# KH 2244 – UKUR KEJURUTERAAN

Traverse Adjustment • Bowditch Rule – based on the assumption that angles (bearings) are observed to the same degree of precision that distances can be measured .

Bowditch Rule from E0007 • Adjust the angular misclose • calculate the misclose in position • adjust according to the formula CorrLat = l ∑l ∆L CorrDep = l ∑l ∆D l = length of the current line ∆L = latitude of the current line ∆D = departure of the current line ∑ l = sum of the traverse line lengths .

New Method • • • • B’ A D Adjust the angular misclose calculate the misclose in position consider the diagram AB’C’D’ is a traverse from A to D C’ D’ .Bowditch .

Bowditch .New Method • But the traverse coordinates of D’ are not the same as D • the misclose at D is D’D C’ B’ A D’ D .

New Method • Let the traverse line lengths be 1. 2 and 3 as shown • The total length of traverse is 1+2+3=6 C’ 2 B’ A 1 3 D’ D .Bowditch .

New Method • In order to adjust the traverse such that D’ and D are coincident D’ would have to be corrected by a Brg and Dist equal to D’D C’ 2 B’ A 1 3 D’ D .Bowditch .

Bowditch .New Method • according to Bowditch the correction at each intermediate point is proportional to the length of each separate traverse line over the total traverse length times the misclose C’ 2 B’ A 1 3 D’ D .

Bowditch .New Method • In this example the correction at D’ must be 1+ 2 + 3 6 = of the total misclose 6 6 • Divide D’D into 6 parts C’ 2 B’ A 1 3 D’ 6 Corr 6 D .

New Method • The correction at B’ must be in the same direction but for a length proportional to 1/6 of the total correction C’ 2 A 1 B’1 Corr 6 3 D’ 6 Corr 6 BAdj D .Bowditch .

New Method • The correction at C’ must be in the same direction but for a length proportional to (1+2)/6 of the total correction C’ 2 A 1 B’1 Corr 6 BAdj 3 Corr 6 3 D’ 6 Corr 6 CAdj D .Bowditch .

New Method • The adjusted bearings and distances would form the lines as shown C’ 2 A 1 B’1 Corr 6 BAdj 3 Corr 6 3 D’ 6 Corr 6 CAdj D .Bowditch .

New Method • A close program can be used to calculate the adjusted bearings and distances and the adjusted coordinates C’ 2 A 1 B’1 Corr 6 BAdj 3 Corr 6 3 D’ 6 Corr 6 CAdj D .Bowditch .

Bowditch .New Method • Consider the triangle AB’B • Once the correction (D’D) is known both lines AB’ and B’B are known • The line AB can be calculated by closure C’ 2 A 1 B’1 Corr 6 BAdj 3 Corr 6 3 D’ 6 Corr 6 CAdj D .

New Method • From Badj draw a line parallel to B’C’ • The bearing and distance BAdjC” are the same as for B’C’ • The line C”Cadj is the correction relevant to this line i.e. 2/6 Corr C’ 2 A 1 B’1 Corr 6 3 6 Corr D’ 6 Corr 6 C” 3 BAdj CAdj D .Bowditch .