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NAME: LETS STUDY CONDITIONAL SENTENCE

CLASS:

CONDITIONAL SENTENCE IF CLAUSE

REAL/TRUE/ POSSIBLE CONDITION

UNREAL/UNTRUE CONDITION (CONTRARY TO FACT)

TYPE 1 PROBABLE (PRESENT/ FUTURE)

TYPE 2 IMPROBABLE (PRESENT/ FUTURE)

TYPE 3 IMPROBABLE (PAST)

FUTURE
HABITUAL ACTION

IMPERATIVE

Now see the following table CONDITIONAL SENTENCE SITUATION IFCLAUSE/SUBORDINATE CLAUSE RESULT CLAUSE/ ORDINATE CLAUSE S + Will (can, must) + V1 S + Will (can, must) + be + NV Imperative Simple present S +Would (could, might) + V1 Simple past S +Would (could, might) + be + NV Would have + V3 Could have + V3 Would/ Could have been + NV EXAMPLES FACTS

Type 1

True in the PRESENT True in the FUTURE

Simple present

If I have enough money, I will give it to you

Present tense

Type 2

Untrue/ Contrary to fact in the PRESENT/ FUTURE

If I had enough money, I would give it to you

Present tense Simple future : I dont have enough money I will not give it to you Simple past : I didnt have enough money I would not give it to you

Type 3

Untrue/ Contrary to fact in the PAST

Past perfect

If I had had enough money, I would have given it to you

INVERSION FORM CONDITIONAL TYPE 2 Were + S + NV, S +would/could/ might + V1 S + would/could/ might + be + NV example: If I were I you, I would help them were I you, I would help them INVERSION FORM CONDITIONAL TYPE 3 Had + S +V3, S + would/ could/ might + have + V3 S + would/ could/ might + have + been + NV example: If you had called him, he would have come had you called him, he would have come Lets check your understanding about Conditional TYPE 1 Complete the sentences! 1. If I ...hard (to study) I (to pass) the national examination. 2. The teacher ...(not, be) happy if we (to forget) our homework again 3. they ..(to go) Surabaya if They (to get) invitation letter. 4. he .(can, to write) good stories if he .(to feel) like it 5. They ..(to stay) longer in Sidoarjo if its weather .(not, be) hot. 6. If Amri (to take) his camera, he .(to take) nice pictures. 7. We ..(to go) to school by bike if the weather ..(be) better 8. if you .(to wait) a minute, I ....(to go) with you. 9. you ...(to sleep) much better if you ....(to take) your medicine. 10. You ...(to get) stomachache if you (to eat) mango so much Lets check your understanding about Conditional TYPE 2 Complete the sentences then find the meaning/ fact! 1. about it better 2. in the test 3. 4. time 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. salary 10. many mistakes if he ..(to work) more slowly, he ...(not, to make) so If I .(to be) you, I ...(not to fight) with them. if I .(to have) a car, I .. (to drive) to Jakarta I . (to hurry up), if you .(to remind) me If you (to tell) lies, I ....(be) very angry with you. If I .(be) your manager, I (to give) you a big I ..(to go) the party if you ...(to come) with me My uncle .(to stay) longer here if he (to have) more If he ...(to learn) the new words, he ...(to get) a good mark If you .(to listen) carefully, you .(to know)

Lets check your understanding about Conditional TYPE 3 Complete the sentences then find the meaning/ fact! 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. If we ..(to see) the film, we .(not, to buy) the DVD I ..(to travel) around Indonesia if I ...(to have) more money. If I ....(be) in your position, I ..(to change) my attitude We ...(to save) time if we ...(to take) plane She ....(to cry) if you (to hurt) her If you ..(to arrive) early, Your manager ....(be) happy you ....(to sleep) much better if you ....(to take) your medicine. if you .(to wait) a minute, I ..(to go) with you. You ....(to get) stomachache if you .(to eat) mango so much I (not, to do) I .(be) you

READING Text 1 Guess what happened! When you look at a little boy chewing the chilies. I have a two-year old brother called Kevin. He is a very mischievous boy and always gets into trouble with mom. He cannot seem to keep his hands off things and frequently gets spanked by mom for turning on the gas, playing with matches, and so on. One day, mom had just returned from the market. She placed the basket on the table in the sitting room and went to the kitchen to wash her hands. As there was no one in the sitting room at that time, Kevin could not resist taking a look at the things in the basket. When he discovered that there were some red sweets inside the basket, he quickly climbed onto the table and put one into his mouth. When he started chewing it, his mouth became hot and he started to cry. Mom dashed out from the kitchen and saw Kevin with a red chili in his mouth! She hurriedly took him to the kitchen to wash his mouth with some cold water from the refrigerator. When Kevin finally stopped crying, mom gave him a good scolding. She told him not to be greedy and take things without her permission. Everyone in the family had a good laugh when they learnt about this incident later on. Everyone, of course, except Kevin who did not find his experience amusing. Text 2 Guess what happened when there was fisherman who threw a big fish back into the water and keep only that small one? It is unusual incident, isnt? One morning, a man was crossing a narrow bridge. When he saw a fisherman under him on the shady bank of the deep smooth river he stopped to watch him quietly. He saw that the fisherman took it off the hook and caught a big fish. But he threw it back to water. Then he put his hook and line in again. After a minute he caught rather big fish. Again, he threw it back into the river. Then the third time, he caught a small fish. He put it into his basket and started to get ready to go. The man on the bridge was very surprised, so he spoke to the fisherman. He asked why did he threw those beautiful big fishes back into the water and just kept only the small one. The fisherman looked up and answered, I only have a frying pan Oh poor fisherman! Text 3 This is a funny story about my sister and her friend. It is awful and ridiculous. She came to a minimarket in my town which she likes. She chooses that minimarket and not another.

Everyday many people come to that minimarket to buy something they need. Many kinds of things are sold such as clothes, food, drinks etc. The minimarket is near from my house. Children, young, and adult often go there. May be because of the low price or cheap, people likes it. They always go shopping there. One day my sister and her friend went to that minimarket with her friend. She went there after studying at school. She wanted to buy a splash colone and some food. Her friend wanted to buy a soft drink. When my sister opened the door she heard the waiter calling her. Then he said, You must take your signature first!. She and her friend would take their signature but suddenly the waiter said, Oh no, I am just kidding. My sister and her friend look shy and laughed. This incident makes my sister and her friend ashamed. She laughs when she remembers about it. She hopes that it never happens to her again. But now she does not care about it. Text 4 Taking the wrong assumption? This is very abashed. Actually I was so embarrassed about this incident. I think many people will laugh when they know it. One day my brother and I were watching TV at home. Suddenly there were many people brought many chairs from my neighbors house and I saw it. At that moment I was afraid and I said to my father about this incident. My father run and said, Thief, thief, thief..catch them!. Suddenly he stopped. In fact the people are not a thief but he is my uncle. My father said to me, Oh no Hen. He is your uncle!. Its terrible. After that my father chatted with my uncle. I was so embarrassed to them. I am not brave to go out. Then my father talked to me. I just laughed and was afraid. My mother laughed after listening this story and she told me, That is funny. When I meet my uncle, I feel shy to him because I always remember this incident. I hope my uncle forget it and I will not be shy anymore. This experience was so funny in my life. I take the wrong assumption about someone whom I called as a thief. May be because of the night, I could not see clearly. I always remember it and I dont forget it. I think this experience can be a lesson for me. Questions: 1. Please underline the rhetorical question you find in the text! 2. Please underline the exclamation you find in the text! 3. What is the writers message in text 1 for readers? 4. What is the writers message in text 2 for readers? 5. What is the writers message in text 3 for readers? 6. What is the writers message in text 4 for readers? 7. Who is the main character in text 1? 8. Who is the main character in text 2? 9. Who is the main character in text 3? 10. Based the texts above, which story do you like best? Why?

YOUR SELF ASSESSMENT of GRAMMAR Write down something to show whether you understand or not about conditional type 1, 2, and 3! You may draw something, symbol etc!

Write down something to show whether you understand or not about spoof and anecdote text You may draw something, symbol etc! YOUR SELF ASSESSMENT of SPOOF and ANECDOTE TEXT