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# DESIGN OF SLAB

## Toilet no.2 4.5x3 m

.DEPTH
Assuming 300 mm wall thickness
Lx =3.0 + 0.3 = 3.3 m
Ly = 4.5 + 0.3 = 4.8m
Assume Pt = 0.2%
Modification factor = 1.63
Effective depth d = Lx/(26x 1.63) = 4800/(26 x 1.63) = 113mm
Take d = 150 mm
Overall depth = 150 + 30 = 180 mm
Ly = 4.5 + d = 4.5 + 1.5 = 4.65m
Lx = 3.0 + d = 3.0 + .15 = 3.15 m
Loads : for 1 m wide strip
Dead load = 25bd = 25 x 1 x 0.18 = 4.5 kN/m
Live load = 2.5 kN/m2 x 1 = 2.5 kN/m
Total working load = 7.0 kN/m
Factored load w = 1.5 x 7.0 = 10.5 kN/m
. Design Moments
Ly/Lx =4.65/ 3.15 =1.48<2.0
It`s a case of 2-way slab with two adjacent edges discontinuous.

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## BM coefficients (Table 26;IS 456)

Ax =0.075
ay =0.047
Ax+ =0.056
ay+ =0.035
Mx = 0.075x 10.5 x 3.152=708 kNm
Mx+ = 0.056x 10.5x3. 152 =5.8 kNm
My- =0.047 x10.5x 3. 152 4.8 kNm
My- = 0.035x10.5x3.152=3.6kNm
.Minimum depth required
Mmax.=7.8 kNm
d=[M/(0.138fck b)] =53.2mmo.k
.Area of steel
Ast=-0.5fck 1-(4.6M/fckbd2)bd
Astx- =150mm2
Astx-+=112mm2
Astx- =102mm2
Astx+ =75mm2
Ast min =0.12x180x1000/100=216 mm2
Take care,
Astx+ =216 mm2
Astx- =216 mm2
Astx+ =216 mm2
Astx- =216 mm2

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## Spacing c/c= area of one bar X h

Steel area
For 12 mm bar
Sx.=sx+ = sy- = sy +300 mm
Check for shear
Kn
V = wlx/2 =24.57kN
T= V/bd = 0.16 N/mm
Pt=Astmax./bd=0.19%
r=0.32 N/mm2>r

(Table 19 ; IS 456)

ok

Distrbutin steel
Astd =.12/1000x10000x180
=216mm2
Promide 8mm dia bars@ 230mm c/c
Torsion steel
At corners where slab is discontinuous over both the edges
At =3/4x216=162mm2

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DESIGN OF SLAB
Toilet no.2 4.5x3 m
.DEPTH
Assuming 300 mm wall thickness
Lx =3.0 + 0.3 = 3.3 m
Ly = 4.5 + 0.3 = 4.8m
Assume Pt = 0.2%
Modification factor = 1.63
Effective depth d = Lx/(26x 1.63) = 4800/(26 x 1.63) = 113mm
Take d = 150 mm
Overall depth = 150 + 30 = 180 mm
Ly = 4.5 + d = 4.5 + 1.5 = 4.65m
Lx = 3.0 + d = 3.0 + .15 = 3.15 m
Loads : for 1 m wide strip
Dead load = 25bd = 25 x 1 x 0.18 = 4.5 kN/m
Live load = 2.5 kN/m2 x 1 = 2.5 kN/m
Total working load = 7.0 kN/m
Factored load w = 1.5 x 7.0 = 10.5 kN/m
. Design Moments
Ly/Lx =4.65/ 3.15 =1.48<2.0
It`s a case of 2-way slab with two adjacent edges discontinuous.

50

## BM coefficients (Table 26;IS 456)

ax- =0.075
ay =0.047
ax+ =0.056
ay+ =0.035
Mx- = 0.075x 10.5 x 3.152=7.8 kNm
Mx+ = 0.056x 10.5x3. 152 =5.8 kNm
My- =0.047 x10.5x 3. 152 4.8 kNm
My- = 0.035x10.5x3.152=3.6kNm
.Minimum depth required
Mmax.=7.8 kNm
d=[M/(0.138fck b)] =53.2mmo.k
.Area of steel
Ast=-0.5fck 1-(4.6M/fckbd2)bd
Astx- =150mm2
Astx-+=112mm2
Astx- =102mm2
Astx+ =75mm2
Ast min =0.12x180x1000/100=216 mm2
Take care,
Astx+ =216 mm2
Astx- =216 mm2
Astx+ =216 mm2
Astx- =216 mm2

51

## Spacing c/c= area of one bar X h

Steel area
For 12 mm bar
Sx.=sx+ = sy- = sy +300 mm
Check for shear
Kn
V = wlx/2 =24.57kN
T= V/bd = 0.16 N/mm
Pt=Astmax./bd=0.19%
r=0.32 N/mm2>r

(Table 19 ; IS 456)

ok

Distrbutin steel
Astd =.12/1000x10000x180
=216mm2
Promide 8mm dia bars@ 230mm c/c
Torsion steel
At corners where slab is discontinuous over both the edges
At =3/4x216=162mm2

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DESIGN OF SLAB
STAFF ROOM 4.5X6.0 m
.Depth

## Aussuming 300 mm wall thickness

Lx =4.5+03 = 4.8 m
Ly = 6.0 + 0.3 = 6.3m
Assume Pt = 0.2%
Modification factor = 1.63

## Effective depth d = Lx/(26x 1.63) = 4800/(26 x 1.63) = 113mm

Take d = 150 mm
Overall depth = 150 + 30 = 180 mm
Lx = 4.5 + d = 4.5 + .15 = 4.65m
Ly = 6.0 + d = 6.0 + .15 = 6.15 m
Loads : for 1 m wide strip
Dead load = 25bd = 25 x 1 x 0.18 = 4.5 kN/m
Live load = 2.5 kN/m2 x 1 = 2.5 kN/m
Total working load = 7.0 kN/m
Factored load w = 1.5 x 7.0 = 10.5 kN/m
. Design Moments
Lx/Ly =6.15/ 4.65 =1.3<2.0
It`s a case of 2-way slab with two adjacent edges discontinuous.

BM coefficients
(Table 26 ; IS 456)
ax- = 0.051
ay- = 0.037
ax+ = 0.039
ay+ = 0.028

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Mx- = 0.051x 10.5 x 4.652=11.58 kNm
Mx+ = 0.039x 10.5x4. 652 =8.85 kNm
My- =0.037 x10.5x 4. 652 8.84kNm
My- = 0.028x10.5x4.652=6.36kNm

## .Minimum depth required

Mmax.=11.58 kNm
d=[M/(0.138fck b)] =64.8mm o.k
.Area of steel
Ast=-0.5fck 1-(4.6M/fckbd2)bd
Astx- =223.6mm2
Astx-+=169.7mm2
Astx- =160.8mm2
Astx+ =116mm2
Ast min =0.12x180x1000/100=216 mm2
Take care,
Astx+ =216 mm2
Asty- =216 mm2
Asty+ = 216 mm2
Spacing c/c = area of one bar x b
Steel area

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For 12 mm bar
Sx- = Sx+ = Sy+ =300mm

V = wLx

/2 =24.57kN

## t= V/bd = 0.16 N/mm2

Pt=Astmax./bd=0.19%
r` = 0.32 N/mm2>t

(Table 19 ; IS 456)

o.k

Distributin steel
Astd =.12/1000x10000x180
=216mm2
Provide 8 mm@ 230 mm c/c
Torsion steel
At corners where slab is discontinuous over both the edges
At =3/4x216=162mm2

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DESIGN OF SLAB
. Depth

## Aussuming 300 mm wall thickness

Lx =3.6+0.3 =3.9 m
Ly = 4.5 + 0.3 = 4.8 m
Assume Pt = 0.2%
Modification factor = 1.63

## Effective depth d = Lx/(26x 1.63) = 4800/(26 x 1.63) = 113mm

Take d = 150 mm
Overall depth = 150 + 30 = 180 mm
Ly =4.5 + d = 4.5 + .15 = 4.65m
Lx= 3.0+ d = 3.6 + .15 = 3.75 m
Loads : for 1 m wide strip
Dead load = 25bd = 25 x 1 x 0.18 = 4.5 kN/m
Live load = 2.5 kN/m2 x 1 = 2.5 kN/m
Total working load = 7.0 kN/m
Factored load w = 1.5 x 7.0 = 10.5 kN/m
. Design Moments
Ly/Lx = 4.65/ 3.75 = 1.2,2.0

## It`s a case of 2-way slab with two adjacent edges discontinuous.

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BM coefficients (Table 26;IS 456)
ax- =0.075
ay =0.047
ax+ =0.056
ay+ =0.035
Mx- = 0.075x 10.5 x 3.152=7.8 kNm
Mx+ = 0.056x 10.5x3. 152 =5.8 kNm
My- =0.047 x10.5x 3. 152 4.8 kNm

My- = 0.035x10.5x3.152=3.6kNm
.Minimum depth required
Mmax.=7.8 kNm
d=[M/(0.138fck b)] =53.2mmo.k
.Area of steel
Ast=-0.5fck 1-(4.6M/fckbd2)bd
Astx- =150mm2
Astx-+=112mm2
Astx- =102mm2
Astx+ =75mm2
Ast min =0.12x180x1000/100=216 mm2
Take care,
Astx+ =216 mm2
Astx- =216 mm2
Astx+ =216 mm2
Astx- =216 mm2

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