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OF

P.,.^
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Zo, OGICAL

HUDSON TAYLOR
AND THE

CHINA INLAND MISSION
THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD

JAMES HUDSON TAYLOR
In middle
life,

about the time when his appeal "

To Every

Creature " was issued.
Frontispiece.

H
By

UDSON TAYLOR
AND THE

CHINA INLAND MISSION

THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD
WITH PORTRAITS & MAP

DR. AND

/

MRS.

HOWARD TAYLOR

jf tttb

Jinpresston

THE CHINA INLAND
SHANGHAI

MISSION, LONDON

PHILADELPHIA, TORONTO, MELBOURNE AND

AGENTS THE RELIGIOUS TRACT SOCIETY
:

4.

BOUVERIE STREET, LONDON,

E.C.4

First Edition, December

igiZ.

Reprinted, March
Reprinted, October

1919. 1919.
1920.
1921.

Reprinted, March

Reprinted, September
Ttvo Volumes in one Edition^

March
1921.

1920.

Reprinted, September
Total, 13,000

copies.

OF HIM

THROUGH HIM AND TO HIM
TO

WHOM

BE GLORY

.

the mission had its origin. and the existence of a mission whose present influence and future growth are beyond our powers to estimate. The China Inland Mission was its con- ceived in his soul. in deep unutterable communings with God. and of man's inditing. Silence has fallen on the lips which long pleaded China's cause. His dust sleeps now China. In the quiet of his heart. and of astonishing influence with men. his in characters not name is written. rare power in prayer. marvellous organising faculty. The missionary spirit is the spirit vii of Jesus. " Surely never was man better fitted for his work than mission in he for the difficult undertaking of founding and conducting international a great interdenominational and million-peopled China. indefatigable perseverance. in On that noble monument. Taylor. energetic initiative. heartfelt compassion. of entire surrender to God and His of great self- denial.FOREWORD " J. and it remains his memorial. and every stage of advance sprung from his personal exertions. of faith. the spirit of to the instrument the Incarnation and the Cross. and withal of childlike humility. The founder of the China Inland Mission was a physician. not of perishable marble. but the effects of the plea remain in the conversion of thousands called out of heathen darkness into God's marvellous light." Professor Warneck. " To God be all the glory. a Hudson man full of the Holy Ghost and call. Not then .

however all of the dear.viii THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Master. Who on by His own unfailing resources and chosen instrumentalities His work of the redemption of a fallen world. to the high and glorious issues of His eternal Kingdom. but lives to carry to the Master Himself be the praise.D. D." H. . however noble. Grattan Guinness.

28-34. .CONTENTS PACK Foreword . CHAP. I THE BACKSIDE OF THE DESERT Aet. vii PART 1860-1866.

The Gates of the West ... PAGE 168 184 13. 24. For Jesus' Sake He goeth before them Women which laboured with me . 23.. 22. ... . 14. 15.THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD CHAP. 21. . 303 319 the Gospel 334 PART 1881-1887. PART V BURIED LIVES: MUCH FRUIT 1 878-1 88 1.. IV THE GOD OF THE IMPOSSIBLE Thou remainest Things will look . 12. VI THE RISING TIDE Aet... 16. 46-49. 49-55. 260 276 2S5 20. .. . in Aet.. Aet. . 17. .. Shall never Thirst PART 1871-1877. 39-45217 up— if 228 243 18. . . . The EXCHANGED LlFK Jesus does satisfy . Not disobedient to the Heavenly Vision Out of Weakness were made Strong The Faithfulness of God. The Seventy .. 19..

56-63. CHAP. Waters of Rest Way is 604 42. PAGE 31. 517 PART 1895-1905. Prayers yet to be answered 620 INDEX . 36. VII WIDER MINISTRY Aet.. 627 . Again the Forward Movement 553 Father perfect 568 588 40. 41. 63-73. Few know what is betwixt Christ and me The Cross does not get comfortable With Wings as Eagles To EVERY Creature The Coming Thousand Deepening the Channels The Forward Movement . 37.CONTENTS « PART 1888-1895. 34. 437 456 464 479 487 503 35. 537 Can ye drink of the Cup Even His so. 39. 32. ? 38.. 33. 30. VIII "WORN OUT WITH LOVING" Aet.

nie Faulding . 312 608 Three Veterans ..I. . nie Dyer 144 Taylor. Hudson Hudson Taylor. ILLUSTRATIONS FACING PAGE Hudson Taylor Mrs. in Middle Life Frontispiece . Map.M. Mrs. showing C. Stations Efid of vol.

„ „ „ 2. 5. According to His Working. The Mission that had to be. . 4.PART 1860-1866. There wrestled a Man with Him. Hidden Years. If Thou forbear to deliver. 3. I THE BACKSIDE OF THE DESERT Aet. i. 28-34. Chap.

Far. When fully He the work hath wrought That caused thy needless fear.. Thou on the Lord rely. So safe shalt thou go on Fix on His work thy steadfast eye. . So shall thy work be done. far above thy thought. His counsel shall appear.

" But the missionary was not to be denied. " My dear sir. To him it seemed rather to lie at the root of all true blessing. A stranger at Perth and indeed in Scotland. It was at no little cost. a fourth of the entire human race. it had only been with difficulty he had persuaded the leaders of the Conference to give him a few minutes in which to speak on China that vast empire with the great hall with . jibout which his heart was burdened. that he ventured to urge this point of view for those were not days when foreign missions occupied a place of much importance. and to be the surest way to a deepened experience of fellowship with God. ! — its four hundred milhons. however. From an early hour that morning he had been alone with God. how inadequate to the opportunity And no one was expecting his message. " surely you mistake the character of the Conference These meetings are for spiritual edification. and his dread of public speaking was only less than his ! . It was an anxious moment for the young missionary fraught with possibilities of which he was keenly conscious." the Convener had exclaimed.— CHAPTER IF I THOU FORBEAR TO DELIVER Sept. 33. Now its sea of faces lay before him but how weak he felt. scanning the introductions of this unknown Hudson Taylor. 3 . nor could he see that obedience to the last great command of the risen Saviour was out of keeping with spiritual edification. Aet. pleading for abiding results from this meeting. 1865.

and then all else was forgotten in scenes to which they found themselves transported. Stevenson A. and yet it revealed a sacred intimacy that awakened longing for just such confidence in and certainty of God. For there was about that prayer a More simple it could not have peculiar reality and power. General Macdowall. 1865 Through God's goodness I have got some letters of introduction to Perth." 2 One of the very few gatherings which. Macpherson. he was travelling by native junk from Shanghai to Ningpo.^ And now the moment had come. Jenkinson of Edinburgh. Taylor had written to his wife in London. it arrested attention and opened the way to many a heart. The occasion of Mr. Brownlow North and other visitors from England. To Him it was and unusual as this beginning was. Mr. even for easy to speak a missionary address. Perth was taking much the place in Scotland that the Bamet Conference (afterwards moved to Mildmay) occupied in London. Morgan of The Revival (afterwards The Christian). but to lay myself may God open for China's sake. could not be at Perth in the midst of the Conference see those multitudes of Christian people. R. who in the Carrubber's Close Mission had for six years been deahng almost nightly with anxious inquirers. sensitiveness facts. : : : M'Gregor of Dundee. For the missionary came at once to the heart of his message. of Bonskeid. George Barbour. united Christians of all denominations. (jTrembling from head to foot as he rose. as well as by such well-known Scottish leaders as the Revs. of the Hudson Taylor could only grasp the rail platform and command voice enough to ask his hearers to unite with him in prayer to God. J. Messrs. without longing that they should see and feel needs incomparably greater than their own. Blackwood. at that time. presided over in the City Hall by the Revs. seeking and finding salvation. C. one Chinese. intelligent. and Mr. I much need to add to faith courage give it me. 5. Moody Stuart. 1 In the train on his way from Aberdeen to Perth. Andrew Bonar. My hope is in Him.^ But the the great unseen reahties. Milne of Perth and Macdowall Grant of Arndilly. Esq. of 1859.4 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD about putting himself forward. and caring deeply about spiritual things. his chief helper in prayer " Sept. Taylor's visit to Perth was the third Conference. who had spent . A strange hush came over the people before the prayer ended.. been. I do desire not to please myself. burned as a fire within him. J. Colville and Gillett of Glasgow. Hay Aitken of Penzance. and attended by Messrs. . May the Lord help and guide and use me there. the Rev. Back again in thought in the land of his adoption. Among his fellow-passengers. He and influential. an outcome of the great Revival The Conference was attended by about two thousand people. Yule of Cargill.

! . Nearing the city of Sung-kiang. for. —J H. his heart. " it was ** over there he went down To drop the sail and jump into the water was the work of a moment but the tide was running out. Searching everywhere in an agony of suspense. " Come." " How much will you give us ? " " Five dollars ^ only don't stand talking. " Veh bin/' was the amazing reply: "It is not shrubless shore afforded — ! convenient. . T. Save '* without delay " Too little ** they shouted across the water. sacrificed at the time Worth more than thirty shiUings. Mr Taylor caught sight of some fishermen with a drag-net just the thing needed. this they came. when Mr. Springing at once on deck he looked round and missed Peter. " Yes. or it will be too late. I don't know. they were preparing to go ashore together to preach and distribute tracts." he cried as hope revived. was though not unacquainted with the Gospel." " are busy fishing.*' first time they passed the net through the water brought It up the missing man." ** And how much may Upon But vain. Mr. '* come and drag over"? A man is drowning " this spot.IF some years much upon in THOU FORBEAR TO DELIVER 5 England and went by the name of Peter. and the all " that be ? About fourteen dollars." exclaimed the boatmen unconcernedly. Taylor in his cabin was startled by a sudden splash and cry that told of a man overboard. little landmark." " Don't talk of convenience ! Quickly come. Simply he told the story of this man's friendliness and of his own efforts to win him to Christ." " But I have not so much with me I will give you ! I've got. Taylor's efforts to restore respiration were in was only too plain that life had fled. he knew nothing of its saving power.** " Never mind your fishing I will We ! Come —only come at once ! pay you well. ^ " Oh. and the low. " ! life ! ! We all will not come for less than thirty dollars.

6 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD who might easily to the callous indifference of those have saved it. every part indeed of the mighty empire passed in review. If thou forbear to deliver them that are drawn unto death. quite profitably occupied it may be. Go perish. to Ningpo with Mr. conviction struck home all the more deeply that it was unexpected : " Is the body. and those if thou say est. his soul. We say they were guilty of the man's death because they could easily have saved him. — Rapidly. and to have the offer of eternal life in His Name. and that eternally ? ye into all the world and preach the Gospel to every creature.^ burning sense of indignation swept over the great Could it be that anywhere on earth people were But as the to be found so utterly callous and selfish audience. women. . of so much more value than the soul ? those heathen fishermen. and did not do it. we knew it that are ready to be slain not doth not He that pondereth the heart consider it ? and He that keepeth thy soul doth not He know it ? And shall He not render to every man according to his works ? " We condemn — ' ' . and children was a soul for whose salvation an infinite price had been paid every one of them had a right to know that they had been ransomed by the precious blood of Christ. 1856. they were living.' and the searching question inspired by God Himself. But what of the millions whom we leave to What of the plain command. little facts that recent prayer Hudson Taylor arrayed before his hearers and study had burned afresh upon Not the coast-board provinces only. to which the of Protestant missionaries was confined. then. dying without God and without hope a million every month in that one land passing beyond our reach. Millions upon millions of their fellow-creatures. band ^ 1 It was on Friday. when young Hudson Taylor was returning whose colleague he became a little later. Jones. largely inaccessible . but the great unreached interior. its vast population was but every one of those men. then. ! A earnest voice went on. Behold. ' I j China might be silence conscience far off and little known . J. we might by saying that . October lo. To most if not all present it was a revelation. . that this incident took place. While we were busy about other things.

its ninety-one missionaries of all societies were not by any means evenly distributed. several thousand ministers were needed to care for the spiritual interests of people already flooded with Gospel light. and to the deepest needs of the human soul It was for these inland provinces and dependencies the speaker pleaded populous regions as large as all the countries of Europe put together. immortal souls. amongst its . and examine yourself in the sight of God to see whether you are doing your utmost to make Him known to them or not. hear as the speaker heard. China. inhabited were found by two hundred millions of our fellow-creatures. " and that there is none other name under heaven given among men save the precious name of Jesus whereby we must be saved ? Do you believe that He and He alone is the Way. with a hundred times as many precious.*' and the Life. unthought-of. — " Do you believe that each unit of these millions has an immortal soul. a very few." Amazing inconsistency. so much.! — 7 IF THOU FORBEAR TO DELIVER unknown. were brought out of the dim mists of forgetfulness. centres near the coast. They were gathered in a few. that order. on an average. they were in touch with a mere fringe of the population of the provinces in which they while beyond lay the vast interior. God's view. think of the condition of these unsaved souls. full and free. through the finished work of Christ. about these startling facts as letting the light of God fall upon them making those present see as the speaker saw. Confined to the treaty ports. in which no Protestant missionary was yet to be found." he questioned searchingly. the Truth. ' ' ' ' ' ' ' . to every four millions.' and that no man cometh unto the Father but by Him ? If so. In Scotland. And what a verdict that was ! population of four millions. Yet we believe that ** the wicked shall be turned into hell. Moreover. with whom no voice was raised to tell of salvation. It was not speaking. and put before them in such fashion that their claim upon Christian hearts could never again be Missionary addresses were not wont to be of disregarded. and all the nations that forget God. God's verdict upon the matter. had not even one Protestant missionary. appalling indifference to the revealed will of Him Whom we call Master and Lord.

will have passed forever beyond our reach. — ' ' ' ' have bought a piece of land. " come sooner ? : . Why — Recalling an experience. purchased five yoke of oxen. full of joy in his new-found faith. married a wife. the pain of which could never be forgotten.^not pleasure. in China. Taylor went on to tell of a Ningpo convert who. not business detains you at home. remember." answer '* Hundreds of years. " The Lord Jesus commands us. you need rather to ascertain whether you have a special call to stay at home. however. pray for. Conference twelve millions more. and died without finding it.'* was the reluctant " hundreds of years. why did you not it long. . had inquired "How long have you known this Good News in your " country ? " We have known it a long time. Go into all the world and preach the Gospel to every creature. What are we doing to bring them It is no use singing as we the tidings of Redeeming Love ? often do Waft.' Will you say to Him. commands us each one individually Go. or for other reasons cannot obey ? WiU He accept such we must all stand before excuses ? Have we forgotten that the judgment seat of Christ. " and you never came to tell us " " My father sought the Truth. ' . are you labouring in prayer for these needy ones as you might ? Is your influence used to advance the cause of God among them ? Are your means as largely employed " as they should be in helping forward their salvation ? China. why are you disobeying the Saviour's plain command to go ? are you vrefusing to come to the help of the Lord against the mighty ? ) If.* * The winds will never waft the story but they may waft us. waft ye winds the story.: — — 8 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD " It will not do to say that you have no special call to go to With these facts before you. Mr. It is not convenient ? Will you tell Him that you are busy fishing . labour for things done in the body." he added sadly. " sought Oh. it is perfectly clear that duty not inchnation. Before the next Perth speaker.' that every one may receive the Oh. ! " Shall we say that the way was not open ? " continued the " At any rate it is open now.' He says. If in the sight of God you cannot say you are sure that you have a special call to stay at home." exclaimed the ex-Buddhist leader.

no Committee even or promise of supplies. both of the address and -that Hudson Taylor was about to return to China. Quiet. doth not He know it ? And shall not He render to every man according to his works ? " ) own ! ' . With no denomination at his back. I should not wonder if many men are raised up for China. the heart-experiences that led to the launching in this unexpected way of the China Inland Mission } ! * " I spoke on China yesterday. to inquire about the work in which he was engaged and to Far and wide reports offer such help as they could give. men felt almost as if a prophet had risen up among them. he was taking with him a party of fellow.' IF THOU FORBEAR TO DELIVER : 9 the unevangelised millions of China. ." . and those that are ready to be slain if thou say est. Many sought the speaker afterwards. or you will sin against your soul Consider again whose Word it is that says " If thou forbear to deliver them that are drawn unto death. " and have one or more meetings to-morrow for this purpose exclusively. steeped in prayer.workers to attempt nothing less than the evangelisation of the inland provinces of that And he was so calm about it. and one of the larger churches was filled with an audience eager to hear more of the projected mission. Reports of his addresses appeared in not a few religious journals.. ' So deep was the impression that the meeting broke up almost in silence. Friends made at these meetings were among his faithful helpers through all the after-years. Taylor wrote from the Conference. practical.^ Further openings resulted. I am staying with General Sir Alexander Lindsay. his words had weight and influence. as it was found that Hudson Taylor was no visionary though he had his God-given vision.. making them far other than a Utopian dream ? What had been the life. What was it that lay behind the faith and vision. and to this day there are those who remember with thankfulness the coming of this servant of God into their lives at the Perth Conference of 1865. were carried. Behold. the character. so sure that great empire. God had called them to this seemingly impossible task and would open the way before them Amazed at his faith and vision. ." Mr. we knew it not doth not He that pondereth the heart consider it ? and He that keepeth thy soul. .

. Hudson Taylor had made his home. and so engrossed was he with meetings. and elsewhere had taken heavy toll of a constitution none too strong at the outset. it had been like a death-sentence to be told that he must never think of returning unless he wished Six and a half years of strenuous to throw his life away. No thought of The story of Mr. and above all a more correct translation of the New Testament with marginal references. His one consolation in leaving the converts in Ningpo had been that he could serve them in England. In the heart of the East End of London. Morgan & Scott. Taylor's first period of work in China will be found in Hudson Taylor in Early Years : The Growth of a Soul. among the toilers of Whitechapel. Invalided from China in i860. the young missionary had thrown himself into the task of getting the Bible Society and the Religious Tract Society to undertake these pubhcations. to which this volume forms the sequel. Aet. published by the China Inland Mission and Messrs.^ CHAPTER II HIDDEN YEARS 1860-1864. If he should be detained at home but a year or two. Taylor was anxious to make the most 1 of the time. interviews. and with a delicate wife and child it looked for a time as though he see China again. and correspondence that almost three weeks elapsed before he could visit his beloved would never parents in Barnsley. work in Shanghai. Ningpo. Then came the question as to where to settle. A hymnbook and other simple works in their local dialect were much needed. Immediately on landing. 28-32. Mr.

Oh. " You know what it is to have a sick child at a distance. Jones. and turning resolutely from an easier line of things he brought his wife and children to East London. the London Hospital. Four years were to elapse quiet. etc. Facing the broad thoroughfare of Whitechapel stood his old Alma Mater. began the was to lengthen out. Taylor wrote to his parents. ! than we do. whose work (unconnected with any society) had been the means of much blessing. while God was doing the real. the inner work which was to bear fruit not in Ningpo only but in every part of Here. " and we are feeling separation from children in the Lord who are But what can we do ? We can scarcely go back at once. them. five additional helpers had been appealed for. after two months in England. and much prayer was being made in the faith that they would be given." Curbing his eagerness to be back in China. Jones) are apt to look on the dark side of so we must hope for the best. httle as Hudson Taylor expected it. yes He will bear the lambs in His bosom. until he was ready for the wider vision that was yet to dawn upon him. . Meanwhile tidings were none too good from the little mission. renting a house on a side street near the hospital. Mr. I know how we are needed.' Mr. Taylor his medical studies and take his diplomas. and Mrs. Furlough to him simply meant an opportunity for finding fellow-labourers and them for future usefulness. at No. hidden years in which little apparently was to be accomplished. discipline that — — China. It is true that our friends (Mr. Its doors were open to him. Even before Mr. and join our prayers with things yours for God to work in the hearts of the dear but feeble lambs of His flock. i Beaumont Street. His and Mrs.HIDDEN YEARS ii a holiday seems to have entered his mind. but the object sought in our coming home does not yet seem gained. redeemed with His own precious blood. . then. Taylor left. Mr. He loves them more spiritually sick. J. were no longer equal to the burdens pressing upon and fitting himself colleagues in Ningpo. that no time might be lost in going to and fro to attend his had decided to complete lectures.

they had underChina taken the important task of revising the Ningpo Testament. is afforded by the recollections of the Barnsley candidate who came up during the first year Mr. Bell repeated his question : . Dropping in to tea. They were in England truly. Romanised publications in hand. all right." Hudson Taylor's appeal for workers had reached Barnsley before his return to England. and the fellowworkers given about whom they were waiting upon God. sir ? And the unexpected This turned his thoughts to the young mechanic who was his right-hand helper in open-air meetings and wherever a soul was to be won. every breath. Bell had learned that spiritual qualifications were needed reply rather thah high educational attainments. " Go to China. Mr. " I have a job for ypu. had been. Henry Bell. What is it. the good old-fashioned Yorkshire meal. A glimpse into the daily life of that little home in Beaumont Street. " Will you undertake it ? " " ! — . " James. but with every thought. that the young missionaries could not foresee At twenty-nine and twenty-four. and as health improved their hope brightened that a couple of years might set them free medical degrees obtained. long patience is not easy. Mr. the revision was to prove a task that grew upon their hands. and the one way to answer their deepest prayers. though Mr. Through his Class Leader. Yet it was right. though without for a moment supposing that he could himself become a missionary. Bell one day. living for In addition to his medical studies. and often was the matter remembered in prayer in the old home on the Market Place. Taylor was in London. and in which. And it was to be four years before the Pillar of the Cloud moved for them even a little four years that were to bring them but one missionary. Telling him all he knew of the opening." said Mr. They were in correspondence also with candidates for the mission. Mr. the Bible Society having agreed to pubUsh a new edition. loving China.12 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Well was it all that lay before them. he had been interested in China. Taylor's medical studies were completed. so different from the sordid scenes about it.

477 ei sqq. knelt down and definitely asked the Lord. Go. Gough over a knotty point of translation. ShaU I go ? " The answer that came then and there was. he found Mr. he was scarcely surprised to find himself in a poor neighbourhood. and go out looking But he must know assuredly to the Lord alone for supplies." replied is calling me. They and their Chinese helper (none other than Wang Lae-djun of Ningpo ^) seemed to have little time for housekeeping. p. as he soon discovered." When the time came for his first visit to London." he wrote long after. *' if God must have time to pray over it. 3 The Rev. " and going into my workshop one dinner-hour. To see something of a missionary's life Taylor's company. was studying medicine at the London Hospital. than the scantily furnished rooms which contented the missionaries. it was with immense interest he looked forward to being in Mr. he knew." I will. Taylor in the revision. 2 and it was some time before they could do more than give him a cordial welcome. and it was natural he should But the poverty of the little house itself live near at hand. so keen were they on the chief work in hand. and the Lord be with thee. The Growth of a Soul. Gough of the Church Missionary Society also on furlough from Ningpo. when he got over the surprise of being welcomed by a Chinese in native gown and queue. nor did the difficulties of the language. Mr. F. the revision of the New Testament. Taylor. him no appreHe was ready to give up good business prospects. The cottage he had left in Bamsley possessed more of comfort. did somewhat take him aback. " So I fasted. at close quarters had more attraction for him than all the wonders of the great city. who had joined Mr. But The faith principles of the mission caused hension. F. In a study devoid of all but actual necessaries. Taylor engrossed with Mr. that he was being led of God. * .HIDDEN YEARS N^UVill "^V* 13 you go " ? T Meadows. So interested see For the conversion of this remarkable man and his early labours. Making his way to the address given.' and I have never regretted from that day ' ' ' to this (nearly fifty years later) that I acted upon it.

" James Meadows speaks of being well and regularly supplied with money. Mr. corresponding reality in their daily life. in need. Meadows's only complaint. and found some adequate. Meadows and his bride sailed for China in January 1862. indeed. China for lack of from their thoughts. or even in prospect. as did their absorbing devotion to the work they had left. and he was surprised to find himself unruffled by things that would have upset his peace of mind at home. and the clear entries in his own handwriting testify to the faithfulness with which he discharged these responsibilities. and apparently forgotten during years in China. which was never in far fact of a million precious souls. and to go out simply as a " Scripture-reader — — when And Hudson unworthy first before long funds were provided. in his early correspondence illustrates the regularity with which he was fellow-workers. The appalling month by month. and the table linen no less than the pro- whose spirit ! And at table visions told of the secondary place given to such details. the low fire in the grate. and the well-worn dress of the man seemed in such contrast with his surroundings Lae-djiin was both cook it was the same. and Mrs. Taylor wrote to his mother a year after the 1 of the five Mr. in all that was going on that he forgot the bareness of the room. and nothing that could be done by correspondence and attention to business details should be omitted to further the efficiency and well-being of his Careful though he was of every penny. cared for. and laundryman." Mr. Poor as they were and it was not long before he discovered that they had no means in hand. was however. But the conversation made him oblivious of the cooking. with which to send him to China he was glad to accept such " leadership.^ 14 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD he. The " gentle. though the day was bitterly cold. first workers prayed for to reinforce Mr. earnest piety " of the missionaries deeply impressed him. He had known what was not it was his to be alone. Jones in the Ningpo Mission. . perishing the Gospel was real to them. Taylor's care of his one missionary of this confidence. he invested in a good account-book and a file for letters.

counting everything here. attendance at committees. twelve thin paper-covered notebooks. he was more free to look this By and his . Taylor's medical studies were completed diplomas taken. . ^ Daily entries in his small clear writing fill the pages.' loss." time Mr. " His only dissatisfaction is that his friends. meetings. 1 In a letter of July 27. But when we get We must not seek our rest Hojne we shall be all together. would be anxious.HIDDEN YEARS 15 young couple had gone out. give to intending missionaries. and that as neither he nor I have any promise of another farthing from any one. Scarcely a day is recorded in which he did not have lessons in Chinese to medical visits to pay to friends pr suffering neighbours. Beginning soon after Mr. worn with years.. the strain of examinations over. ahead. gaining valuable experience in hospital practice and now. He had worked hard for them. December 1862 to the end of 1865. but not one of them missing. in fact. they cover a period of three years. * (and that includes a great many things) but " win Christ and be found in Him. pages were being written.. . as though such a state of things were incompatible with leaning upon God alone. 1862. up to and a little beyond the Perth Conference. We must press forward. and supply all our need. I wish Bamsley were not so far away. . Here they lie upon the table. must we ? " . we need to look to the Lord constantly to supply us as He sees fit. that we may Of these hidden years of work and waiting little would have been known in detail but for the preservation of a number of brief journals whose very existence was unProvidentially brought to light while these suspected. correspondence. 3 I. Taylor's medical degrees were taken. He seems distressed. . visitors." he had written home some months earher. which breathe a spirit words are poor to express. knowing him to be looking to God only. at their being so regular and sufficient. We have many difficulties before us. I have explained in my reply that this is not the case. they fill a gap hitherto passed over in silence. . while he is receiving remittances as regularly as though he had a salary.e.^ " I do not see my way at all but it is enough that He does Who will guide.

19. . . 25: Thanks be to Him. Every day he noted the number of hours spent in this work alone. . heard Mr. wrote to James Meadows. total nine hours. must have but he had strong conscientious objections been fatiguing to Mr. 24: thirteen and a half hours. Thus the record runs on. and one frequently comes across such entries as the revision of the his chief occupation. . ten and a half hours. Walked home. tired though they must often have been prayer and Bible study that had not a little to do with Lae-djiin's subsequent usefulness as the first and for thirty years one of the most devoted native Pastors in the China Inland Mission. Taylor spent hours hours of with him on Sunday. : . putting to shame our easy- going service by its intensity and devotion. 21 „ ten hours.m. : Revision nine hours. That the latter was and one to which he devoted himself with characteristic thoroughness. and felt the effort well repaid by intercourse with the Howards and other friends. Street Meeting . twelve miles in all. 1863 : Commenced with Mr.^ Revision twelve hours. „ „ „ eight hours. Gough worked together about eight hours. and Revision. Sunday had service with Lae-djiin.. that we should be helped in revision to do it well and as quickly as is consistent : : : : — with so doing. Lae-djiin was not neglected Regularly. Several answers to prayer to-day. „ Morning. posed to Miss Howard. took tea with Mr. Mr. Evening.. as subjects for prayer. April 14 15 . John Howard. 23: nine and a half hours. eleven hours. detained at home on account of seriously impaired health through equally strenuous labours in China 1 ! reach. having walked to Tottenham to inquire after Miss ProStacey's health.^ Afternoon. eleven and a half hours. April 20 eleven hours. is evident from the journals. as the journals testify. And this was a returned missionary. Howard preach. following April 13. 22 twelve hours. : at 10 a. : : : . 16 „ 17 „ 18 . Taylor to Sunday travelUng. and the helpful fellowship of the Brook The only Chinese Christian within spiritually.: i6 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD or other public or private engagements in addition to the Ningpo Testament. 2 The walk to and from Tottenham. .

Sunday part a happy season. of which Mr. nine and a half hours. Jones in the pastoral oversight of the Bridge Street Church. first „ 10. The testing permitted was two those of the Ningpo Testament and the supply of personal needs.m. xi. . May God prosper us in our work this week. Taylor's chief correspondent. G. meetings).. eleven and a half hours. Lord. Mr. C . Although very busy in his own work. . Gough promised to begin to-morrow not later than 10. : : : : : : — : : ! But it was not work trial only. Lord of Ningpo. Lewis was the minister of the Baptist Church. Sunday. Evening. the beloved sister Amelia. etc. Wrote to Mr.. Lord.M. and to give much help to Mr. stayed at home and engaged in prayer about our Chinese work. first part. Kennedy on no harm. Mr. B. prayer with Maria about leaving this house. 42 He cannot save. .. formerly of the American Baptist Missionary Union. lay do\^^l. Taylor. thyself : 17 Sunday Morning. and in all other matters be our help and guide. 33 took the Communion there in the afternoon. with Lae-djiin on Heb. „ eight and a half hours (visitors till 10 p. for many years Mr. 2 The Rev. he found time to replace Mr. Jones had had to leave China in broken health. it should be recorded. Taylor's. 9 „ Morning. at Bayswater Lewis. xi. thirteen hours... heard Rev. „ „ 7 8 ten and a half hours." (Appropriate surely !) Afternoon.. xxvii.^ Evening. thirteen hours. . nine and a half hours." Oh to be more like the meek. loving Jesus. was a highly esteemed friend of Mr. and Mrs. 3. and reached the better Home before the journey could be completed. it was faith and endurance chiefly along under searching that made these years so fruitful in their after-results. : In the morning heard Mr. from John iii. Taylor had become and long remained a member. Wrote to James Meadows. W. never at any time received financial help from the funds of the lines. „ eleven hours. " Do April 27 28 „ „ : : „ 29 30 I : : May : Revision seven hours (evening at Exeter Hall). heard "He saved others. 1 Bayswater was the home at this time of Mr. The Rev.. about Meadows. E. Kennedy on Matt. May 4 Revision four hours (correspondence and visitors). Truelove. Meadows.. . „ 5 6 seven hours (important interviews).. Mr. make me more Uke Thee. C. with Lae-djiin on Heb. . . revision. Broomhall. having headache and neuralgia.30. T.HIDDEN YEARS April 26. forbearing. Afternoon.^ Evening.) „ .S. Himself Mr. 2 : . „ five and a half hours (B.

Jonathan Hutchinson. in East London were marked by very special exercise of mind in this connection. left. for the household and a day or two later a relative called with more than thirty pounds for Mr. Jones' sister came up from the country. October 11. . Afternoon. THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Even in these early days he felt it important to be entirely independent. He had long been looking to the Lord in temporal matters as in spiritual. and a fowl. proving in many wonderful ways the truth of the promise. in Thee (So they were Lord. save to love one another. " No good thing will He withhold from them that walk uprightly. 5jd." It was the summer of 1864. Went October 10 with Mrs. as the week wore on. '* Owe no man anything. management. responsible for quite a party.) Revision nine and a half hours. special evidences of the Lord's watchful care. He was permitting their faith to be tested for sufficient reasons. Taylor's personal use. but He was not unmindful of them in the trial. Mrs. Once. It is not surprising to find. of which we read as follows : Our money nearly spent. Our money all but gone. what was owing to tradesmen and servants. with the greatest refused to take any fee.i8 Mission. . in this sense. the close sultry season so trying in East . and some periods of extremity never afterwards Such. a duck. went to hear Mr. bringing " a goose. however. of the work. to-day to the collections. May Jones and Baby came from Bristol. : ! : . is While God : God to me. Monday however. was there a Hability that could not be met. Mrs. for example. O Lord. Jones. i Chron. We gave 2s. our hope is October 9 Revision six and a half hours. Jones to see Mr. in faith and as due to the Lord." These years. I must have all things and abound. Found a very sweet promise for us in our revision work. with Lae-djiin. Revision seven hours. Sunday engaged in prayer. xxviii. Early in the week Mrs. were the autumn days in repeated. : faith. who kindly Only 2s. . for they sedulously obeyed the injunction. and Mrs." with other good things. and once only. Kennedy. Evening. 20. 1863. Paid in October 5. Morning.

Ever since the beginning of August supplies had been running low. Five pounds reached him by post on Monday. To his surprise. and on the 12th a brief entry closed with the words : The tax-gatherer Help us. to give all their time and strength to the Lord's work and quietly wait His supplies was the right way. for them at any rate. though the children's nurse had to be told the situation in case she might wish to leave. Taylor's hand begged him to accept it. Slowly the minutes wore on.no relief. There was rnore prayer than sleep that night. On yet another occasion that little home in Beaumont Street witnessed some hours of anxious suspense. Next day was Satinrday. for it — . though late. in hand. and thirty-five during the course of the week. ing. and when in Yorkshire. and the landlord a quick-tempered. for Thy Name's sake. though in intervals of work all day the anxiety returned. and the day before the landlord was to call Mr.— HIDDEN YEARS 19 London. and a moment's reflection assured him that the mistake was due to carelessness on his own part. and I was obliged to defer him. Taylor listening for the knock that did not come. A quarter's rent was due immediately after a summer holiday returned. instead of finding the amount expected. a friend who had left the house and putting seven pounds into Mr. After an hour or two he began to breathe more freely. That night. and there was little or nothing Seven and a half hours were given to revision just as usual. called. Thus he was confirmed in the confidence that. Taylor returned from Barnsley (where he had left his family) and went to the desk in which he had placed the money in readiness. Mr. hard-spoken man was to call the following morning. Sought to of Jesus is is realise that it is in weakness and need the strength perfected the entry that shows how deeply their hearts were exercised. it was a pound short. O Lord. which he had now no means of rectifyFor how to make up that missing pound he knew not.' but the early post brought.

whose knowledge of Greek as well as Chinese enabled him They to translate with confidence from the original. 1 Meanwhile. in starting for business Such a thing the day before.S. Next morning." interposed his tenant thankfully sovereign this morning's have I received a post only by *' needed to make up the rent . it met. references. — — and Mrs. But the task itself proved far more laborious than they had anticipated. with the strongest Persons whose position gave them weight criticised the undertaking at the Bible House to such an extent that. To fail after having sacrificed so much. were thus well quahfied for the work. strange to say. Taylor. he could not account for was most unusual. Brief entries in the little Moreover opposition. delaying even his return Yet to China. it seemed as if it must be abandoned. F. and progress was not hindered by lack of diligence. . what of the bright hopes with which Mr. the landlord appeared. and had been too late to call. he had to face it. but after months and years of toil. was a possibility that cost him keen distress. He had been hindered. and thus comparatively easy both to read and understand was an With the help of object worthy of considerable sacrifice. For two or three months the situation was painful in the extreme. Taylor had entered upon the work entrusted to him by the Bible Society ? To obtain a correct version of the New Testament not in Chinese character but in Roman letters. it. it in reasonable time. In a more friendly spirit than usual.. especially when Mr. Gough seemed on the point of giving way. Gough of the C. extended as it was to include the preparation of marginal Lae-djiin in the Wang Ningpo dialect as in English.M. Taylor's friends and the Mission circle had become interested in the matter. during which Mr. '* "for But I can. representing the sounds of the local dialect.20 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD night came he gave himself again to prayer. and this not at the beginning. F. who was as much at home he hoped to accomplish After a beginning had been made. he was joined also by the Rev. he explained. once and again.

Forty-three hours were given to revision that week. or the Bible Society. Gough. . Spent the morning in fasting and prayer. That. if. ^ is that it is of the Lord. and under these circumstances it is improbable that we should have it. That if he should not do this. (" Come.M. altogether. not a Httle confirmed My by the character of the opposition to our work. Mr. Sunday Morning. 4. took the lead at Mr. correcting where or whether to give up the work we can any glaring errors . as the Lord his mother on Oct. engaged in prayer with Mr. and the Bible Society may be brought to that conclusion which will be most for the glory of God and the real (not apparent) good of the work. " I. with Lae-djiin. I. " present full conviction.M. : : . Gough in the remainder of the work is very desirable. : Oct. they throw up the revision. Evening. Taylor felt it. 7. . Gough could go on no longer.") May we turn to Him again. read Hebrews. with Lae-djiin on Romans ii.HIDDEN YEARS journal 21 on in the faith that Sept. and let us return unto the Lord for He hath torn. Gough may be induced to continue his share in it. I would ask special prayer then. Mr. or in kome measure to revise them. as is almost certain.i and I began a letter to the Secretary of the Bible Society. vi. . Secretary of the Church Missionary Society.S. and again find His favour in our revision work. Venn." Mr. and thus ensure His blessing in our work. Afternoon. Evening. and He will bind us up. " II. and He will heal us He hath smitten. 21 (1863) . and if it be most for the good of the dear converts of Ningpo. Determined by God's help to Hve nearer to Him. until Mr. But the difficulties only increased. Afternoon. Sept. Scott's " Twig Folly " Meeting. 27. Gough went to see Mr. Sunday Morning. ** III. That the C. heard Mr. " Humanly speaking there is little hope of the continued aid of either the C. in Conybeare and Howson. a very valuable sermon. Hon.(we may be guided aright as to our path-^whether simply to reprint the Epistles and Revelation. Taylor wrote to " For this I care but Uttle. Kennedy on Hos. though working all would yet be well. in spite of much distress. • show how keenly Mr. can easily provide the funds we need. But the help of Mr.S.

" go forward. that will I do. especially when the death of Mr. is no intention of taking it out of your hands. and the conviction that He could and would undertake." ! 22 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD ' : and that He is sa5dng to us. or guidance as to their return to China ? All. With returning strength the longing grew upon him to be back in China. Taylor as a definite answer but it meant also that he was pledged more than to prayer ever to his part of the work and the years were passing on. the Bible Society reached a decision which bound him more than ever . dear Mother. guide us aright. all was brought to their Heavenly Father with the directness of little children. " They are evidently satisfied with what you are doing. Taylor's dependence upon prayer. or the difficulties of their was it a question of health. pleading the God. May He teach me if it be not so. Great changes had swept over Ningpo with the devastations After indescribable sufferings of the Tai-ping Rebellion. by His grace I will . Equally characteristic was the faithfulness with which he followed when the Lord's way was made plain. — . their own or the long task children's. until thou hast finished all the work for the service of the house of the Lord. and the way you are doing it." wrote Mr. And may He. whose we are and whom we serve. nor be dismayed for the Lord God will be with thee. Pearse. to the revision. of house .' If this is really His will. Be strong and of good courage and do it fear not. Whatsoever ye shall ask in My Name. and provide. so practical direct. Barely two weeks after the above letter was written. the population had largely lost faith in idols which could .' Plead this promise. every need. and greatly rejoiced Mr. promises. in behalf of our work. forestalling the letter of the Committee. that the Father may be glorified in the Son. It was all so real. " ' Nothing is more striking in the records of the period than Mr. money for daily bread. Jones left the Bridge Street converts almost without pastoral care.moving. real dependence He leaned his whole weight for every detail. Was it Lae-dj tin's affairs. " There his friend This meant that the Romanised Testament would be completed. on the wife and child who needed him.

! whom no man seemed to care. was in sore need of companionand the native Christians of spiritual help. child. And they did more than pray. his eye would fall upon the map and oh. Taylor and Lae-djiin. humanly speaking. I was as near the vast regions of the interior as the smaller districts in which I had personally laboured and prayer was the only resource by which the burdened heart could obtain any relief. the thought of those for whom nothing was prepared ! " While on the field. . pleading the cause of those unevangelised millions. the map of the whole vast empire for On lay the ever-open Bible . for Mr. Everything pointed. upon the Word of God. call of inland China. Meadows. he could not escape the bereaved of wife and ship. daily to meet it. Yet did not the very answers to prayer that had been so marked bind him to continue the work that was detaining him. Gough in measure shared they would call Mrs. to Mr." — Laying aside their work. sentatives of the larger missionary societies. they interviewed the reprethis experience. Alone. and carry it to completion ? But all the while another longing was taking possession of his soul. The objections raised were . looming large and ever larger with strange persistence. he was young and craved activity and the joy of winning souls to Christ. feasting. and could do nothing But detained for some years in England.— HIDDEN YEARS not protect even themselves. or rather would be done." he wrote. Taylor's return. Do what he would. viewing the whole country on the large map in my study. and unitedly pour out their hearts in prayer that God would send the Gospel to every part of China. or together. Everywhere they were met with sympathy. and increased his longing to be in direct missionary work once more. and 23 as never Mr. and heart-searching the connection Feeding. many were ready before for the consolations of the Gospel. Important as the revision was. the appeal of those Christless millions his study wall hung on the table before him and between the two how close . " the pressure of claims immediately around me was so great that I could not think much of the still greater need farther inland. for the facts were their own argument but everywhere also it was evident that nothing could.

. those remote provinces were practically inaccessible to foreigners. and Mrs. all the days " so read command and promise'. did not lessen the need or bring any lightening of the burden. — . however. And were it otherwise. True the treaty of i860 provided for journeys and even residence inland. . Hudson Taylor found himself still challenged by the open Bible. any aggressive effort nor the means were forthcoming. financially. was impossible. to the man upon his knees came at length some apprehension of that for which also he was apprehended of God. the spirit of prayer was so outpoured that for a couple of hours at a time those fervent hearts went up in continued Thus as the silent years drew to a close. "All the world .24 twofold THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD : in the first place. their restraining providences and all their deepening and development." These objections. with supplication. . Was He not worthy of trust and utmost allegiance ? And there were others who thought as he did. I am with you.. and everywhere the conclusion •'* We must wait until God's providence was the same opens the door at present we can do nothing. Ever since the outgoing of Mr. the ever-accusing map. The Master had said nothing about politics or finance in His " Go ye Lo." great commission. Returning to the East End and his quiet study. friends and candidates of the Mission who gathered weekly for prayer at Beaumont Street. but that was merely on paper. Few though they were in number. Neither the men : . Meadows this meeting had been held on Saturday afternoons..

but his chief interest lay in the extension of the Kingdom of God. B. Secretary of the Society that was sending the young missionary to China. 33. Aet. took Hudson Taylor and his friend {later on his brother-in-law). she introduced the subject of religion. " and went behind the drawing-room door to hide his tears Street. and the joy she found in Christ as a personal Friend and Saviour. Broomhall. to dine with the Bergers. Brought up in the Church of England he had been converted early in At an evening party he life under unusual circumstances. George Pearse of the Stock Exchange. So evident was her sincerity. that the young man was deeply moved." Among those who He was the first still under forty when he met Hudson Taylor for time. after the Hackney Meeting one Sunday morning. 25 . Mr. then living at Hornsey Rise. who. Berger was a busy man. attended the prayer meeting at Beaumont none were more interested in the Ningpo Mission than the tall silent merchant and his wife who came up from their beautiful home in Sussex. increased the interest. to his surprise. apart from the one thing needful. of thankfulness. As the owner of large starch works Mr. but then and there he received the Lord Jesus as his Saviour.^ Correspondence and when the missionary was invalided 1 As much was to grow out of this association. Mr.CHAPTER III THERE WRESTLED A MAN WITH HIM 1865. was talking with a girl of his own age when. then a lad of twenty-one on the eve of sailing for China. it is interesting to recall that the introduction was through a mutual friend. No special sense of sin seems to have come to him till later. and was attracted by his spirit. In the midst of that gay company he realised the emptiness of all the world can give.

paradise to the were a quite beyond. Berger's hospitality provided. meadows home seven outside his family circle. ! apart from the good cheer Mrs. Berger to Saint Hill. growing sense of personal responsibility that the chief bond Accompanying Mr. As time went on and Mr. and with no family of their It was a perfect friendship own. undertaking the whole of his support. Saint Hill. Taylor to a farewell of union lay. the Bergers had room in their hearts for all the interests . It filled him with for Jesus' sake. became a real oasis to all the family at Beaumont Street. and Mrs. The joy with which they were making sacrifices brought to Mr. How good it was to escape at times from the squalid surroundings The fine of Whitechapel to the hills and lanes of Sussex little sloping down to a lake grounds. meeting for a young worker about to join Mr. Mr. of the Mission. without a single influential member. . societies to of Mr. Berger was fitted to be just the adviser Hudson Taylor needed. and the earnestness moved him to a definite resolve. Berger a new sense of the privilege of giving and suffering involved. Taylor's efforts to induce various extend their operations to those waiting provinces. Taylor became increasingly burdened about the need and claims of inland China. and in his gentle wife Mrs. Taylor found almost a mother's sympathy. for the cause of Christ. indeed.26 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD years later. 1 The beautiful mansion near East Grinstead to which they had moved from London. with old house and children. than the welcome of Mr. Meadows. comparatively. Berger shared with him much of the exercise of heart He knew of Mr. no warmer welcome awaited him. and was in sympathy with his thought of utilising a class of But it was in the labourers hitherto little drawn upon. Taylor's address Rising at the close of the meeting he said that what he had seen and heard overwhelmed him with shame because he had done so little. Mr. With more experience of the world as well as in spiritual things.^ From that time their house was open to him and his. he was surprised to find a small poor church. and the prolonged task that kept him in London served to deepen the friendship.

: THERE WRESTLED A MAN WITH HIM joy also . a hundred times more than he had hitherto attempted. 5 moving to-morrow. could have offered any but the entry in serious difficulty through excess of size Mr. It is interesting that this experience . but Mr. had come another thought ^ " They perish a thousand every hour of the day and night and this while to me. is given power to ask in prayer whatsoever we will to ask without ! — — . yes. Gough offered to : : pay the difference between it and our present : rent. Oct. Taylor must have been for this step forward. where Mile End merges into the more residential neighbourhood of Bow. Taylor's journal was as follows this . For to himself also matters were assuming a new urgency. as to every believer. A home had been found in Coborn Street. limit in the name of Jesus. 1865. One would hardly have thought that number 30. how little either he or Mr." Little wonder the burden was intolerable ! - roundings. more than three months before Mr. Berger can have anticipated the developments for which provision was thus being made Yet they were near at hand. Prayer was answered who would help us to remove reasonably. 28 (1864) found the way closed in all but one direction. a couple of miles farther east. Taylor himself met the crisis of Ufe on the sands at Brighton. and side streets aspire to modest gardens shaded by welcome trees. 1 . Gough Sept.^ Thankful as Mr. A week later the result : was recorded Revision two and a half hours. by the help of God. . Added to the consciousness ever present with him of passing souls in China. . 27 and he had determined that night to do ten times more. to seek a house The house seemed too large for us. : By Revision five hours. We prepare for in our finding a man little his took place on March 13. with its one window beside the hall-door. Went with Mr. time a change had come in his immediate surA growing interest in the Ningpo Mission and an increasing number of candidates made it necessary to seek larger quarters.

and thereafter. and new cycles opening up. the revision and other work proceeded just as What a light it casts upon the largeness of his aims usual. Took Truelove to Bryanstone Hall. May He Who giveth more We need your prayers. . perhaps nine hundred or a " ' thousand pounds —for he was hoping to take with him six or seven new missionaries. removing. from above or shall utterly fail. pray for what more may be needed. and Mrs. And then. a fresh start had been made in October 1864. Gough was expecting to complete it single-handed. etc. For Mr. Taylor wrote to " at the beginning of 1865. Taylor's party. as the time seemed near for Mr. and the owner. Came for Eighteen shillings for the transport of all their worldly And not only so a day sufficed for packing. Channel so upset one of them that he turned back from Plymouth. " of interest were his mother The responsibility resting upon us I must have more grace and wisdom is increasing very much. This was. the sitting-room. as may be seen from the journal. The revision of the Ningpo Testament was still the main task. fearing he had mistaken his calling. hearing of Mr. just as all seemed ready for advance." Mr. then. and lectured on China. We have grace received a hundred pounds toward the expense of outfit. A fine new steamer was about to sail for China. Taylor's return to China. ' grant me to Hve increasingly in His Hght. Candidates were coming and going. belongings ! : and the lowliness of his spirit Here. embarked at Glasgow but a stormy voyage down the Irish . extending from front to back on the groundfloor. 6 : shillings Paid eighteen to 30 Cobom Street. 28 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Oct. an unexpected happening changed the current of events and closed the way again indefinitely. though Mr. Taylor " lectured on China " within a few hours of taking possession. it would seem. being much appreciated for the prayer meeting which was increasing in numbers. Bow.! . and even less for settling into the new home. offered free passages to a couple of missionTwo of the young men were ready in time and aries.

THERE WRESTLED A MAN WITH HIM 29 of course. Taylor's many engagements. Lewis returned the manuscript of the next. Taylor had begun to prepare. " Add to them. Barchet and Crombie. and a third had not fully made up his mind about going so there was nothing for it but to pray and wait until the way should open. He had been long engaged. putting off his marriage. the study necessary for these papers was bringing to a crisis the exercise of mind through which Mr. were weighty. . when Mr.^ Meanwhile. Taylor had been drawn into a new undertaking. Taylor had been passing. Of the remainder. The five thus sent out were Mr. and Mr. he felt. but when his departure was unexpectedly delayed he saw the opportunity and set himself to take advantage of it. for five additional workers for the Ningpo Mission. . Early in the year the pastor of the church to which he belonged (who was editor also of the Baptist Magazine) had asked for a series of articles on China with a view to awakening interest in the Ningpo Mission. ^ With the sailing of the bride-elect the prayer was fully answered which had been going up since i860. Compiling facts as to the size and population of every province in China. a keen disappointment to Mr. who was concerned also that the passage and outfit should be lost. Right nobly a young farmer from Aberdeenshire stepped into the gap. strange to say. she sailed a fortnight later." he said earnestly "let them cover the whole field and be published as an appeal for inland China. one wanted more time for preparation. The articles." This seemed incompatible with Mr. that he might redeem the situation. These Mr. Taylor was left minus four of his prospective party. and it was naturally felt that his fiancee. which was absorbing time and thought. a second was unable to free himself from home claims. Crombie). and one had even been pubhshed. Messrs. Mr. should follow him as soon as Funds and a suitable escort being provided in possible. Miss Notman. Taylor. moreover. answer to prayer. also an accepted candidate. and should have a wider circulation than his paper could afford. : and Miss Skinner (Mrs. Meadows (who had already lost his wife in China). which was about to take place. and making diagrams to show their . Even before his party had been broken up.

until the was not the final word. his study of the latest statistics. I scarcely slept night or day more than an hour at a time. nor and die shalt surely wicked from his wicked way. when there stood plainly in his Bible he given ? *' When I say unto the wicked. to save the warn speakest to . Yet what was to be done ? The number of Protestant missionaries. with so painful a situation ? " And the answer was. and feared I should . move in the matter He that was possible. knew that in answer to prayer evangelists would be given and their support secured. one would have to get out of it as best one might. Leave it. when he knew that he. This was burned into my very soul. the devil getting one to feel that while prayer and faith would bring one into the fix. and nothing as he was. added fuel But he had done all to the fire that was consuming him. " It was just a bringing in of self. his life . but I require at thy hand " ! " I " I knew God was speaking. For two or three months the conflict was intense. thou givest him not warning. during the previous winter. small. " Meanwhile. " Suppose the workers are given and go to China trials would they not reproach you their faith may fail will come Have you ability to cope for bringing them into such a plight ? : . But there unbelief came in. as he than increasing. And I did not see that the Power that would give the men and the means would be sufficient to keep them also. a decided negative. through unbelief. might pray in faith for labourers and they would Leave it. of course. was diminishing rather Despite the fact that half the heathen population of the world was to be found in China. his blood will the same wicked man shall die in his iniquity.30 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD neglected condition. because the Name of Jesus is worthy. from a hundred and This had come to Ught through fifteen to only ninety-one. a million a month were dying in that land. the missionaries engaged in its evangehsation had actually been reduced. naturally. No one would But somehow that Lord must leave it now. and. even in the far interior of China." he said of this critical time. had discovered. . dying without God. Thou that solemn word. stirred him to a desperate sense of the sin and shame of allowing such a state of things to continue. weak.

It was a peaceful scene about him. my — The break years . not with us ! This." It sea. Faithfully the record but now — had gone on of silence. Accept it. as long ago. if we would take it to them. Yet I did not give in. " if God gives us a band for inland China. . had wandered out alone left by the receding tide. he could not." the thought came at last. of April. and. She saw. would it not be well worth while ? of men \ . the responsibility rests with Him. brought Spirit. home to his heart in the for all. there was no entry. and what the Gospel might do. for the conflict could no longer be endured. upon the sands " Well. A decision had to be made and he knew it. First and only blank in those revealing pages. And so. but inwardly he was in agony of spirit. was a strange way round to faith that if the worst to the worst it would still be worth while. he dare not escape it. June 25." freely. unable to bear the sight of rejoicing multitudes in the house of God. that somebut I felt I must refrain as long as possible thing was going on from laying upon her a burden so crushing these souls. and a new thought possessed him as dawn It — came displaces night Why. was Sunday. power of the wrought the change once and . silence has to tell us how much the very Yes. doubtless. and they go. for all who believed. lovely weeks ! for two and a quarter For seven weeks from the middle spring. he was face to face with the . and what eternity must mean for every one of them. " there wrestled a man with him until the breaking of the day. To no one could I speak not even to my dear wife. a quiet summer morning by the Worn out and really ill. and all die of starvation even. they will only be taken straight to heaven and if one " heathen soul is saved. if we are obe5dng the Lord. in the journal at this point is surely significant. Hudson Taylor had gone to friends at Brighton. purpose of God at last. God-consciousness began to take the place of unbelief.. would do.: THERE WRESTLED A MAN WITH HIM lose 31 reason. But something in the service of that morning seems to have come to mind.

as Thy servant I go forward. " Thou shalt have all the burden At Thy bidding. Lord. and two for Chinese Tartary and Tibet. I felt as if I could fly up the hill to Mr." he said. all was joy and peace. recalling the deliverance of that hour. J une 2 5. 1865. wife thought Brighton had done wonders for me. Pencil in hand he now opened his Bible." I For some time the conviction had been growing that he ought to ask for at any rate two evangelists for each of the eleven unoccupied provinces. and so it had." ! . " The conflict ended. / My dear And how I did sleep that night Pearse's house. leaving results with Thee.32 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD ! " Thou. and with the boundless ocean breaking at his feet wrote the " Prayed for twenty-four mlling simple memorable words skilful labourers at Brighton." he cried with reUef that was unutterable.'' : " How restfully I turned away from the sands.

Pearse to the London & County \ Bank. He promised £80 to £100 for printing-press and type. Taylor was cheered to see him better. But next day brought just the practical step that might have been expected : June 22_ Went with Mr. and opened an account for the China Inland Mission.CHAPTER IV THE MISSION THAT HAD TO BE 1865. save that Mrs.. Aet.M. Mission. : 33 D . j Paid in £10 o o. and that he went to have special prayer with one who was wishing to join the mission. . as though writing it in full were in itself a satisfaction Thus. July I : Gave Miss Faulding a receipt for a pound for the China Inland Mission. after the prayer meeting of the following Saturday. . Miss Faulding brought 3/6 from Regent's Park July 4 Chapel for the Cjjina Inland Mission. Mr.30 A. he was up with the lark next morning and off to London life. New for decision taken that at 6. evidently. No record remains of that day. Breakfasted with Lady Radstock. : : It js the first appearance of the new name. whose way was beset with difficulties. 33. . and £150 towards the China Inland : . had come to Hudson Taylor with the June Sunday on the sands at Brighton. Berger July 3 took tea with us and stayed till 7 p.m. Thereafter the little journal scintillates with its repetition. .

W. In the midst of outfitting and business details it was not easy to run off for luncheon with titled people. found life's best and deepest. something definite to lay before the Lord's people. and of a newer candidate from Scotland. who for some months had been with him in London. and how thankful Mr. J. and all through the summer and autumn Mr. doubtless to seek her prayerful sympathy and that of her husband. George Stott. As the hour for public worship drew near. and drawing-room meetings at which everybody appeared in evening dress. in the step just taken. Taylor felt for the restraining Hand that had kept him from leaving England previously. but in the " good works which God had before ordained " that he them. Mr. A week only after his visit to Brighton he had gone to spend Sunday with his sister at Bayswater. instead of gj>ing as usual to ! . He was preparing also for the outgoing of Mr.34 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD It is all so sweet and natural the overflowing of a young as a mother's with her first-born And then came days of activity in striking contrast with •the silence of preceding weeks. Taylor had a succession of engagements that brought him into touch with influential circles. and started the suspended energies on a clear course. should walk u The change soon made in itself felt. It rather took away But it had come about entirely Mr. An unexpected introduction to Lady Radstock led to interesting developments. Stevenson. Delays and difficulties explained themselves. it gave the clue heart just as full ! ' — much that before had seemed perplexing. and the little house at Coborn Street was more than ever busy. and an object worthy of highest endeavour. He had found himself at last. Mr. Now he had something to write about. Benjamin Broomhall. and had returned that unpublished manuscript for a purpose he little anticipated. Taylor's breath at first apart from his seeking. not in the way of his own choosing. new power in pleading the to cause of inland China. and in such a way as to leave no doubt that the One Who had led him to settle in East London was opening to him also the drawing-rooms of the West. Complete surrender to the will of God not only set the joy-bells ringing.

Nobody took it up. finding much refreshment in fellowship with them at the Table of the Lord. a missionary from China. It so happened that among the requests for prayer read out toward the close of the meeting was one that seemed in danger of being forgotten. have been to turn from these preoccupations to the programme before him at Langley Park. involving long-continued suffering but. he could not let the appeal there. and the commencement of a friendship with several members of the Waldegrave family that became fruitful in blessing for China. stranger though he was. Taylor felt the importance of the opportunity. — for spiritual help pass unnoticed. One indeed. Mr. it came to him to join ing. Taylor feared the service might close without united remembrance of this special need. and even then he had to write on the train a farewell letter full Almost bewildering must it of suggestions and messages. deeply impressed ness of his prayer. It was not easy to get away from all there was to be done. Stott and the Stevensons). The circumstances were quite ordinary a case of illness. and Mr. It was only by working all night he finally completed arrangements for the outgoing party (Mr. the Httle company of " Open Brethren " who had a meeting — This he did. Dowager Lady Radstock by the simplicity and helpful- On learning that the visitor was Hudson Taylor. But Sir Thomas and Lady Beauchamp and their family were thoroughly in sympathy with the aims and spirit of their guest. who as a member of the Mission . she desired to see more of him. Even the children were drawn to him. Taylor. and Mr. but Lady Beauchamp was planning a series of meetings to occupy several days. " Who was that ? " inquired the afterwards. and loved to hear his stories about China. Staying with Lady Radstock at the time was a married daughter. Taylor sought where he should worship that mornPassing down Welbeck Street. who on returning to her Norfolk home arranged for a visit from Mr.THE MISSION THAT HAD TO BE definite guidance as to 35 the chapel of which he was a member. The outcome was an invitation to breakfast at Portland Place the following morning.

Sir Horace Beauchamp. through the lamented death of his brother. but the conservatories at . and it was a wonderencouragement in launching the new enterprise to have such an accession of sympathy. and winter storms were apt to be serious near that east coast. definitely committing the matter to Him Who controls wind and wave.. however. nor indeed that the gift had been made possible in this way. perhaps. however. suggested ** itself '^'''contribute not trust the Lord about the conservatories. in those early laid the needs of ful • 1 The Rev. Col. Sir Montagu Beauchamp. C.^ So warm was the sympathy of the parents that they desired to help the Mission financially.F. Lady Beauchamp's became a warm supporter of the Mission.. Taylor's chosen companion in China and elsewhere. Taylor's return to London shows also many contributions from the Portland Place circle. remembers to this day " the pig-tail and chop sticks " and much beside that came with that welcome visitor to Langley Park. But the Lord knew and when a few months later a storm of exceptional violence broke over the neighbourhood. Mr. Taylor never heard till long after. The sequel Mr. the cheque was drawn and the premium paid into the Mission treasury. The late Lord Radstock. After praying over it.: 36 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD was to be Mr. Much glass was shattered for miles around. Taylor at this time. Meetings arranged by him in his town house and elsewhere brother. Taylor's host and but their hostess wished to give as a matter of privilege generosity in other directions had left them little in hand for the purpose. It was not all talk and meetings. Bart. . Why Langley Park entirely escaped. and " the amount almost due for insiurance ? Langley Park possessed extensive greenhouses. though no appeal had been made for money and no collections taken. who after thirty years of devoted service in China has recently succeeded to the title. the thought . The little leather-bound account-book that shows the receipt of this gift on the day of Mr. and was frequently in correspondence with Mr. China on many hearts. at the front. All the more. He did not forget. But. for this reason.

let it the whole field and be published Add to cover say. and this immense responsibility be superadded. many were the consultations held upon practical questions. With Mr. Too was no remembered — light matter. Lewis. The writing meant much study. she had put to the test for herself the Heavenly Family burdens and the pressure Father's faithfulness. as an appeal for inland China. own —the more intimate help of as she was. thing grew up gradually. and Mrs. Berger especially. and to make its needs real and appealing needed a touch other than they could give. " Mr. : Neither of us asked or appointed the other it just was so. young nearest of to his . however. From girlhood. It was not her husband's faith. Taylor after the decision at Brighton was that of completing the manuscript returned by Mr. of need might come. Berger undertook to represent us at home. and prayer. orphaned of both parents. for she drew moment by moment upon " all the fulness of God.THE MISSION THAT HAD TO BE 37 Though the branches were spreading out. but her resources did not fail. and as responsibilities increased it was an untold comfort to have his help in bearing them. not yet thirty. It may have been easy to " it." The chief work that claimed Mr. great as were her joy and confidence in him. Taylor of this summer. thought. necessarily." but to carry out the suggestion was another matter. the roots days. Little information was to be had about that great closed land." said Mr. and when the / — ." And what the life shall be said of the all still tender love. upon which she leaned. the spiritual inspiration and practical wisdom of the one who shared his every experience ? To Mrs. Mission received its The The name in his drawing-room. Taylor. We were much drawn together. the new departure meant more than to any other for. To take four Uttle children out to China nothing less than to plant object in view is messengers of the Gospel in every one of the unopened provinces a mother's heart alone can realise what hers must often have felt. were striking deeper in quiet hours of thought and prayer. she had to mother the Mission as well as care for a growing family. " When I decided to go forward.

in view of His knowledge of the will of God ? Was it not these things. How this is to be done is set before us in the example of " Let this mind be in you which was also our Lord Himself in Christ Jesus. Taylor recalled. even to " the death of Grievously have His people failed in following the cross " ? that example. without neglecting public worship. Mr. It is pointed out that we are to pray not as the heathen who use vain repetitions. but Hudson Taylor is absent to a remarkable degree." . " Every sentence was steeped in prayer." putting the kingdom of God first. There is no self about it. the very conditions we too have to meet. " After this manner therefore pray ye. wrote and prayed. but of the spirit of prayer in which it was written.' — Turning the pages thoughtfully. very briefly. nor as the worldly-minded who ask princi- — not solely for their own benefit. " It grew up while we were writing I walking up and down the room and Maria seated at the table. Berger is referred to by name. and. The writer scarcely appears in the whole book.38 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD \ busy during the week to 6btain quiet. and His righteousness. that brought Him out of His Heaven to limitless depths of self -emptying. what is more. one feels again the power that touched and moved readers of that book for more than a generation. at Coborn Street they prayed and wrote. It is skilfully adapted to its purpose. no turning of the thought to man. one stands from first to last in the light His word it is that comes to one. from which there is no escaping. the reader is reminded that every act in this life and every omission too has a direct and important bearing on the future his own and that of others. Together in the little sitting-room to this important task. they gave what time they could on Sunday. and so are the members of the Mission already in China or on the way thither. First. There is evidence in every paragraph not only of painstaking study." Mr. China's Spiritual Need and Claims was the outcome. His point of view of God. With the large majority of our fellow-men pally if : ." How did He act in view of the sin and suffering of a lost world.

and further. unutterably real. population. need alone that called the Inland Mission into being. we are responsible. how can we. that beyond these again lay the eleven inland provinces two hundred millions more without a single witness for Christ is emphasised by comparisons and diagrams prepared with the very heart's blood of the — — As one reads. . with God. in the presence of His unconditional the crucified." That is enough that alone could be enough.— THE MISSION THAT HAD TO BE still 39 destitute of the knowledge of salvation. owing everything to the sacrifice of the Son of God. preoccupying mind and Than the greatness of the need. faithfulgreater the fact of God " All power is given ness.. I am with you alway.. command.'* is sounding on and on. but unto . for yet another Reality shines out from these pages. purposes. writer. It is pro- foundly. it was The overwhelming greatness Mission heart. the mind almost reels before such a No wonder No wonder this man is burdened he cannot get away from the awful sense of responsibility. . remain comfortable and unconcerned in a life of self-pleasing ? Then. immensely great . ! That is where the deep solemnity comes in. while with it mingles the low wail of thousands. is of the task before the felt rather than dwelt upon. — : Me go ye therefore. is One passing hour by hour into Christless graves. standing in the light of eternity. and the history A survey of Protestant of Roman Catholic propaganda. risen Lord of Glory. attention is centred upon China its antiquity. missions is given. ." What this meant. extent. '* Go . but bringing out the startling fact that even in the seven provinces in which such work had been begun there were still a hundred and eighty -five millions ** utterly and hopelessly beyond the reach of the Gospel. His commands and promises. " A million a month in China are dying without God. early efforts to introduce Christianity among its people. China* s claim. one thing only is His resources. And he looks upon it all'. turning from other fields. makes the reader look upon it all." and we who have received in trust It was not China's the Word of Life. The need is great. situation. showing great progress since the days of Morrison. .

. in answer to prayer alone. has proved.^ We have to is Whose arm . He has seen Him. Taylor continued. in dangers. to plant the standard of the Cross in the eleven unevangeHsed provinces of China proper and in Chinese Tartary. in sickness and health. looks not lightly on the blood-guiltiness of those who neglect to avail themselves of it for the benefit of the perishing. . Who has condescended to place His almighty power at the command of believing prayer. and he desires no other. and from the destruction that wasteth at noonday. ] 1 " The writer has seen God. at home and abroad. " alter the direction of the wind and give rain in the midst of prolonged drought. nor His ear heavy that it cannot hear with One Whose unchanging Word directs us to ask and receive that our joy may be full. the every need of His servants. we do not hesitate to ask the great Lord of the Harvest to call forth. for there can be no need unmet in Him.40 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD is God greater. Every problem resolves itself into a fresh appeal to God. Feeling. in answer to prayer. when human aid was vain has seen Him preserve from the pestilence that walketh in darkness." Mr. " with only God to look to" but in one whose privilege it has been through many years to put that God to the test in varied circumstances. by land and sea. and bring the machinations of His people's foes to nought. Hence it follows that the principles of the new Mission are simply an adjustment of these two considerations ^the need to be met and God. to thrust forth twenty-four European and twenty-four native evangelists. raise the dying from the bed of death. in necessities and at the gates of death. . And this God the writer knows. . on the one hand. The writer has no other resources. it might seem a hazardous experiment to send twenty-four European evangelists to a distant heathen land. To those who have never been called to prove the faithfulness of the Covenant-keeping God in supplying. the solemn responsibility that rests upon us. 429-492. absolutely none. . He has seen Him. He stands behind the work He — has called into being. and on the other the gracious encouragements that everywhere meet us in the Word of God." See Hudson Taylor in Early Years : The Growth of a Soul. do with One Who is Lord of all power and might. . not shortened that it cannot save. in answer to prayer. For more than eight years and a half he has proved the faithfulness of God in supplying his own temporal wants and the needs of the work in which he has been engaged. trusts. especially pp. such apprehensions would be wholly inexcusable. quell the raging of the storm. to open our mouths wide that He may fill them and we do well to remember that this gracious God. in answer to prayer. stay the angry passions and murderous intentions of violent men. infinitely greater.

protection. The very greatness of the need. How generous section of the Church of Christ its could the work be limited. but more than that he could not promise. however support. for example. men and women who knew their God and could sink lesser differences in the one great bond of union. If the Mission were to be fruitful. were to continue at all amid the perils that must be faced. provided they were wise to win souls. considered in the light of Divine not human resources.THE MISSION THAT HAD TO BE Instance after instance is 4\ given from Mr. but Bible precedents cast light on every problem. Each individual member must know that he or she was sent of God. the application of Scriptural principles Not much is said. to any one ? No denomination. just as no one class in society could provide the labourers needed. it could only be as each one connected with it contributed his quota of faith Then as to funds : nothing. as well as daily bread. skilful workers. No other basis would be possible. When he comes to touch upon the practical working of the Mission. Taylor let them look to him for support ? All that was sent in answer to prayer he would gladly use for or distribute among his fellow-workers. grace. Taylor's experience of direct. enablement for every emergency.*' no matter what their Church connection or previous training. — in the living God. The Mission must be free to accept " willing. The writer is dealing with an unchanging God. unmistakable answers to prayer. called for methods as new and distinctive as the proposed sphere of the Mission is itself. how could the Mission. possessing promise stated salaries to its members ? How could Mr. and confidently expects Him to work in the same way still. could be equal to it. . and must be able to trust Him for supplies strength. — of the simplest. except that under no circumstances would he go into debt for the Mission any more than for himself. and the deduction drawn is that with such a God it is safe and wise to go forward in the pathway of obedience is indeed the only safe and wise thing to do. for the organisation is just as direct.

Seek first the Kingdom of God and His righteousness. or to have money placed in the wrong Far better have no money at aU. but if expect He will send three miUion missionaries to China He did. and does not send them supperless to bed at night. for there are plenty of ravens in China. wished it Money wrongly placed and money given from wrong motives are both to be greatly dreaded. . He would have ample means to sustain them aU. who fully held the inspiration of God's Word.' If any one did not believe that God spoke the truth. . but we cannot afford to have unconsecrated money. therefore. even to buy food position. and were willing to prove their faith by going to inland China with only the guarantee they carried within the covers of their pocket Bibles. and the cattle on a thousand hills. " Our Father is a very experienced One.' if he did mean to walk uprightly. he had uprightly. Again. who were needed for the Inland Mission." It was men and women of faith. and He always provides breakfast for them. we decided to invite the co-operation of fellow-behevers irrespective of denominational views. evangelistic Hues. " whether it would not be possible for members of various denominations to wori<: together on simple. We need not be vegetarians. ways and seek to please and glorify Him in everything. " We might indeed have had a guarantee fund if we had but we felt it was unneeded and would do harm. .42 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD " We had to consider. prepared to depend on God . surely the promise sufficed. God's work done in God's way -. he had better stay at home God owns all all he needed in the shape of a guarantee fund. and all these things (food and raiment) shall be added unto you. i( " That Word had said. He knows very well that His children wake up with a good appetite every morning. it would be better for him not to go to China to propagate the faith.^will never lack God's supplies. and the Lord with could send them again with bread and flesh. No good thing will He withhold from them that walk If any one did not mean to walk uprightly. Depend upon it. without friction as to conscientious differences of opinion ? Prayerfully concluding that it would. . Taylor said of this period. 'Thy bread shaU be given thee. and thy water shall be sure. . We can afford to have as little as the Lord chooses to give." Mr. If he did believe it. the gold and silver in the world.' He sustained three We do not million Israelites in the wilderness for forty years. . Let that we walk in His us see that we keep God before our eyes ' ' . . great and small.

skilful men * department of our service. He deem it and confident that His Word cannot significant be broken. in native dress. Taylor's representative in England. He had simply innovation. the writer had found times of peril to be always times of proving the watchful care of One Who is a refuge better than foreign flag or gunboat. And for the rest. Berger's address is given as Mr. The entire direction of the Mission was to be in the hands of its founder. however no first-hand knowledge of its condi- and are. and claiming no aid from Consular authorities." Finally. There and much is no mention even of a Committee. and the work be hampered. at the other side of the world. Mr. So natural does this arrangement seem that one hardly recognises the greatness of the or that in this as in other new departures Hudson Taylor was making a contribution of exceeding value to the high politics of missions. " He for every can raise up. It is mentioned that an annual expenditure of five thousand pounds might be anticipated when the outgoing party of ten or twelve should be added to those already on the field. . by being under the well-intentioned. satisfied with poverty should 43 best. He will raise up ' wiUing. not man. himself the most experienced of its members. not said by absence.THE MISSION THAT HAD TO BE alone. learned from painful experience how much a missionary may have to suffer. who like a General on active service would be with his forces in the field. Many instances are given of Divine protection in the dangers inseparable from pioneering work such as the Mission looked forward to. the quiet words express a sense of wealth rather than need. there is not a word about Government protection or dependence upon treaty rights. Unarmed. its Much that is else comes out is in these earnest pages. moreover. to whom gifts might be sent by any desiring to have fellowship with the work. *' although the wants are large. if not imperilled. It is God who looms large. have tions." was the quiet conclusion. they will not exhaust the resources of Our Father. control of those who. Another striking absence is that of any pleading for financial help. no reliance upon organisation or great names.

. who will prove faithful to God. for God's glory. . He will be with them in danger. difficulties and trials. so uncalculating and withal so practical.' but If it be will be the experience of those engaged in the work. It is upon past Ebenezers we build our Jehovah. made a strong appeal to Christian . '* Let but devoted labourers be found. also to lean more constantly. He will set before them an open door. them. and in obedience to His call and rehance on His power to enlarge the sphere of our operations. : . in Me peace. to draw more largely. while leading to a deeper realisation of our own weakness. . . given unto Him in heaven and on earth and therefore can neither fail nor forget. . They that know Thy Name will " put their trust in Thee. the times of greatest trial and danger will be the times when His delivering power wiU shine forth most conand if otherwise. His sustaining grace will prove spicuously sufficient for the weakest servant in the conflict. but with Jesus for our Leader we may safely follow on. . the riches. is it our place to ask whether it can be obe^'ed or not ? The terms of His command and He answers every objection. but His Word shall not return unto Him void it shall accomplish that which He pleases. for the benefit of His cause and the true interest of those concerned. and there is no reason to fear that God will not prove . . " The question. the fulness of Jesus. . and esteem them of more value than the sparrows and the lilies that He clothes and feeds. poverty and need. might be raised as to whether the though evidently needing the Gospel and : nominally open to us by treaty-right.Jireh. . even unto the end of the world. These dangers.' the world ye shall have tribulation. will in point of fact prove We would answer this question by another When accessible ? the Lord Jesus gives a definite command. for the glory of His name Who alone doeth wondrous things. their bread upon the waters. and prosper in the thing whereto He sends it. . " The dangers and difi&culties will be neither few nor small. Who hath the key of David to open or to shut as pleaseth Him. is with us always. He wiU work through them in power. interior of China. however. in perplexity and while they may be utter weakThey may cast ness. meets every are expUcit difficulty at the very outset by assuring us that all power is that He Who is true. will constrain us . in dif&culty.44 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD " All we are now proposing to do is to lay hold on His faithfulness Who has called us into this service. . to rest ' more ' In impUcitly on the strength. ' Little wonder that faith of this sort.' faithful to will .

M. and Mrs. W. sprung out of the Great Revival. . to of things made and few went away from those days of waiting upon God without a quickened sense of responsibility in view of China's need. and the goodwill of the printer was not lacking. Berger forthwith undertook to meet the expense of publication. Mr. to be. By sitting up all night to correct proofs. Taylor during the weeks that followed. and urged that the pamphlet should be ready for the Mildmay Conference. Deeply spiritual in tone. The deep impression made by his address on that occasion had affected Mildmay circles. Taylor's line naturally a strong appeal. and the mechanic's shop. Jude's. Invitations for meetings were numerous. Berger at Saint The Lord caused them to be interested/' we read in Mr.THE MISSION THAT HAD TO BE hearts ! 45 was Hill. Pennefather 's cordial approval. and that in widely differing circles the was hailed with thankfulness as a Mission that had Offers of service came from the students' hall. and had the satisfaction of receiving a consignment for distribution on the opening day of the meetings. and so great was the demand for C. With Mr. Taylor's journal. Taylor managed to return the last batch in time. it had a definite Church of England element. the pamphlet was distributed among the many hundreds who attended the Conference. as we have seen. to be held ten days later. first of all Finished by the middle of October. and from the Continent as well as Great Britain and America.I. Only six weeks previously he had been in Scotland and had found himself at Perth. it attracted the leaders of the young evangelistic movements that had whom Mr. Pennefather. in close connection. showing that the book was doing its quiet work. the manuscript submitted to Mr. The earlier sheets were already in the press. but its platform included ministers and laymen of ! " other connections. Many were the letters that reached Mr. the business counter. for the latter was the mother-conference with which Perth was Convened by the Rev. Interested they certainly were for Mr. Vicar of St. during a similar Convention.

" wrote Lord Radstock from the Isle of Wight. that the closing year was shadowed by an anxiety so distressing as to bring them to their knees In one of the houses. and the next-door premises falling vacant..46 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Need and Claims had to be literature that China's Spiritual reprinted within three weeks. also that others may be kept back or not accepted.. teaching four pupils Chinese. receiving appUcations from candidates and lecturing or attending meetings con- tinually also preparing a I am night only excepted for the last month. " We have reprinted the pamphlet. . they were glad to rent them also." Was there a need just then for a reminder that work cannot take the place of prayer ? Overwhelmingly busy. and the Lord will give them to you. I trust you may be enabled by the Holy Ghost to speak words which shall thrust forth many labourers Ask Dear Brother. Taylor could manage. was now wholly inadequate. " and have been greatly stirred by it. in any case. and in the midst of other engagements proved almost more than Mr." he wrote to his mother in November. far from being too large. Serious illness had . . us in praying for funds and for the right kind of labourers. for a hundred labourers. for use in Sunday Join Schools. and have missionary boxes on the way. It was in love. strangely quiet now. this characwas doubly welcome. though its " ask for a hundred labourers " must have been rather startling in that teristic letter day of small things Meanwhile preparations for a party of ten or twelve were going forward. Taylor lay in a critical condition. thus doubling their accommoda! tion. offering. New Year's address on China. for many are . furnishing a house completely. " The revision is now going on. setting up two fonts of type for China. —one ." ! Reinforced by a cheque for a hundred pounds. Mrs. The Coborn Street house. " I have read your pamphlet on my way down here. it certainly would not have been surprising if that little circle had been tempted to curtail quiet times of waiting upon God. as never before. enlarge your desires into the vineyard. I am preparing a magazine for the Mission. and a missionary map of the whole country.

as a day of fasting and prayer at Coborn Street. his loved one spared to him. ." The last day of December was set apart. Besides the eight fellow-workers already in China. " She is resting happily in Jesus." he wrote to the wider circle of his prayer-helpers. . Thy wiU be done. " much we need guidance both for them and for our" selves. And if we are to be much used of Him. fitly closing the year that had witnessed the inauguration of a Mission so completely dependent upon God. . How We have undertaken to work in the interior of China. we must Uve very near to Him. Taylor wrote to his parents in Bamsley.THE MISSION THAT HAD TO BE 47 so reduced her strength that when an operation became necessary there was httle hope that she could Uve through it. Mr. twenty or thirty others were desiring to join the Mission. Ask grace " for me to mean and say. This we can only do in His strength.' *' It is ' Three weeks later. . looking to the Lord for help of all kinds. may very solemn to feel that aU our married happiness be so near its close/' Mr. Taylor was reviewing the progress made since that memorable Sunday at Brighton with all that it had brought. therefore.

. All these were making use of the consecrated energies of young : . was reaping the aftermath of the great Revival of 1859. Daniels and her helpers were developing work for soldiers. To understand aright the fniitfulness of this period it should //be borne in mind that Mr. (afterwards Sir George) of London WilUams. at Mildmay. and others. Miss and Mrs. Taylor. were launching out in the training of Deaconesses for all manner of home missions. order of things. among others. an up-springing of individual faith and effort. and the rescue of little waifs from the lowest slums Miss Robarts. and Mrs. Aet." To mention a few only of the evangelical movements Mrs. Pennefather. were laying the foundations of the Young Men's and Young Women's Christian Associations Mrs. 34. new \ tures in the development of lay agency. CHAPTER V ACCORDING TO HIS WORKING 1866. That wonderful spiritual awakening had not only swept thousands it had prepared the way for a into the Church of Christ ^ . Mr. and a striking fulfilment might be seen in many directions of the prophecy " Also upon the servants and the handmaids in of Joel : vJ:hose days will I pour out my Spirit.. 48 . . with their special needs and Mr. characterised by love for souls and new resourcefulIt was a day of new deparness in seeking their salvation. Bayley for that of Mothers' Meetings Macpherson had just commenced Gospel services in Bird Fair. that had their beginnings in that formative time Ranyard was pioneering a way for the work of Biblewomen.

wishing to devote themselves to missionary work in foreign lands may reach their object ? But I found no such channel. new gifts called forth. Manifestly the Mission was suited to meet an urgent need. It could not have come at a better time. " The very thing. his Sunday School teacher. for the carr3dng out of which He has prepared His instruments ' ' in different countries. at his forge In a Cambridgeshire village. New fields must be entered. Taylor's address at Perth came to him as a call from God In a neighbouring farmhouse Hved Mr. and here came an organisation embodying these very ideas with a quiet faith and simplicity that commended itself to the spiritually minded. Christian hearts were kindled to fresh devotion. connected with " chona. " When travelling in England. Where is the channel through which simple-hearted labourers brought to Christ through these remarkable Revivals. Young people in workshop and office heard of it and were encouraged. for example. Chris- . when a printed report of Mr. and awakened to the fact that God by His Holy Spirit was using a class of workers hitherto largely excluded from the spiritual ministries of the Church. The Pilgrim Mission " of St. near Basel." wrote a Christian leader from the Continent. All the colleges for missionary training require a prehminary education which one would seek in vain in youths of this sort. many of them comparatively " unlearned and ignorant men. To raise a missionary agency of a humbler kind seems to me to be a special design of our Lord at this juncture. Perhaps in such a mission." but no opening had as yet been found for a similar employment of lay agency on the foreign field. place might be found for faith and love even without much learning of the schools ? So thought Rudland. independently of each other. Merry. " I repeatedly asked myself. Switzerland. had been the means of blessing to many 1 Herr Spittler. coiqe let us help it I" was the response awakened in many a heart.ACCORDING TO HIS WORKING 49 converts in their first love. Merry and her sister. drawn together in a new sense of oneness.nd '60. and the north of Ireland in 1859 ^. Miss Annie Macpherson." ^ Into this prepared soil the seed-thought of the China Inland Mission was providentially cast. Scotland. who with Mrs.

It cost a struggle but the younger man.50 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD They had visited in the neighbourhood. Taylor had been at the Conference. on her return to millions London." On the wall of the forge two passages of Scripture daily confronted him. " See/' he said one day with a Chinese book in his hand. But his employer had also a great desire to go to the Conference. the meetings and bring back a full report. loath perhaps to lose so good an assistant. and even a minister in Cambridge whom he walked miles to consult was unable to supply information. the latter promised to write about ticket. sought to discourage the ambition Rudland had . Merry as When the young man their teacher. beside the big log-fire. but for reasons best known to himself he said nothing about China or the Inland Mission. He and Rudland could not both be spared from the forge. sent him a ticket for the Mildmay Conference (1865) it immediately came to him that there he might meet Mr. feeling it was what the Lord would have done in his place. Meetings had been held in the farmhouse kitchen at which Rudland and several of his companions were converted. . and not knowing where or how He could not to reach him. — — at heart." Yet what could he do but pray ? Meanwhile his master. and great was the joy with which they gathered round the open Bible with Mr. Rudland could not forget the appeal of those Christless and when Miss Macpherson. wanted to know more about China and the Inland Mission But the Merrys could it was to these friends he turned. get away from the burden of souls in China a thousand every hour of the day and night perishing " without God. and through them its something quickening influences had reached Eversden and the surrounding villages. Miss Macpherson could tell him nothing. gave up his cherished hope and offered his master the Before leaving. of the London to see Revival movement. Still. tell him nothing. Unable to learn even whether Mr. Taylor. " Quench not the Spirit " and " To him that knoweth to do good and doeth it not. to him it is sin. Rudland was much perplexed.

But it was the manifest presence of God and earnestness of all concerned that drew to the Mission that day one of its — ! most successful labourers. printing himself edition after edition on the Mission ." " Then why not I ? " And the yellow pages with their strange hieroglyphics only made him pray the more that the Lord would open his way to China. In connection with these. you must take a day or two. intensity of was the same impression ever5rwhere. . as sure as you cross this threshold you are on your " to China ! With what interest the pamphlet was studied as Rudland travelled up to London. The pamphlet was China's Spiritual Need and Claims.^ of absorbing purpose. there were more than 1500 communicants. for which he was responsible. Reality. simplicity. the unceasing flow of prayer and praise all deeply impressed him. spirit to the But how easy with such a 1 overlook the con- centre at Tai-chow-fu three other cities were opened during his lifetime and thirty-seven out-stations. over 3000 persons have been baptized and at the time of Mr.— ACCORDING TO HIS WORKING ! 51 " this is the language they talk over there Do you think '* you could ever learn it ? " Has anybody else learned it ? *' was the quiet reply. in 191 2. the young man put the letter before his After that master. From Mr. and how eagerly he drank in every impression of the missionary circle at Coborn Street That prayer meeting could he ever forget it ? The crowded room. to fulfil the purpose whom of it God new in their salvation. Too thankful for words. it was not long before another book reached him with a letter from Miss Macpherson. the map on the wall. to real. Settled now in East London she had found the answer to Rudland's question. the very essence Mission. and who In Mr. '' " But way Yes. Rudland's death." said the blacksmith. the freedom of spirit. Rudland's O press. Taylor he found a man perishing souls in China were lived for one thing only. " A few. and the letter asked him to join her the following Saturday in going to the prayer meeting at Coborn Street. He had translated into the local dialect the v/Jiole New Testament and a large part of the Old.

It might have been. " I had seen nothing beyond the use that the book with its marginal references . is sufficient for God's own work. on the preserves of others was a problem not easy of sideration due to the many openings. by the blessing of God." Was money after all the chief thing. cut at the root of the difficulty. other agencies by directing attention to the Great Worker. If the Mission could be sustained by the faithful care of God in answer to prayer and prayer alone. as Mr. r " In my shortsightedness. But how to avoid trespassing. and a message Christian people wanted to hear irrespective of the denomination he or they might represent. like Paul in Arabia or Moses at the backside of the desert." he wrote of that period largely occupied with work on the Ningpo Testament. then it might grow up among the older societies without the danger of diverting gifts from It might even be helpful to their accustomed channels. quite possible to rob Peter to pay Paul. God alone. he and Mr. Berger. without subscription lists or solicitation of any kind for funds.52 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD work of others ! Mr. Ta^dor had now with a message. and he longed that the new work should. and the proposed sphere of its operations was so vast as to call forth unusual interest. he might have given a different answer to this and many other questions. To his chief adviser. saw that the faith-principles of the Mission must be carried to the point of making no appeals for money nor even taking a collection. Hudson Taylor had been shut in with God. Taylor felt from the first. The Mission drew its friends and workers from church and chapel alike. He was a man solution. in this sense. or in other words to deflect interest and gifts from previously existing channels. be helpful to all and a hindrance to none. and affording a practical illustration of its underlying principle that *' God Himself. or was it really true that a walk that pleases God and ensures spiritual But for blessing is of more importance in His service ? the quiet years in Beaumont Street in which. Every effort on behalf of China and other heathen lands was more than needed.

to help the China Inland Mission. Taylor when he said. than an unconsecrated pound and gifts given spontaneously. They would probably increase their gifts. were more likely to have that quality. trusting in His sure promise Who has said.^ ACCORDING TO HIS WORKING would be to the native Christians. that he would rather have a consecrated shilling. let God be glorified. as he life The saw it. but to get people under the pov/er of the Word and into fellowship with God. We do not need to say much about the C. saw that the \ Apostolic plan was not to raise ways and means. indeed. but first. were what was needed.] It was a strange sort of deputation there . over and above. Let people see God working.I. brought nearer to Him. not elaborate appeals for help. It was no figure of speech with Mr. so that men should be unable to stay at home. the Church work for which they were responsible." — And the satisfaction of that v/ay of working was that people would be sure to help their own missions first. earnest prayer to God to thrust forth labourers. for is no heart as generous as one that is " satisfied with favour and full with the blessing of the Lord. 53 since that without those Word its of God I have often realised and feasting on the should have been quite unprepared to form.' ' ' ." he often said. let believers be made hoHer. representing real spiritual fellowship. as he often did. chief need. " we may count upon the Holy Spirit's working through us to bring others into deeper fellowship with God the way the work began at Pentecost. the deepening of the spiritual life of the Church. apart from solicitation or the pressure even of a collection. Not money. a mission like the China Inland Mission. such gifts would be given with prayer and followed by prayer that would immeasurably increase their value. I. on I But months of feeding present basis. was increase of spiritual among His " If our hearts are right. but to go an(f ] do tKe work. and aU these ^ " — things shaU be added unto you. happier.M.' and second." And if they wanted. . ' / faith in God for such an'' people as to produce the missionary spirit. In the study of that Divine Word I learned that to obtain successful labourers. Seek ye first the Kingdom of God and His righteousness. to those objects. not the collection was to him the object of a meeting. and they wiU not need to be asked to help.

Essential.: 54 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD work. There was no question as to who was to implicitly followed. . but it takes time and patience. came out as God's children at God's command. and my direction inland. " And what does going into debt really mean ? It means that God has not suppUed your need. First you have only a slender stem with a few leaves or shoots.*' he said. But though these were duly considered among point. " for God and He much prefers to do so. and clearly understood as the basis of the Mission. If there after its all but separate trees Hfe. Taylor's . " It is really just as easy. Berger's presence. Berger was responsible at home. Then is little twigs appear. and keep clear of debt. A few simple arrangements were agreed to in Mr. send out suitable workers as funds permitted." Mr. "to do God's work. to wear native dress and go depending on Him for suppUes I was to be the leader in China. . that was all. pubhsh an Occasional Paper with audited accounts. Ultimately these may become great limbs. and . occupied with God rather than man. You trusted Him. perhaps. Then there were other problems. and more eager to give than to get." little Thus they were content with to begin with in the principles way of organisation. how to organise the Mission — in China and carry on the work at home. receive and forward contributions. " We determine points at issue." In the same way Mr. " before there can be much in the way of branches. . but it left the speaker free in spirit. but He has not given you the money so you supply yourself. He is too to give beforehand wise to allow His purposes to be frustrated for lack of a little money but money wrongly placed or obtained in unspiritual ways is sure to hinder blessing. spiritual were talked over with the candidates. Mr. Mr. This last was a cardinal principle He would with all concerned. the friends who met at Saint of the tree was manifestly in illustration Hill. Taylor pointed out." was summing up of the matter. it will develop own order. Berger's *' You must wait for it to grow. many of them such as how to test and train candidates. correspond with candidates.

He believed that to deal with God is at least as real as to deal with man that when we get to prayer we get to work. on many of these occasions. and much had to be got through in the way of subjects at Saint Hill preparation. tell. ACCORDING TO HIS WORKING borrow.S. Mr. . Mr. Taylor was not able to be present. The MS. the Bible Society having released him from his long task. and that very day a noon prayer meeting was begun at Coborn Street for Faith did not mean inaction. and though no solicitation was made for money. and work of the most .. the leader of the Mission could only reply If : go the Lord sends money for three or four. the would-be missionaries realising that their first work was to obtain from Him Who was so ready to give whatever would be necessary for as many of their number as He was sending forth. three or four will if He provides for sixteen. we shaU take it as His indication that sixteen are to sail at this time. w^ent to press on the 6th of February. as a C. It was hoped that Mr. pounds. F. Taylor relinquished into the hands of his colleague. Taylor and his party would sail in May. God cannot lie. . In answer to all inquiries as to how many would be going with him. the matter was not left to drift.* he was giving as much time as possible to deputation practical kind. the book became. the work that had occupied so large a part of his time for four and a half years. Invitations for meetings were so pressing that. households the gathered for daily united waiting upon God. " of the greatest value to Christians throughout the province " (Che-kiang). the Rev. as nearly as he could the whole party were to be sent out and in preparing the first Occasional Paper of the Mission. but Not that this meant uncertainty in his own mind." But upon the many conferences on these and kindred we must not linger. From twelve to one funds. F. Time was getting short. Finally completed by the Rev.M. If 55 we can only wait forget : right up to the time. Taylor mentioned this sum. early in the new year (1866). George Moule (afterwards Bishop in mid-China). himself. He had little doubt that the larger number would be provided for. Gough. God cannot He is pledged to supply aU our need. Two thousand if would be needed — — 1 In January 1866 Mr. authority stated.

was attempting no less a task than the evangelisation of inland China." as he wrote of .^ 1 T. upon which He was laying the burden of China's perishing millions. then all their children. however. he was scarcely conscious. China " for waifs and strays began which has attained such wonderful proportions. into the work of foreign missions and thus to result in the training of more than a thousand evangelists for the dark places of the earth. he fully intended leaving it to others and going out himself to the land of his prayers and longings. coming to Coborn Street as a Inland Mission. Grattan Guinness were also attracted to East London by their interest in the new Mission. Going ahead to make preparations. who. was to bring to his own among the waifs Mr. Barnardo. Meeting in Liverpool. and especially its leader. him were being answered. " Strangely enough. a bright lad of twenty whose interest in China. Guinness. there. and Mrs. and Charles Fishe and Barnardo was there his brother. John McCarthy was to their life-work. the latter had much to tell about the new Mission. knew that in answer to prayer many were moved to help that one opening led to another. In his and long after the work Bible he had written " Tom Barnardo. the young men assembled at the hour of Mr. of the way in which he was gaining the confidence He only of spiritually minded people wherever he went. and Mrs. was advised by Mr. Taylor's arrival were on the tip-toe of expectatheir prayers for tion. Taylor accepted his invitation to Dublin to address the members of a theological class Mr. Guinness was teaching in his ow^n house. 2 Mr. little experience in such matters. Needless to say. too. perhaps. Mr. For in the midst of many responsibihties he was kept wonderfully free from anxiety. THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Day by day he was with the Httle group at Coborn and they rejoiced to hear how Street. in faith. little thinking they were that night to hear the call of God Tom him also. His sayings and doings were a source of constant amusement to the missionary household. in spirit. were unconsciously waiting the touch that was to lead first themselves. Grattan Guinness. the young evangelist H. dating from that evening. and ready to take advantage With of every opportunity for deepening interest in China.. and that the Lord seemed to have prepared hearts in all the Churches. and introduced accordingly to the London Hospital. candidate for the China J. Taylor to study medicine. for example. 2 It and strays of East London. 56 work. .

the riveted as the interest. All these things were linked together and connected with Hudson Taylor's choice of that humble home in Coborn Street. " more promising candidates for the Mission and permanent friendships Harley House for more than thirty years our Missionary is but a few steps from Coborn Street. . there's a chance me I attention. young men listened to all Mr. which subsequently led to their marriage. the members of the class experienced when the door opened Or. Taylor received his first volunteers for the China Inland Mission. arose from Dr. slender. even. About a hundred of our students have become missionaries in China. Oh." wrote John McCarthy after nearly forty years in China. ' ." Training Institute — — ' . - the simple prayer to God for guidance. Taylor's residence in East London while studying for several years at the London Hospital. this experience. Howard Taylor and our beloved daughter Geraldine. eternity alone can reveal. than the must be some mistake ? : stranger for —whispered to McCarthy. The acquaintance between Dr. Barnardo—who was less in stature. 4iut the God-given leader in the work to which the Lord had The Httle talk in his room after the meeting. when I visited the small. Guinness was undoubtedly introducing Hudson Taylor and taking it all in in a flash. How little. so small in I — contrast with their teacher's familiar figure 1 Surely there But no.! ACCORDING TO HIS WORKING 57 was a company worth coming over to meet. Mr. crowded home of the out-going Lammermuir party. but so full of the pov/er of God I I found that night jiQt only the answer to many prayers as to my sphere of service. amid the poverty and obscurity of East London. hidden though these developments were in the unknown future. the burning hearts of that hour." : Ten or resulted from that Irish visit. are among the most treasured memories of my Ufe. The bond then formed between us has only grown and strengthened it has never known a strain. " so quiet. for the reception of the Lammermuir party.' It would be impossible to estimate the results for good in East London and throughout the world which have followed the selection of that lowly dwelling in the mighty city. . And the blessing his love and prayers have been to me. some of them being numbered among the martyrs of the Boxer Outbreak. not to say disappointment. But what a shock of surprise. had he not come after all ? and their visitor appeared What that young. " and was all " Good. so unassuming in manner and address.' did I imagine that close to that spot we were to build a college which should train more than a thousand evangelists for the foreign field. Taylor had to tell " I think I see him now. fair-haired man. and Galled me. where Mr.

they will easily obtain funds for the support of three or four men. To stimulate ministers and people to more generous support of their own Swatow mission was his object. impressions of still fresh in the minds where awakening longing for the same God-consciousness. Taylor Mr. " But was it not announced for to-night ? " asked Mr. It made no difference whether meetings were large or small. " that this effort to stir up the Presbyterians here will result in If the their sending several additional missionaries to China. his kind hostess assured him.58 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD were made with Henry Bewley. Taylor was tired. Taylor had leaders in Christian work. . Taylor then came in contact. the presence both speaker and hearers felt Half to be one of the best meetings they ever attended. the night was so stormy that it seemed as if there could be no meeting at all. and it would be taken for granted that the meeting would not be held. And there. everyLong long after. room." he wrote to Mrs. and the fireside at Spark Hill looked specially attractive as the rain poured No one could get to the Severn Street Schoolin torrents. At Birmingham. English Presbyterian Mission will only follow up the interest awakened in Liverpool. A man burdened." made by this work were many with whom Mr. " Then I must go. he gave the best he influential or apparently otherwise had to give. etc. a man God-conscious had moved from place to place. He had recently given several days in Liverpool and Manchester to meetings of the English Presbyterian Synod. often as menthe little audience of eight or ten. the Rev. even if there is no one but the doorkeeper. William Fry. of the it in that almost Lord was so real that empty schoolroom. William Burns." . and he rejoiced in the successful issue no less than when gifts and prayers were called forth for the Inland Mission. and other In Belfast Mr. remarkable openings among the Presbyterians. and so earnestly that other hearts could not but come to share the burden. " I feel little doubt. for example. Mr. Taylor quietly. Taylor from Belfast. speaking by request on his association in China with their beloved missionary. deeply burdened..

— — ! . which had not yet been sent out. Delayed by a lire at the printing ofhce. Taylor was anxious to see how far other hearts had been moved in the same direction. and already the need of fifteen hundred to two thousand pounds of which it made mention had been supplied.M. — " We were reminded of the difficulty of Moses. up to the 6th of February. Taylor's pamphlet was impressed with the importance of making sacrifices that the Gospel might be preached to the Christless millions of inland China. as a result of his recent visit. a hundred and seventy pounds had been received. either or WORKING 59 became missionaries themselves or gave one more of their children to the foreign field. Another five weeks had now elapsed. Mr." of going over the Mission On his return to London. while the remaining half were from that day earnest and prayerful supporters of the C.. when the noon meeting was begun. Richard Houghton's generous gift had made up the contributions of that second period of five weeks to almost two thousand pounds so that not only was prayer answered. from a gentleman who upon reading Mr. a gift of no less than six hundred and fifty pounds. and eagerly he made the reckoning necessary to compare the periods. The question then was what to do with the Occasional Paper. Some explanation must be made to this effect and so it came about that the first issue of the magazine which was to represent the Mission had to have an inset slipped into each number saying that the whole sum needed for passages and outfits was already in hand " the response of a prayer-hearing God through His believing people. and what was the surprise and thankfulness with which he discovered that all they were praying for not the smaller but the larger sum was actually in hand Mr. it was manifest also that all the praying band were to go forward without delay to China.I. " and of the proclamation he had to . Deeply interested. Taylor some years later. it had only been received that very day (March 12). In the first five weeks of the year. ACC^ORDING TO HIS tioned. Mr." wrote Mr. Taylor took the opportunity cash-book to see how far the daily prayer for funds had been answered. Only the day before he had received from Liverpool.

Taylor visited him to careful consideration of matters connected with the work. Taylor had been profoundly influenced by this quiet 1 Shortly thereafter increased to two thousand. . or even making their wants known. sheltered and provided for without a penny of endowment. From the very commencement of his Christian life Mr. Mr. Taylor had taken an outgoing party to Ashley Down.^ Mr. the experience would be a common one in every branch of Christian work/' in response to urgent invitations meetings was fitted in after this. spoke most preciously on the call and spirit of the mison the consecutive reading of the Scriptures on prayer sionary and faith in God on obstacles and thorn hedges. We are convinced that if there were less soUcitation for money and more dependence upon the power of the Holy Ghost and the deepening of spiritual Hfe." he wrote on August 22. from the western counties. One more campaign of with Mr. . Miiller. Miiller followed with keen interest the development of the China Inland Mission. . He . as it gave the opportunity of paying a farewell visit to Bristol.6o THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD / \ send throughout the Camp to prepare no more for the building of the Tabernacle. and later on to double that number. his judgement being no less valued than his helpful spirit. as the gifts in hand were more than suf&cient. In spite of many responsible and pressing occupations in caring for a family of over eleven hundred orphans. Only a few months previously Mr. without an appeal of any kind for help. Taylor was specially glad to be going in that direction. And for : again next day : Mr. . . Miiller spoke on communion with God being before work God on the need of 4iot acting uncertainly on mixing freely with the people. that they might have the privilege of meeting this man of God. How much his prayers meant the outgoing missionaries could not but realise when they went over the Orphan Houses and saw those hundreds of children. He gave time whenever Mr. and restraining the speaking of EngHsh among ourselves (in the presence of Chinese who could not understand) and finally promised to pray for the party." " " Had an hour .

William Soltau. Richard Hill) with the Mission from that hour. formed in 1872. and the — went with Mr. twice. prior to his devoted work in France. Secretary. J." recalled Miss H. No service can be happier even now. now in China. In Malvern. Rising early to travel. Soltau. Taylor met on this visit for the first time. and the reward will be so too. according to His glorious power is greater. whom Mr. E. and his burning words had the more power. he managed to write a pencilled Hne to his mother as he was nearing Exeter . latter up of . became its Hon. but the reward is not yet. sending out hundreds of workers and following them with helpful ministrations. and it is eternal. prepared not a few of its first Australian workers and Miss H. (April i8. was then at the height of his great usefulness by voice and pen as a Bible teacher) have for longer or shorter periods been connected with the C.M. and rendered valued service in this and other capacities for nearly forty years. Soltau. the strength " all might. Mr. gave much assistance in the home department. The missionary was young himself. one remembers how much that one life has meant and the love and veneration with which the writer 1 No fewer than six members of this family (of which the father. Mr. " They gave several of us a sleepless night. W. Stevenson to Burma to attempt the opening Western China. in her Training Home for missionaries in Melbourne.ACCORDING TO HIS WORKING 6i consistent testimony to the faithfulness of God . and speaking once. : — work for such a Master My soul is often filled and it is an honour to be spent in such a cause. and three times a day. who had been largely instrumental in forming the Council. Richard Hill. Miss Mabel Soltau. Messrs.I. Miiller's prayerful sympathy. If the labour is great. William Warren (Miss Charlotte Soltau). Henry W. . I — To the young people with whom he came in contact this joy in the Lord was no less attractive than to their elders. and now that he was himself being led out along similar lines. he valued more than ever Mr. Mr. George and Henry Soltau were members of the first Council. and other places no little interest was aroused by the story Mr. Taylor had to tell and the spirit in which he came. E. 1866) It is joy to to overflowing. Soltau (assisted latterly by Miss Elsie Soltau and Miss Edith Smith) was for many years entirely responsible for the Women's Department in London. Bath. Mrs." * When to China. " and linked myself and dear Agnes (then about to be married to Mr. as well as the son-in-law mentioned above and a grand-daughter. and the difficulties numerous and formid" able. he found his strength taxed to the utmost but in spite of a large correspondence which kept him busy even in the train.

containing little but his turning-lathe and a shelf on which he could lay his open Here he spent hours at a time. they had no ship in view to take them to China. . as the candidates from Dublin Mr." he exclaimed on meeting of the Kingdom of God. all were found to have light thrown upon them by a reference to the leader who was supposed to know everything. however. Robert Chapman set apart for special waiting upon God. Mr. one cannot but realise that Mr. Everything had to pass through yet. denying himself on Saturdays to Bible. resulted in one of the best gifts God ever gave to the work of foreign missions.* Mr. Taylor's brief visit to Exeter. or dropping on his knees in prayer. Taylor wished to travel round the Cape. Taylor found himself plunged in a very vortex of business and farewell meetings. It was the end of April. via Suez. he would turn out plates and trenchers. purchase of materials for outfits or supplies. Mr." But all this time. he seemed to know just how to wrote Mr. It was his sanctum. " Questions as to printing (lithographic or common). " / have visited you every day %ince you went to China. any and every visitor. in a special way at the close of every week. who was slowly convalescing from her recent illness. though it was his habit to rise always at or before daylight and give hours to fervent intercession and this until he was well over ninety years of age." it. do " Whatever needed doing. difficult though it had been to fit in. Taylor again six or seven years later. for we must not dwell upon his intercourse with the saintly Robert Chapman and others. there was no one who had any experience of the conditions to which they were going. Apart from Mrs. The mechanical occupation of the lathe he so looking at the Bible found helpful to a connected Une of thought from time to time. His " workshop " claimed him. Back again in London. and in May the party was to sail for China.62 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD of those lines is regarded by the women of the Inland Mission. and was seeking a sailing-vessel of which 1 Saturday was the day Mr. strange to say. Avoiding the expensive " overland " route. his mind occupied the while with the eternal interests " Dear Brother. and going without his midday meal that he might be the more free in spirit. Taylor's hands noticed. . and who really did seem to have learned something about any and every matter however remotely connected with the work. and the thousand-and-one things that come up in connection with a large party setting out for a foreign land. Taylor." Who can tell how much the Inland Mission owes to the prayers that went up from that hidden corner in Barnstaple ? — . engraving. McCarthy. he was ready with helpful sympathy to meet the endless requests with which he was greeted and followed.

But in view of the . the out-going missionaries not only asking for a Christian captain. being his host and Chairman. an opportunity would now be given But at that point Mr. Rising therefore at the close of the address. and would go away burdened unless they could express practical sympathy. It was his earnest desire. asking to be allowed to add a few words. the cabin space of an ordinary three-master would be none too much. Much as he appreciated their kind intention. that his hearers should go away burdened. he was due in Hertfordshire for an important meeting. Colonel Puget. As the party was to consist of eighteen adults and four children. he said. Daily the matter was remembered in the noon prayer meeting at Coborn Street. To this new friend it seemed a peculiar arrangement to have a missionary meeting without a collection. but for a crew every one of whom might find blessing through the voyage. and the speaker proved unusually interesting. Taylor interposed. Taylor was not anxious he was sure the Lord would meet the need in good time. to have it settled. Colonel Puget realised that people would give generously if only they had the opportunity. brother of the Dowager Lady Radstock. Taylor's wish the announcement had been made accordingly. Money was not the chief thing in the Lord's work. Contrary therefore to previous announcements. but understanding it to be Mr. When the time came. and there were decided advantages for so long a voyage in being the only passengers. Many present were moved by the condition of things Mr.ACCORDING TO HIS WORKING 63 they might engage the entire accommodation. Mr. he took it upon himself to alter the decision about the collection. he would far rather have each one go home to ask the Lord very definitely what He would have them do. But here was already the beginning of May and a suitable ship had not been found. If it were to give of their substance. Taylor had represented. especially money easily given. under the influence of emotion. he said that interpreting the feelings of the audience by his own. on the 2nd of May. however. Just then. they could send a contribution to their own or any other society. though he would have been glad .

" remarked " The people were really interested. "If there had been a collection I should have given a / five-pound note." It was Thursday morning the 3rd of May. and at the breakfast-table. a letter had reached Mr. explaining that he had not had a good night. if I may say so. have had a good collection. in the night. paid over the cheque just received on account. what wilt Thou have w^ to do ? ' I think I cry.*' We might In vain Mr." he added. it might be much more costly perhaps a son or daughter or gifts the Lord was seeking ' i money could save a men and women filled with the Holy Spirit should give themselves to the work For the in China and to the work of prayer at home. support of God-sent missionaries funds would never be one's life-service. after handing Mr. but now I see things differently. a thousand every hour going out into the dark. Bidding farewell to his now deeply interested host. he appeared somewhat late at In breakfast. : * I . as I thought of that stream of souls in China. This done. What was wanted was that lacking. and finding the ship in every way suitable. Taylor from his shipping agents offering the entire accommodation of the Lammermuir. however. Next morning." And he handed Mr. have His answer. though conflicting with other societies. own No amount of single soul. the study. I could only Lord. Taylor explained the financial basis of the f / Mission and his desire to avoid even the appearance of Colonel Puget. sympathetic.64 I / THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD . he returned to London. Taylor a cheque for five hundred pounds. appalling facts of heathenism. about to sail for China. was unconvinced. went straight to the docks. Taylor several contributions given for the Mission. with what joy he hastened to Coborn Street with the tidings " You made his host at supper. " This cheque is the result of no small part of the night spent in prayer. a great mistake. he went on to say " I felt last evening that you were wrong about the Ljdng awake collection.

and " the light of His countenance " was more to that little band than thousands of gold and silver.1 claim to the fulfilment of His promise.ACCORDING TO HIS WORKING start. My grace is My strength is made perfect in weakness " suf&cient for thee setting out. 65 So the time came at length for the quiet. — — Mr. conscious of " His arm " to enfold. " " Utter weakness in ourselves." we should be overwhelmed ' ' . . unostentatious To see God working to look up to Him moment by moment. " His right hand " to protect and guide. were it not that our very insufficiency gives us a specia. Taylor wrote before at the immensity of the work before us.

.

O that Thou wouldest bless me indeed. 6. . 8. And enlarge my Coast. „ Q. To search out a Resting-place.PART 1 II LAUNCHING OUT INTO THE DEEP 866-1 868. My Presence shall go with thee. 7. 34-36. Chap. Aet.

nothing behind The Fall steps of faith find on the seeming void. Whittiee . and The rock beneath.: Nothing before.

Claims are many nowa- days. " well. a great step will have been taken in advance. " With no Committee to represent you at home you will be lost sight of in that distant land. " Our great desire and aim. Among packing-cases and bundles the Saturday prayermeetings were held. friends from far and near crowding the Human nothingness. . by the help of God. Before long you " life ! may find yourselves without even the necessaries of 1 " Your plan of seeking to plant two missionaries in each of the unoccupied provinces is a noble one. and in Chinese Tartary." 69 .CHAPTER VI MY PRESENCE SHALL GO WITH THEE 1866. it is but half accomplished." was the chief concern of some. None could come and go without feeling it. sitting up the staircase and on anything that came to hand. superhuman task ! " sighed others who wished them but be And many even of their friends could not anxious. Upon the wall still hung the great map on the table lay the open Bible and all else was lost sight of. " and if." ^ " A A foolhardy business ! " said those who saw only the difficulties. divine sufficiency — as the other —was room. Taylor had written in his pamphlet. " You will be forgotten. 34. " are to plant the standard of the Cross in the eleven provinces of China hitherto unoccupied. and the necessities of China will become more visible and clamant in the view of all the Protestant Churches. ^the one just as real the atmosphere of those last days at Coborn Street." Mr. ." wrote the Rev. William Burns from Pe Icing in January of this year {1866). Aet.

so far as I could discern." ' From The Voice of thy Brother's Blood. saw a good deal of Mr. combined with such aims. In the distant land of Sinim. dinner at mid-day. help have they but God alone to their Father's hand They look for the supply of their wants in a distant land. Grattan Guinness. and had all the elements about them that were likely to make them successful missionaries in any field to which God might call them. by H. such faith. enough they hear the cry. delighted to find the spirit of self-sacrifice very deep in every one of them. and rich tho' poor. . over the trackless flood. 1 The Rev. sending . Alexander M'Aulay. then a minister in East London. A little band is gone in the service of their God : The lonely waste of waters they traverse to proclaim. The fulness of the world is His All power in earth and heaven They are strong tho' weak. Sailing from London on the 26th of May. " I watched very closely the manner and spirit of those about to proceed to China. . *Tis A has given. and something before they go to bed at night. They have heard from the far-ofi East the voice of their brother's blood : A No milhon a month in China are dying without God. They were given to prayer." it is am my reply. " and I notice that than I. . Taylor's not difficult for me to remember that the Uttle ones need breakfast in the morning. and then to wreck the ship on which they travelled." he " I was said as President of the Wesleyan Conference ten years later. drew out the sympathy Little of many hearts ^ 1 Over the dark blue sea. Taylor and his fellow.^ 1 : Never surely were travellers more prayed for. and none could have more needed such aid. first to wreck the unity and spiritual power of the missionary party. as the long months of the voyage wore on.workers at this time.70 ** THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD I was Mr. the voice of their brother's blood miUion a month in China are djring without God. And I find it impossible to suppose that our Heavenly Father is less tender or mindful taking children with me. I could not forget it. Immanuel's Saving Name. : . it was the end of September before they reached Shanghai and very determined were the onslaughts of the enemy. Indeed." wonder that the quietness and simplicity of it all. in the promise He — * ' .

and Mrs. Next day was occupied with putting things in order and steadjdng the heavy baggage. which with our own party makes fifty-six on board. Berger and a company of those they were to them. The Captain and crew ! ' . no matter what guests or occupations they might have." and great advance had been made in getting into touch with the crew. in the absence of of a stewardess. and Mrs. . their first whole day at sea. with its three port-holes at the stem. little And sailing-ship ' I should like you to have a peep at us when we are gathered together. Immediately outside this saloon (or " stern-cabin ") was the main-mast. . 2 This they had all to themselves. Taylor." After that came rougher weather. There were praying circles also in Scotland. Taylor taking a class in Chinese every morning and Mrs. Taylor another in the afternoon. Jones of Ningpo) in their home on Bow Road. near Street. Gough widow of Mr. when many were down with sea-sickness and Mr. they were daily sustained in this of the nearest most important way.MY PRESENCE SHALL GO WITH THEE them all ^i to the bottom. and the forecastle. had their hands full. in which the needs of the 1 (the Coborn mission found constant remembrance. Most of Trinity Sunday. Ireland. — The Saturday prayer-meeting was continued by Mr. and the provinces. Another weekly prayer-meeting was held by Mr. piled up in the corners of the saloon upon which the cabins opened. Berger." she wrote to Mrs. forward of which lay the well-deck with officers' quarters. ^ On Tuesday regular studies were begun. "just to see how happy we all are God ever keeps us so. when commended to God in the stern-cabin Lammermuir by Mr. and Mrs. who also kept up the noon half-hour daily. and sky-light over the table from the poop deck. From that time on. Berger at Saint Hill. The Lammermuif was a three-masted iron sailing-ship of 760 tons burden. all across the Atlantic (for their course took them westward almost to Brazil) round the Cape of Good Hope and up to the East Indian Islands. By the time Madeira was reached almost all " had their sea-legs. J. number souls thirty-four. . But from the hour of parting. the weather was wonderfully fine few gales and no distressing heat.^ prayer was wonderfully answered on board that tossed on the mighty deep. they were anchored awaiting a favourable breeze. Freedom from much motion gave opportunity for morning and evening services and for rest which was greatly needed. Mr.

though the Captain was a Christian. gladly placed at their disposal. chief est of which is the fragrance of Christ in a spirit made loving and helpful by His presence.ith their harmonium or out on deck. but what could touch — — ! . that part of it for what could there be in the life they had chosen to make them want to sing ? Yet morning. always kindly. True it was only hymns they sang. whose company they had looked forward to with an5rthing but satisfaction. Taylor's surgical skill. that cannot be hid. But the latter held aloof for some time. And there was more than that. weeks chiefly memorable for the change they brought to many a life on board. For the sailors had been watching these unusual passengers. was better at it than any of themselves.. and the missionaries were wise enough to give them plenty of line. One missionary v/ould have been bad enough. in the stern-cabin v. and given to singing." For the Lammermiiir carried a godless crew. and before long it began to be strangely attractive. as he gave permission for Sunday services and put no hindrance in the way of intercourse with the men. but a whole ship's load of them It was ! *' a pretty go. and more than he " wished they were out of it. absence of a ship's doctor Mr. The missionaries." as the first mate told his wife before leaving. There are some things. these people were downright happy always busy. Jackson and Williamson. the carpenters. the circulation of the blood. and night. the Scotch blacksmith. This was not lacking on board the Lammermuir. were always ready to lend a hand and in the ! . which helped to pass the time. Hardly knowing what it was that drew them. was invaluable. however. they seemed never to tire. first aid to the injured. whether two or three alone or the whole company together. Then he gave capital lectures talks on the eye. Seen at close quarters. Nicol. the men found their hearts open to spiritual influences as never before.72 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Eleven and a half weeks were occupied in this part of the voyage. after all. etc. noon. This was a great help. were not such a bad lot When a difficult piece of forging had to be done. It was queer.

!

MY PRESENCE SHALL GO WITH THEE
deeper chords
?

73

" Yes,

we

part,

but not for ever," " Jesu,

Lover of my soul," " Rock it all seemed so real
Thou,

of Ages, cleft for

me

"

—to them

O

Christ, art all I want.
all in

More than
Yes,
it
:

Thee

I find.

.

,

,

was plain enough religion meant something to these And little by little not a few on board, instead of wishing themselves out of it, began to wish they were in it in any real sense.
people.

" The Captain, officers, and crew are most kind to us," Mr. Taylor wrote at the beginning of the voyage. " The cabin steward is a Christian. May God give us to see many conversions ere we leave the vessel." " The friendly feehng only increases," he added a week later. " Continue to pray for us God is answering. What we need is more of His grace, more faith, more devotion to Him, more love for souls. May these be given us for Jesus' sake."
: .
.

.

Before ever they had seen the Lammermuir, or the crew for the voyage, much prayer had been made for those with whom they were to travel all the way Very definitely they had asked for a ship'sto China. company to whom the Lord would bless His Word. That prayer was still going up, both on board and at home, and they were eagerly looking for the answer. " A voyage across the ocean will not make any one a soul- winner," as but these fellow-workers, whatever Mr. Taylor often said they may have lacked in some directions, possessed that personal knowledge of God which makes men keen about bringing others to know Him too. And Mr. Taylor's example helped them not a, little. Soul-winning was to him as it had always been, the very For this he lived, object of his existence as a Christian. prayed, laboured and amid the many responsibilities thatj had come upon him he was still, in this sense, the true missionary. He encouraged his fellow-workers also ini putting prayer, definite, believing prayer, before any other| means to bring about conversion, and in seeking to live the!/ hfe that makes such prayer possible. Well he knew how/

had been engaged

;

;

74
j

THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD
it is

'

on board ship to drift into an unhelpful spirit, and good over others. Novel-reading, waste of time, and self-indulgence at table were carefully watched against, and the daily prayer-meeting kept up which, registered unerringly the spiritual temperature of the little company. Chinese study and useful reading occupied a good part of the day Mr. Taylor himself having a Greek Grammar on hand, and Wordsworth's Commentary on Leviticus. But the eternal welfare of those with whom they
easy
lose all influence for
;

travelled

was sought directly, as well as in these indirect but potent ways. The conversion of the second officer, twenty-five days out from Plymouth, was a welcome answer to prayer, and was quickly followed by that of two of the midshipmen. This was the beginning of an awakening among the crew which continued for some time. Concern about spiritual things began to lay hold of them, and there was great joy among the missionaries as one after another came out into
the light.

" I can give you but little idea," Mr. Taylor wrote to Mr. Berger, " of the precious answers to prayer we have received, and Four of of the blessed change wrought in some of these men. them were Romanists now they are resting on the finished work hope to see others of Christ and prizing His words. brought in before long ... for did we not ask God to gather a crew to whom He would bless His Word, and will He not continue Dear Mr. Berger, I do wish you could have been with to answer ? us some times when we have received special answers to prayer. Our joy has Uterally overflowed, and we have longed that our friends at home could know of the blessing poured out upon us. " As is often the case, God has singled out some who seemed most unlikely, and who at first manifested the greatest opposition
;
.

.

.

We

to the Gospel. Others again being foreigners with little knowledge of English seemed difficult to reach, but the Lord has opened their hearts. " We commenced by having service on Sunday morning in the saloon with Captain Bell's permission. A few of the sailors came. Then the young men started an afternoon meeting in the forecastle, held thrice weekly. Nor were our sisters less active. Mary Bell began a Bible Class, which soon grew into a meeting for reading the Scriptures and for prayer every night, Mrs. Nicol
.

.

.

.

.

.

MY PRESENCE SHALL GO WITH THEE
ings

73

converted, and these meetMiss Desgraz undertook reading with the four Swedes, Miss Faulding with a German, Miss Bausum with the cook and a South Sea Islander. Miss Barnes holds a reading-class for aU who wish to improve themselves in English, and has been blessed to the conversion of several while the other brethren and sisters have taken part in personal conversations and public meetings."

and others joining her. became general.
.

Some were
.

.

;

High- water mark was reached early in August, when the mate, who had been a savage bully among the men, experienced a real change of heart. For a month or more but though under deep his wretchedness had been pitiable conviction of sin, it was not without a desperate struggle he was able to break with the old life and enter into peace in
first
;

believing.
"

Had

Brunton,"

a special prayer-meeting for the conversion of Mr. is the entry in Mr. Taylor's journal for August 3.
:

And

the following morning

Read to him retire without seeing Mr. Brunton. when he came from his midnight watch, part of MackAfter much conversation intosh on Exodus xii. (the Passover). and prayer, the Lord brought him into liberty. First, told my
at 12.30,

" Could not

dear wife and Miss Blatchley (their friend and secretary), then Mr. Williamson, who rose and joined me in praise and thanksgiving to God. Then I went to awake Mr. Sell, though it was Oh, how glad our hearts were " ^ 2.30 A.M.
I

" Mr. Brunton's conversion was very interesting," wrote Miss Rose, " For several weeks he to be married to Mr. Meadows. was miserable. He had been brought up a Roman CathoUc, and there were many prejudices to overcome. Every means was used to help him, and again and again requests came from those who were going to converse with him, that they might be prayed for. One night Mr. Sell came running down from the deck at twelve o'clock saying that Mr. Brunton had just asked him to go to his cabin and pray with him. Two of us were up and we united in prayer but he did not find peace that night, nor for many weeks following. " By the first week in August, matters came to a climax, and it was He was wretched felt that if he were to be saved it must be at once. The enemy was determined not to it seemed a hfe and death question. On the night of the 3rd his let him go, and the struggle was fearful. watch ended at twelve o'clock, Mr. Taylor went just after and had a long conversation with him, those who were up retiring to the stern-cabin for pvayer. When Mr, Taylor came down and the answer had not yet been The Bible given, he and another continued in prayer till three o'clock. Class next day was turned into a prayer-meeting, another special meeting
»

who was going out

:

.

.

.

:

76

THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD

The news was quickly known all over the ship, and deep was the impression next day when this officer called out his watch and told them personally what God had done for his soul. One young midshipman to whom he spoke gave his
heart to the Lord, and several of the crew who had been halting between two opinions were brought to decision.
Carter, Dixon, and the August 4 A day of great things steward (Russell) professed to find peace through believing. Had a protracted meeting, tUl midnight, to praise the Lord and At midnight, Mr. Brunton, seek the conversion of all hands. Carter, and Dixon joined us, and we gave thanks together.
:

:

moved from
"

of the crew, the daily meetings were now the steward's cabin to their own quarters, where a larger number could be accommodated.

At the request

first meeting in the forecastle was held the night before Mr. Taylor wrote on August 22. " Many of our own number and most of the sailors were present. It was truly a Card-playing had for some time given place to pleasant sight Bible reading, and fooHsh songs to hymns. But now they and we were met as believers brothers and sisters from various parts of the new and old world and from the islands of the sea all journeying toward the same blessed home. Some were seated on sea-chests, some on planks, some on chairs that we had brought, some on various parts of the ship's fittings, while a few halfashamed to be seen, yet drawn by something they themselves, perhaps, did not understand were hiding behind the capstan or hanging about the doors. The meeting commenced with the

Our

last,"

!

hymn
Come
let us join

With

our cheerful songs angels round the throne.

Mr. Sell then engaged in prayer, and was followed by a converted and a third would have been held later, but was called in the forenoon bad weather prevented it. God, however, knew the longing of our hearts, and took the work into His own hands. Mr. Taylor again met Mr. Brunton and while he was explaining to him the passage, at midnight, in his cabin He saw the When I see the blood, I will pass over you,' hght broke and he at peace and joy took possession of his heart plan of salvation once poured cut his soul to God in praise and prayer remembering us each one by name, all who were unsaved on board, and his own wife and Mr. Taylor was so overjoyed that he went and awoke Mr. Sell, children. The latter got up and woke me, and at three to tell him the good news. It is impossible to describe the in the morning we gave thanks together. You know what it is to have the burden of souls rejoicing of that day upon your hearts, and the joy that follows their conversion."
;
;
I

;

;

1

MY PRESENCE SHALL GO WITH THEE
A passage in
;

77

West Indian, who in broken English poured out his heart to God, John was read and conversed about. Another hymn was sung prayer followed and Miss Barnes, who had just come in, gave thanks for the conversion of one of the men who had been in the deepest distress for some time, and with whom she had been speaking on deck where his duty detained him. Then one of the sailors asked for, O happy day, that fixed my choice.' Prayer was again offered and the meeting closed with
; '

Come, ye that love the Lord, And let your joys be known.

.

.

.

Then followed such a shaking of hands, such mutual exhortations and expressions of Christian love as did one good to see and hear. Truly, the Lord is wonderfully answering the prayers of His dear people who are bearing us up at the throne of grace." " August 23 Such a happy meeting again last night The second of the four Swedes has found peace, and three others present were seeking Jesus. The first mate (Mr. Brunton) led us in prayer, as did also three of the sailors and the joy was so great that it was with difficulty I could get the meeting concluded half an hour after the time had come for doing so."
:

I

;

Among themselves, also, the missionaries had helpful meetings, and several days were given entirely to waiting upon God, in view of all that lay before them.
" On Saturday afternoons we join in Spirit with friends in China and at home," Mr. Taylor continued to Mr. Berger, " praying for the good of the mighty empire toward which we are journeying. Our minds are kept in peace as to the future. Were we never to reach China, we should all rejoice in the work God has done on the Lammermuir and if permitted to reach our destination. He Who has led hitherto will be with us and will guide us b}*^ a plain path."
;

Gladly would one leave the record of the voyage at this

from shipwreck in the China Sea with which it ended. But to do so would be untrue to facts, and untrue moreover to universal experience. Who does not know, with any spiritual life at all, that where God is working the devil is sure to be busy and that the nearer one seeks to live to the Lord
;

point, telling only of the wonderful dehverance

Himself, the

Him

?

more painful They were only

are the consequences of grieving
little

things that had

come

in

78

THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD
;

'between one and another of the party. Big temptations but Httle criticisms, would have defeated their own end Httle jealousies had brought in disunion coldnesses, little Prayer was hindered and that led to serious results. to the grief of all concerned, the work of the Holy Spirit was so checked, that for one whole month no souls were saved, and some who had been anxious remained sinburdened and undecided. It was a startling experience, and deeply searching a whole month without conversions, at a time when already many of the men had come over the And in their Hne and others seemed ready to do so troubled hearts the missionaries themselves knew what was
;
:

!

hindering.

Yet

it

was so hard to get
I

right with one another

** spired words, brethren to dwell together in unity

and to keep was painful light on the inBehold, how good and how pleasant it is for
right, to get right
It

...

for there the Lord'

the blessing, even life for evermore.'' The fact that they were hving, most of them, in true fellowship with God made the grief of failure the more distressing. It made it also the more needful for the Lord to let that grief be felt. Evidences of the self-hfe in those who had not come so near

commanded

Him might be less disastrous in their results but " whom the Lord loveth He chasteneth." It is the fruitful branch He purges, that it may bring forth " more fruit."
to
;

these developments watchfulness have he by ma'e Could caused deep concern. prevented misunderand fellow-workers safeguarded his first with God, prevaiUng bring now, he Could standings ? " the unity of the Spirit restore mind, and them to a better in the bond of peace " ?

To Mr.

Taylor,

needless to say,

" This morning," runs a note in his journal early in July, " had some conversation with Mr. Nicol about the present state Sell Joined us and afterwards Williamson, and we of matters. decided on holding a special meeting for confession and prayer Spoke to most of them for the increase of love and unity. privately, and affectionately urged the need of a better spirit. We met in the evening, and the Lord was with us indeed. I trust He gave to all present a real desire to be united in love."

!

MY PRESENCE SHALL GO WITH THEE

79

But the danger was a recurring one, and a couple of months later a spirit of discord again crept in. It was on different grounds this time and with other members of the party, but the outcome was the same criticism, discontent, loss of power and blessing.

love,"

" Almost all the party deploring the " is the record for September 8. arm on our behalf."

want of more unity and The Lord make bare His

The notable thing is that they did deplore it that they saw\ and felt the danger; could not go on in such a condition, even on ship-board, and gave themselves to heart-searching Prayer and fasting again turned the tide..: before the Lord. for to those who humble themselves before Him it is still true, " When the enemy shall come in like a flood, the Spirit of the Lord shall Uft up a standard against him." Then the adversary changed his tactics. Unsuccessful
;
(
?

|

\

in wrecking the spiritual usefulness of the party,

it

seemed

the Prince of the Power of the Air " let loose his fiercest legions, determined on the destruction in one way or another of the infant mission. For fifteen days and
as though
*'

nights the stress of storm and tempest lay upon them. Caught in one typhoon after another they beat up the China Sea all but a wreck sails gone, masts gone, everything gone but their steadfast hope in God. Of the beginning of this terrible experience Miss Blatchley wrote

:

10) the sun rose as usual and the wind was fair, but in the afternoon the weather became squaUy. The wind increased, the glass was steadily falling, and before night it was but too clear that we were on the edge of a typhoon. The night was fearfully rough, with a wild sea. The rain descended as if the clouds were coming down bodily, while the raging of the wind made it exceedingly difficult to pass orders. More than once aU the men on dMty were nearly swept overboard by heavy seas. In the darkness Httle could be done. We could only watch, and commend ourselves and more especially the crew to God's keeping. All Tuesday the glass continued to fall, and the wind and sea were unabated. But we were beginning to hope from the direction of the wind that we were on the outer edge of the typhoon.
. ,

On Monday morning (September

.

8o

THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD
On Wednesday
;

glass

the sun was visible, the rain ceased and the was no longer falling. We were safe we had a fair wind, and toward noon sighted Formosa. ... So we renewed hope of reaching Shanghai on the Saturday following. But on Thursday,

we were

a strong gale blew right ahead, with a tremendous sea on, so that This gale continued all driven out of our course. Friday. Moreover, we were now among shoals and breakers. Heavy seas were sweeping the decks, loosening things from their Many of the sailors were ill, and the storm we had lashings. already passed had weakened the ship, rendering her very unfit We were all feeling worn out with want to meet another gale. of rest, with the perpetual tossing, our wet clothes, etc., and were longing to reach our desired haven. We were, indeed, within a but the wind continued adverse, couple of days' good run of it and we had constantly to tack, with the prospect of having to beat all up the China Sea in the teeth of a N.E. simoon. At last with longing eyes we sighted Fu-kien on Tuesday the i8th of September. The waters were becoming pale, earnest of our approach to the Yangtze. But we were still beating to windward, and continued to do so all Wednesday, not only making
. . . :

nothing, but not even holding our own, for we lost some twenty knots or more. It was tedious work, but we kept up courage and cheered our weariness by constant communion v/ith Him Who

our hope and our salvation. The old, famiHar hymns had now new meaning. While the winds raged, we sang " Jesu, Lover of my soul," " Rock of Ages," " O God. our help in ages past,"
is

We could not always raise our voices above the others. storm, but at least thev mingled with it, they and it praising
and
God.
In the night especially we had prayer, because the darkness prevented much from being done or attempted about the ship. Of course rest was out of the question. When the tempests were upon us we were tossed up and down as if our iron ship were nothing now on the crest of a wave, now in a deep vaUey, now thro\\m on her port, now on her starboard side, almost dipping her yard-ends into the sea, and agam plunging forward, her foreIn this condition we were wearying castle right under water. and it would have been with despairing feelings for land we watched the wind increase ... but for the assurance that God's arm was closely round us, and at the same time ruling all

.

.

.

powers.

Twelve days the storm had been upon them, but the worst was yet to come.
"
It is useless to

attempt to describe," wrote Miss Faulding,

MY PRESENCE SHALL GO WITH THEE

8i

" what passed on Saturday, Sunday and Monday " (Sept. 22-24). " The sea washed our lea bulwarks away, and seemed as if it would carry ever5^hing before it. Our mainsail was torn to ribbons the jib-boom and fore, main and mizen masts were carried away, and it seemed impossible we should weather it. I am glad to say we were all kept calm, ready for life or death. We were making water fast. The broken masts were hanging over our heads as if by a thread, swinging about fearfully and threatening every moment to fall which if they had done, the deck or side of the vessel must have been staved in, and we should have gone down in a few minutes. I did feel so thankful that you could not know for I had the strongest conviction that our Uves would not be lost."
;

;

But for the courageous example of Mr. Taylor,^ and indeed all the missionary party, things would have gone very differently however. In outward prosperity, during the earlier part of the voyage, they had been learning something of their spiritual foes and " the need," as Mr. Taylor wrote, "of having our souls stayed upon God, and of clinging to Him in ceaseless prayer " now it was His purpose to teach them in a different way, " the blessedness of trusting Him in the hour of human helplessness and danger." Of those last, worst days he wrote
;
:

Friday, Sept. 21 The gale increasing and having all the appearance of another typhoon, we had prayer together from time to time during the afternoon and night. The decks were swept by the sea in a manner I have never before witnessed. Saturday, Sept. 22 The jibs and stay-sails gave way early So fearful was the sea that the men refused to this morning. go out and secure them. The Captain and first Mate went on
:
:

1 " All through the storm," said Mr. Rudland, " Mr. Taylor was perWhen almost at its height the men refused to work any fectly calm. The Captain had advised all to put on life-belts. longer. She can At this juncture he was scarcely hold together two hours,' was his verdict. going to the forecastle, where the men were taking refuge, revolver in
'

Don't use force,' he said, hand. Mr. Taylor went up to him. till everything else has been tried.' He then went in quietly and talked to the men, telling them he believed God would bring us through, but that everything depended upon the greatest care in navigating the ship, We will all help,' he added; in other words, upon the men themselves. our lives are in jeopardy as much as yours.' The men were completely reassured by bis quiet demeanour and friendly reasoning, and with officers, midshipmen, and the rest of us went to work in earnest at the wreckage, and before long got in the great iion spars that were ramming the side of
'

'

'

'

the ship."

G

82

THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD
.

the men followed, but soon all had to be the forecastle Soon after this recalled as the vessel was driving into the sea. the lea, upper bulwarks, began to give way, and before long all Next, the jib-boom and flying jib-boom this side was overboard. gave way, followed immediately by the foretop and top-gallant masts and the maintop-gallant mast. They hung by the wire shrouds, swinging about most fearfully, owing to the heavy rolling of the ship. The appearance of things was now truly terrific. The decks full of water, which poured over both sides as she rolled, were encumbered with floating spars, tubs, buckets, casks, etc. Besides the danger of being washed overboard, there was no small risk of having one's limbs broken by moving timbers, torn from their moorings. Prayer to God was our only resource. The sailors, paralysed, ga.ve up work. The probability seemed I kissed the dear that our hours, if not minutes, were numbered. children, and viith the young men of our party went out and set Commending ourselves to to work, hoping to encourage others. God, we began to secure the floating things and cut away the wreckage. This stimulated some of the crew to help us. Many of the smaller things washed overboard, and the larger we secured from time to time, for the fury of the waves was such that no lashThe water-casks having been swept away ings would stand long. no fresh water was procurable, for we dared not open the tanks Cooking was out of the question, and we had to eat in the gale. Through a little biscuit and cheese or butter from time to time. God's blessing the wreck of the fore masts and jib-booms was The main mast was swinging fearfully, safely got over the side. and water was going down into the hold in large quantities by the foot of the mast and by the anchor pipes, the covers of which had been washed away. These places were now secured, and as the afternoon was far advanced no more could be attempted. We were still in very bad shape. Rolling fearfully, the masts and yards hanging down were tearing our only sail (the main lower top-sail) and were battering Hke a ram against the main yard. The deck from forecastle to poop was one scarcelybroken sea. The roar of the water, the clanging of chains, the beating of the dangling masts and yards, the sharp smack of the torn sails made it almost impossible to hear any orders that might be given. Providentially the moon was bright and the night light. Though all were tired out, there was httle sleeping. About 10 P.M. the mizen top-gallant royal mast gave way, The rain and with the royal yard hung swinging about. and spray beat desperately, and the force of the wind was such that it was impossible to stand on the poop without holding
. .

MY PRESENCE SHALL GO WITH THEE
on.

83

Captain Bell kept moving about, though so unwell

—half
.

his face paralysed.

body we recommenced and ropes being The carried into the saloon the ladies helped in pumping. rolling continued to be very heavy, and at times the decks were one sheet of water, rushing and roaring in a way to appal the The ship began to labour very heavily, leading stoutest heart. us to think that she was taking water, but of this we could get no certainty. Worn out after a hard day's work, we did not attempt a service, but lay down for a little rest. This was often disturbed by unusually heavy seas and rolls, when it seemed as though we must be going down at once. But after a while she would get more quiet, and moonUght and lessening wind gave
Sunday, Sept. 23
. . . :

Very weary

in

at 6 A.M.

The pumps were got

to work,

.

.

rise to

hope.

Although the storm was blowing over, this second Monday was the most anxious day of all. Every one on board was worn out the pumps would not work, and they were shipping water fast. What it must have been to Mrs. Taylor with the little ones about her may be better imagined than described.
;

" But it was sweet to rejoice in God through all," she wrote " to rest in past proofs of His love, independently of present circumstances and I entered into Habakkuk's song as never Yet will I rejoice in the Lord I will glory in the God of before, "
; ;
'

;

my

salvation.'

CHAPTER

VII

TO SEARCH OUT A RESTING-PLACE
1866.

Aet. 34.

It was a bright September Sunday, five days after the storm passed away, when the Lammermuir at length came to anchor Her broken, disoff the foreign settlement of Shanghai. mantled condition made her an object of general curiosity among the gaily-painted junks and foreign shipping but when it became known that she only carried missionaries, albeit the largest party that had yet come to China, interest soon subsided, and beyond a few facetious remarks in the papers little notice was taken of the new arrivals. To themselves that quiet Sunday was specially grateful. They did not go ashore, and out on the river were protected from many visitors. Their hearts were full of thankfulness more wonderful, even, than they for recent deliverances A vessel coming in soon after their realised at the time. own proved to have lost sixteen out of a ship's company of twenty-two, while on the Lammermuir none were missing and no sooner had they reached a or seriously injured place of safety than terrific gales again swept the coast, which in their disabled condition they could not possibly have weathered.
;

;

" God grant that having been brought so near to eternity and then spared for awhile," wrote one of the party, " our lives may be more entirely devoted to Him and to the work before us. Through all I never felt the least regret, or anything but joy in the thought that I had come."

The voyage

over, Mr. Taylor's difficulties were in a sense
84

TO SEARCH OUT A RESTING-PLACE

85

begun. Looking out on that familiar scene the crowded the European houses along the Bund, and the wall of the Chinese city beyond he realised in a very practical way the responsibilities that had come to him. Where was he
river,

would afford Boxes from the hold, more or less soaked with sea water, and all the baggage from the cabins had to be unpacked, dried, and rearranged. Much must be left in Shanghai for a time, as in addition to personal belongings they had with them household goods from Coborn Street, a considerable quantity of stores, printing and Hthographic presses, and a large supply of drugs and medical apparatus. Ail these, after careful examination, needed safe dry storage, and the washing machines, mangle, and ironing-stove must be unpacked and set to work, for there was the clothing of more than twenty people to be laundered after a four months' voyage. Little wonder he was tempted to feel anxious, remembering the difficulty of obtaining even temporary accommodation in the Settlement.^ For those were not the days of Missionary Homes and Foreign hotels were few and very costly Chinese Agencies. inns were out of the question for such a party and the native boats to which they might have been transferred would not have met the case. Furnished houses were rarely to be had, even if expense were no consideration, and the hospitality of European residents could not reasonably be counted on. The missionary community in Shanghai at
to find
for so large a party that

accommodation

the facilities required

?

;

;

It is impossible, in view of the cosmopolitan city of to-day, to imagine primitive were the conditions in Shanghai as recently as 1866. A temporary building, since used as a gymnasium, did duty for the Cathedral. The British Consulate, though occupying the same site as at present, was an insignificant structure. The Garden Bridge, now traversed daily by a ceaseless stream of vehicles, was so narrow fiiat two wheelbarrows could barely pass each other, and pedestrians had to pay a three cash toll. As to conveyances, the choice lay between sedan-chairs and wheelbarrows, rickshaws not liaving yet come over from Japan. One of the Consuls possessed a carriage, and so did the Commissioner of Customs but there was little use for them, the Bund scarcely extending beyond the British Settlement, and the Nanking Road soon running off into fields and marketgardens. Other roads were just tracks and footpaths, save where they neared the river, and the Gardens of to-day were, at low tide, an unsavoury mud bank. As for the native city, walled in and crowded with a dense population, the less said of it the better, from a European stand»

how

;

point.

he had been enabled to come into touch with all the senior members of the Mission. Then again.workers to the quarters thus provided. both from the Lammermuir and from friends at home. ^ The church at . to be divided. had it not been that. the time consisted of only nine married and three single men and who among them would be able. his home was open to them. unknown to Mr. this building immediately premises. and in some place which to dispose their belongings ! If nothing better offered. which formed a convenient warehouse or " go-down " connected with his Large and empty. In the great city of Shao-hing-fu with a quarter of a million inhabitants they had succeeded in obtaining a footing. muir meanwhile Taylor had been greatly prospered. Meanwhile. Taylor. William Gamble sought out his friends to put at their disposal a bachelor's hospitality. however willing. Taylor returned from Ningpo to remove his family and fellow. they were " feeling very happy and getting on with the language. prayer had been going up for months past that the Lord would Himself see and provide. Mr. save Mr." « . and with a view to future needs had purchased a disused building intended for a theatre. Taylor's party. three days later. such as it was. Escorting Miss Rose to her future home. Almost too good to be true must it have seemed when. how was the work to be attended to ? Altogether the situation was complicated and would have given rise to anxiety.86 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD . and Mrs. So taking a sampan ^ that very afternoon. i The primitive Chinese gondola. Living over their httle chapel at the junction of three busy streets. semi-foreign house he was living near the Chinese city (East Gate). Captain Bell had insisted on their remaining on the Lammerand though absent so short a time Mr. suggested river itself when the Lammermuir appeared in the How and he learned that it carried Mr. they must need the cheer of a friendly welcome. bringing with him the In a printing-press of the American Presbyterian Mission. a friend of Ningpo days had moved up to Shanghai. hard by one of the water-ways of that Venice of midChina. if the party had to receive so many visitors ? some in one home and some in another. adding thus a fourth station to those already opened by the Mission before the arrival of the Lammermuir party. with the " go-down " in addition. who were some distance inland. Stevenson.

. We often wished friends at home could have looked in upon us. had come to his help in a which he was most thankful sending back with him the evangelist Tsiu. ." " We had our two stoves put up. though somewhat reluctmeals antly I believe." " Missionary work under the most favourable conditions. one of the fruits of his — own men " early labours. Taylor does was Miss Paulding's impression of it aU . is not much difficulty in sleeping after a long day's work. and had it not been that Captain Bell arranged for us to stay on board. we should not have known where to lay our heads. ' . Taylor the following " On the morning of this day last week (Sept. . I I not another foreigner to be found in a long day's journey. 461-2. Gamble's go-down. was their helper Taylor in Early Years. Gamble's house." " Mr. to allow us to remunerate him for our board. square openings. just to see how happy we all were It would have rejoiced their hearts to see how lovingly. and a Christian woman as well as two to help in caring for the new arrivals. pp." recalled another. and on this were extemporised sleeping compartments sheets being pinned together for walls and a step- — ladder doing duty as staircase. " and with washing. where we all take our and he has kindly promised. who with her Swiss training was a competent laundress. with the exception of a few boxes not yet brought out of the hold. At the end of the " go-down " the floor of the stage remained.' where Hudson and I and four of the young men sleep. but whose views concerning missionary work coincide in large measure with Hudson's." wrote Mrs. the for whose story see Hudson basket-raaker of Ningpo. mangling. 30) we knew not where we should store our goods." He Sunday. The others are in Mr. That any missionary would be able to receive us all seemed impossible and here God had in readiness one who not only can accommodate our party. are safe in Mr.TO SEARCH OUT A RESTING-PLACE practical way. " the . and ironing going on at the same time the warehouse was as busy as a beehive. . no lack of ventilation. Neng-kwei. . gently clears our way. The wind makes noises ghostly enough for any romance and the rats keep up a perpetual scuffle among our boxes and the loose str^w. how kindly the Lord was dealing with His children. amid their rejoicing. All our goods. supplemented by plenty of crevices in the roof. On windy nights our linen walls are very restless indeed but there is " There there. ." wrote one of those billeted windows being unglazed. for 87 Bridge Street.

" occupations he had little time for thought to give to the criticisms that buzzed about the foreign community. " The Lord is with us. especially as it included an EngHsh nurse and four Httle travel children." he said. giving regular hours to study. enjoying fellowship with Jesus. form approximately an equilateral triangle. It was freely hinted that Mr. but love. one unmarried lady not was at that time. They were to by native house-boats. . always letting discourtesies drop out of sight so about it graciously. " and we are all. Rudland remembered. sends tliem all in Our Father not only knows. manage he thoroughly understands how to go about everything.: 88 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD so nicely for us . I trust.* At one or other of the cities en route Mr. Taylor expected to leave some of the young men with the evangehst. This is happiness to me. there 1 Hang-chow and Ningpo. stations a hundred miles into the interior. with Shanghai as its apex. " saying little or nothing on. We have and may expect to have some trials But with humble faith to see Love inscribed upon them all. That ladies should be brought out to wear Chinese dress and live in the interior roused indignation in certain quarters. about a hundred miles apart." via the The next stage of their journey was to be a leisurely one. the far-famed capital Here it was hoped they of the neighbouring province. and that Bedlam would have been a safer destination for himself and *' But he went quietly his companions than Shanghai. To take so large a party inland at all was a step of faith. Stevenson between them and Ningpo. In the whole of besides six unmarried ladies. complete a chain of C. and little . might be enabled to commence operations and. In the midst of many writing. with Mr. Taylor must be a madman or worse.M." One of the few letters Mr. Grand Canal to Hang-chow. without affecting his own friendliness." as Mr.I. and waiting upon God as to their ultimate location. Taylor did manage to write from Shanghai w^as to his mother. China.

obtaining free and familiar communication with them. with a large measure of conformity to Chinese manners and customs. that it is of very little value to him. 89 missionary to be found away from the treaty ports and the entire staff of such workers. " In my abandon it." 1 Psalm Ixviii." he v^Tote on this subject. and will probably lead the person so adopting it to conclude. . Taylor's chief objects in the formation of the Inland Mission. . dress. But I have never heard of any one. Seventeen missionary women devote their time to schools. carried on such a work and my strong conviction is that. is to make a burlesque of the whole matter. " the adoption costume would be desirable even were we residing but for work in the interior such as we conin the treaty ports template I am satisfied that it is an absolute pre-requisite. in European costume. numbered only seventeen. and so living as to be an example to them of what Chinese Christians should be. . R. including these new arrivals. at present. judgment. For their protection as well as to lessen difficulties he considered the wearing of native dress essential. who either regretted the course taken or wished to of the Chinese . coast-board cities. even for the ports And away from those few. winning their esteem and confidence. before long.TO SEARCH OUT A RESTING-PLACE . ii. and he was prepared to let devoted women make the sacrifices necessary and to take upon himself the responsibility of helping them in every free to tion — it I : way possible. and evangelisawas a mere nothing. conciliating their prejudices. He may travel under the protection of his passport almost anywhere but quietly to settle among the people. hospitals." ^ To add to their number in China and facilitate their all-important work was one of Mr. No foreign missionary to the best of my knowledge ever has. requires the adoption not merely of their costume but of their Merely to put on their habits also to a very considerable extent. no foreign missionary could do so. scarcely a voice was raised to tell of Redeeming Love to the women and children " The Lord giveth the word of half the heathen world. the women that publish the tidings are a great host.V. after a bona fide attempt to become Chinese to the Chinese that he might gain the Chinese. and act regardless of their thoughts and feehngs.

that we may by aU means " save 1 The letter." not a mere proselyte but a "for it became Him in all things to be made Hke unto real Jew His brethren. justified. hevers presided over by pastors and ofiicers of their own countrymen. " emptied Himself. not merely Hke man. and would have gathered even larger multitudes to attend His ministry. in everything not sinful He made Himself one with those He sought to benefit. sanctified. not sinful become Chinese. let us as far Let us in everything as possible set before them a true example. could sound reason justify it. Had He been bom a noble Roman rather than a Jew. He would perhaps. the foreign appearance of chapels. I conceive." In language. and in edifices of a thoroughly native style of architecture. but withal tmly Chinese in every We — We wish to see churches of such beright sense of the word. He would doubtless have inspired far more awe and reverence. " It is enough that the disciple be as His Master. have commanded more of a certain kind of respect. and would assuredly have been spared much of the This. I am not alone in the opinion that the foreign dress and . in the hope that he may see them washed. And why should such a foreign The Word of God does not aspect be given to Christianity ? It is nor. carriage of missionaries (to a certain extent affected by some of their pupils and conveits). however. and indeed the foreign air imparted to everything connected with their work has seriously hindered the rapid dissemination of the Tmth among . was not His aim He indignity He suffered. : of a Christian missionary " to seek identification with this great though benighted people. if less loved." If we really wish to see the Chinese such as we have described. require it not the denationalisation but the Christianisation of this people wish to see Chinese Christians raised up men that we seek. . in putting the matter before (or the Mission." Surely no follower of the meek and lowly Jesus wiU be likely to conclude that it is " beneath the dignity . . and women truly Christian.90 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD The grounds upon which this sacrifice was advocated were so important that we venture to give further extracts. worshipping God in the land of their fathers. And further.^ Had our Lord appeared on earth as an angel of light. But to save man He became man. the Chinese. which was a long one. in appearance. the immediate objects of His personal ministry being " under the law " (" the lost sheep of the house of Israel ") He likev/ise was bom " under the law. Berger young people at home who were candidates . in the name of the Lord Jesus and by the Spirit of our God. was written to help Mr. in their own tongue.

such as the sacrifice of some accustomed articles of diet. misunderstood by His most faithful followers. Gamble's table. This cannot but involve. neglected and rejected by men who owed Him their very being . hesitate to make ^ the trifling sacrifice indicated above ? We give you credit. making no unnecessary alteration in external form. j — and whose salvation He had come to seek. . and finally. the change into native dress was effected without delay. a certain measure of inconvenience. Let us live in their houses. But j once let the question arise. never unappreciated." Let us adopt their dress. Give yourself up wholly and fully to Him Whose you are and Whom you wish to serve in this work. ! . To her it meant no little sacrifice. " I did not expect such and such in. j ' success. reflecting on these things. and only so far modifying their internal arrangements as health and efficiency for work absolutely require. She had not worn it during her previous residence in China. \ j — . dear friends. Mrs.TO SEARCH OUT A RESTING-PLACE 91 some. and receiving the ceaseless adoration of all the hierarchies of heaven became a despised Nazarene. but the young men submitted to the somewhat trying process of shaving the front part of the head and donning the queue and loose-fitting garb of the coimtry. for being prepared to give up not these httle things only. Taylor also appeared in Chinese costume at Mr. crucified and slain with thieves and outlaws." Mr. acquire their language." and your service will cease to be that/ free and happy one which is most conducive to efficiency and spit \ . mocked. " God loveth a cheerful giver. and experience enabled her to realise something of the restrictions it must involve. and there can be no disappointment. They did not remain long enough in Shanghai to complete the ladies' outfits. but a thousand times more for Christ's sake. Mr./ convenience or privation. But will any one reflecting on what He gave up Who left heaven's throne to be cradled in a manger Who. . having filled all things and wielded omnipotence. became a feeble infant wrapped in swaddling clothes Who from being the loved one of the Father never misjudged. will any follower of Christ. etc. of course. upon. Let there be no reservation. Taylor's companions of the Lammermuir party being one with him in these convictions. Taylor doing the same. seek to conform to their habits and approximate to their diet as far ai: health and constitution will allow. "Are we called to give up this or that ? " / once admit the thought.

shock the Chinese by what would seem to them grossly immodest and unfeminine conduct. W. which continues to this day. of And in fifty or a hundred taking my husband's arm out of doors other ways we may. Press. but the nearer we come to the Chinese in outward appearance. . Gamble quietly laid a package on the seat of the sampan. Farnham. they could not but feel on this occasion a real sympathy which was most encouraging.. for example.^ Mr. J." criticised. stepped ashore. & F. Wood (Meth. Bible Society) M. Farnham and Mr. without great watchfulness. M.) buth.I. a number fellow-workers were regarded none too cordially in certain quarters. in Mr. Berger. and Mr. J. H. . at Mr. the more severely v/ill any breach of propriety according to their standards be Henceforth I must never be guilty. Indeed he was more than reluctant to part from his adopted family. Mr. doubt as to the desirability of the change. . I . " For the good of the Mission. Board)." ^ the stafif It is interesting to recall the names of those who in of the two British and four American societies : 1866 formed at work . Yates (Southern Baptist) W. G. To avoid step giving unnecessary offence in Shanghai. and was gone amid the shadows. and all the party had left brotherliness of And Busy vidth helpful the jetty save Mr. evening. . Wylie (B.M. the until after the meeting in which. many though their claims had been upon Accompanying them to the river on his time and resources. Gamble of the Presby. J. Taylor and his Gamble's invitation.S. J. . T. Alex. Epis. services to the last. W. Gamble estabhshed a special sympathy between their mission and the C. and on a slip of paper he had written.) the Revs. Muirhead and G. Although Mr. . Allen. Shanghai they were the Revs. Thomson (Protes.92 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD " Things which are tolerated in us as foreigners. 20th of October.M. and M. wearing foreign dress. South) J. Taylor and Rudland. " could not be allowed I do not at all mean to imply a for a moment in native ladies. was not taken of missionaries and others came together to commend the new enterprise to the guidance and blessing of God. E. Cunnyngham. . W. L. were moored out in the stream. It was the roll of dollars he had reluctantly accepted in payment for their board. The kindness of Mr. Gamble's interest had deepened into the warmest friendship. WTierry (Presby." she wrote to Mrs. Owen (L. Pray much for us in respect to this matter. he hardly knew how Saturday the on v/hich they were to travel The junks to say good-bye. LamEpis.

Hearing from in the way — — I . Then with a last look at their cabins." continued Miss Blatchley. formerly the dread of the crew. in the beautiful sunset hght. Taylor baptized him . " But that tells nothing apart from the singing. but not for a last. " encourage us to hope that they are really " children of God and others. Happily the days were fine with the crisp freshness of autumn. we part. raising their caps. One link with the Lammermuir still remained." and dropping down-stream in the moonUght the travellers were soon alongside the dear old Lammermuir. Again and again." 2 — Four weeks later it was a company thoroughly Chinese outward appearances that drew near the famous city of Hang-chow." Mr. of their being without much of European comforts. gave only cause for rejoicing. hallowed by sacred memories. The gipsy-life so romantic at first had become wearisome enough in their slow -going boats. a cooked ham. In the moonlight and stillness we glided round the stem sailors and midshipmen following on to the poop. was with the young men on their boat! " He came a little way up-country with us. however. where they repeated the cheers and stood looking after us till we passed out of sight. for Mr. are you going ? " was struck boats. As we pushed off. some of the ciew had fallen back into old habits amid " Their deep contrition. Mr. a barrel of treacle. and a cheese To him the party had given a beautiful Bible and a travelling rug. brief service was held. " and on Sunday. pilgrims. who had continued to hold meetings on board. the temptations of port life. however.TO SEARCH OUT A RESTING-PLACE It 93 was " the fairest night imaginable. gave us three hearty English cheers. both among the of&cers and men. up by the ship's company. in the river. as to i To the sorrow of the missionary party." this officer. just when it seemed they had succeeded. a joint of beef. Captain Bell sent after them before they could finally get away two pots of butter. and it had become an urgent matter to find more adequate shelter. " of all the associations brought to mind that made many of the voices unsteady." Miss Blatchley wrote. had it been possible to rent premises. Nowhere on the way. the missionaries left for their " Whither. Taylor was able to write. but the nights were bitterly cold. Brunton. In the forecastle " Yes.^ The sailors saw them coming and were all on deck to meet them." was sung on the weU-remembered deck. and with many a farewell. ever. they stood along the bulwarks and. doubtless.

The boat-people. so we prayed and moved forward. Taylor gathered all the It party for united prayer. O God ? . bringing out both the strength and weakness of individual characters. and growing concern with regard to the reception that might be expected at their destination made the journey a trying one. and none who were . Through God we shall do valiantly. All were suffering several. tender in bring was perfectly at " Who Psalm will into the strong city ? " had come in her that morning. so rest." Quietly she read the passage now. needless to . as he left the boats in an unfrequented place near the city and set out with the evangelist to seek the home it was so When he was gone and they were left necessary to find. with the help of their Chinese companions. Mrs. Wilt not Give us help from trouble. were more from the cold and the Ningpo servants began to talk about or less ill going hojne for the winter. " Who will lead me into Edom ? me for Thou. negotiations and from place to place they had been obliged to move on. say. waters. for making known the Way of Life." wrote one of the party. was upon Mr. repeated disappointments. and prayer was the only resource of much-tried hearts. they too were feeling the stress of anxiety." ** We " but we knew . Taylor the burden pressed most heavily.94 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD had fallen through. nothing doubting. for vain is the help of man. Bravely they had kept up their studies and used every opportunity. Altogether the situation was a critical one. whom the child was Yet that mother-heart. and were clamouring to be set free to return to Shanghai. Far from their accustomed dangerously unsettled through the Rebellion. in a district were of ourselves just helpless. including the children. daily asking in her prayers. . . in a good deal of suspense. an unbroken party. in quite a special The circumstances affected her way. But crowded quarters. . were full of complaints. that we were being led by the Hand that opens the Hand that had prepared for us at and no man shuts Shanghai a hospitable roof and storage for our goods. for before long she was to lay in Uttle Grade's arms the baby-sister for its solicitude.

Taylor's party. would be empty for a week at least. a home was ready. Gamble. back for several days. The Lord had indeed gone before. O God " ? ." A young American missionary. Green. His house. it appeared. was held then and there. Taylor called on him first of all to acquaint him with their arrival. Taylor might bring. Green's kindly welcome. had recently moved to Hangchow. before the boats moved on ! " Who me will bring me into the strong city ? Who will lead into Edom ? Wilt not Thou. one of soul-outpouring. preparing the young missionaries as nothing else could have done for whatever news Mr. " We have been expecting you. waiting Knowing that a friend of Ningpo days. furnished and ready. had just left the city to bring his wife and child from Ningpo to the home he had prepared for them." was Mr. " Tell them. Yes. belonging to the same Mission as Mr. all was well." he said to Mr. Just as in Shanghai. and all they had to do was to take Well can one imagine the praise meeting that possession." The house was on a quiet street and could be reached Mr. Mr. And very soon he came. "to go straight to my place when they come. " and I have a message you may be glad to of painful suspense into changed an hour — ! receive.TO SEARCH OUT A RESTING-PLACE present could ever forget 95 It the prayer that followed. It is at their disposal for the time being. and he had bethought him of Mr. Kreyer was not expected in boats without observation. Before they could have expected it his voice was heard near the boats and with radiant face he was among them.

But the latter was returning shortly. The landlord. in a quiet corner. chapel and dispensary. than the very first house to which he was Large and well built. 34-35. residence." Nothing could have been more suitable. after hearing the rent demanded. however.CHAPTER VIII O THAT THOU WOULDEST BLESS ME INDEED 1866-1867. near the city wall and busy streets. It was no time for resting on their oars. they were to find quarters large enough for themselves and the work they hoped to do was indeed a problem. The upper storey offered sleeping accommoda- a second staircase making it possible to shut off a separate wing for the young men. he made an offer which was not accepted. Kreyer's premises. Aet. servants' quarters. perceiving that the matter was urgent. Taylor soon discovered. and the question of a home of their own was Where in the great city. as Mr. still suffering from the ravages of the Tai-ping Rebellion. Taylor to obtain the premises if possible the downstairs' rooms being adaptable for guest-halls. and had taken up their abode in Mr. before them " to search out a resting-place. and a regular rabbit-warren occupied by a number of families. dining-room. Almost with fear and trembling. it had been a Mandarin's directed. Under cover of darkness the whole party had entered Hang-chow without causing any excitement. But in this again the Lord had gone urgent. tion for the whole party. — printing-press. hoped by . The situation was excellent. etc. but was sadly dilapidated now. This was so manifest an advantage that it decided Mr.

" They must have other houses in view. Some of the occupants had already moved out to liberate the upper storey. indeed. so that by Tuesday evening the necessary documents were signed and sealed.O THAT THOU WOULDEST BLESS ME INDEED 97 prolonged negotiations to drive a better bargain. and that no disturbance or mischief has resulted. Sunday. however. was Mr." wrote Miss Blatchley. and when on Monday morning his decision was asked it was much more favourable. many written by Miss . For already the thought of extension was occup3dng So great. Let them only move in. " Mr. as a footing gained here will pave our way." he said to him" If I am not careful I shall lose good tenants. and before long they should have the entire premises. Taylor's household. the landlord urged. Taylor's desire to spread the light. he came to terms. exciting less suspicion than could otherwise have been the case. the study of the language affording sufficient occupation. D. the Lammermuir party made their way through the silent streets and entered upon a home of their own after six months of travelling and unsettlement. apparently. With surprising alacrity. — — — — " Here then for the present.V. to some extent. Taylor intends us to remain as quietly and as little seen as possible.. On Wednesday morning accordingly. that the very first Sunday in their Hang1 A letter to the Hon. Taylor's secretary. We trust also to find an advantage from coming direct to the capital of the province. with less difficulty. Kreyer was to return so early that the sleeping city knew nothing of what was happening. but there was plenty of room. after this. they had much to lay before the Lord. and we shall gain access to them. The day was given to prayer. Miss Waldegrave. one of Blatchley as Mr." self. By the time any of us are ready for work among the people it will be known that a number of foreigners are living in the city. for Mr. intervened putting a stop as far as the missionaries were concerned to business transactions and to the surprise of the landlord he saw no more of his would-be But though they had nothing to say to him tenants. November 28 the very day Mr." ^ their minds. in less important places. Five families remained.

city. as we had failed in other places previously. during which they had excellent opportunities for preaching the Gospel. Taylor assured them it once had been. Meanwhile there was no lack of work immediately around Happily a spell of milder weather favoured the process initiated. in answer to special prayer. Taylor wrote on returning from Siao-shan (Dec." he wrote before the middle of December.98 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD at all but away in the neighbouring city of Siao-shan. chow home found him not there " Had not the Lord specially helped us. and it is interesting to had not been in Hang-chow three weeks before he was informing Mr." him. Taylor was glad to avail himself of their help in this Two days spent in the neighbouring evangelistic effort. so convinced them of its importance as a centre for missionary work that they were thankful to be enabled to rent a small house before leaving. "to be living in a house without . In any case. the latter somewhat into order. Thus we see the way opening before us for work in the interior. difficulty in remitting money to any province in the empire which In the same way letters from the will not be easily overcome. 4)." Mr. downstairs clean compared with the of getting their premises — "It is pretty cold weather. " we should have failed both in Hang-chow and in Siao-shan. To the unlooked more like a collection of outhouses and barns. and Mr. Berger about postal and banking communication with the inland provinces. in deplorable condition. than the handsome residence Mr." Mr. with a view to settling out some of the new arrivals as soon as possible. " that facilities for sending letters by native post and transmitting money through native banks to various points in I do not think there will be any the interior are very good. Meadows and Crombie had come over from Ningpo to see if they could be of service. " You will be glad to learn. Taylor wrote on his return. Messrs." notice that he His heart beat high with hope. most distant places can be sent to the ports. Such communication is slow and may prove rather expensive. the work of setthng-in involved scraping thick and they were dirt from the floors of the upper rooms quarters. but is tolerably sure.

set with basins and chopsticks. and the reports that went out proved reassuring to relatives and new friends. I do not envy the state of mind that would . to all appearances. who had made good progress with the language. for they month or more with the famihes who shared their rambling abode. had been left behind in Shanghai. Perhaps disarmed prejudice and made a way for friendly intercourse." So from the first one and another began to drop in to familiar to the neighbours it was this that Chinese prayers attracted by the singing. " These people are like ourselves. Him and to our work. . was welcomed as a daily visitor in her room and among the other tenants. " though . There was nothing to be afraid of. and the simplest of Chinese furniture was found to meet all requirements. who were looking on." was the conclusion soon come to. it had little acquaintance with " foreign " things and ways that could lived at close quarters for a prove disquieting. for the proper reception of visitors. all destitute of the means of grace. gathered round the table minus a cloth. There were the regulation chairs and tables in the guest-hall. forget these. for fear of a httle discomfort. and before the arrivals had been a week in the house one woman was openly interested in the Gospel. Around us are poor dark heathen large cities without any missionary populous towns without any missionary villages without number. together with English crockery and cooking. Miss Faulding. Knives and forks.— O THAT THOU WOULDEST BLESS ME INDEED any ceilings 99 is deficiency in the wall of and with very few walls and windows. 12). wooden benches. But we heed these things very little. my own bedroom six feet by There a nine. " We have been getting the house a Httle more comfortable. and the food served was equally consisting of a sufficed. " They eat our rice and wear our dress. so that ventilation is decidedly free. or leave them May God make Well was it us faithful to to perish. and beds — wooden frame strung with cocoanut fibres At meal-times a Chinese company. closed in with a sheet." that the party were in Chinese dress. and their words we understand." wrote this bright member of the party (Dec. Although the house took on by degrees a measure of cleanliness. but for the rest boards and trestles.

be settled some day.. using her thin fingers as a comb. interest the young missionaries watched developments. had a congregation of ten neighbours gathered in by the woman who is so interested. to be burnt for the use of dead relatives a great trade here. and says that since we came she has begun to pray to God.100 there THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Mr. Of course I don't say anything. and before Christmas we read attentive audiences of fifty or sixty at the Sunday ser" vices. and they seem to like it. We for many come to Chinese prayers and hsten attentively. They ask plenty of questions about ourselves. I am so glad for them to have been here. at : many things we see. and sometimes such things Yesterday we Where must we go to worship God ? as. — ' ' . . She has given up burning incense. " What a difference there was/* he remarked. "between ." . She evidently thought she could do two things at a time. gave cause for en- With what ! couragement. which keep for the upstairs rooms have roofs such out some of the cold air They also have papered some of as you find in chapels at home. . Of course we are as yet in confusion. . " The lodgers are to leave next week they occupy principally the ground floor.. close by me. for she certainly hstened to what was being said. woman I have great hope of. . They are all employed in making imitation money out of silver paper. You would be amused . the walls or wooden partitions between the rooms. . almost choking me with smoke." Miss Fauld- "a man nursing an immense dog ing wrote again in February a woman mending a large man's shoe all through the service and another. but we are getting on and I hope shall . While I am reading to them. giving me a lesson in the approved style of dressing children's hair. besides our lodgers and servants. Taylor and the young men is plenty still to be done. and how fervently in their noon prayer these meetings they sought the Hfe-giving touch of the Holy Among Spirit for one and another who seemed impressed these a soldier. for example. have contrived paper ceilings fixed on wooden frames." . they often take out their pipes and have a few whiffs. of Thus the good work began. . but I read and could not have visited out of doors just yet One talk with these women every day. reading for the first time a Gospel and a copy of the book of Acts. for every woman seems to smoke.

' referring to our ' : Sunday services. " when a man called out coming to worship the true God to-morrow. precursor of all the medical work for which Hang-chow has become famous. and soon joined the little group who every morning were to be found in the guest-hall.** wrote Mr. that filled the busy days. self-sacrificing work. A dispensary had by that time been opened. street-corner. As the house began to take on a more habitable appeartwo texts in Chinese found a place on the walls of the : dining-room " / must work the works of Him that sent " Even Christ pleased not Himself. " I was going into the city the other day. real earnest. crowding chapel and guest-hall with friendly hearers. by coming daily with intelligent questions. was by the kindly spirit behind the poor attempt at Chinese that he came again. who dropped in out of and was welcomed by one of the young men.'* me" That " must ** was very real to the missionary household. . rejoiced the evangelist. the doctor and his helpers were overwhelmed with . curiosity A third. readso touched ing the Scriptures. early in February (1867). Taylor to attend to scores of patients daily. guests. Sell as I am early as the ist of January. you work talked about. Taylor preach at a A Buddhist priest. With much else upon his hands. but there was no other doctor nearer than Ningpo or Shanghai.O THAT THOU WOULDEST BLESS ME INDEED Judas and Paul followers.'* see. and his heart went out to the people From far and near the patients came in their sufferings. with every variety of complaint both of body and soul and when holiday-makers were added at the New Year season. came golden opportunities. too. we are already knowoi and our ance. Tsiu. the one a disciple the other a persecutor who betrayed his Master who became the most devoted of His hearing Mr." ! loi . It was work. Thus. it was not easy for Mr. With the Chinese New Year.

. . soon to become Those were days his principal helper in the medical work. in the hope of getting more custom from the numbers that gather here than they could elsewhere. and Mr. escorted When by Mr. the first sent reinforcements arrived from England (February out after the sailing of the Lammermuir. . and having the Truth so forcibly put before them. did much to maintain a prayerfvil interest in the Mission throughout a large circle. and it was not long before John McCarthy was at Mr. I think we shall soon have to enlarge our borders. his fellow-workers had at any rate the privilege of close and constant association 1 To her mother's care it was due that a complete series of the bright." " Mr." she con" People bring their wares tinued a fortnight later (March i6). The medical side of the work is invaluable. One woman who had heard of us from her neighbours came three miles to the service. and stay near our door. Taylor has over two hundred patients daily. Taylor's side. who were old friends of Mr. both men and women. Mr. amid external hardships. We have some most hopeful inquirers. Taylor was too busy to see anything of them until some hours later. say they believe. and are asking for baptism. sitting as quietly as an EngHsh audience. . Many this afternoon were shut out for want of room. Mr.^ " We at least two hundred have had such good services (Sunday) present. Taylor's illustrations in preaching are so good and varied. Taylor generally gives a short address. with this state of The new affairs." Miss Faulding wrote at this time. in which. twenty-two when she went to China. Meadows. arrivals were more than satisfied however. The evangelist spends most of his time talking to the patients. and her parents. to carry those who cannot walk." . and his words seem to come with a power that would be astonishing did one not know how many are praying that God's blessing may rest upon our work. Sedanchairs with their bearers are generally waiting.102 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD " How I should have Hked some of our home-friends to have been with us to-day. preaching to a crowd of patients in the courtyard. He was standing on a table at the time. Taylor's. . girhsh letters have been preserved that give so natural a picture of daily Miss Faulding was only life at Sin-kai-long (Hang-chow) from the first. 23). Some tell us that they have given up burning incense to their idols and several. and could only call out a hearty welcome as the party entered. I cannot tell you what a thrill of joy one constantly feels at the sight of so many heathen hstening to the Gospel.

and the friends at home. a blessing wherever he went and a strength and comfort to all with whom he came in contact . there is hardly any knowing what his movements may be yet he goes on so quietly and calmly always just leaning upon God and living for others that it is a blessing merely to witness his life.^ only Mr. When it became necessary they went further. Already advanced in years. see them off from any port at any hour of the day or night. and Mrs. Berger That within six months of their settled arrival the Lammermuir party should not only be in the interior. McCarthy from West^ ern China thirty-eight years later. — All this.— O THAT THOU WOULDEST BLESS ME INDEED 103 with the leader who embodied to so remarkable a degree their ideals of missionary service. " kind. using as offices both dining-room and study to encumber the billiard-room with packing-cases to receive at their table candidates for China and friends of the missionaries to direct wrappers. . keep accounts. and adapted a cottage " I think of him as I ever knew him.. but that they should be cheered with so much of blessing in their rapidly derful answer to the prayers that behalf." If " same time : . their preparations. He wants to go to Shao-hing too (Mr. fit up their cabins. was a great joy to Mr. . Then there is Ningpo where he is needed. Stevenson's stations) that he may give further help with the colloquial dialect. to look out the most eligible places for stations he and Mr. and send out with their own hands the Occasional Paper to attend to a large correspondence. and correspond with those already on the field." wrote Mr.. a constant exampJe of all that a " missionary ought to be . No less growing work. " He is wanting to visit the governing cities of this province. thoughtful of every one but himself. and here he is overwhelmed with work. needless to say. Taylor could be in three or four places at the it would be a decided advantage. help with . loving. arrange for the outgoing of new workers. Yet all this they did with the loving interest of a father's and mother's heart. Duncan have been on the point of starting several times. transmit money. . was a wonhad been going up on their strenuous than their own was the life Mr. Berger were living in the service of the Mis^on. it was not easy for them to turn their quiet home into a Mission-centre." Miss Paulding continued in May.

covering a period of about sailing of the spiritual principles to details concerning individual workers. Reflecting the S5mipathy and eager interest with which mail after mail was received. letters. as Mr. from important preserved. Mr. Taylor had had cause to regret the spirit of certain members of the party. were others of a very different nature. exercise a day. Berger wrote " Still we are very happy and rejoice in the in February 1867. work. Berger could have wished. " Mr. invariably. and encouragement. Aveline and I seldom get more than half an hour's which is insufficient for health.104 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD for a tutor on their grounds for the young men candidates and another who gave secretarial help." Mr. was only one or two at first. who were not prepared to go all lengths in wearing native dress and adapting themselves to their surroundings in accordance with the principles of But their disaffection went so far as to permit the Mission. as the tidings from China were cheering or otherwise. A whole volume of his letters foreign paper stitched into a leather binding —thin —has been never to two years from the Lammermuir. of their carrying exaggerated reports to outsiders. one of whom. Taylor as he did a marvel. this correspondence deals with varied questions. Complaints and criticism awakened Mr. For all was not. and plainly revealed an attitude on the part of some that threatened the It harmony and indeed the very existence of the Mission. and there were hours of painful exercise of mind Even on the voyage at Saint Hill as well as in Hang-chow. these letters breathe a faith and love that were unchanging. helpfulness. Penned in joy and sorrow. He seems have missed a mail. most of which brought only joy to the home-circle." How he could find time amid the claims of business as is well as these self-imposed tasks to write regularly and freely to Mr. as we have seen. and form a veritable storehouse of wisdom. and as time went on Among the their presence became an increasing difficulty. out. Berger's concern. with the best intentions. took them up seriously and considered them sufficient ground for strenuous opposi- .

Berger 's eyes by any word from them. But the restraint was costing them dear in more ways than one. . And our GodWho has hitherto helped us and has brought us thus far. and that Mr. or the members of the Mission who felt with him. Taylor were saying nothing to the disparagement of any fellow-worker. must we. but Mr. if you were here. Having heard nothing of the other side. far less that they had stirred up a comparative stranger to do so. when Satan seems desiring to have us that he may sift us as wheat. delivering it too from shipwreck. had gone to Siao-shan.O THAT THOU WOULDEST BLESS ME INDEED 105 So prejudiced was he. by what he tion to the work. ^ " We . They were seeking by prayer and patience to remove difficulties and conquer opposition.M. how your hearts would grieve But we must not be surprised. " But you will be anxious to know what the present sorrow is. ! . will surely be with our Mission in the storm. Berger. and Mrs. but refrained in accordance with Mr. In my last letter I mentioned that Mr. " Oh. as long as there was the least hope of improvement. Taylor's fitness for the position he occupied. indeed. yesterday received your loving letters written on the from China. *' I had written to the middle of the last sentence when my arrival of our first mail . they are peculiarly helpful. the course he was taking. Who was with us in the typhoon and delivered us from the jaws of death. Never suspecting that the disaffected members of the Mission were writing home in a bitter spirit. . and Mrs. determined that none should be prejudiced in Mr. these painful letters came as a bolt out of the blue to the friends at Saint Hill. Berger and others. as Without letting them even know of to the charges made.I. Taylor had longed to pour out her heart to her beloved friend Mrs. and severe sorrow too ? This work was not undertaken mth the expectation that it would be free from difficulties. Williamson was there to help make their house comfortable. Taylor's judgement. at troubles and offences coming. that he would not inquire from him. Taylor. and at a time like this. attackmg not only the methods of the C. this influential missionary wrote the strongest accusations to Mr. heard against Mr. As early as February (1867) Mrs." she wrote on the second " They are so sweet to us of that month. Mr.

of extreme trial to all the household Mr. to the serious detriment of their interests in that inland city.' This I think I may mention we are for the present driven out of Siao-shan. there was nothing for it but for and Tsiu to make his way as best he could to the capital he was quickly followed by the rest of the party. To put them in fear he seized the evangelist. dear husband desired intends. who was just leaving for furlough. Taylor was overwhelmingly busy with medical work and the throngs of holiday-makers brought by In a reasonable and patient spirit the New Year season. and had ordered them to leave the city before morning. but personally to discredit the new methods Those were months at Sin-kai-long. Taylor's authority and arrangements. refusing to come to the meetings.I. easy to see . submit yourselves. Sorely bruised and shaken. Wives. Berger and showing the letter to the persons concerned. and to conquer causes of difficulty. and seeking to foment In opposition to Mr. openly wearing EngHsh dress. so as to give an opportunity So. he felt it his duty not only to write as we have seen. With his soldiers and underlings he had come upon them suddenly on the evening of January the 28th.M among its supporters. Tsiu. unhappily." ' He — In defiance of Mr. But another and instead of responding to his influence was at work efforts they kept apart. and had him cruelly beaten six hundred stripes on the back with rods. I believe. whom at great sacrifice Mr. . Taylor's wishes the missionaries in question had gone back to English dress. who had to be accommodated in Hang-chow while the matter was — . then determined upon their ejection. who had left them in peace before. of the C. he sought to draw the ejected missionaries into all that was going on. writing to Mr. though it does seem hard for explanation on the other side. it is When one remembers the circumstances. The Mandarin. being adjusted. and a hundred more on the face with a strip of leather. Believing their reports to be true. they were encouraged by the afore-mentioned missionary. this. Taylor had spared from Hang-chow. I must obey the injunction. to be unable to tell you all about this heavy burden.io6 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD me not to enter into details by this mail.

" he wrote on May 8. he came very near accomplishing his avowed object.workers were all younger than himself. may have penned. That God will supply you and me with increasing wisdom and ability for the work to which He has called us. and they were striking out. Oh yes we will commit this matter to the Lord Who knows that we did our best. difficulties at home . we need neither All that is required on our part is to lay aside fear nor doubt. But oh. Under these painful circumstances. Berger was wonderfully helped. and constantly to be adding to our stock of both wisdom and love. and will never leave nor forsake us in this our time of trial. will please Him. how true and deep the longing that filled their hearts to walk before God and be well-pleasing to Him If only the older missionary could have known all. He is very pitiful. us this Were we not sure. Taking the course of true friendship. " that God has given work to do. Mr. are neither few nor slight. Taylor. . the writer could not realise at the time. everything we discover to be either faulty or erroneous. it will be borne in mind. " is that you may not be further moved by the letter ** and may He give the right than the Lord would have you be spirit and the wisdom that wiU enable us both to do that which . which was nothing less than to put a stop to the entire work. ! How serious " the trial was to be. and used his experience to safeguard where he apprehended danger. in the some cause for complaint. how different the result might have been As it was. my dear Brother." he said with the first detailed accusations. whatever Mr. who never makes a mistake. I fear we should be disposed to question ." as Mr. although his letters of that spring and summer show the distress through which he was passing. you hold the same place in our hearts as before. 107 may have been. .O THAT THOU WOULDEST BLESS ME INDEED that there Mission. but yours You need our every sympathy and prayer and be sure. sending him copies of the correspondence. and Mr. on a new and confessedly difficult line of things. " The . Spurgeon said. " never *' makes anything . he wrote freely to Mr." are truly mountainous. practical working of the At thirty-four years of age there still remains much to learn. and how long continued. ! ! My earnest prayer to God. Taylor's " The man fellow.

acting with him. and beg you will forgive me if I have in any way expressed myself You know the deep and true affection I in an unlovely spirit. and from those from Mr. I doubt not God will still learn further use us in His service. And in spite of all that he himself was going through. " I have written under very great pressure of various kinds. and it will. and these may we ever be disanything but our own failings I quite expect God will covering." in the long not one deviation from this humble. we are enabled to cry to the Lord for the needed help in this time and if we feel this. The Lord graciously enable us to do this in very truth. ! So courteous in every word and thought series of his letters there is May 19 : terrible trial resulting That you may be enabled to cast upon God the 's conduct. by examining ourselves solemnly before Him to ascertain where we are failing. Let us not fear. : . he was steadfastly encouraging. and I seek to You and I have our lessons to roll the burden of all upon Him. and go forw^ard. so that your loving manner may melt them and eventually restore confidence. . " I am in receipt of two letters from May God enable you. . . never be disturbed. appear for us in the right time. confessing. I trust. Christlike spirit. of which I have contributed little more than £100) I think we ought to give unfeigned thanks. take courage. whether it was right to continue it but as it has not been entered upon without counting the cost and feeling sure of our calling. . . and if we will learn them. my dear Brother. " Let us then strengthen our hands in God. . and I shall not feel hurt in any degree though you may not see with me or be able to carry out your : . and putting away. or have failed. I feel I cannot enter into details. I am sure you will act only after much quiet prayer.io8 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD . though with great caution and pray erf ulness of spirit. May 21 My hope and confidence are in God. As you have not stated in what they have gone astray. I earnestly pray. . you must feel both the sorrows of deep trial and the assurance of God's caUing in tenfold force. dear Brother.. Whatever you decide upon. Occasional Paper number eight will contain the cash account for twelve months. . have for you and your dear wife. when we shall be better fitted to determine where those linked with us have also failed. own wishes. . to keep in very close and holy fellowship with Jesus.. and judging from the contributions in the year (£2800.

: . in all cases where immediate action is vision in regard to this . . but firmly and unflinchingly for the Lord. I wish to continue aiding the work. . but a more enlarged oversight that you must not have so many immediately depending upon you. and would gladly put £1000 to the Mission if we can employ it wisely. May we therefore expect it to prosper. So I think you must pray about how we had best proceed. One particular. and more sure that the work we have set our hands to is indeed the Lord's work. . ! . Berger. Oh what^ieed for wisdom in every step of this work I have now £1700 in hand. leading us to dwell more " in the secret place of the most High. I quite think. From the quiet of her room early in February she wrote a little daughter five days old l5^ng beside her — : ing in have been listening to my beloved husband and others playand singing in the chapel some of our favourite hjmms. and us at home.. June 7 As regards your headship in China. " None of these things move me. calmly. He will teach you the best method to adopt. I consider it is beyond being questioned. spirit. needed. " Oh for the robes of whiteness. . respecting candidates for China. am . though so afflictive. I merely make suggestions. in I I think you will see that I must act in the same way England. . May we only be careful to be found in a teachable of ." I think I can truly say. exceedingly rejoiced to notice that with the exception none have sjmipathy with Mr. as I am sure you would. and that you must not allow the thought of appealing to me on the part of any and I would advise you to act. We have much to learn in order to carry on this work to the glory of God. we must enlarge our field of work that you must not undertake so much of the detail.. lovingly.O THAT THOU WOULDEST BLESS ME INDEED It 109 seems to me. and you will canvass them with your dear wife and any others whose judgment you value. many of which remain. Taylor's part in this correspondence has not been preserved. but the spirit in which both he and Mrs. August 24 It is not our mistakes but our refusing to correct them when discovered that will prove baneful of course it would be better not to make mistakes. oh for the tearless I . August 5 I do trust the many tokens from our Father's hand. and his doings. are effecting in us a more quiet and chastened spirit. Taylor met these trials may be judged from letters written by the latter to Mrs. dear Brother." I am happier than ever. : : : It is to be regretted that Mr. The Lord will bring all these things to a calm in due time.

. within that land of love The endless joy of keeping the bridal feast above. . we will endeavour to rejoice in tribu! lation. matters will take I cannot think. and the prayer answered with which the Lammermuir party had entered " O that Thou wouldest bless me indeed. were holds. the Hope of Israel will not forsake us. eye. One thing I know. But it is not for the soldier on the battlefield. . sown among the sisters of our party. . to wish himself back in safety and And then. One permitted to come Why was is almost tempted to ask.^ Yet God mercifully kept us from being influenced by the aspersions and the remembrance of His past dealings must reassure us now. pages 420 et sqq. We have come to fight Satan in his very strongWhat folly were ours. am fearing now. And all the while souls were being saved. and that Thine hand might be with me. He And cannot have taught us to trust in His Name. by looking back on our own disrepute. ." God can in His all-wise providence utterly frustrate April 15 the designs of our great adversary to bring us and our work into I feel encouraged. It was a marvel that my mind even was not poisoned against my : and we could have no communication with one dear husband another. thus far have brought us. no I THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD me away in thought to happy Saint Hill. One is sometimes tempted to feel overwhehned with the sense of Satan's power here but our God I should be very sorry to see discord will not fail nor forsake us. " What turn Mr. it was sweet to look forward to ease. and he will not let us alone. : 1 See Hudson Taylor in Early Years. (March " for we do ! . beloved Sister if the Lord will only work by us. too. But greater is He that is for us we here in our own strength than all that are against us. Perhaps it was that our Mission might be thoroughly out ? for us " Do pray 19). Oh. . and was aknost tempted to wish myself back in that home of rest and love." she continued a few weeks later so need God's preserving grace at the present time. ' ' ' ' established on right bases early in its history. so as to hear the other side. very much. and this is one of the evils I ." seemed to take The no-more weeping. to put us to shame. experience in many sad months of the year before our marriage. and set His seal upon our efforts. however sorely pressed or wounded. and the New Year enlarge my coast.

Stott ready to move on to places as yet unreached. and Mr. wave of popular excitement which resulted in serious danger and persecution. were millions upon millions to whom " no tidings came " of the one. For at the same time the unhappy spirit of the Siao-shan party seemed only to increase. These comphcations greatly hindered Mr." as Miss Blatchley wrote. Taylor wrote to in spite of a the friends at Saint Hill Perhaps our dear Lord sees that we need sorrows to keep us from being elated at the rich blessing He is giving in our work. green oasis. the young converts were tested in a very real way. in these centres To open stations of the Mission was a purpose Mr. Two important Fu cities in the east and soath Tai-chow and Wen-chow were now considering. even in that coast-board province. nine of these being capitals of prefectures." and that Thou wouldest keep me from evil that it may not ^ Before the end of March there were twelve candidates for baptism. Taylor in taking the pioneering journeys necessary if younger workers were to be planted out. after the riotous disturbance at Siao-shan.: — iii O THAT THOU WOULDEST BLESS ME INDEED grieve me. A plot to get rid of all foreigners worked up by so-called " doctors " of the city. — — 1 2 I Chronicles iv. As it was. Meadows and Mr. or Fa cities from which the rest were governed. ^ In May came the first baptisms. — . Taylor was prayerfully In a journey round the Ningpo district he had taken counsel with his more experienced fellow-workers. No fewer than sixty cities in that one province were still without preachers of the Gospel. finding Mr. matters looked very serious for the missionary community in Hang-chow as well as for the native Christians. 10." The weekly Enquirers* Meeting had to be begun that month. who saw their gains imperilled might easily have been successful but for the prompt action of the local authorities. All around them. amid the joy of which Mrs. *' a little. and had practical demonstration of the power of prayer. In Februar/ and March. " amid the clouding of manifold troubles. native or foreign. and many of the ccaiverts gave evidence of a real change of heart. To these in their sin and need His heart went out. the only Saviour. moving those other hearts of the little missionary community with His own constraining love. Berger's difficulties at home had reached a climax. 9.

and a strong favourable wind kept away mosquitoes. Taylor was of Hu-chow. time by time to one from visited it was earnest convert giving them great joy. and a couple of Hang-chow Christians made up the party. some eating. allocated to them. as a Years before he had had some memorable experiences in the region of the Great Lake. Meanwhile his own make it to later. with no little difficulty from headquarters. but remain able to not almost decided. some smoking. months his fellow-workers. McCarthy. a few that he this centre of importance the headquarters. Mr. the evangelist Tsiu. been made in that turbulent district since then. The magnificent river. panion. Jackson of the Freeing himself. Into the broad estuary of the Hang-chow river flows the beautiful Tsien-tang from the mountains in the west of the To this district Mr. Taylor turned his face northward at the end of April. almost all chatting.112 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Lammermuir party volunteering to accompany Mr. when evangelisLittle or no progress had ing with the Rev. even in the Fu city Mr. Toward morning. and becoming on his own account a real soul-winner. and Mr. Taylor next turned his when the temporary closing of the dispensary in June afforded him respite from medical claims. This left the north and west more particularly to the Hang-chow workers. was flooded with moonlight. companion. after . Mr. three miles wide. Duncan. several of whom were anxious to get out alone among the people. therefore. was a cheerful scene —for till there was little sleeping. William Burns. and it was with thankfulness the travellers found. an open door for the Gospel. was again his comprovince. Meadows. who was developing gifts as a pioneer.re Ijdng about in the flicker of httle lamps. the foreigners in Chinese di-ess being the main subject of conversation. Picture then the fiat-bottomed boat with its arched roof of matting in which they took their place among other It passengers. attention. so much was he impressed with long. so as to make more progress with the language. although they did not set out after dark. the stalwart Highlander. Under the bamboo-matting the travellers w(^. with Duncan.

This opened the way for conversation with one and another as they slowly tracked on all day. Taylor and his companions had prayers together at the front of the boat. Changing into a smaller boat farther up the river. the music of " There is a Happy Land " floating out over the water. a Fu city a hundred miles above Hangchow. the missionaries again had a brief service. Here and there picturesque temples and pagodas stood out against the ever-changing background of magnificent hills. Farther on. were five or six Mandarins' runners. Mr. and there Mr.' " wrote Mr. Having asked the blessing of God. who was having his first experience of things purely Chinese. and every opportunity was taken of preaching in the streets and teashops when the boat came to a standstill. and other people occupying the remaining space. was I . At Yen-chow. Still farther up the river. Taylor and the others went on. and Mr. and in the other a live chicken carried by the ' ! legs. a passage from the Bible was read and explained. they found themselves crowded in with a strange assortment " I had often heard of lying of passengers. Rolling up their bedding in the morning. McCarthy remained with one of their Chinese helpers. where Mr. Opposite were a couple of opium . in one hand a palmleaf fan. their fellow-travellers listening with attention. sentenced to banishment from his own province for murder. hearing them speak his own dialect. packed very closely. a stay of several days was made.O THAT THOU WOULDEST BLESS ME INDEED 113 the approved ablutions in hot water. Taylor speaking from the fifth of Matthew. Duncan hoped to stay for a time. heads and tails. Duncan was an unhappy prisoner with chains around his legs.smokers with their hghted lamps. while Mr. they left their boat at a busy suburb of Lan-chi. " but now we had to practise " it Next to Mr. his shaven head with its platted queue protected by a huge straw hat lined with blue calico. Mr. Towns and villages told of a dense population. McCarthy retained a lively recollection of Duncan's tall figure in a white summer gown. a few soldiers. McCarthy. Provisions had to be purchased as they went. A Ningpo man in a tea-shop.

wearied out. after dark. In a letter to his mother on this journey Mr. no window.114 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD attracted and helped to find a lodging. and of the joy of pouring out for every for quiet his heart member of the Mission as the sun rose over the summer land. At last. and not a floor only but rich accummulations of well-trodden dirt. Taylor his head. once more I spoke to them at great length. what we consider comfortable lodgings for wrote on his return journey "a roof over : or less leaky of course. though he could still pass a night very contentedly He tells of getting if not very comfortably on such a bed. up before daylight wakened the other passengers. with which. and Still no one moved. pillow. and in their large upstair rooms the missionaries were kept busy with visitors. So I began again and talked for a long time. awaiting such an emergency." he wrote. and all the passengers gathered together to hear the message of Redeeming Love. which could only be partially removed by con- more Having a shutter at one end of the room." Mr. if siderable exertion. he felt well set up. " I left Duncan in travellers. had to remind them of the lateness of the hour and suggest that it was time to retire. consisting of little but boards and bamboo trestles. and again stopped. A few leading questions were asked." — The meagre furnishing of the room. after urging on them the immediate importance of turning to Christ. it would be ungrateful to complain of the absence of both door and window-shutter at the other end the more so as in event of rain beating in beyond endurance it is easy to nail up a few pieces of matting which lie ready to hand. another boat lashed to their " I preached to them till I was tired. *' and I supposed they would be too. After a short prayer. Taylor referred to the boards of a boat as harder to lie on than they once were. and his travelling rug." r . waiting upon God. A teacher also was given in answer to prayer. had tempted Duncan to the " lavish expenditure of sixpence " for the purchase of a chair. but no one moved to go away they seemed to want to hear more. but still a roof . He gives a httle picture too of travelHng on own for company. a floor under his feet. it was I who. I concluded. and mosquito netting. .

' and of the future. But I trust I have. in some feeble measure. our defence is sure." he had written to Mr. * Ebenezer." Trials he expected and did not shrink from. and sorrows compared with which all my past sorrows were light have been part of my experience.' Jehovah-nissi. the things that mattered." . if they might but work out the deeper purposes of God. in the end all foresee. Jehovahjireh. by grace. will ift His arm alone.O THAT THOU WOULDEST BLESS ME INDEED and " to 115 These were the important things." as he expressed it in this letter.' thanks be to His grace Burdens such as I never before sustained. responsibilities such as I had not hitherto incurred. we are kept faithful. " More than a year has elapsed. " I have long felt that our mission has a baptism to be baptized It may not be past yet. " since we parted on the deck of the hammermuiYy but both you and I can still say of the past. " the fulness we possess in Jesus. of the present. be well. learned more of the blessed truth that — ' ' ! Sufficient And with. It may be heavier than we can But if. realise more steadily. Berger (May 30).

' say. you when you come home . as one handles it now. teaches one that that little word all is terribly comprehensive. . bring . Taylor on this journey. and honestly though ignorantly But God sometimes I give up all to Thee and for Thee. . The single word " Papa " in large round hand on the envelope showed from whom it came. Thank God He has left me much." A tiny sheet of pink notepaper with a flower painted in one corner followed Mr. responsibility for their training. Taylor's experience tenderest of fathers. " It is not very difficult to think. I all on earth forsake. I hope God has helped you to do what you wanted. with no means of communication save by special messenger. 116 .' " he mother on the first of these occasions (January 1867). very much and above all. I have a nice bead-mat for dear. dear Papa. It had cost him much to them to China and journeys that involved an absence from home of weeks at a time. is more eloquent than the loving words : Dear Papa. 35-36. were a real test both to him and to those left behind. never leaves us. His children meant more to him than is usually the case with a very busy man. and that you will soon come back.CHAPTER IX AND ENLARGE MY COAST 1867-1868. but the worn travel-stained condition of the little missive. an easy thing to sing. Aet. Little reference has hitherto been made to an element that he was the entered largely into Mr. He "It is ' wrote to his ' ' ' . and his delight in them from their infancy was second only to his sense of .

Her look was more soft. though the glory of azaleas. where amid the ruins of a once famous temple accommodaA couple of sheds. the precious link with early years when he had first met. and as far as eye could see there was one unbroken sweep of higher or lower ranges. had become quite another child. That first summer was intensely hot. under the consciousness of His love. followed by the baby sister. were still habitable. It would have been a paradise as compared with the city. But though all were equally dear to their parents. and Mrs. with the Hang-chow Bay and the open sea beyond. Grade's Uttle letter. oaks. that she too gave her heart to the Saviour as never before. the wonderful change in some of the sailors when they came to know and love the Lord Jesus had so impressed her. and married her mother Three sons had been given them in England. and in the former the priests being willing to turn an honest penny the Hang-chow party estabhshed themselves. canals. in Ningpo. probably the first she ever wrote. while mountain streams made music. so that toward the end of this first summer in Hang-chow her father could write to the grandparents : Since her conversion she I do wish you had seen her lately. there was about the little maiden of eight years old a peculiar charm. and other spring flowers had passed away. in addition to the hall that held idols. Her deeply spiritual nature had developed like a flower in the sunshine.AND ENLARGE MY COAST 117 Carried in her father's pocket-book for many a long year. it was with difiiculty she could be got out of the ill that so city. Taylor was relief. whose arrival brought special joy to Grade's heart. or long narrow tion had been found. tells of the hard life he led no less than of his tender love for her. A boat trip of six miles brought them to the hills. more happy. Pines. buildings. She was the eldest of his flock. and when the thermometer stood at 103° indoors it seemed time to seek The children were all suffering. loved. and rivers. and elms afforded welcome shade. — — . more sweet. On the Lammermuir. The hills were lovely. wistaria.

shady place and sat down to rest. pleading that God would have mercy upon the poor Chinese and would strengthen her father to preach to them. and never had I heard such a prayer. " and then I said." he recalled when every memory of her She did was precious. " I know not how to write or how to refrain. still full We sang a hymn. I laid my wife and children. As they left their boats the first day and were going up the steep stone path made for pilgrims. making an idol her heart was full.! ii8 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD illness of several of but for the sights the party. or he would never do it Her hand clasped in his. papa. on the altar for this service." he wrote to Mr. And the gardener held his peace." she said earnestly. " Oh. Surely this is holy ground. yet in simpUcity and godly sincerity. I seem to be writing. and she was talking to God on his behalf. its people Whom — " " Who plucked this flower ? " said the gardener. our flesh and our heart plaint is hydrocephalus. fail. fallen a week later. the child Farther on they came to a following with eager interest. Will you pray first ? She had seen the man so. knowing this and climate. and not without some measure of success He has not left us now. with And He so unmyself. I never was so moved by any prayer. Taylor did so. little Grade noticed and sounds of idol a man making an idol. " he doesn't know about " Won't you tell him ? Jesus. and the sorrowful worship close at hand." answered his fellow-workman. from the inner chamber of the King of kings." land. how dark the shadow that had on that father's heart " Beloved brother. The dear child went on and on. My heart was bowed before God. Words fail me to " ' ' : describe it. Grade's thoughts were ! of what had happened. almost. The Master. but God is the strength of our heart and our portion for ever. " It was no vain nor unintelligent act when. we are and have been seeking to serve. with much of weakness and failure. and she seemed relieved when her father suggested that they should pray for the man they had been tr5dng to help. Mr. Her comDear brother." And now. . worthily. I am trying to pen a few lines by the couch on which my darling little Gracie Ues dying. Berger on the 15th of August.

it was passing fair and so hard to close for ever . ' strength is made perfect in weakness." : . Berger amid their difficulties at home. holding a single flower oh. far happier than she could ever ! — ! ' ' . I wiU never leave thee nor forsake thee. Tidings of the goodness of God in this respect were no little cheer to Mr. one of the first sounds to greet us when we woke and through the day and at eventide As I take the walks I used to take with her tripping at my side. as of these hearts their bereavement became known. — — ! At times I seem almost overwhelmed with the and external trials connected with our work. never more see the sparkle of those bright eyes ? And yet she is not lost. " our torn hearts will revert to the one subject. Then her sweet Uttle Chinese jacket. so delicately chiselled the mouth. small and sweetly expressive the purity of the white the quiet composure of the countenance aU are deeply features impressed on heart and memory. But He has said. Is it possible that I shall never more feel the pressure of that little hand. " He makes no . and Mrs. " 1 He is keeping Satan altogether under just now. . . though she was the sunshine of our lives. But she is far hoUer. Our dear little Gracie How we miss her sweet voice in the morning. " I think I never saw anything so perfect. " Pray for us. . the chastening effect it was having upon others besides themselves. the thought comes anew like a throb of agony. But the loss was so great. and the little hands folded on her bosom. so overwhelming of God with them ! " Except when diverted from it by the duties and necessities of our position.^ AND ENLARGE MY COAST It iig was not that there was any questioning of the dealings or their precious child. ." Miss : " I never saw Miss Bowyer also wrote from Hang-chow at the time anything so lovely as dear Uttle Gracie the evening after her death (on it was the sweetest expression of countenance one could August 23) behold on earth. silken eyelashes under the finely arched brows the nose. . never more hear the sweet prattle of those dear lips. so beautiful.' and My internal ' from our sight. as the remains of that dear child. I would not have her back again." mistakes " was the unshaken conviction and it was with thankfulness they saw." he wrote to his mother in September. have been here. rather than any of the others.' So be it. and I know not how to write to you of any other. I am thankful she was taken. The long.

example . his resolution once formed. too. the steadfast Highlander. sitting beside him for hours.. but even as Mr. If they were to offer George Duncan. never wavered and the burden of those souls w^as on his heart. but it is not often you find that real hunger for souls people willing to live anywhere and endure anything if only souls may be saved. But he could be spared he was a man who. and winning him to Christ at length by his very earnestness in seeking to make the Saviour known. for to our Mission now. developments. God was bringIn His own way. with its ancient wall twenty miles in circumference. and Mrs. How devoutly grateful we ought to feel for the state of things in the Mission now as compared with a few months ago when our lute seemed too full of rifts for harmony ever to come back again. saw this solitary pioneer on — . At the bedside of their dying child in the temple. but he possessed He it was grit and perseverance and a great love for souls. They were very often humble people. waiting land. and its large population still without any witness for Christ. The early autumn. no doubt. For. Duncan was not specially gifted or cultured. they consecrated themselves afresh to the task of reaching inland China with the Gospel. better educated and so on. Difficulties had been more and trials heavier than had been anticipated. " A good many of our early workers had it." Mr. Taylor wrote many years later (November 1902). therefore." — ! . It is so much more important than any ability. who had toiled at Chinese with the man at the wash-tub while waiting a better teacher. We get better people now in some ways. repeating sentences as he said them or verses that he read from the Gospels. in all its need and darkness. . or make up for the lack of it. as they prayed and trusted.-^ It was something of a risk. had been keeping watch. they might not be accepted But nothing can take its place. meanwhile. to let Duncan go forward in such an undertaking. Taylor's chief companion on pioneering journeys. He was leading to fresh it back.— 120 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Blatchley was able to write in October. Duncan.. Mr. the great. *' and I am sure will never let him work against us so as to prevail. was not forgotten." — ing In His own way. Nanking was upon his heart the famous city twice capital of China. 1 "It is a great blessing when God gives one a hunger for souls. Taylor gave back the little one they so tenderly loved to Him Whose loan she had been.

or we cannot be happy ourselves or make others happy around us. I . Few. filled with His The ambitious man may take the honours of the fulness world. and comforts flee." I feel I have often to say with the Psalmist. drawing richly from the fountain of infinite grace. Oh that I might be satisfied. did a good deal of reading. Oh. ! ! Needless to say. All our springs He must be all in all. he said. I was troubled. and consecrated spirit. very few Europeans It was a miserable place would have thought it possible to live there at all. Immediately on hearing of a foreigner's arrival. for visitors. Thy presence." continually realising that Christ is made unto us " wisdom and righteousness and sanctification and redemption. he would share with them his accommodation. the priest in charge of the Drum Tower had not at Nanking. and Apparently. devout. I want this so much " Thou did'st hide Thy face. as night fell the outlook was far from cheering. He shall be enough for my soul To hear Him say " I am thy salvation " is more to us than anything the world can give. 1867 I had a fine quiet could not get into the city (Chin-kiang) day." Nothing can ever " Whatever else may be substitute for the presence of Christ. soul's affection." and that we are " complete in Him. I am sure a real denied. word had been sent from the Prefect to every hostelry that they were on no account to receive him. so as not to frighten people who came to worship. : On Sunday we had a good deal of rain. Other helpers soon fail. He had no proper room." Christian cannot be but miserable without it. and when the weary strangers sought his aid he was not unwilling to render it. apart from Him. the young missionary received no welcome Up and down its long streets he and his Chinese helper searched in vain for any lodging that would take them in. but if they liked to sleep in the Drum Tower at night and be out all day. be given. 17. and had time for meditation on the Word and the matchless grace of the Lord Jesus.! AND ENLARGE MY COAST his 121 way northward. however. been included among possible hosts. ! . upon his destination giving a letter written the day before he reached some impression of the spirit he brought to bear his task. Lord. so I may but have Christ. and Sept. the paramount object of our are in Him. to be always in a humble. being filled with the fulness of " Him that filleth all in all.

while below was the shop and kitchen. A slight partition was put up. Soon after his arrival in Nanking Duncan had inquired about banks through which money could be remitted to him.^ saved was rate any soul at one also. " I all who not able to talk much. Christian Church in China. receiving and conversing with would turn in. The tall figure of the missionary soon became familiar in the tea-shops and frequented thoroughfares. left his dying as well as living testimony to the grace of Him Who is mighty to save. . " and managed very nicely." he wrote." wrote Duncan. so that the new arrivals had every opportunity for picking up colloquial conversation. beaten at intervals. do much . and at day-dawn they had to roll up their bedding and turn out on the streets of the city. After due probation he was baptized and being early removed. converted.122 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD But " we gladly accepted it. though we have rather more rats than I hke. A carpenter at last had courage to receive him. was given which it is prayer. giving the missionary a long but very narrow street chapel. Hudson Taylor. and there he sat. At " night they want to devour everything ! Between the depredations of these marauders and the solemn sound of the drum. article by J. to answer remarkable A good to recall. Judson in his zayat." See China's Millions for September 1875. After a time Duncan persuaded his landlord to share with him the lower room as well. to make everything conduce to the " gathering in of precious souls and the glory of our Master am me. dividing off a strip of his single upstairs' room for the use of the foreigner. I \vill 1 Thus was commenced permanent missionary work great city that is in the now one of the strongest centres of the Duncan may not have been able fort with quiet courage. and the held he but to in that first street chapel. it was not possible to get much sleep. " This self-denying work was not in vain. One man who first heard 1 him there became interested. Oh. . and T'ien-fuh (the Chinese evangeUst) makes them understand. On the other side of the matting lived the Chinese family. " but God helping say what I can. like the first ever opened in Nanking . and the neighbourhood of the Drum Tower must have known him well before he succeeded in finding another residence. convinced.

Meanwhile the Foreign teacher must make up his mind to wait But this was just what Rudland could not do. . Still. 123 and had sent Mr. Repairs were needed somewhere. while the other had left the city. he pressed on. Taylor's relief. would not fail in some way or other to provide. . Wind and weather. ' ' . explained. but without success for a time. This information was communicated to Duncan as soon as possible. his last piece of silver had to be changed the strings of cash disappeared one by one and the cook who was really anxious came and said *' What shall we do when the money is all gone ? " " Do ? " was Duncan's quiet reply "we will trust in so shall we dwell in the land. and though surprised at the hindrance being permitted. He was more than willing to carry supplies to Nanking. So far he had been wonderfully prospered in answer to prayer.' and the Lord and do good verily we shall be fed. it appeared. and was giving him acceptance with the people. with only but eagerly Chinese shoes. Rudland arrived unexpectedly. . when he found that by abandoning the boat and striking off overland he could shorten the journey by four days. His hardly won position was too precious to be endangered. Matters were in this position when. and would be put through in time. and set off at once by boat for the ten or twelve days' journey. . however. or on a springless wheelbarrow . This meant sixty miles on foot. to Mr. until he came to a place where the water was so low in the Canal that they could go no farther. So he wrote that he would trust in God and hold on. he was All was sure the Lord had some way of helping him on. ready for any service. and he set about seeking other agencies. He was sure that the Master Who had sent him there. : ' .! AND ENLARGE MY COAST sentatives in Hang-chow. The situation did not disquiet him. Taylor the names of two that had repreBut one of these had failed. the condition of embankments and the temper of the boat-people all seemed favourable." To go back to Hang-chow himself would have been possible but Duncan well knew that if once he left the city it would be ten times more difficult to get in again.

laying a kindly hand on his shoulder. and when his master's supplies came to an end he revealed this little store and begged him to accept it. Rudland. limping painfully along. . now ling the conditions they had nothing else to depend upon ? Twelve miles from the city. it's all right. Oh. — for a job. was a great the Lord was too There Christians. Duncan took it and they were of one mind in making it go as far But five dollars. and the morning came when there was not enough to provide another meal. would it prove true. " that it is always all right ** — — " ! ' Rudland carried back both to the encouragement to Hang-chow. will not last indefinitely. returning from a long day's work." said Duncan simply. " it is a gift a gift to the — Lord. with the question " What shall we do now ? " " Do ? " was still the answer .' ! 124 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD And what of Duncan and his companions ? The cook had saved five dollars from his wages. " But you know I do not borrow. fell in with a donkey-boy looking . he knew. what was Duncan's surprise to see his faithful servant running with a joyous face to meet him. " No. out to preach as usual. and they were fulfilbut would it. verily we shall be fed.' and Lord and do good : ' ' ' . however economically used. as possible." That being evidently his intention. that very morning. who was going too thankfully. he had heard of the foreigner living in Nanking For a few tens of cash he would take this friend to his door." he replied. missionaries and native to trust in the living God ? This experience." his friend But Chu-meo watched street and teacher down the with a sinking heart. sir/* urged the man. Verily thou shall he fed ^it was a promise from God's Word. "we will trust in the so shall we dwell in the land. tidings of which . yes." As the sun set that evening. panting for breath. " ** Mr. It was Saturday and the cook had to stop his master. ''It's all right." he cried. Rudland ^the money ^a good supper " Did I not tell you this morning.

" I think if you could see how the people love and trust us you would rejoice. " It does so please them to see us Uking to be like themselves in outward . and there was quite a group of believers who needed pastoral care. To Mr. Of the October baptisms Mrs. One hundred and sixty persons were seated. and it was with great thankfulness he recognised in Wang Lae-djiin the very helper needed. Taylor himself was keeping in close touch with them. with all the other claims upon him. as And this brings us to one of the important discoveries Mr. Taylor were making along the lines of women's work. and it was more than filled with a quiet. preaching on Sundays whenever he could. and the sorrowful days of summer were giving place to the joy of harvest. Mr. dressed as they were. And now the little church inaugurated in July with nineteen members was growing rapidly under the helpful oversight of its native pastor. and seeking to develop a missionary spirit among the Christians. who was by this time an experienced Christian worker. This Mr. Taylor was little able to give. Twice already baptisms had taken place at Hang-chow. . the more directly missionary work in which he delighted but upon these we must not dwell. Our courtyard in front of the main part of the house is a large one. For the new departure of going to the people in their own homes. and the service was held there as being more convenient than the chapel. he had been joined by his old friend Wang Lae-djiin of Ningpo. and Mrs." Miss Faulding wrote that autumn. Dear Lae-djiin baptized three men and three women.: AND ENLARGE MY COAST 125 working. and with nothing that could make them feel the Gospel message to be foreign to their own life and surroundings was justified by results. Many ghmpses are given in the correspondence of the period of this side of his activities. attentive audience. When I went down to the afternoon service I saw such a sight would have rejoiced the hearts of dear friends at home. An engagement with another mission had detained him but no sooner was he free than he came over to see if he could be of use to those to whom he owed everything spiritually. Taylor's great thankfulness. Taylor wrote .

my mother especially that our shoes * and style of hair-dressing should whole time could be spent in could be given to the school for I do so long to see native preachers raised up there. Then again. I am never treated in any way rudely. but still find it difficult to overtake all the visits I am asked to make. we need books so much that if I could spend several hours daily with the teacher I should be glad. not a passing curiosity. and how much more so when one looks beyond to provinces full of And look beyond we cities in which there is no missionary visiting. Rich and poor alike welcomed this gentle visitor . THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD They express the theirs. but with all kindness. The work just seems overwhelmmg taking this city alone. it is with difficulty I get out of having to smoke a pipe." a suitable name for the surname. " Fuh Ku-niang} we want you to come to our house and teach us about the religion. " I sometimes long that . Fuh Ku-niang often wishes she could make herself into two or three." she wrote after fifteen months in Hang-chow.— 126 things. . Sometimes. while tea and lunch I frequently have to take. and who is lovingly remembered there to this day. means happiness bright-faced girl who was a messenger of life and peace to so many in : Hang-chow. and are delighted same as ' be the Instead of having difficulty in getting access to the people. . or else accomplish two or three times as much as she can in a day.' wants to hear. . but as of old it was ** the common people " who gave most heed to the message. . my must. heart does so well up with joy that I am here.' " A woman said to me the other day. at others that at least half ! . I should think when I go Yet out I often speak to more than two hundred persons. for the V " I have now been out of each of the city-gates (ten of them). and more she became it was known the more was she invited into homes of all sorts. the character chosen as the nearest in sound to Miss Paulding's " Miss Happiness. I am very glad I it pleases can speak to the people in the Hang^chow dialect . Do come. and she was welcomed even to a Buddhist nunnery. and here to a great extent as one of themselves. Ladies in Mandarins' families sent for her. and the boys want training. . Nothing could be more encouraging than our position so almost more than willingly the people listen. they come here day after day saying. greatest satisfaction. indeed. 1 Fuh. " and am widely known in every part of the city." " My among the people — . . .

may you my ' but you have " It seemed as if. I will come on Sunday/ ^ .' " This last specially pleased the " ' woman your to whom I was speak! ing. Putting her arm round my shoulder as we were leaving. and standing in the door of her little hut. in finding a httle sympathy." Miss 1 Faulding continued a week later. It is Heaven that creates and preserves life.) I want to tell you about true happiness which the Lord of Heaven will give you.' she replied. " I ^vish you could have been with me the other day. bowed herself three or four times in worship of Heaven. and I desire your happi' ' ness.' " * But your years are more than mine. taking my hand in hers.' she said. So simply and eagerly did she express her longing for happiness Then she sat down again by my side and listened attentively while I told her of God and heaven and hell. but this and other receptions I had just had made me feel Would that others might know the joy of this work. come to teach us so you are my Great Sister. my dress met with high approval. they received me cordially. " As I came home it was raining and not very pleasant. I eat your rice. speak your words. or heard of me before. and it was largely due to such new faces were always to be seen in the chapel at Sin-kai-long. Your rice is the gift of Heaven. You see. " as I went to one and another The people had mostly seen of the strav/ huts among the ruins.' call . hand on hers '"If you want to be happy you should worship God. new springs her nature had been touched. and fluent I believe 127 the most brings the Truth do. Ah. which led me to say " I have come here to be a Hang-chow woman. I ' you call me sister That is good ! Then Great (or Elder) Sister. is it not ? (Quoting two well-known Chinese proverbs.' " * Yes. we are all sisters. and the wonderful way of salvation. and come and carry the " Truth to every Chinese home \' with "I my : ! ' This spirit visiting that won its way.' " I had not time to say more before she got up. As so often happens. home more than Ningpo would sat down the other day beside a peasant girl and said. wear your dress. if you worship Him. and apologising for their wretched homes (which are wretched indeed !).: AND ENLARGE MY COAST them. she said " " in : ' I will come on Sunday .

" And fuller of all the innovations experience only justified the conclusion. how can any one v/ho knows the love of Christ look round upon these groping. a sufficient ground for condemning the whole work. No mightier power has been entrusted to us. Taylor's first general letter to friends at ing Hang-chow. and determined efforts were made to secure their recall to the coast. I beheve that twenty Sisters could easily find work in Hang-chow to-morrow. The Lord ever keep them as simple and true-hearted ! as they are I ! have always found that the great difiiculty in the way of female agency has been location. " I am strongly inclined to consider it the most powerful agency at our disposal. I feel pretty sure I could find work for ten Miss Fauldings and ten Miss Bowyers. and quite early in the summer she had written to Mrs. to school or sewing-class. with many.128 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD And come they did —men. as there was no openThis moved Mrs. My dear husband and I have at times discussed the feasibility of estabhshing some of * From Mr. dated October 1867. Yet connected with the Mission none met with stronger opposition. home after reach- . " than the true sympathy that identified itself with those it seeks to benefit. It was strongly stated in letters stations home that to send unmarried ladies to inland of life ing for their labours. Berger : was a waste Oh. So few married couples (and I do not wonder at it. dispensary or public meetings. women. Taylor as he watched it all could not but be profoundly impressed with this new line of things. and energy. new at any rate in China. whether . ."* first . The medical work had done much to attract but Mr. or blame any for it) are prepared to give up the retirement and privacy which are so pleasant. " In its actual influence on the people at large." he continued with regard to such work as the ladies were doing. The presence of unmarried ladies in the interior at all was. and to receive comparative strangers into their family. Taylor deeply. and children. perishing heathen and call any expenditure " a waste " which brings about their conversion Had we the right people and suitable accommodation." he wrote that autumn. It carried the heart captive and to get close to the hearts of the people is our great aim to win their confidence and love our daily object.

go in and begin at the beginning. " but what " is there I can do ? " Well." said will be pleased to show you how to set up type.. printing. preparing one and another for the special work ing. I am troubled about the printing-press. after prayerfully considering that lay before them. that left him utterly discouraged. and He can and will raise up helpers. little How any one else in those early days. Gladly would I. Taylor. and the fact of your being there will keep them to their work. But Mr. feeble though it be in itself. You managed so well in putting the press together do you not " think you could superintend it for me now ? In vain Rudland protested that he knew nothing about . 129 the Sisters in a house by themselves. The workmen seem to get through so little when left to themselves. and perhaps after a time this might be done. for example. It is His work we are doing. stirs me to hope and pray that God will show his mistake by pouring out a large blessing upon this instrumentahty. how *' to meet the difficulty. least likely to do much in China. and obtaineven then. Taylor was developing as a leader no less than his fellow-workers along other lines. . Mr. Thus they were grappling with big problems." responded the young man. at any rate to himself. or could have foreseen the usefulness for which he was being fitted.AND ENLARGE MY COAST . . The workmen were glad to have his company and proud to display their superior knowledge *' If you will just Mr. etc. Rudland. " I wonder could you spare time to help me a little ? '* he said to Rudland one day. etc. He could not get and the more he tried to study the hold of the language worse became the headaches.. . But may the Lord direct. 's assertion about their being very little opening. And in the process He was developing them." So Rudland left his books for the cheerful activity of the printing-room. and I really have not time to look after them. glimpses of developments to which God was leading in His own way. Of all the Hangchow party he was the one who seemed. " the men K .

Taylor was developing to the advantage of those associated with him. One of the party was seriously seeing of given up hope no medical help absence was available. There seemed nothing for it but to spend the night on the river. " why they should allow me to ! : proceed." " Two hundred I how had you time " ? . *' I gave them two hundred good reasons. however. Taylor's ill. was being let down over the wall. Hanging from the basket was a rope. and he turned after back from sent was A messenger find himself only to too late to enter journey important an the city. to hold on and face the angry guards at the top. ! lines laid down for a life service. which it was the work of a moment to seize as It required pluck and determination. and in Mr. Taylor's quick eye caught means of steadying it. It was and all his spare time he the Gouin system to perfection was fain to spend over the dictionary to make out what he had been learning. long him." said Mr. in which the messenger was to be drawn up. it was ascending. The headaches were soon conquered. They were learning to know that if anything and the could be done to meet a case of need he was pretty sure to see it. But who was this coming up behind him who seemed A Government messenger with desconfident of getting in ? patches then the gate would be opened surely ? But no a basket. and the gates were closed and barred. and not likely to be hindered by difficulties that grit. that was to include the translation and printing of almost the entire Scriptures in a dialect spoken by millions to whom the Word of God was thus made accessible. Darkness had fallen. he saw. would forget his arrival one night. him. and gumption could overcome. It was no use asking for a passage in that uncertain craft. but Mr. None who were in grace. Taylor on reaching home. time Hang-chow at the city gates were shut and they had after the for example.130 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Listening to their conversation by the hour together. while a precious life might be at stake. he found himself picking up words and phrases more quickly than he could discover their English equivalents. Resourcefulness was one of the characteristics Mr.

which was near Hang-chow. by ordinary means of travel.M. how can we be listless in view of His unfailing promise that what we ask in faith we shall receive ? Why are we not God grant that we may learn how to pray." was the smiUng reply. short of divine power. . Nanking. . May He make us really in earnest. . from Stott in Wen-chow. ! . Berger in November. " Do pray that we may each be drawn close to the Saviour. what wonders should we see The destitution in the hght of eternity is awful. were settled anywhere away from the coast or the treaty ports." The stations occupied by the Mission had doubled in number in that short period. one meeting lasted." all the mercies that crowned the year 1867 the complete year for the Lammermuir party in China none was greater than the answer to the prayer with which it had opened.— AND ENLARGE MY COAST '* 131 They came out it " so of my cash-bag. the last " without Spirit weariness. Human effort cannot meet it nothing can. kept walking with Him in such sweet fellowship that for us to may be Christ. the distance between the most widely separated had been only four days' journey but at its close. a considerably enlarged sphere of labour when one remembers that. first . . and V/en-chow had been opened all important governing cities — and centres of population. .^ At its commencement. Tai-chow-fu. Oh we need to lay hold upon God about it." shall wrapping us round : ing us 'He " God's Holy renewed dedication and truly baptizbaptize you with the Holy Ghost and with Miss Blatchley wrote. no Protestant missionaries save those of the C. So do pray. " O that Thou wouldest bless me indeed and enlarge my coast. It stares us in the face. did not take very long. Then. How can we trifle. Among — — '* Oh ! that we may be made capable of bearing much bless- ing. with the exception of Hang-chow. And the earnest spirit at Sin-kai-long was just as marked an answer to prayer." wrote one of the young workers to Mrs. in 1 In addition to Siao-shan.M." Israels ? live . and ! . as well as for their own day of the year was again set apart From eleven in the morning till for prayer and fasting. For the great land around them. spiritual needs. Duncan in Nanking was as much as twenty-four days. 3 P.I.

30 we again met for united prayer. only to find that for the time being foreigners No sooner had the new year dawned than Mr. was overtaken with the tidings that Kin-hwa-fu had had to be . of careful. shut up in a den with a was He bruised. A hoher time I have never known. indeed. The same day. in order to save these poor returning people from further ill-usage. patient effort to smoothing must matters over. while the mother and wife of the imprisoned man were threatening to commit suicide. retire. We continued in prayer and singing till the year ended. Williamson was driven out of another important city. and swollen severely number of criminals. Mr. Taylor had been carried to the Governor's ya-men to report in person the ill-usage of Mr. of the footing gained in his sick-bed. Next morning the landlord was sent for to the ya-men. who was making a tour of the older stations. . we left the house . Taylor read the 90th Psalm. work yet how Mr. . McCarthy's helpers. Taylor's heart went out Crossing the to the Christless multitudes around them beautiful district of Tai-chow-fu for the first time. living and giving two weeks himself in a boat within the turbulent city. he had gone direct to the scene of places." Mr. As soon as he could travel. Williamson wrote of the middleman who by order of the Mandarin had " His back and legs were suffered three thousand blows. and there seemed every probability of the poor fellow losing his hfe from the treatment he had . Taylor. he was profoundly impressed with its countless villages and hamlets this pioneering — ! . who had been set upon and almost beaten to death in Hu-chow. blaming us for bringing all this trouble upon them. " I went to see the poor fellow in prison. there others. received. From the riot. and at twelve partook of the Lord's Supper." And some there was need for such inward strengthening. . only a was great and increasing opposition in few weeks earlier. given up. through attacks on those who had befriended him and Mr. and still that power gathered and increased. confined like so many mid beasts in a cage. The weather was very cold." It was proving harder even than had been anticipated. to Hang-chow. Mr. In spite of success because. .— 132 fire/ THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD At 8.

AND ENLARGE MY COAST among the mountains as well as the towns and populous plains. But. I fancy you will some day transfer your headquarters to some desirable city or town very near the Yangtze River. Fifty baptized believers . " I will tell you my musings concerning your future movements. sickness. Mr. who might be out here among these numberless towns and villages ? " As we passed the gate of one little town. so as to reach many provinces. Taylor's quoted above. ' ' ' ! I and cry to Him for wisdom to dispose aright of those He may send to help me. and other troubles hindered developments that would have tended in this direction. disturbances. Berger had written in a letter that crossed Mr. a coffin was being borne to its last resting-place. Riots. " Alas said the native Christian with me. it would be too late for that poor man. Taylor's own way seemed guided northward. and facihties for going to Shanghai and up the river. door after door was closed. I suppose." he wrote to Mr. as one can see. " If you will not smile at my planning in our dining-room. until I was compelled to roll the burden on the Lord." Mr. providentially. if the Gospel were preached in this place to-day. might the whole Mission have become absorbed in that one coast-board province. now with the untold need of the unoccupied provinces. The Lord guide you in all things He that beheveth shall not ' : make It haste. have access to a Consul. and for how many more will it be too late My thoughts were busied. 133 cities of its " Are there no servants of our common Lord rusting away at home. small though it was among all the provinces of China." Very easily. now with the neglected districts of this province. and to plead for more native and foreign workers. almost insensibly. "or at least doing work that others would do if they left it. Thus you would. and gradually. Berger.' " was not easy after sixteen face the thought of leaving the months in Hang-chow to work that had become so '* dear to them for " some desirable city near the Yangtze in which to begin all over again. perhaps within easy reach of Hang-chow.' " Yes.

in himself. more able to endure haidness. To Mr. But the presence of the Lord was more real. more wisdom for me. ' . " One always felt braver when with them." he had written to his mother. Taylor was ready to go either there or anywhere else But much had to be conas the work seemed to require. thinking of what the coming summer might mean to wife and children. as Mr." The quiet courage of Mr. sidered as spring came on. and Mrs. Lo. / am with you " alway ? . and that the Name of Jesus might be and we were confident that victory would be the Lord's glorified and ours. and Mrs. as one stronghold after another was attacked by our small band of workers. riot. " I try to live a day at a time. McCarthy and Miss Faulding would remain in charge of the station and be quite able to receive and help new workers. taking up themselves the pioneering work in which experience was so needed. What could 1 do without the promise. of weakness " I am sure you never forget us at the Throne of Grace." she recalled. Judd." he wrote " one never knew what friends who were away of those days might be suffering. The powers of first reached Hang-chow can never be forgotten. and there were many inquirers. " It really was building the wall in troublous times. more love. and even so have enough to do but though I try. One feels the thrill of : — them still. ." " ' ' .134 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD were gathered already in the Httle church under Pastor Wang's care. conscious only was taken up with Another. Judd. ' . One seemed to catch something Those solemn hours of waiting upon God when we of their spirit. all this was very memorable. But Mr. succeed. specially impressed Mrs. because there was so much to pray about. and Mrs. But the leader of the Mission. darkness seemed so real. Taylor. . who had recently arrived from home. Duncan at Nanking was sorely needing rehef. Scarcely any station was opened without a The noon meetings were solemn hours often prolonged. and Mrs. and the noon prayer meetings were times of real drawing near to God. Taylor pleaded that with all boldness we might speak His Word. I do not always Pray for more faith.

.Chap.

then ? The wailing . perchance. . To cheer the faint one for to-morrow's journey. . What then ? Why then another pilgrim song And then a hush of rest divinely granted And then a thirsty stage (ah me. so long And then a brook.. — . for ever and for ever. What of the midnight wind. ready for my waking. !) What then ? The pitching of the evening tent And then. Close by my pillow. . a heart opprest and aching And then a little water cruse to find. A fev'rish sleep . And then a deep and darkly rolhng river And then a flood of light a seraph hymn And God's own smile. For all my wants and woes His loving kindness For darkest shades the shining of God's face And Christ's own hand to lead me in my blindness^ What i . and sorrow And then a loving Saviour drawing nigher. and fears. What then ? A shadowy valley lone and dim. . What I ? I am not careful to inquire : there will be tears. And saying." then know l then ? For all my sins His pardoning grace. " I will answer for the morrow. just where it most is wanted. a pillow rough and thorny And then some sweet and tender message sent.

CHAPTER X AN OPEN DOOR . see her.changing loveliness. Tea was offered. the freedom and freshness of the country were dehghtful. he might take the foreign toy and show it a boat close at hand. 1 .. Taylor was accompanied by Miss Blatchley and the children's Bohanan (who had replaced Mary Bell.^ After long confinement within city walls. alive with boat traffic. and apricot orchards in bridal array. Hang-chow was left behind on the loth of April. Wheat and barley covered the valleys. peach. with plum. Taylor and the children travelling by house-boat in a measure of comfort. interspersed with great tracts of peas and beans in flower. now married Mr. while the background of hills refreshed their elders with ever .. And there were many opportunities for coming into friendly relation with other travellers and the people whose homes they were passing day by day. having been detained by illness in the family of one of the American missionaries in Hang-chow. Pleasant enough for the first few weeks was that spring journey up the Grand Canal. A LITTLE STRENGTH 1868. her sister. and the servants were told to boil some eggs for the children. Rudland) Mr. was an endless interest to the children. 137 . The Canal itself. In the afternoon this lady called upon *' One man asked if to a Mandarin's lady in nurse. Mrs. Extensive mulberry plantations bordered the Canal. The little boys spinning their tops were a great source of interest." wrote Miss " In a few moments the lady in\dted us to come and Blatchley. Mrs. to Mrs. 36. Taylor followed ten days later. Aet.

" On Sunday they to the shore. who there caught up the party. includthe Yangtze. strategic importance of this premises. Taylor." Mr. Mr. unless some more important opening should detain him by the way. and a service held with open doors The boat was moored and windows. Taylor an opportunity for putting the Gospel clearly before her. to give considerable help in medical and other ways.S. " did not travel. — . in which regular services were now commenced with help from Mr.M.S. Save for Nanking and the L. No missionary. and in one of the suburbs the L.. Henry Cordon had succeeded in renting premises a few weeks previously. had a chapel in charge of a native preacher. and Mrs. Charles Schmidt formerly an officer " had been the under General Gordon in the " Ever. Our Christian servant called at her house journal.^ point all was unbroken ground. Meadows. Mrs. were living in the Settlement outside the native city. at a distance of Much impressed with the twenty-four hours by steamer. mentality of Mr. and W^esleyan workers in the treaty port of Hankow.M.I. and at his request the Mission had also undertaken work in Soo-chow. To join the former in his lonely post was Mr Taylor's intention. not a Protestant missionary was resident northward or westward anywhere in the interior. Taylor explained the way of salvation to her more fully. Taylor set on foot place. and was soon in renting inquiries with a view to as well as importance of this place from the Chinese point below be judged from their proverb. We were glad she did. as it gave Mrs. a few foreigners. was to be found nearer than Shanghai. in the afternoon. And this was just what happened when Chin-kiang was reached that busy centre of population and commerce at the junction of the Grand Canal and the mighty flood of this — — Beyond Duncan at — Being a treaty port. and a stay of three weeks enabled Mr. he was a warm friend to the C. " Above is Heaven Hang-chow and Soo-chow. however.M." continued the " A Mandarin's wife living just opposite came across and stayed till the service was over." A At one great city en route Soo-chow workers of the Mission had recently obtained a settlement. Mr. few came on board and sat with us.Victorious Force Converted through the instrufirst to live and preach Christ in this city. Before she left.— 138 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD us in our boat. She seemed to drink in every word. ing the British Consul. 1 The charm of view may — . Taylor.

. The accommodation he offered. and with the Day and night intense heat the rainy season had come on. Were it not that you are old travellers yourselves. " I should think it impossible for you to realise our feelings last Monday week.AN OPEN DOOR: A LITTLE STRENGTH treaty for a house inside the city. it was with no little thankfulness that Mr. still without any witness Life on the water by this time was losing its for Christ. and that hotel. were exposed Waiting upon God very definitely for to serious risks. into every room of which the heavy rain had been leaking. it poured incessantly. charm. Meanwhile. guidance. never before met with. seeing that the negotiations were likely to be prolonged. he continued his journey across the Yangtze and a few miles up the northern section of the Grand Canal. was not on the ground always more or less malarious at such a season but floor five rooms forming an upper story which they could have to themselves. readily than could have been anticipated. Taylor wrote to Mrs. when we exchanged the discomforts of a boat. This was so unusual from every point of view that they could not but feel it providential. of which Marco Polo was once Governor. Taylor saw the way open before them much more Within the city. Rich. and Mrs. thankfully leaving the crowded junks on the Canal. a it though it little strength " and " many was no new situation for heralds of the was to prove more serious in its outcome . as you know. their native helpers had come into friendly touch with an inn-keeper able and willing to receive the whole party. it contained a population of three hundred and sixty thousand. has seen a good deal of Chinese travellers' accommodation. proud." Mrs. — door . Spring had given place to summer. and the children. moreover. too. and. Berger (June 18). cooped up in the leaky boat." " — " An open " adversaries Cross. And now the travellers were nearing the far-famed city of Yang-chow. which obtained. inside the city of Yangchow. where nothing could be kept dry. for a suite of apartments in a firstrate Chinese hotel such a place as my husband who. they took possession — — of their new quarters.. and exclusive. though not without serious difficulty 139 was ultimately and danger.

e. The inn-keeper. fostered by the district official." Feeling reasonably — — Mr. making his presence and purposes known. Taylor at the people seemed anticipated. Possession was promised in a fortnight. Taylor wished to rent premises and settle in the city. Chinese) dress was no commercial or than Mr. No one could undertake these duties and care for the sick baby as well as Mrs. and left a loophole that unfriendly subordinates were not slow to appreciate. home at any rate. friendly. and months of whooping-cough had sadly reduced her strength. Taylor. Taylor had called upon the Mandarin. " if all were straightforward. if the Governor granted a favourable proclamaApplied for by the British Consul this also was tion.140 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD first For to begin with. however. Taylor to leave her family in their temporary quarters and go down alone to Shanghai. Mr. who proved to be intensely anti-foreign. Duncan's fiancee had to be met and escorted inland. and had obtained an assurance that there should be no interference. Under these circumstances. The presence political agent. indeed. who had been a little anxious. Taylor left. sure of one Rudlands. Mr. Endless were the difficulties and complications that arose in consequence. in the Mandarin's mind. There were mission matters in Shanghai that needed attention. promised. Taylor then sent for the at Hang-chow to bring the " If all were straightprinting-press and family belongings. and curiosity attracted many visitors. She was now their only little daughter. But one of the servants was ill with what threatened to be smallpox a disease very prevalent in the city and the baby was not vaccinated. and Mr. Evidently this foreigner in disarmed children " civilised " {i.^ It was not easy when matters had reached this point for Mrs. and there seemed no reason why the boys should not be left with Miss Blatchley and the nurse. 1 local . Taylor concluded that she should take the journey. and he was able to get the deed signed soon after Mrs. who were waiting In the interests of this kindly host. offered his services as " middleman." if Mr. and saw her off in the middle of June by steamer from Chin-kiang. of the mother and suspicion. " forward covered a good deal. In the latter city negotiations about the house were making progress.

Taylor herself was far from well.workers were not slow to realise. For at the coast Mrs. she had had the baby vaccinated without delay. but now.AN OPEN DOOR: A LITTLE STRENGTH Meanwhile Mr. hoping to get through her business and be ready to return as soon as the Hindustan should bring Mr. and that her mother was spared some of the anxiety and nursing. and the letters from Saint Hill. had much that was painful to communicate. and before long it was evident that the baby was suffering from a severe attack of measles in addition to vaccination and whooping-cough. and all that their father would be suffering. Taylor could only be thankful that the baby at any rate might escape. Gamble." Yet she was clinging and sensitive to an unusual degree. Even before the letters came from Yang-chow telling of the illness of the boys. but never had she seen a child so ill with it before. And Mrs. it was fully expecting that ten days or a fortnight would see children at — her home again . and Mrs. and the faith that made her. Duncan's expected bride. her mother's heart had anticipated it. Kindly received by Mr. every post seemed to bring either business to be attended to in Shanghai. Berger so much anxiety. The vaccination proved effective. until all were down with it the youngest desperately ill with bronchitis as a complication. It was under these circumstances that her indomitable spirit shone out. been a revival of the painful opposition which had already caused Mr. their separation 141 were The infection caught by the Chinese helper proved to be measles. . Medical help had to be called in. Taylor all the while was fighting a brave fight for the life of their youngest child. Her one comfort was that he would not know about little Maria. as her fellow. Mr. or about the For there had distressing home mails she was receiving. When they had parted. " the backbone of the Mission. or calls for help from one and another of the stations. Mr. Taylor in facing unexpected troubles. depending upon her husband. while gracious and loving as ever. and was obhged to put unwonted responsibilities upon the one he would fain have relieved could he have known her circumstances. Taylor could not leave Yang-chow under the circumstances. and one by one the Yang-chow sickened.

and He will not leave us now. I am afraid some of ' our Father the contents of the latter may distress you. " — ^if that were possible —even more than she . enclosing the last mail from home. of eye. L leave me not neither forsake me. ' . Yes." — ' ' It patients in was a comfort to hear about -this time that the Httle Yang-chow were better. He is fully difficulty or danger. ." she wrote on expressing her readiness to go on to Tai-chow.' Let us cast all our burdens. " and then guide us just where He would have us. made me feel that possibly we might be called to give up this little one The Lord is our stay. givmg us docile. and perhaps He same way." she continued on July 10.' And how ready we are to believe is too trivial. teachable How much we lean upon each other for comfort or spirits. too." . counsel we only find out when long separated. loving Father. *' Let us remember how He worked for us with regard to Mr. and to a yet is trying to teach us to lean in the our heavenly Husband Who is so fuller extent upon Himself thoroughly competent to undertake for us in every perplexity. Thou hast been my help " O God of my salvation. though she seemed as . Perhaps his manner. and they are many and weighty. give us a single eye to do His will. yes. and surely He will stand by us. all-wise. other in any competent hardly expect Him to manage this particular matter for you—it too complex. ." A few days later the doctor's visit was far from re- assuring.' " Do pray that God will give me wisdom and a clear head. " I have received a packet of letters from Hang-chow this The Lord morning. 1 He cannot have taught us to trust in His Name And thus far have brought us to put us to shame. " is it that our tender Father is endeavouring to teach us by His present deaHngs Oh lessons which He might take sterner methods to impress ? may He Himself help us to learn them. are but feathers to Him that too is in God's hands. how He has appeared for us again and again. but knoweth. As to Mr. They 's continued opposition.' or him !—instead of honouring God with unwavering confidence. more than what he actually said. upon our omnipotent. You can difficulty but the present. *' My own Treasure. Satan sometimes says. " as well as singleness she added with regard to business matters. after June 29.! 142 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD and loving him was loved.

Would you write Meadows and ask if he can come and help me ? God bless you. At last. however. and wavering. Taylor's mind as to whether she ought to go. It was Sunday the 26th of July. . Moreover. but just when all seemed propitious the negotiations would break down. or how he was being cared for. For the intense heat of summer. — Houses had been offered him in plenty. and no word had been left baby could be that whereabouts. as soon as the with her Chinese nurse. written evidently written from Chin-kiang what could it in great weakness . the wiU . But I must return. as must have been Alone in a boat. and may God go with you. had tried Mr." of the Lord be done. The up-river steamer would be starting in a few hours that would land her at Chinkiang the following evening. after two months of boat-life had prepared them to appreciate a home of their own again. If our hearts are to be rendered up a sacrifice.! AN OPEN DOOR: A LITTLE STRENGTH far as ever 143 she was awaiting was received as to its from being able to return to them. . and promises of a favourable proclamation " to reassure the people " were unfulfilled. thankful Six weeks in the inn for the greater liberty thus afforded. . Mr. The vessel much overdue. if home it could be called with the mother so far away. I am so ill. . until hope deferred made the heart sick. Taylor was expecting to go on to Ningpo at any rate little realising it was in Yang-chow she was now needed most. the proclamation appeared the house then in question was at once handed over to them. — . — — mean ? I think I told you we had got the proclamation for Yangchow. combined with many anxieties. Soon we shall never part again. McCarthy had come to Shanghai and would wait for the long-delayed faint The words were the hand that traced them. darling. Go to Ningpo. and the little party moved in. There was no question in Mrs. Mrs. . about the middle of July. if you think well. But the letter that told the good news brought her strange sinking of heart. Taylor more than his letters showed. A few pencilled lines. We have not yet got the one for this place hope to do so to-morrow. and so ill And she could not know whether he had got back to Yangchow.

of the Rudlands. it was not long that the missionary household was to enjoy even a measure of security. There was much to be done between whiles to make the new home habitable. through. But while he slept they travelled still. Mr. That boatman. Hour after hour by day or night. so much so that Miss Blatchley had had no choice but to make it a rule that none might come upstairs but the ladies of Mandarins' famihes. surely. to Chin-kiang they had travelled steadily on via the Grand Canal until he was obhged to drop the oar from very weariness. But what about the steamer ? If it had not been Sunday how gladly As it was she did not hesitate to would she have taken it let it go without her. With a heart that cried to God she quietly made her preparations. had a tale to tell when he came back from taking the foreign lady with her nurse and child Starting before dawn on Monday morning.144 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Hindustan. Taylor had to go frequently to the other city where the house matter was still unsettled. Much as he wondered at the unusual proceeding. She saw her way to arranging for help at Ningpo. The big wandering premises had from the first been besieged with visitors. the lady had taken his place. Happy though they were to be together again in a home of their own. plying the oar as naturally as she spoke his Ningpo words. ! ! — — Taylor back to his usual health. as well as to prepare at Chin-kiang for the arrival Preaching at Yang-chow on Sundays. the Governor withholding . whenever he was obhged to rest. and her presence did but attract more interest. waiting until evening before engaging her boat. the boatman httle knew what it was that gave strength to that mother's heart as well It was prayer that carried them as to her fragile form. despite heat and weariness prayer how abundantly answered when upon reaching Yang-chow she found her loved ones an unbroken circle and was able to nurse Mr. caring little for heat or backache if only they could press forward and all because her husband was ill and she wanted to get to him as quickly as possible. and the baby was well enough to travel. although the alternative was a journey by foot-boat of at least two days and nights. This was before Mrs. Taylor's return.

MRS. HUDSON TAYLOR {7tc'e MARIA DYER). To /ace page 144. .

.

just up from a sick-bed and weak as he is. I am with you alway. . Taylor." wrote Mr. Who did not fail us. and God graciously brought us through. Exaggerated reports reaching the neighbouring city naturally suggested in certain circles that the visitors might be treated with as scant courtesy in Yangchow. . Dear Mr. Nor was this all. . advising him to use all possible precautions. the to propagate " the religion of Jesus. attributing the most revolting and unnatural crimes to foreigners. however. Lo. when by carrying things with a high hand they could be Upon the strength of the Chin-kiang situation. and a fresh set of posters. especially those whose business it was Early in August. . We had but one source of comfort. ' The trouble went on. Next morning (Sunday) the people assembled at an early hour. and the way in which the missionary and his Consul were being worsted was the laugh of tea-house and restaurant. I think I never felt more the power and value of speaking gently than on that day. Messrs. . .AN OPEN DOOR: A LITTLE STRENGTH 145 the proclamation without which the landlord could not be kept to his bargain. confirming te our hearts the promise. has hardly dared to leave the gate. Friendly visitors had given place to crowds of the lowest rabble about the door. hand-bills. Mr. Taylor spoke often to those assembled in a very kind manner and while we watched. Taylor received an anonymous letter. Reid and Rudland with him For the • L . and that a well-tried one and meeting together that evening we poured out our hearts to the Lord.V' . . . " Mr. Reid who had come over from Nanking. On Saturday the 15th.. ejected ? a meeting was held among the literati and a decision arrived This was done by means of anonymous at to stir up trouble. those inside the house prayed. quite unfit for translation. as on the following day there was to be a riot. and on the i8th Miss Blatchley wrote : last few days we have been almost in a state of siege. It was generally known that ^he deeds had been signed and the deposit paid over. and began knocking and battering upon our door until we thought it best to go out and try to pacify them. was as fuel to the " fire.." missionaries began to realise the change that was coming over the attitude of the people. Why allow them to make friends and settle down.

than reports began to be circulated that children were missing in all directions. . From Wednesday to Saturday the wearied household had a little respite. which will do more The for us. sending thunder and the threatening of rain. we were able by pressing on the workman to get the many entrances into But our trust our wandering premises contracted into one. Taylor's party. . .146 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD on Saturday night Mr. and defeat Satan. for the rain is coming down in torrents. than an army of soldiers. Duncan opportunely arrived. Happily. before the disturbance became very serious. To-day (Tuesday) was placarded as the day for attacking our house and setting it on fire. entrapped by the '" foreign After this. and were seen This was too good a chance to be in various parts of the city. In had been said against them. had fled from the threatening danger. A couple of foreigners from Chin-kiang. and the storm seemed to have spent itself without disaster. is not in the walls we build. . wearing not the native costume adopted by Mr. we do not fear. friendly demeanour of the missionaries was winning its way. overthrow The most calumnious hand-bills against us have been posted about the city. . As I write He is selves into His hands. and glad indeed were they that none of them. and no sooner had they left with the impression that all was quiet. . . and the paper professes to emanate from the god of war. by making these disturbances the means of more widely diffusing the truth among them. not even the women and children." came up to visit Yang-chow. But. In one of them the Name of Jesus is blasphemed in the vilest terms. " Surely the wrath and the remainder of wrath Thou of man shall praise Thee Any attempt to set the place on fire now would shalt restrain. for we have put ourHe will not leave us. it spite of all that . the most important matters they will postChinese shun rain pone on account of it. . but the disturbance is less than on We know that Sunday. regardless of native or foreign occupants. . but undisguised " foreign dress. Taylor was saying. God is with us. looked as though the worst was over. lost. and . . Kwan-ti." be vain indeed. whatever happens will be by His permission. which an infuriated mob could easily but under the shadow of His wings. before the close of the week an opportunity occurred for reviving the agitation. Once or twice the mob has seemed inclined to break in by force. May God forgive these poor blind people. Mr. the quiet. strange to say.

" Miss Blatchley continued to Mrs. if indeed they are describable for we must send off our Next mail must bring further notes. Attack destroy fallen ! — Children had distwenty-four at least had ! I — ! Forty-eight hours later. as it is ulcerating. Berger. Taylor hurt her leg very much. And on their premises. I have only a wound on my arm. Rudland and Miss Desgraz had come on to Yang-chow early in August. in which were all our most important papers and the bulk of our money a considerable sum. so the people believed a prey to the dreaded foreigners. whose fall was not broken (as Mr. — . had been crowded into Mr. in a boat nearing Chin-kiang. three hundred dollars. and I am tolerably bruised all over but there is so much to be thankful for that this seems as nothing. Dear Mrs. " Poor Mr. appeared. Taylor and me as we had to escape for our lives by jumping from the verandah roof over the front of the reception hall. 147 The weather was which always predisposes to excitable foregatherings. It is getting very painful. Reid was wounded. " I cannot stop now to describe the last few days. I. Meanwhile you will join us in praise to God for particulars. saving our lives and limbs. came down on my back on the stones. Mr. No wonder the Yang-chow people were tempted with thoughts of plunder ! . vast stores of treasures were Boat-loads of goods had been brought in only accumulated Avenge our wrongs a few days previously." : A LITTLE STRENGTH intensely hot. and that the left arm. Arriving there with a large quantity of goods and finding no house available.^ Courage Much plunder shall be ours. for I feel so stiff. We have not had time yet to change our blood-stained — — . such as we have ready. having reached us from Chinkiang only an hour before the breaking into the house. except that it makes one rather awkward. and so disabled from helping me). and it is only by God's great loving-kindness that I have not a broken spine or skull. and Mrs. and all the paraphernalia needed for a printing-press and a second household. the letter quoted above was bravely finished. as was well known. clothes. Taylor's premises. Reid is the most severely hurt of all a brick-bat struck his eye while he was standing ready to catch Mrs." And Mrs. and our most valuable property. " We have had to flee from Yang-chow.: AN OPEN DOOR devils. Thus three additional foreigners. Taylor wrote to the same beloved friend 1 But for the difficulties at Chin-kiang there never would have been. humanly speaking. a Yang-chow riot. The rioters sacked every room excepting mine.

. both for ourselves and Mr. Duncan. seemed so near to me as that night and the following morning. Not that the closeness of communion with God was greater than but I felt able in an especial manner to lay at any other time hold of God's strength. Reid were doing their best to keep the crowd from enterI do not know that the Throne of Grace ever ing our premises. the infuriated mob had been restrained from the worst excesses. but at least equally dangerous to our Uves. — "A present Saviour" how little could the rioters understand the secret of their calmness and strength Awed by something. But they were hours of anguish anguish for the mother as she gathered her children and the women of the party in anguish for the upper room that seemed most sheltered the father. Duncan) we feebler ones could do nothing. another typhoon ^not of so long duration as the literal one we experienced nearly two years ago. that no rash step might be taken. I beHeve God will bring His own glory out and I hope it will tend to the furtherance of the of this Yours in a present Saviour. We have had. " assembled in my room to plead for God's protection. they knew not what. ." wrote Mrs. . of the perils : — . and to give His angels to encamp round about them. through which we have passed within the last forty-eight hours. . — .. and Mr. Taylor and Mr. detained at a distance. " After they were gone (Mr. by this opportunity. and more terrible while it lasted. Taylor. exposed to all the fury of the populace on his way to seek help of the authorities. Taylor. hearing from the Mandarin's ya-men the yells of the rioters bent on destruction. for naturally all looked to me to say what was to be done. Rudland for those who faced the fury of the storm without. Murder. were ahke protected by the wonder-working hand of God.! 148 I THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD do not know whether I shall be able to give you much idea. so to speak." . . and though intended. And earnestly did we plead ^vith Him to raise as it were a wall of fire around my dear husband and Mr.. I specially needed His sustaining grace to keep me quiet and calm and to give me soundness of judgment. Gospel. — who faced the perils of attack and fire in their besieged dwelHng. leave. and those he had to . Our God has brought us through may it be to hve henceforth more fully to His praise and glory. had been averted again and again both Mr.

" when she and the little children were in danger of being massacred at any moment. and we should have been torn to pieces by the enraged mob. Taylor wrote some years later. I am convinced that they would not have been opened for us. 2 her heart. ! cr3dng Kiu-ming ! Kiu-ming (save life save Hfe !). more than once saving the life of a fellow-worker by her presence of mind and perfect command of the language. " Ah. etc. " At last I told His Excellency that the real cause of all the trouble was his own neglect in not taking measures when the matter was small and manageable that I must now request him first to take steps to repress the riot and save any of our friends who might still be aUve. . Taylor wrote of that desperate effort to summon aid.." Mr. " But for the protection afforded us by the darkness. but the momentary delay gave time for the crowd the as yet unbarred gates gave way to the to close in upon us pressure. . ' ' ! night. very true. destroying." Mr. Taylor went through those terrible hours. all the time hearing the yells of the mob a mile or more off. it was almost more than we could bear with composure to be asked as to what we really did with the babies whether it was true we had bought them. or I would not answer for the result. very true First quiet the people. Rudland. And at last when we did get an audience. " Once in the ya-men. meanwhile. and we were precipitated into the entrance haU. she was as calm as in her own parlour in London and I am quite certain that if she could have altered any of the circumstances she would not have done it. and kept waiting three-quarters of an hour before we had an audience with the Prefect.i Mrs. what was the cause of all this rioting ? etc. torn with anxiety for the loved one it seemed more than likely they might never see again.' said he." 2 Mr. a cry the Chinese Mandarin is bound to attend to at any hour of the day or : * ' ! We were taken to the room of the Chief Secretary. we rushed into the judgment hall. and how many . " 1 " In the Yang-chow riot.AN OPEN DOOR : A LITTLE STRENGTH 149 Outwardly as calm as if there were no danger. not only the property. . " we should scarcely have reached the ya-men alive. so satisfied was she at all times that God's ordering was : best. Had the gates been barred. and afterwards make such inquiries as he might wish. for aught we knew. but possibly the Hves of those so dear to us. Judd recalls that it was " her calmness and the fact that she spoke such beautiful Chinese " that disarmed the man whose band she stayed in a murderous attack on Mr. Alarmed by the yells of the people the gate-keepers were just closing the doors as we approached.

The natives estimated them at twenty thousand. as the only effecting anything depended on our keeping out of sight for by time the number of rioters amounted to eight or ten thousand. — After a long and agonising search it was with unspeakable thankfulness he learned that some at any rate of the party were hiding in a neighbour's house. . scattered papers and letters. the scene was such as baffled Here. Sit still. some three thousand men) and told us that all was quiet that the Ts'ao-fu himself. there. The darkness of the night had favoured their escape from their own burning premises. . though we hoped this might prove exaggerated or untrue. as at any moment we might have to flee again. but no trace of inhabitants within. while most of us were stiff and sore with . " Mr. and I now found Taylor was almost fainting from loss of blood that my arm was bleeding from a bad cut. We had to cry to God to support us. the Sheo-pe (Captain of the soldiers who guard the gates)." wrote Miss Blatchley. Mrs. smouldering remains of valuable books. bruises. dressing-cases. Taken from one room to another as the danger of discovery increased.' " He this and I will go to see what can be chance of his . had left were killed. when the Prefect returned with the Ts'ao-fu (Governor of the military forces of the city. He then sent for chairs. the uncertainty as to his fate as well as their own was terrible. . the poor tired children wanted to sleep and we dared not let them. writing-desks. glimmer *' of light in the they had finally been left without a innermost apartments. " When we reached the house. debris of the attempts to fire the premises had been made and strewn about everywhere of a broken-down wall was lying were the remains of boxes and furniture. " We were kept in this torture of suspense for two hours. it was that suspense about Mr. and surgical instrument cases. a pile of half -burned reeds showed where one description. and then done. . Reid lay groaning with pain. and so painful that I could not move it. and would have them punished. etc.150 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD inquire." Then to bear." . went out telling us to remain. and two local Mandarins had been that they had seized several of to the scene of the disturbance those who were plundering the premises. and we returned under On the way back we were told that all the foreigners we escort. broken work-boxes. Taylor was hardest In the darkness and silence.

Miss Blatchley. Where they were. and Mrs. others that we had fled. The sight of it at that moment seemed to speak of our Father's love and tenderness in a way that perhaps it would be difficult for ! . . " It was after midnight when we returned." Mrs. . where shall we sleep to-night as they have burned up our bed ? " I assured him that God would give them somewhere to sleep. Some said we were all killed. The older children were with Miss Desgraz. which had been barred for greater safety. .' said one of them. for there would be a guard around the premises. This not. and his heart sickened on nearing the house as he distinguished a smell that proved to be fur-lined garments burning.. " At last. Reid was laid on the floor of an inner of my husband room. . dear husband's voice outside the door. that very night in their own little thinking it would be .. How our hearts went up to God in thanksgiving that He had A short time before we heard my spared us to each other husband's voice. Berger. but still no tidings Poor Mr. for we did not know at what moment we might have to flee again. " At one time we were told that soldiers had arrived from the Governor and were driving the rioters away.. Rudland were there too. by the fact that my own strength was rapidly ebbing away from loss of blood. We did our best to keep them quiet and awake. and myself in the outer room. after a we heard my much shorter time than it appeared to us. and it seemed most important that all should keep calm. Duncan were faring or had fared we could not tell. . . confidence He gave me. My heart was too full for me to pay much heed to the scene of ruin through which we passed. He had had difficulty in finding us. or what would become of us we knew But God was our stay. I had felt encouraged to hope that help was at hand. I was anxious not to let any one know how much I was hurt. " Mamma. that He would surely work good for China out of our deep distress. why they had not yet returned. ! ' ' ' — — nursery. but at the foot of the stairs my eye feU on a bead mat worked for me by our httle Gracie before leaving England.AN OPEN DOOR: A LITTLE STRENGTH 151 *' I cannot attempt to describe to you our feelings. He told us that the rioters had all been driven out. whether we ourselves would live till morning. and he thought we might venture back to our own rooms (which had not been burned down) . and nurse with baby {who happily slept) and Mr. " How my dear husband and Mr. and He forsook us not. and on his way back from the ya-men had heard various reports as to what had happened during his long detention.. Taylor continued to Mrs. as I felt it would alarm them.

and again commenced a season of anxiety similar to though in some respects more trying than the night before. loving hands Some.152 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD another to understand. and his soldiery soon dispersed the people. the alarm was given that the Mandarin had come. Once more my room became our sanctuary till. which had been turned out of boxes in the search for gold and silver. The leaves of my poor Bible. collected them for me. We shan. Again my husband had to go to the ya-men." (It was a year that very day since their daughter had been taken Home from the temple at Pen" I asked some one to pick it up and give it to me.. though for some of us there was no sleep.) found the floor of my room strewn with clothes. Miss Blatchley heard some of the people say derisively. which I had been unable to take with me. . Come again Come again " Yes. for now there were many entrances. Early in the morning the guard retired. I was told. were found downstairs. . " In the afternoon of that day we left the city under an I have been escort of soldiers to see us safely to the Yangtze. much struck by the way in which God used these men ^who would have been quite as ready to take our lives as to protect them for His people's help. Kind. " For the remainder of the night we were in quiet. . etc. As we passed out of the city in chairs. and not a leaf is missing. — — ' ' ' ! ! * . God will bring us back again. . little as you " expect it.' little . . were scattered about in every direction. just when it seemed as if in another minute the crowd would be upstairs. and as there was no relay the people began to come in again to plunder.' I thought.

on the boats that took them to Chin-kiang. homeless and in urgent need was the kindness received from the foreign residents. wounded and suffering as the}' were. reaching Chin-kiang. McCarthy from Hang-chow. Homeless and despoiled of almost everything. " We 153 . 36-37." and their hearts were cheered as they recalled the protecting care of God. Had not their lives been spared as by a miracle ? Were not the children well and happy ? And even the money and more important Mission papers were safe. and Mrs. Mr. filled It was thankfulness more than anything else that hearts of that little the company. that the house might be repaired and the people quietened. where we know not " wrote Mr. being damp. still less of revenge. of succour. the missionaries looked forward to a speedy return. you are. Here. Taylor taking a room on the ground floor which. and in what circumstances. great Upon " How you ! are. and with no thought of compensation. Aet.CHAPTER XI THE DARKEST HOUR 1868-1869. they considered undesirable for others. they rejoiced in having been counted worthy to suffer " for the sake of the Name. The Mandarins had insisted on their leaving for a time. though the room in which they lay had been open to the rioters. in the midst of debris from the riot they set to work at once on the business and correspondence of the Mission. Though the community was small. they managed to put up all the refugees. having nine or ten stations and many fellow-workers to think of as well as the party with them.

that they jackets. Lo. and later on the Ambassador himself. all to His safe keeping. seemed about to recognise their treaty obligations and yield to the not unreasonable demands of Mr. This brought the Consul-General. How precious is His May you indeed find Word now. Sir Rutherford Alcock. and war seemed imminent. he saw the difficulty grow only more serious.. may you find that out of the eater came forth meat. Let nothing turn us from His purpose Who is sufficient to bless China through our feeble means. and out of the strong. it so. Taylor. A resident at Chin-kiang. and it was not until a flotilla of gunboats anchored off Nanking.. in believing prayer. when ^the gunboat going down-river on account of the illness of her commander they changed their tactics and became openly overbearing. * ' ' was a dark hour indeed that was coming upon the some of its aspects that even the sufferings of the riot seemed little in comparison. While grateful for Mr. H. and there was much coming and going of British officers and blueAll this so impressed the authorities." and commit you ! ' . .154 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD can only seek to lay hold on the hving God. a period so painful in desired. . For the painful . how much rather would he have gone back public feeling — — own risk to live down unfriendliness and opposition by patient continuance in well-doing. These proceedings. tions. it need hardly be said. A gunboat was sent up to Chin-kiang. take courage . Medhurst's desire to help. . Medhurst. the darkest hour is just before the dawn. and demanded that action. sweetness. that the Viceroy gave way and put matters right. caused grave concern to Mr. prompt and decisive. M. Detained in Chinkiang week after week.' In His Name. Medhurst. should be taken by the British authorities. the troubles at Yang-chow were made public in a way Mr. how powerful. I an: with you alway. for His sake. To begin with. into the matter. with the kindest intenwrote stirring accounts to the Shanghai papers. how suitable Oh. and meanwhile was faced with distressing complicaat his tions of another sort in his own circle.' The Lord will not forsake you He cannot. Long and difficult negotiations were the result. Taylor would least have It leader of the Mission. for these things ? No one but He Who has said. Mr. .

And oh. Berger written even before the Yang-chow — riot showed how the true character of the work was more and more unfolding itself to his mind. Taylor said " One thing seems very clear from Mr.M. and not the least part of it was to see the harmful influence exerted upon others.'s letter. may we not regard this as part of the storms that are to make our young Mission strike its roots " deeper the : into soil ? . Mrs. September 12. that he is not likely to be one who would work happily in the C. we will be thankful to God when He makes this plain in England. Not that I would repine at the past or the present. The Lord was entreated to guide about those who should come out. In severing their connection with the C. prayerful thought."^ For more than two years Mr. and untrustworthiness could never be told. Taylor's letter of dismissal. and Mrs. 1868 a letter that cost him untold sorrow.I. after causing endless trouble. were themselves unhappy in association with it. and who had marvelled at Mr. Taylor had done everything in their five. Taylor's patience in bearing so long. A letter to Mr. and was only written " after many weeks of anxious. and if He has suffered some to come who have caused us untold sorrow. —not half or a quarter or eight-part mis- Might we not with advantage say to our candidates : 1 Quoted from Mr." 2 Writing of a missionary candidate at home who had manifestly mistaken his calling. Mr.M.^ But the sorrow of his heart was very real over the loss of these workers. to the relief of all who had been associated with them. The suffering they had endured from discourtesy. and he was conscious of the questions to which it must give rise among the friends of the Mission at home.: THE DARKEST HOUR spirit persisted in 155 by certain Httle members of the Mission had having gone back from its principles. and thus prevents persons from coming out who might work sorrow in our midst.I. Taylor realised that he might be opening the door for the retirement of three ladies who from the first had been their confidantes and so it proved. reached a chmax. With Mrs. It is had meant much to him when he wrote (July most important that married missionaries should be double missionaries sionaries. One of these had now to be dismissed for conduct " utterly inconsistent with the position of a Christian missionary. namely. A group of power to help this particular brother and his wife to live and work happily in the Mission. Taylor in Shanghai. M. it away bearing so bravely her share of the 3) : burdens. disloyalty.

These are small things to some of the crosses " you may be permitted to bear for your dear Master China is not to be won for Christ by self-seeking. Their price is far above rubies. before you marry. home-maker. these sacrifices too great to make for perishing China. . In short. your temporary absence from home. We aim at the interior.workers already given him. McCarthy and a native helper. Christian carriage Judd in this connechappy appearance. . unconscious influence was in this direction. You. even those more times Of such men. and Mrs. too. Taylor's thankfulness many of the fellow. Judd riot — to volunteer for Yang-chow after the —who on their arrival in China had early been moulded first by her strong though gracious personality. A person of ordinary ability may accomphsh this in six months. ! : — The for riot and all these considerations that grew out of it did but emphasise and deepen Mr. ! "with her calm. impressed I was. as it was to roundings. do not fear precious than Hfe. holy. of such women. ease-loving men and women. how helpful Mrs. must be prepared to be happy among the Chinese when the duties of your caUing require. if none be allotted to you. Those not prepared for labour. souls first and foremost in everything and at aU Hfe itself must be secondary nay. If you wish for do not join us. them. the men and women we need are those who will put Jesus.156 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD " Our work is a peculiar one. . If these conditions seem too hard. "How tion. self-denial. but if she needs longer there is the more reason She to wait until she has reached this point before you marry. where the whole of your society will be Chinese. She must be able to read and be master of at least one Gospel in colloquial Chinese before you marry. as well as her She. and many discouragements will be poor helpers in the work." recalled Mr. must master the initial difficulties of the language and open up a station. and in the practical way they were adapting themselves to their surIt could not but be obvious to him. not merely a wife. with Mr. as they often will. China. Happy the younger workers like Mr. . to send us too many. He rejoiced in the devotion to Christ in their lot with such a Mission and willingness to live in close . With dihgence and God's blessing you may hope to do this in a year or so. do not join us. do not join our Mission. which had led them to cast in their love for the Chinese touch with them. and friend. Unless you luxury and freedom from care intend your wife to be a true missionary. Taylor's quiet.

and you will not be able to Can you not lie down quietly. As soon as we were settled on our boats (in Chinese dress. Judd ? she said ' ' with a smile. Judd also. who was scarcely more than a bride. I began to eat and found nothing worse than Uttle bits of pork nicely covered with dough. had reason to remember that journey. and I should advise you to." Mrs. Mr. and longing for such control over her feelings. and felt she could not endure to have them crawling over her in the night. but it was evident that she had no mercy on fastidiousness as to food or any other matters. and after a real conflict did the same and had a good night's sleep. Taylor quietly said visitors." she recalled long after. etc. Taylor.THE DARKEST HOUR 157 had come seven days' journey from Hang-chow to meet our party. " I really cannot go " to bed with all these cockroaches about With another new arrival she prepared a light by which to sit up all night. all I had heard about the Chinese eating dogs. and Mrs. Mrs. Such a development . She gave us the warmest welcome and every assistance possible. you ! ! : will have many nights like this. "Oh. But I dare not question the contents of a dish handed me by such a lady Making the best of it. I looked back on that simple lesson of trust and was strengthened. cockroaches creeping out of crevices in the boat She had always had a horror of these creatures. Taylor's one desire now. Taylor poHtely handed me a pair of chopsticks and a basin containing soup with some sort of Httle turn-overs floating in it. " Will you take puppy-dumplings. was to return to that city and win a way to darkened hearts for the saving love of Christ. keeping watch against their unwelcome But Mrs. trust Him to keep you ? Ashamed." " This may seem a trivial circumstance." she exclaimed. of course) dinner was served. Taylor go to rest. " Immediately. " but many a night when threatened by sterner foes and far greater dangers. Dismayed she may well have been to see. afford to lose your sleep. as night drew on. if God spares you to work in China. the young missionary watched Mrs. therefore. " Dear child." — ! Mrs. in spite of all that had happened at Yang-chow and her own immediate expectations.. rushed into my mind.

Taylor all the while. with Williamson as his companion.I. His old friend Mr. Taylor wrote from Chin-kiang about the middle of September. You cannot conceive the many daily calls there are for patience. and is hoping that the end of this year may find him in Sze-chwan. only make us the more determined to go on. was planning and attempting fresh efforts for the evangelisation His certainly was no ease-loving of districts yet unreached.158 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD for Mr. and distant Shan-si. " and our recent disasters. — An-hwei was inland its with a twenty among whom there not single Protestant missionary. until finally in November. in which Mr. Even the premises in Chin-kiang rented weeks before the riot could not be obtained. Honan was on his heart. Wylie had just returned from an extensive journey in the interests of the Bible Society. if such I may call them. pioneering journey. made him long to go himself without delay to commence more permanent work. Mr. Meadows had left his home and work first to others that he might lead an advance into the province westward from Chin-kiang millions. of misunderstanding that arise among so many persons 1 : longs to go forward . what looked like endless Medhurst was involved in difficulties. leaning on the Almighty Power of our Captain. which he hoped might form a base from which to reach the northern provinces. Mr. and the C. ^ All this increased the thankfulness with which the news " Mr. the same spirit was animating many of the members of the Mission. Pray for us. and Mr. Taylor In February 1869 Miss Faulding wrote to her mother now more than ever. All that he heard of the great province of Sze-chwan. party had to crowd into two little foreign houses in the Settlement for which a high rental was demanded. and at the same time he was meditating advance toward western China. seemed very improbable. to Tsing-kiang-pu. for forbearance.M. As soon as strength permitted he was away on a spirit. Taylor had gone down to Shanghai to see him. a city a hundred miles north of Yang-chow.^ Nothing deterred by the Yang-chow difficulties." 8 " Many of our number are much stirred up to press into the interior. WyUe had been severely handled. eager to learn all he could of conditions in the interior." Mr. for tact in dealing with the many cases of difficulty. Sir Rutherford Alcock sent five gunboats up the river to Nanking. All September and October the weary negotiations went on. in spite of a suffering illness. We need much grace. and.

the patient forbearing spirit. inn (a Mr. if safety to my infant permitted. P'eng) and two others w^ho had befriended the missionaries in that terrible experience were by this time and when before the end of the candidates for baptism year the Chin-kiang house was also in their possession. with a grateful heart. the clear judgment. Taylor had not hesitated to return under conditions which made peace and quietness specially desirable. " the result of this case will probably be greatly to facilitate work in the interior. They could not but be touched when the children were brought back after all that had taken place. the unshaken faith. in this house. even to the placing of a stone tablet at the entrance to the Yang-chow house. " In this again. " God has given me the desire of my heart. the unwavering purpose. as did also the perfect recovery ol The landlord of the all who had suffered injury in the riot. Pray the Lord of different nationality and language and temperament. Medhurst's efforts ? His reasonable demands were all conceded.** But it was the family life and friendly spirit of the missionaries that disarmed suspicion and gradually won its way among the people. the congratulations their . November 18 Mr." — So it was there the happy event took of ! place. Taylor was able to write from Yang-chow once more. calling forth Chinese neighbours on the This in itself could not fail to make arrival of a fourth son a favourable impression. Patience and determination had conquered or was it the unceasing prayer that had reinforced Mr. the Christ-like love that are needed for the efficient discharge of my duties. in this very room than in any other place your own beautiful home in which I have been so tenderly cared for.— THE DARKEST HOUR was at last received of 159 of the an amicable settlement Yang- chow matter." she wrote to her beloved friend at Saint For I felt that Hill. I would rather it were bom in this city. ever to give me the single eye. stating that the foreigners were there with the full recognition of the authorities. Mr." . the wise and gentle manner. not excepted. and when it appeared that Mrs. And ask Him to send us sufficient means and suitable helpers for the great work which we have as yet barely commenced. Quite a and on function was arranged to reinstate the party . the comforts and luxuries of which I know well how to appreciate.

and why. however. and that for a period of four or five months Mr. was farther off then than now. that upset not a few friends of the Mission. " explaining " the whole situation. to the discussion in the House of Lords on March 9 in which. Mrs. " The had yet to come. explaining all the circumstances " As to the that attended the riot. ungenerous and ungrateful were we to render their position still more diflcult by throwing all the onus. Taylor said (February ii. that it would be undesirable to print the fact that Mr. But it is right that you should know intimately how we have acted. that so much misrepresentation could have found its way into the daily papers. and an angry growl was. Berger. difficulties were far from ended with devil's growl. attention the subject evoked and the prejudice displayed were extraordinary. China. it this satisfactory settlement. on them. as it were.^ But Mr. after a heated declamation. even so. The vigorous attitude enjoined upon the British Representative at Peking by a former Government was utterly repudiated now. The country would be involved in war before the Government had even time to It seems almost incredible as one consider the matter looks back upon it. For the action of the Consular authorities gave rise to a storm of indignation at home. and through him Sir Rutherford Alcock. and there was far But. From the " connected narrative " in the Times of December i. and there was not much to choose between the accusations heaped upon the Consular authorities and upon the missionaries. Taylor it usual. : . I generally feel that the best plan is to go on with our work and leave God to vindicate our cause. Taylor and his doings could so largely have occupied the public mind. ! — 1 In a long letter to Mrs. the Duke of Somerset urged that all British missionaries should be recalled from China the matter seems hardly to have been absent from the public mind. Medhurst. It would be for the policy which the late Ministry enjoined upon them." as Mr. the less understanding of its problems.' " But the Yang-chow Spurgeon called it. of course.— i6o THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD : Taylor might well write " Once again we raise our Ebenezei ~* Hitherto hath the Lord helped us. 1869) harsh judgings of the world or the more painful misunderstandings of Christian brethren. took up the matter without The new Ministry at home censures those out here application from us. Missionaries were making trouble as demanding the support of gunboats in their ill-judged crusade against ancestral worship. I would suggest.

. and I am so unable to say how. in districts as widely separated as Swatow. so do not be cast down." April 12. I think. God is a refuge for us. The late riots have led to such an immense increase of correspondence and claims upon me. It rejoices our hearts that you are again January 13. indeed I may almost say storm. who had brought the country to the verge war by his irresponsible conduct. January 28 of soul. 1869 at Yang-chow." December 31 The Editor is so unscrupulous and unfair. I asked for his opinion respecting the appeal to the British number of old counts. " A very present help in time of trouble. Miiller. and found many dear friends who remembered and inquired most affectionately after you and Mrs. I am kept in great peace and though the storm has raged terribly of late. not sorry to have an opportunity of.' " Government officials and merchants. Our letters to-day. Who will never leave nor forsake those who seek to please Him.^ that I greatly question the wisdom of replying at all. . : : Through Christ. of all ibi through. The sympathy expressed for you and those with you in the late trial was great and very sweet and none spoke more warmly of you than dear Mr. you called upon the Consul in the matter. Needless to say. See an able article in the Scotsman for " The Late Disturbances in China. or how far. that I must guard against breaking down entirely. as well as missionaries. suffered in the same way at this time. seems " The Times bursting over us now. Formosa. February 25 We are just back from Bristol. and the Yangtze valley. M . . and good ground for. the brunt of all this fell upon Mr. Gleams of brightness are not withheld . 1869.." Though we have much trial and perplexity in various v/ays. Whether to reply to the false statements I scarcely know. where we spent a happy and profitable week. Taylor. : quiet : .— THE DARKEST HOUR was. God has greatly blessed His Word to me.. Taylor had made to the Consular authorities had been a verbal message on August 22. At present the Yang-chow outrage is the all-absorbing subject. — situation. " The excitement. . is very severe. and incorrect in some things. entitled 1 The only appeal of any kind that Mr. so that my joy abounds over all the sorrows. Hope in God. and a pencilled note the following morning when the riot was beginning all over again after that awful night of suspense and anguish simply informing them of the settling off a ' : " Perhaps one secret of our matter being taken up so warmly was that was looked upon as a climax to a series of provocations which the English had suffered from the Chinese and the representatives of our Government were. dear Brother. number from twenty to thirty... I believe." he wrote on December 17. Berger. it .

not unnaturally. feel greatly helped heavenward. . as a rule for others. I know not. Mr. He had been sending regularly to several members of the Mission and sometimes as much as twenty-five pounds a quarter Yang-chow riot (long before the of now. Miiller only allowed me. both in my business and the affairs of the Mission. God has graciously given as I do now. to refer to his opinion with the understanding that it was that we might help each other in serving the Lord.i62 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Consul. been to trust in God. Thank God I can say. upon agreed with me. You can scarcely imagine what an effect the matter has produced in the country. and not in any spirit of fault-finding or condemning you. . Berger asking for the names of others who were thoroughly satisfactory in their work whom he might add to his list. That we must not set up what we think the more excellent way. within a day or two he heard ®f it) he wrote to Mr. and his choice was to take them all. : . Taylor was faced with serious shortness of funds This would have been much more the case if the in China. the battle is the Lord's. Still I hope in God. had I not asked him after which he said that. and I hope to send you a copy of the Times ere long. : April 8 I think I can say I never felt prayer to be so real faith. . safely out of this tremendous storm. Mr. . . He said he would never have spoken to me on the subject. he cannot tell what he might have done still he thought the more excellent way would have : . and it is not for us to run away from it. . : . The Yang-chow matter is before the House of March ii Lords. This was not only a substantial help. me more and I One result of all these difficulties was. had poor George for his judgment Miiller been in such circumstances. a income of the Mission." I beUeve He has called us to this work. or of fault-finding. my request. . . so that for the first time Mr. it was a of Mr. he quite Finally. Lord had not laid it upon the heart and put it into the power falling off in the George Miiller largely to increase his gifts. " None of these things move me. . and beUeve He will bring us What to do for the best. and you would have rejoiced to have heard him repudiate the spirit of judging you. March 24 I have not had a moment in which to look at the indeed I have never accounts sent me in your last two letters been so pressed before. . Berger sent him six names from which to choose. us. . or allow difficulties to overcome Be of good courage.

1637. Taylor's own experience. abide in Christ So bitter was this experience that even when it was left far . " and I feel that if you could see him daily you would indeed admire his self-abnegation. * Letter to Lady Boyd from Aberdeen." " I have known him under all circumstances. No one knows how much he has felt our troubles. Little as those nearest to this " Our hearts were much drawn to Mr. in strange ups and downs/' wrote the saintly Rutherand seven times a day I lose ground I am put often to swimming. has supported him.. unsratisfied longing of his heart . and again my feet are set on the rock that is higher than myself. Taylor. It was not shortness of funds. It was not the work with all its difficulty and when consciously in communion with the Lord these trial seemed light.. tender spirit under the administrative triads of those early years. Grace. " : " I am . Outwardly it may not have seemed so. Taylor was feeUng the need of just such fellowship. ." said one of the fellow-workers constantly with him. was very much Mr. " by seeing his gentle. nor how he had suffered from depression. he must have sunk under them. there is none in this kingdom would ask how ford." wrote another before the Yang-chow riot." and the Hudson Taylor was carrying was almost more than he could bear. It was just himself the load : — : the inward struggle to the frequent failure and disappointment.. May i. not natural temperament. shown the forbearing. I do. If he were not in the habit of casting his burdens on the Lord.." 1 him could have supposed it. humble. his spiritual life had hardly kept pace with the demands upon it." But " the heart knoweth its own bitterness. nor anxiety about those dearest to him. .THE DARKEST HOUR great encouragement." constantly under pressure of strain and stress. loving spirit he has shown. And more and more Mr. " Emptied " as he was " from vessel to vessel. I have seen my abominable vileness and if I were known. for it 163 meant added sympathy and prayer on the part of one who knew the way to the Throne. . humility and Very few in his case would have never-flagging earnestness.

not Christ. this paper was bringing the subject of a deeper spiritual life prominently before its readers." said are so manifestly. to lead to the Keswick Convention with its world-wide influences for Christian) Finding its way to all the stations of the Mission. helpful. like Mr. the life that is in deep reality " Not I. Christ that He may live in them. a great necessity. " The Holy Spirit never creates hungerings and thirstings . and not a few. one series entitled " The Way of HoHness " being specially good. but with all the demands upon him it was unbearable especially in view of the subject to which his thoughts in common with those of his fellow-workers were being it. THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD behind he could never forget it. that pressed upon the claims but heathenism and all with Christ. Taylor himself. ! He had great reality. much too of the terrible void of losing known much *' of it directed. in the providence of God. . It was the life of habitual victory over sin. were hungering for a fuller experience of the possibilities it set forth. " None little children of the Kingdom when without the presence of but none so strong as those who abandon self to Him. . which they saw to be in accordance with the Word of God. This it was that made him always sympathetic with younger workers in their spiritual conflicts. " Surely the words Christ." him. quick to see and make the most of every opporFellowship with God was to him a tunity to help them. but All through the Christ " for which their hearts longed. I feel confident that ness. he of touch Had out been often too alas responsible for himself only this would have been bad enough. perfecting His strength in their weakYou have failed. Christ liveth in me. in perfect self-abandonment. Like a diver on burning fireman a building under water without air.' For me to live is less than habitual victory over sin. pitiably weak as the * ' . For just at this time the pages of the Revival (now the were largely occupied with a genuine holiness movement destined. everything to Him. .— i64 .* ' cannot mean ' the writer. summer and autumn of 1868 these articles were appearing. unreservedly. or a himself face to face found with he with an empty hose. the point of your failure is in not having committed.

Leaving Mr. 165 fill may the longing " Faith in Jesus crucified is the way of peace to the sinner so faith in Jesus risen is the way of daily salvation to the saint. but early in 1869 he found himself alone on a journey which gave opportunity for one ot the old-time letters to his mother. And this purification ? Equally now.' ' soul. " You cannot be your own Saviour. . It never entered into my soul to conceive of thus loving Him with all the heart. His Spirit rested on me. From what propose ? ? From all iniquity. THE DARKEST HOUR after righteousness. The fire of divine love burned incessantly in my " Thomas Walsh ' To know that was Mr. sometimes almost in despair. and made my heart flame with love to my God. Rudland " Who gave Himself ii.' I exclaimed. Sometimes he was buoyed up by hope. until He revealed it to me bv His Spirit. my all. ! fuller measure different how were the actual experiences of his soul With the growth of the Mission his way seemed ever more beset with inward a-nd outward perplexity. but in order that Christ soul. seeing in a then it is pure heart. 14 in Weymouth's translation reads purchase our freedom from all iniquity. and * If the possibility of deUverance by faith. Judd in charge at Yang-chow and Mr. and purify unto Himself a pecuhar people (peculiarly His own) zealous of good works. I laid me down but could not sleep. " The Lord gives me to drink of His love as out of a river. and with a need for the exercise of faith and grace which he had not faith and grace to meet. in but oh. . Life was too busy as a rule for his correspondence to reveal much of the crisis through which he was passing. I will trust Jesus for a I ' moment . to . Taylor's deepest longing redemption. through a deep and comfortable sense of the love of Christ.' testified. and purify for Himself a people who should be specially His own. When ought you to receive this redemption ? Now. " Purifying their hearts by faith how my soul leaped up ' ' : at those words. now ' I . " Can we ' trust Jesus too fully for everything His Word sets before us ? " Who gave Himself for us that He might redeem us from all iniquity. zealous for doing good works.^ . either in whole or in part.' When is this redemption ? Now. that love. and with the same simple faith." 1 Titus : for us. What else does His sacrifice To purify you unto Himself.

writing from that very city. Tai-chow-fu for a month. But the battle is the Lord's cumstances . But while. and now it was cheering to see the answer. That need'has never been greater than at the present time. 13. as well as perplexed in mind and embarrassed by cir- had not the Lord been specially gracious to me. and desire to serve Him only and in all things. for the yearly examination. Yet I do know that I love God and love His work. Taylor had In a more recently the joy of baptizing the first believers. and my need greater of special grace to fill it I have continually to mourn that I follow at such a distance and learn so slowly to imitate my precious Master. Envied by some. while the city was full of students Both there and in Wen-chow." he said (Mar. ' : We may but He never fails. and with few experienced helpers . " and when I have done so there has been much need of it. " My own position becomes continually more and more but responsible. it was their help he sought in those personal matters of which he could at Chin-kiang. I cannot I never tell you how I am buffeted sometimes by temptation. and Mr. he found five candidates for baptism and a general willingness to hear the Gospel. . " I have often asked you to remember me in prayer.' I must have fainted and broken and He will conquer. do fail . Stott had weathered persistent storms of opposition. in body. 1869). opened station. . knew how bad a heart I had. . Ning-hai. or had nothing others an innovator on what have become established to do with an opponent of mighty systems rules of missionary practice working without precedent of heathen error and superstition often sick in many respects. hated perhaps by often blamed for things I never heard of. despised by many. His heart had been so burdened about the place on his former visit that he had definitely prayed that the Gospel might be brought there before long. .i66 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD had brought his family to Ningpo for the time being. where thirteen months previously there had been neither convert nor preacher. he gave his parents the good news. while he went to and fro among the older Danger of riots detained him in stations of the Mission. fail. the work was already bearing fruit. and that He is with me in what it is no empty figure to call the thick of the conflict. down. . Still continually I need your prayers more than ever before. he hardly have spoken so freely to any other. had not my mind been sustained by the conviction that the work is His. where Mr. .

" . ! .THE DARKEST HOUR And 167 I value above all things that precious Saviour in Whom alone I can be accepted. and in the riches of that grace that has made us accepted in the Beloved. Do pray for me. will use me more largely in His service. how short I fall here again of us. Pray that the Lord will keep me from sin. and rejoice all the more in the preciousness of Jesus. May God help me to love Him more and serve Him better. will sanctify me wholly.' Beloved He is of God beloved He ought to be But oh. ' . Often I am tempted to think that one so full of sin cannot be a child of God at all but I try to throw it back.

effort. : : " The Lord Jesus received is holiness . entitled Christ is All. . holiness or usefulness than being satisfied with our poor attainments.CHAPTER XIT THE EXCHANGED LIFE 1869. i63 . about it leader his beloved friend and exercise the something of experience he knew from his own But where of mind through which Mr. how to put writing. The glory — was full of pressing duties. it was the subject of all others occupying my thoughts not from anything I had read. and the day not. no doubt far better. " about the way of Holiness. is not the true way to better. It says — . Jesus cherished is hoUness advancing counted upon as never absent would be holiness complete. dear brother. happiness. 37. Taylor was passing. . to . . ! . not from what my brother had written even. but more often so visionary. that fellowship at times so real. I now think that this striving. so much as from a consciousness of a constant falling short of that which I felt should be failure a perpetual striving to find some way by aimed at an unrest which I might continuously enjoy that communion. book of yours left here. . hoping for better days to come. longing. " This (grace of faith) is the chain which binds the soul and makes the Saviour and the sinner one. . knew words he into it to begin. In the old home at Hang-chow Mr. makes dawning light whose inward for was his longing. begun the Lord the Lord Jesus . Aet. so far off Do you know. but not the I have been struck with a passage from a best way after all. " I do wish I could have a talk with you nowy he wrote. McCarthy was sitting the of a great sunrise was upon him tell all To things new. At the time you were speaking to me about it. . Christ.

anything. Evil is when you would do good. He Himself as revealed to us in the Word. but of a sea which is boundless to have sipped only. to be the subject of our constant thoughts. " Believer. 169 A channel is now formed by which Christ's fulness plenteously fruitful stem. and causes many a fall. . I feel as though the first dawning of a glorious . His work. They who most that they have died in Christ. and the growing church in the former and the demands of the printing-press in the latter filled every moment that could be spared from account keeping. . Both were in a sense the headquarters of the Mission. yet with seem to have got to the edge only. and yet 'tis new to me. but of that which fully satisfies. you mourn your shortcomings you find the . and all He is for us His hfe. hated monster. . of Christ within. a salvation from all sin (this is His Word) willing that His will should truly be supreme this is not new. May He lead us into the realisation of His unfathomable fulness. feel deeply is Help is laid up for you Seek clearer interest in Him. my sanctification is what I would Hve for by His grace. but a looking off to the Faithful One seems aU we need a resting in the Loved One entirely. " This last sentence I think I now fully endorse. only formerly misapprehended. still striving for the mastery. and paid in Him ascend to highest heights of godly hfe. in the conscious joy of a complete salvation. for time and for eternity. It does not appear to me as trust. not striving nor strugghng . : day had : . He had returned from his journey round the older stations to an endless succession of duties that kept him on the move between Yang-chow and Chinkiang. Christ Hterally all seems to me now the power. Not a striving to have faith. He most holy who has most work. if Taylor at this time. His death. trusting Him to subdue all inward corruption resting in the love of an almighty Saviour. present in Christ. I . sin. anything new.THE EXCHANGED LIFE flows down. specially full and busy for Mr. fully in the finished and joys most defective faith which clogs the feet. looking off unto Him . ' ' — . It is sin's penalties. or to increase our faith. trusting Him for present power . correspondence. The barren branch becomes a portion of the One life reigns throughout the whole. I hail it with trembhng. and Life was. risen upon me. the only power for service the only ground for unchanging joy. . Abiding. To let my loving Saviour work in me His will. ." August 21 How then to have our faith increased ? Only by thinking of aU that Jesus is.

Mr. and Mr. . Taylor was. how deep the heart-hunger. suffering. rather. The Cordons had come over from Soo-chow to consult him the Duncans were on their way about their movements others were coming from Nanking for special conference and going on various matters. Reaching the little crowded house at Chin-kiang. It seemed to increase. and required Mr. amid a pile of letters. The heat of summer had told upon all the party. and had quiet for thought thought (hfhcult to believe. early in the morning. so as not to Coming down the lose a moment of the day for work. Mr. else with all the need there was to minister to others.170 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD There had recently been baptisms in Yang-chow. There. oh. Judd also was dangerously ill. and was returning now alone by a It was little boat chosen less for comfort than for speed. and who mourns the absence of the bridegroom. Taylor made his way as soon as possible to his room to attend to correspondence. miles wide) he (two Grand Canal and crossing the Yangtze Were it not prayer. It was no time. and Mr. and there was a good deal of proof-reading on hand. So distance that any real and blessed the Master's face was of clouding that any deeply did he love heart. Taylor could give in caring for the young converts. Judd was glad of all the help Mr. was it not that very fact that to Christ had been to him so Nearness made it possible was unbearable. Leaving a full house in Chin-kiang. almost despair in spiritual things in one who had long and Ah. in time for breakfast. It is the bride of anguish with at once felt felt. We do not know if he was alone . ! ! — certainly impossible to imagine. and trying to overtake the work that had accumulated. not one who has truly known the Lord. surely. in and through all That did not diminish. ? been a stranger to His love. where Mrs. Taylor himself had been laid aside by severe illness in the middle Now. early in September. Taylor's attention as a doctor. for an outstanding crisis in spiritual things Yet. such conflict. Taylor had run up to Yangchow to see his patient. be would recorded in his own words it directorial matters. of August. was one from Mr. . and he was eager to be in Chin-kiang. Mrs. he was recovering. McCarthy.

— . I saw it all. McCarthy and Jennie (Miss Faulding) both seem to have obtained it. awaiting Mr. and blessed the streams began to flow. Taylor gave directions so detailed that all needThe pencilled lines on half a less trouble would be spared.. Taylor here (Chin-kiang) by about breakfast-time. Taylor.. . I looked to Jesus " and when I saw. Mr. Books and medicines were needed from Yang-chow. Others too. From that Httle crowded home in Chin-kiang city they flowed on and out. sheet of notepaper show that he was very busy but how at And — leisure in spirit Chin-kiang. McCarthy's and one from Miss Faulding in the same strain. and are flowing still " rivers of hving water." For " whoso. Mr. He had met the Duncans.^ As soon as he could break away from his glad thanksgivings. But " as I read. . My dear I Sister 1 —We had a very happy day here yesterday. the Rudlands. ever drinketh of the water that I shall give him." Jesus said. Mr. ! . for this great joy could not but be shared. gathering the household together in the sitting-room upstairs. Cordons." : — . oh how joy flowed It was Saturday the 4th of September the house was full. He too has now received the rest of soul that Jesus gave to me some httle time ago. Judds. Other hearts were moved ." Pressed though he was with he did more than tell. a new man in a new world. and in sending for them Mr.— ! THE EXCHANGED LIFE : 171 as he read it we do not know just how the miracle was wrought. told out what his whole life was telling from that time onward to the glorious end. Here is one of the first letters written with that tide of joy and life more abundant sweeping through his soul. and Miss Bowyer have had their minds much exercised on the same subject how to attain hoUness of heart and life. as also had Miss Desgraz before we returned from the South. God used for a channel of blessing to him. McCarthy's letter on the subject. to tell what the Lord had done for his soul. Taylor went out. and others were coming somehow they must be put up and kept over Sunday. He took the letters. Soon after. September 6. and. his correspondence took on a new tone. the Cordons also arrived. McCarthy on this subject 1 September 4 saw the following entry in Miss Blatchley's journal " Mr. Mr. letter was so happy A from Mr. and they came back with him. 1869. All are to stay over Sunday for special prayer re hoHness. " shall never thirst but the water that I shall give him shall be in him a well of water springing up into everlasting life. Duncans. business matters.

God has made me a new man God has When I was so full of ' ' : ' I made me a new man ' 1 " come over That midnight conversation and the change that had his beloved leader greatly impressed the younger missionary. have not got to make myself a branch.172 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD I has been blessed to several of us. And I am a member of Christ. It is a member of my body. and all He is for us His Ufe. . His work. leaves. find it so indeed. Mr. and may take all I *' I forget Mr. branch. is the secret not asking how I am to get sap out of the vine into myself. and ask for fifty dollars. went to welcome him. Let us not then want to get anything out of Him. let us realise that inseparably one with Him this hoHness is ours. branches. Taylor saying. exclaimed " Oh. and." The part specially helpful to me is " How then to have our faith increased ? Only by thinking of all that Jesus is. or to increase our faith. think. yet with trust. How do you do ? but walking up and down the room with his hands behind him. but remembering that Jesus is the Vine the root. flowers. as so many do. He Himself as revealed to us in the Word. Judd." recalled Mr." he could never " The Lord Jesus tells me 1 am a. fruit. and far more too He is the soil and sunshine. Taylor became the bearer " of his own glad tidings." Here. but rejoice in being ourselves in Him one with Him. trembUng. belongs to Mr. If I go to the bank in Shanghai. Not a striving to have faith. stem. Judd. to be the subject of our constant thoughts. all indeed. Taylor my hand may take. " he joy that he scarcely knew how to speak to me. Taylor. but a looking off to the Faithful One seems all we need. air and rain more than we can ask. Returning to Yang-chow to see his patient. consequently. without really apprehending them. the clerk cannot refuse it to my outWhat stretched hand and say that it belongs to Mr. with all His fulness. I feel. He did not even say. or desire. but rejoicing in the fact of perfect holiness in Christ. He and Miss Faulding also He says "I feel as though the first gUmmer I hail it with of the dawn of a glorious day had risen upon me. He too had seen these things theoretically. Aye. Not seeking for faith to bring holiness. I am part of Him. His death. But I must stop. Mr. having an account. twigs. and accepting seem so happy : : : : — ! — — — — the fact. and have just to beUeve it and act upon it.

the intimate friend and correspondent of his early years. a new power seemed to flow from him. Mind and body will not bear more than a certain amount of strain. burdened one before. Taylor took up his pen to reply. As to work. he began to go to bed earlier. I do not think you have written me such a letter I know it is with you as with me since we have been in China. despite the risk of some repetition : October letter. " it was. He had been a toiUng. much rest of soul. " Whereas once I was bhnd. and gave more time to prayer. It was from his sister. for there is nothing new or strange or wonderIn a word. 17." .THE EXCHANGED LIFE 173 need of His fulness." added Mr. Broomhall." Simple as thing. or do more than a certain amount of work. rejoicing in the abiding fulness of this when Mr. It was resting in Jesus now. Judd. 1869 : So many thanks for your long." ! — Six weeks after these experiences. dear . Taylor was new life. and yet. with latterly not man now. and letting Him do the work which makes all the difference Whenever he spoke in meetings. or more has been perhaps. — ! now I see. and from him flowed the living water to others. Troubles did not worry him as before. I have seen it long enough in the Bible. Mrs. With a great longing to help one so dear to him. and in the practical things of life a new peace possessed him. all is new ful . the happiest of my Hfe and I long to tell you a httle of what the Lord has done for my soul. Thus his own soul was fed. " a bright. or so difficult The but the weight and strain are all gone. last month . by outward responsibilities and inward conflict rather than rest in spiritual things. you cannot not you will not. but I believe it now as a living reality. the whole story of his own extremity and deliverance was poured out in a letter so precious that it is given in full. mine was never so plentiful. after that. Mr. He cast everything on God in a new way. as he had been himself. a letter reached him from England that specially touched his heart. As he wrote. the new point of view changed every- He was a joyous happy Christian. so — y responsible.. who now with a growing family round her was sore pressed. I do not know how far I may be able to make myself intelhgible about it. rising at five in the morning to give two hours before the work of the day began to Bible study and prayer.. Instead of v/orking late at night.

Father I thought that hoUness. But personal need of more holiness. stood first and was the greatest. " to them gave He power to become sons of God " (i. dearie. I began the day with prayer. perhaps to make heaven the sweeter. I felt the ingratitude. the more it eluded my grasp and I began to think that. I seemed to be getting ? and no wonder. instead of victory. for weaker and to have less power against sin I hated myself faith and even hope were getting very low. agonised. fasted. Well. I I hated my sin His Spirit in my heart would cry. feehng the need personally. of lack of power. " Abba. but determined not to take my eye from Him for a moment pressure of duties. the more I pursued and strove after it. Hfe. told the Lord so. ! . and for our Mission.174 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD I shall Perhaps make myself more clear if I go back a Uttle. to attain it in my own strength. sometimes very trying. constant interruptions apt to be so wearing. sought more time for retirement and meditation but all was without Every day. practical child. . God would not give it down here. often caused me to forget Him. too Instead of growing stronger. " Is there no rescue ? Must it be conflict and. I was utterly powerless. any measure attaining it.e. the consciousness of sin effect. read the Word more dihgently. : the experience How. alas sin and failure to confess and mourn before God. . till hope itself almost died out. weary months. but I could fiot. irritability. God-like) when it was not so in my own : . could I preach with sincerity that who receive Jesus. hard thoughts. Then one's nerves get so fretted in this climate that temptations to — . I do not think I was striving I I knew I was powerless. strove. power in our souls. oppressed me. It was a too frequent . nothing I so much needed. but how Then came the thus to the end often defeat ? " to those —constant to perform I found not. my mind has been greatly exercised for six or eight months past. I knew that if I could only abide in Christ all would be well. was to be gradually attained by a dihgent use of the means of grace. and asked Him to give me help and strength and sometimes I almost beheved He would keep and uphold there was but me. the sin of not Hving nearer to God. I prayed. I would not give you the impression that this was the daily experience of all those long. the danger. . in felt I was a child of God " but to rise to my privileges as a spite of all. But on looking back in the evening. and yet I gained no strength against it. with me. holiness. question. made resolutions. I felt that there was nothing I so much desired But so far from in in this world. almost every hour. and sometimes unkind words are all the more difficult to control. Each day brought its register of To will was indeed present sin and failure. too.

the stem. httle . this conflict to an end ! All the time I felt assured that there was in Christ all I needed. ! eyes. He was rich. the damning sin of the world yet I indulged in it. And yet never did Christ seem more precious a Saviour who could and would save such a sinner And sometimes there were seasons not only of peace but of joy in the Lord. what hght the blessed Spirit poured direct into my soul How great seemed my mistake in having wished to get the sap. " I have striven in vain to rest in there is rest " I thought. but I weak. 175 that toward which I was tending. but in vain. I prayed for faith. never to fail me ? " And. nor one half. wrote (I quote from memory) " But how to get faith strengthened ? Not by striving after faith. but by resting on the Faithful One. but it would not come tried to exercise it. But I had not this faith. the fulness out of Him. but rather made Him a liar Unbehef was. dearie. and which ahnost ended in despair. As I thought of the Vine and the branches. branch was the question. but I was poor He strong. the fulness of our precious Saviour my helplessness and guilt seemed to increase. What was I to do ? When my agony of soul vv-as at its height. which could not or would not take God at His word. oh. As gradually the Ught was dawning on me. The vine But this was not ! . McCarthy. I knew full well that there was in the root. of His flesh and of His bones. I'll strive no more. Sins committed appeared but as trifles compared with the sin of unbeHef which was their cause. who had been much exercised by the same sense of failure." " Ah. I strove for it. and the Spirit of God revealed the truth of our oneness with Jesus as I had never known it before. Oh. Him. . but the practical question was how to get it out. But they were transitory.— THE EXCHANGED LIFE state of soul . — . He abideth faithful. Seeing more and more the wondrous supply of grace laid up in Jesus. a sentence in a letter from dear McCarthy was used to remove the scales from to get it but how into my puny ." As I read I saw it all "If we beheve not. how good the Lord was in bringing — I . . abundant fatness . I saw not only that Jesus would never leave me. " / will never leave you. and at best there was a sad lack of power. For has He not promised to abide with me never to leave me. I felt." I looked to Jesus and saw (and when I saw. was the hand to lay hold on His fulness and make it my own. I saw that faith was the only pre-requisite. but saw the Ught before I did. how joy flowed !) that He had said. but that I was a member of His body. : I ! my — He never will ! all He showed me. but it came not. truly.

or how. Oh. and ten thousand times more than we have ever dreamed. is not the root merely. " If we ask will of God. in a sense. but only to yourself " ? No more can your prayers. stem. And since Christ has thus dwelt in my I wish I could tell you. ! ! instead of writing about it. is the rest which full identification with Christ I am no longer anxious about anything. oneness with Christ. for in the easiest is rather for Him to consider than for me positions He must give me His grace. His members) so long as we keep within the extent of Christ's credit a tolerably wide hmit If we ask anything unscriptural or not in accordance with the but. It httle matters to my servant whether I send him to buy a few cash worth of tilings. " It was only prayer. I do but I am dead and not wish to be. and in the most difficult His grace is sufficient. Can Christ be rich and I poor ? Can your right hand be rich and the left poor ? or your head be well Again. branches. much No fear that His resources will be unequal to the strength ? And His resources are mine. I know. know that we have the petitions that we desire of Him. my dear sister. for He is mine. . it is a wonderful thing to be really one to be a member of Christ with a risen and exalted Saviour Think what it involves. His anything according to . flowers. nor am I striving to be) and now buried with Christ aye. . : now but all — root. or the most expensive In either case he looks to me for the money. fruit ! riches freely given us in Christ. and He we wiU. " I cannot pay this sum to your hand. your hand wrote that cheque. or mine. the joy I do pray that the eyes of your underof seeing this truth standing may be enlightened. and emergency All this springs from the beUever's is with me and dwells in me. be discredited if offered in the Name of Jesus (i. I am no better than before (may I not say." The sweetest part. much grace in circumstances of great pressure and trial. : and Jesus is not only that He is soil and sunshine.! 176 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD I see. as I reaUse brings. me his purchases. and risen too and ascended — . . leaves. So.e. is mine. . that you may know and enjoy the twigs. heart by faith. not you. how happy I have been . or for the sake of Jesus merely. . air and showers. . for He. wished for. but on the ground that we are His. not in our own name. . . Oh. if God place me in great perplexity. — ! . or needed. if one may speak of one part being sweeter than another. and brings articles. think of its bearing on fed while your body starves ? Could a bank clerk say to a customer. must He not give me much guidance in positions of great difficulty. and His will this That It makes no matter where He places me." or. Christ Himself could not do that heareth us. is able to carry out His will.

too. I feel and know I am as capable of sinning that old things have passed away. when God has made us one with Him. as for the few. and no one can dispense with them without dishonour to our Lord. Sight faith gives the subonly shows the outward forms of things stance. but more. God reckons He knows best. these truths. Faith. Do not let us continue to say. I . pardoned with one exception. is life indeed. as ever. And further walking more in the light. as I had to learn. It is not less than sight. conscience has been more tender and peace and joy (with humihty) instantly confessed. I have not said half I would. past experience may have shown that tells and me sin. . but Christ is reahsed as present as never before. And Christ and sin will not dwell together nor can we have His presence with love of the world. or carefulness about " many things. The only power for dehverance from sin or for true service is Christ. Nor should we look upon this experience." With him. when for several hours peace restored and joy did not return from want." and not mere shadow. Taylor have said with George " If I had strength to work Miiller of Bristol at this time twenty-four hours every day I could not half accomplish what is ready for my hands and feet and head and heart. They are the birthright of every child of God. " Who shall ascend into heaven.e. . members of His very body. is " was blessing that stood the test as the busy days Well might Mr. blessed truths. I cannot say cannot sin (I am sorry to have to confess it) that since I have seen this but I do feel there was no need to Hght I have not sinned have done so. Christ dweUing in the heart by faith {i." In other words. do not let us consider Him as afar off. my sin has been instantly seen. His Word of Promi&e credited) is power indeed. and my most important it And went by. that is to bring Christ down from above. it was not so but I dare not say it is not now. . in effect. and gave I Himself for me. he could have added " Yet with all this. to get blessing in my own soul — for my N . the substance of things hoped for. and from some attempt to justify self. of full ." And now I must close. when He says it is. and " the hfe that I now hve in the flesh. : : business every day. now see. I consider my first business to be. He and He can keep me from sinning. nor as May God give you to lay hold on these I would had I more time. I by the faith of the Son of God. Who loved me. All — . my to reckon myself so. You can rest on substance." now believe I am dead to me so. feed on substance. : — confession. .THE EXCHANGED LIFE live 177 Christ lives in me.

I know not how sufficiently to thank and praise Him. . " makes my work light. and the daily congregations are large and attentive. Oct." " It occurs to me Postscript to a letter to An-king. time. We cannot too much thank God for this. Reid at Nanking.. How can but rejoice for ! have no fear now of our work being too heavy Him. and makes us one with Him in resurrection life and The mission funds are lower than they were before. 30 "I would ask you they are lower than they have to remember funds in prayer ever been. but it does not hinder my joy in the Lord. Him /or us." Same day. 31 Mission may be unaware of the members of the that some add to It is a reed of the amount of labour involved in serving them. Jackson at Tai-chow-fu. and am buying Chinese type to print it. . and that the joy of the Lord was indeed his strength. and gives me joy I in seeing I Him blessing others." To Mr. Five eight others are about ready persons have been baptized to be received." A and then to work. Miiller to thank him for your cheque Lord asking him kindly to sell it as he gets a better price than then to enter it in his account the Shanghai Banks will give really : . I have pleasure. Oct. It is the Provincial Examination at present. to Mr." he had written to Mr. together (at Ningpo) make me happy all the day. to write to Mr.178 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD soul to be all own happy in the Lord. For instance. I trust. . Oct. Oct.. and several more will." ** : My heart warms towards To Mr. Truly Jesus is the great need of our And He is the great gift of our Father's love Who gave souls. . for we are one with Jesus. I hope you find it so too. I enclose the first your valuable little book. 18 you as I sit down to write. work with diligence." power. . Taylor's occupations. Yet we are not and have not been forsaken. either out here or in the home department. if we have faith as a The precious truths we talked over grain of mustard seed. . Business is very pressing. .. follow after a little six pages of : ! — . . I quite think we shall see great things here. but it is none the less onerous. Cordon " My soul is so happy in the Lord and as I think of the blessing He gave me on the happy day when we all met here together. . " Now He makes me happy all day long. to Mr. and to few extracts from the corre- spondence of one fortnight will show how many and varied were Mr. : . 27 " Our work here is very encouraging at present. From Yang-chow. .. or lacking : : and we assuredly shall not be. Berger a Httle earlier. : .

.THE EXCHANGED LIFE . I must also advise you of it. Of course. and the first he heard of it w^as a rumour that Mr. You wiU have heard from other quarters. Hart. but the missionaries had escaped with their lives. glorify Thy Name. " Father." ' . nor is the work ours. We are not our own. — pounds than in the corresponding period of the previous year. only regretting tlie impossibihty of doing all that all wish. I thank God for permitting me to be a hewer of wood and drawer of water in His glorious work. is the work of weeks if not months." It was a serious test in November when tidings came of an uprising in An-king. Just now I have seven different portions of Old and New Testament (whole books) and long tracts sent me in several dialects." though the flesh is weak and trembles. . Taylor considerable anxiety. Wilhamson had all been killed. " of An-king affcdrs. 179 and in my cash account then to send the amount to Mr. Meadows and Mr. He Whose we are and Whom we serve will not prove unequal to the emergency. . and Mrs. with requests to revise them. and do cheerfully what Httle I can to help. and out of reach of letters. if possible at all. This would have caused Mr. on account of a case of sickness. as he travelled with aU haste to Chin-kiang. Judging by the troubles that had grown out of the Yang-chow riot. so that in four months May to September less had been received by a thousand his relief To ated." he wrote to Mr. Taylor was on a journey at the time. Already adverse criticism at home had resulted in a lessening of funds. The Lord has " . with a note requesting him kindly to forward it. — he found that the report had been exaggerThe riot was indeed a serious affair. Mr. and what we cannot do or Jesus is our strength bear He can both do and bear in us. Yet I am praying for guidance as to whether I may not have to leave to-night for one of our most distant stations. the newly opened station which was their farthest point inland. but for the reality of the blessing that had come to him. however. Berger in December. especially in view of the new complications. This. even the little children being uninjured. this might be far from the end of the matter. but this may not involve special writing. " What shall we say ? " he wrote in suspense that would have been anguish.

Father. but the station became the centre from which a widespread work was carried on in districts never before reached by the Gospel and when Yang-chow developed into a receiving home for the women of the Mission. But the Lord in reigns. oneness with Him. and enjoy more leisure of soul. Things may not be in many respects as but if God permits them to be so. and Whose strength. Hence I am not only able to bear up against the new trial at An-king but to be fully satisfied about it. will you not ? ^ . . If satisfied with His will and way. the almighty. good in Thy sight. you will pray much for us all. I may well be content. . the one thing we need is to be brought more vivid reahsation of our nearness to. for so it seemed wise. God carried through His and He will still carry it through. An-king came to fill the same important role for the men. By the blessing of God the missionaries were not only reinstated at An-king without special difficulty. " Should there be another typhoon over the An-king riot do not be cast down. 1 . unfailing One. December 4. He will not leave His own work. especially those opposed to us. naight make an unfavourable use of it. . not to wish it other" Even so. near Yang-chow. The Lord will strengthen you and us by His own might to bear much more than this. Mine is to obey. Almost all our difficulties would have been either obviated or better met had we had this more truly in our hearts. there is rest." cause . To be content with God's will and way is rest. . Both are to this day training homes of the Mission. " into Oh 1 dear Brother. where they could have special help in the study of the language. His to direct. but rather to turn them from man . Difficulties greater and more serious than I have ever had crowd around me. He knows at what . 1869. cost . or so orders I would wish them them. From the first I could not but see that the opponents of missions. to God. but to thank God for it. To his mother he wrote also : I am more happy in the Lord than I have ever been. We are serving Him. i8o THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD kept my soul in peace about the whole thing.. spent by Written in a boat. and more joy in the Lord. "I see no objection to your referring to the state of funds in writing to various members of the Mission you would not seek to depress their spirit. casting more fully every burden on Him Who alone is able to bear all. . The last few months have been of unparalleled pressure and constant movement but I have enjoyed more leisure of soul and rest of spirit than ever before. When Jew and Roman combined to oppose." Still. Christmas that year was a very happy season.

He was. He seemed to be growing much in spiritual things. that we may not have to diminish our work. I find it cheaper to get cooked food brought in from outside at a dollar a head per month.THE EXCHANGED LIFE its festivities i8i Mr." feeling the shortness of funds and doing they could to lessen personal expenses. Let us pray in faith for funds. I am . We had many helpful times of prayer and study. and have them sing hymns. Taylor's amiabihty. " and was much touched by Mr. More than a thousand pounds less have been contributed during the first half of this (financial) year than last year.workers. I helped him in his dispensary and medical work. who had recently arrived from home. with a cook in the house. . Fishe. Taylor with their family in Yang-chow. He was fond of music and singing. I do not keep a cook now.' " '* . and we often sang Praise the Saviour and Immanuel's Land. He loved playing with his children. C." he wrote. T. and used to play the harmonium for the Chinese on Sunday evenings for an hour at a time. and that passage was his special dehght. * ' ' As *' to the household arrangements " : They I lived exclusively on Chinese food. and they used few if any foreign stores. Taylor said : That they were your own thankful to be able to send you seventy-five dollars for use. and appeared quite a young and Hvely man. and v/as with him a good deal whenever he was in Yang-chow. and the same sum for the school. I was very young at the time. Times of Refreshing was our favourite hymn-book. Condensed milk was not yet on the market. The noon prayer meeting was held daily." he continued. Miss Faulding's school at Hang-chow costs her a trifle more than this. and did not seem burdened with care. " His favourite theme in those days was the fifteenth chapter of John. He was very kind to me. . and Mrs. That did not centre around roast beef and plum pudding may be judged from the recollections of Mr. however a big barrel of treacle that had recently come out on the Lammermuir. There was one luxury. is evident from a letter written at the end of December in which Mr. and was keen on the aspirates. He guided my studies. This was eaten with rice and and well — much all appreciated. remember the difficulty we had in hunting up a knife. so as to be able to help their fellow. of course. You must husband the latter to the utmost. fork and spoon when a foreigner unskilled in the use of chopsticks came to Yang-chow. exceedingly busy.

dear Brother. living very much in touch with the people and very near the Lord. Of late I have especially had a desire to help all the dear brethren and sisters with you with pecuniary means. Berger said ministering. And then. work of the Lord in China is more and more laid on my heart. as well as with prayer. £25 for Mr. Ed. Fishe.i82 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD . Stott. C. and I now send you a cheque ** My dear the for £io for Miss Blatchley. £io for Miss Bowyer. Rudland." Mr. " Likewise I enclose a letter for all the dear brethren and May I ask sisters connected with the China Inland Mission. George Miiller had written in October. thinks Miiller. after of all the brethren it due consideration. This my desire the Lord has fulfilled. and food brought in ready cooked from an eating-house." But they were thoroughly happy in their Chinese surroundings. I feel how I but I think it would be a service to the Lord to burden you let the dear brethren and sisters see. To diminish one's comforts seemed to him of small but " to diminish our work " well. Jackson. might be regarded by some as " missionary hardship. on New Year's Eve. . £25 for Mr.I. account Four shillings a that was something he never had to do. . unless we Surely the Lord knew our . how interested I am in them. T. and hence I have been longing and praying to be able to assist it more and more with means. Cordon. a beautiful thing happened a token for good reached them that was as cheering as it was unexpected. to let it be read by all who are now with you and would you kindly have it copied out for those who are not . £25 for Mr. has requested the names and sisters connected with the C. as he is . to send it to them with their money." . individually. head per month for board expenses. you. : Mr. £25 for Mr. thank God. Be pleased to convey these cheques to each. £io for Miss Desgraz. with the request to acknowledge the receipt of the amount. Reid. Harvey. know of well to send help as he anything to hinder.M. The eleven cheques enclosed were for all the members of the Mission to whom Mr. This I desired especially that they might see that I was interested in them all. Miiller had not previously been Writing by the same mail Mr.. £25 for Mr. with you. able to each one. £25 for Mr. £25 for Mr. £25 for Mr. — — *' Brother. Fishe.

and the prayerful interest with which his gifts were followed that made them so precious. and expect help from Him.^ it 183 into the heart of His honoured But it was not money only it was the loving sympathy such a man of God. that I feel deeply I work in China. necessities. interested about the Lord's for you.THE EXCHANGED LIFE funds were sinking. you will always have the Lord to be with you." he wrote in his letter to the missionaries. An older brother this. Remember Paul's case at Rome (2 Tim. in the heaviest trials. He has never failed me . Taylor. and Mrs. On Him then reckon. had you even no one to care for you. 16-18). on Him depend and be assured. Lord forty-four years.^i940. But were it otherwise. trials. He will never fail you. thought it . and thus put servant to help. ing twenty-one missionaries. and that I pray daily might be a Uttle encouragement to you in your difficulties. In the greatest in the deepest poverty and but. He was now largely assistannually. because I was enabled has always appeared for my I delight in speaking well of His Name. hardships and disappointments to hear of one more who felt for you and who remembered you before the Lord. of " My " is to tell chief object." 1 Mr. if you walk with Him and look to Him. to Him look. to trust in Him. gtaff of the — .^2ooo In 1870 he sent Mr. who writes encouragement that He has never difficulties. He who has known the says to you for your failed him. iv. or did you at least seem to be in a position as if no one cared for you. including Mr. who with twelve wives constituted the entire Mission thirty-three. by His grace help. Miiller's gifts for the next few years amounted to nearly . Taylor . . you that I love you in the Lord .

he wrote from Hang-chow (November 9.CHAPTER XIII JESUS DOES SATISFY 1869-1870. but in this joy. not it is not this either. I now see it is not in what He is to me. 37-38. but the sunshine without is He has taught me something as nothing to the sunshine within. with wonder. And now husband and wife were one in a new way. sunny morning. " and rejoice I must. I want you too to have fellowship. " It was just resting in Jesus/' as she expressed " and letting Him do the work " a httle sentence. or has worked. new and — one that really lived out made her hfe the strength to the mission that Mr. in what He is working. I have hitherto used the words I am feeling it aU anew. " Rejoice in the Lord " as meaning in our oneness with Him.workers come to her husband was a joy not unmixed The experiences they were finding as somefurther had long been her secret of victory and peace. or may work in. . To Mrs. — . 184 . . Aet. Taylor had often reahsed it to be. . Taylor the new life that had and many thing of their fellow. but in Himself I am to rejoice in what He is and has in Himself absolutely. for or by me. of what is meant by " Rejoice in the Lord and rejoice I do. partnership It is not that I have anything new to tell you. or which is ensured to us in Him. 1869) : It is a bright. or in the measure of His grace imparted to us or working in us. Him joy. Of course it is not this. and helpers During their first separation after of each other's faith. that time of blessing. At other times it has been more the thought of rejoicing in fellowship with Him in that which gives Yet. clearly. . but it.

! "No. he was far too busy. . he asked Mr. and kept the animal exercised. Mr. I The beauty of their Ufe together was specially seen at Yang-chow. and there they had the joy of reunion." There is such Hfe. Taylor wished to secure his getting more exercise. and Mrs. . any others we have known earnestness about them. This was just what Mr. Ah. if it and to-day and our joy be in His keeping down sin in us. hohness. But he was careful It was simply his way of providing horse exercise for one who could not otherwise have taken it. never its to pay expenses. Taylor never ride it ? " we asked on hearing the story. Judd kindly to continue " doing good deeds " in this way. Mr. Taylor were away on journeys. we may not be conscious of the measure in which He is doing so. indeed in all cannot but in His precious- We His perfections. was going up the Grand Canal on an evangelistic journey." If He is " the same. but knowing it to be his intention to ride it. . warmth. " The Lord is wrote at the end of 1869. Noticing that Mr. my darhng. unchanging. There the children were left with Miss Blatchley when Mr. who was something of a farmer. Judd. " Did Mr. and may be puffed up or cast down without due reason but if it be in Him as He is. Taylor wished. which was more home to them than any of the other stations. ness. this cannot change or fluctuate... JESUS DOES SATISFY And this. Mr. love. a fall or two destroys that be in His working in or through us. greatly working in this city. it ajbpears to 185 legiti- me. for ever. and Mrs. and when leaving again charged him to remember that the horse needed exercise. what ground for changeless joy we have in Jesus . etc. Duncan. rejoice. . when our oneness with Him is reahsed. and it was quite natural to ask him to purchase and bring back a nice little horse for riding if he came across one. bridle. grace. is the only possible or even mate ground for constant." Miss Blatchley " The converts here are different from in China. Taylor was away when the horse arrived. Too busy on his return to go out himself. full joy. Judd obtained a good native saddle. Judd was suffering in health at this time. yesterday. and happy fellowship with their colleagues Mr.

or anything else I ! ! never recall any part of her conduct. he would scarcely let you know. on action. obtain that which is freely given on watchfulness. that you were under any obligation." " Was she really kept free from care amid the practical " concerns of everj^day life ? *' I never saw her worried. Nothing could more truly describe the experience into .i86 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD it And did me a world of good. in silent and undisturbed union. But he was just like tliat. /them of every duty in its time and place. reproves them for every error. children. going to villages to preach. Their talisman for every temptation and sorrow is their oft-repeated child-like surrender of their whole being to Him. " How. all through. I little. Christians being to Him in whom these d'spositions are once firmly fixed go on calmly Christ reminds as the infant borne in the arms of its mother. and blossoms and fruit " How . counsels them in every difficulty. excites them to every needful activity." does the branch bear fruit ? " asked Mrs. in the few years I was privileged to know her. less feel. then. Harriet in her little booklet on How to live on Christ. exercised that pony not a and had some remarkable experiences with it. In doing kindnesses. : appear as of spontaneous growth. Their hope and trust rest solely on what He is willing and able to do for them on nothing that they suppose themselves able and willing to do for Him. . unselfish. In spiritual as in temporal matters for they know that they take no thought for the morrow Christ will be as accessible to-morrow as to-day. loving. and verdure to the leaf vine. or with the children ? " " Not with servants. much And Mrs. without seeing her face shining with the brightness that comes from the Holy Spirit's anointing. Taylor was just the same. \ . : . on temptation." Wonderfully so " Not with Chinese servants. on prayer. thoughtful of others. . and on dangers ? No there must be a full concentration of the thoughts a complete surrender of the whole and affections on Christ a constant looking to Him for grace. shall a Christian bear fruit ? By efforts and by meditations struggles to. Stowe Beecher " Not by incessant effort lor sunshine and air not by vain struggles for those vivifying influences which give beauty to it simply abides in the the blossom." . and that time imposes no barrier on His love.

and could only trust the little party to a care infinitely wiser and more tender than their own. things would have gone very differently both with Mr. Taylor sent one to every member of the Mission at this time. period upon which they were entering was to be one of unprecedented distress.— JESUS DOES SATISFY 187 which Mr. they could not see far ahead. leaving only the baby bom after the Yang-chow riot to ease the aching lonehness. who was only five years old. and Mrs.^ That such blessing should be tested by increasing trials Inwardly and outwardly the is not to be wondered at. It had appeared in full as an article in The Revival. Taylor wrote precious Mother. Taylor might remain in China. and which Mrs. and Mr." He said. In the work they were to experience the power of the adversary as never before. They dared not risk another summer for their elder children in China. Taylor was being brought. Oh. But for the preparation of heart which unconsciously to themselves had thus been made. Lord " The fellowship of suffering. : ? To begin with. Taylor. 2 Lines written by Miss Blatchley a few months later. the time had come for breaking up that happy family hfe which meant so much to Mr. . For some time it was a question as to whether the mother should not go herself. Mr. This meant separation from four of their Httle flock.^ . but the necessity for this seemed obviated when Miss Blatchley volunteered to take her place in caring for the To part from her was almost like giving up a daughter. was ready to forgo her secretarial help in order that Mrs. " God will provide. children. you can enter some- He is ! 1 The booklet quoted above was one they specially valued. while in personal matters new and deep sorrows awaited them. the shade Whence this new hght which brightens round me. Taylor so fully shared with him. in this connection. Plan as he might. so devoted had she been in sharing all their experiBut she truly loved the children. Taylor and with the Mission. made it clear that he should go with his brothers and sister. Taylor ences. The shadow of a cross falls deep and broad With Thee I enter. " My a Father " Mr. and the deHcate health of Samuel. tremblingly.

She knows just what our wishes are regarding them. accompanied by Mr. for awhile. The boats were delayed in starting. March 22. can and will support her. His joy. Harvey and Mr. . had increased. Berger. before calling us to take this step. to take all one's strength and heart away. His We love. When all the bustle of preparation and the excitement of departure are over. Very painful parting begin to it tell most concerned." what into our it . Before a driving storm the parents crossed the river. and would not faint nor be ungrateful.. and from the turbid waters of the Yangtze passed without pain or fear to the Better Land. Sometimes seems. A few weeks later. It is so good of Him to have given us to know more than we ever have known of His heart. All night long they watched beside him.. but God does and will help us. as the time drew near. Taylor who was still on board. love and self-sacrifice we can never repay. And there are many mercies connected with this trial. Fishe. Dear Miss Blatchley's Next to ourselves. and hardly had they got clear of the city when the little invalid showed signs of a relapse. But at daw^n the following morning he fell into a deep sleep. I am sure and you will specially you will do what you can to help her pray for my dear Maria. . for the last time in China . Whose work calls for the separation. To Mr. then will come the trying time of reaction. to lay their treasure in the little cemetery at Chin-kiang. the family set out from Yang-chow. 1870. His gift.i88 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD feelings as this dark cloud draws near. know as we did not that we can do all things through Christ our Strengthener." (He was returning to fetch Mrs. there more than two miles wide. . doing everything that could be done under the circumstances. after taking them all on board the French mail which was to sail at dawn the following morning. to see the upon the child about whom they were Or was it only that his chronic trouble " I have seen them awake. Taylor wrote at midnight ^ : was. in sickness and in health. But the Lord. the children love her and she them. and then went on with the others to Shanghai. Mr.) " Two of our Uttle ones we have no anxiety about they rest . and that with care the voyage would set him up again ? Taking the opportunity of a decided improvement.

You can scarcely judge how intricate our path seems at times. and where had they come from ? steamer had passed up-river. and one with Him Whose work it is. " The secret wa^ that Jesus was satisfying the deep thirst of heart and soul. dear Brother. It is His work. they never had had more rest and joy in God." Mr. news came to them of Mrs. we are facing a crisis. Judd was almost too weary to bear up. » To Mr.JESUS DOES SATISFY in Jesus' 189 bosom. time our position is becoming always more embarrassing. war must result. . A long day's journey on that springless vehicle a woman had come alone. In the meanI had almost said mad policy. but because we are His." Mrs. little And " I could not but admire and wonder at the grace that so sustained and comforted the fondest of mothers. Taylor wrote as he recalled it afterwards. and more than Never had there been a more troubled summer in China than that on which they were entering." ^ yet in the midst of it all. I do thank God for permitting one so unworthy to take any part in this great work. on the very tempest of troubles that raged about them. Taylor. borne up. Taylor had written some weeks earher. when in the courtyard below he heard sounds of an unexpected arrival. Besides it was a wheelbarrow that had been trundled in. though the tears will not be stayed. and soon he saw the He had face of all others he could have longed to see. Sickness was rife in the Mission." Mr. Taylor's pressing on alone to give what help she could. but Mr. with a longing for their ones that was indescribable. After days and nights of nursing. . and native boats would not be travelhng after dark. Berger. thought them far away." : — This was the reality that sustained. it would seem. February ii. and before they could reach Chin-kiang after parting from the children. who could not leave the boat on account of another patient. had consented to Mrs. Judd's being there and at the point of death. " PoHticaUy. Taylor was at her best that summer. and do not regret having engaged and being engaged in it. And now. Who could it be No at that hour of night. not mine nor yours and yet it is ours not because we are engaged in it. " If our Government continues their present. sustained them. Mr. . . 1870.

but only those who have passed through can have any idea of the strain involved. much correspondence with officials.' she said. His love. What then restrained them in the interior. or nearly so. " she insisted on my that she would undertake the nursing. and constant letters of advice and sympathy to the workers most in peril. " No. in answer to united. Taylor wrote to the friends of the Mission. It is well known how in Tien-tsin they rose and barbarously murdered the Romish Sisters of Charity. her face shining meanwhile with the tenderness of Him it was her joy and strength to abide. The accommodation of the little house at Chinkiang was taxed to its utmost. just as nothing but prayer saved the situation in many an hour of extremity that summer. It is like experiences . and so great was the excitement. Go to bed. which added to the unrest of the native population. or their indignation and anger when told that these insidious foes were the agents of foreigners. " had previously known something of trial in one station or another. and even the French Consul. that no other premises could be obtained. far from any protecting human power ? Nothing but the mighty hand of God. It is impossible to describe the alarm and consternation of the Chinese. ' you have quite enough to bear. And this same power offered in the all-prevaiHng name of Jesus. kept lis satisfied with Jesus with His presence. without sitting up any more at night. for I shall stay with your wife whether you do or not. the priests." We — easy to read." Mr. The heat of the summer was excessive." he recalled. and for a time it seemed as though the Chinese Government might insist on This necessitated their leaving the country altogether. when first they beUeved that native magicians were bewitching them.iQO THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD and worn with hard going to bed and Nothing would induce " Suffering though she was at the thue travelling. her to rest. Ladies and children had to be removed from several of the stations. constant prayer. a wide-spread excitement shook the very foundations of native society. even there. both native and foreign. where our brothers were alone." in ' Whom Nothing but prayer brought the patient through. His providence. " but now in all simultaneously.' " Never can I forget the firmness and love with which it was said.

Taylor." scot-free. . this By time it might have to be given up. . even on the streets. Pray much for us." looked as though all the river-stations Mr. Our people have met with no insult. not chance. especially. not so much the . but my head is sorely tried by the constant succession of one difficulty upon another. and those who cannot. Catholic place been sacked. . with fewer household and family cares. in learning to do so and secondly. Mrs. those who can read. Taylor in a deeper apprehension of living. The pages of his letter-book reveal. who know pretty weU that we have no lack of work. to be more in the centre of things. I do not think we shall have to abandon this house (Chin-kiang). . I hope. he sleeping on the floor in sitting-room or passage that she might share their bedroom with other ladies. and Mrs. • Yet the troubles of the time were not allowed to interwith as much work among the people as was possible. present oneness with Christ seems in nowise to have been hindered by the troubles of the time.: JESUS DOES SATISFY 191 *' Old times seem to be coming round again. It may be a practical proof to them of the importance v/e attach to securing that the Christians and other natives about us learn to read and understand for themselves the Word of God. but had the Roman . My heart is calm. We . Taylor were making their home at Chin-kiang. At Nanking the excitement has been frightful. . to set an example to the younger members of the Mission. in fact. in searching the Scriptures. but at Yangchow they are very bad. " but with this difference. to interest the natives. having two objects specially in view first. was seeking to help the little church at Chin-kiang." Mr. In the hottest days of June she wrote to Miss Blatchley fere : We have been holding classes on Sundays and two or three evenings in the week. that our anxieties are not as before confined to one place. passing away. The joy that had come to Mr. Taylor wrote to Miss Blatchley in June (referring to the Yang-chow riot). for the three months' Examination have barely commenced (bringing tens of thousands of scholars to the city). " One difficulty follows another very fast. . they could hardly have escaped need to pray for them." he wrote to Hang-chow at the end of the month "but God reigns. " Here the rumours are.

He who trusts me in takes me at my word) out " this — . 1 in How sorely the lesson would be needed by his own heart. that one alleviat to my No. THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD all. down from it ? Even so but " out of his full while the rains last. . for example. 28-30) all —ah. or whether ? Ah.' No alleviate. ever belly shall flow rivers In times of drought brooks may fail. canals may be pumped dry. Well. 1 ' . but the blessed Reahty did not fail him. he little knew when writing . how word welcome that would be were it all. one drinking may refresh but we are to be ever coming. . streams flow And not mere mountain torrents. often are Always a mighty stream always flowing. deep and irresistible " Come unto me and drink. ! — . . ever drinking. better than that 1 matter (who belie veth on Me ." of him sh^RJiow Can it be so ? Can the dry and thirsty one not only be refreshed. how hopeless I am. he wrote in the middle of June after a careful letter about Yang-chow affairs : And now. 37-39 and God has so blessed it to my own soul " If any man thirst. and what an embraces He not only promises me drink thirst. often do deep.' he wrote in another June letter. . how far away my loved ones. let him come unto Me and drink. then dry again " rivers like the mighty Yangtze. " Come unto Me and" remain thirsty ? Who meet. . come and take a hasty draught not. how difficult my service no matter how sad my bereavement. and more than ! — has not mind-thirsts or heart-thirsts. come and sHghtly drink. but the Yangtze never. or for a short time remove one's thirst. " Not. but the land be so saturated. the parched soil moistened. habitually. letter after letter is taken up with that which was far more important. how deep are my soul-yearnings Jesus can meet all. No matter how intricate my path. xi. To Miss Desgraz. can Jesus meet my need ? Yes. my dear Sister. He ! not only promises me rest (Matt. endless difficulties as the full tide of blessing that carried him through Though no detail is overlooked in the business part of the correspondence. ever full." no What. . that springs well up. John vii. ' ! constantly. and more than meet it. The cause of thirst may be irremediable. all. no matter how helpless I am. I have the very passage for you." Who 1 : does not thirst ? soul-thirsts or body-thirsts I have them all " Come unto Me and drink.— 192 . days that were drawing near. no matter which. One coming. the arid places cooled. and comfort " No fear of empt3dng the fountain or exhausting the river or ' be drinking ' .

Like Mr. beloved sister. we say Httle to either of you. Her shopping expeditions to London w^ere well prepared for in this way. more loving. making notes as to their probable needs. if anything. of which glimpses may be obtained in her in his letters to Mrs. Berger. Taylor. there was rarely a mail that did not carry letters between them. More precious than her gifts. If her husband was head of the home department. " and our heads '* wiser. Miiller Orphan Homes. You I look are Hving. and ! o . this devoted friend carried all its workers on her heart. it is a mystery how Mrs. He and you have had dealings in secret. Ah. more sympathising. Berger could accomphsh so much. but much do we ponder and pray over your accumulation of sorrows. approval. however. she certainly was its heart and hands though her work was done so quietly that a visitor might have thought she was hardly busy at all. reveaUng a love and tenderness that are imperishable. and it came to be a common experience in China that Mrs. Taylor and Mrs. The results were felt. She not only loved and prayed for them. Ninety-one of Mrs. Berger's letters remain. dying for Him Who hved and died for you. ! . which was growing. and therefore He can use you in His service and make you a blessing in various ways. too.JESUS DOES SATISFY One of the beautiful things of this 193 the corre- summer was spondence between Mrs. so that you might get some Uttle help through us He will love you through aU. in every station of the Mission. she thought about each one individually. And what labours. was the spirit of this ministry. that our hearts were larger." she wrote after the Yang-chow riot. Though four years had elapsed since they parted on the Lammermuir. however. and does it not suffice ? Who can teach like God ? And do we not need to get alone with Him if we would be filled with the sunshine of heaven. forward to the day when my eyes shaU see the smile of love He Even now you have the consciousness of His will give you. Berger's parcels brought answers to prayer in many a welcome form. . more helpful. '* Oh. they disclose what a life of prayer in the interests of the Mission With all the duties of her position and the claim of hospitahty. and be to you what you most need in every trpng hour.

" Them which sleep in Jesus . night in the middle of June. perplexities." bring with Him. when she thought aU were for them. sleeping." Far away were those little ones now. sorrows of the way. annoyances. And feels as light as it it had wings springs : . It is His will. who had just lost a much-loved cannot write much./ Prayer was her very life at this time." They will be they wiU be ours again ours for ever. child. kneehng for a long. His grace we will not doubt either His love Let us chng to Him when His waves and His biUows go over \. largely depend on our having been much alone with Him ? to The heart that trusts forever sings." Miss Blatchley wrote some months later.194 so THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD become useful to those around us ? Does not our strength meet difficulties. but I send a line to you that our hearts grieve and our eyes weep for you. It had long meant much to her. to pen the following note to Mrs. but with a consciousness of faihng strength it came to be in a new sense her refuge. restored to us then we shall be able to understand why they were taken from us here. long time on the bare floor. And will God — us believe this. and she longed . Taylor managed. And when I picture her so. with head bowed. Mrs. yet the sympathy that flowed out in constant help to others After a wakeful told of much inward* fellowship with God. partly through the illness from which she was suffering and partly on account of the great heat. It loving was not easy to be much alone that summer. By us. Then we shaU be able to say from the depth of our Meanwhile let hearts. I always feel that she was praying most especially for you and the dear children. for example. May you be enabled to reahse your precious Httle one as safely nestUng in Jesu's own arms. Whate'er to-day to-morrow brings. for that more than anything else will help tell My dear Mary—I to assuage the bitterness of the painful separation. " to remember how much she prayed I have seen her at night. Rudland. " Our Jesus has done all things well. " It often comforts me about the children. or His wisdom. A well of joy within Come good or ill.

aught beside safe. a of Her own heart was filled with love and joy in renew gift from God. " How graciously the Lord has dealt with me and mine." seemed specially to dwell in her mind. They know Thee near. We So ask not. silky hair. " Though excessively prostrate in body. " O holy Saviour. the lawns around the house and the atmosphere of love within and pictured the little travellers as welcomed to Mrs. Though faith and hope are often tried. ceiving. one of which. and in which I was permitted to share." Mr. " the deep peace of soul." I But an attack of cholera had greatly prostrated the mother. so satisfied.JESUS DOES SATISFY with all 195 a mother's longing to know of their being safely sheltered somewhere in England. and called forth all the pent-up love of his parents' hearts. " How tenderly did He bring my loved one through the hour of trial. souls that cling to Thee. and the joy in His holy will with which she was filled. Taylor wrote home to Bamsley. and lack of natural nourishment told upon the child. so The cahn. when with a father's joy and pride I brought him to her for her first kiss. and after one brief week on earth he went back to the Home above. it was too late to save the httle hfe. meanwhile. and strong to save Nor fear to cross e'en Jordan's wave. I can find in the no words to describe. and nestled the httle one in my bosom And how she loved him. They fear not Satan nor the grave. While still ? they cHng to Thee. Taylor wrote same letter. in which his mother was so soon to join him. need not. our Noel. and together we gave him to the Lord. . Friend unseen." She chose herself the hymns to be sung at the little grave. ." Mr. this little one was her fifth son. With thankfulness amid the trials of that hot season she thought of Saint Hill the and pleasant lake. When a Chinese nurse could be found. How I thanked Him as I stroked the soft. Bom on the 7th July. Berger's motherly cool green walks — — heart. and give us our last-born. the realisation of the Lord's own presence.

. Every detail of the welcome and arrangements for their well-being filled her heart with She knew not how to be thankful enough. *' The Lord throw around you His everlasting arms.three. As soon as I was " By this time — sufficiently Dying you think so ' " " ' My darling.' " My precious wife thought of my being left alone at a time of so much trial. only weariness. way. While he was doing so she awoke. very weary. with no companion Hke herself. you are going Home. Berger 's reached their destination at the needed moment many and many a time had her loving heart anticipated the circumstances in which they would be received. but never more so than with this letter. deathlike hue of her the hidden had candle revealed what the countenance. 196 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD as she was. ' ' Do you think so ? What makes is ? ' " I said. it Weak had not yet occurred to them that end was near.' she said.' " ' I can see it. Berger had been received two days for her too the previously. and paused as if half correcting herself for the feehng. telling of the safe arrival at Saint Hill of Miss Blatchley and the children. Many and many a time had Mrs." he wrote. and Mr. I said do you know that you are d5dng : ' ? she replied. to have no desire or thought but just to praise the Lord for His goodness. and seemed joy. " ' ' . A letter from Mrs." she wrote.' Yes. though she was weary. ' I composed.'* was in those arms she was resting. pain up to the very last. The deep mutual love that bound their hearts in one seemed to preclude the thought of And she was only thirty. There was no separation. It " and the sunlight it was dawn. " I am so sorry. with whom 1 had been wont to bring every diJSiculty to the Throne of Grace. You will soon be with Jesus. Your strength giving Can it be so ? I feel no pain. At daybreak on Saturday the 23rd of July. darling. letters " And now farewell. Even my love could no longer deny. she was sleeping quietly. but that she was actually dying. precious Friend. Taylor left her a few moments to prepare some food. and serious symptoms called him to her side. not her danger.

But little was said after that. when the quiet breathing ceased. the hills. which is far better. He will be with you and " meet all your need. Yet . in an upper room from which the blue of God's own heaven could be seen. Duncan. Mr..' * ! ." wrote Mrs.m.. too. " As dear Mrs. there was the hush of a things. no It is not that. ** I never witnessed such a scene. I cannot be sorry to go to Him but it does grieve me to leave you alone at such a time. and for the to the Lord twelve and a half years of happiness they had had together thanking Him. a few days later." — . A few loving messages to those at home. darUng." . Taylor knelt down his heart so fuU— and committed her thanking Him for having given her. a few last words about the children. You know. Taylor was breathing her last. for taking her to His own blessed presence. The busy hum of life came up around them from many a court and street. JESUS DOES SATISFY * 197 * " You are not sorry to go to be with Jesus ? " Never shall I forget the look with which she answered. and solemnly dedicating himself anew to His service. It was just after 9 a.. But within one Chinese dwelling. and they knew she was " with Christ. Oh. wonderful peace. city. and she seemed to fall asleep or drift into unconsciousness of earthly The summer sun rose higher and higher over the and the river. that for ten years past there has not been a cloud between me and my Saviour.

sleepless at night. far away in China. My thirsty days are all past. 38-39. Taylor about her. swept clean of all that had been its earthly comfort wife. health to a large extent and left amid the responsibilities of such a Mission and such a crisis. " He that cometh to Me shall never hunger . " I need not to friends at tell home. and Mrs. ** Aet." Hudson Taylor had rejoicing felt and said and written that very summer. you how we loved her. but the one who had nursed him back to health laid with her own little one beneath the sod. under the pressure of continued difficulty on every hand. Judd. Judd wrote " Our hearts are full to overflowing." life on its Would it prove human side was true now —now that the joy of gone. and there was nothing left — but aching loneliness and silence ? Would it prove true now when. Mr. and he that beUeveth on Me shall never thirst. he found himself scarcely able to face the suffering not to speak If ever the reality of the of the labours of each new day ? power of Christ to meet the heart's deepest need was put to the test of experience it was in this life. children. evidently so happy in the Lord Jesus that he needs no words 198 . but we He is feel unable to speak to dear Mr. and. home. as never before in the Saviour's promise. Hastening to his side with stricken hearts." Mr. health began to give way. — — found the baby they had left in Mrs. Taylor's care so well and bonnie that his mother hardly knew him.CHAPTER XIV SHALL NEVER THIRST 1870-1871. who had been at the coast for her convalescence.

though chastened and deepened. — . that it was good to take her good indeed for her. Berger he had written some days previously : And now. with one arm round my neck. God nothing does nor suffers to be done. My tears ! — — . To Mr.. as they were every day. 199 God is at this time his refuge and strength. for her lips had But He saw lost their cunning. and. my heart nigh to breaking rises in thankfulness to Him Who has spared her such sorrow and made her so unspeakably happy. ." A there was no thought written to his mother I find increasing few days only before his great bereavement. SHALL NEVER THIRST of ours. on August he continued : I have just been reading over my last letter to you. and in His love He took her painlessly and not less good for me who must henceforth toil and suffer alone yet not alone. My eyes flow with tears of mingled joy and sorrow. Taylor had at home (July 11) : really in our Father's comfort in the thought that all things are hand and under His govemance. to rest in the knowledge of Jesus' intercession to walk a Httle less by feeUng. dear brother. a Uttle less by sight. Mr. . when of immediate danger. He knew how the light of my eyes and the joy of my heart were in her. what shall I say of the Lord's deahngs My heart is overwhehned with me and mine ? I know not with gratitude and praise. 4. as I used to tell dear Maria and as she cannot join me in intercession. to implore a blessing on me. On the last day of her Hfe (we had no idea that it would prove the last) our hearts were mutually dehghted by the neverold story of each other's love. He can- not but do what is best. nearly and almost her last act was. for God is nearer to me than ever. And now I have to tell Him all my sorrows and difficulties. and my views are not changed. When I think of my loss. From my inmost soul I dehght in the knowledge that God does or deUberately permits all things. to place her hand upon my head. as I beheve. a . He and He only knew what my dear wife was to me. and causes all things to work together for good to those who love Him. httle more by faith. could we but Through all see the events of things as well as He. But we would do the same. and for some months past has been teaching him more and more of His own fulness. thus preparing him for the stroke. And now.

one would hesitate to dwell upon the intimacies of this stricken soul with its God. Than e'en the sweetest earthly tie.: 200 are THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD more tears of joy than of grief. What more can it Were in connection with the promise above quoted shall means shall. Let them tell their own story. But letters remain that have a message. for such days as ours. of God. I cried to Him " Lord. give him shall never thirst. you promised You promised me that I should I ' : ' ! never " thirst." he added " that ' (John ' iv. make Thyself to me \ A living. How I missed my dear wife and the little pattering footsteps of the children far away in England Then it was I understood why the Lord had made that passage Whosoever drinketh of the water that I shaU so real to me." And soon.' And whether I called by day or night. . specially when illness came and long wakeful nights. bright Reality .* Twenty times'^ day." 1 " To know. as I felt the heart-thirst coming back.^ He had literally fulfilled the prayer 1 Lord Jesus. perhaps. and that thirst means any unsatisfied need may be one of the greatest revelations God ever made to our souls. surely. is perfect " Father." he recalled. His ways. " He is that good and acceptable and perfect will it It is acceptable to me I do rejoice in that will. in that same sweet it is love in action. how ! quickly He always came and satisfied my sorrowing heart So much so that X often wondered whether it were possible that my loved one who had been taken could be enjo5dng more of His presence than I was in my lonely chamber." . ' ' ' ' . Jesus Christ of all I joy in His works. What was only to be expected that as the days wore on there should be some measure of reaction. 14). that never means never. giving me to prove (to know God through our Lord by trial) — But most in His providence. more intimately nigh. in Himself. we shall be reunited to part no more. It " How lonesome. More present to faith's vision keen Than any outward object seen More dear. " were the weary hours when confined to my room. that they also whom Thou hast given me be with me where I am. be added to experiences so sacred ? not that the correspondence of the period is too precious to be passed over. I will will." is .

beautifully wooded. should be content. now so silent and lonely Samuel. than that there is a home-coming awaiting me which no Love gave the blow parting shall break into. a Httle longer to bear the cross and unfurl Let the banner of salvation. my precious wife. autumnal beauty of the scene. But with the weakness of a child I feel Hke a Httle child. awaiting our own summons. August 14 : low. .. with the elder children far. . that for a Httle while makes the desert more dreary. : . between France and Prussia rumoured that England joins the former and Russia the latter. To Miss Blatchley." or at " the glorious appearing of our great God and But Saviour. far away. "I go to prepare a place for you " not our part of the preparation the peopHng it with those we — — — . nay. I cannot describe to you my : . . that it is broken out in Europe. my loved ones. the meUow. Can it be that there is no return welcome Is from this journey. thus helping our earth-cleaving spirits to sit looser. through a My strength does not return rapidly. that those dearest to me he But not more beneath the cold sod ? Ah. I am writing from Mr." come quickly if for the rescue. Poor China. : love ? the same loving Hand that makes heaven more homethe while loosening the ties that bind us to this world. and not a sorrowful dream.. no home-gathering to look forward to it real. but heaven and is more home-hke.SHALL NEVER THIRST To Mr. whether personally to be " present with the Lord. severe attack of dysentery. I have been very iU since I last wrote to you. on its bosom combine to make one feel as And if it were a vision of dreamland rather than actual reahty. reposing. has duty called me from in Yang-chow. Noel. . but." If so fearful doings may be expected . . " the Lord reigneth. and even little T'ien-pao Jesus Often. as it were. how great her need And is hke ! — — 1 us seek to occupy a Httle longer. but I have returned. White's bungaThe cool air. no tears mar. the magnificent Yangtze with Silver Island. It is 201 Berger. Sunday evening. I have heard to-day that war has all questions of every kind. But a few months ago my home was full. come. it is indeed true so. my feehngs accord. this meets I know my Father reigns I have the rest of a child. too. in July and August : Nearly three weeks have passed since my last letter to you a little Hfetime it has been. of late years. the salvation of some still scattered if He tarry upon the mountains He can wait the full joy of having all His loved ones gathered to Himself surely we. . Lord Jesus. and so warm has been the Now I am alone. ! ! ! . thankful." " Even so.

joy or come sorrow. his father took liim with Mrs.202 . I could welcome it for His sake. I think I sent you a few weeks ago a copy of some notes on precious thoughts they have been to me. so to speak. in the cold stage of the ague. I now see more and deeper meaning in them only a thirsty man knows the than then. May Long-continued the Lord help me to be patient and trustful. : : Water. for the world. and part of yesterday ague and affection of the Uver this time. — enjoyed in the very sorrow. His presence and love {more than) make up for Come it all. . I felt. not a hair's breadth. My Father has ordered it so therefore I know it is. And this I know value of water. was hanging between Kfe and death. purchased not with that I had not a particle of property. proved an anxious time. 37 needed and true. it must be best. It throws me back very much. feelings stunned with a blow. only hope of saving him. partially conscious. Taylor's children.. and to his parents in Barnsley Mr. and I thank Him for — I feel utterly "crushed. By the end of the month (August) the youngest of Mr. I was shaking but I enjoyed such a vivid until the bed shook under me reahsation that I was altogether the Lord's. no. Yesterday .. . . — . silver and gold that it filled my heart to overflowing. I could not have believed it possible that He could so have helped and comforted my poor heart. and only a thirsty soul the value of the Living . if He in myself if to burn with wanted me to shake. whatever befall. anxiety and weariness from want of rest. heart is Lord and in the power of His might. A fortnight spent there. sorrow from repeated bereavements and trouble in the work. and Saturday were all spent in bed. the motherless baby alone left to him of As the his family. . Thursday. from the state of China .'* Oft-times but withal. however. and as yet but But I would not have it otherwise. — — . and yet " strong in the so ordering it. Friday. but the Lord's will be done. I never nigh to breaking knew what peace and happiness were before so much have I my . and John vii. Duncan's kind help to Ningpo and the island of Pu-du. I could shake for Him fever. or recovering from a faint. THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD I feel like a person I do not understand them myself. Taylor wrote (September 25): T'ien-pao has not improved so much as I had hoped. I had ahnost said.

thank God. and feel so glad that Jesus will Hve in my heart and keep it right for me. Crombie's Hfe. and the Captain offered Mr. dear Jesus.' Then I thank Him. then. for the patient was in too serious a condition to be removed from the ship. . There was no doctor on board. Sometimes he almost fears lest he should feel discontented when he thinks how far away you are from him but. of sending home gifts to his children the little daughter of three years old and the boys of eight and nine. — " You do not know how often Papa thinks of his darlings. Taylor the change and comparative rest he sorely needed. I used to try to keep my own heart right. nor left to doubt either the wisdom or love of Him Who is at the helm. too far away for Mr. and other trials from without and within do make one feel the need of a strong arm to lean upon aye." so He comforts us. Samuel. till the tears fill his eyes. we are not forsaken. and v/ho took Mamma to her Httle Noel. While seeing them off at Shanghai. To set out at a moment's notice. was far from easy but it proved the means of saving Mrs. though troubled on every side. my precious children. and a tender one too. knew what it was to give your hearts to Jesus to keep every day. It afforded an opportunity. . Crombie could not with safety be left. and the Crombies near at hand were so seriously run down that arrangements had to be made for their leaving at once for England. and Gracie in the Better Land.SHALL NEVER THIRST 203 and the timidity of the workers. You know it was your Father in heaven who took them to England. in the hope that by the time they reached there she might be out of danger. who were constantly on his heart." he wrote from Hongkong (Oct. He had no choice but to go. leaving his sick child in the care of friends at Ningpo. and gave Mr. The result was that all the month of October was taken up with the double journey. Taylor to reach him. Who never lea. I will keep your heart satisfied. it became evident that Mrs. " As one whom his mother comforteth. 16). Strengthened by His power. And here.ves him. but it would be always going wrong and : ' : . Meadows lay ill at Kiu-kiang. too. our great need is just met. " and how often he looks at your photographs. Mr. — There was much sickness in the Mission at this time. Taylor a free passage to Hongkong. says Don't be afraid. " I wish you.

" You will love them all the more. and accept Jesus' is ' for Don't you think that : sometimes you think or disobedient. . though you really try. Yet his heart craved tenderness for them too. showing how fully he realised the responsibility of her charge and the importance of disciphne in dealing with the children. the faults and even their sins. and He does so.: — offer 204 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD had me. Ask dear Miss Blatchley to tell you more about this way.' " And yet. assured so that they may tell you their of your willing ear and help If you can. But Jesus says. and keenly felt their share in his great " loss. get this. and pray little heart. My — . there is only you to make up for failed with them — ' . I wonder if you will try to I have been thinking to-night write me a httle answer ? if Jesus makes me so happy by always keeping near me. And in a Do try to later letter To keep their confidence and love himself.' used to try to think very much and very often about Jesus." To Miss Blatchley he wrote regularly. and talking to me every minute or two though I cannot see Him. and to help you so to tmst Jesus." he had written in August. even at so after great a distance. comfortless third-class darling Treasures It is not very long since my last but I want to write again. to give so at last I to keep it up trying myself. This is the best way. by God's help. or unkind. but I often forgot Him now I trust Jesus to keep my heart remembering Him. . You should trust that to Me. now that they can never again know a mother's care. . my deficiencies.' This I feel is where I most reproof and now. I would keep that ' the best way ? Perhaps I will try not to be selfish. And He would too. if you could " Once I : God to make it plain to you. Do try so to sjmipathise that they may learn to bring their troubles to you. . you do not always succeed. he toiled many an hour long his body and mind craved rest. God ^^1 help you to bear with them. boys are safe from many a snare they might otherwise be led into. for example. letter. trust Me with it. and to try to correct them by lovingly pointing out the right way rather than by too frequent Don't do this or that." keep their confidence and love. Returning amid other letters penned in quarters were the following : to Shanghai.

the precious truths which have come so late to me concerning oneness with and the indwelling These do not seem to me more difficult of apprehenof Christ. When you wake. . I want you to love Jesus very know that He really does love you very much. before these little ones. Don't think of Him as some dreadful Being. that He is always is really will try And to Miss Blatchley : I do long for them I have written again to the dear children." He Hkes us to talk to often talk aloud to Him. my to dear Papa would be very pleased and to take you on his knee and You know he would Well. either aloud or in your hearts " Good morning. and to draw out their desire for these things. 205 must be I am so glad for her to be so glad to go to her when Jesus thinks it best. say to Him. How wonderfully He has led and taught us. Him. Do not forget. and speak to Him with loving words. once for all. So I hope you not to grieve so constant and kind a Friend. able to do everything.." Try ." .. and have taken care of me. Out of the mouths of babes and sucklings Thou In all your intercourse with friends hast perfected praise.! SHALL NEVER THIRST how happy darUng be with Him . Awake or asleep. Take care of my heart make it think good thoughts. and Don't you to see you kiss you ? darling children. Teach me how much you love me. I Mamma I shall Now. has He not ? How little I beheved the rest and peace I now enjoy possible down here. to learn early. heart. at home or elsewhere. When I am walking alone. with you.. and ! : : : to do it. so long as He has any work for me to do for Him and for poor China. heaven or earth are un- important accidents. But I hope He will help me to be equally willing to live with Him here. and to minister Him to them. . I At other times I talk to Him in my my darhng children. Both need the teaching sion than the truths about redemption. good words. and. but as very gentle and very kind. He with you though you cannot see Him.. Take care of my Hps only let them speak Help me always to know what is right and kind. think your far-off. nothing more. much. to explain these most sweet and practical yet simple truths to the children. May God help you to live Christ of the Spirit. Think of Him as very good and very great. I am so glad you have been by me all night. . dear Jesus. May w^e ever enjoy it It is heaven begun below. talk to you. is it not ? Compared with this union with Christ. Jesus will always be far more pleased when you think of Him with loving thoughts.

and we shall have all things let it be lacking. though he has lately experienced such deep sorrow." wrote Mr. deepen their reahsation of the value of union with Him." And what a wonderful fact is our being in Day by day I am learning a httle Christ Jesus and He in us. Mrs. . Mr. what we want is not Doubtless it is in answer to many money but power. and a Httle more of it. Parker. and scarcely expected This was a sore trial. 1 ! Hastening to Ningpo on his return." '* . . To Mr. Cordon of Soo-chow. . what a wonderful expression is that. But Mission affairs were to live. they will end there the better enter into Christ's command and purposes toward China. Long were those visits remembered with gratitude to God. He is our wisdom and righteousness. and it is so sweet. urgent. in the hope of being able to take his youngest child with him to Chin-kiang. our strength." he wrote on the "to find your heart same journey to his sister. so practical. so simple. he found him desperately ill with croup. . prayers that my own soul has been so sustained under sore trial. your efforts may but if you minister blessing to their souls. and redemption His bosom is our resting-place now and for ever. so all-sufhcient It is childhke. Taylor pressed on to Hang-chow and the neighbouring stations. to be reminded of His love by His seeking communion with you at all times." of the Mission. After all. after an absence of a month or more. — . and as soon as there was decided improvement. and our very blessings may become a snare. our sanctification and He is our power for service and fruit-bearing. " and. : ! . He came to us full of the Spirit. and will be more hkely to become helpers in prayer. our salvation to abide in Him. And yet no truth makes one feel so utterly Hke playing in the shallows of a boundless and Oh. spoke only of the wisdom and goodness of the Lord. Should you succeed in interesting them in China or in the Mission. all is ours . seek to Christ. . of our . not by your painful attempts He is our hfe. Walker all taken up by Him . the unsearchable riches of His fulness for He is ours and we are His. and not less so pecuniarily. Seek prayer for us. leaving him in the care of Dr. " Oh it is joy to feel Jesus hving in you. Berger he wrote on October 13 ! : dear brother. Ah " In Christ Jesus. my ocean.2o6 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD and .

^ And there it was home letters found him the first from — England after tidings of Mr. to share in close fellowship your deep sorrow. Stevenson at Shaohing he had much spiritual fellowship. with the exception of two Gospels. and Mrs. Detained there by medical duty. in faith. " have so stunned us that I feel even now. Though still only twentyseven. 1 One djiin. or their sense of the loss the Mission sustained. and even to acquiesce in His will. Berger. especially to yourself this feeling that I ! still. becoming of these married. the daughter of Wang Laehis co-pastor in Hang-chow. after " two or three days' knowledge . for wliich. Taylor's sorrow had been Nothing could exceed the tenderness of Mr. quite unfit for you so well understand need not hesitate. who had been almost a member of his own family from the time of their sailing for China. Several of the boys had committed to memory the entire New Testament. and probably your later feehngs of desolation writing. . of the facts. rejoicing especially in the progress of the work at the latter station. the grief inseparable from the loss of one so deeply and deservedly loved must be most poignant. it was a refreshment to Mr. " Oh that I could transport myself and my dear wife to your side. Taylor to see something of old friends. however much you may be able to realise that the Lord has done it. Four years of steady w^ork in Hang-chow had developed in her rare sweetness of character and depth of spiritual experience. and is still (1918) in charge of the Sin-kai-long Church. including ]\Ir. had The contents of your letter dated Chin-kiang. and Mrs. a force for good and for God widely felt in that heathen city. July 30. and seven evangelists were at work in the surroimding districts. Her schools. she was a most efficient missionary. and not a few had become earnest Christians and gave promise of future usefulness. a few years later. she had assumed entire financial responsi- bihty. At Hang-chow also there was much to encourage. Berger's Mrs. The church was prospering under the faithful ministry of Pastor Wang. were prospering both as regards numbers and results." wrote Mr. sympathy. and received. For. McCarthy and Miss Faulding.SHALL NEVER THIRST 207 Both there and with Mr.

for so it seemed good in Thy sight. I should fall to the lot of very few. how much more shall we be saved. aHve Out of this." and says so still. And to Mrs. nor do I love her less. many thanks ment—I . He was afflicted when enemies. the deepest sorrow and trial you have ever been : ' ' .' " Jehovah wounds and He heals. or less rejoice in her. While still Hang-chow —home of so many memories- Mr. know less of His power and sustaining love. He wiU not." . than better are which love. He even kills and makes and may we not say advisedly. . cannot fail to pour In aU our afflictions in oil and wine to the wounded heart. Berger. weeps in and with me. He afflicts for our profit. I feel it an inexpressible gain. His of kisses the with me it is possible for her. Twelve years and a half of such unbroken spiritual fellowship. November i8 : for your loving sympathy in my bereavecannot properly say loss. seeing He ever hveth. It may in never takes away shall surely flow some inconceivable but our Father unfold slowly. as no words can express. but for the loving fellowbut it is just here one finds the glimmer of Ught ship of Jesus and hope rising in the mind. She does not love me less now. His daily. " The blank would be too painful. Father. mutual satisfaction and love. She is not lost. united labour. His own peace. cared for and ministered to as His own. He who once on earth rejoiced in spirit and said. And I do from day to day and every day so dehght in the love of Jesus. seeking to reassure them with regard to his experiences. But were the blank less. called to pass through. and if we were reconciled by His death. Often wine. Many. " Even so. constantly does He cheer me with His Never does He leave me at the grave of Lazarus often now wept once who He love. who is I find myself wondering whether to have more joy in His presence than He has given me. . Berger the same day : No language can express v>^hat He has been and is to me. ' . He joy own His own rest.2o8 will THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD be keener than those that immediately followed your bereavement. blessing. . feed and rest in green pastures in the recognition that His wiU has been done and is being done. satisfy my thirsty heart when most desolate from His fulness. Taylor repHed to these beloved friends. hourly. rejoices in spirit in me. hke the bud to leave us poor. He kisses gives me. taken. To Mr. . He only knows what her absence is to me.

the heralds of the Cross among them. The Pope's temporal power is no more. knowing that Europe was involved in war. that foreigners do really eat children. for He is heaven. was still unsettled. Rome is now I suppose the capital of free Italy. and the Chinese authorities. " whether in relation to our mission or the world at large. 1 " Never in my lifetime has any year witnessed such events as has the year 1870. vile sinner Into His house of wine. : .SHALL NEVER THIRST 209 If He has taken her to heaven. " not only a few plunderers are to be feared people are roused. In His presence there is " fullness of joy. Unless something is done about the Tien-tsin murders before long. . . There is no night. . dear Mrs." I never was so happy. including the French Consul and Sisters of Mercy. but is not now. the aspect of affairs had for months been darker than Mr. At night He smooths my pillow . and yet And then." ^ to defend themselves. and are now unable But the Lord reigns. true. " I will be with thee aU day long thou shalt not be alone. Berger. " In the event of any riot now. have prevented vengeance from reaching the perpetrators of those crimes in other words. May we all have grace to give heed to it. The Tien-tsin massacre in which twenty-one foreigners had lost their lives. : He brings a poor." ' P . unutterable gladness. Taylor had written in aU the October. in His presence. . Politically. . . He never leaves I have not to seek Him now me." Mr. Meanwhile there was no lessening of the pressure of outward difficulties. no gloom. I know you sympathise. took no steps to allay anti-foreign feeling. At times I can almost hear again the sweet voice of my Gracie feel the presence of httle Samuel's head on my bosom. Taylor had ever known it in China. I fear you will leam of even more serious troubles. and weakness. . personally we have suffered the loss of the most devoted labourer for Be well as as of a friend. . nor lonely. He who wiU how it makes the heart ache soon come and wipe away every tear comes and takes all bitterness from them and fills my heart with deep. etc. . The Chinese generally are satisfied that only consciousness of guilt. in the morning He wakes my heart to His love. And Noel and his mother how sweet the recollection. It is of Jesus I would speak : . still and know that I am God. France lies humiliated to a degree. : . China seems to be And rising to expel foreigners. — 1 . beloved China's milhons that could be found. and I feel I must teU you of His love..' is a word appropriate at such a juncture. quoted above. Berger had gone on to say in the letter of July 30. He has also brought heaven here to me." At times He does suffer me to reaUse all that was. ." Mr.

covenant-keeping God. He set before us the open doors into which we have entered. should deeper sorrov/s come than any we have yet felt. and (2) that we have been kept If in any in calmness and joy in our various positions of duty. I trust we are all fully satisfied that we are God's servants. can testify that it has been a most blessed year to our souls. The last day of the year was set apart as usual for prayer and fasting. Taylor when an inland station was abandoned that might have been held. sent by Him to the various posts we occupy. We have put to the proof. and sought as far as in him lay to strengthen their hands in God. who have drunk of the cup of the Man of Sorrows more deeply than ever before. as He sees best. in arranging for which Mr. doubtless. measure we have failed to improve for their good this opportunity. He knew the weakness of his own heart too well to be harsh toward others. : . And some of us. let us humbly confess this and all conscious failure to our faithful.210 It THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD was scarcely to be wondered at that the long strain and danger should tell on the nerves. Perhaps every one of our number has been more or less face to but out of it all the face with danger. and when some dear fellowworkers seemed to fail in faith and courage. And should greater dangers as well as to deliver from danger. Taylor wrote to the members of the Mission of excitement . sorrowful and the most blessed year of my life. . and can Personally. and that we are doing His work in them. His power to support in trouble and to give patience under affliction. and even but it was no little the spiritual life of lonely missionaries sorrow to Mr. And they have been helped. it is to be hoped that they will be met in a strengthened confidence in our God. We have had great cause for thankfulness in one respect we have been so placed as to show the native Christians that our position as well as theirs has been. await us. or have failed to rest for ourselves in God's power to sustain in or protect from danger. and I doubt not that others have to a greater or lesser extent had the same experience. . by the facts that (i) the former has been felt to be uncertain and unreliable. : The present year (1870) has been in many ways . His faithfulness. perplexity and distress Lord has delivered us. and may be again. and in past times of excitement He has . it has been alike the most give God thanks for it. one of danger. remarkable. both with regard to themselves and to us. to look from " foreign power " to God Himself for protection.

. and by our faithfulness to our charge prove that we are followers of the Good Shepherd who did not flee from death itself. save just before leaving England with the Lammermuir Party. Taylor continued : I need not remind you of the liberal help which. Should circumstances arise involving in no wise affect our duty. but relying on the promise of His presence. the Lord has sent us direct from certain donors. and he had to learn more than ever before of the close and often humbling connection betw^een the one and the other. we must seek the needed grace now. in our need. Fishe. of man's approbation or disapproval. We did not enter upon our present positions under a guarantee of human protection. . With regard to funds Mr. T. us in what may seem special danger. If we are reaUy trusting in Him and seeking from Him. Missing the efficient help of both Mrs. accounts and all manner of detail in addition to the general direction of the work.SHALL NEVER THIRST 211 preserved us in them. of apparent safety or danger. he was overwhelmed with correspondence. who had now been twelve months in China. the poor body had suffered. if we would manifest this calmness then. are a poor substitute for the Hving God. Taylor at this time that he wrote early in December that he had never known anything like it. but because He had called us. and cannot deny Himself. . : So great was the pressure on Mr. and it was v^dth thankfulness he saw his way at the close of the year to appointing him Secretary to the Mission on the field. we cannot be put to shame if not. But for Mr. the better. or the donors. The Mission funds. It is too late to look for arms and begin to drill when in presence of the foe. for Mr. We did not come to China because missionary work here was either safe or easy. Well was it that such help came when it did. A badly deranged liver made him sleepless and brought on painful physical . perhaps the sooner we find the unsoundness of any other foundation. Taylor and Miss Blatchley. Flooded though his soul had been with joy in the Lord. C. I trust we shall have grace to manifest the reahty and depth of our trust in Him. nor of the blessed fact that He abideth faithful. The accidents of ease or difficulty. Taylor had borne all and more than he had strength for physically. he could not have got through at all. But.

Berger early in the New Year. real oneness with Christ and with the exception of the past two months. as I never knew it before. it is but one day at a time. and Mrs." : ." he wrote " And the best of God's to Mr. wonderfully real. my dear Brother in this dark. Oh. one does need a deep assurance of the presence of Jesus. precious Word is that the more nourishment and savour we get out of it. and Mrs. For the last two months my liver has been so deranged that I have rather realised the Lord Jesus as my refuge than as my abounding joy but none the less precious are the blessings I receive in Him. our present. the Lord had previously taught me practically. it was a change indeed to be one of a bachelor household. and saying as to his own experiences " I need not tell you of the difficulties and dangers.212 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD This was increased by lung-trouble which depression. by His grace. But Mr. I think I may say that in the aggregate they have equalled. if otherwise. however often we come to it. It does not fail nor weary us with sameness. Rudland had been called to Tai-chow-fu Mrs. Mr. . Taylor had only one or two young men for his companions. And time did not lessen the desolation. . to-day's burden to-morrow we may be with Him where there is no burden or. more conscious of outward loneliness. . After the homelife in which he had dehghted. if not exceeded. the most joyous year of my life. it has been the happiest. as *' wonderfully near. " In due season we shall reap if we faint not this has been to me the word in season I know not how often." ^ And in it all he was proving the sustaining power of the Word of God. caused not only pain but serious difficulty in breathing. " Well. and the sickness and sorrows of the past year. and in the very darkness permitted ^ To Mr. Grattan Guinness he had written in January (1871) thanking them for no little help afforded to Miss Blatchley and his children while in Paris. the pressure daily changing. we can bear at the close of the year. Be this as it may. dark land. His suffering condition made liim the ." ." * ' — Passages which already had meant much to him unfolded new depth and meaning. Berger " To-day. so that six weeks later he was writing of " days of sorrow and nights of heaviness. the more we find in it. those of the sixteen previous years of my missionary labour." he wrote to Mr. Duncan had rejoined her husband at Nanking and with his youngest child still in Ningpo. ! . and in His presence there is fullness of joy/ this world's tribulation notwithstanding. ' This experience continued for some time." but of his one unfailing Refuge also. He will be with us.

or any other cup He may be pleased to give. over against his long-continued and increasing need. but of the continuous habit of the soul. Miiller. " It ' ' ' " that where many of us err is in leaving our drinking in the What we need is to past. They tell me of Him Who.' but Whosoever drinketh. present tense of Greek verbs flooded the passage with new meaning. " Do not let in later years. You know does not become less bitter. he wrote in March (1871) : You daily called to drink that it felt as days run on into weeks and weeks into months.' is incompatible with unmet hunger and thirst. when the poor and needy seek water and there is none no. and your sympathy and prayers I do Yet the flesh is weak . what the cup is that I am yes. many times every day. he was making more his own treasures which through coming years he was to pour out for others. Thus in John vi.' It is not of one isolated draught He speaks. us change the Saviour's words." " It seems to me. thankful for the occasion which drives us to be drinking — drink ever more deeply of the Living Water." he had written to a friend at the time. Thus to Mr." he often said is not Whosoever has drunk. It was under these circumstances he came to see fresh power and beauty in the promises from our Lord's own lips which had already been made so vital in his experience. not one drop opens rivers in high places and fountains in the midst of the prize — valleys. or even of many. " Whosoever drinketh of the water that I shall give him. do know." stood out in letters of light as he saw the full bearing of the The force of continuous habit expressed by the original. while our thirst continues present. And you know too how His grace can make one glad to have stcch a cup from His hand. beloved Brother. 35 the full meaning is.— SHALL NEVER THIRST 213 for a time. yes." . and he who is beheving on me The habit of coming in faith to Him shall by no means thirst. He who is habitually coming to me shall by no means hunger. nor is the lack of help less — and thank you for. who in the recent death of his wife had lost his chief friend and helper.

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The Gates of the West. Things will Look Up. „ The Faithfulness of God. 15. IV THE GOD OF THE IMPOSSIBLE Aet. Thou Remainest. Out of Weakness were made Strong. . Not Disobedient to the Heavenly Vision. „ 18.PART 1871-1877. 17. 39-45- Chap. ^ 20. ig. 16.

. From 2^ he bursting with Glory of the Impossible by L. We love to see the impossible done. The snow patches lie there.— — Far up in the Alpine hollows. and always above it rose the bell of air. and stirred its pulses even below the snow-shroud. and let the blossom through into the sunsliine. Higher and higher it grew. year by year. test the resources of God till you try the impossible. flowers in full bloom. William Booth. And as it sprouted. Back in the days of the bygone summer. B. Then spring came. God works one of His marvels. till the and at last the icy covering of flower-bud formed safely within it the air-bell gave way. And the fragile thing rings an echo in our hearts that none of the jewel-like flowers nestled in the warm turf on the slopes below could waken. the little soldanella plant spread its leaves wide and flat on the ground to drink in the sun-rays. . And so does God. the crystalline texture of its mauve petals sparkling like the snow itself. frozen into ice at their and through edges from the strife of sunny days and frosty nights that ice-crust come. You do not F. and it kept them stored in the root through the winter. is God loves with a great love the man whose heart a passion for the impossible. Lilias Trotter. . Meyer. as if it bore the traces of the fight through which it had come. warmth was given out in such strange measure that it thawed a little dome in the snow above its head. unscathed.

but to younger hands must be committed the task that had proved too much for their strength. their home. and sweeping round the house that had so warmly welcomed Mr. Taylor on his return from China. test and train its candidates. and bear all the responsibihty of the home-work of the mission ? Who would edit its Occasional Paper. and to them no less than to Mr. giving their time and substance. now numbered more than thirty foreign and fifty native considering the initial difficulties. workers. in thirteen central stations at an average distance Nothing could have exceeded. did but make the fireside more home-like when at length he had time to sit down quietly and talk over with Mr. March winds.CHAPTER XV THOU REMAINEST 1872. and Mrs. And now. and do the thousand and one things they had done without 217 . carry on its all correspondence. the " Lammermuir Six years almost had elapsed since the outgoing of Party. of a hundred miles apart. Saint Hill was to be sold. all that must change. the devotion with which Mr. Berger had watched over its interests. its beloved owners finding it needful to winter abroad. Berger all that was on their tossing the big elms at Saint Hill hearts. themselves indeed to its service.'* years of wonderful progress The mission which up to that time had had but two stations and seven members. 40. The love and prayers would continue. we have seen. keep in touch with its friends. and Mrs. and the position full of problems. Aet. For who was to take their place. Taylor as the parting was painful.

Berger wrote that same day (March 19. prompted by a love that felt it never could do enough ? Such co-operation could no more be replaced than parental care in a family. Behold. faithful and almighty our God is. and Mrs. " I love them so dearly And it seems another link severed I " with the past in which my precious departed one (who is seldom absent from my thoughts) had a part. . the through go Taylor to Mr. and I am very sure He will but never from the time of the foundation of the not fail us Mission have we been so utterly cast upon God. Berger's retiring has tried me a good deal. Berger being £336 '. Without them we could never know how tender.' " at Saint Hill in March enabled Mr. equal as he felt to the task. looking to the Lord to liberate him when and as He should see fit. ! The change about Mr. " I never was more happy in Jesus. written from Salisbury at 5 a.m. and rest of mind and body would have been grateful in view especially of a speedy return to the But the home base could not be neglected." he had written in February." he wrote a Uttle later to the same correspondent. How much we may and ought to trust Him " ^ . ' I make all things new. His own health was much impaired by those six strenuous years. February 8. But His word is. entaihng an expenditure of about three hundred pounds a month. " Thou remainest " was a certainty that meant Taylor in those days. Taylor had no plans in view. and the need for the change had come so suddenly that Mr. 1872. on a wintry morning. all the accounts of the mission. To the friends of the mission Mr. It is well doubtless that it should be so. much to Hudson " My path is far from easy.2i8 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD expense to its funds. Difficulties afford a platform upon which He can show Himself. 1872) The week spent : It is difficult to describe the feehngs with which I commence 1 To Miss Desgraz at Yang-chow.1:9. It is over by handed balance interesting to note that the first entry in the cash-book after this transaction was a gift of fifty pounds from the retiring Home Director. Unfront. there was nothing for it but to take up the entire responsibihty himself. The work in China was now a large one.

6 Pyrland Road. Newington Green. The weekly prayermeeting was held in the downstairs rooms. China Inland Mission. Faihng strength on the part of myself and my dear wife. Our sympathies for the work are as warm as ever. * The letter appeared in Occasional Paper. to which I think there can be no objection. if they should be of a less active nature. as none of . . such as Pyrland Road was in those days and the change from Mr. N. It was a far cry from Saint Hill to a little suburban street on the outskirts of London. combined with increasing claims. 219 from the notice on the face of of the home department of this Mission is about to pass into other hands. unmistakably indicate the necessity for this step. Taylor was himself the whole executive of the to many a heart is the adjacent houses — — . Mr. to which I shall ever look back with feelings of satisfaction and gratitude. . ." were sent forth from these doors. You will gather this Number ^ that the management the funds subscribed for the Mission are ever appropriated to It is sincerely to be hoped that in taking this responsibility he will not overtax his powers. when Mr. . Writing to his parents. his private use. But we are running far ahead of the small beginnings of 1872. . including " the Seventy " and " the Hundred. a few steps only from its present quarters. No. My relation with dear Mr. But how dear and sacred . may not prove less serviceable. Taylor used note-paper bearing the modest heading. two of which could be thrown together and many a devoted band of missionaries. For more than twenty years the entire homework of the Mission was carried on from this centre. a few weeks later. and we would fain hope that our future efforts in China's behalf. Mr. from which no suitable candidate for work in China was ever turned away. and that ere long he may succeed in finding efficient and peraianent helpers. . Berger's library to the small back bedroom which had to do duty as study and office in one was equally complete. Taylor purposes taking the management of the home department upon himself pro tern.THOU REMAINEST this letter. 29. every remembrance of number six and numbers four and two acquired as need arose. Taylor has been one of unbroken and harmonious fellowship.

and seating himself at the harmonium led the singing. recently returned from China. ' ' . His appearance did not impress me. Like most young men. but beyond this there was . a boldness. Between a dozen and twenty people were present. where the headquarters When we reached the place. F. I suppose I associated power with noise. In the busy worid of London. to find Pyiiand Road. a bright lad full of life and had given his heart to the Lord.^ its chief sinologue as well " After a good deal of thought and prayer/' he wrote. a power that hushed shall ' who The name of Mr. . The house we sought was number six. ' My God supply aU your need. and looked for great physical Let us pray. A large harmonium stood at one side. and as I was not accustomed to seeing texts hung on walls in that way. including the late Miss Blatchley. Hearing an address from Mr. and his Hfe also.220 Mission. my ideas underwent a change. " I and in comdetermined to seek an interview with Mr. I had never heard any one pray Hke that. THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD and it is well to be recalled by one who cherishes a vivid memory of those eariy days. decidedly impressed me. and on reaching it we were shown into the room where the meeting was to be held. and away to the north stretched open fields. But when he said.' and presence in a leader. Taylor opened the meeting by giving out a hymn. There was a simplicity. Taylor pany with a friend started out one Saturday afternoon for the north of London. and spoke in a gentle voice. " Mr.' faced the door by which we entered. but these were thrown open and the two rooms turned into one. proceeded to lead the meeting in prayer. . a tenderness. Traces of this state of things still exist in the name Green Lanes borne by a busy street close by. divided by folding doors. he had a strong desire to learn more about the Inland Mission. for whatever service He might appoint. A large text. China to the Gospel. Strictly speaking it was two rooms. but it is interesting to recall that long his work is now chiefly literary before he became distinguished in this realm he was among the early pioneers of the Mission whose itinerations did so much to open inland 1 . including his Primer and Dictionary. found that but half the street was built. little spirits thinking that he would one day be as one of its most useful workers. are indebted to him for many valuable helps. little either of furniture or decoration. Bailer is well known to students of Chinese. He was slightly built. W. we of the Mission were located. . Meadows. A member of the Mandarin Bible Revision Committee. and various Chinese articles were arranged in other parts of the room.

Spurgeon stand all by themselves." ' — : . Taylor honour. My idea was that perchance I might some day go as a helper to a missionary to be a missionary myself seemed too great an Seeing I was young. Mission. taking me upstairs to a room on the first floor. it would have been But in the dark so easy to be impatient or discouraged days of 1870 he had learned some deep lessons about waiting for. and the work to be done kept him busy morning. I introduced myself to Mr. giving an opportunity for friendly intercourse. Taylor. the Spirit of Uberty. He was not in haste to rush into new arrangements. was manifestly present.THOU REMAINEST 221 and subdued one. I have heard many men pray in public since then. as a man talketh with his friend. scarcely twenty. but the Spirit of the Lord. . could ever forget them ? It was the experience of a lifetime to hear Mr. making me feel quite at home. Taylor to curb himself to the routine of office work as the days and weeks went by. gave me some good advice as to what to do until the Lord's way should be made plain. evidently the outcome of long tarrying in the secret place. when he would see me alone. the mind of the Lord. but seemed one of the shortest prayer-meetings I had ever attended. fervent prayer of a righteous man. and to hear Mr. noon and night. I went home with a Ught heart. The interview over. as well as waiting upon God.' " The meeting lasted from four to six o'clock. He w£is the soul of kindness drawing me out. He spoke with God face Such praying was to face. Spurgeon pray. awkward pauses . who asked me to stay till others were gone. Taylor plead for China was to know something of what is meant by the effectual. having no indication as to what might be But when prayer for the right no answer. Most present took part audibly. filled with gratitude to God for His goodness in thus encouraging me to hope in Him. and leading them into the Holy Place . Longing to press forward with the great task before the it must have been difficult indeed for Mr. . and encouraging the hope that I might one day see China and labour there. Taylor and the prayers Who that heard of Mr. This was more indeed than I had anticipated when I set out to seek him. helpers seemed to bring ! . Mr. There were no long. and was as a dew from the Lord. This he did. but the prayers of Mr. taking as it were the great congregation of six thousand people by the hand. The meeting over. tea was served. and made it clear that God had admitted him into the inner circle of His friendship.

In all these trials I have had the assured confidence that the work is His. and I am. I have not sought the position. — the only one of its kind in England. . if we thoroughly learned it in them. the very things which my short-sightedness would fain have removed or prevented that He could terminate our difficulties at any moment. and made a gathering ground for spirituallyminded people to whom oneness in Christ was more than minor differences. . The meetings of 1872 were largely attended. Mr. He that helieveth shall not make haste. Vicar of the parish." he had written in this connection to one with him in China. visitors coming from the Continent as well as from all parts of the United Kingdom to be present. . and we should have our full value for them. . The Lord make you to stand the test. Two thousand five tions was still the neighbourhood . a time of testing. and now that he was a near neighbour Mr. could not His chief reason for settling in North London had been to be in touch with " Mildmay " and all it stood for the far-reaching institutions founded by the Rev. . and of its disappointment and weariness. or learn. He knows why He places me here whether to do. and sooner or later would terminate them.222 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD " Beloved Brother." — . if that should be for His glory. year has been by far the most painful of my life. whose ministry he greatly valued. Pennefather soon discovered qualities that fitted him to take a leading place among its speakers. impetuous flesh. . Moses seems to have been taken aside for forty years to learn it. " Then again. " you are passing through a time of trial or to change the word to bring out the meaning more clearly. . or ordered. but also by far the most blessed. putting me where I am and as I am. The annual Conference convened by him for Christians of all denominalife The deepened current felt of Mr. proving. . Taylor had been in touch with the Conference from its early days at Barnet. . or suffer. . . Taylor's own but be throughout the circle of the Mission. — ' . and I dare not leave it.* That is no easy lesson for you or me to learn but I honestly think ten years would be well spent. Pennefather. This I ought to be able to sympathise with you. Meanwhile let us beware ahke of the haste of the impatient. . W. not mine that He had permitted. and when proved enable you to approve yourself before God and man as a labourer who needeth not to be ashamed. it is no small comfort to me to know that God has called me to my work. .

the arrangements at Pyrland Road were just as simple as at Coborn Street in the early days. Miss Faulding. and the leaders of the movement for Scriptural holiness which had already brought so much blessing through the pages of The Revival. as well as that of the children and the Mission.— -THOU REMAINEST 223 hundred people crowded the great hall daily. but the promise he had learned to claim was fulfilled that day in his experience as never before " from him shall flow rivers of living water. Taylor found the regard he had at the last moment long felt for her developing into something more than friendThe marriage had not been long delayed. Taylor. should be asked to give the opening address. and doubtless to many who heard him. comparatively young and little known. that Mr. and Mr. and travelling by the same steamer other arrangements having fallen through Mr. Hudson Taylor valued and sought after among the leaders of the Conference. or that address so full made the deepest impression on the young visitor from Barnstaple who was staying at Pyrland Road. Moody. had been able as they were. however. and he was ship. and among the ministers on the platform were D. Taylor should marry again. Miss Soltau.*' Not the great meetings. The place at Mr. It was a surprise to Mr. who had come up from Barnstaple with the earnest desire to give her life to China. and Mrs. the fife by God's blessing of the women's work in Hang-chow. obliged to — — thankful for the children to see as much of her as possible before she returned with him to China. It had been his loved one's wish for his own sake. was in no way deterred by the real self-sacrifice she saw at the heart of things. and very unexpectedly his thoughts had been turned in that direction. that a missionary. Taylor's side that had been so empty was now taken by one fitted in every way to be a help and comfort. she come home on furlough. L. of blessing. might to add . But though it was the home of a bride. and Hudson Taylor in the little office and daily prayer-meeting of the mission house hard by. Taylor were carefully economising in order to the funds of the Mission. Memorwas more interested and even more helped by the family life she was sharing day by day.

It was but natural that Mr. and well remembered Mr. like Mr. " to keep silent to all around and let our wants be known to the Lord only. and Mr. " I remember dear Mr. few special friends were at Pyrland Road between the meetings." called us all together to praise the — Far from discouraged by the shortness of funds after Mr. hands. He was toiling far beyond his . One day when we had had a small breakfast and there was scarcely an3^hing for dinner. Then all joined until the Lord should bring it to pass. could assume the whole responsibiUty. — : It was about this time that.224 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD living seem to be other. been looking for helpers who. Taylor had. and then and there covenanted mth one another to pray daily in definite faith for this. but the reality of the one explained to her the growing influence of the and carried home many a lesson. Taylor was praying and planning more definitely than ever for advance to the unreached During the week of the Conference a interior of China. guidance began to come as to the future management of the home side of the Mission. two very different lives . Taylor led in a prayer never to be forgotten. as well as attending to all that had to be done at home. of directing the work in China from a distance. Then he less love. and Mrs. But none such were forthcoming. Mr. and standing before the large map in the sittingroom their hearts were moved by the thought How are these Christless miUions to be reached ? Miss Soltau was of the number. was very heavy. Taylor's exhortation. Berger's retirement. The burden. Taylor saying " Have you faith to join me in laying hold upon God for eighteen men to go two and two to those unoccupied " provinces ? They knew what he meant. this I know. Berger. For the Bible tells me so. from unexpected quarters. meanwhile. I was so thrilled to hear him singing the children's hymn : Jesus loves me." she wrote long after. perhaps unconsciously. to tell Lord for His changeour needs and claim the promises and before the day was over we were rejoicing in His gracious answers.

M. and spend the evening ? I would ask one or two friends interested in the work." They urged the advice of Jethro to divide among a number such responsibility as could be delegated. Mr. who would gladly have given themselves to the work of the Mission had family claims permitted. had been worked from the beginning. offering . Mr. business men in London thou art not able to perform it thyself thyself away alone. A Council. proved a seed thought. could undertake many of Mr. Richard Hill. not to take any responsibility with regard to the management of affairs on the field. This suggestion. and Mrs. Secretary to such a Council. Hill suggested the formation of a Council of Christian friends.m. he wrote to Mr. As it was. accountkeeping. and we might have some quiet prayer and conversation about Q . At Greenwich also. Hill on the ist of August Could you take tea with us on Tuesday next about 6 p. and only necessary letters forwarded to the Secretary. one evening in July. the matter was brought up still more definitely. Hill's offer to become Hon. Intimately acquainted with the work both at home and in China. Taylor considered it. . George and Mr. she would be of the greatest assistance to the Council. but to divide among themselves the home work of the Mission. Henry Soltau. Taylor free to return to China.: THOU REMAINEST strength. Taylor was visiting Mr. not a Committee of Management. 225 " The thing thou doest is not good. The more Mr.I. and Mr. keeping in touch with the friends of the Mission through its Occasional Paper. — themselves a measure of help with correspondence. . etc." wrote two '* thou wilt surely wear old friends. Mr. through her hands the daily correspondence could be attended to. to join us. thus setting Mr. Berger's former responsibilities. After some weeks of thought and prayer. while the Council would deal with candidates and with funds. the more he saw that it was simply an enlargement of the plan upon which the C. . Taylor was purposing to leave Miss Blatchley in charge of his children at Pyrland Road. . reinforced by Mr. therefore. and would be able to keep up the prayer-meeting Passing and provide a centre for returning missionaries.

as He has ever done . Wilham Sharp. His faithfulness wiU not —for it is written. yet He abideth faithful. nay. Joseph Weatherky.226 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD . Now that the Mission has grown. none wiU be sent and so that there can be no going Should our faith be tried. Theodore Howard. perhaps. October 4. before asking many either to meet or to join us in the proposed Council. Quietly. as it has been before. would have the benefit of practical training in London. the Mission and those whose co-operation it would be well to after which. The meeting was held and the Council practically formed that night (August 6. joined a the former in 1872 and the latter in 1877. and Mr. should our faith fail. The late Mr. Love radiated from that centre amid the slums of Clerkenwell warm. they had in hand of promises of without carefulness. thus. He "will prove Himself faithful. remitted to China shall not into the hearts of those He sees fit to use to act When there is money in hand. Henry Soltau was appointed to act as joint Honorary Secretary with Mr. as His channels. Mr. "If we believe not. it wiU be is . 1872. George Soltau. Taylor wrote to the friends of the Mission : China a couple pounds was all but there was no debt. Ijttle later — . Mr. in connection with the Lamb and Flag Schools and Mission carried on by Mr. Richard Hill. 1872)." Candidates for the Mission. — * At the first regular meeting of the Council. The remaining members were Messrs. We shall seek pecuniary aid from God by prayer. Taylor was able to hand over to the Secretaries months later. With regard to the new arrangements. he was glad to be able to announce. He we will put none. spent would be helpful. trust We work is as abroad. now the senior member of the Council. and with all the God for the future as in the past they were set out for when he A httle over twenty-one . . But the it principles of action will be the same. for thirty-five years the Home Director of the Mission. William Hall. more workers are needed at home. which in the goodness of God has so faithfully stood behind the work for more than five-and-forty years. we might see our way to further seek It seems to me that a little time thus action more clearly. into debt. and George Soltau. none will think that because the form of the homechanged the character of the work itself is altered. as heretofore.^ It was not a large balance Mr. when there draw upon home. John Challice. the way opened.

and^ make and keep them successful the Love of Christ. Pray that we may daily foUow Him Who took our nature that He might raise us to be partakers of the Divine nature. must be to ascertain as far as possible whether it exists. ruined sinners in us. Not our love to Christ.I. even Christ's love to us personally rather His love to j)oor. to get as near to the people. In the work itself our aim wiU be. standard of the cross in new and unoccupied regions . that it may really be so. men. dwell richly in us all who are already on the field. drawing young and old. ability. Oh. nor floods^ drown it. beloved friends. We : expressed in our deportment. . will yet love and care for them. to the Source whence it came. Taylor longed to see at work all over China. women. should be tested and trained in such an atmo- sphere. and is combined with the needful grace. constrain. therefore. Our aim. wandering sheep still. and to lead them on to an ever-deepening knowledge of and love for the Word of God. abide in us. to plant the to stand alone. This was the power Mr. to encourage as much as possible the gifts of the native Christians. That love wUl seek the wandering sheep until they are found and if. will carry men through all.THOU REMAINEST 227 practical Christian love. pray that this love may be in us. so that as soon as possible they may be able shall seek. they are but wayward. Many waters will not quench that love. Pray that this principle of becoming one with the people. and is operative ( * here in England in those who desire to go out. and one only. and to be as accessible to them as possible. But this love will not be put into any one by a journey to China. nor. when found. . is the only adequate power. perseverance and tact. and he was thankful that those who wished to join the C. On this important subject he continued : One thing.M. of wiUingly taking the lowest place. If it be not there already. by God's help. and in those who join us. perhaps. that our lives may commend the Gospel to the heathen whom we endeavour by word to instruct and you will seek grace and wisdom from God. a change from a more to a less favourable sphere is not likely to produce or develop it. and children. as heretofore. may be deeply inwrought in our souls and . ing and sustaining.

and the voyage had been made the most of for preparation of spirit. and others too had been incapacitated in a similar way. That there would be much to see to and put in order on his arrival Mr. . Even as it is... Mr. none of the members of the Mission having sufficient experience to fit them for such a position. And now the yellow waters of the Yangtze were around them as they lay at anchor. increase my faith. or whether it will take us N. one in charge of the whole work. Mr. S. of a year and three months. Fishe. T." Do pray earnestly for me. at the prospect of being so soon face to face with the difficulties of the work. had we not God to look to. One more unworthy there could not be. waiting for the fog to clear before they could proceed up the river to Shanghai. And oh. but in due time He will lead us on : ! 228 . Mr. I can scarcely help feeling oppressed " Lord. Taylor well knew. Taylor was prepared to find matters needing a good It had not been possible to leave any deal of attention. who had received and forwarded remittances and given much help in business matters. Embracing the opportunity for letters. how I feel my May the mighty utter incapacity to carry on the work aright God of Jacob ever be my help. Aet. or W. C..: CHAPTER XVI THINGS WILL SOON LOOK UP 1872-1873. I never felt so fully and utterly cast on the Lord E. Taylor wrote to his mother that November After an absence from China day I (1872) : should tremble indeed. had been laid aside by a long. most serious illness. and body.. 40-41. soul. I can form no conception as to what our course may be..

Fishe's illness. Taylor. ring themselves and their belongings to a native boat.THINGS WILL SOON LOOK UP 229 Met by Mr. under God. " But I know you ever pray for me. McCarthy and the members of the church. the travellers learned that although there was cause in the southern stations especially for encouragement. and as he began to move from place to place Mr. And is the difficulties afford opportunities for learning God's faithfulIt gives me great ness. to the one who returned to them now as a bride. as it proved. with help from Mr. Mr. the need for Mr. which otherwise we should not have. . while native leaders had grown cold. " Poor Yang-chow. " I do not attempt to work New tell you how beset with difficulty the on every hand. and it was important Transferto send some one to take charge without delay. Mr. : will and leave results with Him. McCarthy's six years in China quaHfied him for larger responsibilities. Fishe on arrival. The absence of the Judds on furlough." he wrote to his mother early in the Year (1873). The tidings that came to him were to a large extent discouraging. and even then was on his way home. Taylor set out forthwith for Hang-chow. Taylor found plenty of cause for humiliation before God. through failing health. ! I hear sad . . and Mr. had left the work in the Yangtze valley with little supervision. And now commenced for the leader of the Mission an experience such as he had never known before to anything like the same extent. he wiUingly undertook the difficult work on the Yangtze (in An-hwei). Not only were certain stations undermanned through the absence of senior workers. Taylor's presence was even greater than they had anticipated. to relinquish the post he had so bravely held. His Word shall not return unto Him void . and is infinitely more interested in it we than we are. and Mrs. some having even lapsed into open sin. and leaving Hang-chow to Pastor Wang. to die. sickness and trial of various sorts had told on those who remained. Duncan of Nanking had been obliged. many of whom owed their spiritual life. it is not what it once was preach it then. and Mrs. . Warm was the welcome that awaited them in the old home from Mr. that He knows comfort to remember that the work is His how best_ to carry it on. and Mrs.

*' Every night we collect large numbers by means of pictures and magic-lantern slides. . more pitied than blamed. Taylor at Hang-chow Lonely indeed must it have seemed to open the for a time. however. leaving Mrs. reasonable conviction the work would soon look up. before he went on up-river to the newer stations. . prayerfully and patiently.M." In the wintry weather with snow deep on the ground. if looked after. hundred in the chapel last night. and bring back some of the wanderers. Berger from this We had fully five centre. that he hoped to cheer and strengthen them. May the Lord give us His Though things are very sadly. giving much : time to direct missionary work." he wrote to Mr.^ dated Chin-kiang. Taylor. with God's blessing. It was considerably after others were there nearly three hours. for they have not been fed or watched over May the Lord help me to seek out as young Christians need. Joined by Mrs. and learned from his own hps something of the pioneering work in which he * A letter 3 It was with great . " and preach to them Jesus. women come to our stay here to souls. his once happy home. May the Lord bless Every afternoon. taking up himself the hardest places. 230 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD But they are to be accounts of some of the members. with God's blessing." he wrote to Mrs. Some did not stay long." . empty house at Chin-kiang. interest he visited Mr. if looked after. . he spent three months at Nanking." ^ That was his practical. This was followed by a similar sojourn at Yang-chow and Chin-kiang. 10 P. . before we could close the chapel. *' I have invited the Church members and enquirers to dine with me to-morrow (Sunday) after the morning service. Taylor. and gather the Christians together for little services with no companion but the evangehst. 1873. It was just by getting into close touch with the native helpers. " I want them all to meet together. and for this he laid himself out in centre after centre. who would so gladly have been with him. In this confidence he went on.. see and hear. he set to work at once. they are not hopeless blessing. . and depending on the quickening power of the Spirit of God. they mil soon look up. Cardwell at this time. January i8.

amid cold. Jesus. Well might Mr. not preaching at or an attitude of condemna! tion. selling 15. when she tenderly . . . came under influence. and the overflow was just what was needed. We exhorted and comforted and charged every one of you. " The importance of such journeys is very great. as a father doth his children. For what is our hope. Most people need encouraging. . or crown of rejoicing ? Are not even . and tired missionaries no less responded to a loving Saviour. Amid much that was difficult and disappointing. even as a nurse cherisheth her children ^ so being affectionately desirous of you. was engaged in the beautiful province of Kiang-si.THINGS WILL SOON LOOK UP 231 " If you are ever drinking at the Fountain." ^ Or as Weymouth renders nurses her own children. nor come across a mission station or a convert for in the whole great province with its twenty millions he was the only evangelist outside the treaty port of Kiu-kiang.500 Scripture portions and tracts. Jesus " I That it was so in his own case is manifest. Not content with this. Taylor say. who hath called you unto His kingdom and glory. almost without exception. Throughout the whole of these journeys. steadily pursued for a year and a half {1871-72). and were continued until Mr. ." it : " Gentle as a mother. that ye would walk worthy of God. and his Biblewomen. " what will your cup be running over with ? Jesus. All round the Poyang Lake he had travelled. it was a full cup he carried in this sense. cities were found. he had not met a single missionary or native preacher. teachers. . We but also our own souls. in measure. It : was. he sought out the native workers in each place. and up the four main rivers on which the important In scores of these. he had preached the Gospel. besides populous towns and villages. spirit full of than Chinese converts joy in an all-sufficient So the visits accomplished their object. Taylor had been. or joy. to every station and almost every out-station in the Mission. colporteurs. we were willing to have imparted unto you not the Gospel of God only. and the need of these districts truly — appalling." he had written to Miss Blatchley as the New Year opened. the joy of his heart in the Lord and it did good like a medicine wherever he went. discomfort. because ye were dear unto us. so that the evangelists. . It was so real and unmistakable. once at any rate. weariness. as with the prince of mis- sionaries were gentle among you.

the power really to serve help. But whether it meant longer letters or extra journeys.' . in the presence of our Lord Jesus Christ at His coming For ye are our glory and joy. for . and took time to send. At times they were or she together in stations that needed an extended visit would stay on where there was sickness.232 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD ? ye. " and the work is steadily growing. But it is the Lord's work. carried on under special Mr. foreign missionaries as the scaffolding round a rising buildon I ing . " The Lord is prospering us. Taylor. Taylor's burChristians. much care and instruction they are becoming more efficient as well as more numerous. especially /in that most important department. How glad they v/ere of his medical knowledge in those days for it gave opportunity for really serving their fellow-workers as well as the native Needless to say it added to Mr. was the privilege he desired most. to give help in nursing or among the women. . to serve the I same temporary purpose. I 1 the sooner it can be transferred to other places. others. ! — tell. The helpers but themselves need much help." he was able to write to his /parents in July . Here Paul and Barnabas cannot see eye to eye . . while elsewhere there Peter so acts as to need public rebuke exhortation is needed to restore a wanderer or quicken one ^ . . as when he reached a distant station on the Yangtze to find eighty-nine letters awaiting him." But it was work that cost. growing cold. some from the nature of the workers. through summer heat as well as winter cold. . constant travelling. the sooner it can be dispensed with the better or rather. a page or more of medical directions about ''A-liang's baby " A-liang being a valued helper at Chin-kiang. dens. I look j and the future hope for China lies. "As to difficulties and sorrows. — . the very next day. he was thankful for any and every way in which he could Capacity for usefulness. Taylor had all his correspondence and It meant directorial duties to attend to at the same time. native help. Some spring from the nature of the work. or the strain of nursing and medical responsibility. their name is legion. who could not always accompany him. and we go on from . and involved long separations from Mrs. doubtless. And such an outpouring of heart and life could not but difficulties. in them.

THINGS WILL SOON LOOK UP
day to day. He is competent to meet arise, as and when they crop up." ^
ail

233

matters that

may

Sorely was this faith needed when, after nine months in

the Yangtze valley, Mr. Taylor turned his attention to the

southern stations, in the province of Che-kiang. Not that the work was discouraging on the contrary, there was much to cheer in some directions. But it was there the unexpected tidings reached him of the complete breakdown of Miss Blatchley's health. Apart altogether from sorrow in the thought of her removal was the serious question as to how her place was to be filled. Gifted, devoted, and with some experience, matters had tended more and more to come into her hands. Not only was she keeping the missionhouse going, and the weekly prayer - meeting she was editing and sending out the Occasional Paper, dealing with correspondence to a considerable extent, and caring for the children she had received as a sacred charge from their mother, the friend she had supremely loved. All this made it difi&cult indeed to see how her place could be filled and Mr. Taylor, unable for the present to return home, could do nothing. It seemed the last drop in a full cup for already, in addition to the burdens upon him in China, he was tried and perplexed by the irregularity as well as diminution of suppHes from home. It was but natural that Mr. Berger's retirement should continue to be felt in these and other ways. The work had grown up in his hands. To the friends and supporters of the Mission he seemed almost as
;

;

;

;

\

Darling," Mrs. Taylor wrote in one of their long partings " that we must lean fully and constantly on Jesus if we are to get on at all, and I have been seeking to do it, and in believing prayer I have written down the names of our to bring our many needs to Him. foreign and native helpers, that I may be able to plead for them all daily, If we would have power for what Jesus calls us to do, we must not expend it in bearing burdens that He would have us cast on Him, must we ? And there is abundant supply, with Him, for all this work, for all we need, isn't there ? It's unbehef that saps our strength and makes everything look dark ; and yet He reigns, and we are one with Him, and He is making and so we ought always to rejoice everything happen for the very best We must triumph with in Him, and rest, though it is not always easy. God, and then we shall succeed with men, and be made blessings to them. You know these things, and can put them much better than I can, but " still it does us good to remind one another, doesn't it ?
*

" I

feel.

(Nov. 10,

'73),

;

234

THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD

a part of it as Mr. Taylor himself. His extensive had given him a familiarity with financial and practical matters that was invaluable, and the needs of the workers in China were upon his heart day and night. This could not be so to the same extent with other friends, no matter how interested and anxious to help. The members of the C.I.M. Council, moreover, were all new to their responsibiHties. They did what they could, with no little sacrifice and devotion, but they had experience to gain. Meanwhile it was in China that the difiiculties of the Mr. Taylor did what was situation were most acutely felt. and irregularities that could possible by correspondence not be dealt with in that way had just to be taken to the Lord in faith and prayer. Small though the Mission was in those days comparatively, there were fifty buildings to be kept up and a hundred workers provided for, including missionaries' wives and native helpers. There were all the children besides, in families and schools, making fully a hundred and seventy mouths to feed daily. TravelHng expenses were also a serious item, with a work extending to five provinces and furloughs involving the expensive journey Altogether, Mr. Taylor's estimate of a hundred to England. pounds a week as a working average could not be considered extravagant. Indeed it was only with most careful planning and economy that the work could be carried on vigorously upon that sum. But there were many weeks and even months in which Httle or nothing was forwarded to him for the general purposes of the Mission. Funds were not coming in plentisuch as those of Mr. MuUer fully at home, and many gifts and Mr. Berger were sent to the workers direct or to Mr. Taylor for transmission. This left but little for the general fund, from which home expenses had to be met as well as the current outlay for all but specially supported workers in China.
business
;

much

"

When

I

arrived, I

found

it

the

money

Hill,^ "

had brought," he wrote and we are asking the Lord
I
^

needful at once to dispose of in his second letter to Mr. to incline His stewards to
i6, 1872,

Hang-chow, December

THINGS WILL SOON LOOK UP
What

235

send you funds, for our present supplies will soon be exhausted. a comfort it is to know that though suppUes may be " exhausted our Supplier never can be so " The exchange keeps against us," he mentioned a month later, " and there seems every hkehhood of its remaining so for the present. We can only accept things as they are. The Lord will provide whether the exchange be high or low."
!

*

'

did provide, right through that year of testing period that would have been one of " constant and wearing anxiety from this cause alone, but for the privilege, the precious resource," as Mr. Taylor put it, " of
(1873)

And the Lord

—a

casting the daily, hourly burdens on

Him

as they arose.

As

it

was. His love

made

it

one of

much

peace."

'* May God make this year a year of much blessing to you," he wrote to a young worker who had recently joined the Mission.^ " Do not be afraid of His training school. He both knows His scholars, as to what they are, and He knows for what service they are to be fitted. A jeweller will take more pains over a gem than over a piece of glass but the one he takes most pains over is longest under discipline and most severely dealt with. Once finished, however, the burnish never tarnishes, the brightness never dims. So with us. If we are purified, at times, as in a furnace, it is not merely for earthly service, it is for eternity. May you so appreciate the plans of the Master that you can triumphantly glory in the love that subjects you to such discipline, though the discipUne itself be sharp and to the flesh hard to bear. " Will you pray often for me ? do pray earnestly. No one knows the many difficulties of my path and the deep needs I have which the Lord alone can meet. Ask, too, for funds for the many expenses of the Mission. I have had none at aU, now, for some week or two past but the Lord will provide. Our profession of looking to and of confidence in Him must not be a vain one, then it will not be put to shame."
; ,
.
.

And now,
of funds

in addition to this long-continued shortness
all

the other difficulties of the work, had come the keen personal sorrow of Miss Blatchley's illness. Con-

and

cern about his children, too, was very real.
for them, or

Who was caring

how they would be provided for if their almost mother were taken, he did not know. And before he and
^

Miss Emmeline Turner

:

a letter dated Nanking, March

19, 1873.

236

THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD
many months must

Mrs. Taylor could be with them again,
elapse.

No words can express my sorrow," he wrote to his mother few pencilled hnes as he travelled over the mountains to Feng-hwa " for what I fear will be the end of this attack of illness. I feel it selfish to sorrow for what will be infinite gain but, to one so ready for the change Jesus wept,* and He is unchanged, and can sympathise still in our grief and pain in bereavement. This has been long foreseen, but I did not expect it so suddenly. I thought the disease was so far quiescent that dear Ai-mei ^ might be spared till we once more visited England, and that ours might have been the privilege of ministering to her as long as human ministry could avail. The Lord seems to He cannot err, see it best otherwise, and we will trust Him. nor fail to do the kindest, the best thing every way for her, He will show His care for His own work." for us, for ours.
"

—a

'

:

Reaching Ningpo a few days
to learn,

later, it was an added pain by cablegram, that Miss Blatchley was hoping

against hope for his immediate return, that she might be

How he The difficulty as longed to go to her and to the children to funds alone would have made it impossible, however, for it was only by being on the spot he could divide the small supplies coming to him in such a way as to meet the most urgent needs as they arose. It meant much that he could say in the very next letter to his mother (December 2, '73)
able to resign her charges direct into his hands.
! :

exceeding joy," have been constantly He is making me in this deep sorrow to in my heart of late. rejoice in Himself " with joy unspeakable and full of glory"; " making me trust Him, rest in Him, zxidfeel an " Even so, Father
to
it all.

The words, " God,

my

To a fellow-worker
months previously
selves,
:

in special trial he

had written some
Not
in our-

The one thing we need

is

to

know God

better.

not in our prospects, not in heaven itself are we to rejoice, but in the Lord. If we know Him, then we rejoice in what He gives not because we Hke it, if pleasing, not because we think it will work good, if trying, but because it i^ His^^it^His order1 " Beloved Younger-sister," the Chinese equivalent of Emily, Miss Blatchley's Christian name.

THINGS WILL SOON LOOK UP
ing
to
;

237

what He withholds or takes away. Oh, Well might Paul, who had caught a gUmpse of His glory, count " all things " as dung and dross compared with this most precious knowledge This makes the weak strong, the poor rich, the empty full this makes suffering happiness,
and_tiie.-like in
!

know Him

1

;

tears into diamonds like the sunshine turns dew into This makes us fearless, invincible. If we know God, then when full of joy v/e can thank our Heavenly Father, the Giver of all when we feel no joy we can thank Him for that, for it is our Father's ordering. When we are with those we love, we can thank Him when we yearn for those we love, we can thank Him. The hunger that helps us to feel our need, the thirst that helps us to drink, we can thank Him for for what are food or drink without appetite, or Christ to a self-contented, circumstance-contented soul ? Oh to know Him How good, how great, how glorious our God and Father, our God and Saviour, our God and Sanctifier to know
pearls.
; ;

and turns

;

!

Him!
Pray on and labour on. Don't be afraid of the be afraid of the cross they will pay well.
:

toil

;

don't

And now the year that had seen so much of trial in his own experience was to end in thanksgiving. " Don't be
afraid of the toil don't be afraid of the cross," he had written " they will pay well " and pay they did, in just the way he would most have desired.
; :

;

Upon reaching Shao-hing early in December, he found Mr. Stevenson away visiting his out-stations. In a mountainous district seventy or eighty miles to the south, he was witnessing a remarkable work of the Spirit, and Mr. Taylor was only too glad to join him. Up the beautiful river he went, recalling the first time he had come over that way on a lonely journey from Tai-chow. Crossing the watershed, he had found just over on the Shao-hing side a populous district which interested him deeply. First one city and then another was visited, surrounded by numerous towns and villages accessible from this mountain stream, in none of which the gospel of the grace of God was being made known. From the steps of the principal temple in Cheng-hsien, he had looked down on the grey-roofed city at his feet, and had counted thirty or more towns and villages at no great disWith a straitened heart he had reaUsed something tance.

238
of

THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD
it

children, old and young, homes, should be living, dying, without God. To the crowd that gathered round him he had preached long and earnestly ; and when from sheer weariness he could make himself heard no longer, he had gone on farther up the hill to pour out his heart in prayer to God. And now those prayers were being answered. Often had he thought of them, when following Mr. Stevenson's early efforts to settle an evangehst in the district. For some time they had met with nothing but opposition and discouragement, but now a very different day had dawned, largely through the conversion of one remarkable man in

what

meant that parents and

in all those

Cheng-hsien. A leading Confucianist, proud of his learning and position, this Mr. Njdng would have been the last to have anything

from time to time to But he was interested in Western science, and happened to have some translation of a work upon the subject which he did not fully understand. Taking advantage, therefore, of one of Mr. Stevenson's visits, he strolled along to the mission-house, and entered into conversation with the evangelist. Soon he was introduced to the young missionary, who talked with him of the matters about which he wished to inquire. Then turning to the New Testament lying on the table, Mr. Stevenson quite naturally went on " Have you also in your Hbrary the books of the Christian
:

to do with the foreigner who came preach strange doctrines in his city.

" reHgion ? " I have,"

candid,

I

*' but, to be quite rephed the scholar as your works on interesting them as find not do
;

science."

This led to a conversation in v/hich it appeared that Mr. Nying was sceptical as to the existence of God or the soul, and considered prayer manifestly absurd. " If there were a Supreme Being," he urged, " He would be far too great and distant to take any notice of our little
affairs."

Patiently the missionary sought to bring him to a better point of view, but without success ; and at length, seeing

!

THINGS WILL SOON LOOK UP
illustration.

239

that argument was useless, he availed himself of a simple

Water and fire are opposing elements/ we say, and can never combine. Water extinguishes fire, and fire evaporates water.* Very well, so much for our argument But while we are talking, my servant has put on the kettle, and see, here is water raised to the boiling point, ready to make you a cup of tea. *' You say there is no God, and that even if there were He would never condescend to listen to our prayers but beheve me, if you go home to-night and take up that New Testament, and before opening it humbly and earnestly ask the God of Heaven to give you His Holy Spirit that you may understand it aright, that book will be a new book to you and will soon mean more than any other book in the world. Put it to the proof and whether you pray for yourself or
' *
:

"

;

pray for you." More impressed than he cared to show, the scholar went home. " Well, here is a strange thing," he thought. "Absurd as it seems, the foreigner was in earnest and so concerned is he about a man he never saw or heard of till to-day that he will pray for me and I do not pray for myself." That night when alone, Mr. Nying took up the book in question with a feeling almost of amusement. How could any intelHgent person imagine that a few words addressed to some unknown Being, who might or might not exist, would turn a dull book into an interesting one, or make any change in one's outlook upon life ? Yet, incredulous as he was, he somehow wanted to put it to the test. " O God, if there be a God," he found himself sa5dng, ** save my soul, if I have a soul. Give me Thy Holy Spirit, and help me to understand this book." Once and again as evening wore on, Mrs. Nying looked into the room, to find her husband engrossed in study. At length she ventured to remonstrate, reminding him of the
not, I will
;

lateness of the hour.

Do not wait for me," was his reply " I have important matters in hand." And he went on reading.
*'
;

240

THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD

The book had become a new book indeed, and hour after hour as he turned the pages a new spirit was taking posBut for days he dared not confess the session of him. change to those nearest to him. His wife came of an aristocratic family, and he thought much of her and of their He knew that as a Christian he would be despised children. if not cast out by their relatives, and that rather than endure such humihation she would probably leave him. Yet his heart burned within him. The wonderful Saviour of whom he read was becoming real to him as he could never have believed it possible. The words He had spoken long ago were living and powerful still. Njdng felt that they searched him through and through, and brought not only a new consciousness of sin, but peace and heahng. And oh, the joy that began to well up within him ** When the children are in bed," he said to his wife at length, " there is something I should like to tell you." It was a desperate resort, for he had no idea what to say or how to begin. But it committed him to some sort of confession of his faith in Christ, though he trembled to think how she would receive it. Silently they sat on either side of the table when evening came, and he could not open the subject. " Is there not something you wanted to say to me ? "
!

she inquired.

knew not how and she listened true and living God ^not any The with growing wonder. a way by which sins might be temples of the idols in the fill the heart with joy and could Who Saviour a forgiven
Then
it all

came

out, he

!

;

;

to his surprise she seemed to be following eagerly. peace " Have you really found Him ? " she broke in before
:

long.

" Oh, I have so wanted to
else

know

!

For there must

be a living God. Who " help, long, long ago ?
It

could have heard
rebels

my

cry for
city

was when the Tai-ping

had come to the

in which her parents lived, burning and pillaging everything. Their home had been ravaged, Kke the rest. Many people many committed suicide and she, helpless were killed and terror-stricken, had crept into a wardrobe to hide.
; ;

THINGS WILL SOON LOOK UP

241

She heard the soldiers ransacking the house, and coming nearer and nearer. " Oh, Heavenly Grandfather," she cried in her heart, " *'

me None but the true and living God could have answered that prayer. The idols in the temples were helpless to
save
!

protect themselves, even, from the terrible marauders. But though they had been in the very room, they had passed over the hiding-place where she was crouching, scarcel)' daring to breathe. And, ever since, she had so longed to know about Him the wonderful God Who had saved her. With what joy and thankfulness her husband assured her not only that there was such a Being supremely great and good but that He had spoken, had made Himself Did ever the story of Redeeming Love known to men seem more precious, or heart rejoice to tell it forth more than that of the once proud Confucianist as he began to preach Christ in his home and city ? So fervent was his spirit that it disconcerted those who thought to laugh him

!

out of his new-fangled notions. " You must control that disciple of yours," said the local Mandarin to the Chancellor of the University. "He is disgracing us by actually preaching the foreign doctrine on

remonstrated with him he even began was so full of the Good News,' as he calls it, that he could not keep it in." " I will soon bring him to reason," was the confident
the streets.
I

When
!

to preach to

me and

said he

*

reply.

**

Leave him to

me

"
!

But the Chancellor fared no better than the Mayor, and was fain to beat a hasty retreat. Loving his Bible, and helped by visits to Shao-hing, Mr. Nying soon became a preacher of much power. Among the first converts he had the joy of winning was a man who had been the terror of the neighbourhood. Nothing was too bad or too heartless for Lao Kuen What power had turned the lion into a lamb the villagers could not tell, but the old father whom he had formerly treated with cruelty and neglect could testify to the reality of the change, and, like his son, was soon
!

a believer in Jesus.

R

242

THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD

In ever-widening circles the blessing spread, till it reached the keeper of a gambling-den and house of ill-fame in a neighbouring town. His conversion was even more notable than the others, for it banished the gaming-tables, emptied
his house of bad characters, and turned his best and largest room into a chapel. It was his own idea to have it cleaned and whitewashed before offering it, free of cost, as a place of

worship.

These and others formed the group of converts of whose baptism Mr. Stevenson had written. Ten altogether had followed Mr. N5dng in confessing Christ, and there were not a few interested enquirers. Upon Mr. Taylor's arrival in the city they began to drop in, until he found himself surrounded by this bright, earnest company of believers. And oh the rejoicing, the greetings and conversations, the It was a little bit of heaven below— singing and prayers a precious foretaste of the hundredfold reward. An afternoon meeting was held in Mr. N5dng's house, at which his wife and daughter were present, and in the evening
!

the Christians

met again

in the chapel.

" I could have wept for joy," Mr. Taylor wrote, " to hear what grace had done for one and another of those present and most of them could tell of some relative or friend of whose conversion they had good hope. ... I have never seen anything
;

like it in

China."

CHAPTER XVII
NOT DISOBEDIENT UNTO THE HEAVENLY VISION
1873-1874.

Aet. 41-43.

It would be little cause for wonder if, amid joy and encouragement such as we have just recorded, Mr. Taylor's heart had gone out in quickened longing after the multitudes but the really significant thing is that he yet unreached had never lost the vision. Amid all that had gone before
;

of trial

and disappointment, amid

all

that was yet awaiting

on the part of the enemy and searching tests of faith, the vision never left him. It did but become, To one of the Secretaries if anything, more commanding. of the Mission he had written soon after landing

him

of counter-attack

:

do so hope to see some of the destitute provinces evangelised shortly. I long for it by day and pray for it by night. Can He
I

care less

?

And

to Miss Blatchley (January

i,

1873)

:

I want you to pray daily that God will direct us as to which provinces we should attempt, and how. We have the almighty God with us the all-wise Counsellor to guide the indwelling Ask for me more Spirit to give eihcacy to the preached Word. simple trust in Him, and boldness to attempt great things.
; ; . .

.

Try

to get friends to promise

and seriously endeavour to pray
of

daily about the opening

up

new

provinces to the Gospel.

Christ must speedily be proclaimed in

them

:

how and by whom

we must ask Him.
Subsequent letters breathe the same spirit, though they touch upon financial difficulties and local
243

necessarily

problems.

;

244

THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD
;
;
_

God.
see

trust_undoubtingly expect, great,Jhijlgs -from Pray hard If we Rave a few men of the right stamp we shall soon more than one unoccupied province entered.

But the long year wore on, and little in the way of men or means was forthcoming. Under these circumstances it was but natural that Mr. Taylor should value more than ever the co-operation of Chinese fellow- workers. He was giving himself, as we have seen, to encouraging the native leaders, and was full of plans for developing and using them to the utmost.
" I am aiming at such organisation of our forces as will enable us to do more work with fewer foreign missionaries," he wrote to his parents in April. " I hope I may be able, ere the year closes, to commence a college for the more thorough trainLong desired, there seems more probing of our native helpers. ability of our attaining this than heretofore."

To

district,

place two native helpers in each governing city of a with colporteurs in centres of less importance, all

under the supervision of an experienced missionary, was the plan kept steadily in view, beginning with the capitals of provinces and departments. Nothing if not orderly, his mind worked along these hnes, pending special indications of divine guidance. These being given, he was ready at any time to throw his best men into positions of seemingly less strategic value, if only it were evident that the Spirit of God was at work. Apart from such indications, the above plan

was adhered to as

closely as possible.

It

was

essential,

therefore, to develop the Chinese workers, as well as obtain
/ missionaries of the right kind.

Men

of faith, v^dth a personal

^

knowledge of God as the Hearer and Answerer of prayer men of stamina to rough it, and to live as he did in closest contact with the people, were the missionary helpers he longed and prayed for.
are going on into the interior," he wrote to a member " There is great difficulty in Council somewhat later. conveying much luggage, and the sight of it, in many places, would ensure robbery. If any one is not prepared to rough it, he had better stay at home at once." And to another: " The only persons wanted here are those

"

We

of the

:

^

NOT DISOBEDIENT TO THE HEAVENLY VISION

245

who wiU rejoice to work really to labour, not to dream their away to deny themselves to suffer in order to save. Of such men and women there is room for any number, and God will support any number they are His jewels, and Ee values
lives
; ; :

and cares

for

them.

Hastening to Shanghai to meet Mr. Judd v^dth reinforcements, Mr. Taylor's mind was full of these things, and he was not altogether sorry for the lack of a receiving home, though it involved some inconveniences. It was his purpose to secure such a home on this visit, for the Mission was growing so large as to need a business centre at the coast. But in the meanwhile he put up at a native inn, glad of the opportunity of seeing in a natural way what the young men who accompanied Mr. Judd were made of. Early that November morning the new arrivals had set out to enquire for Mr. Taylor. From friends of Mr. Judd's they learned that the leader of the Mission was in Shanghai, and had probably gone down to the steamer to meet them. They turned back therefore, and on the way Mr. Judd " exclaimed, " There is Mr. Taylor
!

looked," wrote one of his companions, *' but could only The barrow stopped and see a Chinaman on a wheelbarrow. It was a good thing that there the figure advanced toward us. was some one to do the introducing, for we should never have recognised Mr. Taylor. The weather was cold, and he had on a wadded gown and jacket. Over his head he wore a wind-hood with side pieces which fitted close to the face, leaving nothing but a medaUion-shaped opening for nose, eyes and mouth. In his hand he grasped a huge Chinese umbrella, which he carried In his wadded clothes he in true native style, handle foremost. looked almost as broad as he was long, and to our foreign eyes was the oddest figure we had ever seen. He said he had made arrangements for the ladies and Mr. Judd to stay with friends in the French Settlement, and, turning to Henry Taylor and
myself, added
distance down Broadway in the American Settle-ment, five native shops were taken, almost opposite the old Sailors' Home. The open fronts were built up, and the whole connected with a long upSuch was the first C.I.M. Home in Shanghai, arranged stairs passage. for by Mr. Taylor in November, and occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Edward Fishe before the close of 1873,
1

"

We

Some

little

. fish. . " that it is divided into three Settlements. On the north is the American Settlement. massive and unreUeved. . then crossed a bridge into the French Settlement. and trade and bustle are the order of the day. filth of all sorts. . and separated from each other by creeks. and so on and on to the point where it tails off into the suburbs Lines of junks lie along the river here. on to the street. know Shanghai. but it had paper of a grimy hue instead of glass. produced a Bible. and asked what we thought was the meaning of the words. all situated on the banks of the Woo-sung The English River. Following Mr. It was pitch dark and very narrow. follow him up the lock. Here. A window opened out aright. for the sake of those who do not Bailer continued. " It may be as well to say. . and containing a square table. perhaps you will pany me my hotel/ " accom- Little realising what was in store for them. between the Soo-chow Creek and a muddy ditch called the Yang-king-pang.' I do not remember what we said. the young men cheerfully agreed. Taylor very courteously asked us to be seated. vegetables. and I in them. That the love wherewith Thou hast loved me may be in them. The Bund.' It consisted of a room about twelve feet square. Running parallel with the river is a broad boulevard called The Bund. and did not count for much in the way of illumination." Mr. if I remember basket. found ourselves in the hotel. . We followed him. he led the way to a smgdl door secured by a Chinese This he opened and invited us to. but we stumbled up stair.246 " ' THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD After to we have been to the vessel. Taylor threaded his way among the crowds till he stopped at the door of a native post office. was spread a native coverlet. while stenches. read the 17th chapter of the Gospel by John. too. and a native foodAlong one side was a raised dais. on which." " Turning up a side street at right angles to ' ' . Taylor along The Bund. a small skin-covered box. when he commended us to the Lord who had brought us to China. and had prayer together. Mr. edged by a strip of well-kept lawn (and beautiful Public Gardens now). we knelt down the fact that he asked us. are heaps of malodorous refuse. Passing through the front part of the of&ce. but I was distinctly impressed with Reading over. assail the fastidious foreigner. and He after making enquiries as to our voyage. muck from the streets. " Mr. of the Chinese city. we traversed its entire length. Settlement Hes in the centre. and till we came to a door which he entered. and on the south the French. innocent of any adornment.

we understood. He went to the basket in the comer and fished out of its depths a wooden basin and either of washstand. made and have breakfast. to things Chinese. " let us go sallied forth. soap. The mystery was solved. so that they were equal to the occasion as far as appetite was concerned. We began to realise that we were in a land where money " could be Now. towel or basin. We replied in the afiirmative . as far as possible. Taylor finally led us into one and invited us to be seated. After enquiry in one or two native cook-shops as to whether they had a certain kind of vegetable. this time more in the way of polishing than cleansing. On his return he placed it on the table. another and drier squeeze. therefore. partly from its novelty and partly from its effects. We watched him use it with considerable interest. Mr. taking the rag. his servant. This meant another dip. the cloth was nearly cold. Here was plain li\dng and high thinking here was muUum in parvo here was economy and cleanhness combined. and. but as there was no trace we wondered how the ablutions were to be performed.m. troubled . Nothing loath we . Taylor went to the door and called out something in Chinese. and this time dived into the recesses of an adjoining street." to go a long way. and it was now almost nine. he dipped it in the water. we noticed. Leaving the latter on the table he descended to the street. Taylor. he decided to take them to a native restaurant. which was. They had been out since 5 a. By the time he had gone over the area that needed cleansing. woven with a large mesh. said Mr. . towel all were included in the magic cloth We followed suit. . Mr. Sponge. and a renewed appHcation to face and hands. And no compunction of conscience that we were running up a hotel bill by Uving in luxury. far from the foreign quarter. while customers Our table had sat at a number of square tables in the back. Rather than return to the Settlement for breakfast. — . soap.NOT DISOBEDIENT TO THE HEAVENLY VISION : 247 So far so good but Mr. and was minded to introduce them himself. and going to a hot-water shop bought enough hot water to fill the basin. Four narrow forms were placed around a table. whereupon a man appeared who was. what looked Hke a pocket-handkerchief. Taylor leading the way. and found the operation very refreshing. ." Mr. I us. and wringing it out handed it to Mr. The cooking was being carried on in the front part of the shop. Taylor was beginning to feel confidence in the mettle of these young missionaries.. Taylor. But first he enquired whether they would care to wash their hands.

and have had " hotel. Taylor's . Chinese ways as a duck to water. and was rather grieved when we dechned any longer to feed upon the fat of the land. and the waiter brought This in four basins of piled-up rice and placed them before us. Taylor hastened back to the patients he was caring for and the stations he was The twelve millions of that province. we had acquired some skill in the use of these implements while crossing the Pacific. against any more chunks to be the natural outcome of a pohte training. Such was our first meeting with Mr. A pair of chopsticks was brought and placed before each of us. . it began to pall. We had often fraternised with the Chinese passengers. in charge of Mr. Taylor in China. the piece de resistance of the meal. silenced but the remembrance of his example has made things easy and murmuring. and probably had once been clean. and a large basin of chunks of fat pork. Hence we took to Chinese dress. fearing that in our inexperience we should not make a good meal. in many parts of China. Mr. Taylor's servant. took our feeble protest to ask him to desist. At last the supreme moment arrived. the fable of the Stork and the Fox would have had an illustration in our case that morning. with a winsome smile. after having been carefully wiped on the shady cloth which dangled over the shoulder of our attendant. chose out the fattest and largest lumps and laid them in triumph. and we had to appeal to Mr. visiting in Che-kiang. and stamped us at once. such our Things have greatly reception. what it lacked in purity it made up in polish... be thankful enough for that experience. However. in all the freshness of our early zeal. but I would gladly forgo all the improvements. was followed by several basins of hot vegetables. Taylor He. leader and director showed us how to do it by his own example." far rougher accommodation than that of Mr. with his own stamp. . but it must have been many years before we were bom. intended to hearten us to the task. Chinese Personally. Judd. imitating them in the use of chop-sticks But for this. on the top of our basins.248 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD once been new. Leaving the young men at Nanking to their studies. Mr. I can never food. true to the courteous instincts of his race. and Mrs. Our if I could have the experiences of that morning over again. It had some interest for us the first few but after steadily going through four or five pieces in times succession. such our first toilet and meal. Happily for me and my companion. altered since then. good man. till we could take up a bean without dropping it. I have been in many dirtier inns since then.

what wilt Thou have me to do ? " ^ . Ten have been opened by us. 1873) am : . Christ. I must tell you more of the burdens I have been bearing. very happy in love." for remaining here 17. Of the sixty-three Hsien cities in this province (each governing a county) fifteen have workers for Christ resident in them. : greatly extending. could not assume the many responsi- home-work bihties Miss Blatchley 1 had been obhged to lay down. to refresh you with His unspeakable I am very. Hill from one of the southern stations in January (1874) he said had no labourers. and abundantly to bless you. I am asking Him continually to uphold. ! : — The position was indeed a perplexing one. he had already sent home one of his best helpers . And in the meantime. how many precious souls will have passed beyond The Lord help us to be faithful. My joy and rest were never so full before. I trust there will be no county left in this is . but Miss Desgraz. now province in which we have not preached or itinerant labours.. good thing. As far as I know the reasons for and against going to England. .NOT DISOBEDIENT TO THE HEAVENLY VISION small though it 249 was among the provinces of China. he was stirred with sorrow and shame heavily on his heart. my heart would sink if I did not feel that Jesus is with you. they seem to me stronger the Lord will guide. We haue Jesus. and the way God has been leading me when you come. needs more immediately around him near the coast. there will stiU be four Fus and forty-six Hsiens—fifty cities in all to be possessed for Christ. And From Tai-chow Mrs. In one of them I have just rented a house to another I hope to send a couple of men to-morrow. live by others forty-eight remain unopened. as we have seen. If the Lord spare me. strengthen and guide you. and I hope will yet do so. in his growing concern for the interior. and permit me to labour here a year or two more. cast me in an agony upon the Lord " Lord. He has taken all my Jesus. and the claims of the perishing heathen here on the other. Miss Blatchley's serious illness. lay Far from overlooking. If they succeed in obtaining an opening. that yet Writing to Mr. To relieve her of the care of house and children. . loving you so tenderly and ready to meet each need of every moment. The the reach of the Gospel claims of m}^ family at home on the one hand. and to give you richly every blessing. waiting fields so easily accessible. Taylor had written a few weeks earlier (November : " When I think of your responsibiUties and burdens which I not with you to share. over the great. who was sorely needing furlougii.. and He is ready always to do for us every cares away. deprived the of her invaluable services. . either by located At present there are many such. The work .

' " Do not beheve any such thing. Uttle preaching. nor would he have had any idea as to their import. so that we We did but could hardly walk for it was market-day. " Some say. . *' of . — . as sparing animal Ufe. " Without any seeking on our part we were brought into touch with at least four anxious souls. and to which I can find no answer. that Hterally filled the streets for two or three miles. But the question which What am distresses me.' he repHed. in. ' ' " " ' Then what can I do . in his letter January 26. or rejoice for ever in heavenly bliss. plodding work in China had done much to improve the situation he had found on arrival. and tending to keep under the Should I hve on a vegetarian or a mixed diet ? body). Beheve on but this would the Lord Jesus Chiist and thou shalt be saved have had no meaning to him.250 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD who could.' I rephed. it was only by keeping in closest touch with every station that he could tell how to pray and to help. but I find it hard to beheve them. my * sins ? ' ' ' ' . " My name is Dzing.' How easy it would have been at home to say. but matters were still critical in several stations. so dark. . hve on vegetable food alone method of fasting. supposed to be highly meritorious popular (a in China. and enquired his name. I know not how. and field. to Mr. and followed me to our boat. He had never heard the words Jesus Christ. in his there was no one else own absence. but I was constrained to retire to the city wall and cry to God to have mercy on the people. ' ' — * ' for ever in hell-fire. Hill.' he went on. Then again the state of funds was increasingly serious. so needy. so accessible ! Last week I was at Tai-ping. And all the while his sense of responsibility deepened for the multitudes around him. is Our scholars tell us that there is no I to do with my sins ? future state." he continued. Four- teen months of patient. An old man found me I asked him out. for there is an One must either bum endless future before every one of us. . and though this indicated a need for his presence in England it made it almost impossible for him to leave the workers on the Never had they been so long and severely tried. what am I to do with . . " one of the unopened cities I have My heart was greatly moved by the crowds referred to. as we were seeking a place for permanent work. and he longed to secure not only improvement but advance. to open their hearts and give us an entrance among them.

and what can we do to recompense such grace ? " Nothing. loving God our Father pointing to various proofs of His fatherly love and in heaven is There no merit affect the ! ! : . and the incarnation and death of Christ as a substitute the innocent for the guilty. stomach." wonder such an experience brought to a crisis mind through which Mr. ' ' ' — — . Sir I lie on my bed and think. " Ah he exclaimed.— NOT DISOBEDIENT TO THE HEAVENLY VISION " ' 251 '*Both ' in the one or sin in the other. I am seventy-two years of age.' " Gladly then I told him of a living.' " And you do not yet know half there is to give thanks for. and what are we to do to recompense such favour. But that does not satisfy me.' " I then went on to speak of sin and its consequences.' I replied. I think and but I cannot tell what is to be done with tiiink and think again my sins. I sit alone in the day-time. it is enough. that He might bring us to God. care. Oh. of God's pity.' was my reply. and think.' " The poor old man told me of all the idols he worshipped. not the heart/ " Ah. as finish another decade. " Yes he interrupted. more than glad to know that we had rented a house and hoped soon to have Christian colporteurs resident in the — — city. wind and ' ' ' ! ' ' ' ' ! ' ' * — rain. It takes time for the mind to grasp such a total reversal of all it has beheved for weU-nigh seventy years. Taylor had been passing. how much more so of me. I cannot expect to To-day knows not to-morrow's lot.' I repUed. had shown similar earnestness in learning from his native Little the exercise of . Listen and I will explain just what you want and need to know. and a young man. absolutely nothing but receive it freely. Our scholars say that if we worship Heaven and Earth and the idols at the end of the year. Two women in the same city. as God's free gift just as we do the sunlight. When my companions returned he listened again to the wonderful story of the Cross. Can the saying is you tell me what is to be done about my suis ? " I can indeed. and left us soothed and comforted yet evidently bewildered to think over all he had heard. so it has always seemed to me It seems to leave the question of sin untouched. such goodness ? I do not see how it is to be recompensed. It is to answer this very question I have come so many thousand miles. and was quite overwhelmed to think that in doing so he was sinning against the true and hving God. and if true of all.

grace of soul to do this Thy so great work. and as many foreign superintendents as may be needed. — Tai-chow. And oh. Multitudes from the surrounding towns and villages would come on market-days to the Uttle " Gospel Hall/' and there the enquirers would be taught until they in their turn could become teachers of others. and specially since Mr. Taylor his first birthday after their marriage. C. E. given thank Thee. It was written the day after the letter to Mr. Taylor was led at this juncture has only come to light while these ! . Taylor the way in which the Lord had led on 1 The Bible. on account of financial straitness. Mr.252 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD companions the Way of Life. : . I It was not until could look back over many all years later. and was his constant companion at this time. and refrain from going forward as the way opened. wisdom Amen. and also whether we should occupy more stations in Che-kiang ? " His mind was increasingly assured that they that God's resources were equal to the ought to do both occasion. had been a gift from Mrs. 1874 Asked God for fifty or a hundred additional native evangelists.^ an unsuspected record was found just a few pencilled lines that obviously had a close connection with his visit to Tai-ping and conversation with the old man on the boat. or the needs that seemed to call him home ? All the winter he had been definitely waiting upon God. Hill just quoted. to open up the four Fus and forty-eight Hsiens also for the men to break into still unoccupied in Che-kiang the nine unoccupied provinces. and that they must lay hold of His strength and " honour Him with SifuU trust. Give me all needed strength of body. the great Beyond Must he hold his hand. It was given by him to his third son. In a Bible in the possession of his son in London. pages are being written. Lord Jesus. to know " whether He would have us prepare to work in some of the new provinces or not. Taylor." How definite was the step of faith to which Mr. Just the same work needed doing in all the fifty cities throughout the province that still remained without the message of salvation. when Mr. of mind. a leather-bound Bagster. Asked in the Name of Jesus. . when his mind was still full of what he had seen and heard. Judd's return with reinforcements. January 27. for the promise whereon Thou hast me to rest.

to account for the serious illness that overtook him before he could get back to his temporary quarters at Fenghwa. in the empty mission-house at Feng-hwa. for the first time The Httle honejnnoon was soon broken into. Taylor Ten weeks out of twelve had been spent for three months.NOT DISOBEDIENT TO THE HEAVENLY VISION 253 him. that he was impressed with the fact that every important advance in the development of the Mission had sprung from or been directly connected with times of sickness or suffering which had cast him in a special way upon God. prayer. physically and mentally. the Crombies were threatened with the loss of This meant hard traveUing their only remaining children. apart. and had actually had the joy of being alone together. strange to say. In the depth of winter he had been almost incessantly on the road for weeks past. bearing an unusual strain even for him. however. " Trials cannot rob me of this unchanging source of joy and strength/' . though they were planning as well as longing to meet. that he had scarcely seen Mrs. Only waiting mitil the coolie could arrive with his belongwhom he had out-distanced in his eagerness to be with his loved one again. January storms on those heights. more than one of which ings. So persistent had been the calls upon him. There was quite enough. Taylor set out once more to cross It was a desperate business facing the mountains. Anxieties pressed sorely upon him with regard to Miss Blatchley and his children at home. as well as in connection with the shortness of funds in China. Mr. over mountain passes deep in snow and before he could return a messenger had come in haste from a more distant station with news of a whole family down with ! . could only be scaled by steps literally cut in the rock. About the middle of December they had found one another at last. as far as outward experiences went. before he could be trusted with the answer to this . the Lord reigns. It was to be so now as though a deeper preparedness of spirit were needed. Two days' journey away. small-pox. by a call for help in serious illness. " Well." he had written to his mother from a wretched inn on the road.

That that love. " I bless God. He only knew that God had given him to that he was see something of the purposes of His heart compassions of Christ for the the measure sharing in some which felt the love he the that of and lost and perishing. a letter was put into his hands that had been two months on its way from England. would find a way to bless. ready to go forward when and as the Lord should open the ." Eight hundred pounds for " fresh provinces. Grace of Wycombe. Never had advance seemed less possible. in two months I hope to place at the disposal of your Council. But in the him was the record of that transaction of his and in his heart was the conviction that even God. ior fresh provinces. that Own His yearnings was purpose. The interval. Taylor himself went down with fever.. as he lay there slowly recovering. how unpromising seemed Week after week he lay step of faith ! the sequel to that in helplessness and Of suffering. soul with the Western Branch of the mission provinces inland for the Bible beside — he longed to plant.— 254 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD But the overtaxed physical powers at length gave way. £800. who had only recently become interested in the Mission. It was from an unknown friend. he had employed in the evangeHstic journey which brought him in touch with old Dzing. as a stepping-stone to the far interior God's time had almost come.." the somewhat trembling hand had written early in December. he could not doubt. I think your receipt-form beautiful Banner the Lord will provide. infinite love. And now. I am sure that Jehovah of Hosts will honour it. and was so ill as to be hardly able to get back to Feng-hwa. able to do nothing but wait upon the Lord.' If faith is put forth and praise — ' : sent up. The Lord our . " My dear Sir. And then. near. Taylor drawing Hudson was all that in His providence was unconscious. from the time when they were out of danger until he could safely leave them. Buckinghamshire." for . and led to the definite prayer recorded above. So he just prayed on holding in faith to the heavenly vision . and his patients were no sooner convalescent than Mr. — way. a Mrs. Please remember. for further extension of Inland China Mission work.

and in nearly as many others fresh towns have been opened up. (' His soul seems all on fire for the conversion of his own people. Recently he has baptized the first converts Mr.) Is it not good of God so to encourage us when we are sorely tried for want of funds ? " And in June Mr. Taylor wrote in April to carry the Gospel since I reached China. Taylor added in a later letter. and we had good meetings. and has baptized eight since I was with him. Stevenson has blessing in by their own gifts. Taylor reported five or six enquirers at Tai-ping where he had met the old man who did not know what to do with his sins and baptisms also from several other stations. Rudland tells of another. were eager for pioneering work.— NOT DISOBEDIENT TO THE HEAVENLY VISION *' 255 of inland work hardly could the convalescent believe he read aright Could any one have penned those words who did not know the exercise of soul he had been passing through all those months ? The very secrets of his heart seemed to look back at him from that further extension " — ! sheet of foreign note-paper. To Mr. Mr. before he and Mr. Ning-hai and we are meeting with encouragement in the northern stations. Mr. amid the needs of their great districts. Judd set out to seek. and the young men. One of these is a native of Hunan. and those spring days witnessed a happy gathering at Chin-kiang." He added in May all his stations. As many as could leave their stations came to meet Mr. " To seven new counties Mr. * To his parents. From his sick-room back to the Yangtze valley was the next step. just when it was most needed.' Mr. Young converts were being received into the Church. The Hang-chow Church has sent out its first missionary. Crombie writes of blessing in Feng-hwa and in three out-stations. had come to the little company of behevers. There. a home for the life new Western Branch. Hill he gave further details (May 29) " We have the joy of cheering reports as to spiritual progress from all the stations nearly. and native leaders were growing in grace and usefulness. . one of the unoccupied provinces which has long been on our hearts. . who had made good progress with the language. up the great river. new . the seventeenth candidate for baptism at Dien-tsi (when an idol temple had been given for a place of worship). Four persons were baptized here (Chin-kiang) yesterday. as in almost all the stations. Wang Lae-djun is also prospered. Even before the prayer recorded in his Bible. ^ Older missionaries were more hopeful. Stott writes that the work has not been so encouraging at Wen-chow for a year and a half or two years. the letter had been sent off and now. chosen by themselves and supported " Mr. it had reached him with its wonderful confirmation. : we have been enabled : . : . Taylor for a week of prayer and conference. .

that is. to see if we can procure headquarters at Wu-chang from which to open up Western China. I cannot conceive how we shall be helped through next month. . Taylor wrote to his mother on the ist of May. friends at home should be tempted to make appeals To one in meetings. Mr. We Mrs." wrote '* why. as the Lord may enable us. One thing that concerned Mr. Taylor he had written during April." Mr. both by the needs of the unopened provinces and by our having funds for commencing work in them. " We To ! : have this. at this time supphes was the fear lest. We are urged on to make tliis effort now. to his mind. for funds. though so weak-handed. the Lord will provide he wrote to Miss Blatchley a little later — : am sure that if we will but wait. one felt as rich as the latter." — Quoting again the hymn they were singing daily at the " Conference " In some way or other. " I feel no anxiety. The Lord cannot and will not fail us. Bailer he added. begging that this might not be done. or even more personally. Lord will provide.. THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD It was not any improvement in the state of funds that accounted for the new note of joy and confidence.— 256 . and all the promises of God. Croesus 1 and sang I would not change my blest estate For all the earth holds good or great And while my faith can keep its hold. Judd and myself. when the balance was still lower. " The The balance in hand yesterday was sixty-seven cents herein is our joy and confidence. the Lord will provide. . Taylor more of than shortness . while we have none for the general work. go shortly. for changing the In basis on which they had been led to found the Mission. recalhng the experience." " Twenty-five cents plus all the promises of God. and another he wrote very earnestly on the subject.. in their desire to help. The trial through which they* were passing was no reason. though I fully expect we shall be. " though for a month past I have not had a The dollar in hand for the general purposes of the Mission. I envy not the sinner's gold. ." And to Lord reigns Mr. I .

was to him far more safe and blessed. must be so. and to hearken than the It is doubting. I do beg that never any appeal for funds be put forward. tioned the wisdom of this course. Taylor were themselves giving largely to the work in various ways. what ye shall put on. not trusting that fat of rams. nor yet for your body." " Obedience is better than sacrifice. " Be careful for nothing. Taylor was writing had quesrelative. After hving on GoA's faithfulness for many years. was permitted. How truly this was the case may be seen from the following letter to a this position And as long as the trial member I of the Coimcil. ever in the Lord and in His service. written just after the Conference at Chin-kiang (April 24) : you should be distressed at not having funds to send me." is tempting the Lord. A considerable proportion of all they received for their own use was passed on to fellow-workers." We should use all care to economise what God does send us but when that is done bear no care about real or apparent lack. God is faithful. it is interesting to notice. May I not say. Mr. George Miiller's generous contributions ^ he had written early in April The work : generally is very cheering." He has said " Take no thought (anxiety) for your life. When our work becomes a begging work. much tried His faithfulness never so and we feel happier than Our faith never was so much experienced. I can testify that times of want have ever been times of special blessing. than the alternative of going into debt or making appeals to man.. truly sorry that : am At this very time. Taylor from a was joyfully set apart for the Lord's service. But seek first (to promote) the kingdom of God. or have led to them. and all these things shall he added unto you. including one of £^o for himself. beloved Brother. and Mrs. and (to fulfil) His righteousness. save to God in prayer. it dies. " The Lord is my Shepherd. The intimate friend to whom Mr. I shaU not want. or what ye shall drink. which had recently come to Mrs. NOT DISOBEDIENT TO THE HEAVENLY VISION : 257 acknowledging one of Mr. what ye shall eat. and a property yielding an income of four hundred pounds a year. which led to one of the 1 Most opportunely had this help arrived at the beginning of the quarter (gifts of £-^2$ in all) ten cheques for members of the Mission. — S .

but to use it. The other week when I reached Shanghai. equally avoiding stint or lavishness. " I know their sorrows. and use only the interest . this letter : their position should not be misunderstood.m. . or seek Hitherto we have not been put to shame. before 6 a. or unaccustomed either to its want or possession. but the Lord gave me a word. he continued in to the property my dear wife has given to the Lord for I most cordially agreed with her in the step. and of further expansion. as well as with regard to the nature of the property. this of principal or interest. . . We The whole cannot be reaHsed. We are for special purposes not met by the General Fund. be mistaken as to our thought and intention. There but are few more cool and calculating. and we cannot expect all to might capitaHse the annual income see alike on the subject. But the Lord bears us and them too. and I beHeve that in so doing she has made hers for ever that which was her Master's. . of faith. as the Lord may direct. But you may. The mails were both in no remittance the folios showed no balances at home. Next morning on waking I felt inclined to trouble. . As His service.. At present all we have is about four hundred pounds of annual interest. I was in great and and immediate need. any anxiety or fear lest we should be in the future.. and makes our hearts so very glad not Himself plus a bank balance that I have never in Himself known greater freedom from anxiety and care. but I fear the income would soon be small. We do not propose to put either principal or interest into the General Fund (though we might be led to do so). payable in varying quarterly sums. and the work not very extensive. nor have I to do so. unacquainted with the value of money. than we are in all our calculations we calculate on God's faithfulness. neither of us inexperienced. I cast the burden on the Lord. Never has our work entailed such real trial or so much exercise The sickness of our beloved sister. half of it being reserved to provide annuities. would be crushing anxieties if we were to bear them. do so now. and I am and Certainly I will be with thee " come down to dehver. endowment or voluntary support. I was as sure that help was at hand as when. . perhaps. and many other things not easily expressed in writing . others coming out. the changes required in the work to the state of the funds admit of some going home.258 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Anxious that few references he ever made to the subject. to use. . of the Mission. near — — — ! . Miss Blatchley. and only entrusted to her so It is not a modem question. and her strong desire to see me the needs of our dear children . I think.

As to whether He will make the widow's oil and meal go a long way. Oh. and which contained more than three hundred pounds. and is what He is. The righteous shall not be forsaken. nor his seed beg their bread. : 1 — . and was thus delayed in reaching me. I received a letter from Mr. all the promises are . . my dear Brother. provide for His own servants. Miiller which had been to Ningpo. aU will be well.NOT DISOBEDIENT TO THE HEAVENLY VISION 259 noon. In Christ. — Yea and Amen. and supply all our need according to His own riches you helping by your prayers and work of faith and labour of love. or send her more it is merely a question of detail the result is sure. He wiU look after His o\vn honour. of resting on the Living God in our very special and peculiar circumstances I am but His agent. My need now is great and urgent God is greater and more near and because ^e is. all must be. the joy of knowing the Living God. of seeing the Living God. all is.

Mrs. Oh." he wrote at this time (June 1874). " her lovely face so wan. at any rate to its confluence with the tributary Han. " My soul yearns. this great centre of culture and commerce lay far beyond any inland station he had yet visited but northward. lying on the sofa. Six hundred miles from the coast. oh how intensely. southward of it stretched the nine unopened provinces. Tenderly cared for by Miss Soltau. from the tropical jungles of Burma to the barren steppes of Mongolia and the snowy ramparts of Tibet. and others.CHAPTER XVIII OUT OF WEAKNESS WERE MADE STRONG 1874-1875." wrote Miss Soltau. — — appeal. . " I seem to see her now. westward. " for the evangelisation of the hundred and eighty miUions of these unoccupied provinces. Aet. but it was in great weakness and suffering and the ebb-tide of her Hfe seemed to leave the cause she had so faithfully served almost stranded. if not to its upper waters. Duncan. that I had a hundred " Hves to give or spend for their good ! 1 Meanwhile in England very different were the experi- ences of those most closely connected with the work. and vast the longings with which Hudson Taylor turned his toward its silent face as he had long turned his heart It . was a memorable day for Hudson Taylor when he set out with his like-minded companion to follow the mighty Yangtze. Miss Blatchley still hngered. Vast was that waiting world. where the metropolis of midChina formed the farthest outpost of Protestant missions. 42-43. with the tears running down her cheeks 260 .

and Mrs. and Mrs. the one he so hoped to succour had set illness. Mr. represented by able and devoted workers. such sweet rest in the Lord. One Saturday Miss Pillans Smith might be with us. Messrs. and it was not until he had seen Mr. that a day set apart for prayer and fasting turned the tide. much-loved Emily " wrote Miss Soltau. and another.M. No fewer than twelve twelve houses found and rented.^ " and His 1 Not that the house first rented proved to be the permanent headquarters of the Western Branch of the C. . " Our loss Yet. But month after month had gone by. Judd in possession of suitable quarters at Wu-chang ^ that the way began to open for his return to England. as owed so much. . . . And so conscious burden on that loving heart of the great work was she that she was leaving it before long for the Better Land. such loving It was a great privilege to be with tenderness to all around . different arrangements had to be made before the missionaries were if not occupied for longer or shorter periods allowed to settle in that proud. Across the river in the treaty port of Hankow. . Taylor. Judd found. embrace.OUT OF WEAKNESS WERE MADE STRONG i 261 Oh. as whom he and his." " The most glorious triumphs of Christ are spiritual. not for only those can estimate who really knew her. — I It that we have seen. * In their newly founded East London Institute for Home and Foreign Missions. For many weeks I do not think we ever numbered ten and never shall I forget the feeling of desolation and helplessness when we two would find ourselves alone as if no one in the wide world cared for the Uttle band of toilers in " far-off China . . the as she prayed for every missionary at every station. dear Mrs. Bailer and Henry — — . For her all need of human help was past. such growth in grace. Mr. out on a longer journey. a keen sorrow first he heard of this home when he could not hasten had been to Mr. Duncan. and brought deliverance as well as blessing. to relieve the beloved friend to well as the Mission. as they faced their seemingly endless difficulties.I. anti-foreign capital of two provinces. . in common with all the pioneers of the Mission. it might have been easier but the London Missionary Society and the Wesleyan to obtain premises Mission were already there. one moment would I recall that tender heart from its joy in His Very lovely have been the last two years. . ! " Dear. . Grattan Guinness. Guinness were even then preparing not a few of the pioneers destined to open up inland China. H. Time after time. But even before he could leave China. 1 her." we quote from the pen of the Rev.

unpretending way. . and Mrs. but with her heart too. Hudson Taylor of the China Inland Mission. external anything of consecration of substance. Taylor's children. Blessed be God for the grace bestowed upon her. They shine with the peculiar . proved to be the first of a thousand and more young workers who from Harley House. for she prayed for the Mission. " Emily Blatchley. China and on long journeys. She wrote in its interest . including all Mr. for years and as long as health permitted was their only teacher. Christ-like self-sacrifice Her memory is fragrant. for she gave all she had herself. J. went out to the ends of the earth. . For his sake she took care of a little flock. by setting Mr. Taylor as free as possible for directly missionary work. she edited its she kept its accounts thousands of letters she worked she helped to bear its burdens Occasional Papers only toiled She not night. Not the not the renunciation conquest of kingdoms. already in China. ' * as well. She daily remembered its missionaries by name at the Throne of Grace. and with a calm perseverance which continued to the end of life. and for the everlasting rest for the grace which caused her to into which she has entered toil for Jesus. None could have given more to the work of God among the heathen than she did. This she did to help forward the evangelisation of China. " Faithful friend of a feeble but heroic Mission. the children of the Rev. was a true heroine. would that : all those Would that all helpers were like-minded with thee who have ministered to it of their substance had as constant The China Inland Mission has a memory of its wants as thine its ! ! Taylor. she became a Secretary of the Mission. and pleaded continually its cause with when in endured hardness She God. at home and abroad. and an instance of this noble. and Mrs.— 262 noblest THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD . for in the cause of missions she sacrificed her heart's affections. And all this she did in a quiet. . and nursed them when they were sick. . Bow. for her Ufe for the good of others. She tended them in health and in sickness. but self-consecration in the service these are the hardest deeds to accompUsh. of God and man and the most divine attainments. She suffered too. Guinness's own children. long with head and hand. — light of Calvary. putting up with much discomfort. and then to sleep in Him. into the far often and hours. She ministered to her fellow-missionaries. was consecrated to Christ and the salvation of the heathen. but self-conquest self-renunciation not the but merely. Not content with caring for Mr. work is that wrought in the secret of the soul. though unknown to the world. She bore the trial of her faith and that of love .

and its hope Jehovahjireh ? Bless. and the work almost at a standstill. and was buried Miss Blatchley entered into rest on Sunday morning July 26." * . It has no great names on which to rely. and on the faithful love and help of the comparatively few who can appreciate the simplicity. began to tell. Taylor. That Mission now needs our help more than ever let us prove ourselves worthy of the occasion. O Lord Is not Thy Name inscribed revive upon its banner ? Is not its song Ebenezer. " Friends of the China Inland Mission. Taylor had fallen heavily to the bottom. It has no denomination for support. ! Strange and sorrowful was the home-coming in October. empty. faith. It is. coming down upon his heels. a precious helper has just been removed from our midst let us close our ranks and seek to fill the gap. small honour to be enabled to recognise and minister to the Master when He appears in the garments of poverty and weakness. * — — . . Let us help the work afresh and let us persevere in helping it. Judd travelled was McBain's smallest cargo-boat. . Extreme pain in the back disabled him for several days. a fall had severely shaken Mr. But. Then came gradual paralysis of the lower to find Miss Blatchley*s place . then. and let the little one become a thousand for Thy glory's sake. let our interest in this work and help Thou. and devotedness which characterise its work in the interest But let those few remember that it is no of China's millions. therefore. the Saturday prayer meeting discontinued. of tender thoughts to lay upon her grave appeared in The Christian a (ew days later. Here. and even when the ankle was well he still needed the help of crutches. this Mission. 1874. The steamer by which he and Mr. the lowest ebb had not been reached. even then. and the gangway down to " between decks " was little more than a ladder. . Mr. the children scattered. cast the more on God.OUT OF WEAKNESS WERE MADE STRONG its 263 no eloquent advocate of its claims. The above appreciation a wreath in Highgate Cemetery. Concussion of the spine often develops slowly and it was not until he had been at home a week or two that the rush of London life. Slipping on one of the top steps. and a sprained ankle had been only a small part of the damage. When on his way up the Yangtze some months previously. around this newly opened grave. with constant travelling by train and omnibus.

and his life-long connection with " Keswick " may thus be said to have dated from its very inception.264 limbs. and only the faintest hope that he would ever stand or walk again. opportunities opening in China. it was surely at ever strenuous. Moody and Sankey were in the midst of their first great missions in London. crowding among other places the Agricultural Hall. as best. active effort had and a little bed this juncture : * Just as the launching of the Mission had coincided with an epoch of spiritual revival in the home churches (see p. home ^ — entire reorganisation ? If been needed. when audiences of two to three thousand filled the Corn Exchange. Certain it is that from that quiet room. A little bed with four posts was now the sphere to which Hudson Taylor found himself restricted he who had hoped Were not the to do so much on this visit to England. were drawing together Christians of all denominations. . down in the prime of his days. Taylor was able to enter He into the spirit and purpose of these gatherings in no ordinary way. with the prayer the as with he had prayed. Dr. Boardman's memorable book The Higher Christian Life was being widely read. 48). all he lie could only lie in that upstairs room was to be done. Mr. of all that was not being attended to conscious of there there — and rejoice in God. sprang all the larger growth of the China Inland Mission. Messrs. the deepest thing of all was that unquestioning acceptance of the will of God. with its seating capacity of twenty thousand." which indeed grew out Notable of them. that room of suffering. ! With desires and hopes as limitless Yes. as kind. was sufficiently recovered to be one of the speakers at the Brighton Convention. rejoice in God needs that pressed upon his heart . which he had himself been brought in China. and conferences on the lines of " Keswick. so now the commencement of its larger growth synchronised with a remarkable movement for the deepening of spiritual life. and the answers God had given . and a blessing reviving the churches at wave of spiritual that he longed to with the '* sentence of death " in himself. among these was the Brighton Convention of this summer (ten days in June 1875). receiving-home in Shanghai and the chain of river-stations ready for the pioneers ? was not money in hand for their initial expenses ? was not the home department caUing for see turned into missionary channels . and rivers of blessing were opened in many hearts that were From the deep experience through to flow to the ends of the earth. as wise. THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD and the doctor's verdict that consigned him to absolute Stricken rest in bed.

That Hudson Taylor not only had it but used it made all the difference. shall we say. or opportunity ? Between the posts at the foot of the bed hung a map though he hardly needed it a map of China.I." ^ Dr. Then turning to his friend in the carriage he said earnestly "Do you know I sometimes think that God i must have been looking for some one small enough and weak enough for Him to use. Long after. a well-known leader of the Scottish Church"! said to Mr. ii.OUT OF WEAKNESS WERE MADE STRONG 265 with four posts was his prison. even in bed. Taylor were driving together to the funeral of the venerable Dr. Then it was." ^ I " will give thee stand by" (Zech. when the prayers that went up from that bed of pain had been more than answered. Taylor's help for the time being. Taylor " You must often be conscious of the wonderful way God has prospered you in the C. but now could not even hold a pen." " I do not look upon it in that way. and circumstances deprived him of Mrs. 18). Somerville of Glasgow. Mr. a place of access among these that Might not they all have had it ? We at any rate all " have our access by one Spirit unto the Father" (Eph. . so that all the glory might be -^ His. 7). and the workers of the Mission were preaching Christ far and wide throughout inland China." was the quiet answer. that a little paper found its way into the Christian press entitled : " APPEAL FOR PRAYER fifty millions On behalf of more than a hundred and of Chinese. ' : . with the dawn of 1875. : The outlook did not brighten as the year drew to a close.M. and that He found me. I doubt if any man living has had a greater honour. . And round about him da^^ and night was the Presence to which he had fullest — — access in the Name of Jesus. Elder Gumming mentioned this incident to the writers as having taken place when he and Mr. iii. Taylor was less and less able to move. and at last could only turn from side to side with the help of a rope firmly fixed above him. At first he had managed to write a little.

266 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD It briefly stated the facts . a *' young friend who was employed in the city would come after business hours and do any needful bookkeeping. Occasionally.' and see Him meeting all one's need. this year. not already dealt with. when one could do nothing but rejoice in the Lord and wait Never patiently for Him. how the Lord dealt with it and with all else that concerned him. So before long Mr. of these things and much besides. to come in from day to day to write from dictation. Taylor's correspondence was largely or in seeing. eighteen suitable " men to devote themselves to this work ? It did not say that the leader of the Mission was to all appearances a hopeless invalid. *' Our present.I. who were earnestly desiring to carry the Gospel to the districts from which they had come." he wrote of this time. If one who called in the morning could not stay long enough to answer all. with regard to the nine unthat friends of the C. happiest periods of my life was that period of forced inactivity. as was also his joy in dealing with it rather. pressing need. It did not refer to the fact that the four thousand pounds recently given had come from his wife and himself. praying But those who read the appeal felt the influence in faith. that recently four thousand pounds had been given for the opened provinces purpose and that among the converts in the older stations of the Mission were some from the far interior. but God led volunteers. not mention that for two and a half years they and others had been praying daily for the eighteen evangelists.M. increased. part of their capital. readers at once raise his heart to God. — " The Mission had no paid helpers. and thus letters were answered. another was sure to come. or finish letters One of the So it was day by day. and spend one minute in earnest prayer that God will raise up. . without pre-arrangement. and perhaps one or two might look in in the afternoon. ' ' ' . had long been pra5dng for men to go as pioneer evangehsts to these regions . the whole It did of which they had consecrated to the work of God. and were moved as men are not moved by sayings and doings that have not their roots deep in God." it continued. "is of more Will each of your Christian missionaries to lead the way.

and rejoiced to find that a warm friend from Glasgow. and after nearly five months in bed I am now * It had been quite a problem as to how arrangements were to be for the outgoing of party after party with the leader of the Mission a helpless invaUd but in this too the Lord provided unexpected and most efficient help. with correspondence through his willing helpers. . but just pen a few lines to let you know that you are not forgotten. was passing through London. There was first some correspondence then they came to see me in my room. When to him sit " I am just venturing to do a little myself. I have had much happy time to think of you all and to pray for you. And is to another friend in China a couple of months later You will be glad to hear that at last I am recovering.: OUT OF WEAKNESS WERE MADE STRONG were 267 my letters. But utterly at the laid aside. Taylor would most have welcomed and when it proved that he could give the matter personal attention it was a cause for great thankfulness. Mr. was the one person whose advice Mr. from his connection with China shipping and his love for made . It would have been very weary. Thomas Weir. Some nights when I have never slept at all. The Lord blessed means used and I was raised up. " I sit up in an easy chair for two hours some days. The economical arrangement Mr. Mildmay began to pray for my restoration. Had I been well and able to move about. and with care for the work in China. he could scarcely find time to do so. Every moment was taken up with interviews. . the answer to our prayers was the more apparent. I cannot write much. " Three months in bed is a long time. Taylor had prayed much about it. before or since." . Weir made at that time with the Directors of the Castle Line continued to work well for a number of years. . but that the Lord Jesus has made it very happy. and the Council gathered from time to time at his bedside.^ and then the dear friends . some might have thought that my urgent appeals rather than God's working had sent the eighteen men to China. . The weekly prayer meeting was now held in his room. he had last met on the steamer at the time of his accident. as several letters record." he wrote to Miss Turner at the end of February. " And the eighteen men asked of God began to come." he was so far recovered that the physicians wished up for an hour or two daily. kept so regularly and promptly answered. whom the Mission. One reason for my being laid aside was gone. My back gaining strength. In due time the Lord sent them forth. Soon I had a class studying Chinese at my bedside. Mr. able only to dictate a request for prayer.

and who. " The Mission is supported by donations. the Word of God. Go Him who possesses all power and has promised to be with His messengers always. Instead of a deserted house. prayer. . . We have. for in answer to the " Appeal for Prayer " pubhshed in January. not subscriptions. they were invited to spend a longer or shorter time at Pyrland Road for personal acquaintance. indeed. time a marked change had come over the spiriit Pyrland Road.. had to be taken for this purpose. and who therefore trust Him the Rewarder of those who diligently seek Him. and are theredesire men who believe the Bible to be fore men of prayer. no guaranteed income. expecting to We desire men who find His arm a sufficient strength and sta}^. therefore. " we attach far greater importance to spiritual qualifications. If their response to this faithful statement of the case warranted the hope that they would work happily in the Mission. The j&rst party of the Eighteen had already sailed.268 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD able to get up and do\\Ti stairs. who believe in its momentous beUeve in eternity and Hve for it issues whether to the saved or to the lost. to they possess some power go to the remotest parts of the interior of China. .. Taylor felt it that no hasty decisions should be made. How important Mr. accepting the declaration All power is given unto me. and candidates overflowed all the accommodation available for their reception." he wrote. no fewer than sixty offers of service were received during the year. .' relying on ability the command. I believe that God has me to do more for China during this long illness than Much thought. therefore. We desire men who believe that there is a God and that He is both intelligent and who believe that He is faithful. ' ' * . and can only minister dates . Another house.' rather than on foreign gun-boats though men who are prepared. this By of the scene at " While thankful for any educational advantages that candimay have enjoyed. may be judged from the following letter used in his correspondence with candidates at this period. and therefore cannot but seek to pluck the ignorant and the guilty as brands from the burning. many were coming and going. and some effort in the way of writing by dictation have brought my intense desire for the evangelisation of all the un- enabled reached provinces visibly nearer. . much I might have done had I been well. We ' ' .' are prepared to carry out to the best of their teach all nations.

for example. our faith is sometimes tried . it is no question of making the most of both worlds. Twelve miUions there are passing beyond the reach of that Gospel every year. and seal your testimony. after prayerfully considering the matter. you may count on a harvest of souls now and a crown of glory hereafter 'that fadeth not away.' and on the Master's Well done. who go there to labour" for God.' The men. If you want hard work and Httle appreciation if you value God's approval more than you fear man's disapprobation if you are prepared to take joyfully the spoiling of your goods. we gladly co-operate with providing.' " You would find that. If. encouraged rather than daunted by the the above letter.OUT OF WEAKNESS WERE MADE STRONG to our missionaries as 269 \ ourselves are ministered to by God. and at the right time and in the right supplies all our need. " Perhaps the Lord will lessen the amount of cone- . needing the Gospel. soon found occasion to rejoice in God as the Hearer and Answerer of prayer. with your blood if you can pity and love the poor Chinese in all their mental and moral degradation. George King for China. As may be seen from the last Occasional Paper (No. Such. I shall be only too glad to hear from you again. as well as Hteral filth and impurity. busy though he was in the city during the day. We do not send men to China as our agents. if needful. was May that followed the sailing of Mr. are those who have this world under their feet and I do venture to say that such men will find a happiness they never dreamed of or thought possible down here. and such a measure of support as circumstances call for and we are enabled to supply. For to those who count all things but dross and dung for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ Jesus our Lord. ' ' ' : ' ' ' Young men and women who came to Pyrland Road on spirit of probation. and can therefore trust Him Whose they are and they serve to supply their temporal needs.' He does manifest Himself in such sort that they are not inclined to rue their bargain. 39). But men who believe that God has called them to the work. . . and after office hours. but God always we Whom — proves Himself faithful. " One-third of the human family are in China. he had been one of Mr. in connection with the China Inland Mission. you stiU feel drawn to engage in such work. if need be. It had been difficult to spare him for." way . Taylor's most faithful helpers both before the experience in . outfit and passage money. the only men who will be happy with us.

'* This is nearly £235 less than our average expenditure " Let us bring the in China for three weeks. On the morning of the 25th. Waiting for his train at the station." a life What of praise " we should all lead. trustful prayer. " Trust in Him at all times." he suggested. Little wonder that prayer was turned to praise at the next noon hour. ! " \ But I am travelling third class. * And my doing the same." The answer was not long delayed." said the missionary. he was accosted by a Russian nobleman who had been attending the meetings. he found that they came to a little over sixty-eight pounds. or that Mr." and the sum thus realised and sent to the Mission was £235 17:9. Mr." Casting up the amounts received from the 4th to the 24th of the month. Taylor was going to London suggested that they should find seats together. and. " to remind some of His wealthy stewards of the needs of the work." he wrote a few weeks later. however. King sailed on the 15th. Mr. and for a week or two the work was so far reduced as to continue manageable. Taylor called attention to the fact that this lessening of correspondence had involved a lessening of contributions also. That very evening the postman brought a letter which was found to contain a cheque to be entered " From the sale of plate. matter to the Lord in prayer. gladly acquiescing in His will and way. '* unless He sends us unexpected help. and you will never be disappointed " ^ Quite as remarkable was another experience that soon It was early in June. and who on learning that Mr." he added." said the latter. Taylor was refollowed. turning from Brighton. where he had taken part in a memorable Convention on Scriptural Holiness. cast every care on Him in China's Millions for August 1875. . Taylor in telling the facts could not help exclaiming." was the they seem to have found a carriage and joy and rest. " " My ticket admits of courteous reply. and Mr.— 270 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD spondence for a time. did we but fully believe in God's wisdom and love." The correspondence lessened. when the household gathered for noonday prayer. " Let us ask the Lord.

it called together those who knew of it for special prayer. Even the Council. Only a hundred miles. " Did you not mean to give me five pounds ? " he said " Please let me return this note at once. and there upon the ofiice table Mr. of the sum it was felt would be required. was being asked for in simple faith." Impressed with the incident. meeting at Mr. This On the contrary. had been startled by his revival of a plan to which in earlier years he had given much consideration that of obtaining access to Western China (the far inland provinces) by way of Burma and the Irrawaddy." repHed the other. Mr. £4g iis.OUT OF WEAKNESS WERE MADE STRONG : 271 alone together. but God prised. for presently Count Bobrinsky took out his pocket-book with the words " Allow me to give you a trifle toward your work in China/' Glancing at the bank-note as he received it. " Whoso is wise and will the Heavenly Father's hand ? observe these things. Mr. The British Government. was about to send an exploring party to the mountainous region lying beyond Bhamo on the upper waters of the Irrawaddy. but now unexpected developments brought it again to mind. it is for fifty. Taylor it was for no less than felt there must be some mistake fifty pounds. even they shall understand the lovingkindness of the Lord. must have intended you to have fifty I cannot take it back." " I cannot take it back. At that time it had been abandoned as premature. traversed by frequent caravans. no less sur" It was five pounds I meant to give. A remittance was alDout to be sent to China. seeking to develop trade with Western China. : : No less encouraging to faith was the widespread interest aroused in a new departure connected with the outgoing of the Eighteen. — . deficiency was not accepted as inevitable. Taylor laid his precious bank-note Could it have come more directly from for fifty pounds." — : . Taylor's bedside. Taylor reached Pyrland Road to find a prayer meeting going on. and the money in hand was short by £4g iis.

. Stevenson in his difficult if not hazardous undertaking. D. would be an admirable centre from which to reach the western Remarkably enough." 1 To one of the missionaries in China Mr. and his remarkable friendliness in granting them an interview and permission to reside at Bhamo. that he for the stations own his to returning Mission at Bhamo. Farewell meetings. called forth a volume of prayer. shared Mr. the capital of the despotic native king. March 30. Taylor's ever being more than an invalid.V. Taylor was surprised to find. of the branch a establish might that proposal startled the was the This purpose. for Bhamo via Rangoon. And with this may be connected a characteristic move on Mr. Stevenson and Mr. in an Yiin-nan unknown visitor shown up to his room one day. D. But so earnestly did he plead the cause upon his heart that they were not only brought to his point of view. but for the time being.V. a traveller who had himself taken the journey. Secretaries. Conversation with this gentleman assured him that Bhamo. For the spring of this year (March 1875) end have heard that Mr.. and brought the Mission and its objects once more into prominence. himself volunteered to accompany Mr. It is giving a wonderful impetus to interest in the whote work. Taylor's part. Soltau. Stevenson. Taylor's interest in the matter ten years previSo important did it seem to ously. by which he was enabled to make the most of these communications. Mr. coming at a time when there seemed little hope of Mr. with its large resident as well as floating population of Chinese. where there were at that time no foreigners. Stevenson sails. deepened the interest. Western China. this for Council. before returning to Shao-hing. Burma to open a new mission Pray much for this mission to there.^ Very readable letters telling of their voyage to Burma and progress up the beautiful Irrawaddy to Mandalay. regions not for trade only those great to access obtain direct to forgo the joy of wilhng he was that Gospel. in many places addressed by Mr. was again in England. Henry Soltau. but one of the Hon. Taylor wrote at the of February: "You — will — .272 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD . who had provinces. Mr. separated that frontier town from the Chinese province of and Mr.

The newsboys did not get hold of the title very well they used to shout." was his lively recollection. which had told the story of God's gracious dealings with the Mission from commencement. China's Millions and Our Work among Them. whose abounding energy placed him in the van unopened provinces." wrote one of the young candidates. " and disposed of many outside Moody and Sankey's great hall near by. himthe Editor of the Life of Faith in later years. the burden of an illustrated monthly. I vividly recall. all the life and blessing that had come with the appeal for the Eighteen needed more adequate representation. its first To Mrs.^ Its up-to-date articles and pictures. and subsequently the — valued Treasurer of the Mission in China. as a pioneer in the " I sold six the day it came out to a bookseller near Bow Station. " Mr. . But it was a great undertaking for those were not the days of illustrated papers such as we have now. told of the joy with which Mr. New wine must have new bottles. . when Burma was occupying a good deal of public attention its Chinese stories brightly translated for young people. in his poor health. . Hudson Taylor the Mission was indebted for this form being. new. " ' Chinese Millions. We 1 thought it a fine paper in those days." self " Another. Taylor's pen came to be looked for by friends old and journeys. Taylor saw and though it meant taking upon himself. T . Taylor received the first completed number.OUT OF WEAKNESS WERE MADE STRONG 273 saw the last number of the Httle quarterly. and China's Millions when it appeared was quite an innovation. a penny 1' — for the post to The work involved in addressing and wrapping copies was recalled by yet another first of the pioneers settle in the province of Kwei-chow. It was a great title. and of conversions and progress in the older and above all its spiritually helpful articles from stations Mr. its and . Taylor's intense and eager interest in the first proof. and full-page texts with floral designs for children to colour on Sundays its news of pioneer . he sought strength for this also as part of the service to which his life was given. This Mr.

274 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD ! business sending tion of There was no publicait out to everybody department then. to all the Work as he might. nearly twelve months. tell them what you are finding Oh you will find it a blessed and holy service a there. but every day of Usually not once nor this time you have been on my heart. trusting Him. Few have been the letters I have written to you.^ " The Lord does provide. Taylor's busy room. Though in Guernsey was spent almost entirely in writing. this life happier every year. So wonderfully was the health of the latter restored in answer to prayer. Hold much holy communion with and when you find it our Lord. You will not be kept long sowing fruitful and happy calling. leaning on supplies rather than on the Supplier. . Feed on the living Word marrow and f atnt^ss to your soul. ! . who was taking in Chii-chow Fu. however. and ten since I reached England. indeed. than to be richly I find supplied. any kind outside Mr. or for long after no department." ! " . in which he sought to share with them some of the precious lessons learned in weakness and suffering. . been *' It is *' since I sailed * From op settled work a letter to Mr. . (afterwards Dr. I am thankful to be able to send you ninety dollars/' he wrote to one of the younger members of the Mission. as far as known to me.) Douthwaite. " You will find the dear native helpers improve on acquaintThey need our energy and faith to help them. members of the Mission. sphere of labour and surroundings. though not less trying to faith. he could not write personally though all were so trul}' upon his heart. ance. near the Kiang-si border of Che-kiang. thus before you are rejoicing over the first-fruits of the harvest. twice daily but oftentimes have you and your circumstances. Read the Word with much prayer we. he only managed to get out once during his stay of a fortnight but the letters he despatched to China and elsewhere were worth their weight in gold. that he was able for an astonishing amount A brief holiday taken in August to join his children of work. I trust. He had to content himself with a circular letter sent off on his return to London. from China. dear Brother. divine hfe and power." he wrote on the 26th of August. with them. does He not ? How blessed it is to trust in Him It is far happier to want. longing to share with them the delights of that beautiful coast.

" And shall we learn no lesson from this ? Shall we not each^ne of us determine to labour more in prayer to cultivate more intimate "commuiiiofr with' God by His help thinking less ogour working and more of His working. and for many long months there was little I could do but pray.' . Surely we ought to lead beautiful lives.. in the preparedness of the people for the message. that He may in very deed be glorified in and through us ? If we can and will do this. God soon put that out of the question. far more will be done hy Him than my most sanguine hopes ventured to anticipate. I wish it were possible you more frequently and at length but I take comfort in the thought that you all know me. And what has been the result ? Far more has been done hy God. OUT OF WEAKNESS WERE MADE STRONG to write to each one of . More souls will be saved the believers will lead more holy lives. far more is bemg done. I hoped to have done much for China. and in the power with which it is delivered. 275 remembered and commended to God. if we are really with Him Who * is Chiefest among Ten Thousand. May God bless you all and each of those dear to you bless and prosper the work He has given you. . glorious lives. " When I came home. . . quite sure that ere long there will be ahundaitt evidence of the improved state of our congregations and churches. and in due time make it manifest that He has been working in and through you. as you know. and know that I am at work for you and for China to the full extent of my ability. the Altogether Lovely The " people that do know their God shall be strong and do I it am in ! exploits. and our own knowledge of God and joy in Him will be multiphed.

It was still. strangely enough. besides being practically unobtainable. then Mr. To some it may seem almost incredible. the interior was inaccessible Passports. alas. Protestant missions were still conthirty-nine stations only fined to few. 276 .— CHAPTER XIX THE FAITHFULNESS OF GOD 1875-1876." Mr. r^' . even since the appeal for the Eighteen the situation had become decidedly more difficult. as ever. 43-44. or in any of the hundreds of thousands of villages. For the British exploring party sent to open up communicaOn tion with Western China had met with tragic disaster. one has but to recall that after nearly seventy years of work in China. and the European who would venture far from the beaten track had to take his life in his hand. As an evidence of the almost insurmountable obstacles. " that outside the thirtynine places named on the page opposite there is not one Protestant missionary to be found in any of the thousands of Cliinese cities. Taylor would sometimes say The project of reaching the nine difficult. Despite the stipulations of the Treaty of Tientsin. is the case. very few centres being occupied " by the representatives of all societies. impossible. then done. meant little or nothing of protection. with their millions of perishing inhabitants. to all appearances. Aet." ^'unopened provinces with the Gospel had not yet passed beyond the first stage." in And. Yet such. in any of the tens of thousands of large towns. ' There are commonly three stages in : work for God/' ** first impossible. Taylor wrote an early number of China's Millions. ratified as early as i860.

that the time has come for doing more fully what the Master commanded us and by His grace we intend to do it not to try. 277 of the member had been treacherously murdered with the connivance of the Chinese authorities. faith was strong in many hearts. . " assuredly gathering " that the Lord's being given time had come. for " he that beheveth shall not make haste. . . — the " treasures of darkness " that had come to Mr." but also without unnecessaiy delay." . — . then to gain experience and to gather round us a staff of native workers. do the thing commanded. relations became increasingly strained in high places." you.. do it." If ye be willing and obedient. and too often the same attitude is taken up can. In our experience. negotiations were prolonged at Peking. however. through whose aid we are occupying some fifty stations and out-stations in five provinces. ( " Try " is a word " We must do what we constantly on the lips of unbelievers. for anything hke advance. a expedition." they say by the child of God. Taylor had written on this subject .. .: THE FAITHFULNESS OF GOD the mountainous frontier of Yiin-nan. Mr. and the latter would give neither apology nor the reparation As month by month the international justice required. Augustus Margary. Berger toward the close of that year of bereavement (November 18) showed that he had already made the discovery which was to be a mine of wealth through all his . . to try has usually meant to fail. J We are therefore making arrangements for commencing wofK in each of these nine provinces without haste. ye " Whatsoever He saith unto shall eat of the good of the land. And yet the the men were appeal for eighteen pioneers had gone out . Taylor in 1870 had been a new conception of the scope Among and meaning of faith. for we see no scriptural authority for trying. It certainly was not the moment. In the first issue of China's Millions (July 1875) Mr. which meant that foreigners were in added disfavour all over China. upon which a flood of hght had been thrown by a passage in his Greek Testament." but "Do it " that is. It was nine years on the 26th of May since the Lammermuir We have needed all the time since party sailed for China. We believe. A letter to Mrs. as far as human probabiHties were concerned. The Lord's word in reference to His various commands is not " Do your best. and.

count and different indeed he saw the upon His faithfulness " one to be from the other* ^ Not my faith but God's faithfulness what a rest it was And now. but he will be ready for every emergency. 26. he wrote (November 1875) Want of trust is at the root of almost all our sins and all our and how shall we escape it but by looking to Him weaknesses The man who holds and observing His faithfulness ? God's faithfulness will not be foolhardy or reckless. and in that corresponding passage in Mark xi." but simply " hold fast. * As to the correctness of this modified translation. but gave no clue as to how it had come about. if only he knew how seemed entirely different. — ! chosen the title " China for Christ. The man who holds God's faithfulness will dare to obey Him.' In the is thus rendered in Matt. iii.' Let us see that that in daily life we count upon in theory we hold that God is faithful and that at all times and under all circumstances we are fully perit suaded of this blessed truth. Taylor noted " For the rendering God's faithfulness. xxi. 3." Ah. was not *' have " in your own heart and mind. It laid the emphasis on another ! : : . a different Greek verb is used. which dwelt upon the definite plan before the Mission for evangelising all the inland provinces. Mr. . . " Ekete pistin Theou. ' . .' see Rom. He knew that the impossibility was only seeming. however impolitic it may appear. 32.'* How "Have (or hold) the faithfulstrangely new they seemed surely it was a passage he had never seen ness of God " Turning to the corresponding words in English he before ? " Have faith in God. where the faith evidently means His faithfulness. was just in his usual reading. and for his editorials in the new magazine had . They be persuaded that John was a prophet. that he was struck with the words. . however you can get it. which well illustrates the meaning. ! ! side of the matter in a It way he found surprisingly helpful. as he often related. that was read (Mark xi. .' of God all hold John as a prophet. the subject was filling his mind as he faced the seemingly impossible situation before the Mission. just five years later." : ' ' ' ' ' ' ' ." In the fourth of these papers. 22) and something within him whispered. " faith in God. it is rendered count in Luke xx. The verb translated hold. . familiar enough ** the old difficulty " How gladly would he have and But this increase in faith in God.: 278 later It THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD life. 6.

.. No more striking evidence have been given of the place it was coming to hold in could the sympathies of the Lord's people than the large and by all its representative ference Hall. but daily. in the main. and thus attempt little and often fail in the httlethey attempt L All God's giants have been weak men. .. the attitude of in the spring of 1876 the first anniversary Mr. too. You take an extreme view." . . ^4iYfi_to_o literal a meaning to the words. were not daunted by the hatred of the Jews or the hostihty of " And what shall I more say ? for the time the heathen." Moses held God's faithfulness and led the millions of Israel into the waste. Taylor was by the help of a strong walking-stick. and was ignorant neither of the fortifications of the Canaanites nor of their martial prowess. " accounting that God was able to raise him from the dead. turned to flight the armies of the aHens ? '' Satan. letjis hold Jlis faithfulness^ we may go into every province of China. . has his creed Doubt God's Faithfulness. Joshua knew Israel well. but he held God's faithfulness and led Israel across The Apostles held God's faithfulness. and on ultimate success. who did great things for God because they reckoned on His being with them. gatherings that filled the Mildmay ConBut remarkable as were the meetings. young. how . . alas. earnest life that had come into the work with the outgoing pioneers was felt services were held to report progress. ^ Oh beloved friends. and the Jordan. . - For ten years the Mission. . ^Holding His faithfulness. on needful facihties.. . waxed vahant in fight. this this when had been. ! . . whole-hearted consecration to God How many estimate difficulties in the light of their own resources. : . holding God's faithfulness. " Hath God said ? Are you not mistaken as to His commands ? He could not really mean just that.THE FAITHFULNESS OF GOD 279 Abraham held God's faithfulness and offered up Isaac. ! . obtained promises out of weakness were made strong. \ . . counting on His faithfulness. . and the new. wrought righteousness. hourly serve Him." How constantly. and by it " subdued kingdoms.' and. ^ . howHng wilderness.. if there is a Hving God. . . faithful and Holding His faithfulness. would fail me to tell " of those who. time well enough to move about with friends and supporters. had faith. tri^. we may face with calm and sober but confident assurance we may count on grace of victory every difficulty and danger for the work. how successfully are such arguments used to prevent whole-hearted trust in God. Let us not give Him a partial trust. on pecuniary aid.

" " We have never had to leave an open door unentered from lack of 1 " and although the funds. Taylor pointed — ! in out on the large map twenty-eight stations in five provinces which churches had been gathered six hundred converts having been baptized from the beginning. . and in them lay the chief hope of the future. Broumton. " He used to call East on and me to his room for long talks about China. Taylor's Report on this occasion last penny had not unfrequently been spent.' or foreign missionaries have ever lacked the promised Times of trial have always been times of blessing." said Mr. obtained be to product They could see his faith lay hold upon experience. specially as regarded the evangehsation of the unreached interior. growing daily pay the price of spiritual see him more. but as a practical. was intense. fifty-two thousand pounds had been received.— 280 little first THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD could the speakers really tell of all that had filled those ten years all that had been experienced of the love Statistics are not without their and faithfulness of God meaning. and needed supplies " have never failed or come too late. none of our native agents daily bread. Means for failed though that also which is ** more precious than gold " had not been lacking *' the Without a collection or an appeal of trial of your faith. Sixty-eight missionaries had been sent to China. not as a finished In example. giving us advice as to how to go about our pioneering journeys.two were still their support had never — power and *' fruitfulness.^ How much of prayer and practical self-denial lay behind these facts the Report did not reveal. of whom connected with the Mission. It was a great delight to be with him in those days. themselves. and the Mission was not and never had been in debt. and it was with joy Mr. leader's they knew not how. to face danger and in interest. with many an illustration from His interest in the outgoing of the Eighteen his own experience. however. Of these. sacrifice in to have the encouragement of their everything it meant him they found faith. but the candidates at Pyrland Road could have supplied some details not lacking Preparing.'* any kind for funds. the work to which the Lord was calling them. and more God fifty. ' . more — than seventy were devoting their lives to making known the Gospel." said Mr.

I hardly think there was a scrap of carpet on the floor. was just the same in China but there an additional He would not ask those who worked principle came into action. for The Rev. under C. Every idea I^had hitherto cherished of a " great man " was completely the high. Moore. with him to face hardships he himself was not wiUing to endure. of every appearance of self-consideration and self-indulgence. . which was. and certainly not a single piece of furniture that suggested the slightest regard for comfort or appearances. At any rate I had an absolutely shocked. I strongly suspect that. . that it has remained through all the years. The room was largely occupied with packingcases and some rough shelves set along one of the walls. or surprised. Near the window. Taylor was an invalid. it . . Mr. He led me to his study. . Taylor's chief resting-place by night and by day. while Mr. imposing airs. G. narrow. and could be entered from the Shall I say I was front sitting-room by large folding doors. up to this moment. He made it his. but lay down on his iron bedstead and eagerly plunged into a conversation. for me.THE FAITHFULNESS OF GOD still : 281 Of his first visit to Pyrland Road. by his unconscious influence. . there would have to be a vast increase in self-denial at and self-sacrifice upon the part of Christians home. He profoundly reahsed that if the millions China were to be evangelised. neatly covered with a rug Mr. another wrote ^ Who that has known it can ever forget his bright. Mr. revise their ideas of greatness. or both ? novel experience. In front of the fireplace where a fender is usually found was a low. iron bedstead. which looked out on the dreary back-gardens. was a writing-table Uttered with papers. Taylor based his life of and service. I "mention these details because they throw Ught upon some of the important principles upon which Mr. And He never ^ for himself the least used his position as Director of the Mission to purchase advantage or ease. on all sides. which was also the " office " of the Mission. winning greeting ? It captivated you in a moment. one of Hfe's golden hours. and aU the trappings were shattered — : conspicuously absent but Christ's ideal of greatness was then and there so securely set in my heart. . Taylor offered no word of apology or explanation. But how could he ask and urge others to do what he was not practising himself ? So he deliberately stripped his life. . many years a member of the China Inland Mission. Hudson Taylor did more than any other man of his day to compel Christian people to . It was the back room on the ground floor.

into the home department of the work. Taylor's home. which by that time a family of ten growing But this was perhaps one of their chief What hearts are so large and what hands became the home of Mr. I beheve you And a happy I beheve you will be sent by God. however.. Taylor's little back room was now exchanged for a more cheerful study. so free for others as those filled with love and service in which self has no part. and Mrs. B. self was bearing the cross. We have only the Lord to look to for means. Taylor had suffered in the same way. work you will find it. that while he himagain. Taylor on the part of so many in the Mission. and . Barely waiting to see these arrangements completed. Broomhall. at any time. under more favourable circumstances. spiritually and in other ways. have not given up hope of seeing you . Mr. to live in that spirit and practice of self-sacrifice which he expected to find in his brethren on the field. Broomhall. in the coming of his beloved sister and her husband. A gracious answer to the prayers of many years had made this possible. quahfications. Herein was one explanation of the remarkable and affectionate attachment to Mr. and was ready to do so No man could suspect. was shirking it. but the two were practically thrown into one. at length the way opened. many a long year the best loved centre Number 6 was still Mr. Number 2 Pyrland Road. may be judged from the fact that they had boys and girls. who took over much of his work. for health.282 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD all circumstances. the intervening house being occupied for offices and candidates. WiUiam Soltau. for encouragement and we need no other. — . How when real was the faith involved in joining the Mission. every missionary knew that Mr. He gives us all and He best knows what we need. and Mrs. Mr. back to China to speed the hoped and expected. his leader. as he fully i860) I : will yet come. Long before the Mission came into existence he had written to them from China (June And now he was going back — pioneers.. and a Secretary was installed in the person of Mr. However hard his lot might be in China. on their far inland journeys. soon radiated an atmosphere of helpfulness. that made it for of the Mission.

but all his fellow-workers might have to leave their inland stations. Nothing would induce the Chinese Government to give satisfaction of any sort for the murder of Mr. Taylor's going out. fervent supplication was going up to God that He would overrule the crisis for the furtherance of His own great ends. was on the point of retiring to the coast to put the matter into the hands of the Admiral. averted. " You will all have to return. " And as to sending off pioneers to the more distant provinces. Taylor did not think so. In the third-class cabin of the French Mail. as he was that the men had been given. evangelists for the unentered provinces had been given had gone to China." It was indeed a critical juncture. a change came though this he may actually left Peking to . Even before he sailed. it is simply out of the question. notwithstanding the war-cloud that hung heavily over the eastern horizon. He was fully aware that in event of . and a war that might hostilities.'* thej^ said. It seemed impossible that war could be . having exhausted diplomatic resources. Mr. Thomas Wade had make way for the commencement of Every effort had failed. Could it be that the iron gate of the last ward having opened thus far was again to close. But no. utterly improbable as it seemed. leaving the prayer of faith unanswered ? Mr. Indeed he felt as sure that God's time had come. That matters could not look more threatening was obvious. close the country entirely to missionary effort was all but begun. Mr. not have heard. At the last moment. After years of prayer and preparation. and having acquired some knowledge of the language were ready to set forth. not the pioneers only. and there were many among the friends of the Mission who strongly advised against Mr. Taylor set out early in 283 who September (1876). Margary and the British Ambassador.THE FAITHFULNESS OF GOD to give time for the preparation of the party of eight sailed with him. — — war. as in the prayer meetings at Pyrland Road. prayer had not failed. For the negotiations that had dragged on so long at Peldng had come at last to a stalemate. With Him it is never too late.

" . Taylor on his arrival in Shanghai. . the agreement having been signed within a week of his leaving and already three parties of the Eighteen had England . More alive to the situation than his fellows. " Just as our brethren were ready.284 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD over the Peking Foreign Office. " not too soon and not too late the long-closed door opened to them of its own accord." he wrote. at Chefoo. was signed the reopen negotiations memorable Convention which threw open the door of access This was the news at last to the remotest parts of China. the Viceroy Li Hung-chang hurried to the coast. that awaited Mr. set out and were well on their way to the interior. overtaking the British Ambassador just in time to and there.

and For there their arrival spread dismay in the ofiicial breast. 44-45. giving publicity to these arrangements and for a period of two years British officials might be sent inland. Easton " At every city and village of first journey (Dec. and penetrating even into eastern Tibet. 1876) : 285 . the missionaries were supposed to be Government agents. capital of Shen-si.1 .I. and for years almost the only foreigners. specially to see that this clause was carried out. indeed. Aet. and friendly relations almost iminterruptedly maintained. representatives of the C. and were to be received with to travel in of the . while the city was hurriedly placarded with the belated documents.M. 20. CHAPTER XX THE GATES OF THE WEST 1876-1877. crossing and recrossing all the provinces of the interior. As a matter of fact. And what were the provisions of that notable Convention signed at Chefoo on September 13. Thirty thousand miles were thus traversed in the next eighteen months. any part and in no wise hindered on their journeys. At first. Imperial proclamations were to be posted in every city. Scriptures and tracts being ever3rwhere sold or distributed. were the first. had been no unseemly haste in issuing the proclamations and more than one Mandarin hit upon the happy expedient of entertaining the visitors with elaborate hospitality. ^ From wrote on his the distant city of Si-an-fu. respect . 1876 ? As concerned the pioneers simply these that foreigners were at Uberty : Emperor's dominions that they did so under his protection. Mr. to avail themselves of this great opportunity. Far and wide they travelled.

or Easton and Parker on their way to the far north-west. but still find their hearts unsatisfied and their minds in a maze. any . remained the same. The openness of the people and their response in spiritual things was what impressed them most." 1 This journey and another taken in 1875 a few months only after the murder of Margary— show that the pioneers who were ready did not wait for the Chefoo Convention. size. and where little food was obtainable beyond steamed bread and rice. Henry Taylor in Ho-nan. Though the attitude of the Government was favourable for the time being. that the pioneers had a bed of roses. with here and there ! a deep heart-hunger in some who were seekers after truth. " As we spoke of Jesus and His sufferings for our sin. and the exercise of young hearts Fain would we follow the footsteps of the cast upon God evangehsts. as you know." Henry Taylor wrote on his journey to Ho-nan. the prejudices of the literati were unchanged. " v/e saw tears stealing down some faces. or any other Government assistance. Fifty-six days Redeeming Love. Starting at earhest dawn. heart and soul. in carts and inns. At Shen-chow we first noticed it putting it out after our arrival. and being very polite to us.^ In the city and district of Ju-ning several earnest inquirers were met with— Wang. even on this first journey. and the difficulties of travel. for idolatry. — . manifold perils. Wonderful were those journeys with their new experiences. Whether it were Mr. see with their eyes. thankful though they were for the new Treaty when it came. however. their launching out into the unknown. by the wayside preaching dark.286 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD It must not be supposed." ' were spent. their fervent love for souls. live over again experiences so well worth while. Judd in Hu-nan. a large proclamation from the Peking Foreign Office makes it the ofl&cials easy for us to travel. till they often travelled on glad tidings of the telling everywhere or in crowded streets. all found the same willingness to listen. both for time and for eternity. on foot and wheelbarrow. passing from city to city through the southern part of the province. hear with their ears. or coarse home-made vermicelli. The women go in. the young school-master. where roads were roughest and accommodation poorest. their brave endurance. great and small.

287 Hu. had torn down the sign-board. Later journeys. Henry Taylor was praying alone in his room one night when he heard a stealthy movement at the shutter. Not until months later did he learn that that very day a crowd of students had come to the inn. This. Only the promise that they would come again in a few months. . brought also perils from which only the hand of God could have Convinced that he should shorten his visit to delivered. They had bound themselves by an oath to kill the foreigner. the devout vegetarian the medicine vendor who had no cure for a corrupt heart the old scholar. and who seemed astonished that any one could be indifferent to the good news about such a Saviour and a Mr. who humbly knelt. Short of money on another occasion. while they brought encouragement in finding this man and others steadfast in the faith. not finding him. and would have set fire to the place had not the authorities intervened. Several of these came daily to read and pray with the missionary and his Chinese companion. also a man of letters. Mu was urgent in his desire to be baptized. and Mr. To his surprise a proclamation presently appeared. forbidding any one on pain of the severest punishment to sell anything to the foreigner. FumbHng in his . included food. the provincial capital (Kai-feng) on one occasion. which the landlord of the inn dared no longer supply. With some trepidation. Mu.. Before he could give the alarm the stranger beckoned to him to be silent. waiting his return in an inn. the first time he ever heard of Jesus. Henry Taylor left a day or two eariier than he had intended. he went to the window and saw a man apparently trying to get in. When he did not appear they went in search of him. prevailed upon him to wait until he could learn more of what it really meant to be a Christian. he sent his helper to Hankow for silver. lying in wait in different parts of the city.THE GATES OF THE WEST .V. D. of course. in whose heart there was an evident work of the Spirit of God. to ask that his sins might be laid upon the divine Sacrifice. and had been . for robbers are commonly armed in Ho-nan. Not knowing what to do. and their rage on learning that he was already far away knew no bounds. and.

not want " he whispered emphatically. — . In Ho-nan. when the missionary offered the few cash he had left. and access to regions never before . " Not want. and a district seemed full of promise. Many a story could the pioneers have told of answers to prayer almost equally remarkable of friendliness among all classes. as we have seen. to gather interest followed up. While still homeless save for their room in an . Interested inquirers were met with again and again in remote places. and a church (or no church) afterbut. as well as the old. and the same scene was another. then another and all. Thoughts wholly strange and new need time to filter into the mind of a community as of an individual. but was faithful in his visits until supplies came. Next night he came again. if possible. impressions could be deepened and The aim was. six in transacted. information. meanwliile. . and Mr. visited by foreigners. Taylor was able to ! leave for the coast. bitter opposition of opened hearts here and there. He dared not stay for conversation. there was much to indicate the Ju-ning district as suitable for permanent work. and without a word disappeared in the darkness. The principle on which these itinerations were widespread dissemination of saving work as the way should open. To this end itineration had to be patiently pursued and even when inquirers were gathered carried out of a was that truth. not a station first. These he handed in through the window. and even of Uttle gatherings for the Breaking of Bread. who seemed truly to have accepted the Gospel. By coming back again and again.288 girdle THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD he produced a little loaf of bread. and letters were received telling of baptisms in the clear water of some mountain stream. For permanent locahsed work was the object kept in view only. signs of a real work of the Holy wards mission-house and chapel to follow Spirit to begin with as they were needed. Some thirty people were found on the return of the evangelists. something like large steamed dumplings. it was often long before it was possible to settle. to be followed by settled : . and look for indications as to where to settle.

but there had to learn many a lesson of patience. T. Well was it. through whose preaching most of the others had been interested. and the Evangelist Yao. by Mr. Henry Taylor. partook of it with them for the first time. " ^ At Kio-shan Hsien." wrote Mr. of which he was Editor. the greatest blessing to me. C. then. for Mr. uproar and the missionaries' Hves were in danger and few letters are more pathetic than the pencilled lines that tell of their finally having to withdraw and give up the premises. it is interesting to record that these converts were baptized on April i. near which in " a beautiful mountain stream the baptisms had taken place. able to advise and comfort. Mission in China. No one had passed through more of such trials than he. Taylor's directorial duties and the oftrecurring claims of China's Millions." to realise. This meant long hours daily at ofiice work. and Mr. in a little city at the foot of the hills. A caught in the China Sea led to serious illness.^ Then the For days the place was in an literati stirred up trouble. and unable to do more than pray and help by correspondence. these —a . in broken health. As the first-fruits of Ho-nan. Fishe. that the leader of the Mission was within reach. Mu. and six happy weeks spent among the people. He was able to go up-river as far as Chin-kiang. " and after instructing them from several portions of Scripture on the Lord's Supper. and there was no one else to take his place as Secretary to the ." he wrote to Mrs. " that another letter. For himself. Mr. Taylor in cannot run about as I once did " and in " the weakness that prevents overwork may be I . Yet overwork seemed almost inevitable had gone home on furlough. At length a house was rented. and it was on purpose to guide the pioneers and strengthen their hands in God that he had returned to China. besides Mr. 1876. " We returned to our inn. plished during the first '* It is difficult November. G." U . W. 289 Henry Taylor and his companions baptized two of man named Wang. who accompanied them.THE GATES OF THE WEST inn. Clarke. chill little that he had planned was to be accom- few months after his arrival. Clarke. as he found himself needed at nearly every station in the Mission.

Some around him could hardly understand this joy and A rest. Taylor was enabled so to cast his burdens on the Lord that. the younger man was about to withdraw. he was in the habit of turning to a little harmonium for refreshment. brought news of serious rioting in two different Standing at his desk to read them. . I : am resting. Whose providence I love . and other troubled spirits could be sure of finding not only counsel and help at Chin-kiang but a heart of tender sympathy. Feeling that he might wish to be alone. . some one began to whistle." . in Thus it was that Henry Taylor returning sorrowfully from Ho-nan. and the limitations of ill-health which he was feeling keenly. in the joy of what Thou art . especially when fellow. resting. Oh 1 it is good to soar The winds and waves above. playing and singing many a favourite hymn. budget of letters arriving on one occasion. I am resting. ^ . resting. It was the soft refrain of the same well-loved hymn Jesus. will help us till He The Lord be with you and gives us the joy of reunion. mentioned what was happening and that immediate help was necessary. exercised with the sorrows of many. Taylor stations. as Mr. And His mighty will to find The joy and freedom of the mind." Whenever work permitted. . he " could not but rejoice seven days a week. Mr. yet free from anxious care. May you find it better than mine. Despite absence from home and loved ones.workers were in danger. comfort your heart with His love. as he wrote to Mr. To Him Whose purpose I adore. Hill in February (1877).— 290 " THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD We when the worst us day by day have never been so long separated. " but He Who has helped for more than two months. Nicoll relates. but always coming back to Jesus. Mr. homeless through a riot at I-chang. . when. to his surprise. George Nicoll." he wrote again of his iUness was past. in the joy of what Thou art I am finding out the greatness of Thy loving heart.

that they might be used — — . feeling that it would be an occasion for controversy if not strife. that is. when our friends are in such *' danger ** Would you have me anxious and troubled ? " was the long-remembered answer. for him. while He dealt with the difficulties inward and outward." How ! Day and night that was his secret. — ! ' The perplexing question. Never had opportunities been greater. I have just to roll the burden on the Lord. . formed the little company to whom was entrusted the stupendous task of its evangeUsation. only one Hfe was possible just that blessed life of resting and rejoicing in the Lord under all circumstances. and would certainly incapacitate me for my work. Taylor longed to see advance on a wide front not in the C." Frequently those who were wakeful in the little house at Chin-kiang might hear. How great their need of power the real power of the Holy Spirit poured out. but on the part of all societies and a strong. To bring this about. Taylor at this time for unity and blessing in the forthcoming Conference of missionaries to be held in Shanghai. united appeal to the home churches for adequate reinforcements. Mr. only. He had learned that. as he realised. or the need for spiritual power aright. nothing less than a wonderful answer to prayer could avail for party spirit was running high over the difficult " term question.THE GATES OF THE WEST *' 291 Turning back. more urgent. at two or three o'clock in the morning. Taylor's favourite hymn. " That would not help them. And yet China was open from end to end as never before. expectant hearts There were still some months before the Conference. upon united. Five hundred missionaries." ^ and many missionaries were holding aloof from the Conference altogether.M. Nicoll could not help exclaiming. can you whistle.I. great and small. *' just to roll the burden on the Lord. Mr. all told. Second only to his longing for the evangelisation of the — inland provinces was the desire that possessed Mr. the soft refrain of Mr. as to what Chinese term should be adopted as the nearest and most unambiguous equivalent for the Scriptural idea of God. as at Pentecost.

292 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD May (1877). . Nor are we likely to pass without attack if some have their way. especially with the able men to be found in the foremost ranks of other societies. no one to go because they could not send the best ? Mr. Undoubtedly they were ignorant and inexperienced as compared with older missionaries. evil wiU be kept and if we ask for it. But Mr. this interval Mr. . Taylor to have seen such workers take the field. . as he was the first to recognise. to preachers of the Gospel. when the Gates of the West were thrown open. at the beginning only of their missionary life. Taylor was make the most " There is one very important matter to pray about/* he wrote to Mrs. there is a great outpouring of God's Holy Spirit. It was hardly to be wondered at. and was thankful to have reliable Chinese Christians .M. Was. very much harm may result verj^ much has already resulted from prehminary discussions." — : : . through the use of beheving prayer. then. much for this pray daily for this and discord may not prevail instead of unity and love. should have come in for a large share of criticism. Taylor in February " the forthcoming conIt will be a power shall it be for good or evil ? This ference. and its new departure in the direction of widespread evangelisation was of the nature of an experiment. on the spot. But our God is an almighty Saviour. . If His Spirit be poured out. But they were all needed. will it not indeed be so ? Let us in check that division pray. — . from end to end. Its aims and methods never had been popular. and my hope is in Him. convened for seeking to and of. then. and that the hand of God was in the coincidence of their being ready. though China was accessible at last. more than needed There was no suggestion that some in their actual posts. or any of the^n should be set free. Taylor not only prayed . that the CT. it was argued that it could not be right to use them in work so difficult and important. and to remove misimderst an dings. No one would have been more thankful than Mr. he did all that in him lay to promote the imity he felt to be of such importance. He was doing all he could to liberate experienced missionaries. . Unless rests much with us. Taylor had good reason to believe that these young workers had been given in answer to prayer. Because the pioneers were for the most part young.

But years of Now that the self-effacing discipline had not been in vain. and not the easiest part of his work as he was learning. : . If the the hand. moreover. But how was this to be brought to pass ? A leader less humble.M. he well to send with the younger evangehsts. *' I have no need of thee the grace to use withheld. would have been to go on alone. : — not the hand. because I . something of the real. absorbing himself in what he felt to be his own work. he saw with increasing clearness. he knew that those whose views differed most widely from his own might have just as sincere a desire for the advancement of the Kingdom of God. knew. . . of the body it is and must remain. I am not of the body is it therefore not of the body 7 " On the contrary. which often spells discouragement. and spirit which is in If only their critics. many. might have brushed aside unfriendly criticism. he may have felt. and hear from their own lips of the wonderful opportunities God was giving objections. would be one of the great gains that would come to them as they pursued their task and meanwhile. Taylor felt the attitude of opposition. mind. But where is there room for independence foot shall say. — — it wisely and to the glory of God was not Keenly as Mr. As a hand. opportunity prayed for through half a lifetime had come. and they were itself so great a gift. he had no doubt. patient endeavour to carry his brethren with him in any new departure to How much easier it which he was constrained of God. independently. if they were not burdened with much knowledge. less truly taught of God.THE GATES OF THE WEST 293 Experience. He had grasped. whatever it may say or feel. the body must go too there could be no other way. could come nearer could meet and know the men in question. they had the health and hopefulness of youth the buoyancy of body. must consist in the humble. indissoluble oneness of the body of Christ that it is not that the eye should not say to *' '* ^it cannot. this pioneering effort might reach out a certain distance beyond the rest of the body but if it would go further. perhaps.I. am . The bearing of this principle upon the position of the C. would give place to sympathy. A large part.

This journey laid the needs of the women so deeply on Mr. The only foreigner met with on this long journey on which he was accompanied by the faithful soldier-evangeUst Yang Ts'iien-Ung was Mr. Taylor had the benefit of experienced help. taking time to preach the Gospel fully in many places. Broumton. and opening Chung-king. and much of his subsequent usefulness was connected with the development of Women's Work in the inland provinces. Taylor rejoiced in the project almost as much as if of consultation he were going himself. and his place had to be filled. alone in the city of Kwei-yang until at Bhamo Messrs. Mr. and if united meetings could be pioneers as possible for a in Mr. McCarthy was enabled to accomplish in seven months.294 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD is in a living organism. as soon as he how to keep in touch with distant workers. Mr. while Mr. McCarthy. the first Mission-station in the province of Szechwan with its population of nearly seventy milUons. and many were the hours and prayer they had over the whole forward their movement. Mr. Taylor's of their hopes in this connection. ^ Difficult as it was to spare him. * Without sajdng anything Taylor and he made . For the missionary community in Hankow. every part of which the whole ? bound up with mind. There were problems also to consider as to These thoughts in kiang. Remembering own spiritual difficulties. . McCarthy was preparing for what proved to be one of the most remarkable journeys ever taken in Western China. they felt the importance of providing help for younger workers whose strenuous life exposed them to so much of trial and temptation. was considerable. across the river. McCarthy's heart that he was used to stir up many to pray and labour for their salvation. — — — . and in sending oE recent parties he had arranged that they should return for books and money at a given time. Judd had just set out with one of the pioneers for the far-off capital of Kwei-chow. so as to reach them regularly with supplies. The thought of calling together as many of the week of conference had long been mind. Mr. they saw in such a reunion the possibility of just the rapprochement needed with workers of other societies. And now as he considered the matter with Mr. to the new centre of the Mission at Wu-chang. For several weeks Mr. Taylor went on from Chinwas able. Stevenson and Soltau welcomed the wayworn travellers. plans for a walk right across China from the Yangtze to the Irrawaddy which Mr.

received from Him. standing.THE GATES OF THE WEST arranged. It was necessary. resent them from one another. his host found himself drawn into helpful conversation. and without bedding. Taylor could not but feel that. especially with those whom he knew to be critical toward the C.I. Taylor soon after reaching Wu-chang . Christian courtesy admitted but one reply." Down the Yangtze more or less the same experience was repeated. nor was it a line of things his sensitive spirit would have chosen. or things. disappointments from His hand. But. This was not easy. thereand this Mr. Taylor did by calHng fore. sorrows. 295 much might be done to promote mutual underand prepare the way for the larger Conference in Shanghai.M.I. We can take I feel rebuffs. Quite simply he explained the circumstances. . though we might And joys are doubly joys when In this spirit he was glad rather than otherwise to find Hankow one evening until it was too late Before he could reach the other side to recross the river. .M. as Mr. even upon spiritual things. asking whether it would be convenient to put him up for the night. as he had written to Mrs. : It is our Father Who orders all —these experiences included. The response this suggestion met with from the London and Wesleyan Missions was so encouraging that Mr. A cordial friendship resulted the missionary in question taking an early opportunity of letting it be known that he had had " no idea Mr. Mr. the city-gates would be shut. perseveringly. And herein lies our power to do and suffer patiently. on account of the great pressure of work upon him. he could not very well go to an inn. but with Him. and the sense of having done a kindness opened the way for friendly intercourse. Taylor visited the river stations with a view himself delayed in . Taylor being as good a listener as he was a talker. Taylor was so good a man. already. upon a and who took a very unfavourable view both of himself and the C.. to seek hospitality with missionary whom he was but slightly acquainted. : more and more that it is with Him we have to do not so much with men. prayer was being answered and he determined to seek opportunities for closer intercourse. etc.

. may God make you and me of found ? Alas where this spirit and may our only prayer be. but my heart rejoices in Nature does not enjoy these things my Father's arrangements. and not merely hoping for * ' ." he continued a few days later. and Mrs. out on the wind-swept river. The good Lord forgive us.* and the music too. he wrote. " There are such openings in China as there never have been and as are not Hkely to recur. who joined him at An-king. enjoying a Sunday At Kiuespecially with the Rev. Edward Pearse. Comfort -seeking.296 to THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD making arrangements for Mr. " I am writing by a little vidndow The chair is not a foot high. with numbed fingers till 3 a. or me rather. " asking special prayer for the outpouring of that we God's Spirit. this chain of stations was committed. and out to breakfast at eight. from welling up within cannot and do not want to. the importance of the work being seen in the fact that the converts baptized on this journey (March 1877) represented no fewer than six provinces. — ^ To Mr. . for it is all true.m.. what wilt Thou have me to do ? I feel so ashamed that you and the dear children should affect me more than millions here who are perish*' It is stiff soil. a I was writing foot and a half square and one or two inches thick. Lord. etc. Just while the effect of the . . and Mrs.. yet I can touch in a dark attic. . putting up apparently in native quarters. kiang he had a good deal of intercourse with the American missionaries. Cardwell being at home on furlough. the tiles as I sit. ' — . " and none but fully consecrated accomplish much. The hail-stones that came through the roof in the night. 24). house was closed. won't do Where are they to be Cross-loving men are needed." he wrote to Mrs. Oh. there. David Hill at Wu-sueh. . he took time to see something of their work.^ Where missionaries of other societies were to be found. * The C. A day or two later." . a blessing. " is it not ? " I have written to The Missionary Recorder. Mr. not only at the Conference but before may all go up filled with the Spirit. and I cannot keep the words of What a Friend we have in Jesus." men will — ! * ! ' ing while we are sure of eternity together.M.I. McCarthy's district. my boy swept up into a heap this morning.^ " The wind is strong and cold. Taylor during this visit (Feb. he was thinking and praying over the needs of the province he had just touched in passing (Kiang-si).

. He led my dear wife and and other similar work in needy lands. in which it has now ten stations. freely give us all things ? " / ^ Thus was opened in February 1877 the first permanent MissionKwei-yang station in any of the nine hitherto unoccupied provinces.s. and extending it ? My glad heart says. " He that spared not His own Son. . not through any difficulty with the Burman or Chinese authorities. from which two or three hours' descent would have brought them into Chinese territory. which decUned to grant the passports needed to cross into Chinese territory. 2 It was a sore trial to Mr. 1877. You will have heard that Stevenson and Soltau are not permitted I trust the delay will only be at present to enter Yiin-nan." Meanwhile the long-closed gates were opening indeed. January 6. Berger.THE GATES OF THE WEST 297 Imperial proclamations lasts (and this will largely be over in a very few months) we can do in weeks what would have taken months or years before. temporary. is still a centre of the C. and 6330 communicants. His word says. Kiang-yung. Stevenson and Mr. Mr. so long one with him in prayer for these very developments. . . ^ On the s. and to separate for a season in furtherance of His Can we be mistaken in trusting Him to do what He so cause. " No. My heart is unspeakably glad that myself to use our means in aid of this . : It will afford you no small joy to know that our prayers are so far answered that work is begun in six of the nine provinces. 2 To his beloved friend Mr.I. travelling up to Wu-chang. with Him also. but deUvered Him up for us all. Stevenson and Soltau had made extended journeys into the Kah-chen hills. easily can to supply the men and means needed for carryingx on His own work. the pioneers held on their way Mr. Soltau to be v/ithheld from carrying out the purpose with which they had gone to Bhamo." little as I know Him and what is more. in February 1877. I see God's hand in bringing me here just now. It is such a rest to know and feel that God knows how to carry on His own work. In the north and far north-west. — \ ' : how shall He not. McCarthy was already nearing the western province of Sze-chwan. larger than the whole of France and far more populous Judd and Broumton had been prospered in renting premises in the capital of Kwei-chow.^ eight hundred miles south-west of the nearest mission station while from Bhamo Messrs. 57 out-stations.M. News of this unexpected difficulty reached Mr. and that the way may ultimately be all the more open. but through the attitude of the Indian Government. in that province. Taylor had recently written ^ . . on this and many other grounds. Taylor in the Yangtze valley.

followed by practical talks from Mr. Griffith John's message. spiritual problems. as an Evangehsing Agency.I. The hopefulness of these inexperienced workers. Taylor I thank God for the C. He and his fellow-workers were one in the longing for an outpouring of divine blessing that should sweep away all — . resting** was the hymn he most often . John said earnestly at the closing meeting. called forth deepest sympathy. " Take time to be holy " was the burden of Dr. turned to the difficult task awaiting him at the coast. . were contagious as well as cheering. adding that he was sure he was but expressing the feeling of aU the Hankow missionaries. coldness . Taylor and as always in times of special need. Much time was given to prayer. Taylor and others on the real problems. In Mr. as well as from the river stations seventeen C. he well knew that next only to the " term question " it would probably call forth differences of opinion. their enthusiasm and genuine confidence in God as able and willing to do the impossible. Judd's garden-house on the hill-side. Taylor having sent off the pioneers. .. thank God for my younger brethren. workers in all.S. and the L. The chief responsibility for the meetings rested upon Mr.M. Taylor returned to Wu-chang to meet the pioneers as they gathered for their little conference. and Mr. the inward. I am resting. simple though it was.M. chapel across the river. all criticism and misunderstanding an enduement with " power from on " high for the great work to be done. especially for the unopened provinces and the story the young evangeUsts had to tell. 298 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Thus with thankfulness and expectation Mr. to be joined by a dozen or more of the Hankow missionaries.I. I Three weeks later came the Shanghai General Conference. strengthened and encouraged. a day was set apart for prayer and fasting. The paper he had to read was upon " Itineration Far and Near. of missionary life. and deadness in their own hearts. From the far inland provinces they came. " Jesus. " I thank God for Mr." Dr.M. the presence of God was consciously felt. Wonderful in the days that followed was the answer to these prayers. if not bitterness of feeling." and while it was the subject of all others nearest his heart.

Hongkew." ^ opening address with its searching. Weir. While paying for the rooms they occupied. his mind was kept in peace. for men and women to meet the great opportunity. Colleges and Churches of the World ." To Mrs. Even the Chinese dress of Mr. and Mrs. and Mrs. and boarded the missionaries as they came and went. as The Celestial Empire recorded. all was cause for thanksgiving " a gathering fraught with blessing to the people of China. and the forward movement they represented had if passed into the confidence and prayerful sympathy of most not all present. to the call of the united conference " to " the Mission Boards. Taylor wrote. was by general and Mr. himself . among its most valued friends." he wrote " the feeling.M. and still are. Taylor and his fellow-workers had ceased to offend. Taylor's consent excluded from the deliberations paper. " secured the From Dr." as Mr. In spirit they were almost members of the Mission. they undertook all the Mission business that had to be transacted in that port. The ** term question. 2 " God greatly helped me this afternoon with my paper. Headquarters in Shanghai had been moved by this time to 7 Seward Road. 299 asked for in the little crowded house where the C. . 1877. — May 12." which had threatened to prove so serious a difficulty. also residents in Shanghai.I. And once again prayer was answered and the seemingly impossible brought to pass." No discordant note remained. were. Thos. and with Mr. "the most important step China missions have yet taken. Mr." The — parting. powerful appeal for a life in the Holy Spirit.I. John's deepest interest of his audience.THE GATES OF THE WEST . Taylor. after two weeks of fellowship (May 10-24) was " like the breaking-up of a family never more to meet on earth. * The C. contingent gathered ^ and despite the seriousness of the issues involved. now. Cranston generously acting as house-father and house-mother.M. is very kind toward us.

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46-49.PART V BURIED LIVES: MUCH FRUIT 1878-1881. "For Jesus' Sake. 22." He goeth before them.. Aet. . in „ Women which laboured with me the Gospel . 21. 23. Chap.

If the world were mine. and consider . n. R. only Christ for me 1 Matilda of Hefta. xlv. all its store. — . . Oh gladly might it be I reign From That I might cast it all away : Christ. —Ps. forget also thine own so shall the king greatly desire thy people and thy father's house . The Lord giveth the word the women that publish the tidings are a great host. 11. O daughter. .V. An empress noble and fair as day.— Hearken. on its throne for evermore the ancient days of old. beauty : for He is thy Lord and worship thou Him. lo. 13th century. . Ps. and And were Couid it of crystal gold. Ixviii.

The forty weeks of his expected absence from home were nearing an end. and their letters published in China s Millions could not fail to awaken sympathy. and the opportunity it afforded for practising as well as preaching the Gospel. but not so the work to be done in China. of the long-continued drought in the northern provinces. Taylor was anxious to do as much. and on this ground alone Mr. before the Shanghai Conference. Taylor saw that his return to England should be as speedy as possible. heat of summer in visits to the Che-kiang stations. Failure of the wheat a^nd other crops. the settled stations with their little churches were ever on his heart.CHAPTER XXI •* FOR JESUS' SAKE " 1877-1879. Mr. and letters from two of the pioneers on their second visit to Shan-si were full of the impending calamity. had brought a vast population to the verge of famine. In his poor state of health it was no easy matter to face the intense . 45-47- Serious tidings were already reaching Mr. Taylor. He had fully expected to get through before the Shanghai Conference but iiow that important occasion had come and . as possible to supply Messrs. Turner and James with funds They were the only Protestant missionfor famine relief. But the assistance would have to be long-continued. aries in all the stricken area. 303 . with all that was involved of work and arduous travelling. year after year. Aet. None of the older centres of the Mission had yet been visited and keen as he was about the pioneering. Realising in measure what the situation meant.

he met the first converts from Yii-shan. But when away from His ashamed of my own selfishness. as a girl on a visit to London. had by this time been more than a year in China. Taylor said in speaking of her subsequent usefulness in China. Taylor knew the whole story. " and this loving daughter never Mr." he had Taylor early in May. Thence he returned down the Tsien-tang river to Hang-chow. and her coming to China at all was rather a wonder to other foreigners." among a people with whom such an appellation is an honour. " to be so long away from I think of One Who spent thirty-three years heaven. 1 all . Miss EHzabeth Wilson. 334. and had learned of her earnest desire But at that time she to give her life to missionary work. Taylor not only visited on this journey (May to October 1877) the stations and out-stations of the Mission in Che-kiang. Much exhausted after the Conference. — loving heart accept it. Douthwaite's care. it does seem hard. He had met her long before. under Mr. and finished them on Calvary. and full of energy and brightness. and suffering from of neuralgia though he was. Kin-hwa-fu and Lan-chi on the way. But Mr. there was then no resident missionary. Though scarcely beyond middle-age. in the neighbouring province of Kiang-si (see pp.^ accompanied most a travelling-companion whose presence proved specially helpful among the women. to May His worthy and ^to be a real sacrifice. and he seemed little nearer the return to England that was in many ways so urgent. 304 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD gone. and when her sister Westmorland her in needed was married and her parents became invalids the cherished hope the way by had to be hidden in her heart. In all this region at Yung-kang. 335). her silvery hair brought her the advantage of being considered '* old. home." And I while the Conference was going on : cost us something do Uke our absence from one another." as Mr. he set out therefore on a thorough visitation of the Che-kiang stations. for Jesus' sake. I feel " Sometimes written to Mrs. At Chii-chow-fu. " Years went on. whom he was escorting to Wenchow. you. staying at Chu-chow (the district now occupied by the Barmen Mission).. with one exception (illness at Wen-chow obliging him to hurry past Hwang-yen) he crossed over from Wen-chow to Chii-chow-fu on the Tsien-tang river.

Simple as they were. the scholar Njdng had now. was a sorrow to miss. on that route at any rate. as she so in China. his place been." let FOR JESUS' SAKE " 305 her parents suspect that she was making any sacrifice on the one hand. twenty. To some of the villages he was carried in the primitive mountain-chair. under God. so that the inns in which he had often sojourned knew him no more. Then. they entertained him with generous hospitahty. in this beautiful district. Taylor wrote after her return (il " but I do know that her life there has been an immense blessing. to see the welcome with which the Christian women received this unexpected visitor. and remained twelve years " Whether she will be strong enough to go back. Mr. especially in stations where they had no lady missionary." Mr. Stevenson's out-stations." ^ ' . Robert Wilson. a sister of the well-known Convener of the Keswick Convention. If I am delayed much longer. she began to feel. I do not know. especially among the mountain people of what had been Mr. much desires. Miss Wilson's recollections of this journey we learn with which Mr. " Ten. and begged in place after place that the " Elder Sister " might stay among them. When five years had gone by. thirty years passed away ere the Lord set but the vow of twenty was as fresh in her heart at her free fifty as when first it had been offered. one who had been called Home since Mr. went out as a self-supporting worker with the last party of the Eighteen (1876). yet never recalled the gift she had given to the Lord for missionary service on the other. 1 Miss Wilson. and poor. that they as well as the men might have some one to teach them the things of God. With their Romanised New Testaments wrapped in coloured handkerchiefs (the precious book it had cost Mr. the Christians themselves being of the exceeding love From and resolutely refusing payment. ^he wrote to our headquarters in London of her desire to spend the remainder of her days in missionary work in China. Taylor's last visit three and a half years previously. Very interesting it was. Taylor and others years of labour to provide) they walked miles on tiny feet to meet the travellers. now. the language will be hard to learn." X . Taylor was received in many places. the inspiration of the work his bearers It . Within three weeks of the death of her surviving parent. hanging from a single pole.' But she waited God's time.

he was told by the people with whom he lived that they would stand it no longer. in many a life. go on. talking to a crowd. The son of the neighbouring family had just returned from the city and was telling his experiences.! — . it still appealed to the dejected. Who loved like that in heaven " Oh. nothing would induce him to turn away from the Saviour Whom. hole in the a through saved It was a joy to Miss saved blessedly but laughter. .^ story of the Prodigal Son. go on " he cried almost without knowing " Let us hear more of those good it when the recital ended. where a knot had dropped out of the wooden partition. of some one he had heard It was the well-known gambler. sometimes in still bearing fruit. so faithfully proclaimed was however. going on. He must give up his employment. Taylor to meet this man and hear ! his story. telling it out of a full heart. who had " eaten the foreign religion " and whose He was telHng the matchless life had become so changed. lonely listener. from whom he learned where the wonderful teaching could be heard. He was making fun. 242. but only to send him in search of his neighbour. and drudge of Hearing unusual sounds of merriment one day from the adjoining house. to see what was just a poor He was orphan lad. And once he had grasped the heavenly message. it appeared. the slave the family who had adopted him. Njdng's children in the faith) (himself one of of Tao-hsing amid ridicule and wall. the affianced bride for whom he was working * For the conversion of the gambler see p. There was the cotton-weaver ways. he loved. strangely imexpected through the preaching saved example. for of Cheng-hsien. Called up one night during the following winter. 3o6 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD The truth he had was empty. not having seen." Astonishment and laughter on the other side of the partition drove him from his vantage-ground. Tao-hsing. he left his work and went to a little opening he knew of. Travestied as it was in the reproduction. — — ! words. his home. as nothing else that he had Could it be that there was a God a Father ever heard. Wilson as well as Mr.

It was the element of fervent. into the streets this new-fangled religion. cleared of idols. there were also little churches that greatly needed quickening. articles to be written for China's Millions. Eleven baptisms took place in the temple at Dien-tsi during their visit." Mr. himself hustled out into the darkness " A week or two later. unfailing prayer for his fellowworkers. " the family found they could not manage without him. though they already numbered seventy apart from Chinese helpers. once at least mentioning by name every member of the Mission. and enabled to tell them unhesitatingly that nothing could alter his choice." give FOR JESUS' SAKE " 307 —or have done with up everything and be thrust. they took him back and when we were there. or Mission business to attend to. and felt the driving sleet beat upon his shelterless head. were not passed over hurriedly. too. But he was kept amid all the excitement. What. ' ' . in sedan-chairs and in the stations to which they came always the little white skin box that held his papers always the letters to be answered. Then and there he found heard the door barred behind him. or fear for its success 1 Farther south over the mountains. Taylor provided. for the people were very angry. No less than three times daily he was in the habit of waiting upon God on their behalf. which had been given by its owner for Christian worship. there was hope of the conversion of several members of that household. penniless. . give up Christ ? It was a terrible ordeal. Taylor wrote. however. which impressed Miss Wilson most. and missionaries who were in poor health and tried in spirit. . And these places. Much though there was to encourage in connection with this five months' journey. she remembered his never-ending labours on boats. Even new experience — . " . Miss Wilson had the of being entertained in more than one village temple. After trying in vain to induce him to turn from the Lord. quite a company of church members and inquirers assembhng for the feast Mr. Miss Wilson noticed. Then. Truly the Gospel is still the power of God unto salvation we have no need to be ashamed of it. There was no refuge but in God.

no room could be found for Mr. and I do. Why should there not be a Chinese conference for native leaders much on the same lines as the united meetings recently held in Shanghai ? Such a gathering had never at that time been thought of. as if it were the only concern upon his mind. But he could not go on and leave He would give all the time. represented. This hot weather seems to relax soul as well as body. But the family were greatly needing help. and doing without any place to himself his out-stations. and the meetings were entirely in Chinese. and though it was the hottest part of summer he remained for three weeks. it is good to record. And that first Union Conference of native pastors and evangelists. in faith that God would make them just the blessing needed. but Mr. one newly widowed. Taylor would stay on. " The brethren and natives all greatly need quickening. Taylor saw the stimulus and encouragement it might afford. take all the trouble and responsibility of arranging the meetings. And when at last his visits were completed and he was in the midst of preparations for the return to England taking with him a difficult party to care for — : one sick mother. the delegates coming from all parts of the province. — . exceeded even his expectaThree English and three American societies were tions. and several ailing children he left everything to co-me himself and take part in the Conference. sleeping on the verandah at night. Taylor when arrangements were in train. the house was so full that." Who has not felt it ? things in a low state spiritually. Mr. much less attempted. By this time he had in mind a plan for helping the little churches.3o8 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD of discomfort was involved. through the day. " Pray very much for a blessing on our Ningpo Conference. Taylor. doing all he could to help relieving the workers in charge by conducting daily meetings. getting into touch with the Christians and accompanying the missionary to when much — At one centre where there was sickness Miss Wilson being accommodated." he wrote to Mrs. which he longed to see carried out.

Seven children filled the little home to overflowing. and an adopted daughter had been added to the family. and the little ones of two and three years old could not remember him. May God hasten the time when such meetings shall be held in every province of the Chinese Empire. When it is remembered that all these men were themselves. and made the Christmas season full of gladness to the father's heart.— « FOR JESUS' SAKE " 309 " It was one of the most interesting conferences I have ever attended. . in this prayer ? We are daily remembering you all by name May you be filled with the Spirit. and all before the Lord. " and Will you daily join for £2000 extra for outfits and passages. and for that number he was praying thirty new workers to go out if possible in the following year visiting almost every station in the Mission. Joyful was the reunion just before Christmas when Mr. Among the candidates awaiting his arrival. . . " I am praying for an increase of £5000 a year in our income. . Not that he had much time to spend with them. in heathen darkness. several were ready to go forward. Taylor had come home deeply impressed with the need for immediate reinforcements. we cannot but feel encouraged. Twenty-four men and at least six women were urgently wanted.^ Mr. and Mr. Taylor wrote. . Taylor was soon absorbed in farewell meetings. ' ^ The one member of the Mission he had not met on this visit to China was Mr. He had been away almost sixteen months. the doublyorphaned child of Duncan. which brought him in contact with many friends. Broumton. at that time. My cup runneth around you be blessed from the overflow. The elder brothers and sister were fast growing up. — in the western half of China. After and meeting every fellow-worker with one exception. Taylor reached home after this fourth visit to China. but a few years ago. holding the fort alone in the distant province of Kweichow the only Protestant missionary south of the Yangtze. ." . (1878). " and we were both surprised and deUghted at the ability displayed by our native brethren." he wrote to a senior member of the Mission in February. and look for yet greater things in the future." Mr. the pioneer missionary of Nanking.

she could not see it Her husband in poor health and overto be called for. freely for use in relief work. But more than money was needed. qualifications necessary. whelmed with work surely needed her. circle free and suitable and at home ? Ah." Meanwhile grievous news was coming. Taylor but at such a cost Yes. there was one who undoubtedly combined the Experienced. But how could she be spared from home ? How could he And if the / let her go so soon after their long parting ? sacrifice was great for him. with a knowledge of the language and the confidence of her fellow-workers.! 310 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD ' : \ over God puts these words in our mouth . Mrs. Children were perishing in multitudes who might be gathered into orphanages and saved for time and eternity. mail by mail. . should be found at the front in the newly opened provinces of inland China But where was the woman who could take the lead ? To go to that famine-stricken region. Some one with experience was needed some one with a knowledge of the language. fitted to help and care for younger workers. two or three weeks' journey from the coast.I.I. — ! . who shall say what it meant to the mother's heart ? At first. T . as well as men. In public meetings and through the press. Mr. and everywhere " the poor suffering women were accessible as never before. Not only were tens of thousands d5dng of starvation thousands more were being sold into slavery girls and young women literally taken away in droves by cruel traffickers from the south. prayerful.M. with the result that funds were coming to the C. Taylor could give just the help required. and the united efforts of the Chinese Government and of the foreign Relief Committee were wholly inadequate to cope with the disaster. Taylor was making known the facts. even if the family children. Surely the time had come when missionary women. indeed. to say nothing of the Could it be right to leave him. In China there was no one in the C. that was where light began to come for Mr. In January it was estimated that six million people were starving. we must not con- tradict them. of /the terrible famine in North China. — . was no easy matter. devoted.M.

outfit. not even Mr.book tells the rest and it is the same wonderful story that every truly Christian heart has known. He knew the inward shrinking. wanted some fleeces to confirm my faith. And. to give me liberally. Perhaps the Lord was withholding it that she might trust Him without so much confirmation ? No and with a wondering heart she waited. to get " anything you may need for the journey ? And the sum put into her hand was ten pounds just the allowance made by the Mission at that time towards the — cost of outfit. and before leaving said " Will you accept a little gift for your own use. but none the less understood. Taylor wrote. in the first place. The very next afternoon (Thursday) a : friend called to see Mrs. as we had none to spare as much as fifty pounds. one knew. Taylor. His tender care went further. only one issue was possible. in a letter to Mr. if not long. and that in going I should learn more of Him and find His strength made perfect in my utter weakness. Taylor's mother. even then. ately hard . and was very happy realising that He is my Helper. A little worn brown note ." ' ' . " that my strength Have not I commanded thee ? and I. Taylor. " FOR JESUS' SAKE " 311 were provided for ? The struggle. " I felt He would provide at the right time. she came to . until she knew beyond a doubt that it was God Himself Who had need of her out there in China.. China would be. her questions answered. and as a token for I asked God to give those who would have me remain at home. so that there might be money in hand when I went away." she continued. in " I felt like Gideon. the hours of testing that must come. as for him." Mrs. money to purchase certain requisites for and further. " Yesterday (Sunday). was desperbut for her. the need so deep as to be voiceless even to Him.." — Glancing next morning over the letters to see if there was one that might contain a gift for themselves. Point by point all her difficulties were met. me. about the fleeces Several days passed without bringing the further answer to her prayer. of God's own Word meeting the inward need.

that the memory of this gift will be a continual strength and help ' : to me. I feel It would be a guarantee of all other needs being met. Riley. Taylor left England." Meanwhile. had it in His heart to provide. and you and dear father may be assured. and S. as well as her own family of four boys and six girls. and the home-life be But there was yet more that the Lord carried on as usual. Clarke.men of notable usefulness in later years.^ a letter came to hand from an old friend expressing warm for ' The party. "So we accept it with warmest thanks to you. which included Adam Dorward. The very day before Mrs." she said without hesitation. and opened first a letter from Barnsley. Mrs." Nothing could have given Mrs. thankful that Mr." and in a busy. had heard of the proposed step. when I am far away. Taylor greater comfort with such loving supervision close at hand. " he was and considering how the Lord would have stances. practical life she knew the secret of so waiting upon God as to have her strength daily renewed. that fifty pounds is mine I have a claim on it that you do not know of. H. " Oh. even the little ones could remain with their father. Broomhall. With the care of the Mission-house and candidates. ! : was " not alone.' I said. from his father was Overwhelmed with joy enclosed a cheque for fifty pounds but he Taylor's study to Mr. . it would have been easy and true to think that her hands were full. but never takes anything for ourselves that is left optional. ran she and thankfulness. R. and with Fifty pounds just I had said to the Lord gratitude to God. who was away from home at the time. When I returned letter. He knew we needed it. But hers was the love that " never faileth.' it is such tender consideration for my weakness to send it .' And I told him all the circum' ' ! '* (for she was called away). Taylor's parents approved the step they were taking. And lo. " I am called to care for her children. '' If Jenny is called to go to China. 312 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD the conclusion that there was not.. reading your the money applied. accompanied by several new workers. J. and was deeply moved. sailed on the 2nd of May 1878. now would be worth more than a fortune to me at another time.

HUDSON TAYLOR {uee J. . To /ace page 312. E.MRS. FAULDING).

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— . and the work. and will bless you I know He is blessing and will bless me too. depriving you of the eternal fruit of what you are now sowing. meanwhile. We will trust Him in all and for all. He will not fail me either. am grateful for the grace which has taken you from me." : ' — . " It does not represent any superabundance of wealth. for my own help or enjoyment. the heat of summer Hudson Taylor set out from Shanghai to go to the inland province of Shan-si. But if you. or the work He has given us to do. ing-cough. Mrs. It contained a toward the Orphanage she hoped to found and to her it surprise on looking at the cheque." . for Christ's sake. When the news reached Mr. Two younger ladies accompanied her Miss Home and Miss Crickmay and they travelled under the experienced escort of Mr. calling for the isolation of his household. 313 gift sympathy with the object she had in view.' I. Broomhall could come in and out freely from her home next door. " The Lord he glorified in this movement. darling. " FOR JESUS' SAKE " . Taylor had sailed. a little light began to shine for the women and children of that vast waiting world the hundred and eighty millions of the far interior. — — — cannot tell you how my heart and prayers go with you he wrote. . the sacrifice involved was very As long as Mrs. proved to be for a thousand pounds. and which I count on to sustain you aU the way." he wrote. Taylor by cablegram It over. Bailer. and says she is proud of you. I do thank God for giving me such a wife as alone could satisfy my heart one to whom the Lord Jesus is more than husband to whom His work is more than love and enjoyment here.. the one who was missing her most sorely wrote " Your dear Mother has borne up bravely. harvest be " ! real. " Please enter it anonymously. I know He is blessing and will bless our dear children I know He " I all. I cannot give less than this. as my business affairs will miss it. Never before had foreign women attempted to go so far inland." -^ was a great step forward when. he did not feel the burden of family care but when his own children developed whoop. What will not the is blessing . more ^ The day after Mrs. And I am glad to think I am not selfishly. and with their work in the famine-stricken region. can separate. For himself. .

with his hearty concurrence. If He sends twenty or thirty devoted mis sionaries. and the income of the Mission had not yet correspondingly — increased. but of a balance for thirty in hand. . responsibility naturally . of Mrs. we have looked the thing in the face. " the Is the project of sending out question might well be asked. but with God we have everything to do. Mr. even if men and women who appear suitable are found ? " Well. . Taylor was able to tell of many candidates. and praying with him and dressing him. In addition to very full days of work. all obligations being met. Taylor said on that occasion. or done it better.. twenty or thirty additional labourers at all a prudent one. . some of whom seemed of unusual promise. The money Mrs. of only twenty-nine pounds. for pioneering work in the inland provinces (. of which he had Uttle enough to spare. " With current income not equal by so large a sum to the expenses of the work. ' ' : . But the extensive itinerations of that period involving thirty thousand miles of travel had exhausted it. dear friends. etc. We are not going to send out twenty or but we are asking God to send thirty new missionaries." The answer to the petition in which many were uniting new workers in the current year was at the same time bringing added burdens. I enjoyed the quiet and the hay field. " and I am somewhat better for it too. and it bound the children to him in a way that made it well worth while but it was a tax on time and strength. and putting him to bed He at night. Up to the present. Taylor's parents. clung to me so tenderly. He is just as able to supply them as He has proved faithful and loving in supplying those who have gone hitherto . with the current and this is the conclusion we have come to income of the Mission we have nothing to do. " I took Ernie down to Bamet. Taylor had many an anxious night of watching by little bedsides from which the mother was absent.— 314 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD fell to his share." Mr." he wrote when they were " He enjoyed himself famously..f400o) had carried them through the two years since the Chefoo Convention." in the home getting better. . God has carried us safely through. or one twenty or thirty. Taylor had given. No " mere man " could have done more. At the Annual Meetings (May 27) Mr.

At the invitation of the Hon. . . Comparative leisure enabled him to write freely to Mrs. and the glacier air which seemed to give him new life. who generously met the expense. among others. ' ^ How real were Mr. and we shall find all. The Lord make me equal to increasing claims. . he joined their family party in the Engadine for two or three weeks. Miss Waldegrave and Lady Beauchamp." he wrote on June 14. " and I am thankful for the reminder. nothing less can satisfy Him : ." FOR JESUS' SAKE " 315 us. We must all get nearer to God we must all abide in Christ our lives must be more up to our principles and privileges. with the words For Jesus' sake. Z^^^W^^ ^^ if by His grace He will only keep Him. It was the first time he had been in Switzerland. and expect it. that ensures everything. whose absence he was specially feeling amid — those beautiful scenes. each member of the Mission Nothing nothing less must satisfy us. and organising . Taylor. is evident from a letter to Mrs.capacity. With true consideration. God can bless let us ask it in faith. and Alpine flowers. mountain. and for largeness of heart." Very thankful must she have been to hear of a break that came soon after. and many letters tell of the delight with which he drank in the beauty of lake. most of which required answers. his friends left him free to attend to correspondence or wander as he would in the pine forests on the mountain side. . " for a wise and understanding spirit. during the twelve years since the formation of the Mission. . " Every day I look at the Httle Bible marker you gave me. apart from sea voyages. individu- As for the future ally. Taylor's convictions on this point may be judged from the unstudied expression of his feelings in a letter to Mrs." ^ — That he was deeply feeling the responsibility of leaderhad already grown beyond the desires and hopes with which it was founded. Taylor of a few weeks later. Even there Mission matters followed him as many as twenty-five letters being received one day. 27). an unexpected holiday the first he had — taken. Let us trust for all. and all will be well." else. Taylor of September 20 " Nothing is coming in for the general fund scarcely but this is usual at this time of year.' " he wrote from Sils Maria It is not for (Aug. ship in a mission which " I have been praying very much this morning.

many of them. With an umbrella for the sun (China fashion) a few biscuits in his pocket and a Bible as his sole companion. When ." they reached Pontresina. he would spend most of the day on or near them.." he said in another letter." " The . The converts. responsible step had to be taken of sending women inland. is worthy : I Jesus' sake. tinued. darling. could not help feeling. effect of the air on the system is wonderful. he had hardly contemplated this. is the answer of God to your prayers for me thought has given added pleasure to all I have enjoyed." he con" It seems to I could not possibly have conceived it. . Entering into every detail of her life in that faminestricken region of North China. it was well they should. or the missionaries or the Mission And He is blessing you. what would . in the history of the Mission. especially in the inland And — provinces. " on the sands at twenty-four " willing. that all this refreshment. one and all.3i6 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD no—for and is your pleasure or mine that we are separated. Prayer had been wonderfully answered. " especially with any who try your patience. to face the If it had caused an outcry when men were sent loneliness — and dangers of hfe in the far interior. it was the glaciers that attracted him most. and carry heahng.. In praying for the first to follow up w^hat had been begun. Many were in those mountain the problems thought out and prayed over A critical time had come. nor for moneymaking. I have been thinking to-day. It is not even for China. he wrote of the comfort it was to think of her as " a weak instrument in Almighty hands. He making the people I meet so kind to me. The pioneer missionaries would marry . if it be tried. he solitudes. and the whole interior but now the more opened up to the work of evangelists . nor for our children's sake. would be women." " Keep loving and patient with aU. skilful labourers Brighton." every letter was full of longing to be with her once more to help forward the work. go direct to the seat of weakness. There would be families to care for their own and those of the Christians. all this and the kindness.

to bear in mind is that it has " pleased the Father that in Him should all the fulness dwell. expense of passages and outfits." " I will never leave thee. to use and Uve on away from Himself. as he frankly told them. a letter was received from Lord Radstock (then in Stockholm) enclosing. — meetings that awaited Mr.15 P." FOR JESUS' SAKE " 317 happen when he encouraged single ladies. even before the young men could set out in faith for London. so to speak. accepting them for work in Although he had nothing. for example. September 13) : May God keep you. though some had to be told that there was not a penny in hand to send them out. that same evening.^ * The very day one October party sailed. I judge. But again and again the Lord's provision came ear-marked. Christ as the Bridegroom is most blessed to be not " I am betrothed. and by the nine o'clock delivery. the sum of one hundred pounds to send two new workers to the faminestricken province of Shan-si. Him To know . But most of all it was with the Lord Himself those hours of soul-refreshing silence were occupied. he wrote to a Swiss member of the Mission (from Lausanne. and not only keep you—fill you more and more. in all is ours. with you alway. These communications were posted at 5. the money needed was in hand and the way open for them to go forward." Apart from Him we have nothing. Twentythe Upon many return to England in September eight year. Thus. and keep you running over with the living waters. new missionaries actually sailed before the close of the and several others were accepted to follow shortly. Taylor's we must not dwell. Mr. nor upon the remarkable answers to prayer that facilitated the outgoing of all the thirty asked for and given in 1878. cannot bring forth any fruit to God. He will not give some of His riches to you and some to me. but married. toward the Shan-si. But With Him there is a constant feast for us. Not one really suitable candidate was declined for lack of funds.M. among other gifts. or even young married women. nor forsake thee " such are now His messages of love to us. Taylor wrote to two young men of much promise.. The one thing. are nothing. . he invited them to come to London with a view to an early departure." " I will not fail thee. to do the same ? Then there were questions connected with the home organisation of the growing work. to meet the special need. and having occasional visits. On coming down from the glacier heights to the level of the lakes once more.

of difficulties to circumstances that called for prayer. " and but . The Council was strengthened by the addition of Mr. God is let us only walk humbly with Him and all will be with us brought round. God's strength alone can suffice it." " I do not expect an easy time of * to Mr. and to to deepen the piety. Broomhall continued to care for the years outgoing and returning missionaries and the seventeen — . will you not ? The allimportant thing is to improve the character of the work. at least. : will suffice. The appointment of Mr. God's grace. underfinding openings for was took the sub-editing of China s Millions. . help was given that cleared the way for Mr. is near. who Sharp now its senior member important deputation work. More important still was the acceptance of the post of Home Director by Mr. I am very glad that our fast-day. There were still and no lack China.' I should be truth. or only in course of formation. William and Mr. — . That I may be used of God. Theodore Howard Chairman of the Council and a lifelong friend of the Mission. and success of the workers remove stones of stumbling. if possible to oil the wheels where to amend whatever is defective and supplement they stick no easy matter where suitable as far as may be what is lacking men are wanting. McCarthy. be met both in England and in Mr. ." . devotion. . Broomhall from Hongkong. Taylor's return to China. and shall look for a large outpouring of spiritual blessing in connection with it. children. B.3i8 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD And in matters more perplexing than finance. Taylor wrote home for the precious My strength is made perfect in weakness. in some measure. May 26th. to bring these things for God's about is my hope but I shall need your prayers but they wisdom. . . You will pray for me. Broomhall as General Secretary recognised the invaluable service he had rendered at Pyrland Road for the last three while Mrs. . almost afraid to arrive in my present weak state.

as she had seen in that curiously vivid dream ? could she help him best ? A thousand miles away from the port at which he would and though he had land. 319 . Taylor's being actually in Shanghai. had decided her to cross the mountains and return to Shanghai. Two of the missionaries at the capital (Tai-yuan-fu) had been joined by their wives. so that there was no longer the same need for her presence. And that dream. Taylor. she had felt painfully out of reach suggested joining her there. and in the Indian Ocean had become so seriously ill that a Singapore doctor doubted whether he could reach Hongkong alive. Was her husband on his way to China ? Was he ill and needing — her urgently.CHAPTER XXII HE GOETH BEFORE THEM 1879-1880. Mrs. and her companions were now able to carry it on. fitting in with other elements of guidance. when he had . however and the news that reached him in the latter port of Mrs. to see something of the northern And how . as we have seen. The work she had undertaken for the famine orphans was well established. He decided to go on. which was sorely needed. It led also to definite and earnest prayer for Mr. she knew how unlikely it was that he would be able to escape from claims nearer the coast. Hudson Taylor had come to Shanghai. Aet. For he was on his way out. provinces. 47-48. that she might be at hand in case of need. All the way from Shan-si she had travelled upon an uncertainty yet sure in her own mind that she was being led of God.

however a room next to Mr. where he found quite a party awaiting him. ! . then on the Soo-chow Creek. . : Met by Mr. we may live lives of hourly triumph. he rejoiced far too much in their stop them. among whom an encouraging work was going on. and we come " in His Name ? . Taylor had brought with him. your mouth filled with songs of praise in prospect of certain victories. and bring you up like Jehoshaphat. Our faith must gain the victory for the fellow-workers God has given us. is it ? " Don't you think that if we set ourselves not to allow any pressure to rob us of communion with the Lord. and Mrs. . This thoroughly suited the earnest band Mr. . Taylor to ness and pain. full of liberty and blessing. 1879. Dalziel. and thinking of them with something of rejoicing. ' ' 1 . were keeping open house for seamen. and we must fight the unseen battle claim less than constant victory when it is for Him. Weir with his private launch. it — " I have been spreading before the Lord.' have much given is not a thing to be troubled about. and had a memorable time. They fight and dare we the seen. several of whom decided to give their They gathered in first night in China to prayer and praise.^ " some of the numerous difficulties that await you. to need much grace and therefore to to your need. in charge of the to be dealt with home and business department. . .320 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD thought her far away and inaccessible. » A letter dated March i8. . What a platform there will be for our God to work May and triumph on and how clearly we shall see His hand He keep you without care. the resources of the grace you have to draw According According to His riches in glory. was so cheering that helped him over the rest of the voj^age. Taylor's.' upon Surely. invahd on the other side of the partition it meant hours of wakefulNothing would have induced Mr. never reahsing that to the . Mr. Oh. Taylor was carried without fatigue to the very door of the Mission- house." she had written soon after reaching Shanghai. Her letters too were encouraging. the echo of which will come back to us from every part of the Mission ? I have been feeling these last months that of all our work the most important is that unseen upon the mount of intercession. Each one had special needs or problems and Mr.

busy days that followed. All the milk she had brought for the invalid had curdled.' and Yea. in spite of being boiled and put in the ice-chest. as the responsibility was too great God is a refuge and strength. I will fear no evil. and within a fortnight he was so ill that again life itself was hanging in the balance. The physician consulted had little hope. Weary though she was she dared not sleep. in the joy of reunion. But the strain of all that had to be attended to was more than he could bear. and it was useless to attempt to remain anywhere in the Yangtze valley. proved scarcely the best preparation. Taylor was almost at her wits' end. from the Monday evening when they went on board.*'.' I pleaded too that said. Summer was coming on. — — In my distress I cried to God to help me. or to make him better without anything Man doth not live by bread alone.' Then I comfort. through the long hours of Tuesday moving slowly in a damp sea-mist.HE GOETH BEFORE THEM fervent spirit.' AH the way my Saviour leads me. Taylor could do nothing for himself. " I asked Him either to enable Mr. but in his it 321 own case. though I walk through *' — ' ' ' the valley of the shadow of death. and that God who loved His own child would undertake for him. unless he could at once be removed to a more bracing climate. and ' ' ' Y . he was full of plans for (thirty-four in and helping the new missionaries who number) during his recent visit to England. the fog might clear away. while the fog-horn droned its melancholy sound and especially that second night when Mrs. and she feared he would be too weak to be moved from the steamer when Chefoo was reached. and some things he might have fancied she reproached herself for having failed to bring. I thought of very present help in trouble. for Mr. he recomvisiting the stations had been sent out mended as the best available refuge : but how to get there was the difficulty. The northern port of Chefoo. He was so low that he could hardly take anything. for the At first. It was an anxious journey. with its freedom and freshness. and from time to time was very faint.„she wrote to Miss Desgraz at Chin-kiang. or to show me what I could get as He had for him. Taylor to take the food we had. for Thou art He doeth all things well came to my mind with with me. a for me to bear.

Had it not been for the fog.30 the fog cleared right away. and to Whom their every need was known. The vessel was only staying an hour.^ how far was Mr. illness that kept him at home deprived her of a helping hand when one was most needed and for the moment it seemed . and Mrs. and there had been no time to make arrangements as to where to take the patient on landing. J. moonlight night. and who after^ wards became his son-in-law. The success that had attended Mrs. Coulthard. J. acting as Mr. . Eagerly she looked out for the Customs House officer. with no idea where to go. and next food. and fell in with an officer with whom I was able to have some I began about the improveearnest talk about spiritual things. it was remarkable ment in the weather. ' : ! Next morning she could not but feel a little anxious as they neared Chef 00. Lying there in the little boat while his companions went in search of quarters. . Taylor's efforts proved that the interior was no less accessible and having sent his to women missionaries than to men own wife first. . a kindly Christian man whose acquaintance she had made on her recent journey from Shan-si but when his The boat came alongside Mr.322 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD turned to Mr. and they would have had to land in the middle of a cold night. Taylor from imagining all that his illness and forlorn arrival were to mean of help and comfort for his fellow-labourers He had come to China full of hope for extension. their vessel would have come in some hours earlier. he felt the more free to encourage others in ! . one of the party just arrived from England who was much with them this summer. especially in the field of Women's Work. Taylor ashore. and he said About 9. however. day was decidedly better.' ** It was between 9 and 9. and we had a splendid. . Ballard was not on board. ill as he was.30 that I had been praying about it." little . Yes. * Mr. to discharge passengers and cargo. Taylor were accompanied on this journey by Mr. desolate to transfer their belongings to a native sampan and take Mr. That afternoon I went on deck. Taylor and was able to prevail upon him to take a In the night he had a cupful of arrowroot. So the morning sunshine was a token of the loving care of One Who had gone before them. before going to rest. Taylor's secretary .

do nothing and though happily he did not know it. But it was a great task that lay before him. as well as gathering at all the older stations.HE GOETH BEFORE THEM 323 following her example. the Lord foresaw. and for mental and physical training that should not separate them wholly from the influence of parents who must remain in China ? What about the need of those parents. though for love of Christ the parents might have little they could do for their children but pray. That silent. yes. for rest and refreshment from time to time. Such sacrifices mean much to the infinite Father-heart. And what about the little children sent in love to such homes sent to be not only their parents' joy and comfort. calling for all he could give of time and strength. that was what he longed to see all over inland China. to answer the countless prayers with which each of those young lives would be received and surrounded. . nor did he then imagine the extensive and complete equipment of buildings that was to arise on that far sweep of shore the hospital. that he might know where reinforcements were most needed and who could best up the threads be spared for the forward movement ? And here he was. breezy centre ! — with the Gospel Scattered homes. able to . that silent shore again. waiting shore how much of help it was to afford in the practical problem of reaching the far interior missionary homes. of young life from which incalculable influences for good were to flow. but an incalculable help in the work to which their Uves were given ? What about the need that must arise in the not distant future for a more favourable chmate for those Httle ones than inland cities could afford. and for a health resort in cases of illness like his own ? All this Mr. centres of light and love among the people — . And was He not beginning. But the Lord knew. — . sanitarium. Did it not mean coming into personal touch with the new workers. the Lord planned it all. even then. and others throughout the Mission. a great responsibihty. on and on through long years and to the ends of the earth. schools of the Mission the bright. Taylor could foresee but dimly. long months were to elapse ere he would leave laid aside.

and an unused building known as was called into requisition. so the missionary party soon found themselves received into a real home. " Come up here if you ^the fine . the soon Bungalow was needed for other occupants. and Mrs. Far away in Wu-chang. and he and his wife were given to They were young. Ballard. " Mr. it was found possible to rent premises over at the Few . for them. seemed It is to refresh him. newly married people. ings. Judd were breaking down under the strain of their work and the overpowering heat. and Mrs. and hospitality. And this arrangement was made none too for even before the young men could vacate it. When. down in the Yangtze valley. he felt it. of course. and was soon occupied by a student party. with only Mr. Several of the newly-arrived young missionaries were sent for first of *' The Bungalow '* all. Ballard. Taylor had planned. and on the junks and steamers.324 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD In the meanwhile. bihties. can sit on the verandah and drink in the sea-air looking out on the hills all round the bay. would in all probability have cost his life and the illness of one and another made him long to share with them the very real benefit he was deriving from Chefoo. could remember a hotter season in China. Bluff headland with its purely Chinese villages. as paying guests. however. Taylor had His illness proved only a passing indisposition. and every hour since has done him good. — . With three small rooms and an empty warehouse or "go -down" it possessed possiBut." she continued to Miss Desgraz. across the bay. home met with a cordial welcome. Has not God been good The sea-weed smells so refreshing " to us ? — ! The summer that followed proved exceptionally trying. " Under the shadow of a high cliff and quite on the seashore/' was Mrs. had room for visitors. Mr. Taylor so quiet about here. Work such as Mr. Taylor bore the moving better than I expected. " though in his weak state. and it seemed as though they and their family would be obliged to return to England. Mr. we had been a little while here. Taylor's description of their new surroundof Mr. in such a pleasant spot. the sense of rest among kind people. Mrs.

the Lord Himself had been working. telling them how wonderfully Chefoo was answering in his own case but he had to pray that their way might be opened. Taylor as to their own parents. Judd were ingeniously making the best of circumstances. After it was the pioneers themselves who broke the ice. in which Mr. as he had no money to send them just then for travelling. — ! When things had got thus far. Providentially. for opening the door of faith to womanhood of the recently entered proCost what it might. It besides which. 325 Taylor. " save one kind of chair made of willow. the long. . Judd. Mr. I went over. the far interior did not seem to them so . To see those children playing on the beach was as much joy. floor at night. For while he had been laid aside. and found a shopman selling off his shelves very reasonably. Some of them did for beds. save The Bungalow. which we did very wiUingly. indeed. to Mr. Judd was glad of an opportunity to sell the and with the proceeds furniture they would no longer need took his suffering wife and five little boys down the Yangtze and up to the northern port. Taylor was so much to see better that he felt he must go down to Chin-kiang about certain rather surprising developments. " There was no furniture to be had in Chefoo in those days. in default of better. Boxes and packing-cases they turned into chairs and tables. and Mrs. houses at no great distance however." . . we had no money was altogether a new place Seeing a number of Chinese for anything except necessaries. repeated journeys. Under these circumstances. His time had come. These I bought. at which a warm welcome awaited them. almost. But nothing was to be had in the way of accommodation. spreading their Chinese bedding on the .HE GOETH BEFORE THEM can/' wrote Mr. and adapted to our requirements." wrote Mr. and he longed to bring the same relief to other fellow-workers and their families. and didn't our boys enjoy them truly say we lacked nothing ^though it was a case of picnicking on the floor at first. Mr.waiting vinces. unable to do anything in the matter most upon his heart. the Gospel must be carried to them too " according to the commandment of the eternal God " and He had His messengers ready. I can like berths on a ship.

and take the first foreign women to those outlying regions as their missionaries ? To this Mr. Meeting a terrific gale on the way from Chef oo to Shanghai.. and ran before the wind for some hours.. and while earnestly praying for deliverance and the lives of all on board..M. It was a little before one that I felt God had answered prayer. seem so homelike. would be answered. " turned the bedding over and found the under side moderately dry.. began to rise soon after I had asked that if it were His will. where Mr. And then. and for some time even Mr. great calmness came to him in the assurance that his prayers. Yang-chow. Taylor felt doubtful as to the issue. interests me most is to hear from one of the ofi&cers to-day that the barometer. The Captain put the ship's head round. blew up his swimming-belt and put it on. could raise down in August to the Yangtze valley. But what I learn. to be ready for the worst. He knew the vessel was not a strong one. one young couple had already started for the far north-west. and saw the advantage of having some settled What more natural than that they should wish stations. i). the way. Taylor was altering fit the old premises to " It does I *' them for more aggressive work. and taking off my wettest things lay down in the others. Thus when he came preparing for similar journeys. " I took off my swimming belt. who had himself led no objection. it perceptibly abated. and others were own home-makers and fellowTaylor. which had been very low. definitely offered in the Name of Jesus. " Will He not go on to help in all things ? — A with visits to busy month was spent in Shanghai and Chin-kiang. shorten the storm.: 326 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD . the Lord would I A. It was of course some time later before To God be aU the thanks and praise." he wrote of the latter place should Uke to settle there for the remainder of my days " and be a missionary again how I . . Prospered very different from inland districts near the coast in obtaining houses. It was one of the worst typhoons recorded on that stormy coast. Taylor travelled had come very near shipwreck." he wrote next day (Aug. the steamer by which Mr. I had a good night a much more quiet and restful one than the night before. they were quite at home among the people. . to be married.

But they knew from experience the difficulty of obtaining land in China. down to Shanghai and on board the coasting steamer. they could only pray. if they wanted to buy land. perhaps. knowing how prices are apt to go up if any But one day Mr. How well it would suit them with its freshwater stream running down to the shore But.HE GOETH BEFORE THEM . and Mr. and indeed would not leave him till he was safely back in Chefoo once more. Rudland managed to get the patient . he and his fellovz-workers could not but see how much it would mean to the Mission to have a sanitarium there. therefore. Judd when a farmer came up and asked. Then came a break in the correspondence. Taylor was lured into spending much time out of doors by a new project that almost thrust itself upon him. what an admirable site that bean-field would afford. for the time being. — ! . Taylor was walking over the ground with Mr. to their surprise. his earthly service ended. They did not often go over there even. They had just been sa5dng. if only they could get it. and very near the spot where his loved ones lay sleeping Hudson Taylor came once more to the borderland. interest is shown in a possible purchase. DeHghting day by day in that long sweep of sandy shore. as a matter of fact. 327 In letter after letter to Mrs. with looking longingly at the hills. despite the fresh heat-wave that could not last long. and some day. But the life that had not yet attained its widest usefulness was still prolonged. They contented themselves. a school for missionaries' children. and for the fourth time in as many months it looked as though his work were to be cut short. and that when property has to be acquired peace is more than likely to be destroyed. Nursing him day and night with the utmost devotion. etc. And there again the bracing air did wonders. Dysentery returned with the overpowering heat. Taylor he spoke of being so thankful he had come of seeing the Lord's hand manifestly working in the removal of difficulties and the solution of problems of his purpose to go on to Hankow. where a retired spot with nicely rising ground offered an attractive situation.

M. The money was paid and we got the field. Stones.^ We squared the doors as well as we could." The land given thus in answer to of prayer. With Httle apparent interest they indicated that they might be prepared to buy some. " and tect. which made the floors. Then and there the bargain was struck. The cabin-fittings from that wreck came in most usefully. seeing their hesitation. at two dollars a hundredweight. cupboards. which did well Neither Mr. that the Christian had ceased going to sea.. the Ada. everything we hked to take. We bought a large part of the wreck.I. of course. it was a question how to utilise it at the least possible expense for the purpose of a sanitarium. He was offering that very bean-field and at no unreasonable price. bricks as we require them. *' Let us quarry our own stone/' said Mr. locks. Then it occurred to us to make use of a ship which had been wrecked in the bay. that summer.— 328 *' THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Do you want land ? " repeated the man. I remember. if brought from a distance. Taylor. it is much more at a remarkably fair priee. valuable. make — ing." recalled Mr. ." He was his own archiand Mr. " I never knew a piece of business settled so easily. ** Judd. Judd's account of the whole proceeding original and enterprising as it was is not lacking in interest. gd. It had been built chiefly of oak and Norwegian pine. would cost a good deal. A Shanghai newspaper remarked. Taylor nor We for that purpose. with a gully and fresh water running down beside it. whic h served our purpose splendidly. using the deck for rafters and the oak for heavy beams. and made most of our bricks from the surface soil. and locally little or nothing was obtainable. ** Then will you buy mine ? " was the next surprise. There was a splendid sideboard. brick and timber. got keys for many of the locks. as they soon discovered. Then neighbouring farmers and we bought all we wanted were willing to sell theirs as well Now. we were able to bu}' teak. . and had joined the C. and they answered called the Christian * The dollar was 3s. From another wreck. We bought doors. . I had any experience in house-buildemployed men to quarry stone out of the gully.

There were five rooms upstairs and about as many down. every one of whom is a full member of the Mission. first construction in which began the justly famous Chef 00 Schools of to-day. Two of Mr. Looking well after the men is necessary to save expense and mistakes. for patience is often exceedingly tried. The young men are finding it a capital school for the language. ! All this meant a new lease of life to Mr. . . leaving openings in inconvenient places.I. . The Gospel is explained to the workmen daily.HE GOETH BEFORE THEM 329 all right. . converted among the workmen on the building. the C. They could hardly believe their eyes when they saw it finished .M. were the first pupils and Lao Chao. Judd's sons. Taylor and Mr. brickmakers." Mrs. It is so bracing and pleasant Mr. have their matting tents. It long stood. Builders. and one or two services are held for them. The complete change of occupation and long hours spent in the open air did wonders for him physically. and on Sundays they rest. grew into the trusted head-servant of a large staff of helpers. For gradually. and are looking twice as robust as when they came out. while others you might find occupied by Mr. cares for its children from Kinder. with outhouse and lean-to rooms besides. Taylor. but it was wonderfully good considering our lack of experience. The worst of the teak was the holes that the bolts had left. There. that simple. transforming those sunny slopes. at half pay. from which it is five minutes' walk. We filled them up. Hunt. now valued members of the Mission. I do not say that the house was well built. and the back looks on the hiUs. with its competent teachers. It was marvellously cheap and the Europeans in the Settlement were amazed at the rapidity with which it was put up. hospital and private houses. school after school and the new sanitarium have sprung up. Taylor wrote in November. that silent shore into a scene of delightful activity. Judd and Mr. Judd is hardly like the same person. the house will face the sea. *' How you would Uke to go out to the ground and see the " It is quite a busy operations. Coulthard. at an enlarged sort of family prayers. or Mr. stonemasons and carpenters all scene. but the filling was very apt to come out. The young men find it an excellent opportunity for living Christ as well as speaking The front of of Him." here.

Never in all the history of the Mission had he been called to take a step which cast him more in faith What. and condemn — — to isolation in crowded cities. Busily occupied though he was. He was but a servant. for the advance post of the Mission at Wu-chang. Travelling by mule-litter with Mr. Taylor had leisure for thought and prayer over the situation. the hardship and loneliness of Hfe in the Let them take those perilous far interior of China ? journeys of weeks and months at a time. women. send women unmarried upon the living God. when those voracious animals fell to eating the straw pillows on which their fellow-travellers were Disturbed as might be their rest. charge of building operations he set out. beginning work for the first time among the women of the western and north-western provinces. howAnd if women were waiting to go ever. Mr. Taylor largely realised. Judd in . and how great would be the need for sisterly help and companionship. giving them a thorough. Christian education. chilly as were their comfortless quarters that Christmas them . The young couples who had left for the interior some months previously were now in their distant homes. What that work would mean. tarium. Far in the future. as soon as health was re-established. at the Master's call. ships and parents coming from time to time to rest in the sani.330 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD garten up to College years. and keenly he felt it. and sleeping. by roughest roads. Taylor had still in mind the special purpose with which he had come to China and leaving Mr. surely the time had come to help them rather than hinder. hundreds of miles from any other foreigner ? The responsibility was great indeed. Coulthard from Chefoo to the Grand Canal. young and defenceless into all the dangers and privations. were these developments as the year 1879 drew to a close. however. not the Master. Three and a half weeks brought them to Chin-kiang. and at the same time cherishing family relationbrothers and sisters meeting from the various schools. with inns so poor that they even had to share their accommodation with the mules at night. Mr. Mr. however.

This latter post was very distant. Bailer in charge. For hard as it had been to part. very isolated and Mr. — . only asked to give her life to what was to have and Miss Kidd. Trench. Daily they met for Bible reading and prayer. Bailer was to be spared to reinforce the party.I. and Mrs. Yes. A number of C. with Mr. where she was the only foreign woman in the great province of Szechwan. and Mrs. when they rejoined Mrs. people were there. Mr. William McCarthy. the needs of the lonely workers at the distant outposts burdening their hearts. * The journey occupied from December 9 to January 3 (1880). For the route decided upon lay across Hu-nan. Taylor's quiet hour over the Word of God. We never thought of danger but he reaUsed what might be involved. was more than willing to accompany her. Broumton was holding the fort alone. This . A thousand miles up the Yangtze. for various reasons. Mrs. where Mr. Mr. " The last meeting to commend them to God was deeply solemn. Taylor reached Wu-chang. if there were ladies willing and ready to go. " Such a venture of faith as it was " said Mr. the latter having gone round by . So the week of meetings was followed by one of busy preparation.M. whose husband had been designated to that very province. Taylor at Chin-kiang. Nicoll had just reached Chung-king. the little candle burning that told of Mr. if he early enough. he could act as escort. was to call in and see the little party. and his heart was moved accordingly. Mr. beloved by the been their united task Chinese no less than her fellow-workers. on his next evangelistic journey. And there were. looking back with more understanding than he or any of the young missionaries could have had at the time. turbulent and anti-foreign and in addition to the Chinese Christian woman who had volunteered to accompany the ladies. newly widowed. and Mrs.HE GOETH BEFORE THEM woke 331 season/ the younger missionary never failed to see." I . George Clark had gone on further another seventeen days' journey to the capital of Kwei-chow. when at length Mr. Mr. Taylor no doubt felt it as we could not. Coulthard. And it all came about so naturally.

and there was no one save Miss Wilson to accompany her. Taylor had slept in the same compartment with the poor fellow all night. Taylor had just come up-river. . made it possible for the ladies to travel without foreign escort. ." Seeing that the vegetable oil. King but it meant a three months' journey by house-boat." forgetting the hundred and one other things about which she did not complain. he spent the first night with them among the crowded shipping at the mouth of the Han sharing the only available cabin with Miss Wilson's protege. even to packing food-baskets and rolling up their bedding with his own hands. " about the unpleasant odour of his bedding. Miss Fausset. or at little cost did he go through with this matter. Mr. and assumed the responsibility of letting them go. which was all they had been able to procure for cooking. Not lightly. " and the worst of it was discarded next day. — " I complained. No one of experience being left in the Mission-house. easier still to read them with passing interest but only those who have known from experience what such journeys meant in the early days can at all appreciate the situation. and they were quite prepared to undertake the journey with the Lord alone as their Protector. a leper lad rescued at Yang-chow. Taylor went ashore next morning and was gone some time. however. It is easy to write the words. Delayed after they had gone on board. with a young worker who had already been two years in China. was ready to go at once to the help of Mrs. Mrs." wrote Miss Fausset. from the Chinese point of view. without coming to a single place at which there were foreigners. with true courage. Taylor knew yet he encouraged these brave women. Mr. made their food unpalatable. But Mr.332 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD and when practically exhausted the resources of the station. . Then it was that advancing years and silvery hair came to their own in a new way for Miss Wilson's venerable appearance. . no foreign escort was available. who had become an earnest Christian and proved invaluable as a helper. . a call came for the help of ladies in quite another direction. he engaged the boat himself and made all arrangements.

*' he wrote to his mother in July." . remained on board till they got well out on the Han then after a helpful time of prayer. while the attention of the ladies was occupied. as they had the comfort of knowing. " to see the work extending and consolidating in the remote parts of China. unutterable joy. and Miss Fausset could never forget the earnestness with which he said on meeting her again " I have prayed for you thousands of times. or making so enduring an impression " I the boatmen really started (March i. : " I cannot tell you how glad my heart is. Never were travellers more faithfully escorted When . 1880) Mr. It is worth Hving for and worth dying for.HE GOETH BEFORE THEM 333 " When he returned." Miss Fausset continued. Taylor still than by his prayers. he slipped into his little sampan and was gone. Mr. Taylor rejoiced with new." As news began to come from distant stations in which these and other pioneers were winning their way to the homes and hearts of the people. eggs and lard. One never could have thought a Httle lard capable of doing so much good. " he was carrying a basket on his arm (having no servant with him) in which were sweet potatoes. Day and night he went with them in spirit.

48-49. and doing all in his power to win and help others to win " the favour of Heaven. Naturally a thoughtful.*' and learned something of the teachings of Christianity. groping after the truth. Douthwaite had come over from his station on the Tsientang river. one of the famous cities of his own province. Here the devout Buddhist heard in all its fulness the glad tidings of salva(Kin-hwa-fu) . Captain Yii of the Imperial there. army was stationed for a short time in Ningpo. He was growing an old 334 . but the little he had heard left him with no clear knowledge of the way of salvation. the of the only God Ruler supreme of one true. he met another foreign missionary.CHAPTER XXIII WOMEN WHICH LABOURED WITH ME 1880-1881. IN THE GOSPEL Aet. His preaching was denouncing the necessarily rather negative than positive proclaiming the existence and idol-worship. hearers practically nothing. Back in the terrible days of the Tai-ping Rebellion. folly and sin of universe. be who should . religious man. he could not but be impressed. and with Pastor Wang Lae-djiin was preaching daily in a newly opened Gospel hall. Fifteen long years went by without bringing him further light but he was seeking. and was giving all his time to going from place to place as their accredited agent. in an inland city Dr." Among a sect of reformed Buddhists strongly opposed to idolatry he had found kindred spirits. While he fell in with preachers of " the Jesus Doctrine. though without remuneration. — man before. Whom he could tell his of but worshipped.

I beheve everything you have told me about the Lord Jesus. the prayers of the and in the beautiful district of Yii-shan his former disciples. ** But he did come back. and said how grateful he was that had come to that city. I ask no wages . " For forty years I have been seeking the Truth. Let me go. his head on the floor.' he urged. as he saw me he fell down on his knees. * and now I want to turn them to the Way of Truth. and have come three days' journey. . we cannot go so fast of ' ' little baptized to-day.' he said.' I replied. As soon to be just boiling over with joy. " I only want to serve the Lord Jesus. I am an old man. to him now a cheery farmer. " Yii earnestly entreated me to let him go out as a preacher of the Gospel. " — One of these it had visited some of was who accompanied named Yii. and the latter was rejoiced to see how much progress he had made in knowledge of the Word ^heard. sent out with little church at Chii-chow-fu. returned with his first convert." he wrote. after we had been reading the Scriptures and praying together. I may never be able to travel so far again. Douthwaite's care. Well. " * I have led hundreds on the wrong road. I myself could see none so I baptized him and he went away rejoicing. let me be baptized now.' " No. believed." recalled Dr. There is no reason why I should not be ' ' ! requested to be at once baptized. for medical treatment. " Oh. also become an earnest soul-winner. of God.' Three weeks later this ardent missionary. ' and now I have found it " He was one of the many in China who are dissatisfied with all they have. this man earnestly bumped I ' ' 1 We must know a you and your antecedents. — Christ Jesus. bringing with him six or seven . I do not want your money. and are groping in the dark for something that can really meet the heart's need. who was himself He seemed " Douthwaite.WOMEN WHICH LABOURED tion IN THE GOSPEL 335 and found himself a new creature in After his baptism a year later (1876) he went down to Chii-chow-fu to be under Dr.' he said. " I well remember how.' " On further enquiry. He had crossed the watershed between Che-kiang and the adjacent province of Kiang-si.

" The ex-Captain meanwhile. So fully did the story of the life. that from that day he too was not only a On visiting believer in Jesus but a preacher of the Gospel. for him to address them and on asking how such an audience had been gathered at short notice. — . saying that from what they had heard they were convinced that idolatry was false and sinful. etc. whom he had been preaching the Glad Tidings They. It was their custom to come together every evening in Farmer Tung's house or courtyard. to sing hymns and — .I. They were waiting. as they tramped of him relieving on along together mile after mile. carrying his few belongings. the first Christian Church in the Kwang-sin River Subsequently a house was rented in the city of district was organised. p. whatever could be used as a seat had been requisitioned. 138). Douthwaite baptized fifteen converts from that village. known. After a few months' testing.336 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD 1877). I had the joy of receivneighbours to (Feb. and an equal number from other villages in the same district all the fruit of the labours of Captain Yii and Farmer Tung.. Yii-shan. ing them too into the church. which was made the centre of missionary effort in that district. continuing his labours. death and resurrection of Christ meet the young man's need. Farmer Tung insisted the old " Teacher his bundle of bedding. In this obscure village. Douthwaite was surprised to find the courtyard of the house filled with an orderly assembly of people waiting as if for a meeting. on the eastern border of Kiang-si. Dr. and the company consisted of women as well as men all eagerly expectant. by Marshall Broomhall. 1 " During the year which followed this visit to Ta-yang. he had joined company with a stranger who soon became interested in his conversation.. ^ for miles around. Perceiving '* to be a good man. the God and in villages far Good News had been made . chairs. Dr. and were prepared to give it up. he found. he was still more interested to learn that had he not been coming the meeting would have been held just the same. pray and read from the Word of and near. Stools. definitely expressed their faith in Christ. and preaching-halls were soon opened in other places " (from The Jubilee Story of the C. his village (Ta-yang) some months later. too. baskets. inverted buckets. Travelling to Yii-shan one day.M. had been led to another man from the same district whose heart the Lord opened.

River. interesting as it may be. were not primarily of Mr." he said in this connection. God was preparing for a remarkable development of that work just as. churches. But all this was as yet undreamed of in the summer of 1880. . he set out himself for the older stations of the mission. but I saw how he prayed about everything. Taylor only knew that God was leading and after taking the momentous step of sending single women inland. Mr. He was making unexpected provision for future needs. . Was there a child his heart went out to it. With its native pastor and evangelists. WOMEN WHICH LABOURED IN THE GOSPEL 337 But what has this story. that chain of stations is unique in China and perhaps in any mission-field. z . . His love and genuine interest were unmistakable. It has afforded a singular demonstration of what God can do in using the weak things of the world to accomplish His purposes and by its confirmation of Mr. strengthened similar efforts in many other places. and was so wise in not being influenced by the prejudices of others. and scores of unpaid workers with more than three thousand five hundred believers baptized from the commencement. Some said he was able to get his own way through personal magnetism. even without foreign escort. and the Httle one would in the station be sure to respond. its . with their numerous activities and advantages. and thirty foreign missionaries all of whom are women. teachers.. Thoroughly to investigate the work in Che-kiang was his and the tact and sympathy with which he went object about it greatly impressed his young companion. Coulthard. Taylor's planning nor was the chain of ladies' stations that now extends from Yii-shan all down the Kwang-sin — . " At some of the stations there would be many difficulties. Taylor's convictions and the lines on which he and his fellow-workers were acting. opening the way for friendly intercourse — . that in this beautiful district and through the earnestness of these young converts. at Chef 00. " but it was wonderful how they disappeared in the course of a \'i3it from Mr. The schools as we see them to-day. it has inspired and schools. little thinking that this journey was to be a link in the chain of such happenings. Mr. to do with our subject the opening up of Women's Work in the inland provinces ? Simply. Taylor.

Upon his visits to Farmer Tung and the newly opened but in the light out-station at Yii-shan we must not dwell of those lives touched with the love of Christ. quietly put into the upbuilding of that kingdom which : — to * Failure of health had obliged Dr. And his talks over the Bible were so helpful. but full of blessing. and before long led to which they were ideally suited. and nothing else in all the million-peopled province. save the work in and near Kiu-kiang it was a state of things to burden a spirit less alive to its responsibilities than Mr. and doing most of the preparation of China s After six weeks of such traveUing. He had meetings too with the Chinese just the ordinary Sunday and week-day services. their finding the sphere for . and difficulties were invariably settled. Captain Yii. The progress of the work interested him deeply.M. and return to the Yangtze by way of the Kwang-sin River. selfsacrificing labours of girls then free and happy in far-off the vision of lives laid down for Jesus' Christian homes sake. Douthwaite to remove more favourable surroundings (at Wen-chow). — " see None can be more anxious than myself. my heart. Taylor's.I." — Together they were keeping up as they journeyed the answering letters." ^ cities Did the vision come to him as he passed those very day after day." he wrote. they struck by a mountainous route never before taken by foreigners to what had been Dr.338 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD with the parents. corresponding with the home department. and Mrs. October 26. and he decided to cross into the neighbouring province. Three native evangelists on that long stretch of river. several years previously (1877). colony at Chefoo. An-hwei. " to Women's Work commenced in the interior of the various proThis has long been the consuming desire of vinces. in the rapidly growing C. administrative work of the Mission sending out remittances. Sowerby. Upon reaching Chefoo a few weeks later. 1880. which were to witness the loving. the darkness of all that lay around them and beyond was felt the more. Millions. It was all very simple. but real. then a young missionary at Hweichow. Douthwaite's station. ' From a letter to Mr. . — across from Tai-chow-fu Mr. Taylor had met some of the early converts brought in through the labours of the ex-Buddhist.^ There.

a beginning was being made. in Sze-chwan : a letter dated February 1880.-^ " As soon as wife had come. into the comforting of sorrows and the Hghtening of darkness he could but deeply feel as he passed on ? Whether he saw it or not. was tolerated among the guests in the inner courtyard. being an old man. . . Often while getting room is soon filled. my Since the Chinese New Year we have been quite besieged." her. Nicoll wrote somewhat " I have daily seen some hundreds of women.WOMEN WHICH LABOURED IN THE GOSPEL 339 is human hearts. . . . Nicoll from the metropolis of Western China. " righteousness. hundreds of miles and west. for the . Full of were the letters Mr. it was no more so all And farther north interest than the experiences that were coming to them. With the exception of yesterday and to-day. And ** the interest did not pass away with the festive season. . How much she needed help may be imagined for. without a Christian woman anywhere within reach. * Chung-king." Mrs. there was One who knew why Hudson Taylor had been brought to the Kwang-sin River One who knew where to find the treasures of love. ready to be outpoured in His service from many a woman's heart. though the pre-occupations they told of left little time for writing. and more than once rarely brought opportunity for rest . . For nearly two months past. Men also have come to hear the Gospel has They are spoken to in the front part of in as large numbers. one crowd out at the front-door another has found its way in at the back. Taylor was receiving. Our house been Uke a fair." wrote Mr. joy. we have had from two to five hundred daily. Strange and new as was the presence of foreign ladies in the great inland cities they now called home. the only person she could fall back upon was a member of their household who. the women flocked to see it was known that We . As the summer wore on she had to get up at three o'clock in the morning to obtain quiet The busy day that followed for Bible study or letters. when it has been raining." before it. and peace " in the while in distant provinces. . " have had a busy time since our arrival. the house the women I see in the guest-hall and the yard later.

for example. Then she would prepare an inviting meal and on no account let her go home until she had taken a good dinner. finding more work to do than she can compass. while she is deeply interested in them. And she in chairs. that the people received us with a great deal of kindness. had a service by. We . 2 " set out on our journey with considerable fear and trembling. Henry Soltau. returning to consciousness to find the women fanning her. Nicoll helps the women with a few medicines. Nicoll and really seem to have an affection for her.— 340 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD she fainted from weariness in the midst of her visitors. and afterwards. often. the unexpected encouragement that everywhere awaited these first women who went ^the people were glad to see them. Mrs. when the men had left. I could not help feeling what an honour I should regard it had I one of own sisters labouring in such a field as this. were eager. Mr. to hear their message. themselves with Mrs. in giving an account of his visit to Chung-king " At the service on Sunday I was much struck with the (Jan. is the only foreign lady in all this province of twenty-one million people the first Christian woman who has ever lived and worked among the women It is now known that there are from sixty to seventy of Sze-chwan. " found. thus in getting her away from the Mission-house. . Bailer recalled.^ Among many well-to-do women who were her friends elderly lady who cared for her like a mother." did not know what might happen. she would put her on the most comfortable bed in her own apartment. contrary to our expectations. but real heart sympathy. and many of the boats on the Tung-ting lake are manned by : my I We We . They pay great respect to Mrs. From time to time. Nicoll to return in it immediately. This work among the women is a most important portion of the mission here. and sit down herself to fan her until the tired missionary was fast asleep. on its western border where few if any European travellers had ever been seen. Nicoll and the old Cantonese Christian.^ was one — * Mr. and showed not only natural curiosity and Crossing the desperately interest. all of whom remained to the close. send out all the younger women. this lady would send round her sedan-chair with an urgent request If she succeeded for Mrs." millions in this province. That was the surprise. however. Some of the women I have seen have been dressed in the most handsomely embroidered silks and satins and come Mrs. Miss Kidd could write of friendly women wanting to detain them. 1881) says number of women present. anti-foreign province of Hu-nan. . knowing how weary she must be. Nicoll has access to the homes of the rich and poor. There is a very large floating population in Hu-nan. full of affection and concern.

" except at large Mrs. take us by the hand and invite us to their homes. and some women Mrs. and enquired what they had come for. as is the manner of the Chinese. they were highly ing the Gospel to them deUghted to see the foreign ladies.WOMEN WHICH LABOURED *' IN ? THE GOSPEL 341 Why : do you go to Kwei-chow " they said in several too want happiness and peace. kind soul '* to the boat. I do Hke these Hu-nan women so much They have been very kind. These women came round our boat as soon as we anchored. took hold of one of my hands and a girl of about fifteen took the other and led me along the street." wrote Miss Kidd. as the women had never seen foreigners before. and our sisters had not the sUghtest dif&culty in preachand instead of being hostile. not slow to explain. We had anchored for the night. Of course. ! ." places "we Stay here and " All the way along. we would soon be surrounded by quite a crowd of them. we get many inWe are always having our vitations to sit down and drink tea. they were a Uttle afraid at first but she would speak to them and tell them all about us and what we had come to do. " and we go in and out without the least inconvenience. ' ! ! good This our sisters were looks. and some of them seemed to understand the Gospel very well. went alone." Mrs. M'Carthy had toothache. It was a great boon having our native sister with us. so I invited us to go ashore. with which they were delighted. ! I And less their experiences on reaching Kwei-yang were no encouraging. They sang Chinese hymns to the women. . They stroked their hands and stroked Dear me. The same woman with her baby led me back May the Lord bless her." " With Miss Wilson and Miss Fausset women and worked by it was just the same them. names called out. what beautiful white skins you have their cheeks and said : How much powder you must use ' They complimented them on their . " At one village a httle incident occurred that amused me a good deal. and many a face brightens when we come in sight. most wiUing to receive us. Once indoors. As we walk about. with a baby in her arms.. such a number afraid. M'Carthy and I have been able either to go ashore and visit the women ourselves." . A woman about half my size. or to invite them on board our boat to see us. they would take care of me came to see me. We find the people most friendly.. teUing me not to be At the house. be our teachers. M'Carthy wrote during the following summer. and soon they would draw near. cities. and ready to listen to what we have to say.

" " We sit down on the dry path outside a hamlet. . is radiant. a people in that place. They leave their ploughs or pulling up of cotton-plants. . however. in front of which they bring out low benches and sit down to listen very attentively. might be exalted. asking us to meals whenever they were having them. not accepting their kindly proffered pipes. midst of an absorbing the King in Mrs." she continued on her return to Han-chung. flat basket. and it was all the do to keep up with developments that could missionaries them an unusually bright little church of gave before long One of these. round. had he not this thorn in the flesh. " While we were in the villages the people were so hospitable. and walking and talking all day. and not wOhng to take any money.342 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Arrived in Han-chung-fu in their distant northern province. huge. work. for she takes me on to one place after another. and come to see and I think to hear. filled with straw. Scarcely any can read. brought me out food to where A I was resting. " and soon the women come round us. and hope Hwang may go to the market-town. He is anxious to do so. baptized over thirty love to Christ. and perhaps. as he is always aUing feet and hands sorely lessened through his leprosy. and could sell books and be better for the change." Miss Wilson wrote in October 1880. and would have me sleep at their house. and the old lady. " Nothing could be kiader than our reception everywhere. "eating and sleeping with the people. — and at Hberty for talking to any who may come to hear. He has a sweet Christian experience. I do so want them to have preaching nearer than twelve miles off. when I was too tired to walk back. for several have been led to Christ through him. " I am as well as ever I was. Then after giving our message we pass on. do not be anxious. made us a comfortMy companion had gone back and brought able and roomy bed. for they get to know our object. . . an elderly believers. never with fire all on seemed who woman Wilson to the surrounding Miss accompanying of wearied God had villages. But God uses his weakness to keep him accessible in one place. An old couple near our first village. If we should not be back by Tuesday. my companion." Their experiences were pretty strenuous. and ask us probably to a house. and they found Mr. and sit down again where we see people working in the fields.

so were prepared to think well of our message. and though it meant another ten days' journey. and will He not call out of this province a people for His Name. The people sat round the door in the dusk. . Up there in his loneliness. My wife visited her.WOMEN WHICH LABOURED I IN THE GOSPEL 343 a wadded quilt and everything she could think I might want. and she began to mend very rapidly under her treatment. . Parker came up. with its Mohammedan and Chinese population of ten millions. Even the timid Tibetans were attracted by the fame of " the foreign doctor.. Mr. 1881) : wife of a Tao-ist priest had an ulcerated neck reaching ear. over rough roads and mountain ranges. They were bound for Kan-su. ." and the friendliness of all classes was remarkable. when Miss Wilson had been about six in Han-chung-fu. My bed one night was quite luxuriously soft. Several young men had heard the preajching in the city. Our experience next time may not be the same but we have precious seed to sow on whatever ground. on their way to a still more needy and distant sphere. and Mrs. the farthest north-west of all the provinces. on her back. . Parker went into The from ear to . To be her helper and companion. listening to the old woman. and accompanied by her faithful attendant the A months — leper It Hwang. Easton was longing for their coming. The news spread quickly. and send us to seek them ? " . Five months only after their arrival Mr. which. on cotton-plant leaves. dear old creature We managed without these etceteras on our two days' expedition. . a disease very common in this district and believed by the people to be incurable. and asking all about foreigners. Parker wrote (June 2. few weeks later. We were led step by step in such pleasant paths that we want to go again. was the depth of winter when they reached Tsin-chow. had but one soHtary witness for Christ. and for three weeks Mrs. Mr. which made a sort of eiderdown coverlet as well.. hoping that other hamlets too may be equally accessible. and some will spring up we must expect for has not the Lord Jesus shed His blood for these. this brave lady set out again to face the unknown riding on the top of her baggage on one of the pack animals. but hardly had they settled in their new home before the work began to take on a more encouraging aspect. stored for fuel. Miss Wilson could not let the little bride go on alone.

" " What is this strange." This was the power that w^as telling now on hearts that were learning through is . or the but many have been much result of poor. making promises of calls and giving medicines from sunrise to The wife of the chief Mahommedan A -hung we have sunset. In our own mothers' homes we do not feel come here to " passeth knowledge. People are beginning to come in from of two years' standing. unknown before." them was the condition of membership. . human love. We have never felt it before. and success of the first women workers to go to the far inland provinces was due to the united. She has a gathered arm staying in our house." Mr. definite prayer focussed thus upon their labours ? The circular setting forth the objects of the Union "If two of you shall agree on earth as was headed with the promise touching anything that they shall ask. I doubt whether there is a lane or courtyard in the city where a visit from my wife or Miss Wilson would not be Three candidates are waiting to be baptized. happiness. the country. 19)." is it w^arms them so ? But such service was not without its cost. While there was much to encourage for by the end of 1880 the pioneers were rejoicing in sixty or seventy converts gathered into little churches in the far inland provinces there was much also to call for faith and patience and the spirit of those who — — — * Shortly before Mrs. What Here our hearts are k'uan-ch'ao broad and peaceful. Most of the women patients have long been sufferers. to be attended to." welcomed. your best time in the day. prayer was being answered and the seemingly impossible brought to " Do love the Chinese women. xviii. and who shall say how much the safety. the wonder of the Love that warm feehng we have when we " said a group of visitors to one of the " We never feel it first women missionaries in Ho-nan. .^ " Whatever said to Miss Wilson when she first went out. : my . For several days I sat in the reception-room. .344 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD the city daily to visit the sick. you ? it. indigestible food reUeved. Hudson Taylor had left home (May 1878) to lead in this pioneer movement. Taylor had pass. Thus at point after point in the far interior. a special Prayer Union had been formed in England " to seek blessing upon the one hundred and twenty-five millions Daily prayer for those labouring among of heathen women in China. . give that to communion with God and do love the Chinese women. their ailments are constitutional. and to Chinese eyes several remarkable cures have taken place. anjrwhere else. it shall be done for them of Father which is in Heaven " (Matt.

And though only two and a half years later she too was called to her reward. better Land. to the still more distant and difficult province of Yun-nan. the fruit of that for this work. The sisters who had come to her help were able by that time to carry on the work and the precious child who had filled her hands as well as her heart had been taken to a safer. Now. when in that same month of May Mrs." she said to her husband toward the end. " I seem to have done less than any life. to its love. The Man of Sorrows was seeing of " the travail of His soul ** among those And she was satisfied. Dying of typhus fever in her far-off home (May 1881). this it was that raised her above the sorrow of leaving her husband desolate. God the answer to her many prayers lives on. the mother conse- crated herself afresh to the loneliness and went on to and privations she knew so well. Forty days' journey westward lay the city in which a and Yiin-nan with its twelve millions house was waiting was without a resident missionary. where " is the married couple who can go as well as we ? . George Clarke went on from Kwei-chow. for whom He had waited so long This it was that strengthened the mother's heart by a — — ! little lonely grave. women and children the glad tidings of a Saviour's little Kneeling beside that grave. . to have done so little. to send us to Yun-nan we should not have thought of leaving Kwei-chow." First to go to the women of western China. and their little one but five weeks old v/ithout a mother. for if he had been spared to Himself. But before her brief course ended the one precious opportunity in which she had given her all she had the joy of seeing no fewer than eighteen women baptized on confession of their faith in Jesus.WOMEN WHICH LABOURED their lives IN THE GOSPEL 345 overcame " by the blood of the Lamb " and " loved not unto the death." the " Doubtless He saw best to take our dear boy father wrote. " The Lord has been leading us by a painful path. Emily King was the first also to be called to higher service. "I seem woman in China/* . to do in a second great province of western China what she had already been doing in Kwei-chow. or any one at all to bring . in which she had been the only woman missionary.

More than eight thousand baptized behevers form the present membership of a church in Yiin-nan and Kwei-chow that is growing beyond the power to overtake it of those who long and pray for fellow-workers. the long neglected tribespeople are coming. " Others will come after us • •••** The harvest is white to the reaping now. discouragement. Who will come while still the Master tarries. coming in their hundreds to the Saviour she so truly loved and served. or had had any one save her husband to share the prayers and tears over what. From the snowcapped mountains that reminded her of her own Switzerland. in those days and for long But faith rose above after. " Others will come after us. to garner the precious sheaves. in that province where her life was the first to be laid down. on which she loved to watch the sunset glow. was a hard and fruitless field. called of God. and share both in the present toil and in the endless joy of Harvest home ? ." she said when her brave " task was nearly done.346 It THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD was two years and more since she had seen a sistermissionary.

The Price of Progress. The Seventy. . 25. Above all that ye ask. 26. Chap. 27. Deeper Down. 28. 29. 49-55.PART 1881-1887. The Hundred. Days of Blessing. VI THE RISING TIDE Aet. 24.

1910. Mott.— " We have lost the eternal youthfulness of Christianity and have aged into calculating manhood. and verily do the thing He pleaseth thereupon. in an infinite Father. At times it has been difficult to discover the hidden spring." " For many years it has been my practice in travelling among the nations to make a study of the sources of the spiritual movements which are doing most to vitaHse and transform individuals and communities. Teach us to pray. Ixjrd. this is the last. And yet we suppose ourselves to beUeve Anonymous. I have found it in an intercessory prayer-Hfe of great reaUty. the limitless. — — . with the reason and the will. the glorious. " to Believe me." Coleridge's Table Talk. to believe vividly that God will Usten to your voice through Christ. the greatest achievement of the Christian's warfare upon earth. his death." said Coleridge to his nephew two years before pray with all your heart and strength. We seldom pray with real confidence for any good to the reahsation of which we cannot imagine a way." —John ** R. We seldom pray in earnest for the extraordinary. Edinburgh. but invariably where I have had the time and patience to do so.

is a man of great abiHty and influence. really valuable from a missionary point of view ? Are they not unproductive and aimless wanderings ? Can we hope for much good from the journeys themselves. to seventy baptized believers in those regions hitherto destitute of the no fewer than six important which women missionaries were to be found as well as men. or to speak of spiritual results ? It was since the Chefoo Convention surely not little to be able to point.I. He had read Christian books. five of our native brethren were baptized. Was it too early to discern the trend of the movement. had by that time returned to his regular work in the Yangtze valley. Turner's reference to his baptism. 49.CHAPTER XXIV THE SEVENTY 1881. and accepted Christ . to quote Mr. and will they lead to more definite " and settled work ? Such were some Taylor felt it desirable Millions early in 188 1. it will be seen how well worth while were the labours that had brought Gospel. *' Aet. to answer in a paper for China's It was now four and a half years had thrown open the gates of the west. even then.M. and he soon broke off his opium. aged forty-five. Mr. who had been the means of his conversion. " On Saturday the 27th. in November 1880. .^ 1 It is interesting. demoHshed his idols. a native of a village thirty li {lo miles) from here. 349 . of the questions Mr. Hsi Liao-chuh. David Hill. . in all of such a man out of darkness into God's marvellous Hght. He came to us at the beginning of the year. and pioneer journeys had been made in all the then unoccupied provinces. with that of several others Ping-yang at Fu. When one records the name of Pastor Hsi as among those first converts. in view of Pastor Hsi's subsequent usefulness. settled and to work in centres in five provinces. Are the itinerations of the C.

S." And one of Her Majesty's Consuls included. as early as 1880. and his He is serving the Lord in his own conversion neighbour- Last evening these dear brethren were formally received into Christian fellowship.. Other missionaries are doing a good work. Taylor's was not the only pen that by this time He was was found to advocate the line of things he and his fellowworkers had felt led to adopt. man of quick temperament. the missionaries of this society travelled throughout the country. to of their craving and lead them to Christ. and in great measure dispelled the fear of the barbarian which has been the main difficulty with which we have had to contend. they have made and. Not only do the bachelor members of the Mission visit places supposed to be inaccessible to foreigners. but those who are married take their wives wdth them and settle down with the goodwill of the people in districts far removed from official influence. Morgan & Scott. " While the Lord so cheers us in our work. and was one of those whose faithfulness under persecution and zeal in making known the one and only Saviour filled Mr. never attempting to force themselves anywhere. Wylie of the L. published by the China Inland Mission and Messrs. . while aiding the foreign within range of a gunboat's guns merchant by obtaining information regarding the unknown interior of the country. full of joy. and led him to ask in his turn the question. " and this is what we want.M. ." For the subsequent life of this man of God see Pastor Hsi one of China's Christians. — — : . . have accustomed the Chinese to the presence of foreigners among them. He is a was rapid and hood. and strengthening our relations by . Taylor's cure heart with joy. and get on as comfortably and securely as their brethren of the older missions under the shadow of the Consular flag and and." wrote Alex. and the newly formed church the first Protestant Church of Shan-si gathered around the table of our Lord. but they are not doing this work. shall we hesitate " to continue. the following statement in his official Report from have Hankow Always on the move. and. in the same year. nay to go forward ? But Mr. as his Saviour. " They are opening up the country. . taking hardship and privation as the natural incidents of their profession.: 350 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD them already receiving opium-smokers into his home. while labouring in their special field friends everjrwhere as ministers of the Gospel.

" To realise how extensive and thorough-going were the labours of the pioneers. beyond the Yellow River. one must look a little beyond the summer of 1881. in face of untold hardship. In the midst of his six years of almost uninterrupted travelling journeys arduous beyond description. When Mr. at the same time. this Mission has. — concentrating upon older work. and in the year that followed (1878) Kwang-si was visited again and again. in which he traversed every province in China (except Hu-nan) and even entered Mongolia and Tibet James Cameron had reached the mountainous regions of northern Shan-si. Mr. equally faithful work was being done. Patiently and persistently. shown the true way of spreading Christianity in China. though even then there was abundant cause for encouragement. in the far South. Clarke married and brought his bride to Kwei- — — . at the same time. Taylor held firmly to the principle. Meanwhile. and until then wholly unreached. John McCarthy had traversed on foot the three south-western provinces. he was engaged in the systematic visitation of every city not only in that province but in the neighbouring one of Shen-si. George Clarke and Edward Fishe. and in the eastern part of Kan-su. Even before Cameron had passed through on his first extensive journey. joining forces with other brethren. To this province the latter had been designated but fever contracted on their first journey cut short the service he hoped to render. they pressed their way through wintry snows and summer heat to the remotest corners of those far-reaching plains and valleys. Spreading the knowledge of the Truth this was indeed the aim kept in view and though it meant deliberately forgoing the more rapid ingathering to be expected from . within and without the Great Wall. Still the good work went on. were evangelising in Kwang-si still farther south. preaching everywhere as he went. and his companion had the sorrow of laying him in a far-off grave. .— THE SEVENTY 351 increasing our intimacy with the people. " There is that scattereth and yet increaseth. missing out only two places of minor importance that were practically inaccessible on account of the rainy season. There.

that month of March at Wu-chang for then Mr. one would be much concerned at the present aspect of things. graven on of Hu-nan to Western China. and Mr." Mr. Dorward before Adam in that very region. The western part of the province fell to the eager pioneers. It was a time of notable happenings. pioneering Hu-nan was months of and he had just commenced the selfhis heart. Taylor saw off another . Taylor was at Wu-chang when they reached the Yangtze in the spring of 1881 the first Europeans to travel from the Burman frontier right through — to Shanghai. But God cannot fail us let us trust and not be afraid. after more than three years* absence (October 1881). " Unless one could really cast the burden on the Lord. now his headquarters. for conference with several of the pioneers at Wu-chang. to cross the turbulent province and hardly had they started fresh from five and a half appeared. : . and unite the advance guards of the mission coming from east and west» Mr.352 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD who had and hitherto held the fort alone. yang. Broumton. rising out of these developments the need for reinforcements to follow up such labours and enter a widely opened door This then was the state of things when Mrs. giving his blessed results life at last in he continued almost hope of the we see to-day. J." And to a fellow missionary : When shall we get through our difficulties ? Funds seem dropping lower and lower. We need much prayer. set free to travel. including ladies. sacrificing labours that for eight years without intermission. Stevenson and Henry Soltau. Taylor was obliged to return to England. was visited with others nearly every city in eastern Yiin-nan. W. " and feel that the responsibility of providing for His servants is His. Taylor set out from Chef 00. Taylor had written to Mr. large party. Little wonder that a crying need began to be felt. Theodore Howard. when at last they were permitted to cross the hills from Burma. The summer had been one of intense heat and no little trial on account of sickness and shortness ! — many of funds.

Taylor was enabled to send out sufficient if not ample supplies. " to give if ? them to eat you had a large family and nothing That is almost my situation at present. They were to eat and die But God. Harold Schofield in May. Nicoll one day. " The amounts received these two months are very low. For God that store maintained. I should have much less to distribute. " and but for God's goodness in giving us more contributions in China than ever before in the same time. Any way. Taylor used often to sing at this time some little verses which. and Mrs. . seemed as if.: THE SEVENTY 353 Those who were with him at Chefoo that summer noticed how much time he spent in prayer." Many were the occasions. Is it not blessed to see how His watchful care provides. simple as they were. . In the midst of much sickness and trial of various kinds this 2 A . " What would you do. the daily needs were met and Mr." he had written to Dr. now in this way. then in another. it is all like Him. when he called the household together for special thanksgiving. The cruse and barrel shall not fail My people shall be fed. also. Mr. blessed and we are blessed to be in His loving hands. Prolonged the small supply. Taylor in the death of both their beloved mothers within a few weeks of each other. It . Accompanying himself on the harmonium." . it lasted long. . . and Mrs. For if not in one way. though in a hidden way. now in that now giving more here and less at home. meant much in his experience : By the poor widow's oil and meal Elijah was sustained Though small the store. . Then ** not fears your mind dismay has said. then more at home and less here. from day to day." let ' Remember God That summer was memorable also for the personal sorrow it brought to Mr." he said quite simply to Mr.

Taylor all to themselves. — . when the Conference God is giving us a happy I am very busy at work here. it meant helping us very much. bereavement was specially October. (on the landing-stage at An-king) for a steamer to Wu-chang. in our poverty. and Mr. . ^ There had been little or no prearrangement about these meetings. he brought with him one and another who seemed to need refreshment. quite unconscious of what was to be the outcome. and other workers from Central China. as I for you. Dorward was there from Hu-nan. I am sure you have been longing for me. in the retirements from our Mission. At the right time.354 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD felt. As Mr. helping me to rejoice in our adverse circumstances. " and will soon see Naples. " — — in the on November are ploughing the Mediterranean. Trench and Miss Kidd from the far south-west. Taylor's return to England the harder in The three years she had been longer be delayed. he was more than ever confirmed in a position of quiet trust in the Lord. . and he could not be free for months to come. . Just a family-party they seemed overjoyed to have Mr. A spirit of prayer prevailed and in their daily Bible Readings. time of fellowship together. All these difficulties are only platforms for the manifestation of His grace. " portion. but God is You making me feel how rich we are in His presence and love. duty to return to home responsibilities. by the right way the Lord will bring us together again. power and love." Travelling up the Yangtze in November. morning and evening." he wrote ten days after she and not less by our trials than by our joys. Coulthard's bachelor housekeeping was taxed to the utmost. . when and made the parting all Mrs. Taylor came up-river." . Mr. Taylor was seeking to establish these younger workers in the Scriptural principles on which the Mission was based. Let us seek to live all the more with Him. I need not. . and in the conviction tested in many ways that main the Mission was on the right lines before Him. He is And from Wu-chang had begun ^ : four days later." he wrote I am waiting here 21. . to find Him a satisfying is " God had left. and is confirming us in the principles on which we are acting. brought her so had in China Taylor clearly her But it was losing his right-hand helper. could no fully into the work that for Mr. Parrott and Pigott from the north. I hope. cannot tell you how much I miss you.

and to prosper us in connection with them. and carry them out This may be better than working to the best of our ability. taken in connection with the which they had come. but it is by no means the best way of serving our Master. For unconsciously.THE SEVENTY crisis to 355 That one little sentence. stations that had been opened at great cost. reinforcements were needed." to throw away opporbe to cripple and hinder the work than Mr. for help for' One is to make the best plans we can. This then was the attitude taken up. before long. having carefully laid our plans and determined to help us. At all the settled stations in the far north. to carry them through. Not to advance would be to retreat from the position of It would be to look at faith taken up at the beginning. Difficulties were formidable and it was easy to say. it was a crisis. could not way for the evangelisation of inland China. as Mr. low had been for years. Day by day the needs of the whole work were laid before the Lord. After years of prayer and patient. open before them. Yet another way of working is to begin with God to ask His plans. This. and the workers coming out from home were few. perhaps. funds were difficulties rather than at the living God. surely. . we may ask God . guidance being sought as to His will in connection with them. True. . to the younger members of the Mission. Or. while several retirements had taken place in China. and to offer ourselves to Him to carry out His purposes. What then was to be done ? What answer must be given to the pioneers who were writing and eagerly looking be His ? There are several different ways of working God. Taylor reminded the little company. lets in a flood of light upon the important sequel to those days of fellowship at Wu-chang. tunities God had given. without plan. a position of unInland China lay paralleled opportunity had been reached. Taylor himself could — . and to close. and west. south. and more was hanging in the balance realise. '* All these things are indications that for the present no But not to go forward would further extension is possible. persevering effort. whole provinces as large as kingdoms in Europe being at last accessible to resident as well as itinerant missionary work.

Fifty to sixty membership of the Mission new workers ? Why. " See. Taylor prayed the prayer of faith and of to-night. them for it seemed too Walking over the Serpent Hill in the midst of Wu-chang. that characterised the whole transaction— definite expectation that God would answer definite prayer in the Name of Jesus. God is well able to give us all the money needed But they did not run away with the new idea all at once. Several prayer meetings and quiet consultations were held field. would be all too " Other seventy also. and sent them But it seemed too much to ask not in view of the great." . Mr." he said. " If only we could meet again. Parrott of one of those meetings another. their thoughts quickened meanwhile by the scene outspread before them the homes of no fewer than two million people being gathered at that confluence of the mighty Yangtze with the Han. stooping to pick up a string of cash. waiting but in view of wholly insufficient resources." Mr. indeed. This was the spirit. the was barely a hundred entire I But fifty or sixty. " There was a great spirit of expectancy. Station after station was considered. Thus it was the thought dawned. and Whose work never fails. ! 1 before they came the Lord for seventy to feel liberty and confidence in asking new fellow-workers. " and have a ." . Taylor continued. and we serve One Who is able both save to follow as we are led to design and to execute. Mr. — ness. and find His We have no responsibility service one of sweet restfulness." wrote Mr.'* came to Mr. as they walked. Taylor was counting up with one of his fellow-workers how many men and women it would really take to meet the most pressing claims. at the lowest computation. Just then. " I quite beUeve that Mr. Taylor's mind few.: 356 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD ^ " Going about it in this way. " we leave the responsibility with the Great Designer. Parrott's foot struck against something hard in the grass. *' " the Lord appointed other seventy also. overwhelming almost in its greatIt was only gradually it came to — big a thing for faith to grasp. '* If we have to come to the hills see what I have found " for it. ." said one.

and those who had joined in the prayer joined in the thanksgiving also.THE SEVENTY ! 357 united praise meeting when the last* of the Seventy has " reached China Three years had been agreed upon as the period in which the answer should be looked for. with which the answer was received —in faith. the meeting was held. But why not have the meeting now Why not give thanks for the Seventy before we separate ? This happy suggestion commending itself to all. as it would hardly be possible to receive and arrange for so many new workers in a shorter time." " ? '* said another with a praise practical turn of mind. J . " We shall be widely scattered then.

* This letter to Mrs. " has been taken Home. so is the flesh Pray much for me." he wrote on hearing of it. as in due time we shall see. We we must not leave them. have our definite lines of working nor grow weary in them. who. as it happened. I believe of Him. should I return to England But it dawned on me that not only are they both at rest. and expects us to walk by faith. None was needed to him. Taylor wrote on " We have been guided. 1881. : 358 . . . . . in the again. but they are reunited. " God is faithful. . : . what can overcome us ? " ^ . I realised very thankfully that the long. alone without my dear mother. . but more is He Who is within us. on the very day of her arrival in England. . painlessly and without a moment's warning. If God be for us. hope to have some meetings for spiritual blessing. Taylor's father had passed away a few weeks previously. " My dear and honoured father. Taylor was written. faith and refreshed with spiritual blessing. where . December i. not be cast down if you meet with difficulties at home. . What a message was theirs to take and send throughout the Mission Fired with new the little ! " his way down * The Lord has been with us indeed. Tidings of a fresh bereavement awaited her. . 50. river.CHAPTER XXV DEEPER DOWN 1882. I also. Aet. are the losers. party scattered from Wu-chang. If any leave us on account of them. . other Seventy sure. Satan is a terrible reaUty. for fifty years his companion would not distress him now but I could not help a feehng of desolation at the thought of no more Father's or Mother's welcome no old home to go to.' to ask for and if He them I I am am now on my way tarry He will send to Chin-kiang. All things are working together for good. ." Mr. dreary winter we had dreaded for him. Do they. for Mr. presence of the Lord Jesus. freed from infirmity and imperfection for ever and then the old home feeling came back to my : — — . to die was gain. God remains faithful. not we.

when funds were and had long been low." From that time on it was a constant joy to Mr. Harold Schofield before the close of the year (Dec. had prayer in his cabin. ' ' . It comes as the answer to more than usual prayer may I not hope that a more than usual blessing will rest on it ? It is not the much or the httle that is all-important. and Mr. as He may see best. Certainly the Lord is reviving us other missionaries at Chin-kiang have also been present of us . " We . " Five prayed for the Seventy. It is yet true that man doth not live by bread alone and equally true that yearning human hearts are not to be satisfied with earthly love alone. I do feel that our adorable Master has made us so rich in Himself. Taylor how the prayer for reinforcements was taken up throughout the Mission. No one knew better than he did to see it meant to his fellow-workers to be not willing only. Taylor promised to telegraph home and ask them to receive and send out this number. but earnestly desirous that the staff of the Mission should be so largely increased. How many have to feel. The handful of meal in the widow's barrel might last longer than a store on which God's blessing did not rest. Taylor left. where has made me so happy " ! — I would have it. He cannot deny : ' Himself." Mr." he wrote to Dr. has so given us the wealth of His own heart's love and aU that that includes and implies. When Mr. He tries. no matter what testings may be involved. . But he knew too that it is a safe thing to launch out upon a course of obedience. : in our meetings. Parrott wrote. All the members of the Mission present agreed to pray daily for the Seventy until they should be given. Pigott to hand you some silver which he took back with him to Shan-si I enclose receipts. what " I do feel more and more the blessedness of real trust in God. that we can do without any one else. or anything else. : . if we would continue praying.DEEPER DOWN The meetings fully as 359 at Chin-kiang early in December were encouraging as those at Wu-chang had been. several of the young men went down with him to the steamer. 23). instead of down here. if not say. . heart It only centred there.' " I have asked Mr. but sustains and when our faithfulness fails. " Faith. His remains unshaken.

.M. Taylor the scene of his early labours at was drafting an appeal home churches which in due course was seventy-seven members of the Mission in China. He knows what our separations and other incidents of service mean. Satisfies its deepest longings supplies its every need Compasses me round with blessing : Thine is love indeed. among figures and remittances.I. called and sent out by God. love so pure and changeless. kingdoms in Europe. . . . were specially referred to. and He so wonderfully makes all loss gain. . matters thus without incurring the sin of blood-guiltiness ? After requesting prayer for more with every Protestant missionary society on both sides of the Atlantic. Mr. . does make my heart well up and overflow with His love. .: : . Excuse my running on in My glad heart seems as if it must have vent. . even this way. Souls on every hand are perishing for lack of knowledge more than a thousand every hour are passing away into death Provinces in China compare in area with and darkness. twenty-eight additional women. in Ningpo (January 1882). We ask our brothers and sisters in Christ . and many of us are daily pleading with God in agreed pra37er for forty-two additional men and . and average between ten and twenty One province has no missionary one millions in population. satisfies my heart meets." the needs of the C. Can we leave . of responsibility that lay behind it." A to the few days later. as many seem unable to understand. " The Lord Jesus. an unmarried missionary provinces there is only one missionary and his wife resident and none are sufficiently supplied with labourers. . workers " in connection careful survey of the spiritual work to which we ourselves are called has led us to feel the importance of immediate and large remforcements. A . to assist us in carrying on and extending the work already committed to our charge. 36o ' THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD drinketh of this water shall thirst again ' 1 Whoso But we can sing. Thy . as well as its fidence in God may be judged from the following signed by The sense quiet conextracts . this year of very peculiar trial from almost every quarter. in each of two other has only one.

Mr. but to seek first the kingdom of God and His righteousness. . fully consecrated to Him. urging such to coimt the cost on God to ask themselves whether they will really trust Him for Mere romantic everything. yet making many rich. feeling will soon die out amid the toilsome labour and constant discomforts and trials of inland work. and counting everything precious as dross and dung " for the excellency of the knowledge of Christ and we would add Jesus my Lord. . "poor. yet possessing all things " ? He makes us very happy in His service. and to take no thought for these things.DEEPER DOWN 361 at home to join us in praying the Lord of the Harvest to thrust out this " other seventy also. and that all these things shall be added unto us. He is supplying and ever has supplied all our need. should be led on from strength to strength ? Perhaps a deeper knowledge not only of the " acts " but of the " ways ** of God would modify such expectations." We are not anxious as to the means for sending them forth or sustaining them. should the Lord tarry. ." should come out to join us to this appeal a word of caution and encouragement. He has told us to look to the birds and flowers. and subsequently in evangehstic and pastoral work. and will not be worth much^when severe illness arises and perhaps all the money is gone. to any who may feel drawn to offer themselves for this blessed work. And if not seldom we have fellowship in poverty with Him Who for our sakes became poor. to wait prayerfully OLcaution. Herbert Taylor. Faith in the living God alone gives joy and rest in such circumstances. wherever He may call them to go. for we ourselves have proved God's faithfulness and the blessedness of dependence on Him. and lessen the surprise with which one finds the reality to have ^ Shortly before this was written. than that they may be called to similar . work and similar joys. Mr. with the prayer for the Seventy being taken up in such a spirit throughout the Mission ? Should we not confidently look for a rising tide of spiritual blessing both at home and in China. But a word also of encouragement.^ What should we not expect from 1882 after this beginning. and that Mr. who tor thirty-six years has continued in faithful labours-i— first in the Chefoo Schools. and those of us who have children desire nothing better for them. having nothing. as representing the movement. But we are concerned that only men and women called of God. Hke the great missionary Apostle. Taylor had welcomed his eldest son to China. Taylor especially. shall we not rejoice if the Day prove that we have been.

Taylor himself was assailed by such depression. Faith was thus thrown into the crucible in many ways. it seem in the darkness as if all were failing him ? Strengthened and upheld by the Hand that seemed against him. they were forced to a reahsation of the utter inadequacy of existing arrangements to carry on the work even as it was. Government posts were to be had at a salary of fifty pounds a month. Working to the limit of his powers. Wonderful indeed is the conflict. of inland China. of organisation. and a growing faith for up to the opening large reinforcements on the other. For in England as in China. Much already of Him Whose larger blessing he so of this he had known deeply craved. of leaders With answered prayer on the one hand as of more calibre. Broomhall was not able to report any decided increase Eleven new workers were sent either of funds or of service. was tested as never before. Weaknesses were brought out with startling clearness need of spiritual power. most sorrowful of all. but three only of the number were men. in which it was easy to think that exceptional opportunities for usefulness would be found.'' Did Wilt Thou not yet to me reveal Thy new. the dimly-seen midnight wrestKng man of prayer with his God. both as to Mr. out. . loneUness and forebodings. Taylor's own position and that of others. that one stands amazed at the record merely ^the little that could be put into letters of those long painful months. And. " Show me now Thy Name. and the reality behind outward seeming. Mr. due in part to illness. difficulties did not lessen. he was yet to prove the faithfulness of Him to Whom he clung with the heart-cry. And in and through it all. / — I \ [)f — Yet the soul was sustained upon its inward way. Taylor could scarcely wonder at the retirement of one and another from the Mission whom he knew to be loosely attached to its principles. as he moved from place to place the work in some important stations seemed to be going back rather than forward. shortness of supplies that Mr. Mr. when five times So great was the trial as to as many had been hoped for.362 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD been very different. unutterable name ? .

Thus it was that he was brought out victorious. Till I it now am go.. Yield to me now But confident in self-despair Speak to my heart. I see Thee face to face. the feeble sinner's Friend Nor wilt Thou with the night depart. in blessings speak. sustained. Be conquered by my instant prayer Speak. " Come. . Thy mercies move : Thy nature and Thy name is Love. unknown. : I will not Thee Thy name. The morning breaks. Saviour. Thy mercies never shall remove Thy nature and Thy name is : Love. but strengthened. resolved let I tell To know Wresthng. My the grace prayer hath power with God Unspeakable I now receive Through faith I see Thee face to face." familiar to Hudson Taylor from childhood. 'Tis I Love hear I 'tis Love 1 Thou in diedst for me 1 Thy whisper my heart flee. then all of And when my with the God-Man prevail. for I am weak. . . and hve In vain I have not wept and strove Thy nature and Thy name is Love. . strength shall fail. When I shall am weak. universal Love Thou art To me. who Thou art. Jesus. to all. And tell me if Thy name is Love.. But stay and love me to the end . 1 I know Thee. I am strong . . . I still 363 beseech Thee. And murmur to contend so long ? I rise superior to I my pain. What though my shrinking flesh complain. borne down at times. O Thou Traveller . the shadows Pure.^ • in faith Thus it was that Hudson Taylor held on—hard pressed and circumstances. . : DEEPER DOWN Tell me. 1 From Wesley's noble hymn commencing. or Thou never hence shalt move. Thy nature know.

" I feel sure God will doing. and then we shall not faint nor be weary by the way. Taylor. want of Christlike devotion. I never was better. for He is faithful.M. . Make me more hke Thyself. Chefoo. physically and mentally. I do believe God is doing and will do July 22 As to health. longing for me. long separation. the end seems so far off it will end perhaps. and keep our hearts full of His manifested love and conscious presence. They cost me a good deal.. . . God will teach us much that at present we have Here. and thus to dishonour our almighty Saviour. I should be terribly discouraged " But the Lord recent visits. June 16 There are many and serious difficulties to be met. Satan is too much for us. I do not know what to do. July 7 during this long. . . or to think.. . But if I : . By God's help. What have I to ask beside ? I do live in your love." he wrote on February 13. but oh. and One is very much tempted to say it is not altogether past yet. 7 I feel sure that if we are only simple in faith and loyal in service. And you are. my by my : May the Lord have mercy upon us. . my heart. Aug. great things for us. July 31 4 A. sometimes. reigneth. ! . and we shall not be moved by them if He uphold us. great things for us. and purge out Feb." ' Feb. I am so glad we can both say ** All for Jesus " fully knows how much that " all " means sometimes. but in the same and He way. . 17 I do trust that good may result from these visits.. letter and " yet there's more to follow. but the Lord is at our right hand. 21 from among us every false and vain thing. Let us open wide our mouths do.. I have had a trying time here.364 ** THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Were not hope in God. and do not effect nearly as much as I could wish.. what must He ! how unshed His blood for souls ? Blessed Jesus worthy of Thee / am. If I were to tell you the mercies we have had of late. Travelling by foot-boat. is and enlarge our hearts. grieve over feel . it would be a long : . and make us pure These things almost break and holy before Him in love. the interpositions of God's hand. I will not say as much. : : : . ing is not far off. If the Lord do not come first. I do manage to get things through. . : Who All the way my Saviour leads me. ! 1 This and the following quotations are all from letters to Mrs. we all feel that blesslittle practical knowledge of. does He not ? May He be gracious to us.. .

DEEPER DOWN since the formation of the Mission. but very happy. Many enjoy our meetings. 23 shall be able to get away in January. Pearse. he was consciously shaken." " Complete in Him " Dec. Shanghai. It seems too good to be true.. for * lished. The " Shanghai Free Christian Church " was by this time well estaband had been meeting in the Masonic Hall for twelve months. faith and courage. that in the matter I am often afraid lest my motives in wishing to go home quickly are not so purely for the furtherance of God's work as I could wish. . If I could be free from all but the spiritual oversight. To-morrow (Sunday) I preach at the Dec. " and for men of calibre to carry Abundant spiritual power and some considerable on. if hindered. and He wiU give it. . 5 I would not withhold anything from the Lord Jesus." Sometimes I venture to indulge the hope that I Nov. I am glad to serve Him here. Oh. Taylor was so much interested in its beginnings and preached for them so frequently that he was practically its first Pastor. So The Lord will provide. . ." he wrote on October 21. if not in As it was. sho-wdng how faithfully he gave himself to this ministry. and I feel afraid to build for. He was succeeded by Messrs. Notes of many of Mr. capacity in leadership are just now great desiderata. But I think that ere long He will restore us to one another. . ! : . upon it If I really do know my heart. to pray and to divide Well .-^ May God give me the message. as I preached the first. My path will not be easy. . and reach you early in March. Judd. But for the reality of that inward sustaining. Mr. . It is heavy and constant labour.. longer or shorter periods. with regard to leaving. and no more such lengthened separations be our lot. : — . Taylor 365 September and October were specially trying months had never been more overwhelmed. Mr. though not " moved. Taylor's sermons are preserved. 30 Masonic Hall the last morning sermon of 1882. how graciously God has ordered it that we are *' accepted in the Beloved. : . . and I hope the days of our parting may then be ended. I do want to finish the work He has given me to do. They httle it .'* " Pray especially for guidance in the organisation of the work. my first wish is to do God's will but you and the dear children do draw so. as closely as possible. and other members of the Mission. . no Httle is coming in at home. he must have broken down physically. .. . doubt but it seems as if I must be near. the disappointment wiU be so great. I am pra5dng for guidance. I might do good for some time to come. .

when Mr. 426). . Taylor's theme at the Conference. This was Mr.) will be found the line of thought which made him to many the most practically helpful expositor of this book." In Union and Communion (price is. we have had ^ A literal Modern Speech —Dr. See The New Testament in * It is worthy of notice that just as Mr. however great the difficulties and trials by the way. and know much of the most helpful ministry of his later years traced to the same source. mine eye at times can see of One Who suffered there for me." And I a few days later wish I : could give you any adequate idea of the blessing in An-king. which costs httle ? Is know what they Christ's service anything of value in Upon The very dying form the cross of Jesus.^ " may be I have gone through the Canticles in the way of exposition during this visit. I think with great profit.. all the more welcome shadows. How Hght our burdens.. was the Conference at An-king in June. We have also dwelt on some of the distinctive principles of our position and work. 366 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD cost you and me. Taylor spoke on a subject that was filling his heart. from the Offices of the C.. so now in heart-loneliness and prolonged separation from home and loved ones it became as never before his "garden of deUghts. . Taylor's first insight into the spiritual teaching of the Song of Solomon was obtained in the period of trial and testing that preceded his first marriage (see Hudson Taylor in Early Years. Taylor from An-king. and some outstanding experiences that Memorable among these told of a deepening work of God. we will not be cast down.I. " and the Lord has wonderfully opened His heart to us aU. p. rendering of Romans Weymouth. So long as God gives us such times as these.M. compared with that for the " I Yet there were gleams of brightness. To some it may seem strange that the Scripture from which he derived most of the " power of endurance and encouragement " ^ he so sorely needed at this time was the Song of Solomon but those who have been brought by the King into '* His chambers " in the treasure-house of its inspired pages will the matchless revelation they contain of " the love that passeth knowledge " and the response it seeks from its own. how small our love. xv." he wrote to Mrs. 4.

that several of us felt as if we could not bear any more. especially for the Seventy. that was not only to save valuable workers from being lost to the Mission." Now. " We have had a day of united fasting and prayer to-day. Tajdor wrote on June 30. and P. They are a band of fully consecrated workers there.: DEEPER DOWN It this 367 was chiefly for an outpouring of a spirit of prayer that Conference was memorable. and were ready for blessing. Seven months had now elapsed since in a similar gathering the decision had been reached to ask in faith for seventy new fellow-workers. live. is . being all or " nearly all in vain. continued without intermission for almost two hours . . baptized afresh with a spirit of he was enabled to find his way to hearts that had seemed closed against him.M. seemed so to fill several of us that each felt (as we found in private conversation afterwards) that we could not bear any more and . and for the manifest presence and power of the Holy Ghost. Mr. so far as this part of the concerned. . Meanwhile. and one cannot but trace the rising tide of spiritual blessing that began to make itself felt. and often went beyond these hours some of the stronger ones spent a large part of several nights On the morning of our fast-day the Holy Spirit in prayer. Mr. but was to set them in its front rank as regards fruitfulness in soul-winning.M. Then he had written of his efforts to discourage. " and a wonderful time of blessing The Holy Spirit seemed so to fill us this morning it has been. and to this little company on their knees at An-king came a wonderful confirmation of their convictions as to that purpose." Mr. We arranged on my arrival for two meetings each day." And to another correspondent I wish it were possible to give you any idea of the wonderful time of blessing we have had at An-king. .. Parrott wrote of one meeting in which prayer with thanksgiving. to the waiting upon God of this and of other special meetings toward the close of the year. Taylor had paid another visit to the district in which he had found a few months previously so much work love. and 7-9 A. and a work of grace was the result.

One of them. not to speak of about a hundred native helpers. and Mr. until the needs of the month were all met without our having been burdened with anxious thought even for an hour. asking Him what was to be done with less than ninety-seven pounds sum it was impossible to distribute over seventy stations in " We letters (the . There. about which several circular letters were sent to all the stations. too. and more than that number of native children to be fed and clothed in our Having first rolled the burden on the Lord. . only £96 9 5. *' Soon the answers began to come kind gifts from local friends who Uttle knew the pecuUar value of their donations.' Thus the Lord made our hearts sing for joy. including their \vives. faith was encouraged by answers to prayer in the matter of funds." * One outgrowth of the manifold testings of this year was the increasing attention given to the question of organisation within the Mission. they were looking with special expectancy for the home remittance. Coulthard had for some time been acting as Mr. We had similar experiences in November and again in December and on each occasion. Taylor would have been glad to entrust extra supphes definite for their own and other stations. autumn journeys having to be provided for those who were going up country. Early in October. I then schools. after spreading the letter before the Lord and leaving the burden with Him. and we unitedly looked to Him to come to our aid but no hint as to our circumstances was allowed to reach any one outside. my feehngs I shall not soon forget " I closed the envelope again. Taylor begun to see his way at length to returning to England. knelt down and spread the letter before the Lord. to whom Mr. for example. especially in financial matters for the western and north-western provinces. Parrott as Corresponding Secretary dealing with letters that did not need the Director's personal attention. — ." he recalled. mentioned the matter to others of our own Mission in Chefoo. and seeking my room. and help in other ways. was at Chefoo that the later months of the year were ^ spent and some of its most important work accomphshed and there Mr.a 368 It THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD . and provided through local contributions in China for the . we were helped. ' needs of the work as never before nor since. gave permanence to the arrangement by which Mr. instead of seven or eight hundred pounds for the month's supplies. : : I — which were eighty or ninety missionaries. Taylor's repre- sentative at Wu-chang. dated August 12. were at table. " when we received our and when on opening one of them I home mail) found. 1882.

Taylor. Taylor wrote in recalling this experience. by leading some one of His wealthy stewards to make room for a large blessing for himself and his family by giving hberally to this special object. Ask of Me. " We knew that our Father loves to please His children. Nor was this all. No account of that special prayer-meeting had been written home. " what father does not ? And we asked Him lovingly to please us. as well as to encourage timid ones at home. and the few who were present were . ** " The April China's Millions there came to hand. Letters received had shown how really concerned were some of the workers and friends of the Mission as to the appeal for the Seventy." he wrote. contributed by friends whose confidence — he enjoyed in a special way. Mr. It was at one of the daily prayer meetings at Chefoo. Taylor sailed for England. and it was not until they stopped at Aden that he learned the sequel. and Mrs. Broomhall had the great and unexpected joy of receiving on the second of February a sum of three thousand pounds for work in China." A few days later Mr. conscious of much liberty in laying their request before God. Taylor took the opportunity of visiting Mr. nor could a letter of that date have reached London until the end of March. with the text. and I will give thee the heathen for thine inherit2 B ' . It had been kept in the background as much as possible. on or about the first of February (1883). On landing at Marseilles. who by no means ignored the difficulty. But at Pyrland Road. felt it laid on his heart to ask the Lord to put His seal upon the matter in a way that could not be mistaken. Taylor's suggestion that they should unite in asking some definite " token for good " of the same sort to strengthen faith at home. and not to friends in England." Mr. just because it seemed too great an advance to contemplate at such a time and Mr. Mr. the little circle at Chefoo were the more prepared for Mr.— DEEPER DOWN 369 Encouraged in this way to remember that it was the Lord to Whom they must look. Berger at Cannes. and I found in the list of donations this three thousand pounds. acknowledged under the date of February 2.

.: 370 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD ance. £1000 Mother . and the uttermost parts of the earth for thy possession/ as follows Father . . .

" " The whole passage had been made a great blessing to me. silent in His love ? " Oh. Before leaving China he had been much impressed with the prophecy of Zephaniah. how little had either Mr." but it was not until I reached Paris that I learned the full preciousness of this clause. he said. He will rejoice over thee with thee is mighty He will rest (or " be silent ") in His love. For there I was met by my beloved wife (after a separation of fifteen months). He will joy joy over thee with singing. or Mrs. especially the closing chapter with its wonderful revelation " The Lord thy God in the midst of of the heart of God He will save. I could only take her hand and be silent was too deep for words.CHAPTER XXVI ABOVE ALL THAT YE ASK 1883-1884." : ! : . 51-52. though she had so much to say and the joy I had too. Broomhall's unwearied labours had told especially in the 371 . what must it be when He is And that love is drawn out by our trust. Aet. Then it came home to me if all this of earthly affection is but the type. it is such a pity to hinder — : ' ' ! Reaching home at the end of March. Paris and Easter-tide Taylor in their long separation imagined such a setting for Even the day or two the reunion that came at length spent at Cannes had seemed long when the traveller learned who was coming to meet him. Mr. and soon had cause to notice the new position accorded to the Mission in the esteem of the Christian public. and as we sat side by side in the cab. The eight years of Mr. Taylor was in good time for spring and summer meetings. .

" — ! There are to his castle. . " Most heartily do I join you in praying for seventy more labourers but do not stop at seventy Surely we shall see greater things than these. too. if we are empty of self and only seeking God's glory and the salvation of souls. is deeply interesting from this point of view." " Will you do me the kindness." wrote Mr. old and young. therefore meetings in all direcsoon claimed the leader of the Mission the untions obtrusive man so sure of his great God The correspondence of the next two years. " You are a great help to us in England by If " of a child at .372 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD which was his forte ^that of inspiring confidence and making friends." wrote Lord Radstock from the Continent. rich and poor. . In many parts of the country people were wanting to hear how the seemingly impossible had been how. and Miss Macpherson to Bethnal Green. strengthening our faith." istic invitations to the Tabernacle. with a cheque for 5^500. Andrew Bonar came a hundred pounds. — being gathered." was the charming communication Cambridge to whom " Hudson Taylor " was a household word." " Much love to you in the Lord. letters from the nobleman inviting Mr. " I want to send you the money I have saved up to help the little boys and girls of China to love Jesus. without appeals for money or even brought to pass and how in the collections. the period of Mr. to a remarkable degree. Taylor and from the old family servant. forwarded from an unknown Presbyterian friend " who Spurgeon sent his charactercares for the land of Sinim. Taylor's stay in England. sending a gift . Meetings. women as well as men. . in the Master's name. the work had been sustained most distant parts of China little groups of converts were direction . " to give a Bible reading in my house to about and spend the night with us ? Please do us sixty people this favour. To him who had never sought it had come the loving appreciation of high and low. — — — ! you are not dead yet. in effecting a settled residence in almost all the inland provinces had called forth thanksgiving to God. the achievements of the pioneers. Berger. Then. " My heart is still in the glorious work." urged Canon Wilberforce of Southampton." From Dr.

never yet learned to trust the Lord. for I knew everything. Taylor to stop We were only twelve all told on that occasion. continued to this day.'* wrote one of / the new friends of this year (the Rev. Taylor began to speak. became not only one of Mr. " Never can I forget a meeting in our schoolroom one summer evening (June 1883). and of his preparation for the work in China to which the Lord had called him.. was overwhelming. I saw a little of what consecraand as I began to yield myself to God. Luce of Gloucester)." " To me. and spirit. Taylor's best-loved friends. — ^ And Mr. as I thought. ledge of God. and a group of young men gathered round him while he told in the simplest way the story of his student days. I had to ask Mr. : . .^ Behind it aU was a wealth of faith and knowwhat he did. I felt as though I had never yet given up anything for Christ. who wished he could have gone to China. . The fountains of my inmost being were broken up . The effect on my own spirit. J. undying force to. .ABOVE ALL THAT YE ASK for all." she continued.. and of experience in His ways. she expected nothing but weariness from the missionary meeting. that made you feel a dwarf indeed in comparison. Ught and gladness came into my life streams that have been flowing ever since. . And there are letters. above not through Mr." ." — ' . Luce himself. but through his personality telling of blessing received in the meetings. but a member of the London Council and a true prayer helper in the Mission a ministry . 373 China after his departure. and I think upon others too. " a great calm and stillness came over me a fresh revelation of God's coming down to meet human need. 1883 was a place of great darkness. I was so moved that my heart was broken." wrote a godly woman occupying a position of influence. J. It was an after-meeting at the close of a Convention for the Deepening of Spiritual Life. " and the foundations I did not speak to any one of what I was of faith were shaken. " It was the man himself we were drawn to.. Taylor's addresses only. fresh tion reaUy meant hope. . but three went ^ to China as a result. Constrained by the duties of her position to attend a conference of which her husband was Convener.. to which she went conscious of " intense soul-hunger." " As Mr. . under- neath rebellion and unbelief. " It was what he was that gave such sweet. in theory. passing through.

whatever else he might say." Mr. especially power of the Holy Spirit which " was intense. well of other missions. a . we might conclude that he had been wholly So fully these ways that . almost apologetically. rather. .374 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD . . and gave their Hves to God for His service. People had received so much that they felt they could give anything. he was always ready to His heart and mind were full of that. Taylor's humility more than anything "or the way. Some give to you. Mrs. ! : — At the Salisbury Conference Canon Thwaites was impressed with Mr. rings and the Hke. that his great desire was that no funds should be and diverted from other societies to the China Inland Mission that it was for this reason he had taken up lines of working which he hoped would preclude interference with other organisato speak Nothing gave him more genuine pleasure than "" tions. " Oh. in next day. Fifteen or sixteen offers for the mission-field were the result. handed over watches. No reference was made on that occasion to the Inland Mission. Taylor access to representative audiences opportunities he did not fail to make use of. the dignified way in which his Instead of hfe of faith was hved out. though they may not do he never. " you could be quite sure that. and a whole jewelry case was sent were Mr. in which God clothed him with else — Yet there was power in his addresses. In spite of there being no collection. the self-emptied spirit. Many conferences that summer and autumn gave Mr. Taylor's time and strength occupied in it is amazing to find how much he was doing all the while of correspondence and his own special work in the Mission. Often I used to hear him explain. Luce recalled. Thwaites hardly knew how to write. chains. he was speaking." so in actual words " When .*' in the missionary meeting. he would make no plea for funds. humility. but it was for China that lives were consecrated and money flowed in. stripped themselves of their jewels. the reality of it all wanting to get anything out of you. . though in a way all his own. almost awful " and of the praise meeting with which the Conference ended. people seem to be asking all the time. people emptied their purses. From a pair of substantial manuscript books lying before us.

and local as well as general developments will be facilitated. through the district Superintendents. all this no new principle will be introduced. It will also make apparent what has all along been the case that all important measures are adopted only after full conference with those best quahfied to throw light upon them.. The plan I now propose will. and after five months at home busy though he was with Summer Conferences he sent out a carefully considered letter to all the members of the Mission. bring me into conference with all our missionaries of experience. out in China the need for reinforcements was Five only had been sent out in the first increasingly felt. Much prayerful thought was being given also to a subject second to none in its importance.ABOVE ALL THAT YE ASK tinuously 375 engrossed in directorial duties. fully taken up with travelHng and meetings. I have hitherto had the opportunity of conferring only with those of our number who might be within reach. instead of being almost conengaged in meetings. may may themselves be Superintendents of districts. stating what v/as proposed and asking their judgement. and that at irregular intervals. with a line as to their contents and the other is filled in the same way with particulars about home correspondence. Mr.^ Meanwhile. and will secure an increasingly effective supervision of the whole work. Taylor personally (Mrs. Many local matters can thus be locally considered and attended to without delay. yet our work will be rendered capable of indefinite expansion while maintaining its original character. I shall be glad to hear from you how these suggestions strike you. and how far they commend themselves to your mind. on the China side of things especially. Taylor was seeking light upon how to prepare for the larger growth that was coming." — . 24." Mr. 1883). Taylor wrote (Aug. that of organisation within the Mission.. . But our home arrangement of assisting the Director by a Council may be introduced into the China work the members of that Council . One of these volumes contains a list of his China letters ^when received. From this source alone one learns of two thousand six hundred letters attended to by Mr. but fifteen sailed in the months that — — * " It is important to secure that no contingency shall alter the character of the Mission. quarter of the year. in which capacity they In in their turn be assisted by district Councils of our missionaries. " or throw us off those lines which God has so signally owned and blessed from the commencement. Taylor often acting as his amanuensis) during a period of ten months. when answered. Little wonder he began to need a private — — secretary. In frequent meetings with the Council and in private conversations.

. The odour in the room was overpowering. J. but having no isolation ward was reluctantly compelled to refuse the poor man admission. us. " and trust that warm-hearted. " We look anxiously for news of the coming Seventy. of God might be raised up for how labouring beyond his strength he was becoming known not only as the wonder-working doctor. day by day. and crept into a small room near the entrance. with its teeming millions how stealing time from work and rest he was giving himself to . who could restore sight to the blind and almost raise prayer. with whom Mr. To the crowded dispensary there came a patient with virulent diphtheria. Taylor's return was Mr.^ Mission. in which before morning he died. the unwearied preacher with the heart of love.376 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD and many fresh candidates were in touch with the followed. the capital of the adjoining : province. Marcus Wood. but as the man with a message. There are now three or four towns within a day or two's journey. Dr. Some of them are not only grateful. three of them double in each of which we have old patients cataract cases who can see well. and a glance revealed the danger to which he and others were exposed. and hope that at least four of them will come to this province. for has recently been associated. Schofield sent a special plea We are praying daily for the seventy new labourers." wrote Mr. waiting land. that men . Hay ward. earnest brothers may join us here. many years Treasurer in Shanghai. the three happiest years of after only three years in China — 1 The first now and for many to sail after Mr. years the beloved Secretary of the Mission in England. I — He did not say how deeply he was burdened for the whole. but were seemingly interested in the Gospel while with These openings I long to see followed up." And from Tai-yuan-fu. The doctor did what he could. Easton from the north-western province of Shen-si. N. Hearing to his concern that a patient had passed awa}^ the doctor hastened to the spot. In the prime of his manhood. its evangelisation the dead. great. Returning later. he managed to elude the gate-keeper. however.

and making time at any cost foi. denying himself rest and recreation. But the prayers of those last months had not been in vain. more in harmony with His Who " made Himself of no reputation " that dying souls might hve. But why recall it now ? What had it to do with the special developments of 1883 ? Only this that Schofield died praying. who had taken more than £1400 in scholarships. It was the ist of August when Harold Schofield. he said. was in due course to replace his own." whose going out awakened a new spirit indeed throughout the universities P. 377 as he had written more than once Harold Schowork on earth was done. and raise up men of gifts and education for His work among the heathen. full field's — — _as they were of splendid service. News of his death. stricken with a malignant fever." he prayed for a new spirit to come over Christian thinking. but that very day a letter came to him in the north of England that one cannot but connect with Dr. Stanley Jiad — . waiting upon God. There was no Student Christian Federation in those days. laid down his hfe in the work he so truly loved. though cabled to England. his chief pre-occupation been prayer. E. During all the later months of his life. He asked an interview with Mr. did not reach Mr. For this he would leave wife and children. . signing the name that. Smith coming up from Trinity College and his exploits on the river. Taylor. Himself a distinguished prizeman. And the petition he urged with special fervency was that God would touch the young life of our universities. for the work of the China Inland Mission. D. Taylor immediately. Schofield's prayers. It was China that was on his heart and the sleeping Church at home. Hoste writing from Sandown Fort in July.ABOVE ALL THAT YE ASK his life. It was from a young officer in the Royal Artillery who had for some time been thinking of offering himself. little as either of them could suppose it. no Volunteer Movement in any of the Colleges. he knew well the value of thorough mental training and remembering all that had been said in his own case about " sacrifice of brilliant prospects. these and the others who joined them making the well-known " Cambridge Seven.

It was the last of the three years in which the Seventy were to be given. what shall be said of 1884. and through them of ^what were they but the answer to those sacred world the which a believing heart had entered into fellowin pleadings ship with God ? — " I have sometimes thought/* wrote the author of The Evangelisation of the World. . . in which Mr. according to and given the faith that had received them from the Lord they were in royal fashion—most of the large party that sailed toward the end of October being over and above the number. which. formed the nucleus of the present invaluable Training Home for the study of the language (still under Miss Murray's care). he had finished the work God had given him to ^ do. . and so was taken to his eternal reward. no books so influenced his career as The Evangelisation of the World and Blaikie's Personal Life of Livingstone. Often must Mr." work : ' ' But if 1883 was memorable.378 of the THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD United Kingdom and America. sent to China. B. this remarkable work by Mr. Broomhall had a large circulation. and powerfully influenced the founders of the Student Volunteer Movement which came into existence a few months later. ." Apart from the Bible. 2 This was Miss Murray's party. 2 Forty-six in all were sent out during the twelve months and it was not only the number but the calibre of the workers that was remarkable. and the movement into which these young men came ? It was a rising a year of intense tide indeed of spiritual power and blessing activity. Taylor have been reminded of the prayer going up from many hearts that the Seventy might be God-sends as well as God. Robert Speer has stated. Pierson characterised as " the epiphany of youth. having of Harold Schofield's life was accomphshed prayed thus. and the flowing in of sympathy and gifts as never before a year of harvest in the matter of new friends and workers and above all a year of close and constant dependence upon God. . a year of incessant meetings. proceeding at once to Yangchow. Taylor seemed to do the work of ten . Dr. and which Dr. " that in those prayers the greatest that. T. And here attention may well be drawn to some of the outside influences that contributed to the developments of 1 Published a year or two later (1885) under the title A Missionary Band. with its many causes for encouragement. and included the httle band who were used of God to inaugurate the now fruitful and extensive work on the Kwang-sin River. A.

and the big map we M'Carthy's walk across carried with us made it all so real. equally simple and God-honouring. Nobody else had such a story to tell in those days. chief among which was the second visit of Messrs. The foundations of the CJ. including the appeal for the Eighteen and the opening up of inland China and now^ when a fresh advance was to be made in missionary enterprise. " That was the book that did the work." said Mr. Many new friends were attached to the Mission as a result. " It was a time of remarkable progress. and within the Mission itself all was hope and courage. Moody's first visit in 1873 had brought to the front again the supreme duty of soul. duced us to many new circles. Moody and Sankey to the United Kingdom. the attractive edition of 1884." who was . Who shall say how much the world-wide work of foreign missions owes to these devoted . and neither labour nor forethought were spared in making the most of them. preparing the way for many a forward movement. the heart of Christian England was being stirred to its depths by a practical. were laid. evangelists ? Then there was a book. China's Spiritual Need and Claims had about it a living power. China was of unique interest. It was a new thing to be able to tell of China open from end to end. " At a single meeting five just home from Burma. at a time when the spiritual life of the churches had been marvellously quickened by the Great Revival of 1859. it had been used of God continually and now enlarged to call forth consecration in His service and brought up to date it was to have a new lease of life in spiritual influence in prayer from the .M. Edition after edition had been called for. as we have seen.ABOVE ALL THAT YE ASK 379 this wonderful year and the years that followed. Steeped first. just as no other mission had settled stations The outgoing of party after party introfar in the interior. Stevenson. Published many years before. overwhelming demonstration of the power of the Gospel. pounds' worth would be purchased.winning. and always the same deep seemed to flow from its pages. Everywhere we had splendid openings. and a constant stream of gifts flowed in. and I too had travelled overland from Bhamo to Shanghai.

my Thee. and leaving Mr. McCarthy had come. McCarthy on ahead to deal with the most pressing matters. It seemed as though the world were being moved in that Httle room. and Cassels." Life. Nothing of exciteStanley and Hoste Messrs. including the beloved aglow with holy enthusiasm. Quietly. and she could not be spared from home." wrote Mrs. when the unexpected happened. The outgoing of so many new workers urgently called for his presence in China. at the back of everything. " We had a glorious meeting. and apart altogether from . and with north up scenes stirring Smith. it Many were present. " Such power I think I never felt before. Hudson Taylor went forward in the spirit of Livingstone's entry in his journal for one of his last. and recruits got into line. with doors opening on every hand. i8). . my my whole self to King. lonely birthdays in — central Africa : again I dedicate "My Jesus. Stevenson to stand by Mr. From Mr. Broomhall and the Council for a while at home.— 38o THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD But still was in prayer the work was really done. and God's purposes broke in upon these well-laid plans with an overflowing fulness that carried all before it. Taylor of this occasion (Oct. him the presence of God and the however them. Stanley Smith. and Mrs. my All Sending Mr. Taylor was preparing to set out early in January with a party of young men. it was no easy matter to accommodate all who gathered on Saturday afternoon. Hoste. candidates applying and friends ready to help. Mr. When Miss Murray's party came up from Glasgow. the spiritual life was maintained at the heart of the Mission. Taylor were facing another long separation. He too seemed needed in England never more so. on their way to China. old friends Reginald Radchffe. Never had the daily and weekly prayer meetings been more full of power." In the midst of these experiences Mr. It came about very naturally. for example. including Messrs. Yet it was in China the fight had to be fought and the new So the parting had to come. followed ment sense of responsibility were too deep for that.

of Stanley " and to every one who knew Smith. Reginald RadcHffe came upon the scene world and whose the parish was whose fervent evangelist aim nothing less than that the Gospel should be preached " to every creature. also a university oar.P. W. Smith (stroke of the Cambridge Eight a couple of years previously) and the Rev. Then it was that. T. South Lambeth. E. D. T. Polhill. And word went round » By this time Messrs. A series of remarkespecially among their fellow-medicals. and A. Coming just at the time when those medical students were earnestly seeking guidance as to how to bring the claims of Christ before their fellows. provithat dentially." Loving Scotland with a special love.'* wrote Professor anjrthing of cricket so the name Studd was familiar. and the latter a Ridley Hall Theological student. C. Beauchamp. and now Bishop in Western China) had been joined by Mr.^ ABOVE ALL THAT YE ASK design or effort. for Bedford (" the former an officer in the 2nd Dragoon Guards. 381 In his History of the Church Missionary Mr. John's. nephew of Lord Radstock. W. Taylor's permission wrote to Professor Simpson to suggest that Studd and Stanley Smith should visit Edinburgh. Hoste and Stanley P. Montagu ex-captain of the Cambridge Eleven. sons of a late M. But they were too much occupied with preparations for an early departure to be able to follow up even such promising openings. Cambridge (late curate of All Souls. and both of them prominent Eton and Cambridge cricketers ") made up the party to seven a strong team from the university man's point of view. A little later Mr. Eugene Stock speaks of " the extraordinary interest aroused in the autumn of 1884 by the announcement that the captain of the Cambridge Eleven and the stroke oar of the Cambridge boat were going out as missionaries. Taylor and several of the outgoing party had won the sjnnpathies of the undergraduates for foreign missions as never before." When the news reached Edinburgh it deeply stirred a group of medical students who for some months had been burdened about the indifference to spiritual things in the university. and Messrs. able meetings had just been held at Oxford and Cambridge in which Mr. — . Society. and on obtaining Mr. Cassels of St. P. C. " the Many had heard of Charteris. the suggestion was hailed with — thankfulness. he longed to bring the outgoing band into touch with her university life. Studd.

spoke in such unconventional style. and the two mis- sionaries spoke. By the this time it of was becoming clear to Mr. especially from Edinburgh students. and had unfolded a plan for further meetings. Radcliffe the latter had seen the possibilities of such work. " The students were spellbound.382 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD ' our class rooms. that when they had done hundreds of students. he has unusual powers of thought.^ ^ " The visit of Messrs. who had httle thought of such a thing when they came into the hall. until he was ready to forsake father and mother. but he never went more straight at the mark in the cricket-field than he did in his manly narrative of the way God had led him for years. from stage to stage of the Christian life. may we go ? " ." wrote Mr. and in spite of the early date fixed for the sailing of the party it was hoped that Mr. and greatly must he have longed to make the most of his share in it. and utterance. well supported by Mr." when the train steamed away. He had hand been very conscious of the power of the Holy Spirit with those of the seven who had helped him in his meetings. . crowded round them to grasp their hand. Taylor that God was in the movement. and a colder man than he would have been roused by the audience to whom he was invited to tell how the love him to give up all home prospects and of Christ constrained go to far-off China to preach the Gospel." wrote the Rev. Taylor might accompany them. healthy manhood were so happy. Let us go and give the athlete missionaries a welcome " The ' ! men gathered —about a thousand. and were on the platform saying *' God speed you. Smith would have made his mark as an orator anywhere . home and friends. (Leicester) will Stanley Smith and Studd to Melbourne Hall always mark an epoch in my own life. Studd has not the gifts of an orator. and had seen the influence of their joyous consecration not over students only. because of his love for his Redeemer. Those two speakers were so manly types indeed of handsome. During their campaign with Mr. Invitations had been urgent to return to Scotland." ' ' — — But that was not to be the end of it. followed them to the train by which they were going right off to London. Landale who is home from China. Stanley Smith to the beloved " and if not. *' leader of the Mission Could you come. imagination. and others. but over leaders of Christian life and thought.

in the grey November morning. Meyer. They told. No . and reveahng the figures of the devoted Bible-students. duty clearly pointed in another direction. and of the joy of serving Him and they appealed to young men. always been his own ideal through the deepening of spiritual life among His people. and Mr. And that spirituahty marked most emphatically the densely crowded meetings in different places at which these seven men said farewell. And never shall I forget a scene at 7 A. and not of their own particular organisation. who wore the old cricketing or boating costume of earher days. for him. with Mr. but for their Divine Master. to render them less sensible of the raw. How his heart was in it all how he would have rejoiced to stay and help But. of the Lord's goodness to them. The talk then held was one of the formative influences of my life. paling the guttered candles. We have beF. B." continued the Editorial Secretary of the C..S. modestly and yet fearlessly. as dayUght was flickering into the bedroom.M. and then pacing weariedly over leagues of grey ashes and cold cinders. the campaign that was to be so far-reaching in its results.^ The irresistible. when all the outgoing party were present meeting which in measure prepared him for Mr.: a . Eugene ! : — — Stock's comment influence of such a band of men going to China was such event had occurred before and no event of the century had done so much to arouse the minds of Christian men to the tremendous claims of the Field. fitful . . " was a just reward to Mr. I saw that these young men had something which I had not. Broomhall and others. damp climate. ABOVE ALL THAT YE ASK 383 : The whole thing was beginning to stand out before him the uniqueness of the opportunity and of the band of fellowworkers who had been given him the evident purpose of the Lord of the Harvest to use them along lines that had . and now — . to thrust out many fresh labourers into His harvest. Radcliffe undertaking. but which was within them a constant source of rest and strength and joy. Taylor going on ahead to get through important matters awaiting his attention in Shanghai. " Before that time my Christian life had been spasmodic flaming up with enthusiasm. Thus then it was arranged Mr. not for their Mission. Hudson Taylor and his colleagues for the genuine unselfishness with which they had always pleaded the cause of China and the world. Taylor had at Exeter Hall. No such missionary meeting had ever been known as the final gathering at Exeter Hall on February 4." ^ " The gift of such a band to the China Inland Mission truly it was a gift from God. and the nobihty of the missionary vocation.M. and for the deep spirituahty which had always marked their meetings. One notable meeting Mr. 1885. which from a very early hour had been lighting up the page of Scripture.

vol. but it was a new thing then. And in a blinding snow-storm.) . especially if they desired to identify themselves with the people along the lines of the C." was the young " and with his heart more than ever officer's only comment. their cast in chiefly in times of prayer at Pyrland and done. one of the Cambridge Party recalled — ! Mr. in China." (From The History of the . of the Mission that had closed its latest balance sheet with only ten pounds in hand '* ten pounds and all the promises of God/' But how small a matter this seemed with the presence of the Lord Himself so consciously It never had been Mr. Taylor's way to minimise the felt trials that awaited young workers in China.M. and also many trials of faith." come familiar since then with meetings more or less of the same type. exposure to the hostility of the people and the contempt of his own countrymen. as knit to their leader on these occasions the poverty.: : ! 384 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD But it was not in public gatherings that these men were and the Mission with which they had was behind the scenes in quiet hours It lot. " Mr. Church Missionary Society. privation. Taylor was careful to set before him the real character work in inland China. was the work There was no disguising of 1884. as the traveller's heart was that morning from the northern capital " Two thousand students last night It is the full of praise for he crossed France alone. sorneof the party were again in Scotland. Speaking of himself in the third person. as far as material resources were concerned. patience and constancy. which so far outweighed anything of worldly advantage they were laying down. iii. p. Hoste went away deeply impressed with the character of the man with whom he had been speaking. news received only —wonderful times Lord. When Mr.I. In many ways the Church Missionary Society owes a deep debt of gratitude to the China Inland Mission and the Cam- and it was by bridge Seven. rejoicing to tell of all the wealth they were finding in deeper fellowship with Christ. day last the on Road. telling him quite plainly that it involved isolation." missionary a becoming upon set of life aiid Very memorable to such a spirit was that New Year's Eve spent in prayer and fasting. The Lord Himself spoke through them His grace that the Society had ears to hear. 285. Taylor left London three weeks later.

His fellow-workers. of earnest eyes. for Christ was the beginning. Pleasures and powers that are not and that are. How little the Church yet knows of her glorious Lord. that missionary work can ever be counted sacrifice To be His ambassadors. He had been making the most of an empty side of a carriage when. Aye. and that it was so still comes out very simply in a letter written as he was crossing France. Doth not despise all excellence beside Him. that one moment has the least descried Him. amid all men bear himself thereafter Smit with a solemn and a sweet surprise. Who. thro' life. for the end is Christ. Christ the beginning. to share in some measure *' the fellowship of His sufferings.CHAPTER XXVII THE PRICE OF PROGRESS 1885-1886. Dimly and faintly. Dumb to their scorn and turning on their laughter Only the dominance Yes. Aet. additional travellers entered in the middle of the night." that we may " know Him and the power of His resurrection " and " in some deeper. fuller sense " win Christ how can it but be gain. at Lyons. Myers. 53-54. hidden and afar. on account ! — 385 2C . Taylor's heart. infinite and eternal ? Long had this been the attitude of Mr. for He hath sufficed : Christ is the end. thro' sorrow and thro' sinning. His witnesses. He shall suffice me. He judged them to be a newly married couple. death.

386 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD and at first felt disposed to regret for lie of their evident youth. Do I love Him so ? I Is He reaUy aU in ah to me V I take my eyes off Him ? Is it obfivious of aU others. But most of aU. he almost flew to procure it and what something at a station Some smiled. in everything. but Jesus is very real. at a time of unparalleled great. my precious one. included to please Him ? " Oh. and to me in your absence. I trust. He will save aU the time. There was something about their ways one could not describe. as '* time passes on. Am — — ! has lasted so many years. growth and extension in the Mission." wrote Dr. " But they taught me a lesson. 28. sibility in Soon we shall be in the midst of the battle. Moxey of this second visit. which told how fully they were all in Her eyes followed his every movement. Darling that love did me good. shall we ? Nearing Shanghai some weeks later. If all to each other." will save *' . We shall never be alone. so we will trust and not be afraid. too." he wrote to the loved one left behind. she touched him. let us seek to be more to our Lord. He will be a satisfying portion to you during my absence. and will last. ' ' : Meanwhile. the loss of space to down. " The French lady seemed simply to adore her husband. there was something indescribable in the They were oblivious of every one else. he was very weary. thanks her eyes gave him How infinitely more worthy is my Lord of adoring love How much more He loves than this young husband can be He has died for me He fives for me He delights to me Cannot give me the desires of my heart. because of His presence and love ? joy to leave aU you. in Edinburgh. '85) "but the Lord our God in the He midst of us is mighty. But I said to myself. among it was " Students." he wrote from the China Sea (Feb. " are apt to regard professedly religious people of . . to find more in our Lord. the movement begun the students was not only growing in popularity. The pain of parting is very real. the sense of responconnection with all that lay before him was very An absence of two years. taking on a deeper tone. like other young men. meant that many problems would await him for which he had neither wisdom nor strength. and does still. She wished for touch. Let us be thankful that our honeymoon : — I ' 1 ! .

" " We ." " We had a wonderful time. What must I do to be saved ? " 1 . C. To the men whom God had so signally used we said." said Studd in " I have had many ways of pleasure in my time. but got permission to remam till midnight and up to that hour the floor was covered with men anxiously inquiring. capsized their theory and when Mr. stretched out in entreaty.' " We met in the same hall. whose name is to them familiar as perhaps the greatest gentleman bowler in England. and the great hall was covered with men anxious about Christians were stimulated all round. Master. but I can pleasures are as nothing compared with ^ and have tasted most of the tell you that these my present joy. while he eloquently told out the old story of Redeeming Love." continued the same writer. We ought to have left by half-past ten. to be followed in the after-meeting by the glorious sight of professors dealing with students. and many their souls. * ' The precious days of January (1885) were hastening on. I beUeve came that night to an out-and-out decision for God." wrote one of the undergraduates. " I want to recommend to you my his last address to the men of his own university. ' back ' ? ' " They said. muscular hands and long arms of the excaptain of the Cambridge Eight. supplemented his brother athlete's words by quiet but intense and burning utterances of personal testimony to the love and power of a personal Saviour. Studd. and professors and students together were seen in tears. opposition and criticism were alike disarmed. " I should think three-fourths of that meeting waited to an aftermeeting. " Professor Drummond took up the meetings. we are going to the West. Well. then. and I think that I never saw a meeting like that.THE PRICE OF PROGRESS their 387 own age cricket-field. Can you not possibly come . Every Sunday evening the Oddfellows' Hall was crowded with students. We are to pass this way again on Friday. and it yet remained to pay farewell visits to Oxford and Cambridge. We had obtained a special lease of the hall. unfit for the river or for psalm-singing and pulling a long face. T. " The following evening we met again in the Free Assembly Hall. dehghts this world can give . and each address was followed by an after-meeting. Many students during that never-to-be-forgotten winter session (1884-1885) were converted. and if you can arrange it shall be glad to meet your students again. I were then unable to stop. and again had times of great blessing. and students with one another. But the big. as wanting and only good in manliness.

how great he would rise up with his bat. We who can recollect the strong man. how grand an ovation he would receive as captain of the victorious eleven after some international contest. " and a striking testimony to the power of the uplifted Christ to draw to Himself not the weak. and in the new service finds a satisfac! " What tion far excelling the old. rationally and willingly. and he submits Uke a captive to it. after all. j / / " It was a sight to stir the blood.C.388 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD . " what were the main reasons for the might of a movement which has drawn to it man after man of a very noble type. C. the emotional. From Exeter Hall in London (headquarters of the Y. life. with his eyes open. D. and of just the qualities most influential in the young Cambridge My main reasons. to serve and please Him." on the game : a priceless testimony is this to spiritual realities. ^the uncompromising spirituality and unworldliness of the programme of the Mission. but all that is noblest in strength \ and finest in culture. and multitudes everjrvvhere wanted to see and hear for themselves. the iUiterate only." It was this hidden pow^er. but simply says that a stronger fascination has come over him.M. and the departure of the missionaries was delayed another day to make it possible. who know how such a man is sought out. reduced themselves to one world. Searle." commented the Master of Pembroke. this spring of inward joy that was so attractive. . Fresh from the moving scenes at Oxford and Cambridge the whole party came up to London for this last farewell. responded to by hearts which have — » The Rev. plainly he has demonstrated that there are unseen powers that sway a man's heart much more forcibly than any motives of the world. and the great hall was densely crowded. can in some measure estimate his sacrifice. had formerly as much love for cricket as any man could have but when the Lord Jesus came into my heart I found that I had something infinitely better.D." said a thoughtful observer in The Record. or rather the new For he was not leading a sinful force that has laid hold of him." " I could not but ponder." wrote a correspondent of The Nonconformist.) came an urgent request for one last meeting.A. My heart Wcis no longer set I wanted to win souls. E. with what force he would hurl his ball.'^ " What a victory is scored to faith for however eccentric his conduct may be thought. caressed and idohsed.

" he said. with between three and four thousand students. Some of our best-known professors and assistant prohave been actively engaged in it. we cannot estimate them. the present sanctifying power of the Spirit. Peking and elsewhere on arrival. the work is spreading in all its depth and reahty throughout the whole country. I have just to ask you to praise God with me. And. called out." In the following year. that such a meeting should have been held in connection with any missionary enterprise of mixed aims. " is that of a movement. I might almost say. perhaps the most wonderful that ever had place in the history of university students.M. . and the loss of the soul as the alternative. for sending among us those two missionaries-elect of the China Inland Mission. in London to tell of further develop- ments : " The story with which I have to deal. Studd and Stanley Smith. as one result. as the students of these universities have gone far and wide. . And. and they .. so meetings were curtailed. or in which such great truths as personal conversion. * Three months later (May 1885) an Edinburgh student came up to the Annual Meetings of the C. our scholars. were ignored. a similar work of grace commenced among university men in North America. . the absolute necessity among the heathen of faith in Christ for salvation. throughout the world. and others in Shanghai. present peace and joy in beUeving.. or treated with Nor could such a profound interest possibly be hesitation. " The present work has been carried forward by the very best men in our university. ." ^ in All this was a great joy to Mr. .THE PRICE OF PROGRESS 389 truly laid all at the Lord's feet.. our bursars. certainly the strangest that ever took place in the I have to tell you how our great Edinburgh history of Scottish universities. University and the aUied medical schools.. scores of men have given themselves to missionary work. did the work not demand of the workers very real and manifest self-sacrifice and acts of faith. already. And among the students fessors it has not been any one set. our prize-men these have been among the most prominent in carrying forward this work. Taylor and those with him so also were the meetings he had arranged for China the Cambridge Band at various ports on the way out. impossible. from which developed the Student Volunteer Movement and ultimately the World's Student Christian Federation. — . back of it all. and have entered on medical courses in preparation for it. I venture to pronounce it inconceivable. is to be counted by hundreds and not by scores.I. have been shaken to their very depths how the work has spread to all the other universities of Scotland and how. even in our own university. As to results. and with Edinburgh University. one remembers Harold Schofield's prayers. but our best intellects. as I said before. To get the young men into work studying the language was important however. and whose delight is in the most open confession of His Name and its power upon themselves. . our medalUsts. I believe that the number of conversions. .

especially in the province of Shan-si. " Borne on a great wave of fervent enthusiasm. has been accomplished.— 390 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD were soon on their way. but I ! — . but against the principalities. Taylor at home and it was important to establish training centres for the study of the language. in preparing for their life-w^ork. and at the close of 1885. Taylor wrote : year ago I thought to be back in England ere December seem to be as far from it as on landing. Mr. whatever that per- A was out. and to see something of the work in the interior. : fecting may mean or involve. and not a little suffered but He knows all about that. against the powers. For himself. to assist the Director or his Deputy. in view of his necessary absences from the field. in which new arrivals. . A China Council also was desirable. Seen in the light of subsequent developments it was to be expected that the great adversary would leave no stone unturned to hinder and if possible frustrate these purposes. against the worldrulers of this darkness. there being much of importance to require his presence at home. wonderful things were yet to happen. as the London Council had long helped Mr. He hoped to give effect. on this sixth visit. to the plans for organisation that had been maturing in his mind. and some one who could be associated with himself as Deputy Director. The time had come when superintendents were needed to afford help and guidance to the largely increased number of recruits. " Our wrestling is not against flesh and blood. Taylor was not expecting to be long detained in China. Month after month went by. against the spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places. Not that nothing has been done A great deal. Such a hand-to-hand conflict with the powers of darkness as I have seldom known has been no small part of the work of the year but " hitherto the Lord hath helped us " and He will perfect that which concerns us. men and women respectively. could have experienced help . to the interior northward to Shan-si and westward to Han-chung-fu. thank God. and the enemy seems to have been prepared at every point to oppose and hinder." Wonderful things had been happening in connection with the Mission. in Chinese dress." as Mr. Mr.

The Lord our God in the midst of Flesh and heart let us trust Him. It is easy enough to fancy we are weaned children when we don't mind much the thing we miss but at other times and about other things we are less in danger of making this mistake. . '* There must be a good deal more effected by pain.. : ! blessing. Pray very much. : many were and as the the revealing passages in . Great Oct. often fail let them fail pray constantly. mentioning busy just now no fewer than seven causes of special anxiety." he wrote to Mrs. 15 only rest is in God. and Him. The motto must be changed. and shaU triumph gloriously. have it much impressed on my heart to plead mightily for a special outpouring of the Holy Spirit on those who cause most concern. else could he unburden his heart separation lengthened. trial.. So long as the motto practically is " Not Christ but I. This is what they need this would put aU right.. Hudson Taylor had to fathom the other side of that experience. and nothing else will.THE PRICE OF PROGRESS a 391 Eugene Stock expressed it. the flesh and the devil. " In the midst The work is wonderfully of it aU God is revealing Himself. " than we know of at present. Broomhall was writing from England but out in China. II I am sure you will pray hard for us. My is more than ever aU to me. It seems essentially connected with fruitfulness. Nov. I . but the Lord Satan harasses on aU sides heavy indeed. advancing. . 9 " It is three weeks to-day since I was out of doors. . . 14 I believe we are on the eve of great blessing. reigneth. and those who will have it are getting showers of I am resting in I : Nov. : ." our best organisation will never give the victory over the world. the work had been swept into new place in the sympathy and confidence of the Lord's '* people. for Satan rages against us." Mr. us is " mighty to save " He faileth not. Nov." To no one his letters. But God uses this most diligent though unwitting of His servants to refine and purify His people and to bring in the greatest blessings witness : is . Taylor a few weeks after landing. natural and spiritual. perhaps of great trial too.." he continued after an illness due to overstrain. " Satan is so there is trial on every hand ". But He great blessing are very present. The Mission has become popular. : ! — th^ Cross." The conflict Nov.

are being greatly used. despise. WLih. I look for a wonderful year. the training Soon it wdll all nor be dissatisfied be past and our . shall we not be willing. Thy heart could only love. abidfasting . O Lord. Unwearied in forgiveness still. and there is all the ordinary and extraordinary conflict. we must not pick our and discipline. There is much to distress. — ing blessings " ? And a couple his plans I of had all months later (March been broken up : 10) ." he wrote in January " I shall feel it dreadfully. No one dreams of the mighty work going on in connection with our Mission. 1886. . *' Sometimes I feel almost crushed by one thing and another but the wonderful progress. the wonderful love of most of our people. Your absence is a great and ever-present trial. . revile. The Lord help and comfort you. crosses. Ch Like Thee. . give us hearts to love like Thee. when once again do so comfort myself with that hymn ! : What grace.392 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD The winter months were the most painful. . Darling. But the encouragements are also wonderful no other word approaches the truth and half of them cannot be told in writing. O Lord. the effect that is being produced at home and abroad is worth the crushing of a score of us. " I am — — . And if you and I be the sacrifices (among others) shall we regret it I do not say complain ? Nay more. to grieve all Far more for others' sins than The wrongs that we receive. doubtless. Thy friends unfaithful prove . but it has to be gone through. eager to win at any cost (and God only knows how great it is) such real. Other Missions too. and beauty shone steps below all Around Thy What patient love was seen in Thy Hfe and death of woe 1 Thy foes might hate. wondering how you will bear the three months' from letters while I am inland. and Mr. Taylor was anticipating what it would mean to be without the comfort even of letters on the long journey he expected to take after the Chinese New Year. glad.

do not let them dream you are taking a higher place than their own leave God to show that in due time.'" . if we do. " why does Mr.^ Twice had serious the year. twice had a illness called life him to Yang-chow during of incalculable value to the Mission hung in the balance. You are really their head as you become their servant and helper. In answer to prayer. and the Mother of the heart that has poured itself whom As early as 1870. and the better ordering of business and financial matters in Shanghai w^re what ally . part of the outcome of his labours in 1885. 1871) " I wish you to feel responsible before the Lord for seeking to help the brethren in all these stations. : . Feel and evince a deep interest in all their out-stations and work generally. Satan's domain ." A year later he wrote again (Jan. The family feeling in the Mission had been very precious to its early workers. when men were only gradugrowing in fitness for various posts. " Lord. 18. And above all. Taylor speak of these things now ? But the long convalescence was brightened by a sense of call to much-needed women's training home ^ —the service . Taylor had sought to develop helpers upon he might devolve responsibiHty in the supervision of the work but as he wrote to Mr. . and the ability is only in and from the Lord. and the plan Mr. Miss Murray had been raised up." was all she could say at " first. Mr. 393 We we shall cannot expect lightly to assault be corrected.THE PRICE OF PROGRESS separations ovei for ever. arrangements for receiving new arrivals in suitable training homes where help could be given them with the language. : . it is difficult now that the organisation of the Mission is so complete to reahse it meant to work it all out. and as far as possible with them. Taylor direct about every matter in which advice and help were needed. I am so weak and ill. " such a position has to be gained. Taylor unfolded even when it seemed that she might never work again had been brought to fruition. Taylor's authority was apt to be regarded with misgivings if not opposed through misunderstanding. Much more of difficulty lay in the way of associating others with himself in these responsibilities than even he anticipated but the appointment of Superintendents for a number of provinces. Really help them really feel responsibiHty about them really pray much for them. and any delegation of Mr. who were accustomed to dealing with Mr. McCarthy at that time. As to the progress that was being made.

J. in Burma and elseof ten and a half years. the wise and prayerful leader was recognised for the post of Superintendent of the province and Pastor of the An-king church. W. The addresses embodied which has since. steps had been taken to improve and consolidate the work. Mr. spiritually. " had written before leaving my . the students had from the first an ideal teacher and friend. that it might become a helpful training centre for young men during their first months in China. assist. Taylor saw with thankfulness who was to be his own Deputy. while in Mr. in many editions.^ — . In Mr. Taylor wrote " He will in March (1886) to the members of the Mission. But the Guiding Hand had been preparing him and so real a blessing had come to for wider usefulness him. landing on Christmas Eve after an absence All that time. attained so wide a in the Retrospect were originally given in those meetings. to the refreshment circulation — — of all present. with Mr. W. accepted the position of Director's Deputy. Stevenson has.^ The older work in the province of Che-kiang was next organised. and deal with all questions brought before him by the Superintendents requiring immediate determination. shortly afterwards associated with him. and feel that it is one of the most * A week spent at that station in November 1885. But it was not until the close of the year that Mr. Cooper. where.M." England.I. Bailer. I am thankful to say. " I feel sure you will all share with me in thankfulness to God for this appointment. by visiting for me many places I cannot reach. enabled Mr.. " The Rev. Stevenson had returned to China. that he was ready to be a helper of many. Williamson of the Lammermuir party as his helper. when the training home was decided upon. he had often longed to be at work again in his old sphere. signed by the members of the Mission before leaving England. ' " Ever since the Keswick Convention.V. Taylor to hold a conference in which he went over the Principles and Practice of the C. Meadows (the senior member of the Mission) being appointed Superintendent. will represent me in my absence from China.394 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD out ever since in love and blessing reaching to every part came out of that illness ready for the of the Mission appointed task. At An-king also." Mr." he cup has been running over. Mr. D. With an exceptional record of varied and useful service behind him.

" and the only one in use at that time.na-experience or ability will avail for the important and jnomentous work they have undertaken. again and again. prevented by unavoidable circumstances from returning to his former sphere in Kwei-chow.THE PRICE OF PROGRESS 395 important steps in advance that we have recently been able to make. " The first cash-book I had handed to me.'^ . — — * Shortly afterwards Mr. . very different from the large until then." he recalled. for example. Card well in the business department and Miss Mary Black in charge of the Mission-house (Yuen-ming-yuen Buildings) were also much associated with Mr. Both the Tsien-tang and the Kwang-sin rivers were . that he may be spiritually sustained. Taylor was very particular about be balanced up to the cent. so demonstrated Mr. Mr. Taylor himself. and helped Without full spiritual power. Taylor wrote of him with thankfulness as second to none in his value to the Mission. I should ask your special prayers for Mr. and by crossing the watershed into the neighbouring province of Kiang-si it would take little longer to return by the Po-yang Lake than the other way. followed by eleven years in Shanghai as Treasurer. and that divine wisdom and grace may be given him for the weighty responsibiHties of and also that you wiU remember each of the Superhis post intendents in your prayers. yet endless complications detained him at Shanghai More than once he had been or called in other directions. was an ordinary threepenny account book [preferred. ledgers we use now and arranged with him about carrying on the work at Wu-chang rather than in Shanghai. details. — ! . consented to take up the account-keeping and statistics of the Mission. F. J. importance seemed to require his presence in Shan-si without delay. Far up the Tsien-tang river was a station he found himself obliged to visit. Taylor at this time. and it was not until the time on the point of starting twelve months and more after it had been really came expected that he began to see how wisely even the hindrances had been planned. in the discharge of their duties. Stevenson. Broumton. E. Broumton's ability and devotion to his arduous task that more than once Mr. It was midnight on the ist of May (1886) before the kverything had to transfer was made and we set off for the steamer. But for Miss Murray's illness combined with other delays. One thing that had tried Mr. he would not have taken a journey. that they may be blessed. Mr. for convenience in travelling] I took over the accounts from Mr. J." Five and a half years at Wu-chang. of Reasons ol his purpose to visit the northern provinces. Taylor a good deal all through 1885 had been the frustration. which proved of great importance.

she had spent a week in the county town of Changshan. But neither this nor any other consideration could keep visitors away. previous visit had met the converts gathered in through the labours of Captain Yii in the neighbourhood of Yii-shan." they said. then. and hoping that the complete change of boat-Ufe would help to re-establish Miss Murray's health. at their own a board floor and make other alterations in the .396 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD of exceptional beauty at that season. to put down in earnest that they were ready. which had never seemed more precious. " and we want a lady. and had rarely But one great difference For a young worker. a come over from what had been Dr. prayerful lives that were to become its channels of divine Six years had passed since Mr. he arranged for several of the Yang-chow party to accompany him. old story. where they might read and pray undisturbed. and from morning till night her room was besieged with women and Warm-hearted Agnes Gibson welcomed them all. girl of only twenty. If one visit of a week could bring about such a change. he noticed that was suggestive. Douthwaite's station. had recently . children. and spent her much-needed " holiday " in telling the old. Taylor on his blessing. however. what might not be accomplished if we had a seen even a passing missionary. On his previous visit the Christians had been all and only men and so bitter was the opposition of their women-folk that they had even rented a room for themselves. " We want a missionary of our own. Taylor found a marked change in the Sunday services. the months of May and June (1886) brought to that long-waiting district the loving hearts and earnest. his wife. sharing their home and sleeping in an attic to which she climbed by a ladder-like stair. The result was that when he came this second time Mr. Now. Lady-Teacher 1 all the time ? " ^ So much were they expense. the women were as much in evidence as the men. The little out-stations he had visited then among the hills and down the river were out-stations still. to take a few days' hohdays Cared for by the evangeUst and in that beautiful region. Thus. and a deputation of the latter waited upon him to point the moral.

and that the Lord had sent His own messengers. but you must help (Wang) Lae-djun to act in matters of You can speak privately to receiving and excluding as far as you can. " they read the Mandarin Testament as fluently as EngUsh. populous region their life-work. As early as 1 868. As he travelled with the Misses Murray and their young companions down the Kwang-sin river. and no light responsibility he assumed in consenting to let them undertake it. etc. Gibson and Gray to worker. And if the step cost him more.^ It was no easy work that lay before them. This he could not at the moment arrange for. Mission-house (toward which they had put aside ten dollars) if only Mr. cared for by native leaders ladies being still the only foreign missionaries. and settle down among making the evangelisation of this arranged for the Misses return with an older the native Christians. though ladies were appointed to the district soon after." he wrote — : . and within four years the Yii-shan Church alone had grown from about thirty to one hundred and eight members. never was confidence in God more fully justified than by the result. 397 This was unanswerable and it was moreover the very development Mr. there are over two thousand two hundred communicants and a large number of enquirers. " members of the Mission. pupils in schools. The station in question (Chang-shan) has now for many years been occupied by Miss Marie Guex from Vevey and her sister Madame Just. Taylor would send them a teacher of their own.^ THE PRICE OF PROGRESS . But with their hearts . of Chinese women. Mr. far more. in a complete chain of ten central stations and sixty out-stations. for which they had a memorable time of waiting upon God. not only by little groups of Christians in lonely out-stations but by the people everywhere. Swiss ^ at the time. he realised with thankfulness that the time had come. he could do no other. Taylor had written to Miss Faulding. passing city after city in which no voice was raised to tell of the love of Jesus as he saw the welcome with which these gentle visitors were received. As to Miss Mackintosh. or I-yang. drawn out with its in prayer for place after place — cities like Ho-kow eighty thousand. upon leaving Hang-chow " I do not know when I may be able to return. he Mackintosh. You cannot take a Pastor's place in name. Taylor had long desired to see." " Within the first year of Women's Work on the Kwang-sin river forty-two additional converts were baptized. They have been wonderfully prospered both in It would do you good to see them among a group their studies and work. Going forward therefore in faith. than his fellow-travellers could realise. Miss Gibson and Miss Gray. At the present time. and with few mistakes.. and it will not do for Church affairs to wait for me.

and other offers were being made for this particular property. But though he was in time. The clear duty was to refer the problem to Him. but the price was almost £2500. and He does not : ' ' . Thus'he may have the help he needs. in the confident expectation that He would deal with it in the way that was best. He Taylor found himself faced by a serious problem. that the ladies walk with God." . was answer then and there the Among the party just arrived from home was one who . had been interested meetings in candidates. China through Mr. united prayer. and suggest who you think he might receive next time they meet. If it were of Him for the Mission to have and use that plot of land. so that he had reached Shanghai earUer than could have been expected. Real estate could not but increase in value in such a locahty.398 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD Returning to Shanghai after six weeks' absence Mr. This then they did at the noon prayer and meeting (June 14) when no outsiders were present given. two acres in extent. Taylor's journey had been remarkably prospered. McCarthy's Large business and can be present at Church meetings. and there will be nothing that any one could regard as unseemly. He could bring it about. yet what was to be done ? recur One thing at any rate was possible the whole matter could be laid before the Lord in definite. as it happened. And He is faithful to the trust. and does keep those who are committed to Him. Taylor wrote in " The principal reasons to my mind for the safety and comfort July 1890 of Women's Work among the Chinese are. : . Happer of Canton. suggest questions to be asked of those desiring baptism. plot of land. Mr. in Scotland two years previously. on the very last day of an option obtained upon a building site in the Settlement that he It was a valuable greatly desired to purchase for future use. firstly. We expect Him to do it. arrived. disappoint us. In reply to a letter from Dr. he had not money in hand to If lost. and the beauty of holiness upon them gives a dignity before which lewdness cannot Hve and secondly. and might even. Then after the meeting you can talk privately with Lae-djun about them. that they are really entrusted to the care of the Lord Himself as their Escort. when commended to Him for their work. admirably situated for the purposes of the Mission. the opportunity would never justify the purchase. however unlikely it might seem. through others." Upon these lines the Kwang-sin river work has prospered by the blessing of God. It seemed providential that the last stages of Mr.

. Taylor set out on his northern journey.. full surrender of all present to Christ. . wonderful manifestation of Himself these last few days. I do wish you could have been with us last night. and have witnessed the deep. " Praise for twenty years of blessing from our gracious Father " the latter had written from Han-chung-fu on the anniversary of the sailing of the Lammermuir (May 26). . and also for the floods that have come down upon my beloved Brothers and Sisters at present We had the full tide last night. a wonderful answer to prayer. met one might almost say in that prayer-meeting. I am so overflowing with joy that I can scarcely trust myself to write. tidings from Mr. and heard the glad. " The blessing at the meetings with the native Christians . . and a wonderful anticipation of the enlargement in the Mission that was at hand. Unexpected delays in his coming out had coincided with delays in Mr. As long I do not think you would have slept much for delight. struggles and victories of all these years are part fibre.— THE PRICE OF PROGRESS responsibilities rested 399 upon him at that time. as is happily the case here. The outcome was a gift sufficient to cover the purchase of the entire property. Two days later Mr.. " The ! and parcel of the third decade witness mighty outgoings of power through the Mission that shall astonish fainthearted Christians and be a source of strength to all wholehearted followers of our risen Saviour. . But we are all satisfied that there are infinite stores yet at our disposal of grace and power. and it was not felt until he could see how these were to be cared for that he free to join the Inland Mission. He has done great things glory to His Name I do bless Him for the for us up here peace and joy that fill my soul. there need be no doubt regarding our success in China none. Taylor's northern journey. followed (though that was a later thought) by the still larger gift of all the buildings necessary to make it the most complete and serviceable of headquarters. It was a wonderful provision. Taylor. overflowing joy. your spiritual May — ! . as we keep banded together in love and consecration. dear Mr. and found it in Han-chung. so that the two met in Shanghai on the very day in question. hard work to break up such a glory-time as had never been The Lord has given us a ^^dtnessed in Han-chung before. " WeU. Stevenson who had preceded him filling his heart with thankfulness. .

" — . . I never was so hopeful as I am to-day with regard to the Gospel in this land.. Ther^ are quite a number of characteristic converts here some of them with most decided convictions and dauntless courage and enterprise for the Lord. It is truly refreshing to find. a band of men and women so simple and devoted. so far in the interior..400 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD was like a heavenly breeze filling us with great delight and bright hope for the future.

It was also his hope to estabUsh a Church of England district in the great western province of Sze-chwan. and he was looking forward with no less pleasure to seeing them in the midst of their work. Cassels with others of the Cambridge party had been gaining experience in Shan-si. but greatest of all was the question how to evangelise the vast population to which the missionaries now had access. But first of all the desired province had to be reached. the opportunity so long looked forward at last seven years Mr. where they were eagerly awaiting Mr. Mr. Taylor's coming. In the Rev. only to be recalled by claims at the coast. 54. But now. To bring help desires and encouragement to these lonely toilers was his chief object. and Sze-chwan with its sixtyeight millions had as yet only two centres in which Protestant missionaries were to be found.CHAPTER XXVIII DAYS OF BLESSING 1886. and to confer with them about the organisation of the native church. he hoped to strengthen the work not in Shan-si to ! It had come — P^or only but in other regions lying farther inland. Taylor had been planning to visit Shan-si. Aet. a matter which had long been under consideration. Once he had even set out. W. 401 2 D . W. Each station to be visited had its problems. the better organisation of the Mission permitting an absence of several months from Shanghai. For many were on his heart in connection with this journey. Cassels the Mission had for the first time one quaUfied to take the lead in such an enterprise. which in some places was growing rapidly.

together with northern speech. when she was recovering from her serious illness. they found the heat intense. even of such experiences soon passed. Setting out toward the end Flies swarmed everyof June. including five of the Cambridge band. much leave to be desired." prepared as likely as not with his own hands. " All the way Mr. ever. Cooking was quite in his line. rivers to be crossed without bridge or ferry. He managed to get the things somehow ! .^ 402 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD over the vast plains of Chih-li and the mountain passes beyond. Taylor prepared food for me. the minor occupants to say not others in a close of which may be numbered by hundreds if not thousands. We would hear him " beating up the eggs. Taylor's cheery invitation to come and share his ** midnight chicken. and dangerous passes braved in litters swinging from the backs of mules these by day. and the practical way in which he could turn his hand to anything. Springless carts and northern roads. Taylor and his companions the journey was memorable for its discomforts. where . noisy inns very prone to stumble at night. a native junk on canal or river may but to it is at any rate a shelter you can call your own have which you cart in been of a exchange the weariness brick-bed shared with for a for hours jolted and shaken filthy room. new to such conditions. " He used to make omelets in the back of the boat. food." recalled Miss Murray of the journey down the Kwang-sin river. of the province (Tai-yuan-fu) most of the Shan-si missionaries were gathered to meet him. To Mr. While all made large demands upon strength and patience. . Taylor. More than once they were roused after hours of slumber by Mr. is quite another matter. food was difficult to obtain and at night the younger men. howand great was the contrast when the hospitable home There in the capital of Dr. Two weeks r ^ WTio that ever travelled with him could forget his unfailing care and thought for others. were thoroughly "played out. and often too tired to unpack their provisions or forage for a meal. and big. who had now been fifteen months in China. hitherto accustomed to the endless water-ways of central and southern China. Such travelHng was strange to Mr. and manners." . and Mrs. Edwards was reached. consisting of unmade tracks over sun-baked or rain -flooded country. .

each from their own centre. Taylor put it. Hoste. Bailer.^ For the district in which they found themselves was that of Mr.M.M. and his friends Chang and Ch'u of the Buddhist temple and little city of Ta-ning among the Western Hills. were sounding out the glad tidings of salvation far and wide. four new stations had been opened (18851886) by Messrs. that it is not a question of the supply at all. the ex-Confucian scholar. and Hung-tung. Days of Blessing ^ how truly the title of the book in which a record of these meetings has been preserved expresses what they were in reality As one turns the pages. they had come up.I. full of the problems that press upon young missionaries in the midst of a large and growing work. but of ! — . under Mr. only two C J. Taylor been able. Si-chow. full of their first love and zeal. Taylor was thankful for the quiet days in the capital for united waiting upon God. Seventy-two baptisms at the Spring Gatherings. and for recognising the God-appointed ministry of Hsi and others who were doing pastoral work. He never could be hid and from first to last it was His fulness that rejoiced those waiting hearts. In the — extreme north of the province Kwei-hwa-ting and Ta-tung-fu had also been occupied by members of the C. Beauchamp and Stanley Smith. the fragrance of the Lord's own presence cannot but be felt. "^ . Mr. with considerable fluency in Chinese. ^ With help from Mr. the study of the language. Ta-ning. and made the need for wise and careful supervision all the more apparent. (now Sir) Montagu Beauchamp. Hsi. and in the southernmost of these they were beginning. Then.DAYS OF BLESSING 403 Had Mr. Face to face with the overwhelming need around them and the insufficiency within. On either side of the Fen river these men. Now. as he had planned. a few months earlier. Bailer's tuition. as Mr. he would have found them far less ready for his visit than they were now. Cassels. in the following order Kii-wo. The time had come for setting apart some of the Chinese leaders as deacons and elders in the village gatherings. But before going on to the native conference at which these ordinations were to take place. had doubled the membership of the Ping-yang church. it was good to remember. to follow them to their sphere of labour a year or so previously. stations existed in the province. Edited by Mr.

^ and on his own experience. that you can no more separate them than you can separate between body and soul. -~~--^-~ \ Christ like lives ourselves ? Very few have been long in connection with missions without hearing a great deal of the faults and failures of the native Is it not the case that their faults and failures are Christians. No God's Christ as He reveals Himself to us. V*''e shall never enjoy the one apart from the other. healthy. its source. and enjoy all in Him " {Days ! of Blessing. as well as for all Upon we must not dwell. It is important that we bear in mind that as the Incaxnate Word is a Divine Person. It is through the written Word' we shall feed on Him. Mr. Some echoes. healthy. To be unsettled on the question of inspiration is to be overcome by temptation. I Christlike native Christians unless we are living strong. Gospel is not that of the hearers . and as we may rest all our so is the written Word a Divine Message soul's interests on Jesus Christ. and Who rose from the dead. merely.— 404 : THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD " the Supplier. Taylor more helpful. for the encouragement of fellow. It is through God's own revelation * : " It is in the written / . not through our own speculations. But the subject is too full for these pages. Taylor as to the relation of the missionary to his work the exigencies of our service f — How can we secure the development of strong. . . but it will not fall far short of it. more at his best. \ written Word and iu the Incarnate Word is so close and intimate. than in drawing upon the treasures of the Word of God. Begin to separate them. He ! (the Lord Jesus) is enough for Shan-si. and to study theology instead of the Word of God (rather than as a mere aid in gaining a fuller grasp of it) and if it does not make you weaker rather than stronger Take God's Word as it stands. 55).workers. it is the hardness of this heart of mine. from the Great Wall to Ho-nan. . Taylor said well to remind ourselves of the close connection that exists between the written Word of God and the incarnate Word of God. . or soul and spirit. Speaking of the Lord Jesus as our Sufficiency. Word that we really see and know the Word Who was made flesh. circumstances perThe hardness of heart which is a hindrance to the mitting. The connection between full faith in God's will as revealed in His . and you will be fortunate indeed. very much the reflection of our own ? What the spiritual children wiU be depends on what the The stream will never rise higher than spiritual father is. and to be unable to accomplish God's work. Never was Mr. of the conference may be gathered from suggestions made by Mr. p. so we may rest all our soul's weight on the Word of God. " than we realise We have a grander Saviour the main theme of the conference Christ our AllSufficiency for personal life and godliness.

lives not \Ve are to manifest the truth. it (2 Cor. as well as preach_~ 2.nd comfort me so."^hen she heard of Mrs.yaiiL."' On the need for contact. If we_are_fully saved and confess it. there is power Tn"^ itr Any Christian. lives he pleaded. A very thin film between surfaces will prevent their union and so also in things of the spirit. Cp! Acts xx. The woman felt that if she only touched the hem of His garment she would be sure to be healed and the Saviour felt that virtue had gone out of Him. iv. The Lord Jesus became a curse for us." that is when I have power. A poor woman in Cheng-tu. . not only with the Lord Himself but with those whose good we seek. but I believe there is no blessing when this is the case. 26-35). . Taylor dwelt with insistence. '^ "^ '^. and personal contact tpp^ he urged. There must be heart-contact with the Chinese.lhat_we^ may ^"^ use for ^od. : ! of a'mah. Hsjtouched the leper and the blind when He healed them.DAYS OF BLESSING 405 WTben God's grace is triumphant in my soul. " God is able to save jyow. For consistent out of sight. we cannot go too far in meeting this people and getting to know them. and in that way deUvered us from the curse." If you put your hand on the shoulder . . how wiU virtue go out of us ? Sometimes they are not clean. If we keep so far from the people that they cannot even touch the hem of our garment. our lives _ jnaniJesTX^dXJit is so. getting to be one with them.„ JgL.Ghost^_niay often impart blessing thus. We tell them that our Home is above. if our lives are to be " invested to the utmost profit. teU _tMs.„people_JJhaL the_world__is. ^e . full of the Holy . I do like to look at every practical question in connection with Christ. ^Contact is a real. provided we keep from sin. and we are tempted to draw our skirts -loge^her . telling lives. Riley's death " What a loss to us said She used to take hold of my hand g. close ^and real. The Incarnation shows that. Mr. ' . There is power in drawing near to this people. getting into sympathy with them. . There is wonderful instruction in the way in which the Lord Jesus wrought His works of mercy. u . \ J- /. we shall see results. How else are you going to deal with a man under the craving for opium ? The cause of want of success is very often that we are only half saved ourselves.. power ^ . . and I can look a Chinaman in" the face and say. where and as you are.

It is better to be trusting and the Master. Just as Jesus. The man who hves two or three miles away from the chapel. he tell us ? That they waxed confident through his bonds. were able to show that all the power of Pagan Rome could do nothing against those who were filled We ' ! . though at the risk of the same trials. even if often taken in.. . understand. That will not They must see self-sacrifice ui things they cannot but su£&ce. Christ reigning. . many of them women." It is not preaching only that wiU do what needs to be done Our Hfe must be one of visible self-sacrifice. teaching ? This is no easy matter. much sacrifice in our lives of which the Chinese cannot know. . . " Paul was in bonds in Rome. . 1 joy and rejoice with you all. and we might have imagined that his But what does position was one that would have deterred the brethren. .4o6 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD . " may catch the emphasis too. when they found what can preach with a Uttle thing a chain was to an Apostle. live : : — — . So far from his sufferings taking courage out of the believers. What wisdom we ' need to that our hves that do emphasise our teaching. not like are they of use are not mticli Hard ^missionaries He is never hard. There is . sake of the Chinese which they have never seen. after all.^ * It was remarkable that in that city (Tai-yuan-fu) where the blood of martyrs was to be so freely shed. rather than sharp and hard. made the Apostle so superior to these things that it encouraged oihers to go forward. God knows all about it. so frail. To the PhiUppians " Yea. Mr. by dying. and showing in the midst of it what a triumph over him the behever has in Christ. and the certainty not only that persecution mus^ come. to live consistent lives was thoroughly consistent. and to see lives are so ordered that those who receive the teaching. they felt. No one could feel that his home was here all saw that it was up there. if only Christ is in us ? living. but that it would be overruled for blessing. and merely goes and preaches : to his audience is often disappointed. But it is no use Uving hves such as would emphasise our teaching. " There is no better way of proving to the world that the devil's power is not so great after all than by letting him have his fling. . ' Christ good courage What is it. ! does our dweUing look that all these things are transitory The Ufe of the Apostle Hke it ? Oh. gentle and sympathising.. if our lives are out of sight and our teaching only is Must we not seek to make our Hves as open as our in evidence. . The converts of Paul saw that the Apostle deemed it a small thing to die for them. Taylor should dwell upon the necessity for sacrifice. conquered him who had the power of death. and we can well afford to wait His declaraThere is much we have left for the tion of it and His award. feeble martyrs. and if I be offered my blood poured out as he wrote a drink-offering upon the sacrifice and service of your faith.

the Second Coming the the Lord Himself to reign upon earth of — was of paramount importance. " We need not be afraid of persecution. Their foes thought they had succeeded nounced in their edicts that Christianity was defunct but it was paganism that tottered. Mr. often read in missionary reports that the people .. Taylor was keenly conscious of the ^danger of allowing education.et. everything outside the sufficiency of Christ. it will" be a profound mistake. . it will bring to us the very conditions that will ensure still greater success ? " {Days oj . it is sure to comi^ Oiily let us have such success as to make the people fear the aboli.. instead of by a regenerative If we put our trust re-cr eation. .. It is coming . We . it will be a profound mistake. and we shall see severe persecution. -iajnohey or reaming or eloquence. But are we to fear lest the Gospel should triumph suflEiciently to bring such results about ? Or are we to feel that. medical missions are "a blessing but to substitute medicine for the preaching of the Gospel would be a 7 profound mistake. Hence there were many conversions in the very arena . . and we can presenT'to thdrTlhe Xhrist of God..) .in Christ is our Sufficiency.— DAYS OF BLESSING 407 With all his desire that the gifts of the native church should be developed. Let everything else sit at shall never be discouraged if we realise that it§^fe. You wiU with Christ.. . Let us exalt the glorious Gospel in our hearts.' . Blessing.. and believe that it is the power of God unto salvation. should we be His disciples indeed ? In its practical influence Taylor felt that the truth personal return of on Christian character. Let us feel that everything that is human. . 41-43. medical work. — — ' . pp. or any other auxiliary to usurp the foremost place. when it does come. . Mr. and the blood of the martyrs proved itself to be indeed the seed of the it was even anChurch. or in anything but the Uving Let aU our auxiliaries be G_qd. auxiliaries means of bringing Christ and the soul into contact then we may be truly thankful for them all. is only helpful in the measure in which it enables us to bring the soul to Him. If oui^medical missions draw people to us. it will be a profound mistake. ~^lVhat is the object of being apprenticed to a builder but to What is the outcome of being joined to a Saviour learn to build ? Though we might ourselves be if we do not learn to save ? saved.^n of their customs. If we get the idea that people are going to be conVerted by some "educational process. . . . If we put schools or education in the place v^f spiritual power to change the heart.

There are fresh suppHes on the way. . to be so Oh. his attitude as to the fulness God is willing to give us all we need. In times of discouragement it is a great help to remember that the Lord's work is not our work for the Lord. as we need it. i. so one with Him.4o8 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD have turned to God from idols. but not in one out of ten do you hear anything about their waitI beUeve that the ing for His Son from heaven (i Thess. and that He might come at any time. to be filled with the knowledge of God's will filled with the presence of the Lord Jesus. to serve the Uving and true God. do His service and our feet The dear Master can never be to tread His weary journeys. 9). I always find it a profitable spiritual exercise to see what we can do without. The result was that some of the books disappeared before long. is one reason for the selfishness and worldliness to be found in some branches of the Church in China. burdened with next year's provisions on our back. He does not expect us to toil along. and that the present state of things is to be utterly overthrown. and also of the contents of my little wardrobe. and can make blessing to me. side of many for Him. and some of the clothing too. fresh light. fresh poWfer. time to go through my house from attic to basement with my dear wife. our hands to. weary again by the side of any well. . but we may be weary by the ! . but the Lord's . but it sent me to see if I could give a good account of all I had. sufficiency of Christ is Whatever the sufficiency in for us. It is important to remember that we are stewards who have to give an account of everything that we retain and unless we can give a good reason for the retention. there is the same Him for our native converts. It was an immense spiritual When I go home from China. was up for us in Christ. He does not equip for life-service all at once. laid Very practical. borrow our faces to look His looks of patience and love. shall we not be ashamed when the Master comes ? And since He may come any day. fresh revelations as circumstances require. that that He may borrow our His life may flow through our veins hps to speak His messages. when God was pleased to open my own heart to this great truth that the Lord Jesus was coming again. too. I had not many books. is it not well to be ready every day ? I do not know of any truth that hcLS been a greater blessing to me through hfe than this. Well do I remember the effect. ignorance of the native Christians generally of the fact that Christ is coming again. to review our things in the light of His speedy return.

the intensity of his purpose nothing in the world but the one thing and his ability as a practical leader were most remarkable. he had spent several weeks among the Chinese Christians. Hsi especially. Stevenson was there already. Mr. men of such vigorous independence of character. God was to him a tremendous reality. glad of the opportunity for coming into close touch with the leaders and their work. He was so strong I had never seen such influence over others that all seemed to yield to him.' DAYS OF BLESSING own work through discouraged. visited his home and Refuges. But it was more than energy and initiative that impressed him. about Mr. In a very real way he dealt with Satan too. " He will nor be it was time for the workers from the province hasten back to their stations after to south of the The rainy season had set in. Even when travelling. He had everybody's burdens to bear. in these northerners. and was always ready to advise and pray with those who needed help. Refreshed' in spirit." . spirituality and earnestness — — his ! . ** His he recalled. and yet humble too. ' ' . His conflicts with the evil one at times were such that he would give himself for days to fasting and prayer. Taylor it was a new experience to find. I have known him fast a whole day over " I was profoundly interested.l Constantly and in I everything he dealt with God. Taylor in this part of his programme. "" " His knowledge and use of Scripture also impressed meTj One sermon on the temptation of Christ that he preached was very striking. ' 409 not fail. us and others. Taylor's arrival at Hungtung. During the five or six weeks spent in his district Mr. and saw him among the church members. Familiar passages seemed to unfold new meaning under his touch and in the light of his spiritual experience. prayer and fastings . having come over from the neighbouring province of Shen-si to join Mr. To him as to Mr. I was specially struck by the way people came to consult him. Stevenson travelled with him. and he was not slow to see how much it meant for the future of the native church. Finding the missionaries absent. listened with delight to his preaching. to whom he was a shepherd indeed. and it meetings. of this week would be all they could do to make final arrangements for the native conferences before Mr.

" It made our hearts glad to think of Mr. Held up by the rain in that loess region. Tw^o weeks of such travelling brought them to their destination. matter that needed"""^^ gifts That was always liis resomcG—fast and pray. Hsi to accept the position to which Mr. With Mr. that first day of the conference." It was not easy to get Mr. Stevenson had been." " There cannot have been fewer than three hundred listeners wrote Mr. Stevenson was ready to confirm the judgement of the local missionaries by which Mr. Taylor and his companions had had exciting experiences in some of the deep gullies worn in the friable soil. Stanley Smith. in places. when they took the Sunday morning service between them (August i). however. Mr. that it When one thinks of all had meant to him of faith and toil and prayer all that he had done and suffered that inland China might have the Gospel one can understand that to be welcomed by such a company of believers on his first visit to the far interior would be one of the most moving experiences of his life. But for Mr. of labour that has known no respite : above all. Hsi he was impressed no less than Mr. What it for himself the inspiring was to Mr. — — in the court. the road was sometimes a quagmire. Taylor's joy as he saw those earnest worshippers. and in that sight some outcome of years of prayer that has known no ceasing. and turbulent streams among the hills had to be crossed. and Mr. wished to appoint him. Taylor had largely to be guided in the steps to be taken at the conference. Taylor to meet these men and see work of which he had heard may be better imagined than described. sometimes a rushing torrent.410 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD difficult some I clearing up. as leader of the Mission. and it was a wonderful meeting. Taylor. on July 30. to find the Hung-tung Christians assembled in force for the of in the organisation of the conference. It had been easier to set out for Hung-tung than to get there. it raised our hearts to Him Who in that gathering was seeing further of the travail of His soul and being satisfied. Stevenson's influence he would probably . A hundred feet below the surface." That such and grace should be taken full advantage church was evident.

Mr. attended by as many of the Ta-ning Christians as could come down from the mountains. Mr. so deep was his sense 411 of unworthiness. with him for Mr. literally touching no food and the sense of the God with him was deeply solemnising. knowing well how he would be welcomed by all the churches. The ordination of Ch'ii. Taylor had to turn his face westward for the long journey It rains to Han-chung-fu. and been so owned of God. From Service of the following that Saturday until the Ordination Monday he gave himself to fasting . that it was thought best that he should be free to go anywhere for the work of God in these parts. Mr. Stanley Smith recorded. set him apart to be a watcher over and feeder of the sheep of God. fitly closed the meetings. Cassels. Taylor longer demur. and prayer. through its sorest trials. after which over seventy baptized believers united Communion Service led by Pastor Hsi." whose children in the faith they also were. inviting the brethren working in the with him in the laying on of hands. Tenderly he spoke to them of the deeper lessons of his own life. — was a busy season for farming folk. Hsi was ordained pastor of no particular district." Mr. Song was then set apart as native Pastor of the Ping-yang church. after which Mr. that he really understood the local problems But the Hsi to latter was sufficiently intimate feel and when the Deputy was but confirming what was manifestly a divine appointment. he could no as well as his own limitations . and the appointment of five deacons. to meet " the Venerable Chief Pastor. Director led him to see that Mr. he had learned what the Lord Jesus Christ can be to those who simply trust Him. but a warm-hearted company responded to the invitation of their beloved missionary. and how. *' after a few words of fervent prayer. ." district to unite Hudson The appointment in the of two elders followed and of sixteen deacons. and unusually heavy had made travelling in such regions almost impossible. Taylor. the fervent and scholarly evangelist of the Ta-ning district. He has done such an extensive work. One day's journey farther south at Ping-yang-fu another conference was held.— DAYS OF BLESSING have held back. presence of " Mr.

he prayed the more earnestly day by day at family worship that the Gospel might be given to the Christless population fitted it of for that city. and the courtyard on which opened covered with an awning that it might do duty as a Here the principal meetings were held. but money I have nothing to use for the purpose. ." or " Year of Great Happiness. And on hearing his reply she went away and said no more about it." she said.— 412 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD A brief visit first to Pastor Hsi's home. Mr. * Dr." his wife said " not time to do something there ? " would I. " I think. Having no means in hand that he could use for the purpose. " " Gladly . and is lacking. the joy on chapel. ten miles across the plain. Taylor arrived in the cool of the day. Herbert Taylor. Mr." responded her husband." "How much would it require ? " was her next question. Edwards and Messrs. Stevenson. Accompanied by quite a party. who had been his companion all the way from Shanghai. perhaps the best part of the visit to Mr." Interesting as it all was. gave him the opportunity of seeing more of this remarkable man and the Opium Refuge work for which he was responsible. The place had long been on Pastor Hsi's heart. " that God has answered our prayers about that cit3^" Missing something in her appearance as well as surprised Hwo-chow. Taylor was the account he heard of the opening of a Refuge in one of the cities he had passed on his journey through the province. renting houses is expensive. shining out from their crimson background *' Ta Hsi Nien. *' We have prayed very often is it at length. as well as his son. the guest hall being up as a state chamber. Stanley Smith. and Beauchamp were with him.^ Everjrthing was beautifully arranged for their coming. But she too could not forget Hwo-chow and next morning it was an unadorned little figure that came up and laid some packages on the table after family worship. all faces reflecting the golden characters of welcome above the guest hall. though he little anticipated the way in which his desire to commence work there was to be granted.

^ For the remarkable sequel see Miss Cable's The Fulfilment of a Dream. " Miss them " she replied. all but Mr. " Their first stage was by moonlight. and from the fellow-missionaries he was leaving behind to share with them the great work developing in all that part of the province. rings. A few last words of helpful counsel. Studd and Beauchamp were going on with Mr. a few last words in solemn stillness as with hands locked in his we each received his parting blessing. Messrs. " Why. Pastor Hsi opened one of the packets. *' But do you not miss your beautiful things ? " said Mr. Morgan & Scott and the China Inland Mission. so long deferred. published by Messrs. Cassels was to follow shortly but Messrs. Mr. . bracelets. *' You cannot surely mean. and the visit to Shan-si." wrote the latter. Hoste and Stanley Smith were remaining in south Shan-si. " you cannot do " without " Yes. Out-distancing his companions. I can. tmrning to his hostess. that he might save but even a mail at Han-chung. but on beyond there was no sign of harvest. and for them the parting was hardest. to find nothing less than all her jewelry ^the gold and silver ornaments. Taylor. " is not He enough? I have Jesus — : ! : Little wonder it was hard to part trom friends like these. To fruitful fields ready for the reaper they went back. Beauchamp. Taylor to take part in opening up the Church of England district he hoped to arrange for in Sze-chwan. a few last words of mutual love. and even hair-pins so indispensable to a Chinese lady and that form her marriage dower. Taylor pressed forward so. " I can do without these let Hwo-chow have the Gospel. . .^ DAYS OF BLESSING 413 at her words. Mr. but was over. so long " expected. and we accompanied them out some way." now so blessed in its outcome. almost with surprise." she said joyfully. the Refuge had been opened and a good work begun.'* And with the money they had brought. twenty-four travelling days were occupied on the journey. because in all that populous region there was none. in which not a single Mission station was passed.'' he began.

for v/hich Mr. nevertheless for a thousand cash apiece they would . Taylor had to come and make peace. Of course we carried no bedding.414 It THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD was strenuous travelling. But to purchase a chicken. I have been so sleepy that even the want . when I had. Walking at night. Beauchamp's With a couple ferred to walk. though Mr. I would wake to find that Mr. when the overpowering heat by day obhged them to travel at night. and also that I was unable to get much sleep but having once overruled liis objection I carried him many a time. waist deep. we often got soaked through. With Mr. and we each carried a plaid." Mr. but in answer to definite prayer help was given at every point. " and we constantly lost our way for At first Mr. when the animals had to be fed." continued Mr. we did not stop at regular stages. we used often to He down Our own fare roadside. Beauchamp. Taylor riding most of the way. him in good pack animals they were able to carry a few necessaries. Taylor always had two pillows. " Night travelling was one of the hardest experiences I ever Occasionally. Beauchamp recalled. and as it was the rainy season nothing was brought out for sale in the places through which we passed. cucumbers. " Our great difficulty was in getting anything to eat. because I could not sleep by day." — ! ' ' by the Again and again it seemed as if they must be stopped rain. Mr. rigging up mosquito-netting to keep the flies away. and have fallen right down while plodding on the tumble rousing one for the time being " The inns being closed at night. or a Uttle fruit. " where there were a few houses and people who made a harvest by carrying travellers over. " I remember coming to one river. Taylor on my shoulder and a Chinaman on either side to weigh us down. Taylor had been looking after me. the by Occasionally we were able consisted chiefly of rice and millet. Taylor was greatly of some one to direct us. troubled that I should carry him across rivers. did drop off. eggs. for his companion preathletic training stood of stead. one for the head and one for the thigh. They met us saying the river was impassable. With so much rain. The way we managed was to take off our garments one by one and dry them in front of the fire. The medicine-chest sometimes came in useful as an extra pillow. we were able to cross in safety some strong streams. On one occasion this so offended the Kitchen God that Mr. motion could not keep me awake.

: 415 This was outrageous so I went into the water by inches. A box of matches. no crossing would have been possible. borrowed a few forms. We were only masters of the situation for a short time. When the men saw we were not to be deterred. the water rose by feet. though we saw them. We went forty-eight to fifty miles one day and the last three stages we made into two. Taylor would push on. Beauchamp could not but inquire where the food was. '* Our Father knows we are hungry and will send our breakfast but you will have to wait and say your grace when soon " it comes. Mr. " On the farther side there was a small village. though the only shelter we could find was apparently a pig-sty. After reflection. — — . We had several narrow escapes from landslips the path giving way behind us and roUing stones and earth into the stream. which at once fell in. while / shall be ready to begin at once And so it proved for just ahead they met a man with ready-cooked rice to sell. however for the pig came back. The road was washed away in places. Had we been half an hour later. we had to clamber up steep banks as best we could. Wliere the river side was impassable. We had no fear of robbers and the wolves. charged the make-shift door. did not attack us. glad to be paid a fair price for their work. . " It cannot be far away. though he often begged me to remain behind. drenching rain instead of burning sun. raging torrent. I concluded that it was too cold to turn out on the chance of ignominious defeat at the hands of the enemy. took the doors off their hinges to lie on." was the smiling reply.DAYS OF BLESSING take us across. Taylor's cheerfulness and power of endurance greatly impressed his fellow-traveller. the rain being a perfect deluge. but still Mr. To go on was impossible. and foUow crumbling tracks on the m(^ntains." Mr. " Next day was still cold high mountains instead of the Si-an plain. So we turned the occupant out. and rolUng ourselves in our plaids prepared to pass the night as comfortably as circumstances would admit. but no inn. Nothing would stop him. Hearing him singing on one occasion when they were very himgry. and settled down to share the apartment with us." which was rising . a : ! 1 . But the soul never went hungry. Lord. Stay we must. The river was by that time a wild. they came and gave some help. not to miss the mail at Han-chung. After we were over. which made an excellent meal. . and catching the words " We thank Thee. for this our food.

Taylor was not disappointed. He used to pray on such journeys lying down. Presbyterian. he saw a good deal of Dr. Wilson's medical work and of the schools and native helpers. as yet almost entirely destitute of the Gospel. " the surroundings or the noise in those dirty inns. and act as before God when — ' ' . Much as Mr. especially in view of their interest in the adjacent province of Sze-chwan. Mr. No matter what . A serious riot had taken place at Chung-king one of the only — — * With regard to the denominational position of the Mission. It is intended that those whose view of discipline correspond shall work together." Kept thus in touch with unfailing springs. The earnest spirit of the Christians greatly rejoiced him.: 4i6 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD foreign candle. he never neglected this.^ For the moment." . He would invariably get his quiet time an hour before. " and then possibly sleep again. Taylor's travelling kit whatever else had to be left behind. Muirhead of the L. the travellers reached Han-chung-fu to bring as well as find a blessing. dawn. . In the intervals of attending to a heavy mail. and his Bible in four small volumes were included in Mr.M. Beauchamp wrote.. from the power of Satan to God. and in the presence of heathenism can leave the discussion of disciphne while together. Taylor entertained that of seeing eastern Sze-chwan. for he usually spent long times in prayer. Baptist and Paedobaptist.S. We all hold alike the great fundamentals of our faith. When I woke to feed the animals I always found him' reading the Bible by the hght of his candle. Mr. Shanghai " Those already associated with me represent all the leading denominations of our native land Episcopal. Taylor had written as early as 1866 (a few weeks only after the arrival of the Lammermuir party) in reply to an inquiry from the Rev. two are or have been connected with the Brethren so called. from which not a few of them had come as emigrants. opened up by the Church of England workers of the Mission." Mr. Methodist. Congregational. in separate stations. W. and to kneel would have been too exhausting. and thus all difi&culty on that score will be avoided. Besides these. the outlook was not encouraging. Their keen desire f*o carry the message of salvation back to their own people encouraged the hope Mr. Stevenson's report had led him to expect of the converts in this centre. Each one is perfectly at liberty to teach his own views on these minor points to his own converts the one great object we have in view being to bring heathen from darkness to hght. .

In the twilight of a summer evening they had gathered in Dr.~ I cannot tell you what nearly _e very one was broken down. when Mr. A day was set apart therefore for fasting and prayer. comfortably settled down. he might have found it impracticable to leave again without delay by the Yangtze.DAYS OF BLESSING 417 two centres in Sze-chwan at which Protestant missionaries were working and easy as it would have been for Mr. of access to God in the all-prevailing name of Jesus. taking for granted perhaps that we had obeyed our Master's command. and not a single Christian in any of them Vividly he described all this and the condition of the people and there were we. Very conscious were the missionaries. Taylor united with the Han-chung circle in seeking the guidance of the Holy Spirit and a fresh baptism of love and power upon those who were to go forward. . Mission affairs required his presence. We seemed to lose sight of the speaker and to hear only the voice of the Holy Spirit. . iii. ! : . feel ourselves We may almost far in the heart of China. Taylor to enter the province from Han-chung. Wilson's courtyard. he could at any rate help in opening the way by definite waiting upon God. and he was still a month's journey from civihsation in the shape of a foreign steamer. Taylor tell of the hundreds of towns and cities he had passed. and beyond were the shining stars. but in a quickened sense of responsibility which led to extension in other directions — also. practicaUy forgetting that Han-chung-fu was not the world. and the answer to their prayers was apparent not only in the occupation of Eastern Szechwan before the close of the year. Lamps were lighted under the broad eaves of the open guest-hall. Taylor left. Taylor's subject was Phil. But though he had to leave the actual pioneering in Sze-chwan to others. so soon to be scattered. Christ we gain. it was to sit there and hear Mr. one with that little group. through the recollections jotted down at the time of one of the last meetings before Mr. that what we give up for and what we keep back is our real loss. It ^yas a time of humbling and confession. and that people even in the villages at hand might 2 E : Mr. Tidings received from the coast had made it clear that he must return to Shanghai as soon as possible.

and precious. The never hear of Christ unless we set ourselves or death eternal eternal life way in which he spoke of eternity— I speciaUy sentence One heart.. " command ? us really obe>dng His last 1 . ^ ^ .. and souls more Will He find so soon Jesus is coming again.: 4i8 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD to go to them. coldest the —must have moved remember " Let us make earth a Httle less homehke.

They were quite satisfied that the child would not suffer. 54-55. Strange to say." Hard as it was to be so long absent from 419 home and . though. Only five years old. bringing with him the little daughter of one of the Han-chung missionaries. save on the ground of giving Mr. fully brightened up. Aet. Mr. and Mrs. It had been hard for the mother to part with her. as well as to care for her by day and night. " My little charge is wonderfully improving. She clings to me very lovingly. and it is sweet to feel little arms around one's neck once more. They knew there would be no woman in the party. " and is quite good and cheerful. illness . all he had seen of the accessiand need of the northern provinces. Taylor found in her companionship. whose parents sav/ that nothing but a change of cHmate could save her life. Taylor. when not too shy." he wrote to Mrs. she was never shy with Mr. and that for a month or six weeks he would be the only one to see to little Annie's food and clothing. Taylor had come by boat a thousand miles down the Han. however. frail as she was from months of but once on the boat in Mr. Taylor trouble. Taylor on the journey. Taylor's care she wonderIt speaks much for the confidence with which fellow-workers regarded him that Mr. Pearse had no hesitation about the arrangement.CHAPTER XXIX THE HUNDRED 1886-1887. though even they might have been surprised at the comfort Mr. little Annie could speak no English. she could Profoundly impressed by bility prattle away in Chinese prettily enough.

the way was not yet clear for Mr. The latter had also returned from his inland journey. so that it was with prepared hearts they came to the consideration of the questions before them. Taylor's return Nearly two years had passed since he had to England. full of enthusiasm over what he had seen in the northern provinces. we must not dwell in detail. the Superintendents of the various provinces gathered for their first meeting. McCarthy. He had spent several weeks with Pastor Hsi after Mr. how weary " 1 The year was drawing to a close (1886). the recently had been the organisation needed strengthening before he developed could think of leaving China. Several were detained in their own stations." In this spirit. visiting widely scattered groups of converts. and the chief object before him was the formation of a Council of experienced workers to help Mr. Stevenson. ** him no little accession of " We aU saw visions at that time. Taylor some weeks after his return to the coast. then. including Mr. nothing seemed Those were days of heaven upon earth : difficult. have been with the hundreds of letters he wrote to Mrs. Taylor had been bearing for years he brought with hope and courage. Upon the conclusions of that Council Meeting. spent from two to three weeks with Mr. at An-king. a whole week was given to waiting upon God with prayer and fasting (the latter on alternate days). and was more than ever impressed with the vitality and possibilities of the work. the joy that is our strength. in the middle of November. Taylor and Mr." I ! " Oh. Stevenson in his new capacity as Deputy Director. but great as come out in progress in many directions. and one or two were at home on furlough." he himself recalled. " How many questions have had to be taken to the Lord The way is now becoming somewhat clearer. important as they were. and coming freshly into responsibilities Mr. Taylor had left.420 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD loved ones. A little grey . His heart was overflowing with joy in the Lord. but a little group of leaders. Before the Council was convened at all. advance of the Cambridge Party.

and finds freedom in obedience. tiorTofjthe^jiilen Let us all and saves the ruled at the cost of the ruler. carefully prepared by Mr. and others. and only to conduce to that harmonious co-operation without which the working of a large and scattered Mission would be impossible. not to lord to keep from wrong paths and lead into right paths. " that what is sought is to reUeve and help each one. Mr. drink into this_ spirit. tendents lady evangelists and probationers. the Treasurer. and that is the spirit of faith and expectancy which launched the mission at this time upon new testings It is difi&cult in these days to realise how young the Mission still It had been founded Httle more than twenty years. for fhe^Iof ybf God and the good of those guided. to formulate had been learned at great cost by those to and guidance.THE HUNDRED 421 book. soon found its way to all the stations of the Mission a little book breathing the spirit of the Master. Bailer. and this can only be done as those near know the extent to which they can depend on the co-operation of those at a distance. . — . . rightjt loves godly rule. no fewer than a hundred and ten were junior missionaries or probationers. It was clearly desirable. was adopted for use in the Training Homes and the Principles and Practice of the mission were restated and somewhat amplified for younger workers. . by far the larger number were new-comers. as well as packed full of wise and helpful — suggestions. Out of a total of a hundred and eighty-seven 1 was. which meant that they were young in years as well as in experience. . and while several scores of its members had been out more than five years." Mr. " The principle of godly rule is a most important one. Those at a distance must be helped by those near." But there is something more important than the Grey Book which must be traced to the meetings of this first China Council. all based upon a thorough understanding of conditions in China. . and the Superininstructions for senior and junior missionaries. . Stevenson. embodying the chief results. the Secretary in China. It is this the seeking to help. for their benefit whom much that they looked for help . not for the gratificaSuch rule always leads the ruler to the Cross.^ . therefore. for it equally affects us all. Taylor wrote in a concluding letter. then lording on the one hand and bondage When the heart is on the other will be alike impossible. "It is hoped that all our friends will have seen from the foregoing. A course of study in the language. There were instructions for special officers. .

1886. but Mr.: 422 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD God. in the selection and provide the means. until. little by little. 16. of the faithfulness of when Mr. Hudson Taylor from Tai-yuan-fu. Begun with God. made a hundred new workers even in one year seem but a small number. : We The Lord help are praying for one hundred new missionaries in 1887." urged the Deputy Director. he was working at accounts. etc. when the entire staff of the Mission was less than twice that number why. A hundred new workers in one year. they were led on. unperturbed. And so. are fully expecting at least one hundred fresh labourers to arrive in China in 1887. for less ? That was difficult to answer for fifty central stations and many out -stations in which resident missionaries were needed. not to speak of China open from end to end. Stevenson had Up in Shan-si it had begun. *' but ! — *' with needs so great how can we ask . Taylor was dictating to his secretary. when an incident occurred that fanned expectancy to a flame. Mr. he was and full of confidence in God. Sept. he kept the matter to the front on his return to Shanghai and in the Council Meetings. and are asking and receiving definite blessings for this hungry and thirsty land. Taylor was writing home quite naturally .^ We Ardent as It was the first suggestion of the Hundred. think of the additional expenditure involved " Yes. with a view to leaving for England as soon as possible. it could not fail to be taken up by hearts so truly waiting upon Him and before leaving An-king Mr. when he repeated in one of his letters " We are praying for and what he had written above : * In a letter to Mrs. walking up and down the room as was his wont. written from the capital We are greatly encouraged out here. amid the quiet of lake and mountains. in the Council Meetings. such was the atmosphere of faith and prayer that the thought could strike root. A little later at Ta-ku-tang. even if the men and women were forthcoming.. Taylor seems at first to have shared the general impression that this was going rather too fast. .

but the Lord wiU give strength . he went beyond me altogether. " will require no small amount of work. " Never shall I forget the conviction with which he said " If you showed me a photograph of the whole hundred. To tell Thy love both far and wide So shall we praise Thee and rejoice And above the rest this note shall swell.V. There is all-sufficiency in Him. Far too deeply had Mr." recalled Mr. Lord.: : — THE HUNDRED : . and . We We each meal send the hundred workers. Taylor's permission Praying for a hundred " ' ' : ' * : missionaries in 1887. " The accepting and sending out of the Hundred." Did he really mean it ? Mr. taken in China. D. and the determination to see it through by unremitting toil no less than unceasing prayer. new " After that. a young man who was himself to be one of the Hundred. with Mr." he wrote to Mrs. M}^ Jesus hath done all things v/ell. is there are ready to receive say fifty at once.' Thus the step was taken." Mr." : Oh To an inner circle of friends he also wrote in December ? help us in prayer as often as you can ment will involve great responsibility and much WiU you This movetime.' " Then I sent out a little shp throughout the Mission Will you put down your name to pray for the Hundred ? and cabled to London. look up with an incredulous smile. Taylor early in December. " If the Lord should open windows in heaven. Stevenson. . and immediately caught fire. Taylor saw it too. without much forethought as well as faith. . . 423 expecting a hundred new missionaries to come out in 1887. and the Mission committed to a programme that might well have startled even its nearest friends. Yet it was in no spirit of rashness or merely human energy. I could not be more sure than I am now. and shall not ? sing a httle prayer at be ready for others shortly. but the Lord will guide. toil. and no little wisdom. Taylor learned the lessons of experience to embark upon such an enterprise without the assurance that he was being led of God. Those of Thy heart and mind and choice. Stevenson saw the secretary." that look seemed to say. " then might this thing be.

^ it ended with the last party of the Hundred on their way to China all the work accomplished. as well as the cost of board in London. much to expect but We . But what a year it was Preceded by two days of prayer because one was not enough. and travelling expenses for many of them from distant parts of Great Britain and Ireland. skilful men and women who are coming of the barren fields they will help to till." he wrote to Mrs. So we shall have much' need of Divine guidance. Taylor on December 29. will come to our office at Pyrland Road in small gifts. mean a good deal more than praying. by putting on the whole armour of God. I wrong then in asking your prayers for myself and for those who will be associated with me in this important work ? As I look forward in faith and think of the " mUing. Much correspondence much prayer and thought about the candidates will be needed about which of them to accept and which to decline. will materially add to this sum. and strength." Satan will . to secure the prayers of at least six congregations for each party that comes out. Outfits and passages for a hundred people will come to £5500." 424 expense. Mr. help. have much to praise for. etc. which will involve additional help in correspondence. all of which He will supply. The story of the Hundred has often been told it belongs to no one mission or land. We know how. of the souls they will be the means of saving. THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD " Some of us are hoping that His " exceeding abundantly may mean fifty or sixty more missionaries besides the hundred Now I need not say that that must for whom we are asking. with growing courage. as necessary to meet the increased expenses and that it might be given in large gifts. Taylor and those associated with him were led to pray for ten thousand pounds of additional income. of arranging for and attending farewell meetings. all expenses met and with a fulness of blessing that was spreading and to spread in ever-widening circles. this year. It was this vision. but for which He wUl be enquired of. and we must be prepared by living near to God. be busy. each calling for a letter of thanks. will be great. at least. and above all of the joy of our Redeemer in this movement and its widespread issues ^my heart is very glad. * " To-morrow and the day after we give to waiting on God for bless" W^e need two days ing. much of it. and I think yours ^ Am — — will be too. so that the home staff should not be ! — — — . this spirit of joy that upheld him through all the wonderful and strenuous days of 1887. The money. The labour .

endless letters all the letters time giving himself to prayer. And these were not business notes. to be exact. We know that np (ewer than six hundred men and women offered themselves . . . no appeal having been made for financial help. and invitations to speak in meetings poured in from many parts of Great Britain and Ireland. . of letters he wrote during the year would be but for the details as to each one recorded in his correspondence index. Sundays excepted and as he often had two. thoughtful letters to Mr. and four meetings a day. and well he might prayer and Bible study for the feeding of his own soul and of the multitudes to whom he ministered prayer over all the problems of the work and the needs of every member of . Taylor was travelling and speaking all the time. how definite -prayer_was answered as to the very form in which the money came . Stevenson about the direction of affairs in China answers to correspondence sent on to him The number incredible. the Mission. the whole being received in just eleven gifts. especially from Mr. most wonderful perhaps of all.to the Mission that year for service in China. — . With brief intervals for correspondence and Council Meetings. and what an example he set by his own unparalleled labours throughout the year Ever5rwhere the friends of the Mission had heard of the prayer and expectation with which he had come home. ! — . Yet he seemed to be interviewing candidates all the time writing China letters. But such a story bears retelling. or mainly to do with his programme of meetings. as well as travelling. They were many of them long. were sent out and that not ten but eleven thousand pounds of extra income was received. not loiterers. " We want workers. . involving little or no extra work to the office staff of the Mission. . Taylor's letters. that one hundred and two. but of God. three. it is no wonder one comes upon pages that tell of thirty or forty letters written within twenty-four hours. And we know. to the glory not of man or methods." was one of the first things he wrote after his return to England. Mr. home letters. They averaged thirteen or fourteen for every day of the twelve months.THE HUNDRED 425 overwhelmed with correspondence.

as party after party went out. . It was from a poor widow in Scotland who. Mr. but the heathen could not do . At Pyrland Road. She could do without meat. singing missionary the Corn Exchange accompanied Mr.I. half the audience that . an extensive campaign with his beloved friend. so deep was the interest that a hundred and twenty people definitely offered themselves for foreign missionary work. Then how much it meant merely to interview the candidates So busy was the Council with those who came before them in London. to get through the work. George Clarke. Invited to breakfast with a friend in London early in the year. Taylor spoke repeatedly. Broomhall found himself one of several guests who had at heart the interests of the kingdom of God. Mr. Taylor to the hymns and in other ways ex- pressing sympathy. with only a few shillings a week to hve upon. from the replies to people ! '* We were in Glasgow last week. Conversation turning on the C. two. Mr. Reginald Radcliff. that they had occasionally to meet twice and three times a week." wrote Mrs. Besides these there were farewell meetings in churches of all denominations. had filled station.426 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD field. and Mrs. Three visits to Ireland and four to Scotland. At one meeting in the Scottish capital. Mr. on the subject of World Evangelisation. at the very time she was writing. she said. to go or stay as God might lead and at the close of a conference in the south of England. in most of which Mr. he was dealing with twenty more. Broomhall took from his pocket a letter which had touched him deeply. frequently sent gifts for the work in China. were but part of his outward activities. and frequent addresses in drawing-rooms or from the pulpit to the circles the young missionaries represented. or three meetings every day and my husband had conversations with forty candidates.M. and attendance at no fewer than twenty conventions for the deepening of spiritual life." . having been helped through the meetings. Broomhall were no less busy and encouraged. meanwhile.. and which required careful consideration who consulted him about spiritual and other difficulties. And in Edinburgh. and Mr. Taylor in March. " holding one.

upon hearing what had transpired. doubtless. The noon meeting that gathered the busy household for prayer she never failed to make the most of. and very real the prayers with which the modest gifts were accompanied. the Lord was encouraging the home leaders of the mission. Very real was the self-denial that lay behind the simple words. No one rejoiced more in the forward movement and all it meant for dark hearts and lives in China than the Mother of the mission-house. with seven or eight of her children still in the family circle. he then and there promised five hundred pounds for the work of the C. remains a mystery. that led to results from that letter far beyond anything the writer can have asked or thought. At the close of the meal. could have carried her through. when Mrs. the host said that all he had ever given to the work of God (and he had given much) had never cost him a mutton-chop. His interest had been chiefly in home missions.^ a cable from Shanghai brought * Mr. And they must surely have needed such encouragement for the strain of the year at Pyrland Road was unremitting and very heavy. BroomhalFs surprise. and the 26th of the same month brought the anniversary of the saiUng of the Lammermuir. Taylor's birthday.I. THE HUNDRED 427 without the Gospel. upon whom came the burden of receiving and caring for the candidates. Just as in connection with the Seventy. just before the Annual Meetings. but he wanted now to forward the evangelisation of China. making her life the blessing it was to all who came and went. 1887. How it was ever done in that little home. twenty-one years previously. giving them practical evidence that the prayer daily ascending in China from so many hearts was in line with His purpose. This it was. while another who had been unable to come. A little further conversation round the table led to similar promises from three of the guests. Taylor completed his fifty-fifth year on May 21.M. made up the sum to two thousand five hundred pounds. Nothing but the early morning hour.. Broomhall found her strength daily renewed in fellowship with God. And to Mr. own . and who shall say how much the spirit thus maintained had to do with the rising tide of blessing ? Great was the joy when on Mr.

versus God's together in our favour May grace be poured into all. Speaking of the twenty-one years of " goodness and mercy " they were that day commemorating. . prospering it. He said. Taylor began his address at the AnniMeetings by recalling the quaint saying of a wellversary "When God does anything. Taylor could with confidence say : 1 : No wonder God and He is. . A letter also from Mr. our aU our all. illimitable riches of every kind your lips and heart on Thursday in an especial manner. — — you on the morning of the 26th. Up to that time all who were ready among the accepted candidates had gone forward." It Did not the Lord rebuke His disciples for is not great faith you need. bringing a gift of five hundred pounds the second or third he had given toward the outgoing Hundred. but ourselves. " Let me share again in the prosperity of the blessed work by sending £500 toward the amount necessary for sending out To the Lord not the hundred or more labourers this year. working with us therefore in this matter of funds. and that . People say.— 428 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD news of large ingatherings. known coloured evangelist That very morning another cable He does it handsome " had been received from China. and Mr. Berger came as a token for good. The exchange is althe tithes only. " You will * ' — ! : ! Mr. in effect. . giving us signs that He is that this work is pleasing to Him." be very full of praise to God. is He He will give the whole Hundred. for all He has condescended to do through the China Inland Mission during the past twenty-one years. announcing a donation of a thousand pounds toward the expenses of the Hundred fifty-four of whom were already either sent out or accepted. . a little handful. ** Lord. in- crease our faith. will provide for them. and of the way in which financial needs had been supplied. In Pastor Hsi's district two hundred and twenty-six had been baptized at the spring conference. I am sure. he continued : The Lord that prayer ? is always faithful." '* I hope this note will reach he wrote. May all the glory be given to Him to Whom alone it is due. which proved a time of great encouragement.

And by the Hundred we mean one of God's " handsome " hundreds Whether He will give His " exceeding abundantly " by sending us more than a literal hundred. when we began to pray in November. whether we have funds or not. . then we can go to Him in full confidence for workers and when God gives the workers. it would not have added to our confidence one whit if. . ^"Sl^e need a faith that rests on a great God. dear Friend. Broomhall. God's work. began the matter/ aright. . dear Friends." I do want you. it would suffice to remove mountains.THE HUNDRED 429 but faith in a great God. will never." Resting on this promise. the time of the year and other circumstances being suitable. . to realise this principle of working with God and asking Him for everything. we can go to Him for' means to supply their needs." As soon as there is money enough. do not wait until there is a remittance in hand to give him when he The Lord wiU provide in the meanwhile. or by awakening missionary enthusiasm all over the Church and blessing the whole world through it. will I My name. Mr. money wiU be wired to China in time to supply his wants. We - We . your first work will be to join us in praying for money to send you to China. Then we often say. Let us see to it that we keep God before our eyes . ' Depend upon it. =^ — . we have been led to pray for a hundred new workers have the sure word. " Whatsoever ye shall ask this year. had been spending' some days in fasting and prayer for guidance and blessing before the thought was suggested to our minds. . with God. my dear brother-in-law. lack God's supplies. stirring up other branches of the Church to send hundreds. had sent me out a printed list of a hundred accepted candidates. Though your faith were small as a grain of mustard-seed. great "and small. that the Father may be glorified in the in Son. —=^ " handsome. . or — '^' We We We ! . do it. and expects Him to keep His own word and to do just as He has promised. which I should greatly prefer. and the gets there. but it is a greater joy to know that more than a hundred of our workers in China are banded together in daily pleading with God to send out the whole Hundred. I do not know. " Now. done in God's way. __ s . and we are quite sure that we shall end aright!^ It is a great joy to know that thirty-one of the Hundred are already in China. and seek to please and glorify Him in everything. . . I hope that He will answer prayer in all these ways but sure I am that God will whether by many .___2__:L__ . the friend goes out. Now. If the work is jat^ the command of God. that we walk Jn Hisways. r:i. always accept a suitable' worker. } do it . 1 " I^ am ^ far more afraid of unconsecrated money than of no money -l .

backed by a quiet simplicity and joy in the Lord which could not but carry conviction. To many it seemed to shed new light upon the problems of life." have had conversations with three people.' healthy )and happy. Taylor's testimony wherever My great business in life is to please God. as Christians." with - Him -'-I — This was the burden of his message everywhere.Unburdened people^. Taylor said again a few weeks later.430 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD f ( .' strong. and live in His perfect peace ? — . I never feel a burden. . The Lord wants His people to be. who seem to have received a new thought at your meetings as if God really means what He says when He gives us His promises. and two mid-day meetings to persuade Christians that God does mean aU He says in His promises." Mr." was Mr. : ! ^ \ . determine to be " careful for' nothing. " *"! do want to shine for Jesus. Shall we not fully supplied. we are all children of a King " \ Who is rich. say. if this principle of taking everything to God and accepting everything from God is a true one and I think the experience of the China Inland Mission proves that it is ought we not to bring it to bear more and more in daily ^ife ? The Lord's will is that His people should be an ." • " I must close and have a sleep. — . or I shall fail at the meeting he wrote to Mrs. Jesus only ! And shine he did. "all of them Christians. >:|^:^o-night in brightness. If you could return to Waterford and have. Walking in the light. can well be understood that this simple dealing with of the home churches wherever the prayer for the Hundred became known. and to reveal a new. There >^ was a lad there with five barley loaves and two fishes it was enough. " have not knowTi what anxiety is since the Lord taught work is His. almost undreamed-of power in dealing with them. but in everything by prayer and supplication with thanksgiving" bring those things that would become burdens or anxieties to God in prayer." wrote a friend from Ireland. It realities sent a thrill to the heart " I me that the he went. tell His disciples to carry loads of provisions into the wilderness. I believe it would do eternal good. Taylor from Scotland. though the pressure of work was tremendous. not rich. " The Lord did not at all. two evening meetings for preaching the Gospel.. \ * * And now. but in full fellowship with Him Why.

Many were still volunteering. he had to tell of the response of a faithful God to the prayers of His believing people. in which were millions destitute of the Word of Life.THE HUNDRED 431 " It was a mighty message last night.' 9 P. He and Mrs. " Well.. Taylor spoke very simply and very straight He did not finish till close on to the heart on Trusting God. given to the Mission toward the close of this year. therefore. " Many were broken down. It was about the beginning of November. Wilhams gladly gave up their important sphere. meanwhile. but you could have heard any ordinary clock tick most ' ^ of the time. Taylor had the joy of announcing to the friends of the Mission that their prayers were fully answered — all the Hundred having been given and the funds supplied for their passages to China. and of the way in which His " exceeding abundantly *' was being given." Mrs... iii. Our meetings are evidently a blessing to the Church of God. and fills one's heart with blessing and one's lips at with praise. the arrival of party after party was causing no little thanksgiving. the training homes especially proving of Miss Murray at Yang-chow and Mr. Taylor's third visit to Ireland and his fourth to Scotland were planned but not yet carried out. Taylor heard from her husband's secretary on the same visit. incalculable value. O. the most grateful testimonies to spiritual refresh: * Fifteen hundred people were present on that occasion in the Town Hall at Motherwell. while Mr. WilUams.M. Stephen's. The new organisation was working well. Stevenson : Nov. as well as facilitating their studies. when the time came for allocating young workers to their future stations. encouraging influences to bear on the new arrivals. praise the Lord. II . to be Hfted up of God.. was the Rev. After a precious exposition of Zeph. Vicar of St. caring for their health and spiritual life. Stevenson. Cassels was opening up." Mr. Taylor wrote himself midsummer. W.^ Of this he wrote to Mr." " The rush of work is very great. Bailer at An-king were bringing helpful. — . near Glasgow. when Mr. to go with their young children to the far west of China the district the Rev. 2 One of the valuable workers over and above the Hundred. In all these later meetings. Mr. E." In China. The advice they were able to give from personal observation was invaluable also to Mr. Leeds. He helps me through day by day.

Nothing is clearer to me than that in obtaining a hundred for this year we have obtained at least a second hundred. declined to lower the standard.) Still more significant year. (This did not include two Associates." If we get less prayerful about funds. which makes our work peculiarly blessed. " but the Council. . '"" . Does the whole history of Missions afford quite a parallel " to this ? 2 In his New Year's greeting to the members of the now greatly enlarged Mission (Jan. A God-given. " Is anything too hard for the Lord ? " But we must not forget that He will " be enquired of by the house of Israel. Eugene Stock in the History of the Church Missionary Society. of God's blessing is the fact that. New candidates continue to come forward. and most of the others were still labouring in China. 1888) Mr. though in other connections. Many of those who cannot possibly go this year will be ready to do so before long. if we make no appeal to man. . very definitely to continue our appeal to God. and secure the prayers of our friends generally. that God will magnify His Name and adequately sustain the work with funds. To send them out and sustain them will require another ten thousand pounds of addiand in times like these it is a tremendous rise tional income from a little over twenty to forty thousand pounds annually. seventy-eight of the Hundred were still on the C.— 432 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD ment being given at almost every place we visit. 8 have left With the sailing of the ladies to-day. and in the midst of the pressure of work take time to be holy. seven years later. be less prayerful. we need very. staff and of the remainder. to do it . — — . and to God be the glory. can we sufi&ciently praise upon Him. later .I. eightyfourteen others sail on the 15th us for China : in prayer. . : Dec. spiritual impulse is expressed in every donation we receive and this. there is no need to get sorely tried about funds. One is so glad that God has Himself asked the question.^ Every day I feel more and more thankful to God for giving you to us. and I see we cannot get one hundred without getting two from the Lord. and rejected five-sixths of yet the exact number of one hundred not ninety-nine the applicants nor a hundred and one. and for giving you such general acceptance.^ You must continue very earnestly them. we shall soon Thank God. * " Six times that number offered. but one hundred actually sailed within the Ed. can well afford to be more prayerful.M. God-guided. faithful to its principles. And eight a month : . Taylor said in this connection: " Let us never forget that. five had died. and 29th respectively. No for We human prescience or wisdom is sufficient for your position but so long as you continue to seek His guidance in every matter. will always keep us peculiarly dependent ." wrote Mr. " this necessity of trustfulness ? How Him for this happy position.

receive that last party with thanksgiving. : but I feel sure that. though wrought in faith and deep heart-rest. but it is very and to see that God does answer. if have the joy beforehand the last of the Hundred will share it in welcoming you spared." ." For among those who gathered to was more sympathetic than the white-headed saint who a few weeks And so it proved. . 2 F . reach Shanghai It is not more than we expected God to do for us. no one later was called to his reward. for the workers. to London. of course. had taxed both him and those associated with him to the utmost. then on the point of leaving for home " I am delighted to hear that you are praying for large : You will not get a hundred." Thanking him for his kindly interest Mr. .! THE HUNDRED and time to pray and bless you." he wrote in his last letter of the year to Mr. but you will get many more than if you within the year did not ask for them. the 433 will Lord continue to use Two days before the close of the year Mr. Taylor returned the great work accomplished which. in great things as blessed well as small. the prayers of those who put their trust in Him will strengthen the faith of multitudes. Taylor. " I have assured the friends. Taylor replied reinforcements. the crowning party of the Hundred. " that there will be a big Hallelujah when they. " We to China. Stevenson. Twelve months previously a veteran missionary in Shanghai had said to Mr.

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56-63. . VII WIDER MINISTRY Aet. 32. ChaPo 30. 33. 35. 34. To every Creature.PART 1888-1895. Few know what With Wings is betwixt Christ and Me The Cross does not get Comfortable. The Coming Thousand. as Eagles. 36. Deepening the Channels. 31. The Forward Movement.

. "It is / " Wishes. cares. but are not prayer until they are converted into direct address. more important than a personal interview to influence an individual. shall lose it. —^Whateley. More important than the most earnest thinking upon a problem. anxieties prepare the heart for prayer. more important than addressing and swaying an audience far more important than these and all other forms of activity is the act of coming into vital communion with God. . — of God. Those who spend enough time in actual communion with God to become really conscious of their absolute dependence on Him. shall change the mere energy of the flesh for the power *• Among crisis. supplication. but to our petitions." John R. " The promises are not given to our wants. Mott. . ^ indeed true that he that saveth his time from prayer And he that loseth his time.— — " the different ways of helping in the present world there is none which will compare in vital importance with that of wielding the force of prayer." Adolph Saphir. . and cry unto God. shall find it again in added blessing and power and fruitfulness. for communion with God.

. As the result of that correspondence I am now at Pyrland Road. Taylor in the middle of December (1887) in Scotland. had been praying for something of the same 437 . my home. 55-56. on the same principles of faith that have made the China Inland Mission so favourably known. It has been on my heart for many months past to talk with you and Mr. the desire with which he had come. giving him every opportunity to become acquainted with the inner life of the Mission. Mr. Of this he was writing to Mr. to be identified with the enlargement of Mr. and Mrs. by the blessing of God. Forman in Glasgow I found that he. and have been here long enough to satisfy myself concerning the spiritual standing of the China Inland Mission. Broomhall from America. 1887-1888. . Broomhall about the estabUshment of an American Council that might work as a feeder of men and money for China. concerning going to China. Broomhall welcomed the young stranger almost as a member of their household.. he took a : away About five months ago I began correspondence with Mr. too. Among many visitors to the year of the fluence still Pyrland Road toward the close of Hundred came one who in a special way was of the Mission. Taylor's in- and the sphere Finding Mr. and all he saw did but deepen. and to confirm my own to desire of connecting myself with it. In spite of the pressure of those days. Meeting Mr. But I came laid London with a larger purpose in view.CHAPTER XXX FEW KNOW WHAT IS BETWIXT CHRIST AND ME Aet. Taylor room near by.. . and quietly gave himself to studying the work of which he had heard enough to bring him across the Atlantic. .

" But though their intercourse resulted in an abiding friendship. '* fragrant with the love of Christ. and most heart was knit to this From that hour gentle and kind. of Him. Needless to say this was a great disappointment. had also had the matter laid on his heart.. and had led me to take the long journey and make the request that had been made but now I felt I could never again be sure whether my pxayefs were or were not of God. . " I had At the one of the most sorrowful experiences of my life. and how real was the victory when the one so tried Vv^as enabled to trust where ." for what proved an important con- W. It would be. his companion. my beloved servant of God in unalterable devotion. But this was not the worst of it.. natural as ever. " had prepared the way versation. I had had positive assurance that the Lord had Himself guided me in my prayer. quiet. Taylor returned just as simple. His interest in the Mission was warmly appreciated and his desire to work with it welcomed. he suggested. " On reaching my lodgings. but Mr. threshold of my room. and that Mr. Fear did indeed vanish on that occasion.. would have difficulty in striking root in the new soil. or whether I was or was not being guided . Frost to start a fresh organisation. far better for Mr. Taylor could not see his way to the establishment of an American branch. it seemed to the one who was building much upon it to have failed in its object. A little note from Glasgow." the visitor recalled. "for I found him at leisure from himself. Mr. bringing to a successful work of that memorable year. to banish in a moment any apprehension his visitor had felt as to the interview. if he pleased. No.M.I. I had come over three thousand miles only to receive to my request the answer. 438 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD kind for a long time. but something that would be native in its inception and development for a transplanted mission. on the lines of the C." Only those who have passed through similar experiences can know what such a test of faith meant. like a transplanted tree." wrote Mr. Wilder. Henry Frost. Satan seemed to meet me and envelop me in darkness. From issue the his meetings in Scotland.

I do not believe that our Heavenly Father will ever forget His children. this is what we need." " What ! : The certainty of and the question of opposition. the powers of darkness seems to have been Annual Meetings (May Are we ready to go on with Him ready to be filled with the Holy Spirit ? Oh. Meanwhile. the latter was unremitting in his labours.WHAT IS BETWIXT CHRIST AND ME 439 he could not understand. If only we have the Lord. very good Father. but it is not my habit to forget my children. " a wonderful year it has been. Moody. in England. D. we can do without it. and we must not be surprised but greater is He Who at troublesome difficulties coming up is for us than all who can be against us. I am a very poor father. with the result that invitations began to reach Mr. but we can do without any it in the world. But with regard to both the one and the other. need supremely.on . ' ' that is sufficient. Taylor was returning to China before long. . and that if invited to do so he might travel by way of America." and Mr. But suppose He should not work in the way He has done. Mr. said at the ? " '88) . The widespread interest aroused by the outgoing of the Hundred brought more openings for meetings than he could possibly accept. funds for the largely increased work was one that could not be ignored." . then. leave no stone unturned to hinder. by sending in tens of thousands of pounds ? Well. We cannot do without Him. Frost had learned that Mr. This restored " something of soul-rest. and very stimulating to faith were the facts he had to tell. . God has moved. I have not much anxiety about our income. from much before him. Stevenson early in 1888. But the matter did not end there. definite and determined. need more than ever.Lake and to Mr. It is not His habit to forget His children. whose summer gatherings at Northfield were already a centre of much blessing. Frost went back to America leaving the issues with the Lord.the ." he " are we also moving . both for you and me " Satan will surely he wrote to Mr. God is a very. his mind was kept in peace. L. This he made known to the Conveners of the Bible Study Conference at Niagara . Taylor to visit the great new world.

had to go back from America to complete his appointments at the London Hospital as House-Surgeon. and the power and by no one more than the young American who was on For there was the New York landing stage to meet them. Radchffe reminds us. but dimly conscious in the life of Hudson Taylor. It was a summer day toward the end sea. Outward discomfort but he was finding. . Stevenson in January. could . and feehng your desolation ' ' — 1 comforts like He does. it is only He always knows what He will do and if we wait to prove us. Taylor from those he loved best did not that parting surprise. When He asks you or me where we shall buy bread. resting in the joy of what Thou art No one when feeling desolate. about Mr." he wrote to Mrs. Howard.s. carrying s. and escorted quiet exterior of the missionary on his . of June when the among her " Inter- " As I walked the deck last night. Etruria put out to mediate " passengers. Physician. he will have to flee Difficulties are sure to increase. though not in that semi . uncertainty very and the return. Reginald Radcliffe.^ A any become was painful. Mr. I should wonder. Yet the sweetness was felt. Taylor." he had written to Mr. and Mrs.steerage accommodation. I such a comfort am resting. Mr. * His second son. and a secretary. Radcliffe also were of the party. His time. Taylor from Queenstown. and Mrs." is betwixt Christ and me. He will show us also. saintly Rutherford way for the seventh time to China. etc. as yet. But let us believe." . almost mattered little to Mr. who was travelling with him. " I found myself singing softly. Frost's spiritual nature a quality that responded in an unusual way to much of which he could be. his son. Jesus. though an accepted member of the Mission. including Mr. or how we shall solve this or that problem. Lord is unlimited. but the power of the seven. and almost be afraid. with might elapse before he long while easier. as Mr. that when the enemy comes in one way.'* wrote the and little can his fellow-passengers on that Atlantic voyage have realised what lay behind the " Few know what . " that Satan has been trying you sorely. It was with joy at any rate that he received the party.440 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD " I do not wonder. if he did not. It is not likely that he will let work hke this pass without showing himself as an opposer.

had they been conscious of them. Sept. For who could have foreseen that. 23.^ Of the three months that followed it is difficult to write. Taylor would leave again in October.. Frost had made of his father facing this formidable array of English " footwear " in the bathroom. and after cleaning them to perfection. what shall be said of this unexpected movement. was the almost unconscious act of putting their boots outside the bedroom doors at night. that boots in America are usually attended to by those to whom they belong a little poUshing outfit forming part of one's personal equipment.M. How gracious was the hospitality that encompassed them.A. Taylor discovered before Mr. followed by prayer. where there was ample accommodation and the warmest of welcomes. Radcliffe. Having provided himself in this way. to an enthusiasm rarely equalled ? " Sunday night. and rousing Toronto. deeply affecting Christian life in the Eastern States and Canada. 1888. " The place was the Y. ^ and shoes — . little known and with no thought but to take part in a few conferences on his way to China. and taking with him a band of young workers chosen out of more than forty who had offered their If the going out of the lives for service in the Mission ? Hundred in the preceding year had been a striking evidence of the hand of God working with him. arriving in America in July. not for lack of information but because of the very fulness of the records and the importance of events that took place. widely loved and trusted. where together they spent no little labour upon them before retiring. Mr. it was with real enjoyment he would slip along. Radcliffe. it was but natural that some mistakes should be made which no one would have regretted more than they. from which the party finally set out. for example. Unfamiliar with American ways. where they were found shining with an irreproachable polish next morning none of the visitors suspecting the discovery Mr. the visitors could not at the time fully realise. as it happened.C. and fetch the boots the latter put outside his door. Mr. when travelling alone with Mr." wrote one who was present. Such. saw the greatest and most enthusiastic gathering ever held in Toronto up to that time. as quietly put them back again. laden with gifts.— WHAT IS BETWIXT CHRIST AND ME ' 441 them to his father's home in Madison Avenue.

to hear the Rev.m.30 p. made a profound impression on us. were driven out to his beautiful home in the middle of the It was a strangely new experience to the English night.' I beheve in verbal inspiration.' go. only called into being two summers had already attained remarkable proportions over two thousand undergraduates having signed the declaration " I am willing and desirous. are not quite in a position to take up these two thousand.442 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD the hour 8. instead " '' I hoped I might be able to encourage some to go. and that of God could have said be sent if He had wished it. and as a result a great and abiding impetus was given to foreign missions. Moody himself. I was glad to come when my way was providentially opened. Moody. . and had heard of over two thousand students wishful to consecrate their lives to God's service abroad." To Mr. particularly the account of the visits of a deputation of these students to other British universities.' but 'go.. I wanted to see Mr. and his companions arrived." Mr. sending him back from England perplexed and disappointed ? And if it was not in Mr. " that anything specially bearing upon the work of the China Inland Mission would grow out of it. of the Cambridge band.. before. still less was it anticipated by those to whom his personaUty and message came as so new a force that summer at NorthThe Student Conference was in full swing when he field." wrote one of the early leaders. to become a foreign missionary. nothing was Had he not told Mr. J. " The story ." And tated ! the wonder of it all was that it was so unpremedi- I " I had not the remotest idea in coming to America. and. just after the evening services in the churches. Taylor it must ^ — : have been no little encouragement to learn of the connection of all this with the China Inland Mission.. Ober). Taylor himself recalled. Taylor's purpose. Frost only further from his thoughts.' ' ' ' * As to bringing forward the work of the Mission with a view to developing an American branch. God permitting.^ The American societies. I thought. Hudson Taylor and the men and women accepted by him for work in China. " Here really was the germ thought of the Student Volunteer Movement " (Charles K. and perhaps if we tell them about God's faithfulness they will find it written in their Bibles not be sent. The power of God was manifest in a wonderful way. a few months earlier that he had no guidance in that direction. met by Mr. The Student Volunteer Movement. with their missionary message. One might say that the cream of Toronto's rehgious hfe was gathered there.

^ An unstarched white or coloured shirt and collar.C. themselves the inspiration lay such power." or coat. The corps of speakers was able and representative. all other outdoor exercises. who presided. a tie.^ It was an inspiring assembly." said Mr. hill-cHmbing " Delegates should and Morning and evening the spacious auditorium was filled and Bible study the open doors admitting birds as well as breezes. And he not only made the needs of the mission-field very real he showed us the possibilities of the Christian Hfe. tennis. Moody. many pastors. of the founders of the S. This is en regie for Sundays even at Student Conferences. Four hundred men from ninety different colleges filled the Seminary buildings. — . . J." baseball. When he came to Northfield and appealed on behalf of China.V. IS BETWIXT CHRIST AND ME 443 and one full of interest. such possibilities Mr. completed with a " sweater. and overflowed in tents on the far-reaching campus backed by hills and woods. Eternity alone can reveal the results of that Hfe." ran the official invitation. and to him the students seem to have been attracted in a special way. Moody had to announce extra meetings to be held by him in the afternoons so many of the students were anxious to hear more from the veteran missionary. and the effect " With the exception Wilder many . " They should also bring their own reference Bibles and a good supply of note-books. . equipped for bathing.. when warmth is needed. and Mr. Robert years later. The afternoon was kept come fully entirely free for recreation. . of his words upon our Student Movement. and his sympathy and naturalness attracted men to him. N. football. including secretaries. His addresses were so much appreciated that Mr. ! men — of my own father. the " One Rev. Taylor was the man who was the greatest spiritual help to me. the hearts of the delegates burned within them. The students loved to hear him expound the Word of God. Taylor could not but be moved by such an audience. Forman. He was a master of his Bible. was at his best But it was in the young professors.M. a belt and light-coloured trousers is the summer costume of the American student. " Mr.WHAT visitors. . Y.A. and leading philanthropists.M. and the summer dress of the students giving a rainbow effect in the blending of soft for devotional meetings — colours.

How is it that you can address so many Every morning I feed upon the meetings ? he said to us Word of God. and so closely connected with the Fountain of Living Waters that all who came in contact with him were refreshed. it was not until Mr. not from." was the impression made at the Niagara Conference. the words only of Mr. clean.' that was how we all felt. the Rev. ' ' : * ' \ ' ' strength. True prayer requires ( I j * " \ .444 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD ' : t ^' One of the greatest blessings me from India of my hfe came to me through.' " You can work without praying. . " And what impressed us undergraduates was not merely the spirituaHty of Mr.jalways conscious of abiding has written to — : * >lft Christ ' "'^ ? " "' ^ While sleeping last night." " A servant of the Lord whose hght we had not heretofore seen.^ yovLT . J. E. but you cannot pray in earnest without v^/working. W.' was a channel open. . Taylor that helped us. He Taylor. then I pass on through the day messages that ^/Hjave first helped me in my own soul. He bore about with him the fragrance of Jesus Christ." ^ is our little many weeks after Mr.. Taylor But though deeply thankful for such opportunities." /' " It seemed to me. " that it was the almost visible presence of God in him that made his plain and simple words so powerful. Hudson ' Through. 'did I cease to-abide house because I was unconscious of the fact ? We should never be conscious of not abiding in Christ. but it is a bad plan.' And Do not be so busy with work for Christ that you have no. it was his common sense^ One asked him the question Arcyou." wrote a minister had stayed in his home." recalled Mr. " All the children constantly mention you. not from. Secretary to the Conference. Taylor had been nearly a month in America that it began to dawn upon him that there was a larger » The Rev. however.' . it. where " his presence and words were so blessed as to make the occasion one of the most memorable in the Hfetime of many a Christian worker. W. D.' he replied._^ " It was not. it was the life of the man.' was ^Hi ir jjnother of his sayings." And this was the impression wherever he went. Even children felt " To-day '( ^ boy's fifth birthday. and often pray for you. Erdman.D.' " When asked. Taylor. J. Blackstone of Chicago. . strength left for praying.

Louis. in fulfilment of an engagement made before leaving England. rather. His visit to — Niagara meetings after Mr. " and Word God is honoured. and faith in God (or the faithfulness of God. having to pass on to Chicago for other meetings. and many others shared this feeling. It was the opening of the above-mentioned Conference. " One of the leading evangelists present." Mr. Taylor knew Chicago ended. and he scarcely made any reference to China or the Mission. His programme had brought him. James Brookes of St. " confessed that the addresses had come to him almost as a revelation. Mr. but little thinking of the news he had to bring. Hearts and Hves were brought into an altogether new relationship to God and Christ. upon which faith is to lay hold) were his subjects. was the large number of ministers present. quietly but finally offered themselves to the Lord for His service an3rwhere and ever3rwhere. senior. . Disappointed at not hearing more from him on the subject of foreign missions." he wrote. a lovely village in the state of New York. Taylor was at the station to meet him eager to hear mc^re of the Conference. in the joyfulness of full surrender. and not a few. but the impression made was profound." " the The premillennial of Advent is prominent. and Mr. he had come east again to Attica. a few days previously. the Conference all the more welcomed the addresses . For unexpected developments had taken place at the But of this nothing.s increasingly full visit than any he had in view. Frost tells us. . which was under the presidency of Dr. Personal love to the Lord Jesus as typified in the Song of Solomon." . where Mr. Taylor was only able to speak twice. to Niagara-on-the-Lake. and his son had their summer homes.WHAT IS BETWIXT CHRIST AND ME 445 purpose concerning th." A special feature of the Conference. Frost. Taylor's departure. Taylor found himself in the midst of *' a great gathering of deeply taught Christians. and subsequent happenings Mr. of various denominations. and Mr. The son was expected on the midnight train from Niagara. Canadian as well as American.

*' the Secretary. for which the way had been well prepared. Dr. thought would suffice. Radcliffe was kept busy answering questions as to how much it would take to support a worker in the China Inland Two hundred and fifty dollars a year (£50) he Mission. and the like. and to keep on doing so all the year round." But even " ^ this experience was surpassed next day when the Conference reassembled.^ and a meeting was appointed to see what was to be the practical outcome. Mr. Erdman was in the Chair. and the The rest Spirit of the Lord came upon the believers present. "Go ye into all the world and preach the Gospel to every creature. but seemed so reasonable that Mr. Frost. Burning words were spoken by the veteran evangelist and the young volunteer on the responsibility of each succeeding generation of believers to obey the great command. Robert Wilder. . J.*' He had learned. and works the other twelve. Wilder told them. When asked how it was possible " I work twelve hours here. of the hour was filled with voluntary praises." wrote Mr. W. " and when I have to rest. the China Inland Mission came in without advertisement or urging on the part of any. but the occasion was not one for much -' direction or control. you who cannot go. who had mind the general guidance of the meeting. suddenly found himself entirely emptied of every idea and preference. " After singing in and prayer. As I reached the Pavilion. . and money for field. the secret of how to work for the Lord twenty-four hours a day. why not have your own representatives on the foreign field ? " This was a new idea." " We want many from the Niagara Conference to work twenty-four hours a day Hke this.— 446 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD of Mr. It was a lady who had made the discovery. however." she replied. " Christian friends. as it made no allowance for and travelling expenses." he urged. to whom gifts in- cidental This proved inadequate. my representative in India begins her day. house rent. Radcliffe and Mr." he wrote. prayers and consecration of young men and women to service in the foreign It was a meeting never to be forgotten.

' ' . I was disappointed in Mr. he seemed burdened. " Quietly he listened." — — Returning to his room that summer morning Mr.: WHAT IS BETWIXT CHRIST AND ME 447 and pledges of money sufficient for the support of two missionaries had been given the previous evening." he continued. reached my father's house . and then said I " kept my secret. as I had anticipated. and with such a serious look that I confess. I described to him how after his departure from Niagara the Spirit had swept over the Conference how the offerings had been given and put into my hands to pass on and how they had been found to amount to a sum to him sufficient to support eight missionaries for a year in China. Taylor. for a whole year. If I remember rightly. There I stood in the midst of the assembly without ever wishing it or thinking such a thing could be suddenly transformed into an impromptu Treasurer of the China Inland Mission. The faith that had sustained him then was being exchanged for sight. and some were saying that they wanted to work twenty-four hours a day by having a missionary all to themAgain promises and money came flowing in. Instead of being glad. " I found that people had become intoxicated with the joy of giving. he did just say. when he had wondered whether he could ever know that prayer was really answered. realised safe how however.' or Thank God. Taylor on the platform to meet him. Taylor's bedroom. for once in my Ufe. I had scarcely a place to put them. Frost could not but remember the sorrowful experience through which he had passed in London. . Praise the Lord. when upon reaching Attica at midnight he found Mr.' but beyond this there was nothing to indicate that he accepted the news as good news. in inland China. A number were standing up. Then. fully and joyously. pledging themselves to give a certain amount toward the support of a missionary. until. this selves. " until we and Mr. and that they were seeking another opportunity for making free-will offerings for the Lord's work in China." This then was the story he had to tell. And afterwards. I found enough to support not two missionaries but actually eight. upon counting what had been given. or be assured of the guidance of God again. but also to wait for Him. time. For a few minutes he stood apparently lost in thought. and as he poured out his heart in wondering thankfulness he and good it is ** not only to wait upon God.

But even then it was with fear and . as to me." he was writing to Mr. . and great There never was more issues are Hkely to result from our visit. need for prayer than at present. Taylor could not but see.' we knelt beside the bed. and he began to ask what the Lord meant by all that had taken place. For the problem that faced him. recognised. Taylor was thus being led was strongly confirmed on his return to Northfield. " Money for a year's support of several new missionaries is either given or promised. for the support of North American workers. that my visit to London and appeal for a branch of the Mission to be estabHshed on this continent had been more providential than was at first . It was becoming clear to him. fraught. with us. as Mr. with far-reaching results. with me. He was glad to be returning to Northfield shortly for the General Conference. It was only as he went on pleading for hght that I commenced to underthink " Upon this stand what was in Mr. and I had repHed that it was designated. after little more than three weeks in America. From this he saw that the obHgation was laid —a upon him of appeahng for missionaries from North America heavy responsibility. Moody advised his appealing at once for workers. Mr. from me how the money was to be used. young and retiring as he was. He had reahsed at once that this was a very marked providence.448 '* ' THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD I we had better pray. May the Lord guide in all is " God for Buffalo next things. by preference. had not been recognised as the providential solution. in view of aU that it involved. Stevenson from Ocean Grove a few days " Do not be surprised if I should bring reinforcements later. Moody and other friends. and that God had probably brought him to America for other purposes than simply He had inquired to give a few addresses on his way to China. was no simple one. Taylor before leaving morning (July 26). Taylor's mind." The conclusion to which Mr. when he would have the opportunity of consulting Mr." he wrote to Mrs." " I think we must have an American branch of the Mission. and introduced him to some of his own students who were feeling called to China. ." Unexpectedly a crisis had arisen. and as yet the man at his side.

but their support for the first year would use a considerable part of the money contributed at Niagara " if things went smoothly. but there had been no thought of its becoming international. in ways we must not attempt to detail. Their passages had been promised independently. But to have money and no missionaries is very serious indeed." But from this point of view. and the further they went the less chance there seemed of getting to an end of it. And I do not think it will be kind of you dear friends in America to put this burden upon us. friends. : One by one. Mr. the original fund was still untouched. We have the dollars. " about anj^thing in my 2 G . he began to be relieved about the funds in hand." he said a year later. the appeal was a strong one. there was no using it up. and not to send some from among yourselves to use the money. out of sight. The Mission had always been interdenominational. prepared men and women responded to the call. until Mr. and prolonged seasons of prayer save for his early morning — * " I never life. Taylor and his party w^ere so carried forward on a tide of interest and enthusiasm that it was all they could do to keep up with their programme.WHAT IS BETWIXT CHRIST AND ME 449 trembling he went forward." was the way he put it care of His own He does not want me to assume His responsibility. things did not go at all smoothly. was something like the consecrated loaves and fishes. and twenty-one years of experience had made its leader cautious.^ But once his mind was made up. But all the while. Mr. When the first three were accepted. When as many as eight had been accepted. Taylor was assured that it was indeed the Lord's purpose for him to take on a band to China. Taylor remarked. " To have missionaries and no money would be no trouble " for the Lord is bound to take me. there was a quiet force of prayer at work that went far to account for the wonderful things that were happening. " but where are the people ? to ." felt more timid. Consecrated money. Parents. or the churches to which they belonged claimed the privilege of sustaining these workers.

" marvellously Lockport : " We . I. and v/ith the interest in China awakened among them. continued to come to him for the support of missionaries in China. the way in which things were tending. " This quiet at home (Aug." Meanwhile Mr. ' ' will! " Please very specially remember the C. yet I ask most earnestly that you will consider the question. that the opportunity of Mr. praise I is most blessed in one respect. Mr.450 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD hour of that country prevaiUng with God. as he moved about." he added "I have much opportunity for prayer.'s relation to America. Will it not be well I have much to say to you upon to establish a branch here ? this. Money listening soul. was growingly impressed with the spirit and enterprise of American Christians. had a magnificent meeting last night.I. Praise His holy Name. and in the middle of August he sent out a circular letter to the contributors asking " many and fervent prayers " that the right persons might be chosen. To the latter he wrote also. home man was on . and when not required in the sick room he had more leisure than usual He saw. Gk. and from this vantage-ground we may ask what we I feel . For. and it do count a great privilege to It tell Him of all our hopes and fears at this critical time. I am sure it is what He wants just now. Taylor's escort might not be lost. with the clearness of a for thought and prayer. He has made us prisoners in Christ (Eph. at Attica a But in the retirement his knees. makes me realise the force of that definition of prayer that one has given. 27)." he wrote from on the r4th cf August. Henry W. " Things are working the hand of God is everywhere apparent. strange to say. and I do God for it. if you are led to hsten to it.). —were impossible. putting his home and services unreservedly at his disposal for the purpose of becoming better acquainted with candidates. Frost was not much A serious illness that threatened in evidence at the meetings the life of his father kept him from traveUing. iv. I dare not seek to influence you. ' Prayer is the attitude for of a needy and helpless soul whose only refuge is in God ' : ^ yet I feel at the same our need and I feel our helplessness time what a great and sure refuge we have in our God.M. and that some might be ready to sail without delay. Taylor.

m.C. From the Secretary of the Y.A. Brookes' Church in St. accountable delay in the arrival of the carriage to convey him to the depot. he learned that they were united in earnest prayer that seven of their number might be privileged to go as missionaries to China. and among the party that sailed with him a few weeks later were four young women and three men from the Hamilton Christian Associations. in who seemed prepared in closing sentence. to get a train for Springfield There was some un(111. and spent the early hours with Him Who was the source of his great power. Such events could not but visit move of the the churches. " concluded a long. the abiding impression and the many friendships made as Mr." Notwithstanding this disquieting assertion. where he was to speak that day. Taylor to leave their home early. the Secretary himself following by way of Europe." it said. When they reached the station the train "I was .M. by informing the audience that the members of the China Inland Mission depended upon chance providences for a scanty subsistence. too. and recall to mind the earnest request Rev." recalled a Southern lady. Another pen.WHAT A week people IS BETWIXT CHRIST AND ME 451 Hamilton. pray that God will make this visit a meetings great blessing to our dear Canada. Taylor's was largely occupied in interviews with candidates for the work." Time fails to tell of the growing interest.). Brookes teU of the wonderful influence of that visit. " when my mother took me to hear him at Dr. Taylor was perfectly calm. than the writer's seemed to have added a later. Mr. as though the editorial scissors had been at work. he found a band of young a special way for his message. most interesting address. Louis. but Mr. and how during his stay Mr. Taylor moved from place to place. Among the appreciative notices of Mr. but years after I heard Dr. " The venerable gentleman. : /'' only a httle girl. Brookes vv^as much worried. It was necessary for Mr. who had arranged the Canadian " Pray. " Only to-day Mrs. Taylor's meetings was one long article in the leading paper that ended somewhat abruptly. Brookes gave me the details of an incident her sainted husband loved to tell. John McLaurin. Taylor rose regularly about 4 a. and Dr.

a Mr. and Mr. " It is very kind of you to choose Attica as a gathering place. therefore. For almost the first time in the history of that road the St. Taylor was wholly unable to cope with the correspondence necessary for completing the cases of candidates. in spite of the fact that the agent told him they never' made connections there. when he might be able to hand over much of the work that re- mained to his willing hands.' " Many of us who heard of these experiences had learned to bring the greater things of life to our Heavenly Father. The number of applicants to join the Mission had risen to over forty. Taylor did not have sufficient money for the tickets (a matter of about eight pounds)." wrote the latter.452 THE GROWTH OF A WORK OF GOD left. N. which crossed a hne going to Springfield . but the simple. ' and there seemed no possible way for him to keep But he quietly told Dr. had " " his appointment.. and upon inquiry found this to be the case. Taylor York. Frost's suggestion of a reunion of the outgoing party at Attica. Besides my mother's ^ Eight hundred and twenty-six between July i. Frost's prayers seemed more than answered.' ' ' ' ' . and Mr.' : u Upon inquiry of the agent they found a train leaving St. he fell back on Mr. and I'U be there. Wilson. child-like trust of this godly man taught us to come to Casting our Heavenly Father with the smaller details as well. " My Father knew. out-distancing even his faith and expectations. Louis in another direction. . " all your care (anxiety) upon Him. who had de^cided the night before to take the tickets and had come provided. when he . He felt it impressed upon him that Mr. Taylor said he would go that way. " There will be no difficulty in caring for almost any number Ukely to be invited. Brookes My Father manages the trains. Hundreds of letters had poured in. out a moment's hesitation Mr. as they were opposing roads.' " When he was leaving next day for Rochester.Y. when he arrived in sailed from Vancouver.' was the quiet answer it was not necessary to speak to any of His children about it. " Why did you not teU us ? asked Mr. Taylor was able to keep his appointment at Springfield. letters New were received by Mr.. and October 5. but the train on the other hne always left ten minutes Withbefore this train arrived.^ It was with thankfulness. Wilson accompanied him to the station. for He careth for you. Louis train arrived ahead of the other.- ' By the middle of September Mr.

I have been praying specificaUy for two things first. who was editor also of a religious paper. when yet another visitor came seeking Mr. I have been asking for other things which your letter touches upon. Sandham. Taylor's assurance that he was being guided of God. Nasmith. In an upper room at the Institute Mr. and the way in which he was ready to assume whatever of responsibility Mr. Taylor was led to go forward in these matters was the generous. we will be permitted to send guests to three other homes in the village. He. and a second of the three appeared. Hardly had Mr. that you might return here.WHAT IS BETWIXT CHRIST AND ME 453 home and our own. arrange for interviews. You know . Frost to the conclusion that it would be well to secure the help of a few leading. opened the way for such an arrangement. some of us can put up at the Hotel at very reasonable rates. and among them Dr. that your letter was a direct answer to many prayers. before another knock came. Taylor found that he could not all of that city. . an incident that happened in Toronto could not but confirm Mr. of those within when the visitor proved to be one of the gentlemen in question. and the valuable help of Mr. godly men. Toronto seemed the centre indicated. 25). Secretary in Canada. Frost. It was with regret Mr. I cannot teU you how it burdens my heart with a sense of unworthiness to find the Almighty God so ready to hsten to my cries and so quick to answer them. Frost occupying a similar position in the States. Sandham of the Christian Institute. . Taylor explained to him the circumstances. after consultation with friends in London and Shanghai. The names of several suitable persons had been mentioned who might be asked to join a provisional Council. or if that is not convenient. and anticipate a comfortable entertainment " for all who come. Taylor was in conference with Messrs. when a knock was heard at the door. devoted co-operation of Mr." will . that there might be a series of farewell meetings of just such a nature as you have suggested. he very kindly undertook the responsibility of Hon. Taylor had to devolve. Mr. Please pray for me that I may walk more worthy of such a Father. as a temporary Council. too. the day after the farewell meetings which moved Toronto so profoundly (Sept. But time was short in which to arrange for a Council. Besides these. and second. : Surely not the least remarkable of the converging providences by which Mr. interdenominational connections. Gooderham and Mr. to put the matter before them in person. Sand