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Mohr's circle in 3 dimensions | RockMechs

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Mohr’s diagram is a useful graphical representation of the stress state at a point. In this graphical representation the state of stress at a point is represented by the Mohr circle diagram, in which the abscissa and give the normal and shear stress acting on a particular cut plane with a fixed normal direction. In the general 3 dimensional case, for a given state of stress at a point, the Mohr circle diagram has three circles as shown in Fig. 1. Mohr’s circle diagram is used frequently in conjunction with failure criteria like the MohrCoulomb failure criterion.

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3/13/13 Mohr's circle in 3 dimensions | RockMechs Figure 1: Mohr’s circle in three dimensional case (σ1 ≥ σ2 ≥ σ3) Assume that the stress state at a point is given by the stress tensor: (1) The center of each circle in Mohr’s diagram lies on axis and is given by: (2) while the radii of the circles are calculated by: www.com/stress-strain/stress/mohr-circle-3d/ 2/8 .rockmechs.

This line intersects the circle at points and . The Mohr’s circle diagram may be used to calculate graphically the normal and shear stresses on a plane. and . we can do the same for direction cosine . All the admissible values of and for this plane lie inside or on the boundaries of the region bounded by the circles .com/stress-strain/stress/mohr-circle-3d/ 3/8 . hence. All arcs pass through that point. To construct this arc we draw line that passes through and is parallel to axis.rockmechs. Similarly. We draw line and measure angle . respectively. By using center as center (the only center that does not depend on ) we draw the arc . through Mohr’s circle diagram. Since. and are the direction cosines of the plane with respect to the principal directions of . however. and (see Fig. In order to calculate the normal and shear stresses acting on any plane.1). We measure angle from and using center we draw the arc . Assume that . only two values of . it is adequate to use only two direction cosines in order to determine the values . it is necessary to know the direction cosines of the normal unit vector of the plane with respect to the principal directions. will not be given in this article but it can be found in many related books. for direction cosine the point lies on the arc . Then we measure angle from that line. Otherwise. and are independent. one can use for example and to calculate point and use to verify the procedure.3/13/13 Mohr's circle in 3 dimensions | RockMechs (3) for centers . For a given value of the point lies on the arc as shown in Fig. The intersection points are and . the method described in Calculation of normal and shear www. and . The normal and shear stress is given by the coordinates of intersection point . Finally. 1. respectively. If the principal stresses are known (may be calculated by the stress tensor as shown in Principal stresses and stress invariants) then the above equations (2) and (3) take the form (for the case ): (4) and (5) Consider an arbitrary cut plane that passes through the considered point. Using center we draw the arc . The proof.

www.com/stress-strain/stress/mohr-circle-3d/ 4/8 . and and the radii .3/13/13 Mohr's circle in 3 dimensions | RockMechs stress on a plane may be used. Example Consider the following stress state acting on a point: (6) Calculate the normal and shear stress on the plane with normal vector: (7) Solution From equations (4) and (5) we calculate the centers and : . (8) Next we draw Mohr’s circle diagram as shown in Fig.rockmechs. 2.

From the direction cosines we calculate the angles .3/13/13 Mohr's circle in 3 dimensions | RockMechs Figure 2: Mohr’s circle diagram example (3d). and : (9) Using the above angles (we need only two.rockmechs.com/stress-strain/stress/mohr-circle-3d/ 5/8 . Suggested Bibliography www. for example find the normal and shear stress on the plane: (10) and ) we draw the arcs and we We can also confirm the solution by using the methodology described in the article: Calculation of normal and shear stress on a plane.

Introduction to the Mechanics of a Continuous Medium.J.W. Mehran FROM Rs 1. Englewood Cliffs. Chen and D. Prentice Hall. N. Plasticity for Structural Engineers.00.rockmechs. Cook and R. Stress & Strain.G. Springer-Verlag. 1969. Malvern. Jaeger. 4th edition. Malden MA. ← Octahedral stresses Index notation for tensors and vectors → Leave a Reply Your email address will not be published. Zimmerman.C. Required fields are marked * Name * Email * CAPTCHA Code * www. Han.F. Fundamentals of Rock Mechanics.W. 1988.000 shoes FROM Rs 700 This entry was posted in Stress. New York.E. 2007. W. New Jersey.3/13/13 Mohr's circle in 3 dimensions | RockMechs L.com/stress-strain/stress/mohr-circle-3d/ 6/8 . Blackwell Publishing. J. Bookmark the permalink.

RockMechs | Privacy Policy www.com/stress-strain/stress/mohr-circle-3d/ 7/8 .3/13/13 Mohr's circle in 3 dimensions | RockMechs Comment You may use these HTML tags and attributes: < ah r e f = " "t i t l e = " " >< a b b r t i t l e = " " >< a c r o n y mt i t l e = " " >< b >< b l o c k q u o t ec i t e = " " >< c i t e >< c o d e > < d e ld a t e t i m e = " " >< e m >< i >< qc i t e = " " >< s t r i k e >< s t r o n g > Post Comment Se arch Categories Stress & Strain Fundamentals Stress Popular Posts Deviatoric stress and invariants Principal stresses and stress invariants Octahedral stresses Calculation of normal and shear stress on a plane Mohr’s circle in 3 dimensions © 2013 .rockmechs.

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