United
Nations
International
Strategy
for
Disaster
Reduction
secretariat
(UNISDR)
 Asian
Disaster
Preparedness
Center
(ADPC)


National‐level
Institutional
and
Policy
 Landscape,
Project
Efforts
and
Good
 Practices
in
Southeast
Asia

Project:
Enabling
environment
for
integrating
 disaster
risk
reduction
(DRR)
and
climate
change
 adaptation
(CCA)
in
Southeast
Asia

Prepared
by
A.
R.
Subbiah
and
Xiaoli
Wang,
RIMES
 


10


National‐level
Institutional,
Policy
Landscape,
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia

2010



 


Table
of
Contents

1.
 2.
 THE
CONCEPTUAL
FRAMEWORK .........................................................................................................4
 THE
EXISTING
INSTITUTIONAL
MECHANISM
AND
POLICY
ON
DRR
AND
CCA
AT
NATIONAL
LEVEL ..5
 2.1
 Cambodia .....................................................................................................................................8
 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
DRR ..................................................................................8
 The
Policy,
Plans
and
Statements
on
DRR ...........................................................................9
 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
CCA ................................................................................11
 The
Policy,
Plans
and
Statements
on
CCA .........................................................................13


2.1.1
 2.1.2
 2.1.3
 2.1.4
 2.2


Indonesia ....................................................................................................................................13
 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
DRR ................................................................................13
 The
Policy,
Plans
and
Statements
on
DRR .........................................................................14
 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
CCA ................................................................................16
 The
Policy,
Plans
and
Statements
on
CCA .........................................................................18


2.2.1
 2.2.2
 2.2.3
 2.2.4
 2.3


Lao
PDR ......................................................................................................................................18
 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
DRR ................................................................................18
 The
Policy,
Plans
and
Statements
on
DRR .........................................................................20
 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
CCA ................................................................................21
 The
Policy,
Plans
and
Statements
on
CCA .........................................................................22


2.3.1
 2.3.2
 2.3.3
 2.3.4
 2.4


Myanmar ....................................................................................................................................23
 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
DRR ................................................................................23
 The
Policy,
Plans
and
Statements
on
DRR .........................................................................24
 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
CCA
(not
available) .......................................................25
 The
Policy,
Plans
and
Statements
on
CCA
(not
available) ................................................25


2.4.1
 2.4.2
 2.4.3
 2.4.4
 2.5


Philippines ..................................................................................................................................25
 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
DRR ................................................................................25
 The
Policy,
Plans
and
Statements
on
DRR .........................................................................29
 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
CCA ................................................................................30
 The
Policy,
Plans
and
Statements
on
CCA .........................................................................30


2.5.1
 2.5.2
 2.5.3
 2.5.4
 2.6


Vietnam ......................................................................................................................................33
 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
DRR ................................................................................33
 2


2.6.1
 


National‐level
Institutional,
Policy
Landscape,
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia

2010



 2.6.2
 2.6.3
 2.6.4
 3.
 The
Policy,
Plans
and
Statements
on
DRR .........................................................................36
 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
CCA ................................................................................36
 The
Policy,
Plans
and
Statements
on
CCA .........................................................................37


REVIEW
OF
DRR
AND
CCA
ENVIRONMENT
IN
SOUTHEAST
ASIA .....................................................38
 3.1
 3.2
 3.3
 Mapping
Out
DRR
and
CCA
Efforts ............................................................................................38
 Review
of
Policies
and
Institutions
on
DRR
and
CCA ................................................................39
 Review
of
Projects
Efforts
on
DRR
and
CCA ..............................................................................40


4.


ENABLING
ENVIRONMENT
ANALYSIS
IN
SOUTHEAST
ASIA ..............................................................52
 4.1
 4.2
 4.3
 4.4
 4.5
 4.6
 The
Enabling
Environment
in
Cambodia ...................................................................................53
 The
Enabling
Environment
in
Indonesia....................................................................................54
 The
Enabling
Environment
in
Lao
PDR ......................................................................................55
 The
Enabling
Environment
in
Myanmar....................................................................................56
 The
Enabling
Environment
in
Philippines..................................................................................57
 The
Enabling
Environment
in
Vietnam ......................................................................................58


5.


GOOD
PRACTICE
LINKING
DRR
AND
CCA
AT
NATIONAL
LEVEL ........................................................59
 5.1
 5.2
 5.3
 5.4
 Indonesia ....................................................................................................................................59
 Myanmar ....................................................................................................................................62
 Philippines
(Angat
Reservoir) ....................................................................................................64
 Vietnam ......................................................................................................................................67


ACRONYMS
AND
ABBREVIATIONS .............................................................................................................69
 ANNEX
I ......................................................................................................................................................75
 REFERENCE .................................................................................................................................................81
 
 


3
 


National‐level
Institutional,
Policy
Landscape,
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia

2010



 


1. THE
CONCEPTUAL
FRAMEWORK


 The
expressions
“Disaster
Risk
Reduction
(DRR)”
and
“Climate
Change
Adaptation
(CCA)”
 represent
policy
goals
that
aim
to
stimulate
structural
or
behavioral
changes,
through
concrete
 investments
that
ensure/protect
development
and
human
well‐being
despite
the
occurrence
of
 physical
hazards
and
changing
temperature
and
rising
sea‐levels.
Disaster
Risk
Reduction
is
the
 concept
and
practice
of
reducing
disaster
risks
through
systematic
efforts
to
analyze
and
 manage
the
causal
factors
of
disasters,
including
through
reduced
exposure
to
hazards,
lessened
 vulnerability
of
people
and
property,
wise
management
of
land
and
the
environment,
and
the
 improved
preparedness
for
adverse
events
(The
International
Strategy
for
Disaster
Reduction
 system
of
United
Nations
–UNISDR,
2009).
Adaptation,
means
the
adjustment
in
natural
or
 human
systems
in
response
to
actual
or
expected
climatic
stimuli
or
their
effects,
which
 moderates
harm
or
exploits
beneficial
opportunities
(United
Nations
Framework
Convention
on
 Climate
Change‐UNFCCC).
It
has
been
commonly
perceived
that
DRR
deals
with
existing
hazard
 risk
while
Climate
Change
is
concerned
more
about
the
future
risk.
However,
all
 characterizations
of
risk
presume
a
future
orientation.
Moreover,
in
principle,
DRR
instruments
 already
take
advantage
of
the
best
“available”
information
in
characterizing
hazard
risk
these
 DRR
instruments
could
be
refined
to
accommodate

new
information
derived

from
climate
 projections
and
related
models.


 
 Both
DRR
and
CCA
share
common
goals
for
building
resilience.
It
is
fair
to
say
that
adaptation
 requires
a
range
of
strategies,
of
which
DRR
is
one
of
the
best
defined
and
practiced
approaches.
 The
“integration”
of
DRR
into
CCA
has
already
taken
place
in
many
projects
and
plans
for
 adaptation.
What
tends
to
be
different
is
that
adaptation
projects
with
a
DRR
focus
tend
to
look
 at
early
warning,
preparedness
but
have
less
familiarity
with
the
other
aspects
of
DRR
outlined
 in
the
HFA
(Hyogo
Framework
for
Action
2005‐2015,
HFA
41
in
particular).
On
the
other
hand,
 almost
all
DRR
practices
have
some
adaptive
value.
And
vice
versa,
namely,
almost
all
CCA
 projects/programmes
have
risk
reduction
value.

 
 
In
many
ways,
we
may
say
that
DRR
and
CCA
are
only
different
because
of
the
different
political
 history
that
shaped
current
institutional
structures.
In
most
countries,
DRR
is
the
concern
of
 National
Disaster
Management
Offices,
while
CCA
is
with
the
Departments
or
Ministries
of
 Environment.
Interactions
between
these
two
are
usually
ad‐hoc,
for
example
meetings
for
 report
preparation.
There
are
still
very
limited
efforts
to
sustain
and
institutionalize
these
 interactions.
The
real
limitation
to
adaptation
is
the
political
dimension
associated
with
issues
of
 compensation
forcing
policy
makers
to
isolate
climate
risks
attributable
to
anthropogenic
causes
 from
natural
climate
variability.
As
the
isolation
of
causes
due
to
anthropogenic
and
natural
 






























































The
Framework
sets
out
five
priorities
for
action.
The
fourth
priority
aims
to
reduce
the
underlying
risk
factors,
in
 such
areas
as
natural
resource
management,
socio‐economic
development,
physical
planning
and
construction.

1

4
 


”
“There
is
a
pressing
need
to
build
institutions.
and
takes
into
account
climate
change
damages.

 
 Risk
reduction
is
a
common
converging
goal
for
CCA
and
DRR.
 The
overwhelming
view
of
the
Global
Platform
is
that
urgent
action
is
required
to
harmonize
 and
link
the
frameworks
and
policies
for
disaster
risk
reduction
and
climate
change
adaptation.
including
 legal
frameworks.
(IPCC.
Disaster
risk
management
has
a
history
of
evolving.
co‐ benefits.
Both
approaches
envisage
 pro‐active
anticipatory
actions
to
reduce
climate
risk
of
different
time
scales.
to
sustain
disaster
risk
reduction
action
as
an
ongoing
concern.
sustainability.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 climate
variability
entail
huge
scientific
limitations. THE
EXISTING
INSTITUTIONAL
MECHANISM
AND
POLICY
ON
DRR
AND
CCA
 AT
NATIONAL
LEVEL
 
 
 DRR
IN
SOUTHEAST
ASIA
 According
to
the
Second
Session
Global
Platform
for
Disaster
Risk
Reduction3.
integration
of
adaptation
and
DRR
is
being
 made
difficult.
Achievements
in
the
disaster
risk
reduction
domain
have
been
highly
addressed
in
the
 Bali
Action
Plan2
(2007)
as
strategies
and
means
to
enhance
action
on
adaptation
in
a
coherent
 and
integrated
manner.
 and
to
do
so
within
the
broader
context
of
poverty
reduction
and
sustainable
development.

 
 Responding
to
climate
change
involves
an
iterative
risk
management
process
that
includes
 both
adaptation
and
mitigation.
and
several
 5
 
 .

 
 DRR
and
CCA
will
increasingly
adapt
iterative
risk
management
strategies
as
and
when
new
 information
is
available
for
all
emerging
climate
risk
patterns.
 adapting
and
applying
new
tools
and
practices
to
deal
with
new
information
and
emerging
social
 and
economic
demands.
equity
and
attitudes
to
risk.
A
 priority
is
to
incorporate
both
disaster
risk
reduction
and
climate
change
adaptation
as
core
 policy
and
programmatic
objectives
in
national
development
plans
and
supporting
poverty
 reduction
strategies
and
country
assistance
plans
(Second
session
of
the
Global
Platform
for
DRR.
The
notion
of
non‐ stationarity
of
climate
risks
due
to
climate
change
could
entail
disaster
risk
management
to
deal
 with
uncertainty
and
new
pattern
of
risks.
IPCC
Fourth
Assessment
Report
emphasizes
the
importance
of
iterative
 risk
management
approach.
“risk‐prone
 countries
are
now
giving
high
priority
to
disaster
risk
reduction
and
wish
to
move
ahead
quickly
 in
the
design
and
adoption
of
policies
and
strategies
to
address
their
risks.
Both
CCA
and
DRR
have
an
 objective
of
reducing
factors
that
contribute
to
climate‐related
risk.
Policy
Landscape.
…
A
variety
of
 national
and
regional
platforms
and
organizations
are
being
rapidly
developed
or
strengthened
 to
guide
and
coordinate
this
action.
2007).National‐level
Institutional.
 20091).

 
 
 2.

National‐level
Institutional.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 countries
stressed
the
need
for
technical
assistance.
and
to
inclusively
engage
 varied
government
and
civil
society
interests
and
address
cross‐cutting
issues.
the
secretariat
has
 developed
a
NAPA
Project
Database6.
five
groups
of
countries
were
identified
that
share
common
characteristics
in
terms
 of
their
vulnerability
and
resilience
to
disaster
loss
and
their
development
limitations.

 
 
“Prior
to
2003
there
was
little
consideration
of
climate
change
given
in
policy
formulation
and
 most
national
planning
and
development
programs
are
notable
in
their
lack
of
reference
to
 climate
change.
The
 development
of
platforms
for
disaster
risk
reduction
at
both
national
and
sub‐national
levels
 needs
to
be
accelerated
in
order
to
create
an
enabling
environment.
As
of
2004/2005.
Limiting
 factors
include
poor
resource
and
infrastructure
bases.
presenting
 plans
and
options
for
mitigating
Green
House
Gas
(GHG)
emissions.
to
help
grow
their
capacities.
which
funded
a
series
of
National
Adaptation
 Programmes
of
Action
(NAPA).
These
countries
have
also
officially
committed
themselves
 to
the
Kyoto
Protocol
since
2000.
technology.
 Thailand.
poverty
and
disparities
in
income.
hydro‐meteorological.
In
the
Global
Assessment
Report
on
Disaster
Risk
 Reduction.
with
relatively
less
attention
 6
 
 .
Policy
Landscape.
These
developments
have
spurred
the
momentum
for
 initiating
technical
studies
on
climate
change.
Vietnam
and
the
Philippines
have
submitted
their
First
NCs.
as
well
as
short
profiles
of
 each
activity
or
project.
using
the
equation
form
as
 follows:

“Adaptive
Capacity
=
f
(socio‐economic
factors.
yet
facing
common
challenges
to
enable
environment
for
 integrating
DRR
into
CCA
at
national
level.
Indonesia.
 particularly
their
capacity
to
benefit
from
international
trade.

 
 CCA
IN
SOUTHEAST
ASIA
 As
shown
in
the
figure
2‐1.
the
Least
Developed
Countries
(LDCs)
were
given
capacity
 building
support
through
the
UNDP/GEF
facility.
2007)4.
adaptive
capacities
vary
among
countries.”

 
 The
institutional
mechanism
and
policies
on
Disaster
Risk
Reduction
in
the
Southeast
Asia
varies
 from
country
to
country
due
to
their
diversity
in
geophysical.
the
higher
the
number
of
developing
countries
in
it
that
suffer
 extreme
trade
limitations.
To
facilitate
access
to
project
details
from
the
NAPAs.
weak
 institutions.


 
 For
now.
The
higher
the
vulnerability
of
a
 group
to
natural
hazard
risks.
The
main
content
of
 NAPAs
is
a
list
of
ranked
priority
adaptation
activities
and
projects.
vulnerability
and
adaptation
in
preparation
of
 National
Communications
(NCs)
and
NAPAs
that
are
required
of
Parties
of
the
Convention7.
The
challenge
in
Asia
lies
in
identifying
opportunities
to
 facilitate
sustainable
development
with
strategies
that
make
climate‐sensitive
sectors
resilient
 to
climate
variability
(UNFCCC.
infrastructure)
2”.
 economical.
designed
to
facilitate
the
development
of
proposals
for
implementation
 of
the
NAPA.
all
countries
of
Southeast
Asia
have
ratified
the
UNFCCC
and
become
Parties
to
the
 Convention
during
the
past
decade.
and
cultural
aspects.5”
NAPA
provide
a
process
for
LDCs
to
identify
priority
activities
 that
respond
to
their
urgent
and
immediate
needs
to
adapt
to
climate
change
–
those
for
which
 further
delay
would
increase
vulnerability
and/or
costs
at
a
later
stage.
political.
and
limited
technology.


2009 )
 
 9 
 Figure
2‐2:
Map
of
the
most
vulnerable
areas
in
Southeast
Asia
(country
standard.National‐level
Institutional.
Policy
Landscape.
Lao
PDR
and
Cambodia.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 to
adaptation
measures.
have
also
completed
 their
respective
NAPAs
(ISET‐N.
Although
those
countries
are
challenged
with
a
lack
of
 human
resources.
significant
adaptive
capacity
 could
be
built
simply
through
implementation
of
the
DRR
related
measures
already
identified
as
 urgent
needs
in
the
current
NAPA’s.


 
 
 Figure
2‐1:
Adaptive
capacity
map
of
Southeast
Asia
in
2005
(Source:
EEPSEA.
ibid10) 7
 
 .
a
lingering
top‐down
approach
in
the
government
and
weak
understanding
of
 both
the
technical
and
adaptation
aspects
of
climate
change.
still.
20088).
as
LDCs
in
the
region.

National‐level
Institutional,
Policy
Landscape,
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia

2010


2.1 Cambodia


 2.1.1 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
DRR
 
 The
Strategic
National
Action
Plan
for
Disaster
Risk
Reduction
in
Cambodia
2008‐2013
 (SNAP‐DRR)
was
launched
in
March
2009,
prepared
by
the
National
Committee
for
Disaster
 Management
(NCDM)
and
Ministry
of
Planning
(MoP).
It
marks
a
milestone
for
Disaster
Risk
 Management
in
the
Royal
Government
of
Cambodia
(RGoC),
to
serve
as
the
“road
map”
for
 development
and
strengthening
of
institutions,
operational
mechanisms
and
capacities
of
 disaster
management
committees
at
all
levels.
The
SNAP‐DRR
identifies
six
key
DRR
 components
and
outlines
DRR
priorities
in
four
levels‐critical,
first,
second
and
third
level.
It
 is
the
critical
priority
to
ensure
that
DRR
forms
an
integral
part
of
the
government’s
 development
agenda.
 
 The
NCDM
was
established
as
the
leading
coordinating
agency
in
1995
by
Sub‐decree
 35ANKR‐BK
signed
and
chaired
by
the
Prime
Minister.
The
NCDM
is
responsible
for
 managing
disaster
risk
data
and
providing
reporting
on
disaster,
securing
resources
for
 emergency
responses,
Disaster
Risk
Management
(DRM)
capacity
building
and
human
 resource
development
in
DRM,
as
well
as
disaster
coordination,
response
and
recovery.
At
 national
level,
22
government
ministries
and
agencies
are
the
members
of
NCDM,
known
as
 the
Disaster
Management
Working
Group
(DMWG),
such
as
Ministry
of
National
Defence,
 Ministry
of
Economy
and
Finance,
Ministry
of
Water
Resources
and
Meteorology,
Ministry
 of
Agricultural,
Forest
and
Fisheries,
Ministry
of
Health,
Ministry
of
Rural
Development
and
 so
on.
And
NCDM
is
replicated
at
lower
administrative
levels,
which
are
chaired
respectively
 by
provincial/municipal
governors
and
the
committee
members
from
line
government
 departments
and
agencies.
Please
see
the
flowchart
2‐1‐1.

 
 The
mission
of
the
NCDM
is
to
lead
the
disaster
management
in
Cambodia.
Major
functions
 and
responsibilities
include:
1)
To
coordinate
with
the
Ministries
of
the
Royal
Government,
 UN
agencies,
IOs,
NGOs,
International
Communities,
National
Associations,
and
Local
 Donors
in
order
to
appeal
for
aid
for
Emergency
Response
and
Rehabilitation;
2)
To
make
 recommendations
to
the
Royal
Government
and
issue
principles,
main
policies
and
warnings
 on
Disaster
Preparedness
and
Management
cum
the
measures
for
Emergency
Response
and
 interventions
in
evacuating
people
to
haven;
3)
To
disseminate
Disaster
Management
work
 to
Communities
and
strengthen
the
line
from
the
National
level
(Ministries
/
Institutions
 concerned)
to
the
provincial/
Municipal/
District/
Precinct
level
along
with
human
resource
 development
aiming
to
manage
Disaster
works
firmly
and
effectively;
4)
To
put
forward
a
 proposal
to
the
Royal
Government
on
reserves,
funds,
fuel,
means
of
working,
equipment
 and
human
resources
for
Disaster
Prevention
and
intervention
in
Emergency
Response
and
 Rehabilitation
before,
during,
and
after
disaster.
 
 8
 


National‐level
Institutional,
Policy
Landscape,
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia

2010



 The
Disaster
Management
Working
Group
(DMWG)
is
lead
by
the
NCDM,
in
cooperation
 with
Cambodian
Red
Cross
(CRC),
International
Federation
of
Red
Cross
and
Red
Crescent
 Societies
(IFRC),
and
United
Nation
Disaster
Management
Team
(UN‐DMT).
The
DMWG
 operates
in
five
sub‐groups,
the
Emergency
Relief
Assistance
Sub‐group
lead
by
NCDM
and
 CRC
with
support
of
IFRC;
the
Food
Security
Sub‐group
lead
by
the
Ministry
of
Agriculture,
 Forestry
and
Fishery
with
support
of
World
Food
Programme
(WFP)
and
Food
and
 Agriculture
Organization
(FAO);
the
Health
Sub‐group
lead
by
the
Ministry
of
Health
with
 support
of
World
Health
Organization
(WHO)
and
The
United
Nations
Children’s
Fund
 (UNICEF);
the
Small‐scale
Infrastructure,
Water
and
Sanitation
Sub‐group
lean
by
the
 Ministry
of
Rural
Development
with
support
of
WHO,
UNICEF
and
WFP,
and
the
 Preparedness
and
Mitigation
Sub‐group
lead
by
the
Ministry
of
Public
work
and
Transport
 and
Ministry
of
Water
Resources
and
Meteorology
with
support
of
partners.
As
pointed
in
 the
“National
Progress
Report
on
the
Implementation
of
the
Hyogo
Framework
for
Action
 (NPR
2007‐2009)11”,
“it
is
a
great
initiative
of
establishment
of
the
multi‐sectoral
working
 groups.
It
is
also
a
good
opportunity
to
mobilize
the
joint
efforts
from
different
actors.
 However,
there
are
some
critical
challenges
of
the
working
groups
are
not
well
functioning,
 due
to
lack
of
management
mechanism
and
appropriate
planning
and
resources.”
 
 2.1.2 
The
Policy,
Plans
and
Statements
on
DRR
 
 National
policy
and
legal
framework
on
disaster
management
helps
to
ensure
substantial
 and
comprehensive
achievements
of
the
disaster
risk
reduction
in
the
country.
Since
NCDM
 established
in
1995,
NCDM
has
being
collaborating
with
local,
international
and
regional
 partner
agencies
to
implement
the
disaster
risk
reduction
measures
at
all
levels,
especially,
 at
community
levels.

 
 In
2005,
NCDM
issued
the
Policy
Document
“Cambodia:
National
Report
in
Preparation
for
 World
Conference
on
Disaster
Reduction
(WCDR)‐2005”,
which
provided
a
comprehensive
 approach
to
disaster
management
that
considers
the
entire
range
of
possible
disasters
that
 could
occur,
as
well
as
outlining
the
response
required
in
any
given
emergency
situation.
 Along
with
the
establishment
of
facilities,
the
mobilization
of
technical
resources,
as
well
as
 the
capacity
building
mechanism,
this
document
serves
as
a
foundation
from
which
to
build
 an
efficient
and
effective
process
for
disaster
management.
 
 As
a
broad
framework
for
providing
the
road
map
and
guidelines
for
Cambodia
from
2006
to
 2010,
the
National
Strategic
Development
Plan
2006‐2010
(NSDP)
was
approved
in
2006.
It
 has
been
framed
as
the
implementation
of
the
Rectangular
and
the
syntheses
of
various
 policy
documents,
such
as
“Cambodia
Millennium
Development
Goals
(CMDG)”,
“National
 Poverty
Reduction
Strategy
(NPRS)”,
and
“National
Population
Policy
(NPP)”.
NSDP
provides
 the
framework
for
growth,
employment,
equity,
and
efficiency
to
reach
CMDGs
and
well‐ focused
and
directed
future
equitable
development,
pro‐poor
and
pro‐rural.

 
 9
 


National‐level
Institutional,
Policy
Landscape,
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia

2010



 Since
2001,
NCDM
developed
a
draft
National
Emergency
Management
Policy
(NEMP).
 However,
due
to
the
insufficient
support,
the
draft
has
not
been
finalized.
Currently,
NCDM
 is
developing
a
National
Disaster
Management
Bill
(NDMB)
with
actively
participation
from
 its
line
ministry
members.
According
to
the
“NPR
2007‐2009”,
the
formalization
of
NEMP
 and
NDMB
are
the
fundamental
steps
towards
strengthening
the
disaster
management
 process
throughout
the
country.
The
documents
provide
a
comprehensive
approach
to
 disaster
management
that
considers
the
entire
range
of
possible
disasters
that
could
occur,
 as
well
as
outlining
the
national
disaster
management
framework
required
before,
during
 and
after
emergency
situation.
As
the
NCDM
becomes
operational
at
all
levels
of
Cambodian
 society,
in
this
respect,
the
documents
will
serve
as
a
foundation
from
which
to
build
an
 efficient
and
effective
process
for
disaster
management.


Figure
2‐1‐1:
Institutional
Mechanism
on
DRR
in
Cambodia
 
 
 
 
 10
 


National‐level
Institutional,
Policy
Landscape,
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia

2010



 2.1.3 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
CCA
 In
2004
the
RGoC
adopted
the
Rectangular
Strategy
for
Growth,
Employment,
Equity
and
 Efficiency
as
the
framework
for
the
country's
socio‐economic
development
(RGoC,
200412).
 The
National
Strategic
Development
Plan
(NSDP)
was
approved
in
2006
and
has
been
 framed
as
the
implementation
of
the
Rectangular
Strategy,
linking
the
vision
in
the
 Rectangular
Strategy
to
concrete
goals,
targets
and
strategies
(RGoC,
2006b13).

 In
October
2006
the
RGoC
established
the
National
Climate
Change
Committee
(NCCC)
 under
the
Ministry
of
Environment
(MoE).
The
NCCC
is
a
senior
policy‐making
body
 operating
as
an
inter‐ministerial
mechanism
with
the
mandate
to
prepare,
coordinate
and
 monitor
the
implementation
of
policies,
strategies,
legal
instruments,
plans
and
 programmes
of
the
RGoC
to
address
climate
change.
The
NCCC
is
cross‐sectoral
and
is
 composed
of
Secretaries
and
Under‐Secretaries
of
State
from
19
Ministries
and
government
 agencies
whose
mandates
are
relevant
to
climate
change
adaptation
or
mitigation
activities.
 The
NCCC
meets
at
least
twice
yearly
and
more
often
if
needed.
It
is
supported
by
the
 Cambodian
Climate
Change
Office
(CCCO),
which
was
established
in
2003
within
the
 Department
of
Planning
and
Legal
Affairs
of
the
MoE.
The
CCCO
has
the
broad
mandate
of
 carrying
out
all
technical
activities
related
to
the
implementation
of
the
UNFCCC,
and
all
 other
assigned
climate
change‐related
tasks.
(ACIAR,
2009).
Please
see
figure
2‐1‐2
and
table
 2‐1‐3
for
more
details.

 Figure
2‐1‐2:
Cambodia
institutional
arrangements
for
climate
change
(source:
MRC,
 2009a14)


11
 


Remarks Focal Point for Climate Change and Biodiversity Conventions. mitigation. Supports and organizes inter-ministerial technical working groups specialized in sectors (energy and forestry). 
 12
 
 . protection and management of forest resource. coordinates and monitors implementation of policies. collection and management of meteorological data. Mines and Energy Ministry of Water Resources and Meteorology Ministry of Public Works and Transport Ministry of Health and National Malaria Centre Council for the development of Cambodia Interministerial Committee Government Ministry Composed of Secretaries and Under-Secretaries of State from 19 Ministries and government agencies. Ultimate objective to eliminate vector borne disease.National‐level
Institutional. Develops and manages energy policy. and rational use and management of natural resources. Responsibilities include development and implementation of water resource strategy. Meeting at least twice yearly. Government Department Government Research Institute Interministerial Committee Government Ministry Government Ministry Government Ministry Government Ministry Government Agency Responsibilities include forest and wildlife inventory. railways. plans and programmes to address climate change. environmental quality/environmental impact assessment. Research body for sustainable agricultural and economic development. Manages execution of national policy on public works. and wildlife conservation. Part of Ministry of Environment. Facilitates and coordinates governmentdonor relations. including forestry and fisheries.
200815)
 Institution Ministry of Environment Type Government Ministry Relevant Objective Mandate over environmental issues. strategy and planning. legal instruments. WMO focal point. including roads. development.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 Table2‐1‐3:
Institutions
Relevant
for
Climate
Change
(Source:
MFAD.
Policy
Landscape. Composed of members of relevant ministries and Armed Forces. One-stop service for rehabilitation. Mandate over public health. and of the UNFCCC focal point. Department of Planning and Legal Affairs. Cambodian Climate Change Office Ministry Office National Committee on Climate Change Ministry of Agricultural. Provides emergency relief and develops preventive measures to reduce loss of life and property from natural and human induced disasters. Facilitates and coordinates donor funded and private sector activities relevant to climate change with other government agencies. Mandate over agriculture. and GEF. vulnerability and adaptation) Prepares. and investment activities. Part of MAFF. waterways and buildings. determination of water potential. Forestry and Fisheries Forest Administration Cambodian Agricultural Research and Development Institute National Committee on Disaster Management Ministry of Industry. ports. and along climate change themes (GHG inventory. Secretariat of the DNA for CDM. strategies. including conservation/protected areas. bridges. including renewable energy. Carries out all technical activities related to the implementation of the Climate Convention. Focal point of the United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) Formerly known as Department of Forestry and Wildlife. with primary aim of food security through increased rice production.


The
Law
No.
as
well
as
raising
awareness
on
climate
change
issues.
 While
the
law
clearly
mandated
the
creation
of
disaster
management
agencies
at
the
 provincial
(mandatory)
and
district
(depending
on
needs
and
capacity)
levels.
 
 The
head
of
the
BNPB
is
the
disaster
management
officer
(DMO)
in
charge
of
all
disaster‐ related
policies
and
decision
making
at
national
level.
It
 is
prerequisite
to
ensure
the
involvement
of
all
key
stakeholders.
Plans
and
Statements
on
CCA
 So
far
no
comprehensive
national
plan
or
strategy
on
climate
change
has
been
drawn
up.2 Indonesia
 
 2.
In
the
provinces
and
districts.1.
It
promoted
the
establishment
of
 the
National
Disaster
Management
Agency
(BNPB)
where
previously
only
an
ad‐hoc
inter‐ ministerial
council
existed.
At
this
stage.
The
DMOs
at
the
provincial
and
district
levels
are
following
 instructions
by
the
BDPB
in
cooperation
and
coordination
with
PEMDA.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 2.
RGoC
is
working
on
the
mobilization
of
resources.
only
6
 of
the
33
provinces
and
6
of
the
more
than
450
districts
and
municipalities
have
actually
 established
the
local
disaster
management
agency
(BDPB).

 
 2.
The
BDPB
will
be
established
and
handled
by
the
 local
authority
(PEMDA).
the
only
explicit
activity
undertaken
by
the
RGoC
in
relation
to
climate
adaptation
was
 the
UNDP/GEF
facilitated
National
Adaptation
Programme
of
Action
to
Climate
Change
 (NAPA)
planning
and
reporting
process.1 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
DRR
 
 After
the
2004
Indian
Ocean
Tsunami.
To
 date.
Indonesia
enacted
a
new
Law
on
Disaster
 Management
(Law
No.
Policy
Landscape.
 200616).
The
organizational
structure
of
 BNPB
is
shown
in
the
figure
2‐2‐2.24/2007).
coordination
and
monitoring
for
the
 implementation
of
this
Programme.
concerned
Government
ministries
and
agencies.2.
The
NAPA
report
for
Cambodia
was
prepared
in
 2006
(RGoC.
2006a).
BNPB
is
empowered
with
a
strong
mandate
to
coordinate
line
 ministries
on
the
entire
cycle
of
disaster
management
from
pre‐
to
post‐
disaster
stages.

 
 13
 
 .
and
to
build
 synergies
with
other
relevant
environmental
and
development
programmes
(MoE.
NGOs.
 The
main
goal
of
the
Cambodian
NAPA
is
to
provide
a
framework
to
guide
the
coordination
 and
implementation
of
adaptation
initiatives
through
a
participatory
approach.4 The
Policy.
and
 donor
agencies.
the
establishment
 of
a
mechanism
for
inter‐ministerial
cooperation.
It
proposes
a
total
of
39
'no
regret'
adaptation
projects.
including
vulnerable
 groups.
RGoC.
to
date.
commune
councils.24/2007
provided
basic
rules
related
to
right
 and
obligation
of
stakeholders
on
disaster
management.National‐level
Institutional.
BNPB
is
 represented
by
a
technical
operations
unit.


legal
or
regulatory
framework
is
not
fully
in
place
that
 makes
disaster
risk
reduction
a
normal
part
of
the
decentralized.
the
policy.
private
sector.
200917)
 
 At
this
stage
in
Indonesia.
planning
and
programming
at
all
 levels
(BNPB. The
Major
missions
 of
NPDRR
include:
1)To
raise
awareness
about
DRR.
the
strategic
goal
was
pointed
that
to
integrate
more
disaster
risk
 considerations
into
sustainable
development
policies.
2)To
increase
knowledge
and
skill
on
 DRR.
 Government.
In
2009.
local
level
development
 process.
(BGR.
In
 emergencies.
but
 implementation
remains
a
major
challenge.
division
of
labor.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 Within
BNPB.

 At
present.
Policy
Landscape.

 
 2.
and
other
organizations
or
 community
forums.
5)
To
build
networking
for
DRR.
program
and
activity
at
national
level.
Indonesia
enacted
a
new
Law
on
 Disaster
Management
(Law
24/2007)
that
outlines
the
principles.
4)To
ensure
smart
resources
on
DRR
activity.
BNPB
and
the
 crisis
operation
centers
at
provincial
and
local
level.
the
director
of
emergency
response
coordinates
between
BMG.2 The
Policy.
early
warning
stakeholders
are
linked
to
 the
directorates
of
a)
disaster
risk
reduction
b)
community
development
c)
preparedness.National‐level
Institutional.
Indonesia
placed
particular
emphasis
on
the
establishment
of
proper
legal.
In
the
“National
progress
report
on
the
implementation
of
the
Hyogo
Framework
 for
Action
(2007‐2009)18”.
 organization
and
implementation
of
the
national
disaster
management
system.
Please
see
the
figure
2‐2‐1
for
the
institutional
mechanism
of
NPDRR.
200919).

 The
main
goal
of
the
NPDRR
is
to
accommodate
all
stakeholders
in
relation
with
disaster.
professional
institution.
Indonesian
Red
Cross.
 and
also
synchronizing
various
DRR
policy.
3)To
encourage
participation
(encourage/motivate
people
to
participate)
on
 DRR
matter.
NGOs.
as
well
as
to
support
 Indonesia
in
realizing
its
commitment
to
implement
Hyogo
Action
Plan.
which
was
based
on
initial
general
meeting
and
acknowledged
by
 the
BNPB.
national
disaster
management
stakeholders
are
divided
into
four
 departmental
deputies:
a)
prevention
and
preparedness
b)
emergency
management
c)
 rehabilitation
and
reconstruction
d)
logistics
and
equipment.
Under
the
supervision
of
the
 deputy
for
disaster
prevention
and
preparedness.
 institutional
and
resource
frameworks
as
part
of
building
the
national
disaster
management
 system.
including
 14
 
 .
a
comprehensive
legislative
framework
has
been
put
in
place.
In
2007.2.
in
order
to
 achieve
Indonesian
DRR
goals
and
national
resilience
toward
disaster.
Efforts
for
integrating
DRR
into
the
National
Development
Plan
were
 also
remarked
by
the
chief
of
BNBP
at
the
Global
Platform
for
Disaster
Risk
Reduction
in
 2009.
mass
media.
The
elements
of
NPDRR
consist
of
University.
Indonesian
National
Platform
for
Disaster
Risk
Reduction
(NPDRR)
was
 established
to
support
and
facilitate
cooperation
among
stakeholder
on
disaster
risk
 reduction
in
Indonesia.
Plans
and
Statements
on
DRR
 In
the
first
National
Action
Plan
for
Disaster
Risk
Reduction
(NAP‐DRR)
covering
the
period
of
 2006‐2009.
 The
Meteorology
and
Geophysical
Agency
(BMG)
and
its
National
Tsunami
Warning
Center
 (operated
by
BMG)
are
linked
to
the
BNPB
directorate
of
preparedness
(Figure
2‐2‐1).


While
the
issuance
of
 the
legal
framework
is
an
important
first
step.8
/
2008
on
NDMA
(BNPB)”.
more
work
needs
to
be
carried
out
to
ensure
 that
the
regulations
are
disseminated
and
implemented
by
the
respective
institutions
and
 observed
by
the
public.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 the
role
of
international
organizations.
This
law
has
carried
out
the
new
perspective
on
 disaster
management:
having
inserted
disaster
management
not
only
in
an
emergency
 response
context.


 





















 
 Figure
2‐2‐1:
National
Platform
on
DRR
in
Indonesia
 15
 
 .
but
also
as
pre‐disaster
and
post‐disaster.
 one
Presidential
Regulation
and
numerous
implementing
guidelines.
including
“Government
Regulation
(GR)
No.
and
the
“Presidential
Regulation
No.21/2008
on
DM
 Operations”.National‐level
Institutional.

 The
Law
has
been
further
elaborated
by
the
issuance
of
three
key
Government
Regulations.
“GR
No.22/2008
on
Funding
&
Management
of
Disaster
Assistance”.
“GR
 No.
The
Law24/2007
is
followed
by
 its
ancillary
regulations.
Policy
Landscape.23/2008
on
Participation
of
International
Institutions
and
Foreign
Non‐Government
 Institution
in
DM”.


Policy
Landscape.
The
 functions
of
Designated
National
Authority
(DNA)
divide
into
mandatory
function
and
non‐ mandatory
promotional
function.
established
trough
Ministry
of
Environment
(MoE)
decree
No.206/2005.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 















 Figure
2‐2‐2:
BNPB
Organizational
Structure
2008
(Source:
BGR.
Indonesia
 has
been
legally
included
as
a
Party
of
the
Conference.
Since
the
document
submitted
to
the
Secretary
General
of
U..
Indonesia
has
also
signed
the
Kyoto
 Protocol.
as
well
as
 tracking
the
progress
of
Project
Design
Document
(PDD)
on
CDM
Executive
Board.
research
and
development.
and
ratifying
 it
in
August
1994.
Indonesia's
priority
internationally
reflects
its
domestic
priorities:
 adaptation.
State
Ministry
of
Environment
established
the
National
Committee
on
 Climate
Change
(NCCC).
2009)
 
 2.National‐level
Institutional.
1)
facilitating
communication
among
 16
 
 .
approving
 proposed
CDM
projects
based
on
the
national
sustainable
development
criteria.

As
for
 the
non‐mandatory
aspects.

In
order
to
properly
address
climate
 change
issues.
 The
Authority
of
Indonesian
National
Committee
on
the
Clean
Development
Mechanism
 (CDM).
In
the
long
term.
The
mandatory
function
is
important
for.
DNA
mainly
functions
as.
Members
of
the
committee
include
representative
from
sectoral
 departments
related
to
environment.N.3 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
CCA
 
 Indonesia
demonstrated
its
strong
commitment
to
contribute
the
global
efforts
in
climate
 change
by
signing
the
Framework
Convention
on
Climate
Change
in
June
1992.2.
Most
recently.
and
mitigation.



 Permanent
members
of
Committee
undertake
different
areas
of
responsibilities
on
CDM.
(MoE.
improvement
of
social
facility.
2)
 Economic
sustainability:
income
generation.National‐level
Institutional.
3)
providing
information
to
support
Carbon
and
 Environmental
Research
(CERs)
marketing
and/or
CERs
potential.
200520)
 
 Nowadays.

 Annex
I
countries
which
have
ratified
the
Protocol
have
committed
to
reduce
their
emission
levels
of
greenhouse
 gasses
to
targets
that
are
mainly
set
below
their
1990
levels.
They
may
do
this
by
allocating
reduced
annual
 allowances
to
the
major
operators
within
their
borders.
Indonesia.
The
implementation
of
 CDM
has
been
strengthened
by
the
establishment
of
KNMPB
(Indonesian
DNA).
 which
cover.
or
offset
their
excesses
through
a
mechanism
that
is
agreed
by
all
the
parties
to
UNFCCC.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 investors
and
the
proponent
and
other
related
parties.
3)

 Social
sustainability:
local
community
participation.
transfer
of
knowledge.
and
 recently
been
accelerated
as
the
increasing
enthusiasms
from
local
business
player
as
well
 as
other
stakeholders
in
CDM.
These
operators
can
only
exceed
their
allocations
if
they
 buy
emission
allowances.
investment
flow.
but
not
used
 on
experimental
technology.
1)
Environmental
sustainability:
environmental
sustainability
through
 conservation
or
diversification
of
natural
resources.
local
community
welfare.
Indonesia
has
a
number
of
“promising”
potential
CDM
projects.
4)
Technical
sustainability:
transfer
of
 technology.
improving
indigenous/existing
technology.
which
has
 attracted
Annex
1
countries2
to
become
the
Host
Country
for
CDM.
 2 17
 
 .
local
community
health
and
safety.
 
 Figure
2‐2‐3:
Organization
Structure
and
Supporting
Elements
of
DNA
on
CDM
in
Indonesia
(KNMPB)
 




























































 
Parties
to
UNFCCC
are
classified
as:
Annex
I
countries
‐
industrialized
countries
and
economies
in
transition

 Annex
II
countries
‐
developed
countries
which
pay
for
costs
of
developing
countries
Developing
countries.
2)
facilitating
capacity
building
in
 proposing
and
implementing
CDM
projects.
Policy
Landscape.
no
negative
impact
on
community’s
 social
integrity.


and
Promoting
CDM
project
potential
through
international
event
such
as
 carbon
export.4 The
Policy.3 Lao
PDR
 
 2.
Ministry
of
Forestry
Decree
No.
a
series
of
strategies
have
been
issued
for
the
implementation
of
CDM.
Act
No.
Act
No.
provided
an
inter‐ ministerial
National
Disaster
management
Committee
(NDMC)
as
a
policy
making
and
 18
 
 .

 Policy
measures
in
dealing
with
adaptation
to
climate
change
cover:
(1)
formulation
of
the
 CDM
to
cover
insurance
policy
for
adaptation
measures.
which
 include:
highly
support
of
using
Renewable
energy.
signed
by
the
Prime
Minister
in
August
1999.
2005)
 
 2.
Policy
Landscape.
support
on
consumption
of
 clean
and
efficient
technology
for
industry
and
trade
sector.

 Besides.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 

 2.
promotion
of
the
renewable
energy
use
and
 development.
and
(2)
Under
CDM.
link
the
 insurance
mechanism
with
the
level
of
global
mitigation
efforts.
Indonesia.
 improvement
on
agricultural
system.
and
restructure
prices
of
 various
energy
types.
The
main
objectives
of
national
policy
on
climate
change
in
 Indonesia
are
1)
to
accelerate
the
development
of
industry
and
transportation
with
low
 emission
level
through
the
utilization
of
clean
and
efficient
technology
as
well
as
renewable
 energy.2.1 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
DRR
 The
Ministry
of
Labor
and
Social
Welfare
(MLSW)
was
given
the
responsibility
for
disaster
 risk
management
in
1995.
Plans
and
Statements
on
CCA
 Indonesia
adopts
international
law
as
a
national
law
to
be
detailed
in
the
framework
of
 regulation
and
institutions.
Policies
in
non‐energy
sector
cover:
sustainable
forest
management.
the
Government
also
issued
specific
 policies
related
to
energy
and
non‐energy
sectors.
 Simplified
approval
procedure
on
CDM
proposed.6/1994.
A
landmark
decree.
a
 National
Disaster
management
Office
(NDMO)
was
established
in
1997
with
support
from
 UNDP.
(MoE.
encouraging
the
application
of
energy
efficiency.
alternative
energy
and
clean
technology.
 Relevant
laws
and
policies
on
CCA
at
the
national
level
include:
Act
No.
application
of
biotechnology
engineering
to
increase
 agricultural
products.
for
climate
change
adaptation
in
Indonesia.
Ratification
to
the
UNFCCC.National‐level
Institutional.3.17/2004
 Ratification
to
the
Kyoto
Protocol.
2)
to
improve
the
potential
of
land
and
forestry
to
absorb
greenhouse
gases.
management
of
agricultural
practices
in
less
fertile
land
with
dry
land
 variety.14/2004
on
A/R
project.
 Recently.23/1997
concerning
 Environmental
Management.
In
the
process
of
developing
its
capacity
to
perform
this
role.
Energy‐related
Policies
focus
on:
phasing
 out
energy
market
distortion
gradually.
Incentive
scheme
for
CDM
Project
 developer.


District
Disaster
 Management
Committee
(DDMC).

 
 The
NDMO
functions
as
the
Secretariat
of
the
NDMC
and
has
a
range
of
responsibilities.
 Disaster
management
Planning.
4)Implementing
community
awareness
activities.
and
 villages.
3)Promoting
disaster
mitigation
and
preparedness
activities
at
the
 local
level.
There
are
local
level
committees
at
the
levels
of
provinces.
6)Establishing
disaster
 management
implementation
teams
at
the
national.
Each
unit
is
 under
the
leadership
of
a
Unit
Manager.
2)Promoting
coordination
with
 ministerial
focal
points.
Policy
Landscape.
Information
and
Dissemination
and
Training.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 coordinating
body.
districts.
while
each
technical
 ministry
and
province
has
responsibility
over
their
respective
environment
relating
the
 disaster
management
in
close
cooperation
with
MLSW.
STEA.
known
as
Provincial
Disaster
Management
Committee
(PDMC).
In
order
 to
carry
out
these
responsibilities.
 which
include:
1)Providing
expert
advice
to
the
NDMC.
institutions
and
provinces.
Currently
the
NDMO
has
about
11
staff
members.
Lao
Red
Cross(LRC).
Relief.
the
NDMO
has
four
function
units.
It
promotes
disaster
reduction
activities
of
existing
Line
Ministries
and
Provinces
on
 natural
disaster
management
and
protection
which
consists
of
representatives
of
key
 ministries.
Macro‐level
disaster
management
is
being
carried
out
 by
MLSW
and
Science
Technology
and
Environment
Agency
(STEA).National‐level
Institutional.21
 The
NDMC
is
coordinating
disaster
prevention
and
protection
activities
and
efforts
in
the
 country.
namely.
provincial
and
district
levels.

 
 19
 
 .
the
 Ministry
of
Agriculture/Forestry
and
Ministry
of
Health
and
so
on
(ADRC.
guidelines
 and
plans
to
make
disaster
risk
management
more
effective.
and
Village
Protection
Disaster
Unit
(VPDU).
200622).
5)Providing
training.


the
other
 governmental
decree
was
issued.
200925)

 
 To
continue
implementing
the
National
Strategy
Plan
on
DRM
as
well
as
the
HFA.
It
provided
the
basis
for
the
development
of
a
 disaster
management
policy.
Plans
and
Statements
on
DRR
 
 The
Prime
Minister's
Decree
No.
(b)
Mandate
the
Ministry
of
Planning
and
Investment
 to
plan
and
coordinate
the
integration
of
disaster
risk
reduction
into
the
socio‐economic
 development
plans.
specifically
stated
the
following:
(a)
Mandate
the
NDMO
to
review
 Hyogo
Framework
for
Action
(HFA)
commitments
and
facilitate
the
planning
of
activities.
Given
the
importance
of
disaster
risk
 reduction.
(NDMO.
158
(1999)
created
the
National.
On
December
12
of
2007.
200824).
which
seeks
to
change
the
disaster
management
policy
 from
an
emergency
response
to
a
disaster
risk
management
(ADRC.2008 ) 2.
97
series
of
2000
assigned
the
roles
and
 responsibilities
of
various
sectors
composing
the
NDMC.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 Figure
2‐3‐1:
Organization
Structure
of
NDMC
in
Lao
PDR
(source:
 23 ADRC.
which
 20
 
 
 .2 The
Policy.
the
NDMC
has
been
proposed
to
a
higher
committee
which
will
be
chaired
by
the
 Deputy
Prime
Minister.
and
(c)
Assign
government
agencies
to
allocate
budget
for
preparedness
 and
relief
as
part
of
regular
budgetary
allocations.3.
 monitoring
and
reporting
of
progress.

 
 The
Order
issued
in
2007.
Provincial
and
District
 Disaster
Management
Committees
(DMCs).
The
number
of
committees
will
also
expand
more
other
key
line
 ministries
in
order
to
address
the
issue
of
disaster
risk
reduction
in
a
more
comprehensive
 manner.
Policy
Landscape.National‐level
Institutional.
the
High‐ Level
National
Disaster
Management
Planning
Workshop
was
held
in
July
2008.
NDMC
Decree
No.


programmes
and
projects
and
clarifying
institutional
roles
and
 responsibilities.
facilitates
and
coordinates
the
work
of
the
 Technical
Working
Groups.
will
have
 an
all‐hazard
approach
to
disaster
risk
management
and
will
address
preparedness.
The
 DoE.
In
2008
the
National
Steering
Committee
on
Climate
Change
(NSCCC)
 was
established.
 One
of
the
first
assignments
of
the
NSCCC
has
been
to
initiate
the
formation
of
seven
 Technical
Working
Groups
with
representatives
from
various
line
agencies
as
follows:
 • • Food
and
livelihoods
security
and
agricultural
productivity
led
by
the
Ministry
of
 Agriculture
and
Forestry.
Based
on
future
climate
change
impact
studies.
 Hydrology
assessments
to
predict
variability
and
vulnerability
to
water
resources
led
by
 Water
Resources
and
Environment
Administration.3 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
CCA
 Climate
change
has
only
in
recent
years
become
a
higher
priority
policy
issue
in
Lao
PDR.

 Financing
instruments
economic
incentives
and
benefit
sharing
arrangements
under
the
 clean
development
mechanism
or
successor
arrangements.
 response
and
recovery
issues
and
integrating
disaster
risk
reduction
throughout
the
entire
 disaster
management
cycle.
(ibid)
 
 2.3.National‐level
Institutional.
 City
infrastructure
resilience
and
efficient
building
design
led
by
the
Ministry
of
Public
 Works
and
Transport.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 focused
on
the
development
of
the
National
Disaster
Management
Plan
(NDMP)
into
 concrete
actions.
the
DoE
in
 cooperation
with
the
Technical
Working
Groups
will
be
responsible
for
drafting
the
 following
strategy
and
action
plans:

 21
 
 .
The
NDMP
once
developed
and
endorsed
by
the
Prime
Minister.
An
overview
of
the
 institutional
arrangements’
in
Lao
PDR
concerning
climate
change
is
presented
in
Fig.
 • • • • • The
main
task
of
the
Technical
Working
Groups
is
to
study
and
assess
the
impacts
of
climate
 change
on
the
issues
under
their
respective
responsibility
for
the
period
2009
to
2020.2‐3‐2.
chaired
by
the
Deputy
Prime
Minister
and
with
the
Director
General
of
DoE
 as
the
secretary
and
with
members
from
all
concerned
sectors.
Policy
Landscape.
 Energy
Management
including
export
of
electricity
to
neighbouring
countries
led
by
the
 Ministry
of
Energy
and
Mines.
 Forest
and
land
management
to
reduce
emissions
from
deforestation
and
degraded
 landscapes
led
jointly
by
the
Ministry
of
Agriculture
and
Forestry
and
the
National
Land
 Management
Authority.
 Economic
management
to
ascertain
the
implications
of
climate
change
impacts
on
 growth
targets
poverty
reduction
goals
and
attaining
the
country’s
2020
vision
led
by
 the
Ministry
of
Planning
and
Investment.
which
acts
as
the
secretariat
to
the
NSCCC.
 The
Department
of
Environment
(DoE)
within
the
Water
Resources
and
Environment
 Administration
(WREA)
has
been
appointed
as
the
national
focal
point
for
climate
change
 actions
and
initiatives.


Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 • • • The
National
Climate
Change
Strategy
for
2020
 The
Interim
Action
Plan
for
2009‐2011

 The
First
National
Action
Plan
for
2011‐2016
in
alignment
with
the
7th
National
Socio‐ Economic
Development
Plan

 
(Source
from
“The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
CCA”
in
Lao
PDR
cited
from
ACIAR.
 the
GoL
initiated
its
National
Adaptation
Programme
of
Action
to
Climate
Change
(NAPA)
 process.
In
2005/2006.
200926)
 Figure
2‐3‐2:
Lao
PDR
institutional
arrangement
for
climate
change
(Source:
MRC.

 NAPA
is
one
of
the
many
environmental
management
projects
which
is
directly
linked
with
 all
national
development
strategies
and
policies.
 2009a27) 
 2.National‐level
Institutional.
Plans
and
Statements
on
CCA
 In
keeping
with
the
Priorities
of
Action
outlined
in
the
Hyogo
Framework.3.
including
the
National
Action
Plan
(NAP)
to
 Combat
Drought
and
Desertification.
 22
 
 .
National
 Growth
and
Poverty
Eradication
Strategy
(2004).
A
final
report
was
submitted
to
the
UNFCCC
in
2009
 (WREA.
and
the
5th
National
Socio‐Economic
 Development
Plan
(NSEDP)
2006‐2010
(WREA.
2009).
supported
by
the
GEF/UNDP.
Policy
Landscape.
the
Government
 of
Lao
PDR
(GoL)
has
taken
proactive
efforts
to
integrate
disaster
risk
reduction
into
other
 relevant
global
and
national
initiatives
and
priorities
such
as
climate
change.
and
Eight
National
Priority
Programmes.4 The
Policy.
200928).


 Public
Health:
1)
Improve
systems
for
the
sustainable
use
of
drinking
water
and
sanitation
 with
community
participation
in
flood
and
drought
prone
areas.
including
strengthening
the
capacity
of
national
disaster
management
committees
 and
further
development
of
early
warning
systems.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 The
NAPA
identifies
four
critical
sectors
for
adaptation:
agriculture.
and
improve
 and
expand
meteorology
and
hydrology
networks
and
weather
monitoring
systems.
2)
Improve
knowledge
and
 skills
of
engineers
who
design
and
build
water
and
sanitation
systems.
2)
Strengthen
capacity
of
village
forestry
volunteers
in
forest
planting.
2)
 Promote
secondary
professions
in
order
to
improve
the
livelihoods
of
farmers
affected
by
 natural
disasters
induced
by
climate
change.
 caring
and
management
techniques
as
well
as
the
use
of
village
forests.1 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
DRR
 Myanmar
has
its
own
system
and
practice
for
disaster
prevention
and
preparedness
base
on
 its
own
social.
water
and
 health.
5)
Survey
underground
water
sources
in
drought
prone
areas.
in
2005.
4)
 Strengthen
institutional
and
human
resource
capacities
related
to
water
and
water
resource
 management.
2009).
Policy
Landscape.
Please
see
below
for
the
details
of
Priority
One
in
four
 sectors
(WREA.
so
as
to
facilitate
the
practical
implementation
of
the
preparedness
and
 23
 
 .
 A
National
Disaster
Prevention
Relief
and
Rehabilitation
Committee
(NDPRRC)
was
formed
 under
the
NDPCC.
respectively.
6)Study.
 
 2.
 Township‐
and
Village
Tract‐
level.
As
a
policy
formulating
body.
In
order
to
carry
out
disaster
 preventive
measure
effectively.
the
National
Natural
Disaster
Preparedness
Central
 Committee
(NDPCC)
was
established
in
accordance
with
the
priorities
of
the
Hyogo
 Framework
for
Action.4 Myanmar
 
 2.
design
 and
build
multi‐use
reservoirs
in
drought
prone
areas.
of
which
12
were
1st
order
and
33
were
2nd
order
priority
 activities/projects.
forestry.
economical.
NDPCC
is
chaired
by
the
prime
Minister.
 Forestry:
1)
Continue
the
slash
and
burn
eradication
programme
and
permanent
job
 creation
program.
 Agriculture:
1)
Strengthen
the
capacity
of
the
National
Disaster
Management
Committees.
 Water:
1)
Awareness
raising
on
water
and
water
resource
management.National‐level
Institutional.4.
Please
see
Figure
 2‐6‐1
for
the
Organizational
Structure
of
NDPCC.
Disaster
Preparedness
Committees
(DPCs)
have
also
been
 organized
respectively.
Concerned
State/Division‐.
a
total
of
45
 number
activities
were
identified.
District‐.
 There
are
10
sub‐committees
under
NDPCC
which
have
been
entrusted
with
the
 implementation
of
the
policy
in
accordance
with
the
guidelines
of
NDPCC.
3)
Establish
an
early
warning
system
for
flood‐prone
areas.
Across
all
four
sectors.
cultural
and
administrative
practice.
2)
Mapping
of
 flood‐prone
areas.


educating
the
public
for
awareness
of
 fire
and
disasters.
Human
Settlement
and
Household
Development
 Department.
And
the
NDPRRC
was
headed
by
the
Deputy
Minister
of
the
Ministry
 of
Social
Welfare.4.
 2008) 
 2.
In
rural
areas.
mangrove
and
thatch.
Irrigation
Department
and
Myanmar
Red
Cross
society.
relief
and
rescue
work.
fire
prevention.
research.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 preventive
measures.National‐level
Institutional.
Fire
Services
Department.
Department
of
Meteorology
and
 Hydrology.
Policy
Landscape.
(ADRC.
This
region
is
situated
in
 central
dry
zone
with
little
rainfall.2 The
Policy.
Fire
Services
Department
under
Ministry
of
Social
 Welfare
Relief
and
Resettlement
is
responsible
for
fire
precaution.
200629)
 Figure
2‐4‐1:
Organizational
structure
of
NDPCC
in
Myanmar
(Source:
ADRC.
training
and
exchange
of
experience.
 extinction.
Relief
and
Resettlement
(MSWRR)
with
9
members
from
other
Ministries
 (Sub‐Committees
SCs).
Hence.
All
these
vulnerabilities
and
negligence
of
residents
are
the
driven
 forces
of
fire
disasters
in
rural
areas.
training
of
fireman.
Plans
and
Statements
on
DRR
 
 Myanmar
is
aware
of
the
importance
of
international
co‐operation
in
the
field
of
disaster
 reduction
activities.

 Fire
is
the
most
threatening
in
Myanmar
especially
in
Upper
region.
Myanmar
always
 24
 
 .
most
of
the
houses
are
constructed
with
 locally
available
raw
material
such
as
bamboo.
such
as
the
Department
of
Health.
There
is
inadequate
 water
for
fire
fighting.


UNDP.5 Philippines
 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
DRR
 As
the
Philippine
Government’s
national
platform
on
disaster
risk
reduction.

 At
national
level.
seminars.
Plans
and
Statements
on
CCA
(not
available)
 2.

 However.
the
Epidemic
Diseases
Prevention
Act
(1995).
the
NDCC
utilizes
the
facilities
and
services
of
the
OCD
as
its
 operating
arm.3 2.
It
is
through
the
NDCC
member‐agencies
and
local
 DCCs
that
disaster
preparedness.4.
Philippine
Information
Agency.
Policy
Landscape.
Philippine
National
Red
Cross.
WMO.

 
 25
 
 .
Armed
Forces
of
the
Philippines.
such
as
the
Rehabilitation
Board
Act
(1950).4 
 
 
 2.1 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
CCA
(not
available)
 
 The
Policy.
unlike
other
department
coordinating
bodies.
Table
2‐5‐2
gives
the
 detailed
functions
of
NDCC
at
national
level.
there
is
no
 national
platform
reported.
the
NDCC
serves
as
the
President’s
adviser
on
disaster
preparedness
 programs.
on
the
other
hand.
workshops
 and
conferences
abroad.
However.
mitigation
and
response
carry
out
its
 corresponding
tasks
and
responsibilities
under
the
NDCC
system.
And
the
existing
DRR‐related
policies
were
promulgated
in
 1990s.
The
 Secretary
of
National
Defense
heads
the
NDCC
with
the
heads
of
18
departments/
agencies
 as
members.
Please
see
 figure
2‐5‐1
for
the
institutional
mechanism
of
NDCC.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 avails
itself
of
the
opportunity
to
send
its
officials
to
training
courses.5.
So
far.
the
Implementation
of
Insurance
Act
 (1996).
Secretary‐ General.
On
the
other
hand.4.
 2.
regional
seminars
and
workshop
are
accepted
 to
observe
with
the
co‐operation
and
sponsorship
of
international
and
regional
organization
 ESCAP.
The
Disaster
Coordinating
Councils
(DCCs)
from
the
regional.
These
include
the
Chief
of
Staff.
prevention.
Executive
Secretary
 and
the
Administrator.
are
composed
of
representatives
of
national
 government
agencies
operating
at
these
levels
and
local
officials
concerned.
In
the
 discharge
of
its
functions.National‐level
Institutional.
the
legal
framework
on
DRR
is
still
in
the
process
to
be
framed.
the
National
 Disaster
Coordinating
Council
(NDCC)
is
established
under
the
Civil
Defense
Act
of
1954.
disaster
operations
and
rehabilitation
efforts
undertaken
by
the
government
and
 the
private
sector.
It
acts
as
the
top
coordinator
of
all
disaster
management
and
the
highest
 allocator
of
resources
in
the
country
to
support
the
efforts
of
the
lower
DCC
level.
and
Office
of
Civil
Defense
(OCD)
as
the
Executive
Officer
of
the
 Council.
city
and
 municipal
levels.
the
NDCC
does
not
 have
its
own
regular
budget
to
disburse.
provincial.
and
the
Fire
Services
Act
(1997).
the
Board
of
Development
Affairs
Act
 (1993).

functions of the various agencies and instrumentalities of the government. PNRC.
Policy
Landscape. and other appropriate agencies. • Extend relief assistance and social services to the victims as necessary. • Coordinate the activities. and the training of DCC members in coordination with OCD. private institutions and civic organizations to implement the policies and programs of the NDCC. other instrumentalities of the government and the private sector for assistance when the need arises. • Oversee the organization of DCCs. DSWD. • Disseminate materials relative to disaster prevention. Secretary of Interior and Local Government Secretary of Administrative organ with vertical management system Government 26
 
 .National‐level
Institutional. the establishment of Disaster Operations Centers of all local governments.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 
 
 
 














Figure
2‐5‐1:
Institutional
Mechanism
of
Natural
Disaster
Coordination
Council
(NDCC)
 
 Table
2‐5‐2:
Tasks
of
NDCC
Chairman
and
Member
Institutions
 Institution Chairman Administrator Office of Civil Defense Type Department of National Defense Government Office Relevant Objective • Convene the Council as often as necessary and calls on all other departments/bureaus/agencies. control and mitigation. • Advise the Chairman on matters concerning disaster management.

Maintain normal level of prices of commodities during emergencies. Organize Disaster Control Groups and Reaction Teams in large buildings used for commercial and recreational purposes. Implement the industrial civil defense programs and measures. Restore destroyed communication and transportation facilities such as railroads and vertical structures. Armed Forces of Department Government Department Government Department • • • Provide health services during emergencies as necessary.
Policy
Landscape. and training of their disaster coordinating councils and reaction teams. forests and lands. Assist in the training of DCCs at all levels. Provide emergency employment opportunities to disaster victims. seedlings and saplings and technical assistance regarding mines. Make available school buildings as evacuation centers. Government Office • • Responsible for the provision of security in disaster area. pension houses. waterworks. Restore destroyed public structures such as flood control. restaurants and other tourist-oriented facilities. Provide public information service through dissemination of disaster mitigation measures.National‐level
Institutional. Humanitarian Organization • • • Conduct disaster leadership training courses. Provide assistance in the public education and campaign regarding disaster preparedness. livestock and fisheries. Maintain normal level of prices of commodities during emergencies. Restore destroyed communication and transportation facilities such as railroads and vertical structures. Organize and train disaster control groups and reaction teams in hotels. Culture and Sports Secretary of Trade and Industry Secretary of Agriculture Secretary of Budget and Management Secretary of Environment and Natural Resources Secretary of Finance Secretary of Public Works and Highways Secretary of Tourism Secretary of Transportation and Communications Director of Philippine Information Agency SecretaryGeneral of Philippine National Red Cross Chief of Staff. Organize emergency transport services from the national down to the barangay level. roads. Provide assistance in the reconstruction of roads. prevention and mitigation. Provide heavy and light equipment for relief. Undertake surveys in disaster areas to determine the extent of damage of agricultural crops.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 Social Welfare and Development Secretary of Health Director-General of National Economic Authority Secretary of Labor and Employment Secretary of Education. Provide seeds. equipping. Responsible for the determination and analysis of the effects of disasters and calamities on the socio-economic plans and programs of the country. Organize and train disaster control groups and reaction teams in all schools and institutions of learning. Organize reaction teams in hospitals. Provide technical assistance to disaster victims whose crops or livestock have been destroyed. Government Department Government Department • • • • • • Government Department • • • • • Government Department Government Department Government Department • • • Government Department Government Department • • • • Government Department Government Department • • • • Government Agency • Responsible for reforestation and control of areas which tend to cause flooding. Release funds required by the departments for disaster operations. landslides. bridges and other 27
 
 . Organize and train Disaster Control Groups in all factories and industrial complexes. Issue rules and regulations with the relevant agencies concerned for the funding by local government of the requirements for organizing. mudflow and ground subsidence. rescue and recovery operations. Assist in providing emergency relief assistance to disaster victims. and development of damage assessment scheme. bridges. Formulate rules and regulations for the control of water and land pollution. and other vertical and horizontal facilities/structures. clinics and sanitary and other health institutions.

(Source:
summarized
based
on
the
information
from
http://ndcc.National‐level
Institutional.ph/
) 28
 
 .
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 the Philippines • structures.gov. Transport facilities for rapid movement of relief supplies and personnel and for the evacuation of disaster victims.
Policy
Landscape.


s‐1972.
s‐1972
(PD
No.”

 On
23
February
of
2009.
Disaster
Risk
Reduction
Management
Act
of
201032
was
issued
on
 the
Third
Regular
Session
of
the
Fourteenth
Congress.
19.5.1).
Plans
and
Statements
on
DRR
 The
legal
bases
of
NDCC
are
Presidential
Decree
No.
201033)

 
 29
 
 .
1566.
(NDRRMC.
as
implemented
by
 Presidential
Letter
of
Implementation
No.
The
Philippine
Disaster
Risk
Management
Act
of
200931
(DRMA)
 was
approved.
19.
200930).
 The
SNAP
identifies
eighteen
(18)
programs
and
projects
on
disaster
risk
reduction
that
will
 be
given
priority
over
the
next
ten
years.
on
the
other
hand.
which
was
 implemented
through
LOI
No.
and
enhancing
disaster
preparedness
and
response
capabilities
at
all
 levels.
2009.
including
 projected
climate
risks.
It
is
also
known
as
“Strengthening
 Disaster
Risk
Reduction
in
the
Philippines:
Strategic
National
Action
Plan
(SNAP)
2009‐2019”.
risk
assessment
and
 early
warning.
the
organization.
1566
 dated
June
11.

 After
this
Act
issued.
and
Presidential
Decree
No.
it
shall
be
the
policy
of
the
State.
subsequent
efforts
are
bound
to
be
stymied
(NDCC.
reducing
underlying
risk
factors.
The
institutional
mechanism
of
 NDRRMC
shall
henceforth
be
rearranged.National‐level
Institutional.
 mission
and
functions
of
the
Office
of
Civil
Defense
as
a
bureau
under
the
Department
of
 National
Defense.
including
good
governance.
knowledge
building
and
awareness
raising.
 and
to
institutionalize
arrangements
and
measures
for
reducing
disaster
risks.
However.
 and
preparedness
for
effective
response
and
early
recovery.2 
The
Policy.
to
develop.
among
others.
NDCC
shall
henceforth
be
known
as
the
National
Disaster
Risk
Reduction
and
 Management
Council
(NDRRMC)
or
the
National
Council.

 On
22
February
of
2010.
1978.
and
implement
 a
comprehensive
National
Disaster
Risk
Reduction
and
Management
Plan
(NDRRMP)
that
 aims
to
strengthen
the
capacity
of
the
National
Government
and
the
local
government
units
 (LGUs).
“There
is
institutional
commitment
from
 various
stakeholders
towards
recharging
the
legal
basis
for
DRR.
This
is
shown
by
active
 advocacy
undertaken
by
NDCC
and
NGOs.
promote.
1.
and
the
consensus
is
building
as
opportunities
to
 dialogue
increase.
The
said
LOI
defined.
It
pointed
that.
 The
national
progress
report
on
the
implementation
of
the
Hyogo
Framework
for
Action
was
 lately
updated
on
29
May.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 2.
PD
No.
 Appropriating
Funds
Therefore
and
for
Other
Purposes”.
without
major
thrust
by
high
government
officials
including
the
 President.
entitled
“An
Act
Strengthening
Philippine
Disaster
Risk
Management
 Capability
by
Institutionalizing
the
National
Disaster
Risk
Management
Framework.1
was
the
Integrated
Reorganization
Plan
of
1972.
Policy
Landscape.
PD
No.
This
new
Act
provides
for
the
development
of
 policies
and
plans
and
the
implementation
of
actions
and
measures
pertaining
to
all
aspects
 of
disaster
risk
reduction
and
management.
together
with
partner
stakeholders.
to
build
the
disaster
resilience
of
communities.
provided
for
the
strengthening
of
the
 Philippine
disaster
control
capability
and
establishing
a
community
disaster
preparedness
 program
nationwide.


concerned
agencies
shall
perform
the
following
 functions
as
shown
in
table
2‐5‐4.
The
establishment
of
the
Climate
Change
Commission
 (CCC)
was
proposed
in
Section
4.
 coastal
resources.
Policy
Landscape.
the
Presidential
Task
Force
on
Climate
 Change
and
the
Inter‐Agency
Committee
on
Climate
Change
shall
be
abolished.
the
Commission
shall
be
organized
within
sixty
(60)
days
from
the
 effective
date
of
this
Act.
chaired
by
the
 President
and
with
three
commissioners
appointed
by
the
president
including
one
Vice
 Chairperson.
The
Commission
shall
be
the
sole
policy‐ making
body
of
the
government
which
shall
be
tasked
to
coordinate.
 1999.No.
258334)
was
issued.
the
Climate
Change
Act
 of
2008
(S.5.National‐level
Institutional.
Plans
and
Statements
on
CCA
 
 The
Philippines’
Initial
National
Communication
on
Climate
Change
was
hold
in
December.
Upon
the
organization
of
the
Commission.
noted
that.
 The
representatives
shall
be
appointed
by
the
President
from
a
list
of
nominees
submitted
 by
their
respective
groups.
According
to
the
Act.
 According
to
the
Act.
“it
is
hereby
established
under
the
Office
of
the
 President.
which
legalized
this
Act
and
the
creation
of
the
Climate
Change
Commission.
monitor
and
evaluate
 the
programs
and
action
plans
of
the
government
relating
to
climate
change
pursuant
to
the
 provisions
of
this
Act.
To
ensure
the
effective
implementation
of
the
framework
 strategy
and
program
on
climate
change.

 According
to
the
Republic
Act
9729.
 2.
the
CCC
is
still
in
the
process
of
establishment.
to
ensure
that
food
production
is
not
threatened
and
to
enable
economic
 development
to
proceed
in
a
sustainable
manner.”
 On
October
23rd
of
2009.
the
Commission
shall
meet
once
 every
three
(3)
months.
The
 Chairperson
may
likewise
call
upon
other
government
agencies
for
the
proper
 implementation
of
this
Act.4 The
Policy.
water
resources
and
mitigation
were
well
elaborated
in
this
Initial
 National
Communication
Report36.
Adaptation
Strategies
for
agriculture.
By
far.
President
Arroyo
signed
the
Climate
Change
Act
of
2009
(Republic
 Act
972935).
At
least
one
of
the
sectoral
representatives
shall
come
from
the
 disaster
risk
reduction
community.
 
 30
 
 .B.
the
state
adopts
the
ultimate
objective
of
the
Convention
 which
is
the
stabilization
of
greenhouse
gas
concentrations
in
the
atmosphere
at
a
level
that
 would
prevent
dangerous
anthropogenic
interference
with
the
climate
system
which
should
 be
achieved
within
a
time
frame
sufficient
to
allow
ecosystems
to
adapt
naturally
to
climate
 change.3 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
CCA
 On
the
Second
Regular
Session
of
the
Fourteenth
Congress
in
2008.
the
Commission
shall
be
an
independent
and
 autonomous
body
and
shall
have
the
same
status
as
that
of
a
national
government
agency.
As
a
party
to
the
UNFCCC.
The
Mechanism
of
CCC
is
drawn
in
Figure
2‐5‐3.
 It
shall
be
attached
to
the
Office
of
the
President.
or
as
often
as
may
be
deemed
necessary
by
the
Chairperson.5.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 2.


the
LGUs
shall
be
the
frontline
agencies
in
the
formulation.
the
Framework.
(g)
Academic
programs.
and
the
National
Climate
 Change
Action
Plan.
capability
building
and
 mainstreaming.
As
for
the
Local
Climate
 Change
Action
Plan.
planning
 and
implementation
of
climate
change
action
plans
in
their
respective
areas.
(b)
Impact.
which
legalized
this
Act
and
the
creation
of
the
Climate
Change
Commission.
(i)
Monitoring
and
evaluation.
research
and
 development.
the
following
components:
(a)
National
 priorities.

 (f)
Database
development
and
management.National‐level
Institutional.
 
 The
Commission
shall
formulate
a
National
Climate
Change
Action
Plan
in
accordance
with
 the
Framework
within
one
year
after
the
formulation
of
the
latter.
extension.
 The
Commission
shall
formulate
a
Framework
Strategy
on
Climate
Change.
vulnerability
and
adaptation
assessments.
consistent
with
 the
provisions
of
the
Local
Government
Code.

 (d)
Compliance
with
international
commitments.
 and
(j)
Gender
mainstreaming.
The
Framework
 shall
serve
as
the
basis
for
a
program
for
climate
change
planning.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 On
October
23rd
of
2009.
and
monitoring
of
activities
to
protect
vulnerable
communities
 from
the
adverse
effects
of
climate
change.
Policy
Landscape.
President
Arroyo
signed
the
Climate
Change
Act
of
2009
(Republic
 Act
972937).

 
 The
Framework
shall
include
but
not
limited
to.
 Figure
2‐5‐3:
The
Mechanism
of
Climate
Change
Commission
(CCC)
in
the
Philippines
 31
 
 .
(c)
Policy
formulation.
(e)
Research
and
development.
(h)
Advocacy
and
information
dissemination.

Make the necessary recommendation for ratification and compliance by the government on matters pertaining thereto. geophysical. but not limited to. In consultation with the Bangko Sentral ng Pilipinas (BSP). in collaboration with other concerned national government agencies.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 



Table
2‐5‐4:
Functions
of
the
Concerned
Agencies
 Institution Panel of Technical Experts Relevant Objective • Provide technical advice to the Commission in climate science. Disseminate information on climate change. Review international agreements related to climate change. primers and other educational materials.related projects. activities and investments. and best practices for risk assessment and enhancement of adaptive capacity of vulnerable human settlements to potential impacts of climate change. Oversee the establishment and maintenance of a climate change information management system and network. including textbooks. It shall likewise focus on women and children. including on climate change risks. Integrate climate change into the primary and secondary education curricula and/or subjects. history.National‐level
Institutional. since they are the most vulnerable. relevant laws and protocols and adaptation and mitigation measures. such as. and other content necessary to address the prevailing and forecasted conditions and risks of particular LGUs. local vulnerabilities and risk. especially in the rural areas. technologies. Any provision in their respective charters to the contrary notwithstanding. institutions and LGUs. • • • The Department of Education (DepED) Together with the Local Government Academy. The Department of the Interior and Local Government (DILG • The Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR) The Department of Foreign Affairs (DFA) • • • • The Philippine Information Agency (PIA) Government financial institutions • • 
 
 32
 
 . provide preferential financial packages for climate change. biology. basic climate change principles and concepts. within thirty (30) days from the effectivity of this Act. science.
Policy
Landscape. The training program shall include socioeconomic. policy. facilitate the development and provision of a training program for LGUs in climate change. sibika. they shall. issue and promulgate the implementing guidelines therefore.


When
a
flood
or
storm
occurs.
accessible
both
to
central
disaster
 management
authorities
and
to
officials
in
the
localities
in
Vietnam.
200838).
 Please
see
figure
2‐6‐1
for
the
organization
structure
of
CCSFC.
an
inter‐ministerial
institution
serves
as
a
 coordinating
body
for
disaster
reduction
efforts
in
Vietnam.

 It’s
Standing
Office.6 Vietnam
 
 2.
Its
secretariat
is
provided
by
the
 Department
of
Dike
Management
and
Flood
Control
(DDMFC)
of
the
Ministry
of
Agriculture
 and
Rural
Development
(MARD).org/cpr/disred/documents/publications/corporatereport/asia/vietnam.
 
(http://www.

 To
expedite
the
transmission
of
this
information.php?id=52
)
 (http://www.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 2.undp.
provincial
level
are
responsible
for
reporting
up
to
SOCCFSC.
the
SOCCFSC
–
is
the
agency
with
the
main
responsibility
for
monitoring
 the
effects
of
storms
and
floods.
i.
the
National
Committee.
the
Ministry
of
Agriculture
and
the
 Ministry
of
Defense
as
its
key
members.
and
co‐ ordinating
and
implementing
disaster
response
and
mitigation
measures
–
relies
on
the
 administrative
structure
of
the
Dyke
Department
to
carry
out
its
disaster
assessment.
200939).6.
providing
official
warnings.
with
support
from
UNDP.net/english/professional/contacts/profile.e.
SOCCFSC
set
up
a
disaster
communication
 system
in
1995.preventionweb.
its
 ability
to
focus
on
and
coordinate
response
among
a
wider
range
of
ministries
is
limited
due
 to
its
position
within
the
Ministry
of
Agriculture
and
Rural
Development
(ISDR.
and
has
become
the
official.
Its
secretariat
is
provided
by
DDMFC
of
the
MARD.
It
is
 also
used
to
issue
disaster
prevention
or
mitigation
directives
to
its
staff
in
the
field.
 chaired
by
the
MARD).pdf
)
 33
 
 .
The
 Unit
has
improved
disaster
mitigation
and
management
of
information
through
the
use
of
information
and
 communications
technologies.
365
days
per
year.
and
by
late
1998
was
extended
to
every
province
in
Vietnam.
 obligatory
mechanism
for
transmitting
disaster
damage
and
needs
data
to
the
SOCCFSC.
an
emergency
electronic
mail
network
that
links
provincial
dyke
department
 offices
with
the
SOCCFSC.
CCSFC
formulates
all
flood
and
typhoon
related
policies
and
 mitigation
measures.
 While
the
CCFSC
is
responsible
for
a
broad
range
of
disaster
risk
reduction
activities.1 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
DRR
 At
the
Central
level.
is
Vietnam’s
national
disaster
risk
management
agency.
with
the
assistance
of
 the
UNDP
Disaster
Management
Unit
(DMU)3
in
Hanoi
to
serve
as
a
repository
for:
1)
 3 




























































 
The
Vietnam
Disaster
Management
Unit
(DMU)
is
the
mechanism
established
under
the
Ministry
of
Agriculture
 and
Rural
Development
and
the
Central
Committee
for
Flood
and
Storm
Control.
The
Central
Committee
for
Flood
and
Storm
Control
(CCSFC.
 disaster
reporting.
gathering
damage
data.
with
the
Office
of
Government.
and
emergency
co‐ordination
duties.
established
 by
decree
1990
(ADRC.
the
 provincial
dyke
department
officials
and
district
dyke
monitors.
Officials
at
 the
district.
WB.

 The
SOCCFSC
has
created
a
Department‐wide
Intranet.
The
Unit
has
also
helped
prepare
a
Second
National
Strategy
and
Action
Plan
to
 mitigate
and
manage
disasters
until
2010.
the
 system
for
elaborating
a
national
damage
assessment
works
in
a
down‐top
way.
Policy
Landscape.
The
 system
operates
24
hours
per
day.National‐level
Institutional.



(The
above
source:
Aloysius
J.
 
 4 




























































 
For
more
details
browse:
http://www.
Policy
Landscape.
 the
GIS
can
identify
risk
areas
and
clarify
how
best
to
respond
to
or
to
mitigate
the
risk
of
 disaster.National‐level
Institutional.
3)
Official
Damage
Assessment
Reports
released
by
the
SOCCFC.
which
makes
it
easier
for
international
organizations
and
Vietnamese
decision
 makers
to
target
disaster
relief
aid4.
for
example).
However.
and
6)
Additional
 archived
Disaster
Management
Reference
Materials.vn/dmu/
 34
 
 .org.
directives
and
procedures
on
disasters
and
disaster
management
 in
Vietnam.
200140)
 As
shown
in
the
table
2‐6‐2.
the
SOCCFSC’s
mechanism
for
this
has
 been
Internet
Web
technology.
flood
risk.
4)
 Archived
disaster
damage
data
and
media
reports
on
disasters
in
Vietnam.

 To
make
disaster
information
available
to
the
public.
200942).
annual
 budget
earmarks
and
working
agenda
focus
largely
on
disaster
response
rather
than
 prevention.
WB.undp.
Similarly.
The
DMU
GIS
has
been
organized
as
a
simple
way
to
organize
and
present
 highly
complex
disaster
management
and
relief
needs
data
on
Vietnam
and
as
a
vital
 decision
support
tool.
There
is
no
professional
and
specialized
cadre
of
staff
who
focus
on
disaster
 management
(ISDR.
and
serves
as
a
general
reference
tool
for
disaster
 managers
in
their
day‐to‐day
work.
given
 the
current
tasks
of
government
agencies
and
ministries
involved
in
the
CCFSC.
the
GIS
can
display
disaster
damage
data
and
needs
analysis
by
district
or
 province.
National
Disaster
 Management
Information
Systems
&
Networks:
An
Asian
Overview.
and
age
of
infrastructure.
5)
Hydro‐ meteorological
data
for
river
basins
and
regions
throughout
the
country.
mandates.
Rego.
Response
and
 Mitigation
(NIPNDPRM)”.
By
producing
thematic
hazard
and
vulnerability
maps
using
selected
 variables
(economic
value.
The
Intranet
is
regularly
updated
with
 essential
corporate
information.
Web‐based
public
information
system
called
the
DMU
Web
 for
encouraging
information
sharing
regardless
of
sector
and
disseminating
key
information
 on
disaster
management
to
the
aid
community.

 The
last
system
being
adopted
with
the
development
of
DMU
is
the
Geographic
Information
 System
(GIS).
In
the
newly‐ promulgated
“National
Implementation
Plan
for
Natural
Disaster
Prevention.
population.
to
consolidate
the
organization
and
mechanism
has
been
highly
 pointed
as
an
important
objective41.
2)
Summaries
of
disaster
conditions
in
Vietnam
and
announcements
of
storm
 forecasts
and
warnings.
it
is
still
lack
of
clear
institutional
 arrangements
for
enforcement
and
the
current
organizational
structures.
the
national
mechanism
still
needs
to
be
strengthened.
the
 SOCCFSC
maintains
a
bilingual.
decrees.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 Assembled
laws.
With
the
help
of
the
Disaster
Management
Unit
(DMU).

National‐level
Institutional. • • receiving and distributing emergency relief donations. disaster warning and forecasting • disseminating disaster warning and forecast to the public responsible for allocating and releasing emergency response funds and other recourses in order to meet post-disaster needs responsible for post-disaster environment health needs responsible for traffic safety and rehabilitation during and after disasters responsible for rehabilitating communication systems ex-posted charged with setting disaster compensation policies responsible for managing reservoirs in and hydro power plants responsible for disaster-related international cooperation issues • • • • • • • 




























































 5 
Summarized
according
to
the
Vietnam
Report
of
Disaster
Risk
Management
Programs
for
Priority
Countries
 35
 
 .
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 Figure
2‐6‐1:
Organization
Chart
of
the
 CCFSC 
 Table2‐6‐2:
Tasks
of
government
agencies
and
ministries
involved
in
DRM5
 Institution The National Committee for Search and Rescue (NCSR ) The Fatherland Front and Red Cross Society Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MONRE) & Geophysics Institute of Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology Voice of Viet Nam (VOV) and Vietnam Television (VTV) Ministry of Finance (MOF) Ministry of Health (MOH) Ministry of Transportation (MOT) Ministry of Post and Telecommunication Ministry of Labour Invalids and Social Affairs (MOLISA) Ministry of Industry Ministry of Foreign Affairs Relevant Tasks • responsible for search. rescue and emergency relief during and after disasters.
Policy
Landscape.


200743)
is
the
 key
document
underpinning
all
disaster
risk
reduction
policy
and
strategy.
the
National
Implementation
Plan
for
Natural
Disaster
Prevention.
The
National
Strategy
for
Natural
 Disaster
Prevention.
the
review
and
revision
of
other
DRM‐related
legal
documents
work
is
to
be
 conducted
based
on
the
needs
for
socio‐economic
development
during
2009
to
2020.
response
and
mitigation
shall
be
completed
within
4
years
from
2009
to
2012.
Other
 legislative
instruments
which
incorporate
disaster
risk
management
elements
are:
The
Law
 on
Forest
Development
and
Protection.6.2 The
Policy.
 2.
3)
The
Law
on
Dyke
promulgated
in
November
2006
 regulates
the
planning
of
flood
prevention
and
response
in
flood
prone
areas.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 
 2.National‐level
Institutional.
The
Ordinance
on
 Irrigation
Structures
Utilization
and
Protection.
departments.
Plans
and
Statements
on
DRR
 Vietnam
does
not
have
a
disaster
risk
management
law.
with
support
from
other
ministries.
and
The
Ordinance
on
Hydro‐meteorological
 Structures
Protection.
 provinces
and
cities
nationwide.
2)
The
Ordinance
on
Flood
and
Storm
 Control
promulgated
in
March
1993
amended
and
revised
in
August
2000
formally
created
 the
existing
institutional
structure.
including:
1)
The
Law
on
Water
Resources
promulgated
in
May
1998
governs
water
 usage
and
the
prevention
of
water
related
disasters.



 Earlier.
based
on
which
the
63
 provinces/cities
and
12
ministries/sectors
developed
their
strategic
action
plans.
 Response
and
Mitigation
(NIPNDPRM)
was
promulgated
on
September
29th
of
2009.
The
 Kyoto
Protocol
was
signed
on
3
December
1998
and
was
ratified
on
25
September
2002.
The
2003
Law
on
Fisheries.6.

 In
this
Implementation
Plan.
 Meanwhile.
become
a
critical
 factor
well
resonating
with
investment
efforts
of
the
Government
in
structural
measures.
To
enhance
its
 implementation.
along
with
the
achievements
during
the
2
years
of
implementing
the
strategy.
 promulgated
and
implemented
in
2013.
The
National
 Strategy
promulgates
tasks.
non‐structural
measures
as
a
new
approach.
as
well
as
the
regional
and
international
organizations
and
 NGOs.
From
2007
 to
2009.
Response
and
Mitigation
to
2020
(No:
172/2007/QĐ‐TTg.
4)
The
 Environment
Protection
Law
(1998)
governs
the
use
of
natural
resources
as
a
means
to
 prevent
natural
disasters.
To
 consolidate
the
system
of
legal
documents
and
policies.
Policy
Landscape.
the
DRM
policy
has
also
been
addressed
in
several
additional
Vietnamese
laws
and
 decrees.
The
CCFSC
and
the
MARD
will
lead
the
 implementation
coordinating
agency.
solutions
and
plans
for
implementation.
the
draft
law
on
natural
disaster
 prevention.
The
 Ministry
of
Natural
Resources
and
Environment
(MNRE)
has
been
assigned
by
the
 36
 
 .3 The
Institutional
Mechanism
on
CCA
 Viet
Nam
signed
the
UNFCCC
on
11
June
1992
and
ratified
it
on
16
November
1994.
the
 national
legal
framework
has
been
step‐by‐step
consolidated.

6.
And
in
2008.National‐level
Institutional.
the
 approval
of
the
National
Target
Program
to
Respond
to
Climate
Change
(NTP
by
the
Ministry
 of
Natural
Resources
and
Environment.
and
the
World
Bank’s
Global
Facility
for
Disaster
Reduction
and
Recovery
 played
a
role
in
supporting
the
Forum
and
assisting
in
the
development
of
strengthened
 cross‐sectoral
cooperation
and
synergy
(UNISDR.
there
is
not
a
national
 platform
for
institutionalizing
the
Climate
Change
Adaption
in
Viet
Nam.
hosted
by
the
Deputy
Prime
Minister.
200946).4 The
Policy.
200947).
Policy
Landscape.
UNISDR.

 Other
ministries
involved
in
climate
change
activities
are:
Ministry
of
Foreign
Affairs.
Plans
and
Statements
on
CCA
 
 Together
with
the
world’s
community.
to
 raise
awareness
and
commitment
and
to
enhance
the
synergies
between
DRR
and
CCA.
 UNDP.
 37
 
 .
A
number
of
IOs.
In
2009.
Ministry
of
 Training
and
Education.
200745).
The
 Forum
also
advanced
efforts
to
establish
a
National
Platform
for
Disaster
Risk
Reduction
 (NPDRR).
and
recently
the
announcement
of
the
 Climate
Change
and
Sea
Level
Rise
Scenarios
for
Viet
Nam
(ISPONRE.
 2.
Ministry
of
Agriculture
and
Rural
Development.
Response
and
 Mitigation
to
2020”.
 Ministry
of
Finance.
Ministry
of
Science
and
 Technology.
But
up
to
now.
the
“National
Target
Program
to
Climate
Change
 Response”
was
initiated.
and
Ministry
of
Trade.
200344).
in
the
context
of
responding
to
climate
 change.
A
detailed
study
of
existing
institutional
mechanisms
and
capacities
 for
both
DDR
and
CCA
was
conducted
in
preparation
for
the
national
policy
forum.
Ministry
of
Industry.
it
issued
the
“National
Strategy
for
Natural
Disaster
Prevention.

 
 In
2007.
Ministry
of
Planning
and
Investment.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 Government
of
Viet
Nam
to
be
the
National
Focal
Agency
for
implementing
the
UNFCCC
and
 Kyoto
Protocol
and
is
the
managing
government
institution
for
all
climate
change
activities.
 the
Government
organized
the
National
Forum.
such
as
the
Australian
Agency
for
International
Development.
its
ratification
the
United
Nations
Framework
 Convention
on
Climate
Change
(Viet
Nam:
Initial
National
Communication.
Viet
Nam
has
made
strong
commitments
to
combat
 against
climate
change
through
for
example.
a
multi‐stakeholder
coordinating
body.


Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 3.1 Mapping
Out
DRR
and
CCA
Efforts
 
 Both
CCA
and
DRR
have
an
objective
of
reducing
factors
that
contribute
to
climate‐related
risk
 while
enabling
sustainability
in
social
and
economic
development
under
the
influence
of
existing
 and
changing
natural.
water
sector.
national‐
and
local‐
levels.
aims
at
incorporating
 climate
information
into
decisions
to
reduce
negative
effects
on
resources
and
 livelihoods.
and
natural
resource
management
practices.
the
uncertainty
and
anticipated
new
 patterns
of
climate
risks.
2008).
and
women’s
rights.
While
CCA
deals
 with
the
challenges
of
non‐stationary
climate
risks.
 Almost
all
the
adaptation
effort
(programmes/projects)
has
the
value
of
risk
reduction.
 including
policy.

 
  Building
Capacity
on
DRR.
 health
sector.
environmental
and
anthropogenic
factors.
environment
management.
the
weight
is
“1”
because
of
the
strong
emphasis
on
DRR
but
still
indirect
 linkage
with
climate
change
issues.
DRR
is
mainly
based
 on
the
stationary
climate
prediction
generated
from
the
past
climate
model.
recent
 climate
extremes.


 


  Addressing
the
Drivers
of
Vulnerability.
 and
even
projects
that
address
HIV/AIDS.
with
a
weighting
function
according
to
their
 different
levels
of
addressing
climate
information.
Please
be
noted
that
the
weighting
is
just
for
 outlining
projects
efforts
in
each
country
in
the
field
of
disaster
risk
management
by
using
of
 climate
information.
Policy
Landscape.
DRR
and
CCA
will
increasingly
adapt
iterative
risk
management
 strategies
as
and
when
new
information
is
available
for
all
emerging
climate
risk
patterns. REVIEW
OF
DRR
AND
CCA
ENVIRONMENT
IN
SOUTHEAST
ASIA
 
 3.
accommodating
the
fact
that
often
the
effects
of
climate
change
are
not
 38
 
 .
In
practice.
weather
 monitoring.

 
  Managing
Climate
Risk
with
a
weight
of
“1.5”
for
each
project.
the
observed
tracks.5”
due
to
the
indirect
linkage
with
climate
risk.
and
the
improvement
of
mapping.

 
 Technically.
early
warning
 systems.
 Sample
activities
include
efforts
to
improve
livelihoods.
literacy.
For
 each
project.


 
 For
mapping
out
the
current
efforts
on
DRR
and
CCA
at
international‐.
focuses
on
building
robust
systems
for
problem
solving.National‐level
Institutional.
focuses
on
reducing
poverty
and
addressing
 other
fundamental
shortages
of
capability
that
make
people
vulnerable
to
harm.
Examples
include
the
development
of
robust
 communications
and
planning
processes.
and
the
anticipated
new
patterns.
examples
of
both
 the
adaptation
and
disaster
risk
reduction
cover:
agriculture
and
food
security.
institutional
development
and
project
practices.
and
development
planning
and
practices
(UNISDR.
namely.
climate
information
could
be
divided
into
four
types:
past
climate
model.
The
 weight
of
one
project
or
programme
is
“0.
we
adopt
the
four
types
 roughly
divided
by
WRI
(200748)
as
shown
below.
awareness
raising
and
education.


the
“Stockholm
 Plan
of
Action
for
Integrating
Disaster
Risk
and
Climate
Change
Impacts
in
Poverty
Reduction”
 and
the
recent
Oslo
Policy
Forum
on
“Changing
the
Way
We
Develop:
Dealing
with
Disasters
and
 Climate
Change”
reiterated
this
view. Tools and Methods for CCA and DRR Area Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) Approaches.
Policy
Landscape.
Examples
include
disaster‐response
planning
activities.
and
efforts
to
“climate‐proof”
physical
infrastructure.
lessened
vulnerability
of
people
and
property.
conducting
a
baseline
assessment
on
the
status
of
disaster
risk
 39
 
 .
The
 table
3‐1
generally
compared
the
methodological
differences
between
efforts
in
DRR
and
CCA.
a
major
challenge
in
common
is
how
to
contribute
to
CCA
 through
the
systematic
efforts
in
DRR
accumulated
in
past
decades.
drought‐resistant
 crops.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 easily
distinguished
from
the
effects
of
hazards
within
the
historic
range
of
climate
 variability.
It
focuses
 almost
exclusively
on
addressing
impacts
associated
with
climate
change.
and
also
emerged
as
a
key
 conclusion
from
a
number
of
recent
international
policy
forums.

 
  Each
effort
in
Confronting
Climate
Change
is
given
the
highest
weight
“2”.
typically
 targeting
climate
risks
that
are
clearly
outside
historic
climate
variability.
2009)”.

 
 Table3-1: Major Approaches.
 Examples
include
communities
that
relocate
in
response
to
sea
level
rise.
wise
management
of
land
 and
the
environment.National‐level
Institutional.
and
with
little
 bearing
on
risks
that
stem
from
anything
other
than
anthropogenic
climate
change.
In
particular. Tools or Methods Hyogo Framework for Action (HFA) National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (NPDRR) Strategic National Action Plan (SNAP) Working Group on Mainstreaming Disaster Reduction in Development (MDRD) Community-Based Disaster Risk Management/Reduction (CBDRM/CBDRR) Coastal Community Resilience (CCR) Global Facility for Disaster Reduction and Recovery (GFDRR) National Communications (NCs) National Adaptation Plan of Action (NAPA) Climate Forecast Applications (CFA) Livelihoods Adaptation to Climate Change (LACC) Climate Risk Management (CRM) Climate Resilient Cities (CRC) Climate Change Adaptation (CCA) 
 3.
including
through
“reduced
 exposure
to
hazards.

 
 Among
all
those
four
types
of
efforts.
and
responses
 to
glacial
melting.2 Review
of
Policies
and
Institutions
on
DRR
and
CCA

 
 The
need
to
systematically
integrate
disaster
risk
reduction
and
adaptation
into
national
 development
strategies
has
been
listed
in
the
Bali
Action
Plan.
The
UNISDR
has
identified
and
promoted
the
following
 three
areas
of
action
over
2008:
developing
national
coordination
mechanisms
to
link
disaster
 risk
reduction
and
adaptation.
and
the
improved
preparedness
for
adverse
events
(UNISDR.


multilateral
 and
bilateral
donors.
Vietnam.
National
Garget
Program
to
Respond
to
Climate
 Change
(unofficial
translation
of
Vietnamese
Draft
Version
of
27/7/2008).
 The
House
of
Representatives
of
the
Philippines
in
Congress.3 Review
of
Projects
Efforts
on
DRR
and
CCA

 
 At
its
5th
meeting
in
Copenhagen
in
November
2008.
Four
types
with
different
weights
as
explained
in
3.
National
Adaptation
Programme
of
Action
to
Climate
Change.
Cambodia.
building
process.
 6 40
 
 .
please
refer
the
country’s
NAPA
 as
shown
in
the
footnote6.
2009.
including
the
 institutions.
It
provided
the
main
source
for
reviewing
the
on‐going
 (mainly
DRR)
projects
efforts.
and
preparing
adaptation
plans
drawing
on
the
Hyogo
 Framework.
The
ration
of
 adapting
this
criteria
is
to
derive
home
the
point
that
risk
reduction
is
undertaken
through
 continuum
of
development
process
is
a
common
and
converging
point
for
CCA
and
DRR.
The
Climate
Change
Act
of
2008.
National
Adaptation
Programme
of
Action
to
Climate
Change.National‐level
Institutional.
policies.
Please
see
the
 Annex
I
for
the
detailed
review
information.
Lao
PDR.
the
GFDRR
Consultative
Group
asked
the
 Secretariat
to
focus
on
a
select
group
of
priority
countries
to
achieve
increased
impact.1.
Policy
Landscape.
including
UN
agencies.
were
adopted
as
 the
criteria
used
for
sorting
the
projects
on
DRR
and
CCA
in
Southeast
Asia.
2009.
However.
 National
Environment
Committee.
climate
risk
information
and
financing.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 reduction
and
adaptation
efforts.
National
Action
Plan
Addressing
Climate
Chang.
there
is
a
stocktaking
of
ongoing
risk
reduction
 and
climate
change
adaptation
programs
by
key
stakeholders.
 
 Figure
3‐2:
The
Type
and
Number
of
Projects
on
DRR
and
CCA
in
Southeast
Asia
 




























































 
Ministry
of
Environment.
2006.
2008.
we
outlined
a
review
of
the
 existing
national
political
and
institutional
mechanism
on
DRR
and
CCA
separately.
 Ministry
of
Natural
Resources
and
Environment.
the
Philippines.
and
other
partners.
Based
on
the
desk
work
for
Chapter
2
and
Chapter
3.
further
consultations
are
required
with
 different
stakeholders
in
each
country.
20
core
 countries
and
11
single
donor
trust
fund
countries
are
identified
by
GFDRR
for
a
series
of
 comprehensive
programs
for
disaster
risk
management
and
climate
change
adaptation
for
the
 next
three
to
five
years.

 
 3.
2007.
In
each
priority
country.

And
for
the
outline
of
the
CCA
projects
in
each
country.
But
not
all
on‐going
DRR
projects
in
countries
are
included
in
this
 chapter.
Indonesia.
for
analyzing
the
enabling
policy
and
 institutional
environment
for
integrating
DRR
into
CCA.
 State
Ministry
of
Environment.

preventionweb. directors.gov. to promote community based approaches to disaster risk management. provincial and district education officers. deputy directors and principals from (10) pilot schools have been trained and 447 students (amongst them 239 are girls) have been taught the DRR module. NCDM.pdf 2007-2008 Phase I http://www. 5-year Memorandum of Cooperation. Reducing the vulnerability of the poor to natural disasters. In addition the Senior Minister MOEYS H. damage and needs assessment guidelines and tools for NCDM development To integrate child rights into national climate change responses and integrate climate change into national child rights agendas Standard Operating Procedure for Regional Standby Arrangements and Coordination of Joint Disaster Relief and Emergency Response Operations (SASOP). two projects: Flood Emergency Management Strengthening. http://www. Community-based Flood Mitigation and Preparedness Project under the Asian Disaster Mitigation Program. ECHO 7 ADB. 6 ADPC.
Policy
Landscape. with CRC. PACT etc. with ADPC. maps. Flood Management and Mitigation Program. aims to establish sustainable. Community-Based Disaster Risk Reduction Strategy for Flood and Drought Timeframe / Link http://www. UNDP.au/publica tions/pdf/appr_cambodia_0708.preventionweb. To develop a Synthesis Report on ASEAN Member States Disaster Risks by carrying out a desk review of already available reports. planning and implementation.AusAID.pd f 2003-2007 3 WFP 4 IDS.pdf 41
 
 .pdf http://www. MRC. GTZ. Capacity Building for Integrated Disaster Management. The framework for a collaborative alliance between the two organizations. and Capacity Building for Planning and Implementation of Flood Preparedness Programs at Provincial and District Levels in the Lower Mekong Delta.net/files /13076_Flood09. MoEYS 2 Aus AID Projects/Programmes Goals Mainstreaming DRR in the education sector. and action to improve the health of women and children will be a high priority. UNISDR. Food aid through Food For Work program targeted towards poorest communities.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 

Table
3‐3‐1:
List
of
Projects
on
DRR
and
CCA
in
Cambodia
 Projects Addressing Drivers of Vulnerability (4) N Donors o /Partners 1 ADPC. MoWRAM 8 UNESCA P. ECHO.html Building Capacity on DRR (16) 1 ARPDM. Kol Pheng actively participated in the National Workshop. and to institutionalize CBDRM in government policy. UNDP 4 ADPC/WB 5 ADPC.proventionconsortium. teacher’s training department. E. studies.pdf 2003-2008 2007-2012 The partnerships for Disaster Reduction in Southeast Asia (PDRSEA) programme. AUDMP. To accelerated efforts towards programbased approaches for delivering Australian aid. analysis and assessments regarding disaster risk (vulnerability and hazards) carried out at the country and regional levels. org/themes/default/pdfs/CRA/Cam bodia.net/v2007/Progra ms/CBDRM/INFORMATION%20R ESOURCE%20CENTER/CBDRM %20Publications/2008/final_crcam bodia_23nov. replicable non-government mechanisms for disaster mitigation and preparedness with a focus on flooding. WB 3 ADPC. ADPC. Plan http://www. DIPECHO 2004-2010 2009-2014 forthcoming 1998-2004 http://www.National‐level
Institutional. AADMER 2 ASEAN. An explicit focus on Cambodian Millennium Development Goals will anchor this work.childreninachangingcli mate.net/files /10480_Cambodia.
Total (159) officials and teachers including officers from secondary school education department.adpc.org/research_home.

National‐level
Institutional.pdf http://www. Focuses on emerging Urban risks. such as the role of natural systems for regulating water flow. pdf http://ec.preventionweb. sustaining fisheries productivity and sequestering and storing carbon.eu/echo/files/polic ies/dipecho/presentations/cambod ia_11_07_en. Enhancing Cooperation in Trans-boundary Flood Issues.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 9 GFDRR Capacity building of Hydmet agencies for early warning and weather forecast systems. DRC.
Policy
Landscape. Confronting Climate Change (0) 42
 
 . 2008-2012 1 Oxfam 0 GB. Establishment of Regional Flood Management and Mitigation Centre (RFMMC).net/files /12119_folletoingnature11. Phase II (2008-2012) 1 MRC 5 1 DIPECHO 6 On-going http://www. improving water quality. To Promote Safe development and good governance in RCC member countries with increased community resilience to natural disasters. NDCM. Flood Emergency Rehabilitation Project repaired and rehabilitated infrastructure damaged by floods in 2000. Flood Emergency Management Strengthening and Land Management. A technical assistance program to ensure better coordination and implementation of SNAP-DRR geared towards integrating disaster risk reduction into national development planning. IEDM 1 WWF 1 http://www.org/downl oad/free_download/AFF4/session2/meeting_local_needs. and flood mapping and early warning initiatives. implementing the national CBDRR strategy and developing guidelines for integration of DRR into local development plans. Netherlands Save the Earth. Promoting and strengthening Disaster Resilient in Cambodia (with several NGOs including Action Aid. developing DRM components within Sector Wide Approach (SWAp) in Transport and Health Sectors. Lutheran World Federation. Structural Measures and Flood Proofing.mrcmekong.net/files /9066_cambodiaclimatechangerep ort1. protecting soil. reducing disaster impacts.pdf 1 GFDRR/ 2 WB 1 WB 3 1 RCC 4 Program forthcoming Phase I (2004-2007). CRC. and provided technical assistance which built capacity to more effectively manage and mitigate future water disasters.preventionweb.europa. MRC Developing climate forecasts and applications. Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction into Development (MDRD). Investigate some aspects of the recent droughts in the Mekong region and tries to establish their likely causes and how much incidents could best be mitigated. Identify natural solutions as an essential contribution to cost effective climate change adaptation and mitigation.) Since 1998 over 20 projects have been funded in Cambodia under the DIPECHO programme for over €5 million. thus contribute to realizing the Millennium Development Goals by 2015 and advancing priorities of the HFA. etc.pdf Ongoing ongoing Managing Climate Risk (1) 1 UNDP.

au/ country/aipstrategy.gov. Safer Community through Disaster Risk Reduction (SCDRR ) Capacity building of national and local DRM agencies. Australia Indonesia Partnership for Reconstruction and Development: Post-disaster recovery in Aceh and Nias. The opinion poll will help Indonesian policy makers and the Indonesian public see where the gaps are between Indonesia’s laws regarding women’s rights and gender equality.preventionweb. It reflects the determination of Australia and Indonesia to work together to help tackle poverty and promote regional peace.000 people at risk and reduce their vulnerability to natural and manmade hazards.447 ) The Gender Equity and Women’s Rights: Raising the Profile.htm 2009-2011 2008-2010 2007-2011 2009-2012 2005 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 AusAID Japan International Cooperation Agency (JICA) JICA USDAID UNDP/DFID/Aus AID GFDRR BNPB.AusAID.undp. and Flash Flood Disaster Management.go.cfm 2005-2012 2006-2012 http://www.asp?ItemID= 4 2 3 4 5 6 Aus AID WB Save the Children UNDP Indonesia Building Response Capacity (15) 1 AusAID 2009-2014 http://www. aims to explore popular perceptions of women’s rights and gender equity issues in Indonesia in order to raise their profile and obtain greater policy traction on the issues. Australia Indonesia Facility for Disaster Reduction: support Indonesia’s and the region’s efforts to reduce the impact of disasters and to improve self-management capabilities through training and outreach. IFRC Aus AID Project/Programme Goals Addressing the humanitarian consequences of climate change. Strengthening Emergency Preparedness and Response in Indonesia.gov.embjapan. stability and prosperity.id/proje cts/projDetail. Java Reconstruction Fund. Promoting Private Sector Role in Disaster Risk Reduction in Indonesia. including in risk assessment and riskresponse The establishment of Data and Information on Indonesian Disaster (DiBi)to provide online 43
 
 .228.AusAID.au/ media/release.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 Table
3‐3‐2:
List
of
Projects
on
DRR
and
CCA
in
Indonesia
 Projects Addressing Drivers of Vulnerability (6) N o 1 Donors/ Partners Netherlands Red Cross.gov.or. and the reality.National‐level
Institutional.preventionweb. net/files/12547_tsunamire port20091.pdf Ongoing http://www. Timeframe and Link http://www. Regular annual programming which include support to DRR projects. net/files/1744_annual20re port202006.
Policy
Landscape.jp/oda/en/odaproj ects_protech.cfm 2005-2008 http://www.au/ country/aiprd.cfm?BC=M edia&ID=2353_9531_923 6_9485_392 2007-2010 and 2008-2011 http://www.pdf 2008-2013 http://www. a pilot project on reducing the risk from climate change. including the negative impacts of climate change. Multi Donor Fund for Aceh and Nias Reconstruction. aims to strengthen the capacities of over 120.AusAID. Institutional revitalization project for Flood Management. Save the Children’s tsunami response program (Total Tsunami expenditures in Indonesia: $183.id. risk and vulnerability assessment. UNDP Multi-disciplinary hazard reduction. and research and analysis on emerging regional threats.

or.adpc. and reduce the potential for physical and economic damage.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 9 10 11 USAID. ADPC 2009-2012 2010-2012 http://www. DAPS has been implemented in eight provinces involving 58.asp 12 13 14 GFDRR GFDRR USAID.preventionweb.pdf http://www. Pilot initiatives and investment in climate adaptation and resilience in urban and rural communities to build alliance among the DRR and CCA constituents and programs.000 students nationwide. ADPC USAID UNDP searchable data on past disasters.National‐level
Institutional. to strengthen the national capabilities to manage and reduce the impacts of climate fluctuations through targeted demonstration projects and community participation. prevent loss of life. net/files/9443_gtz2008042 1enncdrr1.
Policy
Landscape. Mainstreaming of disaster risk reduction in local governance: the Disaster Awareness in Primary Schools (DAPS) program.id/proje cts/listproject. Reduced Impact Logging for Carbon Sequestration in East Kalimantan 1998-2003 On going http://www.net/udrm/ brochure/UDRM_PROMIS EbrochureRevised.pdf 1997-2000 15 GTZ. Support to implementation of disaster and climate proof building codes and standards and micro zoning Support to the Second National Communication on Climate Change Integrating Climate Change into Development Planning 2001 2009-2012 Confronting Climate Change (0) Table
3‐3‐3:
List
of
Projects
on
DRR
and
CCA
in
Lao
PDR
 44
 
 . ECHO Managing Climate Risk (5) 1 2 3 Counterpart International/COP EC/APHI/IPB/Mo E/MFEC Same as above GFDRR 4 5 UNDP UNDP Reduction of greenhouse gas emission through landfill resources recovery and Utilisation Municipality of Ujung Pandang Linking Disaster Risk Reduction and Climate Adaptation: Support to national and local strategy for DRR and CCA linkages. • Safer Communities through Disaster Risk Reduction (SC-DRR) • Early Recovery Assistance Programme for Jogjakarta and Central Java • Tsunami Recovery Waste Management Programme • Emergency Response and Transitional Recovery (ERTR) Programme • Support to Strengthen the Capacity and Role of Civil Society Organizations in the Recovery of Communities in Aceh and Nias Mainstreaming DRR in Indonesia: Mainstreaming DRR in regular development and through post-disaster recovery Support to comprehensive risk financing strategy linked to DRR actions Program for Hydro-meteorological Risk Mitigation in Asian Cities: Increased adoption of private and public sector mechanisms for community preparedness and mitigation of hydrometeorological disaster risk.undp. through a project team composed of trained resource persons and consultants. in order to measurably alleviate human suffering. Program for the Enhancement of Emergency Response (PEER ) Climate Forecast Applications Project.

UNISDR and WB ADPC/WB FAO.National‐level
Institutional.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 Projects Addressing Drivers of Vulnerability (3) N o 1 Donors /Partners ADPC/UNDP/ECH O NDMO/MoE Save the Children Project Goals Mainstreaming DRR in the Education Sector in Lao PDR project.org/program mes/flood.adrc. NGOs etc Laos Australia NGO Cooperation Agreement (LANGOC A)/ AusAID JICA 2009-2014 Forthcoming 10 11 Riverbank Protection in Vientiane Municipality 45
 
 . and financing. Flood Vulnerability Assessment and Mapping Project (FVAMP). currently being piloted in Sayaboury province. To strengthen the information management system. • Study on Impact of Disasters on the Education Sector. Community Based Disaster Preparedness Program in 5 flood and drought prone villages in Khammoaune and Savannakhet province. Disaster Risk Education for Children in Xieng Hone and in Sayaboury. working to provide flood vulnerability indices to better manage flood and drought indices. include: • Integrating DRR in the School Curriculum. Japan. Singapore.
Policy
Landscape. GFDRR pipeline project will fund risk mapping in two to three provinces. Denmark Building Response Capacity (19) 1 http://www. Strengthen community level preparedness and response to natural disasters Timeframe and Link http://www. • School Construction. Structural Measures and Flood Proofing.pdf forthcoming 2007-2009 5 6 ADPC/MRC AADMER/ARPDM 2001-2010 7 8 9 ASEAN. UNIC EF) and NGOs and bilateral donors (ECHO. Sayaboury Integrated Hazard Mitigation Project.mrcmekong.asia/acdr/2010kobe/ documents/HFA/Laos. WHO. A project Tools for Disaster Risk Assessments (TDRA): it support the development of a risk assessment system for use in Sayaboury district and will support the provincial and district capacities in hazard and risk identification. Sweden.pdf http://www. assessment.net/files/8 196_Laos1. Enhancing Cooperation in Trans-boundary Flood Issues. including: Establishment of Regional Flood Management and Mitigation Centre (RFMMC). as component 1.htm 2 Lao Red Cross 3 4 WBGFDRR Save the Children ADPC/NDMO 2007–2011 http://www. Japan. Flood Preparedness Project Standard Operating Procedure for Regional Standby Arrangements and Coordination of Joint Disaster Relief and Emergency Response Operations (SASOP) 5 year Memorandum of Cooperation The framework for a collaborative alliance between ADPC and WB Emergency Relief for the 2008 Floods has been provided by most major UN Agencies (FAO.org/pub/n go_projects. Flood Emergency Management Strengthening.directoryofngos. Women Livelihood Creation. Canada and Germany (OCHA). USAID. and Land Management.php?id=78 2 3 Save the Children/ADPC MRC. Water Supply and Sanitation Program.preventionweb. UNICEF. Flood Mitigation and Management Program.

MPI 17 GFDRR. 14 ADPC RCC Phase II (2008-2015) http://www. early warning and river basin management. mainstreaming DRR into National Planning Processes.preventionweb.php?id=8196 15 16 LNMC. etc) A Strategic National Action Plan for DRM.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 12 13 GFDRR. as well as helping strengthen the Government’s capacity in carrying out damage and loss national assessment (DALNA) to measure impact of natural disasters.net/englis h/professional/trainings-events/edumaterials/v. Strengthening capacity for DRM.
Policy
Landscape. will focus on getting more ownership by various sector ministries in advancing DRM in the country. including an implementation plan for its DRM strategy and strengthen the hydromet. private sector participation. Program Components include. MRC. NDMO Managing Climate Risk (0) Confronting Climate Change (0) 
 Table
3‐3‐4:
List
of
Projects
on
DRR
and
CCA
in
Myanmar

 46
 
 . WREA. Partnerships for Safe Development and Good Governance: RCC Program on Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction into Development (MDRD) Phase II. and Capacity Development for Mainstreaming DRR Flood Preparedness Plans for Khammouane and Savannakhet provinces The operationalization of the Strategic Plan for DRM. DMH. Advocacy for Building Awareness and Political Support. NDMO. Emerging urban risks: Identifying and assessing emerging urban risks for Vientiane Capital. Issue paper on disaster risk financing (agriculture insurance. ECHO WB. NDMO WB/NDMO/MPI Capacity building of Hydmet agency for early warning and weather forecast systems. ADB. WREA 18 19 NDMO/UNDP GFDRR. MoH. NDMO. WREA. and Second Province Development Project. Capacity building for Damage and Loss Assessment: aims to prepare a cadre of local experts for damage and loss assessment who can be readily deployed in the event of a major natural disaster. Incorporating DR M component in Mekong Water Resources Management Project. Health and Transport Sector. Incorporating DR M component in Khammouane (Province) Development Project. MoE. ADPC.National‐level
Institutional. Knowledge Management Platform for MDRD. Priority Implementation Partnerships on Mainstreaming DRR into Sectoral Development. MPWT. Develop DRM components within Sector Wide Approach (SWA p) in Education. GTZ.

prevention web. Building Response Capacity (4) 1 2 3 ASEAN/UN/Gover nment of the Union of Myanmar 4 UN Myanmar As a member of the Consortium to Restore Shattered Livelihoods in Tsunami-devastated Nations (CONSRN). agriculture. providing teaching materials and furniture.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 Timeframe and Link http://www. and training primary school teachers. php?id=2101 Ibid Ibid http://www. aims to support 100 households in their livelihood plans.National‐level
Institutional.net/english/profe ssional/publications/v. including biodiversity. php?id=2041 
 Projects Addressing Drivers of Vulnerability (4) No 1 Donors Oxfam/Metta Foundation/Mangr ove Service Network Oxfam/Metta Foundation Metta Foundation UNICEF/ADPA/ Government of Myanmar/UNDP/ WFP/World Vision and Local NGOs. php?id=1914 http://www.prevention web. Forthcoming http://www. php?id=9607 Confronting Climate Change (0) Table
3‐3‐5:
List
of
Projects
on
DRR
and
CCA
in
Philippines

 47
 
 . education and communication (IEC) materials for basic health staff and the community. fogging machines and rapid diagnostic tests for malaria control.prevention web. insecticides. Provision of basic units of new emergency health kits (NEHK) and supplementary kits.. human health and water resource. Formed a Tsunami Response Group for Disaster Preparedness and Response. Provision of drugs. which incorporate mangrove rehabilitation to protect the coastline.net/english/profe ssional/publications/v. to establish savings and loan schemes. bednets. In 2006. to provide sate water and solar-powered water pumps and the improvement of existing sanitation situation. which hit areas previously damaged by the tsunami. Metta provided emergency relief to people affected by cyclone Mala. prepared jointly by the international community and the Government of Myanmar under the auspices of the TCG and sets out a three year framework to guide recovery efforts following Cyclone Nargis. drafted the Myanmar Tsunami Rehabilitation Strategy.prevention web. Its Working Paper1 provided a profile of existing vulnerabilities to climate change at the national level.
Policy
Landscape. Set up a Tripartite Core Group to coordinate relief efforts: including 1) a Post-Nargis Joint Assessment (PONJA) to determine the full scale of the impact of the cyclone and requirements for both immediate humanitarian assistance and medium to long term recovery. Post-Nargis Response and Preparedness Plan (PONREPP). Procurement of personal protective equipment.net/english/profe ssional/publications/v. aims to promote and monitor children’s nutritional status. 2)
UNEP proposed a project to assist the Nargis recovery programme with emphasis on long-term recovery (to 2012 and beyond) and the key role of environment and sound natural resource management in attaining sustainable livelihoods and promoting disaster risk reduction. Procurement of rapid test kits and other laboratory items. Production of information. FAO/ Myanmar Government WHO/SEARO/UN OCHA/MoH Project Goals The Tsunami Program.net/english/profe ssional/publications/v. The International Institute for Environment and Development CLIMATE CHANGE PROGRAMME aims to enhance understanding of the linkages between sustainable development and climate change. php?id=8293 Ibid Managing Climate Risk (1) 1 IIED/BCAS/ENDA/ SHELL Foundation http://www. A program to rebuild children’s lives and restore hope since the tsunami.prevention web. 2 3 4 Metta is running several ambitious rebuilding and education projects: rebuilding and renovating or extending schools. to contribute to the rehabilitation of schools. Development of a national disaster preparedness plan. to supply kits for children and assist with emotional and mental recovery from the tsunami. Operations room support for the Department of Health.net/english/profe ssional/publications/v. activities undertaken include: Renovation of affected health infrastructure.

ph/ http://www. But there is no countrywide public awareness program on DRR.org/PRAADMER-EIF-End-2009. PHIVOLCS. MMDA LGUs NGOs.aseansec. especially as capacities are limited at this level.gov. Programs such as Hospital Preparedness for Emergencies (HOPE) under the Program for Enhancement of Emergency Response (PEER) has been organized by NDCC.ph/ Building Response Capacity (23) 1 2 3 Case Study on the Institutionalization of Albay Provincial Safety and Emergency Management Office ASEAN Agreement on Disaster and Emergency Response (AADMER) Hazard Mapping and Assessment for Effective Community-Based Disaster Risk Management (READY): being prepared to cover 27 provinces mostly located along the eastern part of the Philippines.ph/cat_localg ov/cpm.gov. ph/ 10 11 12 http://www.pagasa. NAMRIA and the OCD.dswd.np/peer/ publication/071009PEERne wsletter8.pdf http://www. Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA) and the Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS).gov. JICA. UNDP. ADPC UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR)/NDCC DENR. Development Academy of the Philippines (DAP) and PDCC-Albay ASEAN AUSAID.adrc.PH). USAID .National‐level
Institutional.pdf http://www.dost. PAG-ASA Japanese Grant Aid Program. NGOs and communities are constrained to contribute more substantially to the development of a database of disasters and impacts.pdf 48
 
 .preventionweb. Enhancing the capabilities of local chief executives and their DCCs: especially their technical capacities in terms of data interpretation and uses. PHIVOLCS. IB M International Foundational (ERN Sahana Philippines) ADRC Miami Dade Fire Rescue Department. LGUs. private and civic organizations and government agencies NDCC Project Goals Housing and Livelihood Support to Disaster Victims A study of the vulnerability of critical sectors to climate change Timeframe and Link http://www.preventionweb.ne t/english/professional/news/v .ne t/english/professional/news/v .php?id=3645 4 5 6 7 8 Web-based Event Data Base (CALAMIDAT. Mines and Geosciences Bureau-DENR. along with concerned government agencies and supported by NZET http://www. PAG -ASA.dost. Emergency Response Network (ERN ) http://www.php?id=3758 http://www.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 Projects Addressing Drivers of Vulnerability (2) No 1 2 Donors DSWD The Millennium Development Goals Achievement Fund of the Spanish government OXFAM-GB .nset.org. Undertake public awareness and information campaigns on disaster risks in many vulnerable areas.gov.phivolcs.
Policy
Landscape.asia/highligh ts/NewsNo154 9 Upgrading the forecasting capability of the Philippine Atmospheric. Simultaneous Nationwide Earthquake Drills and the Nationwide Water Search and Rescue (WASAR ) Training and the Program for Enhancement of Emergency Response (PEER ) Contingency Planning Manual National Geohazards Mapping and Assessment http://www.

including natural disaster mitigation under the Environment in the National Program for Basic Research. Improvement of Methodologies for Assessing the Socio-economic Impact of Hydro-meteorological Disasters The National Science and Technology Plan for 2002-2020 has given some attention to DRM. DPWH DEPED United Architects Philippines. Hazard Management Unit and ProVention Consortium NEDA.php?id=10753 18 19 20 21 Mainstreaming DRR in Development Plans particularly on Land Use and Physical Framework Plans 2nd Phase of the Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction into the Infrastructure Sector Construction of Hazard Resilient School Buildings Construction of Innovative Buildings 22 23 Search for Excellence in Disaster Management (Gawad KALASAG ) 2007 Community-based Disaster Preparedness: Development of Information and Education Campaign Materials (2nd component of the READ Y project). Forthcoming Confronting Climate Change (0) 49
 
 .ph/pubs/ drr-mainstream-educ.org/upload/2010/ ndrmp_brochure.org.preventionweb. DEPED ADPC. NDCC AusAID. PAG -ASA . also fosters understanding of the linkage between DRM and climate change adaptation.pdf http://www.pdf http://www. Managing Climate Risk (1) 1 Strengthening the Philippines’ Institutional Capacity to Adapt to Climate Change. PHIVOLCS. NEDA and USAID. UNDP.cdp.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 13 14 15 16 17 UN-ESCAP.National‐level
Institutional. NAMRIA and the OCD.ne t/english/professional/news/v .
Policy
Landscape. UNDP DOST ADPC DEPED World Bank Institute (WBI ). Private Sector Disaster Management Network. Mines and Geosciences Bureau-DENR.emimegacities. UN-ECLAC. Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction in the Education Sector Disaster Preparedness through Educational Multi-Media Online Natural Disaster Risk Management Program http://www.


Policy
Landscape.%20N GUYEN%20HUNG%20HA. Netherlands.pdf http://web. Study on drainage system for coastal cities. post-disaster reconstruction support and institutional strengthening.net/v2007/Prog rams/UDRM/Downloads/PROMI 50
 
 . National Center of Hydrometeorology Oxfam UK/ Hong Kong Vietnam Red Cross 5 6 7 WB. and Drought hazard mapping for the Highlands and Southern Central provinces. including Climate Change related disasters program provides institutional capacity building TA for DR M and climate change related issues in Vietnam. and Pakistan in the GangesBrahmaputra-Megna ) Joint Advocacy Network Initiative(JANI – formerly Dani) program works to improve the effectiveness of Community-based Disaster Risk Management (CBDR M) in Vietnam Strengthen the hydrological and meteorological capability for Vietnam. http://www. to build the capacity of the Vietnam Red Cross in Disaster Preparedness and to improve the coastal environment and to create job and income for vulnerable people. Tsunami risk mapping for coastal areas. Thailand. Capacity support to DRR and CCA. Documentaries to promote CBDRM. pilot in Ha Noi. China.asia/publication s/TDRM2003Dec/14_MR. Asia Flood Network (AFN): (Cambodia. Laos. to protect sea dykes and people's live and property. Three hazard mapping projects underway: Flash flood risk mapping at district level and 1:200.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 Table
3‐3‐6:
List
of
Projects
on
DRR
and
CCA
in
Vietnam
 Projects Addressing Drivers of Vulnerability (2) Building Response Capacity (16) No 1 2 Donors GFDRR ADB Project Goals DRM integration into the Bank’s poverty reduction project Emergency Rehabilitation of Calamity Damage Project for a rapid resumption of livelihoods and reduction of vulnerability to natural disasters in the affected areas (primarily infrastructure repair). community based disaster risk management.adpc. Program for Hydro-meteorological Risk Mitigation in Asian Cities (PROMISE ): Da Nang.000 scale for selected mountainous provinces. Nepal. Can Tho and Dong Hoi.worldbank. Timeframe and Link 1 MONR E’s Institute of Hydro-met and Environment USAID/OFDA 2 3 4 ECHO MONRE .org/extern al/projects/main?pagePK=6428 3627&piPK=64290415&theSite PK=40941&menuPK=228424& Projectid=P073361 8 GFDRR 9 UNDP/One UN 10 USAID/OFDA/ADPC Study on existing transfer activities.adrc. Department of Hydro-meteorology and Climate Change. and Vietnam in the Mekong river basin and Bangladesh. Vietnam. Japan and AusAID Community Based Disaster management in the Mekong Delta/ Mountainous areas Mangrove Disaster Preparedness Programme. Climate resilient cities.National‐level
Institutional. Strengthening Institutional Capacity for Disaster Risk Management in Vietnam. India. Increased adoption of private and public sector mechanisms for http://www. Natural Disaster Risk Mitigation Program involves prevention and mitigation investments.

Drought Preparedness in Southeast Asia: (Cambodia. WBO H. 3. Support sub national DRM structures. Improving development and enforcement of building codes which incorporate disaster risk reduction measures. East Timor. in coordination with UNDP. and Vietnam). Update and developing risk maps and related information in conjunction with activity II. Integration of Disaster Risk Reduction into Pipeline World Bank projects in Vietnam Support Vietnam’s NAP Implementation: In close coordination with other donors. Project for Building Disaster Resilient Societies in Central Region of Vietnam supports storm and flood mitigation infrastructure works in the three central provinces of Quang Ngai. 4. including both establishment of centers and staff capacity building. Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development CSIRO/RCFTI/IMH/HMS/IG PO Managing Climate Risk (2) 1 2 Afforestation: Increasing Carbon Sequestration through use of genetically improved planting stock The Model Project for Reduction of Electric Power Consumption in Cement Plant HA TIEN 2 June 2001 Confronting Climate Change (0) 51
 
 . Capacity Building for Mitigation and Adaptation of Geo-disasters Related to Environment and Energy Development in Vietnam project aims to building capacities for Vietnamese experts in the areas of geodisaster adaptation and mitigation.
Policy
Landscape. Support Vietnam’s planned national DRM training and awareness raising activities. and reduce the potential for physical and economic damage.no/en/News/Geodisaster-capacity-buildingbetween-NGI-and-VietnamNational-University/ 14 15 GFDRR/WBOH WBOH. Thua Thien Hue and Quang Nam. provide TA for the preparation of the National Action Plan to implement the National Strategy on DRM.pdf 11 12 JICA USAID/OFDA 13 Norway Government http://www. Provincial authorities 16 GFDRR. Central Committee for flood and Storm Control. to promote community-based drought preparedness planning while also developing expertise in effective low-cost and innovative drought mitigation and preparedness technologies.ngi. MONRE . Ministry of Finance. 2. prevent loss of life.National‐level
Institutional.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 community preparedness and mitigation of hydro-meteorological disaster risk in urban areas of South and South East Asia in order to measurably alleviate human suffering. Risk Financing Options – Supporting the Development of Vietnam’s Strategy SE/2009/PROMISE_Brochure2 009. 5.


and
6)
 decentralization
of
powers
and
resources
to
implement
innovative
adaptation
programmes.5 3.
4)
 the
institutional
capacity
of
integrating
CRI
into
the
development
process.
including
1)
the
Political
Commitment
and
Awareness.
Policy
Landscape.
2)
the
Policy
 and
Institution
Mechanisms.
the
Government
organized
a
National
Forum
in
2009
to
 raise
the
awareness
and
commitment
and
to
enhance
the
synergies
between
the
two
agendas.
outlines
the
enabling
environment
for
integrating
 DRR
into
CCA
in
countries
in
Southeast
Asia.
the
science
development.
and
society
 application.5 3.
the
Climate
Change
Act
 of
2009
has
already
integrated
DRR
measures
into
CCA
plans.
 
 Table 4-1: Decentralization Level in Southeast Asia
 Countries Status of empowerment to local government 2 4 2 0 4 4 Stakeholders ‘participation in local decisionmaking 3 4 2 0 4 4 Financial authority at local level 2 3 2 0 3 3 Capacity of local institutions 1 2 1 1 3 3 Average Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Myanmar Philippines Vietnam 2 3.National‐level
Institutional.
consists
of
three
 elements.75 0.
those
elements
could
be
further
 divided
into
six
indicators.
in
Philippines.
Please
see
the
table
4‐2.25 3.
And
in
Vietnam.5 
 Table 4-2: Enabling Environment for Integrating DRR into CCA in Southeast Asia
 Countries Political Commitment & Awareness Policy and Institution Mechanisms Progress of Integrating DRR into Development Process 4 3 4 0 4 5 Institutional Capacity for Taking Adaptation Action 2 4 2 0 3 3 Capacity for Generating Cliamte Risk Information 2 4 2 1 3 2 Decentralization for Implementing Adaptation Programmes 2 3.

5)
the
Capacity
of
 Scientific
and
technical
institutions
for
generating
required
Climate
Risk
Information
(CRI).5 Total Cambodia Indonesia Lao PDR Myanmar Philippines Vietnam 4 3 3 0 5 5 3 2 3 0 5 5 18 21 17 2 25 24 
 
 For
the
Political
Commitment
and
Awareness.
 52
 
 .
As
the
role
of
local
 institutions
is
significant
in
integrating
CCA
and
DRR
at
local
level
on
assessment
has
been
made
 on
the
status
of
enabling
environment
of
local
institutions
(see
table
4‐1).
development
and
poverty
 reduction
programmes.25 1.
3)
the
Progress
of
Integrating
DRR
into
Development
Process.
in
some
cases
governments
have
combined
the
 DRR
and
CCA
into
new
national
legislation.25 1.25 3.
 Using
the
above
six
indicators
to
score
(0‐5).
To
analyze
the
country’s
enabling
environment.
institutional
and
political
construction. ENABLING
ENVIRONMENT
ANALYSIS
IN
SOUTHEAST
ASIA
 
 The
enabling
environment
for
integrating
DRR
and
CCA
at
national
level.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 4.75 0.
For
instance.


precise
and
 user‐targeted
information
and
climate
predictions.
 The
capacity
for
generating
CRI
in
the
Southeast
Asian
Countries
is
still
very
limited.
a
National
Climate
Change
Committee
(NCCC)
 under
the
Ministry
of
Environment
(MoE)
was
established
as
a
policy‐making
body.
‘Environment.
Policy
Landscape.
16
priority
adaptation
activities
in
key
sectors
 were
identified
in
the
NAPA.
but
getting
 improved
by
the
donor
and
NGOs
Projects.
those
policy
and
institution
mechanisms
have
been
 established
or
in
the
process
of
establishment.
energy.

 
 The
capacity
for
taking
CRI
into
adaptation
actions
in
different
sectors
is
another
crucial
 indicator.
 Greg
Fealy.
and
Local
Institutions:
Decentralization
in
Mainland
Southeast
 Asia
(WRI.
to
provide
a
solid
foundation.
In
the
same
year.
That
gives
the
third
criteria
for
the
analysis.
For
better
scoring
the
level
of
decentralization
for
implementing
adaptation
 programmes.
Livelihoods.
2002
)’.
monitoring.
human
and
financial
resources
seen
as
two
important
factors.
such
as
a
sole
governmental
 policy‐making
body
on
climate
change
or
an
inter‐ministerial
mechanism.


 
 The
adaptation
puts
an
emphasis
on
the
process
of
making
adaptation
decisions.


 
 The
last
indicator
but
the
most
critical
for
taking
adaptation
strategies
into
actions.
and
a
critical
 supporting
environment
for
adaptation
processes
at
all
scales.
In
countries
of
 Southeast
Asia.1 
The
Enabling
Environment
in
Cambodia
 Early
in
2006.
the
Government
of
Cambodia
has
already
approved
their
“National
Adaptation
 Programme
of
Action
to
Climate
Change
(NAPA)”.
 7 53
 
 .
is
the
level
of
 decentralization
of
political
powers
and
resources
for
the
implementation
of
adaptation
 programmes.
points
the
 importance
of
integrating
DRR
into
the
development
process
due
to
the
long
historical
 experience
in
implementing
DRR.
as
well
as
the
sector‐specific
climate
services.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 
 The
role
of
policy
and
Institution
Mechanisms
is.
such
as
in
Cambodia
and
the
Philippines.
natural
resources
and
so
on.
the
development
of
clear.
tourism.
water.
 Along
with
the
participation
of
all
stakeholders.
DRR
just
starts
to
be
formed
as
an
integral
part
of
the
government’s
 development
agenda.
In
Southeast
Asia.
The
Climate
Risk
Information
(CRI)
in
particular.
2003
)’
and
so
on.

 4.
and
the
National‐level
 Policy
or
Action
Plan.
such
 as
the
weather
and
climate
observation.
It
provided
 an
inter‐ministerial
mechanism
with
the
mandate
to
prepare.
 
 Adaptation
initiative
choices
vary
with
the
information
available
to
support
their
development
 and
implementation.
coordinate
and
monitor
the
 




























































 
The
references
include.
their
capacity
is
the
key
for
integrating
DRR
into
 CCA.
such
as
sectors
of
agricultural.
plays
a
central
role.National‐level
Institutional.
four
sub‐indicators
are
employed
as
below
table
4‐17.
‘Local
Power
and
Politics
in
Indonesia:
Decentralisation
&
Democratisation
(Edward
Aspinall.


rife
with
corruption.
The
plan
is
cross‐sectoral
 (agriculture.
and
 local
NGOs.
the
Government
launched
its
“National
Action
Plan
Addressing
Climate
Change”
 which
defines
the
Indonesian
vision
to
tackle
climate
change
issues.
taxation.
That
constrains
the
institutions
to
take
adaptation
actions.).
in
2009.
UNDP.
The
document
concludes
with
the
presentation
of
a
matrix
of
actions
–
the
 "Policy
Matrix"
‐
that
constitutes
the
backbone
of
the
Climate
Change
Program
Loan
(CCPL).National‐level
Institutional.

 Even
since
the
signing
of
the
Peace
Accords
in
1992.)
and
mobilizes
the
whole
array
of
 tools
available
to
the
Government
(governmental
organization.
Policy
Landscape.
composed
of
17
Ministers
and
chaired
by
 54
 
 .
 poor
maintenance
and
so
on.
etc.

 In
2003.
it
thus
makes
Cambodia
eligible
under
the
financial
 mechanism
of
the
UNFCCC.
MRC).
there
is
a
finance
department
 under
NCDM.
industry.
To
this
end.
and
commune
levels
have
been
weak.
the
"National
development
 planning:
Indonesia
responses
to
climate
change"
(also
known
as
"yellow
book")
was
officially
 released
in
July
2008.
the
scientific
risk
 information
is
still
limited.
or
 governance.
Recently.
The
building
process
is
through
the
multi‐sectoral
working
groups.
regional
initiatives.
Indonesia
hosted
 the
13th
Conference
of
Parties
(COP
13)
to
the
Climate
Change
Convention
in
Bali.
a
National
Council
on
Climate
Change
(NCCC).
and
crippled
by
 limited
human
resource
capacity.
Several
of
the
Early
Warning
Systems
are
also
not
well
functioning.
district.
strategies.
infrastructure.
But
no
risk
financing
strategy
is
developed
and
there
is
extremely
limited
insurance
 penetration.
GTZ.
 awareness
raising.
 This
National
Action
Plan
was
transposed
into
the
development
planning
process
under
the
 coordination
of
the
Ministry
of
Planning
(Bappenas).
(WRI.
UNISDR.
forestry.
However.
together
with
donor
projects.
In
2007.

 Since
the
UNFCCC
entered
into
force
in
1996.
investment
policies.
 To
ensure
that
DRR
forms
an
integral
part
of
the
government’s
development
agenda.
Cambodia's
rural
areas
have
had
little
effective
government.
UNESCAP).
the
central
government
and
its
branches
at
 the
province.
In
preparation
 to
the
COP
13.
in
 cooperation
with
regional
initiatives
(ARPDM.
and
donors
(AusAID.
with
technical
support
from
CRED.
ADPC.
 the
Government
lunched
the
Strategic
National
Action
Plan
for
Disaster
Risk
Reduction
(SNAP‐ DRR
2008‐2013).
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 implementation
of
policies.
RCC.2 
The
Enabling
Environment
in
Indonesia
 Indonesia
ratified
the
UNFCCC
in
1994
and
the
Kyoto
Protocol
in
2004.
WFP.
 WB.
Sectoral
Databases
are
 produced
and
managed
by
different
ministries
and
agencies.
ADB.
plans
and
programmes
to
address
 climate
change.
per
se.
And
for
the
financial
issues
on
DRR.
they
are
making
some
progress.
In
 2008.
legal
instruments.
the
National
Disaster
Information
Database
was
set
up
under
the
National
Committee
 for
Disaster
Management
(NCDM).
2002)
 4.
 such
as
poor
dissemination
of
forecast
and
early
warning
to
the
end‐users
at
community
levels.
etc.
energy.

National‐level
Institutional.
 In
2006.
namely.
there
is
a
greater
need
for
 National
Disaster
Management
Office
(NDMO)
and
NSCCC
to
work
closely
to
advance
DRR
 components
for
the
implementation
of
the
NAPA.
Indonesia
has
begun
to
establish
a
network
of
Tsunami
 Early
Warning
System
with
the
assistance
of
Germany.
BMKG.
a
contingency
fund.
45
priority
project
 proposals
to
implement
adaptation
activities
were
identified
in
four
main
sectors:
agriculture.
The
new
Indonesian
Government
then
began
 one
of
the
worlds’
most
radical
decentralisation
programmes.
To
fully
transform
the
reactive
mindset
into
adaptation
action.
Ministry
of
Public
Works.
a
National
Steering
Committee
on
Climate
Change
(NSCCC)
was
 established.3 
The
Enabling
Environment
in
Lao
PDR
 In
Lao
PDR.
However.
 GR
No.
Policy
Landscape.
such
as
Ministry
of
Home
Affairs.
 forestry.
a
High‐ Level
National
Disaster
Management
Planning
Workshop
was
hold.
Several
key
government
ministries
and
 agencies
work
on
updating
and
disseminating
hazard
and
risk
analyses
within
their
sectoral
 purview.
 civil
society
and
community
organizations
and
the
private
sector.
In
2008.
has
been
established
to
coordinate
Indonesia’s
climate
change
policies
and
 international
positions.
other
forms
of
financing
such
as
risk
insurance
and
contingency
 lines
of
credit
in
the
event
of
a
large
scale
disaster
have
only
recently
begun
to
be
considered
 and
are
still
under
discussion.
In
2008.
The
collapse
of
the
highly
centralised
Soeharto
regime
allowed
long‐ repressed
local
aspirations
to
come
to
the
fore.
diverse
popular
movements
 and
local
claimants
to
state
power
are
challenging
the
central
authorities
(Edward Aspinall.
stipulated
three
categories
of
 funding.
In
2009.
 Since
the
2004
Indian
Ocean
Tsunami.
Even
at
the
regional
level.22/2008
on
Funding
&
Management
of
Disaster
Assistance.
and
social
assistance
funds.
National
Action
Plan
for
Adaptation
(NAPA)
for
Climate
Change
was
 approved
by
the
Government
to
combat
Drought
and
Desertification.
 4.
water
and
water
resources.
and
other
agencies
 VSI
and
the
National
Mapping
Agency.
an
on‐call
budget.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 the
President.
the
First
National
Communication
(NC)
on
Climate
Change
was
hold
in
2000
and
 Second
NC
in
2007.
focusing
on
the
development
 55
 
 .
in
 broader
risk
financing
terms.
BNPB
is
also
preparing
guidelines
for
local
governments
to
 conduct
their
disaster
risk
assessment.
under
which
extensive
powers
are
 being
devolved
to
the
district
level.
the
National
Mapping
Agency
and
the
Ministry
 of
Public
Works
continue
to
update
national
and
regional
base
and
thematic
maps
required
for
 regional
risk
assessment
and
monitoring.
DRM
was
integrated
into
the
Sixth
National
Socio
Economic
Development
Plan
NESDP
 (2006‐2010)
and
the
National
Growth
&
Poverty
Eradication
Strategy
(NGPES).
In
every
region
and
province.



 Indonesia
is
experiencing
an
historic
and
dramatic
shift
in
political
and
economic
power
from
the
 centre
to
the
local
level. 2003).
and
public
health.
 systematic
investment
is
required
to
build
the
capacity
of
local
actors
including
governments. Greg Fealy.
Hence.
In
2008.
BNPB
published
the
Data
on
Disasters
in
 Indonesia
2006‐2007.


 4.
 But
practically.
due
to
its
lack
of
human
resource
and
required
capacities.4 
The
Enabling
Environment
in
Myanmar
 Department
of
Meteorology
and
Hydrology
is
entrusted
with
a
task
related
to
CCA.
public
works.
and
direct
relevant
information
to
the
 province.
The
government
does
 not
have
a
national
disaster
relief
reserve
fund
that
provides
funding
for
emergency
response
 and
recovery
activities
when
a
disaster
strikes.
Districts
will
 oversee
budgets.
there
is
very
limited
budget
for
DRM
or
recovery
activities.
and
National
 Disaster
Prevention
and
Relief
and
Rehabilitation
Committee
also
formed
under
the
NDPCC.
 officials
are
already
being
reassigned
from
the
central
to
the
provincial
levels
to
assist
with
 administration
and
management
(Government
of
Lao
PDR.
 As
for
climate
risk
information.
climate
and
hydrological
information
to
the
 general
public.
social
welfare
and
labor
etc.
In
fact.
Provinces
will
be
responsible
for
overall
strategic
planning
and
guidance.
there
is
an
urgent
need
to
establish
a
national
body
for
climate
change.
 The
government
argues
that
it
is
appropriate
to
concentrate
resources
at
the
provincial
level.
There
is
no
comprehensive
or
composite
 country‐wide
hazard
or
risk
mapping.
There
are
10
sub‐committees
under
NDPCC.
villages
will
make
on‐the‐ ground
decisions
about
policy
implementation
and
localized
planning
issues.
such
as
agriculture.
programmes
and
 projects.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 of
the
National
Disaster
Management
Plan
(NDMP)
into
concrete
actions.
But
due
to
the
limited
 capacity
of
institutions.
 Department
of
Meteorology
and
Hydrology
(Ministry
of
Agriculture
and
Forestry)
is
the
main
 agency
that
produces
the
early
warning
information
and
disseminates
to
disaster
management
 organizations.
properties
and
resources.
served
as
a
national‐level
 institution
for
disaster
risk
reduction.
2000a49).
to
issue
relevant
adverse
warning
and
climate
event
and
weather
 situation.
Then
NDMC
sends
information
to
the
local
disaster
 management
organizations
and
disseminate
early
warning
to
communities
at
risk.
 56
 
 .
But
there
is
 no
national‐level
institution
or
policy
on
climate
change
adaptation.
there
is
no
national
platform
 reported.
provide
weather.
The
National
Natural
 Disaster
Preparedness
Central
Committee
(NDPCC)
established
in
2005.

 The
Technical
Working
Groups
of
NDMC
is
taking
the
task
to
study
and
assess
the
impacts
of
 climate
change
on
the
issues
under
their
respective
responsibility
for
the
period
2009
to
2020.
But
there
is
 need
to
have
a
disaster
information
centre
at
NDMC.
2000b50).
According
to
this
framework.
There
is
also
lack
of
comprehensive
disaster
information
 management
system.National‐level
Institutional.
it
is
a
task
of
the
Department
of
Meteorology
and
Hydrology
 (DMH).
 Assign
government
agencies
are
supposed
to
allocate
budget
for
preparedness
and
relief
as
part
 of
regular
budgetary
allocations.
And
the
existing
DRR‐related
policies
were
promulgated
in
1990s.
provide
technical
support
to
villages.
to
safe
guard
the
people.
 given
the
overall
low
human
resources
capacity
and
scarce
revenue
at
the
sub‐national
level
 (Government
of
Lao
PDR.
river
water
situation.
The
 legal
framework
on
DRR
is
still
in
the
process
to
be
framed.
So
far.
to
monitor
the
climate.
mainly
to
the
NDMC.
Policy
Landscape.


PAG‐ASA.
Climate
Change
Commission
(CCC)
was
legalized
as
President
Arroyo
signed
the
Climate
 Change
Act
of
2009.
It
is
through
the
NDCC
member‐agencies
 and
local
DCCs
that
disaster
preparedness.
so
that
official
 information
and
process
may
be
undertaken
by
institutions.
Memorandum
of
Understanding
 (MOU)
with
the
government
both
country
and
region
has
to
be
paid
high
consideration.
 since
the
climate
works
are
given
low
priority
compared
to
other
urgent
issues.
PHIVOLCS.
But
the
national
and
local
 57
 
 .
 For
more
than
a
quarter
of
a
century.
The
practice.
200551).
NAMRIA.
The
Act
has
already
integrated
DRR
measures
into
CCA
plans.
NGOs.
In
2009.
a
Framework
Strategy
on
Climate
 Change
shall
be
formulated
by
the
CCC.
development
 and
poverty
reduction
programmes.
private
sectors
and
local
communities.
 knowledge
and
understanding
of
decentralization
is
still
limited
(FAO.
Disaster
Risk
Reduction
Management
Act
of
2010
issued.
MGB.
prevention.
Myanmar
had
lived
with
a
centrally
planned
economy
 when
reform
measures
were
initiated
in
late
1988
to
facilitate
a
market‐oriented
economic
 system.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 as
well
as
conducting
regular
training
courses
for
different
level
stakeholders.
such
as
 government
departments.National‐level
Institutional.
mitigation
and
response
carry
out
its
 corresponding
tasks
and
responsibilities
under
the
NDCC
system.
experience.5 
The
Enabling
Environment
in
Philippines
 In
2009.
The
new
 organization
has
to
seek
recognition
from
the
government
in
the
region
involved.
The
 process
of
decentralization
is
relatively
new
for
the
people
of
Myanmar.
Policy
Landscape.
In
2010.
By
far.
 The
NDCC
is
undertaking
a
multi‐hazard
mapping
and
assessment
project
in
partnership
with
key
 government
agencies
such
as.
media.
 4.
During
the
transition
period
the
economy
was
managed
by
formulating
and
 implementing
annual
plans
from
1989‐1990
to
1991‐1992
based
on
prevailing
conditions
and
in
 response
to
policy
changes
and
reform
measures
undertaken
by
the
central
government.
etc.

 NDCC
does
not
have
its
own
regular
budget
to
disburse.
There
is
no
 systematic
effort
to
coordinate.
The
data
and
 information
generated
are
used
for
DRM
and
development
planning
by
sectoral
agencies
and
 LGUs.
But
the
available
information
is
not
widely
or
properly
disseminated.
to
be
an
independent
and
 autonomous
body
and
have
the
same
status
as
that
of
a
national
government
agency.
consolidate
and
establish
a
common
or
shared
database
among
 the
organizations
undertaking
the
task
of
documenting
disasters.
a
National
Climate
Change
Action
Plan
in
 accordance
with
the
Framework
shall
be
formulated
within
one
year
after
the
formulation
of
the
 latter.
And
according
to
the
Act.
the
Medium
Term
Philippine
Development
Plan
(MTPDP)
has
already
integrated
 DRR
issues
and
investment
projects
in
the
MTPDP
2004‐2010.
 known
as
“Strengthening
Disaster
Risk
Reduction
in
the
Philippines:
Strategic
National
Action
 Plan
(SNAP)
2009‐2019”.
the
national
progress
 report
on
the
implementation
of
the
Hyogo
Framework
for
Action
updated
provided
additional
 impetus
for
improving
DRM.

 However.
the
CCC
is
still
in
the
process
of
establishment.
Besides.
 Early
in
2004.
there
are
still
challenges
for
the
creation
of
new
agencies
and
its
capacity
building.


Local
 government
investment
in
infrastructure
and
social
services
has
been
constrained.
Policy
Landscape.
 In
spite
of
land
reform
and
the
partial
embrace
of
market
reforms.
 4.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 calamity
funds
are
primarily
used
for
response.
such
as
in
 forest
and
water
resource
sectors.
the
National
Target
Program
to
Climate
 Change
Response
(NTP
by
the
Ministry
of
Natural
Resources
and
Environment)
was
initiated.

 While
limited
national
hazard
mapping
exists
with
a
primary
focus
on
water
related
events.
Furthermore.
In
 2009.
and
policies
 on
municipal
finance
have
hamstrung
local
government
access
to
private
capital.
However.
 58
 
 .
a
growing
number
of
examples
of
 excellence
in
service
delivery
seem
to
indicate
that
well‐performing
local
governments
may
be
 distinguished
by
their
ability
to
access
resources
more
effectively.
considered
sensitive
by
the
government
 and
not
widely
disseminated.
Vietnam
retains
strong
central
 planning
of
its
economy.6 
The
Enabling
Environment
in
Vietnam
 The
Ministry
of
Natural
Resources
and
Environment
(MNRE)
has
been
assigned
by
the
 Government
of
Viet
Nam
to
be
the
National
Focal
Agency
for
implementing
the
UNFCCC
and
 Kyoto
Protocol
and
is
the
managing
government
institution
for
all
climate
change
activities.

 The
national
government’s
straitened
fiscal
situation
has
squeezed
central
transfers.
Historically.
Vietnam
is
allocating
some
powers
for
local
development
 planning
to
communes
in
the
rural
areas.
There
is
no
 comprehensive
data
available
for
total
disaster
relief
expenditure
nor
origin
of
these
funds.
 When
a
disaster
is
declared.
relief
operations
and
rehabilitation
of
damaged
 infrastructure.
ADB.
and
manage
them
more
 transparently
and
accountably
(WB.
provinces
use
their
contingency
fund
and
may
later
ask
for
 reimbursement
if
damage
is
in
excess
of
the
provincial
contingent
fund.
the
Government
organized
a
National
Forum
to
raise
the
awareness
and
commitment
and
 to
enhance
the
synergies
between
DRR
and
CCA.
However.
the
central
government
has
increased
 calls
for
public
consultation
in
the
policy
implementation
process
following
the
failure
of
one
 prominent
reforestation
program
of
the
early
1990s
to
show
results
(Decree
327).
the
government
is
responsible
for
losses
to
public
assets
caused
by
natural
disaster.
the
National
Implementation
Plan
for
Natural
Disaster
 Prevention.
Donor
and
NGO
projects
have
sponsored
ad
hoc
provincial
and
 community
level
risk
assessments.
200552).
In
2008.
 Most
budgetary
allocations
are
intended
for
response.National‐level
Institutional.
Under
the
ordinance
on
flood
and
storm
 control.
and
 operations
and
maintenance
expenditures
curtailed.
Response
and
Mitigation
to
2020
(NIPNDPRM)
was
promulgated
in
2009.
The
main
 objective
of
the
National
Strategy
is
the
integration
of
DRR
into
socio‐economic
development
 plans
at
the
national
and
local
levels
with
a
focus
on
disaster
response.
there
 is
little
if
any
comprehensive
risk
mapping.

 To
enhance
its
implementation.
the
hazard
mapping
data
that
exists
is
 held
by
different
agencies
and
there
detailed
maps
exist.


 Indonesia’s
current
rate
of
deforestation
is
neither
environmentally
nor
socially
sustainable.
These
include
the
Hyogo
Framework.
whereas
 authorities
for
disaster
management.
 
 The
long
historical
experience
in
implementing
disaster
risk
reduction
can
contribute
greatly
to
 adaptation.
poverty
in
the
 archipelago
is
on
the
rise
with
nearly
40
million
people
living
in
poverty.
early
warning
systems.
and
community
education
and
 resilience
programmes.
it
is
local
governments
who
are
taking
the
significant
initiatives
to
deal
with
the
 two
issues
in
a
coherent
way
(ISDR.
dykes
and
seawalls.
Indonesia
would
rank
as
the
third
 largest
source
of
annual
carbon
dioxide
emissions
(2.
Indonesia’s
10
million
poorest
subsist
on
forest‐based
livelihoods.
17
percent
on
less
 than
USD
1
per
day.
source
of
testing
adaptation
option.
200953).
often
as
an
element
of
their
development
planning.
 
 
 5.
and
home
affairs
typically
have
responsibility
 for
disaster
risk
reduction.National‐level
Institutional.
countries
are
seeing
the
shortcomings
of
such
 “silo”
approaches
and
are
seeking
to
systematically
link
climate
change
adaptation
and
disaster
 risk
reduction.
however.
legislation
development.
civil
defence.
strategy.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 5.
implementation
 activities.
 In
other
cases.
technical
networks.
along
with
 hazard
and
vulnerability
assessment.
four
good
examples
from
the
above
six
countries
are
separately
summarized
in
 this
chapter.
 construction
of
dams. GOOD
PRACTICE
LINKING
DRR
AND
CCA
AT
NATIONAL
LEVEL
 
 In
the
past.
the
two
policy
fields
have
operated
largely
in
isolation
from
each
other.

 
 Based
on
the
review
of
the
national
level
institutional
and
policy
landscapes
on
DRR
and
CCA
in
 chapter
2
and
3.
 Environment
authorities
usually
have
responsibility
for
climate
change
adaptation.
multi‐stakeholder
national
 platforms.
in
terms
of
policy
and
institutional
approaches
as
well
as
technical
methods
and
 tools.
Policy
Landscape.5
gigatons
of
carbon
dioxide
 59
 
 .
 Taking
into
account
just
emissions
from
deforestation.
objectives.
reference
and
 relevant
e‐resources.
methodology.
Increasingly.
land
use
planning
and
environmental
protection.3
gigatons
carbon
dioxide).
In
some
cases
governments
 have
even
combined
the
two
into
new
national
legislation
or
in
a
single
ministerial
responsibility.
Land‐use
 change
and
forestry
are
estimated
to
release
approximately
2.
and
approaches
to
community
capacity
building.
It
is
vital
for
adaptation
policy‐makers
and
managers
to
use
and
build
 upon
these
existing
capacities
and
resources
rather
than
starting
afresh
(ibid).
to
provide
some
practical
cases
about
how
to
integrate
the
disaster
risk
reduction
 into
climate
change
adaptation
at
(sub‐)
national
or
local
levels.1 Indonesia
 
 Synopsis
 Despite
Indonesia’s
progress
towards
the
Millennium
Development
Goals.
achievements
and
suggestions.
Each
summarized
good
practice
 follows
the
below
structure:
synopsis.


 Indonesia’s
efforts
to
overcome
poverty
are
closely
linked
to
the
climate
change
challenge.
 
 Strategy:
Alternative
livelihood
strategy.
to
promote
forest
protection
and
sustainable
forest
management.
the
SGP
PTF
Indonesia
Programme
focuses
 on
sustainable
livelihood
for
forest
dependent
communities
including
customary
 communities.


 
 
 Detailed
description
of
the
practice
 
 Objectives:
The
long‐term
objective
of
the
SGP
PTF
Indonesia
is
to
alleviate
the
life
of
forest
 dependent
people
by
mainstreaming
the
interrelationship
between
local
economic
 development
initiatives
and
sustainable
forest
use
and
management.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 annually—around
six
times
the
emissions
from
energy
and
agriculture
combined.
including
increasing
the
community’s
resilience
in
facing
the
climate
change
 impacts.
Currently
it
supports
thirty
grantees.
Policy
Landscape.
In
 relation
to
the
current
issue
of
Climate
Change.
 
 Climate
change
impacts
in
Indonesia
have
the
most
severe
consequences
for
the
poor.

 
 Approach:
Integrated
Collaborative
Community‐based
Natural
Resources
Management
 (CBNRM)
for
Sustainable
Livelihood
Approach

 
 Figure
5‐1:
Main
Stakeholders
involved
in
the
Collaborative
CBNRM
 
 
 The
SGP
PTF
Project
 
 The
Local
Government
 
 and
line
bureaus
 
 
 
 Community‐based
 Non‐government
 
 Organizations
 Organizations
 
 (CBOs)
 (NGOs)
 Forest‐dependent
 
 Communities

 
 
 
 Non‐timber
Forest
 Field
School
 
 Products
Initiative
 targeting
female
 
 villagers

 
 
 60
 
 .
 
 Disaster
and
climate‐change
vulnerability:
The
high
rate
of
deforestation
caused
by
the
 climate
change
and
the
rising
poverty
leave
the
forest‐dependent
communities
exposed
to
 the
livelihood
vulnerability
and
climate‐change
vulnerability.
including
NGOs
and
community‐based
 organizations
(CBOs).
Sustainable
forest
management.National‐level
Institutional.


 5.

 61
 
 .
 .Built
a
collaboration
scheme
that
involved
community.
 were
working
together
through
an
integrated
collaborative
CBNRM
approach. Support
30
grantees.000
(USD
16.
such
as
local
villages. Deliver
regular
training
on
land
use
planning
and
forest
and
natural
resource
 management
practices. Above
the
village
level.
 3.
NGOs
and
enterprises.
a
significant
rise
in
the
 community.National‐level
Institutional.
to
build
the
capacities
of
village
members.
 .
develop
a
non‐timber
forest
products
initiative
that
empower
local
women
 as
they
start
their
own
snack
and
drink
businesses
that
feature
locally
produced
cassava.
Policy
Landscape.
focused
on
the
forest‐ dependent
communities
in
Indonesia.
peanuts
and
ginger
businesses. Work
with
local
government
and
NGOs
to
improve
land
management
planning
for
the
 sustainable
livelihood
improvement
and
environmental
conservation.
government
and
business
 enterprise.
for
instance.
Efforts
for
 local
economic
development
and
sustainable
forest
management
have
been
integrated
into
 initiative
and
sustainable
activities
at
the
local
level.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 Implementation
activities
 
 1.
training
on
livestock
management
and
 animal
health
monitoring.
including
NGOs
and
community‐based
organizations
(CBOs).
 
 Source
of
testing
adaptation
option
 This
adaptation
practice
has
been
conducted
in
the
context
of
the
Climate
change
 adaptation
to
deforestation
and
its
impacts
on
the
local
livelihoods.
 2. Open
a
field
school.

 
 Achievements

 .
The
initiative
has
helped
to
raise
 per
capita
income
by
IDR
150.
 .
a
 local
NGO.5)
per
month.
In
this
project
UNDP
Indonesia
and
Multi‐stakeholder
 at
the
local
level.
the
 development
of
organic
farming
and
markets.Built
a
strong
commitment
from
the
community
to
implement
sustainable
forest
 management
concept
to
increase
community
resilience
to
climate
change
impact.
targeting
women
in
the
villages
who
have
fewer
economic
 opportunities
and
helping
them
to
study
sustainable
product
development.
such
as
the
 cassava.Provided
a
proof
in
a
form
of
an
example
of
the
community’s
work
that
reflect
an
agro‐ forestry
system
that
resemble
a
natural
forest
function
and
structure
and
managed
by
 the
community
in
a
sustainable
manner.Empowered
the
community
and
strengthened
the
community’s
capacity
to
seat
at
the
 same
level
during
negotiation
and
or
collaboration
with
other
stakeholders.
 4.
with
a
direct
link
to
 improved
livelihoods
and
higher
wages.
 peanuts
and
ginger.
together
with
local
multi‐stakeholder.
such
as
the
local
government
and
communities.
to
 promote
forest
protection
and
sustainable
forest
management.Strengthened
community’s
economy
to
reach
a
stabile
economic
using
various
practical
 and
various
income
generation
sources
and
activities.
 .


during
the
monsoon
season
of
 2004
in
the
Hinthada
District
of
Ayeyawady
Division.
Ministry
of
Agriculture
and
Irrigation.undp.or.
and
Hinthada
and
neighbouring
districts
are
 located
in
the
low‐lying
area
of
the
Ayeyawady
River.
November.
as
the
combined
waters
of
tributaries
and
creeks
cause
the
river
 water
level
to
rise.
 
 E‐resources
 http://www.
as
the
combined
water
of
tributaries
and
creeks
cause
the
river
level
to
rise.
2007.
and
using
the
Myanmar
 traditional
technique
of
protecting
dykes
“Yaing
Khway”.
it
successfully
saved
5
million
people
 and
500.
Project
Facts.
 There
are
26
townships
in
Ayeyawady
Division.000
acres
of
farmland
from
the
ravages
of
flooding.org

 
(The
GEF
Small
Grants
Programme)
 
 
 5.sgp‐indonesia.
Floods
usually
occur
in
the
above
low‐ lying
regions.
Small
Grants
Programme
for
Operations
to
Promote
Tropical
Forests
(SGP
 PTF).pdf


 (UNDP
PROJECT
FACTS)
 http://www.id

 (UNDP
Indonesia)
 http://www.
and
flows
south
to
the
Andaman
Sea
on
the
Ayeyawady
Coast.id/factsheets/2007/Climate%20Change%20Dec2007.
Policy
Landscape.2 Myanmar
 
 Synopsis
 As
one
of
the
major
rivers
in
Myanmar.
a
106‐mile‐long
earthen
dyke
was
built
years
ago
to
prevent
flooding
in
the
 Hinthada
District.
 Therefore.undp.
Kachin
State.
 
 Strategy:
combined
structure
construction
with
non‐structure
measurements

 
 Detailed
description
of
the
practice
 
 62
 
 .or.National‐level
Institutional.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 Source
 UNDP
Indonesia.
This
dyke
is
regularly
maintained
and
annually
reinforced
by
the
 Department
of
Irrigation.
the
Ayeyawady
River
starts
in
the
northern
part
of
 the
country.

 
 With
multi‐level
participation
in
flood
prevention
measures.
using
heavy
machinery
to
 strengthen
the
embankment.



 
 Hazard:
Floods

 
 Disaster
and
climate‐change
vulnerability:
Floods
usually
occur
in
the
low‐lying
regions
 traversed
by
the
river.

Mobilization
of
35000
volunteers
from
local
authorities.
in
combination
with
the
use
of
 traditional
knowledge.
 
 Approach:
Active
participatory
management
platform.
armed
 forces
personnel.
 2.National‐level
Institutional.
Volunteers
work
in
a
rotation
 system.
 3.
regularly
maintenance
and
annually
reinforcement.
Policy
Landscape.
NGOs.
each
team
divided
into
two
pairs
 walking
along
the
dyke
in
opposite
directions.
concerned
departments.
students
and
members
of
local
 communities. A
Myanmar
traditional
method
of
preserving
dykes.



 
 Achievements

 It
prevented
flooding
during
the
monsoon
season
of
2004
in
the
Hinthada
District
of
 Ayeyawady
Division.000
acres
of
farmland
from
the
ravages
 of
flooding. Construction
of
the
dyke.
such
as
four‐member
flood‐monitoring
teams.
saving
5million
people
and
500.
 63
 
 .
to
participate
in
flood
prevention
activities.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 Objectives:
The
main
objective
is
to
increase
flood‐resistance.
 
 
 
 Figure
5‐2:
Comprehensive
Flood
Management
System
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 Implementation
activities
 
 1.
police
departments.


particularly
related
to
the
ENSO
cycle.
supplies
 248
MW
of
hydropower
for
the
island
of
Luzon.3 Philippines
(Angat
Reservoir)
 
 Synopsis
 The
Angat
Reservoir
in
the
Philippines.
In
 dry
years.
Total
Disaster
Risk
Management‐Good
Practices.
But
the
ENSO
cycle
is
not
the
only
 source
of
seasonal
to
inter‐annual
climate
variability.
2005.au

 (AusAID)
 http://ndmo.
which
affects
the
typhoon
patterns
as
well.
provides
97%
of
the
 water
supply
for
Metro
Manila.

 
 64
 
 .
It
 introduced
a
new
approach
to
assist
people
to
learn
to
live
with
disaster
risk
and
mitigate
 the
effects
of
flooding
while
at
the
same
time
maximizing
flood
benefits.
Funded
by
AusAID.
and
provides
flood
protection.


 
 Hazard:
drought.
Water
from
Angat
also
provides
 irrigation
for
about
30.
Lao
PDR)
 
 
 5.pdf

 
(ADPC.
2005)
 http://www.
typhoon
 
 Disaster
and
climate‐change
vulnerability:
Variability
in
rainfall
levels
is
correlated
with
the
 ENSO
cycle.
flood.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 
 Source
of
testing
adaptation
option
 This
adaptation
practice
has
been
conducted
in
the
context
of
empowering
the
community
 for
Disaster
Risk
Reduction
through
a
Community‐Based
Disaster
Management
Project
in
 Champasack
Districk.
careful
management
is
 required
to
avoid
serious
floods.org/ndmo.
located
in
Bulacan
Province.
Champasack
Province.
the
Ministry
of
Labour
and
Social
 Welfare.National‐level
Institutional.net/files/9055_TDRM05.htm

 (The
National
Disaster
Management
Office.gov.
Lao
PDR.preventionweb.
A
socially
 appropriate
early
warning
system
has
been
established.
this
project
was
 implemented
by
National
Disaster
Management
Office.000
hectares
of
rice
in
Bulacan
Province
over
two
seasons.
 
 E‐resources
 http://www.laopdr.
in
conjunction
with
World
Vision
Laos.AusAID.
between
April
2001
and
March
2004.
Policy
Landscape.
Angat
is
 strongly
affected
by
inter‐annual
climate
variability.
in
wet
years.
home
to
11
million
people.
linking
the
community
level
 organizations
with
the
upper
level
administrative
authorities.
Total
Disaster
Risk
Management‐Good
Practice.

 

 Source
 ADPC.
there
is
insufficient
water
for
all
uses.


agro
climate
database
management
system
and
so
on.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 Strategy:
sustainable
end‐to‐end
climate
information
and
application
system
 
 Detailed
description
of
the
practice
 
 Objectives:
two
main
objectives.
while
offering
a
clear
way
to
 visualize
the
underlying
probabilities
associated
with
the
scenarios.
climate
field
school.
to
strengthen
the
 institutional
mechanism
for
generating
and
applying
climate
information.
decision
support
tools
and
capacities
developed
and
tested
 for
selected
locations.
developing
downscaled
forecasts
of
Angat
reservoir
inflow.
 climate
predictability
tool
training.
tools
and
information
required
to
operationalize
the
 demonstration
project
results
at
national
scale
identified
and
transferred.
Policy
Landscape.
 
 Capacity
building:
through
trainings.

 
 
 
 
 65
 
 .
local
 climate
training.
capacities.
IRI
 worked
closely
with
NWRB
to
create
an
interface
that
allows
them
to
create
the
 scenarios
they
needed
for
their
decision‐making
process.
 
 Methodology:
The
CFA
Program
followed
a
six‐step
methodology.
replication)
 5) Applying
information
to
enable
pro‐active
decision
making
 6) Monitoring
and
evaluation
of
applicability
of
information
 
 
 Implementation
activities
 
 Tool
development:
International
Research
Institute
for
Climate
and
Society
(IRI)
and
 PAGASA
collaborated
on
specific
areas
of
climate
research
to
advance
the
 understanding
of
critical
climate
features
in
the
Philippines.
forums
and
workshops.
It
consists
of:
 1) Assessment
of
user
needs
and
existing
capacities
of
national
institutions
to
meet
these
 needs
(need/capacity
assessments)
 2) Assessment
of
relevance
of
latest
scientific
information
to
meet
these
needs
 (assessment
of
available
science/technology)
 3) Developing
partnerships
and
enhancing
capacities
of
national
institutions
to
generate
 climate
information
(capacity
building
through
partnerships)
 4) Institutional
development
to
communicate
information
to
end
users
(institutionalization
 of
end‐to‐end
system:
pilot
demonstrations.
climate
forecast
applications
workshop
for
municipal
 agriculturists.
Angat
stakeholder
workshop.
showing
measurable
improvements
in
performance
of
climate‐ sensitive
sectors.National‐level
Institutional.
training
for
observers
 and
water
level
monitors
of
the
community‐based
flood
early
warning
system.
such
as
the
monsoon
onset
 predictability
research.
Such
as.


with
a
user‐friendly
interface.

 

 Source
 USAID.Reservoir
water
allocation
model
incorporating
forecasts
developed
based
on
existing
 NWRB
model.
model
demonstrated
to
stakeholders.University
research
partners
have
an
improved
ability
to
understand
and
assess
climate
 forecast
information.National‐level
Institutional.
and
for
the
demonstration
sites
in
NTT
and
Angat
 Reservoir.PAGASA
staff
trained
in
regional
and
statistical
downscaling.PAGASA
and
BMKG
staff
have
improved
their
understanding
of
climate
downscaling
 techniques.
 .
 refined.
thereby
better
enabling
them
to
support
the
development
of
decision
 support
tools.asp

 
 66
 
 .
The
CFA
 program
in
Indonesia
and
the
Philippines
was
implemented
jointly
with
the
International
 Research
Institute
for
Climate
and
Society
(IRI)
of
Columbia
University
under
a
sub‐ agreement
with
Asian
Disaster
Preparedness
Center
(ADPC).
and
 Timor‐Leste
program
was
implemented
in
the
Philippines
from
2003
to
2009.adpc.
 
 E‐resources
 ADPC
http://www.

 
 
 Source
of
testing
adaptation
option
 The
Climate
Forecast
Applications
(CFA)
for
Disaster
Mitigation
in
Indonesia.
Philippines.
Final
Program
Implementation
Report.
and
integrate
this
knowledge
in
their
work
on
local
and
national
 policy
issues.
ADPC.
IRI
was
primarily
responsible
 for
the
tool
development
component.
 PAGASA
prepared
to
provide
required
downscaled
forecasts.
University
and
NGO
partners
also
have
improved
capacity
to
support
 these
efforts.
Climate
Forecast
Applications
for
Disaster
Mitigation
in
Southeast
Asia
 Program
(2003‐2009).Decision
tool
developed
that
can
incorporate
long‐rang
climate
information
in
 projecting
water
availability
for
Angat
Reservoir.Through
extensive
collaboration
on
the
Angat
Reservoir.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 Achievements

 .
 .
Policy
Landscape.
and
provided
to
NWRB.

 .NWRB
equipped
to
use
climate
forecasts
in
decision‐making
through
a
revised
version
 of
their
tool.
 .

 .
two
key
stakeholders
in
hydrological
forecasting
and
modeling.
improved
capacity
is
available
 at
PAGASA
and
NWRB.net/v2007/Programs/CRM/PROGRAMS/CFA/CFA.
NWRB
plans
to
use
it
in
an
experimental
mode.
PAGASA
is
equipped
to
provide
the
downscaled
forecasts
required
for
the
 tool.
PAGASA
tested
and
 compared
its
seasonal
forecasting
methods.
which
has
been
designed
to
integrate
into
existing
institutional
mechanisms
of
 reservoir
water
allocation.
 .
and
carried
out
experimental
downscaled
 forecasts.

5%
of
the
gross
domestic
product.
 67
 
 .500
lives
(includes
missing
and
killed)
and
 caused
asset
damage
equivalent
to
1.
“National
Strategy
for
Natural
Disaster
Prevention.
Following
up
on
the
plans.
the
Government
organized
a
National
 Forum
in
October
2009
to
raise
awareness
and
commitment
and
to
enhance
the
synergies
 between
the
two
agendas.

 2. A
detailed
study
of
existing
institutional
mechanisms
and
capacities
for
both
DDR
and
 CCA
was
conducted
in
preparation
for
the
national
policy
forum.
Over
the
decade
1997‐2006.4 Vietnam
 
 Synopsis
 As
a
coastal
country
with
a
long
monsoon‐affected
coastline
and
a
number
of
major
river
 deltas.National‐level
Institutional.
 
 Hazard:
a
long
monsoon‐affected
coastline
and
a
number
of
major
river
deltas
 
 Disaster
and
climate‐change
vulnerability:
Over
the
decade
1997‐2006.
disasters
from
weather‐related
 hazards
claimed
as
many
as
7.
the
“National
Target
Program
to
Climate
Change
Response”.
Response
and
Mitigation
to
2020”
and
in
2008
the
“National
Target
Program
to
 Climate
Change
Response”.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 5.5%
of
the
gross
domestic
product.
Viet
Nam
is
one
of
the
most
disaster‐prone
countries
in
Asia
and
will
be
highly
 affected
by
climate
change. In
2008. In
2007.

 3.
 
 Strategy:
A
National
Forum
to
raise
awareness
and
commitment
and
to
enhance
the
 synergies
between
the
DRR
and
CCA
 
 
 Detailed
description
of
the
practice
 
 Objectives:
The
main
objective
is
to
promote
the
use
of
accumulated
disaster
risk
reduction
 experience.500
lives
(includes
missing
and
killed)
and
caused
asset
 damage
equivalent
to
1.
Policy
Landscape.
 the
Vietnamese
Government
adopted
in
2007
the
“National
Strategy
for
Natural
Disaster
 Prevention.
disasters
from
 weather‐related
hazards
claimed
as
many
as
7.
 
 Approach:
High‐level
political
leadership
helps
overcome
institutional
barriers
(Please
see
 the
figure
3‐5‐1
for
the
structure
of
the
Climate
Change
Commission)
 
 Implementation
activities
 
 1.
Response
and
Mitigation
to
 2020”.
Acutely
aware
of
this
situation.


 response
and
mitigation
to
2020) 68
 
 .net/files/11775_UNISDRBriefingAdaptationtoClimateCh.National‐level
Institutional.
UNDP.
Adaptation
to
Climate
Change
by
Reducing
Disaster
Risks:
Country
Practices
and
 Lessons.

 
 Achievements

 The
Government
is
building
linkages
between
the
country’s
disaster
risk
reduction
and
 climate
change
adaptation
programmes.
UNISDR.
to
raise
awareness
and
commitment
and
to
enhance
the
synergies
between
 DRR
and
CCA.
 6.
Policy
Landscape.org

 (UNISDR)
 http://www.
Following
up
on
the
plans.aspx

 (CCFSC.vn/KW34707D/CatId/90DH34LD9K/Strategies‐‐Plans.
2009)
 http://www.
a
multi‐stakeholder
coordinating
body.
UNDP.
 

 Source
 UNISDR.
hosted
by
the
Deputy
Prime
 Minister.
Implementing
plan
of
National
strategy
for
natural
disaster
prevention.ccfsc.
Response
and
Mitigation
to
2020”
and
in
2008
the
“National
Target
Program
to
 Climate
Change
Response”. A
number
of
IOs.
The
Forum
also
advanced
efforts
to
establish
a
National
Platform
 for
Disaster
Risk
Reduction.
 5.
such
as
the
Australian
Agency
for
International
Development.
in
the
context
of
 responding
to
climate
change.
in
the
context
of
responding
to
 climate
change.
the
Government
organized
the
National
Forum. In
2009.
 
 E‐resources
 http://www.preventionweb.
and
the
World
Bank’s
Global
Facility
for
Disaster
Reduction
and
Recovery
 played
a
role
in
supporting
the
Forum
and
assisting
in
the
development
of
strengthened
 cross‐sectoral
cooperation
and
synergy.
Adaptation
to
Climate
Change
by
Reducing
Disaster
Risks:
Country
Practices
and
 Lessons.pdf

 (UNISDR.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 4.
A
number
of
IOs.
 UNISDR.
 
 Source
of
testing
adaptation
option
 The
Vietnamese
Government
adopted
in
2007
the
“National
Strategy
for
Natural
Disaster
 Prevention.
and
the
World
Bank’s
Global
Facility
for
Disaster
 Reduction
and
Recovery
played
a
role
in
supporting
the
Forum
and
assisting
in
the
 development
of
strengthened
cross‐sectoral
cooperation
and
synergy.gov. The
Forum
also
advanced
efforts
to
establish
a
National
Platform
for
Disaster
Risk
 Reduction.unisdr.
such
as
the
Australian
Agency
for
 International
Development.
2009.
a
multi‐stakeholder
coordinating
body.
the
Government
organized
a
National
 Forum
in
October
2009
to
raise
awareness
and
commitment
and
to
enhance
the
synergies
 between
the
two
agendas.
2009.


Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 ACRONYMS
AND
ABBREVIATIONS

 ACIAR
 ADB
 ADRC
 BGR
 EEPSEA
 ESCAP
 FAO
 GEF
 GHG
 HFA
 IDNDR
 IFRC
 IPCC
 ISET
 KP
 LDCs
 NAPA
 NCs
 NPP
 NPRS
 OCHA
 UN
 UN‐DMT
 UNDP
 Australian
Centre
for
International
Agricultural
Research
 Asian
Development
Bank
 Asian
Disaster
Reduction
Center
 Federal
Agency
for
Geosciences
and
Natural
Resources.
Policy
Landscape.National‐level
Institutional.
Germany
 Economy
and
Environment
Program
for
Southeast
Asia
 United
Nations
Economic
and
Social
Commission
for
Asia
and
the
Pacific
 Food
and
Agriculture
Organization
 Global
Environment
Fund
 Green
House
Gas
 Hyogo
Framework
for
Action
 International
Decade
for
Natural
Disaster
Reduction
 International
Federation
of
Red
Cross
and
Red
Crescent
Societies
 Intergovernmental
Panel
on
Climate
Change
 Institute
for
Social
and
Environmental
Transition
 Kyoto
Protocol
 Least
Developed
Countries
 National
Adaptation
Plans
of
Action
 National
Communications
 National
Population
Policy
 National
Poverty
Reduction
Strategy
 UN
Office
for
the
coordination
of
Humanitarian
Affairs
 United
Nations
 United
Nation
Disaster
Management
Team
 United
Nations
Development
Programme
 69
 
 .


Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 UNFCCC
 UNICEF
 UNISDR
 WB
 WCDR
 WFP
 WHO
 WMO
 WREA
 
 Cambodia
 CCCO
 CMDG
 CRC
 DMWG
 MoE
 MoP
 NCCC
 NEMP
 NPP
 NPRS
 NSDP
 RGoC
 
 Indonesia
 BNPB
 National
Disaster
Management
Agency
 70
 
 Cambodian
Climate
Change
Office
 Cambodia
Millennium
Development
Goals
 Cambodian
Red
Cross
 Disaster
Management
Working
Group
 Ministry
of
Environment
 Ministry
of
Planning
 National
Climate
Change
Committee
 National
Emergency
Management
Policy
 National
Population
Policy
 National
Poverty
Reduction
Strategy
 National
Strategic
Development
Plan
(2006‐2010)
 Royal
Government
of
Cambodia
 United
Nations
Framework
Convention
on
Climate
Change
 The
United
Nations
Children’s
Fund
 International
Strategy
for
Disaster
Reduction
 World
Bank
 World
Conference
on
Disaster
Reduction
 World
Food
Programme
 World
Health
Organization
 World
Meteorological
Organization
 Water
Resources
and
Environment
Administration
 .
Policy
Landscape.National‐level
Institutional.


Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 BDPB
 BMG
 CDM
 CERs
 DMO
 DNA/KNMPB
 MoE
 NAP‐DRR
 NCCC
 NPDRR
 PEMDA
 
 Lao
PDR
 DDMC
 DoE
 GoL
 LRC
 MLSW
 NAPA
 NDMC
 NDMO
 NDMP
 NSCCC
 PDMC
 STEA
 VPDU
 
 District
Disaster
Management
Committee
 Department
of
Environment
 Government
of
Lao
PDR
 Lao
Red
Cross
 Ministry
of
Labor
and
Social
Welfare
 National
Adaptation
Programme
of
Action
to
Climate
Change
 National
Disaster
Management
Committee
 National
Disaster
Management
Office
 National
Disaster
Management
Plan
 National
Steering
Committee
on
Climate
Change
 Provincial
Disaster
Management
Committee
 Science
Technology
and
Environment
Agency
 Village
Protection
Disaster
Unit
 71
 
 Local
Disaster
Management
Agency
 Meteorology
and
Geophysical
Agency
 Clean
Development
Mechanism
 Carbon
and
Environmental
Research
 Disaster
Management
Officer
 Designated
National
Authority

 Ministry
of
Environment
 National
Action
Plan
for
Disaster
Risk
Reduction
 National
Committee
on
Climate
Change
 National
Platform
for
DRR

 Local
Authority
of
Disaster
Management
 .National‐level
Institutional.
Policy
Landscape.


Relief
and
Resettlement
 National
Natural
Disaster
Preparedness
Central
Committee
 National
Disaster
Prevention
Relief
and
Rehabilitation
Committee
 Sub‐Committees
 Water
Resources
and
Environment
Administration
 .National‐level
Institutional.
Policy
Landscape.1
 SNAP
 
 Vietnam
 CCSFC
 DDMFC
 DMU
 Central
Committee
for
Flood
and
Storm
Control
 Department
of
Dike
Management
and
Flood
Control
 Disaster
Management
Unit
 72
 
 Climate
Change
Act
2009
 Climate
Change
Commission
 Disaster
Coordinating
Councils
 Local
Government
Units
 National
Climate
Change
Action
Plan
 National
Disaster
Coordinating
Council
 National
Disaster
Risk
Reduction
and
Management
Council
 National
Disaster
Risk
Reduction
and
Management
Plan
 Office
of
Civil
Defense
 Presidential
Decree
No.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 WREA
 
 Myanmar
 DPCs
 MSWRR
 NDPCC
 NDPRRC
 SCs
 
 Philippines
 CCA
2009
 CCC
 DCCs
 LGUs
 NCCAP
 NDCC
 NDRRMC
 NDRRMP
 OCD
 PD
No.1
 Strategic
National
Action
Plan
(2009‐2019)
 Disaster
Preparedness
Committees
 Ministry
of
Social
Welfare.

National‐level
Institutional.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 ISPONRE
 MARD
 MNRE
 NIPNDPRM
 
 NPDRR
 NTP
 Institute
of
Strategy
and
Policy
on
Natural
Resources
and
Environment
 Ministry
of
Agriculture
and
Rural
Development
 Ministry
of
Natural
Resources
and
Environment
 National
Implementation
Plan
for
Natural
Disaster
Prevention.
 Response
and
Mitigation
 National
Platform
for
Disaster
Risk
Reduction
 National
Target
Program
to
Respond
to
Climate
Change
by

Ministry
of
 Natural
Resources
and
Environment
 Standing
Office
of
Central
Committee
for
Flood
and
Storm
Control
 Australian
Centre
for
International
Agricultural
Research
 Asian
Disaster
Reduction
Center
 United
Nations
Economic
and
Social
Commission
for
Asia
and
the
Pacific
 Global
Environment
Fund
 Hyogo
Framework
for
Action
 International
Decade
for
Natural
Disaster
Reduction
 International
Federation
of
Red
Cross
and
Red
Crescent
Societies
 Intergovernmental
Panel
on
Climate
Change
 Institute
for
Social
and
Environmental
Transition
 Kyoto
Protocol
 National
Adaptation
Plans
of
Action
 National
Population
Policy
 National
Poverty
Reduction
Strategy
 UN
Office
for
the
coordination
of
Humanitarian
Affairs
 United
Nations
 United
Nation
Disaster
Management
Team
 United
Nations
Development
Programme
 SOCCFSC
 ACIAR
 ADRC
 ESCAP
 GEF
 HFA
 IDNDR
 IFRC
 IPCC
 ISET
 KP
 NAPA
 NPP
 NPRS
 OCHA
 UN
 UN‐DMT
 UNDP
 73
 
 .
Policy
Landscape.

National‐level
Institutional.
Policy
Landscape.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 
 UNFCCC
 
 UNICEF
 
 UNISDR
 United
Nations
Framework
Convention
on
Climate
Change
 The
United
Nations
Children’s
Fund
 International
Strategy
for
Disaster
Reduction
 World
Bank
 World
Health
Organization
 World
Meteorological
Organization
 Water
Resources
and
Environment
Administration
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 WB
 WHO
 WMO
 WREA
 
 74
 
 .

Financing Administration and Finance Department under NCDM is charge of financial issues on DRR. through the Ministry of Health (MoH). With the Mekong River Commission (MRC).National‐level
Institutional. regional initiatives. RCC. 1996-The Law on Environmental Protection and Natural Resource Building Processes Through the multi-sectoral working groups. Achieved some progress in risk assessment and monitoring and early warning system in the works with donor projects. The flood forecast and early warning information are complemented by Community-based flood EWS projects of Cambodia Red Cross. as a policy-making body. to integrate DRR considerations into sustainable development. Policies  2009-The Strategic National Action Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction in Cambodia 2008-2013 (SNAP-DRR). coordinate and monitor the implementation of policies.    Inter-ministerial mechanism with the mandate to prepare. and local NGOs. Disaster Risk Reduction Forum created by several NGOs with support from DIPECHO. thus making Cambodia eligible under the financial mechanism of the UNFCCC. 2001-National Emergency Management Policy (NEMP). Limited scientific information of the risks. GTZ. 2002-Initial National Communication under UNFCCC. Climate Risk Information  The National Disaster Information Database in NCDM with technical support from CRED initiated in 2003. established in 2006. ADPC. ADB. UNDP. 2006-National Strategic Development Plan 2006-2010 (NSDP). 2006-National Adaptation Programme of Action to Climate Change (NAPA) planning and reporting process. UNISDR.
Policy
Landscape. Several of the Early Warning Systems are not well functioning. identified natural disasters. MRC). plans and 75
 
 . UNESCAP). WFP. described the country’s capability to respond to the impacts of climate change and measures that have been or need to be taken to mitigate climate change. and donors (AusAID. such as poor dissemination of forecast and early warning to the end-users at community levels. 2005-National Report in Preparation for World Conference on Disaster Reduction (WCDR). flood maps for flood-prone provinces were produced. 2). in cooperation with regional initiatives (ARPDM.         CCA National Climate Change Committee (NCCC) under the Ministry of Environment (MoE).
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 ANNEX
I
 Countries Cambodia DRR Institutions National Committee for Disaster Management (NCDM). 2009-National progress report on the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action (2007-2009). 2002-National Poverty Reduction Strategy (NPRS). WB. But no risk financing strategy is developed and there is extremely limited insurance penetration. For instance: 1). strategies. poor maintenance. Sectoral Databases are produced and managed by different ministries and agencies. to ensure that DRR forms an integral part of the government’s development agenda. legal instruments. as a foundation from which to build an efficient and effective process for disaster management. as the implementation of the Rectangular and the syntheses of various policy documents. Since the UNFCCC entered into force in 1996. floods and droughts as critical factor in increasing the vulnerability of rural poor and placing a disproportionate burden of coping with the effects of disasters on women.

6/1994.24/2007 on Disaster Management enacted. 1993-The first environmental legislation. but implementation remains a major challenge. Further. Ministry of Forestry BNPB is empowered by the Law No.to post. Care and ActionAid. While the law clearly mandated the creation of disaster management agencies at the provincial (mandatory) and district (depending on needs and capacity) levels.22/2008 on Funding & Management of Disaster Assistance. But there is a need to develop a new action plan based on the risk assessment. stipulated three categories of funding. an on-call budget. BNPB published the Data on Disasters in Indonesia 2006-2007.      CCA National Committee on Climate Change (NCCC).24/2007. 4). local risk assessments are undertaken by NGOs. 2006-The first National Action Plan for Disaster Risk Reduction (NAP-DRR) 2006-2009. However. such as Oxfam.23/1997 concerning Environmental Management.17/2004 Ratification to the Kyoto Protocol. specifies platform. elaborates interests and responsibilities of all stakeholders. provides guidelines and information to facilitate decision makers.   2007-The Law No. 2004-National Report in preparation for WCDR. Indonesia DDR National Disaster Management Agency (BNPB) established in 2008. programmes to address climate change.
Policy
Landscape. Since the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami. BMKG. In 2008. a contingency fund. clearly identifies a systematic approach to disaster management across the DM cycle. in broader risk financing terms. 3). and other agencies VSI and the National Mapping Agency. namely. NCCC is established under the Ministry of Environment. And sectoral departments related to environment are   76
 
 . to coordinate line ministries on the entire cycle of disaster management from pre. In 2003.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
  Management. BNPB is also preparing guidelines for local governments to conduct their disaster risk assessment. and social assistance funds. Relevant laws and policies on CCA at the national level include: Act No. 2007-National progress report on the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action (2007-2009). such as Ministry of Home Affairs. a Royal Decree on the Creation and Designation of Protected Areas. Indonesian National Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (NPDRR) in 2009. Indonesia adopts international law as a national law to be detailed in the framework of regulation and institutions. Designated National Authority (DNA). other forms of financing such as risk insurance and contingency lines of credit in the event of a large scale disaster have only recently begun to be considered and are still under discussion. the NCDM and the UN WFP developed risk maps of 500 of the most at-risk communities. Ministry of Public Works. The National Mapping Agency and the Ministry of Public Works continue to update national and regional base and thematic maps required for regional risk GR No.National‐level
Institutional. Act No. Indonesia has begun to establish a network of Tsunami Early Warning System with the assistance of Germany. action plans and mechanisms pertaining to the implementation and institutional basis of DRR.disaster stages.  Several key government ministries and agencies have continued to update and disseminate hazard and risk analyses within their sectoral purview. provided a factual overview of DRM in Indonesia. A comprehensive legislative framework has been put in place. priorities. Act No. Ratification to the UNFCCC.

and VPDU. there is very limited budget for DRM or recovery activities. 2007. 2006-DRM integrated into the Sixth National Socio Economic Development Plan NESDP (2006-2010) and the National Growth & Poverty Eradication Strategy (NGPES). Lao PDR DRR National Disaster management Office (NDMO) established in 1997.National‐level
Institutional. 97 series of 2000 assigned the roles and responsibilities of various sectors composing the NDMC. 2008-High-Level National Disaster Management Planning Workshop. Department of Meteorology and Hydrology (Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry) is the main agency that produces the early warning information and disseminates to disaster management organizations. 2003-Decree 1139/MLSW defined the Strategic Plan on Disaster Risk Management (SPDRM 2003-2005. MRC is working to provide flood vulnerability indices. 77
 
 .NDMC Decree No. The GFDRR Assign government agencies to allocate budget for preparedness and relief as part of regular budgetary allocations. The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM). permanent members of committee undertaking different areas of responsibilities. 158 (1999) provided the basis for the establishment of the national. 1999-The Prime Minister's Decree No.The Decree issued in 2007. 20052010. DDMC.  assessment and monitoring. The NDMC is an interministerial policy making and coordinating body. public works. The government does not have a national disaster relief reserve fund that provides funding for emergency response and recovery activities when a disaster strikes. NDMC sends information to the local disaster management organizations and disseminate early warning to communities at risk. 2009-National Adaptation Plan for Climate     NSCCC is The Technical Working Groups of NDMC is taking the task to study and assess the impacts of climate change on the issues under their respective responsibility for the period 2009 to 2020. such as agriculture. mainly to the NDMC. focused on the development of the National Disaster Management Plan (NDMP) into concrete actions. No comprehensive or composite country-wide hazard or risk mapping exists. which will focus on getting more ownership by various sector ministries in advancing DRM in Lao PDR.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
  Decree No. programmes and projects. and 2010-2020).        CCA National  2010-A Strategic National Action Plan for DRM by 2010 is being prepared with UNDP support.
Policy
Landscape. social welfare and labor etc. But practically. provincial and district Disaster Management Committees (DMCs). known as National Disaster Management Committee (NDMC) after 1999.14/2004 on A/R project. seeks to change the disaster management policy from an emergency response to a disaster risk management. while as a fundamental basis for policy development on DRM. with local level committees known as PDMC. 2000. But there is need to have a disaster information centre at NDMC.

climate and hydrological information to the general public.  Myanmar DRR CCA National Natural Disaster Preparedness Central Committee (NDPCC) in 2005. The legal framework on DRR is still in the process to be framed. and 10 sub-committees under NDPCC. There is a greater need for NDMO and NSCCC to work closely to advance DRR components of the NAPA. pipeline project will fund risk mapping in two or three provinces. Department of Meteorology and Hydrology is entrusted with a task related to CCA. The Board of Development Affairs Act (1993). river water situation. The Fire Services Act (1997). and National Disaster Prevention and Relief and Rehabilitation Committee formed under the NDPCC.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 Steering Committee on Climate Change (NSCCC) in 2008. to issue relevant adverse warning and climate event and weather situation.
Policy
Landscape.National‐level
Institutional. The Epidemic Diseases Prevention Act (1995). National Growth and Poverty Eradication Strategy (2004). such as: The Rehabilitation Board Act (1950). DMH has about 50 Meteorologists and 35 Hydrologists. chaired by the Deputy Prime Minister and with the Director General of DoE as the secretary and with members from all concerned sectors. to safe guard the people. So far. There is lack of comprehensive disaster information management system. who render services from various part of the country. The task of Department of Meteorology and Hydrology (DMH) is to monitor the climate.     Change approved by the government. properties and resources. First National Communication on Climate Change in 2000 and Second NC in 2007. provide weather. The 5th National Socio-Economic Development Plan (NSEDP) 2006-2010. National Action Plan (NAP) to Combat Drought and Desertification. Eight National Priority Programmes. there is no national platform reported. 78
 
 . due to its lack of human resource and required capacities. And the existing DRR-related policies were promulgated in 1990s. The Implementation of Insurance Act (1996).

NDCC does not have its own regular budget to disburse. headed by the Secretary of National Defense. etc. and a Framework Strategy on Climate Change shall be formulated by the CCC. But the available information is not widely or properly disseminated. city and municipal levels are composed of representatives of government agencies at these levels. PAG-ASA.   2009. 2009-The national progress report on the implementation of the Hyogo Framework for Action lately updated in 2009 provided additional impetus for improving DRM. served as the President’s adviser and top coordinator on DRM at the national level. Most budgetary allocations are intended for 79
 
 . The Commission shall be an independent and autonomous body and shall have the same status as that of a national government agency. is Vietnam’s national disaster risk management While limited national hazard mapping exists with a primary focus on water related events.    CCA Climate Change Commission (CCC) was legalized as President Arroyo signed the Climate Change Act of 2009. The NDCC is undertaking a multi-hazard mapping and assessment project in partnership with key government agencies such as. 2004-National Report in preparation for WCDR. mitigation and response carry out its corresponding tasks and responsibilities under the NDCC system.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
 Philippines DRR National Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC) established in 1954. MGB. the CCC is still in the process of establishment. By far.  2010-Disaster Risk Reduction Management Act of 2010 issued. DCCs from regional. provided a factual overview of DRM in Philippines. Besides. a National Climate Change Action Plan in accordance with the Framework shall be formulated within one year after the formulation of the latter. It is through the NDCC memberagencies and local DCCs that disaster preparedness. The NDCC is established under the Civil Defense Act of 1954. PHIVOLCS. with the heads of 18 departments or agencies as members. chaired by the MARD). NAMRIA. Vietnam DRR The Central Committee for Flood and Storm The Central Committee for Flood and Storm Control (CCSFC. 1999. 2004-The Medium Term Philippine Development Plan (MTPDP) has integrated DRR issues and investment projects in the MTPDP 2004-2010.National‐level
Institutional.The Climate Change Act of 2009 was legalized. provincial. prevention. known as “Strengthening Disaster Risk Reduction in the Philippines: Strategic National Action Plan (SNAP) 2009-2019”. 1999-The Philippines’ Initial National Communication on Climate Change was hold in December. The data and information generated are used for DRM and development planning by sectoral agencies and LGUs.
Policy
Landscape.

CCA Initial National Communication was in 2003. to raise awareness and commitment and to enhance the synergies between DRR and CCA.
Policy
Landscape. considered sensitive by the government and not widely disseminated. an inter-ministerial institution serves as a coordinating body for disaster reduction efforts in Vietnam.National‐level
Institutional. the National Implementation Plan for Natural Disaster Prevention. chaired by the MARD). In 2009.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 response. the Government organized the National Forum. The National Target Program to Climate Change Response (NTP by the Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment) was initiated in 2008. established by decree 1990. provinces use their contingency fund and may later ask for reimbursement if damage is in excess of the provincial contingent fund. At the Central level. Response and Mitigation (NIPNDPRM) was promulgated on September 29th of 2009. 
 Control (CCSFC. established by decree 1990 (ADRC. the National Committee. hosted by the Deputy Prime Minister. the government is responsible for losses to public assets caused b y natural disaster. there is little if any comprehensive risk mapping. agency. There is no comprehensive data available for total disaster relief expenditure nor origin of these funds. the hazard mapping data that exists is held by different agencies and there detailed maps exist. 200818). The Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment (MNRE) has been assigned by the Government of Viet Nam to be the National Focal Agency for implementing the UNFCCC and Kyoto Protocol and is the managing government institution for all climate change activities. Donor and NGO projects have sponsored ad hoc provincial and community level risk assessments. is Vietnam’s national disaster risk management agency. When a disaster is declared. 80
 
 . To enhance its implementation. Historically. Under the ordinance on flood and storm control.



 20 
Ministry
of
Environment.
Project
Efforts
and
Good
Practices
in
Southeast
Asia 
 2010
 
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