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HISTORY 2 (ASIA AND THE WORLD) Course Description: A study of Asian cultural heritage in relation to world civilization.

Credit: 3 units Social Sciences and Philosophy (SSP)

RGEP Cluster:

Offered By: Division of Social Sciences/College of Arts and Sciences U. P. in the Visayas, Miagao, Iloilo Course Objectives: 1. To appreciate Asian achievements in the context of world developments; 2. To develop a sense of internationalism and cooperation by underscoring interdependence among countries; 3. To situate the Filipino and the Philippines in the Asian and world contexts; and, 4. To develop a critical mind and the ability to communicate thought effectively through the practice of the historical method. Course Outline I. INTRODUCTION A. Definitions of history, culture, civilization, and Asia B. Geographical Overview (with current perspectives) C. Emergence of Early Civilizations TRADITIONAL ASIAN CIVILIZATIONS A. Religio-Philosophical Traditions 1. Zoroastrianism, Judaism, Christianity and Islam in West Asia 2. Hinduism and Buddhism in South Asia 3. Confucianism, Taoism, Legalism in China; Buddhism in China and Japan; Shintoism in Japan B. Political Development and Institutions 1. Theocracy and empire in West Asia 2. Kingdoms, empires, and sultanates in South Asia 3. Imperial governments in China and Japan; the Shogunate in Japan

II.

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C.

Social Institutions (Stratification and Accompanying Customs and Belief Systems) 1. Religious and warrior elites in West Asia 2. Caste system in India 3. Chinese landed gentry and peasantry; samurai and merchant class in Japan Arts of Asia 1. Visual Arts (painting, sculpture, ceramics, architecture) 2. Literature and Drama 3. Music and Dance

D.

III. AT THE CROSSROADS OF EXCHANGE and SOCIAL CHANGE A. Southeast Asia B. Central Asia IV. WESTERN COLONIALISM A. Western Expansion to Asia (factors that led to Western intrusion) B. Patterns of Western Colonialism 1. Trade, Diplomacy and Wars 2. Indirect and Direct Rule C. Cultural Repercussions V. ASIA'S INDEPENDENCE INITIATIVES A. Chronological Survey B. Patterns of Resistance 1. Asia under direct rule a. parliamentary reform b. revolution 2. Asia under indirect rule a. fundamentalism b. revolution POST-INDEPENDENCE INSTITUTIONAL RESTRUCTURING A. Modernization B. Decolonization

VI.

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Basic References: Camagay, Ma. Luisa et al., [eds.] Readings in History II: Asia and the World. [Quezon City]: U.P. System-wide Committee, [1987]. Farmer, Edward L., Gavin R. G. Hambly, David Kopf, Byron K. Marshall, & Romeyn Taylor. Comparative History of Civilizations in Asia, Vol. I: 10,000 B.C. to 1850. Boulder: Westview, 1986. Recommended References for History 2 General References: Atlas of World History. Rev. & upd. ed. Chicago: Rand McNally, 1987. Bray, Francesca. The Rice Economies: Technology & Development in Asian Societies. Berkeley: University of California, 1986. Breuilly, John. Nationalism and the State. 2nd ed. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1993. Brinton, Crane, John B. Christopher, & Robert Lee Wolfe. A History of Civilization. New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, 1967. Chan, Wing-tsit, et al., comp. The Great Asian Religions: An Anthology. New York: Macmillan, 1969. [BL1035 G74] Chapman, Graham P. & Kathleen M. Baker, eds. The Changing Geography of Asia. London: Routledge, 1992. [DS5.92 C45 1992] Cressey, George Babcock. Asia's Lands & Peoples: A Geography of One-Third of the Earth & Two-Thirds of Its People. 3rd ed. New York: McGraw-Hill, 1963. [DS5 C7 1963] Crosby, Alfred. Ecological Imperialism: The Biological Expansion of Europe, 900-1900. Cambridge: Cambridge University, 1986. Curtin, Philip D. Cross-cultural Trade in World History. _________: _____________________________, 19__. Dean, Vera Micheles. The Nature of the Non-Western World. rev. ed. New York: New American Library, 1966. Edwardes, Michael. Asia in the European Age, 1498-1955. London: Thames & Hudson, 1961. [DS34 E3 1961] Emerson, Rupert. From Empire to Nation: The Rise to SelfAssertion of Asian & African Peoples. Boston: Beacon, 1960. Gellner, Ernest. Plough, Sword & Book: The Structure of Human History. Chicago: University of Chicago, 1988. Geertz, Clifford, ed. Old Societies & New States: The Quest for Modernity in Asia & Africa. New York: Free Press, 1963. [JC365 G47]

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Ginsburg, Norton Sydney, et al., ed. The Pattern of Asia. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1958. [DS5 G5] Herbert, Jean. An Introduction to Asia. Trans. Mann Banerji. London: Allen & Unwin, 1965. [DS5 H453] Hobsbawm, Eric. The Age of Empire, 1875-1914. New York: Vintage Books, Random House, 1987. Kiernan, V.G. Imperialism & Its Contradictions. Edited & introduced by Harvey J. Kaye. New York: Routledge, 1995. Kiernan, V.G. The Lords of Human Kind: European Attitudes to the Outside World in the Imperial Age. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1972. Latourette, Kenneth Scott. A Short History of the Far East. New York: Macmillan, 1964. [DS706 L3 1964] Lewis, Bernard. Cultures in Conflict: Christians, Muslims, and Jews in the Age of Discovery. New York: Oxford University, 1995. [D228 L49 1995] Lin, Yutang, ed. The Wisdom of China & India. New York: Random House, 1942. [PJ409 L5 1942] Magdoff, Harry. Imperialism: From the Colonial Age to the Present. New York: Monthly Review, 1978. McNeill, William H. A World History. 3rd ed. New York: Oxford University, 1979. [D21 M32 1980] Meyer, Milton. Asia: Past & Present. Los Angeles: California State College at Los Angeles, 1968. Muller, Herbert J. The Uses of the Past: Profiles of Former Societies. New York: New American Library, 1952. Panikkar, Kavalam M. Asia & Western Dominance: A Survey of the Vasco da Gama Epoch of Asian History, 1498-1945. London: Allen & Unwin, 1959. [DS33 P 1959] Parry, J.H. The Establishment of the European Hegemony, 1415-1715: Trade and Exploration in the Age of the Renaissance. 3rd ed., rev. New York: Harper Torchbooks, 1959 and 1966. Robinson, Harry. Monsoon Asia. London: MacDonald & Evans, 1966. [DS10 R63] Robinson, James Harvey, Emma Peters Smith, & James Henry Breasted. Our World Today & Yesterday: A History of Modern Civilization. Boston: Ginn & Co., 1929, 1932. [D103 R65 1929] Romein, Jan. The Asian Century. Berkeley: University of California, 1962. Salazar, Zeus et al. Kabihasnang Asyano: Isang Pangkasaysayang Introduksyon. Quezon City: G.M.S. Publishing Corporation, 1981. Spencer, J. S. & W. L. Thomas. Asia, East by South: A Cultural Geography. New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 1971.

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Stamp, Sir Laurence Dudley. Asia: A Regional & Economic Geography. 12th ed. London: Methuen, 1967. [HC412 S7] Starr, Chester G. A History of the Ancient World. London: Oxford University, 1965. Thomas, Hugh. An Unfinished History of the World. Rev. ed. London: Pan, 1981. Wilson, Dick. Asia Awakes: A Continent in Transition. New York: New American Library, 1970. Wolf, Eric. Europe & the People Without History. Berkeley: University of California, 1982. Wood, Michael. Legacy: The Search for Ancient Cultures. New York: Sterling, 1992. [CB311 W64 1994] Young, Robert. White Mythologies: Writing History and the West. London: Routledge, 1990. West Asia: Ahmed, Akbar S. Discovering Islam: Making Sense of Muslim History & Society. London: Routledge, 1988. Azzam, Abd-al-Rahman. The Eternal Message of Muhammad. New York: The New American Library, 1964. Finkelstein, Louis, ed. The Jews: Their Role in Civilization. 4th ed. New York: Schocken Books, 1971; second printing 1974. [DS102.5 F5] Goitein, S. D. Studies in Islamic History & Institutions. Leiden, Netherlands: E. J. Brill, 1968. Hitti, Philip K. The Arabs: A Short History. Rev. ed. Southbend, Indiana: Gateway Editions, Ltd., 1943; 2nd revised paperback edition, 1970. [DS 223 H48 1970] Jurji, Edward J. The Middle East: Its Religion & Culture. Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1956; reprint 1973. [BL1060 J8 1973] Ibn Khaldun. An Arab Philosophy of History. Trans. Charles Issawi. London: John Murray, 1955. [D16.7 I24] Roux, Georges. Ancient Iraq. 2nd ed. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1980. Schacht, Joseph & C. E. Bosworth, eds. The Legacy of Islam. 2nd ed. Oxford: Oxford University, 1979. South Asia Basham, A. L. The Wonder that was India: A Survey of the Culture of the Indian Subcontinent before the Coming of the Muslims. New York: Grove, 1954. [DS425 B33 1967a] Conze, Edward. Buddhism: Its Essence & Development. New York: Harper, 1959. [BL1451.2 C6 1959] Edwardes, Michael. The Last Years of British India. London: New English Library, 1963.

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de Bary, William Theodore et al., ed. Sources of Indian Traditions, Vol. I. New York: Columbia University, 1958. [DS423 D33 1958 v.1] Embree, Ainslie T., ed. Sources of Indian Tradition, 2nd ed., Volume One: From the Beginning to 1800. Introduction to Oriental Civilizations, Wm. Theodore de Bary, gen. ed. New York: Columbia University, 1988. Ikram, Sheik Mohamad. Muslim Civilization in India, ed. Ainslee T. Embree. New York: Columbia University, 1964. [DS427 I42] Meyer, Milton W. South Asia: A Short History of the Subcontinent. 2nd ed. Totowa, NJ: Littlefield, Adams & Co., 1976. Thapar, Romila. A History of India, Vol. I. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1966. Wallbank, T. Walter. A Short History of India & Pakistan from Ancient Times to the Present. Rev. ed. New York: New American Library, 1958; revised 4th reprint, 1965. [DS407 W3 1958] East Asia: Anesaki, Masaharu. History of Japanese Religion: With Special Reference to the Social & Moral Life of the Nation. London: Kegan Paul, Trench, Trubner & Co., 1930, 1963. [BL2201 A5a] Beckmann, George M. The Modernization of China & Japan. New York: Harper & Row & Tokyo: John Weatherhill, 1962. Chan, Wing-tsit. A Source Book in Chinese Philosophy. Princeton, NJ: Princeton University, 1963. Chen, Kenneth K. S. The Chinese Transformation of Buddhism. Princeton: Princeton University, 1973. Cotterell, Arthur. East Asia: From Chinese Predominance to the Rise of the Pacific Rim. New York: Oxford University, 1993. Creel, Herrlee G. Chinese Thought from Confucius to Mao Tsetung. New York: New American Library, 1953. [B126 C67] de Bary, William Theodore, ed. Sources of Chinese Traditions, Vol. I. New York: Columbia University, 1964. [DA703 D4 1960 v.1] Fairbank, John King, Edwin O. Reischauer, & Albert M. Craig. East Asia: Tradition & Transformation. London: George Allen & Unwin, 1973. [CB253 F45 1978] Fitzgerald, Charles Patrick. A Concise History of East Asia. London: Heinemann, 1966. [DS511 F56] Fuerwerker, Albert, ed. Modern China. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice-Hall, 1964.

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Hellerman, Leon & Alan L. Stein. China: Readings on the Middle Kingdom. New York: Washington Square, 1973. Kahn, Herman. The Emerging Japanese Superstate: Challenge and Response. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1970. Kennedy, Malcolm D. A Short History of Japan. New York: New American Library, 1963. Reader, Ian, Eslen Andreasen & Finn Stefansson. Japanese Religions Past & Present. Sandgate: Japan Library, 1993. Reischauer, Edwin O. Japan: Past & Present. 3rd ed., rev. Tokyo: Charles E. Tuttle, 1964. Robinson, Joan. The Cultural Revolution in China. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1970. Rozman, Gilbert, ed. The Modernization of China. New York: Free Press, 1981. Schurmann, Franz and Orville Schell, eds. Imperial China: The Eighteenth and Nineteenth Centuries. Vol. 1, China Readings. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1968. Schurmann, Franz and Orville Schell, eds. Republican China: Nationalism, War, and the Rise of Communism 19111949. Vol. 2, China Readings. Harmondsworth: Penguin Books, 1967. Storry, Richard. A History of Modern Japan. Harmondsworth: Penguin, 1960. Tsunoda, Ryusaka, Wm. Theodore de Bary, & Donald Keene, eds. Sources of Japanese Traditions, Vol. I. New York: Columbia University, 1960. [DS821 T76 1958 v.1] Wright, Arthur F., ed. Confucianism and Chinese Civilization. New York: Atheneum, 1965. Central Asia: Bacon, Elizabeth E. Central Asians under Russian Rule: A Study in Cultural Change. Ithaca: Cornell University, 1966. Lattimore, Owen. The Inner Asian Frontiers of China. New York: American Geographical Society, 1940 / 1951. Lattimore, Owen & Eleanor, eds. Silks, Spices & Empire: Asia Seen Through the Eyes of Its Discovers. New York: Dell, 1968. Vucinich, Wayne S., ed. Russia & Asia: Essays on the Influence of Russia on the Asian Peoples. Stanford, CA: Stanford University, 1972. [DS12 R87] Southeast Asia: Bastin, John, ed. The Emergence of Modern Southeast Asia: 1511-1957. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1967. Dixon, Chris. South East Asia in the World-Economy. Geography of the World Economy Series. Cambridge: Cambridge University, 1991.

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Evers, Hans-Dieter. Modernization in South-East Asia. Kuala Lumpur: Oxford University, 1973. [HN666 D94 1973] Hall, D. G. E. A History of South-East Asia. 3rd ed. London: Macmillan, 1968. Gowing, Peter, ed. Understanding Islam and Muslims in the Philippines. Quezon City: New Day, 1988. Pearn, B. R. An Introduction to the History of South-East Asia. New ed. Kuala Lumpur: Longman Malaysia, 1963. Reid, Anthony. Southeast Asia in the Age of Commerce 14501680. Volume One: The Lands below the Winds. New Haven: Yale University, 1988. Reid, Anthony, ed. Southeast Asia in the Early Modern Era: Trade, Power, & Belief. Ithaca: Cornell University, 1993. Steinberg, David Joel, ed. In Search of Southeast Asia: A Modern History. Rev. ed. Honolulu: University of Hawaii, 1987. Williams, Lea E. Southeast Asia: A History. New York: Oxford University, 1976.Wolters, O. W. History, Culture, & Region in Southeast Asian Perspectives. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies, 1982. Course Requirements/Grading Scheme: Attendance/Recitation/Quizzes 20% 2 long Exams 25% Reports 15% Final Exam 30% Project 10% 100%

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