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**STEEL COLUMN DESIGN OF SHOP AREA
**

PLATE GIRDER

MEMBER PROPERTY:

y FLANGE PLATE SIZE: WEB PLATE SIZE:

tw

WIDTH B: 300 mm WIDTH: 334 mm

x

THICKNESS tf: 8 mm THICKNESS tw: 8 mm

D

tf

D: 350 mm

B

**a Ixx I yy Z xx Z yy rxx ryy weight
**

g

MEMBER

cm2 cm4 cm4 cm3 cm3 cm cm kg/m

PLATE GIRDER 74.72 16522.22 3601.43 944.13 240.10 14.87 6.94 58.66

tf tw d1 D SECTION DETAILS

mm mm mm mm

8.00 8.00 334.00 350.00 PLATE GIRDER WITH 334 x 8 Web plates and 300 x 8 Flange plates

1

India Pavilion at World Expo 2010, Shangai, China Steel Column Design

**STEEL BEAM /COLUMN DESIGN (AS PER IS-800 - 1984)
**

MATERIAL PROPERTIES :

Modulus of elasticity of steel = 200000 MPa

Yield stress of steel = 308 MPa

LOADS :

Axial force (P) = 350 kN

Bending moment @ major axis (Mx) = 60 kN-m

Bending moment @ minor axis (My) = 10 kN-m

GEOMETRY :

Eff. Length @ x-axis (leffx) = 3.60 m

Eff. Length @ y-axis (leffy) = 3.60 m

SECTION PROPERTIES :

Section details = P BOX="B",PLATE_G=

Area of section (Ax) = 7472.00 mm2

4

Moment of inertia @ major axis (Ixx) = 1.65E+08 mm

4

Moment of inertia @ minor axis (Iyy) = 3.60E+07 mm

3

Moduli of section @ major axis (Zxx) = 9.44E+06 mm

3

Moduli of section @ minor axis (Zyy) = 2.40E+06 mm

Radius of gyration @ major axis (rxx) = 148.7 mm

Radius of gyration @ minor axis (ryy) = 69 4

69.4 mm

Weight of section = 58.66 Kg / m

Thickness of flange (t f ot T) = 8.00 mm

Thickness of web (tw) = 8.00 mm

Overall depth (D) = 350.00 mm

Clear depth of web (d1) = 334.00 mm

Width of Flange (B) = 300.00 mm

SUMMARY OF DESIGN :

PERMISSIBLE

TYPE OF STRESSES ACTUAL STRESS CHECK

STRESS

Axial compression stress 46.85 MPa 153.53 MPa SAFE

Bending stress @ major axis 6.36 MPa 184.54 Mpa SAFE

Bending stress @ minor axis 5.00 MPa 204.00 MPa SAFE

Ratio of combined stresses 0.35 1.00 SAFE

India Pavilion at World Expo 2010, Shangai, China Steel Column Design

**CALCULATION OF ACTUAL STRESSES :
**

Actual compressive stress (σac,cal) = P / Ax

= 350000 / 7472

= 46.841542 MPa

Actual bending stress @ major axis (σbcx,cal) = Mx / Zxx

= 60000000 / 9441269

= 6.36 MPa

Actual bending stress @ minor axis (σbcy,cal) = My / Zyy

= 10000000 / 2400951

= 4.17 MPa

**CALCULATION OF PERMISSIBLE STRESSES :
**

AXIAL STRESSES :

Slenderness ratio in major direction (λx) = lx / rxx

= 3600 / 148.71

= 24.21

Slenderness ratio in minor direction (λy) = lY / ryy

= 3600 / 69.43

= 51.85

Maximum slenderness ratio ( λmax ) = 51.85

< 180 = λperm. SAFE

2 2

j dir. ((f ccx )

Elastic critical stress in major = π ∗ Ε / λx

= π2 ∗ 200000 / 586.11

= 3367.88 MPa

2 2

Elastic critical stress in minor dir. (f ccy ) = π ∗ Ε / λy

= π2 ∗ 200000 / 2688.86

= 734.11 MPa

Minimum elastic critical stress ( f cc ) = 734.11 MPa

Permissible axial stress (σac ) 0.6 * fcc * fy

= 1.4 1.4 1/1.4

[(fcc) + (fy) ]

0.6 * 734.12 * 308

=

[(734.12)^1.4 + (308)^1.4 ]^1/1.4

= 153.52 MPa (as per clause 5.1.1)

Ratio of axial compression = σac,cal

σac

= 46.84

153.52

= 0.305

India Pavilion at World Expo 2010, Shangai, China Steel Column Design

**BENDING STRESS : FOR PLATE I-SECTION ONLY
**

5 2

Y = 26.5 * 10 / ( l / ryy) (as per clause 6.2.4)

= 26.5 * 10^5 / ( 51.86 )^2

= 985.55 MPa

2

X = Y* [1+ 1/20 * { (l/ryy)*(T/D) } ] (as per clause 6.2.4)

= 985.55 * [1+ 1/20 * { ( 51.86)*(8 / 350) }^2 ]

= 1019.57 MPa

C1 = Distance Between NA and Top Extreme Fiber

C2 = Distance Between NA and Bottom Extreme Fiber

C1/C2 = 1

K1 = 1.0 For ψ = 1.0 (as per table 6.3)

K2 = 0.0 For ω = 0.5 (as per table 6.4)

fcbx = K1 * ( X + K2 * Y ) * C1/C2 (as per clause 6.2.4)

= 1 * ( 1019.58 + 0 * 985.55 ) * 1

= 1019.57

( If T/t < 2.0 and d 1/t < 1344 / sqrt(fy), f cbx = 1.2 * fcbx &

If T/t > 2.0 or d 1/t > 1344 / sqrt(fy) , f cbx = fcbx ) (as per clause 6.2.4.1)

T/t = 1

d1/t = 41.75

1344 / sqrt(fy) = 76.58

fcbx = 1.2 *1019.57

= 1223.484 MPa

0.66 x fcbx x fy

σbcx =

[(fcbx)1.4 + (fy)1.4 ] 1/1.4

0.66 x 1223.49 x 308

=

[(1223.49)^1.4 + (308)^1.4 ]^1/1.4

= 184.54 MPa

σbcy = 203.28 MPa (as per clause 6.2.5)

**CHECK FOR COMBINED STRESSES :
**

Cmx = 0.85 (as per 7.1.3)

Cmy = 0.85 (as per 7.1.3)

σac,cal σbcx,cal x Cmx σbcy,cal x Cmy

=

σac 1 - σac,cal x σbcx 1 - σac,cal x σbcy

0.6 x fccx 0.6 x fccy

46.85 6.36 x 0.85 4.2 x 0.85

=

153.53 1 - 46.85 x 184.6 1 - 46.85 x 203.28

0.6 x 3367.9 0.6 x 734.2

= 0.31 0.03 0.02

= 0.35 < 1.00

SAFE

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