WHAT IS PANCANGA? What is its Relevance to Modern Man?

Human activities are carried on within the frame-work of time and space. Even a good work suffers sometimes if it be done at a wrong time. Similar is the case of uncongenial environments. We are reminded in this connection of Kalidasa's remark to the effect that a submission made at an appropriate time by a servant to the master bears fruit immediately. The importance of time is recognised by all human beings on the basis of their experience in life. Now who is responsible for time? We know that it is the Sun, who, though situated thousands of miles away from our earth, causes days and nights as well as seasons by his apparent motions. For, the denizens of this terrestrial sphere consider the Sun's movements, rising, moving to the zenith of the sky and setting and disappearing and causing nights, as real, though the Vedas declare that the Sun never rises, nor sets. He is visible always to the inner eye of the enlightened Seers: "Sada pasyanti surayah, diviva caksur atatam". "Seers perceive Him always. He is the wide-open or out-stretched Eye in the heavens, as it were." The Sun's Effulgence is immortalized in the illustrious Rgvedic Mantra known as Gayatrl, which states that when we meditate on that divine, most beneficent (but destructive to sins) effulgence of that Lord, He guides our intellect along the path of self-realization which is the goal of human life. Everyone knows that but for the Sun's heat and light even inanimate objects could not exist on earth, much less living beings including human beings. Great Yogins know how to tap the Sun's Susumna ray (Nadi) for all their material and spiritual requirements. Paramahamsa Yogananda refers to the wonderful life of a lady named Giribala, who lived an active life without taking any food or drink. The reason given by her was that her Guru had taught her the mode of tapping the Sun's rays for her sustenance. Modern science is now trying to utilize solar energy for heating, lighting etc. as fuel scarcity is increasing day by day in the world. That is the reason
288 why the ancient Seers declared in the fg Veda: "The Sun is the Soul of all beings, moving and stationary". It does not behove, therefore, the so-called rationalists to denounce Sun-worship practised by ancient civilisations all over the world as a superstition. Indian thinkers have already affirmed that man is not a mere body, but a knowing, feeling, willing soul residing in a material body. Even so the Supreme Effulgence is residing in the orb of the Sun, a huge Ball of Fire. Scientists have now established that Time is the fourth dimension. When we come to realize the importance of time, it is incumbent on us to know it in its entirety. Unless we know its parts or limbs we cannot have a complete understanding of its whole body. The ancients have divided Time into five subdivisions or limbs as human body is divided into eight limbs (which is the subject of the science of Ayurveda). It is appropriate to call the five limbs as foundation of Time. For, in South India the foundation of a building is called Pancanga, as it has five parts. Hence it is essential for us to study well the five limbs of Kala, Time, whose personification or Soul is the Sun called Kalatma. To know the Pancanga is to worship Him in order to obtain all that we need for our living here and hereafter. These five elements are known as i) Tithi or Lunar Day, ii) Vara or weekday, iii) Naksatra or Lunar Mansion, iv) Yoga or combination of the longitudes of the Luminaries, and v) Karana or a Half Tithi. In astrology the Moon occupies a pre-eminent position inasmuch as she represents the Cosmic Mind. We read in the Veda: "Candrama manaso jatah": The Moon was born of Purusa's Mind. It is also well known that it is the mind that controls man's health, behaviour and social and personal activities. The lunar day corresponds to the phases of the Moon, which in their turn are called the Moon's progress along the Zodiacal belt after she leaves the cosy embrace of the Sun at the New Moon. When the longitudes of the two luminaries are identical it is called Amavasya and when the Moon moves 12 degrees away from the Sun, the first lunar day of the light half ends and the second Tithi begins. At the rate of 12 degrees per Tithi the full Moon or Purnima ends, when the Moon's distance is 180 degrees from the Sun's longitude. As the Tithis advance, so do the Moon's phases increase and when the Moon's orb is full and complete, round, she is supposed to have developed all her 15 digits. Incidentally it
WHAT IS PANCANGA ?

289 may be interesting to know that the lunar months are named after the constellations in which the Full Moon is stationed. I shall not in this connection go into the discussion regarding the beginning and ending of the lunar month. In the dark fortnight the phases of the Moon decrease as she progresses towards the Snn. On the new Moon day there is no lunar digit at all, as she has sacrificed all her digits, containing ambrosia, at the altar of the Gods and Manes or Pitarah. There are altogether 30 lunar days in a lunar month, divided into two fortnights of 15 days each. The bright half is especially favourable for the performance of all auspicious ceremonies, while in the dark fortnight the first five days are good and the next five moderate and the rest are generally to be avoided. The Tithis too have their own presiding deities which are explained by Varahamihira in his Brhat Samhita XCIX. They are in order: 1) Brahma, 2) Vidhata (according to Parasara, Brhaspati), 3) Visnu, 4) Yama, 5) Moon, 6) Kartikeya, 7) Indra (Muni says Para.), 8)Vasus, 9) Serpent (Pisaci), 10) Dharma, 11) Rudra, 12) Sun, 13) Manmatha, 14) Kali

The 12th Tithi is good for keeping treasures. and under v) Fourth. Under i) come the First. However. nocturnal activities etc. The 5th is to be utilized for lasting works such as house-construction. The 10th is for stable works leading to fame. digging moats. Tuesday widowhood and bad character. under iii) the Third. weapons. wealth and children and Friday personal attractiveness and love of kinsmen. milk. Thursday and Friday. The llth is stable and good for kitchen construction. performing sacrifices and convening an assembly ofVedic scholars. and Brahminical works. coronation of rulers. one should not elect the Fourth lunar day. The 9th Tithi is for killing enemies. but it is good for forest-cropping. 9th and 14th. Mahabala. On Wednesday or when Mercury is in the Lagna (not in association with malefics) green substances. some moderate and others harmful in the case of auspicious functions. gems. The second element of the Almanac is Vara or Weekday. scientific pursuit. iii) Mrdu or Tender. woollen garments. tours. wood. Another authority brings the Tithis under six heads as Ksipra. physicians. 4th. Wednesday. clothes. removal of poisons etc. eating new rice.doing friendly acts. preparing 290 ornaments etc. gold. under iv) Sixth and Eighth. and 12th. Some authorities accept even Saturday for entering an agricultural field. whereas Tuesday and Saturday cause disease to crops. 4) Rikta— 4th. The Full Moon day is for worshipping of gods. Some condemn Tuesday and Saturday for all good works. 9th and 14th. works connected with ornaments. dramatic work. v) Krura-daruna or Cruel-Dreadful. For example. silver. or when Cancer is rising. and on Sunday in poverty. According to them Friday should be discarded. Tenth and Eleventh Tithis. on Tuesday in that of the bride. and Saturday to penury and rheumatic trouble. horses. Vargas. copper. Thursday piety. house-construction. so too that of the Kalahora. ii) Ksipra or Quick. The 8th day is good for manufacturing arms. even Monday will be inauspicious during that period. and 5) Puma—5th. women. The 13th is for ornamental works. Moon and Jupiter are good. construction of mangers etc. When' the Sun is posited in an Upacaya house from the natal Moon or in the ascendant at the elected time. marriage and progressive undertakings. They are further grouped as i) Sthira or Stable. gives separate names to the ten Tithis beginning with the 6thasMasa. The above rule applies to the entrance of goats and buffaloes and to mountaineering. presided over by Yama. corals. taking tonics etc. On the New Moon day sacrifices for the ancestors. Ninth and Fourteenth Tithis. Wednesday and Thursday moderate and the rest bad. Sixth and Eleventh Tithis. Those that are presided over by the benefics are auspicious days: Monday. shaving etc. Some include New Moon too in this list. ores. According to Sage Gargya marriage on a Saturday will culminate in the death of the bridegroom. for sinking wells. Ugra and Siddhi. Jaya. As the weak Moon becomes a malefic. Sunday can very well be used for works connected with gold. Cara. Yama. It is to be remembered in this connection that the lord of the weekday should be strong. The Tithis are further divided into five classes as 1) Nanda—the First. They are also divided into three categories as Urdhvasya or Facing Upward. fine arts. Mitra. 8th and 13th. 15) Visvedevas. 8th and 12th along with the Riktas viz. iv) Mrdu-daruna or Tender-Dreadful. Ugrasena. however. They are the 6th. The days owned by malefics are meant for particular functions. The Third lunar day is good for controlling cattle. For oil-bath the 6th. and Adhomukha or Facing Downward. Each Tithi has been allotted certain functions according to its innate qualities. Thirteenth and Fifth. perfumes. Sudhanva. Vasistha says that for the growth of crops the weekdays. brewing etc. . servants etc. As far as marriage is concerned Sunday is said to lead to separation of the couple. Seventh and Twelfth. tunnels etc. fire. The 6th is good for permanent works like building temples. holy places etc. The 7th day is for. laying gardens. yet they are not alike in effect. making women attractive. sacrifice. Tuesday causes success in respect of the following: Mines. Mrdu. may be done. 2) Bhadra—2nd. the Sun.(Rudra). and 30) Pitarah (Parasara makes no difference between the Full and New Moon regarding their deities). Bhadra for treatment. Wednesday good progeny. pearls. cruel deeds. agriculture. Sthira and Tiksna. Tiryanmukha or Facing Sideways. when the Moon is strong Monday is good for agriculture. Varahamihira prescribes Nanda Tithis for permanent works. for any work except murderous and cruel deeds. Similarly on Monday or when the Moon is in the Lagna or an angle. Some are beneficial. as well as sowing. 7th. Sunanda. and store-houses. flowers and clothes can be done with advantage. 8th and 14th Tithis are forbidden. 3) Jaya—3rd. Sage Parasara. The 14th is for cruel deeds. Sage Vasistha opines that Tuesday is the best for agricultural operations. 10th and 15th. medicine etc. under ii) the Second. It is to be understood that though all the Tithis are based on the phases of the Moon. The 4th as said above is fit for dreadful deeds. Ugra. Some lunar days are termed CHINNA (Cut) Tithis which are to be avoided for auspicious deeds. For example. capturing. WHAT IS PANCANGA ? 291 and rising of Venus. and still more the planet that owns the Amsa rising at the time. Mantras. while Monday confers happiness.

In addition to this there is Varasula—weekday Spike— which should be avoided for journeys in the particular direction: There is Sula on Monday and Saturday towards the East. and on Tuesday and Wednesday towards the North. 3) Jaggery. 6) Barley and 7) Blackgram. Ardra. Among the constellations the following nine are eschewed for auspicious functions: Bharani. However. Certain foods are prescribed for the different weekdays before starting on a journey: They are in order 1) Ghee. Brahma. 4) Sesamum. on Sunday and Friday after Fifteen Ghatis. Monday. The Circle of constellations is said to be stationary and to have an independent status. Sugar and Milk. the second day worship is to be done on a day ruled by Rohini. Mercury. which is divided into twelve Signs or Rasis. The Vidyamadhavlya states that sometimes the weekdays of Mercury and Venus are not beneficial to women and cows for journey. It is the experience of the faithful that when they are forced by circumstances to commence a good work under a forbidden star. travels. Kanjika. Krittika—Hips. Satabhisak— Laughter.Anuradha—Breast. Punarvasu—Fingers. invariably they fail to achieve success. Boar. Wednesday and Saturday alone are recommended to oil-bath. 2) Milk. we have to start with the Feet of the Stellar Deity. however. This worship ought to be conducted strictly in the order of the limbs i. Visnu. For boating Thursday is said to be idea]. Ghee and Milk porridge. As far as Sraddhas are concerned. and worshipped. treatment of ailments. According to Garga house-warming can be done on Saturdays. There are 27asterisms— excluding Abhijit which is placed in Capricorn—which are made use of for all kinds of auspicious rituals. Earth.'Visakha—Arms. Aslesa. there are some exceptions to this rule during emergencies: Monday and Saturday Sula will not do any harm after Eight Ghatis have elapsed. Worship of the Stellar Deity with Lord Visnu is done on a day ruled by the star Mula synchronizing with the eighth lunar day of the dark fortnight of the month of Caitra. per sign of 30 degrees. Citra—Forehead. Asvini—Knees. Sage Garga declares that by worshipping this Deity one could attain sound health. Monday and Saturday are the best. Fresh Milk and Tilodana or Rice and Sesamum. Some persons who are called men of progressive views might dub those that believe in omens etc. Bhadrapadas—Two Sides. Pusya—Mouth. on Sunday and Friday towards the West. Hasta—Hands. litigation. Visakha and Jyestha. on Tuesday and Wednesday after Twelve Ghatis. marketing commodities and the like.e. will flourish. and on Thursday after Twenty-two Ghatis. from Mula onwards. As the description of Gods is done from foot upwards. entertain no doubt whatsoever in their minds about the veracity of the influencs of planets on terrestrial beings as well as of auguries. happiness and personal charm. Jupiter and Venus. Theasterism Mula represents its Feet. Guha. Elephant. Tiger for Monday. the Two Asadhas—Thighs. Whatever they might say. but travelling is forbidden. The Stars are also divided into three categories as . whose correctness they have tested by observation and personal experience. Similarly it is in the case of other planets and their weekdays. The third limb of the Almanac is the Naksatra or constellation whose importance must needs be specially noted by all in general and by students of astrology inparticular. Svati —Teeth. and the rest tolerable. P & U. and lastly Ardra— Hair. Rohini—Shanks. According to Sripati. Years ago it was performed at New Delhi by some Vaidik Brahmanas from the South. Magha—Nose. and Wednesday break of the pole. Indra and Kala. In astrology the Zodiacal belt is considered as the Body of Time or Kala-Purusa. Gauri. Mrgasiras—Eyes. Their secondary lords are Agni. Cow. Revati— Stomach . Phalgunis—Privities. Saci and Virinci. they are Marjika (a kind of buttermilk?). their Presiding Deities and Subsidiary Deities is done sometimes in South India. on Thursday towards the South. as superstitious. For voyages one should elect the weekdays and Amsas of the Moon. Hari. Sravana—Ears.alchemy etc. which in turn contain 27 (or 28) constellations that are divided equally among the twelve Signs at the rate of Two and a Quarter stars or nine quarters. Jyestha Neck. such people as are endowed with a sincere heart and unflinching faith in God and statements of great sages of yore. TheYonis or animals of the weekdays are said to be Lion for Friday. Tuesday and Friday are the worst. Krttika. while Monday and Friday cause floods. The lords of the 292 weekdays are in order Siva. Curds. This remark applies to omens as well. Water. Hence this Circle of stars too is regarded as a separate Deity known as Naksatra-Purusa or WHAT IS PANCANGA ? 293 Stellar Deity. Naksatresti or Sacrifice to the Stars. Aslesa—Nails. the three Purvas. 5) Curds. Bharani— Head. Sakra. and Dog for the rest. Dhanistha— Back. Donkey.

They are also sub-divided into three groups as Divine. the first Yoga. because they are permanently allotted to four half Tithis: Sakuni is assigned to the latter half of the 14th Tithi of the dark fortnight. Similarly only the first half of Parigha Yoga is to be discarded. So in a lunar month of 30 days there must be 60 Karanas. 4. sight. Sakuni. Taitila. 2) Facing Downward 294 and 3) Facing Sideways. The first group of Divine asterisms consists of the nine stars. U. On Friday the 13th July 1984 Vaidhrti expires at 5-35 P. Naga. The Human group is made up of 2. Taitila and Garaja to the two halves of the third Tithi. Ganda and Atiganda. Viskambha. the following rule should be strictly adhered to: 7 Ghatis. 30G. 17. upto 14-15 hrs. Tender. 11.. The next limb of the Almanac is Yoga. This process will be repeated until you reach the first half of the 14th Tithi of the dark half. So the later half is to be given to Bava. Bava.M. 5G. Magha and the three next. 25 and 26 are Male. These Yogas are called Nitya Yogas or Daily Yogas. Catuspat and Naga to the two halves of the New Moon. Vyatipata. The Yonis or animal origins of the Karanas viz. Mula. are in order Lion. respectively at the end should be discarded. 7G. 25 and 26. and Satabhisak Eunuch. In this scheme Bava will be assigned to the later half of the first lunar day of the bright fortnight. and (5) Rasi and lunar day. Gara or Garaja. (4) star and lunar day. Kaulava. Tiger. and Kimstu-ghna. When the sum of the longitudes of the Sun and the Moon is Zero. Sula.M.. Cow and Dog. Out of this the first half of 10-27 hrs should go to the fixed Karana. the entire body of Vyatipata and Vaidhrti is malignant and hence to be discarded. The Outer Circle consists of four triads headed by Punarvasu. Catuspat. and Revati. starts. 12. Human and Demoniac. Movable (cara) WHAT IS PANCANGA ? 295 and Immovable (Sthira). That day the first lunar day ends at 14-15 hrs. 5. Balava and Kaulava will go to the first and second halves of the second Tithi (Sukia). The sum of these two figures is Zero. These are to be shared among the movable Karanas that are 7 in number. and lastly Kimstughna to the first half of the first lunar day (Pratipat) of the light half.. Vaidhrti.4. Thus on the 29th Bava will be ruling from 3-48 hrs. (2) weekday and star.Male. The stars are further classified on the basis of their face. It started the previous day at 17-21 hrs. Anuradha and the three next and Dhanistha and the succeeding three. Citra. Just as the longitude of a star is 13°-20'. Their Sight is Manda (Dull). Let us see it in practice. (according to Lahiri's Ephemeris). The former group consists of seven Karanas viz. Vanik. Vajra. Anandadi Yoga. stars 1. which is used for journeys is caused by the combination of the star and weekday. The First class consists of 16 stars of four groups of four stars each: Krttika and the next three. Movable ones.22. The fixed ones can be easily recognised. 13. From this point every Yoga needs 13°-20'. Elephant. nos. The longitudes of the Sun and the Moon are respectively 2-27-37-22 and 9-2-22-38 at 5-35 P. Mrga. Madhya (Moderate). These Karanas are divided into two groups viz. The second group of fixed ones has only four Karanas Viz. According to one commentator the number of Ghatis mentioned here are to be avoided both in the beginning and at the end. Parigha. the first of the moving Karanas. 15G. Out of the 27 Nitya Yogas the following are generally shunned: Viskambha.. They arc 1) Facing upward. Let me illustrate this with an example: on Sunday the 29th July 1984 bright fortnight is mentioned. They are also classified as Antaranga (of the Inner Circle) and Bahiranga (of the Outer Circle). Sharp. and Bhadra or Visti. The remaining stars belong to the Demoniac class.even so the value of a Yoga is the same number of degrees and minutes. 17. 13. So the total duration of this Sukia Pratipat (First day of the light half) is 20-54 hrs. according to . 21. The meaning of this word is union or sura. and characteristics. Stable and Unstable. 20. 7. Even if these untoward Yogas are to be employed under emergencies. Female. However. 6G. Boar. In this manner you can calculate from the sum of longitudes of the luminaries for any time of a particular day the ruling Yoga at the rate of 13°-20' per Yoga.8. They are Quick. and6G. What remains of the 60 halves of the lunar month is 5 6. Asadha (including Abhijit in the middle). Vyaghata.. and Vanik and Visti (Bhadra) to the two halves of the fourth lunar day. There are 27 Yogas' corresponding to the 27 constellations. 6. Their Lords. We are not concerned with these at the present juncture. Donkey. 1. According to Sripati only the first Quarter of the inauspicious Yogas need be rejected for auspicious ceremonies. 9G„ 3G. Balava. Fierce. 8. In other words it is nothing but the sum-t'ptal of the longitudes of the two luminaries. Karana is so called because it cuts the Tithi into two equal parts. star and lunar day. and Eunuch. 22 and 27. There are five other Yogas brought about by the combination of (1) weekday and lunar day. So they will be repeated eight times. and the remaining 15 are Female. Sudrk (Nice Sight) and Andha (Blind). and it is also the end of the 27th Yoga. Vaidhrti.7. (3) weekday. Kimstughna. 15.

Vanik is good for trade and commerce. Hence whatever work is recommended under a constellation can be done on a corresponding Tithi etc. According to Garga. Tula. Among the movable Karanas Visti or Bhadra is of dreadful consequences. Manibhadra and Yama respectively. and the rest are good. Astronomy and Astrology. Karka and Makara. Kanya. He tells us also whether it belongs to the first half or the second half of the particular lunar day. and in the second half of the 3rd and 10th Tithis. it would be clear to a dispassionate thinker that more than his forbears the modern educated man is in dire need of a firm. So doubling 6 and adding I to the result we get 13. When Bhadra is in Heaven. take 18th August 1984. Serpent and Cock respectively. cruel deeds. So too lunar mansions and Karanas having the same lord may be employed for appropriate functions. Vrscika. Kumbha and Mina. Prajapati. Aslesa and Sakuni. it will be on the Earth. U. If we consider calmly the disturbing and enervating conditions under which modern man lives and ekes out his livelihood. Rohini and Balava. as they have the same lord viz. Others are meant for auspicious and progressive acts. Bhadra dwells in Heaven. The reason given is that in Heaven Bhadra looks WHAT IS PANCANGA ? 297 upwards. Rohini and Catuspat. Such a support is an unshakable faith in the protective power and wisdom of God. ii) acquisition of wealth. Vrsa. which include the science of Jyautisa. and when she is in Simha. Mitra. Such people forget that the basis of astrology is nothing but the astronomical science. reliable support for maintaining his mental peace and sanity in order to be able to save himself from dangerous situations. A man of faith is guided in his life by the precepts of Sastras as well as by the practices of great men of yore who have bequeathed to us Vedas and Vedangas. Their lords are in order Kali. Divide the sum by 7. Jupiter. Vasus. Sravaoa and Vanik. Now coming to the subject of Paficanga. Aslesa and Naga and Svati and Kimstughna are treated as equals in electional astrology. Jyestha and Garaja. Similarly it would be beneficial for a diurnal function.M. Sri and Yama. The sage adds that this Karana which is of dire consequence travels in the three worlds: when the Moon is tenanting any of the Signs Mesa. it is in the Nether-world. Phani and Maruta.Bharadvaja. For example. Nether-world and Earth. provided it commences before sunrise. So whatever is allowed under Rohini is good for the Pratipad also. star Jyestha and Bava Karana. stars. The Yonis of the four fixed Karanas are Dog. Let me digress here a little: The other day a certain gentleman railing against astrology remarked that while Astronomy was a science Astrology was not. Anuradha and Kauiava. 296 It may be noted that some of the Tithis. It is the 6th Tithi (Dark) ending at 10-38 A. we can safely declare that no man can live and act in society effectively unless h&is conversant with the parts of Calendar. For example. For example. Pratipad Tithi and Star Rohini have a common lord. However. Sage Bharadvaja gives a rough method for finding out the movable Karana on a particular day thus: Note the number of the Tithi and double the number and add 1 to it. In Indian parlance especially in religious matters this calendar takes the form of the Almanac which shows many other things apart from . So it too ends at 10-38 A. forcible and hateful activities. the effect also should be scientific. As Bhadra or Visti Karana is considered as extremely malefic. and iii) Utter ruination. are Visnu. it leaves a remainder of 6. when she is in Mithuna. These exceptions prove very handy for astrologers in electing good Muhurtas for marriage etc. Similarly for Sraddhas Star Magha and New Moon are ideal. Karanas and Muhurtas have common presiding deities. Bava is good for Brahmins. Brahma. which is Vanik that is co-extensive with the later half of the Tithi. Varahamihira gives their names as Indra. a simple method has been given by sage Markandeya for locating it for the purpose of avoiding it.Aryama. The remainder gives the number of the Karana ruling at the end of the Tithi. Phalguni and Taitila. and on Earth it confronts all beings. Among the fixed ones Naga is used for permanent works. Bull. Taitila for political and court work as well as for ornaments: Gara is for house-hold work and agriculture. and Dhanus.M. This dreaded Karaoa will prove harmless at night provided it starts prior to sunset. Bharani and Visti. Being divided by 7. while in the Dark Fortnight it occurs in the First half of the 7th and 14th lunar days. Bhu. If the cause is scientific. in the Nether-world downwards. In the bright fortnight Visti occurs in the first half of the 8th Tithi and Full Moon: and in the second half on the 4th and llth lunar days. Vrsabha. It may be argued by some that a knowledge of the Paficanga is unnecessary for a modern man. works done will contribute in order i) to auspicious results. Moon. Manes.

The planets are the Looms. As we are born to a hoary cultural tradition. In the almanac a certain number of Ghatis is given against Amrta and Visa. If it exceeds or is short of that. weekday etc. or appearing before a committee of interviewers.. Нота and Worship of the Lord Supreme. Hence even scientists ought to choose good moment for their research work.. if one does not get even an Interview Call. for starting to take competitive examination. Edgar Cayce has stated in trance: "The Twelve signs of the Zodiac represent soul-patterns.l it is necessary to see which lunar day. he is forced to follow the elders in the house regarding the choice of the time and day for the WHAT IS PANCANGA ? 299 chosen project. It means that the Visa or Amrta period starts from that Ghati. Otherwise we would be going against our own nature. The argument why you should respect the sayings of the great Seers of yore who had no axe to grind. Spiritualists have demonstrated through seances the continuity of the Soul or personality after its physical death. Fate is powerful because Fate is nothing but the resultant of our own past Karma (Prarabdha). can be mitigated by our repentent actions such as Japa.. If personal effort had no value at all. Generally their duration is of four Ghatis or I hr. the will is the weaver. according to the Sastras. proper change will have to be made. One may ask: Even if one selects a good time for writing one's application for a post. is proof positive for the statement that man is not an automaton blindly following an inexorable Fate.. No doubt. Similarly no Muhurta is prescribed during the Visa period by any astrologer. provided the constellation is of 60 Ghati-duration. One ought to know them too in order to be able to steer clear of inauspicious moments while setting out on a journey or commencing some good work such as constructing a house and sending children to school. we are bound to observe its principles.the above-named five elements. No two moments are alit)». or going on a journey.i in their potentialities. The very fact that the ancient seers have advised us to elect good elements of the calendar for starting any good work. you cannot undertake any major project.. The intensity and poignancy of the result of past Karma. wl 298 mansion. is that it is better to fail by following the advice of noble persons rather than .. In modern society man has to face many a challenge: In the matter of admission to school and college. After all every moment conceals in its womb vast potentiality for the future. When he finds himself helpless. you are not to blame. which Yoga and Karana are in harmony with your birth star. all the injunctions of our Sastras would be null and void. Hence in urgent circumstances Amrta Ghati is to be sought for. which weekday. in submitting applications for jobs. For the commencement of these two periods of each asterism please refer to page 50 supra. Each star has a particular period Visa Ghalis as well as Amrta Ghatis. Great scientists and] get inspiration for scientific inventions or for writing in) poetry at certain specific moments and under congenial er ments. one is naturally very apprehensive about the result. When your mind is dejected or when you are not ph< hale and hearty. what value can be attached to the good Muhurta one has chosen? There is a saying in Sanskrit which means that if you fail in spite of your efforts.. Now what are the other items you have to consider while reading the Pancanga daily in the morning? They are Visa and Amrta Ghatis. In the opinion of authors of works on Muhurta the Amrta Ghati period is highly prized in spite of some blemishes. we have to reap its fruit in this life. What we had sown in our previous existence." He has given verifiable details of his clients' previous lives. 36 mt. The soul of the entity is part of the universal consciousness and has dwelt in these environs.

succeed by the advice of corrupt and ignoble people. Muhurta wealth. don't patients consult a qualified physician or surgeon? By consulting almanacs and astrologers one gets at least psychological satisfaction and mental peace which are a great asset for man in our troubled world. health and freedom from sins through the constellation. Elsewhere it is stated that the lunar mansion confers good health.* *By Courtesy of the I'iffya. ascendant comfortable journey. Tithi success. Calcutla-48 . and generally a strong Moon. Because people die even after taking medicine. all good things. The Sages have assured the faithful that by reading daily in the morning the five limbs of the almanac one could secure prosperity through the lunar day (Tithi). and success in one's efforts through the Karana. longevity through weekday. relief from illness through Yoga.

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