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India Pavilion at World Expo 2010, Shangai, China Steel Column Design

STEEL COLUMN DESIGN OF SHOP AREA
PLATE GIRDER
MEMBER PROPERTY:

y FLANGE PLATE SIZE: WEB PLATE SIZE:

tw
WIDTH B: 300 mm WIDTH: 334 mm
x
THICKNESS tf: 8 mm THICKNESS tw: 8 mm
D

tf
D: 350 mm

B

a Ixx I yy Z xx Z yy rxx ryy weight
g
MEMBER
cm2 cm4 cm4 cm3 cm3 cm cm kg/m
PLATE GIRDER 74.72 16522.22 3601.43 944.13 240.10 14.87 6.94 58.66
tf tw d1 D SECTION DETAILS
mm mm mm mm
8.00 8.00 334.00 350.00 PLATE GIRDER WITH 334 x 8 Web plates and 300 x 8 Flange plates

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India Pavilion at World Expo 2010, Shangai, China Steel Column Design

STEEL BEAM /COLUMN DESIGN (AS PER IS-800 - 1984)
MATERIAL PROPERTIES :
Modulus of elasticity of steel = 200000 MPa
Yield stress of steel = 308 MPa

LOADS :
Axial force (P) = 350 kN
Bending moment @ major axis (Mx) = 60 kN-m
Bending moment @ minor axis (My) = 10 kN-m

GEOMETRY :
Eff. Length @ x-axis (leffx) = 3.60 m
Eff. Length @ y-axis (leffy) = 3.60 m

SECTION PROPERTIES :
Section details = P BOX="B",PLATE_G=
Area of section (Ax) = 7472.00 mm2
4
Moment of inertia @ major axis (Ixx) = 1.65E+08 mm
4
Moment of inertia @ minor axis (Iyy) = 3.60E+07 mm
3
Moduli of section @ major axis (Zxx) = 9.44E+06 mm
3
Moduli of section @ minor axis (Zyy) = 2.40E+06 mm
Radius of gyration @ major axis (rxx) = 148.7 mm
Radius of gyration @ minor axis (ryy) = 69 4
69.4 mm
Weight of section = 58.66 Kg / m
Thickness of flange (t f ot T) = 8.00 mm
Thickness of web (tw) = 8.00 mm
Overall depth (D) = 350.00 mm
Clear depth of web (d1) = 334.00 mm
Width of Flange (B) = 300.00 mm

SUMMARY OF DESIGN :

PERMISSIBLE
TYPE OF STRESSES ACTUAL STRESS CHECK
STRESS
Axial compression stress 46.85 MPa 153.53 MPa SAFE
Bending stress @ major axis 6.36 MPa 184.54 Mpa SAFE
Bending stress @ minor axis 5.00 MPa 204.00 MPa SAFE
Ratio of combined stresses 0.35 1.00 SAFE
India Pavilion at World Expo 2010, Shangai, China Steel Column Design

CALCULATION OF ACTUAL STRESSES :
Actual compressive stress (σac,cal) = P / Ax
= 350000 / 7472
= 46.841542 MPa
Actual bending stress @ major axis (σbcx,cal) = Mx / Zxx
= 60000000 / 9441269
= 6.36 MPa
Actual bending stress @ minor axis (σbcy,cal) = My / Zyy
= 10000000 / 2400951
= 4.17 MPa

CALCULATION OF PERMISSIBLE STRESSES :
AXIAL STRESSES :
Slenderness ratio in major direction (λx) = lx / rxx
= 3600 / 148.71
= 24.21
Slenderness ratio in minor direction (λy) = lY / ryy
= 3600 / 69.43
= 51.85
Maximum slenderness ratio ( λmax ) = 51.85
< 180 = λperm. SAFE
2 2
j dir. ((f ccx )
Elastic critical stress in major = π ∗ Ε / λx
= π2 ∗ 200000 / 586.11
= 3367.88 MPa
2 2
Elastic critical stress in minor dir. (f ccy ) = π ∗ Ε / λy
= π2 ∗ 200000 / 2688.86
= 734.11 MPa
Minimum elastic critical stress ( f cc ) = 734.11 MPa
Permissible axial stress (σac ) 0.6 * fcc * fy
= 1.4 1.4 1/1.4
[(fcc) + (fy) ]
0.6 * 734.12 * 308
=
[(734.12)^1.4 + (308)^1.4 ]^1/1.4
= 153.52 MPa (as per clause 5.1.1)
Ratio of axial compression = σac,cal
σac
= 46.84
153.52
= 0.305
India Pavilion at World Expo 2010, Shangai, China Steel Column Design

BENDING STRESS : FOR PLATE I-SECTION ONLY
5 2
Y = 26.5 * 10 / ( l / ryy) (as per clause 6.2.4)
= 26.5 * 10^5 / ( 51.86 )^2
= 985.55 MPa
2
X = Y* [1+ 1/20 * { (l/ryy)*(T/D) } ] (as per clause 6.2.4)
= 985.55 * [1+ 1/20 * { ( 51.86)*(8 / 350) }^2 ]
= 1019.57 MPa
C1 = Distance Between NA and Top Extreme Fiber
C2 = Distance Between NA and Bottom Extreme Fiber
C1/C2 = 1
K1 = 1.0 For ψ = 1.0 (as per table 6.3)
K2 = 0.0 For ω = 0.5 (as per table 6.4)
fcbx = K1 * ( X + K2 * Y ) * C1/C2 (as per clause 6.2.4)
= 1 * ( 1019.58 + 0 * 985.55 ) * 1
= 1019.57
( If T/t < 2.0 and d 1/t < 1344 / sqrt(fy), f cbx = 1.2 * fcbx &
If T/t > 2.0 or d 1/t > 1344 / sqrt(fy) , f cbx = fcbx ) (as per clause 6.2.4.1)
T/t = 1
d1/t = 41.75
1344 / sqrt(fy) = 76.58
fcbx = 1.2 *1019.57
= 1223.484 MPa
0.66 x fcbx x fy
σbcx =
[(fcbx)1.4 + (fy)1.4 ] 1/1.4
0.66 x 1223.49 x 308
=
[(1223.49)^1.4 + (308)^1.4 ]^1/1.4
= 184.54 MPa
σbcy = 203.28 MPa (as per clause 6.2.5)

CHECK FOR COMBINED STRESSES :
Cmx = 0.85 (as per 7.1.3)
Cmy = 0.85 (as per 7.1.3)
σac,cal σbcx,cal x Cmx σbcy,cal x Cmy
=
σac 1 - σac,cal x σbcx 1 - σac,cal x σbcy
0.6 x fccx 0.6 x fccy
46.85 6.36 x 0.85 4.2 x 0.85
=
153.53 1 - 46.85 x 184.6 1 - 46.85 x 203.28
0.6 x 3367.9 0.6 x 734.2
= 0.31 0.03 0.02
= 0.35 < 1.00

SAFE