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# APPROXIMATION OF VOLUME OF WATER DUMPED BY THE MONSOON RAINS IN AUGUST 8, 2012 OVER METRO MANILA

L. Custodio1
1NATIONAL

INSTITUTE OF GEOLOGICAL SCIENCES, COLLEGE OF SCIENCE UNIVERSITY OF THE PHILIPPINES, DILIMAN, QUEZON CITY, PHILIPPINES Date Submitted: 04 September 2012

INTRODUCTION Metro Manila received an accumulated rainfall of 584mm in 24 hours on August 8, 2012 (Figure 1). This caused major flooding that affected low lying areas of the metro including flood plains of major rivers. Marikina River has reached at about 20.2 meters (Inquirer.net) critical water level and flooded a wide area of the residences beside the river. With the accumulated rainfall data in millimeters, we can approximate the volume of water dumped by the non-stop rain afflicted by the monsoon. METHODOLOGY and DATA ANALYSIS Using the data of the millimeters of rain, and simple conversion for the units, the volume can be calculated with its basic formula, area multiplied by its height. The land area of Metro Manila is at 638550000 square meters. Using the data gathered from the USGS website, 1 inch of rain is equal to 5.62 imperial gallons of water per square meter. Converting the units so it would match in the equation, we will get 22.99 in of rain. The inches of rain multiplied by 5.62 gallons per square meter will result to 129.33 gallons per square meter. Then it will be multiplied with the total land area of metro manila to get the volume. When the total volume is calculated, it will be compared to the volume of swimming pools. The comparison of data to Olympic size swimming pools is aimed to make the public easily visualize and understand the volume of water without dealing with too many mathematical equations. CONCLUSION Simple solution of multiplication of land area by the gallons per square meter will give us the total of 8.25x10 10 imperial gallons of water over Metro Manila. If we compare this to the volume of Olympic Pools with 2,500,000 liters of water, we will get about the volume of 150,021 different pools (Figure 2).
700 600 500 400 300 200 100 0 7:12 PM -100 12:00 AM 4:48 AM 9:36 AM 2:24 PM 7:12 PM 12:00 AM Rainfall

while the blue line represents the rainfall reading per time. Reading was from QCPU Station (ASTI)

Figure 2. Infographic of the comparison of the volume of water expelled by the monsoon rain on August 8, 2012. (Tumblr)

References:
Mangosing, Frances. "Marikina rivers water level still within critical mark." Latest News Stories . 9 August 2012. . 3 September 2012. <http://newsinfo.inquirer.net/246401/marikina-riverswater-level-still-within-critical-mark>. US Geological Survey. "Rain and precipitation." USGS Water-Science School. 2012. . 3 September 2012. <ga.water.usgs.gov>. Elert, Glenn. "Volume of a Swimming Pool." Hypertextbok Facts. . Glenn Elert. 3 September 2012. <http://hypertextbook.com/facts/2005/JeffreyGilbert.s html>. Advanced Science and Technology Institute. "Development of Hybrid Weather Monitoring System and Production of Weather and Rain Automated Stations." Embedded Technologies. 2010. Department of Science and Technology. 3 September 2012. <http://embedded.asti.dost.gov.ph/projects/hybridweather-monitoring-station/#deployment>. ."Flood Maps." Project NOAH. 2012. Department of Science and Technology. 3 September 2012. <http://noah.dost.gov.ph>. Custodio, Lawrence. "Blog." Tumblr page. 8 August 2012. . 3 September 2012. <http://thelawrencetc.tumblr.com>.

Fiugure 1. Table of millimeters of Rainfall vs. Time elapsed on August 7-8, 2012. The orange line represents accumulated rainfall

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