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Lives blown apart

Crimes against women in times of conflict
Stop violence against women

Amnesty International Publications
First published in 2004 by
Amnesty International Publications
International Secretariat
Peter Benenson House
1 Easton Street
London WC1X 0DW
United Kingdom
http://www.amnesty.org

© Amnesty International Publications 2004
ISBN: 0-86210-363-0
AI Index: ACT 77/075/2004
Original language: English
Printed by:
Alden Press, Oxford, United Kingdom

All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored
in a retrieval system, or transmitted, in any form or by any means, electronic,
mechanical, photocopying, recording or otherwise without the prior
permission of the publishers.

This report would not have been possible without the help of many
organizations and individuals who provided time, expertise and
invaluable advice. In particular, Amnesty International would like to thank
Tracy Ulltveit-Moe, research consultant.

Cover photo : A woman carrying water to the village of Boeth in southern Sudan
passes a pile of weapons belonging to rebel soldiers resting nearby, 2001
© Panos Pictures/Sven Torfinn

Amnesty International is a worldwide movement of people who campaign for
internationally recognized human rights to be respected and protected.
Amnesty International’s vision is of a world in which every person
enjoys all the human rights enshrined in the Universal Declaration of Human
Rights and other international human rights standards.
In pursuit of this vision, Amnesty International’s mission is to
undertake research and action focused on preventing and ending grave abuses
of the rights to physical and mental integrity, freedom of conscience and
expression, and freedom from discrimination, within the context of its work
to promote all human rights.
Amnesty International is independent of any government, political
ideology, economic interest or religion. It does not support or oppose any
government or political system, nor does it support or oppose the views of
those whose rights it seeks to protect. It is concerned solely with the
impartial protection of human rights.
Amnesty International is a democratic, self-governing movement with
more than 1.8 million members and supporters in over 150 countries and
territories in every region of the world. It is funded largely by its
worldwide membership and public donations.

[Back cover text]
In most of today’s wars, civilian casualties far outnumber those of armed
combatants. Women and men both suffer human rights violations in conflicts,
such as unlawful killings and torture. However, the particular ways in which
women are targeted for violence, or are otherwise affected by armed conflict,
are usually overlooked.
Women and girls are more likely to be the target of sexual violence,
especially rape. Women face extra, sometimes insurmountable, obstacles to
obtaining justice, because of the stigma attached to survivors of sexual
violence, and women’s disadvantaged position in society. Whether civilians
or combatants, refugees or displaced people, the impact of war weighs
particularly heavily on women.
In this report, Amnesty International shows some of the ways in which conflict
affects women, and the many different roles which women play in conflict.
Women are not only victims and survivors, but also activists, negotiators,
peace-builders and human rights defenders. Attempts to address the human
rights consequences of conflict, including its particular effects on women,
can only be comprehensive and long-lasting if women play an active part in
rebuilding society at all levels.
[End back cover text]

Contents
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Gender, violence and conflict
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Appendix: International standards
Endnotes
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Chapter 6.
Women building
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Recommendations
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Appendix: International
standards
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Treaties
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Endnotes
1 (! 4> ! C E 4 #! - " " D! " ; ' D$ 15M4G8M 445<6
2 (! 4( " & ; ' D$ 15M40FM 445<6
3 ( + 4/ " &- " ; ' 50M44 M 445<6
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10 3 *@ 36 @ *7 @6* / ) ? " + G *I = * 44 * 6 6
11 E F (" .@ "! " " ! " ! - ) "* -/ ) 6
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12 $ (' "3 *3 V7 *+ " " " " * -/ ) 6 M1 M048* 56
13 B/ " C * *
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14 B " 7 ) 3 C* / & 7 * 0 445* 6 J 6
15 +, ! C( 6 ")& / ; ' GGM44 M 445<L #"4+ & C %5
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C #! - " " D! "* ; ' D$ 15M4G8M 445<L - 8( & 94 ( - & 3*
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20 E ( " E ! 6 " & / / ? " & E" E" > " M E
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21 *$ *@ . && & " ) 4@ !& - " ! & &*
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32 ( * *> " 5 !3 : / ,G - * . . * KF0* 6 56
33 $ 444M5G *. IDJ$ -/7 I .
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34 - 8( & 94 ( - & 3*C 7 " & ! & & " "
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35 E ? D! " " & / ) " 1 & B! (! * = & X
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36 3 2Y 2* $ *6 "+ 41 ! !&* ( Z 2 ) *3 *
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37 = * */ " &/ * $ * 44 * 6546 E 4 > *C E (!-- G - & +6N)+>(
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38 B) . C* B * 4 44 * )& "
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39 + =""! 4(!-- &! &C " - " & ; ' 7)( 1M44 M 440<6
40 $ *( *( @ */ / 7 "4 + B# ,) + " ) ? "
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41 ( * *> " 5 !3 : / ,G - * . . * KF0* 6FG6
42 D *3 * B7 * C* ? * F* 5 * 44 6
43 7 " ! - .7 ! ) !* / 6 $"K8"5" * @ KKF6
44 (! 4> !4E C #! - " " D! " ; ' D$ 15M4G8M 445<6
45 7 !4 ! E" " ? C "! ! ! "; ' 7$ 58M440M 445<6
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51 $ *( *( @ */ / 7 "4 + B# ,) + " ) ? "
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52 G 4= )"" C ! & " & ; ' D$ 05M4 M 445< 6 86
53 G 4 " %%%" ; ' D$ 05M448M 445<6
54 %% 1)= ( 1 + "! * > . E (!-- G - & +6N)+>( E ; ' D$
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55 E ( " .@ ( "! ? ! " " "- " "* -/ ) 6 M KKKMK1G* KKK6
56 + , . 6
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