train or bus. you would begin to enjoy the results. avoiding the pulp matter that unnecessarily occupies the brain space. It tests your patience. You have every right to politely say ‘no’ to any person who demands your time unnecessarily. The whole syllabus thus can be condensed into a 100-page notebook for easy revision later. save time and take rest in library.4 U r g e n t / I m p o r t a n t M a r c h T e n s i o n C o n f u s i o n D e c U r g e n t / N o t I m p o r t a n t L a z y U n c o n s c i o u s N o t u r g e n t / N o t I m p o r t a n t J u n e N o t U r g e n t / I m p o r t a n t P o s t p o n e J a n Look at the above table. and then verify it with a paper and pen. nobody can help it. There will be none. With the help of key-noting. . Studying own script reduces the strain of your eye.R. How many urgent and important points you might have discussed with your friend whom you are anyway going to meet the next day. half the job is already done. If the answer is correct. Later as the final examination date advances. you find it impracticable. but considers it as not important. Try constructing as many words as you can. Sharpen it by engaging in a productive way. (If you too like it. to record it without your prior knowledge. 24. 29. Suppose you are studying (or lecturer is explaining) Ramayana. 35. to conserve your energy for the next lecture session. try to find out which side the Himalayas are. with the alphabets A. It is like a karate player going into the mood before entering into the arena. who are your time killers.) Next when you talk to your friend on phone. 26. he feels the urgency. everything becomes ‘important and urgent’. work out on various ways and methods to reach the correct answer. creating tension and chaos. visual exhaustion. ‘Time control’ depends on developing speed with which you read a lesson.
Arrange near your reading table all necessary items like books. you feel like going straight to the work. Same way. like ‘I will go to a movie tomorrow if I complete this work today’. the first feeling would be. would identity its growth with your growing wisdom. Unknowingly you Present yourself with a gift when you complete your quota of study for the day. study becomes part of your behaviour and whenever you sit down in that particular place. It is a normal tendency for every student to have an inclination to avoid studies on some pretext. balcony or garden. Combined study is normally not suggested. 35. When you feel bored with reading. don’t jump to another. Keep discussing your subject with your parents and friends. 32. 36. 43. for it may promote unnecessary gossiping. Watching ‘maps’ is one of the best relaxation techniques. Desire control is the best mantra to develop concentration. It makes ‘reading’ your hobby.. never hesitate to ask. A small doubt becomes a complication when you proceed with your subject at a higher level. don’t sit at your desk staring into a book and mumbling about your poor self-control. phone conversation. take a breath of fresh air and wander in side the room till you feel that… studying is better than roaming. Paste the difficult chemistry formulas and physics principles to your wall. Never change your place of study. It is called ‘Mind holiday’. Glance through the lesson that is to be taught the next day. Don’t waste your precious early morning time searching for the above. Even if you didn’t understand it fully. 31.5 30. but never study in your bedroom while resting on the bed or in the kitchen. Read daily. They are called ‘Road blocks’. Change your attitude. Cultivate the habit of reading in libraries and reading alone. control your curiosity to stay and watch an accident. or at your grand pa’s village… read at least for half an hour. Hang a map of country / state / world. Even if you are on a holiday. A student lacks concentration due to two reasons: Having no interest in subject or… more interest in other things. shift on to write or work on maths. After completion of reading one subject. 34. If you lose concentration. . TV etc is the first step to develop concentration. 37. After a while. Maintain an aquarium. When you don’t understand a particular point. Set aside a fixed place for study and nothing but study. you have the feeling that it is already known to you. and within few days. At times. Lock the doors while studying. Thus you need not read for hours before exams. 38. when you feel for a change.” DEVELOPING CONCENTRATION It is not the load that breaks you down. it is the way you carry it. 39. 40.. water etc in the night. Coming out from magnetic fields like gossiping. Devote much time for the tough subjects. 33. Start with an interesting subject and proceed further with a dry subject. It’s like starting with a non-detailed story and later going for a tough subject. when your teacher is explaining it to you. 44. Or keep a plant in your reading room. “Oh… the question paper is so simple. Sandwich an uninteresting subject in between two interesting ones. Imagine how pleasant it would be to sleep with a feeling that you had finished your day without any pending work. 42. In the examination hall. Suppose your friends invited you to your most favourite hero’s movie. Get your doubts clarified immediately. And that gives you confidence. Say ‘no’ to it or postpone it. you would be surprised to know that you are able to remember them by heart unknowingly. 45. Give a gap of 5 minutes. 41. you may go to an open place like upstairs. Normally students devote much time reading their interesting subjects rather than the hard ones. Go away from books.
During this period. CONCENTRATING WITH THE 5 SENSORY ORGANS Developing concentration means avoiding disturbances. Keep a wet cloth near study table. to avoid visual disturbance. Falling in love while studying is like paying for a car which you want to purchase after ten years. In case you cannot hold your hunger for two to three hours. noise. Others make out that you are studying and don’t disturb you. you notice the freshness and newly generated energy. You have a psychological feeling that you are reading. 53. place cucumber (keera) or wet cotton. 59. Sinus is a big hurdle for concentration. Eyes are more comfortable when you read with a pleasant yellow backdrop. stand near your window. After completing your studies. 56. It is embarrassing initially but has distinct advantages. put it back without tasting it. If you feel sleepy and tired on a particular day. Mouth: Keep a clove in your cheek to avoid the urge to eat junk food in between studies. Simple to tell but you can keep away from it. Don’t force yourself to stick to the schedule. smell ‘mint’ (Pudhina) or camphor for a few seconds. Between second and third hours of study intervals. Even in daytime it is advisable to close the curtains and read under table light. 50. 58. Eyes: Let your chair face the wall to avoid distraction. Place ‘yellow’ coloured cloth on your reading table or mat. 51. Whenever your concentration lapses… bite the clove. Take ten minutes rest after one hour study. sound and odour are the five disturbances to our five sensory organs respectively. 54. concentration levels.6 46. and later release it slowly from your left nostril. Cover your eyes with the wet cloth. Arrange the light in such a way that the rays don’t fall directly on your eyes. Drink as much water as you can while studying. don’t go to the kitchen. Read under a table light preferably in a semi dark room. You can not often go out of your study room. 52. Continue the exercise in reverse for another five minutes. This exercise eliminates the residual carbon (dioxide) from your lungs and you feel fresh and energetic. If you feel eyes getting strained. Difficult. After reading for an hour. 61. 47.! When you are bored in between study intervals. Slowly you identify the cap with your studies. Hunger. but never eat there. For ‘every’ one-hour have a glass of buttermilk. go to sleep. Use tube light to avoid the unnoticeable flicker of a normal bulb.. close your left nostril and breathe through your right. the confidence gives you more satisfaction than yielding to your sensory organs. and are able to win over ‘your desire’. A student’s attention deteriorates after an hour’s study. close your eyes and feel the fresh air. 55. Falling in love is the first enemy to concentration. Nose: Sit in a cool and fairly fragrant room to study and you will find the difference in 60. visuals. Associate your studies with the smell of . 48. keep some fruits or other eatables near your study table. Control them in the following manner. It constantly keeps you fresh. During this ten minutes interval. 49. but when you practice it. Before preparing for your study. Place your favourite sweet on your reading table and read. sit erect and raise your head slightly upwards. Light an incense stick before you sit to study. The spicy smell increases your attentiveness. Maintain a fixed time for ‘eating’. try to recollect what you have studied during the previous two hours. Treat reading place as a holy temple. carrot or orange juice or water with Soya powder. Soon in about three weeks.. Never sit facing an ‘open’ window.. 57. an incense stick. Keep a cap or tie a scarf while you study.
if you plan to go to a movie or see a favourite programme on TV ‘after’ your studies.7 62. In the same fashion.. This is called ‘recalling’. before or in between your studies. To avoid external disturbances consider using earplugs or cotton. In the same fashion. 70. (say. lighting an incense stick. The form a smell circle to stop other odours (from kitchen etc) that disturb your concentration. applying sandalwood paste influences and enhances our concentration while worshiping. leading to loss of memory.magnetic pathways are calm and passive during sleep and this would help the memory bonds grow stronger. who work for the intelligent 3. on waking up from the bed. you can never concentrate on your study. Memory is stored in neurons and you remember about 5. who exploit the good 4. Spiders. Aragatha and Athar are available in any grocery market. Punugu. you have created a temple atmosphere in your study room. after completion of your studies. Complete 71. Immediately Watch the above tips. It enables you to be in the meditation mood. by taking bath. This would enable your neuron bonds strengthen and what you studied the previous night becomes permanent. 74. Good. Skin: Cultivate the habit of taking a bath or washing your face before starting your studies in the evening. Ears: 65. That lingers in your mind while studying. This disturbs the study. 64. dominate the reminiscences of the argument or discussion. lighting camphor. . disputed and argued. When an issue is discussed. taking bath etc. 69. During heated arguments they are up by fifty times. 5. with the support of already released adrenaline. It will make you feel fresh and new. the over-riding neurons. Unless you are suffering with Alzheimer’s disease. After an exciting discussion or heated argument. try to minimise your talking till you take your bath. put on Suprabhata (or Bhoopala Raaga) and proceed with your daily chores. thus asking the brain to provide much ‘garbage space’. Classical music is supposed to aid in some cases. chatting or watching TV before you begin your studies. Exploiters. Talking or watching TV in between or after night studies unsettles your neuron bonds. Bandits. unconsciously looking forward to the event. while brushing your teeth. Crooks. Ringing the temple bells. who steal. 73. 63. Don’t discuss next day’s interesting programs like going for a movie or picnic. whether a particular movie is good or bad) you recall some points to strengthen your argument and stimulate the unnecessary neuron bonds. the electro magnetic pathways vibrate ten times more than when you are in ‘silent mode’. Goroochanai. Kasturi. Go to bed immediately. refreshes and keeps you young. Javvadhi. 68. MEMORY: Lack of memory and Forgetting are different. applying ‘Gandham’ and the two minutes pray. Some students read while the music is on. Intelligent who are selfish 2. Never 72.00. Stupid. Apply any one of them near your neck depending on your taste. It revitalises. Keep recollecting what you studied earlier. before your evening studies. more valuable neurons pertaining to education go to the passive part and that is called ‘Mind Decay’. Keep the tape recorder by your bed-side and go to sleep while listening to it. who instigate their bad habits 6. For better results. The electro . gossip either in person or on phone at bedtime. Never talk when it is not necessary. steam your face with turmeric water. who spread rumours about you 7. Tape 66.. In the other sense. you cannot say that you have insufficient memory. Friends fall into seven categories: 1. while you read. While talking. 67. It is called ‘Memory overload’. Close your eyes and recollect what you read / taught during the day.000 concepts during life time. Never be silent when it is required. Try to get out of that habit or go for mono instrumental music but not songs with lyrics. When space is provided for unnecessary neurons.
84. You are the best friend to you. Stay . take a bath. Concentration late nights. It is as simple as that. THE PRE-EXAM REVISION 76. Chew condominium (elachi) while writing exam for the same reason. are various stages of tension before exams. 8 75. Your memory fails you. Hence create an artificial dawn during the preparatory holidays. Apply point No. loosing self-confidence are the indicators at this stage. 78. tighten your right fist. Close the curtains and read before a table light though it is the evening time. the Treatment (Prognosis) and the relief (solution). Spend the first 2 minutes previewing the question paper. Stick on to your healthy habit of sleeping before midnight and ensure that you are fit physically and mentally. standing outside the exam room. revision. The day before the exam you are almost panicky. If you are spending most of your time gossiping. Don’t be depressed. It may work out to them. Suddenly from nowhere the worry erupts. Before sleeping. 3. But note that revision means not just reading a chapter and vaguely remembering a few sentences. No person in the world feels totally prepared for his exams. calm down. You might have some-how missed it. the Reality (of the problem). Avoid sweets. Before 87. 80. Some of your friends may be telling that they stay awake till the crack of dawn during exams. Never read till 77. This is called ‘one day-two dawn theory’. lonely feeling and insecurity catch you up. Three months prior to the actual exams certain sense of unease. Sleep for half an hour in the afternoon. There 86. Glance through it and decide whether it is necessary to read it at the eleventh hour. Cricketers 88. you start spending twelve hours on reviewing and still feel 79. Don’t do last minute cramming. close your eyes for 30 seconds. Allocate time in proportion to the marks. smiling and ready to enjoy the summer. 85. Just because you know the answer in detail. Panic includes sweaty palms. As you receive the question paper. 82. you will be there. don’t write beyond the requirement. take a deep breath that gives you more oxygen and start answering with a pleasant smile. Rapid heartbeats. who help you in need and criticise when you are bad.who talk more and 8. In physician’s terms. that there is a lot to study. have break-fast (!). relaxed and confident before answering. Uneasiness continues for sometime even after exam. you may surprisingly find some of the subject matter missed your attention completely. The best. As examinations approach. on the field chew bubble-gum to release their tension exhaustion. Never use tea or drugs to stay awake. it would be like: Disease. close the doors. Cheer up. depression. Cause (for the problem). Better to wake up early to study rather than studying at late nights. Never try to revise one subject for too long at a time. Can we fight fear? Certainly yes if you know the Four Noble Truths sermonised by Buddha philosophy. One hour is just enough. the Cause of disease (Diagnosis). 83. try to recall what your read. is high during early mornings. Anxiety causes troubled sleep. but avoid being exploited. it gradually turns into anxiety. your ‘tension’ peaks. watching movies and without any productive work. During 81. Don’t panic. shivering fingers. oily foods and cool drinks a month before exams. sane. Be good. Don’t get tensed up. Effect (by the problem) and the Solution (to the problem). Slowly you cease to grin and smile. WRITING THE EXAM Exams come and the exams go. starting. A week prior to the exams. consider that you are among spiders.
micro-analysis gives further accurate picture. Last but not the least. Imagine how people look at you once you top your university ranks. The 98. Don’t discuss about it after coming out from the examination hall. and a twelve-year boy is climbing the up-hill on his cycle to give you the morning newspaper. had you not been there and ‘you’ made that difference? Who knows? You may be the person who would change the world history. may be you do not understand the lessons properly. fight it out. Not to electrify. Have the entire picture of the answer.. Never write with a new pen. 91. Think in English while writing in English. and ugly with pimples…” are a few examples reflecting one’s inferiority complex. your memory is poor. Positive thinking: “I am black. Suppose you did not fare well in your exam. ‘parents’. careful with construction of sentences and particularly with pronouns. Never did you realise that life would not have been so cheerful for some people in this world including your parents. Implement at . health and above all. reach a climax and end it. Now adjust your pillow and settle in your habituated comfortable position. This is called ‘recall’. Compare and consume: As you are resting with a blanket. Determine the length. FIVE TECHNIQUES 96. over ten million children of your age in this country are already on their work.. Feel that your mind is transforming into calmness. Don’t write ‘Rama Ravana killed’ which may be correct in your colloquial language. Know exactly when to use a simple or a compound sentence. Once having known the correct reason. evaluate the reason for failure. Tranquillity: After completing your studies go to bed and turn a side and close your ears and eyes with a pillow. Don’t use more commas. Avoid repeating the same words in a sentence or paragraph. The blood circulation to the brain converts the short time memory into semantic memory. A ten-year-old boy is serving tea to lorry drivers on the roadside dhabas. Hence one need not feel depressed for having born to uneducated parents. spend a minute staying topsy-turvy (Seershasana) by the side of wall for another two minutes. It is called positive thinking. Write your exam with a pen that you are used to write. bend ten times touching your toes with your fingertips. 97. Divide paragraphs correctly. Just watch your breath for a minute. 92. If you write. God has given you wealth. 95. Maintain 93. Slip into sleep while recollecting what you studied that day. ‘Rama killed Ravana as his wife was kidnapped by him’. stay on bed for another few minutes to continue the following exercises: Think of the mistakes that you have done during last twenty-four hours! Have you quarrelled with your brother or sister over a particular TV channel of your choice? Have you thrown the food plate accusing your mother that it is not up to your liking? This daily evaluation and self-criticism helps you to develop your personality for betterment. Be 94. silence one hour before exam. Let those thoughts not enter your brain while studying. Exercise: After brushing the teeth. Instead of brooding over the matter. Improve on your grammar and spellings. elaborate. early morning proceedings: As you wake up. you are being engulfed into a stage of quietness.9 89. Write to communicate. time to be spent answering depending on the marks allotted to it. Focus on how to start an answer. Does it pertain to one subject or entire course? Does the problem arise now or in existence from the beginning? Is it due to your interest in other fields or complexity of the said course? After locating the reason. your language or hand writing fail to communicate. By closing your two important sensory organs. If you have no neck problem. 99. Genes are nothing to do with intelligence and memory. the examiner confuses to understand who kidnapped whose wife. short. a small girl of tender age is sweeping your house. Think how fortunate you are. 100. Say ‘Ram killed Ravana’. The feel gives you a feeling of compassion and positive thinking towards life. The answers should be brief but should cover all the points. 90.
from any school (particularly Municipal and Tribal schools) is taught various ways and techniques to make study easy. ii.least 50 percent of the above. Boating and other sport activities unwind them. The day starts with a three hours coaching to develop concentration. It is free training session for one-day. We don’t feel like leaving this place. Saraswati Vidya Peetam is established to combine recreation and education. Finally they are awarded suitable gifts ranging from gold medal to a chocolate. 10 It’s not a pressure. v. I was never allowed to step into water till now. TV etc. Then in the evening. peetam. After the class. A Batch of 40 students. It is to reduce the psychological trauma of the students while tackling the challenges imposed by their parents and the educational institutions. The fun-filled memorable day ends. personal hygiene and more particularly to eliminate tension before exams. sitting by the side of the lake near the temple. Then the students are exposed to new world of experience to shrink their phobias and develop attentiveness. they meditate before Goddess Saraswati and take oath to alter some of their hazardous habits like junk food. One of my classmate said… he ate a Cadbury’s chocolate for the first time in his life here” – vi. under the shades of falling sun. iii. to develop the spirit of public speaking and communication. This is the first time I had a wonderful experience. We never dreamt education would be so relaxing like this. fishing enhances concentration reduces hyperactivity. “We do not have a play ground at our school. a tenth class girl student’s interview to TV 9 on Saraswati Vidya . iv. students are encouraged to narrate small stories. loosing somewhere the childhood pleasures they deserve. and nobody can stop you from getting a rank… I promise…I challenge. i. hypersomnia. it’s a pleasure.