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ift Kademeli Helisel Dili Redktr :

Verilenler : ng=1500 d/dak


Pg=22 Kw
=11
1. evrim oranlarnn tayini:
top=i12*i34= 11
ort= 3,32
12=3,82
34=2,88
Z1=Z3=20 Adet

i12=Z2/Z1=> Z2= 76 Adet


34=Z4/Z3 => Z4= 58 Adet
12gerek=3,82
34gerek=2,88

2. Burulma Momentlerinin Hesaplanmas:


Mb1=Mb=9550xp/n
Mb1= 140,067
daN/mm
Mb2= Mb3=12 x12 x Mb1=52924 daN/mm
Mb4= 34 x 14 x Mb3=151007 daN/mm
1inci Kademenin Boyutlandrlmas:
1.Malzeme seimi:
1. Dili: ( 17C2NMO6)
k=130 daN/mm2
ak=78 daN/mm2
HB= ekirdek=400 daN/mm2
Yanak=650 daN/mm2
PHD=163
2.Dili:(15CRN8 )
k=90 daN/mm2
ak=64 daN/mm2
HB= ekirdek=310 daN/mm2
Yanak=650 daN/mm2
PHD=163 daN/mm2
HB> 350 daN/mm2 olduundan boyutlandrma mukavemet hesabna gre
kontrol ise yzey basncna gre yaplr.

2- Dili Parametrelerinin Seimi:


Eim as:0=14
alma faktr:K0=1,25
Genilik faktr: d=0,8
Dinamik faktr: Kv=1
Form faktr:
Zc1=Z1/Cos2(o)=21,89 Adet
Zc2= Z2/Cos2(o)= 76,39 Adet
K=1,5
3- Dili arklarn Mukavemet Snr:
D*=((Ky x Kb)/K)xKR x Kl x Kz x D
D1*=43,33 daN/mm2
D2*=30 daN/mm2
DEM1*=D1*/2=21,66666667 daN/mm2
DEM2*=D2*/2=15 daN/mm2
s=2
4- Modl tayini:
MN12=(2MB1KOCos2(0)kekV/(DZ1EM*))1/3
MN12=2,387
MN12=2,5 Alnr.

ke1=2,86
ke2=2,2

D=0.5xK
D1=65 daN/mm2
D2=45 daN/mm2

5- Yzey Basncna Gre Kontrol Hesab:


DO1= Z1MN12/Cos(O)=51,5mm
DO2= Z2MN12/Cos(O)=196,7mm
B1= dO1=45mm
B2=41mm

Seilir.

V= (2N1/60)DO1/2=4,0m/s
KV=1
KO=1,25

K=(12+1/12)0.5=1,1
PHEM= PHD*/s=116,43

KE=85,7(daN/mm2)0.5
K=1,76

1.Dili in: PH=KEKKK(2MB1KOKV/DO12)0.5 PHEM


PH=89,9 daN/mm2
2. Dili in: PH=KEKKK(2MB1KOKV/DO12)0.5 PHEM
PH=48 daN/mm2
6- 2. Dili Mukavemet Kontrol:
FT=2MBC1/DO1=679,53daN
2= (FT/B2MN)ke2KV D2*/s

14,59 <=

15

7- 1. Kademe Boyutlar:
Do1=Z1MN12/Cos(0)=51,5mm
Do2=Z2MN12/Cos(0)=196,7mm
B1=DD01=41,2mm

B1=45mm
B2=41mm

Ba dairelerinin aplar:
DB1= D01+2MN=56,5mm
DB2= D02+2MN=201,7mm
Taban dairelerinin aplar:
DT1=D01-2.5MN=46,53mm
DT2=D02-2.5MN=190,4mm
Eksenler aras mesafe:
a12=(D01+D02)/2=124,1mm
2inci Kademenin Boyutlandrlmas:
1.Malzeme seimi:
1. Dili: ( 18CRN8)
k=120 daN/mm2
ak=78 daN/mm2
HB= ekirdek=400 daN/mm2
3

Yanak=650 daN/mm2
PHD=163 daN/mm2
2.Dili:( 15CRN8)
k=90 daN/mm2
ak=64 daN/mm2
HB= ekirdek=310 daN/mm2
Yanak=650 daN/mm2
PHD=163 daN/mm2
2- Dili Parametrelerinin Seimi:
Eim as:0=14
alma faktr:K0=1,25(daN/mm2)0.5
Genilik faktr: d=0,8
Dinamik faktr: Kv=1
Form faktr:
Zc3=Z1/Cos2(o)=21,89 Adet
Zc4= Z2/Cos2(o)= 63,10 Adet

ke3=2,86
ke4=2,23

3- Dili arklarn Mukavemet Snr:


D*=((Ky x Kb)/K)xKR x Kl x Kz x D
D3*= 40 daN/mm2
D4*=30 daN/mm2
DEM3*=D3*/2=20 daN/mm2
DEM4*=D4*/2=15 daN/mm2
s=2

D=0.5xK daN/mm2
D3=60 daN/mm2
D4=45 daN/mm2

4- Modl tayini:
MN34=(2MB3KOCos2(0)kekV/(DZ3EM*))1/3
MN34=3,818
MN34=>4 alnr.

5- Yzey Basncna Gre Kontrol Hesab:


DO3= Z1MN34/Cos(O)=82,4mm
B3= dO1=68mm

B4= 64 mm

Seilir.

V= (2n3/60)DO3/2=4,0m/s
KV=1

K=(34+1/34)0.5=1,16

KO=1,25

PHEM= PHD*/s=116,43 daN/mm2

KE=85,7
K=1,76

3.Dili in: PH=KEKKK(2MB3KOKV/B3DO32)0.5 PHEM


PH=91,8 daN/mm2
4. Dili in: PH=KEKKK(2MB4KOKV/B3DO42)0.5 PHEM
PH=55.4 daN/mm2
6- 4. Dili Mukavemet Kontrol:
FT3=2MBC3/DO13=1604,74 daN
4= (FT/B4MN)ke4KV D4*/s =>
Boyutlar:

13,98 <=

15daN/mm27- 2. Kademe

Do3=Z3MN34/Cos(0)=82,4mm
Do4=Z4MN34/Cos(0)=238.96mm
B3=DD01= 66,0mm

B3=68mm
B4=64mm

Ba dairelerinin aplar:
DB3= D03+2MN=90,4mm
DB4= D04+2MN=246.96 mm
DT1=D01-2.5MN=mm
DT3= 74,45
DT4=227.6 mm
Taban dairelerinin aplar:
5

DT3=D03-2.5MN=74,45mm
Eksenler aras mesafe:
a34=(D03+D04)/2=113,3

mm

Kuvvetlerin Bulunmas:
0=14
.=0=N0=20
FT1=FT2=(2MBC1/D01)=daN
FR1=FR2=FT1Tan(NO)/Cos(O)=679,53 daN
FA1=FA2=FT1Tan(0)=169,42 daN
FT3=FT4=2MBC3/D03=1604,74 daN
FR3=FR4=FT3Tan(N0)/Cos(O)=601,94 daN
FA3= FA4=FT3Tan(O)=400,09 daN

Dili Kutusu Boyu:


L=a12+ a34+ DB1/2+DB4/2+Boluk
L=.376mm
Alt Gvdenin Cidar Kalnl: S=0.012L+5
S=10mm
st Gvdenin Cidar Kalnl: S= 8........10 mm olmas gerekir. S= 8
alnr.

mm

Flan kalnlklar: S=1.5S=15mm


Taban kalnl:St= 2S=20mm
Mil Hesaplar: I. Mil
FT1=679,53 daN
FR1=254,89 daN

FA1=169,42 daN
D01=51,53 mm
MB1= 14007daN/mm
FX=0 => FBX=FA1=169,42 daN
MA=0
FR1(40,5 )+M01+FBY( 136)=0
FBY=-113,28 daN
FY= 0 => FAY+FBY+FRA=0
FAY= -141,61 daN

MA=0
-FT1( 40,5)-M01+FBZ( 136)=0
FBZ=239,73 daN
FBZ=0 => FAZ+FBZ-FT1=0
FAZ=439,80 daN
MEMAXz= 22894,48

daN/mm

MEMAXy= 6950,39 daN/mm


MEMAX=((MEMAXz)2+(MEMNy)2)0.5
MEMAX=23926,25 daN/mm
1.Mil ap tayini:
Mil malzemesi: st70
Ky=0,75
Kb=0,9
K=1,7
S=2

k= 70

daN/mm2

ak=36

D*=(KYKB/K)0.5K=13,90 daN/mm2
MB=((AKMEMAX/D*)2+0.75MBC12)0.5 WAK/S
D1 32,97 mm
=> 34
mm alnr.

Kontrol Hesaplar:
1- Mukavemet Kontrolu:
7

.e=32MEMAX/D13=6,20 daN/mm2
B= 16MBC1/d13=2,27 daN/mm2
B=((AKE/D*)2+32)AK/s
17,45 <
18
(EMNYETLDR)
2- Eilme rijitlii kontrol :
.=Fa2b2/3EIL
a=40,5mm
b=95,5mm

FE=(FR12+FA12+FT12)0.5

E=2,10E+04

FE=769,2 daN

L= 136mm

(I=d14/64= 65595,30538 mm4 )

.1=0,020mm
.EM=0.0005L=0,068mm
.1<EM Emniyetlidir.
3- Dnme kontrol:
.1= MBC1L/GIP=0,00227 rad
EM= 0.005 rad. .1EM

EM= 0,003 RAD ALINIR Emniyetlidir.

4-Titreim kontrol:
a. Burulma titreimi kontrol:
.G0=(DO12-D12)B/4=0,416 daN
.0=G0a2b2/3EIL=0,000011mm
WO1=(g/0)0.5=29765,52944rad/s
WOM=(D2/L2/4)(Eg/)0.5=23234,0rad/s
1/W02=(1/WOM)+(1/WO12) WO= 18315,0 rad/s rad/s
W0.7 WO

157,08

<=

12820,52622

Emniyetlidir.

b. Burulma titreimi kontrol:

WBO=(GIP/IML)0.5

IM=GO(DO12-DO22)/8g=0,007947603mm4
IP=d4/32=3,34mm4

WBO= 3,12E+04rads/s
0.7WOW Olmal
2,18E+04 >= 157,08
(EMNYETLDR)
ll. Mil
FT2=679,53 da/N
FR2=254,89 daN
FA1= 169,42
D02= 308,92mm

daN FA2=169,42 daN


D03= 82,45mm

FX=0 => FBX+FAZ-FA3=0


FBX=230,67 daN
MA2=FA2DO2/2=16660,27 daN/mm2
MA3=FA3DO3/2=16493,67 daN/mm2
MA=0
FR2(40,5 )+MA2+FR3(86)+ML3+FBY(136 )=0
FBY=-548,51 daN
FY= 0 => FAY-FR2+FBY=0
FAY= 201,47 daN
MA=0
-FT2(40,5 )-MA2+FT3( 86)+MA3+FBZ(136 )=0
FBZ=-1056,18 daN
FBY=0 => FAZ-FT2+FT3=0
FAZ=130,97 daN
9

MEM2XZ=-58768,24 daN/mm
MEM2XY=-31856,14522 daN/mm
MEM2AX=((MEMAXz)2+(MEMNy)2)0.5
MEM2AX=66846,99 daN/mm
2.Mil ap tayini:
k=70 daN/mm2

Mil malzemesi: st70


Ky=0,75
Kb=0,9
K=1,7

ak=36 daN/mm2

D*=(KYKB/K)0.5K= 13,90 daN/mm2


MB=((AKMEMAX/D*)2+0.75MBC12)0.5 WAK/S
D2 46,10
=> 52
mm alnr.

S=2
Kontrol Hesaplar:
4- Mukavemet Kontrolu:
.e=32MEMAX/d23=4,84 daN/mm2
B= 16MBC2/d23=2,66 daN/mm2
B=((AKE/D*)2+32)AK/s
14,87 <
18
(EMNYETLDR)
5- Eilme rijitlii kontrol :
.21=Fa2b2/3EIL
a=40,5mm

a2=86mm

b=45,5mm

b2=136mm

E=2,10E+04 daN/mm2

L= 86mm
.21= 0,001mm

FE1=(FT22+FR22+FA22)0.5
FE1=769,2 daN

(I=d14/64= 358897,526 mm4 )


FE2=(FT32+FR32+FA32)0.5
10

.22= 1,06E-02mm

FE2=1760,00 daN

.TOP=21+22=1,19E-02mm
.EM=0.0005L=0,043mm
.TOP<EM .
EMNYETLDR
6- Dnme kontrol:
.2= MBC2L/GIP=0,002rad
EM= 0.005 rad. .1EM

0,00125

<

0,002 EMNYETLDR

4-Titreim kontrol:
c. Burulma titreimi kontrol:
.G02=(DO22-D22)B2/4=9,1 daN

.G03=(DO32-D22)B2/4=1,7 daN

.21=G02a22b22/3EIL=0,000016mm

.22=G03a22b22/3EIL=1,63197E-05mm

WO1=(g/021)0.5=24517,61155rad/s

WO2=(g/022)0.5=24854,19rad/s

WOM=(D2/L2/4)(Eg/)0.5=88864,8rad/s
1/W02=(1/WOM)+(1/WO12)+(1/WO22) WO= 23634,6

rad/s

W=2n2/60=41,16rad/s
W0.7 WO 41,16 <= 16544,20597
(EMNYETLDR)
Burulma titreimi kontrol:
WBO=(GIP/IML)0.5

IM1=GO2(DO22-D22)/8g=10,7450333mm4

WBO=717795,052 rad/s

IM2=GO3(DO22-D22)/8g=0,090mm4

0.7WOW Olmal

IP=d4/32=717795,052mm4
1,91E+04 >= 41,16

11

(EMNYETLDR)

lll. Mil
FT4=1604,74 daN
FR4=601,94 daN
FA4=400,09 daN
D04=237,63 daN

FX=0 => FBX+FA4=0


FAX=400,09 daN
MB= 0
-FAY(136)+FR4( 50 )+MA4=0
FAY=570,84 daN
FY=0 FAY-FR4+FBY=0
FBY=31,10 daN
MB=0
FAZ(136 )+M24+FT4( 50)=0
FAZ=939,51 daN
FZ= 0 => FAZ+FT4+FBZ=0
FBZ= 665,23 daN

MEMAXz= 80798,14

daN/mm

MEMAXy= 49091,92

daN/mm

MEMAX=((MEMAXz)2+(MEMNy)2)0.5
MEMAX=94542,87 daN/mm
3.Mil ap tayini:
12

k= 70daN/mm2

Mil malzemesi: st70


ak=36 daN/mm2

D*=(KYKB/K)0.5K=13,90 daN/mm2
MB=((AKMEMAX/D*)2+0.75MBC42)0.5 WAK/S
D3 54,30
=> 60
mm alnr.

Ky=0,75
Kb=0,9
K=1,7
S=2
Kontrol Hesaplar:

7- Mukavemet Kontrolu:
.e=32MEMAXd33=4,46 daN/mm2
B= 16MBC1/d33=4,45 daN/mm2
B=((AKE/D*)2+32)AK/s
B=17,65 daN/mm2
17,65 <
18
(EMNYETLDR)
8- Eilme rijitlii kontrol :
.=Fa2b2/3EIL
a=86mm
b=50 mm

FE=(FR42+FA42+FT42)0.5

E=2,10E+04 daN/mm2
L=136 mm

FE=1760,0 daN

(I=d44/64=636153,75 mm4 )

.3=0,006mm
.EM=0.0005L=0,068mm
.3<EM Emniyetlidir.
9- Dnme kontrol:
.3= MBC3L/GIP=0,00252rad
EM= 0.005 rad. .1EM 0,003 rad
EMNYETLDR

0,00252

<

0,003

13

4-Titreim kontrol:
d. Burulma titreimi kontrol:
.G04=(DO42-D32)B/4=20,860daN
.03=G04a2b2/3EIL=0,000071mm
WO1=(g/03)0.5= 11774,16518rad/s
WOM=(D2/L24)(Eg/)0.5=41001,2rad/s
1/W02=(1/WOM2)+(1/WO12) WO= 11316,8

rad/s

W0.7 WO

(EMNYETLDR)

14,28 <=

7921,754053

Burulma titreimi kontrol:

WBO=(GIP/IML)0.5
WBO= 2,31E+03rad/s
0.7WOW Olmal

IM=GO(DO42-DO22)/8g=14,05209563mm4
1,62E+03

>=

IP=d34/32=1272307,5mm4
14,28

(EMNYETLDR)
Kama hesaplar:
1- Dili iin:
Dt1Dmil+Hkama+4Mn
46,53 >= 76
EMNYETL DELDR
Yekpare yaplr.

2- Dili iin:
B Tipi uygu kamas seilir:
Kama malzemesi:St70
PEM=AK/s=18 daN/mm2
14

DML= 52mm

B=16mm
H=10mm

T1=6mm
L=4MBC2/(BDL2)=28,57mm

L2=L=

STANDART DEER OLARAK L2 =

36

28,57
mm ALINIR

=4,46 daN/mm2
EM=0.58AK/s=10,44 daN/mm2
<EM

Olduundan seilen kama emniyetlidir.

3-Dili iin.
A Tipi uygu kamas seilebilir.
Kama malzemesi:St50

AK=33 daN/mm2

PEM=AK/s=16,5 daN/mm2

B=16mm
H=10mm
T1=6mm

L=4MBC2/(BDL3)=31,16 L3= L+B= 47,16 mm


=47,16 daN/mm2
EM=0.58AK/s=9,57 daN/mm2
<EM Olduundan seilen kama emniyetlidir.
Fakat yekpare aldk.

4-Dili iin:
B Tipi uygu kamas seilir:
Kama malzemesi:St70
PEM=AK/s=18 daN/mm2
DML= 60 mm

B=18mm

15

H=11mm
T1=7mm
L=4MBC2/(BDL2)=50,84 L4=L=
50,84
STANDART DEER OLARAK L2 =60

mm ALINIR

=4,99 daN/mm2
EM=0.58 daN/mm2
<EM
Rulman hesaplar:

AK/s=10,44 daN/mm2
4,46 <

10,44

EMNYETLDR
1- Milin rulman hesaplar:
Rulman Tipi:konik makaral yataklar.

FRA

FRB

FRA=(FAY2+FAZ2)0.5=462,04 daN
FRB=(FBY2+FBZ2)0.5=265,15 daN

e=

1,14

FA/FRA=0,37 <

; FB/FRB=0,64

P= FR

X=1

Y=1,6

FRA/YA=840,07 daN
K=0.5(FRA/YA- FRB/YB)= K
178,99

>

FRA/YA >

FRB/YB

>

;FRB/YB=840,07
FRA

daN

169,42

B Yata: FAB=0.5(FRA/YA)-FA=250,61
FAB/FRB=0,945

<

<

daN

1,14

PB=FRB+0.55FAB=402,99
PA=462,04 daN

16

LH= 10000 saat

iin

L=LHN160/106=900

CA=PA(L)1/3=4460,91 daN
CB=PB(L)1/3=3890,78 daN
SEMBOL
322 06A

30

r1

62

20

17

0,5

23,5

21,25

C(daN)
4650

2- Milin rulman hesaplar:


A

FA2

FA3B

FRA

Rulman Tipi:konik makaral yataklar.

FRB

FRA=(FAY2+FAZ2)0.5=240,30 daN
FRB=(FBY2+FBZ2)0.5=1190,12 daN
FA=FA3-FA2=230,67
FA/FRA=0,96 <

daN e=

1,14
; FB/FRB=0,19

<

PA= FRA+0.93FA

XA=0,57

YA=1

PB= FRB+0.55FA

XB=0,93

YB=1,4

FRA/YA=240,30
FRA/YA >

daN

;FRB/YB=FRB/YB=

2163,85

daN

FRB/YB

B Yata: FAB=0.5(FRA/YA)-FA=1312,60

daN

FaA/FRA<
PA=0.57FRA+0.93FaA=1357,68 daN
PB=FRB=1190,12 daN
PA=1357,68 daN

17

LH= 10000 Saat iin

L=LHN260/106=235,8104476

CA=PA(L)1/3=8387,90 daN
CB=PB(L)1/3=7352,65 daN
SEMBOL

r1

C(daN)

32209A

45

85

23

0,8

20

24,75

9200

3- Milin rulman hesaplar:


Rulman Tipi: Konik makaral yatakalar.

FRA

FRB

FRA=(FAY2+FAZ2)0.5=1099,34 daN
FRB=(FBY2+FBZ2)0.5=665,95 daN
FA=FA4=400,09 daN
FA/FRA=0,36 <

e=

P= FR+0.55FA

1,14
; FB/FRB=0,60

X=1

FRA/YA=1998,79 daN

<

FRA/YA >

FRB/YB

;FRB/YB=1998,79 daN
K

<

FRA

400,09

B Yata: FAB=0.5(FRA/YA)-FA=599,30
FAB/FRB=0,900

Y=1,6

K=0.5(FRA/YA- FRB/YB)= 243,04 daN


393,98

<

<

daN

1,14

PB=FRB+0.55FAB
PB=995,57 daN
PA=FRA=462,04 daN
LH= 10000

Saat iin

L=LHN160/106=81,81818182 milyon devir.

18

CA=PA(L)1/3=1099,34 daN
CB=PB(L)1/3=4322,03 daN
SEMBOL

3211A

55

100

25

21

26,75 2,5

r1

C (daN)

0,8

22

9650

19