ELEMENTS IN MACHINE DESIGN (J.T.) – MODULE 17 1. Corrosion resistant in oxidizing environments. a. Stainless steel b. Aluminium c. Carbon d. Wood 2.

Forces are the same plane a. Non-coplanar b. Rigid c. Coplanar forces d. Vector forces 3. This category includes all other combinations of nonconcurrent, non parallel, and noncoplanar forces. a. Two-dimensional system b. General three-dimensional system c. One dimensional system d. Quadratic system 4. Used to shape and sharpen carbide cutting tools. a. Mechanical grinding b. Electrochemical grinding c. Laser grinding d. None of the above 5. The load at which a column fails is known as a. Critical load or Euler load b. Secant load c. Maximum load d. Under load 6. In a statically indeterminate system, one or more of the supports or members can be removed or reduced in restraint without affecting the equilibrium position. Those supports and members are known as a. Redundant members b. Fixed members c. Determinate members d. Modulus 7. Produced by reheating white cast iron to between 1500 F and 1850 F (800 and 1000 C) for several days followed by slow cooling. a. Brittle steels b. Mild steel c. Carbon steel d. Malleable cast iron 8. Cast iron that contains both cementite and graphite and is between white and gray cast irons in composition and performance a. Malleable cast iron b. Mottled cast iron c. Gray cast iron d. White cast iron 9. Typical critical slenderness ratios range from a. 10 to 15 b. 80 to 120 c. 20 to 50 d. 100 to 500 10. Maximum stress for which the linear relationship is valid










a. Elastic limit b. Yield point c. Proportionality limit d. Design limit The slope of the straight line connecting the origin and the point of operation a. Secant modulus b. Modulus of elasticity c. Drop modulus d. Young’s modulus When the equations of equilibrium are independent, a rigid body force system is said to be a. Statically indeterminate b. Statically determinate c. Statically balance d. Statically imbalance When the body has more supports than necessary for equilibrium, the force system is said to be a. Statically indeterminate b. Statically determinate c. Statically balance d. Statically imbalance General name given to a wide range of alloys containing iron, carbon, and silicon, and to a lesser extend, manganese, phosphorous, and sulphur. a. Cast iron b. Carbon c. Metal d. Gold Cutting fluids are used to a. Reduce loads b. Reduce friction, remove heat, remove chips, and protect against corrosion c. Increase power d. Increase load Used when it is impractical uneconomical to perform destructive sampling on manufactured products a. Destructive testing b. Nondesctructive testing c. Destructive evaluation d. All of these Measures the capacity of a surface to resist deformation a. Impact tests b. Hardness tests c. Tensile tests d. Compressive tests The length of time it will cut satisfactorily before requiring grinding, and depends on the conditions of use. a. Value of a tool b. Life of a tool c. Tool evaluation d. Economy of the material Used as a finishing operation since very fine and dimensionally accurate surface finishes can be produced. a. Surfacing b. Drilling


Lapping c. a. Malleability d. Honing d. Piers d. Shaft d. Grinding b. Pipe Long compression members are known as a. A measure of material’s ability to yield and absorb highly localized and rapidly applied stresses a. Plasticity 38. Ductile material c. Drilling Describes very rough grinding a. 21. The theoretical maximum load that an initially straight column can support without buckling. Rockstar hardness test b. Euler load c. Plastic material d. Ultimate weight 35. Elastic material Total plastic strain at failure. Creep b. Cycle system d. ___ is able to absorb and release strain energy without permanent deformation. 28. Modelling For any specific material the percentage decrease in diameter is known as a. 27. Brayton steel test d. Stick b. Longitudinal strain b. Percent elongation b.025 mm). 23. Pressure c. Degree of indeterminacy c. Short elongation d. Less elongation c. Degree of deformation 32. Linear force system c. Current elongation Very short compression members are known as a. Columns c. Strain energy 30. Couple c. c. 22. 25. The strain energy per unit volume required to reach the yield point. 21. Snagging c. a. Most common type of cast iron a. The continuous yielding of a material under constant stress a. Kelvin test 33. Young’s elongation d. Snagging d.20. a. Deformed material d. Pliers c. Snagging d. Grinding c. Brinell hardness test c. Vertical force system b. Gray cast iron c.001 in (0. Elastic material c. a. Resilient material b. Its purpose is to produce very smooth surface. Kinetic d. Coal d. Stress b. a. Non-concurrent forces b. Creep d. Most frequency used materials in engineering design a. Plastic 31. Elasticity b. a. a. Modulus of stress c. Brittle material b. Poisson’s ratio 34. Fining ____ is grinding in which very little material is removed. Toughness d. Spring All forces are parallel and applied along a straight line a. Vertical strain d. The number of redundant members is known as the a. Ceramics 2 . Black cast iron b. Ductility c. Simplex steel 36. Glass c. Honing b. Spindle b. Modulus of resilience b. Moment system Forces act at the same point a. Span b. 24. Concurrent forces 29. Degree of saturation b. Coplanar forces d. Column strain c. 26. Plasticity 37. Lateral strain A material that deforms and elongates a great deal before failure is said to be a a. Creep c. Bessemer force d. Lapping b. Cleaning Used to produce dimensionally accurate surfaces by removing less than 0. Absolute load b. The energy per unit volume stored in a deformed material a. Determined by pressing a hardened steel ball into the surface of a specimen. Grinding d.

Temper ratio 41. The earth and stone mixed with the iron oxides. Nickel d. The furnace is charged with alternate layers of iron ore. Duplexed steel c. Low carbon steels d. Steels used for drills. Low carbon steels d. Aluminium oxide b. Low carbon steels d. Steels contain more than 8% total alloying ingredients. 4:2:1 b. Silicon 57. Medium carbon steels c. 5 c. The ratio of the lateral strain to the axial strain is known as a. 0. Medium carbon steels c. simplicity of production. Blast furnace c. a. Coke d. Bagasse c. Steel and iron processes 47. Aluminium 56. Boron c. Coal that has been previously burned in oxygen-poor environment a. Low carbon steels d. Maraging steels 55. Medium carbon steels c. High alloy steels b. Medium carbon steels c. High carbon steels b. Carbon monoxide 3 . Steels used for axles. Used to increase hardness. Copper b. and limestone in the approximate ratio of a.d. Low carbon steels d. 1 d. aircraft and missile turbine housings and other high strength applications. a.3 42. None of the above 45. Bessemer and oxygen processes b. Pressure ratio b. 10:5:1 c. a. High carbon steels b. a. The simplest and most common grades of steel belong to the group of a. High strength steels 49. Most modern grinding wheels are produced from a. Carbon steels d. a. Dryer 44. predictable performance. Medium carbon steels c. Low alloy steels 53. Copper 40. a. structural shapes. 20:20:10 d. High carbon steels b. Poisson’s ratio is taken as approximately a. Alloy steels c. Low carbon steels d. coke. Carbon d. Copper and brass d. Steel b. Used to increase atmospheric corrosion resistance. Aluminium 48. Steels containing less than 8% total alloying ingredients a. Carbon steel b. Waste product b. Gangue d. Coal b. Brass d. High carbon steels b. low cost. Sand 43. Metals 39. Steels that are used for wire. Carbon ratio c. Low alloy steels 54. Low alloy steels 52. Carbon c. phosphorus. Low alloy steels 51. Cupola b. a. gears. and iron oxide is known as a. Wood 46. 10 b. and knives. The most prevalent engineering metal because of the abundance of iron ore. Alloy d. For most metals. High carbon steels b. The process used to reduce iron oxides to pure iron takes place in a a. Bessemer and hydrogen processes c. cutting tools. Tungsten c. Bessemer steel that is subsequently refined in an open hearth process to remove sulphur. Poisson’s ratio d. Aluminium b. Manganese steels b. Low alloy steels 50. Very low carbon steels and used for rocket motor cases. Used to reduce the carbon content and purify the iron. Coke c. strength and corrosion resistance a. and similar parts requiring medium to high hardness and high strength. a. Iron and oxygen processes d. and screw machine parts a. Chromium c. Izod d. Medium carbon steels c.

Rigid force d. Material ratio 62. a. Nickel c. Electrochemical machining b. Uses high-energy electrical discharges to shape an electrically conducting workpiece. Electrical conducting machining d. Commonly used to weld aluminium a.1%) with small amounts of slag and gangue in the form of fibrous inclusions. Carbon d. Precision ability c. Alloy b. Total energy c. known as the a. Automatic grinding d. Manual grinding c. Rigid force d. Ability d. Annealing d. Distillation hardening process c. Aluminum is hardened by a. and titanium. The primary disadvantages of aluminium are its a. Low-carbon iron (less than 0. a. Manganese d. Manganese b. Volume of metal removed per unit energy used a. Electric welding c. Cutting power b. A mixture of hydroxides of aluminium and oxides of iron. Material efficiency b. Force that holds parts of the rigid body together. Lead 63. Machinability 72. Top angle c. Cost and high strength c. Improves the age hardenability of aluminium. Force vector c. a. Coal b. Zinc 4 . Steel 70. Graphite 66. a. Current efficiency d. a. Laser beam machining d. Removes metal by electrolysis in a high-current deplating operation. Magnesium 68. Magnesium b. Zinc c. Automotive machining c. Electromechanical machining 60. Bottomless grinding 59. Aluminium b. Precipitation hardening process b. Cutting force d. Cobalt 73. a. Wrought iron b. Tungsten d. a. Carbon b. End angle b. chucking. Tungsten-inert-gas (TIG) and metal-inert-gas (MIG) b. Chromium d. True rake angle d. Compacted graphitic particles b. or holding round work pieces. None of the above 74. Carbon steel 71. Internal force b. Unique form of cast iron with worm-shaped graphite particles. Carbon d. Specific cutting energy 64. The angle at which the tool meets the workpiece is characterized by a. Centerless grinding b. A force on a rigid body caused by other bodies. Gray cast iron c. Tungsten d. Vector force 77.58. Automotive machining b. Bauxite ore c. Electrical conducting machining c. Internal force b. A vector of unit length directed along a coordinate axis. Black gold d. External force c. Alloy c. A method of grinding that does not require clamping. a. Boron c. Copper 67. a. Wrought iron c. a. a. Produced from bauxite ore a. External force c. Laser beam machining 61. Zinc 69. Vector force 76. Unit vector b. Used to increase hardness and strength. LPG welding d. silicon. Used to increase toughness and corrosion resistance a. Cost and low strength b. Axial vector 78. Base angle 65. Used to reduce brittleness a. Ore d. Highly soluble in aluminium and is used to increase strength by improving age hardenability. Cobalt b. Copper c. a. The energy expended per unit volume removed. Electrochemical welding 75. Perpendicular vector d.

Dezincification b. Polymerization c. Tool steel 90. a. Kinematics d. Fixed end beam b. Fixed beam d. Gasification d. turn. Varignon’s theorem b. Equal to the number of reactions or members that would have to be employed in order to make the structure statically determinate. 82. Statically determinate b. Hanging beam 93. Carbides d. a. and thermal stability a. Cantilever beam d. 84. Equal reactions 91. Metals Cross-linking of natural rubber is known as a. zirconium. Vulcanization b. Dynamics c. a. Statically balance d. Stabilizer The average number of mers in the molecule a. Refractory and reactive metals b. Polymer c. and tungsten a. Loop theorem d. Polymers d. Abrasive materials c. Force b. None of the above 95. Mers factor d. Carbon b. a. Concentrated force c. a. Tungsten d. Carbides b. Abrasive b. and internal forces. Mole factor A hard material that can cut other materials. Graphite d. Simple beam c. Three common configurations of beams that are recognized as statically indeterminate are continuous beam. Polymer The most common alloying ingredients in copper a. a. Degree of determinacy c. A statement of how the total moment is derived from a number of forces acting simultaneously at a point. a. or twist a rigid body about an actual or assumed pivot point. Has two or more spans and is statically indeterminate. Degree of indeterminacy b. a. 5 . Weight c. Cobalt An alloy copper and tin. Brass d. Polymer c. Statically indeterminate c. The equations of statics are not sufficient to determine all reactions. a. Study of rigid bodies that are stationary. Moment b. Raw materials A large molecule in the form of a long chain of repeating units. Three moment equation c. Degree of accuracy c. Steel An alloy of copper and zinc. c. Statically indeterminate 92. Degree of polymerization b. Continuous beam c. Have extreme hardness. Corrosion c. wear resistance. tantalum. Tin d. Cutter d. Fabrication d. 80. direction. 83. Steel A loss of zinc in the presence of certain corrosive media or at high temperatures. Torque d. Work 97. a. A push or pull that one body exerts on another. Brass c. Zinc c. a. The name given to the tendency of a force to rotate. System force d. and location in three-dimensional space. propped cantilever beam and a. Bronze b. 85. a. Abrasive c. Statics b. Tin b. Carbides c. Simple force 98. Cantilever beam b. Fiber Alloys based on titanium.79. 87. Bronze b. a. 88. Brass c. A vector having magnitude. Fiber b. Chain 89. Statically determinate d. 81. Alloy d. Alloying A major component in most bronzes. 86. moments. Kinetics 96. Propped beam 94. Aluminium d.

The process where a physical mixture of carbide and powdered metal is heated in order to solidify the powder into a single piece. Solidifying 100. a. Used where high stiffness and low coefficients of thermal expansion are needed. Moment 99.a. Roving c. Vector d. Steel fibers d. a. Carbon fibers c. Support c. Shearing d. Plastic fibers End - 6 . Reactions b. Graphite fibers b. Sintering b.

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