"Application of Ether Longitudinal Waves for Telecommunication Systems" by Alexander V.

Frolov Scientific Expert of the Russian Physical Society P.O.Box 37, 193024, St.-Petersburg, Russia Tel: 7-812-2747877 Email: frolov@mail.dux.ru By the ether concept, space is a physical substance that has a known (electric constant e and magnet constant m) and unknow, as of yet, properties. In any substance can be created so called longitudinal waves. In a general case, these are oscillations of the energy density in the direction of the wave spreading. In Alexander Chernetsky's paper "On the Physical Nature of Bioenergy Phenomenons and on their modeling", published in 1989, is described the properties of longitudinal waves which are created in so called "working bodies" (superconducting metal, plasma (electric discharge) and biological plasma). The theory of 1960, named as the "charge equivalent theory" was proposed by V.I.Dokutchaev, Russia (1932 - 1990). Relative motion of charges, according to Lorentz scale transformations, make the change of distance between charges of a moving frame of reference equivalent to an increase in charge density of the current. In a moving system there is created an additional equivalent charge: q = (q0 / 2) (u2 / C) by Dokutchaev where q0 is the charge in a motionless system, u is the velocity of the system and c is the velocity of light. Dokutchaev's dissertation of 1970 described some experiments: superconductors were placed in an electromagnetically screened box (Faraday cage) but some signal was detected outside of the box when current was created in superconductor. The main conclusion is: longitudinal waves can be created in space (in vacuum) by means of electric energy and such sort waves is not screened by metal screens. Alexander Chernetsky also described some experiments in which longitudinal waves were created. In his version "the working body" is an electric discharge. There is a known pinch - effect (interaction between the electric current and magnetic field of this current) that leads to high frequency oscillations of the plasma. Radial components of the density current oscillations is responsible for longitudinal waves which are spreading in radial direction also [ 1 ]. More than 60 years ago Nikola Tesla wrote: " I showed that the universal medium is a gaseous body in which only longitudinal pulses can be propagated, involving alternating compressions and expansions similar to those produced by sound waves in the air. Thus, a wireless transmitter does not produce Hertz waves, which are a myth, but sound waves in the ether, behaving in every respect like those in the air, except that, owing to the great elastic force and extremely small density of the medium, their speed is that of light." It is part of N.Tesla's article "Pioneer Radio Engineer Gives Views on Power", published in New York Herald Tribune, Sept. 11, 1932, [ 2, p.94]. American scientist Thomas E. Bearden explained this statement of Tesla in this way: An ordinary receiver uses so called "precessia of electrons" a phenomenon that is result of interaction between the electron gas of antenna metal wires and longitudinal waves [ 2 ]. Tesla wrote about a great mistake of modern science: "The Hertz wave theory of wireless transmission may be kept up for a while, but I do not hestitate to say that in a short time it will recognized as one of most remarkable and inexplicable aberrations of

the scientific mind which has ever been recorded in history", article "The True Wireless" [ 2, p.95 ]. The technology of Tesla requires high potential sources (up to millions of Volts) that produce high frequency oscillations. The terminals that creates the longitudinal waves are spherical metal surfaces (sphere capacitor). The synthesis of Tesla's scheme and Dokutchaev's concept allows us to make the conclusion: longitudinal waves are generated by means of a changing energy density (electric charge density). Let's call it the function r(t). In a Hertz transmitter there is a changing energy density also, but it is linear density r1(t): the density of electric current in the wire of the antenna. It is a onedimensional density of energy. In Tesla's sphere capacitor there is a change of charge value that is placed on the surface of the capacitor. So, it is a two-dimensional density of energy r2(t). N.Kozyrev [ 3 ] created so called "waves of density of time" by means of nonelectrical methods: rotation plus axial vibrations of a gyroscope, deformation of a material body, diffusion and dissolving or crystallization of the matter, fading of plants and so on. Different detectors for such sort waves were used: the electrical component of the was were detected by means of a galvanometer, the gravitational component of the wave was detected by means of the weighing-machine, the chronal component of the wave was detected by means of an electronic scheme that used so called "Winston bridge" since electrical properties of the electronics components are changing in the wave area. These three methods showed the next: any type of change of matter structure that can be presented as r(t) (i.e. a change of density of energy) is the method for generation of the longitudinal wave. For example, if it is a change of volume density of matter, we can write the three-dimensional density function r3(t). It is connected with the well-known Poisson equation for gravitation. There are more complex methods for longitudinal wave creation. R. Ziolkovsky, Physical Review A, vol.39, p.2005, wrote in the paper "Localized Transmission of Electromagnetic Energy" about his experiments. Before the electromagnetic version, R. Ziolkovsky created an analogy in liquid to study the properties of wave and to create an optimum antenna system. What method of the energy density modulation is the best for telecommunication systems? Some experiments prove the possibility that living biosystem create longitudinal waves [ 1 , p. 50 ]. By this analogy there is the possibility for creation of a technical system. References: 1. Alexander Chernetsky, "On The Physical Nature of Bioenergy Phenomenons and on Their Modeling", published in 1989 by Moscow Politechnical Institute. 2. T.E. Bearden, Gravitobiology, 1991, published by Tesla Book Company, P.O. Box 121873, Chula Vista, CA 91912, USA. 3. N.Kozyrev, collection of papers, published by Leningrad University, 1991.

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