EDEM - Introduction

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and detachment of discrete bodies (ii) Recognizes new contacts as the calculation progresses Throughout the late 90s and early 00s.What is DEM? PAGE 1 Discrete Element Modelling – a way of simulating discrete matter DEM captures the dual nature of granular media which behaves both like a solid and a fluid The bulk behavior emerges from the collective interaction of each individual object History of DEM PAGE 2 1960s: Existing continuum models have discontinuities introduced into them 1971: First recognizable form of DEM for looking at rock mechanics problems 1979: Extended to granular material (not just rock) 1992: DEM defined as any computer program that: (i) Allows finite displacement. the number of publications referencing DEM grows exponentially . rotation.

Why use EDEM? PAGE 3 Over 70% of industrial processes involve particles BUT • The majority of particle handling and processing operations are empirically designed • Measurement and control is difficult and costly. EDEM is used by engineers worldwide to increase profits by: • Reducing the need for physical prototypes • Troubleshooting operational problems • Designing more efficient processes by providing hard-to-measure information on bulk and particle-scale behavior • Saving expensive trial and error 3 EDEM PAGE 4 EDEM = Engineering Discrete Element Method: • • • • • • Easy-to-use Graphical User Interface CAD compatible State-of-the-art DEM solver Powerful DEM data visualization & analysis toolkit Couples with ANSYS CFD and ANSYS FEA .

particles. volume and inertia are calculated automatically from the sphere positions and sizes. Able to simulate particles of any format. Particle properties can also be calculated from the CAD template. graph the results and export data Particles PAGE 6 Prototype properties of mass. geometry and physics models using the EDEM Creator 2: Define run-time and simulation settings and process the simulation using the Simulator 3: Use the Analyst to visualize your results. .Integrated Environment PAGE 5 1: Create materials. A CAD geometry can be imported to fit the multisphere particle. Simulate adhesion and cohesion: capture particle agglomeration and clogging. create animations and videos.

volume.Particles PAGE 7 Particle size distribution can be defined based on the particle prototype Particles have static properties that cannot be changed during the simulation e. rotations) can be applied to geometry sections. STL. FLUENT Mesh. velocity. . ACIS. STEP. Parasolid and Catia). Geometry is automatically meshed into triangular elements when imported. rectangles and polygons. force. ProE.g. torque. velocity and angular velocity.g. Geometry mesh elements have variable quantities such as force. EDEM can create basic shapes such as cylinders. angular velocity Example results of a normal distribution of mass-scaled particles Geometry PAGE 8 Geometry can be imported from a CAD file (IGES. Dynamics (translations. mass. moments of inertia Particles have variable quantities that change as the simulation progresses e. cones. torque.

velocity orientation. position. size. This requires more memory (RAM) . angular velocity A virtual factory surface shown generating varied sized particles EDEM Grid PAGE 10 During processing. the EDEM domain is split into a grid The grid is used to speed up the detection of contacts between elements Optimum calculation speed varies between a grid size of 2x minimum sphere radius to 6x minimum sphere radius 2-3 RMin is preferable A smaller RMin size generates more grid cells.Factories PAGE 9 A particle factory is used to introduce particles into a simulation The particle factory generates particles from the defined particle prototype Particles can be generated on any virtual geometry surface or inside a geometry volume The particle factory can also define: Particle prototype.

size. and relative velocity) are passed to the contact model to calculate the force Once the force is calculated.Contact Detection PAGE 11 Using the grid settings. the particles and geometry elements are re-positioned and the contact detection loop re-started Contact vector shown between two spheres Analysis Loop PAGE 12 . EDEM performs an analysis loop to detect contacts between elements Particle-to-particle and particle-to-geometry contacts are detected Once a contact between two elements has been detected. contact properties (such as particle prototype.

conveyors. mills. etc • Correct material distribution: – Screens. Real size particle simulation: – Reach up to 4 million particles. mills.. PAGE 14 • Wear reduction: – Chutes. avalanche). reclaimers. – Moving plane model (conveyors). • Integrated environment: – Easy set up – Powerful analyses tools • Complex geometry movement: – Rotation and translation. screens.. cheaper and smarter solutions! . pillage.EDEM Advantages PAGE 13 • • • • Able to simulate any equipment. silos (rat holes. crushers. conveyors • • • • Avoid clogging. Some direct results. mills. Simulate cohesion and adhesion to capture agglomeration. Improve efficiency! Reduce costs! Faster. • Correct the flow: – Chutes. conveyors. conveyors (misalignment) • Reduce dust generation: – Chutes. off-road trucks. blast furnaces. – Particle scale up is unnecessary for most of the cases. Able to simulate particles of any shape.

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